Page 1

Fletcher News Volume 23 Number 1 Spring 2002

in this issue 2 From the Fletcher Files 6 In Brief 7 Ph.D. Profile 8 Recent Publications 9 Club News 10 Class Notes 12 In Memoriam 19 Dean’s Corner

The alumni newsletter of The Fletcher School of Law and Diplomacy, Tufts University, Medford, Massachusetts 02155

9/11 and Its Aftermath: Fletcher on the Intellectual Frontlines by Te r ry Ann Knopf


t is highly ironic that in this post-Cold War era of globalization, as countries have become more interdependent, the United States, the world’s last super power, seemed to have become more isolated. Until September 11, that is, which shook this nation to its very core. On a broadcast of PBS’s NewsHour with Jim Lehrer, senior correspondent Gwen Ifill asked The Washington Post’s Jack Hoagland how America’s role in the world had changed. “It’s reconnected America to the world,” Hoagland replied. “We’d gone through a period in the 1990s of very much concentrating on the domestic front, and on home affairs, and particularly on the economy. But September 11 came... and found our foreign policies for us.” And as the subject of international affairs has moved to center stage, The Fletcher School has been an active player – informing and educating government officials, policymakers, and journalists on various issues relating to global terrorism. Fletcher deans, past and present, have helped set the tone for the school. Two days after the attacks, an editor from The Boston Sunday Globe asked Dean Stephen W. Bosworth to write a think-piece to answer the question: “Why Do They Hate Us?” In his essay, Dean Bosworth wrote about the terrorists’ empty, desperate lives and their association of America with modernism, materialism, and secularism, viewing them as threats to their religious purity and traditional values.

Theodore Eliot, Jr., who served as dean from 1979 to 1985 and who served as US ambassador to Afghanistan from 1973 to 1978, was also sought for comment. In an Associated Press story (October 16), entitled “Ex-Envoy to Afghanistan Sees Tough

On the day of the attacks, when information was at a premium, Richard Shultz, director of the International Security Studies Program, was on the phone for several hours with NPR during its special coverage of the events. Arguing

H“...ATstriking REDa blow

against D I V I S I O N ever y thing FEARthe terrorists stood for...” *


Struggle Ahead,” Eliot described the two decades of strife in Afghanistan as probably the worst tragedy anywhere in the world during the last 20 years. “The tragedy of Afghanistan makes Yugoslavia look like nothing,” he said. Fletcher faculty’s involvement in response to 9/11 has taken many forms.

*Peter Neisuler (F’02) quoted in The Christian Science Monitor, Nov. 13, 2001.

this country had just crossed “a tremendous threshold,” Prof. Shultz was quick to call for “a good look” at its counter-terrorism policy, which he criticized as too reactive. Since the attacks, Prof. Schultz has been consulting with the US Department of Defense on security matters. On October 11, Hurst Hannum, continued on page 2

Dean’s Corner

The early catalogs of The Fletcher School describe a curriculum designed to educate an intelligent, trained leadership in international affairs by providing instruction “in those fundamental aspects of international relations best calculated to provide a clear understanding of the nature and functioning of the present world order.” Today’s world order is obviously different from that of Fletcher’s early years in the 1930s, different even from the world of September 10, 2001. But Fletcher’s mission remains the same. We still seek to give our students a clear understanding of the world in which we live.

Today’s students come to Fletcher because they seek an international life, one characterized by a desire to learn about different cultures, to speak different languages, and Stephen W. Bosworth, to travel and explore this world fully. Like those who have Dean of The Fletcher School gone before them, Fletcher students today are drawn to and inspired by Fletcher’s mission of preparing leaders with a global perspective. Fletcher is uniquely equipped by practice, curriculum, and faculty to help students acquire the tools needed to lead international lives. The School’s multidisciplinary curriculum is the foundation that allows students to pursue their interests in fields as diverse as international law and development, conflict resolution, international trade and business, and international security studies. With each incoming class, the School serves as a laboratory for individuals from over 60 nations to consider solutions to the vexing challenges of transnational issues. It offers an opportunity to explore and understand the connections between ourselves as individuals and the world around us. It offers an opportunity to find common values, to build community. Fletcher has grown in size in its sixty-nine year history from 30 to 330 students. But as we were reminded in the days and weeks after September 11, we remain small enough that students can come to know and trust each other well enough to risk intimate conversation and to discuss difficult matters in an atmosphere of civility and mutual respect. The essence of a Fletcher education is precisely what the world needs in large quantity. Here, students acquire the intellectual capital, human insights, and skills that are necessary in the pursuit of a safer and more just world. We are confident that our students and alumni will continue to use their Fletcher education to live a balanced and self-examined life and to contribute to the resolution of the world’s most critical problems. We are confident that you — Fletcher’s alumni and friends — will respond to the School’s needs by participating in The Fletcher Fund, as well as, in many cases, by becoming student mentors and helping students to find summer internships and jobs after graduation. We thank you for supporting a mission that is indeed more important now than ever.


9/11, continued from previous page

professor of international law, participated in a national Town Meeting co-sponsored by the United Nations Association, the Better World Campaign, and the League of Women Voters. With UN SecretaryGeneral Kofi Annan as host and Walter Cronkite on hand as moderator, experts in 10 major cities, including Atlanta, Boston, Chicago, and Los Angeles, took part in a national dialogue about terrorism. According to the Better World Campaign, the event was either seen, heard, or read by as many as 17 million Americans. At the end of November, Eileen Babbitt, assistant professor of international politics and a conflict resolution expert, flew to Bonn, Germany, where she was one of the facilitators of the Civil Society Conference for Peace and Reconstruction in Afghanistan. Sponsored by the Swiss Peace Foundation [Berne] and the Foundation for Science and Politics [Berlin], the conference was designed to provide citizens from Afghanistan a voice in the peace process. The conference, which included 80 participants, was attended primarily by members of the Afghan diaspora living in Pakistan, Iran, Western Europe, and the US. About 40 percent were Afghan women. The meeting took place parallel to the official UN conference also being held in Bonn, where representatives met to work out a structure for an interim government for Afghanistan. Andrew Hess, professor of diplomacy who also directs the Southwest Asia and Islamic Civilization program, has briefed members of the Massachusetts’ Attorney General’s office about terrorism and how to better communicate with members of the local Arab community. He has been widely quoted, too, by outlets including The New York Times, AP, The Boston Globe, Newsday, The San Diego Union-Tribune, MSNBC, and the Canadian Broadcasting Company. In a Boston Globe article about the dearth of Middle East experts briefing intelligence agencies, Prof. Hess was cited as “one of the nation’s top specialists on a suddenly crucial part of the world.” At times, Fletcher has been caught up in the swirl of international politics in the

