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Oc tober & November 2010 • Volume 3 • Issue 6 • w w • Tel:905.920.1752

“Using the power of the pen to facilitate smooth integration for immigrants into the Canadian society.”

International Day Refugee Protection Division for The Elimination of Violence How fair are their decisions for refugee claimants? Against Women - 25 November “A day of tribute to the Mirabal sisters, as well as global recognition of gender violence” On December 17, 1999, the United Nations General Assembly designated November 25 (the anniversary of the day of the murder of the Mirabal sisters) as the annual date for the International Day for the Elimination of Violence Against Women in commemoration of the sisters. This day also marks the beginning of the 16 days of Activism against Gender Violence. The end of the 16 Days is December 10, International Human Rights Day. ∞ Continued on page 13

Universal Children's Day (20 November)

Universal Children's Day is usually held on 20 November, the date on which the UN General Assembly adopted the Declaration of the Rights of the Child (1959) and the Convention of the Rights of the Child (1989). Some countries celebrate the Day on different dates. The Day was first recommended by the General Assembly in 1954 when it was envisaged as a day of

worldwide fraternity and understanding between children and of active promotion of the welfare of the world's children. Visit the UNICEF website for information on a vast array of initiatives for children and see the Dag Hammarskjold Library page on the Day.. ∞ Continued on page 13

Hamilton Face of Ontario's Future ing the Hamilton Chamber of Commerce, SISO and other community organizations. ‘Diversity Works’ was wisely chosen as the name of this new venture. Simply put, it facilitates the integration of Internationally Trained Individuals (ITIs) into the workforce.

Minister of Citizenship and Immigration, Honourable Dr. Eric Hoskins was in Hamilton August 17th to launch Diversity Works project, a new partnership venture involv-

Minister Hoskins, no new comer to Hamilton were he spent ten years of his life was all praises for this new initiative in Hamilton, more so as it will help new immigrants integrate and contribute meaningfully to the Canadian economy. No wonder he stated that ‘Hamilton represents the face of Ontario’s future’. ∞ Continued on page 14

Canada is a signatory to many UN conventions and is obligated to ensure persons fleeing persecution from their countries of origin are provided with safe environment to reside inside Canada. Amongst those conventions are the: 1951 Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees; 1966 International Covenant on Civil and Political Right; and the 1984 Convention Against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman and De-

Community Happenings

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grading Treatment or Punishment. (http:// The Refugee Protection Division looks after refugee claims made within Canada, while Citizenship and Immigration Canada (CIC) decides refugee protection claims made outside Canada, in Canadian embassies and consulates. (( ∞ Continued on page 12

Newcomer Family Centre

Downtown Office 360 James St. N Lower Concourse Hamilton, ON L8L 1H5 (905) 667-SISO (7476)

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FOR EMPLOYERS AND RECRUITERS Reduce Hiring and Turnover Costs

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Oct/Nov 2010 Editorial Many Ontarians are coming to terms with the ever-increasing cost of living, compounded by the introduction of the HST. If it is difficult for main stream Canadians to survive, how much worst is it for new comers to this country who are already marginalized by their lack of access to employment, good income and housing. The faces of suffering are those of new, confused immigrant women who are the backbones of their families. They do not give up their struggles even when faced with mountains of obstacles. Most of these women bear their hardships without complaints, though their faces mirror the deep sadness within. Abuse, has no boundaries when it comes to women. It affects young and old, rich and poor alike. After many years of silence on the issue, more women are now sharing their stories to give insights into their lives and to prevent other women from living their experiences. Yes, November 25th celebrates United Nations International Day for Elimination of violence against women. This celebration is in vain each year if nothing is done to prevent the battering of defenceless females the world over. Though developed countries are doing their best in this regard, more efforts are needed to prevent systemic abuse most women suffer as a result of marginalization in the work place, politics, religious institutions, and other spheres of life. Marginalization and other forms of degradation constitute passive violence against women as it reduces them to voiceless beings. November 20th celebrates the Universal Children’s Day, in recognition of the rights of our children. Increasing child welfare services and programs are important issues dogging every successive government. Child poverty is nothing new. It is important the elected officials devise a creative way to ensure issue affecting the growth and development of our children are tackled earlier to ensure the future of this community in particular and Canada as a whole is protected. I am wishing all our readers and advertisers enjoyable reading! Veronica Chris-Ike Publisher/Editor

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Oct. & Nov. 2010 • Vol 3 • Issue 6

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Country list for immigration medical exams updated examination. Mexicans applying to be temporary residents in Canada should account for about 40 per cent of those who will benefit from today’s announcement. In 2009, had Mexico not been considered a designated country, about 6,000 fewer Mexican applicants would have required medical exams. The cost for medical exams is based on local rates, with fees routinely costing up to $200, while the processing time for medical exams is generally between 2 weeks and 2 months. Four countries/territories have also been added to the designated country/territory list as a result of this review, including Wallis and Futuna.

Country list for immigration medical exams updated Ottawa, September 1, 2010 — Most long-term visitors from Mexico, Croatia, the Bahamas and 42 other countries and territories can now enter Canada without a medical exam, Citizenship and Immigration Canada (CIC) announced today. In addition, medical exams will no longer be required for agricultural workers from those 45 countries and territories. The medical examination requirement remains in place for all temporary residents who will be working in an occupation in which the protection of public health is essential. This includes workers in the health sciences field and those working with children. This announcement does not affect permanent immigrants or refugees, who will continue to be required to undergo

a medical examination before entering Canada. Temporary residents planning to stay longer than six months may also need an exam, depending on CIC’s periodic assessments of the health situation in their countries of origin. “We are committed to ensuring there is a balance between welcoming visitors and newcomers to Canada while protecting the health and security of Canadians. CIC uses an objective threshold to determine whether a country or territory should be

added or removed from the designated country/territory list,” said Citizenship and Immigration Minister Jason Kenney. Today’s changes follow a regular review of the three-year average tuberculosis incidence rates of all countries and territories. A threshold of 15 cases per 100,000 is used to determine whether a country or territory should be included on CIC’s designated country/territory list, which is then used to determine whether a temporary resident applicant requires an immigration medical

Governments of Canada and Manitoba take action to help newcomers more supports to assist provincial nominees to begin their employment and settlement planning before they arrive in our province,” said Selinger. “The more informed and prepared immigrants are before they arrive, the more likely they are to achieve their career goals and contribute to Manitoba’s economic growth.”

Pre-arrival Services for Provincial Nominees to be Piloted in Manitoba Manitoba is partnering with the Association of Canadian Community Colleges (ACCC) through the Canadian Immigrant Integration Program (CIIP) to pilot a new pre-arrival initiative for provincial nominees destined for Manitoba. This initiative, funded by the federal Department of Citizenship and Immigration, was announced here today by Premier Greg Selinger and federal Citizenship, Immigration and Multiculturalism Minister Jason Kenney. “Manitoba is dedicated to providing

To start, the pilot initiative will provide Manitoba nominees in China and the Philippines with pre-arrival settlement orientation and labour-market preparation services. These services will include the development of a career plan based on Manitobaspecific labour-market information and guidance on qualifications recognition procedures. It will then be adapted for provincial nominees destined to other provincial jurisdictions as well as for Manitoba nominees in other parts of the world. These new services for provincial nominees will be delivered through phase 2 of the CIIP, funded through a $15-million contribution agreement from Citizenship and Immigration Canada. “Pre-arrival services are an essential part of our strategy to help newcomers succeed. ACCC’s partnership with Manitoba

to create province-specific CIIP information and services is an important step in our commitment to prepare immigrants before they arrive in Canada,” said Kenney. “This pilot demonstrates our aim to meet specific needs of newcomers destined for provinces across the country.” “ACCC members play a vital role in the economic integration of newcomers in Canada,” said James Knight, president and CEO of ACCC. “Through ACCC’s overseas offices, they are also providing pre-arrival advice to federal skilled workers in their country of origin. Red River College has been delivering this service for three years and is now working with ACCC and the Manitoba government to develop overseas pre-arrival services for provincial nominees.” Prior to arriving in Canada, nominees will also have access to Manitoba’s successful English Online language program which provides facilitated English-language training using Manitoba specific scenarios. Students will be able to interact with adult English-as-anadditional-language teachers based in Manitoba, who will provide one-onone guidance throughout the student’s training. The initiative will begin in November with approximately 40 Manitoba nominees. CIIP services for provincial nominees will be available at all CIIP locations in the coming year. ■ TVID Image Source: wikipedia/commons/8/83/Bienvenue_au_ Manitoba_-_Manitoba_welcomes_you.jpg

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For the full list of countries and territories affected by the review of the designated country list, please see the Backgrounder. For a list of countries or territories where medical exams are still required, please see the complete designated country/territory list. For more information on medical examination requirements for temporary foreign workers, foreign students and visitors to Canada, please visit CIC’s website. ■ TVID Image Source: wp-content/uploads/2009/09/doctor.jpg

The Voice in Diaspora 571 James Street N. L8L 1J8 Hamilton, Ontario

Our Mission Using the power of the pen to facilitate smooth integration for immigrants into the Canadian society.

