SENSATIONAL SUMMER GARDENS ISSUE 24
• EXPERT FRUIT TREE ADVICE PAGE 3 • SUMMER GARDENING GUIDE PAGE 4 • TOP TOMATO TIPS PAGE 5
Create a micro garden to dress up your small space
Portable Summer Salad Guide + recipes from Food in a Minute and Eta
TO THE TUI SUMMER TIMES FOR 2016/17.
Summer is upon us and the much anticipated longer and warmer days mean more time to spend in the garden! There are plenty of exciting summer crops to plant and an abundance of harvests arriving in time for the entertaining season. Don’t forget to sit back and enjoy the rewards of your spring garden efforts! This issue is full of inspiration to keep your garden growing this season. We’re excited to have teamed up with Food in a Minute and ETA Salad Dressings to help you go from garden to table with ease this summer. Create a portable salad garden bursting with salads greens and herbs and turn them into tasty summer salads the whole family can enjoy – at home or on holiday! Get started with our Portable Summer Salad Garden Guide and two new summer salad recipes from Food in a Minute and Eta on page 10. To ensure you continue to enjoy summer’s bounty over the next few months, keep planting in the vege patch! Turn to page 4 for top veges to plant in your region, and add a pop of colour with a selection of summer blooms from our flower planting calendar. And don’t forget tomatoes – a Kiwi favourite to grow in the backyard. See our top tomato tips on page 5 for a bumper crop of flavoursome toms!
be sure to check out page 3 as Kate Marshall from Waimea Nurseries shares her expert advice to help you care for your fruit trees, along with tips for plentiful crops! For those with a small area in the garden they don’t know what to do with, discover how with a bit of creativity you can transform it into a beautiful green oasis. Follow our step by step guide to creating a stunning micro garden as seen on Kiwi Living on page 6. We would love to see pictures of your summer harvests and backyard projects – share them on facebook.com/ TuiGarden or email them through to firstname.lastname@example.org Happy gardening and enjoy summer in the garden, from the Tui Team. For gardening tips and advice join us at facebook.com/TuiGarden or join our newsletter at tuiproducts.co.nz
Summer is a key harvest time for many delicious fruits. If you’ve got questions on the fruit trees growing in your garden,
WIN A TUI ORGANIC GARDENING PACK! Grow your plants the organic way this summer! We’re giving you the chance to win an organic gardening pack with all the goodies you need to enjoy the taste of fresh organic veges harvested from your own backyard. The prize pack includes our new Tui Organic General Fertiliser and comes in our popular Tui wooden crate! Enter at: tuigarden.co.nz/competitions. Entries close 26 February 2017.
TUI SUMMER TIMES 2016
ALL YOUR FRUIT QUESTIONS ANSWERED
Summer is the main time for enjoying the crops from your home orchard, starting with early stonefruit prior to Christmas through to the apples, pears and feijoas as the season changes to autumn.
BY KATE MARSHALL
(from Waimea Nurseries)
FRUIT SEASON Some types of fruit trees produce a crop sooner than others, with dwarf varieties the quickest. It’s important to remove any fruit that forms in the first season after planting. This is to allow the tree to establish a strong root system and framework of branches, rather than putting a lot of energy into fruit development.
COMMON ISSUES Unfortunately sometimes fruit trees may fail to produce a crop. More often than not, the problem is due to a lack of pollination. This can be caused by bad weather during flowering (wet, cold and/ or windy), not having the cross-pollinating variety, or lack of bee activity. Other causes of poor cropping can be reasons like the tree being too young to produce fruit, not growing healthily due to pests, disease, poor nutrition, lack of watering, or growing with too much vegetative growth from excessive nitrogen. If the fruit on your fruit trees is very small, this is usually caused by overcropping, which can lead to biennial bearing (producing a massive crop every second year). Small fruit is common on dwarf peach and nectarine trees due to a high level of pollination on a small
number of branches. Biennial bearing is most commonly seen on pear and plum trees. Increase fruit size by thinning fruit to a sensible crop load for the size of the tree. This is best done in early summer when the fruitlets are about the size of a 20c coin, reducing the number of fruit in a bunch so that the mature fruit will not touch its neighbours. Small fruit, or premature fruit drop – when the fruit falls before ripening, can also be caused by poor nutrition and lack of water (or sporadic irrigation). Feed fruit trees with Tui NovaTec Premium fertiliser and mulch with Tui Mulch & Feed to assist with moisture retention. Water deeply and regularly, ideally with a hose left dribbling for an hour or so once a week. Water is very important over the hotter months as fruit forms.
