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Fletcher News T h e O f f i c i a l N e w s l e tt e r f o r a lu m n i a n d f r i e n d s o f T h e F l e tc h e r S c h oo l o f L aw a n d D i p lo m a c y at T u f t s Un i v e r s i t y.

Fletcher News T h e O f f i c i a l N e w s l e tt e r f o r a lu m n i a n d f r i e n d s o f T h e F l e t c h e r S c h oo l o f L aw a n d D i p lo m a c y at T u f t s Un i v e r s i t y.

FEATURES The Road to Korea - 4 Fletcher Today: Theo Yakah, F10 - 6 Use Your Future to Lay The Groundwork for Someone Else’s - 7 Dean Bosworth talks about his role as special representative for North Korea policy.

A Voice of Optimism - 8 Fletcher Reunion 2009 - 16 DEPARTMENTS Club News - 10 Club Contacts - 12 Recent Publications - 13 From the Fletcher Files - 15

A Voice of Optimism: Humayun Hamidzada, MAHA02

Faculty Updates - 16 Class Notes - 18 In Memoriam - 38

Fletcher Reunion Weekend 2009



Julia Motl Lowe Director of The Fletcher Fund

PHOTOGRAPHS Michael Gross, Alonso Nichols, Joshi Radin, John Soares

Michael Preiner Assistant Director of The Fletcher Fund

EDITOR Leah S. Brady OFFICE OF DEVELOPMENT AND ALUMNI RELATIONS Alyssa Adreani Development Officer Kathleen Bobick Staff Assistant Leah S. Brady Associate Director of Alumni Relations and Stewardship

Moira Rafferty Reunion Coordinator Jennifer Weingarden Acting Director of Development and Alumni Relations Cynthia Weymouth Administrative Assistant Special thanks to: Sarah Hahn, Carrie McCabe

D EA N ’ S CORNER I encourage you, as leaders within your organizations, to open your doors to our recent graduates. Be it an informational interview, an internship, or full-time position, your support of members of the Fletcher family is more important than ever this year. Greetings, As I write, the end-of-semester crush is upon us as students prepare to depart the Medford campus for all parts of the world, be it for a new job, an internship, or to return to their profession with diploma in hand. This year we face a new reality: the landscape for jobs and internships is not what we have been accustomed to in recent years. With organizations in upheaval and making major adjustments due to the economic downturn, opportunities for employment are scarce. This is where the power of the Fletcher connection can be so aptly demonstrated to its newest members. I encourage you, as leaders within your organizations, to open your doors to our recent graduates. Be it an informational interview, an internship, or full-time position, your support of members of the Fletcher family is more important than ever this year. The economy is on everyone’s mind, and here at Fletcher we’ve adjusted the operating budget to account for a sharp decline in revenue from our

endowment. Our newer endowments are “under water,” and we are unable to draw from them until the value returns to the gift’s original dollar amount. In response, faculty and staff have worked hard to reduce their budgets, consistent with three priorities articulated by President Lawrence Bacow: 1) to preserve the quality of the Fletcher education and maintain the School’s full operational effectiveness, (2) to support the financial needs of our students, and (3) to preserve the jobs of our faculty and staff. These are undeniably difficult times, but working together we will continue to build Fletcher’s excellence. I thank you for your ongoing support of Fletcher as we continue to prepare the world’s leaders. Sincerely,

Stephen W. Bosworth Dean

Stephen W. Bosworth

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The Road to Korea by Taylor McNeil

Dean Stephen Bosworth talks about his new role as special representative for North Korea policy. This story ran online March 2, 2009. It originated in the March 4 edition of the Tufts Journal. Stephen W. Bosworth, Dean of the Fletcher School of Law and Diplomacy, has been named to the newly created position of special representative for North Korea policy by Secretary of State Hillary Clinton and will soon be heading off for meetings in Korea, Japan, China, and Russia. As the new special representative, Bosworth is charged with addressing “the full range of concerns with respect to North Korea, including its nuclear ambitions and its proliferation of sensitive weapons technology, as well as its human rights and humanitarian problems,” Clinton said when she introduced him to the press corps in Washington, D.C., on February 26. Bosworth, who will report to President Barack Obama and Clinton, says that formal goals haven’t been set yet, but that he hopes to “re-establish dialogue with the North Koreans to ensure that all the countries of the region are operating from a base of common understanding and consensus.” He adds, “It’s particularly important for the U.S. that we maintain close agreement with South Korea and Japan, our two allies in the region.” He says he will be coordinating very closely with China as well. Bosworth, who was U.S. ambassador to the Republic of Korea from 1997 to 2000, will remain dean of the Fletcher School. “My commitment is for about a fourth to a third of my time with this new position,” he says. “In the first few weeks, as we get it started, it’s probably going to be a bit more than that, but that’s the basic outline.” He says he will be in Washington for about a week every month, and will travel to Asia every six weeks or two months. “It’s going to be a good deal of work, because I’ll continue doing what I’m doing here at the Fletcher School—we’ve got a lot going on,” says Bosworth, who has been dean since February 2001. “I’ve always considered that public service is a privilege, and I’m thankful to the President and secretary for giving me the opportunity to do it again,” he says. Bosworth joins two other special representatives newly appointed by Clinton, George Mitchell for the Middle East and Richard Holbrook for Afghanistan and Pakistan. Holbrook received an honorary degree from Tufts in 1997. Bosworth says his appointment came quickly. When he returned on February 8 from a private trip to Pyongyang with a group of

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academics and former government officials for meetings at the foreign ministry, there was a message from Clinton. Less than three weeks later, he was in Washington, meeting with Obama and Clinton, his appointment having been finalized. Before he could accept the position, though, he spoke with President Lawrence S. Bacow and others at the university. “They’ve been very supportive and agreed I could do this,” Bosworth says. “We are proud that Secretary Clinton has tapped Dean Bosworth for this delicate and important assignment,” says Bacow. “His selection speaks volumes about the respect he commands on the world stage generally and in Korea specifically. I have promised Steve that we will do whatever we can to support his mission.” Bosworth says he might be calling on others at the Fletcher School to provide expertise, such as those in the Program in International Negotiation and Conflict Resolution. “Those people have not been dealing directly with North Korea, but [they are expert at] certain basic principles that I think are useful,” he says. He also thinks that students might benefit from his work. “I would hope to use this, depending on time availability, as an opportunity to give Fletcher students some insight into the process—how these things work,” he says. “Obviously, for reasons of national security and confidentiality, I can’t go into the substance, but I don’t see any reason why I can’t talk to [students] about how the U.S. government approaches a problem like this.” The Korean Connection