Publisher/Editor Veronica Chris-Ike

Art & Creative Design Jihan C. Aydin www . A4AMEDIA . com

Advertising & Marketing Tel: (905) 920 1752

Contributors Nica Brown , Veronica Chris-Ike, Hussein Hamdani, Jihan C. Aydin, SISO (Settlement And Integration Services Organization) The Voice in Diaspora Newspaper is free of charge. Publication will be done Bi-monthly. 10,000 copies will be printed and distributed as follows: 1000 copies mailed to stake holders, 6,000 copies dropped into personal mail boxes; 3000 copies will be distributed to businesses, shopping malls, churches, Non-profit organizations, adult learning Centres, etc, in Hamilton and environs. The views/materials expressed/used by writers/ contributors do not necessarily reflect the opinion of this newspaper. All rights reserved. The Voice in Diaspora is not responsible for accuracy of information provided by advertisers and contributors. Reproduction in whole or in part without prior permission is prohibited. Some graphic images may be used via with respect to its rightful owners under the Creative Commons Licencing.

Oct. & Nov. 2010 • Vol 3 • Issue 6


Ontario PNP expands to include international graduates of Master's degree programs through the Opportunities Ontario Provincial Nominee Program (PNP). This week it has been announced that the program has been expanded to also allow international students graduating from Ontario master’s degree programs to apply for Canadian permanent residence without a job offer.

Thursday, 16 September Ontario aims to attract and retain highlyskilled international students who will ultimately help Ontario, and Canada, compete in the global economy. Since April 2010, international graduates from Ontario PhD programs have been eligible to apply for a Canadian Immigration (permanent residence) visa without a job offer

An international master’s student may apply in his or her last semester or within two years of the date on which the degree is awarded, and must intend to work and live in Ontario and be ready to work fulltime (although a job offer is not required in order to apply). The applicant must include results of a general English language proficiency test (IELTS General) that are less than one year old at application submission date. There is also a residence requirement—master’s students must have

lived in Ontario for at least one year during the last two years—to demonstrate a strong connection to the province. Currently, there are 4,600 international students studying in master's degree programs in the province of Ontario. The majority of these international students are studying at the University of Toronto; University of Waterloo; University of Ottawa; University of Western Ontario; Queen's University; and York University. The Open Ontario Plan is designed to create new opportunities for jobs and growth by increasing the number of spaces available to international students by 50 per cent while maintaining spaces for Ontario students.

vincial government states that complete nominee application packages will be processed within 90 days, and applications will be processed on a first-come, firstserved basis. This expansion to the Ontario PNP will help make Ontario the destination of choice for the very best and brightest students from all over the world. ■ TVID

The Opportunities Ontario Provincial Nomination Program will target 1,000 nominations in 2010. The Ontario pro-

Government of Canada works to welcome more Chinese students to Canadian colleges

Beijing, September 14, 2010 — Canada is stepping up its efforts to recruit qualified Chinese students to Canada, Jason Kenney, Minister of Citizenship, Immigration and Multiculturalism, and James Knight, President of the Association of Canadian Community Colleges (ACCC), announced today. International students in Canada, at nearly 200,000 strong in 2009, are estimated to contribute more than $6.5 billion to the Canadian economy every year. China is the top source country for students studying in Canada with almost 50,000 Chinese students residing in Canada in 2009. That number is expected to grow thanks to the expansion of the Student Partners Program (SPP). “International students bring with them new ideas and experiences and contribute both financially and culturally to the communities and institutions where they study,” said Minister Kenney. “We look forward to welcoming more Chinese students to Canadian colleges in the years to come.” The SPP was developed by Citi-


zenship and Immigration Canada (CIC) in cooperation with the ACCC. “Thanks to the excellent collaboration of Minister Kenney and CIC, Canadian colleges and institutes will not only be able to attract more Chinese students to our English-as-a-secondlanguage, French language and university transfer programs, but also expand the number of students who are taking our advanced diploma, applied degree and internship programs,” commented Mr. Knight. The program is based on the highly successful SPP implemented in India last year. In the first year of its implementation, the number of Indian students studying in Canada jumped from just over 11,000 in 2008 to nearly 19,000 in 2009. The program has several checks and balances, from requiring applicants to provide verifiable documentation, to a feedback mechanism where colleges report on whether students attend. All students who come to Canada through the SPP must adhere to the same screening requirements as any visitor or student.

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“The Student Partners Program has already helped to welcome thousands of students from India,” said Minister Kenney. “Thousands from China will also benefit from the program. And when they’ve finished their studies, these graduates may decide to remain in Canada and may apply to immigrate under the Canadian Experience Class. They would make Canada their home and continue to contribute to our country’s social and economic fabric.” Canada’s network of community colleges, institutes of technology

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and polytechnics offers many outstanding programs to educate young Canadians and their counterparts from around the world for the opportunities of today’s economy. The number of international students in Canada has more than doubled since 1998. The Government of Canada will continue to look at ways to encourage international students to study in Canada. ■ TVID

Pakistanis and Friends Raised Fund for Flood Victims

A group of Hamiltonians called "Friends of the Victims of Pakistan Flood" organized a fund-raising event on September 11th, to raise awareness about the challenges faced by millions of flood-affected children in Pakistan. The flood victims were not only deprived of their homes, but are at the risk of losing their futures as their schools have been washed away. The event was attended by a huge number of Hamiltonians who gathered to share the tears and sorrows of the children affected by one of the world’s biggest flood in recent history. Among those who attended were Morteza Jafarpour of SISO Hamilton who delivered the keynote address; Mayor Fred Eisenberger and his wife Diane; Mayoral Candidate – Bob Britina; MPP and Leader of NDP – Andrea Horwath; MP David Christoperson; MP Wayne Marston; MP Chris Charlton and Leo Johnson Inspirational speaker amongst others. All these dignitaries pledged their commitment to the fund raising. Other dignitaries that were present on the occasion were: Denise Doyle CEO YWCA, Pat Wright ED HCCI, Marufa Shinwari - President Afghan Women Association, Liban Abidi – Candidate for Ward 2 Council, Ashok Kumar, Indian Community,

Tabarul Jahan – BanglaDesh Community, Indu Singh – Indian Community, . Minh Ley –Chinese Community, Community youth and other faith groups . The event raised over $5500 so far and more pledges are being made. Over 30 volunteers organized the Event, Over 20 artists, performers and musicians donated their art, performance, music and songs. The participants observed one minute silence for the martyrs of flood and the New York attacks. A moving Video was prepared by Kai-

nat Ahmed about the miseries of children. (Her father had been stranded in Pakistan’s troubled Swat Valley during the flood, where over six million people took refuge in other parts of Pakistan last year due to violence and military action. 95% of the roads, bridges and rivers infrastructure has been completely damaged by the flood). Hamilton’s south Asian Community especially the Bangladesh and Indian communities were united in supporting the flood victims. They helped in organization, volunteered their time and talent to organize

the event, performed and donated generously. Food was sponsored by Mahal Restaurant Ejaz. For further information please contact; Dr. Khursheed Ahmad, Dr. Basharat Tayyab and Jahan Zeb Khan at: 905 318 3515 Image Source: Flickr by IRIN Photos, CC Licenced ■ TVID

Can I really change? Where do I go from here? and serves across Canada. They serve as the first point of contact for those released from custody and work with many parole officers helping to connect the person with support services within the community they reside in and also see that their identified needs are met.

These are questions frequently asked by the young men and women/adults who currently find themselves in correctional institutions. Everyone has their own story to tell; and they really only vary slightly, but the fruit of their choices has brought them to jail. Many have sought comfort for their pain /anger/ and rejection in drugs or alcohol, or other forms of addictions. They certainly are searching for something to take away the pain within them. They are looking for answers, but in the wrong direction, and many get discouraged and just "give up". Life in hard and the anger is the "boss" not the Joy of life.

Refuge Ministries also teaches and equips the local churches or individuals interested in this type of work, through a one hour prison ministry training seminar. They have a "1-800" number as a support line for anyone being released across Canada. Recently, due to interest, a mentoring program has been initiated and is showing excellent fruit. Currently this Refuge Ministries is serving regularly the inmate at the Bluewater Correctional Facility in Goderich, Ontario and a girl's youth facility outside of London. They also offer an "Overcomer’s” group on Thursday evenings in London at the Impact Church 220 Adelaide, at 7:30. This is a 12 step God centred addiction recovery group.

