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Inuvialuit News + Culture

Tusaayaksat Volume 22 Number 4

Whitefish Station

Celebrate Life! GROWING UP

i n Pa u l a t u k

INUIT HEALTH SURVEY Tuktoyaktuk Graduates! Drum Dancing Gains

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NELLIE ON TRADITION & CHANGE REINDEER UPDATE DRIMES TRADITIONAL ARTS INUVIALUIT DAY YOUTH RAP TO BUTT OUT JAMBOREE IN TUK, AKLAVIK & ULUKHAKTOK PETROLEUM SHOW & CLASS OF 2006 GRADUATION!

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Children’s Story & Contest Inside!

Sachs Harbour

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Emma Dick "It's Good to Wake Up in the Bush!" Christmas Greetings from the ISR What do we want? Safe Homes! Iqalukpik Jamboree Margaret Lennie Inuvialuktun Writing System CN Rail Memories Kendyce Cockney "John John" Stuart & The Tuk Youth Center The Bomber Pages!

Good news for

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Beaufort Delta Residential School Reunion Mary Simon's Vision for Inuit Great Northern Arts Fest Jordin Tootoo visits Edmonton Jacob Archie on Trapping New Legislation for Tuktoyaktuk Hunters Tony Alanak to teach Fiddling Cindy Voudrach + Confidence Lanita Thrasher Flies High Top of the World Film Festival September/October 2006

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Content Highlights

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Tuktoyaktuk Graduates!

Inside: ay Tusa ew s

pe

SS 0 2

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Correction: On pg 42 of the last issue, the photo caption should have been "Sarah Tingmiak with her child Esther McLeod." Our apologies!

{is Inuvialuktun for “something new to hear about”}

Publisher Topsy Cockney Inuivaluit Communications Society, Executive Director Editor/Writer/ Creative Dir. Zoe Ho

k Up

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qa q t

qa t Nuta

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ay Tusa ew s

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4 it H Inu ICS Board of Directors President Foster Arey, Aklavik Vice-President Joanne Eldridge, Sachs Harbour Secretary-Treasurer Sarah Rogers, Inuvik Directors Stan Ruben, Paulatuk Joseph Sr. Kitikudlak, Ulukhaktok Jimmy Komeak, Tuktoyaktuk

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ut

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k

ide, c i u S nt e Preve ebrate Lif Cel

ea h Sp You t

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Contributors Lindsay Trevelyan Melinda Gillis Maia Lepage Trevor Okheena Proofreading Brodie Thomas Printing Quality Color

Q u l ia

latu u a P p in

Up N

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saq t aniq

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Fe a t c ial

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Photography Zoe Ho David Stewart Maia Lepage Chelsea Olifie Design, Illustration, Layout & Typography Zoe Ho Translation Beverly Amos

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Nor s t i s i 10Minister v P r im e e In Th

Alexandria Sayers tried on one of the graduate’s hats at the 2008 Mangilaluk School Graduation celebration. She says she would like to be a graduate one day too!

Tusaayaksat

aks a

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We acknowledge the financial support of the Government of Canada through the Canada Magazine Fund toward our editorial costs.

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Words and photos by Zoe Ho

The Inuit Health Survey: Ammunition for Better Healthcare in the North

Sachs Harbour residents Lawrence and Beverly Amos pose with a plaque commemorating their community's participation in the survey.

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A rare oppourtunity

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or residents living in Sachs Harbour, a full health check-up is rare. There is only one nursing station, and no full time doctors in this community of about a hundred people. Kevin Gully, an eighteen year old youth, is wearing a holster monitor for the first time. Having his health assessed on an icebreaker, the Amundsen, parked in the ocean several miles from the shores of his home makes this situation even more unique.

“O

Special Feature Nuitaniqsaq Quliaq

ral health is minimum to none in our fly-in communities,” said Crystal Lennie, health policy coordinator for the Inuvialuit Regional Corporation (IRC). “They get a dentist maybe twice a year. If you lived in southern Canada, you could just pull over to the side of the street and walk into a dentist’s clinic.”

NWT Premier Floyd Roland tries on the holster heart monitor.

Nellie Cournoyea, IRC CEO thanks Inuit Health Survey staff for their work. “I’ve heart problems, abnormal beating,” he said. “My mum told me to go for this to see if I am ok.” When medical emergencies happen that the nurse in his community cannot handle, medevacs – emergency flights -- are employed to fly patients to Inuvik, or Edmonton. “I don’t understand it really,” he said, “It costs a lot more to fly people down south, than just to have a doctor on site?” Those who live there, or who work in the area know about the lack of proper health services in the North, especially in the remote communities.

IDC president Wayne Gordon gets his blood pressure taken.

Origins of the Survey

Dr. Kue Young, professor of Public Health at the University of Toronoto, and Dr. Grace Egeland from McGill University in Montreal shared the desire to make a contribution towards improving the health of indigenous people. “There have been many studies about the Inuit, major surveys in last 20 years in Greenland and Nunavik, most are land based. It’s very expensive, and everybody was doing things slightly differently so it was difficult to combine data,” said Dr. Young. The doctors launched the Inuit Health Survey, with funding from the International Polar Year and the Canadian Institute of Health Research.

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Aaron Ruben cuts his toe nails for the selenium testing.

Shelly Illasiak, participant from Paulatuk, sharing a moment with interviewer Bernice Aggark of Chesterfield Inlet.

This survey would travel through the Canadian Inuit regions, to collect data on Inuit health with a standardized protocol. In 2004, Nunavik (in Northern Quebec) was surveyed. Eastern Nunavut was surveyed last year. This year, the Amundsen icebreaker carried the survey to the Inuvialuit Settlement Region, Nunavut, and Nunatsiavut. The Inuvialuit Regional Corporation partnered with the survey, coordinating a steering committee, helping with planning and focusing the questionnaires to reflect the priorities of this region.

“W

e are hoping that this study will impact policy, that we’ll be able to get funding for programs that are needed in the ISR, so we won’t just be saying [to funding resources such as government] ‘this community needs this’, we’ll have the numbers to back it up,” said Crystal.

Immediate Results

Participants, with their ages ranging from young to elderly, were randomly picked to take part in the survey, to keep the data pure and usable. They have to fast before they get on board, as blood tests are required as part of the clinical testing. The survey takes about two hours, from the time participants are transported to the Amundsen either by helicopter or by barge. On arrival participants are welcomed and given a health chart. They then have blood samples taken by nurses. These samples will be tested for glucose and diabetes risk, environmental contaminants and fat levels. For participants who are over forty or who have heart problems, a holster monitor is attached to measure heart rhythm and rate. Stations are set up for interviews and bone density testing (for women over fourty). Participants over fourty will also be given an ultrasound to see if there are any blockages in a main artery, to see if they are likely to have a stroke. Nurses will also measure your basic height and weight, weight circumference and body mass index.

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Amanda Lester, resident of Paulatuk, said, “I am glad I had the oppourtunity to do it. At first, I wasn’t interested, but now I am thinking, let’s do it again! It showed me more about my health, and for the others who participated too.” Amanda was excited to show Samantha Kerr, Paulatuk nurse, the ‘passport’ she received after completing the survey. Together, they decipher the numbers for her hemoglobin (the amount of iron in her blood), her blood pressure, and other immediate measurements from the tests. The nurse will be able to follow up on some of these for Amanda. “They’ve got a lot going on here that we can’t offer at the clinic,” said Samantha. She hopes that the study will be “ammunition” for the region to demand for better healthcare services. She also noted that the questions in the questionnaire, regarding mental health, physical health, food, country food, housing and expenses, were “things that we would really like to ask but don’t always get the chance to. It’s a way to get a whole group to learn what’s going on and what’s changing.” The questions were included at the request of Inuit organizations, who wanted to assess urgent priorities.


Special Feature Nuitaniqsaq Quliaq

Frances Wolki having her blood sample taken by nurse Michel Poulin.

Nurse Scott Robertson begins a chart for Paulatuk mayor Ray Ruben.

“You’ve done our people proud.” “She asked if I wanted to get a counselor. But I told her I was fine after I took a moment. As long as I felt a connection, I felt I could open up.” Amanda said she was ultimately happy to contribute to an initiative that could bring better healthcare to her community.

Inuit Working for Inuit

The words ‘I am proud of you’ and ‘You’ve done our people proud’ were heard regularly during the days of the Inuit Health Survey in the ISR. Anita Pokiak, interpreter and interviewer for the survey, thanked each participant she met this way. Ooleepika Ikkidluak, dispatcher and liason for the Inuit Health Survey is from Iqaluit. She took a month of annual leave from her job to be part of the survey for the second time. She said giving up her personal time to be part of the survey is “totally worth it.” “It will help us to have real data to urge the government to wake up to the resources that are needed here,” Ooleepika said. She said she was always aware that Inuit have common challenges, but seeing through her travels for the survey, “first hand the lack of resources, social issues, language barriers and overcrowding really opened my eyes.” On the shore of Ulukhaktok, residents welcome the arrival of the barge that will take them to the icebreaker. “I am so proud of everybody, said Samantha. “At first I worried because we don’t have enough mental health resources and support already, and I knew that there was going to be a big mental health component in the questionnaire. And we’ve had a lot of triggers already, with the residential school experience and the IPA trials [the IPA provides compensation for sexual and physical abuse] that are coming up. But they had a mental health practitioner on board, and they’ve told people even if you’re right in the middle of something, you can stop.” Amanda said she was in the middle of her interview with interviewer Anita Pokiak, who is also Inuit and living in the Inuvialuit region, when she felt triggered.

The researchers are going to work hard to get the rest of the test results back to the communities as soon as possible. There will be a follow up study in seven years. Researchers hope the communities will be eager to assist in the study again then. “It’s always good that the feedback is immediate, so the elders don’t feel, ok, we got studied again, now what?” said Edna Elias, an interviewer originally from Kugluktuk. She was also part of the land team that begins the initial contact with participants, informing them about the purpose of the survey and interviewing participants who are home-bound. “In Ulukhaktok today, I interviewed elders and people who were home-bound,” she said. “I could use my dialect and they were happy to see someone they know. That makes it really comfortable from the get-go.”

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Youth Speak Up Nutaqat Uqaqtut

C

rystal Lennie, health policy coordinator for IRC, seems to be everywhere at once. From 6am onwards, she is on the Amundsen ice-breaker, or in communities, helping to mobilize, inform, and sanitize participants. She travels back and forth by barge on choppy waters, all in the name of doing everything she can to help the Inuit Health Survey run smoothly.

T

st For Our P e B e he

e

Her involvement with the Health Survey began in November 2007. Lucy Kuptana, executive director of IRC’s Community Development Division had heard through Inuit Tapiriit Kanatami that an Inuit Health Survey, similar to the one carried out by Laval University in Nunavik in 2004, will be conducted in Nunavut.

op l

“We wanted in,” said Crystal. The Inuit Health Survey is a polar year research program, and ITK informed the principal investigators that there were Inuit living in the rest of Canada that could not be left out. Nunasivut also pulled together funding so they can become part of the survey. Crystal brought the ISR Inuit Health Survey steering committee together for an initial meeting, the first of many meetings to take place in Inuvik, Aklavik, and Edmonton. The questionnaires that participants would have to answer were thoroughly considered, balancing the need to reflect the local culture of the ISR and yet kept similar enough to the questions in the 2004 survey so that data collected can be comparable. As the Amundsen was only available for a limited amount of time, the land teams had to work hard to make sure that the number of participants needed for the survey in each community can be met. Unexpected weather or community events are challenges when the icebreaker can only be in each community for a day or two. Tuktoyaktuk, which had two events that weekend, was the first community to participate in the survey. “It was tough going in Tuk at first, but we had participants going on the ship,” said Crystal. “It was nice when people stepped off the helicopter and came back to hug me. Everybody was saying, ‘Thank you so much for picking me!’” She remains uplifted despite the challenges she is facing. “I really enjoy visiting all the communities,” she said. “Because they enjoy seeing me, that’s what gives me the love of the job, it gives me the extra jump to work harder.”