A career diplomat, Bosworth was ambassador to Tunisia from 1979 to 1981 and to the Philippines from 1984 to 1987. After holding a number of State Department posts, he was named executive director of the Korean Peninsula Energy Development Organization in 1995. “This was the international organization that was set up under the U.S./North Korean-agreed framework in 1994,” Bosworth says, “and we were implementing that agreement, including beginning to construct two 1,000-megawatt light water nuclear reactors in North Korea, which was the quid

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for the quo of their halting and eventually dismantling their nuclear weapons program.”

Pyongyang, Bosworth says it’s likely “they probably have a little more than they admit to, and somewhat less than we think.”

The 1994 agreement fell apart in 2002, “and the North Koreans again started producing plutonium, and now have produced a good deal of that,” Bosworth says.

The trip Bosworth took to North Korea in early February seems to have been rather prescient, and maybe those connections he made will be helpful. “One would think that perhaps the fact that I’m not totally unfamiliar to them will help,” he says, “but I think you have to be very cautious about estimating the value of this kind of relationship in North Korea. It’s a very tightly controlled and highly calculated government with the same sort of view toward its policies.”

Stephen Bosworth “will work closely with our allies and partners to convince North Korea to become a constructive part of the international community,” Secretary of State Hillary Clinton said when she introduced him as the special representative for North Korea policy. As part of his portfolio, Bosworth will be involved in the so-called Six-Party Talks, between North Korea, South Korea, the United States, China, Japan, and Russia, though the day-to-day negotiator for the United States will be Ambassador Sung Kim. “I’m hopeful that the talks will resume,” Bosworth says. “The extent of their fruition will depend on the policies and events. [The talks] have produced some results already, and it’s a question of building on those.”

Bosworth reports that when he met with Obama, “he wished me well.” Asked how he feels entering the fray of international politics again, Bosworth says simply, “I’m enjoying it.”

Story written by Taylor McNeil, news editor in Tufts University’s Office of Publications. Photos by Michael Gross, courtesy of the State Department.

One of the key players in the region is China. Asked how much influence the Chinese government has on the rulers in

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Fletcher Today: Theo Yakah, F10 Growing up poor in Ghana, under a military regime, there were certain things Theo Yakah took for granted Growing up poor in Ghana, under a military regime, there were certain things Theo Yakah took for granted: police brutality, hunger, insecurity, the impossibility of ever attending college. When his father died just as Yakah graduated from high school, he was more convinced than ever that life would be difficult—and that higher education was out of the question. He focused on the need to help support his family and found a job as an HIV-education coordinator at a non-governmental organization (NGO) in Ada, a small town at about 65 km east of the Ghanaian capital Accra. Now a master’s degree candidate at The Fletcher School, Yakah looks back on those days with a mixture of wonder and hope—wonder because of the good fortune that has led him here, hope because of his determination to return to Ghana and help improve life there. Yakah was working at the NGO when he was befriended by an American Peace Corps volunteer who convinced him to apply to the University of Ghana and helped pay his first year’s tuition. Later, because his friend encouraged him, he took the GRE and applied to graduate school at Wake Forest University in North Carolina. There, on a full scholarship, he learned about The Fletcher School, knowing instantly that he wanted to apply but realizing that he would be able to attend only if offered financial aid. The Board of Overseers Scholarship—established during Beyond Boundaries: The Campaign for Tufts—made Fletcher a reality for Yakah. “When I learned from Fletcher that I received full aid, I couldn’t believe my luck,” he says. “I was just so grateful.” As grateful as he was for his good fortune, he knew that luck should not be enough: “The only reason I’m at Fletcher is because I met one person who wanted to help me. That’s not how the world should be.” Yakah was fueled with a desire to help create new systems in Ghana, systems that would reward hard work no matter how fortunate, or unfortunate, anyone might be. He remained uncertain about the avenues for change. Despite his positive feelings about the job he’d had, he was skeptical about Western humanitarian aid organizations, questioning whether such groups can make a large-scale difference. “I thought that there were a few people with good intentions and good plans, but it was impossible for them to achieve real change. I worried it was all just rhetoric.” It was Hurst Hannum’s class on human rights law that helped restore his optimism. Professor of International Law at Fletcher

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and a foremost scholar in international human rights law, Hannum has served as counsel in cases before the European and Inter-American Commissions on Human Rights and the United Nations; he also has been a member of the boards of several international human rights organizations. In his classes, he challenges students to shed their emotional prejudices about human rights work. “Many students come in with unrealistic expectations about what human rights law can achieve,” Hannum explains. “I engage them in a way that encourages more critical thinking.” At the same, he conveys a historical understanding of the successes in the human rights field. “Knowing what the constraints are doesn’t mean you have to accept them,” he says. Hannum’s particular mixture of realism and hope has been powerful for Yakah, who now wants to run for public office in Ghana and, among other things, try to foster meaningful conversation about human rights protections there. “Professor Hannum took away the despair for me,” says Yakah. “He made me see that the struggle between ordinary people and state power is a long one, but any incremental way you can push back helps.”

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Use Your Future to Lay The Groundwork for Someone Else's “My years at Fletcher were a time of tremendous growth—personally and intellectually. My experiences there opened new options for me that I otherwise would never have even been aware of,” says Mark Baker, F95. “The atmosphere and culture of a school is what sets it apart; Fletcher was a great fit for me. As the world gets smaller and we are all increasingly interconnected, the breadth of a Fletcher education is more relevant and more important than ever.” Mark Baker, F95 Mr. Baker received a full scholarship during his second year in The Fletcher School’s Master of Arts in Law and Diplomacy (MALD) program. He has included a bequest to Fletcher in his will in order to help future students benefit from the value of a Fletcher education. Mr. Baker says that his Fletcher experience laid the groundwork for his career in international trade; he falls back on those building blocks even today and hopes to provide that same opportunity for others. “My Fletcher connections have become even more important over time. Now, 14 years later, those professional networking opportunities continue to advance my career.” Mr. Baker handles trade affairs and corporate relations for Diageo, the world’s leading premium drinks business.