FRUIT TREE MAINTENANCE All fruit trees benefit from a regular feeding regime to provide the right nutrients for maximum tree health and top crops. Tui NovaTec Premium fertiliser is suitable for your fruit trees planted in the garden or in pots and
containers. Feed in spring and summer to provide your fruit trees a balanced and even spread of all essential nutrients for maximum fruiting and flowering. To increase fruit production next season, sprinkle Tui Sulphate of Potash around the base of the tree in autumn. This provides a boost of potassium – the most important element for the development of flowers and fruit. Summer pruning is recommended for keeping fruit trees shorter for easy picking. Simply clip the new growth back by half in December/January, then again in February/March. This pruning technique shocks the tree slightly which reduces growth. Apply Seasol seaweed based plant tonic regularly to help reduce the shock and give trees an overall boost.
Dwarf varieties: Years to fruiting (from planting)
Regular varieties: Years to fruiting (from planting)
February – May
December – March
December – February
(depends on type of citrus)
February – June
Nectarine & Peach
December – February
February – May
December – March
SUMMER GARDENING GUIDE
nectarine trees on a clear, dry day. As we move into the IN THE VEGE GARDEN • Harvest apples, apricots, warmer summer months it • Keep planting to enjoy homegrown boysenberries, cherries, figs, lemons, is heartening to see all the harvests long into the autumn months. mandarins, oranges, peaches, pears, See our planting table on the opposite hard labour put in the garden and plums. Harvest fruit regularly to page for popular summer veges over spring come to fruition get the most from your crop. to plant. in the form of stunning • After harvest reward your fruit trees • Dig in Tui Compost before planting floral displays and delicious with an application of Tui NovaTec to replenish nutrients used by homegrown crops. Read our Premium fertiliser and a new layer of previous crops. Compost is an guide to enjoying a successful Tui Mulch & Feed. This will promote excellent water saver as it improves summer garden. new growth and stimulate flower buds the soil by increasing moisture holding
SUMMER TO DO LIST
capacity, particularly in sandy soils. • Keep mounding up your potato plants. • Harvest veges regularly, this helps promote more growth throughout the season. • Keep adding nutrients to replace those used by applying fertiliser every four or so weeks during key growing times. Select a fertiliser specially blended for your plant or crop like the Tui Food range, or use an all purpose variety, such as Tui NovaTec Premium fertiliser.
• Apply Debco SaturAid granular soil wetter to garden beds and pots to assist water reaching the root zone of plants. This will help your plants make the most of water, and can reduce water use by up to 50%. • Keep your garden weed free; don’t let your plants compete for water and nutrients. • Give plants a dose of Seasol plant tonic at least every month to make them thrive. IN THE FRUIT GARDEN • Water in the morning or evening to avoid water evaporation. A good deep • Strawberries - the more you pick the soak every few days is better than more they will grow - what a bonus! shallow watering every day. This will Remove old leaves and any other encourage deep roots and helps plants part of the plant that looks unhealthy. to better survive short term drought. Apply Tui Strawberry Food regularly. • Protect your plants roots and conserve • Summer pruning can be undertaken moisture with layers of Tui Mulch & as required. Prune peach, plum and Feed or Tui Pea Straw Mulch. 4
TUI SUMMER TIMES 2016
for next season’s fruit.
IN THE FLOWER GARDEN • Pick vibrant blooms including roses, hydrangeas, fuchsias, dianthus, delphiniums, lilies, gladiolus, sweet peas, geraniums, cosmos, and sunflowers. • Make the most of your blooms with basic maintenance - dead heading, weeding, watering, and feeding. • Use Tui NovaTec Premium fertiliser to feed your flowering plants and extend the season as long as you can. • Plant up new hanging baskets and pots and containers. Fill with Tui Flower Mix for best results.