F l e t c h e r N e w s aftermath of 9/11. When WBUR-FM, Boston’s NPR station, was under attack for being “anti-Israel” by a local Jewish group, the station found a way of promoting balanced reporting by having the same two guests on successive shows: the first on Yassir Arafat, the second on Ariel Sharon. Thus in a nod toward broadcast diplomacy, Marc Gopin, visiting associate professor of international diplomacy at Fletcher and an expert on the Israeli-Palestinian conflict, joined Serge Schmemann, UN bureau chief of The New York Times, as a guest on the public affairs show, The Connection. Shortly after the terrorist attacks, amid reports of harassment against some of the 3,000 Muslims in the Boston area, including the stabbing of a Boston University student from Saudi Arabia, Massachusetts Senator John Kerry contacted Fletcher officials to ask if the school would host a local Town Meeting. On September 18, with virtually every local news outlet on hand to cover the event, 100 Muslim students and community leaders, along with Tufts and Fletcher students, met with the senator in the Hall of Flags to air grievances and discuss the problem. At the time of the 9/11 attacks on the World Trade Center, the US Coast Guard played a crucial role, evacuating more than a million people who were trying to escape by ferry from southern Manhattan. Admiral James M. Loy, who heads the Coast Guard, underscored its importance on October 17 when he spoke at Fletcher, warning that America’s ports and waterways were extremely vulnerable to attack. The Commandant stressed the “distinct maritime dimension” of homeland security in ways that cannot always be handled by traditional Navy forces, such as approaching civilian vessels that look like legitimate commercial or recreational traffic. Fletcher students, highly experienced in their own right, meanwhile have functioned as brokers between policymakers and the public. A notable example is Afghan-born Rina Amiri (F’03) who, with her family, fled her native country as a political refugee 20 years ago. Both as a Fletcher student and senior research associate at Harvard’s Kennedy School of Government, she has

been a forceful presence on Afghanistan, speaking out for women’s rights, the need for humanitarian assistance for refugees, and a broad-based post-Taliban government. Profiled in The Boston Globe, she has also written op-eds for The New York Times and The Boston Globe, and has appeared on CNN and PBS’s NewsHour with Jim Lehrer. Hy Rothstein (F’01), a Ph.D. candidate and a retired Army Colonel in special forces, has served as a military consultant to WCVB-TV, the ABC affiliate in Boston, and also has been quoted on NPR’s The World, the nationally syndicated program co-produced by WGBH and BBC radio, and by The Christian Science Monitor. Michele Malvesti (F’00), a Ph.D. candidate and former terrorism analyst at the Pentagon, wrote an op-ed for The Boston Globe on using the legal system to fight terrorism, and has been widely quoted on terrorism in outlets ranging from The National Journal (Washington, DC) to The New Zealand Herald. Hassan Abbas (F’02), a police officer from Pakistan and a Fletcher student, has published opinion pieces in The Boston Globe, The Boston Herald, and several Pakistani outlets. He recently returned from Pakistan where he, along with a group of journalists, met with President Pervez Musharaf. He is currently working on several freelance pieces for American newspapers. In an effort to help younger students deal with the events of last September, Fletcher students have also played an important role. Ahsen Khan (F’02), a Canadian-born Muslim, and Peter Neisuler (F’02), both currently studying Islamic civilization, have traveled to local schools to speak with students. “Indirectly, we felt that by making such visits we were striking a blow against everything the terrorists stood for: the hatred, the division, the fear, the ignorance,” Neisuler told The Christian Science Monitor (November 13). Not immune to the effects of the terrorist attacks, Fletcher, like all schools of international affairs, has also had to deal with the aftermath of 9/11. In an continued on page 4

Quotes of Note I also think that there’s going to be some real hard looks and finger-pointing in terms of how come we didn’t know about [the terrorist attacks] and why and what our policy has been, to prevent these kinds of actions, not simply to manage them once they happen. – Richard Shultz, Special Report, NPR, Sept. 11, 2001.

Terrorism is the epitome of a global threat for which there is no purely national solution. We need to deal with it multilaterally, to deny a safe haven to terrorist organizations, and to impose severe sanctions on any government that provides support to international terrorism. We also need to redouble our efforts to address the underlying political and social conditions that created the breeding ground for terrorism. – Stephen Bosworth, “‘Because we are so big, so powerful,’” Focus, The Boston Sunday Globe, Sept. 16, 2001.

We need to identify much more precisely than we’ve done exactly what our goals are. Is the goal to end terrorism in the world? Well, that’s gonna take a long time, and it doesn’t matter where bin Laden’s men are going in the next two weeks. Is the goal to overthrow the Taliban? Do we want to destabilize Afghanistan…? How do we best do that? By dealing with the Taliban and attempting to make them more moderate? Or by imposing demands that we really are unable to follow through on, except for the fact that, of course, we can bomb them anytime we want. – Hurst Hannum, All Things Considered, NPR, Oct. 3, 2001.

The economic sanctions have had a ‘very severe’ effect in Pakistan, says Andrew Hess, director of the Southwest Asia Program at The Fletcher School of Law and Diplomacy. They have led to the near-elimination of direct foreign investment in the country and have added to the unemployment problem in overcrowded cities. Unemployment among these young has fueled sectarian violence and threatens the regime, Hess says. – Andrew Hess, “Pakistan: Enemy of My Enemy,”, Sept. 24, 2001.

This is indeed a very unusual turn of events. Keep in mind that those aircraft were originally built and deployed in Europe because we thought we would need to protect European airspace. Now continued on page 4


Quotes of Note, continued from previous page

the Europeans are sending aircraft under NATO to help protect American airspace. – Robert Pfaltzgraff, on the transfer of five European-based AWACS being moved to the US, All Things Considered, NPR, Oct. 9, 2001.

The Muslims are in dire need of progressive scholars, intellectuals, and clerics who can enlighten them on the true concept of Jihad. The war against terrorism is increasingly looking like a conflict between Osama and the rest of the world – exactly what Osama actually wanted. – Hassan Abbas (F’02), Op-Ed, Independent (Pakistan), Oct. 18-24, 2001.

Every conflict is also an opportunity – what could come out of this is a much, much more concerted effort on the part of the world of Islam to establish for itself global Islamic leaders who are deeply committed to civil society, democracy, and human rights and non-violence – in terms of religious traditions. There are many Muslims who believe in nonviolence, but they are at the mercy in many of these countries of extremist clerics who are trying to grab power, perhaps for the last time, away from modern society, away from capitalist society. – Marc Gopin, Sunday Morning, CNN, Oct. 14, 2001.

The connections in Southeast Asia are much closer to Al Qaeda than is generally realized. An Osama bin Laden brother-in-law lived in the Philippines for two years and helped found the Abu Sayyaf, an Al Qaeda affiliate that has decimated Philippine tourism with its kidnappings and murders. – W. Scott Thompson, “Champagne in Jakarta; Challenges in the US,” Op-Ed, The Los Angeles Times, Oct. 22, 2001.

You can’t start a bombing campaign, then throw a bunch of troops on the ground and think you can get those resistance elements going very quickly. When you have not worked with the folks for…months together the likelihood of having well-coordinated operations is almost zero. – Hy Rothstein (F’01 and Ph.D. candidate), “Can Afghan Rebels Really Accomplish US Aims?” The Christian Science Monitor, Nov. 3, 2001.


