Better Medicine Aspiring family doctors and anatomy education get a $15 million boost from the Jaharis Family Foundation
From the President
The research, scholarship and teaching that take place here at Tufts have the power to transform individual lives and to change our understanding of the world. They can also make a unique contribution in helping our society address some of its most formidable challenges. Tufts is fortunate to have alumni, donors and friends who are committed to the important role of higher education as problem solver. Access to health care and ensuring that there are enough physicians to deliver that care are two particularly complex issues that threaten the well-being of our nation, given the projected shortage of 21,000 family doctors in the U.S. in less than a decade. In this issue of Blueprint, you’ll learn how the Jaharis Family Foundation Inc. will help us confront these twin challenges with a $15 million pledge to Tufts University School of Medicine. This generous gift will transform teaching and learning on our Boston health sciences campus and encourage more new physicians to consider careers in family medicine. Of the total, $13 million will fund a state-of-the-art anatomy laboratory and anatomical education facility where our students will learn important fundamentals about how the body works and how disease progresses. Another $2 million will create an endowed scholarship to provide debt relief to students who choose to practice family medicine. The scholarship reflects a personal passion of Steven Jaharis, a 1987 graduate of our medical school and a longtime family medicine doctor. Most notably, though, the foundation’s philanthropy will have a much broader impact— helping to guarantee a pipeline of physicians who will care for patients who need them the most. There’s nothing more noble than an investment in education and the health and wellbeing of our society. Family physicians trained at Tufts will play a critical role as we confront the obesity epidemic, opioid addiction and other great health challenges of our times. Tufts University is an institution of grand ambitions and great aspirations because of donors like the Jaharis family and so many others who believe in what we can achieve when we work collectively for the greater good.
COVER ILLUSTRATION BY STEPHANIE DALTON COWAN
A Prescription for Good
ANTHONY P. MONACO President, Tufts University
Chairman, Board of Trustees Peter Dolan, A78, A08P President Anthony P. Monaco
Provost & Senior Vice President David R. Harris Senior Vice President for University Advancement Eric Johnson
University Relations Tufts University, 80 George St. Medford, MA 02155 USA 617.627.3200 email@example.com n
Published by Tufts Publications. Monica Jimenez, editor; Carolynn DeCillo, designer.
Blueprint is published three times a year for alumni, parents and friends who generously support Tufts University as donors and volunteers.
Donors Double Down Gift-matching initiative boosts student support and campus diversity with $95 million for scholarships
ACED WITH A growing need for financial aid to ensure that talented stu-
dents from diverse backgrounds could receive a great education regardless of their means, Tufts President Anthony P. Monaco—who was a financial aid student during his undergraduate career—issued a challenge in 2012. The university would match donations of $100,000 or more to create new endowed scholarships, or gifts of $100,000 or more to existing scholarships, thereby doubling their value and impact. The Financial Aid Initiative, which officially wrapped on June 30, was a hit. Hundreds of donors participated, contributing a total of $95 million, surpassing the $90 million goal. “This was a really important priority for me and will help increase diversity across the university,” says Monaco. “Diversity drives excellence in our academic mission. Having students who come from different backgrounds with different perspectives enriches everyone in our community.” Monaco attributed the fundraising success to two factors: donors knowing that they had the opportunity to change the lives of talented students, and the incentive of a matching gift. The initiative marked the first time that Tufts has allocated unrestricted funds from its endowment to make one-to-one gift matches. “Having the university match donors’ contributions motivated people who already recognized the value of financial aid and encouraged new donors to step up,” says Jeffrey Winey, senior director of principal gifts and university initiatives. “The match doubles the amount of the funds in perpetuity, so their gifts will have an even greater impact.” Endowed scholarships function kind of like a savings account. The principal is invested, and students receive support from the income generated from that investment. Because the principal remains untouched, these gifts keep on giving—forever.
“These scholarships will be enduring gifts for generations of students to come,” says President Anthony P. Monaco.
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BY DIVYA AMLADI
“These endowed scholarships will be enduring gifts to generations of students to come,” Monaco says. Donors from schools across Tufts embraced the challenge. Alumni, friends of the university and faculty contributed, supporting areas important to them, such as enhancing primarycare training for physicians to address underserved populations, providing international studies education to students from the rural Midwest, and supporting doctoral studies in biochemical and molecular nutrition. Although most new scholarships were established by individuals, a few gifts came from groups of donors, including one from the Tufts University Dental Alumni Association, whose members individually might not have qualified for the match, but as a unit, established a $500,000 fund to assist dental students. It was the largest gift by an alumni association in university history. Andrew Gestrich, V17, was teaching public school in Hawaii when he started volunteering at a veterinary hospital to road-test a possible career change. He discovered he liked the challenge of caring for less-common species. He attends Cummings School of Veterinary Medicine thanks to a Financial Aid Initiative scholarship established by the New England Farm and Garden Association. The scholarship “provides flexibility, and it makes it easier for me to make career decisions about how I can contribute to the field rather than only worrying about the bottom line,” says Gestrich, the married father of a 2-year-old. Although the Financial Aid Initiative made great strides in addressing an ever-present need, Winey says support for students will continue to be a university priority. “Though we surpassed our goal, gifts for financial aid remain vitally important to diversifying the student body 3 at Tufts,” he says. “The great thing about this initiative is that it has increased the amount of financial aid available to our students and raised greater awareness for this continuing need within the Tufts community.” n
Arts & Sciences
Paying It Forward Brother and sister honor immigrant parents’ support with endowed scholarship BY DIVYA AMLADI
HENEVER TENANTS MOVED into Riccardo and Dora Ferrelli’s two-family home rental apartment, Dora would welcome them the same way, according to her daughter, Maria Giatrelis. “My mom would sew them curtains so they’d have some dressing on their windows,” says Maria, E89, who together with her brother, Rich, A85, has established the Riccardo and Dora Ferrelli Memorial Endowed Scholarship Fund. Immigrants from a farming village in the Abruzzo region of Italy to Boston’s North End, Riccardo and Dora worked with their hands, Riccardo as a union cement mason and Dora as a seamstress. Although intelligent and self-taught, Riccardo had to work to support his family and couldn’t go to school. He was a voracious reader in Italian and later in English, though neither he nor Dora had more than a fifth-grade education. But both were keenly aware that education was the way to move forward in life. “My father used to always say, ‘Working with your hands is honorable, but you’ve got to move forward in your education so there are more possibilities for you,’” Rich says. Riccardo and Dora built a comfortable life for their family, moving from Boston’s North End to settle and buy a home in Somerville. But they didn’t want their children to struggle like they did, says Maria. “It was so important for them that we go to college that they basically saved up all their money to send us to Tufts,” says Maria, who commuted to campus for her entire time there, as did Rich. It wasn’t easy. Applying to Tufts, Rich felt disadvantaged compared to peers
“My parents would be honored to know that they are living on by helping other kids have an opportunity,” says Maria Giatrelis, with her brother, Rich.
