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february 2012

a practical newsletter by the department of Journalism, maharaja agrasen College, university of delhi

InsIde PAge 2 - Right infoRmation about the Right to infoRmation PAge 3 - india Chasing the olympiC dReam PAge 4 - obama tRies to outmanoeuvRe outsouRCing PAge 5 - Waiting foR a healthy india PAge 6 - 2011-the yeaR that Was PAge 7 - eleCtion manifestos: do they still matteR PAge 8 - an adventuRe at nuh

The Year Ahead 2011 was a difficult year need a proactive foreign policy, protecting our access to such for India. Economic crises, resources and to foreign technology. Economic security is no socio economic tensions, less important than territorial security. public protests against ris- Another challenge is that of removing widespread poverty and ing corruption, and un- disease. A very large section of our population still lives in ababated insurgency in solute poverty, and in a state of ill-health. This affects the overseveral states, all cast their all development of the country adversely. There are many shadow on the nation dur- steps we need to take to address these problems, but the most ing the year. A ‘revolution important is to empower every citizen with the light of educaof rising expectations’, fos- tion. Inclusive social, economic and political development retered by the extraordinary quires participatory efforts of all citizens, and meaningful reach of the participation is possible only when illiteracy Dr. Sunil Sondhi, Principal India’s biggest e l e c t ro n i c and ignorance is replaced with education. media and the connectivity provided by new so- challenge during 2012 is There is a silver lining behind all the problems cial networking platforms, kept the government that India faces. Even as new wave of democto achieve and and public institutions on their toes. racy demanding the empowerment of ordisustain a rapid rate of India’s biggest challenge during 2012 is to nary people is sweeping the world, India achieve and sustain a rapid rate of economic de- economic development stands tall as a functioning democracy. We velopment. Economic development comes from are a nation of over a billion people, plural, having an economy that can produce the material output re- secular, democratic – with all the great religions of the world quired to achieve desired consumption levels for the people freely practiced here, with so many languages, so many castes and one that can generate the productive jobs needed to sat- and communities – living together in an open society. This is isfy the aspirations of the workforce. To reach this level we will an achievement for which every Indian can be proud. Despite have to ensure rapid growth accompanied by adequate job grave provocations from extremists and terrorists, the people creation. Rapid growth is also necessary to generate the rev- of India have remained united. They have not lost faith in our enues we need to finance our social welfare plans for health, plural, secular and inclusive democracy. education, and social justice programmes. The democratic structure of our society and polity provides the Economic development also has a global dimension. Even with foundation on which all our developmental efforts must be the best domestic effort our dependence on imported energy based. The essence of democratic structure and functioning is and new energy-efficient technologies is expected to increase. rule of law, under which all citizens are guaranteed equality We need assured access to imported energy supplies and also before law and equal protection of law. It is therefore essential access to new technologies. This means we need sensible poli- that as we take on the challenges before us during 2012, we cies that can promote economic partnership with countries must be careful in preserving our most valuable asset-our that have energy resources and better technologies. We also democracy.

Why do We hesitate to vote W

e are proud citizens of the world’s largest democracy. We love to roam around the country, to speak freely, to live freely and to be protected by the law; after all we have these rights. But, do we vote? It’s our duty. With the elections in 5 states being the thought of the month, it will be interesting to note the number of people who actually cast their votes and participate in the democracy they boast of. To choose representatives and to have governance in accordance with our demands and expectations, we have an opportunity to vote. We have the right for which a part of the world is undergoing struggle with immense loss of life and property. But, do we care? It‘s a fact that voting percentages have not improved with the ageing of our democracy. Youth, considered to be future of the nation turns out to be the least interested voter section. It should be known that hardly 15-20% of people in the age of 18-19 are registered voters. Of the registered voters under age of 25, very few participate in elections by giving a vote. An irony is that illiterate or less literate people in villages or towns take part in voting in big numbers and educated class of people resists coming out of their houses and standing in lines for voting. There is a class consciousness these days considering voting something not meant for urban elites. The ‘Whatever be’ and ‘I don’t care’ ideology of economically and socially well off classes is alarming. Low voting percentages of Bombay and Bangaluru in the general assembly elections should be taken as a matter of shame. People prefer an outing, a movie, a get together or rest on the holiday than to go out to vote to choose a government for five years. For intellects that were impatiently waiting for the literacy rates to go up and help the Indian democratic system get stronger, the trends unfortunately defies

this belief. In 1951, when the crude literacy rate stood at a meager 16.7%, the voting percentage was at a fairly good mark with 61.2% in 1952. It came out to be only 59.7% during general elections 2009 despite Indian literacy rate crossing 75% in 2011 census. The voting percentages reached their peak in general elections followed by emergency, when people busted out in big numbers. In quest of reasons for this poor performance, one finds much inefficiency in part of system in addition to people’s negligence. The first-time voters find the voter registration process quite cumbersome and the official working in these departments are still traditional. While some voters do not find their names in voting lists, many have repetitive enrolling of names. Terror threats and booth capturing are also a major concern for people in Naxlism affected states and these areas come out to be least polled areas. A disrespect and disbelief in political parties and politicians is the chief reason for an individual to believe ‘my vote can’t bring a change’. Political parties so as the civil society have done little to change this perception. On the other hand, political class has further weakened the electoral system by votebank politics. With advent of technology we have also grown less social in real lives and more on online social networks. Politics, which once used to be most prominent topic of discussion within a group of people, now is considered a boring subject to be discussed on social networks and forums. According to Chief election commissioner in a country like ours, compulsory voting is not feasible. There can’t be a mechanism possible for penalizing such a big section of population. The success of recent mass protests in India indicated that people come together at times of anger and grief. The only way to develop democracy is to increase people's participation in the electoral process through Ankit Dwivedi, Journo, 2nd Year education and awareness.

