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Moiz Zilberman  Evi  ͞For  What͟  ^ƚĞŶĐŝůĂůŦƔŵĂƐŦ,  2010    

 


46 Magazine   ò’‡”ƒŠ”ƒƒoŽòŽ‡”‡”‹•‹  

ڔ•‡Žˆ‡–.ƒŽÇ珃Žƒ”Ç 2011-­‐2012                        


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08 CULTURE

TUESDAY,  December  20,  2011

Young artists in Turkey have a hard life. They require financial support from their families or have to sell their work in order to survive. Neither option is easy

Works by Turkish artist $KPHW6DUÂ 

A work by Ekin 6DÂ&#x2021;OÂ RÂ&#x17E;OX

ISTANBUL

The Istanbul Biennial drew +$7è&(Ă­87.$1 large numbers of visitors while the Contemporary Istanbul Fair celebrated record sales. But as Turkish contemporary art becomes increasingly popular internationally, young artists are still struggling to make a living. Few companies and institutions cultivate young talent by injecting funds, with only a small number of individuals receiving support from such establishments. And as there is very little support from the state for budding artists, traditionally these individuals are sustained by their families. Artists in Turkey do not have many choices. One option is to work with a gallery as the â&#x20AC;&#x153;artist in residence,â&#x20AC;? while continuing to receive support from their family until their reputation is sufficiently developed that they can afford to support themselves. But competition for such positions is tough. For those who do not have family support or the option of becoming a gallery artist, life can be difficult. â&#x20AC;&#x153;When developing artists do not receive support and cannot be creative due to financial restraints, they are forced to try different jobs in order to earn money,â&#x20AC;? said Tunca 6XEDĂĽĂ&#x2013;D\RXQJFRQWHPSRUDU\DUWLVW She has just opened her own studio in Taksim, the heart of Istanbulâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s art world, and has signed a deal with Pi Art Works gallery. 6XEDĂĽĂ&#x2013; VDLG LW ZDV KDUG WR PDNH ends meet simply by selling paintings and creative pieces. â&#x20AC;&#x153;It is important for emerging artists to reach out to collectors and international collecWLRQVÂľ 6XEDĂĽĂ&#x2013; DGGHG WKDW LW ZDV DOmost impossible for a young artist to find a place in the market without first opening a solo exhibition and, prior to this, gaining representation from a gallery. %XW6XEDĂĽĂ&#x2013;DOVRVXJJHVWHGDQDOWHUnative for artists who do not receive any support from the galleries, family or state. â&#x20AC;&#x153;Sometimes artists unite and open their own venue through individual initiatives,â&#x20AC;? she said. â&#x20AC;&#x153;During 2010 and as part of the culture capital projects, a huge budget was allocated to the arts and for cultural events,â&#x20AC;? said artist Burçak Konukman, who specializes in performance and video art. Nevertheless, the problem which exists in Turkey is that no one can discuss the public budget, which allows the private sector to take the lead and hold all the power, she added. In an environment like this, it is essential that artists get in touch with private sector players, said Konukman. Even though there are some wealthy institutions providing open workshops and project-based schemes, he said these only provided temporary gains for artists. Many artists work a second job if they do not have any additional support, he said, but added that those who did not have the backing of their families were generally unable to continue creating.

A work by Burçak .RQXNPDQ

Turkeyâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s young artists

living without

support 781&$68%$ÂĄ,

Due to financial restraints, young artists are forced to try different jobs in order to earn money

(.Ă&#x201A;16$o/,2Â?/8

I know many people who work in other jobs but they still create. It is a question of existence.

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Exhibiting to raise awareness

Berkay Tuncay, who displayed his work at the ArtBeat fair in Istanbul, said artists should open exhibitions to promote their work. â&#x20AC;&#x153;There are very few companies or institutions providing funds and