She does not mind the hard work, and says it is an honour to be chosen for the job. “Sometimes I feel pressure, but you stay up till 1 o’ clock in the morning till it gets done,” she laughs. “I feel very blessed and honoured to work in healthcare. It is a field with such large impact, especially because it impacts lives.” She smiled appreciatively. “It’s a what-you-make-of-it type of job and I really wanted to get the best that we can get for our people.” Her contributions will in part bring in services such as cancer screening and palliative care.

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Photos by Maia Lepage

Crystal Lennie onboard the Amundsen icebreaker on the first day of the Inuit Health Survey in Tuktoyaktuk.

“When I first started I went to talk to the communities, the community corporations and the elders committees. I asked them: what are your priorities in healthcare, where do you want me to focus and how do you want me to go about doing my job -- they directed me and that’s where I take my direction.” Crystal, who grew up in Inuvik, and also partially in Aklavik, Tuktoyaktuk and Shingle Point, tries to prioritize family time when she is not traveling. “When I come home and see the smiles on my nieces and nephews’ faces, I work harder, because I want to keep the smiles on their faces pretty. And I know that means we’re working for them, not just for ourselves and the older generation,” she said. Her parents’ dream is for her to achieve her degree, but Crystal might go further, especially after her accumulated experience of working in hospitals alongside doctors when she was in various positions with the Beaufort Delta Health and Social Services, as well as Stanton Hospital. “I have good parents,” said Crystal. “They’ve always encouraged me to go further in my education.” “Maybe it’ll happen, I am still young enough. I am twenty eight, and Cindy Orlaw (first female Inuvialuit medical doctor) started back when she was twenty eight.” For now, Crystal loves her work and will wait to see where her life evolves when the funding for her position ends in 2010.


RCMP Arrive in Sachs Harbour

O

n July 10th Sachs Harbour officially welcomed a permanent RCMP head quarters to the community. RCMP officers Todd Midgett and Eric McKenzie have been newly posted in Sachs Harbour and have been working around the clock to establish a presence, introduce themselves to the community and come to understand life in Sachs Harbour. The RCMP were previously been in Sachs Harbour from 1954-1992, their presence in many respects helped the area’s development as a permanent residence. In those days the RCMP integrated well with the community; hunting, trapping and keeping a team of dogs. Now much of that lifestyle is unavailable to the newly placed RCMP officers, but they are still embracing and being embraced. Midgett said that “Sachs Harbour is a little paradise that very few people know about,” and McKenzie agrees, “people [in Sachs Harbour] are tremendously friendly and supportive; it is so rare to have such a strong relationship between community and the RCMP. The people of Sachs Harbour are so pro-police and so positive in their support of the RCMP.” Andy Carpenter, an elder of Sachs Harbour and one time Special Constable for the RCMP, has been pushing for a permanent RCMP presence since they left in 1992 due to financial constraints. Though he recognizes success to be in large part a result of issues of sovereignty, he believes that the RCMP act as a deterrence to crime. “The RCMP play an important role in maintaining community values.”

MLA Jackie Jacobson and community corporation representative Donna Keogak listen to elder Andy Carpenter speak about community values.

And while he notes that Sachs Harbour has very little crime, he says that “people generally feel safer when [the RCMP] are here.” The RCMP, he says, play an important role in encouraging a sense of community. McKenzie agrees and says that ATV use is the primary community complaint. Andy Carpenter and his son Richard say that they already notice a difference. Interestingly, many youth in the area have never known permanent RCMP presence with Sachs Harbour receiving only intermittent visits from the Inuvik unit. When asked whether he was excited about the new arrival, Jeff Kuptana, a young Sachs Harbour resident for the summer, said he felt that the RCMP presence was very positive. He was happy to have them despite the fact that he felt as if little had changed or needed to change. The face of justice in the North is very versatile. Many communities have flourishing Justice Committees, relying on mediation and Elder participation. Though Sachs Harbour has also experimented with such initiatives, for now they look to the RCMP and the mandate of education and community initiatives that they promote. McKenzie speaks of the RCMP dedication to working with the Community Justice Committee to reestablish a Restorative Justice system to address and resolve minor offences outside of the courtroom. “This is a small community,” Andy Carpenter says, “and ultimately people have to get along so there is a lot of forgiveness.” This stems directly from traditional life and the role that Elders used to play in regulating their communities says Joey Carpenter, son of one of the first Sachs Harbour families.

Often the Elders would determine the appropriate response to any given conflict and then the whole community would heal and forgive. This is one of the most attractive aspects of working in the North for RCMP officers Todd Midgett and Eric Eric McKenzie. He feels that he can learn so much from a community McKenzie celebrate the inauguration about cooperation and living together in harmony. of the new RCMP station in Sachs Harbour with the community.

In The News Tusaayaksani

Words by Lindsay Trevelyan

Photos courtesy of J eff Kuptana

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Western Arctic Expects More From Prime Minister

P

rime Minister Stephen Harper visited Inuvik and Tuktoyaktuk in the Northwest Territories, and Dawson City in the Yukon, for three days from August 26th to 28th.

During this short northern tour, he made announcements asserting Canada’s sovereignty in the Arctic, and held a high level federal cabinet meeting Inuvik. In Tuktoyaktuk, Harper announced stricter regulations for sea traffic through the Northwest Passage and other Canadian waterways. He also announced that the Arctic Waters Pollution Prevention Act will have its legislation range doubled to 200 nautical miles from the nearest Canadian shore. In Inuvik, Harper announced that a $720 million icebreaker to be named John G. Diefenbaker will be replacing the current icebreaker in 2017.

(L-R) Minister Brendan Bell, Prime Minister Stephen Harper and Tuktoyaktuk mayor Merven Gruben.

Harper met with aboriginal and territorial political leaders on his visit, including NWT Premier Floyd Roland, IRC CEO Nellie Cournoyea, Nunakput MLA Jackie Jacobson, and Tuktoyaktuk Mayor Merven Gruben.

While Harpers visit means increased publicity for the North and the Conservative government, his infrastructure announcements were not the ones local leaders were hoping for. Inuvik airport: NWT Premier welcomes the PM of Canada.

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Tuktoyaktuk: The Tuktoyaktuk Drummers and Dancers performed for the PM.


Leaders of the Western Arctic greet the PM on his arrival. (L-R) Tuktoyaktuk mayor Merven Gruben, Nellie Cournoyea IRC CEO, Jackie Jacobson MLA of Nunakput, the Prime Minister and Premier Floyd Roland.

In The News Tusaayaksani “The Prime Minister comes up, and here we are fighting with problems such as climate change and soil erosion, and yet he did not say one word on global warming. In fact, it was the reverse; he was talking about taking resources out of our land. We have so many other clean energy resources in Tuktoyaktuk, wind, gas -natural resources. There wasn’t a moment when he consulted with the people,” he said.

Northerners’ Needs Voiced to Harper Nunakput MLA Jackie Jacobson thought Harper’s announcements were a good start. “I think the Western Arctic will play a big part in Arctic sovereignty,” he said. “We would like to have had more definite support for infrastructure funding, like for roads or port facilities, or shore erosions. Anything that would help us immediately," said Nellie Cournoyea. Tuktoyaktuk Mayor Merven Gruben agrees, noting that “I thought maybe it would have been a perfect time for him to announce the all weather road out of Tuk, as we will be pretty quiet this coming winter. Inuvik companies did get some work with MGM but that’s Inuvik. There’s nothing major for Tuk. These oil companies will have to realize that in the near future, most, if not all work will be in the Tuk area. Then they will be dealing with us.” Merven also said that local residents would have welcomed the new icebreaker being named after a northern local hero, instead of a southerner.

“The mayor, town council, community corporation [of Tuktoyaktuk] and myself, we met with him for about 30 minutes. We gave him our list of issues: the deep-sea port, the all-weather road, to try to get access for gravel source 177.” Jackie Jacobson said a bill was passed in the last legislative assembly budget sitting, allowing the GNWT to approve funding for the all gravel access road from Tuktoyaktuk to Inuvik. “It’s in the federal government’s hands right now. And we let him know about the high cost of living for people in my riding, and how we need that road for our people to survive.” Both the Mayor and MLA believe it is only a matter of time before the all-weather access road can be built, and are determined to continue pushing the issue ahead.

Inuvik: The Inuvik Drummers and Dancers, as well as members of Inuvik’s community pose for photos with the PM.

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Simon Tookome, Baker Lake

Judas Ulluulaq, Gjoa Haven

Magaret Vittrekwa, Fort McPherson

Great Northern Arts

T

ommy Smith grins as he looks at the ceramic mask of his face, on display as part of the “Faces of the Elders 20th Anniversary Mask Project” during this year’s Great Northern Arts Festival. Tommy was chosen as one of the twenty elders to be honored for their contribution to the flourishing of the arts in the North. He has been a volunteer from day one of the festival’s launch two decades ago, and he is proud to once more volunteer as a logistics person. “I like to see the art work go up, and to meet the artists every year. It’s like a family reunion,” said Tommy.

George Roberts, Whitehorse

Tommy Smith, Inuvik

Some of the other familiar faces commemorated include Mary Kendi and Nellie Cournoyea, as well as deceased, well respected artists Sarah Kuptana (seamstress) and Billy Thrasher (carver). Artists from the Eastern Arctic were honored as well, reflecting the diverse make-up of talent at the Great Northern Arts Festival.

Mary Kendi was surprised to see a mask made of her face, even though she too, had been involved with the festival from its beginnings. She smiles serenely as she continues sewing, “It’s just fun, I’m happy about everything. I’ve enjoyed my trip. Thank you everyone for being so kind to me. Masi Cho.” The Great Northern Arts Festival is the biggest arts event north of sixty, and has attracted artists and visitors from all over to explore and enjoy the vitality and beauty of Northern Art. This year’s turnout was especially robust, as many visitors came back to Inuvik to celebrate the town’s 50th anniversary. Executive Director Tony Devlin and his team injected new life into the festival by bringing in performances and events that drew the audience back again and again over the ten-day festival. The headline concert with Lucie Idlout and the Bryce O’Conner Project set the tone for a rock ‘n’ rolling opening night, followed by equally exciting events such as the Fort Good Hope Drummers. Sonny MacDonald, Fort Smith

Photos: Masks made by artist Harreson Tanner for the ‘Faces of the Elders’ project.


Special Feature Nuitaniqsaq Quliaq

Matthew Nuqingaq, Iqaluit

Billy Ruben, Paulatuk

Vicki Billingsley, Inuvik

Festival Celebrates 20 Years The audience got off their feet, moved to dance to their intricate and intense drum beats. James Rogers and the Good Time Band also kept the audience dancing all night at the Old Time Dance. A variety of workshops during the days allowed aspiring artists to connect with established ones, and a variety of skills were generously shared, including soapstone carving by John Sabourin to Netsilikmeot Style Throat Singing with Mary Ittunga and Bessie Uquqtuq.

The theme of this festival was “Homecoming” and the faces and voices of people who had lived and contributed to this region over the past fifty years were seen , heard and celebrated. Les Carpenter, Nellie Cournoyea and Roy Goose, who were radio announcers back in the day, went on air to share old stories about Inuvik’s years of building. These shows were broadcast live daily for four days by the CBC from the festival and Inuvik’s riverside. Dorothy Arey, veteran CBC announcer enjoyed hearing the voices of the ‘old timers’ again. “It’s a lot of fun to think back about how we lived long ago. It brought back a lot of memories for people, it’s good to hear again,” she said.