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Plight of the Indian Roads

elhi has something to cheer about when it comes to road fatalities. The lowest number of fatal accidents and the deaths resulting in such mishaps on the city roads took place in 2011.While 2017 accidents took place in 2011, the number of those killed in these mishaps was 2066. This is the lowest fatal accident rate since 2005. At national level, statistics of fatal accidents over the last five years have shown that while there has been a steady increase in the number of lives lost in road mishaps across the nation. Just a contrast to the above cheerful situation, Chennai registers nearly 62% increase in road fatalities. Eight districts of the state, representing 1/4th of total number of districts, account for 45% of road accidents and fatalities. Going by the data, the road accidents and persons killed in the state during 2010-2011, those eight districts –Chennai, Coimbatore, Kancheepuram, Madurai, Salem, Tirpur, Vellore , and Villupuram witnessed 29,710 accidents in 2010 and 25,710 accidents in 2011 against the state’s total number of accidents of 64,996 and 55,592. There have been a number of fatalities in the past year. On March 31, 2011,

two cricket enthusiasts from Delhi Technical University met a tragic end in West Delhi. In another road tragedy Ayazuddin, son of former Indian cricket captain Mohammad Azharuddin died after being critically injured in a road accident. There are many reasons for such disastrous accidents to happen, rash driving being one of them. Overtaking through left side, riding without helmets and speeding are the main causes for most accidents involving two wheelers. Avoiding alcohol before driving is surely one way out. A far more extensive use of random breath testing accompanied by a high level of publicity will lead to decrease in number of accidents. Strategies that increase the use of seat belts or child restraints will result in fewer injuries. Stricter enforcement of speed limits, roadside guard rails and crash cushions and safer design of the roads and roadside environment will surely help in bringing down the fatalities. Besides all this there has to be awareness among the public for their own safety. Shivani Bazaz, Journo, 1st Year

Checking migration to metropolis Generating employment for villagers is the best way out

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he cacophonous sounds created by the dirty utensils, the hands forever drenched in water, the occasional festive reward of hand-me-down clothes, the eager wait for the month end, the never ending money shortages-Kamla’s life revolves around sweeping the floors and cleaning the dishes in the 7-8 odd households she works in. From a small town of Pilibhit in Uttar Pradesh, Kamla came to Delhi in 1998 with her father. On being asked about why she left her hometown, she retorts- “Gaon me kuch kaam nahi tha karne ke liye, isiliye bapu yaha le aaye.” Across India, poor migrants keep streaming into cities like Delhi, Mumbai and some other big cities many of which are woefully mismanaged and ill-equipped to handle the influx. Today, India has at least 41 cities with more than one million people, up from 23 two decades ago. Half a dozen others will soon join the megacity list. Urban experts say the risk is now rising that some of these cities could face the same fate as Mumbai and Kolkata, which became synonymous with poverty and decay in the 1970s and 1980s. Due to the rising migrant population in the cities, the natives of the place have also started facing stiff competition in terms of fighting harder for a seat in an educational institution or looking for a job. Most poor migrants coming into the cities have led to over-crowding, congestion on streets, increased crime rates, sprouting of a lot of slum areas in the big metropolitans. The natives of the cities feel frustrated at the advent of the large migrant population everyday into the cities. They feel that the cities are incapable of holding the current inflow of the migrant population. The cities are not at par in terms of infrastructure and facilities like health, sanitation, transport, water and housing needs. On the other hand the rural poor have no other option but to turn to the cities for income generation. Hence, a strong need to develop the rural areas of villages and towns is felt to overcome and stop the shift of the people from villages to cities. As a solution to this impeding problem, means of generating employment the rural backdrops of our country can be an effective measure to minimize the pressure on metropolitan cities. This development will help the poor to find basic infrastructure and employment opportunities within the vicinity and will stop the process of migration and help the cities and towns along with villages to prosper together and not one of them will have to bear the brunt of over population and migration. It is the responsibility of the state to ensure that all the citizens of our nation are provided equal opportunities to flourish irrespective of demographic constraints. Surbhi Sharma, Journo, 2nd Year

about the Right to information social digest RightTheinformation 21st century has led to an upsurge in the urge to be informed Malnutrition I

For a country like India, malnutrition is an evil which cannot be ignored. In the 100 focus districts, 42 % of children under five are underweight and 59% are under-nourished. The Central Government report also showed how child malnutrition starts very early in life. There are several reasons for malnutrition, the most prominent reasons are poverty and illiteracy. Lack of education is also a prominent factor, mothers are not aware of the repercussions. 55% never went to school, 84% don’t know about malnutrition. Only 55% women took their children to a good doctor. In order to combat such a persistant hinderance to the development of the nation, education and welfare schemes are Ayush Keshri, Journo, 1st Year necessary.

Deforestation - India’s forest cover has declined by 367 sq.km. between 2007 and 2009. As of 2010, the Food and Agriculture Organization of United states estimates India’s forest cover to be about 68 million hectares i.e. about 20% of country area. A) Increasing population - The increase in population ultimately increases the pressure on resources. What is truly required from us is control in population and adaptation of family planning programmes in urban and rural areas. B) Pollution - Pollution is also leading to decline in forests cover. The only solution to tackle this menace is to adopt environment friendly alternatives. C) Urbanization - The pressure on rural backdrops to compete with the urban infrastructure needs to be regulated if development is at the cost of the forests. Sushmita Pant, Journo, 1st Year

t is amazing how a movement in the 1990’s to bring of the RTI Act. The session was conducted by Legal Reabout transparency in village accounts has led to ar- tainer Central Information Commission, Mr Kushagra guably the most powerful legislation at the hands of the Mishra. An alumnus of Maharaja Agrasen College, Mr common man. The Right to Information Act 2005 has Mishra pursued his Bachelors in Commerce from the colwithout doubt been the highlight of the first decade of lege and studied Law from Law Faculty, University of the 21st century for Delhi. He also comIndia. pleted his MBA from The Act was implethe Indira Gandhi mented on October National Open Uni13, 2005 and has versity. since been instruHe divided his talk mental in revealing into three segments. scores of multi-milIn the first portion lion scams and lashhe elaborated on ing the executive the administrative machinery to abide framework and the by the law. The RTI information dispenworks towards emsation mechanism, powering the comright from the Public mon man with Information Officer information about up to the Central Inthe working of the formation Commisgovernment machinsion. ery. The legislation His second segment functions as the inrevolved around the termediary between the tax the talk by mr. Kushagra mishra on the details of the act, he menpayer and the means of expenRight to information act has certainly tioned the provisions under diture adopted by the governwhich one can claim the right set the standard for all future events. ment.Despite its mammoth over information. Mr Mishra reputation, the utility of the Right to Information has left no stone unturned and explained the exceptions as been shrouded with misconceptions. Further, a majority well as the loop holes in the law. He shared his experiof the educated are unaware of the remedies that can be ences with the students and cited many examples he hanadopted with the help of a simple application costing no dled. The third and conclusive faction of his talk was exclusively for questions. The hall came to life and the more than `10. Keeping in mind the vast utility and the even wider igno- synergy that Mr Mishra shared with the audience was rance of this right, the Student Council, Maharaja Agrasen commendable and all questions ranging from the RTI Act College organized a talk on the Right to Information Act to other general legal queries were answered with utmost 2005 in the first week of February. The talk was aimed at precision. The talk concluded with applauses and appreinforming the students of their rights and the limitations ciation from all quarters. Twesh Mishra, Journo, 2nd Year

