FLETCHER NEWS THE OFFICIAL NE WSLE T TER FOR ALUMNI AND FRIENDS OF THE FLE TCHER SCHOOL, TUFTS UNIVERSIT Y, MEDFORD, MASSACHUSE T TS 02155
PREPARING LEADERS WITH A GLOBAL PERSPECTIVE
H.E. DR. SURAKIART SATHIRATHAI (F’80), Recently appointed Deputy Prime Minister of the Kingdom of Thailand
F L E TC H E R N E WS VO LU M E 2 6 N U M B E R 1 SPRING 2005 PHOTOGRAPHS Ellen Callaway, Matt Edmunson, Liz Hicks, Mark Morelli, Len Rubenstein, Bethany Versoy
EDITOR Leah S. Brady
OFFICE OF DEVELOPMENT AND ALUMNI RELATIONS Kathleen Bobick, Staff Assistant Leah S. Brady, Coordinator of Alumni Relations Pamela Cotte, Reunion Coordinator Tara Lewis, Associate Director Roger A. Milici Jr., Director Julia Motl Lowe, Director of The Fletcher Fund Michael Preiner, Coordinator of The Fletcher Fund Cynthia Weymouth, Administrative Assistant
QUOTES OF NOTE
his past year has brought challenges of global and historical proportions. From the Asian Tsunami disaster, to the ongoing reassessment of how our leaders maintain security, to how our public and private sector leaders comport themselves, Fletcher faculty, alumni and students have confronted and helped
address these challenges head-on, aided by their grounding in Fletcher’s mission of preparing leaders with a global perspective.
Since its founding more than seventy years ago, Fletcher has been an innovative leader in graduate professional education in international affairs. In 1933 Fletcher’s founders responded to the world’s need for well trained internationalists. In the late sixties it led the way with the first interdisciplinary program in international development at a school of international affairs, and in the early seventies Fletcher created the first program in international security studies in a civilian institution. In the 1980s the School established the international environment program and in the 1990s the negotiation and conflict resolution program. Five years ago, Fletcher again led the way by marrying internet technologies to its original mission and created the Global Master of Arts Program (GMAP). Once again, Fletcher is taking an innovative step by launching a new degree program: the Master of Science in International Management (MSIM). The MSIM will help us seize the opportunities offered by a changing international environment, in which the number of new jobs created in international business transactions have increased dramatically and in which the nexus between the public and private sector is becoming both stronger and more critical. The center of gravity of international affairs is shifting towards a world increasingly shaped by a fluid web of “cross border” private sector transactions. Commercial and financial globalization propelled by low cost internet-mediated information creates a need for a new paradigm in international affairs education. Business leaders must have well-developed management skills, but they also must have a broad and deep
understanding of international affairs to be able to understand the shifting sands of the 21st century. The MSIM will aim to fill the present gap between curricula of business schools and schools of international affairs, focusing on international socio-political, cultural or economic matters, and placing emphasis on linguistic proficiency and cultural fluency. Our Board Chairman, Peter Ackerman, F’69, is calling it a “category buster.” As we begin this new century, we again have an opportunity for innovation and leadership by creating a curriculum and degree that meets the pressing need for international and interdisciplinary management education and prepares our students for positions of leadership and influence in the public, private and nonprofit sectors. I look forward to sharing more information about this program and its progress in the coming months and years. Your ongoing support of Fletcher and our mission is greatly needed and appreciated. Thank you.
Stephen W. Bosworth
Spring 2005 FLETCHER NEWS 1
CAMPUS VISIT 2004
his October Fletcher hosted a Campus Visit program designed to give alumni who haven’t participated in the life of the school in recent years a positive immersion experience over the course of a weekend. Twenty Fletcher alumni and friends participated in the program entitled “State of the World — State of The Fletcher School.” The program included dinner with President Bacow and Dean Bosworth, lectures by Professors Michael Glennon and Leila Fawaz, an interactive exercise on International Negotiation and Conflict Resolution lead by Professors Eileen Babbitt and Adil Najim, time to meet current students and a tour of the facility currently under renovation. The Program was begun by President Lawrence S. Bacow shortly after arriving at Tufts. Each year, one or two of the Tufts schools hosts these events.
T H E F L E TC H E R F U N D PA R T I C I PAT I O N C H A L L E N G E Thanks to the generosity of alumni who wish to remain anonymous, Fletcher is pleased to announce a fiscal year 2005 PARTICIPATION CHALLENGE. If The Fletcher Fund receives 500 gifts of $100 or more from alumni who did not make a gift in fiscal year 2004, the Fund will receive a special gift of $15,000. We are three-quarters of the way to reaching this goal, and the fiscal year is coming to an end June 30. There is no better time to show your support and commitment to Fletcher. If you didn’t give last year, please join your classmates and fellow alumni by making a contribution of at least $100 and bringing us one donor closer to meeting The Challenge!
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Andy Rooney Charms, Challenges Fletcher Community BY TERRY ANN KNOPF
While many a prominent dignitary has appeared at The Fletcher School — Kofi Annan, Madeleine Albright and Henry Kissinger, among others — the school played host to a different kind of celebrity on November 18 when Andy Rooney, the legendary commentator for CBS’s news magazine, 60 Minutes came to deliver the Charles Francis Adams Lecture. Known to millions for his wry, sometimes controversial essays, a signature feature of 60 Minutes for the past 27 years, Rooney has won three Emmy Awards for his essays, which now number more than 800. He is also the recipient of a Lifetime Achievement Emmy and numerous print journalism awards. About 350 people jammed ASEAN Auditorium, which included a sizable contingent of undergraduate students and residents from the surrounding communities — all to hear what was on Rooney’s amusing, often politically incorrect mind. Even before he spoke, Rooney displayed his crusty side. No, he didn’t want C-SPAN invited; no, he told a reporter from The Christian Science Monitor, she could not record his remarks [though he gave her “permission” to take notes]; and no, he did not want to have coffee with some students before his talk, preferring to work on his remarks. Now 86, Rooney has made few concessions to age, but for his stooped shoulders and slow gait. Indeed, he had to be dissuaded from driving his car up from New York. But with his bushy-eyebrows, whiny voice and trademark wit, Rooney was in fine form on this night. After Fletcher’s Senior Executive Dean, Jerry Sheehan, introduced him as “an American original,” America’s favorite curmudgeon took center stage. In his speech, billed simply as “60 Minutes with Andy Rooney,” the commentator griped and groused over everything from consumerism to capitalism — all the while the audience laughed, applauded and occasionally winced over his blunt remarks. “The service industry in this country is now bigger than the manufacturing segment. There’s something wrong with that,” he said. “It’s like a restaurant that has great waiters, but no one in the kitchen that knows how to cook. The service may be good, but the food is terrible. We need chefs, we don’t need
waiters. We need mechanics, we don’t need salesmen. We need doctors; we don’t need more health plans.” The triumph of salesmanship over service was another target. “We’re selling things better than we’re making them,” he said adding: “Last Saturday, I took my car to the dealer in Stanford, Connecticut. It needed some minor work and I went in and there were five people standing around and I said, ‘Where’s the service manager?’ They were all salesmen waiting for me to come in to buy a new car. They said the service department is closed on Saturday. Now, if I can buy a car on Saturday why the hell can’t I get one fixed on Saturday?” He took potshots at the state of our political leadership. “We’re short of good politicians,” he declared. “I hope some of you are headed in that direction, although it probably doesn’t appeal to you right now, but we’re in desperate need of good men and women to lead us. I don’t know why it is that we don’t often get the best people in the highest jobs in this country.” Without citing George W. Bush by name, he aimed a few barbs his way. “The President of the United States should be the smartest person in the country and one of the smartest in the world. God knows that hasn’t happened lately I don’t want to go any further, but, you know, I have been thinking of moving to Canada,” he said. Rooney struck a responsive chord when he lashed out at the nation’s priorities which currently favor military over domestic spending: “We’re spending vast amounts of money on warships that can’t carry cargo, on aircrafts that can’t carry passengers, on tanks that look great in the newsreels but don’t work in battle, on billion dollar submarines that have no use at all anywhere, on nuclear weapons, and on a long list of other weapons that’ll be thrown away in 10 years because they’re obsolete even though they were never used. We continue making [weapons] because we’ve got a screwed up economy that’s dependent on the arms industry instead of | Continues on next page the peace industry. What comparable Spring 2005 FLETCHER NEWS 3
‘A N D Y R O O N E Y ’
Continued from page 3 | amounts of money are we spending on a cure for cancer, for AIDS, for protecting our ozone layer? Why can’t we spend these billions on better books, better libraries, more museums, more schools?” Nor was Rooney any easier on the audience members who asked questions. When a Fletcher staffer queried him on his views on religion, Rooney replied: “I’m an atheist and I don’t understand religion at all. I’m sure I’ll offend a lot of you by saying I think it’s all nonsense. And I think most of the people in the academic community agree with me, and I am upset that more of them don’t come out of the closet.” Rooney spent considerable time talking about the state of television news, displaying a love-hate relationship with his own profession. “As bad as the television news has become, it is still 20 minutes of the best there is. I watch news every single night of the week. I enjoy it greatly. That’s partially because I have a drink of bourbon with it, but I like the news, too, and I am quite defensive about the people in our business. I hate the people who are running the networks whose only interest is money.” Nor did he have any compunction about criticizing his own news division. In comments that later reached the national desk of Fox News, Rooney seemed to agree with conservative critics who charge CBS News and news anchor Dan Rather have a liberal bias. “ … I am very critical of some of the people at CBS, even though they’re my friends, because it is so apparent what their political leanings are. It is absolutely unnecessary,” he said. He also made an unmistakable reference to the infamous 60 Minutes II story about President Bush’s National Guard record, reported by Dan Rather, during the last presidential campaign — a story later discredited, complete with an on-air apology by Rather himself.