Is there help out there for these people... or are they to remain just the "rejects of society"? We on the "outside" need to asked ourselves often these same questions, followed by " what could I do to help in these situations"? There are solutions out there to help some of these people turn their lives around and find purpose, meaningful relationships; even trust and love. Some actually find out that they really do have something special to contribute to this world and the people around them. Where do we begin? We begin by recognizing that there is a problem; then meeting the person "where they are at the present moment". Then we start to put the broken puzzle of someone's life back together piece by piece, even if some pieces are still missing for the moment. One of the people that have helped in this process is Alan Campbell of London, Ontario. Birthed out of personal experience in prisons, he realized the great need in our society to offer new choices and solutions to people that

If anyone is interested in volunteering, or being a "partner" with Refuge Ministries, or is desiring to host a training or information session , contact the ministry office

have been in custody which leads to healing of the hearts and minds. These people need a bridge between jail/prison and the "regular world" so they can reweave the fabric of their lives. The most common instinct after being "released" from custody is to return to the "old friends", the "old ways”, and the "old neighbourhood"; which of course bears the same fruit it al-

ways did. We need to somehow be able to "short circuit" that old pattern and bring some refreshing new thoughts that support a more positive and productive plan of action. Mr. Campbell birthed this ministry out of his passion for truth and to see people "set free" to explore a "higher road" for their lives. The ministry office is located at 300 Colbourne St. in London, Ontario w w w.thevoiceindiasp

519-438-0929 or the website: There is nothing more exciting than to hear the testimonies of people that have "fallen down" in life, been very "broken" and with "Grace" and a lot of hard work have overcome and are standing in a place of honour and respect in their community. There IS a way out of the mess!! ■ Ruth Ann Day

June & July 2010 • Vol 3 • Issue 4


Ramadan ends with Eid Celebrations Muslims holy month, Ramadan, ended with Eid Prayer and celebrations in Hamilton as well as the other parts of the world. One of the boggest event of the year took place in the heart of downtown. Hamilton's Convention Centre filled with over 6000 worshippers early in the morning and performed their Eid Prayer with other Hamiltonian Muslims.

After the Eid prayer, congregation joined the Hamilton's first Eid Bazaar in front of the Hamilton City Hall. Local vendors and live activities were entertained the crowd as well as kids enjoyed the free inflatable games, popcorn, cotton candy and balloons.

ilton Muslims and surrounding areas for the second time. ■ Jihan C. Aydin Image Source & Photography : Hamilton Spectator (Eid Prayer) & Gizem Aydin (Rest of the Photos)

Muslim Council of Greater Hamilton, MCGH, organized the events for Ham-

LBS Main St. Hero On August 25th, 2010, Main St. LBS student, Teresa Bourgeois, was part of a valiant attempt to save the life of 12 year old Jordan Hertz. Teresa was sitting on her front porch Wednesday afternoon when her daughter Britney alerted her mother of an emergency situation around the corner on Cannon street. Jordan, who suffered from severe Asthma, had apparently collapsed and was unconscious. His father, Chris Hertz, was desperately trying to revive him. Jordan had complained of difficulty breathing earlier that day so his father decided to bring him to the hospital. The situation became worse en route to the hospital. Mr. Hertz called 911 on his cell phone and frantically pulled over his van to the side of the road, but before he could give Jordan his rescue inhaler, Jordan lost consciousness. Mr. Hertz pulled


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Teresa, mother of three, and currently enrolled as a LBS student at St. Charles Main St location, rushed to the scene around 3 pm. She took over CPR from the distraught father with the aid of another good hearted citizen. “She started pressing on the little boy’s chest, and I started giving him mouth to mouth; it was all so quick. He was blue and fluids were coming out of his nose and ears. I couldn’t feel him respond and I just kept thinking in my head, breathe little man breathe.” explained Teresa.

Jordan out of the van and began breathing into his mouth. He didn’t know how to do CPR properly and began screaming for help. w w w.thevoiceindiasp

The police arrived on the scene first and instructed Teresa to keep doing what she was doing. Emergency Services arrived shortly after and took over. The paramedics were able to stabilize the boy and deliver him to McMaster Children’s Hospital, where upon arrival vital signs were absent. Eventually, an airway tube was

inserted and Jordan started breathing. Unfortunately, on September 4th, 2010, Jordan died of complications. On Teresa’s first day back at school she was devastated and relayed the story to her instructor Christine Young, tutor Joe Bozzo and Supervisor Christine Hendrie. In their eyes, Teresa was a ministering angel and a noble hero. Teresa feels strongly that everyone should be educated in at least the basics of CPR. Teresa’s future plans are leaning towards taking a PSW course and we feel sure that she will be an exemplary PSW. We are not surprised that Teresa has chosen this career path as we have grown accustomed to her caring nature. Well done Teresa! ■ Christine Young and Joe Bozzo.

Hamilton’s Vital Signs Excerpts taken from a keynote address by Terry Cooke, CEO and President of the Hamilton Community Foundation, presented at SISO’s 18th Annual General Meeting on September 30th, 2010.

curiously complacent about concentrated poverty. Many people living in better neighborhoods like mine in southwest Hamilton appear resigned or indifferent to the effects of poverty on all parts of Hamilton.

I want to commend SISO on the critically important work they do and the leadership they have brought to meeting the needs of newcomers to the city. It is your 18th annual general meeting. I remember early years, a much smaller organization, and I’m so proud to see how you’ve grown, not without determination and struggles, to the first-class organization you are today. By helping to break down the barriers and enabling all immigrants to reach their potential of fully participating in our community you are building a stronger Hamilton, and your role is integral to our city’s future economic prosperity. Before I begin, I want you to think about these words from a recent Tom Friedman column in the New York Times talking about what cities need to do to remain competitive. “Between 1980 and 2005, virtually all net new jobs in the US were created by firms that were 5 years old or less. That is about 40 million new jobs. That means that established firms created no net new jobs during that period. Good paying jobs don’t come from bailouts. They come from start-ups. And where do start ups come from? They come from smart, creative, inspired risk takers. How do we get more of those? There are only two ways: grow more by improving our schools or import more by recruiting talented immigrants.” So with Friedman’s words ringing in your ears let me turn to the subject at hand. Vital Signs On October 5, HCF and the Spectator will publish Vital Signs, a look at where Hamilton is doing well and where we’re struggling. The report offers a snapshot of how we’re doing as a city – our changing economy, education, health and well-being, safety, leadership, culture, environment, equity, and inclusiveness. The data tells us that our challenges are connected, that the solutions we bring to bear must be connected and coherent. It also confirms that we can’t afford to be complacent.

It sounds bleak, but it doesn’t have to be fatal. We can turn this thing around and here’s the prognosis. Diversity is critical to our economic success and our shared well-being The diversity I am talking about includes not only diversity by race, gender, religion and sexual orientation, but also and perhaps most critically income. Terry Cooke, President and CEO of the Hamilton Community Foundation

Above all, Vital Signs paints a stark picture of Hamilton as two cities that share the same urban boundary but little else.

The body of evidence is clear. Neighbourhoods and schools that are mixed income do well and those that are segregated by income do poorly. Signs of Progress

It is poverty by postal code.

The good news in Hamilton is that we’re already seeing signs of progress.

One city is an island of affluent neighbourhoods with healthy, welleducated residents enjoying an enviable quality of life.

Vital Signs provides clear statistical evidence that we’re moving in the right direction.

The other city concentrates shocking levels of poverty, struggling schools, high unemployment, and ill health into poor neighbourhoods that might as well be on a different planet. I also want to talk to you about some results from the national Vital Signs report, which will be published the same day: The gap between the unemployment rates of recent immigrants and non-immigrants widens as education level increases. The unemployment rate of recent immigrants with university degrees is 13.9% - 4.1 times the rate of 3.4% for Canadian-born workers who are university educated It reinforces that the work you do and your organization, the work we should all be doing, continues to be so important. These reality should be an affront to all of us as Canadians, but we seem to be

The City is embarking on a new direction that will complement the work of the Hamilton Community Foundation. Here in Hamilton and across North America one of the most successful povertyreduction approaches has been to build neighbourhood capacity. The City is committed to scaling up efforts to support neighbourhoods through an integrated strategy: The initiative will be run out of the City Manager’s office and supported by the community services department.    Also last week the City released an important report on Living Wages.  The Hamilton Roundtable for Poverty Reduction has called in its new Action Plan for Hamilton to become a Living Wage Community – and we can do it.  We know 25,000 people work full or part time in Hamilton and yet still live in poverty – improving wages for the lowest income earners benefits us all.

We Need to Do More But we need to do more. As leaders of governments, businesses, NGO’s and as citizens, we have a positive obligation to promote diversity in all of our policies and expenditures. We have to work together to reverse the income segregation of our neighborhoods, schools and workplaces so that everyone can participate fully. Let’s start with the Foundation. We’re proud of the $59 million we’ve granted to the community, but it’s not enough. We’re looking at ways to expand our own philanthropic footprint. We also worked with numerous community partners including First Ontario Credit Union and the Social Planning Council to fund and launch a micro-credit program in Hamilton that is now assisting immigrant entrepreneurs with small loans to assist in business start up. We need better pathways for skilled immigrants to achieve the critical “Canadian-based experience” that will allow them to follow their vocations here – and allow us to benefit from their skills. Above all, to end concentrated poverty in Hamilton and grow our economy, we must be willing to have a blunt conversation about our neighbourhoods and our neighbours; about our schools and their performance; about the health of our citizens and the magnets we need to glue modern-day investment into place. As citizens, we need to learn, to understand and to take action on the issues. We need to find the courage to confront our past mistakes and commit to a future in which all our neighbourhoods and workplaces and schools integrate people of all income levels and backgrounds. Vital Signs tells us where we are. Both conscience and common sense tell us where we must go next. I am hopeful that Vital Signs will contribute to this conversation.