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india Chasing the olympic dream

o matter how big a player Sachin Tendulkar is, he would not be able to represent India at the Olympics: Dhanraj Pillay Above mentioned quote clearly indicate the stature of Olympics in sports arena. An event where athletes are tested in almost all international disciplines and those sports which are not there in the Olympics are working feverishly day and night to get an Olympic slot-Kabaddi is an exception. India’s population is expected to overhaul the Chinese population by 2020, but when you compare the Olympic performance of both the nations, India lags behind and the margin is unputdownable. It all started for Indians in 1900 and since 1920 there has always been an Indian participation in the Olympics. Hockey-the national game- might have become a national shame these days with IHF (Indian Hockey Federation) and HI (Hockey India) fighting over the representation issue and India failing to qualify for the 2008 Olympics, but it was responsible for India’s name on the medal list in 1928. What started in 1928 continued till 1956 without any contention. By 1980 India have won 11 Olympic medals from 12 Olympics mostly because of the contributions from the Men’s Hockey team, a rare one or two came from the individuals category. In 2008, when the hopes of an Indian name in the medal tally were nothing more than a reverie, Abhinav Bindra shot at the gold in the ‘10 metre Air-Rifle’ event. Interestingly, China debut on the medal front in 1984 and in 2008 Beijing Olympics they topped the medal tally with 51 golds and overall 100 medals. Indians were content with 3 medals, one gold and two bronze. Boxing was like a blessing in disguise for the Indian

contingent during the 2008 Olympics. Earlier an Indian boxer in the ring would lead to a big grin on the opponents face. With people like Vijendra Singh, Akhil Kumar and many others coming from the boxing factory of Bhiwani, Indians are in with more than a

chance this time around and at-least 5 medals can come from the ring. What makes us say is the rules of boxing, once you make it to the semi-final line up, a bronze gets assured.

india’s population is expected to overhaul the Chinese population by 2020, but when you compare the olympic performance of both the nations, india lags behind Sushil Kumar won a bronze in Beijing- thanks to the repechage facility of wrestling making India see a wrestling medal after Khashaba Dadasaheb Jadhav. Khashaba Dadasaheb Jadhav won in the Helsinki

tigers in the Kangaroo’s pouch

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lightning quick pitch accompanied by a not so fast, green lustrous outfield was the most likable sight for a Cricket fan till lunch on first day of the Perth test until David Warner came to bat post lunch. India were wrapped up for a mere 165 and the Perth pitch was promising for quickies. But soon the reverie of the Indian pace contingent-hoping to bowl out the Aussies-ended with Warner finding the fence frequently.Let us enjoy the Aussie dominance which we have seen in past few weeks or so. Aussie cricketers respect and worship Bradman more than any God they do, well Michael Clarke declared the innings when he was batting on 329 only 4 short of Bradman's 334. Later, Clarke tried hiding his decision in a win's perspective and said that it was in the interest of team, those who know the basics of cricket could judge well enough (match had ended in 4 days only). These two examples are just to add weight to the issue and the current series is filled with such splendid performances from Australian side and dismal shows from Indian men. This entire series has been a questionraiser in much sense, why can’t we win a test match in testing conditions, why do we fail to face swinging and seaming deliveries and is IPL making our team

lose the ability to perform well in tests? Sunil Gavaskar pretty easily rejected the IPL theory saying that if IPL was the reason for players not performing well how Warner could nudge the problems away from him. The current series has once again emphasized on the suggestions of serious changes in the selection process and domestic structure of the cricket in country. Those who doubt that the country’s selection process has developed some serious flaws are getting voices in their support. If a country can win the World Cup and lose the winning streak and become a minnow in only a span of 8 months or so, this is threatening for the development of that game in country. Indians need to gather things first and rethink on strategies and planning; they know they are one of the best in the business and on their peaks butcher would be an apt synonym for them. Australia meanwhile has made it clear that they are out of their renovation phase and they would be the prime contenders 2015 World Cup, knowing that they will play in their den. Over all cricket fraternity and audience are foreseeing a shift in the power and Indians by failing to put up a bad show have given a weight to their view. Abhishek Chaudhary, Journo, 3rd Year

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Olympics in 1952 and nearly after 56 years the glory of wrestling returned to India at the Olympics. Sushil Kumar along with a few others would definitely like to use the experience of mud on the mat (traditionally wrestling in India is practiced on mud). Shooters would like to derive some inspirations from Abhinav Bindra’s previous feat and recent performances from Gagan Narang and others have injected enough impetus in the team to hit the bull’s eye. Double and single trap shooting events may get an Indian army men-Rajyavardhan Singh Rathore has silver lining dreams from 2004 Athens Olympics and what could be better than the repetition or a step ahead from the previous experience. Switching over to the court give us a greenish look, yes the Olympics’ tennis event would be played on grass courts of Royal England Club-a rare chance for Olympics. And the world would patiently hold their breath for sensational serves from Roger Federer and smashing baseline strokes from Rafael Nadal but an Indian fan would have his hopes relying on the Indian Express of Leander Paes and Mahesh Bhupati. Though the duo is not certain about their future as a doubles partners as they recently split for the current professional season. But if they decide to do it once more for the sake of the Tri-colour, it could well be an icing on the cake for the Indian dreams, else Bopanna and others might be good enough but certainly not the best looking at the standards of the Olympics. China and U.S will fight it for the top spot, Russians may follow and other Asian nations like Korea Japan and Australia-relying on his beloved Michael Phelpswould make it to the top 10 in the chart. India peeping from behind would hope to hit the double digit mark. Inputs by : Ayushi Sareen, Journo, 2nd Year Abhishek Chaudhary, Journo, 3rd Year