For further information on how to incorporate Fletcher into your own estate plans and take part in the Beyond Boundaries campaign, please contact Brooke Anderson, associate director of gift planning, at 1-888-748-8387 (toll-free) or 617-627-4975 (direct), or by email at You can also visit our website at

Spring/Summer 2009 FLETCHER NEWS 7

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A Voice of Optimism by Humayun Hamidzada, MAHA02

A few days after the terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001, parishioners of an Episcopal church north of Boston listened intently to Fletcher student and resident Afghan Humayun Hamidzada, MAHA02, who had been invited to provide a personal perspective of a country recently thrust into the spotlight. Nearly eight years later, the spotlight on Afghanistan is brighter than ever, and Humayun’s audience has grown exponentially. As the official spokesman for Afghan President, Hamid Karzai, Humayun’s voice is heard and his words are read in all corners of the world as he articulates a roadmap for Afghanistan’s progress in the face of serious challenges. In his role, which includes heading up the Office of Communications and the Office of the Spokesperson for the President, Humayun manages multiple projects daily, often traveling the region and the world with the president. Noting the importance of accurately and effectively expressing official policy and sentiment, Humayun attends nearly every meeting with Karzai, and handles numerous media interviews—both national and international—on a daily basis.  “It’s a challenging and yet rewarding experience, being at the nerve center of politics, of everything that is happening here in Afghanistan,” Humayun says. “I meet with members of the UN, European Union, The World Bank, and from the military side of things, NATO and the Coalition Forces.”  His schedule of meetings and interviews has only grown in recent months, as all eyes in the international community have turned to Afghanistan. Al Qaeda and Taliban resurgence, coupled with troubling destabilization in its neighbor to the east, Pakistan, means that Kabul’s stance—often voiced through Humayun to the world—is closely followed and examined by the international community. The Obama administration has declared Afghanistan to be the most critical military front for the U.S. and its allies as they seek to stifle the spread of militant groups, many of whom have sought a safe haven in the mountainous terrain near the Afghanistan-Pakistan border. And now, as the country prepares for its elections in August 2009, Humayun fields calls on a daily basis concerning the future of the country and whether the government can provide security to its people. “Unfortunately, the security situation in certain parts of the country has deteriorated, mainly in the areas bordering Pakistan,” Humayun adds. “Now people are asking us, ‘Seven years down the road, with so much international support in building the Afghan state, why are you facing a resurgent Taliban? Why are you facing more security challenges?’” 

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“Of course, there is no easy answer for this,” he continues. “I tell them that we have made significant progress. I remind them of the millions of children who now go to school. Under the Taliban, the schools were closed, and the girls stayed at home.” Humayun points also to the upgrades in the country’s transportation infrastructure, which, even though by standards of more developed nations seem small, have transformed the impoverished nation. “Afghanistan has been a very poor country since the outset, but now we have about 4,500 kilometers of roads and highways that connect provincial centers with districts, paved roads that connect the entire country. It’s unprecedented and historic.”  “Eighty-five percent of our population now has access to some form of health services. Nobody has to go more than five kilometers to receive healthcare. We have made significant progress,” he says. Noting that the country had been virtually destroyed from nearly 30 years of wars, Humayun takes these steps in the development of his nation to be momentous.  In the years since 9/11, Afghanistan has seen major changes in its government, one in which members of once warring factions now sit across the table from each other, working together to forge a stronger nation. “Instead of shooting each other, people are transformed. They have become politicians,” he adds. “If you look at our parliament, you’ll see former Communists, members of the Mujahidin, some of the former Taliban, liberal leftists, all under one roof.”  In his daily work, the graduate of the dual Fletcher/Friedman School Master of Arts in Humanitarian Assistance program provides messages of collaboration, of working together to build an Afghanistan that no longer makes international news for its setbacks, but rather for its strength in development. But, he’s the first to say that the nation’s future should reside in the hands of its people. That’s one of the reasons he feels so strongly about his own contribution to Afghanistan. “I owe a lot to Afghanistan, to its people,” he said.  Before taking on his current role, Humayun spent three years working for New York University’s Center on International Cooperation, focusing on conflict prevention and peace-building. He then took the wealth of knowledge and experience he’d gained and returned to Afghanistan to establish the Center for Policy and Human Development at Kabul University, the first of its kind in the country. “We are committed to continuing our effort in promoting good governance, fighting corruption and providing services to the Afghan people, the obligations we have as an elected government,” Humayun said in a recent interview with AFP. 

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Although life has taken him beyond the borders of Afghanistan, to Pakistan where he once lived as a refugee, and a half a world away to Medford, Massachusetts, Humayun always knew he’d return to use the knowledge gained to better his country. But, his experience at Tufts, and more specifically while a resident of Blakeley Hall, has made an indelible mark on Humayun. “The communal aspect of the school is so unique,” said Humayun. “You develop relationships so quickly between classmates. The sense of community is one of the strongest memories for me during my time at Fletcher.” Timing could not have been more of a factor for his integration into the Fletcher community. Having arrived in September 2001, his presence would provide keen insight for those seeking a closer look at Afghanistan. “I could feel that there was a lack of knowledge on the region, and also the history of Afghanistan,” he adds. “This was 2001. So much was forgotten. People weren’t sure from where Al

Qaeda had come, or the origins of the Taliban. Or why the terrorists had converged in Afghanistan.” Eight years later, Afghanistan remains a country in the midst of change, a nation torn by warfare, struggling to develop in the face of enormous obstacles. But, Humayun, like so many Afghans seeking solutions to these problems, holds on with a resolve that has been passed down through many generations of the Afghan people. “The biggest challenge in the rebuilding of Afghanistan is making sure that it does not become another haven for terrorist groups,” says Humayun. “We are on the right track. We are making progress. It is going to be difficult, but there are no shortcuts to a prosperous country. We are definitely moving in the right direction.”  In the face of such challenges, Afghanistan, its president and its people can rely on a voice of hope in Humayun Hamidzada.