Addressing the plight of refugees is essential, not only from a moral but from a strategic standpoint. Afghans are needed as allies to prevail in this war, and the world has to win Afghan hearts and minds by rectifying a history of using Afghans as military allies and abandoning them to their fate when the agenda has been met. – Rina Amiri (F’03), “The War’s ‘Dispensable’ People,” Op-Ed, The Boston Globe, Nov. 10, 2001.

We’ve not peaked in terms of the unemployment rate. Unfortunately at 5.7 percent many economists are forecasting [the] unemployment reaching 6.5 percent by the spring.... When we look at the unemployment numbers, we see that not only are a lot of people losing jobs but people who lost jobs are staying unemployed for a long period of time. – Lisa Lynch on post-Sept. 11 unemployment, The NewsHour with Jim Lehrer, PBS, Dec. 7, 2001.

“The role of the American military on the ground in Japan and in Germany after World War II was really quite extraordinary,’’ said Alan K. Henrikson, professor of diplomatic history at The Fletcher School of Law and Diplomacy at Tufts University. Professor Henrikson cited Gen. Lucius D. Clay, the post-war military governor of Germany, whose background in engineering and logistics allowed him to address the immediate needs of reconstructing a civil society: supplying food and fuel, getting a market economy walking toward recovery – the issues facing Afghanistan today. – Alan Henrikson, “The Stripes Are on Their Sleeves, Not Their Pants,” The New York Times, Jan. 13, 2002.

The Philippine priority now should be economic growth and the alleviation of poverty, but in order to bring about a condition in which they can concentrate on those objectives they have to deal with this insurgency with the Abu Sayyaf. They also over time have to enhance the ability of their military to cope with this. – Stephen Bosworth, Will the Philippines be the Next Target in the War on Terror? CNN International, Jan. 21, 2002.

You might say that, for better or worse, we're unleashing an army of lawyers. – Alfred Rubin, "War, on the Advice of Counsel," The Los Angeles Times, Feb. 15, 2002.

9/11, continued from previous page

October 26 story in The Chronicle of Higher Education, Robert Pfaltzgraff said, “We’re going to need to rethink the content of our courses, to give even greater emphasis to issues of international terrorism and the impact of weapons of mass destruction, including biological, chemical, and nuclear warfare.” Not surprisingly, Andrew Hess notes that his Southwest Asia program, which has trained young diplomats from Armenia, Kuwait, and Qatar, needs to expand further. “We’ve been educating the foreign services of countries in this part of the world for well over 10 years,” he reports. “We now hope to create a similar program for diplomats from Afghanistan and some of the other Central Asian nations.” It is generally agreed that 9/11 has forever changed the world. Technological advancements have enabled stateless groups, like the Al Qaeda terrorist network, to acquire the kind of destructive force once the sole province of national governments. This development, in turn, has raised a host of new questions for policymakers, journalists, and academics. Are failed states a humanitarian problem or a national security problem? Is a new kind of imperialism needed to ensure international stability, as some experts have asserted, or is expanding US power the real problem, as others suggest? Are established groups, such as the UN, NATO, WTO, and the European Commission, equipped to handle the new world order, and where do newer entities, such as human rights and environmental NGO’s, fit in? These are profoundly important questions that many in the world community, including those of us at Fletcher, have begun to grapple with, and will continue to do so for some time to come. Te r ry Ann Knopf is the Media R e lations Manager at The Fletc h e r School.

F l e t c h e r N e w s Karamanlis Chair Named - Veremis Presents Inaugural Lecture by Robert Lindquist

Tufts President Lawrence S. Bacow, Dean Stephen W. Bosworth, Constantinos A. Karamanlis (F’82), and Greece steering committee chairman Peter Alivisatos pose after the inaugural lecture.

The Fletcher School’s ASEAN Auditorium was filled to capacity on September 10 for the presentation and inaugural lecture of the Konstantinos Karamanlis Chair in Hellenic and Southeastern European Studies. A truly international audience was on hand, including many members of the Karamanlis family and a number of Tufts parents who traveled from Greece, members of the Greek-American community, as well as Tufts and Fletcher faculty, students, and staff. The chair was established as a result of the dedication and






generous support of a committed group of Tufts and Fletcher parents and friends in Greece and the United States in the name of Konstantinos Karamanlis, the legendary postwar leader of Greece, who served his country as prime minister from 1955 to 1963, and from 1974 to 1980, and as president from 1980 to 1985 and from 1990 to 1995. “President Karamanlis was one of the most important and influential leaders in Greece and in Europe in the 20th century,” said Tufts President Lawrence S. Bacow in his introductory





Thanos M. Veremis is the first chairholder of the Karamanlis Chair in Hellenic and Southeastern European Studies.





Annual Giving

Capital Giving


remarks. “It is fitting that his name be associated with The Fletcher School through an endowed chair that will expand understanding of Greece and Southeastern Europe and the role the nation and region play in world affairs.” Karamanlis is credited with integrating Greece into Western Europe and overseeing the country’s extraordinary economic expansion during the 1960s. His sixty-year political career transformed Greece from perennial poverty and isolation to a thriving member of the European Union. Karamanlis’s nephew and


$700,000 $800,000





$3,000,000 $400,000 $2,000,000 $200,000

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FY 2002 Goal


Achievement through February 2002

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namesake, Constantinos (Kostas) A. Karamanlis (F’82), who holds two degrees from Fletcher and has continued his uncle’s political legacy as the leader of the New Democracy party in Greece, attended the ceremony and offered brief remarks.

“President Karamanlis was one of the most important and influential leaders in Greece and in Europe in the 20th century. It is fitting that his name be associated with The Fletcher School.” — President Lawrence S. Bacow

Dean Stephen W. Bosworth presented the chair to Professor Thanos M. Veremis, whose lecture was entitled “Elements of Continuity in Greek History.” Prof. Veremis, the first chairholder of the Karamanlis Chair in Hellenic and Southeastern European Studies, earned his undergraduate degree in government from Boston University and his D.Phil. from Trinity College at Oxford University. He is former president of the Board of Directors of the Hellenic Foundation for European and Foreign Policy (ELIAME) and has taught at Athens University, the Woodrow Wilson School of Public and International Affairs at Princeton, and the Pantios School of Political Science in Athens. He is widely published on Greek politics and foreign policy. Robert Lindquist is the Campaign Communications Manager at Tufts.