SISO 2010 - A New Generation of Services for Hamilton By: Karolin Alkerton Ever on the move, SISO continues its journey to stay relevant and cater to current and real needs of new immigrants. During the past couple of years, the organization started to explore a “new generation of services” including specialized advice and assistance, on-line counseling and a Business Start-Up Program. Recently, SISO expanded into employment services which are open to all Hamilton residents. The Global Business Incubation Centre (GBIC) assists newcomers with an entrepreneurial spirit in realizing and nurturing business ideas by providing office space and administrative assistance to overcome the substantial costs associated with the start-up of a business. Additional services include business seminars, access

to technology, resources and professional coaching; and networking opportunities. The GBIC is located at 2511 Barton St East, Hamilton. The Bridging to Business Program, a partnership with Mohawk College, allows participants to gain valuable skills related to various aspects of running a business in Canada. Over 60 participants have benefitted from this program to date and 24 new businesses started in Hamilton this year as a direct result of services available.

SISO is proud to have succeeded in the development of these new services, which have a direct and long lasting impact on our community; and prove the ability of our newcomers to create jobs and to positively impact the overall economy in our city.

The Link to Employment Program is part of the new Ontario Employment Service Network. The program is open to any Hamilton resident seeking employment and/or training opportunities. Through Link to Employment Program, SISO has crossed the bridge to help anyone wishing to work or study in Hamilton. Services include: job search preparation, career development assistance; access to training and employment subsidies; apprenticeship opportunities, as well as assistance related to Second Career and Self-Employment Benefits. The Employment and Training Incentive component of this program offers qualified employers the opportunity to offset a part of the costs associated

Maher Hamade, Project Manager, Diversity Works/Global Experience@Work

with on-the job-training of new hires. The incentive is based on results of an in-depth assessment related to various training needs of a new employee and the ability of the employer to provide this training and to guarantee long-term employment.

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For information and assistance contact:; (905) 667- 7476; (905) 561-2039 x 3638

Oct. & Nov. 2010 • Vol 3 • Issue 6


English Conversation Circles, A Volunteer Facilitator’s Experience by Susan Durst, Host Volunteer September 2008. I am a new McMaster graduate with plenty of book smarts, but not much life or work experience. I really want to travel, but have no money. I started volunteering with SISO’s English Conversation Circle (ECC) and bring the world to me. As a SISO Volunteer I can gain experience facilitating a group of adults who, to my benefit, are from all over the world and are willing to share their cultures. October. At first I am a little unsure but eventually get used to my new role as a facilitator. I get into the habit of having new participants introduce themselves before I put them in groups and introduce topics or subjects for discussion. I move around the groups to make sure everyone is talking, and promote conversation if they aren’t conversing. I’m glad to have the help of a co-facilitator as the circle keeps growing.

December. It turns out that despite my McMaster degree, I don’t know everything! Fortunately, the participants accept me even though I’m younger and have fewer years of education than they. I’m so lucky for the wealth of experience and culture they’re willing to share with me. Participants are genuinely interested in learning about each others’ cultures too, especially when it means sampling an ethnic food a participant has brought in to share! February 2009. It’s cold and slushy outside so I can’t believe the ECC room is full! I begin to realize how important the conversation circle is to some people. It may be their only chance to practice speaking English during the week.

March. This month we had some good sessions….and some not so good. One of our better discussions starts with the question, ‘What do you expect for your children now that they’re in Canada?’ It is a topic that really gets people talking. May. I see a lot of progress among participants. Those with more introverted personalities have become better at making small talk and speaking with strangers, and I hear people using new words and phrases. July. We talk. And talk. And talk and talk. I reflect on the past year. By now there have been 80 newcomers through the ECC door, from at least 17 different countries. I have learned so much.

August . I am inspired to return to school again after meeting so many people who are returning to school late in life and taking classes in a second language. It’s sad to say goodbye to all the new Hamiltonians I met, but I know a new facilitator will take over and keep the conversation flowing. Now, August 2010. I am working with newcomers, after completing a Humber college certificate in Teaching English as a Second Language. My year at ECC definitely helped prepare me for the program and for a career teaching ESL. To anyone who is thinking of facilitating or co-facilitating a conversation circle, I recommend it. You will help so many people and learn so much! To find out more information, register as a participant, or become a volunteer with the English Conversation Circles, please contact SISO at 905-667-7476 and ask for the Host Program.

LINC Conference Shared Experiences: From Education to Employment 100 LINC students will get the opportunity to take part in one day of amazing experiences. They will be able to learn new things, participate in exciting workshops and enjoy a delicious lunch. On November 10th, LINC students will come together and share their experiences from all parts of the world, right here in Hamilton. It is

the Hamilton LINC Learners’ Conference which will be held at the Hamilton Convention Centre. LINC classes of level 3 and up as well as ELT will be choosing students to participate in this exciting day. Students will get to choose their own workshops from topics such as interview skills, job searching, tenancy legal rights, family

Human Trafficking

Years ago when slavery was abolished throughout North America, all assumed that such an abhorrent practice was gone for good. However slavery comes in many forms and practices, and the sad truth is that it is still prevalent all over the world today. Human trafficking is one such form of human slavery and is currently practiced all over the world. Every country in the world is affected by it, whether it is because the country is the place of recruitment, transit or destination for the victims. The United Nations defines human trafficking as:


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law, speaking with confidence, English internet resources and creative writing. The day will begin at 9:00am with an amazing guest speaker who will inspire students to make their goals a reality. Participants will then attend the workshops they have chosen, and also meet other newcomers who are also learning English. There is also the opportunity to talk with community service organizations looked for. The victims are often forced through coercion to remain silent and the cost of breaking free often means harm to their family and loved ones back in their country of origin.

“…the recruitment, transportation, transfer, harbouring or receipt of persons, by means At SISO (Settlement and Integration Services of the threat or use of force or other forms of Organisation) we have dealt with many human coercion, of abduction, of fraud, of deception, trafficking cases and are working hard to create of the abuse of power or of a position of vul- a stronger advocacy and awareness unit within nerability or of the giving or receiving of pay- the Hamilton area for this cause. The victims ments or benefits to achieve the consent of a have suffered from physical as well as emoperson having control over another person, for tional exploitation and harm and need a strong the purpose of exploitation”. Human trafficking support system after being rescued. includes physical, emotional and psychologiWhile the effects of human trafficking are vast cal slavery and is a and far reaching, crime against humany advocacy “I didn’t know I was a slave until I found manity. groups and coaliout I couldn’t do the things I wanted” –

It is incorrect to astions have come Frederick Douglas sume that the probinto existence lem of human traffor the sole purpose of fighting against interficking is restricted to foreign countries abroad national crime. The United Nations has started and that Canada is not affected by this interna- the “Blue Heart” campaign, which spreads edutional issue. Rather, Canada is home to thou- cation and awareness about the issue. It also sands of human trafficking victims, and per- helps to provide tools and pointers for those petrators, every day. The most tragic aspect of who are in positions to create legislative and human trafficking is that the victims live in our judicial change within their countries. neighbourhoods and are present all around us, There are many local initiatives that have been yet they are missing persons who are not being working hard against human trafficking as well.

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that will be there to give information and answer questions. There is even free child minding for parents who want to attend, but have young children ages 19 months and up and require assistance. It is a fun-filled day of learning and sharing experiences that ends at 2:30pm. Please talk to your LINC teacher today to find out how you can be a part of this wonderful day. We hope to see you there. In 2005, a committee was created in Hamilton which was called the Hamilton Committee to End Human Trafficking. It was co-founded by SISO, the Sisters of St. Joseph and the School Sisters of Notre Dame, as it became alarmingly clear that human trafficking was now a local Hamilton issue that needed to be addressed. As well, an organisation called “Walk With Me” was started in Toronto by a former human trafficking victim. This organisation also has a wealth of resources and advocacy points against human trafficking. Frederick Douglas, one of the fathers of the anti-slavery movement, learnt he was being enslaved when he realised he never knew what it was like to be free. The victims of human trafficking once had personal freedom, but now live every day knowing they are being enslaved. Slavery was abolished because it was a crime against humanity, yet every day these crimes continue all across the world while the victims are forced to be silent. Let us all work together to learn more about human trafficking so that we can help in making Hamilton a safer city. By Sabaah Choudhary

Leaders Outside the Classroom By: Mariam Georgis & Zeinab Bardan The NOW program implemented in Hamilton Schools has emerged as a successful project. It embodies courage, compassion, leadership, collaboration, fun and care, with much of its success being attributed to its peer to peer elements. NOW provides opportunities for students with leadership potential to develop, refine and practice their skills. Students gain experience in effecting change by exercising leadership in their environment through formal and informal interventions and to create future societal leaders. This year’s thirty six (36) peer leaders from Barton, Glendale, Sir John A. MacDonald and Cathedral High Schools were extraordinary indeed. Some of the leaders were former NOW participants from the year 2009-2010 while others joined the school community later in the year. It was evident all peer leaders gained useful experiences from their training as they eterminedly ran the program focused on orienting new-

The program aims to promote positive behavior within and outside school boundaries. Peer leadership has a key role, both in developing leaders for the future and in providing opportunities for the development of skills through practical application in the everyday lives of youth. Over time, the countless acts of courage and leadership, the willingness to question and challenge intolerance, and the hands extended in friendship and support, create educational and social environments of respect, acceptance, inclusiveness, and cooperation. It is in this climate that young people experience success. The successful transition of students is always marked from one year to the next. One of the peer leaders this year was quite introverted upon arrival and still adjusting from the immigration process. Having spent a few years as a refugee prior to her arrival in Canada, she was very worried about catching up with her studies and continuing her education. A year later, it was quite evident why she was chosen