Many artists work a second job if they do not have any additional support but they are unable to continue creating

you have to be very lucky to receive Ythem,â&#x20AC;? he said. â&#x20AC;&#x153;We should always remember we are living in a consumer-driven society. Instead of catering toward what is in fashion, artists should focus on problematic issues,â&#x20AC;? VDLG$KPHW6DUĂ&#x2013;ZKRHQWHUHGWKHDUW scene with exhibitions at a number of different galleries. â&#x20AC;&#x153;I do not think institutions give support to the artists without any FRVW WR WKH LQGLYLGXDOÂľ 6DUĂ&#x2013; VDLG â&#x20AC;&#x153;It might be a good idea for an artist to follow his or her own system. But there are galleries not compatible with the identity of the artist.â&#x20AC;? Discussing her work with Pi Art, 0HUYHäHQGLOVDLGVKHZDVERWKFRQfident and excited to be working with the gallery, as she felt the space was closely related to her own style. â&#x20AC;&#x153;I know there are many people who cannot earn any money from art at the beginning but are still making it. I know people who work in other jobs but still create,â&#x20AC;? said EkLQ6DoOĂ&#x2013;RâOXD\RXQJDFFODLPHGDUWLVW who made her mark at the X-Ist Gallery. For her, art is not something impossible to do when dealing with financial constraints. â&#x20AC;&#x153;It is a question of existence,â&#x20AC;? she said. 6DoOĂ&#x2013;RâOXVDLGVKHGLGQRWUHFHLYH any institutional support and added that making the decision to accept money from an external party could sometimes compromise artistic freedom, leading to a relationship based on dependence. 6 PHU6D\Ă&#x2013;QD\RXQJDUWLVWVWXG\ing abroad, noted the situation in Europe or the United States, saying: â&#x20AC;&#x153;With the exception of France as well as the Scandinavian countries, the problem persists. In Turkey we have very limited funds.â&#x20AC;? However, it is impossible to talk about institutionalized and sustainable internships where the artist can SURILW6D\Ă&#x2013;QVDLGk HDN

ĂŁ]PLU¡V KLVWRULFDO .RQDN 0RYLH 7KHater, which closed its doors two years ago after serving moviegoers since the 1960s, has begun to host guests while still under construction with the support of cinema lovers. The movie theater was closed down since it failed to compete against movie theaters in shopping malls but has been redeveloped thanks to personal efforts of volunteers. But it needs sponsors to survive. â&#x20AC;&#x153;Sponsorship means to invest in

arts and culture. All companies and powerful holdings should know it. Konak Movie Theater needs sponVRUVLWLVYHU\XUJHQWÂľVDLGWKHĂŁ]PLU Cinema and Visual Arts Association ĂŁ=6*'  'HSXW\ &KDLUPDQ $\GĂ&#x2013;Q .DUDWDĂĽ.RQDNVXUYLYHGZLWKWKHHIforts of volunteers and the theater was having difficulty finding sponsors, he said. ´,GRQ¡WZDQWWRVD\LWEXWĂŁ]PLU¡V companies are insensitive on this isVXHÂľ .DUDWDĂĽ VDLG DGGLQJ WKDW WKH\ wanted to make annual advertisement contracts with companies to

sponsor the project. â&#x20AC;&#x153;I call on the cityâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s old companies. We donâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t want money from you like beggars. Just support culture and arts, make your name survive alongside our movie theater.â&#x20AC;? .DUDWDĂĽ VDLG WKH\ KDG GRQH WKHLU best to prevent the use of the movie theater building for other aims and had succeeded in a way to do it. â&#x20AC;&#x153;All of us took out bank loans. The restoration project had a cost of 1.8 million Turkish Liras,â&#x20AC;? he said. It was a very old building with no air conditioning system, no acoustic panels and no in-

sulation, he said. â&#x20AC;&#x153;Actually, we have recreated the building, not restored it. We did it with our own opportunities and peopleâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s reactions show us that we did a great job.â&#x20AC;? .DUDWDĂĽVDLGWKH.RQDN0RYLH7KHater opened its curtain with the FesWLYDO2Q:KHHOVWKDWDUULYHGLQĂŁ]PLU after six years and it was a nice surprise for moviegoers. He said they did not envision showing too many commercial films. â&#x20AC;&#x153;Our concept is very different. We will mostly screen films from Turkish cinema.â&#x20AC;?

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Ă&#x201A;]PLU&LQHPDDQG9LVXDO$UWV$VVRFLDWLRQ'HSXW\&KDLUPDQ$\G Q.DUDWD¢VD\VWKDW they did their best to prevent the movie theater from becoming a shopping mall.

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ISTANBUL - Anatolia News Agency

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