4 FLETCHER NEWS Spring 2005
“I just object to the bias that so many newsmen reveal inadvertently,” Rooney said. “It is so dumb of them. They’re smart people and it’s not necessary for them to do and yet time after time they use words that have an edge to them in one direction or another and it’s wrong and they should stop it. That’s what happened with this thing of Dan Rather’s that got out. There was just no question that they wanted to run it because it was negative towards Bush and I think they let that obscure their judgment. I don’t think it was dishonest, but they just were not able to set aside their personal and political opinions and look at it clearly.”1 By the end, Rooney had charmed, challenged and no doubt irritated a few members of the audience. When Dean Sheehan presented the ornery octogenarian with a crystal globe and the latest issue of The Fletcher Forum, the student policy journal, the newsman looked down at the gift. “Ah, I was just reading this the other night,” he quipped, while the audience roared its approval. Last January, an independent panel, headed by former Atty. Gen. Richard L. Thornburgh and former Associated Press executive Louis D. Boccardi, issued an exhaustive report which found “serious defects” in the gathering and reporting process in the original story.
On the question of whether “a political agenda” played a part, the report states: “The panel does not find a basis to accuse those who investigated, produced, vetted or aired the segment of having a political bias. The panel does note, however, that on such a politically charged story, coming in the midst of a presidential campaign in which military service records had become an issue, there was a need for meticulous care to avoid any suggestion of an agenda at work. The panel does not believe that the appropriate level of care to avoid the appearance of political motivation was used in connection with this story.”
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The Six Parties Must Act Together B Y S T E P H E N W. B O S W O R T H A N D M O R T O N A B R A M O W I T Z
Whenever something is described as a “process” we should be suspicious. In foreign policy, processes are often designed to buy time or fudge responsibility. This is certainly true in the Bush administration’s approach to North Korea. Unable to deal with North Korea and Iraq at the same time, and divided over whether to do a deal with Pyongyang or to pursue regime change to end its nuclear threat, the administration wrapped itself in the flag of multilateralism. Washington argues that dealing directly with North Korea ignores past experience, is immoral and/or allows China, with the biggest influence in North Korea, to evade responsibility. The basic problem with the Six Party process, other than that five — Japan, China, Russia, the US and South Korea — mostly negotiate with one another and not with North Korea, is that each country has different interests at stake. They all agree — even Pyongyang has said it does — that North Korea should not become a nuclear weapons state. Beyond that, the issue is seen through the prism of individual national interests. The amount of risk that countries are willing to run to prevent a nuclear armed North Korea is quite different. For the US, a nuclear-armed North Korea would represent not only a major breach in the global non-proliferation regime but also what could be termed an existential threat. North Korea, desperately poor, has a record of selling virtually anything from missiles to drugs on global markets, and we know there are potential customers for nuclear know-how or devices. Beijing fears that a nuclear North Korea would destabilise the region, possibly prompting Japan to reconsider its ban on nuclear weapons. Seoul also understands this. But in neither case is there much concern that North Korea would use nuclear weapons against them. While the Bush administration hopes Beijing will somehow ride to its rescue, China and South Korea fear the consequences of a US policy of sanctions and international isolation of Pyongyang. Neither Beijing nor Seoul wants to see North Korea collapse. Seoul believes more aid and economic interaction with the North will moderate Pyongyang’s behaviour and ultimately lead to political change. Beijing fears North Korean reaction to any upheaval and also believes it would become a serious source of instability on China’s periphery. Japan, facing the reality that North Korean missiles can reach its cities, has reason to feel threatened. Notwithstanding its tough rhetoric, Japan too has been dealing with North Korea on a bilateral basis outside the Six Party process. The curious paradox in all this is that as the Bush administration insists on dealing with North Korea multilaterally,
America’s partners — particularly China and South Korea — not only urge Washington to engage with Pyongyang but are also pressuring the US as much as they are North Korea to change its position. They also deal directly with the North. In other words, while the US tries to isolate North Korea, America’s partners engage Pyongyang. It is four years since the US had any sustained bilateral contact with North Korea and eight months since the last Six Party meeting. Meanwhile North Korea is running free, claiming to have extracted plutonium from spent nuclear fuel and even, it seems, selling uranium hexafluoride to Libya. Only the US can give North Korea what it says it wants: a commitment not to attack and proof that it is willing to deal with Pyongyang. This is not to argue that the US should go it alone. The other parties are also necessary as the principal source of economic assistance in any deal with Pyongyang and for ongoing verification and enforcement. The US must persuade the other parties to act in concert. Otherwise, Washington will be left to act unilaterally, proceeding aimlessly with talks, or seriously testing North Korea’s willingness to negotiate. Conceivably, a serious if unsuccessful US negotiation with North Korea might elicit a tougher posture from the other parties. That is uncertain. But it is the only course that stands some chance of bringing the five together on a concerted tougher approach. Ultimately, the world may be forced to deal with North Korea as a nuclear weapons state. If so, the active co-operation of China, South Korea, Japan and Russia is still essential to limit the risks we will all face. Stephen Bosworth, dean of the Fletcher School of Law and Diplomacy, is former US ambassador to South Korea and the Philippines; Morton Abramowitz, senior fellow at Century Foundation, is former US ambassador to Thailand and Turkey, and former president of Carnegie Endowment for International Peace.
This op-ed was reprinted with permission from Financial Times, where it appeared in the USA edition, 22 February 2005. Fall 2004 FLETCHER NEWS 5
PhD Profile: Hassan Abbas Pakistan’s Drift into Extremism B Y T E R R Y A N N K N O P F, M E D I A R E L AT I O N S M A N A G E R
If Fletcher represents the intersection between rigorous scholarship and weighty public policy issues in the global arena, it has no better symbol than Hassan Abbas, a 36-year-old student from Pakistan. He has been a police officer in Pakistan, worked in the governments of both Benazir Bhutto and Pervez Musharraf and received his MALD from The Fletcher School. of Hassan Abbas’s new book, Pakistan’s Drift Into Extremism, read like someone whispering family secrets. Instead of the crazy old aunt or the secret adoption, Abbas speaks intimately about the dizzying array of generals deposing presidents and presidents plotting against prime ministers that have whirled through the country’s 57-year existence.” The New York Times was especially complimentary. In his Sunday Book Review (Feb. 6, 2005), Noah Feldman, a New York University law professor and expert on Iraq, called it “an engaging, quirky book,” noting that Abbas had “an insider’s angle” on the gradual infiltration of Islamic ideology into the Pakistani government. He was particularly taken with Abbas’ shrewd insights about the military:
photo by Mark Morelli
In between getting his MALD and enrolling in Fletcher’s Ph.D. program this past September, Abbas took a year off as a fellow at Harvard where he wrote a book, recently-published by M.E. Sharpe, called Pakistan’s Drift into Extremism: Allah, the Army and America’s War on Terror. The book is garnering favorable reviews and comment here and abroad. Publishers Weekly (Oct. 4, 2005) says the book “adds an important measure of sophistication to the popular understanding of Pakistan’s dangers and dysfunctions,” adding: “Abbas offers valuable descriptions of today’s most active jihad movements in Pakistan.” In her Boston Globe review (Nov. 17, 2005), Farah Stockman wrote: “Although it is a political history, parts 6 FLETCHER NEWS Spring 2005
What’s most significant about this book, however, is its insight into the Pakistan military’s perspective on the country’s politics and history. Each time we are introduced to a new character from the military, we hear the opinion of the officer class. And every officer has a precisely calibrated reputation: this one a drunkard, this one an honorable man, this one a brave soldier with a weakness for women. Increasingly, after the ruling general, Zia ul-Haq, died in an airplane crash in 1988, the newly promoted senior officers had reputations as Islamist sympathizers or activists. These reputations matter crucially for questions ranging from promotion to coup d’etat. For Abbas, the Pakistani Army is political Pakistan itself. The picture that emerges from the details of Pakistan’s military politics is
| Continues on next page
Continued from page 6 |
one of the transformation of a traditional, British-trained and British-inflected professional army into a more complex institution that both permeates politics and, in turn, falls under the influence of political movements like Islamism. This, too, is an instance of globalization — the kind that comes after the empire has folded itself up and gone home.