LSSP Calendar OCTOBER & NOVEMBER 2010 “Chinese Seniors Series” October 15, Nov 19 @ 10:00 am - 12:00 pm, Dundas Room, Central Library Contact: Rui Cai and Minh @ 905-5129538 or Minh @ 905-521-0547 ext. 3317 to register “Tenant’s Rights” (Welcome to Canada! Get to know your library and your cityHamilton) October 12th, 2010 @ 5:00 pm - 6:30 pm, Red Hill Library, 695 Queenston Road, Program Room Contact: Shahira @ 905-512-8673 LSSP Day, Open House October 21, 2010 from 2:00 pm to 5:00 pm, Turner Park Library Contact: Houda@ 289-244-5295, Arcelia 289 -339-0259, Shahira 905-512-8673, Rui 905-512-9538 “Healthy Eating” (Welcome to Canada! Get to know your library and your cityHamilton) November 9, 2010 @ 5:00 pm - 6:30 pm, Red Hill Library, 695 Queenston Road, Program Room Contact: Shahira @ 905-512-8673 SWISH Calendar OCTOBER & NOVEMBER 2010

comer students to school and ensuring their comfort for the duration of the program. SISO’s peer leaders committee has been working on building a team of Peer Leaders with varied experience and talent from different schools in Hamilton. Specifically the committee looks for students with excellent communication skills, proven leadership ability, good judgment, and a sincere desire to help others. “I [came] to Canada because my mom was here,” said Gisselle Romero, a Cathedral Secondary School student to a settlement worker about her experience. “I was so afraid because everything here is different, the weather, people, language, manners and the school, until I joined the NOW program [and] I was surprised when I had fun with the newcomers and the peer leaders; I was excited to return the second day.”

as a peer leader. The peer leader training served as an opportunity for this student to truly enhance her leadership skills as well as learn the key principles of the NOW program. This program was her moment to shine. She was in her element, full of energy and truly dedicated to making sure the students felt welcome and at home. Witnessing such a transformation from worry and apprehension to confidence and leadership is one of the many remarkable outcomes of this program. Peer leadership opportunities give young people a voice by involving them as leaders in school reform efforts and creating school and community environments that promote student success.

∞ Continued on page 10

“Anti-bullying Session” October 2, 2010 @ 1:30 pm, Chedoke Elementary School Contact: Zeinab @ 905-518-7160 “Community Resource for Newcomer Students” October 3, 2010 (Monday) @ 3:00 pm – 4:30 pm, Central Public School Contact: Bei @ 905-531-5803 “School Dental Screening” October 10, 2010 @ 11:00 am, Westwood Elementary School Contact: Zeinab @ 905-518-7160 “Understanding Catholic School Education System” October 13, 2010 @ 6:00 pm, Cathedral Secondary School Contact: Rosalia @ 289-244-5296 “Trip to Globe Youth Centre” October 15, 2010 (Friday) @ 3:00 pm – 6:00 pm, Westdale S.S. - Globe Youth Centre Contact: Bei @ 905-531-5803 “Parents Night Information Session” Thursday October 21, 2010 @ 5:30 pm & 4:30 pm, Sir John A M. & Glendale S.

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Schools Contact: Kim @ 289-244-2305, Mahtab@ 289-339-0158, Naheed @905-518-6364 “School Lunch Under the Microscope” October 22, 2010 @ 1:30 pm, Holbrook Elementary School Contact: Zeinab @ 905-518-7160 “Report Card” (Newcomer Parents) October 14, 2010 @ 4:00 pm - 5:00 pm, Barton S. School October 25, 2010 @ 1:30 & 2:00 p m, at Riddel & C.B. Stirling E. Schools November 18, 2010 @ 3:00 pm – 4:30 pm, Prince Philip E. School November 18, 2010 @ 6:00 pm, Cathedral S. School Contact: Mizgene @ 289-244-2306, Zeinab @905-518-7160, Bei @ 905-531-5803 or Rosalia @ 289 244 5296 “Parenting, Child Management and Other Family Issues” October 25, 26,27, 2010 @ 2:00 pm - 3:00 pm, Lake Ave, Collegiate & Green Acres Schools Contact: Naheed @ 905-518-6364 “Nutrition and Lunch Preparation for Your Kids” October 29, 2010 @ 5:30 pm – 8:30 pm, Community Kitchen at Fortino’s Contact: Bei @ 905-531-5803 “Cell Phones, Internet, Drug and Alcohol Addiction” November 2, 2010 @ 1:30 pm, Sir Allan MacNab Contact: Zeinab @ 905-518-7160 “Bullying, Parents Involvement (School Volunteering)” Newcomer Parents November 5, 2010 @ 2:00 pm - 3:00 pm, Lawfield Elementary School Contact: Mizgene @ 289-244-2306 “Community Involvement” November 10, 2010 (Wednesday) @ 3:00 pm – 4:30 pm, Westdale S.S. Contact: Bei @ 905-531-5803 “Police Service (Canadian Law)” for Newcomer Students November 15, 2010 @ 8:45 am - 10:00 am, Bartn Secondary School Contact: Mizgene @ 289-244-2306 “Behaviour, Equity & Respect” November 17, 2010, @ 3:00 pm - 4:00 pm, Glendale Secondary School Contact: Naheed @ 905-518-6364

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speak the language at first. With the help of SISO settlement workers she managed to cope with the new environment and joined the program.

Leaders outside the classroom ...Continued from page 9

Natalia Vargas, a Cathedral Secondary School student, came from Colombia with her family to Canada in 2008. She started her life here, particularly at school, nervous and scared. “I didn’t want to talk, and I wanted to get out of there” Natalia said. After learning about the NOW program, she felt excited, especially about the fact that there were many Spanish speakers. “The peer leaders helped me so much. In that program I learned everything about the school, many programs and many ways to help a newcomer.” Peer leaders take their leadership roles seriously; modeling pro-social behavior which includes a willingness to challenge intolerant attitudes and behaviors of peers. The program highlights the capacity of students who share similar identities, circumstances, or backgrounds. They provide each other with trusted and relevant information, advice and support when it is needed most. Peer leadership places a high priority on listening and problemsolving among leaders in a safe environment in which peers can speak openly and honestly with each other. Barnadet Khosho, a successful peer leader in Cathedral, came from Greece with her father as he tried his luck in business as well as seeking a better education system. Having left behind her friends and country, Barnadet found it very hard to understand things around her as she could not

“I was really happy to help the new students. The NOW program helps them to know the school better. We took the new students around and explained to them what the school system is,” she commented excitedly. In order to prepare students to be tomorrow’s leaders; peer leadership programs require a strong focus on the leadership development process – the recruitment, education, training, and skill development of student leaders –with a lesser focus on the results of their efforts. Although peer leaders are powerful catalysts for change in their schools and communities, leadership development has lasting societal benefits that extend far beyond the immediate plan and implementation of project peer leaders. The fourth day of the program at Barton Secondary School was a day for stars as it was decided to end it with a talent show reflecting the multitude of talents and skills of the peer leaders and students. Singing, dancing and other talents were showcased. The peer leaders did an outstanding job encouraging and empowering newcomer students to step outside of their comfort zone. Bringing the program to a close was difficult but it was reassuring to know that students will begin the school year with confidence and knowledge about the school system that they would not have had without the NOW program. By: Mariam Georgis & Zeinab Bardan

Correction A story, The Remembrance of the Slave Trade & Its Abolition, in the August & September 2010 issue of The Voice in Diaspora inadvertently omitted the author’s name. The author was Colin Grimmond The Voice in Diaspora regrets the error.

Rashid Abdulwahed, Ethiopia My favorite thing at the Globe is homework help. When I was new and didn’t know anything they opened my eyes to new things like about college and university. Edrina Krasniqi, Albania Coming to Canada was a hard move and I did not know anyone here. One day a girl from SISO came to my class and talked about SISO. I went there the following week. I met great friends through SISO and accomplished a lot. I participated in Model UN, Fashion shows, free style debate and homework club. SISO opened the door for me in many ways.

Heemal Khurshid, Pakistan I come to the Globe because I feel like it’s my home. I have so many friends and I also get to learn different good/beneficial things. I have gained more confidence in myself because of the activities we do together like conferences. I have also learned to help people. Akram El-Mlafi, Morocco The Globe is where I learned English and people help me with my English homework. I got a chance to meet lots of friends from all over the world.



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Blind, Isolated & Faithless or Christian?