whose parents had gone to American colleges and could help them apply. “In my freshman year, I noticed that other people had this institutional knowledge from parents and grandparents and that can make you feel like you’re behind and have to catch up,” he says. “If you let that worry bring you down, it’s easy to fall behind.” But with his parents cheering him on, Rich excelled in his studies. He was inducted into both the Phi Beta Kappa and Omicron Delta Epsilon honor societies and won a Gulf Oil Scholarship during his junior year, which helped cover tuition and landed him an internship at Pittsburgh’s Gulf Oil Company. In 1985, Rich graduated from Tufts, summa cum laude, with a degree in economics, and received the Charles G. Bluhdorn Prize in Economics. He went on to work as a management consultant at Bain & Company before co-founding a private equity fund. He later founded and sold three successful companies in health care business outsourcing and medical informatics. He also volunteered extensively with the Somerville Homeless Coalition and became their board chair and board president. With her parents’ support, Maria, too, excelled. Although traditional in many ways, Riccardo and Dora were progressive when it came to education, encouraging her to pursue the male-dominated field of electrical engineering. Maria was awarded a freshman scholarship from the Society of Women Engineers and was later elected president of the society. Four years after her brother, Maria graduated with a degree in electrical engineering, magna cum laude, and became a software engineer at Raytheon. She moved into consulting and engineering product sales in a growing software company in Cambridge, Massachusetts, and progressed to become vice president of sales, and then president. She led the company through a merger that created a much larger software entity before leaving to start a family with her husband, Todd, and to take care of her aging parents. When Riccardo and Dora passed away within a year and a half of each other, Rich was inspired to create the scholarship fund for firstgeneration students in their honor. The gift, which was doubled by the university’s Financial Aid Initiative match, was the least they could do for parents who were so devoted to their children’s education.
Maria and Rich jumped at the chance to help students whose families couldn’t afford all of the tuition, knowing they would face challenges similar to the ones they encountered themselves. “My parents would be honored to know that they are living on by helping other kids have an opportunity,” says Maria. Rich’s commitment to enhancing the firstgeneration experience at Tufts extends even further. He, along with his wife, Yvonne, and
their three sons, Richie, Henry and Johnny, also established the Ferrelli Family Endowed Scholarship Fund for students in Arts and Sciences. Today Rich volunteers with the Tufts Admissions Network as an alumni interviewer and is interested in developing a mentorship program to help students navigate life beyond college. Just as the Tufts experience transforms students, students’ diverse perspectives enrich the Tufts community, he says. There’s one more reason for his interest.
“For a student who’s worried about competing with folks whose parents and grandparents went to college, it’s nice to be able to say that I’ve been there, and that they don’t need to prove themselves to anyone,” he says. For her part, Maria has taken a step back from work to raise daughters Julia and Mia, sharing with them the lesson she learned from the curtains her mother sewed. “I always tell my daughters, ‘When you share, you get more,’” Maria says. n
Recipe for Success Champion of good food practices inspires budding nutrition entrepreneurs with new scholarship BY JESSE FLOYD
ILL LAYDEN IS a big-picture guy, one who’s fearless
and create something in the face of the status quo. new,” Layden says. “It aims Bill Layden with his When he was a congressional investigator with the to inspire students to think wife, Lee Anne Government Accountability Office, he concluded that the about entrepreneurship with a Environmental Protection Agency’s pesticide safety review probusiness and social purpose.” cess needed a major overhaul, not just a few tweaks. That earned him a Government Layden says he and Lee Anne chose to Accountability Office meritorious service award. Addressing Friedman School graduinvest in Tufts because of the university’s history ates in 2010, Layden, a member of the school’s board of advisors, challenged them to of entrepreneurship and the international reputabreak the food system—“and break it good.” He added: “Sometimes you have to tear tion of the Friedman School. He became involved down something to make it better.” with the school more than 12 years ago, when As owner and partner of the food and nutrition consulting firm FoodMinds, Professor James Tillotson invited him to speak to Layden helps food companies achieve something that may not seem an obvious recipe students in his course “Health Messages by the for success—grow their bottom line and do right by consumers. Food Industry” about the health benefits food “Entrepreneurship is the ability to create something that doesn’t exist, to impact companies can claim legally on their packaging. the public positively,” he says, describing the business model that has guided his pro- He returned to speak every year until Tillotson fessional life. “We have demonstrated that a food company can compete and make retired this past year. money on nutrition, health and wellness just as it competes and makes money on Layden was appointed to the school’s board taste, price and convenience.” of advisors in 2008 and supported the creation of To encourage Friedman School students to tap into their own inner entrepreneurs, the online certificate program, Nutrition Science Layden and his wife, Lee Anne, have created something new: the William and Lee Anne for Communications Professionals, in 2010. Layden Scholarship for Food and Nutrition Entrepreneurs. The scholarship will supHe says his appreciation of the quality port students who want to pursue business development and other kinds of entrepreof students the Friedman School attracts has neurial activities at Tufts and after they graduate. grown steadily over the years. Four alumni work Their $100,000 gift will be doubled through Tufts’ Financial Aid Initiative, which at FoodMinds, the latest in a long line of Tufts5 raised $95 million for endowed scholarship funds across the university during a graduates at the firm. “FoodMinds depends on four-year campaign that ended in June. In addition, the Laydens also pledged $25,000 to these graduates to provide the intellectual power Friedman School Dean Dariush Mozaffarian’s discretionary fund to support student that drives our vision and mission,” Layden says. projects related to entrepreneurship as well as other student priorities. “When I’m recruiting, the first place I go “This scholarship seeks to inspire students to have the courage to break through is Tufts.” n