To be sure, the book could not be timelier. One of the nasty effects of the terrorist attacks against the United States is that it stood geopolitics on its head — with new, often complicated global alliances the result. Prior to the terrorist attacks, the Taliban and Al Qaeda’s main protector in the area was the government of Pakistan. But after 9/11, Pakistan quickly became this country’s new best friend. As part of its war on terrorism, the Bush Administration agreed to end sanctions and order an aid package of up to $3 billion to Pakistan, in return for that country’s promise to help hunt down Osama bin Laden and block Al Qaeda fighters from fleeing across the border from Afghanistan into Pakistan. To date, however, it remains a wary embrace. Gen. Pervez Musharraf, the administration’s close ally has rigged elections, anointed himself president and reneged on his promise to step down from his military dictatorship last December. Musharraf also remains in an awkward domestic position — once allying himself with hard-line Islamic parties for support, then trying to use the secular Pakistan People’s Party to undermine the fundamentalist extremists. Relaxing one recent day in the Fletcher communications’ office, Abbas was charming, gregarious, with a ready smile. In conversation, it was clear he has a journalist’s instinct for news. Asked why he wrote the book, he replied: “I’ve read Woodward and Bernstein. I think it’s important to expose what happens behind the curtain — all the manipulation by the army and intelligence agencies,” he said. “In the United States, people are out to check the government; it’s the greatest strength of this country. Pakistan has no such tradition. Things are opening up. But I have gotten emails from Pakistani friends saying ‘Don’t come back. They’ll put you in jail.’” Abbas himself comes from a middle-class family. His late father was a chemistry professor who taught at the Pakistan Military Academy; his late mother was a homemaker and artist. He has one brother and two sisters, both of whom are married to Army officers. He is mar-
ried to Benish Hassan, a lawyer. The two have three young daughters, ages 4, 6 and 8. Abbas’ political and military connections are evident in the book. Although many of his sources are unnamed, Abbas says he had direct access to important military sources, both active and retired. Indeed, he provides a riveting account of the meeting Musharraf had with his top corps commanders on September 14, 2001 — three days after the terrorist attacks when the United States issued a “you’re-either-with-us or against us” ultimatum to Pakistan. In one dramatic passage, Abbas recounts how Musharraf, under great pressure domestically and from the United States, met with his commanders at a nuclear bunker near Islamabad, “believing that was the only way they could talk without the risk of U.S. surveillance.” Most nodded in “sage agreement.” Others, however, were prepared to dissent. Abbas writes, one sat in “sullen silence”; another registered his “polite disagreement”; still another, the No. 2 man in the army, a self-confessed “soldier of God,” indicated his “impolite disagreement.” Musharaf himself warned that Pakistan had to be supportive of the U.S. “as a matter of principle — especially when the U.S. was in “a shock and anger mood.” It took six hours to reach “a consensus.” Indeed, the meeting reads as though Abbas were a fly on the wall. Conceding that one of his sources was at the meeting, he says proudly, “No one has challenged my findings.” While the book is more of an evenhanded analysis than an exposé, Hassan Abbas claims there have been political reverberations in Pakistan. Indeed, he suspects his government of buying up copies of the book to get it off the shelves. “There are rumors the book has been banned. The book is very expensive in Pakistan — 1700 rupees which is about $30 — and few people can afford to buy it. Yet, many friends and relatives have told me they can’t find the book, even though about 500 books have been shipped by my publisher since September.” But, not to worry. Abbas has already been approached by a leading American publisher to write a second book about A.Q. Khan, Pakistan’s controversial nuclear scientist, who is known to have sold weapons of mass destruction technology to Iran, North Korea and Libya. While weighing his options, he is about to sign with a prominent New York literary agent. But the next book will have to wait — at least until April, while Abbas cracks the books and prepares for his Ph.D. comprehensive exams. Hassan Abbas is a Ph.D. candidate at The Fletcher School. Spring 2005 FLETCHER NEWS 7
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THIS SPRING, FLETCHER WELCOMES TWO VISITING MEMBERS TO THE FACULTY… SIR RICHARD DEARLOVE served as Chief (known as ‘C’) of the British Secret Intelligence Service (SIS) from August 1999 until his retirement in July 2004. For the preceding five years he was Director of Operations and, from 1998, Assistant Chief. As Director of Finance, Administration and Personnnel he also oversaw the move of SIS into its Headquarter Building at Vauxhall Cross in 1994. He is a career intelligence officer of thirty-eight years standing and has served in Nairobi, Prague, Paris, Geneva and Washington as well as in a number of key London-based posts. Sir Richard took up the Mastership of Pembroke College Cambridge on 1 October 2004. He is also a trustee of Kent School, Connecticut, Honorary Fellow of Queens’ College Cambridge, a member of the International Advisory Board of AIG and senior Adviser to the Monitor Group. Sir Richard will be speaking at the Fourth Annual Talloires Symposium, 3-5 June 2005. RUDOLPH SCHARPING, Visiting Professor of International Politics, has been a member of the German Bundestag since 1994 and was a member of the Rhineland-Palatinate Land parliament from 1975 – 1994. Most recently, he held the position of Federal Minister of Defence. Mr. Scharping received the degree of Magister Artium in Political Science (including Law and Sociology) from the University of Bonn 1967 – 1974, under Prof. Dr. Karl-Dietrich Bracher. In addition, he has had numerous publications in books and magazines, primarily about German and European politics. His publications include “Was jetzt zu tun ist” (book, 1994); “Wir dürfen nicht wegsehen — Der Kosovo-Krieg und Europa” (book, 1999).
AMBASSADOR MITCHELL B. REISS (F’82), Director of Policy Planning, US State Department, spoke as a guest of the Charles Francis Adams Lecture series on “Global Security in the year 2010.” H.E. DR. SURAKIART SATHIRATHAI (F’80),was appointed Foreign Minister of the Kingdom of Thailand 25 March, 2005. He visited his alma mater and spoke as part of the Charles Francis Adams Lecture Series, 17 September 2004. “No country nor region can stand alone in this increasingly interdependent world. Throughout the various corners of the globe, each and every region is forging closer economic cooperation to meet new challenges and to benefit from globalization; benefit from the free flow of people, free flow of goods and services, free flow of financial funds and the free flow of information technology.”
photo by Matt Edmunson
SENATOR HILLARY RODHAM CLINTON delivered the Issam M. Fares Lecture 10 November 2004.
8 FLETCHER NEWS Spring 2005
ANDY ROONEY, longtime CBS correspondent, spoke at Fletcher 18 November 2004.
FROM THE FLETCHER FILES
Quotes of Note “There’s no assurance of what will happen once the sword is out of the scabbard. The Communist Party can barely control China today… Even if it were to win a war against Taiwan, how do you subordinate a nation of 23 million educated, cosmopolitan and wealthy people who’d be united in their hatred of China?” Alan Wachman,“Tension Between China, Taiwan on Rise Mainland Expected to Bolster Stance Against Secession,” San Francisco Chronicle, 5 March 2005.
“It creates an opportunity of a moment. It’s kind of an open window that often doesn’t stay open very long, if the parties are willing to take advantage of it. But I think it’s a momentary thing, and then once relief is poured in or people adjust to it, then unfortunately the old ancient grievances seem to overshadow everything else.”
GMAP RESIDENCY The GMAP class of 2005 mid-year residency in Singapore (4-16 January 2005) was a resounding success. Held in the vibrant city centre by the historic Singapore River, close to Chinatown, Clarke Quay, and Boat Quay, the residency included intensive classroom time balanced by social and cultural activities designed to introduce GMAPers to area Fletcher alumni and the history and politics of Singapore and East Asia. GMAP students went on a special tour of Singapore’s port facilities, led by its current Director, RADM Tuck Yew Lui, F’94 and Mary Seet-Chang, F’86. They also had the opportunity to meet with Singapore’s second Permanent Secretary at the Ministry of Foreign Affairs. The students, along with the newly created Asian Advisory Group, attended a panel discussion on regional economic development at the Asian Civilizations
Phil Asherman (GMAP’04) and Senior Associate Dean Deborah Nutter
Museum sponsored by Phil Asherman, GMAP’04. The Singapore residency would not have been possible without Ann Nee Goh, GMAP’03. Ann Nee ensured that every part of the residency was perfect, from the flights on Singapore Airlines, to arrangements with the Millenium Group’s Copthorne King’s Hotel, to hosting an unforgettable welcome reception at the Tower Club.
ASIAN ADVISORY GROUP
Jeswald W. Salacuse, quoted in “Asia: Tsunami Disaster stirs Peace Hopes for Sri Lanka, Indonesia,” Radio Free Europe, 4 January 2005.
“Some people have privileges which they hate to see changed. Lots of people prefer the status quo to having a shot in the dark.” Libyan Prime Minister Shokri Ghanem (F’73), quoted in “Libya Tempts Executives with Big Oil Reserves,”The New York Times, 2 January 2005
“It would be interesting if this re-election gave Bush the confidence to pull out of Iraq. I bet that the American people would be okay with this.” Andy Rooney, CBS News curmudgeon, speaking at The Fletcher School, November 18, 2004.
The inaugural meeting of the Asian Advisory Group took place in Singapore, 6 January 2005.
The Fletcher School has undertaken an initiative to revitalize the Edward R. Murrow Center for Public Diplomacy on the occasion of its 40th anniversary (1965 – 2005). Coined at Fletcher in 1965 by then Dean Edmund A. Gullion, “public diplomacy” deals with the influence of public attitudes on the formation and execution of foreign policies. It encompasses dimensions of international relations beyond traditional diplomacy; the cultivation by governments of public opinion in other countries;
the interaction of private groups and interests in one country with those of another; the reporting of foreign affairs and its impact on policy; communication between those whose job is communication, as between diplomats and foreign correspondents; and the processes of inter-cultural communications. “Central to public diplomacy is the transnational flow of information and ideas.” For more information on this initiative, please visit http://fletcher.tufts.edu/murrow/ or contact Roger Milici at firstname.lastname@example.org +1.617.627.2372 Spring 2005 FLETCHER NEWS 9
R E C E N T P U B L I C AT I O N S
Steven A. -Block and Paul M. Vaaler. “The Price of Democracy: Sovereign Risk Ratings, Bond Spreads and Political Business Cycles in Developing Countries.” Journal of International Money and Finance 23, no. 3 (2004): 917-946.
