#NaturalParadise #preromanesque #caveart #UNESCO #museums #festivals
Edit: SOCIEDAD PÚBLICA DE GESTIÓN Y PROMOCIÓN TURÍSTICA Y CULTURAL DEL PRINCIPADO DE ASTURIAS, SAU Design: Paco Currás Diseñadores Layout: Zinco Pensamiento Creativo Cartography: Intermapa Texts: Sociedad Pública de Gestión y Promoción Turística y Cultural del Principado de Asturias, SAU Translation: Claudine Centro de Idiomas y Traductores Photography: Front cover - Benedicto Santos. Inside pages - Alfonso Suárez and own files Printed by: Estudios Gráficos Europeos, S.A D.L.: AS-03887/2013 ©CONSEJERÍA DE ECONOMÍA Y EMPLEO DEL PRINCIPADO DE ASTURIAS
DON’T THROW ME AWAY, RECYCLE ME!
TAKE CARE OF NATURAL PARADISE Fine Arts Museum of Oviedo
DENMARK UNITED KINGDOM HOLLAND BELGIUM
SWITZERLAND AUSTRIA PRINCIPADO DE ASTURIAS SPAIN BARCELONA
PALMA DE MALLORCA
sturias is a Natural Paradise treasuring its remarkable historical background resulting in a very rich cultural heritage, a legacy that becomes part of its identity and constitutes a major touristic destination. Within this heritage, art expressions declared World Heritage by UNESCO such as the Palaeolithic rock art and the Pre Romanesque stand out on their own. Even though it is a not a very large region, the diversity of the Principality of Asturias is enormous. This cultural mosaic must be discovered: from East to West without disregarding the peculiarity and remarkable personality of Aviles, Gijon and Oviedo conforming an essential triangle. It is a territory where archaeological sites, medieval towers and temples, noble houses of the modern period, coal mine towers or 19th industrial facilities live in harmony together with a magnificent ethnographic heritage that constantly surprises and shows the roots of this land. This tradition, crystallized in the mythology inherited from the most primitive believes and
in the festivals as living celebrations reveal the real nature of Asturias and of the Asturian people. Those towns receiving the Prince of Asturias Award are distinguishable features of a tradition being carefully preserved. They are villages where hundred-year-old houses, hórreos (food warehouses), paneras (bread warehouses) and mills witness how their inhabitants fight together for the survival of their way of living and of those values which do not have to be against progress. During the 19th and 20th centuries, Asturias underwent decisive changes thanks to both the industrialization process and the emigration to America which modelled its territory and defined its idiosyncrasy thus ensuring the preservation of its cultural heritage and its own identity up to the 21st century. For this reason, anyone who comes to Asturias enjoys the green paradise, the traces of its history. Heritage and identity permeate the process of experiencing indescribable, unique and one and only feelings. That is why Asturias is living culture.
Santa MarĂa del Naranco (Oviedo)
01 Introduction 04 UNESCO World Heritage Palaeolithic Rock Art Pre Romanesque in Asturias
09 Facilities for 21 st Century The Niemeyer Centre Laboral City of Culture The architectural complex of Buenavista
13 Asturias, Cinema Paradise The camera loves Asturias
16 Tradition and identity 17 Covandonga Covadonga and is paths
20 The Latin American memory 22 The Great Industrialization Legacy 24 A country of festivals Living celebrations
29 Museums and Resources of Interest 36 Map
#NaturalParadise #preromanesque #caveart #UNESCO #museums #festivals #asturias #culture
UNESCO World Heritage The Palaeolithic rock art Five Asturian caves have been included on the World Heritage list within the declaration of Northern Spanish Palaeolithic Rock Art. The UNESCO World Heritage list is the brand that acknowledges the excellence of the cultural heritage of mankind. Asturias managed to include two relevant manifestations in this exclusive selection thus expanding beyond its frontiers both the Palaeolithic rock art and the Pre Romanesque architecture and explicitly acknowledging their outstanding value and worldwide importance. Now we all can enjoy it
The Principality is full of late Palaeolithic testimonies (between 35,000 and 9,000 B.C.), as it counts on paints and engravings found in caves which are unmistakable remains of the existence of hunters and collectors in the Upper Palaeolithic and which document the artistic activity and the creation of later sedentary social communities. Among all them El Pindal, Tito Bustillo, Candamo, Covaciella and LlonĂn were chosen to become the best acknowledged Asturian sites worldwide. EL PINDAL (PIMIANGO, RIBADEDEVA). It is located at the mouth of the River Cares â€“ Deva, in the Eastern part of Asturias, which is a coastal area known as San Emeterio Cape. It counts on a unique way into the sea overlooking the coastline and on a 600m longitudinal gallery out of which the first 300m can only be visited. Divided into five areas, this set from the Magdalenian period houses zoomorphic representations such as deer, horses and bison standing out a fish and a mammoth.
TITO BUSTILLO CAVE is located in the Villa of Ribadesella. It opens at the mountain mass of Ardines integrating with the Karstic complex located next to the mouth of the River Sella where other caves such as La Lloseta or la Biesca stand out. Discovered in 1968, it is made up of just one 700m gallery long to which to adjacent areas lead. Its collection is organized into 11 sets (some including several panels) which gather more than a hundred engraved and painted representations related to two stages being the pre-Magdalenian period (red signals and little animal figures) and the Magdalenian period with several zoomorphic representations and different techniques. It should be mentioned that horses and reindeer transmit an extraordinary and living polychrome feeling thanks to using different pigments and to scraping off the outlines. The Gallery of Horses, Chamber of Vulvas and the recently discovered Anthropomorphic Gallery should also be highlighted. In addition, the adjacent Ardines Cave (inhabited later than Tito Bustillo cave) can be visited. It presents a large central room and visits are welcome during the whole year. Likewise, the Tito Bustillo Rock Art Centre building is located nearby. This innovating building displays an overall view of Asturias prehistory providing information and interesting archaeological pieces particularly these unique representations of the cave. LA PEÑA CAVE is located in San Román (Candamo) in the lower reaches of the River Nalón and close to its mouth and represents the most Western European Palaeolithic site. It opens at the base of a limestone hill and is made up of a small gallery that leads to a large room thus being totally 70 m long. This artistic area (some belongs to the Gravettian period up to the end of the Magdalenian period) is located in the Room of Engravings and it includes 6 panels. The two outstanding ones are the Wall of Engravings because of its numerous images and a complex organization based on superimposition and the Chamber which is a high cavity with representations of horses and bovid displayed as such to be looked at from the room thus revealing a clear and attractive scenography concept.
El Camarín (Candamo) STONE AGE Palaeolithic
Lower Asturian Rock Art
10.000 B:C. 7.000 B:C.
• 1 or 2 colours (black and red or yellow). • They used their fingers, burnt branches and rudimentary brushes.
• • • •
Animals (bulls, bisons, horses, deer, bears….) Hands and sexual organs. Abstract symbols. Quite realistic style except for the human figures highlighting their sexual organs.
Candamo Rock Information Centre and Didactic House are located in the refurbished Palace of Valdés-Bazán, a wonderful civil works from the 17th century. It displays full-scale reproductions of cave treasures together with a multimedia system dealing with Cantabrian rock art. Llonín and Covaciella complete the World Heritage Caves list and are fundamental to acknowledge Western Asturias as “Cave Paradise”. Teverga Prehistorical Park constitutes an authentic and complete experience to know this period particularly thanks to its “Cueva de Cuevas (Cave of Caves)” where the main European Palaeolithic Art samples are fully recreated.
Asturian Pre Romanesque Art In 1985 UNESCO agreed to register Santa María del Naranco, San Miguel de Lillo and Santa Cristina de Lena on the World Heritage list. In 1998, the registration was enlarged to include San Julián de los Prados, la Foncalada and the Holy Chamber of Oviedo’s Cathedral. Therefore, a total number of six the 9th century Asturian monuments enjoy such privilege thus confirming what experts had already stated. “It constitutes the most complex and homogenous set of Western Europe early Middle Ages architecture. Its geographical gathering and the exceptional conservation quality of its original status turn it into a unique piece.” Its name may suggest that this art constitutes the prelude of the later Romanesque architecture but nothing could be further from the truth. The architecture identified with the origin of the Kingdom of Asturias and dated in the 9th century and early 10th century A.C is the end period of a constructive tradition starting during the Paleochristian period as its techniques, spaces and decorations show. It is demonstrated that this set takes part in the European trends of its time contrary to the repeated assertion of the isolation and delay of our cultural expresssions. Our Pre Romanesque architecture proves how the Kingdom of Asturias was involved with major European building trends equalling the level reached by the Carolingian and Byzantine courts. It shares some features found in European architecture of similar scale or intention. Different typologies live together: exteriors show spatial compartmentalisation whereas interiors are directed to semidarkness, bonding and concealment. Decorations are different but based on a rich western repertoire as back as the Late antiquity.