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PHOTO: JASON REBLANDO
Much More Than an Internship Tisch College Summer Fellows work in the nonprofit and government sectors, exposing them to careers they might like to pursue BY MONICA JIMENEZ
RESSED IN A CRISP white shirt and navy skirt, Jennifer Yu, A18,
presents her findings from a nine-week research project about barriers to opportunity for women in Asia. Her audience: a dozen staffers from the Asia Foundation, a nonprofit international development agency. It’s a big stage for a college junior. Yu continues her presentation: “In Cambodia, 32.8 percent of women and 20 percent of men agreed there are times a woman deserves to be beaten. Approaching the issue of violence against women, it’s important to engage both genders.” Yu was one of 83 Tufts students selected for this year’s Tisch Summer Fellows program. They work full-time for 10 weeks doing jobs with a focus on public interest in a range of government offices, nonprofits and advocacy organizations in and around Washington, D.C., New York and Boston and receive a stipend of approximately $4,000. Students can also pursue international projects, working on issues related to health, education and the environment in places such as Ghana and Malaysia. The demand for these kinds of real-life experiences working for the public good is increasing as more students look for ways to road-test potential careers and expand their skill sets. The Tisch Summer Fellows program—which supported 83 fellows in 2016, up from 46 in 2015—is growing, but landing one of these highly coveted summer work experiences has become increasingly competitive. The stipends are funded by alumni and others, and the Tisch College of Civic Life at Tufts also relies on alumni to identify sites for summer placements. “Our goals are for students to consider their own civic identity, connect their coursework to real-world experience and understand communities different from their own, all while exploring potential career paths,” says Maggie McMorrow, a program coordinator associate at Tisch College. “Whether they were on Capitol Hill, at the Pentagon, in the Massachusetts State House or at community nonprofits, our fellows were learning while making a difference.” An international relations major who’s concentrating her studies on East Asia, Jennifer Yu felt far from home during her first few weeks at the Asia Foundation head-
quarters in Washington, D.C. A self-described “dutiful daughter,” Yu has built her studies around her strong sense of loyalty to her heritage and family. “I’ve always been really interested in learning more about my parents’ history and culture,” she says. They moved to the U.S. from China to give their children an education and standard of living they never had themselves. Yu was drawn to the Asia Foundation’s mission to increase economic opportunities and promote rights for women. She worked furiously to familiarize herself with Southeast Asian countries she’d never studied and gender analysis terms she’d never learned. She attended events about gender, international development and Asia, including one at the Japanese ambassador’s home, and heard from experts from the foundation’s 18 offices around Asia. She found a mentor in Elizabeth Silva, program officer for the foundation’s Women’s Empowerment Program. Now fluent in the language of gender analysis, Yu is considering adding that to her studies at Tufts. “Elizabeth has shown me gender can be not just what you advocate for, but a part of your career,” she says.
BRINGING IT ALL TOGETHER Sitting at her workstation in the offices of the Constitution Project, a D.C.-based nonprofit
Benya Kraus with Scott Roehm, A99, her supervisor at the Constitution Project
Josh Golding PHOTOS: ALONSO NICHOLS
think tank, Benya Kraus, A18, gestures at the thick books on law and politics lining a long shelf. “I’m trying to read as many of them as I can before I go,” she says. Kraus, an international relations major, is the Diversity and Community Affairs Officer on the Tufts student senate, leads Tufts Wilderness Orientation trips, coordinates statewide legislative lobbying for Amnesty International, and is working on a proposal to establish an indigenous studies minor. In second grade, she made business cards identifying herself as a writer, actress and women’s rights activist. “I’ve struggled with how vast my interests can be,” she says. That drive to learn more was one reason Kraus joined the Constitution Project, which works for bipartisan consensus on issues related to the balance between public safety and individual rights, the First Amendment and transparency in government. This summer, as she did research for a report on demilitarizing police departments and reviewed the think tank’s clemency recommendations related to the death penalty in Oklahoma, Kraus felt frustrated. “I get attached to our recommendations, and just want to see them through to the end,” she says. That changed after she met with American University law professor Stephen Wermiel, A72, A10P, through the Tisch College network Connecting Alumni Student Experiences. He helped her realize she doesn’t have to know everything right away. “I got to hear about the junctures in his life where his path started changing, and what a career looks like,” Kraus says. Kraus is doing a lot of thinking about her career trajectory. “I want to be able to do things that genuinely help communities and bridge Fall 2016
gaps,” she says. “And I’d like to find a way to bring foreign policy, local and national work, government and law all together.”
IN THE DEFENSE WORLD “You have to turn your phone off. It’s a security thing.” Josh Golding, A17, apologizes to this reporter as he enters a corridor in the Pentagon, where he was the Russian Threat Assessment Fellow for the Department of Defense. Golding, an international relations major with a concentration in security studies, found that his summer internship at the Office of the Secretary of Defense in the Cost Assessment Program Evaluation office dovetailed nicely with his studies—he interviewed military officers and analysts as part of project to develop Pentagon spending priorities. His desk is strewn with reports with titles such as “Reinforcing Deterrence on NATO’s Eastern Flank.” The military focus comes naturally for Golding, who remembers watching reruns of the TV series Black Sheep Squadron, about a World War II squadron, with his grandfather, who was an Army combat engineer in the war. By the end of elementary school, he was reading books from his grandfather’s library such as Guests of the Ayatollah: The First Battle in America’s War with Militant Islam. “Being able to sit down and talk to the people who make decisions, seeing recommendations being made at a pretty high level, and realizing I’ve reached the same ones myself is a good feeling,” Golding says. His earnest demeanor cracks just a bit as he describes his hallway encounter with Secretary of Defense Ash Carter. “I’ve always kind of dreamt of being exposed to this,” he says, grinning.