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Greece The Fletcher Club of Greece is happy to report that it gave approximately US$5,000 to Fletcher, designated to the activities of the Constantine Karamanlis Chair in Hellenic and Southeastern European Studies. The club had scheduled an event with Dean Bosworth at the MFA in Athens in December, but unfortunately had to cancel it due to the riots that occurred there. Instead, the dean held an informal discussion with everyone able to join him at the hotel. The club would like to extend its thanks to the dean and his wife Christine; Roger Milici, senior director of the office of development and alumni relations; and Brian Lee, vice president for university advancement. The club would also like to thank Kostas Karamanlis (F00, member of the Board of Overseers) and Dimitris Keridis , F94, F98, for their great efforts in making the dean’s visit as pleasant and productive as possible. Filippos Manoltzas , F06, Kallissa Apostolidis , F08, and Ioli Christopoulou , F04, helped us a lot in preparing the MFA event, and we look forward to their valuable assistance in our next initiatives.

B uenos Aires The Fletcher Club of Buenos Aires remains very active, working to attract more students from Latin America into Fletcher. We recently invited two prospective students from Argentina to a luncheon that welcomed our club’s newest member: John Finn , F98, cultural attaché of the U.S. embassy in Buenos Aires and a classmate of one of our founding members, Luis Rosales , F98. Luis is an international political analyst and news anchor who appears nightly on one of the capital’s most popular news shows. He also works with Dick Morris advising presidential candidates throughout the region.

Dubai The Fletcher Club of Dubai hosted an alumni reception in January in honor of the visiting delegation from the Sovereign Wealth Fund Initiative of the new Center for Emerging Markets Enterprises at Fletcher. In March, the club hosted an information session reception and dinner for candidates applying for the Global Master of Arts Program. The club invites all Fletcher professors and senior administrators who plan to visit the Arab Gulf region in 2009 or 2010 to let us know well in advance, in order to prepare an alumni gathering around their visit.

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In other news, the club welcomed GMAP students for their mid-year residency in Nafplio in January.

Los Angeles “Geopolitical Implications of the Environmental Policies of the New Presidential Administration” was the topic of discussion at the Pacific Palisades home of Linda and Michael Rosen , F84, on February 28. Over forty Fletcher friends and alumni came from various parts of Southern California to reconnect with each other and hear from Professor William Moomaw. Cocktails, lively discussion and a question-and-answer period followed Professor Moomaw’s talk. Attendees also heard from Fletcher Development Committee member Jono Rosen , F99, as he provided an update on Fletcher’s Beyond Boundaries Campaign and recent achievements. Grant Hosford , F97, looks forward to serving as the Fletcher club contact for Southern California, and he welcomes Fletcher alumni and friends to contact him.

S hanghai Bryan Stewart has replaced Ian McGuinn as the leader of the Fletcher Club of Shanghai. Our thanks to Ian for everything, and welcome, Bryan!


Dhaka U.S. Ambassador Lauren Moriarty , F77, hosted a gathering of Fletcher and Harvard alumni at her home in Dhaka in January.

Morocco Bangladeshi Ambassador Mosud Mannan , F89, reports that six Fletcher alumni met this past February in Rabat at the Bangladesh House for the first meeting of the Fletcher Club of Morocco. It was decided to hold annual joint events with alumni from Harvard, We are in the early stages of planning the annual summer picnic, and SAIS, Colombia, Prince Town and George Washington Universities. we will be looking for people to volunteer to help plan the event. We Ambassador Mannan encourages any alumni of Fletcher and Tufts are also looking into securing tickets for the Fletcher community for moving to Morocco to be in touch! a DC United soccer game. Ideas or thoughts are welcome. Washington , DC The Fletcher Club of DC hosted an event featuring former Assistant Secretary of State for Near East Affairs Ambassador David Welch, F77, on April 23. The club also entered a team of volunteers for the DC Cares Servathon on May 2.

The club is preparing for elections for the board that will be completed by May 15. Nominations were due by the end of April, and the club planned to have a “Meet the Candidates” event for candidates to speak and introduce themselves to the members. Voting for the board will be online and will close on May 15. In early March, Zaid A. Zaid, F99, became the interim co-chair of the club. He succeeds Uzma Wahhab, F99, and serves along with Satish Jha, the other co-chair. Zaid says he’s looking forward to planning events in DC, where he currently works as a judicial law clerk for Judge Emmet G. Sullivan on the U.S. District Court for DC. He starts as an associate in the DC office of Wilmer, Cutler, Pickering, Hale & Dorr this September. After graduating from Fletcher, Zaid joined the Department of State and served in Tunis, Cairo, New York and Baghdad. In 2004, he went Columbia Law School, and has been clerking with federal judges since he graduated in 2007.

S wit zerland In December, Edward and Marion Harroff-Tavel , F76, and Claudine Tavel , F80, invited the Fletcher Club of Switzerland to their home in Bellevue to celebrate the holiday season. In January, the Swiss club held a reception and open forum called “Global Strategic Challenges: Perspectives of Fletcher Graduates” at the Permanent Mission of Hungary in Geneva, hosted by Levente Szekely , F99 and the minister plenipotentiary and charge d-affaires at the Mission. Most recently, Swiss club members and friends listened to the the Franz Liszt Chamber Orchestra at the Salle des Abeilles in March. The Third Annual Fletcher Tea/Garden Party, hosted by Barbara Geary-Truan , F90, and Philippe Truan , F89, was planned for May 9. Lastly, on May 23 the Swiss club plans to join the Northwestern University Club of Switzerland for a tour of the ICRC Museum.

Kosovo The Fletcher Club of Kosovo held a mini-reunion in October. Pieter Feith , F70, Miranda Hochberg , F09, Iliriana Kacaniku , F04, Tom Yazdgerdi , F90, Jill Jamieson , F92, and Scott Thayer , F79, were all in attendance.

