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THE MASSACHUSETTS

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DAILY COLLEGIAN DailyCollegian.com

Thursday, March 6, 2014

A world without waste

News@DailyCollegian.com

The final stretch of senior year Completing the last year bucket list By shelBy ashline Collegian Staff

ALEX LINDSAY/COLLEGIAN

PLAN founder Alex Freid discussed the amount of trash that we accumulated daily and how we can resuse what we waste to create a better environment.

Environmental activist gives advice By Katrina BorofsKi Collegian Staff

Talks on trash, consumerism and resource depletion commenced at the “Zero-Waste Movement” event on Monday night. Hosted by the Sustainable UMass Action Coalition in the Commonwealth Honors College Events Hall,students welcomed guest speaker Alex Freid, who shared his experiences and insight on pressing environmental

issues. A recent graduate of the University of New Hampshire, 22-year-old Freid is the founder and director of the Post-Landfill Action Network, also known as PLAN. “Back in high school, I did some goofy activism,” Freid said of his deep-rooted interest in the environment. “I’ve been involved in environmental and social justice activism for years now. Eventually that lead me to this.” Freid presented pictures of himself in high school

alongside a plastic bottle recycling project and numerous other environmental initiatives. His work at college was inspired specifically by trash. “In an average month, we throw away 25 tons of trash at UNH,” Freid explained, while sharing images of flooding trash bins and dumpsters at the UNH campus. “We really wanted to find a way to solve this problem,” Freid said. For this reason, Freid began the “Trash 2 Treasure” project, where

he and a group of students collected things students would normally throw away at the end of the academic year, stored them over the summer and hosted a sale in the fall. The first Trash 2 Treasure event took place in 2011. “To summarize, we reused 110 tons. We saved the University $10,000 in disposable fees,” Freid said. Similarly, the University of Massachusetts is planning “New2U,” a tag sale scheduled to take place in see

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Serving the UMass community since 1890

With the end of the semester and school year approaching, graduating seniors at the University of Massachusetts are looking to make the most of their time in the next nine weeks before graduation. Some seniors have developed personal “graduation bucket lists” full of things they want to accomplish before leaving UMass. They are looking back, reflecting on their college experiences and looking forward to their futures. Emily Messing, an operations and information management major from Townsend, said that she wants to try to eat at every restaurant on North Pleasant Street, and also try every kind of pizza offered at Antonio’s Pizza. “I’ve probably tried at least 20 different (kinds of pizza) by now,” Messing said. She added that her task is particularly difficult because Antonio’s Pizza regularly debuts new topping combinations. In addition, Messing said that she has started hiking mountains on the weekends. “That’s one of the cool parts about living here, there’s a lot of cool places to go hiking,” Messing said. “I’m trying to just take everything in before I have to leave.” Messing is currently applying for jobs within her field. She explained that her ideal job would involve work-

ing for a large manufacturing company, where her position would entail ordering the parts, keeping track of transportation for the parts as well as the finished products and charting demand for that product. Some of the companies that she has applied to include the Pratt & Whitney aerospace company and the toy company Hasbro. Messing said that, if possible, she’d like to continue living in Western Massachusetts. She added that she has mixed feelings about graduating. “I’m definitely going to miss it here, but I’m also excited to see what’s next,” Messing said. She advises underclassmen to take advantage of every opportunity that comes along. “Enjoy every minute ... Go to every party you’re invited to and go to every sporting event you can. … Talk to everyone. Join a club you would never think of joining,” she said. Messing added, “Maximize your time here because when it’s over, you’re not going to have another chance.” Caroline Eng, an animal science major from Westhampton, N.Y., has similar advice for college students. “Do whatever you can on campus; involve yourself in everything,” Eng said. “It’ll be great for senior year when you have to write your resume and you’re sitting there going, ‘What did I do in the last four years?’” “UMass is great (when it comes to clubs and other see

SENIORS on page 3

Speaker for Sderot discusses Revised SAT exam will impact of a city under attack drop essay requirement

Bombings causing anxiety in children

Changes to test to be enacted in 2016

By CeCilia Prado Collegian Staff

By larry Gordon

Noam Bedein, Director of the Sderot Media Center (SMC), presented a lecture at the Isenberg School of Management on Tuesday about the current state of Sderot and the media surrounding it. Sderot is a city localized in Southern Israel. Since the Gaza War in 2008 and 2009, Sderot has been the target of over 20,000 Qassan rocket attacks originating from the Gaza strip. Mainstream media coverage of this situation remains scarce. The Sderot Media Center is a non-profit organization and media advocacy center dedicated to bringing to light the conditions of the everyday life of the residents of Sderot and Southern Israel who are constant victims of Gaza rockets. Bedein founded the Sderot Media Center for the Western Negev Ltd., and serves as a photojournalist, lecturer and offers conferences to international gov-