The decorations of these works present a combination of original pieces and those recycled from pillaging. However, it is the pictorial decoration the main achievement of this structural set. Even though the external decoration has been worn out by the passing of time, the extraordinary interior is preserved which could be classified as the most important Western European painting set from early Middle Age. SANTA MARÍA DEL NARANCO. This work, dated in year 848 due to its altar dedication, is still an enigma nowadays. It was not for liturgical use and might have been part of a larger set to be the residence (fixed or temporary) of King Ramiro I, its promoter. It was used as a temple at least from the beginning of the 12th century to the first quarter of the 20th century although it originally fulfilled other aims. Its symmetric and harmonic arrangement with two floors and three rooms on each is quite different from what is expected for such purpose despite the religious icons found in its rich decoration (a collection of 32 medallions stands out). It could have witnessed performances, celebrations and private masses. SAN MIGUEL DE LILLO This temple was also erected at the bottom of the Naranco Mountain between the years 842 and 850 and was also promoted by Ramiro I. It honoured San Miguel from the 12th century onwards. Only one third of the original construction remains today as most of the totally vaulted building collapsed at the end of the 11th century. Having the structure been consolidated, it was completed with a basic Eastern chapel during the same period. Among its sculptural decorations, 20 column bases with symbolic representations of the evangelists stand out and particularly, the portico jambs with two outstanding monolithic pieces representing Roman circus games.
SAN JULIÁN DE LOS PRADOS (SANTULLANO) SANTA CRISTINA DE LENA It is a unique case due to the complexity of its internal distribution and its floor plan. It has a single access, indicating its use by an undifferentiated congregation dedicated to serving a monastery. This theory is reinforced by the richness of the iconographic program which can be inferred from the internal capitals and latticework as well in the project’s mastery technique subject to metric rations. It is dated a little bit later than year 848. Its current appearance comes from the restoration process taken place at the end of the 19th century and the repair works after the 1934 Revolution. It is a single nave building, to which four protruding bodies are attached, lined up according to the two symmetry axes, corresponding to two lateral rooms, a portico with a superimposed chamber and a raised chapel. In the eastern sector, the Presbyterian space is raised and separated by an amazing arch of triumph, a sculptural treasure inside the temple, with three stilted semicircular arches, over reused columns, and Corinthian capitals. Fretted latticework was placed in the arcade spandrels and the boards and the central bars of the inner door, with incomplete inscriptions, are found under this arch.
Alfonso II (791 – 842) built a church in honour of the Egyptian martyrs San Julián and Santa Basilisa, in the place known as Los Prados de Oviedo. This oversize and admirably harmonic church has a basilica floor plan with 3 naves, transept that stands out for its height, triple header and three porticos (two side ones and the other located to the west). Its transcendental importance lies in the conservation of the internal pictorial decoration, unparalleled in Western Europe, due to its extension, degree of conservation and iconographic programme. The fresco technique, the geometric, vegetation and architectural patterns, together with the aniconic nature of the programme,take us back to the classic 1st century prototypes from Pompey and models from Ancient History. The majesty inside Santullano allows to appropriately value the cultural level reached in the court of Oviedo. The building was also coated externally, covering the poor wall bond. Its original appearance had nothing in common with its current one.
FONCALADA This monument, the only witness of the hydraulic architecture of the Early Middle Ages in Europe, is the least known element of the architectural heritage in the Kingdom of Asturias. The monument itself was profusely covered with inscriptions, out of which only the main one located on the façade of the shape of a vaulted chapel is legible. The analysis of character features in this inscription, very similar to those in the inscription of San Tirso de Oviedo, make it possible for experts to date its construction possibly in the first half of the 9th century. It is made up of three elements: a pond more than 14 m long, edicule or the shape of a vaulted chapel, and canal, as discovered in the excavations carried out in the 90s, making it possible to return the building to its grandiose monumentality.
THE HOLY CHAMBER It is found in the South-eastern corner of the southerly arm of Oviedo’s cathedral transept. This place has not only an enormous cultural, artistic but also a symbolic one. Its chronology seems to take us back to the times of Alfonso III (866-910). It comprises two superimposed and isolated sanctuaries, with independent accesses: the lower one known as the crypt of Santa Leocadia (where the remains of the martyr saints will rest) the upper known as the Chapel of San Miguel which repeats the layout of the presbytery and nave. At the end of the 12the century the chapel underwent important modifications: a stone vaulted roof was built supported by three transverse arches resting on columns. The apostles were carved in their shafts thus constituting one of the summits of Hispanic Romanesque sculpture. The outstanding goldsmithing preserved from the same period shows the cultural and material richness of those times: the Cross of Angels, dated in year 808 and the symbol of Oviedo; the Cross of Victory, dated in year 908 and the symbol of Asturias; and the Chest of Agates, a reliquary donated by Fruela II in 910.
The pre Romanesque list exceedes the 6 monuments awarded by UNESCO. There are some other highly valued assets linked to this exclusive group most of which are temples such as Valdediós: an outstanding example even preserving its original roof. Some of these buildings have preserved a good deal of the design and construction features of the period where they were dated such as Santianes de Pravia. There are also civil Works, the Old Tower of San Salvador (Oviedo), whose lower body houses a fortress to protect the weakest side of the Holy Chamber. Some other isolated or decontextualized remains are preserved such as the head wall of San Tirso in Oviedo with a great triplet round-arched window under an alfiz which can be seen from outside, or pieces such as windows, latticework, inscriptions or capitals found all around our geography. Mauregato 783-789 Silo 774-783 Aurelio 768-774 Fruela I 757-768 Alfonso I el Católico* 739-757 Favila o Fáfila 737-739
Bermudo I el Diácono 789-791 Alfonso II el Casto 791-842 Nepociano (usurpador) 842-842 Ramiro I 842-850 Ordoño I 850-866 Alfonso III el Magno 866-910
Don Pelayo 718-737
KINGS FROM ASTURIAN MONARCHIES
Pre Romanesque 5th
Romanesque 10th 11th
Visigoth Art Asturian Pre Romanesque Art
Outstanding features of Pre Romanesque Art: • Constructions with semicircular arches. • Masonry walls with external buttresses. • Basilical floor with 3 naves, and different heights between the central nave • •
and side ones. Rich painting decoration. Latticework in windows and triple arched windows in headers and central chambers.
Facilities for 21st century New cultural scenarios.
The history of Asturias, built on a hard but beautiful territory, fraught with men and women who put their dreams and their backs into their development expressed in the rich cultural legacy, is still increasing nowadays and will remain in the future. Therefore, Asturias houses ambitious projects that extend beyond the regional borders to be classified within artistic and cultural innovatin thus creating a large offer available to every visitor ready to be surprised.
The Niemeyer Centre, much more than a symbol The Brazilian architect Oscar Niemeyer, one of the most influencing modern architects, was a pioneer when exploring reinforced concrete building and plastic possibilities. Among other acknowledgements, he was granted the Prince of Asturias Award for the Arts (1989). Nowadays, his figure is inseparable from Aviles and from Asturias thanks to his only work in Spain and, in his own words, his most beloved work out of those built outside Brazil. In 2006, when the Awards celebrated their 25th Anniversary, the Foundation contacted all laureates to take part in the celebration either by giving a master class, a seminar, or a meeting with the public “I am an architect and so, what I know is to design buildings and this is what I am going to do, to design a building”.
Located by Aviles estuary, just outside town’s historic quarter, the Niemeyer Centre has transformed the industrial area into a space for excellence and creativity. It has already become a symbol of the future Asturias, a country betting on sustainability, technology, education and culture as engines of development without disregarding its industrial roots. The complex is made up of five independent while complementary parts. The auditorium: with 998 seats whose back stage wall can be opened thus making it possible to enjoy the performance at the square; the dome: enclosing an open space for exhibitions including highly plastic elements; the tower: a 20 m sight-seeing tower, restaurant and cocktail lounge and the multi-purpose building: including rehearsal, meeting and conference rooms as well as the coffee area, the shop and the reception. Finally, there is a great square to welcome men and women all around the world, an impressive theatre box overlooking the estuary and the town of Avilés”.
