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Fletcher News T h e O f f i c i a l N e w s l e tt e r f o r a lu m n i a n d f r i e n d s o f T h e F l e tc h e r S c h oo l o f L aw a n d D i p lo m a c y at T u f t s Un i v e r s i t y.

preparing the world’s leaders

Farah Pandith, F95, is sworn in as US Special Representative to Muslim Communities

Fletcher News T h e O f f i c i a l N e w s l e T T e r f O r a l u m N i a N d f r i e N d s O f T h e f l e T c h e r s c h O O l O f l aw a N d d i p lO m a c y aT T u f T s u N i v e r s i T y.

FeAtUres Crisis-Mapping Puts Fletcher Students at the Forefront of a Revolution in Humanitarian Aid - 4 America’s Face to Muslims: Farah Pandith, F95 - 6 Thomas Schmidheiny Underwrites Fletcher’s Master of International Business Program - 9 Ushahidi

Entrepreneurial Alumna Contributes to Fletcher’s Future - 8 Fletcher Reunion 2010 - 16 DePArtMeNts From the Fletcher Files - 10 Faculty Updates - 11

Farah pandith, F95

Club News - 12 Club Contacts - 15 Class Notes - 18 In Memoriam - 40 Entrepreneurial Alumna Contributes to Fletcher’s Future - 43

Fletcher alumni honor dear Friend

FletCher news VolUMe 31 nUMBer 2 spring/sUMMer 2010

CoVer photograph courtesy of Us state Department

Julia Motl lowe Director of The Fletcher Fund

photographs Alonso Nichols, Joanie tobin, carol waters, steven J. eliopoulos, Us state Department

Moira rafferty Assistant Director of The Fletcher Fund


Jennifer weingarden Director of Development and Alumni Relations

leah s. Brady, laura Mclaughlin oFFiCe oF deVelopMent and alUMni relations Kathleen Bobick Administrative Assistant corrections: We apologize for the omission of David Larson, F57 and Justine Treadwell, F09 from The Fletcher Fund donor report section of the Fall/Winter Fletcher News.

leah s. Brady Associate Director of Alumni Relations and Stewardship laura h. Mclaughlin Coordinator of Alumni Relations and Stewardship

thaddeus thompson, F01 Associate Director of Development

cynthia weymouth Administrative Assistant Special thanks to: Sarah Hahn, Elsa Palanza

D eA N ’s c OrNer

Greetings from the Fletcher school. here in Medford, the school is bustling with activity as we near the end of the spring semester. Our graduating students are juggling the demands of a thesis, a job search, and perhaps even a career change, while our returning students are finalizing their plans for the summer. Our students and graduates will leave our halls for cities such as Kuala lumpur and Kabul, sao Paulo and san Francisco, to make an important contribution to global development and prosperity, following in the footsteps of thousands of Fletcher alumni before them. It’s a special year for our commencement ceremonies, as we celebrate the graduation of the inaugural class of Fletcher’s Master of International Business Program (MIB). less than two years ago, the class of 35 MIB students arrived in August to begin their studies. thus far, the program has exceeded our highest expectations. the MIB, along with the llM (which graduates its second class this spring) has added tremendous value to the dynamic and hard-working Fletcher student body. this year the Global Master of Arts Program (GMAP) celebrates its tenth anniversary. since its inception at the start of the new millennium, this one-year program, incorporating residencies and Internet-mediated learning, has served as the premiere graduate international relations program for mid- and senior-level professionals seeking increased advanced global knowledge with the added advantage of staying in their current professional position. GMAP will convene its alumni for a special tenth anniversary gala in washington, D.c., in October 2010. A little more than a year remains in the tufts Beyond Boundaries university-wide campaign to raise $1.2 billion for financial aid, endowed professorships, new research facilities, and initiatives in citizenship and public service, among other priorities. to date, your support has enabled Fletcher to reach more than eighty percent of our campaign goal of $100 million by

2011. Your gifts have helped the school realize a major increase in funding for financial aid and critical expansion of our faculty. this campaign will help ensure Fletcher’s success for years to come, and I encourage all of you to consider ways in which you might participate. while we are still in unpredictable and difficult economic times, I am confident that, by working together, we will keep Fletcher on its rising trajectory of excellence. Although it is premature to declare the financial crisis over, we now have a clearer view of where the school and the University stand. After an initial loss of as much as thirty percent of our endowment, we made some difficult financial decisions for the fiscal year ending 30 June 2010, as we reduced our operating budget by some $2.5 million. we did, however, preserve financial aid, instruction, and core programs. As the economy has strengthened and our endowment has regained some of its losses, Fletcher will prosper in the future as a result of the difficult yet necessary decisions we have made. I again encourage you to open your doors to our new graduates to assist their entry into the professional arena. Be it an informational interview, an internship, or a full-time position, your support of the Fletcher family is so important and appreciated. chris and I look forward to meeting with you in the months ahead, whether here in Medford or in our travels to a city near you. sincerely,

stephen w. Bosworth Dean

stephen w. Bosworth

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Crisis-Mapping Puts Fletcher Students at the Forefront of a Revolution in Humanitarian Aid By Linnea Duvall, F10

In the basement of the Cabot Intercultural Center, several students stare intently at large computer screens, surrounded by half-eaten bags of granola and Oreo cookies. It is only the second week of the spring semester, yet these students look like they are hours away from a thesis deadline. This is not ordinary graduate school stress—the students are volunteers for Ushahidi, an innovative crowd-sourcing disaster response program that is providing realtime data for the relief effort in Haiti and transforming the field of humanitarian aid.

In the basement of the Cabot Intercultural Center, several students stare intently at large computer screens, surrounded by half-eaten bags of granola and Oreo cookies. It is only the second week of the spring semester, yet these students look like they are hours away from a thesis deadline. This is not ordinary graduate school stress—the students are volunteers for Ushahidi, an innovative crowd-sourcing disaster response program that is providing real-time data for the relief effort in Haiti and transforming the field of humanitarian aid. Ushahidi, which takes its name from the Swahili word for “testimony,” was initially developed to map reports of violence in Kenya during the post-election fallout in early 2008. The online platform relies on a dedicated group of volunteers to aggregate mountains of information from people on the ground, such as email, SMS, Twitter feeds and Web reports, and to pinpoint the data on an interactive map of the crisis area, ideally with GPS coordinates. Ushahidi has been used for coordinating humanitarian response in UN earthquake simulations, election monitoring in India, Lebanon, Mexico, and Afghanistan, and most recently for the earthquake in Haiti. Patrick Meier, F12, a member of the Ushahidi board of directors, began mobilizing an Ushahidi team at Fletcher when he learned of the Haiti earthquake on the evening of January 12. As information about the devastation began to pour in online, he asked the Fletcher community to help monitor and process the data. Since his initial call for volunteers, over 250 Fletcher students, friends, and undergraduates have been trained as crisis-mappers, helping to turn text messages and Twitter feeds from local witnesses into useful data for humanitarian teams. The School has also provided meals and a dedicated space to the project to ensure the Ushahidi volunteers could continue their work, around the clock, in the crucial weeks after the quake.

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These volunteers have helped to make Ushahidi the most successful crisis-mapping source for Haiti. In the first five days of the crisis, Ushahidi was updated with over 1,000 reports detailing the locations of everything from people trapped in the rubble to makeshift hospitals and water distribution centers. International response teams that have contacted the Fletcher Ushahidi team and

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are following the website for critical information include the U.S. Coast Guard and Joint Task Force Command Center, the Red Cross, the U.S. Marine Corps, the U.S. State Department and USAID. In recognition of Ushahidi’s role in a new digital transformation of humanitarian assistance, the Fletcher Ushahidi team has received an amazing amount of support from other organizations. The “Synergy Strike Force” donated five iMac computers to the Fletcher team, and HealthMap at Children’s Hospital Boston, which is using Ushahidi to help fight disease in Haiti, donated a sixth computer. Microsoft also donated seven Microsoft Office licenses through their We Have We Need website. Carol Waters, F10, pointed out that such a complex endeavor, with hundreds of practically self-coordinated volunteers, could only happen at an institution like Fletcher that stresses the importance of information sharing and social networks. Furthermore, student leaders worked nearly around the clock for weeks to ensure that the entire program runs smoothly, including Anna Schulz, doctoral candidate, Althea Middleton-Detzner, F11, and Hilde Berg-Hansen, F10, to name a few.