Nellie Cournoyea, Inuvik

Sarah Kuptana, Sachs Harbour

Lillian Wright, Inuvik

Mary Kendi, Inuvik

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T

hose that attended the Great Northern Arts Festival this past summer would have witnessed something that has not been seen in a long while: an Inuvialuit qayaq being built by an Inuvialuit with local materials. Like qayaq building in the past, this was a family affair -- my husband, Kevin Floyd and I, Jennifer Lam working together. It was also a community affair with elders and locals coming to share their knowledge and support. We even received much appreciated local materials like sinew and wood from community members. As we unveiled our qayaq frame at the GNAF closing ceremonies, I chuckled at how far we’ve come in such a short time. In the beginning of this year, we were living in Nanaimo, BC, looking forward to a new chapter in our lives. After a four-month climbing trip that took us through the Rockies and Western US, we looked northward. We arrived in Inuvik in April and loved it so much we decided to stay.

For many years, we have been researching the history of Canadian Inuit qayaqing. We found that much of the published information about traditional qayaqing is about Greenland Inuit qayaqing. We believe that there is a rich, deep history of qayaqing in the Canadian Arctic that is in danger of being lost. Our Traditional Canadian Qayaq Project looks to recover local qayaq culture and re-introduce qayaqing to northern communities as a part of a healthy lifestyle, an environmentally sustainable way to explore this great area and as a meaningful, dynamic tool to connect with traditional knowledge and culture. No qayaq is made alone and no qayaq hunter succeeds alone. Many hands are needed to build the qayaq, both of men and women. Like the whale hunt who draws from a range of skills and expertise to capture and process the game, qayaq making draws from a range of knowledge as well.

Padding Back to His Roots by Jennifer Lam

Kevin’s journey to Inuvik began 37 years ago. His birth mother, a young Inuvialuit girl, gave him up for adoption to a loving family in Victoria, BC, where he was raised. Over the years, he has continued to search for his roots. Clues slowly came and they all pointed to the Adams family in Inuvik. Thanks to an unexpected angel, Kevin found himself at the doorstep of his nanaak, Lucy Adams, within a day of arriving in town. When that door opened, Lucy learned of a grandchild she never knew she had and Kevin found the key piece to his puzzle. Those that know Lucy Adams, a much respected and loved elder, know of her kindness and good humour. We have been graced with both. Kevin’s search was not only for biological roots, but also his qayaqing roots. Like his Inuvialuit ancestors, he makes his living with his qayaq. Unlike his ancestors who made their living hunting, he makes his as a certified lead qayaq guide, instructor and outdoor adventure facilitator.

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We found that within each step of the process were several challenges that led to knowledge that could not be gained from books, only from experiment and experience. Building a qayaq at GNAF was a rewarding experience. It gave us a great venue to share our knowledge and passion and to receive the same from others. We were overwhelmed by the warm support and enthusiasm. Much of the materials for our qayaq came from local sources. The frame is made of wood from a log that came up the East Channel and the ribs are made with willow steamed and bent into shape. Though power tools were used in roughly shaping the log into lumber, all the carving of the wood into qayaq parts was done by hand with simple wood block planes, a Swiss Army knife, a handmade carving knife and good dose of humour. Kevin even carved wooden wedges to use in splitting open the log and made his own jigs for the mortices.

Kevin takes the first completed canoe on the water.


Jennifer working on a paddle.

Kevin and Jennifer with grandmother Lucy Adams.

Zoe Ho photo

There are no metal nails or glue, instead, sinew lashings and pegs were used to hold together the frame. The covering is made with canvas from Fort McPherson, sewn with sinew and sealed with marine paint.

All parts of the canoe are handmade.

With only vague building instructions, Kevin relied on his experience as a qayaqer to guide his construction process. He also drew from a deep, ancestral intuition within for insight and ideas. Around the world, qayaqing is a popular sport. Up here in the Arctic, it is more than just another hobby, it is part of a greater culture and legacy. It is here that the skills of rolling and sculling were evolved since one wouldn’t want to exit their qayaq into these frigid waters.

Our qayaq building demonstration is one step of a larger journey to spread the lessons of traditional Canadian Inuit qayaqing through the local Arctic communities, Canada and the rest of the world. We are currently starting a Qayaq club to teach people how to make qayaqs and pautiks (paddles) and also how to use them, including how to roll, scull and hunt in a qayaq. We are looking forward to taking part in a whale hunt in our qayaqs. Our plans also include a qayaq eco-tourism operation staffed with local qayaq guides. In the near future, we are planning to host international qayaq competitions and conferences up here in the north. For more information please contact us at dancingbearadventures @hotmail.com Photos courtesy of Jen Lam

Zoe Ho photo

Its pivotal place in the whale hunt has evolved the qayaq into a sophisticated technology, even by modern standards. Even in modern hunts there is still a use for the traditional qayaq. A well-trained qayaqer can manoeuvre through waters and areas that larger craft can’t get through; it can approach game with stealthy precision and can cover huge distances quickly. The qayaq is a symbol of individual self-sufficiency within the spirit of community co-operation.

The canoe’s frame is held together by sinew lashings and pegs.

Kevin’s search was not only for biological roots, but also his qayaqing roots. Like his Inuvialuit ancestors, he makes his living with his qayaq. Special Feature Nuitaniqsaq Quliaq


Participants of the Students Onboard program.

In The News Tusaayaksani Stephanie Meakin (ICC support staff) and NWT premier Floyd Roland learn Words byorganisms Lindsay Trevelyan from a scientist about living Photoocean. by Chris Yapp on the bed of the arctic

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board the icebreaker Amundsen eight Inuit students held a silent audience enraptured, among them scientists, media, elders, and Inuit youth. Speaking of traditional knowledge and science, the students became representatives for the face of climate change and the face of activism and education. As part of International Polar Year, the Amundsen hosted a program called “Schools Onboard,” a chance for Inuit students from all over the circumpolar to collaborate and share with scientists in an effort to paint a more holistic picture of climate change in the north. The student’s presentation was the culmination of a week-long session aboard the Amundsen with the hope of bridging science and traditional knowledge, attempting to carve out a path of communication and cooperation. John Keogak, an elder participant from Sachs Harbour spoke of the old days when researchers would come up to the north. “Researchers would do their thing and be gone, without any effort of communication. Things have changed for the better, and with cooperation much can be accomplished,” he said. Marko Holm from Greenland agreed, demanding that communities of the north want feedback from the scientists. He said, “Scientist must communicate their results to the community.” During the week, the students shared information each had gathered from their respective homes about the drastic ways each community is experiencing climate change. Each were amazed that Inuit communities from Russia, Greenland, Alaska, and the Inuit Settlement Region are all experiencing similar changes: later fall freeze up, little multi-year ice, thinner ice, permafrost thawing, unpredictable weather, winds changing, stronger currents and wider channels. James Kuptana who currently lives in Ottawa but calls Sachs Harbour home, stressed that as “an Inuk living in the South I have a responsibility to get this message out to people – to encourage change.”

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John Keogak agreed, “If [climate change] keeps going we have no home; we are losing our culture, losing our ice, losing our lives here – this is very serious, it is going to change our life completely. It is good to see youth involved, this is their future to deal with; perhaps we can ease the pain of climate change.” The message John was reiterating was that climate change threatens the future of the planet and presents a grave threat to traditional culture and lifestyle. This was also central to the discussion during the week of the “Schools Onboard” project. Prior to the presentation, Sachs Harbour elders and the youth participants discussed methods of traditional knowledge transfer and suggested ways to improve YouthElder exchange. Logan Gruben from Tukotyaktuk spoke of traditional knowledge as something that is experiential. He said, “To learn to dry fish one used to be able to watch your mom or grandmother to explain what to do, we need to have more hands on learning.” Logan feels such learning will encourage a better respect for the environment. To close the day, the elders, youth and a scientist launched a balloon with a GPS tracker into the ocean air. The balloon measures the humidity, temperature and density of the northern atmosphere. As the balloon rises, it seems to beacon the collaboration underway on the Amundsen: a science that is participatory and inclusive, with youth, elders and scientists all working together.


From Our Readers Utimun Kiujutit

In Memoriam In Loving Memory of Our Loving Father Frank Issac Joe September 22,1988 Though your smile is gone forever, And your hand we cannot touch. We have so many memories of the one we loved so much. Your memory is our keepsake. With which we shall never part, God has you in His keeping. We have you in our hearts.

Forever remembered and loved by his children, Darlene, Doreen, Diane, Dwayne, Douglas.

SPREAD THE JOY! Send Christmas and New Year’s Greetings through Tusaayaksat! Email us the message you’ll like to have printed, and a high-res photo! We need to receive your greetings and photos by October 30th, 2008. our email: tusaayaksat@ northwestel.net Or call us at 867-777-2320.

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From Our Readers Utimun Kiujutit

Congratulations! Inuvialuit Graduates in Yellowknife

Photo courtesy of Debbie Raddi

Graduate Derek Felix, escorted by Diandra Raddi-Kuiksak.

Merven Gruben shared with us this photo of Inuvialuit graduates from Yellowknife. This May, Sir John Franklin High School celebrated their 50th anniversary and the graduation of 149 students. There were three Inuvialuit graduates, as well as some youth who formerly resided in Tuktoyaktuk. Congratulations to Travis and Ryland Anderson, Kiefer Pokiak, Logan Andrew, and Justine Klengenberg!

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Congratulations! To Derek Felix on your graduation. From Diandra.


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e Herb Nakimayak on a helicopter flight, discussing with an ENR biologist where best to look for collared caribou.

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erb Nakimayak had been traveling for the last decade. He is home in Paulatuk, at last, this year. “I was born and raised in Paulatuk until I was sixteen,” he said. “I went to Inuvik to finish my high school, after which I moved to Yellowknife. I’ve been working all over the North, and I got to work all over Canada.” His work has taken him to Revelstoke, BC, Iqaluit and Calgary. He has gained experience working in a variety of fields, including national parks, trades and development industries. He likes being part of big projects. Herb feels his life outside of his community has increased his pride for his culture. He even brought his two young children to Paulatuk. “I have my two young daughters with me. They live in Fort Smith so I am giving them the oppourtunity to experience their culture. They are certainly finding it interesting. They’ve always wanted to build an igloo so this winter will be a cool time to do that,” he said. It is important to him that his children have the freedom to explore and be proud of their culture. He believes it is easy to stereotype people and places unless you have lived there. “I think everyone is motivated in their own way,” he said. “A lot of people here are raised to hunt and fish. To them, that’s what’s important. They are making a living for their families.” He also values the community spirit in Paulatuk. “We all help each other, when we hunt we bring back food not just for ourselves, but to others who need it,” he said. Last year, Herb was in a four-year entrepreneurship program in Calgary. “I am going back next year to complete that,” he said. This year, he is going to be home for his children and family. Even at home, he has many goals to accomplish.

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He is helping his father convert his business from big game hunting to eco-tourism. He also took on work with the Inuit Health Survey as the community research assistant, in the hope that it will help to make changes one day, to the lack of health care in the North. This summer, he also assisted the department of Environment and Natural Resources with caribou monitoring. He also goes out to fish and hunt whenever he can. “I’ve lived the life of an outdoorsman my whole life,” he said. “I don’t go to the gym, my gym is my backyard. I don’t get to spend enough time with my family, so I like coming back for some time. It makes me feel better.” We asked if he felt conflicted between modern city life and the traditional ways at home. “I find myself in between sometimes,” he said. He had originally moved because he “wanted change,” and “to see what’s around the corner.” “It was refreshing to go out there, to see what’s going on, but there’s also a lot at home,” he said. “I feel more traditional every time I come home.” “My father has been in the guiding business for about thirty years. He started the business eleven years ago. I used to travel a lot with him so seems natural, to go from managing the lodge for him, to now running and owning it. I want to make it bigger and better than what it is,” he said. “The lodge will also be a good home for my parents to retire to, they can trap and fish just like they did a long time ago, except now they live in a house instead of an igloo.” “When I am away from home, that’s when I feel stuck in between sometimes. But the days are getting better and better as I get older,” he laughs. His definition of success is not monetary, but holistic. “It’s about my well being,” he said, and getting involved with his community and family’s needs is part of getting there.