From the Fletcher Files Marc Gopin is a Visiting Scholar this year at Harvard University’s Program on Negotiation, in addition to teaching at Fletcher. He has delivered talks on religion and conflict at Boston University, MIT, Emory University, Brandeis University, and Johns Hopkins University. He has also spoken at the Congressional Research Service, Conference on Counter-Terrorism and before the Israel Arbitration Association, Jerusalem. Prof. Gopin appeared on CNN, NPR’s The Connection, and several local Boston television stations, all in reference to 9/11 and the conflicts in the Middle East. On October 11, Hurst Hannum participated in a UN-sponsored national Town Hall Meeting on Terrorism that linked UN Secretary-General Kofi Annan via satellite with panels of international affairs experts in ten cities across the country. The event was broadcast nationally. Alan Henrikson addressed the topic “Cultural Diversity and Interaction” at the Wilton Park Conference, “Dialogue of Civilisations: A Key Priority for the 21st Century?” in the UK at the end of October. In DC, on December 3, he spoke at the Margaret Mead Centennial Conference, “The Interplay of Cultures,” organized by the Smithsonian Institution and held at the Library of Congress. As director of The Fletcher Roundtable on a New World Order, Prof. Henrikson co-organized, with a group of student volunteers, faculty members Ian Johnstone and Eileen Babbitt, and a number of staff members, the first-ever raising of the UN flag on UN Day,

October 24, at Tufts University. The event featured speaker Alvaro de Soto, UN Under-Secretary-General.

editing a volume that compiles the main papers delivered at this conference.

The Office of Attorney General Tom Reilly recently presented Andrew Hess with a citation from the Commonwealth of Massachusetts for his help on Middle Eastern issues. He has been advising the Office of the Attorney General of MA since the attacks on 9/11. Prof. Hess chaired a panel on “The Ottoman Empire during the 16 & 17 Century” at the 116th Annual Meeting of the American Historical Association, San Francisco, CA at the beginning of January. More recently, Prof. Hess delivered a presentation at Newton North High School, Newton, MA entitled “Setting Violence into Historical Perspective.”

W. Scott Thompson presented a book talk at Fletcher with his son, Nicholas Thompson, at the end of October for their book, The Baobab and The Mango Tree: African and Asian Contrasts. As of January 1, 2002, Prof. Thompson – at Fletcher for more than 30 years – has become Adjunct Professor of International Politics at Fletcher. With this change of status, he will pursue his academic interests at the Asian Institute of Management in Manila, Philippines while maintaining his connection with Fletcher. He will continue to live in the DC area, but will be based in Bali, Indonesia.

Lisa Lynch was interviewed by The Boston Globe and appeared on CNN to discuss the US labor market outlook at the end of 2001. During the last quarter of 2001, Ana Margheritis participated in the XXIII International Congress of the Latin American Studies Association, Washington, DC and led a seminar entitled “Pensando a respeito” at CPDA, University of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, as well as a political economy seminar at Tulane University, New Orleans, LA. She also helped to organize a conference at Fletcher in November on “Current Dilemmas in Latin America’s Foreign Economic Relations,” which gathered a large number of distinguished specialists from different institutions and countries. Prof. Margheritis is currently

UN Day Flag Raising: (l-r) Robert Kirsch (F’02), UN Under-Secretary-General Alvaro de Soto, Kiganzi Nyakoto Kintu (F’02), Prof. Ian Johnstone, Prof. Eileen Babbitt, Nathalie Boukobza (F’03), Hinako Toki (F’03), and Prof. Alan Henrikson after the ceremony.


Thanos Veremis has been spending much of his time co-editing the new Journal of Southeast European & Black Sea Studies. The first issue (January 2001) focused on “Balkan Recontruction” and also appeared in book form (Frank Cass, London), edited by Prof. Veremis and Daniel Daianu. The second issue of the journal was published last May, and the third issue will be published shortly. His book, Greece: The Modern Sequel, will be appearing soon. At the end of November, Alan Wachman (F’84) joined a delegation of foreign scholars as guests of the government of Taiwan to observe the legislative elections of December 1. They visited with a broad array of prominent political figures, including the president, foreign minister, and defense minister, as well as with local scholars. Upon his return to the US, he spoke about the election at a conference entitled “Taiwan’s Legislative Election: Implications for Taiwan’s Domestic Politics,” hosted by the Taiwan Studies Workshop at The Fairbank Center for East Asian Research and The Asia Center at Harvard University. He then delivered a paper, entitled “The Cold War of Words Across the Taiwan Strait,” at a conference about “Varieties of Sovereignty and China: Challenges and Opportunities in the Cross-Strait Relationship,” sponsored by The Foreign Policy Research Institute in Philadelphia. At the end of January, he visited Beijing and Taipei as a member of a small team of Boston-area scholars who were the guests of the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences in Beijing and the government of Taiwan in Taipei.

F l e t c h e r N e w s I On campus

Fletcher has seen a number of new student organizations this academic year. New initiatives by Fletcher students include Fletcher Perspectives, an online journal about culture, gender, religion, and expressions of humanity; WILD, Fletcher’s new outing club; a reactivated Fletcher Ski Team; and, an official Fletcher Diplomats Club.







colloquium, please go to 2001/december/peoplepower. html.

Also new to the Fletcher community is Fletcher’s own radio show, broadcast from the Tufts University studios of WMFO 91.5 FM. Born of a desire to see Fletcher expand its communication to both the Tufts community and the surrounding area, World In Focus broadcasts weekly and combines international news and discourse on a range of international topics. Program hosts and guests are Fletcher students and faculty.

On November 16, The Fletcher School’s International Consulting Club hosted a oneday symposium on the future of development consulting. The event, co-sponsored in part by the International Business Relations Program, brought together Fletcher students, alumni, and an impressive grouping of executives from the field of development. The day’s discussion focused primarily on the strategic challenges facing the industry in the years ahead. The keynote speaker was Michael Fairbanks from ontheFrontier, who is also teaching a course on entrepreneurship this semester. Panelists included Fletcher alumni Thurston Teele (F’62) and James Packard-Winkler (F’87).

The 2001-02 Fletcher Colloquium on Strategic Nonviolent Action, sponsored by the International Security Studies Program, the Tufts Peace and Justice Program, and the International Negotiation and Conflict Resolution Club, is an eight-part colloquium series designed to open debate within the Fletcher community on the potential application of nonviolent action. Taught by academics and practitioners in the field of nonviolent action, future sessions will include discussion of religion, culture and nonviolent struggle, the anti-corporate globalization movement, and the role of media in nonviolent struggles. (For more details on the

As of December, Fletcher’s Ginn Library is continuing its partnership with Oxford University and several other schools around the world on its Forced Migration Online project. Library staff, working with an advisory group of faculty from Fletcher and the Feinstein Famine Center, are collecting and cataloging materials on livelihoods as they relate to forced migration issues. The library’s Book Talk Series included three events this past fall, featuring A. Ross Johnson (F’62) for A Whisper in the Ear: The Role of International Broadcasting in American Foreign Policy; W. Scott Thompson and his son, Nicholas Thompson, for their book, The

Valeria Calderon, Donna Pulini, Aldo Aldama-Breton, Prof. John Hammock (F’67), and Prem Kumarat the GMAP mid-year residency in Avila, Spain.