“Carol Waters, F10, pointed out that such a complex endeavor, with hundreds of practically self-coordinated volunteers, could only happen at an institution like Fletcher that stresses the importance of information sharing and social networks.” According to Waters, Fletcher students are uniquely able to manage the remarkable collaboration across cultures, skill sets, and time zones. In addition to crisis-mapping volunteers,

Ushahidi’s global supporters include more than 10,000 members of the Haitian diaspora (who are translating incoming messages), as well as professional coalitions like the International Network of Crisis Mappers, a group of more than 700 specialists in technology and humanitarian response. The Fletcher Ushahidi team has worked to expand this network even further. Laura Gordon, F11, helped to organize another group of volunteers at the Geneva Institute in Switzerland that monitors sources throughout the night, while Rebecca Feathers, F10, organized a similar satellite group in Portland, Oregon. Closer to home, Nona Lambert, F10, has reached out to the Haitian community in Somerville, the third largest Haitian community in the United States. These local Haitians have provided invaluable assistance to the Fletcher team by identifying locations, especially in poor neighborhoods, that do not appear on geospatial programs or traditional maps. Patrick Meier is confident that Fletcher’s contributions to the field of crisis-mapping will not end with the Haitian earthquake. As Nona Lambert explains, crisis mapping “is infinitely flexible,” with applications in epidemiology, transparency, election monitoring, and other fields. The State Department and other agencies have already expressed interest in research papers that emerge from such work. Ultimately Meier hopes that Fletcher will be the home of a permanent crisis-mapping center. If the outstanding progress of the last few weeks is an indication, students at The Fletcher School are already leading a dramatic revolution in humanitarian crisis response. For more, visit or email Photos: Carol Waters

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America’s Face to Muslims: Farah Pandith, F95 By Imaduddin Ahmed, F11

“I have come here to seek a new beginning between the United States and Muslims around the world; one based upon mutual interest and mutual respect; and one based upon the truth that America and Islam are not exclusive, and need not be in competition. Instead, they overlap, and share common principles—principles of justice and progress; tolerance and the dignity of all human beings.” “I do so recognizing that change cannot happen overnight. No single speech can eradicate years of mistrust, nor can I answer in the time that I have all the complex questions that brought us to this point. But I am convinced that in order to move forward, we must say openly the things we hold in our hearts, and that too often are said only behind closed doors.” —U.S. President Barack Obama addresses the Muslim world from Cairo, Egypt, 4 June 2009 Farah Pandith, F95, is the face of an unprecedented people-to-people approach based on partnerships, mutual respect, and mutual understanding. Appointed the Special Representative to Muslim Communities by Secretary of State Hillary Clinton in June 2009, she joins many other senior Fletcherites at the Department of State, including Jeffrey Feltman, F83, Assistant Secretary for the Near East Bureau; Scot Marciel, F83, Ambassador for ASEAN Affairs and Deputy Assistant Secretary in the East Asia Bureau; Jim Foley, F82, U.S. Ambassador to Croatia; and Fletcher Dean Stephen Bosworth, U.S. Special Representative for North Korea Policy. “We are everywhere. And that is the way it should be!” says Pandith, a member of Fletcher’s Board of Overseers. “One of my favorite colleagues at State now is from our ranks, professor and alumnus Vali Nasr, F83, F84.” For Pandith, Fletcher Professors Leila Fawaz, Andrew Hess, Richard Shultz, and Sugata Bose all played pivotal roles in the way she thought about issues. “In the spring of 1993, two members of my family were killed in Kashmir—one by a militant group and the other in a random firing at the funeral procession of my assassinated relative.” Encouraged by professors, Pandith went to Kashmir to conduct field research for her MALD thesis, investigating how foreign ideologies impacted a community and how regional grievances are used for larger global action. “It was my introduction to violent extremist ideology. It was my ‘James Bond’ summer— interviewing militants and very high level members of the Indian government,” says Pandith.

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But that was years ago. Since her time at Fletcher, she has worked in the private sector, then post 9/11 in government, at the U.S. Agency for International Development, the National Security Council, and the U.S. Department of State. She has had two positions created especially for her. As Senior Advisor to the Assistant Secretary for Europe, she focused on Muslims in Western Europe, a position that was created for the first time in U.S. history. Her newest job is another historic first. In September 2009, Pandith was sworn in as the first-ever Special Representative to Muslim Communities. Since her appointment as Special Representative, Pandith has entertained an aggressive travel schedule, meeting with Muslims around the world, in countries including Nigeria, Kazakhstan, Brazil, Malaysia, the Philippines, Indonesia, Iraq, Kuwait, Saudi Arabia, Sweden, France, and the UK. Pandith engages civil society from a wide range of sectors, including students, entrepreneurs, faith leaders, and non-government organizations. She works with embassies around the world to reach out beyond the typical contacts to build partnerships and dialogue in new ways. She understands that relationships take time, but that in order to build trust and eventual partnerships you have to begin by listening. “We are bringing people to the table in an unprecedented way,” says Pandith, who is focused on understanding new perspectives and connecting with younger generations, “because they are the leaders of tomorrow. We want to connect with them as they are becoming leaders and as they are inserting their ideas into the public discourse. Approximately forty-five percent of the

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world population is under the age of 30. We don’t want to get to know them later. We want to get to know them now and develop long-term relationships.” Citing the example of 2006 Muslim Nobel Peace Prize-winner Muhammad Yunus, Pandith says that tackling big problems— poverty, climate change, corruption—can begin by working at a person-to-person level. Her mandate is global: “A Muslim in San Paulo is as Muslim as a Muslim in Surabaya or Stockholm. All of our embassies are engaging in new ways, whether Muslims are living as a majority or as minorities.” Pandith sees a great deal of diversity in terms of the issues young people face, but a consistent, global issue of identity pervades. She often recalls the young Pakistani Norwegian she met in Oslo. Born in Norway, he has never been to Pakistan, yet said he was neither Norwegian nor Pakistani. “’Is a Norwegian supposed to have brown hair, skin, and eyes?’ he asked.” Many young Muslims find difficulty confronting their identity—balancing pride for one’s heritage with pride for one’s nation. Pandith recounts the case of a Filipina youth who asked her what it meant to be a Muslim today. “Young Muslims—members of the Y and Z generations— have grown up in a world where, since 2001, they have been confronted by the burden of constant media attention on Islam and Muslims,” she said. “This generation is asking questions about identity and belonging in new ways, very publicly. The

answers they get will impact the way we react to changing demographics and public discourse.” Pandith enjoys meeting young people and finding ways to use the strength of the United States government to be “the convener, facilitator, and intellectual partner” with the grassroots. She talks about creating the space for great ideas to come forward from the bottom up. Additionally, the discussions give her the opportunity to dispel myths about being Muslim in America to Muslims abroad—there is no contradiction between being a Muslim and an American, she insists. Pandith immigrated to America from India as a baby and grew up on the South Shore of Boston. She talks about the American immigrant narrative and the impact the history of Massachusetts had on her growing up. The stories of the Irish, Polish, Italians, and others made her very aware of the importance of respecting all parts of a community. While president of the student body at Smith College, she worked on creating more education and awareness around the issue of diversity. At Fletcher and in her time in the private sector, she also worked in various capacities to provide opportunities to build dialogue and partnerships. While she doesn’t say so explicitly, improving the image of the United States at a grassroots level isn’t the most ineffectual form of public diplomacy. In the viral age of the Internet, word spreads quickly.