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Words & photos by Zoe Ho


Special Feature Nuitaniqsaq Quliaq

Whitefish Statio n

Six-year-old Isabelle Hendrick looks Six-year-old serious, as sheIsabelle wields Hendrick her ulu and concentrates, as she wields her cuts off the head of a herring. She knife and cuts off the head of a has been watching her sister, Ashline herring. She has been watching her help with the fourty fish that were sister Ashline help with the forty harvested yesterday’s net, and is fishfrom that were harvested from excited to finallynet. take partIsabelle in helping yesterday’s Today out her nanaak (grandmother) with gets to help out her nanaak today’s harvest the first time (grandmother) forfor the first time.


Special Feature Nuitaniqsaq Quliaq

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Brandon chops wood.

Behind the cabin is endless tundra, which the children love to play in. They took us on a hike to ‘Bum Lake’, where there was a split pingo that resembles its namesake. Up the river is their great-grandfather, Billy Day’s camp. Billy Day was celebrated for his love and protection of the environment and Inuvialuit rights. The children seemed to have inherited his ability to read nature’s signs.

Rose Day photo

A sunset and a rainbow makes Clara’s cabin glow. Rose Day photo

sabelle first washes the fish in a bucket, then sets it on the table, where she is just tall enough to reach the work surface. Her bug suit, which wards off the swarms of mosquitoes that plague Whitefish Station during summertime, is covered with fish scales and stains from her hard work; but her pride is evident each time she hangs up a fish that she has readied for drying.

Ashline and Brandon pointed out wildlife and sights that at first we could not see. “Look, there’s a heron! Are those caribou? Waayy over there, see, they’re moving! There’s lots around.”

Clara’s partner Stanford, and grandchildren Ashline and Brandon return triumphant after checking the fish net.

“I knew she could cut cut the head off, I didn’t know she could skin it, she did really good,” laughed nanaak Clara Day. “She even wanted to start making dryfish. I didn’t want her to try because she had a dull knife, I was scared.” The small beach of Clara’s fish and whaling camp is just the right size for a maktak/ fish drying stand, a smoke house, a bench and a little white tent. We climbed up a small hill to her cabin, which is neat and looks out to an inlet, where beluga whales sometimes swim.

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They were able to tell us how to differentiate a seagull from a swan (“Swans have long necks and seagulls have short necks”) as well as which berries will cause belly ache (crowberries, the red ones that look like small cherries). They also did a pretty good job imitating the calls of the cranes on the opposite shore. Brandon, who is thirteen, is already trusted to drive the fishing boat in the area. The adults have taught him how to observe the currents, and he can see a sandbar or currents that could pull a boat underwater. “My nanaak taught me so we can be safe when we go boating,” he said. Clara believes it is important to educate the children respect their culture and to not waste. She tries to speak in Inuvialuktun to the children, who learn by guessing what she said and answering. She laughs, “When they say let’s get that squirrel I say no. If you do, you’re going to skin it and you are going to eat it. We were taught that if you don’t need something, don’t kill it.” All the children agree that being on the land was better than living in town, where they mostly entertain themselves with computers, Bebo and electronic games. In contrast, they prefer their bush camp life where after a day’s work they can go find rocks, play baseball, go for hikes, as well fishing, visiting and swimming.


The heady aroma of cedar wood chips fill the dry fish smoke house as Rose stokes the fire.

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“Mmmn. Yummy!” said Ashline as she ate some cubes of maktak (beluga blubber).


Special Feature Nuitaniqsaq Quliaq

Ashline said, “It’s better here than running around in town, having fast food and junk food. There’s no gambling and no drinking, or being bad…or being worried about people and what we have to do.” Brandon added, “It’s boring to play Wii games once you have played it twenty times. It’s funner out here.”

head of the harpoon curves and stays in there. There is a long rope with a buoy tied to it, and that’s what we follow as the whale swims away. When it comes up for air, we shoot it. The whale sinks, but that’s why we have the buoy on it.” When the whale is pulled up on the shore, Dolly Sydney, the whale monitor for Whitefish station will be alerted to collect samples and to measure the whales. The one that Rose got this week was 13 feet 4 inches.

They even say that “helping nanaak do stuff”, helping to haul wood and water makes them “more tough”. They admit they do not help out as much in town. Brandon had his first chance to throw a harpoon this summer. “It was pretty awesome, and I like the part when I harpooned and it gets stuck into a whale. I was pretty scared of shooting a rifle because that’s my first time this year.” The walls of Clara’s cabin are covered with signatures from visitors as well as milestones that her children and grandchildren achieve. “Long ago women and children never went whaling – women only prepared the whales after they are caught – the reason why women did not go – is if something happened out there, at least you have a parent home. It was like a jinx if the kids went and they were too young,” said Clara.

Clara finds eggs in the fish.

She eats them on the spot., saying the best time to eat these eggs is fresh from the fish.

Today, Rose Day, Clara’s daughter is as capable as any hunter. Rose looks on the walls to find out when she had first harvested whale. “2004.” She said. Her father and Stanley, her boyfriend had taught her. “It was awesome. It was scary at first, following the waves behind the whale.” “First you see the current, but it’s far behind the whale, and you follow that. The whale will stay under but eventually it will have to come up for air, so when it comes up you try to harpoon it. I must have thrown the harpoon ten times the first time, until I finally got it. The harpoon jabs into the maktak and when it swims away, the pointy

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Clara has nicknamed Rose ‘Bush Woman’, because Rose prefers to be outdoors than in town. Rose finds that “time goes by fast” on the land. Rose said, “I’ll rather be outside, getting wood, burning garbage, getting water from the lakes.” She is animated as she tells stories of watching coneys jump out of the water at her mother’s other bush camp, where five creeks meet. Even in minus forty degree weather, she likes to skidoo out to the bushcamp with her boyfriend. “It was so still outside, so cold, stars, clear skies, and the moon was very bright. I’m going to stay out on the land as much as I can until I get a job in town, enjoying the land, helping my mum, being here for the kids, I am loving it.” Rose is also finding her social life changing. “A few years back I felt different,” said Rose, “but from the experiences of staying in town, going to school, going south and working…now I just try to stay away from them because my boyfriend doesn’t drink…when I see them I just go sit around and have a pop…they’re used to it now, they’ll say have a shot and I’ll say I’m fine, I’ll just have my pop.”

Whitefish station used to belong to Clara’s mother, Rebecca Chicksi, and coming back to it with her partner Stanford, her daughter and grandchildren is like coming home. Clara tries to continue the tradition of sharing when on the land, giving five out of seven pails of her maktak to her extended family. Many people who used to whale at Whitefish Station have moved to Kendall Island, to escape the mosquitoes, which take advantage of the coves, which protect them from winds in the area. It takes about four hours to travel by boat from Inuvik to Whitefish station, and so far, Clara has spent $1,300 on gas so her family could go whaling. “It’s not cheap, but it’s worth it,” she said. “I would spend a million dollars just to come down, for my grandchildren to have this experience.”

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Photos and Words By Melinda Gillis Steven, Kyle, Isaac and Lisa mapping a cache.

The map of Steven, Kyle and Isaac’s cache.

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n Inuvialuktun “Aulavik” means “the place where people travel.” This summer was no exception. Parks Canada staff travelled to Aulavik National Park to host a youth camp from July 8th to July 12th. Lisa Hodgetts, an archaeologist working in the park offered to introduce local youth to archaeology during her project in the park. Three students from Inuvik and three students from Sachs Harbour attended. Krysta Rogers, Olympia Gillis-Ross and Rebecca Kaufman were the students from Inuvik and accompanying them from Sachs Harbour were Kyle Wolki, Steven Lucas and Isaac Elanik. It was a great opportunity for the students to spend time on the land, make new friends and learn about archaeology.

The games make youth think together, work together and talk together. This was the highlight for all the youth on the trip, and everyone wrote about it in their journals. The group learned much from Lisa Hodgetts archaeological field crew. Lisa (University of Western Ontario) and her crew, spent the month of July in Aulavik National Park. For them, this was a pilot year in what will hopefully become a long-term study of past interactions between people, animals and the land on northern Banks Island. The main goal of the 2008 field season was to map unsurveyed archaeological sites surrounding the Thomsen River in the area around green cabin.

The students really enjoyed their time on the land. To add to their experience Parks Canada brought along Lena Wolki, an elder from Sachs Harbour. Lena shared with them how and where she used to travel on Banks Island. She talked about how everything had changed since she was a young girl and the challenges she had to overcome. She said one of her biggest challenges was money. The students found this very strange. Why would she consider money a challenge?

Over eighty new archaeological sites were mapped this field season, some with the help of the students. The girls from Inuvik were responsible for mapping a tent ring and the boys from Sachs Harbour were responsible for mapping a cache. Mapping the sites involves measuring the site and carefully drawing a map to scale of all of the items on the site. This took patience, thought and team work: both groups did a really great job. Their work will be included in the final report for the Archeological Project.

As Lena would say “ it’s just a little piece of paper, I never needed it before, but now it’s what you need for everything.” It’s hard for us today to really understand what people went through to make that transition from living off the land, where everything you needed was there for you to just go and get, to living in civilization. A big chunk of the youths’ time was spent team building. We played cooperative games so we could all get to know each other better. In these kinds of games, everybody wins!

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For Crysta, Olympia, Rebecca, Kyle, Steven and Isaac this was the experience of a lifetime. They learned from an elder, researchers and each other. The youth camp held in Aulavik National Park was a success!


Lisa Hodgetts will be back in Inuvik and Sachs Harbour later this fall to discuss the preliminary results from the 2008 field season and to discuss plans for future work. She will give presentations in both communities on her project, what she learned this summer, and what she hopes to learn in the future.

Special Feature Nuitaniqsaq Quliaq The whole youth group with trip leaders. (L-R Back row) Melinda Gillis, Isaac Elanik, Kyle Wolki, Steven Lucas & David Haogak. Front: Crysta Rogers, Olympia Gillis-Ross & Rebecca Kaufman.

Top: Elder from Sachs Harbour: Lena Wolki telling stories. Left: Isaac & Rebecca in a Cooperative Game. Top: Cooperative Game -Log Pass:Crysta tries to make her way across. Left: Youth wearing their Aulavik National Park T-shirts (L-R): Isaac Elanik, Rebecca Kaufman, Steven Lucas, Olympia Gillis-Ross, Kyle Wolki & Crysta Rogers.

Olympia, Rebecca and Crysta’s tent ring.

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Noah Gruben enjoying the moment after receiving his diploma.

The Road to Graduation

Words by Maia Lepage

Photos by Zoe Ho and Maia Lepage Samantha Adam posing with her Governor General’s Award.

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Maia Lepage photo

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amily and friends from all over crowded into the gym at Mangilaluk School to watch as eight fresh graduates accepted their diplomas on 29th August 2008. As they marched on stage dressed in white graduation gowns and hats, you could see the pride these graduates felt about their accomplishment. Phillip Nasogaluak could not begin to describe his joy. “It’s really great! I can’t even explain, but I just really want to celebrate,” he said.

Special Feature Nuitaniqsaq Quliaq

Kristy Anderson laughs as teacher Robin Hayslip recalls funny memories about the graduates.

The road to graduation was not always easy. It took a lot of hard Phillip Nasogaluak work and determination. “It’s not hard to come to school but it is hard to get up in the morning,” said graduate Noah Gruben. He says he was able to graduate because he studied hard and never gave up, even though he says his English class was “pretty tough.” Graduate Kristy Anderson, who is the first female high school graduate in her family, admits that all the studying was difficult and the exams were pretty nerve wrecking but the results made it all worthwhile. “I am just happy that I could make my mom proud,” said Anderson. Tuktoyaktuk Mayor Mervin Gruben and Nunakput MLA Jackie Jacobson made it a point to be there for the event. With kind words of wisdom and advice, they wished the graduates all the best in the future. “The Northwest Territories,” said Jacobson, “is one of the territories that is leading the country in developments. It has vast resources and you are the key to its success.” IRC chairperson Nellie Cournoyea, who also spoke at the event, urged the graduates to go further with their studies. Other speakers included BDEC representative Camellia Gray, TCC representative Robert Gruben, DEA Chairperson Jean Gruben and principal Fred Butler.