Laboral, City of Culture “Laboral – Ciudad de la Cultura”, an extraordinary architectonical complex located in Gijón brings new life by turning into a place devoted to promoting training, culture and avantgarde artistic creativity. The former Universidad Laboral de Gijón was conceived as a mining orphanage and began its construction in 1948 under the direction of the architect Luis Moya Blanco. It was meant to train generations of workers as qualified professionals. It counted on classrooms, workshops, events room, residencies and even a 100 hectare farm apart from its more than 130,000 square meters of impressive premises.
This so-called “City of Culture” opened its doors in 2007 thus becoming a space which pays attention to innovation in the world of Art. Its magnificent Theatre and the Art and Industrial Creation Centre stand out as the main candidates to become the cultural centre of Asturias. Leaving aside the current activities of the complex, its architecture has an undisputable charming. Its scale, quality and peculiarity do not leave the visitor indifferent. Its majestic central patio surrounded by vaulted porches is the area around which the complex is structured. In the East, the former Headship’s building; in the South, the Board’s; in the North, the Theatre where classicism prevails in the external façade; in the West, the impressive church dominates the square. Behind the temple, a 117m enormous tower stands with a panoramic lift that reaches the terrace at the top to enjoy stunning views of Gijon’s bay and its surroundings. LABORAL ART AND INDUSTRIAL CREATION CENTRE One of its fundamental focuses is this exhibition centre specifically devoted to art, science, technology and advanced visual industries. It is a place meant to research, train and carry out artistic and technical production as well as to project new forms of art and industrial creation. Casual Visitors are given the chance to enjoy both the permanent collection as well as the interesting temporary exhibitions included in the agenda.
The architectural complex of Buenavista Located in Oviedo, this complex whose Convention and Exhibition Centre stands out as the central part of it, displays the talent of the Valencia-born engineer and architect Santiago Calatrava Valls. It has become an absolutely contemporary complement for a town full of culture and events such as the opera season and of reference facilities integrated in its Historic Quarter such as the Fine Arts Museum of Asturias or the Archaeological Museum. It has been defined as the greatest civil work after the Universidad Laboral and addresses a wide agenda hosted by the categorical and personal shapes of this architect. The project will end this great work which began to be developed in 2001 and which today constitutes one of the most famous icons of the capital of Asturias The Convention and Exhibition Centre is located in the middle of a half-open square and encircled by a “U” where several constructions interweaved. The surrounding building that encircles it on three sides presents glazing containers supported by very high steel arrows. An enormous shopping centre (MODOO) was establish in the lower part and a public space of more than 30,000 square feet was created around it.
THE CONVENTION AND EXHIBITION CENTRE CIUDAD DE OVIEDO It was designed as an ovoid structure located under two white steel ribs characteristic of Calatrava’s style. It is a kind of helmet ending in an overhanging canopy. From both material and formal points of view, it is a characteristic work of the architect: magnificent, expressive and beautiful. He uses concrete, glass and steel to obtain peculiar material quality, colours and lighting with an awesome result which meets the proposed use requirements: singularity, capacity and functionality. He should mention first the outdoor terrace over the shopping centre access porch covered by the building visor which displays several potential uses and then the auditorium under a 45m internal vault height and a stage of more than 350 square feet. This major international architectonic work contributes to make Oviedo become a worldwide reference in congress and event organization.
Asturias, Cinema Paradise: At the other side of the screen
Frame of the movie “What’s a Bear For?”
The camera loves Asturias Asturias, with its natural beauty, its landscapes, its heritage and its people, has captured the attention of many artists throughout time, including film directors, from the time that the Lumiere brothers invented film until now, and television, of course, has also set its sights on an Asturias whose colours, and scenery are the dream of the best scriptwriters, producers and directors. The Film Archive of Asturias (Oviedo, Plaza Daoiz y Velarde, 11. Tel. +34 985 207 350) has documentary and physical examples of films inspired by Asturias.
A scene from “El Orfanato” (LLanes) shooting
A scene from “La Señora” (Cadavedo) shooting
In recent years, several directors have frequently used Asturias as a setting for their works. Some of the most outstanding films and television series are listed below:
· El detective y la muerte (1994) by Gonzálo Suárez (Llanes). · Volver a Empezar (1982) by José Luis Garci (Gijón and Cangas de Onís).
FILMES · Para qué sirve un oso (2010) by Tom Fernández (Proaza, Quirós, Teverga and Somiedo).
TV SERIES · Doctor Mateo (Colunga).
· Fuga de cerebros (2009) by Fernando Gonzálezz Molina (Gijón).
· La Señora (Llanes, Ribadedeva and Aller).
· Vicky Cristina Barcelona (2008) by Woody Allen (Oviedo).
· Segunda Enseñanza (Oviedo).
· El Orfanato (2007) by José Antonio Bayona (Llanes and Ribadedeva).
· La Regenta (Oviedo y Mieres).
· Luz de Domingo (2007) by José Luis Garci (Oviedo, Gijón, Avilés,…).
· Vientos de Agua (Gijón, Sobrescobio, San Martín del Rey Aurelio).
· La Torre de Suso (2007) by Tom Fernández (Aller, Mieres, Castrillón and Oviedo). · Oviedo Express (2007) by Gonzalo Suárez (Oviedo). · Pudor (2007) David and Tristán Ulloa (Gijón). · Historia de un beso (2002) by José Luis Garci (Llanes, Gijón, Oviedo, Siero, Carreño and Gozón). · El portero (2000) by Gonzalo Suárez (Cuencas Mineras). · You’re the one (2000) by José Luis Garci (Cangas del Narcea, Llanes, Siero, Oviedo, Gijón and Avilés). · Carne de Gallina (2000) by Javier Maqua (Mieres). · Pídele cuentas al rey (1999) by José Antonio Quirós (Cuencas Mineras). · El Abuelo (1998) by José Luis Garci (Llanes, Gijon, Lena, Oviedo, Siero, Valdeas and Cudillero).
· Jinetes del Alba (Cangas de Onís and Oviedo).
The natural stage that is Asturias has won the love of audiences, those who have thrilled to the stories on the big and small screen. The arrival of thousands of film and television fans has given rise to the emergence of routes and tourist products like: • Llanes Cinema (LLanes) www.llanesdecine.com • Doctor Mateo Route (Lastres) www.lacomarcadelasidra.es Also, the region has many film festivals, the most famous of which, and one of the oldest, is the Gijon International Film Festival, which is more than fifty years old and is a reference point in the European avant garde and independent film world.
Tradition and identity: The real Asturias
Asturias has possessed a rich cultural heritage since prehistoric times, and proof of this are the abundant examples of cave paintings to be found in the whole region, some of which have been declared a World Heritage. From this fruitful prehistory to the pre Roman and military Asturias, â€“more visible in western Asturias -, the Roman Asturiasâ€“ perfectly identified in the territories through which run the main Roman roads, especially in the central area of the region -, medieval Asturias â€“ to the Asturias of the Reconquest, the Monarchy and the Road to Santiago-, without forgetting the Asturias of the Enlightenment, the great ethnographic wealth and the hydraulic and rural devices of the Industrial Revolution, or the Spanish-American emigration, all are present in modern Asturias through live evidence, festivals and celebrations, facilities and museums which recall an intense and unsettled past, transformations, changes and
revolutions that have contributed to the shaping of the Europe of today. Asturias, in a serene and determined way, is a great bastion of the Spanish and continental identity, and extols it through its respect for the traditions, seen in its villages and towns, fishing villages, cities, natural spaces and biosphere reserves. In Asturias, traditions are an inexhaustible source for researchers, but also a many-faceted resource for all types of travellers: those who love history, art and monuments, those who enjoy traditional culture and ethnography, lovers of nature and rural life, those who delight in the ages of the architecture, those who feel like archaeologists for a day, or those who simply give themselves up, body and soul, to any fiesta which has music, merriment, good food and the ritual of cider drinking.