Baobab and The Mango Tree: African and Asian Contrasts, and Dean Bosworth’s wife, Christine Bosworth, editor of Dinner with Ambassadors, a cookbook developed while the Bosworth’s were at their last diplomatic post in Korea, and which includes dinner menus from 67 different countries. New residents of Blakeley Hall celebrated its 75th birthday during fall orientation. Blakeley is slated for $2.7 million in renovations this summer, including a new sprinkler system, and a new roof. With the celebration of the Tufts University’s 150th Anniversary, the Ginn Library staff has caught the nostalgic mood. Fletcher has had innumerable distinguished speakers and guests over the years, from Adlai Stevenson to Bette Bao Lord (F’60), and many of them are wonderfully captured in photographs that have been filed away for years. They have been brought to light again in an online exhibit at http://fletcher. While you’re at it, take a look at the Tufts sesquicentennial site at

Off campus

The 31st Annual Fletcher Conference on National Security was held at the Ronald Reagan Building and International Trade Center in Washington, DC on November 14 and 15. The conference, cosponsored by the US Army, the Office of the Secretary of Defense for Net Assessment, and Fletcher’s International Security Studies Program, featured high-ranked military, legislative, and international experts. Please visit for more information. The second residency for students in the Global Master of Arts Program took place from January 4 to 16 in Avila, Spain. Fletcher’s Institute for Human Security in conjunction with the Bureau for Crisis Prevention and Recovery (UNDP) and the Feinstein International Famine Center at Tufts presented a conference on “Promoting Human Security in the Democratic Republic of Congo” from February 27 to March 1 at the Human Nutrition Research Center in Boston.


P Carlisle J. Levine (F’99) “I spent October 2000 through April 2001 carrying out my dissertation fieldwork in Mexico’s southern-most state of Chiapas. It is the location of a low-intensity conflict, now more than eight years old, between the Zapatista Army of National Liberation and the Mexican government. The Zapatistas seek economic opportunities, social services, and political inclusion for those whom they claim the government system has forgotten. The current conflict in Chiapas is by no means the first such uprising in the state. Yet, it is unusual. First, it is largely a non-violent conflict. Its primary battleground has been the Internet and other platforms for mass communication. Second, although the Zapatista army is tiny and poorly armed, it has been able to hold its own since 1994. Within this conflict, NGOs – and




predominantly local NGOs – have played an important role. They have facilitated the dissemination of information about the conflict, thus mobilizing a transnational network of civil society organizations whose attention to the conflict has helped move it to the negotiating table and discourage human rights violations. In addition, NGOs have provided humanitarian and development assistance, offered accompaniment and local-level mediation, and presented training in conflict transformation techniques, among other interventions. Three local NGOs and two local NGO networks were generous enough to let me study them during my time in Chiapas. With their assistance, I was able to address the following questions: What can local NGOs contribute to peacemaking? How can they constructively impact local-level peace efforts? Even more challenging, can they have a constructive impact on the







With a background in international development in Latin America, Carlisle Levine is interested in the challenges of NGOs aspeacemakers within complexviolent conflicts.

official level of the conflict? Can they help ensure that grassroots concerns are taken into account in official peace processes? And if so, how are they accomplishing this? As many scholars and practitioners are analyzing the nature of current violent conflicts and the tools we have

available to address them, there is much focus on the roles of governments, militaries, international organizations, and even international NGOs. I hope to add to peace promoters’ understanding of how interventions by local NGOs can help make peace processes more thorough and sustainable. My dissertation is very interdisciplinary, incorporating theories from international development – political, economic, and social – with those of international negotiation and conflict resolution, international humanitarian assistance, international finance, and environmental policy. Just as Fletcher prepares its students to influence policy in a wide variety of fields through both theory and praxis, when I return to the realm of practitioners, I hope that my doctoral studies will increase the contribution I will be able to make to the fields of conflict transformation and international development.”

Breathing New Life into the Fletcher Mentor Program by Tamara Golden The Fletcher Alumni Mentor Program was initiated in 1993 by Fletcher Board member Mark Nichols (F’71), then president of The Fletcher Club of New York. Originally established to formalize the interaction between students and New York-area alumni who stood “ready to render advice and counsel to members of the Fletcher community on their career planning,” this volunteer program now boasts over 400 alumni working in a wide variety of industries and organizations worldwide. An important subset of the total Fletcher alumni population, mentors agree to help current Fletcher students better prepare themselves for the job market by


providing general career advice and industry-specific knowledge. In addition, some mentors speak regularly on professional panels during the annual career trips to New York and DC, while others participate in mock interviews or assist the Fletcher Office of Career Services (OCS) with recruiting efforts at their particular organizations. This past year, OCS annexed the list of available mentors to its new online recruiting system, eRecruiting. Through the use of this new eRecruiting mentor module, OCS hopes to expand the number of mentors and to make the program more efficient and easier to use by both students and alumni.

From the students’ standpoint, the new module greatly expands the amount of professional and academic information listed for each alumnus/a. In this way, they may make a more informed selection when reviewing prospective mentors. For mentors, the new system allows them to specify how many students may contact them each month and by what means, allowing them greater privacy. In addition, with the mentor accounts being available online, alumni can easily update their employment and contact information whenever, and from wherever, they choose. Especially in this difficult labor market, students find it particularly comforting to find a

friendly voice at the other end of their phone or e-mail. When that voice belongs to a Fletcher alum, they can be confident that they are speaking with someone who understands their concerns and can give them first-hand information and insights – something that even the OCS staff sometimes cannot offer. If you wish to become a mentor, please write to or call OCS at (617) 627-3060. Being a mentor is a meaningful way of giving back to Fletcher and assisting us in our mission to prepare leaders with a global perspective. Tamara Golden is the OCS A s s o c i ate Dire c to r.

Recent Publications Fa c u l t y

Stephen Bosworth. “‘Because we are so big, so powerful.’” The Boston Sunday Globe, 16 September 2001. Marc Gopin. “This War is About Religion, and Cannot Be Won Without It.” Shma, November 2001. —-. “Religion and International Relations at the Crossroads.” International Studies Review, Fall 2001. —-. “Forgiveness as an Element of Conflict Resolution in Religious Cultures: Walking the Tightrope of Reconciliation and Justice.” In Reconciliation, Coexistence, and Justice in Interethnic Conflicts: Theory and Practice, edited by Mohammed Abu-Nimer. Lexington Books, 2001. Hurst Hannum. “It’s Crime, Not War.” Tempo Magazine (Jakarta, Indonesia), 4-10 December 2001. Alan Henrikson. “Beyond Global-Regional Thinking.” In The Global Century: Globalization and National Security, edited by Richard L. Kugler and Ellen L. Frost, vol. I, 197-213, and CD-ROM. Washington, DC: National Defense University, 2001. —-. “Can We Improve the Linking of Cultures?” In Current Issues in International Diplomacy and Foreign Policy, vol. III, edited by Nicholas Hopkinson and Colin Jennings, 566573. London: The Stationery Office, for Wilton Park, 2001. —-. “Elitism.” In Encyclopedia of American Foreign Policy, Second Edition, edited by Alexander DeConde, Richard Dean Burns, and Fredrik Logevall, editors in chief, and Louise B. Ketz, exective editor, vol. 2, 17-31. New York: Charles Scribner’s Sons, 2002. Ana Margheritis. “Policy Innovation and Leaders’ Perceptions: Building a Reformist Consensus in Argentina.” Journal of Latin American Studies. London: ILAS, 2001. (Forthcoming also in Spanish in Desarrollo Económico, Buenos Aires, 2002.) W. Scott Thompson. “Walking a tightrope in the Philippines.” The Christian Science Monitor, 25 January 2002. —-. “Champagne in Jakarta; Challenges in the U.S.” The Los Angeles Times, 22 October 2001.