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SEEDS OF A CAREER While many Tisch Summer Fellows work in offices, Jack Colelli, A18, found himself on a farm outside of Alexandria, Virginia, interning at Arcadia Center for Sustainable Food and Agriculture. He did everything from harvesting crops to teaching kids about the farming life. “I wanted on-the-ground experience, working at a nonprofit especially, because there’s so much going on at all times,” says Colelli, a Vermont native who was looking to learn more about what he could do with his majors in quantitative economics and food systems. Planting and harvesting crops such as Swiss chard, tomatoes, cucumbers, okra and garlic, Colelli says, “I saw so many aspects about the vertical integration of growing on a big farm. I got an in-depth look at the food system in D.C., what shapes it and the challenges it faces.” On one of his first days at the Arcadia Center’s Farm Camp for kids ages 6 to 11, Colelli faced an overgrown plot that had to be cleared in two days—not a huge challenge for someone who started his own garden in fifth grade and later built a hydroponic greenhouse. But how do you convince a dozen 10-year-olds to weed? He dangled a carrot: If they weeded, they could plant vegetables—and then eat them. It worked. Now he’s considering a career at the USDA Foreign Agricultural Service. At the end of his farming stint, Colelli 7 joined the other D.C. Tisch Summer Fellows for a visit to the White House. “I was wearing this under my suit,” he smiles, pointing at his sweat-soaked tank top and cargo shorts. “I was Farmer Jack on the inside.” n
$15 Million Gift to Tufts Medical School The latest Jaharis Family Foundation donation will lift the anatomy lab out of the basement into a bright new space and ease the debt burden on students who specialize in family medicine BY BRUCE MORGAN
TUDENTS CONSISTENTLY RANK the gross anatomy course as one
of Tufts School of Medicine’s top classes. More than anything else that is a tribute to the superb teaching that goes on there—because as anyone who has visited the anatomy laboratory in recent years knows, the space could use some improvement. It’s a cramped, windowless room in the basement of the M&V Building that has been in operation, with some periodic updates, since shortly after the medical school moved to its downtown Boston location in 1950. Dean of Students Amy Kuhlik calls it “way past retirement.” Now the outdated lab is about to enter the 21st century. Thanks to a $15 million gift from the Jaharis Family Foundation Inc., the anatomy lab will be enlarged, technically upgraded and moved to airy new quarters on the third floor of the M&V over the next two years. “I know firsthand that the gross anatomy lab needs to be completely redone to bring it up to today’s standards,” says Steven Jaharis, M87, speaking on behalf of the foundation. “It’s the one laboratory that basically hasn’t changed since I was a student 30 years ago.” There’s a less obvious change in the works as well. A $2 million portion of the Jaharis gift will be used to encourage students to pursue a career in family medicine by alleviating some of their debt before graduation. “The need for primary-care physicians in America is growing,” says Jaharis, himself a longtime family medicine practitioner in the Chicago area. “I hope that this scholarship will help students who go into family medicine graduate with less loan debt.” The Jaharis family is the School of Medicine’s most generous supporters. They made the cornerstone gift for the Jaharis Family Center for Biomedical and Nutrition Sciences, a milestone in the school’s development that, since it opened in 2002, has expanded research space and fostered greater collaboration among faculty. A few years later, they funded the wholesale renovation of the Sackler Building, transforming it into a handsome student learning center. They didn’t stop there. The family’s foundation also helped create the Clinical Skills and Medical Simulation Center, enabling students to develop their physical diagnosis abilities. They endowed the Jaharis Family Chair in Family Medicine as well as the Jaharis Family Scholarship Fund, which provides more resources for financial aid. “We feel grateful and lucky for all the help the Jaharis family has given us over the years,” medical school Dean Harris Berman says, noting in particular that the endowed professorship in family medicine “helped us build a robust Department of Family Medicine. In the same way, we are excited for everything that this latest gift means for our future.” The importance of education to the Jaharis family prompted its patriarch, Michael Jaharis, M87P, H15, who died in February, to assume a leadership role in the
governance of Tufts. He served as a university trustee from 1993 to 2003 and was a longtime chair of the Board of Advisors to Tufts School of Medicine and the Sackler School of Graduate Biomedical Sciences. Tufts President Anthony P. Monaco says the Jaharis family’s philanthropy aligns with a core value of the university—to act as an engine for social good. “There’s nothing more noble than an investment in education and the health and well-being of our society,” says Monaco, an accomplished medical researcher and geneticist. “Family physicians trained at Tufts will play a critical role as we confront the obesity epidemic, opioid addiction and other great health challenges of our times and work to resolve them.”