Covadonga, the origin of an identity
Just 11 km. from Cangas de Onis, is the Sanctuary of Covadonga, a place of great importance for Asturians, where nature, religion and history are joined. The victory of Don Pelayo in Covadonga in the year 722, led to a Christian church being established there, which has endured for more than 12 centuries, uninterrupted until the present day. The result was favourable for the depleted Christian forces, Pelayo was made king and the cross and prophetic divine message became the standard and emblem of the Asturian monarchy. The complex today consists of the Basilica of Covadonga, the cave with a small chapel inside, ecclesiastic buildings and several catering establishments. The Repelao. The entrance to the Sanctuary of Covadonga and the Picos de Europa Nature Reserve is marked by an obelisk, and is known as El Repelao. Legend has it that it is the place where Pelayo was proclaimed leader by acclamation of the Asturian and Cantabrian warriors. The Cave. It can be reached in two ways, either through the Basilica esplanade or by some steps set into the base of the mountain which houses the cave. These steps, called the “Steps of the Promises”, are frequently used by pilgrims who climb them on their knees, carrying out a promise or to make a petition to the Virgin, located in a small chapel inside the cave.
Imagen of the Santina. The present image of the Santina dates from the 17th century, and was donated by the chapter of Oviedo Cathedral as a substitute for the Romanesque image which disappeared during a fire. On the Santina’s feast day she wears the magnificent original crowns, made of platinum, diamonds and other precious stones, which can be admired in the museum for the rest of the year. Sepulchres. Before reaching the image of the Virgin, one passes a tomb on which is inscribed “Here lies King Don Pelayo, elected in the year 716, who in this miraculous cave began the restoration of Spain. Defeated the Moors, he died in 737, and is accompanied by his wife and sister“. Here are preserved the stone sepulchres of Don Pelayo, his wife and sister, and that of Alfonso I and his wife. Fountain of Marriage. At the feet of the Holy Cave is located the so-called “Fountain of Marriage”, and, according to folklore, the girl that drinks from it will marry within a year. The Collegiate Church of San Fernando. The Collegiate Church of San Fernando, is the oldest of the preserved Covadonga buildings. Placed with its back against the mountain, it was built in the 16th century where the medieval monastery was located, and in its cloister can be found some magnificent Romanesque sepulchres, probably dating from the 12th century.
The basílica. On climbing the steep bends in the road to the sanctuary one suddenly finds oneself in a rugged area, site of the Basilica. The building in pink limestone from the Covadonga mountain itself, together with its dramatic setting, make it remarkable, along with the seated image of the Virgin, by Samsó, the paintings of Don Pelayo in Covadonga, by Madrazo, and the excellent Baroque work, the Assumption of the Virgin of Carducho, in its interior. Museum of Covadonga. The Museum offers an interesting tour through the history of the Sanctuary. It has a series of canvases of all the kings of Asturias, as well as interesting gold and silver pieces, sculptures (an ivory Christ) and other decorative art works, such as the cloak, embroidered in gold, which Queen Isabel II presented to the Virgin. The Campanona. The spectacular bell, three metres tall and weighing 4 tons, decorated with scenes from the Divine Comedy, won the gold Arts medal at the Universal Exhibition, held in Paris in 1900. Park of the Prince. A path crosses the park through luxuriant vegetation and over beautiful wooden bridges which, along with valuable historical and artistic architectural pieces, highlight the beauty of the setting. Other Buildings of Interest. The Hotel Pelayo (1908), the House of the Musicians (18th century), the Pilgrims Inn (18th century) a building in mountain architecture style, which, in its time, was the only lodging place in the Sanctuary and which, later, also became the headquarters of the Covadonga Schola Santorum and site of the old schools, now fitted out as a youth hostel and, in the Prince’s Park, as a meeting point for young people. 18
Pilgrimages Route Andariega Crossing Historic Route to Covadonga from Llanes
Route from Muñigo to Covadonga Route to the Priena Cross Vega de Orandi Route Route to the Lakes
Los Callejos Posada ARRIONDAS Villanueva Llames CANGAS DE ONÍS Vega del Puerto Corao
POLA SIERO OVIEDO
La Matosa Muñigo
Cruz de Priena Covadonga
Lago Enol Vega de Orandi Lago de la Encina
Covadonga and its paths PATHS IN THE SETTING OF THE ROYAL SUMMER RESIDENCE
From Muñigo to Covadonga. This path begins at the Muñigo car park, located beside the AS-262 highway, and is approximately 1.5 km. long. After crossing a wooden gangplank, one climbs a pedestrians-only path through a forest of chestnut, birch and maple trees. The route ends at the western part of the Covadonga collection of monuments.
Pilgrimages Route. From Oviedo to Covadonga. This route is 104 km long and is travelled in seven stages, which wander through different villages, valleys and sheepfolds: Oviedo - La Gargantada highway (15.0 km.); Gargantada – Espinadal Heights (17.5 km.); Espinadal Heights- Miera Bridge (16.7 km.); Miera Bridge - Espinaredo (9.5 km.); Espinaredo - La Matosa. (14.0 km.); La Matosa - Cangas de Onís (19.5 km.), and Cangas de Onís - Covadonga (13.5 km.).
The Priena Cross Route. This route, at an altitude of more than 700 metres, is a privileged observatory, with views of the sea, the Sueve, Arriondas, Cangas de Onis, and the Los Lagos highway. The greatest summits of these valleys can also be seen. The route can be covered in an hour and a quarter, starting from Repelao (AS-262). It is a zig zag route, ending at a cross, known as the Priena Cross or the Cross of Pelayo, as it was the place where Don Pelayo ambushed the Saracen troops in 722, resulting in the Battle of Covadonga and the start of the Reconquest. Vega de Orandi Route. PR-PNPE-6. The route to the Vega de Orandi, one of the prettiest landscapes in the area, begins at the Covadonga Sanctuary. It ascends the slopes of Mount Auseva, through a beautiful closed forest, to the Colladín de Orandi, and from there it begins its descent which leads to the Vega de Orandi.
Andariega Crossing. From Gijón to Covadonga. This is a long route of approximately 75 km., which is covered in three stages, passing through areas of great natural beauty: Deva - Amandi (25 km.); Amandi - Llames de Parres (25 km.), and Llames de Parres - Covadonga (25 km.). The Historic Route to Covadonga from Llanes. Recuperated some years ago and divided into three stages, it crosses magnificent natural areas: Llanes - Los Callejos (15.6 km.); Los Callejos - Vega del Puerto - Corao (19 km.), and Corao - Abamia- Cruz de Priena - Covadonga (9 km.).
Route to the Lakes of Covadonga. They are the main access to the interior of the Picos de Europa National Park, via the highway which leads directly to the lakes. This winding ascent offers a panoramic view of the area. The lakes (Enol and Ercina) are located in a setting of great natural beauty, which provides the tourist with a multitude of options, ranging from the basic circular route starting at the Buferrera car park, to an infinite number of medium to hard routes and trails to different corners of the Park. #asturias #culture
The LatinAmerican memory:
The indianos (Asturian people emigrated to Latin America)
Many Asturian people headed to America looking for a better life from mid-19th century to the first quarter of 20th century. They were both from the Eastern and Western parts of the region and embarked for a long trip which was a return journey many times. Demographic pressure and resource scarcity or just avoidance of being called up for the military service spurred many of them to go on this adventure mainly characterized but its entrepreneurial nature, hard work and the creation of close bonds with other emigrants to preserve their identity marks. Either individually or gathered in associations, they began projects in their homeland which made it possible to build roads, install public lighting, urbanize squares, construct fountains and washing places but above all, they built up, furnished and kept schools and their teachers in many villages thus allowing primary education to be available everywhere. 20
Their Mansions or detached houses following the bourgeoisie mentality and taste proved to their neighbours the social and financial status of those succeeded overseas because of their dimensions, singularity, quality and decorations, thus using the architecture as distinguishing feature. The surrounding gardens frequently including palm trees also showed that differentiation and status. Finally the magnificent family vaults and tombs were meant to transcend and take their acknowledgement beyond. The Indianos Archive Foundation -Museum of Emigration installed at the Quinta Guadalupe, in Colombres (Ribadedeva) is the main facility to discover how historically significant this movement was. It is a beautiful mansion built up in 1906 by Ă?Ăąigo Noriega who immigrated to Mexico.
The rich “Latin American” heritage is present all around Asturias. There are very good examples on the Western coast such as in Navia (particularly in Tox or Villapedre), Valdés (where the most outstanding buildings are around Barcellina or Villar) or Cudillero. If a site is worth to stand out because of its extraordinary architecture or the high number of mansions with gardens, this is Somao (Pravia). “Llanes Indiana route” links excellent pieces located in the municipality. There are also routes of interest in Cangas de Onís, with an amazing group of houses from the 20th century, in Piloña (Sevares, Villamayor and Coya), Caravia and other places in Eastern Asturias. On some occasions, green areas and gardens care service was transferred to the community. This is why Asturias counts on many public parks donated and furnished by indianos, such as Vicente Loriente park in Castropol or Ballina park in Villaviciosa, just to mention two examples.