–. “The Future of Diplomacy? Five Projective Visions.” In 250 Jahre: Von der Orientalischen zur Diplomatischen Akademie in Wien, Symposium: “A Changing Europe in a Changing World,” edited by Ernst Sucharipa, Favorita Papers 04/2004. Vienna: Diplomatische Akademie, 2004: 2136.
Hali Edison, Michael W. Klein, Luca Ricci, Torsten Slock. “Capital Account Liberalization and Economic Performance: Survey and Synthesis.” IMF Staff Papers 51, no. 2 (August 2004): 220 - 256.
–. “The Geography of Diplomacy.” In The Geography of War and Peace: From Death Camps to Diplomacy, edited by Colin Flint, New York: Oxford University Press, 2005: 36994.
Douglas Farah, Richard H. Shultz, and Itamara V. Lochard (F’03 and Ph.D. candidate). “Armed Groups: A Tier-One Security Priority,” occupational Paper 57, Institute for National Security Studies Colorado: USAF Academy, (September 2004).
–. “Good Neighbour Diplomacy Revisited.” In Holding the Line: Borders in a Global World, edited by Heather N. Nicol and Ian Townsend-Gault, Vancouver, British Columbia: UBC Press, 2005: 348-75.
Michael J. Glennon. “Does International Law Matter?” Journal of Social Affairs 21, no. 82 (2004).
–. “Welche Rolle spielt das Volkerrecht wirklich?” Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung 27 (September 2004). Hurst Hannum. “The United States Has Exchanged its Ability to Inspire for its Power to Threaten.” The Cape Times [South Africa], 8 November 2004.
–. “A Growing Appreciation: A Personal Recollection upon the IFDT [International Forum on Diplomatic Training] Meetings in Vienna, September 1999, and Amman, September 2002.” In 250 Jahre: Von der Orientalischen zur Diplomatischen Akademie in Wien, edited by Oliver Rathkolb, Innsbruck: StudienVerlag, 2004: 301-8.
–. “A Global Age Catastrophe.” The Los Angeles Times, 4 January 2005.
–. “The Iconography and Circulation of the Atlantic Community,” Ekistics/OIKI_TIKH: The Problems and Science of Human Settlements, “In the Steps of Jean Gottmann,” guest editor Calogero Muscarà, 70, nos. 422/423 (September/OctoberNovember/December 2003): Part 3, 270-94.
Alan K. Henrikson. “The Future of Diplomacy? Five Projective Visions.” Clingendael Discussion Papers in Diplomacy, No. 96. The Hague: Netherlands Institute of International Relations “Clingendael,” January 2005.
–. “A Structural Approach to Transatlantic Unity—A Shift to a New Center of Gravity?” Slovak Foreign Policy Affairs: Review for International Politics, Security and Integration 5, no. 1 (Spring 2004): 11-23.
Larwence Harrison. “The Silence About Immigration.” The Boston Globe, 29 September 2004.
Ian Johnstone. “The Plea of Necessity in International Legal Discourse: Humanitarian Intervention and CounterTerrorism.” Columbia Journal of Transnational Law 43 (forthcoming, 2005)
W. Scott Thompson. “A Global Age Catastrophe.” The Los Angeles Times, 4 January 2005.
–. “US-UN Relations after Iraq: the End of the World (Order) as We Know It?” European Journal of International Law 15, no. 4 (2004): 813-838.
–. “Why Foreign Investment Hasn’t Returned Here.” The Jakarta Post, 11 August 2004.
Michael W. Klein. “Management Lessons from Women’s Soccer.” Harvard Business Review (December 2004): 22. Sung-Yoon Lee. “Why Kim Hates George Bush.” Asia Times, 16 February 2005.
–. “Bush’s bid for a Wilsonesque legacy.” Asia Times, 9 February 2005. Gerry McNamara and Paul M. Vaalar. “Crisis and Competition in Expert Organizational Decision Making: Credit Rating Agencies and Their Response to Turbulence in Emerging Economies.” Organization Science 15, no. 6 (2004): 687-703. Gerry McNamara, Federico Aime, and Paul M. Vaaler. “Is Performance Driven by Industry- or Firm-Specific Factors? A Commentary on Hawawini, Subramanian and Verdin.” Strategic Management Journal 26 (forthcoming 2005). Alfred Rubin. “One World?” In 1(1) Essays in Honor of Gaetano ArangioRuiz (2004): 191-210. Jeswald W. Salacuse and Nicholas P. Sullivan, “Do BITs really work? An Evaluation of Bilateral Investment Treaties and Their Grand Bargain.” Harvard International Law Journal 67, no.1 (Winter 2005). Burkhard N. Schrage (F’98, FG’02), Paul M. Vaaler, and Steven A. Block. “Counting the Investor Vote: Political Business Cycle Effects on Sovereign Bond Spreads in Developing Countries.” Journal Studies 36, no. 1 (2005): 62-88.
10 FLETCHER NEWS Spring 2005
–. “Susilo Can Learn from Filipino Fidel Ramos.” The Jakarta Post, 17 October, 2004
Joel P. Trachtman. “Constitutional Moments at the WTO.” Harvard International Review 26, no. 2 (Summer 2004.) Peter Uvin. Human Rights and Development. Bloomfield, CT: Kumarian Press, Inc, 2004. Paul M. Vaaler and Burkhard N. Schrage (F’98, FG’02). “Home Country Governance Quality and the ‘Bonding’ Hypothesis: Evidence From Industrialized, EmergingMarket and Less-Developed Countries,” Chap. in Transformations in Global Governance: Implications for Multinationals & Other Stakeholders, edited by Sushil Vachani. London: Edward Elgar Publishers (forthcoming 2005): ____.
ALUMNI Peter Ackerman (F’69). “‘People Power’ Wins in Ukraine.” The Boston Globe, 26 December 2004.
– and Jack Duvall. “The Secret to Success in Ukraine,” International Herald Tribune, 29 December 2004. Matt A. Auer (F’90). Restoring Cursed Earth: Appraising Environmental Policy Reforms in Central and Eastern Europe and Russia. Boulder: Rowman & Littlefield, 2004. C. Fred Bergsten (F’62). The United States and the World Economy: Foreign Economic Policy for the Next Decade. Institute for International Economics, January 2005.
STUDENTS AND FELLOWS Susan R. Banki (Ph.D. candidate). “Refugee Integration in the Intermediate Tterm: a Study of Nepal, Pakistan, and Kenya,” New Issues in Refugee Research, working paper, no. 108. Geneva: UNHCR, 2004. Erik J. Dahl (Ph.D. candidate). “Smarter Intelligence.” The Boston Globe, 23 November 2004.
Patrice Dabrowski (F’92). Commemorations and the Shaping of Modern Poland. Indiana University Press, 2004. Jan Arno Hessbruegge (F’04). “The Historical Development of the Doctrines of Attribution and Due Diligence in International Law.” New York University Journal of International Law and Politicis 36 (2004).
James A. Helis (Ph.D. candidate). “Multilateralism and Unilateralism,” in U.S. Army War College Guide to National Security Policy and Strategy, edited by J. Boone Bartholomees, Jr. Carlisle. PA: Strategic Studies Institute, 2004.
Maliha Masood (F’04) In the Middle of the East: An American-Muslim Woman’s Odyssey from Cairo to Istanbul. Cune Press, forthcoming May 2005.
Doreen Lwanga. “As a Citizen of Civil Society: Personal Reflections.” Jenda Journal 6 (2004).
Anthony Wanis-St. John (F’96). “Cultural Pathways in Negotiation and Conflict Management.” In Handbook of Dispute Resolution edited by Michael Moffitt and Robert Bordone. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass, 2005.
Submissions to Recent Publications must contain complete citation information in order to be included in the Fletcher News.
–. “Too Good to be Legal? Network Centric Warfare and International Law.” Journal of Public and International Affairs 15 (spring 2004). Adam Day. “Crimes Against Humanity as a Nexus of Individual and State Responsibility: Why the ICJ got Belgium v. Congo Wrong.” Berkeley Journal of International Law 22 (Spring 2004).
James P. Muldoon Jr., JoAnn Fagot Aviel (F’65), Richard Reitano, and Earl Sullivan, eds., Multilateral Diplomacy and the United Nations Today (second edition). Westview Press, 2005.
Danielle Tarin. “Will an Attack on America Justify an Attack on Americans?: Congressional and Constitutional Prohibitions on the Executive’s Power to Detain U.S. Citizens as Enemy Combatants.” Virginia Journal of International Law 44, no. 4 (summer 2004): 11451196.
Everett Peachey. “The Aral Sea Basin Crisis and sustainable water resource management in Central Asia.” Journal of International and Public Affairs 15 (Spring 2004). Ahsiya Posner (Ph.D. candidate). “Education for Understanding: Educational Reform for Enhancing Security.” PRAXIS: The Fletcher Journal of International Development 19 (May 2004). Harout H. Semerdjian. “An Iron Curtain at Mount Ararat.” The Moscow Times, 8 February 2005.