Indian Football: The Barren goal Post

anuary 10th marked the end of the career of one of India’s most prolific striker’s in the world scene, namely Bhaichung Bhutia. A crowd spawning over 35,000 people came to be witness to a spectacle that is seldom seen in Indian Football. An international club of repute, Bayern Munich came to play a friendly in New Delhi with most of its first team players. As recognition of the enormous contribution of Bhaichung Bhutia towards football, Bayern Munich gifted him with an honorary jersey of their club with the signatures of all their star players. Having been Asian champions twice the football scene has seen a slow disintegration. The lack of funds has been a major roadblock in the Indian Football scene. This is due to the unwillingness of major sponsors to invest in football due to the fact that India is largely a cricket crazy nation. Another reason for the steady decline of Indian football can be attributed to the development of talented players at the grassroots. The unavailability of any money in football tends to push away a player in the hope for greener pastures. Also coaching, training and tournaments are way below international standard, becoming the reason for the reduction in quality players coming out of the talent pool. The depreciation of Indian football also can be attributed to the rise of Cricket. India is a superpower in terms of Cricketing as a business and quite soon we can expect the bouncy pitches of Perth to be reduced into the batting pitches of the Feroz Shah Kotla due to all the money in Cricket being in India. Football has never been given a similar kind of chance in India also due to the mindset of the common Indian man who is used to seeing India perform poorly at the International stage in terms of the AFC Asian Cup and the World Cup qualifiers. But in recent times the general population has been witness to an improving football scene in India. Retired players like Bhaichung Bhutia and I.M Vijayan have passed on the torch to younger players like Sunil Chettri and C.S Sabeeth. More and more sponsors are willing to invest in football clubs in India and there has been a slow yet steady improvement at the school and college level of football in India. To enhance the popularity of Indian Football, the AIFF recently awarded Ten Sports with a contract to telecast live matches of India’s premier league (I-League). Some major areas where change would be favorable would be to provide more and more international exposure to the players in the grassroot as well as senior level. World class infrastructure could also tilt the balance in favor of Indian football. Another area that could be worked upon would be the provision of standard coaching and training personnel. Thus we can safely say that Indian Football may not be on terms with the European powerhouses at present but if all goes well then within the next decade or two India would dominate the football world just as it does in the sport of Shashank Nair, Journo, 1st Year Cricket today.

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he time when whole world is passing through economic problems, Iran-America relations have reached at such level that their relations will haunt the world’s economy in 2012. America and other European countries allege Iran of making atomic weapons under the veil of peaceful use of atomic energy . As a result of such allegations United Nations Security Council, under the US hegemony, put 4 bound economic sanctions on Iran .Despite this, Iran continues to run its nuclear programme in the name of electricity generations and cancer therapy. But the very recent happenings have made the situation more critical. In the later part of December 2011, Iran hacked the computer system of American Drone RQ-170 Sentinel and abducted it in her own territory. Iran successfully tested a cruise missile and claimed to have used an indigenous nuclear fluid pipe. Later it warned the western powers of Blocking the Strait of Hormuz .It is an entrance to the golf in the naval area of Iran. It is the world’s most important choke point for oil shipments with 40% of world’s oil supply. The beneficiaries to it include India, China, Greece, Spain, Italy etc. All these countries are passing through rough economic phase, so for them it

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obama tries to outmanoeuvre outsourcing

UsA, IRAn And 2012 is like a horrible dream. It is necessary to look at the possible political reasons behind such non-negotiable stands of both the countries-the general elections in Iran are just 3 months away and USA will also get its new President this year. So this conflict between the Islamic country and a capitalist country provides the fertile ground for Muhummad Ahmadinijad and Barack Obama to make it an issue to cash upon. The Jewish is something which Obama would not like to ignore. And the unpopular regime of Ahmadinijad would also like to extract as much emotional support as it can. This conflict will also harm the relations of Russia and China with USA because both of them have trade relations with Iran. One more thing that is certain 2012 is change of guard in Syria, the key strategic partner of Iran. And in case of American supported regime in Syria, Iran no longer would have easy access to allies Hezbollan Militia in Lebanon and Hamas in Palestine, and this might lead Iran towards isolation. Economically also, it would not prove out to be a healthy affair because much of its revenue comes from the travelling cost of that route. At present it is better to carve out a middle path through negotiations otherwise 2012 will turn out to be the year of economic and military hardships. Mohit Pasricha, Journo, 2nd Year

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hen Barack Obama assumed the Oval office, an omnipresent wave of optimism swept through the entire land of dreams, he arose like a Messiah and promised hope for millions of those who were the causalities of recession. The sluggish growth rate coupled with record levels of unemployment have left the average Americans sulking. American lawmakers have also failed to come up with an effective plan of action to tackle the debt crunch. Obama’s desperate bailout packages have also failed to resurrect the falling crest of the United States. The ‘housing’ sector has been one of the biggest victims of the falling purchasing power of the Americans. A resurgent ‘Occupy Wall Street’ movement against the ills of capitalism has sent further shivers down the spines of Wall Street Capitalists and Capitol Hill itself. However it isn’t a total rip-off as Obama has tried to get the economy back on track with exemplary valour. Amid all this action, a significant development has occurred. Some say that this is Obama’s way of mixing legislating with populism. Obama has maintained all along that he would show no mercy while dealing with companies that ship jobs out of America and his warnings have finally catapulted in the form of an Anti-BPO bill. The Anti- BPO Bill intends to put a brake on the federal grants and tax concessions being given to those companies who ship jobs out of America. The protectionist legislation aims to discourage companies from outsourcing. The bill maintains that a call centre will have to disclose its location to the customer and on customer’s request they will also have to divert the call to a call centre based in the United States. While this populist and protectionist legislation may appear like a ray of hope for many in America but it has surely set the alarm bells ringing for many offshore BPO havens, India being one of them. The Indian BPO industry is one of the biggest in the world, valued at a staggering 11 billion dollars and employees thousands of tech-professionals. As lawmakers in America try to strangle outsourcing, it will be a great challenge for the Indian BPO industry to climb past the hurdle and establish itself as the numero-uno tech-hub of the world so that Bangalore ceases to be called as the ‘Buffalo of the East’ and Buffalo assumes the title of ‘Bangalore of the West’. Saif Ahmad Khan, Journo, 1st Year

Pakistan : A Fluid state

democracy gets a makeover!

t started for the people, functioned for the opulent and is now being controlled by the masses. This is the journey of democracy since its conceptualization. The Arab spring that began in December, 2010 took world by storm. The world witnessed a revolution which would forever be recalled as an awakening of the people against their governing systems. The demonstrations that followed lead to a series of event that ultimately brought people’s rule in Tunisia, Egypt, Libya, Yemen and civil uprising in Bahrain, Algeria, Kuwait, Morocco, Jordan and Oman. These states lured for democratic setup. The democracy as an entity has always had a connation of a workable system for the poor who otherwise have not been recognized for ages. Democracy literally means rule of the people. An incredible invention of Greeks, democracy has evolved as the most efficient means of governance in the global front. World today embrace various forms of democracy and thrives for a maximum participation from citizens. However the present stage of democracy is quite different from what it was. Gone are the days when citizens could take anything that came from their rules. Dictators are now being countered by the people. Corrupts are being slacked. Ruthless are being assassinated. There is total antagonism for non-democratic setup today. The thirst for a better world has also encouraged various powerful nation of the world to fight for the cause of democracy along with people. Year 2011 was remarkable in the history of world order. Wide spread protests and movements to overthrow autocracy, at first in Tunisia and then in Egypt is the testimony to the will of the people. The last in the series of event was the death of Libyan dictator Muammar Gaddafi. Gravity of the issue established the fact that people will settle down for nothing less than self-governance. The further course of time is undefined. It is however largely predicted that the authoritative and exploitative rulers will face tough time managing their subjects. The torch bearers of democracy are underway and dictators are warned to mend their ways. Democracy is a never ending and continuously evolving process for better and more representative world. It has proven its worth time and again. It harbingers faith in social system. Each one of us has a say in deciding our representative and the responsibility of our own action. It nurtures vision of a just and an equal world. Democracy thus remains unparalleled and powerful of all existing world Shweta Kothari, Journo, 2nd Year governing systems.