THE IMPORTANCE OF DISSECTION Since the time of the Greeks, an understanding of anatomy has been basic to the effective practice of medicine. Robert Willson, a senior lecturer and director of the gross anatomy course, calls his field “the oldest and most fundamental of all the medical sciences.” How best to teach the subject has been a matter of some debate among U.S. medical schools as digital methods of representing the human body have been widely adopted. With the new anatomy lab, Tufts, on the other hand, has reinforced its commitment to hands-on physical dissection as a critical component of medical education. “Overall, the trend has been for schools to go away [from physical dissection], although many have come back to it,” says Jeffrey Marchant, research assistant professor and associate director of the Division of Medical Education. “In our view, in order to learn the material, students have to go into the lab and physically dissect the parts of the body. Searching for structures is an important part
Steven Jaharis, M87, with his mother, Mary, at the celebration of the completion of renovations to the Sackler Building in 2009
“Family physicians trained at Tufts will play a critical role as we confront the obesity epidemic, opioid addiction and other great health challenges of our times.” of the learning process.” In other words, digital anatomy programs rely heavily on a standardized model of the human form, but in the real world, bodies vary considerably from one to the next. Associate Professor Peter Brodeur, director of the Division of Medical Education, notes that digital images are limited in what they can convey, whereas the cadaver teaches students “what the textures are and the spatial relationships among structures.” You can hear the passion in these instructors’ voices, but for the past half century, the basic challenges of the space in which they teach have posed a countervailing force. In the early 1950s, when the lab was new, there were just 100 students in a medical class. Now the laboratory runs year-round, providing anatomical training for 200 medical students, plus dental and physician assistant students. With students and 15 faculty members all jostling for space, conditions have been Fall 2016
challenging. The acoustics in the basement aren’t ideal, so students often have to strain to make out what the teachers are saying. “Students would often ask us to repeat things,” says Rebecca Lufler, a senior lecturer in integrated physiology and pathobiology. “The new lab will be a much better learning environment for our students,” she says. Additional improvements will include an expansion of the space, from 16 square feet per student to 30 square feet per student, consistent with the recommended anatomy lab standard of between 25 and 40 feet. And instead of six students per dissection table, there will be five. The ventilation and lighting systems will be state-of-the-art, and with the new location on the third floor, anatomy students will be able to work in natural light. Gone will be the days when, as Sarah Ballatori, M19, recalls, students exploring the fine detail of head and neck dissection have to rotate their table toward the
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overhead lights to see what they are doing. A new adjacent classroom capable of holding 60 students will provide space for smallgroup learning to supplement the regular coursework. “One of the best aspects of this gift is that it will allow us to modernize one of our oldest buildings on campus, the M&V building,” says Berman. A former garment factory, the M&V, now called the Biomedical Research and Public Health Building, has been used for myriad purposes since the university acquired it in 1946. “The M&V is a significant piece of our 20th-century history, and the gift from the Jaharis family will allow us to maximize its use in the 21st century,” Berman says. Essential to the modernization are the technology upgrades, which are so significant that Willson says they provide faculty members with “a great opportunity to change the way we teach.” For example, computer screens will be installed at each dissection table to supply online learning materials, perhaps in the form of videos made by Tufts faculty and aimed at providing more focus to the day’s assignments. The new technology will also allow for better integration of advances in medical imaging, including X-rays, CAT scans and MRIs. “We’ve had these before, but we’ve not really had the space to use them most effectively,” Brodeur says. “Now we’ll have a separate classroom where we can bring the students in.” For his part, Marchant couldn’t be happier with the plans for the new lab, scheduled to be completed in summer 2018. “There’s a big push to include radiology in anatomy courses,” he says, “for the simple reason that when students enter their careers, they will be looking at images. If they understand the 3D anatomy at the same time they’re learning the 2D representation, they’ll learn the material a whole lot better.” Kuhlik adds that once the new lab is completed and the instruction is going on right next door, “we’ll be able to say, ‘This is what that looks like on the X-ray, and here is what it looks like in the cadaver.’ ” Of course, some of the improvements in9 the new lab will be on a more intimate scale. For the past 50 years, in keeping with the Tufts spirit of improvisation, male and female students have had to change out of their regular clothes into scrubs in a crowded hallway.
An architectural rendering of the anatomy lab
“It wasn’t ideal,” Ballatori says. The new lab will include designated changing areas and locker rooms.
AN UNDERSERVED FIELD
No matter how much the students enjoy their first-year anatomy class, some of them eventually will become interested in practicing family medicine. Unfortunately, family medicine pays less than other medical specialties. The Association of American Medical Colleges reported that a 2014 median firstyear, post-residency salary in family medicine was approximately $187,000, compared to $285,000 for diagnostic radiology and $327,500 for general surgery. This is where the second portion of the Jaharis Family Foundation gift plays a role. Tufts medical students graduate with a lot of debt. In 2015, their average education debt was more than $205,000, the eleventh highest in the nation, according to Tara Olsen, the school’s assistant dean of financial aid. “We were number two for a long time,” she points out, “so we’ve brought that ranking down
significantly. We would like to get out of the top 20.” The high levels of debt and the relatively lower pay in family medicine pose a likely deterrent for students when it comes to choosing a specialty. Fewer medical students nationally are entering primary care. “It’s our most underserved field,” Kuhlik says. “We have a critical need in this area, yet year after year, this is where we see the greatest number of programs go unfilled in the match.” The trend has dire implications. To ensure that all Americans have access to health care, the American Academy of Family Physicians concluded in a 2014 report that the primarycare workforce needs to grow from 209,000 to 261,000 by 2025. “Since family physicians currently make up about 38 percent of the primary-care workforce, a conservative estimate is that an additional 21,000 family physicians are necessary to meet their share of the increased need,” the report said. Kuhlik believes that at least part of the reason for the shortage of family medicine doctors is this combination of considerable debt
and lower pay. Each year, as part of a broader survey, the medical school asks graduating students, How important was debt level in choosing the field you went into? In the most recent survey, 22 percent said debt was a “moderate” factor, and 9 percent said it was a “strong” factor in their decision. “So more than 30 percent of our students called debt a moderate or strong factor” in their specialty determination, Kuhlik sums up. “That’s significant.” The $2 million from the Jaharis gift will translate into about $100,000 annually for eligible students who go into family medicine. The number of recipients will change from year to year. For some perspective, in the class that graduated in May, 16 students matched in family medicine, and of those, six had demonstrated financial need, the main criterion Tufts uses to award scholarships and other aid. “If we were to have awarded the money this year, we would have been able to offer more than $16,000 in a loan reduction award for each eligible student,” Olsen says. That amount would reduce both the principal and the corresponding interest charges on a 20-year education loan. Any loan reductions will be timed to occur between Match Day in March, when students learn where they will do their residencies in their chosen specialties, and graduation in May, so that the Jaharis gift will alleviate eligible students’ overall debt before they even walk out the door. “Every penny counts,” Olsen says. As a corollary benefit, the gift will help Tufts School of Medicine reduce its aggregate student debt and possibly improve its national ranking in that area. Creating room to move, whether in a lab or in a career, may be considered the animating spirit of the latest Jaharis Family Foundation Inc. gift. But of course it is not up to one family alone, or any single act, to paint a brighter future for the medical school. As part of the gift agreement, the medical school is seeking $10 million in matching gifts from its alumni, friends and other supporters. “When we make a gift, our family always wants to inspire others to do the same,” Steven Jaharis says. “We hope that the Jaharis Challenge for Medical Education will motivate others to follow our lead and make the medical school one of their charitable priorities.” n
