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The Beliefs and Principles of the Roman Empire By: Terrence Thompson

Augustus was a leader in many ways when it came to controlling the Roman Empire and creating the laws of the land. When he became dictator he created laws that helped the poor, and revolutionized the empire. He believed by practicing the same religion, he could bring all of the Romans together as a people.

The Romans worshipped various Gods including Mars, Ceres, and Jupiter who was believed to be the most powerful. Many of their Gods were taken and manipulated from Greek culture, the Romans changed the Gods’ names, and manipulated myths to fit their culture. The Greek God Zeus was the Roman Jupiter, Ceres was Demeter, and Mars was Ares.

Roman culture began to emphasize religion heavily under Augustus’ rule. Many Romans believed that if people did not respect the Gods bad things would happen to the empire. Soon it became law to punish those who did not worship them.

Religion became a crucial part of Rome’s political agenda as well. This was ultimately bad for the empire because there was no separation of church and state. It became law to worship emperors as if they were God, and many political agendas had to be cleared by religious practices.

The Roman empire included the region of Judaea. Here is where Jesus Christ was born and began spreading his beliefs. Roman leaders became concerned with his conflicting views on religion and around A.D. 30, the Roman governor of Judaea ordered Jesus to be crucified.

Jesus’ word still spread throughout Rome and the rest of Europe. They began persecuting Christians in Rome and other regions across Europe for centuries, but while Rome was worrying about religious concerns, the Empire became too costly to run and its demise began.

In A.D. 312 Constantine faced off against another Roman general to become the next emperor. Before the battle started, Constantine who was not Christian believed he saw the word Christ in the sky before the battle, he told his army to paint crosses on their shields to symbolize fighting for God, and they were victorious.

Constantine later followed in the steps of Augustus and made Christianity the official Roman religion by signing the “Edict of Milan�. This allowed Christians to freely worship in Rome without fear of persecution.