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Is a stable democracy possible in Pakistan?

ince its independence in 1947, Pakistan has spent several decades under military rule (1958 - 1971, 1977 - 1988, and 1999 - 2008). The foremost reason was the inept and corrupt civilian governments and the prevailing socio economic conditions. The history has repeated itself thrice. Of the 64 years of independence over 34 years has been under Military Regimes, and the remaining 30 years of supposedly civilian rule, the Army of Pakistan has been calling the shots. The present ruling coalition government of PPP (Pakistan Peoples Party) is headed by Mr. Asif Ali Zardari the husband of the slain former Prime Minister Ms Benazir Bhutto. He is being assisted by a close aide Mr. Yusuf Raza Gilani who is the Prime Minister. Their problems have been compounded by the political situation in neighboring Afghanistan, and in fact there is a massive spill over of that situation into their soil due to geopolitical factors. If one ponders through the list of civilian rulers of Pakistan since independence, just Mr. Zulfikar Ali Bhutto, his daughter Ms. Benazir Bhutto and Mian Nawaz Sharif stand out. There has been a massive rise in the spread of terrorism within their country and the present government has been inept at handling this due to lack of political will. Both of them do not have

the personality or capability to handle these intricate issues. Of the other political personalities only Mian Nawaz Sharif of PML (N) and Tehrik E Insaaf party leader and former legendary cricketer Mr. Imran Khan standout. Massive turnouts at his political rallies have indicated that Mr. Imran Khan has become quite popular with the masses. He has a towering personality and is well admired by the populace for his cricketing exploits which are legendary and his contribution to the cause of treatment of cancer in Pakistan. His standout project Shaukat Khanum Memorial Cancer Hospital in Lahore is well accepted by all echelons of the society. Coupled to this the vision which he has expressed in tackling the complex problems faced make a lot of logical sense. He has analysed the problems with surgical precision and expressed a fierce determination to provide effective solutions to these complex issues. The only factor which goes against him is lack of experience in political and administrative affairs. But given his past exploits in sporting and philanthropic areas, coupled with fierce determination and indomitable will , he makes himself a frontrunner to lead his country through this extremely difficult phase . Who knows he may even take Pakistan to a new destiny. Prerana Kapur, Journo, 2nd Year

february 2012

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he Honorable Supreme Court of India recently said, "Our heart bleeds when we see homeless persons sleeping without roof in this winter. You can't permit your own children to die in winter”. The court made the remark while referring to media reports and photographs highlighting instances of scores of people sleeping on the pavements outside the prestigious All India Institute of Medical Sciences(AIIMS). The aggravated fall in the temperature of Delhi or any other state for that matter for the last several days have all the more added to the woes of people. Icy winds, cold and chilly nights have led to numerous deaths. The death toll keeps on increasing by the falling degree. No matter how hard the day passes by but the nights are almost unbearably cold. Shivering in the middle of the night, with nothing to cover the body with- is truly a sad state of affairs for the poor stranded on the roads. According to a recent Indian government committee constituted to estimate poverty, nearly 380 million people of India’s population is poor, and a lot many unaccounted for- on the roads devoid of the bare necessities to sustain their life. As wintry nights settle and frosty waves sweep Delhi, there are over 56,000 homeless people who struggle to battle the bonechilling winter. While cold waves are an annual feature, so are frozen bodies of homeless people. With north India in the throes of a cold snap, many are struggling to keep warm from the numbing cold. Last year, over 200 people died in northern India because of the cold winter.

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Care for the shivering

as part of the college initiative to help the poor and needy, the environment society of maharaja agrasen College, maC-inseRCh organized a two day camp to collect warm clothes and blankets along with raising funds in association with the delhi brotherhood society’s children division Childline which aims at reaching out to the marginalized children in need of protection and care. the camp succeeded in collecting 15 packets of clothes and raising funds to help the street urchins and daily wage laborers.

Waiting for a healthy india

alking about the current scenario of health in India, one can easily say that India has come a long way in tackling diseases. But the reality is that we have been unable to control the spread of some fatal diseases like Tuberculosis, Malaria etc. Acoording to the recent datas, Tuberculosis is killing around 1000 people everyday in India. As per a report by a 16 member committee set up by the National Vector Borne Disease Control Programme to gauge India’s actual Malaria death burden, the number has arrived to 40,297 as the average deaths per year.

rural backdrops are the most adversely affected. Further implementation of schemes passed on paper is the need of the hour. The health condition of the villages in our country is improving but the rate of evolution is not satisfactory. There is a need to assure that the Indian populace is aware and catered to in all aspects of medical assistance. Despite all the odds a ray of hope appears when one considers the development of medical science in India. The availability of quality doctors and medical assistance possible at some of the cheapest rate in the world is the

The famous health magazine Lancet published a report that malaria killed about 46,800 Indians in 2010. It will be interesting to note that India had started a campaign to eliminate the Anopheles mosquitoes and had succeded considerably. Lifestyle diseases such as Diabetes, Hypertension are also increasing. Dengue has also become a great challenge for our country. This troubling trend can be attributed in part to substandard housing, inadequate water, sewage and waste management systems, a crumbling public health infrastructure. When Identifying the challenges for India’s health sector,

strength of the health sector. India provides best-in-class treatment, in some cases at less than one-tenth the cost incurred in the US. India’s private hospitals excel in fields such as cardiology, joint replacement, orthopaedic surgery, gastroenterology, transplants, urology etc. Churning out the best of India’s potential towards medical assitance to the rural poor should be a priority. A country of 1.2 Billion needs to identify the flaws and continuously strive towards the eradication of health hazards. Inputs by : Deeksha Sarin, 1st Year Compiled by : Prerana Kapur, Journo, 2nd Year