Diagnosis in Motion New equine sports medicine complex supports specialized care to get patients back on their hooves BY LAURA FERGUSON
HETHER RIDDEN IN competition or for recreation, a horse in
motion is a symphony of muscles, bones, joints, ligaments and nerves. The horse, which Shakespeare described as “pure air and fire,” draws its majesty from this graceful, and yet complex, physical fluidity. To meet a growing caseload of horses that need specialized care to restore soundness, strength and stamina, Cummings School is building a new equine sports medicine complex whose centerpiece will be an indoor arena where equine veterinarians can observe and evaluate horses under saddle and over jumps. “Horse owners increasingly turn to our Hospital for Large Animals at Cummings Veterinary Medical Center for expertise in equine sports medicine and surgery, general surgery, internal medicine and ultrasound,” says medical director Virginia Rentko. With eight board-certified clinicians, three of whom are board-certified in equine sports medicine, “we are unrivaled in New England for this expertise,” she says. “This new facility helps us better serve the region’s equine community while helping us educate the next generation of veterinarians.”
The sports medicine facility received generous early support, enabling construction to start this fall. An ongoing two-year, $2 million fundraising campaign seeks additional donations for specific components of the complex, including naming gifts for exam rooms and the tack room, operating costs and support for an endowed professorship in equine sports medicine. The new facility will complement the Equine Sports Medicine and Surgical Service at the Hospital for Large Animals, which treats horses for a variety of issues related to soundness and health, including lameness, respiratory failure and wound healing. The complex opens up new ways to observe and treat equine patients—many of them top-level hunters, jumpers, dressage and three-day-event horses. Whether the patient is a competitive athlete or a recreational pony, veterinarians need to observe how their patients move in order to diagnose potential problems and evaluate the success of a rehab program, says Kirstin Bubeck, a clinical assistant professor of equine sports medicine and surgery. “Performance is best evaluated in a controlled setting that is similar to what the horse has at home or in a competition,” she says. “We want to match the surface and spatial setting. The new facility will replicate these requirements, and we will be able to make a truer assessment of their progress.” José García-López, associate professor of Equine Sports Medicine and Surgery and director of the Issam M. Fares Equine Sports Medicine Program at Cummings School, says the complex “will translate into improved care for our patients and strengthen our teaching and residency training. We’ve realized the need for an arena for a long time, and now we have the opportunity to take the next natural step in our evolution.” The complex, which is being built next to the Hospital for Large Animals, will include an 80-foot-by-120-foot all-season, energy-efficient arena and a 42-foot-by-104-foot building for exam space, holding stalls, a wash/tack/farrier room, viewing area within the arena and a 11 meeting/client consultation room. n Learn more about how you can support the new equine sports medicine complex by emailing firstname.lastname@example.org or calling 508.839.7905.
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Northern Exposure New endowed scholarship fund aims to attract more dentists to New England states that need them the most BY JOANNE BARKER get routine, preventive dental care,” says Mark Gonthier, the dental school’s executive associate dean. “It became almost a personal journey for us,” adds Northeast Delta Dental President and CEO Tom Raffio, referring to the many discussions he and Gonthier had about the acute need for dentists in northern New England. “We both wanted to use our positions to do something with a lasting impact.”
AN AGING WORKFORCE
“ We want to ensure there are practitioners who can help more people get routine, preventive dental care,” says Mark Gonthier, the dental school’s executive associate dean.
ONG BEFORE HE decided to become a dentist, Darren Smith, D17,
knew that people in rural Maine needed better access to dental care. His family originated in Rumford, a mill town 80 miles northwest of Portland with about 4,300 residents and a median income of just over $25,000. Though Smith was born in Burlington, Vermont, his extended family remains in Rumford. “My grandfather has Type 2 diabetes and gum disease. Many of his teeth are missing or decayed,” he says. “A patient with issues like his should be seeing a dentist regularly.” Before an affordable community dental clinic opened in Rumford in 2008, Smith’s grandfather, who has no dental insurance, sometimes went without care or traveled 45 minutes to see a specialist. Smith could help turn that around. He is one of five Tufts dental students selected to receive the first scholarships established by the insurance company Northeast Delta Dental to encourage young dentists to settle in northern New England communities where the need for care greatly outpaces the number of dentists available to provide it. The U.S. Department of Health and Human Services has designated most of Maine, New Hampshire and Vermont as Dental Health Professional Shortage Areas, meaning the region has fewer than one provider for every 4,000 to 5,000 residents. Created with a donation of $600,000 from the dental insurer and $400,000 in matching funds from Tufts University’s Financial Aid Initiative, the $1 million Northeast Delta Dental Endowed Scholarship will enable the School of Dental Medicine to offer up to five scholarships every year, averaging $7,500 each, to students from Maine, New Hampshire and Vermont. Recipients are selected based on their ties to northern New England and their commitment to practice there after graduation. “We want to ensure there are practitioners in the area who can help more people
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The region’s dentist shortage has a long and complex history. Many local economies never recovered after textile and paper mills started moving out in the early 20th century. Many families still struggle to pay for basic needs like food and housing. For many, routine health care—let alone regular dental visits—is a luxury. Compounding the financial issues, the region’s dentists are among the oldest in the country— almost half are over age 55, and some continue to practice well into their 70s and 80s rather than leave their town without a dentist. For residents who need complex care or subsidized care, the closest option is often a drive of 50 miles or more, and the wait for an appointment can be months. Scholarship recipient Jennifer Barton, D16, DG17, came away from her five-week externship at a community clinic in Somersworth, New Hampshire, a former mill town of less than 12,000 residents, with a heightened understanding of how financial hardship exacerbates oral health problems. “A lot of patients simply didn’t have the money to take care of their teeth,” says Barton, who is doing a general practice residency in three rural communities in Maine this year. “It’s so different from Boston, where MassHealth [the state’s safety net for its neediest residents] covers preventive care. Here, people have to choose between putting food on the table and seeing a dentist. You see a lot more emergent cases—root canals, tooth extractions, people in serious pain.”