Spring 2005 FLETCHER NEWS 11
NEWS FROM TOKYO Tokyo Fletcherites met for a banquet dinner July 13 in a gathering that brought together 43 graduates, all the way from classes of the ‘50s to those fresh out of Fletcher in May. SHIJURO OGATA (F’55) former Bank of Japan direct or gave a toast to the crowd that included such luminaries as Yasushi Akashi, former UN under-secretary general and HISAMI KUROKOCHI (F’60), former Ambassador to the Conference on Disarmament. The meeting brought together Fletcher grads some of whom had been separated for over a decade according to attendants. KIRK PATTERSON (F’83), dean at Temple University Japan, closed the meeting with some witty remarks extolling the virtues of international education, reported by MIKI TANIKAWA (F’94).
In September, we had a special reunion with Ms. AMAL JADOU, jointly hosted by the Tokyo Foundation and the Fletcher Alumni Club of Tokyo. Amal came to Tokyo to receive a special prize from the Tokyo Foundation, and gave us a brief talk on “Life in a Palestinian Refugee Camp.” She said:“Education is important, since it is perfectly mobile. Buildings may be broken, and even a country may be disappeared, but the education you get stays.” Sad news to us was that AMBASSADOR KAZUO CHIBA (F’51) passed away on September 14th. Actually, he was the one who helped a lot to revitalize our activities. This year we plan to have a special reunion to celebrate 50th (Golden) anniversary for the alumni of class of ‘55. Please join the event and celebrate their semi centennial together.
NEW YORK CONTINUES WITH AGENDA OF NEW EVENTS
SAN FRANCISCO BAY AREA REINVIGORATES CLUB
The past months have been very busy for the Fletcher Club of New York. Major events included a very successful wine tasting at Debevoise & Plimpton, a discussion on the conflict diamond trade, and a panel featuring Ambassador Mohammad Javad Zarif, of the Permanent Mission of the Islamic Republic of Iran to the U.N. In addition, the Club continues to experiment with new types of events.
The Fletcher Club of San Francisco (aka “Fletcher West”) held a kick off event to revitalize the group at the home of VLADIMIR TODOROVIC (F’01) on March 12. This event was just the first in a series of meetings that will revamp the Club organization, leadership and activities. Alums in the area are very excited about the recent activity of the Club. Many looked forward to the meeting on April 3 when we the group met with Prof. Hess, Admissions, and incoming Fletcher students of 2005-06. The Club’s evolving agenda and event structure continue to take shape.
One example, the recent “Dinner/Discussion Party” provided members with preassigned readings that were then discussed over a relaxed dinner hosted at a fellow alum’s home. There was enthusiastic response to the dinner, and the Club hopes to turn it into a regular roving dinner party. In addition, a Gala Auction will be held in April to raise scholarship money for first-year students who want to intern at non-profit organizations in New York this summer.
12 FLETCHER NEWS Spring 2005
CLUB CONTACTS ATLANTA
Wendy Gutierrez (F’96) email@example.com
Jamil Al Dandany (F’87) firstname.lastname@example.org
Ernest Wright Jr. (F’94) email@example.com
David Hwa (F’77) firstname.lastname@example.org
Ekachai Chainuvati, (F’03) email@example.com
BEIJING Stephane Grand (F’98) firstname.lastname@example.org Mosud Mannan (F’89) email@example.com
BERLIN Jan-Philipp Görtz (F’98) firstname.lastname@example.org
BOSTON Katherine Sikora Nelson, (F’93) email@example.com BRUSSELS Katrina Destree (F’95) katrinadestree@ bayarmont.be BUDAPEST Anita Orban (F’01) firstname.lastname@example.org CHICAGO H. Jürgen Hess (F’86) email@example.com
CHILE Andres Montero (F’85) firstname.lastname@example.org German Olave (F’97) email@example.com
COPENHAGEN Geoffrey Pack (F’89) firstname.lastname@example.org
FLETCHER ALUMNI OF COLOR ASSOCIATION Belinda Chiu (F’04) email@example.com
GREECE Marilena Griva (F’02) firstname.lastname@example.org Thomas Varvitsiotis (F’99) email@example.com
KENYA Anne Angwenyi (F’02) Anne_Angwenyi@alumni.tufts.edu Vivian Chao (F’02) firstname.lastname@example.org
KOSOVO Fiona Evans (F’00) email@example.com
LONDON Alexandra Paton (F’01) firstname.lastname@example.org
LOS ANGELES Adrineh Gregorian email@example.com
MALAYSIA Shah Azmi (F’86) firstname.lastname@example.org
MIAMI Daniel Ades (F’03) email@example.com
MIDDLE EAST ALUMNI ASSOCIATION Walid Chamoun (F’00) firstname.lastname@example.org
NEW YORK Raymond Linsenmayer (F’01) Raymond_Linsenmayer@hotmail.com Deborah Eisenberg (F’03) email@example.com
OREGON Susan Williams (F’00) firstname.lastname@example.org Michael Zwirn (F’01) email@example.com
PARIS Julien Naginski (F’93) firstname.lastname@example.org
Nicole Sayres (F’00) email@example.com
SAN FRANCISCO Vladimir Todorovic (F’01) firstname.lastname@example.org
SÃO PAULO Paulo Bilyk (F’92) email@example.com
SEAT TLE Julie Bennion (F’01) firstname.lastname@example.org
SEOUL Eun Ha Chang (F’01) email@example.com Junsik Ahn (F’00) firstname.lastname@example.org
SHANGHAI Meredith Ludlow (F’03) email@example.com
SINGAPORE Syetarn “Creek” Hansakul (F’88) firstname.lastname@example.org
SWITZERLAND Mauricio Cysne (F’93) email@example.com
TOKYO Mariko Noda (F’90) firstname.lastname@example.org
VIENNA Rainer Staub (F’96) email@example.com Jonathan Tirone (F’00) JTIRONE@bloomberg.net
WASHINGTON, D.C. Victoria Esser (F’99) T. Colum Garrity (F’98) firstname.lastname@example.org www.fletcherclubofdc.org
Angela de Santiago (F’91) email@example.com
Spring 2005 FLETCHER NEWS 13
ALICE WILLIAMS (F’37) passed away this past fall. No further information was available at the time of publication. JOHN EDWIN FOBES (F’40) died on January 20, 2005 at his home. He was 86. His work after Fletcher took him around the world, as US attaché to the US NATO delegation and Deputy Director of the US Mission to India, among other positions. Throughout his life, John remained an active and committed member of organizations promoting multilateral understanding. He is survived by his wife, Hazel Weaver Fobes; daughter, Patricia Sanson, and son, Jeff Fobes; as well as three grand-daughters and five great-grandchildren. EDWARD S. LITTLE (F’40) died November 4, 2004 at his home in Virginia after an extended illness. Among his accomplishments, Edward served as US Ambassador to Chad from 1974 to 1976. He is survived by his daughter and granddaughter, Ginger and Cary Marlatt, and his nieces, nephews, and cousins. PAULINE “POLLY” TOMPKINS (F’42) died on November 19, 2004. Polly graduated from Pine Manor in 1938, then Mt. Holyoke College in 1941. In 1942, she received an MA and in 1948 her PhD from The Fletcher School. In addition, she is the recipient of eleven 26 FLETCHER NEWS Spring 2005
honorary degrees. After graduating from Fletcher, Polly taught at Tufts, Pine Manor, Wellesley, and in Taiwan. She was considered a trailblazer in higher education for women. WALTER B. WRISTON (F’42), the former chairman of Citicorp and creator of the Walter B. Wriston Chair in Finance and Banking at The Fletcher School, died of pancreatic cancer on Wednesday, January 20th, at New York-Presbyterian Hospital in Manhattan. He was 85. Mr. Wriston retired as Chairman and Chief Executive Officer of Citicorp and its principal subsidiary, Citibank, N.A. on September 1, 1984, after having served as Chief Executive Officer for 17 years and in various other positions with the company for 38 years. Born in Middletown, Connecticut, on August 3, 1919, Mr. Wriston graduated from Wesleyan University and The Fletcher School of Law and Diplomacy. Following a year’s service as a U.S. State Department Officer and a four-year tour with the U.S. Army during World War II, he joined Citibank in 1946 as
Walter B. Wriston and Academic Dean Laurent Jacque, who currently holds the Walter B. Wriston Chair in International Finance and Banking.
a junior inspector in the Comptroller’s Division. Mr. Wriston was a Director of ICOS Corporation, Cygnus, Inc. and Vion Pharmaceuticals, Inc. He was Chairman of President Reagan’s Economic Policy Advisory Board, a member and former Chairman of The Business Council, and a former co-Chairman and Policy committee member of the Business Roundtable. He was a Trustee of the Manhattan Institute for Policy Research, a Life Governor of New York Presbyterian Hospital, and a Fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences. He also authored Risk and Other Four Letter Words, a collection of essays, published by Harper & Row, and The Twilight of Sovereignty published by Charles Scribner’s Sons. He is survived by his wife, Kathryn; daughter, Catherine; and two grandchildren. WHITNEY TROW PERKINS (F’47) passed away January 28, 2005 at his home in Providence, RI. He was 84. Professor Perkins taught at Brown University for 31 years, was an author, veteran, member of the World Affairs Council, and world traveler. He is survived by his wife, Kathryn Sylvester Perkins; daughters Mig, Wesley, and Rachel, foster daughter Jodi Tourgee; and grandchildren Katherine, William and Tristram. KAZUO CHIBA (F’51) passed away September 14, 2004. Former Ambassador of Japan
to Great Britain from 1988 to 1991, he was greatly respected by the British people. In addition to his post in Britain, Ambassador Chiba also served in Geneva, Tehran, Washington, and Moscow. JOHN DEARDOURFF (F’57) died December 24, 2004 at his home in Mclean, VA after a battle with cancer. As a political consultant with the firm Bailey, Deardourff and Associates, he worked on many national campaigns, including the presidential campaign of President Ford. He is survived by his wife, Elisabeth Griffith and their two children, Megan and John David Deardourff; two daughters from his first marriage to Mary Jane McFerran, Anne Sinsheimer and Katherine Wordsman; two brothers and four grandchildren. ISHWER C. OJHA (F’62) died at his home in Tiburon, California on September 16, after a along illness. He is survived by his wife Helen, and two sons, Jai and Raj. THURSTON “TONY” TEELE (F’62) passed away March 21, 2005 after a lengthy illness. He was chairman of the Board of Chemonics International, Inc., the long-standing cochair of the PSC International Development Task Force, and a PSC Board member. Mr. Teele is survived by his wife, Barbara, five children and nine grandchildren.