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In a country where we stand high on morality, people dying of cold on the streets is a sorry state. The city has only 64 permanent and 54 temporary shelters which can accommodate just over 14,000 people. That means there are about 40,000 homeless people on the streets left to fend for themselves every night. The Supreme Court issued a directive to the civic authorities to prepare the night shelters for the poor before the temperatures plummet to near zero. But the authorities seem to be in no urgency with an extreme slow pace of work. At the peak of winter, around 4 people die of the winters everyday. Keeping the conditions of the poor in the winters in mind, a lot of NGOs and the government together are working towards making the lives on the streets a little better. UP government approved Rs10.84 crores for the homeless and the poor. The money will be used to provide some relief and blankets to those who cannot afford them. Also, Delhi Urban Shelter Improvement Board [DUSIB] is building night shelters to provide refuge to the homeless in this weather. It’s initiatives like these which help the destitute and needy in severe cold but one fact that cannot be ignored is that the government needs to plan and come up with facilities like permanent night shelters and also set up temporary shelters to help people survive the biting cold. For India's homeless, many feel lives could easily be saved if the authorities showed a little more warmth. Mansi Negi, Journo, 1st Year

tackling pollution : the need of the hour

n a country that is adamant to make a mark on the international scenario, an issue that was previously never of much consideration has slowly but steadily crept into relevance. The standoff between the West and the East, to be precise between the developed and developing world on the critical issue of cutting down on greenhouse gas emissions continues as witnessed at the recently concluded Durban summit. initiative was taken by an event management firm ‘Midas’ who organized a presentation on the theme of ‘Clean India’ in collaboration with the Union Ministry of Tourism. The technologically driven presentation held at India Gate was both soul stirring and thought provoking. It raised some critical questions in the minds of all those who were present to attend the august event. The presentation aimed at bringing a change in the psychology and perception of Indians on the issue of keeping their country neat and clean. It further aimed to strike a chord with the masses by passing on the message that a ‘clean India was the doorstep to a shining India’. Ironically the very Indians who spoil the spiritual cleanliness of their own country happen to be among the more disciplined and well behaved lot in foreign countries. This problem persists because of a prejudice and that is because of the conditions in which we are brought up. When we see othAn Environmental Awareness ers openly spitting and dumping things Presentation at India Gate on the road, we perceive it as a sort of a right guaranteed to us. It was this outlook which the presentation aimed to dismantle. The organizers explained that an aware younger generation is the key entity to future clean India. If a person litters, a younger sibling or relative may undo what those actions. If such happens regularly, the elder ones would be compelled to realize their insensitivity towards the environment. There are other reasons too for the awfully depredated state of cleanliness on roads and public places in India. One is the administrative laxity or incompetence. In India, people don’t shy away from spitting because they are sure of walking away scot-free. Hardly any fines or penalties are imposed on such people. One can keep educating people about the ill effects of greenhouse gas emissions and advise them to utilise the public transport system for traveling shorter distances but cannot expect them to switch over unless one provides them with world class public transport mechanisms like the Delhi Metro. Similarly, one cannot expect people not to spit or litter if we do not devise a system which strictly prohibits them. The struggle for a clean India needs to be fought with an indomitable spirit by all sections of society. In order to preserve the rich cultural heritage of our enormously old nation, it is necessary for us to keep India clean. Shakeb Wajeeh, Journo, 1st Year

6 february 2012 Year Rap January 24 – Legendary singer of Hindustani classical music, Bharat Ratna Bhimsen Joshi dies in Pune.

April 24 – Spiritual leader & educator Sri Sathya Sai Baba, died at Prashantigram at Puttaparthi. * June 9 - M. F. Hussain, arguably India's best-known artist, died in Royal Brompton Hospital in London, of a heart attack at the age of 95. * June 11 – Senior journalist and Investigations Editor with leading Mumbai tabloid MiD DAY, J Dey was shot dead in afternoon.

2011 - The Year That Was fight for Corruption free nation The year 2011 was a landmark year if not for the Indian politicians then definitely for Anna Hazare. According to media houses across the world the movement ‘India Against Corruption’ was the biggest highlight for the country this year. Lead by Kisan Babu Rao Hazare and his team the movement was against the prevailing current scenario of corruption in the country. The movement unfolded in a series of events drawing the attention of every region of country and every section of society. The basic demand of the movement was a strong Lokpal bill to be tabled in the parliament. The movement even

witnessed phases of persuasion, allegations and retaliations between government and the Team Anna. The first two phases of the movement witnessed mass support and the popularity of the participants of the movement overcame all expected parameters. Allegations and divisions within Team Anna soon became highlights of news. The third phase of the movement with a shifted venue at Mumbai lost it support at a mass level.The movement democratically had some pros and cons but it succeeded in sparking the discussion against corruption from ‘SADAK to SANSAD’.

india Counts

July 13 – 21 persons die as serial bomb blasts rip through the Opera House, Zaveri Bazaar, and Dadar West localities in Mumbai. * August 14 - Veteran bollywood star and Elvis Presley of India Shammi Kapoor passed away. * September 7 - Bomb Blast in Delhi: At least 10 people were dead and 65 were brutally injured with the bomb blast in the Delhi High Court premises. * September 18 - 116 people lose their lives in Sikkim and other parts of Northeastern states as an earthquake measuring 6.9 on the Richter scale. * October 10 - Renowned ghazal singer Jagjit Singh died at the Lilavati Hospital in Mumbai. * November 23 - India’s leading Industrial house Tata named Cyrus Pallonji Mistry the successor to Tata Group Chairman Ratan Tata. * December 4 – Legendary Indian actor Padma Bhusan Dev Anand died.

December 9 - A fire broke out in the AMRI Hospital in Kolkata in which 91 persons died. * December 29 - Rajya Sabha was adjourned sine die without voting on the essential Lokpal Bill.

The world’s largest census took place in the world’s largest democracy in the year 2011, the results were that the growth rate of population for India in the last decade was 17.64% and further Bihar (23.90%) exhibited the highest decadal growth rate in rural population. It is interesting to note that India’s population in 1901 was about 238.4 million, which has increased by more than four times in 110 years to reach a population of 1,210 million in 2011.

The self immolation of Mohamed Bouazizi in Sidi Bouzid, Tunisia soon engulfed a cartel of dictator regimes in the heart of the world. The Arab Spring as it is popularly referred to reinstated fear among dictators across the world. The fight for democracy has run over 18 nationalities and has caused over 32,000 casualties. Noteble developments as a result of the revolution were the resignation and eventual trial of Hosni Mubarak in Egypt and the culmination of Mummar Gaddafi’s rule over Libya. Though the world is yet to witness the fruits of this bloody revolution, it is for sure that democracy and equality are indispensible entities for governments in the years to come.