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CLUB CONTACTS Armenia Arusyak Mirzakhanyan, F04 Atlanta Tim Holly, F79 Australia Melissa Conley Tyler, F96 Bangkok Ekachai Chainuvati, F03 Beijing Stephane Grand, F98 Berlin Jan-Philipp Goertz, F98 Boston Mike O’Dougherty, F87 Brussels Katrina Destree, F95 Budapest Anita Orban, F01 Buenos Aires Carlos St. James, GMAP 04 Chicago Daniela Abuzatoaie, F00 Chile Andres Montero, F85 German Olave, F97 Colombia Stella Cuevas, F95 Copenhagen Needs new leadership… Dhaka Dubai Paul Bagatelas, F87 Christine Lauper Bagatelas, F87 Fletcher Alumni of Color Association Belinda Chiu, F04 Fletcher Women’s Network Marcia Greenberg, F91

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Greece Thomas Varvitsiotis, F99 Gregory Dimitriadis, F06 Hong Kong Dorothy Chan, F03 Alicia Eastman, GMAP 04 Houston David Hwa, F76 Kenya Anne Angwenyi, F02 Viviane Chao, F02

Philippines Cathy Hartigan-Go, F92 Romania Sinziana Frangeti, F07 San Diego Geoffrey Pack, F89 San Francisco Vladimir Todorovic, F01 São Paulo Paulo Bilyk, F92 Sarajevo Haris Mesinovic, F00

Kosovo Iliriana Kacaniku, F04

Saudi Arabia Jamil Al Dandany, F87

London Adina Postelnicu, GMAP 07

Seattle Julie Bennion, F01

Los Angeles Grant Hosford, F97

Seoul Junsik Ahn, F00

Malaysia Shah Azmi, F86

Shanghai Bryan Stewart, F07

Miami Daniel Ades, F03

Singapore Kim Odhner, F03

Middle East Alumni Association Walid Chamoun, F00

Switzerland Mark Fisher, GMAP 05

Morocco Mosud Mannan, F89

Tokyo Mariko Noda, F90

Nepal Ram Thapaliya, GMAP 02

Vienna Rainer Staub, F96 Jonathan Tirone, F00

New York Farrinaz Cress, F70 Oregon Edie Johnson Millar, F85 Paris William Holmberg, F05 Philadelphia Thomas Heanue, F90

Washington , DC Uzma Wahhab, F02


FACULTY Eileen F. Babbitt and Ellen Lutz (eds.), Human Rights and

Conflict Resolution in Context: Colombia, Sierra Leone, and Northern Ireland (Syracuse, NY: Syracuse University Press, forthcoming, June 2009). _______, “Conflict Resolution and Human Rights: Pushing the Boundaries,” in Zartman, I.W., et al. (eds.), The Handbook of Conflict Resolution (San Francisco: Sage Publications, 2008). Leila Fawaz , “Lebanon in the Late O ttoman Empire: Issues of Language and Identity,” in Mustafa Kacar and Zeynep Durukal (eds.), Societies,

Cultures and Science in Historical Perspective: Essays in Honour of Ekmeleddin Ihsanoglu (Istanbul: IRCICA, 2006): Vol. I, 77–86. _______ and Robert Ilbert, “Political Relations between City and State in the Colonial Period,” in Peter Sluglett (ed.),

Social History of Cities in the Middle East 1750–1950

(Syracuse University Press, 2008): 141–153. _______, “The Soldiers in World War I in the Middle East,” in Ghislaine Alleaume and Michel Tuchscherer (eds.), Revue du

Monde Musulman et de la Méditerranée (in press).

John Hammock , F67, PhD71, Alissa S. Wilson, F05, and Ann Barham, Practical Idealists:

______, “The euro: trouble ahead?” Le Monde Diplomatique, March 2009. Sung-Yoon Lee , “Pyongyang Home Truths,” Wall Street Journal Asia, 13 February 2009 (op-ed). _______, “Patience is North Korea’s Virtue,” Asia Times, 19 December 2008 (op-ed). _______, “The 562nd Anniversary of the Invention of Hangeul,” The Korean American Press, 10 October 2008 (op-ed). William Martel , “Formulating Victory and Implications for Policy,” Orbis, Vol. 52, No. 4, (fall 2008): 613–626. _____, “Ban on Photographing Military Coffins Protected Grieving Families from Media,” U.S. News & World Report, 9 March 2009. _____, “Fanatics Don’t Compromise,” USA Today, 29 October 2008 (op-ed). Richard Schultz and Andrea Dew, Insurgents, Terrorists,

and Militias: The Warriors of Contemporary Combat

(Columbia University Press, 2006, reprint forthcoming fall 2009). Alan Wachman , F84, “Old Thinking Dominates New Thinking,” China Security, Vol. 5 No. 1 (winter 2009): 71–77. _______, “Don’t Forsake Mongolia,” Asia Policy, No. 7 (January 2009): 57–59.

Changing the World and Getting Paid (Harvard


University Press, 2008).

Charles D. Ameringer, F50,

Alan K. Henrikson , “FDR and the ‘World-Wide Arena,’” in David B. Woolner, Warren F. Kimball, and David Reynolds, eds.,

FDR’s World: War, Peace, and Legacies (New York: Palgrave

Macmillan, 2008), 35–61. Laurent Jacque , “Anniversaire en demi-teinte pour l’euro,” Le Monde Diplomatique, February 2009.

The Socialist Impulse: Latin America in the Twentieth Century (Gainesville: University Press of Florida, 2009). Ellen Frost , F67, Asia’s New Regionalism (Boulder, CO: Lynne Rienner, 2008). Also published in Singapore (National University Press) and New Delhi (Viva Books).

Ahmed Humayun , F08, “The Pakistan Problem: Success in FATA Depends on Aid to Civilians,” World Politics Review, 8 December 2008.

Joshua Gleiss , F05, PhD candidate, “The Hypocrisy of Columbia’s Israeli Divestment Campaign,” The Columbia Spectator, 9 March 2009 (oped).