Teachers Robin Hayslip and Janie Jones recalled stories from the graduates’ high school years. They spoke about the time when Noah Gruben “borrowed” a pair of his mother’s ivory earrings to give them to his teacher, just because he thought it would make her happy, and the early years when Charles Lucas, who they affectionately referred to as ‘Hugger-Man’, used to come into the school every morning and demand a hug from each and every female teacher. With smiles and laughter resounding throughout the gymnasium, pleased parents and friends nodded in agreement at how far these graduates have come. Many people played a part in getting these students to this day. Whether it was parents helping their children get to school on time, or teachers who pushed the students to hand in their work, the graduates were extremely thankful to them all. Each student selected a person they would like to thank, and presented them with a rose. For Phillip Nasogaluak, the choice was easy. “My teacher, Janie Jones, was such an inspiration to me. I’ll always remember her classroom as a classroom of perseverance. I learnt a lot about myself in English class.” As the night was coming to a close, Charles Lucas was chosen to give the student address and his advice to the class simple. “This is just the beginning and the future is open to us all.” In front of proud parents and supportive friends, they walked on stage as high school students and they left graduates.

The balloon drop at the end of the ceremony.

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Derek Felix receives his graduation award from his grandmother, DEA chairperson Jean Gruben.

Maia Lepage photo

Kristy Anderson poses with family and friends.

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Charles Lucas receives his diploma from principal Fred Butler.

Special Feature Nuitaniqsaq Quliaq

Mangilaluk School

Graduates of 2008 Charles Lucas Kristy Anderson Derek Felix Samantha Adam Phillip Nasogaluak

“The world awaits you, make the best of it.”

Noah Gruben Loni Noksana

Principal Fred Butler

Maia Lepage photo

“We’ve loved, laughed, cried. We’ve lived life.” Charles and Noah, proud graduates pose with family and friends.

Charles Lucas

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Youth Speak Up Nutaqat Uqaqtut

Loni’s Dream T

uktoyaktuk’s Mangilaluk School celebrated eight graduates this August 2008. English teacher Janie Jones recalled her favourite memories of her students, one of which is nineteen year old Loni Noksana.

“I’ll always remember the day when Loni successfully handled grade 12 level work,” said Janie, “ She was reading and writing at a grade 12 level, even if she was still in grade 11. I remember her standing at my desk with her work, and I remember the happiness we both felt.” Loni hugging her mother, Christine during the rose presentation ceremony.

Loni listens to the needs of youth in her community. Loni’s escorts for her graduation: David Noksana and Henson Nasogaluak.

Loni’s father David Noksana cheers her on at her graduation ceremony.

“At the grade 12 level Loni, at a grade 12 level!” The teacher exclaimed. As always, Loni’s reponse was a calm smile. Even today, her graduation day, Loni was well composed. Her eyes shone when nostalgia and pride hit her as classmates and teachers spoke. Loni said her parents have taught her to be even tempered. “I’m a Christian,” she said, “so I can’t be mad with anybody!” Loni will miss her home community when she begins her new job. “I love Tuk. It’ll always be my home,” she said. She has enjoyed being on the land with her family growing up. “We always went to Taaqaaq, Husky Lakes, to camp and fish,” she said. Always planning ahead, Loni has a job lined up even before her graduation. “I have a job in Inuvik,” she said excitedly, “I will be teaching pre-school.” Her dream has always been to work with children. While in school, she held the position of assistant recreation coordinator for the hamlet.

I love kids,” she said. “I play with them and listen to what they are saying. I realize that once they’ve talked a lot they will open up.”

Loni was able to bring many great events to the youth, holding teen dances and karaoke nights for them. Even adults had game nights. Loni liked the communication between adults and the younger generation. “At home, my family speaks in Inuvialuktun if there are elders around,” she said. Her father, David Noksana Sr. leads outfitting sports hunts. “I’ve seen hundreds of bears,” she said, “I’ve seen him lay them out in the garage, and take out their teeth. I am never scared,” she smiled.

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In The News Tusaayaksani

Artist and Chef Julia

Ekpakohak might not be French, but she makes a succulent Cordon Bleu: stuffed chicken breast with bacon and swiss cheese and mushroom sauce. She is chef at the Arctic Char Inn, and the dinner she is serving tonight has both looks and flavour.

she said. This week, she is putting together a batch of zipper pulls, miniature mukluks and mitts that she plans to sell in Inuvik.

Julia laughs, “I like being cook, I have learnt a lot from Martin, there are so many ways of cooking I had never seen before.” Martin, who is French Canadian, has been teaching Julia how to make gourmet meals.

This is especially interesting to Julia, as the local Northern Store usually offers little to the imagination in terms of ingredients. Martin has shown her how to make basic ingredients into delicious dishes. One of her favourites is turning potatoes into seasoned wedges. “I didn’t know you can first boil them, and then fry them,” she said. “I don’t buy anything at the store,” she said, “only chicken and pizza. I like to harvest my food myself. It’s exciting to go on the land to harvest, I like doing fish and cooking outdoors.” Julia’s creative sewing and artwork is also well known in Ulukhaktok. Even with her job as chef at the hotel, she continues to sew. “I like what I am doing at the hotel, and if I am not working, I am sewing,”

Life is expensive in the North, but Julia finds creative ways to make do, like selling her work in Inuvik while she brings her children there for medical check ups.

I’ve been offered a job as camp cook in 2010. I am taking it. I need to go to work to make a living for my family, but I don’t mind,” she smiles. She has a boy and three girls, the oldest is fifteen and the youngest is 21 months old.

Her oldest boy tries to show his appreciation for her by taking care of her. “He’s a teenager now, so it’s exciting. He is the man of the house, he hunts and works to make a living. He tries to buy me things, but I tell him to save it for himself,” she said. Julia tries to incorporate tradition into everything she does. She speaks in Inuvialuktun to her children. She said she kept her language by taking care of her parents and grandparents. When harvesters sell their harvest to the hotel, she is glad to make traditional dinners such as muskox stew and stir fry.

Julia Ekpakohak hones her skills as chef at the Arctic Char Inn in Ulukhaktok.

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Illustration by Trevor Okheena


Honestly!

Youth Speak Up Nutaqat Uqaqtut

Suicide

Topic: , Reasons and Prevention Honestly! is a new column in Tusaayaksat. How do you say, ‘Honestly?’, do you stretch it out ‘Hoooneestttly!’ like we Northerners do? This new column is all about our common knowledge; we will be discussing with northern youth their honest opinions on issues that impact them. Our first topic to be handled is suicide. We believe with more openness and discussion, everyone will feel better and honor their lives more! find it hard to trust someone to not betray your secret. Obsessing about the problem by ourselves can make it seem worse, we might give too much importance to a failed relationship, mistakenly believing it was our only chance.

A

ccording to an Inuit Statistical Profile postedv on Inuit Tapiriit Kanatami’s (ITK) website, the Inuit suicide rate is more than eleven times higher than the overall Canadian rate. We asked Ulukhaktok youth Trevor Okheena to talk to young people in his community, to find out the factors that they see as causing suicide. The youth of Ulukhaktok also came up with some suggestions and solutions for the issue.

Reported by Trevor Okheena

Suicide seems to happen in northern communities for many reasons. Drugs, alcohol and even relationships can be triggers leading to suicide. There is a vicious cycle. When you are a teenager in high school, you tend to stay out late on school nights, and want to sleep in the next day. That leads to decreased attendance. You start dropping classes and then get kicked out of school. It is hard enough to try to find a job around here, you do not have much of an option in terms of careers. Some people think of themselves as useless. If they cannot get a job. If parents begin asking if their children are ready to find a job or move out soon, that leads to more stress.

Relationships

Relationships are the best and the worst of one’s experience in small northern communities. There can be the happiest couples, and in contrast also the angriest couples. When you are a teen you try to have many relationships while trying to find the one person who truly makes you happy. When you find that ‘special someone’, you tend to fall hard. Everything seems to be going fine, and all of a sudden it all falls apart. When the deepest love that you have ever felt is unrequited, either with the one you love kissing somebody else, or if the other person only wants to be friends, your heart feels broken like it never has been before. You might run away in tears, hoping to find someone you can trust to share your personal feelings with, but you might find that hard, because in a small community, so many of us are related. We might

Friendship and Gossip Gossip can spread pretty fast in a small community, even if the gossip is not true. The person being gossiped about will try hard to find out how it started, but sometimes the gossip can go around for days, weeks, even months. This could lead someone to think of suicide. Chelsea Olifie photo

In our community, we have close friendships amongst small groups of people, beginning from when we were very young. However, that could change as we grow to like different things. When friendships change, and people stop talking or looking at each other, the other person almost seems to not exist anymore. That does not last long, we soon begin missing and thinking of the best friendship we once shared, and hoping that we could undo the mistake we made.

What kind of solutions do the youth themselves suggest?

Justine Okheena says, Do something, or go somewhere that keeps you from staying in too much, from thinking about alcohol and drugs. You could try to get a youth center in our community, so people could have someplace they would like to go.>> 35


Honestly!

Suicide

Topic: , Reasons and Prevention

Youth Speak Up Nutaqat Uqaqtut

Chelsea Olifie photo

Get Active: Depression lifts when you

are active. Find things that are fun to do, take on challenges, excercise, and talk to others!

Do sports outdoors or at the gym. Don’t do reckless driving. Young people in our community usually stay in, play poker and smoke weed because there is usually nothing else to do in a small community. If there is something we can do to stay active then everyone would be healthy.

Tracey Joss said, If you’re thinking about suicide, you can get help. Just talk to someone that you know, that you can trust. There are a few examples of people you can trust: your best friend, a social worker, school councilor, your teacher or even your parents. Take it one step at a time, you know in your heart you will feel better eventually.

You can’t always run away from your problems. Deal with them. It’s life. You will learn from your mistakes. Just let people know how you are feeling. Get it out. Talk to someone and you will feel better. Stay away from drugs and alcohol. It won’t do you any good.”

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Micah Okheena said, “Suicide is something most youth who

live in northern communities have thought about. It may seem like the easy way out, but it isn’t. Most youth start doing drugs and alcohol at an early age, and after the first experience, they will want more, because they feel there is not much else to do. School is important, but sometimes it feels boring because we don’t have enough courses to choose from. The youth here need something to keep us busy, like a youth center and more sports. Suicide doesn’t need to happen.”

Crystal Kuneyuna said, “I grew up around a suicidal father.

The best thing to do is to let people know how you are feeling. Talk to someone (not just anyone, but someone you trust) who will understand how you are feeling in that moment. Don’t leave someone who is feeling down alone.”

Interested in more resources to deal with suicide? Go to www.honouringlife.ca or call the Inuvik Suicide Crisis Line Phone: (867) 777-1234 Monday to Friday, 5 p.m. - 8:30 a.m. or check out http://www.kidshelpphone.ca/


Congratulations to Richard Cockney and Katrina Gruben,

who celebrated their wedding day at Kitti Hall in Tuktoyaktuk on August 8th, 2008. — With love, your family and friends

David Stewart photo

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By Zoe Ho

Youth Speak Up Nutaqat Uqaqtut

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Youth Speak Up Nutaqat Uqaqtut

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Elder Story Innaum Quliaqtuanga

Youth Speak Up Nutaqat Uqaqtut


My mind is my teacher:

Eddie Gruben’s Driving Fo Words By Zoe Ho

With many thanks to Maureen and Merven Gruben for their assistance

Eddie and the dog team that he describes as ‘the dogs who made me millions.’ He began his transportation business with only a dog team over five decades ago.