F l e t c h e r N e w s

Thanos Veremis, ed. Journal of Southeast European and Black Sea Studies, vol. I, no.1 (January 2001) and vol. I, no.2 (May 2001). London: Frank Cass. —-. “The Ever-Changing Contours of the Kosovo Issue.” What Status for Kosovo? Paris: Institute for Security Studies, Western European Union, Chaillot Paper 50, October 2001. —- and Daniel Daianu, eds. Balkan Reconstruction. London: Frank Cass, 2001. John Koliopoulos and —-. Greece: The Modern Sequel. London: C. Hurst & Co, 2002. Alan Wachman. “The United States and the Taiwan Quandary: How Much Does Chen Shui-bian’s Election Matter?” In Taiwan Presidential Elections: Outcomes and Implications, edited by Muthiah Alagappa. Armonk, NY: M.E. Sharpe, 2001. —-. Review of “Taiwan’s Informal Diplomacy and Propaganda,” by Gary D. Rawnsley. Journal of Asian Studies, 60, no. 4 (November 2001). Alumni

R.J. Cook (F’72) et al. Advancing Safe Motherhood through Human Rights. World Health Organization, 2001. Andrew Curtis (F’01). “Waco: Failures in Crisis Management and the Misapplication of Coercive Diplomacy.” Low Intensity Conflict & Law Enforcement, 9.1. Frank Cass, 2001. Mauricio Cysne (F’93) and Teresa Amador, eds. Redacção Normativa e o Direito Internacional: Experiências Lusófonas. Bonn, Germany: World Conservation Union, Environmental Law and Policy Paper, no. 42. Tim Judah (F’86). “Kosovo and Its Status.” What Status for Kosovo? Paris: Institute for Security Studies, Western European Union, Chaillot Paper 50, October 2001. William Lawrence (F’90 and Ph.D. candidate). “Translating Moroccan Shaabi and Algerian Rai Music Empathetically.” The International Association of Middle Eastern and North African Popular Culture Conference on Popular Middle Eastern Culture. Oxford, UK: The Oriental Institute, University of Oxford, 2002. Michele Malvesti (F’00 and Ph.D. candidate). “Explaining the United States’ Decision to Strike Back at Terrorists.” Terrorism and

Political Violence, 13, no 2 (Summer 2001): 85-106. —-. “Bombing bin Laden: Assessing the Effectiveness of Air Strikes as a Counter-Terrorism Strategy.” Fletcher Forum of World Affairs, 26, no. 1 (Winter 2002): 17-29. Rhoda Margesson (F’95 and Ph.D. candidate). “After the war is over in Afghanistan.” San Diego Union-Tribune, 18 December 2001. Steven McCoy-Thompson (F’87). Weather Boy: A Story of D-Day. Bloomington, IN: 1stBooks Library, 2001. John Moore (F’01). “The Evolution of Islamic Terrorism.” PBS series Frontline website, shows/target/etc/modern.html. Jim Potts (F’01). “To Help the World’s Poor.” The Washington Post, 13 November 2001. Lawrence Saez (F’89). Federalism Without a Center: The Impact of Economic Liberalization on India’s Federal System. Sage, 2002. Akira Tashiro (F’87). Discounted Casualties: The Human Cost of Depleted Uranium. Hiroshima: The Chugoku Shimbun, 2001. Dimitrios Triantaphyllou (F’91), ed. What Status for Kosovo? Paris: Institute for Security Studies, Western European Union, Chaillot Paper 50, October 2001. Michael Zwirn (F’01). “Promise and Failure: Environmental NGOs and Palestinian-Israeli Cooperation.” Middle Eastern Review of International Affairs, 5, no. 4 (December 2001). Students

Hassan Abbas (F’02). “Countering Osama’s PR campaign.” The International News – Sha’baan 26,1422 A.H, 13 November 2001. —-. “Afghanistan must find its ‘lost identity’.” The Boston Herald, 30 December 2001. Rina Amiri (F’03). “Comprehending the Afghan Quagmire.” Sojourner Magazine, November 2001. —-. “The war’s ‘dispensable’ people.” The Boston Globe, 10 November 2001. —-. “Muslim Women as Symbols – and Pawns.” The New York Times, 27 November 2001. Daniel Fahey (F’02). “U.S. needs to improve medical monitoring of its troops,” letter-tothe-editor. The New York Times, 14 January 2002.


Club News Atlanta Wendy Gutierrez (F’96) wgutierrez@mindspring. com

The Fletcher Club of Atlanta is getting back on its feet! If you are in the Atlanta area and would like to join the activities, please contact Wendy Gutierrez for more information.

Bangkok Kusuma Snitwongse (F’57)

On March 2, 25 alumni and friends attended a lecture by Dean Bosworth, followed by a reception in his honor, at the Siam InterContinental. Please contact Kusuma Snitwongse if you are in Bangkok and would like to connect with other alumni.

Beijing Nicole Monter (F’98) nicole.monter.escardino Agustin Escardino (F’97) aescardi@public.east.

If you are a Fletcher alum living in or near Beijing, please contact Nicole Monter and Agustin Escardino to find out about how to connect with other alumni in the area.

Boston Farah Pandith (F’95) fapandith@mlstrategies. com

The Fletcher Club of Boston has revamped its efforts! Under the leadership of Farah Pandith, Byron Price (F ‘94), and Gresh Lattimore (F’65), the


Boston club is developing new programs and reconfiguring their mission. At the club’s premiere event in October, Dean Bosworth spoke about Fletcher and moderated a panel on terrorism and Afghanistan, which featured Rina Amiri (F’03), Hassan Abbas (F’02), Michele Malvesti (F’00), and Neamatallah Nojumi (F’01). More than 60 alumni attended. Please contact Farah Pandith to get on the club’s e-mail list and to assist in making the Fletcher Club of Boston all that it can be!

Brussels Jeroen Cooreman (F’97) jeroen_cooreman@ Jan-Philipp Goertz (F’98)

The Fletcher Club of Brussels met for dinner on February 26, with two-thirds of the Brussels alumni in attendance. If you are in or near Brussels, please contact Jeroen Cooreman or JanPhilipp Goertz for information on upcoming club activities.

Budapest Andras Fehervary (F’94) Tom Schwieters (F’97)

The Fletcher Budapest club is part of the Hungarian Alumni of International Relations Schools Association. Andras Fehevary is co-chairperson, and encourages anyone visiting or relocating to Budapest to contact him.



