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Archaeological sites The walled settlement of Zonzamas is situated on a hill surrounded by a wide valley of fertile agricultural soils. It has several dwellings of the casas hondas (sunken house) category, a rectangular semisubterranean space divided into compartments that do not communicate, and that could have served as a store, and other stone structures. At the site’s highest point is the Cueva del Majo, which remains to be investigated, divided in its interior by high walls. This site has rendered a set of stone materials, stelas of great size, trapezoid sheets with symbolic motifs and one of the most symbolic pieces of furniture art in Lanzarote, the so-called Idolo sedente de Zonzamas (sedent idol), very similar in style to other figures of the Phoenician-Punic tradition, which are objects of great interest for their singularity among Tenerife’s archaeological finds. El Rubicon site is located at the Southern end of Lanzarote, very near to a coastline with coves and anchorages for vessels, an environment with abundant fishing resources. Here have been found the remains of a small enclosure of a similar type to the storage facilities of the Phoenician trading

post of Mogador and two underground wells of different architectural styles. The largest follows the building technique of Roman cisterns, built in great quantity along the Mauritanian coastline, in areas of little rainfall and normally associated with salting factories. The secondlargest, el Pozo (the well) de La Cruz, follows the linteled scheme used in Punic burial chambers of the Central Mediterranean that were subsequently re-used for water collection. The finding of the anthropomorphic sign of Tanit on the entrance lintel leaves no doubt that it belongs to the Punic culture. From the site at EI Bebedero (Teguise), from which one visually dominates the cliffs of Famara, a great quantity of ceramic fragments from wheel-made flasks, probably made in Andalusia and used to hold and transport aliments such as wine, oil and garum from crop and fishing produce from this zone and from the Atlantic coast of Africa, subsequently redistributed from Andalusia to the four corners of the Empire. Along with these fragments have also been found several meta objects in copper, bronze and iron, belonging to Roman culture, with a chronology between the 1 st to 4th centuries a.d.

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