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Special Representative Pandith meets with prominent Imams in Nouakchott, Mauritania

“We are building networks among like-minded people. So getting Administration’s new security regulations that highlight specific countries was raised repeatedly on her visits to Pakistan and India. the person in Kano, Nigeria, connected to the person in Solo, Indonesia, connected to the person in Alexandria, Egypt about “Of course,” she says, “my job is impacted by everything that ideas that are similar is important because they are the ones happens around the world … but open and respectful dialogue who are able to work off of each other, incubate ideas, and build must continue no matter what recent crisis or new security relationships and networks that can be very impactful. This is initiatives are taking place.” the Facebook generation, and we need to use the power of new In a recent speech at Fletcher, Pandith recalled that it was in media and great ideas to make change on the ground.” her first year at Fletcher that Samuel Huntington wrote his era-changing thesis “Clash of Civilizations.” “Of course,” she says, “my job is impacted by

everything that happens around the world … but open and respectful dialogue must continue no matter what recent crisis or new security initiatives are taking place.” Does Pandith make an effort to talk with people who may not have a favorable view of the United States? “Of course,” she replies. “It’s not really added value if you’re only talking with people who love you. There is a lot of discourse about foreign policy, about what’s happening in Palestine, Iraq, Afghanistan, and Pakistan, for example. But we can work on those issues while at the same time working to seed initiatives at the grassroots level for the common good.” While Pandith seeds initiatives from the grassroots level to build partnerships for the long term, she does face short-term challenges as well. For example, the Transportation Security

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“Huntington’s theory is still alive and well in many parts of the world including Europe, with some entities who are not our friends. Many use the premise of an ‘us’ and ‘them’ to define the world and its future,” Pandith says. “America does not accept this framework. We understand the complexity and diversity of Muslims around the world and that respect is the central part of how you engage with anyone. So if you are a Muslim living as a minority in a community or a Muslim in country that is majority Muslim, we know that your experience, perspective, and ideas are important.” Through Pandith’s new office and the mandate given to her, this Fletcher alumna is stepping forward into a new framework, as she states, “one built on engagement with Muslims around the world in earnest—and with respect and dignity.”

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Thomas Schmidheiny Underwrites Fletcher’s Master of International Business Program Li Zhu, F10, hopes to engage the private sectors in the United States and her native China on the issue of climate change. Eric Sullivan, F10, plans to couple a career in economic diplomacy with a personal mission to help street children and victims of sex trafficking. Both credit the Fletcher School’s Masters in International Business program with preparing them to make a difference in the world. “The MIB program has provided me with the expanded thinking, practical skills, and relevant professional contacts that will enable me to make a meaningful contribution,” says Sullivan. Li says, “At Fletcher, you are surrounded by motivated doers who believe our effort in the world will be paid off some day. It will, we will.” A recent commitment of $5 million by Swiss industrialist and Fletcher Overseer Thomas Schmidheiny, H99, will ensure the growth of the Masters in International Business program and its associated Center for Emerging Market Enterprises. Schmidheiny previously gave $5 million to launch the two-year MIB program for young professionals who aspire to careers in international business, and the center that is a global hub for research, study, and networking devoted to enterprises in emerging markets. “Mr. Schmidheiny’s support has been instrumental in enabling Fletcher to launch a competitive program that is attracting outstanding students, and his pledge of an additional investment toward the continuing success of the program is wonderful news,” says Tufts President Lawrence S. Bacow. “I am grateful for his confidence in our efforts, and for his active involvement, thoughtful advice, and wonderful generosity.”

at the College of Europe in Belgium and the University of Macedonia in Greece, has interned on the counter-terrorism desk of the European Union Commission External Relations and in the political-affairs office at NATO headquarters, and speaks Greek, French, Italian, and German as well as English. “I was looking for a degree that could combine my desire to gain marketable knowledge and skills on global business issues and my passion for international affairs and politics,” she says. “The adventure and thrill of being part of the inaugural class of such a program drew me to the school as I was in fact searching for something different, something that could challenge me with new perspectives but that would also build on my previous experience and interests.” Before arriving at Fletcher, Cecilia Paradi-Guilford, F10, from Hungary and the United Kingdom, earned a degree at the University of St. Andrews in international relations and Middle East studies, and gained experience with the Royal Bank of Scotland, the Council of Europe, and the Centre for the Study of Terrorism and Political Violence. She speaks Hungarian, French and Arabic, as well as English.

The 30 members of the recently entered MIB Class of 2011 hail from 19 countries in Africa, the Americas, Europe, Asia and the Pacific, and the Middle East and Turkey. Seventy-five percent have significant experience in the private sector, in financial services, consulting, and industry; the remaining quarter come from the “One of the reasons I chose Fletcher was its great diversity,” she public sector, nonprofits, and journalism. Their average age is 28. says. “All these different experiences and cultural perspectives come together to produce more profound, more original Their predecessors in the inaugural MIB Class of 2010 say solutions both in the classroom and eventually in the real world Fletcher’s strong curricula in international law, finance, and for global issues. I have found this environment to be truly economics as well as its interdisciplinary approach to emerging stimulating while accepting of different points of view, which markets, have prepared them well for international careers I really appreciate. We challenge each other, but always with spanning the public and private sectors. respect. This is very much the essence of Fletcher.” “I chose Fletcher and the brand-new MIB program for its uniqueness and fresh outlook,” says Elli Tsiligianni, F10, of Greece, who has studied international politics and economics

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Quotes of Note “I think I have the best job in the Foreign Service… Mongolia is the only place in the Foreign Service where after I take a trip, my travel voucher might well say, ‘camped by a river’ rather than include a bill from a hotel. It’s that kind of country.” —Ambassador Jonathan Addleton, F83, F91, discussing his new appointment as U.S. Ambassador to Mongolia. “The proposed new crime will undermine that principle [of legality], which lies at the heart of the rule of law. It will force hundreds of political and military leaders who act in good faith to guess when and where they will be arrested in their international travels. It will strain relations among allies and exacerbate tensions among adversaries. It will bollix an international equilibrium that already is precarious enough.” —Professor Michael Glennon, examining “The Vague New Crime of ‘Aggression,’” currently being considered by the International Criminal Court in his op-ed for the International Herald Tribune. “Evidence increasingly points to the fact that military involvement in humanitarian and development work does not produce a security dividend… Likewise, aid agencies have got to be more honest and clear about their own engagement in stabilization. Blurred lines and mixed mandates can be toxic.” —Michael Young, GMAP10, on the challenges faced by humanitarian aid workers in South Asia, explored in his thesis You Are All Worth Killing: Aid, Salafi Jihad, Counter-Insurgency, and The Long War. FLETCHER PUBLICATIONS Have you recently published a book, article, or op-ed? Share it with the Fletcher community by sending publication details to Items are published on Fletcher’s website at shtml. 10 FLETCHER NEWS Spring/Summer 2010

Fletcher Alumni Honor Dear Friend with Scholarship Fund Drive Jeffrey Metzel, F81, F85, was raised in a missionary family in the Congo and devoted his life as an economist to bettering the lives of people in developing countries. He was only 43 when he died in a plane crash off the coast of West Africa in 2000. Ten years later his friends and classmates are honoring his memory through a scholarship drive to benefit coming generations of Fletcher students who strive to make a difference in the world. A scholarship established in his name in 2003 supports a second-year student studying international development at the Fletcher School. Alumni fundraisers hope the current drive will bring the Jeffrey C. Metzel Scholarship Fund to its goal of $200,000.