William S. F. Miles , F80, PhD83,

My African Horse Problem

(University of Massachusetts Press, 2008). Assaf Moghadam , F02, PhD07, The Globalization of

Martyrdom: Al Qaeda, Salafi Jihad, and the Diffusion of Suicide Attacks (Johns Hopkins University Press, 2008). Kingsley Moghalu , F92, Global Justice (Stanford University Press, 2008). Evelyne Schmid , F08, “The Right to a Fair Trial in Times of Terrorism: A Method to Identify the Non-Derogable Aspects of Article 14 of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights,” Göttingen Journal of International Law 1, No. 1 (2009): 29–44.

Joshua Gross , F10, “The Right Way to Talk to Iran,” Christian Science Monitor, 9 March 2009 (op-ed). _______, “Why Obama Should Meet with Morales,” Foreign Policy In Focus, 26 January 2009 (op-ed).

Look for featured publications in the upcoming issues of Fletcher News. To submit a publication to be listed on Fletcher’s website, please email

Natalie Parke , F08, and Morton Abramowitz, “Bashing Bashir,” The National Interest, 24 March 2009. Yoon Jung Park , F91, A Matter

of Honour: Being Chinese in South Africa (Johannesburg:

Jacana Media, 2008). STUDENTS AND FELLOWS Benedetta Berti , F07, PhD candidate, “Assessing the Role of Hezbollah in the Gaza War and Its Regional Impact,” The Jamestown Foundation, 3 March 2009 (op-ed). _______, “Iran Aims to Get Shanghaied,” On Line Opinion, 13 January 2009 (op-ed). _______, “Is the Window of Opportunity to Formulate a National Defense Strategy for Lebanon Closing?” World Security Network, 29 January 2009 (op-ed).

Spring/Summer 2009 FLETCHER NEWS 13


Fletcher StudentS Explore “M-Banking”

The local bank and corner ATM are taken for granted in the United States. Not so in Africa, where relatively few people have access to financial services. In Kenya, the telecommunications firm Safaricom has introduced a service called M-PESA to respond to a critical need. The service enables the transfer of money by mobile phone, otherwise known as mobile banking. Mobile banking gives secure access to financial transactions for people who are poor or isolated and who would otherwise not be able to fully take part in the economy. One-third of cell-phone users in Kenya now use the service to conduct their financial transactions.

“This is a big deal for a continent like Africa where nearly two-thirds of the population have no access to a basic bank account and keep their savings under the mattress,” says Nick Wachira, F08, F10. Wachira, pursuing a master’s degree in international business at Fletcher, has been researching the mobile-banking phenomenon in his native Kenya for a case study in microfinance. A generous gift by Thomas Schmidheiny, H99, and his wife, Suzanne, established Fletcher’s Master of International Business degree program and has enabled Wachira to take his interest in technological development a step further. He has joined with Fletcher classmates to initiate a conference on regulation of mobile banking in Kenya this May. The “M-Banking 2009” conference hosted by the Fletcher’s Center for Emerging Market Enterprises and the Kenya School of Monetary Studies, which is owned by the Central Bank of Kenya and the country’s Ministry of Finance, will focus on how to balance regulation and innovation in the emerging field of mobile money transfers in Kenya and around the world. “I am optimistic that a combination of good political leadership and technology can be used to advance development in this part of the world,” Wachira says. Wachira, a former managing editor of the Business Daily of Nairobi, says he was drawn to Fletcher because of its multidisciplinary approach to education. “This has allowed me to bridge my interest in business and international affairs, which I had been exposed to as a financial journalist.” —Lauren Katims photo credit: Alonso Nichols

To add a sense of Fletcher’s history to the halls of the renovated facility, photos and papers from the University archives have been reproduced and hung on the walls throughout the School. This project was inspired by the Class of 2007 and led by Brian Neff, F07, in concert with the Student Affairs Office and University Archivist. Now, a walk through Fletcher can also be a walk down memory lane!

14 FLETCHER NEWS Spring/Summer 2009


New Faculty Appointments Jenny C. Aker, F97 Assistant Professor of Development Economics Nadim Rouhana Professor of International Negotiation and Conflict Studies Kelly Sims Gallagher, F00, F03 Associate Professor of Energy and Environmental Policy Larry Weiss Adjunct Professor of Accounting Staffing changes within Fletcher’s Development and Alumni Relations Office: We are pleased to announce that Jennifer Weingarden is now Acting Director of Development and Alumni Relations at Fletcher. Roger Milici, Senior Director of Development and Alumni Relations, left Fletcher at the end of April. He accepted a wonderful position at Fordham University as Associate Vice President of Development and University Relations.

Quotes of Note “Whether it is the Middle East crisis, climate change or the economic crisis, what stands out about each of these is the fact that the challenges are global and require global responses. In no case can any country, not even the most powerful one, respond alone.” -Former British Prime Minister and current Representative of the Middle East Diplomatic Quartet, Tony Blair, at the Issam M. Fares Lecture at Tufts University, “In societies where the rule of law is close to non-existent and security forces are neither effective nor trusted, small groups of people willing to use violence can create enough chaos and fear to force everyone into making violent choices.” -Academic Dean and Henry J. Leir Professor of International Humanitarian Studies Peter Uvin in his new book Life After Violence: a People’s History of Burundi. “The underlying motive here is to make nonviolent transition to sustained democratic rule more frequent, more widespread, with less lives lost.” -Fletcher Ph.D. candidate Patrick Meier, F07, in an interview regarding the Tufts course on digital democracy he co-teaches with Josh Goldstein, F09. “We believe his involvement will facilitate high-level engagement with North Korea and our other partners.”

Karel Zelenka, F69, F70, F85, was among a small group of Tufts alumni presented with the 2009 Distinguished Service Award. This award recognizes alumni who have demonstrated outstanding service to Tufts, their professions, or their communities. Dr. Zelenka and his family traveled from their home in Italy to the Medford campus for the awards ceremony, 4 April. Dr. Zelenka is the current Zimbabwe country representative for Catholic Relief Services of Baltimore, and is an expert in development and international relief work. He has managed CRS programs world-wide, focusing on assistance to the poor, major emergency response, respect for human dignity, justice, and peace.  

