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estled in the fertile Tigris River Valley, Camp Taji serves as a roosting ground for numerous migratory and indigenous birds. Camp Taji is

unique in that it’s occupancy is not dependent on typical seasons but plays host to these birds nearly year round. Camp Taji is a protected reserve characterized by broad, flat, asphalt plains surrounded by low-lying features that serve as nesting areas for many of its inhabitants. Even the most novice bird watcher is presented with endless opportunities to view these birds both in flight and at rest at Camp Taji. The birds themselves have grown accustomed to human presence and often will not stir, even when close approached making them ideal for photography and study. Amongst the local populus visitors from all over the globe have travelled to camp Taji to support and protect these magnificent birds.

The Camp Taji Bird Watchers Society was founded in 2011 with the goal of preserving and protecting the habitat that many of these birds call “home.� Since its inception its members have studied and documented hundreds of birds and many different types.


1LT. Joshua Terry, bird enthusiast and founding member.


the The AH-64 Apache is a twin-engine, four bladed, multimission attack helicopter designed as a highly stable aerial weapons-delivery platform. It is designed to fight and survive during the day, night, and in adverse weather throughout the world. With a tandem-seated crew consisting of the

the

Predator MQ-1B

The MQ-1 Predator is a medium-altitude, long-endurance, remotely piloted aircraft. The MQ-1’s primary mission is interdiction and conducting armed reconnaissance against critical, perishable targets. When the MQ-1 is not actively

Apache AH-64

pilot, located in the rear cockpit position and the co-pilot gunner (CPG), located in the front position, the Apache is self-deployable, highly survivable and delivers a lethal array of battlefield armaments.

pursuing its primary mission, it acts as the Joint Forces Air Component Commander-owned theater asset for reconnaissance, surveillance and target acquisition in support of the Joint Forces commander.


the

C

The CH-47 is a twin-engine, tandem rotor helicopter designed for transportation of cargo, troops, and weapons during day, night, visual, and instrument conditions. The aircraft fuselage is approximately 50 feet long. With a 60-

hinook CH-47 foot rotor span, on each rotor system, the effective length of a CH-47 (with blades turning) is approximately 100 feet from the most forward point of the forward rotor to the most rearward point on the aft rotor.


the

B

lackhawk uh-60

The Black Hawk is a light transport helicopter that performs many missions in the Army. The Black Hawk is the primary helicopter for air assault, air cavalry, and aeromedi-

cal evacuation units. Modified Black Hawks also fulfill command and control, electronic warfare, and special operations roles.


the

Kiowa OH-58

The OH-58 helicopter is a low silhouette, single rotor helicopter powered by a single gas turbine engine. The Light Observation Helicopter is used for observation, scout, and command and control. This single pilot aircraft with the

capability to carry three passengers or cargo has a speed of 132 mph (115 knots). The Kiowa had a two-bladed semirigid seesaw all metal main rotor and a two-bladed rigid delta hinge all metal tail rotor.

the The Bell 407 is a four-blade, single-engine, civil utility helicopter; a derivative of the Bell 206L-4 LongRanger. The Bell 407 is frequently used for corporate and offshore

Bell 407

transport, as an air ambulance, law enforcement, electronic news gathering and movie making.


the Mil Mi-8/17 is a medium twin-turbine transport helicopter that can also act as a gunship. The Soviet Union specifically designed the Mi-17 for the Soviet war in Afghanistan. The MI-17 is a multirole helicopter used for resupply. It can also be very heavily armed with an extensive array or rockets, misslies and guns.

the

Huey UH-1

The Huey UH-1 Iroquois is a military helicopter powered by a single, turboshaft engine, with a two-bladed main rotor and tail rotor. The helicopter was developed by Bell Helicopter to meet the United States Army’s requirement

MI-17

It is often used to air assault infantry forces to attack the point of penetration, reinforce units in contact or disrupt counterattacks. Additional missions include; attack, direct air support, electronic warfare, airborne early warning, medevac, search and rescue, and minelaying.

for a medical evacuation and utility helicopter in 1952, and first flew on 20 October 1956. Ordered into production in March 1960, the UH-1 was the first turbine-powered helicopter to enter production for the United States military.


A

rmament

The United States military has developed a number of Helicopter Armament Subsystems since the early 1960s. These systems are used for offensive and defensive purposes and

1.

2.

3.

4.

make use of a wide variety of weapon types including, but not limited to machine guns, grenade launchers, autocannon, and rockets.

1. M230 30mm Cannon 2. Various Rocket Pods 3. Hellfire Air-to-Surface Missile 4. Hellfire Mounting pod


Sighting sheeT AH-64 Apache

CH-47 Chinook

UH-60 Blackhawk

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OH-58 Kiowa

UH-1 Huey

MI-17

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MQ-1 Predator

Bell 407

notes: _________________________ ______________________________ ______________________________ ______________________________ ______________________________ ______________________________

notes: _________________________ ______________________________ ______________________________ ______________________________ ______________________________ ______________________________

The Sighting Sheet can be used to document the occurrences and behaviors of some of Camp Taji’s more common birds. Annotations such as dates, times, and activities can be beneficial in analyzing pattersn bringing you own step closer to becoming an expert bird watching enthusiast.


Thank you to all the members of the 640th Aviation Support Battalion and the 40th Combat Aviation Brigade who have been tirelessly devoted to the conservation and protection of the unique habitat of CampTaji.


Camp Taji Bird Watchers Society - Guide Book