The Gospel of Luke, the Gospel of God’s compassion, the Gospel of the lowly being raised up, challenges us today with the parable of Lazarus and the Rich Man. The parable is not meant to defame those who have worked long and hard for their financial position in life. It is not meant to dump on the rich. The parable is meant to help us all to recognize the responsibilities our positions in life demand. The parable presents three areas of concern: blindness, isolation and faithlessness. Blindness. The most terrifying statement in the parable comes at the beginning: the Rich Man is in hell. From hell he lifts up his eyes and sees Lazarus. His eyes had never met Lazarus’ eyes before. Yes, the Rich Man may have noticed Lazarus in stinky, dirty clothes begging for food as the Rich Man opened his front door to greet his guests for yet another dinner party. But he never saw Lazarus, a man like him, only a man who was hungry. People in Jesus’ time would dip into stew pots with bread, bite off what they wanted and just throw whatever was left onto the floor. Lazarus longed to eat the scraps that fell from the Rich Man’s table. Lazarus wasn’t even given these scraps. The dogs got them. And then the dogs went outside and licked Lazarus’ sores. The Rich Man never saw this. He never saw Lazarus, as a fellow human being. His possessions made him blind to those around him. The first time that the Rich Man really saw Lazarus as a person, not as an eyesore, was when it was too late. From Hell the Rich

Man looked up and saw Lazarus. Perhaps we have walked down a street and come upon someone calling out for food or help. What are we inclined to do? Are we inclined to make believe that we do not see him? Do our eyes glance elsewhere, so we don’t meet his eyes? Or perhaps we make immediate judgments. We glance at someone and decide that this may be a drug addict, or an alcoholic, perhaps a thief, maybe someone suffering from a terrible disease that has been caused by their lifestyle. But we don’t see a person. Because we have worked hard to care for our families, we are inclined to be blind to those whom we assume have not worked for the minimal sustenance they need to survive. We are more concerned with what we have done and what they have or have not done, than we are concerned with their present needs. So we walk by the Lazaruses of the world without even really seeing them. Our possessions and the hard work it takes for us to obtain them can easily render us blind. “Look and see,” the parable tells us. Look and see someone to whom we can reach out. That person, that Lazarus at our gates, might be the means for our salvation. Maybe that person was placed there by the Lord to help us

get beyond the blindness inflicted by our possessions. Isolation: The parable also warns us to be concerned about being isolated. We have to be careful or our possessions will isolate us from the community. It is easy for us to form the mentality that what we have is totally and only ours. It is easy to assume that we have no obligation to others. This does not just refer to financial wealth. It refers to anything we might possess. For example, a brilliant college student may refuse to help another student whom he or she might see as possible future competition for law school or medical school. So the student isolates himself or herself to hoard his intellectual gifts. He gets an A in all his courses, but he flunks life. Ultimately, all that we have belongs to someone else. That someone else is God. We are all stewards of His creation. Again, this does not just refer to possessions; it refers to intelligence, to artistic talent, to the ability to lead, etc. All that we have is God’s. It flows from Him and is only beneficial to us if it leads back to Him. We are all going to be called to give an account for all that we have been given. Here we are challenged with a frightening verse also from the

Gospel of Luke, Luke 12:48: “To those who have been given much, a great account must be given.” This applies to the spiritual realm, the Grace of God we have received, and to the physical realm, our material blessings. These words are frightening because they apply to us who live in the richest and most materialistic nation in the world. Faithlessness: The parable of the Rich Man and Lazarus warns us to be careful or our possessions will lead us to faithlessness. The one true need that we have in life is the need to have a meaningful life, a purpose for our existence. Purpose and meaning can only be found in God. But to possess God means that we have to look beyond all that is mundane. Sometimes, we fight this call to Love. It is too demanding for us. So, what do we do? We hide behind our stuff. We want to find meaning in the amount we have accumulated. We let our material possessions define us. We condemn ourselves to a life of futility. We condemn ourselves to our own hells. ■ Fr. Joseph Pellegrino Image Source: Via Flickr by Fr. Stephen, MSC

Selecting a Business Form for any liabilities or losses incurred by the business, and if the owner has employees, the owner is also liable for the actions of employees during the course of their employment. A sole proprietorship dissolves at the discretion of the proprietor or upon the death of the proprietor.

When starting a business, one of the first considerations is which form that business should take. A business owner should consider factors such as the liability of the business owner, the anticipated length of the business venture, the number and relationship of proposed proprietors, and the degree of participation and assumption of financial risks by each proprietor. In this month’s article, we will explore the most common business forms, including: sole proprietorships, general partnerships, limited partnerships and corporations in relation to the above factors. A sole proprietorship consists of one owner. This owner has all the rights and responsibilities in terms of making decisions concerning the business. For a single individual looking to start a business quickly, a sole proprietorship is easy to start and to dissolve and has modest start-up expenses. However, the owner is personally liable

A general partnership is defined under the Partnerships Act as “the relationship that subsists between persons carrying on a business in common with a view to a profit”. In a general partnership, each partner is jointly liable with the other partners to the full extent of his or her personal assets for all debts and obligations of the partnership incurred while he or she is a partner. A written partnership agreement is not required but is generally recommended in situations where there is any possibility of disputes or differing opinions. A general partnership can be terminated by any partner giving notice, or upon death or bankruptcy of a partner. A partnership agreement can also create a partnership for a fixed term, meaning that the partnership dissolves at the expiry of that term. A limited partnership is made up of both limited and general partners. General partners have the same rights and responsibilities as those in a general partnership. This means that they are liable to the full extent of their personal assets for the debts and

obligations of the business. Limited partners are only liable to the extent of their initial capital contribution. Limited partners are also not entitled to participate in the management of the business and if they do, they may lose their status as limited partners and become liable as general partners. The effect of a limited partnership is to permit parties to invest in a limited partnership in return for a share of profits without risking unlimited liability. A corporation is different from the above business forms in that it is a separate legal entity that is distinct from its participants. This means that a corporation can sue and can be sued in its own name and its participants are not personally liable for the debts and obligations of the corporation. A corporation can also hold property in its own name. A corporation is made up of those who invest in the business (shareholders) and those who manage its affairs (directors). The legal obligations to create a corporation are more onerous than the other business forms, however, a corporation has a perpetual existence meaning that it will not dissolve on the death of a shareholder or director. Thus, a business owner must consider how many people will be involved in the business, the extent to which they are willing to assume liability, and the length of their business venture when deciding on a business form. It is also important to remember that all types of businesses must w w w.thevoiceindiasp

be registered and that the business owner must fulfill those registration requirements before acting under a business name. More often then not, it makes sense for the business owner to incorporate a company. However, to be certain of that decision he or she should speak to their lawyer and the accountant. If you have any questions about starting your own business, please feel free to call us for more information. In the following issue, we will explore business financing and funding alternatives for businesses. ■ Hussein Hamdani is a lawyer at SimpsonWigle Law LLP where he practices in the area of corporate/commercial and real estate law.

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Is lower thyroid activity linked to longevity? of the siblings as well," she said. The researchers studied 859 siblings from 421 long-lived families. As reported in the Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism, their average age of 93 years old far exceeded current U.S. life expectancy of about 78 years.

A less active thyroid may mean more years added to your life, hints a new Dutch study. However, the researchers emphasize that the finding, which builds on prior evidence touting the possible link, still does not prove that decreased thyroid function is the fountain of youth -- it may just be related to something else that is. "In an earlier study, we observed that middle-aged children of long-lived siblings have lower thyroid function compared to controls from the general population," Diana van Heemst of Leiden University Medical Center, in the Netherlands, told Reuters Health in an email. "In the current study, we sought to assess whether in the generation of the longlived siblings low thyroid function was related to enhanced survival of the parents

Refugee Protection Division How fair are their decisions for refugee claimants? ...Continued from page 1

However, there are claims amongst refugees claimants from Mexico, Columbia, and some African countries that the Refugee Protection Division is sometimes not fair in their decisions on who to accept to stay in Canada. Some of the reasons given by these refugee claimants were that some members of the Refugee Protection Division are already bias before the claimants present their refugee claim based on their countries of origin. One refugee claimant Carlos Garcia, who recently had the family refugee claim rejected for lack of ‘sufficient’ evidence, narrated how the judge cited as his grounds to reject their refugee claim, old references from the internet dating back to four to six years ago of events that happened in Mexico. Carlos is of the opinion that most recent events in Mexico should have been considered by the panel in reaching their decision, and that could have improved his family’s chances of fair hearing and acceptance as refugees in Canada. The Voice in Diaspora has heard over and over again, the frustrations of many refugee claimants and how they lost their claims based on internet facts that are outdated and irrelevant to their claims. Sometimes, the Refugee Protection panel narrow their decisions on generalized facts about a country, disregarding whatever evidence the claimant presented before them. “It is like as far as the judge and panel are concerned, Mexico is a good country to live in; there is nothing to fear, after all, Canadians visit Mexico frequently for vacations” stated Carlos. He believes that there are frightening evidences pointing to the dangers to lives for Mexicans all over the internet,