VEGETABLE PLANTING CALENDAR December
Time to harvest
45–85 days 90–160 days
Potato Pumpkin & squash
*Harvest times are a guide only and may vary.
Key: = Northern region = Middle region = Southern region
FLOWER PLANTING CALENDAR December
ANNUALS Alyssum Bulbs (spring flowering) – Daffodil, tulip, hyacinth Chrysanthemum Cosmos Forget-me-not Impatien Marigold Pansy & viola Petunia PERENNIALS Calla lily Daisy Delphinium Dianthus Fuchsia
TOP TOMATO TIPS
In sandwiches or salads, roasted or plucked straight from the vine – tomatoes take pride of place in every Kiwi’s garden over the summer months. See our top tips below and you’ll be harvesting a bumper crop of homegrown tomatoes this summer!
PLANTING • It’s best practice not to plant your tomatoes in the same spot as last season, or in the same spot as potatoes were planted as diseases can remain in the soil and affect your new crop. • Plant in sunny spot as tomatoes need sun to ripen. • Plant with Tui Tomato Mix, specifically formulated with extra potassium to encourage a plentiful harvest of big juicy fruit.
NOURISH • Feed tomato plants planted in the garden with Tui Tomato Food every four weeks to replenish nutrients used, and enhance flavour and ripening. Use Scotts Osmocote Vegetable, Tomato, Herb & Garden Beds for tomatoes in containers. • Water regularly, two or three times a week. Irregular watering can lead to blossom end rot, and if plants dry out they are more susceptible to pests and diseases. • Avoid watering the foliage, as this can cause fungal diseases. • Apply Seasol seaweed based plant tonic regularly for plant health and to help plants handle fluctuations in temperature.
MAINTENANCE • Basil makes a great companion plant for tomatoes, improving flavour when planted alongside. • As your tomatoes grow, remove the laterals to encourage bigger and better fruit. Laterals are the shoots that grow out from the side of Lateral the stem. • Halfway through the growing season prune the base leaves to let sun and light in to improve air circulation to help prevent fungal diseases like blight. • Cover plants with netting to prevent birds stealing your ripening tomatoes!
Gerbera Lavender Perennial petunia *Planting times vary due to regional temperatures. Plant when they are available in store. Reference: Based on content from The Tui NZ Vegetable Garden third edition, and The Tui NZ Flower Garden, by Rachel Vogan.
For the Tui Tomato Growing Guide visit tuiproducts.co.nz TUIPRODUCTS.CO.NZ
TUI GARDEN PROJECT – MICRO GARDEN GUIDE Do you have a small area in your garden that you don’t know what to do with? It could be the back of a courtyard, a narrow strip of garden down the side of the house or an unused corner. With a dose of creativity it can be transformed into a beautiful green oasis – especially if you start thinking vertically. Shopping list: Tui Pot Power, Seasol, Tui NovaTec Premium fertiliser, pots, trellis, garden wire, eye hooks, plants - Star Jasmine (Trachelospermum jasminoides) and Gelsemium sempervirens (Carolina jessamine). Add some fabulous vertical visual interest with evergreen climbers which will grow prettier over time. Evergreen climbers are particularly good for the North Island – if you live in the South, deciduous climbers like Boston ivy or wisteria are good options. We’ve chosen Star Jasmine and Gelsemium sempervirens. Star Jasmine is an evergreen twining plant that produces white fragrant flowers in early spring to mid-summer. It takes a while to get going but once its roots are well established, it’s away.
TUI SUMMER TIMES 2016
Gelsemium sempervirens (which means always green in Latin) is a vigorous climber which will grow into a nice dense solid green wall – it has beautiful bright yellow flowers in winter and spring. If you’re not able to plant directly into the garden, choose some nice pots to sit at the base of the wall.