“I can think of few other ways that truly honor Jeff’s life and the work that was so important to him, and I know how pleased he would be to know that wonderful young people like Ameesha are part of a small but growing group of Metzel Scholars.” —Joann Lindenmayer Lead fundraisers Bob Steck, F81, and Lynn Salinger, F81, recently penned this appeal: “Jeff loved his work as a development economist, often visiting the African continent to consult on agriculture and trade issues and mentor young African economists. He also loved the foundation his Fletcher years had given him. Jeff enjoyed sharing his development experiences with his wide circle of friends and dreamed of teaching some day, to give back to the next generation. “Jeff’s dreams live on through your generosity. Over the past 10 years, thanks to the support of many of Jeff’s classmates, professors, friends, and family members, we have raised $125,000 to fund a scholarship in Jeff’s name. The proceeds generated from this fund have helped to offset tuition for six secondyear Fletcher students of development studies. Today, past Metzel Scholarship recipients are working in various capacities on global health, finance, poverty, and climate change issues. This year’s Metzel Scholar, Ameesha Chandnani, F10, aspires to work in energy and infrastructure development. “I sincerely appreciate the generous support provided by the Metzel Scholarship,” offers Chandnani, pictured with Metzel’s widow, Joann Lindenmayer, associate professor at the Cummings School of Veterinary Medicine. “Without it, I truly would not have been able to attend the Fletcher School.”


Professor Richard Shultz: Preparing for Irregular War By Lauren Dorgan, F11 From paramilitary drug cartels to terrorists, armed groups emerging from weak states have become the predominant threat to global security. The United States, however, is underprepared to meet the challenges they pose, according to a new report co-authored by Richard Shultz, director of Fletcher’s International Security Studies Program. Shultz wrote the report, titled “Adapting America’s Security Paradigm and Security Agenda,” with Roy Godson, a professor emeritus of government at Georgetown, and the assistance of Samantha Ravitch and Querine Hanlon, F99. The report, released 23 March 2010 by the National Strategy Information Center, explores what war will look like in coming decades and what capabilities the United States needs to face today’s security challenges. In developing the report, the authors were assisted by a group of highly experienced security practitioners from democracies around the world. They provided important details highlighting the fact that war-fighting has changed drastically from twentieth-century norms.

terrorists. Armed groups have tapped technology to expand their range beyond the local level and in some cases to a global level. Armed groups are also “increasingly cooperating with one another,” Shultz said, and authoritarian states like Iran or Venezuela may partner with them in hopes of dominating their region and extending power onto the global stage. The report classifies three key security environments. The first level consists of war zones like Iraq or Afghanistan where the U.S. military takes the lead in security. The second level comprises non-war zones like Mexico, which face significant security challenges and have considerable help from the U.S. military. The third category contains countries like Georgia that face some internal challenges and may benefit from assistance from the U.S. and other Western democracies. To get ahead of the curve, Shultz said, the United States should do more to help shore up weaker democracies. “One of the things that we need to do is to help weak democracies so they don’t fall back on authoritarian practices in order to survive,” he said. The second part of the report focuses on what must be done. “These challenges cannot be managed if we remain diverted by twentieth-century, state-centric mindsets and capabilities,” the report finds. The authors recommend training part of the U.S. military specifically for nonconventional struggles, creating a military-civilian professional corps capable of working in weak states, building local intelligence, working to strengthen the rule of law in weaker states, and improving strategic communication for U.S. interests.

In fact, conventional war between nation-states is becoming an “anomaly,” the report finds. “Rather, events such as insurgent The United States should reorient some combat units for attacks in Afghanistan and Pakistan, atrocities in Darfur, irregular conflicts and build up their “non-kinetic” capabilities, terrorist plots in and around Yemen, weapons dealing by rogue the report concludes. It suggests that brigades must be prepared individuals, the use of the Internet to instill fear and influence “to support local struggles against armed groups with both politics, proxy wars in the Middle East, and kidnappings of kinetic and non-kinetic tools. The imperative here is not adding civilians in dozens of nations continue,” says the report. “These more soldiers, but rather reorganizing existing forces and are not isolated incidents, but rather examples of what is providing different training.” becoming the norm for conflict in far-flung corners of the world.” Half the world’s population lives in failed, failing, or weak states, Shultz proposes reorienting 25 percent of the U.S. military specifically for irregular conflicts, saying that an all-purpose according to the report. In these states, the government can’t force is not right for the job. “Forces that are trained to fight control its territory or borders and lacks a monopoly on the use conventional war are not easily adaptable and we’ve seen that,” of force. The authors classify 35 to 40 states as failed or failing Shultz said, citing that as one problem the U.S. struggled with in and 80 to 90 states as weak. By contrast, the authors count 40 to the early years of the Iraq war. 45 strong democracies and 10 to 15 strong autocracies. Weak states pose an acute threat to the world order. “You can’t fix weak states easily, but if you leave them alone they get worse,” Shultz said in an interview. Democracies, he said, must “come to grips with the fact that instability and security problems are going to be generated by these environments.”

The United States has made strides towards preparation for irregular conflict, Shultz said, but too much of what the United States has done to improve its security response in recent years has been “ad hoc.” The report calls for significant, specialized civilian capabilities to deal with irregular conflict.

State weakness creates a vacuum filled by a variety of armed groups, including criminal syndicates, insurgents, militias, and

But establishing these means for managing twenty-first-century conflict will take a sea change in U.S. civilian agencies. “I just Continued on P. 39 Spring/Summer 2010 FLETCHER NEWS 11


INDIA Some 70 people, made up of Fletcher alumni from or visiting the region, policymakers, analysts, and journalists took part in the inaugural Fletcher Club of India South Asia Colloquium on 13 March 2010 at the American Center in New Delhi, India. The organizing committee was comprised of Vikram Chhatwal, F00, Richard Cooper, F02, Neeraj Doshi, F06, Jacob Jose, F02, Josy Joseph, F06, Chamsai Menasveta, F00, and Lisa Swenarski, F89. Shell Companies of India, headed by Vikram Mehta, F79, sponsored the refreshments.

Government of India; and Syed Zulfiqar Gardezi, minister (political) of the Pakistan High Commission in New Delhi. The sessions were moderated by Jacob Jose, F02, and Edel Guzman, F02. The March event was the second held in six months for Fletcher in India. In October 2009, a delegation from the School was on hand for activities in New Delhi and Mumbai, including a discussion between Shashi Tharoor, F76, F77, F79, and Dean Bosworth.

Richard Cooper, F02, temporary Fletcher Club of India Chair, welcomed the audience. In a video message taped especially for the proceedings, Dean Stephen Bosworth and Associate Dean Deborah W. Nutter recalled Fletcher’s special bond with the region. Next, Shashi Tharoor, F76, F77, F79, a junior minister of the Indian federal government and a member of the lower house of Parliament, delivered the inaugural address, recorded prior to the event by Chamsai Menasveta, F00. Tharoor took questions afterwards by telephone live from the audience. The colloquium panelists included Abdullah Shahid, F91, speaker of the People’s Majlis, Maldives; Prakash R. Mirchandani, F88, managing director of FG Holdings (Pvt) Ltd., Sri Lanka; Elizabeth Warfield, F83, deputy mission director USAID India; Arundhati Ghose, distinguished fellow at the Institute of Peace and Conflict Studies, New Delhi; Shyam Saran, former foreign secretary of the

BOSTON The Fletcher Club of Boston recently elected a new board of directors. The new board members are Sheila Chen Lawrence, F07, Mark Ferri, F86, Carmit Keddem, F05, Paulina Mirenkova Freedenberg, F08, Daniel Satinsky, F90, Maria Speridakos, F04, and David Weisman, F99. The group met on 30 April to begin planning; stay tuned for upcoming club events.

BUENOS AIRES The Fletcher Club of Buenos Aires continues to work together, interviewing prospective candidates for Fletcher and getting together for informal lunches periodically. They joined with the Argentine Tufts Club to celebrate Tuftonia’s 150th anniversary at the end of April.

LOS ANGELES On 1 April, the Fletcher Club of LA had an open house for newly admitted students. The event was at the very chic Geisha House, a well known Hollywood sushi bar. There were eight alumni in attendance and six admitted students. The alumni had a great time connecting with each other as well as answering questions for the prospective students. Also, the food and drinks were fantastic. The LA Club is planning on another event in the fall, so please have interested Alumni email club leader Grant Hosford, F97, at

Phil adelphia Many thanks to Tommy Heanue, F90, for his years of enthusiastic leadership of the Fletcher Club of Philadelphia. The club is seeking new volunteers. If you wish to be involved, please email

12 FLETCHER NEWS Spring/Summer 2010

LEBANON The newly formed Fletcher Club of Lebanon had a great first happy hour and agreed to try to meet monthly. Their second gathering was slightly smaller but still spirited. They are looking forward to holding their first speaking event in the fall.