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Elder Story Innaum Quliaqtuanga

Force

It

Eddie Gruben in 2008

was a bitterly cold spring in 1924. Angnaeennaq, a young Inuvialuit woman traveled with three starving dogs, and two equally hungry children, one aged five (Eddie), the other aged ten (Diamond), from Tuktoyaktuk to Saunaktuuk. The thirty-mile journey was arduous. As the woman became tired, her children would try to push ahead to help the dogs. The younger boy remembers that his mother had only snow to eat. The first night they camped at Amittuuq, before a big hill. The shelter his mother built was two snow-blocks high, with a canvas over the top. When they woke up the next day, they kept walking to Saunaktuuk, where they camped again in the cold. Angnaeennaq, decided to make three fishing holes along the sandspit. The five-yearold boy was the first to hook a fish. It was too heavy for him, so he called his stepmother, and she pulled it out. That day they caught over thirty fish. The three took their fish back to their shelter, eating it raw. They felt so good and strong. “Now we are rich,� said the young boy. The young boy was Eddie Gruben. Today he is eighty-eight. The lessons from his life are remarkable. His daughter Maureen Gruben has been taking notes when her father reminisces, and the story above is one he loves to tell.

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Eddie’s self-made company, E. Gruben’s Transport Ltd. is now a multi-million dollar enterprise specializing in construction, transportation, and services for the oil and gas industry. The company has major holdings in the Mackenzie Delta Hotel Group, Storm Communications, and Horizon North Logistics, and has offices in Inuvik, Tuktoyaktuk, Edmonton and British Columbia, employing over 250 employees during peak work season. Even though Eddie is current more ‘rich’ materially, than when he was at age five, his maintains a simple lifestyle. His meals are mostly made up of fish and caribou, and he is grateful each time he eats country food. He says his greatest achievement is being alive to enjoy his family life, with his many children, grandchildren and great grandchildren. One of the notes Maureen took reads: I remember everyday of my life since 1924. I was born in 1919. I sure have seen a lot of change in my life -- from the hard way of living, fighting for survivial, to modern day living. I know both sides of life. Eddie’s life began with ‘hard living’. He was born about 7 miles from the mouth of the river at Kittigaruit. His father was John Gruben, a German man who came to the Western Arctic with whaling ships in the 1800s. He managed the Hudson’s Bay trading post at Kittigaruit, a summer whale camp and gathering place for the Inuvialuit. He was only in his early twenties, when he met Eddie’s mother in the Delta. Her name was Mary (Talromek). She was about fifteen years old. “I was two days old when I was adopted by a couple in Tuktoyaktuk (Angnaeennaq, and Paniksak),” said Eddie. “They wrapped me up in a deerskin, I was brought over with a dog team, and my [adoptive] parents had a log house right here [on a small pingo in Tuktoyaktuk].” During the epidemic flu in Aklavik, Eddie was seven. He remembers being asked to run down to the river to get water for people, who were dying in their tents. There was a young four-year-old girl helping him. The next day they would check on the people they brought water to, and find them all dead. The young girl, Alice Cockney, would later become his wife. Eddie went to residential school in Hay River. When the Great Depression hit Canada in the 1930s, the schools sent many students home. Eddie was in grade four, and had become orphaned. “I had no home, my step-parents were dead, my grandparents were dead,” Eddie said. A Caucasian trapper, Gus Eastanak, asked Eddie to come trap with him at Kuaaluk. They would travel by Gus’ boat, the Goldenhein. Eddie still remembers Gus saying, “Hey, boy, do you want to come with me? You won’t be lonely. There’s lots of other boys to play with. You can use my boat and I’ll teach you how to trap.” The lonely boy grew strong and self-sufficient. Somehow, he was driven by a belief: everybody had it within himself or herself to survive and to make good of their lives. He became an excellent hunter and trapper. “It never cost me anything to raise my kids,” he said. “Alice would make the clothes and patch them. Behind every man is a good woman, and if you have a good woman to come home to, it makes you work harder.” This year, E. Gruben’s Transport Ltd celebrates officially its 35th anniversary, but Eddie’s business was begun more than two decades before that. Eddie adapted well to change. In the winter, when the RCMP needed dog teams to travel by, Eddie was hired as a guide from Tuktoyaktuk to Bailey Island. In the summer he made dry fish that the RCMP would buy for food and for their dogs.

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Alice and Eddie Gruben with three of their children.


Husband and wife team: Alice and Eddie Gruben worked hard to provide for their family.

Elder Story Innaum Quliaqtuanga

I made dryfish for the RCMP, ” he said. It was a profitable business. “Honestly nobody taught me how to start the business. I watched so many guys from down south come up here in big trucks, all kinds of machines, and we in Tuk, we had nothing.”

“I am an inquisitive person. I like to ask, no matter to who, how did you do that?” When the old Mangilaluk School was built in Tuktoyaktuk, Eddie asked the truck driver how much he was paid per load. “When he told me it was $15 a load, to me it sounded like a million dollars.” “I thought if they could do that, I could do it too. I was a good trapper. I made a lot of money trapping.” At a fur auction in Edmonton, Eddie was able to make enough to invest in modern equipment. “That’s when I bought my bombardier snow mobile.” This bombardier, bought through the RC missionary Father Ruyant and the RCMP, made him even more money, and he was able to buy a gravel hauling truck next. Over the next decade, Eddie was able to watch for opportunities brought on by oil exploration and government construction, and to reinvest his earnings into more assets, and more ways to accumulate profit. While other businesses might seek to purchase by credit, Eddie was proud that he was able to purchase trucks, front-end loaders and CAT machines without borrowing. When people working on the DEW Lines needed goods transported to them, Eddie would travel for eight hours on his Bombardier from Tuktoyaktuk to Aklavik, in order to deliver. “That’s how I started,” he said. “I used to work day and night in those days, I always really worked hard. I made every dollar from my hard work, I used my head for my teacher.” When the oil and gas industry began its boom in the North, Eddie’s company boomed too. “From there, there was no looking back, we just kept on going. Now it’s one of the biggest companies in the whole Northwest Territories, Gruben’s Transport,” said Eddie. Eddie is fiercely independent. He refused to live in government housing when it was offered to him. Instead, he lived in tents, and then in a Hudson Bay House Alice bought with her earnings from the furshop. Eventually, he built a million dollar log house in the same spot his adoptive parents had built theirs. While he built his business, he also hunted and trapped for his family and others in his community. Eddie’s son Bobby and James worked alongside him in his business endeavors, while his daughters took care of his secretarial work, the bakery and the camp. In the early 1970s, Eddie met a young man who paddled to Tuktoyaktuk from Hay River with a kayak. “He was 19 years old, from New York,” said Eddie. “There were three of them traveling together, and they had a tent with a fire outside. They were roasting fish, but they had no bread. Before they left, someone had told them to come visit me, so they came when my wife had just finished baking. They ate a loaf each, hot bread and butter!” Russel Newmark would stay in the North and become an integral part of Eddie’s management team. Eddie is proud of his team: made up of Russel, James Lay, his oldest grandson Merven Gruben and head foreman Bob Stefure. They were able to take Eddie’s business to the next level. The company is still a family owned business.

Eddie takes a break from fishing with the first Bombardier snowmachine he purchased.

“I helped so many people out. That’s why I was blessed. I gave myself to the people,” said Eddie. His company continues to support

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Northern initiatives for youth and sports, as well as employ and train many northerners. It is now the biggest company in the Northwest Territories. Eddie and many members of his family continue to live in Tuktoyaktuk. He believes “There’s no place like Tuktoyaktuk,” especially after his extensive travels. “You get all kinds of animals here,” he said. “So much moose, caribou, beluga whales, seals, polar bears, geese, and so much wood, whole pieces, even logs.” Many of his children and grandchildren continue to contribute community, including one as a teacher and Merven Gruben, vice president of the company, is also mayor of Tuktoyaktuk. Eddie is proud of all his nine children, and encourages his family to believe in the philosophy that “No matter what color, what race, we are all alike. And your mind is your teacher, it’s all in your mind, it’s just a matter of using it.” He celebrates the achievements of his two grandsons, Sheldon Lundrigan, a pilot for Canadian North and Toby Stefure, who is training for his commerial pilot’s license. Merven Gruben said, “I am really proud of my grandpa. He sacrificed a lot to make life good for us. He’s at the age now to be retired, and to be well looked after.” As for the business, Merven said, “We look forward to the future and the future looks good.”

Eddie Gruben and son Bobby.

Isumaga ilisautdjiviga: Eddie Gruben Qarisaaluk Isumaliuruuyuaq Beverly Amos Mumiktitait

E. Gruben’s Transport LTD. today: heavy machinery, a large camp in Tuktoyaktuk and a Gruben’s transport truck on the ice road. (Merven Gruben photos)

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Taavyumani 1924 upinngaami qiqauvialuktuaq. Angnaeennaq, arnaq nutauyuaq Inuvialuumiblunilu aulamayuaq qimmiliyaqluni pingasunik qimmini payanapittillugit, malrungniktauq nutaralik kaaktuaktauq, atausiq tallimatun ukiulik, tugliaptauq qulitun ukiulik atinga Diamond Tuktuuyaqtuumin Sauniqtuumun aulamayuat. Thirty-milestun aulamayuat ayurnaqtumi. Arnaq taamna yarangasigami, nutaraalungik ikayuqniaqsimayait qimmit. Nukatpiraaluk taamna itqariyaa amaamani apunmik nirimagami allanik niqiksailam. Tanmaatqaaqtuat Amitturmi, qimiryuam satqaanun. Amaamaa igluliuqtuaq qutchiksilugu malruktun avguqtanik apunmik qaangagun aasiin tupiqsamik iliyiblugu. Ublaakunngurmaung tupagamik, pisuakkiqtuat Sauniqtuumun, tamaani tanmaaqtuat qiqimi. Angnaeennaq isumaliuqtuaq pakkaliurukluni pingasunik tamaani tapqami. Taamna nukatpiraaluk tallimanik ukiulik iqaluktuaq sivullirmik. Uqumaitpallaaqlugu, amaamaksani ququakkiraa, amaamaa nutqiblugu piyaa. Pingasuuyuat aasiin uqquutiksamun aggitiyaat iqaluk, uilaqtuqtuat iqalungnik. Nakitqiyuat aasiin nakuruklutik. “Umialinnguqtuanni,” unniqtuaq nukatpiraaluk.


From humble beginnings to wealth: From owning a taxi, to a bus, to an aeroplane.

Elder Story Innaum Quliaqtuanga Taamna nukatpiraaluk atqa Qarisaaluk. Ubluq, eighty-eightun ukiuniktuaq. Ilisaangit inuusimingni marlangnaqtut. Pania Maureen Gruben aglaksimayait aappani quliarman itqaumayanginnik, una quliaq quliaruuyaa nakuugiblugu. Qarisaaluk savagviliuqtuaq inmiguaqłuni, E. Gruben’s Transport Ltd. Angivialuktuq savagvia qangma akiruaqtuq multi-million dollartun savaaruaqtuq piliuqlutik sunik, aulaviksaniklu, savaaruaqluiglu uqsiqiyinun. Ilaumayuat savaamingnik ukuanik pimablugugulu tamatkikapsainik ukuanik Mackenzie Delta Hotel Group, Storm Communications, Horizon North Logisticslu, aglagviruaqlutik ukuani Inuuvik, Tuktuuyaqtuuq, Edmonton, British Columbiamilu, savaktiruaqtuat 250tun savaksait inugiaksimmata ilaanni. Qangma Qarisaalum inuusia ayupsangaittuq, taimanitun inngituq tallimanik ukiuruaqtiluni, inuusiruaqtuq qangma sapirnaittumik suli allangasuitpangniqtuaq. Nirisuuyuq suli iqalungniklu tuktuniklu, quyasukpaktuaq nirimagami niqiptingnik nunamin. Quviasuktuaruuq inuugami suli ublumi quviagiyait ilangit iqatigimagit, nutarait, inrutaalungitlu inrutaalutqiutingitlu. Atausimik uvva aglaamingnik taiguqtuaq Maureen: Inuusira puiguyuitkiga 1924mingaaniin. Aniyuami 1919 ukiungani. Inugiaktuanik takuyuami inuusimni allanguqtuanik – sapirnaqtumin inuusinik, qangmamun aglaan nutaani inuuniarusinun. Ilisimayunga tamainnik inuusingnik.