PREPARE 1. Clear the area of any existing plants or weeds and tidy it up. If using pots put some pavers or stones underneath so that the pots don’t move over time. 2. Use heavy garden wire and eye hooks for the wire frame eye hooks easily screw into wooden fences with some pliers and allow the plants some room to grow freely against the wall. You can also create a wire frame on concrete and brick surfaces you just need different fixtures. 3. Now plan out the wire frame. Each climber needs about an 80cm section of wall to grow on - divide your space into sections accordingly. Then divide each section from top to bottom evenly into three segments (the bottom wire should be 30cm from the soil level). Screw in eye hooks at top, middle and bottom corners of the three horizontal segments (six eye hooks in total per section).
4. Feed the garden wire through the eye hooks to create the outer and horizontal wires. For the middle vertical wires we have gone diagonally bottom left to middle right, then middle right to top left. Ensure the garden wire is pulled tight and anchored, there should be some tension on the wires. 5. If using trellis, attach pre-cut 60x80cm lattice trellis to the fence using wooden blocks behind the trellis. Screw to the fence at all four corners. The blocks mean the trellis is not flush against the wall, allowing the climber space to grow freely against the wall. 6. Place the pots centrally under each section. We’ve used a concrete trough for each end and a round one for the centre section. Choose a potting mix that is free draining and is suited to what you are planting. Tui Pot Power is a premium potting mix formulated for outdoor potted plants.
PLANT 7. Check plant labels for individual planting instructions. When planting or re-potting ensure plants aren’t exposed to the hot sun straight away. Directions for planting in containers: 8. Partly fill your container with Tui Pot Power. 9. Before potting, soak plants in a bucket of Seasol plant tonic and allow to drain. This will help prevent transplant shock. 10. Gently loosen the root ball of your plant and position the plant in the container. If planting multiple plants, space accordingly in the container.
11. Fill your container with Tui Pot Power up to 3cm from the top. 12. Press soil gently around the base of the plant. 13. Water plants well after planting. Training the climbers: 14. Tie the stems to the wire supports or trellis and tie new growth in regularly. Soft string isn’t expensive and only lasts a season as it rots off, which is good as when the plant grows and the stems thicken, the plant isn’t constricted by the ties. Alternatively use plant clips, like you often see on orchids and move these as you need.
NOURISH 15. Feed your plants and they will reward you. The controlled release fertiliser in Tui Pot Power will keep feeding for up to six months. Continue to replenish nutrients after six months with Tui NovaTec Premium fertiliser, it is suitable to use in pots and containers as it’s a slow release, easy-to-absorb fertiliser. 16. Plants growing in containers require regular watering. Water deeply twice a week to encourage deep roots. Water in the morning or evening to avoid water evaporation.
For more Tui Garden Projects as seen on Kiwi Living visit tuiproducts.co.nz
TUI GARDEN PROBLEM SOLVER
Don’t let insect pests and diseases affect the success of your garden this summer. Control common problems with the Tui Plant Protection range and keep your fruit and veges healthy over the entertaining season.
PASSION VINE HOPPER
Aphids are small pear-shaped soft bodied sap sucking insects that are often found on the underside of leaves. Aphids can be green, black, yellow or grey and commonly affect potatoes, brassicas and carrots. Aphid infestations cause stunted growth, distorted, curled leaves, and honey dew to be excreted, causing black sooty mould.
These are brown sap sucking moths with mottled wings and a fluffy tail. They are visible on leaves and jump when disturbed. Plants lose vigour when infested with this bug, and honey dew is excreted, causing black sooty mould. Commonly affects passionfruit vines, citrus, berry fruits and beans.
Solve it: Tui Insect Control for Fruit & Veges, Tui Insect Eliminator for Fruit & Veges.
WHITE CABBAGE BUTTERFLY CATERPILLAR
WHITEFLY Look out for these tiny white sap sucking moths that fly when leaves are brushed. Whitefly are commonly found on brassicas, tomatoes and fruit trees. Plants lose vigour when infected by this insect and eventually wilt. Honey dew is excreted, causing black sooty mould. Solve it: Tui Insect Control for Fruit & Veges.
POWDERY MILDEW A disease in which infected leaves become covered in white powder and can become distorted and discoloured. Powdery mildew commonly affects cucumber and courgettes over summer.
Solve it: Tui Caterpillar Eliminator for Fruit & Veges.