-Secretary of State Hillary Rodham Clinton, announcing Dean Stephen Bosworth’s appointment to Special Representative for North Korea Policy on February 26.

Spring/Summer 2009 FLETCHER NEWS 15

Reunion Weekend 2009

On 15-17 May 2009, The Fletcher School was honored to welcome back more than 200 alumni and guests for a weekend of celebration! Nine classes gathered for their official Reunions, and were joined by several friends from other classes. Alumni came from around the world to enjoy a delicious Clambake, Faculty Lecture and State of the School presentations, and the company of the growing Fletcher community. Each year, The Fletcher School welcomes back more and more alumni for Reunion weekend, which takes place in conjunction with Fletcher’s Class Day and Commencement ceremonies. The growing numbers prove that no matter where

16 FLETCHER NEWS Spring/Summer 2009

you end up in the world, you can always return to Medford and feel right at home. For more information, visit our reunion web pages at: Fall Reunion 2009 10-11 September 2009 Class of 1959’s 50th Reunion and Classes of 1934-1958. Save the Date! Spring Reunion 2010 21-23 May 2010 Classes of 1965, 1970, 1975, 1980, 1985, 1990, 1995, 2000, & 2005

Spring/Summer 2009 FLETCHER NEWS 17


Ambassador WILLIAM D. BREWER, F47, died after a brief illness on 10 February 2009 in Hingham, Massachusetts, at the age of 86. He was born in Middletown, Connecticut. After attending the Taft School in Watertown, Connecticut, he graduated from Williams College in Williamstown, Massachusetts, in 1943. After college, he served in the Office of War Information in Washington, DC, and then in the American Field Service, C Platoon, 485th Company, attached to the British 8th Army, seeing action at the Rapido River and Monte Cassino in Italy and also serving in Austria and India before mustering out in 1945. After attending The Fletcher School, Mr. Brewer briefly taught at Williams College and Bowdoin College before joining the U.S. Foreign Service in 1947. He served in Beirut, Lebanon, where he met his wife, Alice Van Ess, whom he married in 1949 in Basra, Iraq. He also served in Jidda, Saudi Arabia, in Damascus, Syria, in Kuwait, and in Kabul, Afghanistan. Mr. Brewer was appointed ambassador to Mauritius from 1970 to 1973 and then served as ambassador to the Sudan from 1973 to 1977. After retiring from the Foreign Service in 1978, Mr. Brewer was appointed the Stuart Chevalier Professor of Diplomacy and World Affairs at Occidental College in Pasadena, California, where he taught and also chaired the Department of World Affairs until 1986. After retiring from teaching, Mr. Brewer and his wife moved to Falmouth, where they enjoyed a very active retirement until relocating to Hingham in 2005. Mr. Brewer leaves his sister, Joan Brewer of Brunswick, Maine; two sons: John V.E. Brewer of Short Hills, New Jersey, and Daniel A. Brewer of Hull, Massachusetts; five devoted grandchildren and a loving extended family. Lt. Col., USA (Retired) JAMES W. DOON, JR., F48, passed away on 18 August 2008 in Alexandria, Virginia, at the age of 86. Mr. Doon was born on June

38 FLETCHER NEWS Spring/Summer 2009


22, 1922, in Henniker, New Hampshire. In 1947, he received his B.A. from the University of New Hampshire. After attending The Fletcher School, Mr. Doon worked for the federal government for forty-two years beginning with the Department of State in 1949 and concluding with the Department of Education as the branch chief of the Bureau of International Education. He fought in World War II in Europe with the 9th Armored Division, where he earned a Purple Heart and a Bronze Star. In 1950 he was recalled and served at Fort Knox, Kentucky. He was predeceased in 2002 by his wife of fifty years, Geraldine McKinsey. He was the devoted father of Michael Doon and Kathleen Glasebrook (Andy). He is also survived by one brother, one sister and four grandchildren. W. KEITH EVERETT, F81, passed away on 12 December 2008, in Gold Bar, Washington, after a fishing accident. No further information was available at the time of printing. WERNER JURINKA, F00, passed away after a sudden heart attack following a routine physical readiness test on 30 January 2009 in Naples, Italy, at the age of 45. Capt. Jurinka was a high-ranking official with the U.S. Navy, serving as director of staff at the Allied Maritime Command Component in Naples. After graduating from Pennsylvania State University, he immediately joined the Navy. His first assignment was on the USS New Jersey, a battleship. He served in various positions throughout the world, but was reportedly proudest of his command of the USS Paul Hamilton, a guided missile destroyer based in the Pacific. At The Fletcher School, Capt. Jurinka was known for wearing Hawaiian shirts throughout the long Medford winters, a tribute to his long service in Hawaii. He is survived by his wife, Hannah, two daughters, Molly Clarke and Lily Clarke, and son Austin Jurinka. A memorial service was expected at Arlington

National Cemetery in Virginia. Please visit WernerJurinka. PAUL MONTLE, A69 and GMAP student, passed away peacefully on 17 December in Panama City, Panama, where he was living. He had been hospitalized for liver and kidney complications when he developed a severe case of pneumonia. Mr. Montle was born on 28 August 1947 in Medford, Massachusetts, and grew up in nearby Arlington. He received his B.A. from Tufts in 1969 and was an active alumnus of the University, serving on the Tufts International Board of Overseers. Paul had a forty-year career as a successful entrepreneur and investor, primarily in the oil and gas industry. He created The Paul Montle Prize at Tufts, which has awarded a tuition stipend for the past twenty-five years to outstanding Tufts students who demonstrate entrepreneurial skills. He began the GMAP program at The Fletcher School in January 2006. While working to complete the program, he overlapped with the classes of 2007, 2008 and 2009. He was reportedly proud of his participation in the GMAP program and wished that he had been able to complete the program.