“Indianos“ files (Colombres)
At the beginning of July the “Indiana Fair” is held in Colombre which turns into a real market where goods and overseas products can be found together with local craftwork and gastronomy. The Festival Agenda also includes guided visits, music performances and exhibitions.
The great industrialization legacy: Working-class heritage
Industrialization meant deepest and fastest transformation undergone by Asturias. The traditional model started in the Middle Ages came into a crisis, the Modern age arrived, as well as capitalism, urban development and, of course, the working-class movement. It had an impact on how the territory was organized by favouring the centre where coal mines and iron and steel industry settled although it affected the whole Principality. Iron and steel factories were located in the coalmining areas until the first Spanish iron and Steel company, ENSIDESA, was founded in Avilés. Communications (particularly railways and ports) developed in the light of this activity. Energy production, both using small and early hydroelectric stations in the mountains (La Malva, in Somiedo) as well as great postwar waterfalls (Grandas or Tanes), enrich this legacy together with thermoelectric plants or the so called urban factories (Gas factory in Oviedo for example). Daily live was changed. The rural country houses as production and accommodation units lost their primacy not only because of the massive exodus to cities where working-class neighbourhoods or buildings for rent were built up but also due to the creation of working-class barracks and barricades from rural areas to the mountains. The so called “industrial pa22
ternalism” meant a new relation between workers and employers as they were offered other supplies apart from housing (low-cost supermarket), health care (hospitals) and education (religious schools). An excellent example of this industrial paternalism is displayed in (Mieres), an example of this type of housing which follows the garden-city model. Construction quality and shape are unusual, not only in the semi-detached houses but also in the equipment provided by Sociedad Hullera Española to give assistance, fidelize and shortly control their inhabitants, schools, health care centre, low-cost supermarket, church, leisure centre, etc. San Esteban de Pravia (Muros de Nalón) port which was the main coal port in Spain is an example of how its fishing and leisure uses live together with an excellently preserved industrial heritage of its own. The visitor may contemplate many port buildings (customs, police headquarters, warehouse, Works Board…), walk along the old narrow gauge railway trench, turned into a pedestrians path or gaze at the restored material stowage cranes or mineral loading bay. The Principality counts on many other examples of its early industrialization process such as The “Arnao” Mine Museum
the first mining vertical shaft deepened in Asturias located in Arnao (Castrillón). It includes a peculiar mine castle lined up with zinc plates built up by the Royal Asturian Mining Company. One may have a walk along the company village where there are houses (both for workers and for middle management and owners), schools, low-cost supermarkets, etc., or one of the first railway to link it with San Juan de Nieva. The Caudal mining area includes a “must” visit: Turón Valley (Mieres). It houses lots of mining remains enclosed within its narrow bottom and rugged slopes where the Santa Bárbara Shaft(1914), the first one to be declared an Asset of Cultural Interest of the Principality of Asturias is located. Caudal Valley is another place with its own name within the history of mining. Its great legacy is ready to be discovered such as the Ecomuseum of Samuño Valley in Langreo, with its ancient San Luis well, the mining village of La Nueva, generated by this, and the cutting and crossing of the mining railway track that transported the coal and permits visitors to the EcoMuseum to ride an authentic mining train and travel the old coal route. A tour around old railway lines (linked to different industrial and mining exploitations) which were turned into pedestrians paths and cycling lanes can be considered as an alternative that combines a visit to old productive areas with healthy exercise outdoors. This is the case of the well-known Bear Pedestrian Path that goes across Santo Adriano, Proaza, Teverga and Quirós councils, Turón Green Route (Mieres) that recovers former railway lines used by Hulleras de Turón. We must also include La Camocha Green Route (Gijón) with more than 7 km between La Camocha and Los Campones. During the last years, three main facilities have been established to provide historical information and research of the three main industrialization process foundations in Asturias: The Museum of Mining and Industry, The Iron and Steel Museum and Railway Museum. THE MUSEUM OF MINING AND INDUSTRY (MUMI) It is located in El Entrego (San Martín del Rey Aurelio). The permanent exhibition: a look at the history of mining in Europe from the Steam Age to the period of maximum industrialisation in Asturias. Furthermore, the museum has reproduced some typical mining objects and areas such as materials laboratories, infirmary and washhouse. MUMI’s main part is located in a metallic mine castle outside whereas inside it accesses the ground floor to find “a repro-
The Museum of Mining and The Industry (El Entrego)
duction of a mine” which is the facility’s core activity. It is a full-scale reproduction of a mine with real equipment simulating the most important aspects of coal extraction, underground ventilation and transport. You can feel the shocking experience of descending to the exploitation in a cage and of perceiving the smell and sounds of this working place…..a safe feeling. THE IRON AND STEEL MUSEUM (MUSI) The museum reception is set in an impressive cooling tower belonging to the former iron and steel factory owned by Duro Felguera, a Spanish pioneering company established in the 19th century. It proposes a historical timeline starting with the creation of the company and how it influenced the population and the land. Thanks to models, information panels and interactive modules, and collections pieces we may understand the historical evolution of the company and its facilities as well as its impact on the town of Langreo. Besides, MUSI offers either the chance of guided visits to the permanent exhibitions or to follow other optional closelyrelated routes such as “Working class housing in La Felguera: places to live in” and “La Felguera, Pedro Duro entrepreneurial nature and the origin and development of the urban centre”. RAILWAY MUSEUM It is located in the refurbished North Railway Station facilities in Gijon. It is devoted to keeping, researching and spreading Asturias railway history. It offers a broad view of the relationship between the railway and the social, technical and economic evolution of Asturias while studying the influence of the Industrial Revolution and the technological development brought about by the implementation of the railway in our region. More than fifty of restored mobile material pieces are displayed, being some of them in use, coming from Asturias rail network (one of the denser in Spain). Steam-powered locomotives, old wagons and many other highly valued pieces displayed on the railway thus allowing living a whole experience. #asturias #culture
A country of festivals: Living celebrations
When one celebrates one of the traditional Asturian festivals held along the year and around the whole territory, takes part and enjoys an amusing and social event. The romería or pilgrimage, the “puya’l ramu” (the bunch is given for public auction) and the verbena or open-air dance are common to every Asturian festival. The romería is a pilgrimage to the sacred place, a temple dedicated to a certain image where mass is celebrated and the image and the “bunch” are brought out in a procession and carried on portable platforms by several neighbours. It consists on a wooden structure decorated with bunches of laurel and flowers from which bread loaf or bread rolls hang. Then the “puya’l ramu” 24
or auction takes places among the neighbours. The money collected is invested in the following festival. At this point, the banquet takes place, amused by drums or bagpipes or by a small band. The festival ends with an open-air dance at night, time to dance. It is also common for participants to wear the “traxe’l país”: the traditional costume which is an essential part of our cultural identity. There is a certain correlation between the most characteristic festivals in Asturias and those declared to be of Touristic Interest. All of them form part of the intensive festival calendar in Asturias rich of ancient remains and timeless emotions.
Festival days JANUARY El Guirria y el Aguinaldo, in Ponga. The Guirria procession and the riders of Christmas box lead for San Juan de Beleño towards the Cainava neighbourhood around midday on New Year’s Day. That is the starting point of the diabolical route around Beleño and when it arrives in Cainava it goes into all open houses and kisses as many young girls as possible. FEBRUARY Gastronomic day of slaughter, in Amieva and Alto Sella. Every weekend in this month, local restaurants offer menus based on pork and slaughter-related products. MARCH Antroxu (Carnival), in Gijón. It officially begins on the night of the traditional “Jueves de Comadres” (Mates’ Thursday) (20/02/14) and lasts until Ash Wednesday when the Sardine is buried Parades, murgas, floats and dances amuse one of the most intense carnival celebrations in Asturias. Antroxu (Carnival), in Avilés. Carnival is celebrated from Antroxu Thursday until Viella Sunday. Among the different events taking place, the Galiana International Fluvial Descent stands out in which floats go down one of streets of the historical quartier full of foam while water is thrown over pedestrians.