New Delhi completed 100 years as the capital of India on December 12 this year. Exactly a century ago, King George V addressed a grand congregation of royalty and British soldiers at the Delhi durbar and proclaimed Delhi as the capital of British India. Photography and art exhibitions reviving the memories of British India and the evolution of Delhi as the capital of India thronged venues across the city. Newspapers and magazines published full featured issues on this theme and praises for Edwin Lutyens, the architect of Delhi and his farsightedness were the thought for the month of December.

The Indian economy witnessed remarkable transformations in this year alone. The distancing of the Indian economy from the world, mostly euro-centric economic turmoil is enough to highlight the crux of India’s economic policy. The Indian economy steadily

climbed to regain the 9% growth that it once commanded but was restricted to a near 8.5%. Once a novelty for the Indian market, FDI or Foreign Direct Investment was the talk of the nation. If statistics released by the Reserve Bank of India are to be believed, a jump of no less than 77% has been recorded in the amount of money invested in the Indian markets via FDI’s.

Cheaper Rupee

Rise of democracy in the middle east

a 100 year young delhi

indian economy

Approximately an year following the rupee joining the club of elite currencies that don a symbol to represent them, the Indian rupee witnessed an all time low in comparison to the world scenario. The rupee was devalued to the point of `54.47 per $1. The dreams of Indian economy surpassing the west in the years to come seem to be put away in the cold vault for now. The sharp decline in the value of rupee by an approximate 14% has wide ranging implications ranging from slowed down stock markets to decreased export of Indian goods.

World Cup 2011 : a billion dreams Coming true 11 blue monks this year were more successful in propagating their religion than rectors of any other religion. The Indian cricket team after a gap of 28 years lifted the sculpture worshiped by almost every religion of the country. Team India lead by Mahendra Singh Dhoni won the ICC cricket world cup 2011 by defeating Sri Lanka in the finals at Wankhede

Stadium, Mumbai. Despite of tough competition put forward by some of the best teams across the world like Australia, Pakistan, South Africa, the relatively younger team India performed valiantly and won the world cup.The team dedicated the victory to Sachin Tendulkar and successfully made a billion dreams come true. Prashant Jha, Journo, 2nd Year Twesh Mishra, Journo, 2nd Year

a polio free nation

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n January 13th 2012, India engineered a historical feat which many would have termed as ‘impossible’ a couple of years back. The country of 1.2 billion successfully managed to astonish the whole world by not reporting a single case of polio over the past twelve months. The World Health Organization hailed India’s performance as ‘India’s greatest public health achievement.’ In the year 2006, India along with three other countries, namely, Nigeria, Afghanistan and Pakistan, was included in the list of those countries who miserably failed to curb the transmission of intrinsic polio virus. The Government of India devised a host of initiatives and came up with spirited strategies to curb this menace. Children under the age of five years were vaccinated at homes, railway stations, bus stands and in some cases even on footpaths to ensure their immunization from polio virus. However, the crusade is far from over. India will have to continue its stellar performance for two more years before it is declared as polio free. The challenges ahead are complex and astronomical in number. India needs to be highly vigilant and should stop importation of polio viruses from countries where polio continues to persist. The existing eradication programs need to be carried out with the same indomitable spirit to arrive at the goal of a polio free India and to eliminate the possibility of resurfacing of the virus.

Polio in India 2000 1900 1800 1700 1600

number of Cases

1500 1400 1300 1200 1200 1100 1000 900 800 700 600 500 400 300 200 100

1998 1999 2000

2001 2002 2003

2004 2005 2006 2007

year

2008 2009 2010

2011

*Figures based on estimates of Indian Academy of Pediatrics and World Health Organization

Subhagata Bhatacharya, Journo, 1st Year Saif Khan, Journo, 1st Year

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february 2012 7 Indian economy : Hopes and Challenges

ndia’s growth story ever since deregulation in 1991 has been both awe-inspiring and meteoric. Within a period of decade post-globalization, India along with China was labeled as ‘superpowers’ in the making. However, two decades have now passed and things seem widely improved but the year 2011 saw a slight dip in the growth rate of India Inc. The slow down in the American economy as well as some of the members of the European Union has wide ranging implications on dependent economies around the world. A major challenge for the Indian economy is the need to generate a self sustainable economy and mobilizing the markets to sustain in the world of crumbling economies. The government is trying it’s level best to encourage the government owned and semi- government companies to invest more and more but how far it will help to improve the economy is a big question. There are umpteen reasons behind the slowing down of the growth process in India. The first and the most evident one is policy paralysis, leading industry players were the first ones who brought up this issue. To overcome the problem of policy paralysis, all parties need to be fully committed to getting the Indian Economy back on track and for this purpose; a broad consensus needs to be evolved among all the stakeholders on key reform issues. Another major headache for the

Indian Economy has been inflation or price rise. One reason for this has been the imbalance in demand-supply proportions. Several corporations indulge in hoarding to artificially force the prices up in order to register higher profits. The Government needs to crackdown upon all those who indulge in hoarding to keep the prices in check. Yes, currently the Indian economy is undergoing a rosy phase and inflation has come down but a major challenge is to regulate the entities so that it does not overshadow growth and other progressive developments. Secondly, the Government needs to build an investor friendly environment, to pave way for entry of new firms in the industry to increase supply and bring the spiraling prices down. India’s industrial output in November managed to defy all economists by bouncing back and recording a growth of 5.9% which is indicative of the fact that consumer demand hasn’t ceased to exit despite record interest rate increases by the Central Bank. India is very much on the path towards inclusive growth and if we are able to resurrect certain faulty sectors within a feasible period of time, the Indian economy will very soon become an even more powerful force to reckon with. Subhagata Bhatacharya, Journo, 1st Year