These are small, green worm-like insects that eat large holes in the leaves of brassicas such as broccoli, cauliflower and broccoflower, leaving ‘windows’. They are common from spring to autumn. Solve it: Tui Caterpillar Eliminator for Fruit & Veges.
TUI TIPS: • If insect pest infestations are small, try blasting with a hose or squashing with your fingers. • Use a layer of fine netting to stop white cabbage butterfly laying their eggs on your plants. • Control slugs and snails munching on your carefully tended seedlings and plants with Tui Quash Slug & Snail Control.
Solve it: Tui Disease Control for Fruit & Veges.
Having trouble identifying pests & diseases in your summer garden? Use the Tui Garden Problem Solver tool at tuigarden.co.nz/garden-problem-solver 8
TUI SUMMER TIMES 2016
SMART SUMMER PRODUCTS
Spoil your garden with our top summer product picks and maintain a healthy and flourishing garden – perfect for enjoying the longer days!
How can I conserve moisture and stop my plants drying out?
TUI MULCH & FEED
Give your garden some extra TLC this summer. This convenient two-inone combination provides the benefits of mulching whilst the healthy additions of blood and bone, mulching straw and sheep pellets replace vital nutrients used by your plants. Mulching protects your plants from extremes in temperatures, keeps roots moist, suppresses weed growth and creates a tidy, well cared for look. Use Tui Mulch & Feed throughout your garden to keep your piece of paradise looking top-notch.
DEBCO SATURAID Debco SaturAid granular soil wetter is a unique and worthwhile addition to all gardens, particularly in summer. It promotes even water distribution, making watering, rainfall and fertilisers more effective, even in sandy, clay or compacted soils. Apply SaturAid to garden beds and pots to assist water reaching the root zone of plants. This will help your plants make the most of water, and can reduce water use by up to 50%.
How do I maintain a lush and hydrated lawn?
SCOTTS LAWN BUILDER + WETTING AGENT HYDRATE SLOW RELEASE LAWN FERTILISER Scotts Lawn Builder + Wetting Agent is a slow release granular lawn fertiliser with added professional grade wetting agent. Lawn Builder builds a thicker, greener lawn to prevent weeds establishing, and deeper root systems for strong, healthy growth. One easy application feeds continuously and slowly for up to three months without burning. The professional grade wetting agent helps water and nutrients penetrate deeply into the soil, promoting deep root growth and enhancing fertiliser uptake. This helps lawns to be more drought tolerant. Apply in early spring, early summer and again in autumn.
How do I keep my plants well nourished over the hot summer months?
NITROSOL Nitrosol Liquid Fertilisers have a new and improved formula. The renowned Nitrosol Liquid Fertiliser range made from blood and bone has been improved with additional amino acids and a higher level of nutrients for improved plant growth. Nitrosol Liquid Fertilisers contain essential elements, minerals and growth promotants for strong, healthy plants. Try the new and improved Nitrosol Original and Nitrosol Tomato Liquid Fertilisers this summer and see the outstanding results for yourself!
SEASOL - DON’T JUST WATER YOUR GARDEN! Seasol is your complete garden health treatment! The best way to create and maintain a stunning garden is to use a plant tonic in addition to garden fertilisers. Seasol is a liquid seaweed extract that contains high levels of naturally occurring growth stimulants and other essential compounds which promote strong root growth, reduce transplant shock, help plants cope with temperature extremes and stress including heat and drought.
ADD A POP OF COLOUR New from Zealandia – Surfinia Summer Double Salmon: Brand new colour in this exciting range of double flowering petunias! A nice compact plant with superior heat and rain tolerance. The masses of small flowers make this plant perfect as a showpiece.
GROW YOUR OWN SALAD GREENS Salad greens and herbs are one of the easiest and fastest growing crops, and some of the tastiest! So we’ve teamed up with Food in a Minute and Eta Salad Dressings to help you grow your own salad greens this summer.
PORTABLE SUMMER SALAD GARDEN GUIDE
Grow your own this summer by creating a portable garden packed with delicious salad greens and fragrant herbs. Perfect if you are going away on holiday so you can still enjoy these fresh homegrown delights or are low on space. They also make a wonderful Christmas gift!