The number of dentists on the verge of retirement, coupled with an ample patient population, provides opportunities for young dentists to establish a thriving practice in a region that is underserved.
A COMMON-SENSE ALLIANCE When looking for a partner to address the dentist shortage, Northeast Delta Dental quickly identified Tufts School of Dental Medicine
to southern New England,” he says. “I hope to see an expansion of dental training and residencies in the region over the next 10 years.” For Darren Smith, the scholarship’s benefits go beyond financial support. “Northeast Delta Dental’s commitment to helping people in northern New England reassures me that I won’t be on my own. I’ll be able to work with others to take on this problem that has been around for a long time.” n
as the ideal choice. “A large percentage of our participating dentists are Tufts graduates,” says Raffio. “It just made sense to support and work with Tufts.” In fact, half the practicing dentists in northern New England graduated from Tufts, says Gonthier, who sees the endowed scholarships as the first step in establishing a strong network of care in the region. “Northern New England has very few dental residency programs compared
Creative Spaces to Learn Tufts researchers are studying how “makerspaces” can be best used in schools
BY LAURA FERGUSON
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EAT ROWS OF desks and chairs have dotted the landscape of elementary and secondary school classrooms for centuries. But is that really the best learning environment for children in the 21st century, where future success is increasingly reliant on such attributes as creativity, innovation, problem-solving and critical thinking? At the International School of Billund (ISB) in Denmark, Tufts engineers and educators are working with teachers and administrators to better evaluate how students navigate what is known as a makerspace, a wide open area where kids have fun making robots, musical instruments and other things. In this “classroom,” students learn though exploration and play. “If you want students to learn how to learn, to learn from each other, and to learn to be creative, you need to design the right space,” says Chris Rogers, professor and chair of mechanical engineering, whose research focuses on pre-college education and how students grasp difficult concepts. He conducts much of his research through Tufts’ Center for Engineering Education and Outreach (CEEO), which has its own makerspace and is celebrating its 20th anniversary this year. The two-year study at ISB is using a new makerspace called the Creator Space to help teachers encourage their pre-K through middle school students to tap into their innate curiosity and imagination and drive their own learning. “By collaborating with ISB on the development of the makerspace, we can help make the school a showpiece of what is possible when schools adopt the idea of learning through play,” says Brian Gravel, E01, E04, G11, an assistant professor of education at Tufts who is leading the project, which the Lego Foundation has funded. The Lego Foundation was instrumental in founding ISB, a private institution that opened in 2013 with the goal of using play and creativity to encourage kids to become enthusiastic lifelong learners. This research comes at a critical time in the evolution of makerspaces in schools, Gravel says. “There is incredible excitement and promise in the maker movement and makerspaces in schools, but we have a lot of work to do to understand them and to expand ideas about what kids and teachers can do in them.” The ability of makerspaces to change the education paradigm is a concept in
which Tufts is expanding its expertise across multiple disciplines. In addition to Rogers, Gravel and Ethan Danahy, E00, E02, E07, a research assistant professor at the CEEO, faculty and graduate students from the CEEO, the Department of Education and the EliotPearson Department of Child Study and Human Development are involved in the project. Matt Mueller, E15, a doctoral student in mechanical engineering, is focusing his dissertation work on makerspaces as interactive 13 environments, specifically how the design of makerspace tools (at ISB and elsewhere) determines the ways in which students learn. Amanda Strawhacker, A11, G13, a Ph.D. student in Eliot-Pearson’s Developmental
Technologies Research Group, is observing ISB kindergarteners as they direct their own play and exploration. It’s exciting, she says, to work in a school “that believes in the power of kids to shape their own learning.” The importance of makerspaces doesn’t end when a student graduates from high school, however. Dean of Engineering Jianmin Qu says he is committed to making investments in makerspaces for both undergraduate and graduate students at Tufts. At its core, he says, engineering is problem-solving, and that takes place in the 3-D world, not in a 2-D textbook. The makerspace movement is built on the philosophy that learning happens best when students are applying it practically to “meaningful work, as they solve problems that matter to them,” Gravel says. For example, ISB took part in the Billund Builds Music project last fall, which yielded a windfall of interesting insights. In a collaboration between the Billund municipality and Tufts, more than 4,000 students were given the assignment to design and build their own musical instruments, and then give a performance. During the weeklong activity, the Tufts and Danish researchers observed and recorded children’s creative problem-solving skills and their math and science skills as well. “It was amazing to see how kids responded,” says Rogers. One of the most inventive projects to emerge came from an ISB student who created a novel music instrument that he slipped on and then played by moving sticks up and down it. Most importantly, the week led to classroom conversations and a physical understanding of the science of music, such as how vibration works. Makerspaces need to be viewed as integral to a school’s overall success, as they are at ISB, Gravel says. In the future, he envisions makerspaces as central resources, much like a school library. Makerspaces can also be places where educators test out different approaches that could change the ways in which they teach traditional subjects, such as science, math and even language arts. The project at ISB, with a focus on best practices in an internationally diverse school, “has potential to really move the makerspace conversation in formal education forward,” says Rogers. n
Eyes on the World A new scholarship program at the Fletcher School memorializes award-winning 60 Minutes producer Harry Radliffe, A71, F73 BY HELENE RAGOVIN
HEN HARRY A. RADLIFFE II was growing up in Indianapolis, he’d disappear on his bicycle for hours, exploring the city’s neighborhoods. That wanderlust never left him. Radliffe, A71, F73, went on to become an award-winning television journalist and longtime producer for CBS’s 60 Minutes. “Harry was a true journalist—he had a natural curiosity about the world,” recalls his friend and colleague Jeff Fager, the executive producer of 60 Minutes. “He just loved the adventure of getting out, helping people understand a story and living it at the same time.” Radliffe’s work resulted in scores of memorable segments for the TV newsmagazine—anyone who tuned in to 60 Minutes during the 26 years Radliffe was there has undoubtedly seen his Emmy and Peabody Award-winning work. His reporting always reflected his deep and nuanced understanding of world affairs, and he never forgot that his time at Fletcher helped set him on his career path. After he died of colon cancer in 2015 at age 66, his family and CBS News decided to memorialize him with a scholarship program. Each year, the Harry A. Radliffe II/CBS Endowed Scholarship will provide support for four students who are pursuing studies in news media, public diplomacy or digital communications through Fletcher’s Edward R. Murrow Center for a Digital World. “Fletcher played a huge role in enabling Harry to pursue his dreams, so it was only fitting that we support the scholarship to help other budding scholars at the Murrow Center to achieve their goals and dreams,” says Harry’s brother, Brian Radliffe, a retired AT&T executive from Bridgewater, New Jersey. CBS has matched Brian Radliffe’s donation, creating a $500,000 scholarship fund.