Daniela Ciuca (F’99)

Shah Azmi (F’86)

H. Jürgen Hess (F’86)

Shah Azmi has returned to Malaysia and would like to reestablish a Fletcher alumni club. Please contact him if you are interested in assisting or participating in club activities.

Fletcher alumni in the Chicago area met with Dean Bosworth on October 18 at a reception held at the offices of the Council on Foreign Relations. If you are in the Chicago area and would like to connect with other Fletcher alumni, please contact Daniela Ciuca or Jürgen Hess.

Hong Kong Tara Holeman (F’97)

Ronnie Chan hosted Dean Bosworth and his wife along with 25 Fletcher alumni and friends at the China Club on March 8. If you were not at that event and would like to be included in alumni activities in Hong Kong, please contact Tara Holeman.

London Cynthia V. Corbett (F’78)

Fletcher alumni in London enjoyed an opportunity to meet Dean Bosworth and his wife at an evening reception on October 10 at The Travelers Club. If you are in London and would like to connect with other Fletcher alumni, please contact Cynthia Valianti Corbett.

New York Meeta Anand (F’96) Club e-mail: info@fletcher

After the events of 9/11, the Fletcher Club of NY organized a potluck at the home of Jim and Denise Wasserstrom (F’78 and F’79). In November, alumni met with Dean Bosworth and current students during the annual career trip. In the same month, Akio Matsumura, founder of the Global Forum of Spiritual and Parliamentary Leaders on Human Survival, spoke to club members about the intersection of religion and politics. In December, the club participated in a joint happy hour with SAIS and SIPA club members, in what promises to be the first of many such joint events. For more information on the club and its upcoming events, please go to

Oregon Michael Zwirn (F’01) Club list: fletcher-oregon

Calling all Oregon Fletcher alumni! Please join the electronic community of fletcher- to facilitate communication with other alumni in your area. For more information about the Oregon club, its e-mail list, and its activities, please contact Michael Zwirn.

Paris Julien Naginski (F’93) Rebecca Wetteman (F’97) rwettemann@nucleus

Dean Bosworth and his wife were the guests of honor at a reception for Fletcher alumni on October 9 at Sciences-Po. On December 13, members of the reviving Fletcher Paris Club got together at L’Etoile Manquante in the Marais district for a pre-holiday cocktail. Prof. Joel Trachtman met with Paris alumni on March 3 at the offices of Pinault Printemps Redoute. To find out about upcoming club events, please contact Julien Naginski or Rebecca Wettemann.

Peru Fiona Scholand (F’00)

Attention all Fletcher alumni in Peru! The Fletcher Club of Peru is getting organized, and would like you to participate. Please contact Fiona Scholand for more information on how you can get involved.

Philadelphia Ernest Wright, Jr. (F’94) wrightea@pobox.upenn. edu

The Fletcher Club of Philadelphia hosted a happy hour to

F l e t c h e r N e w s

kick off the establishment of the new club on February 21. Please contact Ernest Wright for more information on the next club event.

SF Bay Area Olaf Groth (F’95) OJG@fletcher.alumlink. com Sandra Short (F’82) sandra_short@people

In early September, Dean Bosworth met with Fletcher alumni at two receptions, the first in SF, the second hosted by Sandra Short and her husband at their home in Palo Alto. Throughout the last quarter of 2001, members of Fletcher West-SFBA (not to be confused with the new Fletcher West clubs of Oregon and Seattle) participated in a host of activities: wine tasting at Maria Farnon’s (F’95) vineyard, a joint happy hour with the SAIS, SIPA, and MIIS alumni clubs, a speaking engagement by Prof. Lee McKnight at the Commonwealth Club, and regular club happy hours in SF and Palo Alto. If you have enjoyed these activities and would like to see them continue, please contact Olaf Groth or Sandra Short to find out how you can assist this important mainstay of the Fletcher West community.

São Paulo Paulo Bilyk (F’92)

The São Paulo Fletcher Club will host their annual club dinner in summer to coincide with the Dean’s visit. If you

are in Brazil and would like to attend and to get in touch with other Fletcher alumni, please contact Paulo Bilyk.

Seattle Julie Bennion (F’01) julie.bennion@fletcher.

Not to be outdone by the new Fletcher Oregon club, the Seattle club is up and coming! For more information on how you can get involved in club activities, please contact Julie Bennion.

Seoul Yunju Ko (F’99)

The Seoul club had a reception for Dean Bosworth and his wife on November 16. Sixteen members of the club and five guests attended the reception, as did Prof. John Perry. During his recent trip to Korea, Prof. Sung-Yoon Lee (F’94) joined members of the Seoul club on January 9 for dinner, drinks, and conversation. If you would like to know more about the Fletcher Seoul club, please contact Yunju Ko.

Singapore Syetarn Hansakul (F’88)

Gregg Terry (F’70) hosted 20 alumni and Dean Bosworth at the China Club on March 5. If you are in Singapore and would like to assist in organizing the alumni club, or would like to participate in events, please contact Syetarn Hansakul.

Switzerland Mauricio Cysne (F’93)

The Fletcher Club of Switzerland welcomed Dean Bosworth and his wife with two receptions in October. The first reception, in Zürich, was hosted by Douglas Marston (F’76 and International Overseer) and his wife. The second reception, in Geneva, was organized by John King (F’69) and Mauricio Cysne at the Hotel Intercontinental. In December, former club president Philippe Truan (F’89) and wife Barbara Geary Truan (F’90) hosted a Christmas party for about 20 Fletcher alumni and guests, and many children. If you are in Switzerland and would like to know more about club activitites, please contact Mauricio Cysne.

Prof. Bill Moomaw’sJanuaryvisit to Tokyo drew a crowd from a wide array of Fletcher alumni.


Dean and Mrs. Bosworth. Yasushi Akashi (F’57) presided over the ceremonies at this event, the second organized by the newly constituted Fletcher Japan Alumni Club, led by Hiroaki Ito. On January 9, 17 alumni – spanning the Class of ‘51 to the Class of ’01 – gathered in Tokyo to hear a talk by Prof. Bill Moomaw. If you are in Japan and would like to know about upcoming club activities, please contact Aya Abe or Mariko Noda.

Paul Hsu (F’65)


Thirty Fletcher alumni and friends met with Dean and Mrs. Bosworth on March 10 at the Formosa Regent. Paul Hsu hosted the event, and is the new alumni contact person for Taipei. If you would like to connect with other alumni in Taipei, please get in touch with him.


Rainer Staub (F’96)

If you are a Fletcher alum who is new to Vienna, or you are in Vienna and have not yet heard from the Vienna club, please contact Rainer Staub to let him know of your arrival and to learn about upcoming Vienna alumni club activities.