1. Fill the base and line the sides of your container with Tui Pea Straw Mulch to help hold on to water, and so you don’t need as much soil so the container isn’t too heavy to move around. 2. Fill the container with Tui Vegetable Mix, a high quality natural-based planting mix containing the right blend of nutrients to provide your plants with the best possible start and sustained growth. 3. Remove the seedlings from their trays. 4. Dig a hole approximately twice the size of the root ball of your plant. 5. Gently loosen the root ball of each plant before planting. 6. Position the plant in the planting hole with a transplant trowel or your fingers. Space plants accordingly in your chosen container. 7. Press soil gently around the base of the plant. 8. Water plants well after planting – add Seasol plant tonic to the watering can to help with transplant shock.
Shopping list: Tui Vegetable Mix, Tui Pea Straw Mulch, Tui NovaTec Vegetable fertiliser mini, Seasol, container, salad and herb seedlings.
PREPARE Choose a container that can be easily transported once it is planted up. Plastic containers with handles are a good option, or get creative and upcycle a wooden crate (beer crate size works well) or bucket – just make sure they have drainage holes in the bottom.
PLANT To create the delicious new Food in a Minute and Eta summer salads your garden will need lettuce, spinach, kale and mint, parsley and basil to add a flavour punch to your salads! Other salad staples you can plant include mesclun, rocket, spring onion, coriander and radish. Salad garden boxes can be planted densely, so you can fit lots of variety in! Harvest salad plants leaf by leaf to encourage a constant supply of new growth. Picking the baby leaves mean they usually have more flavour too.
NOURISH Feed your salad garden with Tui NovaTec Vegetable fertiliser, a slow release fertiliser suitable for containers. Tui NovaTec is great for encouraging leafy growth. Keep in mind plants grown in containers dry out quicker than in garden beds so regular watering is needed. It is best to water deeply twice a week rather than a little each day to encourage deep roots. Water in the morning or evening to avoid water evaporation. Apply Seasol plant tonic every 2-4 weeks to promote strong root growth and keep your salad garden thriving.
A PUNCH OF FLAVOUR Stir fry delights Bok choy, spinach, spring onion, coriander and chives. Something different If you want to try something different, plant a combination of Vietnamese mint, Thai basil and lemongrass.
TUI SUMMER TIMES 2016
GROW, HARVEST AND CREATE THESE DELICIOUS SALADS MADE WITH
SUMMER BRUNCH SALAD
Prep time: 10 mins Cook time: 20 mins Serves: 4 2 Tbsp olive oil 4 slices of sourdough bread 8 rashers streaky bacon 100g baby spinach leaves 250g punnet of cherry tomatoes, halved 4 eggs, hard boiled and sliced 250ml bottle Eta Ranch Dressing Basil for garnish
1. Heat a fry-pan, add olive oil, tear bread into chunks and toss in pan until golden. Set aside. 2. In the same pan cook the bacon until crispy. When cool, slice into bite size pieces and set aside. 3. Into a large bowl arrange clockwise the spinach, bacon, croutons, tomatoes and eggs. 4. Drizzle over approximately ¼ cup of the Eta Ranch Dressing. 5. Garnish with torn basil leaves.
3 GREENS SALAD WITH BABY POTATOES AND CHICKEN Prep time: 10 mins Cook time: 30 mins Serves: 4 500 grams of baby potatoes 250 grams of green beans 100 grams baby spinach leaves 2 cooked chicken breasts, shredded 1-2 avocados, diced 250ml bottle Eta Avocado and Garlic Dressing Mint and basil to garnish
1. Gently boil the potatoes in salted water until tender, drain, slice in half and set aside. 2. Bring a pot of water to the boil and quickly blanch the beans. Plunge beans into cold water, drain, slice and set aside. 3. Into a large bowl add the spinach, potatoes, beans, chicken and avocado. Gently mix to combine. 4. Transfer to a serving platter or bowl. 5. Drizzle over approximately ¼ cup of Eta Avocado and Garlic Dressing. 6. Top with finely sliced mint and basil.
Visit foodinaminute.co.nz for more summer salad inspiration.
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