A PLACE IN HISTORY The connection between Harry Radliffe and the Murrow Center is particularly meaningful for the network’s news division, Fager says. Murrow was a pioneering broadcast journalist—most famous for his dispatches from London during World War II—and spent much of his career with CBS. His papers are housed at Tufts. “I know that in his heart, very few things meant as much to Harry Radliffe as the Fletcher School,” Fager says. “And the Murrow collection has a really important place in terms of CBS history.” Another connection: in 1986, Radliffe became the CBS bureau chief in London, the first African-American to head a news bureau for the network. “I know it was the honor of Harry’s life to have the same job that Murrow had during World War II,” says Edward Schumacher-Matos, F73, director of the Murrow Center and a Fletcher classmate of Radliffe’s. David Rhodes, president of CBS News, will be at Fletcher on
November 10 to inaugurate the scholarship program. “[Rhodes] believed in this effort from the very beginning—he was the one who really pushed this initiative through the corporation,” Fager says. The Radliffe/CBS Scholars will help to build a core group of researchers, Schumacher-Matos says, particularly in the field of digital communication and its impact on social, political and cultural arenas, and on the emergence of cyberspace on national and international issues. The first scholarships are expected to be awarded for this academic year.
A RENAISSANCE MAN In the early ’70s, Radliffe studied with author David Halberstam, then a visiting professor at Fletcher. At the time, Halberstam was working
on the book that would become his classic about the Vietnam conflict, The Best and the Brightest. “Harry and I were part of a small group who met regularly with David and with others at the Murrow Center, and so while Fletcher was not a journalism school, it was a great way to be introduced to the field of journalism, to understand many of the issues, to be inspired,” says Schumacher-Matos, who was part of the reporting team that won the 1980 Pulitzer Prize for its coverage of the Three Mile Island nuclear disaster. “Harry and I both went off, and while we did a lot of learning on the job, which was the old way of learning journalism, we had a very strong grounding in the ethics and principles and the quality that you wanted to achieve.”
“He just loved the adventure of getting out, helping people understand a story and living it at the same time.”
After graduating from Fletcher, Radliffe worked at a television station in Portland, Oregon, and quickly moved to network news jobs at CBS and ABC. In 1979, he became a producer on the CBS Evening News with Walter Cronkite, and in late 1980, CBS sent him to London. In 1988, shortly after returning to New York, he joined 60 Minutes. He became known for his expertise covering stories from the Middle East, but he remained something of a Renaissance man—one of the stories that was dearest to him was about a visit to Mount Athos, a deeply secluded Eastern Orthodox monastic community in Greece; it aired in 2011. His colleagues knew him as the go-to person when they wanted to learn about a destination—particularly the local cuisine. “At his funeral, the minister said Harry was probably interviewing St. Peter at the Pearly Gates,” Fager recalled. “And a lot of us thought, no, he’s probably talking to St. Peter about where to find the best Chinese restaurant.”
FRONTIERSMAN AND TEACHER Radliffe’s storytelling lives on. “He had a remarkable body of work over so many years, and there was such great variety,” says Fager. “He loved to do international reporting and at the same time, he loved stories about space, about science. ‘New frontiers’ was the common denominator of what he loved to do the most. He did an enormous number of profiles about people he thought were worth getting to know for our viewers.” In the eyes of his brother, Brian, Harry followed in the footsteps of their parents, who were not journalists, but educators. Their mother was a public school principal in Indianapolis, and their father the city’s first African-American assistant schools superintendent. “I think that rubbed off on my brother,” Brian Radliffe says. “He taught in his own way, by helping people to understand the world outside the U.S.” n
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“Harry was a true journalist—he had a natural curiosity about the world,” says Jeff Fager, executive producer of 60 Minutes.
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Harleston and his wife, Marie
At the renaming ceremony
PHOTOS: ALONSO NICHOLS
The extended Harleston family
DEDICATING HARLESTON HALL
Tufts renamed the South Hall dormitory in September to honor Bernard Harleston, H98, a former professor and dean of the faculty of Arts and Sciences who was an early champion of access to higher education for minority and economically disadvantaged students.
Bernard Harleston with his grandson, Miles Harleston, A19, in Harleston Hall, where Miles lives