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After rating the longevity of these siblings' parents, the team analyzed the thyroid hormones in the siblings' blood. The two sets of values appeared to be strongly linked, supporting previous findings of heritability in decreased thyroid functioning and its relationship to long life, they say. This result held up even after accounting for critical illness, which can also affect thyroid activity. From its location in the neck, the thyroid secretes hormones that affect metabolism. The researchers suggest that the lower activity of thyroid hormones could shift the body's energy expenditure away from growth and proliferation in favor of protective maintenance, keeping the body healthier longer. However, other factors could be associated with both thyroid function and longevity, removing credit from the thyroid. "These results may come as (a) surprise as low thyroid function is commonly rebrought about by corrupt government, drug cartels and other forms of corruption in the country, but the refugee panel still tell people that Mexico is safe to live in, and deny people their refugee claims. Carlos opines that maybe, because of the free trade agreement between Mexico and Canada; the Refugee Protection Division does not want to offend Mexico by acknowle d g i n g what everybody knows about the dangerous situation in Mexico. Carlos, originally from Mexico, claimed refugee status in Canada in 2008 with his family. He stated the following: “I chose Canada because of safety reasons, not because I want to better my status. My family have our own thriving businesses in Mexico, and we have a very comfortable life over there. I presented a mountain of evidence to the refugee protection division during our hearing, that include: original and translated copies of police reports, judicial reports, hospital records, and newspaper articles about serious events that happened to my family back in Mexico, but was flatly rejected. I do not know what else to prove to show we would be in danger of being killed if sent back to Mexico” Carlos cited a report in EL Universal of January 5th 2010, that quotes a top Mexican Professor as saying that opinion polls shows that only 19% of Mexicans feel safe in Mexico. In recent days, many screaming headlines about Mexico point to the fact that lives are not safe in Mexico. Many Mexicans like Carlos Garcia family that flee for their lives from the extortions carried out brazenly before the very eyes of the authorities need to be heard and taken seriously by who ever is responsible for making the decision to grant them a stay in Canada. After all, the UN convention to which Canada signed on to regard threat to life as perw w w.thevoiceindiasp

garded as a risk factor for cardiovascular disease," said van Heemst. "The prevailing recommendation therefore is to treat elderly with low thyroid function with hormone supplementation." But it is still too early to say whether this practice cheats the elderly of some extra years. "These data underpin the need for a dedicated clinical trial to test whether treating (mild decreases in thyroid function) with secution, and sufficient grounds to claim a refugee protection. Excerpt from a recent article from Reuters read: “….The drug gangs, battling for control of lucrative smuggling routes into the United States, have long attached handwritten notes to victims they dump in public as a way to scare rival gangs and pesky state officials. But they are now airing more and more of their dirty work and threats on blogs or Web sites like YouTube, and bullying Mexican media into putting their gory tapes on television for wider play. The aggressive media strategy raises new questions about whether President Felipe Calderon's war on drugs is making any headway in weakening the gangs and in reining in a drug trade worth up to $40 billion a year in Mexico alone. About 28,000 people have been killed since Calderon took office in late 2006 and sent thousands of federal police and troops to crack down on the drug cartels…”Reuters August 5th, 2010. Allan, Carlos son belonged to a political party that mandated them to research prevalence of illicit drugs amongst the population in a particular region. The fallout came when during the course of the research, Allan and his colleagues’ unearthed evidence that connected some top members of the political party to the drug cartels. Since knowing too much is dangerous as far as the drug cartels are concerned, Allen and his colleagues had to face the capital punishment, and as result, the kidnap attempts, escapes, death of some of Allan’s colleagues and subsequent death threats and flight out of the country ensured. As far as the Refugee convention outline is concerned,

thyroid hormone supplementation is effective in the elderly," van Heemst said. ■ By Lynne Peeples Sourse: The Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism, online August 25, 2010. Reuters Health (September 1, 2010) Image Source: about_4568872_low-thyroid-symptoms.html

any one wit a well founded fear for his life is to be accorded a refugee protection to the countries that signed the 1951 convention. Allan and family who are living in fear of their lives because of his affiliation to a political party, and facing revenge and vengeance against the cartels and other nefarious elements implicated in the drug research, should have the protection they are seeking from Canada as refugees. Allan’s involvement in the political party drug research efforts has drag his family into the arena of conflict between Allan and those who wanted to kill him. Thus, the family as a unit is facing this reprisal, not only Allan. Thus in Granada, Armando Ramirez v M.C.I (f.c.,no IMM-83-04) Martineau December 21, 2004; the court was of the opinion that “The family can only be considered to be a social group in cases where there is evidence that the persecution is taking place against the family members as a social group … it requires some proof that the family in question is itself as a group, the subject of reprisals and vengeance…” Fear of persecution is sufficient grounds to claim refugee protection, and many forms of persecutions have been admitted as evidences before the law and upheld. Some forms of persecution include, but not limited to: “beating, rape, torture, death threats even if the person making the threat refrained from carrying them out” (Munoz, Alfonso La Rotta v M.C.I (F.C.T.D no IMM2207-93) Pinard, November 28, 1994 at 3). Carlos and Allan believed that they have enough evidence tendered as hard evidence before the panel, and reasonable cause to fear for their lives to see their claim succeed, instead of the generalized opinion that Mexico is a free and safe country. In speaking for many others who because of their countries of origin, have their refugee claims denied in principle even before their hearing, the Voice in Diaspora is appealing to the Refugee and Protection Division to consider each refugee claim solely on its merit, and not based on pre-conceived notions on claimant’s country of origin. ∞ Continued on page 14

Crime Stoppers need your support

A Call to All Ethnic Communities networks all the time, and tips received from anonymous callers have helped tremendously to arrest and prosecute the perpetrators of these crimes. Crime Stopper's of Hamilton started in 1983. It is a charitable organization run by a volunteer community board. The program is sustained through the boards fund raising efforts and donations by concerned citizens, business, labour and service clubs. All rewards are paid from these donations and no tax money is used to run

Crime is part of what every society has to deal with. Crime Stopper’s of Hamilton needs the help of every citizen including new comers to Hamilton and environs to provide tips to help solve crimes in our community. Speaking to the Voice in Diaspora recently, Phil Steeves who heads Crime Stoppers in Hamilton implore the ethnic/cultural populations to get involved like other citizens here, and provide information to crime stoppers. Horrible crime stories make headlines on our news

Universal Children's Day, 20 November ...Continued from page 1

Key thoughts for reflection:

International Day for The Elimination of Violence Against Women 25 November

...Continued from page 1 The Mirabal sisters were assassinated by the then-dictator, Trujillo, for their stand against his regimes which oppressed the people of Dominican Republic. Trujillo came to power and unleashed a reign of terror, intimidation, and forceful take-over of people’s personal wealth that resulted in resistance and political awakening especially amongst the Mirabal sisters. Three of the sisters were murdered in cold blood as a result of standing up to, but one survived, and had helped to raise awareness about the importance of recognizing the indelible rights and freedom women possess as individuals. The Mirabal Sisters The three sisters, Patria, Minerva, and Maria Teresa were born to Enrique Mirabal and Maria Mercedes Reyes (Chea) in

the program. The truth is that Crime stoppers need help in terms of more donations and volunteers to help run the program. Constable Steeves shared that it is a challenge to get volunteers to do the fund raising events; and to sit on the board of directors. It was surprising seeing the small cramp space (two computer stations and an old dial phone with no caller ID), the constable and two others use as an office space to A child's mind is not a vessel to be filled but a fire to be kindled. (attributed to Confuciu) Every child is a unique human being who deserves to be seen without preconceptions. Anuradha Vittachi We stand, I believe, on the threshold of a new era. It is within our power - as

1924, 1927 and 1935 respectively in the Cibas region of the Dominican Republic. All three were educated in the Dominican Republic, Minerva and Maria Teresa going on to achieve university degrees. All three sisters and their husbands became involved in activities against the Trujillo regime. The Mirabal sisters were political activists and highly visible symbols of resistance to Trujillo’s dictatorship. As a result, the sisters and their families were constantly persecuted for their outspoken as well as clandestine activities against the State. Over the course of their political activity, the women and their husbands were repeatedly imprisoned at different stages. Minerva herself was imprisoned on four occasions. Despite Trujillo’s persecution, the sisters still continued to actively participate in political activities against the leadership. In January 1960, Patria took charge of a meeting that eventually established the Clandestine Movement of 14 June 1960 of which all the sisters participated. When this plot against the tyranny failed, the sisters and their comrades in the Clandestine Resistance Movement were persecuted throughout the country. In early November 1960, Trujillo declared that his two problems were the Church and the Mirabal sisters. On 25 November

provide such fantastic service to our community. It is also an eye opener to learn that Hamilton Crime stoppers have a big mandate that covers the greater Hamilton area, that include An caster, Dundas, and Stoney Creek, Flamborough. It is the desire of Mr, Phil Steeves and his colleagues to make crime stoppers services known all around these areas, and they are working hard to make this happen. It is important to emphasize that Crime Stoppers Do Not subscribe to caller identi-

fication services on their phone line. They do not investigate cases reported to them, rather, they turned tips over to the Police to investigate, stated Constable Steeves. He went on to state that It is a well known fact that most people are afraid to deal with the Police, there is a fear factor as people do not want to be seen as ‘ratting out’ to the Police when they report crimes to them. People also do not want to be called as witnesses after they reported

never before in history - to shoulder a collective responsibility for the welfare of all children in all circumstances in all countries. This is now a matter of great urgency. The necessary international structures and network of communications are already in place. All it needs now is political will. And courage. Sir Richard Attenborough ■ Veronica Chris-Ike

1960, the sisters were assassinated in an "accident" as they were being driven to visit their husbands who were in prison. The accident caused much public outcry, and shocked and enraged the nation. The brutal assassination of the Mirabal sisters was one of the events that helped propel the anti-Trujillo movement, and within a year, the Trujillo dictatorship came to an end. The sisters, referred to as the "Inolvidables Mariposas", the "Unforgettable Butterflies" have become a symbol against victimization of women. They have become the symbol of both popular and feminist resistance. They have been commemorated in poems, songs and books. Their execution inspired a fictional account "In the Time of the Butterflies" on the young lives of the sisters written by Julia Alvarez. It describes their suffering and martyrdom in the last days of the Trujillo dictatorship. The memory of the Mirabal sisters and their struggle for freedom and respect for human rights for all has transformed them into symbols of dignity and inspiration. They are symbols against prejudice and stereotypes, and their lives raised the spirits of all those they encountered and later, after their death, not only those in the Dominican Republic but others around the world.