APRIL Salmon Fair, Cornellana, Salas. It is a compulsory meeting point for salmon, fishing and nature lovers worldwide. It means the beginning of the fishing season, a deeply rooted Asturian tradition that created the striking competition of fishing the “campanu” or first salmon of the season. Easter, in Avilés. Aviles Easter celebration is a tradition that goes back as far as 1948 where the first procession took place. The celebration has never been interrupted since then with processions from Palm Sunday to Good Friday. El Bollo festivity, in Avilés. Its origin goes back to the 19th century and it was the expression of coexistence and popular participation. It celebrates the arrival of springtime and the end of the Paschal fast on Easter Monday. Painted Eggs Festival, in Pola de Siero. The festival is amused by performances of Asturian folklore bands. Thousands of artistically decorated Easter Eggs are exhibited and sold. It is held on Easter Tuesday. Picadillo and Sabadiego (minced meat and Spanish red sausage), in Noreña. The pigmeat industry guild created this festival 25 years ago to pay tribute to their patron saint, San Marcos. Later, it became a popular festival. MAY Trasona Dam Pilgrimage, in Corvera de Asturias. It is held on every 1st of May. Lots of people have enjoyed this traditional pilgrimage for more than 50 years. Rice Pudding Festival, in Cabranes. It is part of San Francisco de Paula Festival Agenda. For more than 200 years, it has been held the 2nd Sunday of each month in Santa Eulalia de Cabranes. It includes craftsman market, rice pudding workshops, music, etc. Ascension Fair, en Oviedo. It is held on the closest Sunday to Ascension Day. Stockbreeding Fair, activities and product exhibition to pay a tribute to those country men and women who do not only preserve the traditions but also do their best to keep the agricultural and stockbreeder activities of our country. JUNE Floral carpets of the Corpus, in Castropol. On the Sunday after the Corpus Christi the narrow streets are carefully decorated using flowers, seeds, shells and other materials to create a carpet along which the Corpse of Christ will walk together with the children making their First Holy Communion and the band.
San Antonio de Padua Festival, in Cangas de Onís. This devotion is dated in the 17th century. The traditional escanda bread auction goes back to 1749. Cué Sacramental, in Llanes. It is held on San Juan Day. The whole village knits awesome floral carpets to decorate the streets. Astur Market, in Nava. It is the recreation of a traditional Asturian market in Nava: good food and cider, craftsmen… L’Amuravela Festival, in Cudillero. L’ Amuravela traditional and secular sermon is given every 29th June at the port. Standing on a landed motorboat, local speaks in Cudillero old and local language (pixueto) and ironically recalls in detail what has happened during the year. JULY The Exconxuraos, in Llanera. This medieval dinner is one of the attractive events given during the festival. It moves us back to the Middle Ages to celebrate a historical event when the neighbours went to Oviedo on a pilgrimage to seek forgiveness to exempt themselves from communion. It is held during the first weekend of July. Lamb Festival, in el Prau Llagüezos (Quirós – Lena). It is a popular Asturian pilgrimage which turns into a great steakhouse of lamb roasted on a stake in Llagüezos field from first time in the morning. Folklore band performances and traditional sports take place in the morning. Cider Festival, in Nava. It is held during the second weekend of July to pay tribute to the cider. There are folklore expressions, free cider tasting, markets, etc. Nuestra Señora del Carmen Festival, in Cangas del Narcea. The Descarga (Fireworks). The Descarga (Fireworks) takes place on the 16th of July when the image of the Virgin reaches the highest point of the bridge where Narcea and Luiña rivers join. The intense noise of thousands of rockets raises a unique pray of fireworks up to heaven. Santa María Magdalena Festival, in Llanes. The transfer and burning of the “bonfire” starts on the great day, 22nd July and ends with Rodeo dance and Danza Prima performances. Santa María Magdalena Festival, in Cangas del Narcea. A procession dedicated to the Virgin is held on the 22nd of July and the Magdalena club organizes fireworks and musical performances among other activities.
Interceltique Festival, in Avilés and its municipality. Celtic music from different regions can be enjoyed at different stages around the municipality of Aviles as well as Celtic art, passacaglia, sport exhibition, traditional games, etc. Carmín de la Pola Festival, in Pola de Siero. A fun-religious festival that has been held for more than 300 years on the Monday following the 16th of July. It includes lunch and a pilgrimage to continue along the streets of the town. Shepherd’s Festival, in la Vega d’Enol (Cangas de Onís). The Shepherd Corporation and Council have an Open Council meeting after the mass at the Buen Pastor chapel where they distribute pastures among the shepherds living in the mountains of Covadonga. Bollu Festival, in La Peruyal (Parres). The festival starts with the reading of the opening address at the Town Hall balcony. Then, bagpipers walk along the streets of the town to warn neighbours that the celebration is about to arrive. Vaqueira (Cowboy) Festival, in Aristébano (Tineo - Valdés). It is held in the Braña of Aristébano on the last Sunday of July. Although the most important event is the Vaqueira wedding, the festival in itself is a celebration of the Vaqueiros of Alzada customs and culture Beach Tennis Tournament in Luanco (Gozón). It is a unique sport tournament in which first-level tennis players play on the Rivery Beach. It is held at the end of July or beginning of August. Festival of Bagpipes Bands “Villa de Candás”, in Candás (Carreño). Thousands of people from all over Europe meet at this event to enjoy a varied selection of the best bagpipes bands from the whole of the Celtic world. National Gold Panning Championship in Navelgas (Tineo). The best way to get into this sport and learn panning techniques. This sporting event is attended by both Spanish and foreign fans, who exchange knowhow and news.
AUGUST Sardine Festival, in Candás (Carreño). The tradition invites to eat grilled sardines prepared at the stands of participating restaurants along San Antonio promenade every 1st of August at 5 o’clock. Canoeing Festival. International Descent of Sella River. Parres – Ribadesella. It has been held since 1930 on the first Sunday of August. The festival starts with a contestants’ parade around the streets of Arriondas. The Descent gathers a large number of peculiar canoeists and is followed by thousands of spectators located at the banks of the river or on a train that runs parallel to the canoeists. Navia Estuary Swim, in Navia. Both national and international Sportsmen take part in this event which is the best excuse to celebrate some other festival events. Asturias Day, in Gijón. A traditional parade from the Jardines de la Reina to Cerro de Santa Catalina during the first Sunday of August. Valdesoto floats, in Siero. The traditional Valdesoto float parade goes back as far as 1950 when a group of neighbours decided to go to the festival on decorated carts. Nuestra Señora de Andrín Festival, in Llanes. It is a fun-religious celebration where bands of bagpipers walk along the streets of the town. It is held on the 15th. Nuestra Señora del Cébrano, in Carrea (Teverga). It is a traditional Asturian pilgrimage dedicated to the Virgin. It is held on the 15th. Nuestra Señora del Rosario, in Luarca (Valdés). Rosario festival stands out because of its typical habaneras and its seamen procession dedicated to the Virgin whose image is taken out to walk along the local coastline. It is held on the 15th. Alba Festival, in Quirós. A festival to honour the Virgin of Alba. It is held on the 15th at the Rock which holds the same name (Aramo Sierra) and where the sanctuary is located. San Roque Festival, in Llanes. This folklore festival’ great day is on the 16th of August where Llanes council folklore bands perform some traditional dances.