KIM BARRY EDDISON ZVOBGO (F’73) died August 15, 2004 at the age of 69, in Harare, Zimbabwe. A Zimbabwean nationalist leader, he played a major role in securing his country’s independence from Britain, and led an ongoing fight for his people’s liberties. He is survived by his seven children. NICHOLAS NATSIOS (F’83) died September 28, 2004, in a clinic near Lowell, MA, where he and wife Mitzi had lived since his retirement from the Central Intelligence Agency in 1974. He was 84. MIRIAM B. IMLAH, wife of the late Fletcher professor Albert H. Imlah, and step-mother of Ann Imlah Schneider (F’56), died February 8, 2005 in Falls Church, VA at the age of 100. Miriam was an active member of the Tufts community, and participated in many New England groups and activities including the Shakespeare Club of Medford and chamber music groups in Cambridge and Waterville. She is survived by her two step-daughters, Ann Imlah Schneider (F’56) and Janet Imlah Collett, four grand-children, and nine grand-nieces and nephews.
Kim Barry (F’95) died November 20, 2004, a pedestrian involved in a vehicular accident in Greenwich Village. After Fletcher, Kim graduated magna cum laude from NYU Law School in 1998. She clerked at the 9th Circuit Court of Appeals in San Francisco before returning to NYU to work on electoral issues. As a Furman Fellow, she was examining issues related to citizenship and international migration. Friend and Teacher, Abiodun Williams (F'85) paid tribute to Kim at an NYU memorial service on November 23rd: “It is an honour and personal privilege to have the opportunity of saying a few words about Kim Barry. It is an honour and privilege because Kim was both a brilliant former student of mine, and a cherished friend. Today, I prefer to focus not on the person she could have become, but on the person she was. Not on what she could have achieved, but on what she accomplished. I first met Kim 16 years ago when she was an undergraduate at the School of Foreign Service at Georgetown University. She was my student in an Honours Seminar on Power and Justice in the International System. Her quick and incisive mind was matched by a graceful demeanour. Kim’s concerns were never petty. She had, even in her salad days, a hatred of all forms of injustice and discrimination. I recall her outrage at the dehumanizing racial segregation system of apartheid in South Africa. She was always instinctively for the underdog. In the intervening years since her graduation from Georgetown, I followed with admiration and pride her sterling accomplishments. I was delighted that she later studied at The Fletcher School of Law and Diplomacy, which shaped me intellectually. Kim pursued excellence, and succeeded in her quest for excellence. After a decade of communicating by mail across continents, we were reunited in New York last year. How did we spend our first social reunion? At Kim’s invitation we went to see the Roundabout Theatre Company’s compelling revival production of Athol Fugard’s play Master Harold and the Boys. The play, set in the old apartheid South Africa, is a powerful reminder of the evils of bigotry and oppression. Kim was loyal. Loyal to what she believed in and loyal to those she loved and respected. Her warmth and charm were endearing. My heart goes out in profound sympathy to her family, especially to her beloved mother and her two sisters. I prayerfully hope you will find the strength to come to terms with the void that she has left in your lives. I also hope that we her friends will find the strength to come to terms with the void that she has left in our lives. Kim has been taken from us too soon, but she lived long enough to set a wonderful example to us all. The best tribute we can pay to her memory is to hold fast to the principles exemplified by her life — absolute integrity, fairness, sincerity and compassion. In this week when we celebrate Thanksgiving, I give thanks for the short but extraordinary life of our much-loved Kim. In thinking of Kim today, I recall some lines, which have a special relevance for her spirit and achievements: One crowded hour of glorious life Is worth an age without a name. So thank you Kim for all you meant to us. May your soul rest in perfect peace.”
Spring 2005 FLETCHER NEWS 27
We are deeply grateful to the many donors — alumni, parents and friends — who support Fletcher’s mission of preparing leaders with a global perspective in countless ways. This support tangibly drives our efforts to maintain and enhance Fletcher’s status as the innovative leader in graduate professional education in international affairs. In fiscal year ending June 30, 2004, The Fletcher Fund, Fletcher’s annual fund, reached new heights and raised more than $825,000. These funds had a substantial impact on the School in the form of financial aid, student internship funding, faculty development, support of the Ginn Library and PhD program support. Fletcher Fund support also enables Dean Bosworth to continue to undertake the important endeavors necessary for the strategic advancement of Fletcher’s mission. Led by Nihal Goonewardene (F’73), Chairman of The Fletcher Fund, alumni participation increased to 30%. Most notably, leadership giving to The Fletcher Fund at the Associate ($1K plus) and Young Associate ($500+ for alumni of the last decade) levels continued to provide a growing base with 212 Associates and 56 Young Associates. We have listed the names of our leadership donors who made a gift between July 1, 2003 and June 30, 2004 to acknowledge and publicly thank them for their support and example. On the capital side, Fletcher alumni, friends and parents contributed more than $2.5M to assist with a variety of priority projects and initiatives. As our current strategic planning process concludes, we will be looking for additional resources to meet newly articulated academic priorities and projects. Generally, our major goals are: to double the amount of financial aid currently offered to students; to expand faculty and select academic programs, and to complete the master plan facility renovation project. On page 29 we have listed the names of our capital donors who made a gift or pledge of $1,000 or more between July 1, 2003 and June 30, 2004 to acknowledge and publicly thank them for their support and example. Also included in this special donor report is a comprehensive list of Fletcher’s named endowed funds. If you would like more information about these funds or if we have inadvertently made an error in our listings, please contact Roger Milici at firstname.lastname@example.org or +1.617.627.2372.
NAMED ENDOWED FUNDS
Richard D. & Polly B. Hill Scholarship Fund
FELLOWSHIPS AND SCHOLARSHIPS
A. Eiken Hohenberg Charitable Scholarship
Charles F. Adams Scholarship
Katrina Lago Memorial Fellowship
Atlantic Community Fellowship
Dana Laird Memorial Fund
Ruhl J. Bartlett Fellowship
E. & C. Lodge Fellowship
William L. Blue & Joan R. Blue Scholarship Fund
Roger Long Scholarship Mary Pillsbury Lord Scholarship
The M.A. Edward Bunford Scholarship
Donald R. MacJannet Scholarship
William S. Barnes Latin American Summer Internship Fund
Cabot Corporation Scholarship John Moors Cabot Fellowship
Asher Hobson Scholarship Fund
Joan Gillespie Fellowship Armand Hammer Scholarship George B. and Helen J. Hargens Scholarship Fund Joseph Harrison & Francis H. Russell Fellowship John L. Hedges Fellowship in Public Diplomacy
Betsey Parker Powell Fund for International Business
Charles Francis Adams/Raytheon Dean’s Chair
Second Century Fletcher
Henry J. Braker Chair of Commercial Law William L. Clayton Chair of International Economic Affairs
Charles Francis Adams Lecture Series
Henry Willard Denison Chair of Japanese Diplomacy
Joseph Grew Lecture Series
Constantine Karamanlis Chair of Hellenic and Southeastern European Studies*
Dr. Maurice S. Segal Lecture Series
Frank C. & Christel Nichols Scholarship Fund
US-Hispanic Relations Lecture Series
John Perry Fellowship
Henry J. Leir Chair of Humanitarian Sudies
John E. Peurifoy Fellowship Quezon Fellowship
Isabelle Oroian Fleck Memorial Fund
Edward R. Murrow Chair of Public Diplomacy*
Fletcher Library Book Fund
John Roche Memorial Scholarship
Michael Maney Library Fund
Sasakawa Young Leadership Fund
Ames Samuel Pierce Library Fund
Walter B. Wriston Chair of International Finance and Banking
Charles N. and Josephine W. Shane Scholarship Fund Somerville Pickney Tuck Memorial Fellowship Harry S. Truman
28 FLETCHER NEWS Spring 2005
Murrow Center Prize
Jeffrey C. Metzel Scholarship Fund National Cheng-Chi University Fellowship
Carl J. Gilbert Scholarship
Galvin Tribute Fund
Shelby Collum Davis Chair of International Security Studies
Samuel J. Elder Scholarship
Class of 1947 Distinguished Leadership Award
Sherry Mueller Scholarship
Phyllis E. & C. Douglas Dillon Fellowship Fund
GENERAL AND MAINTENANCE
Robert Meagher Fund
Lester Martin Fellowship
Antonio Cardozo Alumni Scholarship Fund CV Starr Scholarship
Theodore Xanthaky and Dorothy Osborne Xanthaky Scholarship
Kim Koo Chair of Korean Studies*
“My drive comes from wanting to make a difference, and enjoying the responsibility and power of this position. I’ve always been interested in public service, but it was especially nurtured at Fletcher.” — Bill Richardson (F’71), Governor of New Mexico
“We live in a global world where today's leaders, be they government, business or private sector, must have a broader and deeper understanding of foreign affairs to succeed. Fletcher serves that need!” — Marilyn Skony Stamm (F’74), Chief Operating Officer of Stamm International
CAPITAL GIFTS AND PLEDGES
Hitachi Center Fund
The following generous donors made a capital gift or pledge during the 2004 fiscal year, which ran from July 1, 2003 through June 30, 2004.