election Manifestos: do They still Matter

his all began with Indira Gandhi’s famous ‘Roti, kapda, makaan’ (bread, cloth, are distinctly different from those of others. In this era of alliances and coalitions, house). Similarly, a more recent ‘bijli, sadak, pani’ (power, roads, water), elec- such distinctions are difficult to maintain and easily get blurred. tion manifestoes have been an integral part of the elections campaign. It is a po- The pressure for well focused manifestos could have come from the voters. But litical party's agenda for action, a public declaration of given the low levels of knowledge and awareness of the directional changes, new policies and programmes most people, it is unlikely that they will play this role. that the party plans to implement if voted to power. But The big and complex issues highlighted in a manifesto most importantly they are useful documents may be beyond their comprehension and interest. That and can help to hold parties accountable if they is why manifestos are looked at only by a few intellectuget to run the government. als or some in the media.With trust in Parties do spend time and money to prepare politicians at a low ebb, putting formanifestoes and to publicize them. For anyone ward an election manifesto and being interested in public change a election manifesto held to account for its delivery is an esis a great starting point to understand the full sential element in building trust becanvas of national issues, a manifesto clarifies tween the elected and the elector. the positions of a party. You can often find yourImplementation of the election maniself agreeing with some views of a party while festos presented to the voters before disagreeing with others. They are also informathe elections must be made either constitutionally or tive of what’s missing. legally binding on the ruling political party/combinaA manifesto should matter to the party, the tion of ruling political parties which emerges victorious competing parties and the voters. Indeed, it should be the basis for and comes to power who must also be made accountable to the assessing the worth and relevance of different parties. But public in general and the voters in particular. In other the reality is these manifestos do not receive the attenwords, what is now looked upon as a mere moral reWith elections in 5 states on the tion they deserve as statements of intent by the parties. sponsibility must be made legally enforceable. The cards, we have the manifestos of With elections in 5 states on the cards, we have the manseemingly divine principle that if the party in power fails some parties making their ifestos of some parties making their appearance soon – to implement the promises, it is up to the people to vote appearance soon and vanishing from it out of office in the next elections should prevail rather and vanishing from memory with equal speed. memory with equal speed. Have these manifestoes became the last priority? Or is it than where money, religion, ignorance and economic inthat we still fall prey to religion, caste, and minority, temsecurity are all-pervasive! porary and temporal temptations. We voters generally lack the dissective faculties The manifestos should be made legal documents and should be published in the to assess the relative merits/defects of the contending or contesting political par- local dailies as well as official gazettes. An independent body should review the tyism. progress made by the constituency and the promises made by the candidate If we closely read a manifesto, they provide a better idea of the issues and prob- yearly. This would create more sense of awareness among the people. Election lems that face the country but today they are just ‘policy-lite’ documents. Also manifestos deserve to be analyzed and debated by the media. The media treats the release of election manifestos as if they were a non-event,as Rather than Presenting a “rosy picture” in the election manifesto tempting the if these documents were ritual exercises in political rhetoric and the promises electorate with “cozy life” political parties need to be “realistic and pragmatic”, contained in them nothing but irresponsible populism. while preparing their election manifestos and promise only what they can really Manifestos will matter only when a party has an ideology and programmes that do. Nupur Sharma, Journo, 2nd Year

8 february 2012 MAC - InFO Editor, Zee News Mr. Satish K Singh preferred an informal discussion and provided valuable insight as well as guided the students on the current scenario of the Indian media industry. He insisted students to be aware of current affairs and to have a core subject of which they attain indepth knowledge prior to entering the media industry. * Continuing on the special lecture series, Resident Editor, The Pioneer, Mr Siddharth Mishra talked about the changing media scenario and media censorship. He fo-

cused his lecture on the relevance of responsible journalism and the need for the regulation of the media industry to prevent it from self annihilation. The students appreciated the way he presented the realities of the contemporary media. * As another addition to the special lecture series, Mr. Ashwini Kumar, Entertainment Head, Zee News suggested the advent of responsible entertainment journalism in the coming years. He emphasized on the relevance of morals and ethics while considering issues that are to be broadcasted on the television screen. * The College celebrated its annual fest, Yuvaan a 2 day event which began on 11th March. This event was a grand success with students from various colleges participating throughout the two days. Debate, photography, dance, poetry and the fashion show were some of the major competitions. The fest culminated with an exhilarating performance by Radix the band. * MAC-INSERCH the environment society of the College was initiated with a tree plantation drive in the college campus. The so-

An AdVenTURe AT nUH An adventure cum educational camp was organized by Maharaja Agrasen College to the Aravalli Hills, Haryana. The trip aimed at grooming the students and introducing them to the rigorous lifestyle adopted when camping outdoors. The trip was initiated and was conducted under the supervision of Principal Dr. Sunil Sondhi. The highlight of the camp besides the adventure activities was introducing students to the rural backdrops of one of the most under developed districts in the country. The camp initiated at Nuh with a group of 59 students and some teachers setting up their tents under the constant guidance of Dr. Sondhi. The students were then divided into groups of 10 and at a time 3 groups went together for rock climbing while the others indulged in trekking. Professional rock climbing instructors provided certified mountaineering Principal, Dr. Sondhi instructing the students prior to the trekking and equipments to the students and educated rock climbing expedition them on their usage and safety measures. A steep rocky path was chosen to put the adventurers to test. The groups that were trekking were lead by a septuagenarian local guide who seemed to have photographed every nook and corner of the mountainous region with Teachers, Staffers and some locals at the base camp after the trekking session his memory. The trip to Nuh was a memorable excursion with all the elements of the perfect adventure.

Rock climbing (above) and returning to the base camp (right)

A 100 Kilometers from Modernization

ciety has been active all year round and was also successful in organizing a clothes donation camp in college to assist needy in the tormenting winter season. * Three companies interviewed more than 150 final year students from various courses through the MAC Placement Cell. More than 50 students got offer letters with salary packages ranging from 2.5 to 4.2 lakhs. Dr. Arun Julka, coordinator Placement Cell would be conducting another such session in February. Barkha Sethi, Journo, 1st year

Hardly 100 kilometers from arguably the most progressive by the youngsters that hailed from developed cities. The city of a potential world super power, a clearly reciprocal young boys were quick to express joy or dissatisfaction, reality subsists. Barauji, a small village on of Haryana bor- the girls were further elusive of all interactions. The only dering NCR exemplifies the harshest reality of our coun- conversation that they indulged in can be surmised with try. A stroll around the village is sufficient to identify acute carefully crafted words and awkward reluctance. The one scarcity of any amenities for Hindi-medium Government School of the populace. The district is Barauji for two villages – Gehbar and clearly dependent on Nuh Barauji provides free education till junthe district headquarters of ior secondary i.e., class eighth. Due to the Mewat district for all the absence of the higher school in the government and medical relocality the parents send the boys to quirements. The distance Nuh for further education, but same is that one has to travel for einot the case of the girls. They are comther medical assistance or pletely devoid of education after class for secondary education has eighth. The inability to travel distances further stunned the growth and the oppressive attitude of the men of the area in concern. The can be held responsible for the delocals were perplexed by the plorable condition of women in the sudden interest in their lives Dr. Ragi, Interacting with the local school children area.

Views expressed in the articles are the independent opinions of the writers printed by: shri sai anand printers pvt. ltd, 473- patparganj industrial area, delhi


Macroscope - February 2012