Mr. Montle also enjoyed traveling and took great pride in stepping foot on all seven continents with his beloved family. He was an active member of the Young Presidents’ Organization and the WPO/49ers for many years in New England and Texas. Paul is survived by his loving daughters, Alexis Eaton of Houston, Texas, and Daphne Montle of Brookline, Massachusetts, and his sisters, Janice Montle of Del Mar, California,


and Karen Hirschmann of Pasadena, California. He was the beloved son of Joseph and Frances Montle of Falmouth, Massachusetts, who predeceased him. Paul’s unbounded optimism, witty sense of humor and deep love for his family and friends will be greatly missed. NORMAN W. REED, JR., F42, of Fort Pierce, Florida, died on 26 January 2009, at the age of 91. Mr. Reed was born in Toledo, Ohio, and moved to Fort Pierce in 1980 from Alexandria, Virginia. Prior to enlisting in the military, Mr. Reed graduated magna cum laude from Kenyon College in Gambier, Ohio, with a B.A. in political science and received his M.A. from The Fletcher School in 1942. Mr. Reed was a retired administrator with the Environmental Protection Agency of the federal government. He was a veteran of World War II, serving in the U.S. Army and Army Air Corps in the Pacific theater and was also a naval communications officer. During the Nixon administration, Mr. Reed was appointed to the White House Council on Aging. He was a member of St. Andrew’s Episcopal Church, where he served on the vestry as senior warden and as a delegate for the diocesan convention. Survivors include his son, David Reed of Orlando, Florida, six grandchildren and seven great-grandchildren. Mr. Reed was preceded in death by his wife, Carol Dunn Reed, in 2008. Ambassador MALCOLM “MAC” TOON, A37, F38, died on 12 February in Pinehurst, North Carolina, at the age of 92. Mr. Toon was a former U.S. Ambassador to the Soviet Union, Trustee Emeritus of Tufts University and member of the Fletcher Board of Overseers. A career diplomat specializing in Soviet affairs, he was known as a blunt, forthright “hard liner” on Soviet-American relations. The son of Scottish immigrants, he was born in Troy, New York, but grew up in Medford, Massachusetts. He graduated from Tufts University in 1937 before attending The Fletcher School. His first job was as a

researcher for the National Resources Planning Board, a planning agency established by President Roosevelt. He prepared for the Foreign Service examination just at the outbreak of World War II, when he joined the U.S. Navy and served on a PT boat in the Pacific. After military service during which he was awarded a Bronze Star, Mr. Toon received his first Foreign Service posting to Warsaw. He gradually climbed the ranks of the Foreign Service following successive postings, mostly as a political officer, to Budapest, Moscow, Rome, and Berlin. Returning stateside, he served as special assistant to the director of East European Affairs before being posted to London and Moscow. Mr. Toon later became director of the U.S.S.R. country desk and acting deputy assistant secretary at the State Department. Mr. Toon’s first appointment as ambassador was to Czechoslovakia, followed by Yugoslavia, Israel, and the U.S.S.R. President Ford appointed him as ambassador but the Soviets delayed their routine acceptance of him for two months to signify their disapproval of the appointment of a “hard liner.” As a further sign of disapproval, the Soviets did not allow Mr. Toon to deliver a Fourth of July speech citing the importance of human rights. He retired from the Foreign Service after a long and successful career in 1979. Mr. Toon remained active in retirement. He served as co-chairman of the U.S./ Russian Commission of POW/MIAs from 1992 to 1998. He was an active member of the American Foreign Service Association, the American Academy of Diplomacy, and the Washington Institute of Foreign Affairs. He received honorary degrees from Tufts University, Drexel University, Middlebury College, and the American College of Switzerland. He was the recipient of two Department of State awards: the Distinguished Honor Award and the Superior Honor Award, and the National Institute of Social Sciences Gold Medal.

He served on the Tufts University Board of Trustees from 1981 to 1987. A member of the Academic Affairs, Development and Honorary Degree Committees, he was elected Trustee Emeritus in 1987. In 1985 he served as the National Chairman, Tufts University Campaign for Tufts. He was an active member of Fletcher’s Board of Overseers for many years and a loyal supporter and benefactor of the School. Mr. Toon met his wife Elizabeth, a secretary, during World War II. They married in 1943 and had three children, Barbara, Alan, and Nancy. Elizabeth died in 1996.

Spring/Summer 2009 FLETCHER NEWS 39

Fall Reunion 2009

Did You Support Fletcher This Year?

10-11 September 2009

Fletcher Fund gifts are critical in ensuring the highest quality students can attend Fletcher. Financial aid remains the School’s highest priority. Please consider giving a day, week or whatever you can before the fiscal year ends on 30 June 2009 to ensure that Fletcher can continue to attract the best students and provide them much needed support.

Class of 1959’s 50th Reunion and Classes of 1934-1958.

Save the Date! Spring Reunion 2010 21 – 23 May 2010 Classes of 1965, 1970, 1975, 1980, 1985, 1990, 1995,

A Fletcher Fund gift of

2000, & 2005

$27 helps provide financial aid for ONE DAY

Dean Stephen W. Bosworth and the entire Fletcher community invite you to return to Medford for Reunion 2010. Mark the dates on your calendar, 21-23 May 2010. Whether you are returning for your 45th or 5th Reunion, every Fletcher graduate – and their guests – can enjoy this exciting weekend!

$192 helps provide financial aid for ONE WEEK $833 helps provide financial aid for ONE MONTH $10,000 helps provide financial aid for ONE YEAR To give online, please visit:

Save the Date! Fletcher’s Seventh Annual London Symposium 5 December 2009

THE FLETCHER SCHOOL TU FTS U N IVERSIT Y 160 Pack ard Avenue M e d fo rd, M assac h u se tts 02155 Retu rn Ser vice Req u ested

The opinions expressed in this publication are the authors’ own and do not necessarily represent those of The Fletcher School. Fletcher News welcomes letters on topics covered in this newsletter. The editor reserves the right to edit for space and style. Please send letters to Fletcher News, Office of Development and Alumni Relations, 160 Packard Avenue, Medford, MA 02155; fax 617.627.3659; or email

Fletcher News - Spring 2009  

Fletcher News publication from Spring of 2009 no class notes. Cover Story: Dean Stephen Bosworth on being Special Representative to North Ko...