Latin American Studies Fund North Pacific Studies Fund
LEADERSHIP DONORS $1,000,000+
Daniel Ades (F’03)
Adel H. Abu-Moustafa
The Marie Baier Foundation Inc.
Dong Hoon Choi (F’60)
Elda S. Bardsley Estate
Bruce S. Davie
Bradley Memorial Book Fund
Peter Ackerman (F’69, FP’03) & Joanne Leedom Ackerman (FP’03)
Peter D. Dimancescu (F’66)
Cabot Library Endowment
$250,000 - 999,999
The Eisenhower Institute
Joy Miller Del Rosso & Stephen J. Del Rosso, Jr. (F’81)
Sarah Scaife Foundation The Tavitian Foundation
Gantcher Family Philanthropic Fund
Kingsley W. Hamilton Estate
Isaam Fares Book Fund Ginn Library Fund for International Law
$100,000 - 249,999
Institute for National Strategic Studies
Youngsol Kwon (F’68)
Grace Frees Guillet Fund
The Arthur Vining Davis Foundation
LG-Caltex Oil Corporation
Joann M. Lindenmayer
John M. McIntire (F’77)
Pengiran A. Puteh
Mr. & Mrs. William S. Metzel (FP’81)
Mildred Adams Kenyon Book Fund
Saudi Arabian Oil Company
Kenji Nakano (F’93)
Charles Kimball Book Fund
Mary Slawson & Paul Slawson (F’60)
Segal Pollution Research Fund
BOOKS, PERIODICALS, NEWSPAPERS
Houghton-Mifflin Book Fund Imlah Book Fund
Belinda Pearson Book Fund Gavriel Ra'anan Memorial Book Fund
The Ford Foundation
Fahad Tamimi & Anud Tamimi
The CV Starr Foundation
Roche Memorial Book Fund
William L. and Bessie B. Salacuse Book Fund
The Ridgefield Foundation
PATRONS $5,000-9,999 Anonymous
Aramco Services Company
John Stevenson Hay Book Fund
Lynde & Harry Bradley Foundation, Inc.
Richard D. Hill
Manzur Zaidi Book Fund
Carnegie Corporation of New York
Sasakawa Book Fund
Consolidated Contractors International S.A.L.
Chung Won Kang (F’77) Lehman Brothers, Inc. Lois Silverman & Norman Silverman
Dimitra David Eileen Guggenheim Wilkinson (GMAP’01)
Stavros S. Niarchos Foundation
Scott Borgerson (F’03)
Dalchoong Kim (F’56) David L. Larson (F’57)
Alice Pickering (F’54) & Thomas R. Pickering (F’54) Elizabeth Parker Powell (F’62) Donna Salacuse & Jeswald W. Salacuse B. Lynn Salinger (F’81) & S. Rexford Morrill Lynne D. Sherburne-Benz (F’85) & Steven F. Benz (F’85) Lisbeth Tarlow (F’84) & Stephen B. Kay Shou-Chung Ting (F’81) F. Haydn Williams (F’47)
Robert B. Beattie Enrique Hidalgo (F’98) Mrs. Albert H. Imlah† MacJannet Foundation Allen B. Macomber (F’64)
† deceased If we have inadvertently made an error in our listing, please accept our apologies. For our records, please contact Kathleen Bobick at email@example.com.
B. Craig Owens (GMAP’01) Robert M. Steck (F’81) Rockford Weitz (F’02)
Spring 2005 FLETCHER NEWS 29
“GMAP is a powerful program for me as a business leader in an increasingly complex and interconnected world.” — Ignasius Jonan (GMAP II), President and Chief Executive Officer of PT Bahana Pembinaan Usaha Indonesia
Fletcher Associates are donors to The Fletcher Fund who gave at a level of $1,000 or more betweeen July 1, 2003 and June 30,2004. Gifts from Fletcher Associates are the foundation of The Fletcher Fund.
PRESIDENT’S CIRCLE $25,000 +
THE DEAN’S COUNCIL $5,000-$9,999
John F. Crawford (F’59)
Margaret Bates (F’46)
Mary Graham Davis (F’66)
Mark Bedner (F’76)
C. Fred Bergsten (F’62)
Robert J. Engel (F’75)
Brett K. Bernhardt (GMAP ‘03)
Liberty Mutual Group Fund at the Boston Foundation
Sheldon Boege (F’66) & Elizabeth Boege (F’66)
Bruce M. Everett (F’70)
Anupam Bhatia (GMAP ‘02)
Robert P. Fisher (F’77)
Pilar Bosch (F’77)
Jonathan Small (F’68) & Cornelia Small (F’69)
Andrew H. Darrell (F’88)
Catharine A. Hartzenbusch (F’94)
John C. Evans (F’67)
Richard D. Hill (H’86)
Stephen Bosworth & Christine Bosworth
SOCIETY OF FLETCHER FELLOWS $10,000-$24,999
Ann Nee Goh (GMAP’03)
Carol Johnson Hurlburt (F’62)
Lawrence Heim (GMAP’02)
Herbert Levin (F’56)
Kenneth Button (F’72)
Robert Hormats (F’66) Edward L. Hoyt (F’62)
Winston Lord (F’60) & Bette Bao Lord (F’60)
Joan A. Campbell (F’41)
Neil A. Allen (F’76) Sultan Al-Nahayan (GMAP’01)
Igor Kan (F’94)
Brian A. Maher (F’73)
Nancy M. Chase (F’44)
Robert Kiernan III (F’81)
William G. Meserve (A’62)
Suchati Chuthasmit (F’58)
Philip J. Bergan
Peter Malone (F’78)
Elizabeth Parker Powell (F’62)
Paulo Bilyk (F’92)
Michael M. Maney (F’57)
Thomas A. Sauermilch (F’85)
Myles Connor & Mary Connor (FP’84)
Lee E. Dirks (F’57)
B. Craig Owens (GMAP’01)
David Sloan (F’75)
Virginia Cornyn (F’63)
Nihal W. Goonewardene (F’73)
William Piez (F’55)
Charles R. Sitter (F’57)
Andrew Czekaj (F’79)
Eileen Guggenheim Wilkinson (GMAP’01)
Andrew Safran (F’76)
R. Bram Smith (F’71)
William B. Dale (F’47)
Josephine W. Shane (F’53)
Dorothy Meadow Sobol (F’66)
Charles Dallara (F’75)
Herman T. Skofield (F’48)
Galen L. Stone
Michael P. D’Ambrosio (F’73)
Mark K. Nichols (F’71)
Gregory J. Terry (F’70) G. Richard Thoman (F’67)
Lisbeth Tarlow (F’84) & Stephen Kay
Robert R. Davis (F’73)
Thomas Pickering (F’54) & Alice Pickering (F’54)
Wesley Williams (F’64) & Karen Hastie Williams (F’67)
Christiane Delessert (F’73)
FLETCHER GLOBAL LEADERS $1,000-$2,499
Rhoda Eisman Dersh (F’56)
1933 FOUNDERS CLUB $2,500-$4,999
Agustin A. Acosta (F’93) Yasushi Akashi (F’57)
Charles Ebinger (F’72) & Putnam Mundy Ebinger (F’72)
Fuad Abu-Zayyad (F’58)
Aldo Aldama-Breton (GMAP ‘02)
John Exter (F’34)
Charles A. Black, Jr. (F’78)
Dwight Ambach (F’53)
C. Simms Farr, Jr. (F’75)
Gerald W. Blakeley, Jr.
Elaine B. Andrews (F’58)
Jeffrey Feltman (F’83)
Martha O. Blaxall (F’64)
Lawrence S. Bacow & Adele Fleet Bacow
Geoffrey Fink (F’95) & Cyrena Fink (F’95)
Stanley B. Shopkorn (AP’00) Andrei P. Vandoros (F’71)
Nancy Tumavick (F’69) Christopher Wendel (F’93) & Hilary Bauer Wendel (F’94) Mian E. Zaheen (F’73)
Giving Categories President’s Circle $25,000 + Society of Fletcher Fellows $10,000-$24,999
Erik Cetrulo (F’02)
Edward C. Dees (GMAP’02) John D. DeLong (F’89) Christian Dussey (GMAP’03)
The Dean’s Council $5,000-$9,999
Charles N. Bralver (F’75)
Douglas L. Bailey (F’57) & Patricia Bailey (F’60)
William H. Fish (F’77)
Robert Chambers (F’40)
1933 Founders Club $2,500-$4,999
Bonnie Clendenning (F’86)
Michael D. Balaban (F’75)
John P. Friel (F’80)
Fletcher Global Leaders $1,000-$2,499
30 FLETCHER NEWS Spring 2005
Alta Fowler (F’50)
R. Michael. Gadbaw (F’70)
Jennifer Toolin McAuliffe (F’83)
Patricia M. Semmelhack (F’61)
Frederick E. Gilbert (F’62)
Timothy F. McLellan (F’94)
Gerard Sheehan & Marilyn Kuhar
Dean Goodermote (F’79)
William F. McSweeny
Jean Shepard (F’47)
Sandra Granzow (F’62)
Vikram S. Mehta (F’79)
Marilyn Skony Stamm (F’74)
Baldur Gudlaugsson (F’74)
Roger Milici & Frances Fleming Milici
Margaret E. Smith (F’91)
Lauren P. Moriarty (F’77)
Paula Stern (F’70)
If we have inadvertantly made an error in our listing, please accept our apologies. For our records, please contact Julia Motl Lowe, director of Annual Giving to The Fletcher Fund, at firstname.lastname@example.org.