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crimes to the Police, and so they keep information to themselves. It is to calm peoples’ fears about the Police that Crime Stoppers act as a go between the public and the Police. Constable Steeves, thirty years veteran of the Police force and two years into his position as a crime stopper is well prepared to bridge this gap of public fear of the Police, and establish some sort of trust for the people to see the program as working for their benefits. Constable Steeves concluded by stating that Crime Stoppers provides any caller with a secret

code that is used for future communicate, and the purpose of this is to prevent knowing who the caller is in order to protect their identity. So, new comers to Canada and ethnic communities are encouraged o help Crime Stoppers help them. ■ TVID Image Source & for more info:

Sorce: Image Source (Page1): http://www. asp?id=84

Sixteen Days of Activism Against Gender Violence Campaign The 16 Days of Activism Against Gender Violence came out of the Global Campaign for Women’s Human Rights. In June 1991, the Centre for Women’s Global Leadership (CWGL) with participants of the first Women’s Global Institute on Women, Violence and Human Rights, a forum involving 23 women from 20 countries called for a global campaign of 16 Days of Activism Against Gender Violence. The campaign would highlight the connections between women, violence, and human rights from 25 November to 10 December 1991. The time period encompassed four significant dates: 25 November, the International Day Against Violence Against Women; 1 December, World AIDS Day; 6 December, the anniversary of the Montreal Massacre, when 14 women engineering students were gunned down for being feminists; and 10 December, Human Rights Day.

■ TVID Source: Image Source: http://www.armenianweekly. com/wp-content/uploads/2009/12/domestic_violence.jpg

Oct. & Nov. 2010 • Vol 3 • Issue 6


Exchanges International Volunteer Opportunities with Projects Abroad Projects Abroad sends volunteers ages 16+ to 24 countries to do various service projects and volunteer work. 62A Charles Street E. Suite 300, Toronto ON, M4Y 1T1 Canada 1 877 921 9666 They list all of their projects by interest area projects/ Foreign Language Courses Abroad Projects Abroad offers the option of a month long intensive language course placement in the following languages and destinations: Arabic – Morocco French – Morocco and Senegal Portuguese – Brazil Russian - Moldova Spanish – Argentina, Bolivia, Costa Rica, Mexico and Peru. These language placements include 60 hours of personal classes per month on a one-on-one basis. The lessons are tailored to suit your ability and personal requirements. You will normally study 15 hours per week from Monday to Friday, which will give you plenty of time to complete homework, spend time with your local host family, and practice your skills in your new surroundings. Take part in a Two-way Exchange in Canada funded in part by Exchanges Canada Groups from different parts of the country are twinned according to their age and interests, while playing an active role in planning the exchange. Main.asp?Language=0 AFS Intercultural Programs is one of the world's largest community-based volunteer ... Austria, Belgium Flanders, Belgium French, Bolivia, Brazil, Canada ... 11/3/2009 - Yucaipa student on AFS exchange in Belgium html Two Worlds United foreign exchange students will discover Canada's spectacular scenery, limitless recreational activities, friendly people, safe towns, and the exciting cities of Toronto, Montréal, and Vancouver annex-h1_e.htm A World to Study and Explore In the world of education, the Web is a tremendous marketplace of ideas and contacts for educators, high-school guidance counselors, international student advisers, international educators, and study-abroad advisers looking for learning opportunities either for their students or themselves.

HAMILTON Face of Ontario's Future ...Continued from page 1

This new venture that offer mentorship programs that match mentors with mentees is a very laudable one, he stated. Minister Hoskins also called for the recognition of world knowledge instead of requiring Canadian work experience from new comers to the job market. He pointed out that most of these new comers have the knowledge and experienced required to work efficiently on their fields in Canada.

Volunteer Oppurtunities These organizations need help: Alternatives for Youth (905) 527-4469, The Victory Garden & Community Garden plots (905) 575-9439, Dundas Community Services (905) 627-5461, Heart and Stroke Foundation (905) 574-4105 Volunteer Visiting 522-0053, Meals on Wheels 522-1022, Good Beginnings 5220053, Wellwood Resource Centre 527-4322 x 42150, Language Instruction for Newcomers 546-3444, Bob Kemp Hospice 387-2448, Wellwood 527-4322 x 42150, Ronald McDonald House (day) 521-9983, Juravinski Cancer Centre 575-9220 x 3116 SMART Seniors Exercise (9050 522-0053 Volunteering in Ancaster Information is located at Ancaster Information Services 905-648-6675 or We do not have enough drivers to take people to their medical appointments so if you can offer one or two hours per week please give them a call. Volunteer Hamilton 2 King St. W., Unit 293 Hamilton 905 522 9933 or Accessing our VH data base of volunteer jobs is quite simple ... go to our web site at and click on the volunteer opportunities link. The data base can be accessed in a number of ways, by geographical location in the City (central, mountain etc); type of volunteer activity (seniors, animals, kids etc); or by the name of a particular agency (CNIB, Blood Services etc). Volunteering in Hamilton area http://www. hamilton.html A new backgrounder on volunteering is available online, prepared by the Social Economy Centre of the University of Toronto. It is designed to give you information that could be of use in advising students participating in Ontario’s Community Involvement Activities program. Available at:

the demographics and resources and can do a lot for its citizens if all three levels of government work together with the private sector and NGO’s like SISO. He believed that if Hamilton ensures that its international people are welcomed and have jobs to work to their full potential, it would be a big benefit for Hamilton. Other important speakers who lauded the initiative and reiterated the importance of inclusivity in our work force are Mr. Richard Koroscil – President, Hamilton Chamber of Commerce; Ted McMeekin, MPP AncasterDundas-Flamborough-Westdale; Dr. Yaser M. Haddara, SISO Board member, and Mr. Joel Kaleu, project participant, ED. Kajotec Canada. (Veronica Chris-Ike)

MP Christopherson was also in attendance, and lauded the new initiative as symbolic of how Canada look at the world stage, that of inclusivity. He commended the government for what they are doing to integrate immigrants in our communities. He believed that for all success stories, there are some un-successful ones, like people going back home and would not recommend others to migrate to Canada. MP Christopherson believed Hamilton has


Oct. & Nov. 2010 • Vol 3 • Issue 6

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Jobs Jobs People Do has been designed to assist teens in making their career choices. Jobs People Do is an exciting, informative hands on look at many job options. Jobs People Do has an objective to inspire kids to think outside the box, define paths of exciting career options, instill confidence and empower teens to believe in themselves. is an interactive website featuring jobs, videos, post-secondary facilities volunteer information, campus life, articles, a book club, resume building, scholarships and much more. JobsPeopleDo is fresh, and updated weekly, constantly evolving, becoming bigger and better. We're building this site for both students and teachers, so please tell us how we can assist you: We're also designing a special area just for teachers, called the "Teachers Lounge" where you will be able to chat with other teachers across Canada. http://www. info@jobspeopledo. com Service Canada If you are seeking employment, Service Canada can provide you with the information you need to prepare yourself for the job market. Employment Hamilton 67+ 77 Victoria Avenue South, Hamilton, Ontario, L8N 2S8 905522-YOOT (9668) or 905-522-4902 Are you eligible to apply for jobs through the Summer Jobs Service? Yes, if you are between the ages of 15 to 24 (or up to 29 for persons with disabilities) and returning to school this fall you qualify to apply for jobs through this service. Monday to Thursday 9:00 a.m. to 5:00 p.m., Fridays - 9:00 a.m. to noon only. There is also the Hire a Student Centre (call 905-5722131 for location and hours as it changes year to year) that has our Job Postings Binders as well as other summer jobs opportunities. If you would like us to contact you, just

send an email with your contact information to: Jan Lucas

...Continued from page 12 Our politicians and other people with influence are also appealed to ensure the Refugee and Protection Division are not over-stepping their boundaries, but make decisions based on fairness, equity and good conscience, in order not to deny genuine claimants the rights they sought in this free and fair country, Canada. After all, as the case law explains that for “persecution” to exist within the context of the definition, it is necessary for the subject to have been deprived of his freedom” Amayo v Canada 1982. If this is the case with many refugee claimants and their families, why are they being denied protection in Canada? ■ Veronica Chris-Ike Image Source (Page1):

Hamilton AfriGrand Caravan Event

Hamilton Immigration Partnership Council

Stewart Memorial Church 175 years Anniversary

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Oct. & Nov. 2010 • Vol 3 • Issue 6


Paul Andrea Miller Horwath

MPP, Hamilton East-Stoney Creek 289 Queenston Road (905) 545-0114

MPP, Hamilton Centre

20 Hughson St. S., Suite 200 (905) 544-9644

The Voice In Diaspora October & November 2010  

The Voice In Diaspora October & November 2010

The Voice In Diaspora October & November 2010  

The Voice In Diaspora October & November 2010