San Roque Festival, in Tineo. A Vaqueiro (migrating herdsmen from the mountains of Asturias and Leon) festival takes place in San Roque field. A folklore festival where dances, songs and customs are presented while worshipping the Saint on the 16th. Asturcón Festival, in the Sueve (Piloña). Asturcon horse dressage takes place in the middle of a festive atmosphere where the new born are marked and the Senior Sueve Shepherd is appointed. San Pedrín de la Cueva Festival, in Nárzana (Sariego). On the 19th, the festival day, the Saint is taken out in a procession from the chapel where it is located to a natural cave. San Timoteo, in Luarca (Valdés). On the 22nd of August in the morning, rockets and firecrackers are ignited. Clubs, charangas, and bagpipe bands go on a procession to the field of San Timoteo. All villagers wear typical local costumes: a loose shirt, a cane and a bread T hanging on the neck. Folklore Descent of Nalón River, in Pola de Laviana. The Folklore Descent of the Nalon River takes place at the same time as the local patron saint festivals on the last weekend of August. Contestants are dressed up in costumes and go down the river on vessels built up by them. Casín Cheese Contest, in Caso. This contest is held at the Arnicio hill (Caso) on the last weekend of August. There are tastings, sales and workshops to learn how this cheese awarded with Protected Designation of Origin symbol. Asturias People’s Day , in Navelgas (Tineo). It is a brotherhood festival which recalls old harvesting traditions. People from every village enjoy folklore bands and charangas, bands and the most varied gastronomy. Cabrales Cheese Contest, in Las Arenas (Cabrales). Cabrales cheese exhibitions and demonstrations of how it is produced. The event is amused by folklore bands. La Regalina, in Cadavedo (Valdés). This festival was created in 1931 as an expression of Asturian folklore, customs and traditions to honour the Virgin whose image was found in a place called Riégala or Regla. It is held on the last weekend of August. Cider Festival, in Gijón. Held on the last weekend of August, this festival focuses on the most popular beverage in Asturias and attempts to beat the Guinness record of simultaneous “escanciado” (the art of pouring cider) every year. #asturias #culture
Cattle Market in San Martín de Luiña (Cudillero). A traditional market with local products and a varied sample of crafts and traditional games, which ends with a bovine wedding. Intercelticu L’Occidente Festival in Tapia de Casariego. A reference point in Celtic music, a must-visit for lovers of folk music. But if there is anything that makes this festival special it is its natural stage on the Murallón beach, a spectacular natural amphitheatre with the sea as a backdrop SEPTEMBER Virgen de la Guía Festival, in Llanes. Patron Saint festivals held on the 8th ofSeptember in which the night procession of the Virgen de la Guía image stands out. Festival of Nuestra Señora de El Carbayu, in Langreo Popular celebration whose important day is 8, which is dedicated to the Virgin of El Carbayu and can enjoy religious and recreational activities for all ages and tastes. America’s Day in Asturias, in Oviedo. On the 19th, a float parade takes places long the main streets of the city in order to pay a tribute to all those who emigrated to America together with folklore bands as part of local San Mateo festival. Santos Mártires de Valdecuna pilgrimage (Mieres). Those taken part in the pilgrimage go up to the Martyrs chapel (San Cosme and San Damián) on the festival day. There, they attend to mass and to the public auction of the “ramu” and have an outdoor meal. It is celebrated on the 27th. Príncipe de Asturias Rally, several councils. This car race takes places around many parts of Asturias. Numerous local and national supporters follow it. Fiesta of the Santo Cristo del Amparo in Nueva (Llanes). Village and porruano passacaglias go through the streets in search of bands to accompany in the procession to the Saint, which ends with the traditional and outstanding dance of Christ on the “prau” of the Fiesta. OCTOBER Hazelnut Festival, in Infiesto (Piloña). This festival is held at the beginning of October. It is halfway a festival and gastronomic event focused on this dry fruit. Apple Festival, in Villaviciosa. It is held on the closest weekend to Columbus Day. It involves visiting Apple fields, tasting cider and apples and attending to exhibitions among other activities. It takes place on odd years. Festival of Cangas Quality Wine Harvest, in Cangas del Narcea This popular and religious festival of the Virgen del Acebo takes place at the end of grape harvest during the previous week to Hispanidad festival. 28
Cheese Competition of Gamoneo in Benia (Onís). Sale, sample, exhibition and tasting of traditional cheeses. The cheese shops and producers of the area compete for the Prize for variety and the Gamonéu del Valle Prize. NOVEMBER Magic Night and Esfoyón and Amagosto Festival, in Navelgas (Tineo). It is meant to recover traditions such as esfoyón (to pluck corncob) and amagosto (roasted chestnuts), duerno sider (cider of pressed apples that still has yet to ferment), old forge working, craftsmen working (mangueiros, wooden shoe-makers, etc, ...) Turnip Festival, in Sotrondio (S. Martín del Rey Aurelio). One may taste different menus based on turnip at the different associated restaurants. Humanitarian Festival, in Moreda (Aller). Chanted mass amused by bagpipes. After mass, there is a float parade where participants are dressed up in local costumes. Stuffed Onion Festival, in El Entrego (S. Martín del Rey Aurelio). Menus based on stuffed onions can be tasted at different restaurants.
facilities and caves to be visited In Asturias, caves housing pre-historic art can be visited deep inside thus bringing back the magic of these places our ancestors turned into sanctuaries.
Tito Bustillo Cave Tito Bustillo Rock Art Centre Ribadesella. Avenida de Tito Bustillo. Phones: +34 985 185 583 / +34 985 861 255 www.cuevatitobustillo.com Teverga Pre Historical Park Teverga. San Salvador de Alesga Phones: +34 985 185 583 / +34 985-764-739 www.parquedelaprehistoria.es Peña de Candamo Cave Candamo Cave Information Centre Candamo. San Román Phones: +34 985 829 702 (information Center) / +34 985 828 056 (Town Hall) www.ayto-candamo.es Buxu Cave Cangas de Onís. Cardes Phone: +34 608 175 467 Peruyal Cave Glacial Wildlife Information Centre Onís. Avin - Benia Information at Glacial Wildlife information Centre. Phone: +34 616 212 483 http://orienteastur.info/paraisorupestre/ fauna-glaciar
Peruyal Cave Onís. Avin - Benia Information at Glacial Wildlife information Centre. La Loja Cave La Loja cave Didactic Centre Peñamellera Baja. El Mazo Phones: +34 985 414 297 Town Hall: +34 985 414 008 / +34 676 128 176 Pindal Cave Information Centre Ribadedeva. Pimiango Ctra Mirador del Picu al Faro. Phone: +34 608 175 284 (Guide) La Lluera Cave Oviedo. Las Caldas Phone: +34 615 298 615 www.cuevasdelalluera.com Cueva Conde y Abrigo de Santo Adriano Santo Adriano. Tuñón Phone: +34 637 061 610 www.laponte.org
Asturian Pre Romanesque Visit the Pre Romanesque monuments is immersed in a time of kings and legends that shaped the Kingdom of Asturias.
Asturian Pre Romanesque Information and Welcome Centre Oviedo. Antiguas escuelas del Naranco Phones: +34 985 114 901 / +34 985 185 583 www.centroprerromanicoasturiano.com Pre-Romanesque Museun of Santianes de Pravia Pravia. Santianes Phones: +34 616 446 465/ +34 985 820 473 / +34 985 821 204 (Office tourism). Pre-Romanesque Museum of San Martín de Salas Salas. Plaza de la Campa Phone: +34 985 830 988 (Tourist Office) / + 34 985 830 004 (Ayuntamiento) Basilica of San Juan (Santianes de Pravia) Pravia. Santianes Phones: +34 616 446 465 / +34 985 820 473 / +34 985 821 204 (Tourist Office) www.museoprerromanico.com Santo Adriano Church Santo Adriano. Tuñón Phone: +34 637 061 610 Santa María del Naranco Oviedo. Monte Naranco Phone: +34 638 260 163 (Guide)
San Miguel de Lillo Church Oviedo. Monte Naranco Phone: +34 638 260 163 (Guide) San Julián de los Prados Church Oviedo. C / Selgas, 2 Phone: +34 607 353 999 (Guide) Holy Chamber and Gothic Cloister of the Cathedral Oviedo. Pza. Alfonso II (Cathedral inside) Phones: +34 985 221 033 (sacristy) / +34 985 203 117 (Museum). Santa Cristina de Lena Lena. La Cobertoria Phones: +34 985 490 525 / +34 609 942 153 (housekeeper) La Cobertoria Asturian Pre Romanesque Didactic Centre Lena .La Cobertoria Phone: +34 985 497 606 San Salvador de Valdediós Church (convent and monastery) Villaviciosa. Valdediós Phone: +34 670 242 372 (Guide)
The World of Art A whole universe of artistic creativity is reflected in Asturias.
Fine Arts Museum of Asturias Oviedo. C / Santa Ana, 1-3 Phone: +34 985 213 061 www.museobbaa.com
Nicanor Piñole Museum Gijón. Plaza de Europa, 28 Telephone: +34 985 359 594 http://museos.gijon.es
Langreo Municipal Art Gallery - Eduardo Úrculo Langreo. C /La Unión, 31 Phone: +34 984 182 858 www.langreo.as
Juan Barjola Museum Gijón. C / Trinidad, 17 Phone: +34 985 357 939 www.museobarjola.es
Evaristo Valle Museum Gijón. Camino de Cabueñes, 261 Phone: +34 985 334 000 www.evaristovalle.com Jovellanos Museum (the house where he was born) Gijón. Pza. Jovellanos Phone: +34 985 185 152 http://museos.gijon.es
Candá Sculpture Center Antón Museum Carreño. Candás Phone: +34 985 871 800 www.museoanton.com Laboral Art and Industrial Creation Centre C/Luis Moya Blanco, 261 Phone: +34 985 185 577 www.laboralcentrodearte.org
The Legacy of History Human activity has been developing in Asturias for millenniums. The History of Asturias at hand.