Arnold Hanson (F’49)
Thomas G. Morris (GMAP’03)
Arthur R. Stevens (F’41)
Barnard Helman (GMAP’03)
Lucia Mouat (F’61)
John Todd Stewart (F’62)
Douglas Henderson (F’41)
Sherry Mueller (F’66)
Yukimi Tachibana (F’00)
Thomas Holmes (F’71)
Yoshio Murakami (F’61)
The Tavitian Foundation
John B. Howe (F’84)
Nicholas Natsios† (F’83)
Thurston F. Teele† (F’62)
Jason Hyland (F’81)
Katherine Sikora Nelson (F’93)
Neslihan Tombul (F’83)
Wolfgang Ischinger (F’73)
Lisa H. Neuberger (F’01)
Pauline Tompkins† (F’42)
Mahnaz Z. Ispahani (F’81)
William D. Newbern (F’67)
Malcolm Toon (F’38)
Pamela L. Jacklin (F’67)
Steve Noerper (F’91)
Theodore Jennings (F’51) & Shirley Jennings (F’51)
Bernard Norwood (F’48) & Janet Norwood (F’46)
Philippe Truan (F’89) & Barbara Truan (F’90)
Farrokh Jhabvala (F’73)
Christopher R. Tunnard (F’85)
Hind A. Kabawat (GMAP’03)
Mrs. David J. Parsons (F’67)
Gerald Van Wyke (GMAP’02)
Barbara Kates-Garnick (F’73)
Llewellyn Pascoe (F’62)
Rhonda Vitanye (F’91)
Eileen B. Keane-Binns (F’66)
John Y. Wang (F’94)
Hilda Kirby (F’36)
Stephen Penrose (F’67) & Eleanor Penrose (F’67)
Patrick Kocsi (F’96)
John C. Perry & Sarah H. Perry
Mary Stuart Kreimer (F’49)
David S. Pettit (F’67)
Peter F. Krogh (F’61)
R. Todd Pratt (F’50) & Nancy Pratt (F’50)
John Hamill & Kathryn Hamill (FP’99)
John R. Lacey (F’75)
Franz Stadler (GMAP’03)
Frank Trippett (F’74)
Daniel Ward & Mary Ward (FP’92) Helene Ryan Warrener John C. Whitehead Henry P. Williams (F’74)
Donna Pulini (GMAP’02)
Gregory P. Wilson (F’75)
Thomas Reese (F’57) & Carolyn Reese
Richard L. Wise (GMAP’02)
B. Gresh Lattimore (F’65) Christopher Lehman (F’73)
John H. Rixse III (F’68)
Walter B. Wriston† (F’42) & Kathryn D. Wriston
Susan Livingston (F’81)
Michael A. Rosen (F’84)
John M. Yates (F’62)
David M. Lowrey (F’65)
Sam Rovit (F’87)
Brian L. Zimbler (F’84)
Allen B. Macomber (F’64)
Elizabeth W. Rowe (F’83)
Frances A. Zwenig (F’70)
Douglas O. Marston (F’76)
Conrad P. Rubin (F’89)
James V. Martin (F’39)
Thomas C. Sadler (F’78)
David L. Larson (F’57)
Keijiro Matsumura (F’59) “My classmates range from people who have worked with refugees in Tanzania, to those who were engaged in policy creation in development economics. The real life experience these students bring to classroom discussions is invaluable. It was one of the reasons I came to Fletcher and represents one of the best returns in investment I have made in my education.” — Alissa Wilson (MALD 2005)
Spring 2005 FLETCHER NEWS 31
“With its dedicated faculty and incredible student community, The Fletcher School allows us every day to grow professionally and personally. I am convinced that the strong theoretical background, sound analytical ability and innovative approach that we are developing here will enable us to become engines of change in a world whose major threat is immobility.” — Stephane Tomagian (MALD 2005)
FLETCHER YOUNG ASSOCIATES
Linda Dixon (F’99)
Carlisle Levine (F’99)
Michael T. Sullivan (F’00)
Tamar Dolgen (F’97)
Boris Li (F’97)
Yukimi Tachibana (F’00)
Young Associates are alumni of the last decade who gave to The Fletcher Fund at a level of $500 or more between July 1, 2003 and June 30, 2004.
Richard Evans (F’01)
William Thompson (F’02)
J. Marcel H. Feenstra (F’96)
Frank Linden (F’98) & Fiona Oliphant (F’97)
Leonardo Feinzaig (F’97)
Hongyu Liu (F’99)
Dimitri Vassilacos (F’97)
Geoffrey Fink (F’95) & Cyrena Fink (F’95)
Timothy McLellan (F’94)
Kim Vu (F’00)
William J. Miller, Jr. (F’01)
John Wang (F’94)
YOUNG ASSOCIATES 2003-2004
Timothy Foley (F’94) & Pamela Smith (F’94)
Paul Narain (F’01)
Rockford Weitz (F’02)
Lisa Neuberger (F’01)
Edmund Gaither (F’00)
Claudine Welti (F’97)
Meeta Anand (F’96)
Clay Norrbom (F’01)
T. Colum Garrity (F’98)
Hilary Bauer Wendel (F’94)
Philip Aquilino (F’96)
Farah Pandith (F’95)
Christine Gebuhr (F’96)
Takeshi Yamashita (F’99)
Anand Balachandran (F’02)
Maria Pavlenko (F’98)
Nicole Byrns (F’98)
Olaf Groth (F’95)
Peter Piro (F’94)
Erik Cetrulo (F’02)
Laurent Guinand (F’98)
Nicholas Ray (F’94)
Rachel Cherry (F’03)
Catherine Hartzenbusch (F’94)
Jonathan Rosen (F’99)
Seo-Yong Choi (F’02)
Igor Kan (F’94)
Raleigh D. Sahl (F’95)
If we have inadvertantly made an error in our listing, please accept our apologies. For our records, please contact Michael Preiner, coordinator of The Fletcher Fund, at email@example.com.
Erin Conaton (F’95)
Patrick Kocsi (F’96)
Andrew Curtis (F’99)
Stephen Leahy (F’94)
Charles Scott (F’94) & Eiko Ikegaya (F’94)
Adam Treanor (F’02)
ANNUAL GIVING TO THE FLETCHER FUND FISCAL YEARS 1997 – 2005 (IN THOUSANDS)
$500 $400 $300 $200 $100 $0
32 FLETCHER NEWS Spring 2005
Do you remember your last day at Fletcher?
THE FLETCHER FUND IF YOUR FLETCHER EXPERIENCE WAS INSTRUMENTAL IN YOUR PROFESSIONAL AND PERSONAL SUCCESS, WE ASK YOU TO CONSIDER MAKING A GIFT TO THE FLETCHER FUND. Your support ensures that Fletcher’s mission remains strong for those who follow in your footsteps. Our fiscal year ends JUNE 30, 2005. You can contribute online at www.fletcher.tufts.edu, by calling 617.627.5441, or by sending a check payable to The Fletcher School. If you didn’t give last year, don’t forget our Alumni Participation Challenge. Only 150 more gifts of $100 or more are needed to reach our goal and to receive a special $15,000 gift. Thank you.
IS FLETCHER IN YOUR WILL? Including a bequest to The Fletcher School in your will is one of the most personal, meaningful ways our alumni can give back to the school.
FLETCHER’S FOURTH ANNUAL
If you have included The Fletcher School in your will, please let us know, so that we can work together to ensure that your gift will be directed in the manner most consistent with your wishes. More importantly, we would like to thank you appropriately for this most meaningful gesture.
3-5 JUNE 2005
If you would like to learn more about supporting The Fletcher School with a bequest or other planned gift, please contact us; we would be happy to work with you. Please contact Tara Lewis, associate director, at firstname.lastname@example.org or +1.617.627.2720.
SAVE THE DATE: 3 DECEMBER 2005 FLETCHER’S THIRD ANNUAL LONDON SYMPOSIUM
TALLOIRES SYMPOSIUM Join Fletcher faculty and alumni for three days of cultural, intellectual and social activities in the charming village of Talloires, France. The Tufts European Center at the Priory, a monastery built in 1031 near the shores of Lake Annecy, serves as the center of activity for this unforgettable weekend. Visit www.fletcher.tufts.edu/alumni or contact Leah Brady, coordinator of alumni relations, at email@example.com or +1.617.627.2721.
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The opinions expressed in this publication are the authors’ own and do not necessarily represent those of The Fletcher School. Fletcher News welcomes letters on topics covered in this newsletter. The editor reserves the right to edit for space and style. Please send letters to Fletcher News, Office of Development and Alumni Relations, 160 Packard Avenue, Medford, MA 02155; fax 617.627.3659; or e-mail firstname.lastname@example.org.