Fle tcher Women’s Net work As spring has burst forth in the Northeastern U.S., we are aware of joyful colors of new growth. So, too, the evolving Fletcher Women’s Network is becoming ever more vibrant and colorful. We now call our on-line community’s virtual gathering place the “Fletcher Women’s Water Cooler.” Just as a water cooler brings people together in offices and the water well brings them together in villages, our Water Cooler provides a place for us to check in with one another, share information, and deepen our Fletcher community ties. And thanks to Christine Kowalczuk, F96, with Martha Brettschneider, F91, we have launched monthly updates. Like those disseminated by LinkedIn, they advise of new chatter and activities ‘Round the Water Cooler. If you are not yet among the nearly 400 Fletcher women gathering round the cooler, email megreenberg@hotmail. com with subject line: FWN Water Cooler. Meanwhile our forthcoming newsletter, developed by Isa DeSola, F07, and Nora Millan, F07, features alumnae entrepreneurial activities. Keep an eye on your inboxes for it, or find it posted soon in ‘Round the Water Cooler. Locally, the Boston/New England chapter has planned “An Evening to Learn More about Managing Your Financial Life” for 30 April at The Fletcher School. Featuring FWN colleagues working in the financial industry, the evening

will address issues that Fletcher women face, whether just a few years out of Fletcher or those with more years of life experience. Ivka Kalus-Bystricky, F91, will give an overview of global markets and international diversification, Jan Sallinger, F91, will address elder planning issues, and Christiane Delessert, F73, will present personal financial information relating to investments, insurance, social security and Medicare, and estate planning. In D.C., the FWN group has a new leadership team of Adriana Camisar, F05, Dulce Carrillo, F01, Abby Lindsay, F09, and Vanessa Ortiz, F04. They continue to look for others to join them, but are in the meantime enjoying the friendship and camaraderie of a small team. If you or someone you know is interested in joining the FWN-DC board, please contact Vanessa Ortiz at Meanwhile, they are planning an event on 11 May entitled, “Carving Your Own Opportunities” featuring creative and confident Fletcher women who are self-employed, working freelance, managing their own business or nonprofit organization, or engaged in any other initiative. If you are in D.C. but not on the local FWN listserve, email Dulce Carrillo at with DC-FWN in the subject line. Not yet a member of the FWN at all? Send inquiries to with “FWN” in the subject line.

IR AQ Fletcher connections are growing in Baghdad. Nine of us were able to find each other and meet to share a Green Beans coffee, the Iraq equivalent to Starbucks, while reminiscing about Medford, Fletcher, and diplomacy around the globe. Fletcherites in Iraq should feel free to contact Dan Langenkamp, F02, at until September 2010 to be included in future Fletcher gatherings. Pictured are Ahsen Khan, F03, Eric Bjorklund, F06, Mark Storella, F83, Beth Ahern, F03, Glen Crowther, F03, Perla Roffe, F07, Mustafa Popal, F01, Daniel Langenkamp, F02, and Adam Hinds, F03.

Tokyo Here are the our recent activities in chronological order: 15 July, Ms. Aya Abe, F91, gave us a lecture on “Child Poverty in Japan from the International Perspective,” which was based on her new book; 16 November, Professor Trachtman talked on “the international law of economic migration”; 4 January, and thanks to the initiative of Saori Imaizumi, F10, we celebrated new year at Roppongi with some current students; and 29 March we welcomed the 13 newly admitted students. On each occasion, alumni from classes of the 1950s to those of 2000s got together and enjoyed discussion and chats. Thanks to help from Sadayoshi Takagawa, F85, we found a nice cozy place to hold our gatherings in the center of Tokyo at a reasonable cost, which, I believe, makes it much easier for alumni to join our activities. Hope to see more people at upcoming events. (Mariko Noda, F90)

Uganda The Fletcher Club of Uganda, in conjunction with Med-Data Health International is conducting a one-day civic education and medical health data seminar in association with other NGOs, Clinics and local communities in Uganda on 26 April 2010. The seminar will focus on creating cultural sensitivity on sepsis and collection of in depth data on HIV, tuberculosis, malnutrition, and malaria in East Africa. The project gained more visibility through a documentary that aired several times in Ugandan local media. Med-Data Health International provides civic education and detailed data on HIV/AIDS, tuberculosis, malaria, and malnutrition to various educational institutions and non-government organizations. The programme coordinator is Fletcher club leader Hildah L. Birungi, F02.

MOROCCO The Fletcher Club of Morocco held its year ending gathering of 2009 on 30 December at the Bangladesh House. Fletcherites in Rabat had a good time together with the presence of family members and friends discussing about the eventful year, especially the outcome of the Copenhagen Conference on Climate Change. Plans were made to hold a seminar in Rabat in the New Year jointly with one of the Moroccan think tanks on the subject of climate change, where the key note speaker could

be invited from the Fletcher School. The meeting was also briefed about Fletcher initiatives in 2009 to increase alumni participation in bringing more support for the school. The meeting also lauded the efforts of Dean Bosworth in making peace in the Korean Peninsula. At this annual meeting, Athena Makri, F09, first secretary of the Embassy in Greece in Rabat, was entrusted with the charge of club secretary for 2010–2011. Her email address is Spring/Summer 2010 FLETCHER NEWS 13

DuBAi a mix of over 30 Fletcher students, alumni, professors, applicants, spouses, and friends gathered at the home of paul and christine lauper Bagatelas, both F87, for a reception in conjunction with a study trip by student members of Fletcher’s international Business Club. professors eliot Kalter and thomas holt Jr., F75, led a conversation and debate and discussion, which were interesting and earnest. the Fletcher school alumni association of the gulf region remains alive and well—awaiting another future Fletcher speaker transiting dubai!

South AFric A the newly-created Fletcher Club of south africa would love to hear from any visiting alumni who might want to joint some of their activities and connect with anyone attending the upcoming soccer cup taking place this summer. to contact the club about your visit, email lonDon Many thanks to Adina Sadeanu, F07, for her years of leadership of the Fletcher Club of london. the club is seeking new volunteers. if you wish to be involved, please email

SAn Fr AnciSco on 3 March, dean and Mrs. Bosworth visited san Francisco and hosted a reception at the Clift hotel. with the dean and Mrs. Bosworth was thaddeus thompson, F01, Fletcher’s new associate director of development, who reunited with a few classmates during the event. the Fletcher crowd was as diverse as ever, including alums from 1962 to 2009. the dean updated us on the record enrollment growth at Fletcher and his exciting negotiation role for north Korea.

wAShington, D.c. the Fletcher Club of washington, d.C., has been quite active in the past few months. in addition to our monthly happy hours, the Fletcher Club has hosted a number of events. in november, the club hosted Farah pandith, F95, secretary Clinton’s special representative to Muslim communities at the glover park group. in december, the german ambassador to the United states, Ambassador Klaus Scharioth, F74, F78, hosted the club for holiday cocktails at his residence. in March, the club hosted a discussion with thomas Shanker, F82, the pentagon and national security correspondent for the New York Times. professor william Moomaw is scheduled to speak to the club in May on climate

change. the club is planning its annual summer picnic, and we look forward to welcoming Fletcher interns for the summer as well as any new arrivals to the washington, d.C., area. please visit our website at www. to sign up for our email list-serv or to pay your club dues. you can also find us on Facebook by searching for the Fletcher alumni association of washington, d.C. if you have ideas or suggestions for the club, an event you would like to host, or if you have space to host a club event, please contact us at or the chair of the club, zaid A. zaid, F99, at

ne w yorK the Fletcher Club of new york recently elected the following board members: Farri cress, F70, president; Bronwyn owen, F05, vice president; Ben presnell, F06, treasurer; nabina panday, F07, social chair; gabriela pelin, F97, membership committee member; charles De Simone, F07, membership committee member; chris Beal, F65, and J. robert charles, F91, F93. the club recently held “a Conversation with dean Bosworth,” during which he discussed developments at the Fletcher school and gave a brief snapshot of the current situation in north Korea. the club also organized two panels on the subject of turkish armenian relations. the first, “armenia and turkey discuss establishing diplomatic ties: prospects for security and Cooperation within the region,” featured the permanent representative of turkey, ambassador ertugrul apakan, who gave a presentation before holding a question-and-answer discussion with the audience. the second of the two-panel events was called “turkish Foreign policy: the effect on regional stability and security,” and the deputy chief of staff to the president of the republic of armenia, Mr. Vigen a. sargsyan,