Eddie designed the logo of his company.

Qarisaaluum inuusinga sivunrani ‘sapirnaqtuaq’. Aniyuaq tallimat malrungnik milestun paanganin Kitigaaryuum kuunganin. Aappaa John Gruben, Gamaaluk qaiyuaq Uallinirmun arvirniaqtigun 1800ni ukiungani. Niuvvaayauyuaq Hudson Bayiitkuni Kitigaaryungmi, auyami tamaani Inuvialuit qilalukkiarviani katimagiaqtuqpaktuatlu tamaani. Taimani ukiuruaqtuaq twentiesnik, tatdjvani Uummarmi takuyaa Qarisaaluum amaamaa Mary Talromek. Ukiuruaqtuaq nutaublunili fifteentun. “Malruktun ubluruarama tiguuyuami Tuktuuyaqtuuq (Anaraatchiaq and Paniksaq),” uqallaktuaq Qarisaaluk. “Uliktitaani qunngium amiinnik, ikaktuami umiamik, tiguuvikka igluruaqtuak qiyuvialungmik maani [pinguqsaaryualungmi Tuktuuyaqtuumi].” Taimani fluuqpaalungmata Akłarvik, Qarisaaluk tallimat malruktun ukiuruaqtuaq. Itqaumayuaq quliutimmatdjung imiqtariaqublugu kuungmin, inuinnun tuqunapittuanun imitqublugit. Angnaeennaq sitamatun ukiuruaqtuaq ikayuqsimayaa. Ublaakunngurman takuyaqtuqpagait imiqtittuanun, paqitpagait tuqungayuat. Naluniqtuaq taamna arnaaraaluk atinga Alice Cockney (nuliurutiyaa aasiin seventeentun ukiunirman). Qarisaaluk ilisariaqsimayuaqtauq ilisarvingmun Hay Rivermun. Taima aasiin Inuusiq tamainnun Sapirnaqsiyuaq Kanatami 1930sni, ilisarviit inugiaktunik ilisaqtuanik aggitinigait nunaminun. Qarisaaluk ilisaqsimayuaq sitamani ukiuni, iliappanguqłunilu. “Aimaviruanngituami, ilakka tuquyuat, tiguuviikka tuquyuat, ataataakka tuquyuat,” Qarisaaluk taimaliyuaq. Uuma naniriaqtuqti tanaaluk Gus Eastanak apiriyaa Qarisaaluk naniriaqatigisuklugu Kuugaalungmi. Aulavaktuak Gus’gum umianganik, atinga Goldemhein. Qarisaaluk itqariyaa suli Gus uqallangman, “Nukatpiraaluuk, aulaqatigisukpinga? Aliasulaittutin. Nukatpiqqat inugiaktuat piuyaqatiginiaritin, umiara atulagin ilisautiniaripkin naniriaqturnirmik.” Aliasuktuaq nukatpiraaluk suangamuktuqtuaq inmigun munarilasiblunilu. Qanuqlunikiaq, ukpirutiruarniqtuaq: tamaita inuit sunngurukkumik sunngulayuq inuulasibluni nakuuyumik. Naniriaqtinguqtuaq anguniaqtinngurlunilu ilimmaariksilugik.

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Uvani ukiumi, E. Gruben’s Transport Ltd ilimayuaq 35th ukiuni, aglaan Qarisaaluum savaanga isagutiyuaq sivuani qulini malrungni ukiuni. Qarisaaluk allanguqtillugu inuusiq inmiptauq maliksimayaa. Ukiumi, Amaqqut qimmiliruaqtuanik qinirmata aulasukkamik, Qarisaaluk aullautivagait Tuktuuyaqtuumin Utqalungmun atuqtitpagait qimmini akiliusiaqluni. Auyami, pipsiliurutivagait Amaqqut niuviqpagait qimminunlu niriksamingniklu atuqlugit. “Amaqqunun pipsiliuqtuami maniksitillunga taimanna,” uqallaktuaq. “Allam ilisautinngitaani savaamnik isakkaarama. Takunnakpakatka inugiaktuat tanngit nunaannin qaimayuat aksaligyuamik aqublutik, allagiiktuanik aksaliganik, uvaguttauq aasiin Tukmi, suittugut.”

The Gruben family’s first cabin. Traditional hunting with snowmachines.

Russel Newmark aullangittuaq savaakkiqtuaq aasiin ikayuqlugu Qarisaaluk’m savagviani angalatchiyinnguqluni. Qarisaaluk marlagiyait savaktingit: ilaumayut ukuat: Russel, James Lay Bob Kefirlu, inrutaaluni angayukliq Merven Gruben unalu munaqsiyingat Bob Stefure. Aglipsaapkaraat Eddie’m savagvia ilaliblugit Qarisaaluklu ilangitlu.

“Uvanga ilisimasukpaktunga sunik. Apiqsisuuyunga sunik, kinaliqaamun, qanuq pivakpit taimanna?” Mangilaaluum Ilisarvia napinmatdjung Tuktuuyaqtuumi, Qarisaaluk apiriyaa aksaligaqti qanuqtun akiliusiarman nunamik usiarman. “Uqallautigaminga $15tun akiliusiaqtuaq atausirmik usiarman nunamik, uvamnun million dollarstun ittuaq.” “Isumayuami taimanna pilangagumik, uvangaptauq taimaliulayungaptauq. Naniriaqtulguyuami. Maninnaktuami naniriaqturama. Tunimmagit tuniyiviksamun Edmontonmi, niuviqtuaq allanik aksalikkamik bombardiermiklu.”

Eddie and son Bobby.

Una bombardier, niuviqtuaq RCiit minisitangatigun Father Ruyant suli Amaqqut maninnaktigiyaat angiyumik, taimana niuviqtuaq usiarviksamik uyaraliamik aksaligaqyuamik. Qulini ukiuni aasiin, Qarisaaluk savaaksaniktuaq uqsuryualiqiyuani kavamanilu, maniksinnami niuvipsaaqtuaq allamik taimannaptauq maninnaksibluni kiilumik. Allat savagviruaqtuat inmikun niuviyuitpangniqtuat inmikun, Qarisaaluk marlaktuq inminun niuviramitigit inmigun atugaksamik qiniyuittuq niuvirami aksalikkamik, front-end loadersniglu CAT ingniqutainiklu. Savaktuat DEW Linesni aulaviksanik qinirmata, Qarisaaluk aullautivagait aulabluni tallimat-pingasunik ikaarnini Bombardierkun Tuktuuyaqtuumin Akłarvingmun, usiaqluni sunik. “Taimanna aullaqiyuami,” uqallaktuaq. “Taimani savakpaktuami sivitiyumik ublumilu unnuamilu, savavialukpaktuami. Maniksatka savavialuklunga piyatka, isumaga aturiga ilisarama.” Uqsiqiyit niuqtuakirmata Nunagiyaptingni, Qarisaaluum savagvia aglimuktuaq $70 milliontun atausimi ukiumi. “Taimangaaniin nutqangittuanni. Qangma anginiqsauyuq allanin savagvianin tamainnin Nunatchiami ittuat, Gruben’s Transport,” imaliyuaq Qarisaaluk.

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Ukiungani 1970s, Qarisaaluk takuyaa nukatpiaq anguaqluni qayamik Tuktuuyaqtuumuktuaq Hay Rivermin. “Ukiuruaqtuaq 19tun, qaimabluni New Yorkmin,” uqallaktuaq Qarisaaluk. “Pingasuuyuat aulamaniqtuat, tupiqturniqtuat ingniliuqlutiglu silami. Iqalungnik siratitdjiniqtuat, aglaan punniiniqtuat. Aullaqtinnagit, inuk uqallautinigait itiriaqtuqublunga, qaiyuat nuliara punniliuqsimamman. Niriyuat aullaittumik, uunaqtumik punniq paralu!”

“Ikayuqsimayatka inuit inugiaktuat. Taimanna utiqtitpaktuaq uvamnun. Uvamnik qaitchiyuami inuinnun ikayuruklugit,” uqallaktuaq Qarisaaluk. Savagvianin ikayuqpagait nutaat inuit Nunaptingniittuat piuyariaqsimagamik, nunaptingni ilisautdjilugitlu inugiaktuat savaguktuat. Qangma anginiqsauyuq allanin savagvingnin Nunatchiami. Qarisaaluklu ilaitlu inugiaktuat inuuniaqtut suli Tuktuuyaqtuumi. Ukpiriyaa “Allanin nakuutqiyauyuq Tuktuuyaqtuuq,” aulamayuaq inugiaktunun nunanun. “Allagiiktuanik niryutiruaqtuanni maani,” uqallaktuaq. “inugiaktut tuktuvait, tuktut, qilalukkat, natchiit, nannut, kanngut, qiyuligaaqtauq inugiaktuanik, angiyuaqpangmik aulaittumik.” Inugiaktut nutarait inrutaalungitlu ikayuruuyut inuuniarvianun, atausiq ilisautdjiyuiyuq unaptauq Merven Gruben tugliuyuq ataninganun, mayoryauyuaq Tuktuuyaqtuumun. Qarisaaluk piqpagiyait nutarait qulingiluatun inugiaktut, uqautivagait inrutaalungit ukpirutqublugit upiriyanginnik “Kinaliqaa inuk suminliqaa qaimayuaqtauq atautchiuyugut. Isumatin ilisautilagaatin, isumaktun ittuq, aturupku iluaqtuamun nakuuyuq.” Marlagiyaik malruk inrutaalungik, Sheldon Lundrigan, aquti Canadian Northmi unalu Toby Stefure, ilisaqsimayuaq aqutinnguruklunilu tingmiyualungmun. Merven Gruben uqallaktuaq, “marlagivialukkiga ataataga. Savavialukluni sanniaqlugu uvaptingnun. Savangairniaqtuaq, munarimmaringniarikput.” Savagviani suli, Merven uqallaktuaq, “Sivunmun takunaksimayuanni nakuuniaqtuakiaq sivuniksavut.”

All photos except potraits courtesy of Eddie Gruben and family.

“Nutaqqatka inugurniarapkit akiruanngittuami,” uqallaktuaq. “Alice annuraaliuqpaktuaq ilaaqtublugitlu. Angutit tamarmik nakuuyumik arnaruaqtuat, arnaruaruvit nakuuyuamik, taimannaptauq savavialugungniaqtutin.”

Elder Story Innaum Quliaqtuanga Qarisaaluk inmiguaqluni pivaktuq. Kavamat igluanun nuutchungituaq qaitchiniaqtilutik. Tupirmi inuuniaqsimayuaq, aasiin Alice niuviqtuaq iglumik Hudson Baymin akiliusainginnik miqurvingmun akiliblugu. Igluqpaaluliuqtuaq aasiin qiyungnik akiruaqtuanik million dollatun suli iliyaa tiguuvingik iniyaaluanginnun. Savagviani aglimuktuqtillugu naniriaqtuqpaktuaq anguniaqlunilu savautilugit ilangitlu inuuniaqatingitlu. Eddie’m irnaak Bobby Jameslu savaqatigiyaak savagviani, paningittauq ikayuqlugu aglagvianilu, niqliurvianilu savagvianilu.


Team NWT holding up the Inuvialuit flag.

In The News Tusaayaksani

NAIG GAMES

Above: NWT Thunder- Girls soccer team coached by Greta Sittichinli, Janelle Frost and Sharla Greenland

‘08

Team NWT delegates and Miss Southerns from Colorado.

Go Team NWT!

Photos by Billie Lennie

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Drum Dance Becomes Spontaneous Words by Zoe Ho

Photos by Billie Lennie

Jeremy Allen, Tegan Allen and Olivia Lennie danced at the North American Indigenous Games.

