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Income of Canadians

Identity Fraud

Low-income rates stable but family low income gap declines: The incidence of low income in Canada remained relatively stable in 2006. An estimated 3.4 million Canadians (or 10.5%) lived in low income (after-taxes) in 2006.

Identity fraud has become one of the fastest growing crimes in Canada, with 1 in 15 Canadians having been victimized. Identity fraud occurs when someone steals your personal information with the intention of gaining access to your finances, making purchases and incurring debts, or commit-

About 760,000 children under 18 years of age, or 11.3%, lived in low income families in 2006, also unchanged. About 307,000, or 40%, of these children lived in a loneparent family headed by a woman. In fact, about one in three children living with a single mother were in low income.

ting other crimes in your name.

An estimated 633,000 Canadian families, 7.0% of the total, were below the low-income cutoff, unchanged from 2005. Families in low income needed on average $7,000 to climb above the low-income cutoff. This is an improvement over the 2005 low income gap of $8,000.

• A November 2006 Ipsos Reid survey indicated that 73 per cent of

Senior families, who had the lowest incidence of low income in 2006, saw their rate remain relatively stable at 2.3%. About 29% of unattached individuals lived below the low-income threshold. This rate varied between age groups; 34% of non-seniors were in this situation compared with 16% of seniors. (For more information, or to enquire about concepts, methods or data quality of this release, contact Client Services (toll-free 1-888-297-7355 or 613-951-7355 income@statcan.ca), Income Statistics Division). ■

Fast Facts • In 2006, the Canadian credit bureaus received approximately 1,400 to 1,800 Canadian identity theft complaints per month.

Canadians are concerned about becoming victims of identity theft, and 28 per cent say they or someone they know has already been a victim of identity theft. • The Canadian Council of Better Business Bureaus estimates that identity theft may cost Canadian consumers, banks and credit card firms, stores, and other businesses more than $2 billion annually. Useful Resources If you suspect or know you are a victim of fraudulent scams (including telemarketing fraud, advanced fee fraud, and identity theft): • Contact your local police service, report fraud online through www.recol.ca or contact the Canadian Anti-fraud Call Centre (PhoneBusters) at 1 888 4958501 or www.phonebusters. com. • For more information about consumer fraud, visit www.competitionbureau. gc.ca or www.rcmp-grc. gc.ca. • For information about your credit rating, contact Equifax Canada at 1 800465-7166 or www.equifax.com/EFX_Canada; Trans Union Canada at 1 800 663-9980 or www.transunion. ca. • Go to Public Safety Canada: http://www.publicsafety.gc.ca/ prg/le/bs/consumers-en.asp

• Go to Office of the Privacy Commissioner of Canada: www.privcom.gc.ca/keyIssues/ki-qc/mc-ki-idt_e.asp http://www.bankofcanada. ca/en/bank notes/fraud/ fact_sheet_1.pdf

More supports for kids in care of children’s aid societies McGuinty Government expands opportunity for vulnerable youth News Children and youth in care will now have

Canadian Community Health Survey (2007) Statistics Canada on June 18, 2008, released extensive new data on more than 20 health indicators from the Canadian Community Health Survey (CCHS), a comprehensive survey of more

more opportunities to build the skills and confidence they will need when they leave care.

than 65,000 Canadians conducted between January 2007 and December 2007. Read on.

The province is providing new funding that will help kids in the care of children’s aid societies participate in learning and recreational programs that support their healthy development so they are able to achieve their full potential. This new fund will provide supports that include tutoring, skills building and recreational activities for children and youth in care based on each child’s individual plan of care.

Most individuals who do not have a regular doctor use clinics

In addition, youth 15 to 17 will have savings of up to $3,300 at full implementation that will be held in bank accounts they can access when they leave care. They will be provided with money management training so they will have the skills necessary to manage their savings responsibly. The new funding is equivalent to the maximum Ontario Child Benefit payment for each child and youth, totalling approximately $11.5 million in 2008-2009, growing to $16.2 million in 2011-2012. Helping young people who are making the challenging transition out of care is part of the McGuinty government’s commitment to tackle poverty. The government will continue working with its child protection partners, including young people in care, to ensure that the appropriate support and opportunities are in place. Quotes “This initiative is another way the government is providing more opportunities to vulnerable children and youth so they gain the education, skills and confidence they need to reach their full potential,” said Children and Youth Services Minister Deb Matthews. “Lessening the risk that kids in care may experience poverty later in life is another important step in the government’s poverty reduction strategy.” “It’s essential that we close the gap in student achievement in order for our youth to have the best future possible,” said Education Minister Kathleen Wynne. “We are committed to looking at the needs of particular groups of children in order to raise the bar of achievement for all of Ontario’s students.” “We know from talking to youth that financial support is really important and youth worry about living in poverty.

For the first time, the CCHS sheds light on where Canadians without a regular medical doctor go when they are sick or need advice about their health. In 2007, 15% of Canadians aged 12 or older, about 4.1 million people, reported that they did not have a regular medical doctor, either because they were unable to find one, or because they had not looked. This proportion was up 3 percentage points since the 1996/1997 National Population Health Survey (NPHS). Of these individuals, 78%, or 3.3 million people, reported that they in fact had some place to go. Of these estimated 3.3 million people, 64% sought treatment in a walkin or appointment clinic. Another 12% went to a hospital emergency room, while about 10% went to a community health centre. The remaining 14% chose to use other types of health care facilities or services such as hospital outpatient clinics, telephone health lines or doctor’s offices. The type of facility varied across the country. In Ontario and most of the western provinces, the choice was a clinic. In New Brunswick and Nova Scotia, nearly one-quarter of residents without a regular doctor sought help in a hospital emergency room. The use of community health centres by those who did not have a regular medical doctor was significantly higher in Quebec and in Newfoundland and Labrador than in the rest of Canada. In the case of Quebec, this reflects the availability of such centres, known as CLSCs (Centre local de services communautaires). The health service individuals used in the absence of a regular medical doctor varied by the size of their community. Nearly half of rural residents reported that they usually went to a clinic when they needed advice or treatment, compared with 7 in 10 urban residents. Almost one-quarter of rural residents reported going to an emergency room, compared with 8% of urban residents. Generally, men and women who needed medical treatment but did not have a regular doctor sought care in similar types of facilities.

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Aug-Sep 2008 • Vol 1 • Issue 10-11



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