14 Fletcher News Spring/Summer 2010

and the permanent representative of armenia to the United nations, ambassador garen a. nazarian, presented before a question–and-answer discussion with the audience. in addition to the club’s monthly happy hours, one of which was attended by prof. ian Johnstone, the Fletcher Club of new york has been quite busy.

cluB cONTacTs SWITzERlAND Anand Balachandran, F02 fletcherclubofswitzerland

ARMENIA Arusyak Mirzakhanyan, F04

FlETCHER WoMEN’S NETWoRk Marcia greenberg, F91

NEPAl Ram Thapaliya, F02

ATlANTA Tim Holly, F79

gREECE Thomas Varvitsiotis, F99 gregory Dimitriadis, F06

NEW yoRk Farrinaz Cress, F70 fletcherclubofny

HoNg koNg Dorothy Chan, F03 Alicia Eastman, F04

oREgoN Edie johnson Millar, F85

UgANDA Hildah Birungi, F02

PARIS William Holmberg, F05 fletcherclubofparis

VIENNA Rainer Staub, F96 Jonathan Tirone, F00

AUSTRAlIA Melissa Conley Tyler, F96 BANgkok Ekachai Chainuvati, F03 BEIjINg Stephane grand, F98 sjgrand@sjgrand.ncn BERlIN jan-Philipp goertz, F98 BoSToN BRUSSElS katrina Destree, F95 katrinadestree@alumni.tufts. edu BUDAPEST Anita orban, F01 BUENoS AIRES Carlos St. james, F04 CHICAgo Daniela Abuzatoaie, F00 CHIlE Andres Montero, F85 german olave, F97 ColoMBIA Stella Cuevas, F95 Stella_Cuevas_1995@alumni. DHAkA Sarwar Sultana, F98 DUBAI Paul Bagatelas, F87 Christine Lauper Bagatelas, F87 FlETCHER AlUMNI oF ColoR ASSoCIATIoN Belinda Chiu, F04

HoUSToN David Hwa, F76 INDIA Richard Cooper, F02 richardcooper@alumni.tufts. edu IRAq Dan langenkamp, F02 kENyA Anne Angwenyi, F02 anne_angwenyi@alumni.tufts. edu koSoVo Iliriana kacaniku, F04 lEBANoN Mindy Burrell, F98 loNDoN loS ANgElES grant Hosford, F97 MAlAySIA Shah Azmi, F86 MExICo josé luis Stein, F08 fletcherclubofmexico MIAMI Daniel Ades, F03 MIDDlE EAST AlUMNI ASSoCIATIoN Walid Chamoun, F00 MoRoCCo Athena Makri, F09

PHIlADElPHIA PHIlIPPINES Cathy Hartigan-go, F92 RoMANIA Sinziana Frangeti, F07

Tokyo Mariko Noda, F90

VIETNAM Viviane Chao, F02 WASHINgToN, D.C. zaid A. zaid, F99

SAN DIEgo geoffrey Pack, F89 SAN FRANCISCo Vladimir Todorovic, F01 São PAUlo Paulo Bilyk, F92 SARAjEVo Haris Mesinovic, F00 SAUDI ARABIA jamil Al Dandany, F87 SEoUl Sukhee Han, F94 SEATTlE julie Bennion, F01 SHANgHAI Bryan Stewart, F07 SINgAPoRE kim odhner, F03 SoUTH AFRICA jacques Roussellier, F01

Spring/Summer 2010 Fletcher News 15

Reunion Weekend 2010

On 21-23 May 2010, the Fletcher school was honored to welcome back more than 220 alumni and guests for a weekend of celebration! this marked our largest reunion weekend ever with nine classes marking their official reunions, and friends from several other classes joining the celebration. Alumni came from around the world to enjoy a delicious clambake, Faculty lecture and state of the school presentation, and the company of the growing Fletcher community. each year, the Fletcher school welcomes back more and more alumni for reunion weekend, which takes place in conjunction with Fletcher’s class Day and commencement ceremonies. the

growing numbers prove that no matter where you end up in the world, you can always return to Medford and feel right at home. For more information, visit our reunion web pages at: Fall reunion 2010 10-11 september 2010 class of 1960’s 50th reunion and classes of 1934-1959. Save the Date! spring reunion 2011 20-22 May 2011 classes of 1966, 1971, 1976, 1981, 1986, 1991, 1996, 2001, & 2006


JEANNETTA BLACK, F46, a retired desk officer with the U.S. Agency for International Development, died 10 December at Suburban Hospital in Bethesda at the age of 89. She had breast cancer. Mrs. Black moved to the Washington area after World War II and joined the State Department’s Bureau of Intelligence and Research. She later helped prepare policy papers for the Bureau of Economic Affairs. She joined USAID in 1962 as a desk officer in Washington, where she served as the Washington coordinator for aid in Guinea, Mali, Thailand, and Laos. She retired in 1972. Jeannetta Gardner Wilson was born in Bridgeport, CT. She graduated from Vassar College in 1940 with a degree in political science. She received a master’s degree in political science from the Fletcher School at Tufts University in 1946. Survivors include two stepdaughters, Brenda Black of Hingham, MA, and Rebecca Black of Kabul; a brother; and a grandson. Ambassador WILLIAM D. BREWER, F47, died after a brief illness on 10 February 2009 in Hingham, MA, at the age of 86. He was born in Middletown, CT. After attending the Taft School in Watertown, CT, he graduated from Williams College in Williamstown, MA, in 1943. After college, he served in the Office of War Information in Washington, D.C., and then in the American Field Service, C Platoon, 485th Company, attached to the British 8th Army, seeing action at the Rapido River and Monte Cassino in Italy and also serving in Austria and India before mustering out in 1945. After attending The Fletcher School, Mr. Brewer briefly taught at Williams College and Bowdoin College before joining the U.S. Foreign Service in 1947. He served in Beirut, Lebanon, where he met his wife, Alice Van Ess, whom he married in 1949 in Basra, Iraq. He also served in Jidda, Saudi Arabia, in Damascus, Syria, in Kuwait, and in Kabul, Afghanistan.

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Mr. Brewer was appointed Ambassador to Mauritius from 1970 to 1973 and then served as Ambassador to the Sudan from 1973 to 1977. After retiring from the Foreign Service in 1978, Mr. Brewer was appointed the Stuart Chevalier Professor of Diplomacy and World Affairs at Occidental College in Pasadena, CA, where he taught and also chaired the Department of World Affairs until 1986. After retiring from teaching, Mr. Brewer and his wife moved to Falmouth, where they enjoyed a very active retirement until relocating to Hingham in 2005. Mr. Brewer leaves his sister, Joan Brewer of Brunswick, ME; two sons: John V.E. Brewer of Short Hills, NJ, and Daniel A. Brewer of Hull, MA; five devoted grandchildren and a loving extended family. JAN OLAF HAUSOTTER, F02, a German diplomat, who served as a UN political officer in Port au Prince, fell victim to the earthquake that shook Haiti in January. In the fall of 2000, Jan and I became friends at the orientation for our first year at the Fletcher School of Law and Diplomacy. We shared many a debate… Many oratorical competitions were won because it was impossible not to burst out laughing when Jan would pontificate about the evils inherent in things like apple pie; it lacks the texture and complexity of apple streusel, he would insist… The only thing any worthy opponent could do is laugh. Jan took such things seriously, because he meant what he said. Jan was genuine, regardless of the forum. Whatever Jan did, he did with intensity. He was an idealists’ realist. He never fell victim to peer pressure to believe that cannons might one day shoot daisies. He understood people, and that allowed him to shape his own understanding of the world around him. I always wondered whether Jan thought of countries as having distinct personalities. Such a perspective would certainly allow for the depth of understanding Jan held for many ongoing conflicts.