Aya Konishi Abe (F’91)

Washington, DC

Mariko Noda (F’90)

Margaret Smith (F’91)

On November 13, 25 members of the Fletcher Japan Alumni Club gathered to welcome

T. Colum Garrity (F’98)

Club e-mail: info@fletcher

This past fall the Fletcher

Alumni Association of Washington, DC had a flurry of events: an art tour of the Federal Reserve Bank; a joint dinner with the Council for Emerging National Security Affairs (CENSA) on “Intelligence Reform,” a talk with Ariel Cohen (F’89) on “Central Asia and the War on Terrorism,” a canoe trip on the Shenandoah, and monthly happy hours. They also sponsored events with the United Nations Young Professionals group, and a talk with the Women’s Foreign Policy Group with the director of the World Food Program. The club now has five focus groups: Fletcher Telecom & Energy Group, Fletcher Women’s Network Group, Fletcher International Negotiation and Conflict Resolution Group, Fletcher Environment Group, and the newly created International Law Group. They have also secured $5,000 from the Anderson Foundation for summer internships in DC. For more information on the DC club and for a schedule of the club’s Spring activities, please visit their website at


F l e t c h e r N e w s I










D onal d B oy e r, J r. (F ’3 9)

passed away on April 30, 2001 from complications of Parkinson’s disease. A graduate of VMI, Colonel Boyer served the US Army for 30 years. He is survived by his wife Helen. J un e D arge (F ’52) Members of the Class of 2001 at the Jackson-Nixon wedding in July 2001.

wedding last July. Congratulations are also in order for Katia Katsigera, who was married on a yacht in beautiful Greece. Best wishes to Sita Farrell, who will be married in 2003 on the Turks and Caicos Islands in the British West Indies.

GMAP 2001 Eileen Guggenheim has been named deputy chair of The Prince’s Foundation in London. She will oversee the

educational work of the Foundation in the fields of art, architecture and the Islamic visual tradition. Bettina Muscheidt is still in Luxembourg with the European Investment Bank and missing the inspiration and buzz of GMAP! Paula Craighead reports from Maine that Bettina paid her a visit over New Year’s, to ski at Sugarloaf and to instruct on preparing authentic German desserts.

died of cancer in the summer of 2001. No further information was available at the time of publication. J ame s Fu nna ( F’6 5)

died on October 20, 2001 of blood cancer. A native of Sierra Leone, Jim served his country as governor of the Central Bank, minister of finance, and economic advisor to the president. He also worked for the World Bank for many years. Jim is survived by his wife and five children. Al b e r t H a rk ne ss, Jr.

a State Department Fellow at Fletcher in 1972, died on October 25, 2001. Albert was an expert on Latin American history and served in many Latin American posts for the US Information Agency, even serving as the agency’s director in Athens, Greece from 1960 to 1963. After retiring from the Foreign Service in 1973, he taught at Fletcher and other American universities for several years. He is survived by his wife, a son, two daughters, a brother, and seven grandchildren. J ac k K u r t z ( F’ 8 0)

an attorney in South Carolina, died on July 30, 2001. No further information was available at the time of publication.

Partnering Philanthropy with Financial Wisdom As an alumnus/a or friend of Fletcher, you might like to make a significant gift to our world-class institution, but feel constrained by other responsibilities. A deferred charitable gift annuity is a smart and creative way of making a meaningful gift while providing for your future. A deferred gift annuity allows you to establish a gift annuity now and defer payments to you (and, if you choose, a second person) until a later date. The advantages are clear: you take a charitable deduction the year you make the gift for a significant portion of your gift, you supplement your retirement income, and you assist Fletcher to fulfill its mission of preparing leaders with a global perspective. For information about deferred gift annuities or other gift planning options, please contact Roger A. Milici, Jr., Director of Development and Alumni Relations, The Fletcher School of Law and Diplomacy, at (617) 627-2372 or

H a ns N eu mann

a friend of Fletcher, died on September 10, 2001. A colleague of former Prof. Arpad von Lazar, Hans lectured at Fletcher in the 1970s and assisted with the International Energy Colloquium Series in the 1980s. Cyru s Va n c e

the former US statesman who was also a member of the Fletcher Board of Overseers, died of pneumonia on January 12, 2002. T h e o d o ra Van Dy k e (F ’62)

passed away on June 9, 2001. No further information was available at the time of publication. E d w a r d Wa g gon er (F ’ 42)

passed away on July 31, 2001. After attending Fletcher, Edward joined the US State Department and served at posts in DC and around the world, including Iran, Chile, and Turkey. From 1958 until he retired in 1978, Edward worked for Mobil Oil Corp. At the time of his death, he was rector of his local parish. Edward is survived by two daughters and a sister. No rma n We n g e rt (F ’3 9)

died on July 28, 2001. He attended the University of Wisconsin for his undergraduate, law, and doctoral degrees, and obtained the MA at Fletcher. A graduate of one of Fletcher’s first classes, Norman spent his career as a professor and writer. He is survived by his wife Janet.


Tribute to Al Rubin The incomparable Alfred P. Rubin, Distinguished Professor of International Law, is retiring after nearly 30 yea r sa s a full-time professor a tF l e tcher. Fortunately, he will continue to teach up to two courses a year, bu th i s full-time presence will be greatly missed. The ne x ti ssue of the Fletcher News will look back on his time at the School and the contributions he has made to the Fletcher communityand to the field of international law. Furthermore, throughout 2002, members of the Fletcher community have and will continue to pay tribute to him and his achievements through a host of activities. From roasts and receptions hosted by alumni clubs and students to a future conference on international law a tF l e tcher, Prof. Rubin is being honored in many different ways. Most importantly, the Al Rubin Tribute steering committee, chaired by Rusty Tunnard (F’85), is beginning work on establishing an endowed fund in Prof. Rubin’s name.

TUF TS The Fletcher School of Law and Diplomacy Cabot 503 Medford, Massachusetts 02155 Address service requested Return postage guaranteed

Numerousmembers of the Fletcher community – faculty, alumni, staff, and students – are working hard to organize these activities, and we hope thatyou will participate in them. If you have questions or would like further information on upcoming activities in honor of Prof. Rubin or the Al Rubin Tribute fund, please contactAnabel Perez, Associate Director of MajorGifts, at anabel.perez_crescenzi@ or 617-627-2720.

Editor: Megan V. Brachtl, Coordinator of Alumni Relations Contributors: Terry Ann Knopf, Robert Lindquist, Tamara Golden Design and Production: Furtado Communication Design Photography: Michael Lutch, Len Rubenstein, J.D. Sloan Office of Development and Alumni Relations: Roger A. Milici, Jr., Director; Elizabeth W. Rowe (F’83), Associate Director; Anabel Perez Crescenzi, Associate Director of Major Gifts; Megan V. Brachtl, Coordinator of Alumni Relations; Kathleen Bobick, Staff Assistant; Cynthia Weymouth, Administrative Assistant; Stephanie King, Reunion Manager Visit us on the web:

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Fletcher News - Spring 2002  

Fletcher News publication from Spring 2002 without class notes. Cover Story: 9/11 and Its Aftermath - Fletcher on the Intellectual Frontline...

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