H

ave you seen a performance by any of the drum dance groups in the Inuvialuit Settlement Region lately? In Paulatuk, youth are performing for each other even as they have a bonfire in the hills along Rat Lake. In Tuktoyaktuk, even little children are not shy to try dancing in front of visitors they are meeting for the first time. At an elder’s committee meeting in Ulukhaktok, they discussed holding drum dance lessons and hip hop dance lessons in conjuction, to further promote the traditional culture to the youth. Billie Lennie, who is a coordinator the Inuvik Drummers and Dancers (along with Wendy Smith) is pleased to report her group has recently been performing in British Columbia, even spontaneously, on various occasions. When the Inuvik Drummers and Dancers were in Cowichan, BC, courtesy of the Aboriginal Sports Circle Western Arctic, to perform at the North American Indigenous Games (NAIG), councilor Dale Harry invited the group to perform for his band, the Squamish First Nation. It became a night of dance and cultural exchange as the audience shared their traditional dances with the drum dancers. The drum dance group also visited a friend living in BC. “ We visited Don MacWatt. He used to live in Aklavik, lots of us knew him,” said Billie. Don had a large backyard, set in beautiful nature. “That evening, we had a barbeque, swam in a swimming hole, and we ended up drum dancing in the field by the fire. That was really cool. We taught his daughters, and even he got up to dance.”

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TUSAAYAKSAT FA LL 2008

While the plane taking the NAIG performers home was delayed for a day in Victoria, the drum dancers also made the most of their time. Not only did they explore the city, they also showed the people sitting outside the terminal their culture. “We pulled out our drums, and taught more kids there. Then the Dene drummers also pulled out their drums, it was great,” said Billie. “If somebody wants to learn, Nungkey (Brian Rogers, lead singer and drum dancer) will stop whatever he’s doing and teach them,” said Billie of the group’s lead teacher. “Nungkey is in demand. Last year he was teaching sewing, drum dancing at school and also at the Inuvik Drummers and Dancers practices, which begin usually in Fall and is open to anyone interested.


Special Feature Nuitaniqsaq Quliaq

Billie and her husband Hans first learned drum dancing when their daughter Alicia was too shy to learn by herself. “She started when she was about 1 year old,” said Billie, “We’ve been involved in drum dancing now for about 15 years.” The drum dance group’s coordinators are now training more youth to explain the dances to audiences. While the group visited BC, they also did a performance for the Vancouver Olympics Committee. They are hoping to perform at the 2010 Olympic Games in Vancouver, along with Inuit from other regions. Peggy Jay at the Inuvialuit Regional Corporation is helping with their application. The Inuvik Drummers and Dancers warming up their drums while visiting Don MacWatt’s home in BC.

Kevin Allen teaching some dances while waiting for a flight at the airport.

Hans Lennie learns to drum the Dene way.

Lillian Elias presenting a Quivit blanket from the Inuvik Drummers and Dancers and receiving a gift as well.


Living Fully, Loving Life If you were watching the North American Aboriginal Games (NAIG) on APTN this summer, you might have seen a familiar face holding up a banner for Team Yukon -Jasmine Gordon. We last profiled Jasmine with her sister, Leanne, last year, while she was making her way through high school. Now, not only has Jasmine made it to graduation, she has also had a great final high school year, traveling for sports all over Canada! Q: How did you feel on the day of your graduation?

Q: What does being native mean to you?

Jasmine: I felt excited. It was the best feeling ever. I kept thinking to myself, "Wow, I've actually made it this far." All those years of schooling are totally worth it. Just seven more years to go!

Jasmine: Being native is amazing. We have a lot of benefits and I love my culture. I'm proud of being an Inuvialuit and Inupiaq living in the Yukon.

Q: What a beautiful picture of you at Native Graduation. What is Native Graduation?

Q: Was it hard to get to graduation? Jasmine: It was hard. Especially in the last few years. I lost my focus in school. I think it happens to a few people. It just started getting harder in most of my

Banner holder for Team Yukon.

Team jackets.

Jasmine Gordon (R) with best friend Carrie Smythe on graduation day. Jasmine: Native Grad is a graduation ceremony for aboriginal people all over the Yukon who have graduated that year. Guess what? I won an award and certificate at the Native Grad too. And thanks, my cousin did my make-up for me. Q: What kind of award did you win? Jasmine: It’s called the First Nation Graduation Committee Award. I received it because I attended a bilingual conference in Quebec last November. My former French teacher nominated me.

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classes, but I made it in the end. My only advice is, stay in school and DO your homework. You'll get further in life if you finish high school. Education is important in the world today. In the end, to get to where I am now, is just amazing. Q: What are your plans after high school? What next? Jasmine: I just applied at the Yukon College here. I am doing my first year of sciences.


Q: Where have you traveled this year for sports? Did you win any awards? Jasmine: I've traveled to Kelowna, B.C. in February. I've also traveled to the Arctic Winter Games in Yellowknife this year in March, and I went to NAIG in Cowichan Valley, B.C., it was all for badminton. Cowichan Valley was beautiful. There were so many people, and it was great seeing everyone get together for the games. The competition was great too. I had tons of fun playing against the different people across North America. I didn't win any medals, but I don't mind, just going somewhere for badminton is a great experience. There is lots of good competition out there also. Q: What's it like to travel so much with a large group? What was the most fun?

Jasmine at Native Graduation with her diploma.

Totem rising at NAIG opening ceremony.

Badminton Teammates. Team Yukon at NAIG games. Arctic Winter Games.

Jasmine and her supportive parents. Jasmine: It's good to travel with a large group, we stick together, and our teammates get along great! The most fun with them is going...shopping, of course! And playing badminton with them is a great privilege. Q: Are you still aiming to be a doctor? Jasmine: Yes, I'm not sure what med school I'm going to though, but we will have to see in the future. I plan on going back up north to Inuvik to be a doctor there. I would love that. I have a several more years ahead of me for schooling, but it will be worth it in the end.

Q: Life is unpredictable. But you can be anything you want, just persevere! Jasmine: I agree. Life is unpredictable. I want to be everything I can be! For instance, I love to sing, and I would love to be a professional badminton player! Oh, and I love driving fast, I want to try race in Nascar! Even just once! All photos courtesy of Jasmine Gordon Youth Speak Up Nutaqat Uqaqtut


Oceans Day & The Northern Games July 11th and 12th, 2008

Geo Pascal demonstrates the One -Foot High Kick.

Generations join efforts in the tea boiling contest.

TUSAAYAKSAT FA LL 2008

Pearl Gillis flies high in the air, knowing her grand uncle Gerry Kisoun will always catch her.


In The News Tusaayaksani The Northern Games comittee shows visitors how to blanket toss. Abel Tingmiak soars with their efforts!

The IRC Maktak Camp Float!

Muskrat skinning contest.

IRC flag bearers in the parade. Laughter at the muskrat skinning contest.

IDC’s float at the Ocean’s Day parade.

Connor Sullivan plays a cute beluga that trails the IRC float.


Youth Speak Up Nutaqat Uqaqtut

If

you are a soccer fan in Inuvik, then you have definitely met Lance Gray. Anywhere there is a soccer ball and people who are looking for a game; you can guarantee that if Lance is not far behind. A gifted athlete, Lance doesn’t limit himself to just soccer. He is also a rising volleyball star, talented long-distance runner, and a track and field enthusiast. There doesn’t seem to be many things that don’t come naturally to Lance. He spends most of his time practicing one sport or another, but you will never hear him admit that. “I never “practice”, but I am always playing around. I never think of it as training, its just fun,” said Lance. “All summer, we just went to the field everyday and played. When I went down south, I just played in my grandparents backyard, hacking or playing soccer with my cousins.” >>

Words & photos by Maia Lepage

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Soccer & Philosophy L

ance plays soccer like he was born with cleats on. He has a natural ability to create plays and work with his teammates, which is a skill that is not easily learned. “The best feeling is giving a perfect pass or a good cross,” says Lance, “or stopping a shot when you are on defense. That feels good too.” Lance’s love of soccer started when he was younger and would play pass with his Father, Sean Gray. They used to go to the field near their house and kick around the soccer ball. Every once in a while, his dad’s friends would join them and they would set up a game.

“I remember it was always fun,” said Lance. “We didn’t always work on a lot of shooting but I learnt a lot just playing around.” It wasn’t until grade 6 that Lance first played on a team. His friends, Jordan Rogers and Dwight Carpenter, convinced Lance that he should play on their school team. Once Lance played one season, he was hooked. In the summer of grade 7, Lance attended a high performance soccer camp, where he was able to play against other gifted soccer players. The same summer, Lance also attended a high performance volleyball camp and a track and field camp at the University of Calgary. Not your typical summer vacation! This past June, Lance traveled to Yellowknife to take part in the try-outs for Team NWT Men’s Soccer squad. Although the competition was incredibly tough, Lance managed to get through to the next round of tryouts in November. If Lance does well at those try-outs, then he will have the chance to represent the NWT in the Canada Summer Games in PEI next summer. It’s a great opportunity for Lance to show the rest of Canada just how skilled the northern players are becoming! One of the things that sets apart from other players is his attitude. Lance likes to focus on the positive points in games rather than the bad things that happen. “When my team gets scored on, I always tell my team that we’ll get it back. I like to stay positive when I am playing. I don’t like how some people get so serious with soccer. Even if we lose, after the game I make sure I say good game while everyone is walking off.” Always looking out for his teammates, Lance constantly makes it a point to involve all the players in the game. You gotta be competitive, but you gotta have fun,” ays Lance. In the future, Lance would like to play soccer at a college or university level, which hopefully leads to a semiprofessional career. If his soccer career doesn’t happen, Lance is prepared with a back-up plan. “I would like to be an accounting manager like my dad or an architect… or if that doesn’t happen a gym teacher.” One thing is for certain: Lance will definitely be on the Inuvik soccer scene. “I really want to be a coach in Inuvik,” said Lance, “My friend Brandon (Larocque) and I have been looking at the younger generation of players, and we both think they are going to be really good.” The famous philosopher Plato once said that you could discover more about a person in an hour of play than in a year of conversation. With that being said, I figured I knew everything there was to know about Lance because I have had the pleasure of watching him play on numerous occasions. In the hour I sat with Lance, I discovered that he is extremely respectful, kind and courteous of those around him. He has an insight that is very unique for a 16 year old to have and he is wise beyond his years (which he says he gets from his dad). “I was reading about Nationalism in social studies class,” said Lance, “and this guy had a theory that Nationalism wasn’t just about where you were from, but if you spoke the same language, it gave 2 people an invisible bond between them. I think it is the same with sports. If you both love the sport, there is an invisible bond there.” I have learnt more about Lance’s character in an hour of conversation than in a year of watching him play. He is an intelligent young man, who has the potential for greatness. Lance proved Plato wrong.

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Dancing,

at the top of the world.

SUAANGAN AND TAMAPTA ARE IN RERUN SEASON! Here is the schedule:

SUAANGAN To H av e S t r e n g t h Southern Feed (MST)

Tuesdays at 9pm and 12am Northern Feed ( M S T )

Sundays at 6:30pm Tuesdays at 9pm and 12am Fridays at 2:01pm

Tamapta

All of Our People

Fall, Paulatuk

IQAULUKPIK

Arctic Char Jamboree

Southern Feed (MST)

Wednesdays at 11:30am Northern Feed ( M S T )

Sundays at 3:30pm Wednesdays at 11:30am and 8:30pm Thursdays at 3:30pm and 10pm

Inuvialuit News + Culture

Tusaayaksat PO Box 1704 Inuvik NT X0E 0T0 Canada Post Contract 40049465

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INUVIK Cable Channel 12 & bell expressvu Channel 269 Satellite

Tusaayaksat, September 2008  

Tusaayaksat is the magazine of Canada's Inuvialuit, published from the Inuvialuit Settlement Region in Inuvik, NWT.

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