Jan believed in autonomy over autocracy, reason rather than emotion, and passion over dullness. It was nearly impossible to dislike Jan. His inviting smile would not allow it. He always had something nice to say… Jan took the time to truly know the people he cared for… [He] ensured that we were aware of obvious things. Friends shouldn’t remain angry at one another. Family is family. A smile is always welcome. Oddly, I don’t recall any heated discussions about the value of peacemaking—not between countries, at least. Perhaps that’s because Jan preferred to honor this belief with his actions. I offer my most sincere condolences to the Hausotter family, to his fiancée, Caroline, and her family. Jan, wherever you are, may you rest peacefully. —Sasha Shaikh, F07, excerpted from, 25 January 2010, at www. PAUL L. LAASE, F52, passed away peacefully on 26 December 2009. Paul was born in Hastings, NE, of loving parents, Leroy and Irma Laase. In 1950, he graduated from Lincoln High School in Lincoln, NE. He continued his education at the University of Nebraska where he was on the debate team and wrote a weekly political editorial for the campus newspaper. Following his graduation in 1954, Paul attended the Nobel Institute in Oslo, Norway, on a Fulbright Scholarship. Next, he was stationed in Korea as a first lieutenant in the Army Military Police Corp, completing his ROTC military service. Upon his return from Korea, Paul attended the Fletcher School of Law and Diplomacy, receiving Masters of Law and Law and Diplomacy degrees. During his career, he attended the Harvard Business School where he received an additional master’s degree in public administration. After retiring, Paul entered the Ph.D. program at George Mason University where he taught classes in the history department.


Paul married his high school sweetheart, Lois Anderson, in 1954 and they had four children. In 1959, Paul joined the United States Foreign Diplomatic Corp. He spent the next 28 years as a foreign service officer specializing in economic affairs, including being acting charge d’affaires in Canberra and Brasilia. With his family in tow, he spent 17 of those years stationed at the embassy or consulate in Oslo, Rome, Sydney, Canberra, and Brasilia. Paul retired from the Foreign Service in 1987 so that his wife, Lois, could pursue her career as an educator and author. In 1993, Paul and Lois retired to Grand Junction, CO, where Paul continued to pursue his hobbies of bird watching, singing, crossword puzzles, bridge, fishing, activities with grandchildren, and volunteer work. Paul helped children with reading at Appleton Elementary and served with hospice where he did patient care visitations.

High School and New Mexico State University, and he received degrees from the University of California at Berkeley and the Fletcher School of International Law and Diplomacy of Tufts University in Boston, Massachusetts. As a Fulbright Scholar, he studied at the University of the Andes, in Bogota, Columbia.

Paul is survived by his wife, Lois of Grand Junction; sons, Al (Kileen) and Andrew (Melissa) of Grand Junction; daughters Ann (Wilbur) of Santa Fe, NM, and Sara (Tim) of Huntsville, AL; grandchildren Jasmine (John), Emily, Kristin, Eric, Ellen, Ryan, Paul, Eden, and David; sisters Jane (Ron) Becker and Sally (Frank) Walker; brother-in-law Joe Peacock, sister-in-law Helen Sundell, and many extended family members.

Mr. Guthrie is survived by wife, Judy Stanford, his brother, Kenneth Guthrie, and his extended family: Simon Stanford (London), Nick Stanford (Edinburgh), Andy Stanford (London), Lauren Sawyer (Boulder), Peyton and Brett Sawyer (Albuquerque), and Jonathon Sawyer (Dallas).

Ambassador RACHMAT SUKARTIKO, F52, passed away in January 2009. No further information was available at the time of this printing. SHIRLEY GIFFORD, F53, passed away in 2010. No further information was available at the time of this printing. DONALD KEITH GUTHRIE, F59, a resident of Albuquerque, NM, died at home from complications resulting from Parkinson’s disease on 17 March, at the age of 73. Keith Guthrie grew up in Las Cruces, NM, where his parents were professors at New Mexico State University. He attended Las Cruces

Mr. Guthrie served as a Foreign Service Officer with the United States State Department from 1961 until his retirement in 1991. His diplomatic posts included the Philippines, Panama, Indonesia, Saipan, plus numerous assignments in Washington D.C. His last foreign post was as charge d’affaires in Belize. Keith had a lifelong interest in railroads and after his retirement researched and wrote articles about the logging railroads in Virginia. His other interests included stamp collecting, bird watching, sailing, hiking, music, playing the piano and clarinet, travel, and languages.

CHARLES R. GRADER, PhD, F61, died Friday, 12 February, at the age of 78, following a long illness. Dr. Grader was born and raised in Marblehead, MA. After attending the United States Coast Guard Academy and completing his Bachelor of Arts degree from Boston University in 1954, he received his commission in the United States Coast Guard, where he served for three years as a gunnery officer and then commanding officer of Coast Guard Cutter 83506. The Coast Guard formed and shaped his lifelong love of service. In 1958, Dr. Grader enrolled in a course of advanced studies in international relations at the London School of Economics, where he met his former

wife Dr. Sheila Grader, and then he attended the Fletcher School of Law and Diplomacy at Tufts University. He served in the Bureau of the Budget (BOB) in the Executive Office in President Kennedy’s administration, where he became involved with the budget of the newly-formed United States Agency of International Development (USAID) and became BOB congressional representative for the “Food for Peace” legislation that provided surplus food to impoverished countries. Following the award of his doctorate from the Fletcher School in 1966, Dr. Grader joined USAID, serving in the Africa Bureau in Tunisia and Senegal and eventually leading the regional development office in Cameroon for a variety of development initiatives across central Africa. Dr. Grader spent a year on leave to earn an MBA from the Sloan Fellows Program at MIT in 1974, returning to duty with USAID as mission director for Nepal from 1974 to 1976 and as mission director to Afghanistan from 1977 to 1979. Dr. Grader’s posting to Afghanistan began a long relationship with the country and its people, and his early belief in the importance of American interests in the region. Dr. Grader’s devotion and enjoyment of rigorous field work continued as he returned to Africa to establish the first USAID programs in Uganda and in Zimbabwe. Dr. Grader retired from USAID and, from 1981 to 1985, was CEO of the Compagnie des Bauxites de Guinee, the world’s largest bauxite mine located in the West African country of Guinea. He then returned to the United States and worked as director of the senior executives program at MIT where, from 1986 to 1996, he administered a variety of educational seminars for business and government leaders from around the world. Dr. Grader was called back to Afghanistan where he served from 1996 to 1999 as managing director

Spring/Summer 2010 FLETCHER NEWS 41


of Afghanaid, Britain’s principal aid organization in Afghanistan. Following 9/11, Dr. Grader returned to Afghanistan as a UN international observer for the 2002 elections of Afghanistan’s first representative body in over 25 years. After the U.S. invasion of Iraq, Dr. Grader was the chief of party of the USAID Education Project to help re-build Iraq’s national educational curriculum. He returned for his last tour in Afghanistan from 2003 to 2004, as Chief of Party of the USAID’s Rural Development Program dedicated to the re-building of roads, irrigation systems, and agriculture infrastructure. Dr. Grader is survived by his two children from his prior marriage, Moses Grader, and his wife Gayle of Marblehead, and Sarah Ayotte, and her husband Rick of Essex, CT; by his fiancée Rita Mehos of Darien, CT; two brothers George Wilson “Bill” Grader and Dwight Judson “Buck” Grader both of Marblehead; and two grandchildren Zach and Nick. MICHAEL J. BLAKE, F70, 62, of Wakefield died on Thursday, 11 February at his home. Born in San Pedro, CT, on 21 June 1947, he was the son of the late Joseph and Frances (Thompson) Blake. Mr. Blake was a graduate of San Marcos High School in Santa Barbara, CT, class of 1965. He was also a graduate of Yale University, 1969, and Fletcher School of Law and Diplomacy at Tufts University, 1973. He served in the U.S. Army Intelligence Unit during Vietnam and was stationed in DaNang. He was also the recipient of the Bronze Star. In 1973 Mr. Blake started working at the 1st National Bank of Boston, now known as Bank of America. For nine years he worked in the international lending division, first in Argentina, then as general manager in Bolivia, Paraguay, and Puerto Rico. Returning to headquarters in 1987 to the transportation lending division, he focused on railroads and airlines. He retired in 2002 from Bank of America.