Archaeological Museum of Asturias Oviedo. C / San Vicente, 3-5 Telephone: +34 985 208 977 www.museoarqueologicodeasturias.com Campo Valdés Roman Baths Gijón. Campo Valdés s/n Phone: +34 985 185 151 http://museos.gijon.es Veranes Roman Villa Gijón. St. Maria de Veranes Phone: +34 985 185 129 http://museos.gijon.es Coaña Iron-Age Castro Didactic Centre Coaña. Villacondide Phone: +34 985 978 401 www.parquehistorico.org
Chao Samartín Museum and Iron-Age Castros Grandas de Salime. Castro Phone: +34 985 627 143 www.chaosamartin.es www.parquehistorico.org Peña Tú Idol Peña Tú Idol Information Centre Llanes. Puertas de Vidiago Phone: +34 985 400 164 (Tourism Office) Campa Torres Natural Archaeological Park Gijón. Cabo Torres Phone: +34 985 185 234 http://museos.gijon.es Valduno Romans Baths Las Regueras. Valduno www.caminrealdelamesa.es/turismo/es/ museos
Tradition and Ethnography The great ethnographical richness and uniqueness of Asturias allows opening museums where traditions are alive.
Ethnographic Museum of Asturian People Gijón. Paseo Doctor Fleming, 877 Phone: +34 985 182 960 http://museos.gijon.es www.redmeda.com Grandas de Salime Ethnographic Museum Grandas de Salime. Avda. El Ferreiro Phone: +34 985 627 243 www.museodegrandas.com www.redmeda.com Ethnographic Museum - Marquis of Sargadelos House Santa Eulalia de Oscos. Ferrereila de Baxo Phone: +34 985 621 295 / +34 985 626 032 (Town Hall) www.redmeda.com “Juan Pérez Villamil” Ethnographic Museum and Entrance to the Historical Park Navia. Puerto de Vega Phone: +34 985 648 805 www.parquehistorico.org www.redmeda.com
Vaqueiro (Cow-boy) Museum (MUVAS) Tineo. Naraval Phone: +34 985 804 835 / +34 677 896 992 www.muvas.es www.redmeda.com Somiedo Ethnographic Museum Somiedo. Pola de Somiedo Telephone: +34 985 763 984 www.caminrealdelamesa.es/turismo/es/museos www.redmeda.com Grado Ethnographic Museum Grado. Finca “La Cardosa” Phone: +34 985 752 277 www.redmeda.com Ethnographic Museum of Quirós and Municipality Quirós. Bárzana Phone: +34 985 768 160 Reservations: +34 689 754 466 www.quiros.es/museo-etnografico www.redmeda.com
Ethnographic Museum of Llecheria Morcín. C / Naveo, 31 – La Foz Telephone: +34 985 795 222 / +34 985 795 461 www.redmeda.com Maritime Museum of Asturias Gozón. Luanco Telephone: +34 985 880 101 www.museomaritimodeasturias.com www.redmeda.com Cider Museum of Asturias Nava. Pza. Príncipe de Asturias Telephone: +34 985 717 422 www.museodelasidra.com www.redmeda.com Rural School Museum Cabranes. Viñón Phone: +34 985 898 213 / +34 985 898 002 (Town Hall) www.museodelaescuelarural.com www.redmeda.com
Wood and Beekeeping Museum Caso. Veneros y Tanes Phone: +34 985 608 097 / +34 985 608 002 www.caso.es www.redmeda.com prior booking Ethnographic Museum of Eastern Asturias Llanes. Porrúa Phone: +34 985 402 547 www.porrua.net www.redmeda.com Os Teixois Ethnographic Site Taramundi. Teixois Phone: +34 985 979 684 www.osteixois.com
Museums and Thematic Facilities Asturias is full of facilities to be enjoyed. For further information please visit www.infoasturias.com and Tourism Offices of the Principality of Asturias.
Jurassic Museum of Asturias (MUJA) Colunga. Rosa de San Telmo Phone: +34 985 185 583 / +34 985 868 000 www.museojurasicoasturias.com
Urban History Museum of Avilés Avilés. Calle la Ferrería, 35 Phone: +34 985 565 512 www.avilescultura.es
Selgas Fagalde Foundation Cudillero. La Quinta (El Pito) Phone: +34 985 590 120 www.selgas-fagalde.com – prior booking
Indiano Archive Foundation Ribadedeva. Colombres Phone: +34 985 412 005 www.archivodeindianos.es
The Iron and Steel Museum (MUSI) Langreo. La Felguera Phone: +34 985 678 477 www.museodelasiderurgia.es
Bustiello Mining Village Information Centre Mieres. Bustiello Telephone: +34 985 422 185 www.territorio-museo.com
Railway Museum Gijón. Pza. Estación del Norte Telephone: +34 985 308 575 http://museos.gijon.es/ Museum of Mining and Industry (MUMI) San Martín del Rey Aurelio. El Entrego Phone: +34 985 663 133 www.mumi.es Gijon Aquarium Gijón. Playa de Poniente Phone: +34 985 185 220 www.acuariodegijon.com Atlantic Botanic Garden Gijón. Avenida Jardín Botánico Telephone: +34 985 185 130 / +34 985 130 713 http://botanico/gijon.es Giant squid Museum – See Centre Valdés. Luarca Phone: +34 985 640 447 / +34 660 660 400 www.cepesma.org Gold Museum of Asturias (MOA) Tineo. Navelgas Phone: +34 985 806 018 www.museodeloro.es
Cangas Wine Museum Cangas del Narcea. Barrio de San Tiso Phones: +34 984 497 009 / +34 680 148 012 http://museovinocangas.wordpress.com Radio Museum Bimenes. Suares T Phones: +34 985 700 491 / +34 985 700 004 http://casadelesradios.blogspot.com.es/ Philippe Cousteau Anchor Museum Castrillón. Salinas Phone: +34 985 502 163 www.museodeanclas.es - free visit Valle de Samuño Mining Eco-Museum Langreo. Ciaño Phone: +34 984 082 215 www.ecomuseominero.es Arnao Mine Museum Castrillón. Arnao Phone: +34 985 507 799 www.museodelaminadearnao.com
Capital of the Region Pop. +100.000 inhab. Pop. 20.000 - 100.000 inhab. Pop. 5.000 - 20.000 inhab. Pop. 500 - 5.000 inhab. Pop. 100 - 500 inhab. Pop. 0 - 100 inhab. Capital of the Council
ROADS Motorway State Road Regional Road County Road Local Road
LIMITS Region Boundary County Boundary Park limit
TRAIN Broad-gauge railway Narrow-gauge railway
OTHERS Road Number Puerto de San Isidro 1.520 Gamoniteiru 1.786
Mountain pass River, dam and reservoir Summit
1. Castropol 2. Vegadeo 3. San Tirso de Abres 4. Taramundi 5. Villanueva de Oscos 6. Santa Eulalia de Oscos 7. San Martín de Oscos 8. Pesoz 9. Grandas de Salime 10. Ibias 11. Degaña 12. Cangas del Narcea 13. Allande 14. Illano
15. Boal 16. Tapia 17. El Franco 18. Coaña 19. Villayón 20. Navia 21. Valdés 22. Tineo 23. Belmomte 24. Somiedo 25. Teverga 26. Yernes y Tameza 27. Grado 28. Salas
29. Pravia 30. Cudillero 31. Muros del Nalón 32. Castrillón 33. Soto del Barco 34. Illas 35. Candamo 36. Las Regueras 37. Oviedo 38. Ribera de Arriba 39. Santo Adriano 40. Proaza 41. Morcín 42. Riosa
43. Quirós 44. Lena 45. Aller 46. Mieres 47. Langreo 48. Siero 49. Noreña 50. Llanera 51. Corvera 52. Avilés 53. Gozón 54. Carreño 55. Gijón 56. Villaviciosa
57. Sariego 58. Cabranes 59. Nava 60. Bimenes 61. San Martín del Rey Aurelio 62. Laviana 63. Sobrescobio 64. Caso 65. Piloña 66. Colunga 67. Caravia 68. Ribadesella 69. Parres
70. Ponga 71. Amieva 72. Cangas de Onís 73. Onís 74. Llanes 75. Cabrales 76. Peñamellera Alta 77. Peñamellera Baja 78. Ribadedeva
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