Word building It is both interesting and important to give children of any age an idea about where words have come from, and we can do this at any time without reference to the grammatical construction of a word. When discussing words in relation to spelling and/or compre hension, however, students need to be sure of: • the functions of all parts of speech • the use of a dictionary for finding out word constructions Students will become increasingly familiar with the meaning of specific base words, prefixes and suffixes, as they work with them in discussion and research. Learning lists of these is of little or no value. Words are built from the following: The base (root) word, which gives the core meaning. For example:
The prefix, which is added (fix) in front (pre) of the base word to add to its meaning or modify it in some way, such as making it negative. For example: Base word: true Prefix: un – not true
The suffix, which is added (fix) after (suf, meaning below) the base word, and usually indicates the part of speech.
Grammar for Everyone