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Mr. Blake and his wife, Gwenn Therrien, spent their early married years in Latin America and had opportunities to travel extensively. Some of their favorite places were Machu Picchu in Peru, Iguazu Falls in Brazil, Rio de Janeiro, and various Caribbean islands. Mr. Blake attended and was active in the Unitarian Universalist Church of Wakefield. He was the treasurer of the Friends of the Beebe Memorial Library and had volunteered at the Wakefield Interfaith Food Pantry. An avid golfer, he made a hole in one in 1985 at the Rockleigh Golf Course. He also enjoyed reading a wide variety of books. In addition to his wife Gwenn, he leaves his brother Robert Blake and wife Elizabeth of Davis, CA, parents-in-law Russell and Doris Therrien of Cabot, VT, brothers-in-law Alan Therrien and wife Suzanne of Boxford, Dale Therrien and wife Donna of St. Johnsbury, VT, and sister-in-law Janet Decker and husband Al of Florence. He was the Uncle of James and Ian Blake, Heather McGinnis, Tim Therrien, Michele Voner, and Jack Decker. He is also survived by six grand-nieces and grand-nephews. MICHAEL S. MONTEITH, F73, passed away on Friday, 6 November, at Stanford University Hospital. Michael was born 7 July 1950, in Atherton, California, to Elaine Christensen Cahill Monteith and Peter Stuart Monteith. After graduating from Woodside High School in 1968, Michael attended Claremont Men’s College from which he received honors in two majors: political science and history in 1972. He then received his master’s degree in international relations from the Fletcher School of Law and Diplomacy in 1973 and his law degree from the School of Law at the University of California, Davis, in 1976. After earning his private pilot’s license, Michael was never long on the ground. He loved flying both as a pilot and a passenger and achieved Alaska Airlines

MVP Gold status each year as he traveled the globe. His passion for travel was matched only by his passion for politics and all things Scottish. “Uncle Mickey,” as he was affectionately referred to by his godchildren, leaves behind a family and friends whose holidays and gatherings will never be the same without his wit, distinctive laugh, and the stories of his latest adventures from afar. Michael was preceded in death by his parents and younger brother, Scotty. Surviving relatives include first cousins John Vernon of McLean, VA, Susan Schouweiler of Portland, OR, Anne Conley of St. Paul, MN, and second cousins Megan Vivenzio of Friday Harbor, WA, Jennifer Rothmeyer of Seattle, WA, and Courtney Tasso of La Center, WA.

F l e tc h e r N e w s

Entrepreneurial Alumna Contributes to Fletcher’s Future “Fletcher was ahead of the times when I was a student there,” says Elizabeth “Betsy” Parker Powell, F62, “and continues that way today—especially by offering the Master of International Business and the Master of Laws in International Law. I’m delighted to be involved with and supporting such an institution.” With undeniable passion and commitment to The Fletcher School, Betsy is an integral part of the Fletcher community. She chaired The Fletcher Fund from 1995 to 2000, has served on the Fletcher development committee since 1995, has been a member of the Fletcher Board of Overseers since 1997, and has served on the Tufts International Board of Overseers since 2004. She received the Tufts Alumni Distinguished Service Award in 1999 and the Dean’s Medal for her service to Fletcher in October 2003. Recalling that event, she says, “It was such a great, great honor.” In addition to her volunteer work at Fletcher, Betsy contributes annually to The Fletcher Fund and has established the Elizabeth Parker Powell Fund for International Business. Betsy is also a member of the Austin B. Fletcher Society,* having included a gift in her charitable remainder unitrust that will provide support to faculty associated with the International Business Center. This generous gift will be counted toward the School’s Beyond Boundaries campaign total. Betsy’s service is not limited to Fletcher. She is a trustee emerita at Phillips Andover Academy and serves on numerous corporate and nonprofit boards, including the Reed & Barton Corporation, North Hill Life Care Community, Lytron Inc., and Associated Industries of Massachusetts. Betsy is a former assistant professor of management and trustee at Babson College, where she served for 15 years and is now an overseer. Betsy and her husband David live in Wellesley Hills, MA, where she is a longtime elected member of the Wellesley Town Meeting. A 1960 graduate of Smith College, Betsy earned an M.A. at The Fletcher School and later received an M.B.A. from Babson College. Betsy credits her success to her education and her family’s insistence on hard work and perseverance. She and her husband cofounded Diamond Machining Technology Inc. (DMT) in 1976, a corporation that specializes in manufacturing and worldwide distribution of diamond-surfaced tool sharpeners. After 28 years, they sold DMT and now enjoy spending more time with their three children and three grandchildren, traveling, and relaxing in their second home on Nantucket.

“It was a very important tradition in my family to give back to educational institutions. It is satisfying to know that I’m supporting a place where the good can multiply and do more for the future.”

*For more information about including The Fletcher School in your will or trust and becoming a part of the Austin B. Fletcher Society, please contact Brooke Anderson, Associate Director of Gift Planning, at +1.617.627.4975 or

Spring/Summer 2010 FLETCHER NEWS 43


the Fletcher schOOl T UFTS U N I V E R S I T Y 16 0 Pa c k a rd Ave n u e M e d fo rd, M a s s a c h u s e t t s 02 1 5 5 R e t u r n S e r vi ce R e q u e s te d

the opinions expressed in this publication are the authors’ own and do not necessarily represent those of the Fletcher school. Fletcher News welcomes letters on topics covered in this newsletter. the editor reserves the right to edit for space and style. Please send letters to Fletcher News, Office of Development and Alumni relations, 160 Packard Avenue, Medford, MA 02155; fax 617.627.3659; or email

Save the Date! FAll reUNION 2010 9–10 SeptemBer 2010 the Class of 1960 marks their 50th reunion with two days of events. alumni from the Classes of 1934–1959 are also invited to participate.

sPrING reUNION 2011 20 – 22 mAy 2011 clASSeS oF 1966, 1971, 1976, 1981, 1986, 1991, 1996, 2001, AnD 2006 dean stephen w. Bosworth and the entire Fletcher community invite you to return to Medford for reunion 2011. Mark the dates on your calendar, 20-22 May 2011. whether you are returning for your 45th or 5th reunion, every Fletcher graduate—and their guests—can enjoy this exciting weekend!

Fletcher’s ANNUAl lONDON sYMPOsIUM 4 DecemBer 2010 Details to come…

the Fletcher Fund: Your Gift at work “Participating in the United Nations Development Programme internship in Mongolia was my first choice for the summer and I was very excited about the opportunity to get hands on experience in a developing economy. The flight from Boston to Mongolia was a significant expense and housing costs where I was stationed were disproportionately high, so the stipend from Fletcher was a great help in ensuring I could participate.” —han (yoonho) Kim, F10 United nations development programme Mongolia human development and poverty reduction Cluster intern your Fletcher Fund gift this year could help other students like han pursue opportunities that not only provide them with essential career development experience, but enable them to become poised to be tomorrow’s global leaders. Fletcher’s fiscal year ends on June 30th--please make a gift today! +1.617.627.5441

Fletcher News - Spring 2010  

Fletcher News publication from Spring 2010 without Class notes. Cover Story: Farah Pandith, F95, assumes role as US Special Representative t...