LOS ANGELES — As part of a major overhaul of the SAT college entrance exam, test-takers starting in 2016 will no longer be required to write an essay, the College Board announced Wednesday. However, an essay-writing test still will be offered, and many colleges may demand that applicants take it and submit the score. With that change, the main SAT will be condensed to two sections from the current three, and the top score possible will be 1,600, as it was for many decades. The present 2,400-point maximum was introduced with the start of the required essay seven years ago. The new optional essay test will be graded separately on a scale that is still under consideration, said officials of the College Board, which owns the widely used exam. Those shifts, officials said, are part of wider effort to better align the exam with what students learn in high school

Los Angeles Times

CHRISTINA YACONO/COLLEGIAN

Noam Bedein disucsses his organization’s efforts to help Sderot’s citizens. ernment officials, diplomats, international press and students groups from all around the globe. During the presentation, the CEO and photojournalist for SMC addressed the success that his company has had at exposing and fighting the rocket attacks terrorizing the Israeli city. According to Bedein, his organization has been working inexhaustibly in order to restore the city’s peace. Their plan is to achieve this through the use of journalism to create empathy and awareness among the international community.

“Sderot is the only city in the entire Western World in which the entire civilian population has been targeted and affected by rocket threats,” said Bedein. The SMC has presented their collection of material and evidence to the many international organizations, such as the Goldstone Committee of the U.N., and publications such as the New York Times, CNN and Fox News. Throughout the presentation, Bedein displayed multiple videos and pictures of see

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and will need in college - and away from the advantages they may gain from expensive private tutoring. For example, the revised sections in reading will drop their most obscure vocabulary words and instead “focus on words students will use over and over again,” said College Board President David Coleman. The math problems will be less theoretical and more linked to reallife questions. “While we build on the best of the past, we commit today that the redesigned SAT will be more focused and useful, more clear and open than ever before,” Coleman said at a meeting in Austin, Texas, that was broadcast over the Internet. While the test sponsors long had argued that coaching does not help students significantly, Coleman acknowledged that many people believe students who can afford tutoring have an advantage. “It is time for the College Board to say in a clear voice that the culture and practice of costly test preparation that has arisen around admission exams drives the perception of inequality and injustice in

our country,” he said. To help address that issue, the College Board is starting a partnership with the online Khan Academy to offer a free series of practice exams and videos about good test-taking practices. The Silicon Valleybased Khan Academy has become one of the most popular online-education sites, particularly in its math offerings. Analysts said the steps arise from both the College Board’s self-interest and public interest. Two years ago, the rival ACT – which most colleges also accept – surpassed the SAT in the number of test takers across the nation. About 1.6 million students took the SAT last year and more than 1.7 million the ACT, with some taking both as insurance. In some ways, the new SAT will become more like the ACT, which has an optional writing section that many colleges require. The SAT also will switch to the ACT model of grading, in which only correct answers are counted and students are not dinged for wrong ones. see

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THE MASSACHUSETTS DAILY COLLEGIAN

Thursday, March 6, 2014

THE RU N D OW N ON THIS DAY... In 1981, Walter Cronkite signed off of “CBS Evening News” for the last time after 19 years of presenting the nightly news. During the 1960s and 1970s, he was called “the most trusted man in America”

AROUND THE WORLD

United Kingdom LONDON — Trying to forge a united response to the crisis in Ukraine, the European Union is preparing to offer the embattled country up to $15 billion in grants and loans to help shore up its new government and improve its precarious financial position, a leading EU official said Wednesday. The offer from Jose Manuel Barroso, head of the European Commission, followed the Obama administration’s announcement a day earlier that it would give $1 billion in energy subsidies to Ukraine. The cash-starved government in Kiev has been struggling to pay its bills, a financial predicament that helped precipitate the current crisis. Los Angeles Times

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The College Board has faced criticism for many years that the SAT is not fair to some low-income and minority students and that high school grades are a much better predictor of how well an applicant will do in college. As a result, some colleges have eliminated the need for any exam at all. The new exam appears to be a more populist version, more connected to the new federal Common Core teaching standards. And if students decide to skip the essay, they will take a less time-consuming exam: three hours instead of the current three hours and 45 minutes. The dropping of the essay requirement will pose a dilemma for many colleges, especially for the University of California system, which is the single-largest customer of the SAT. UC administrators 10 years ago pushed and won a previous set of reforms in the SAT, including the addition of the essay, which is a 25-minute, handwritten exercise at the exam’s start. Stephen Handel, the UC system’s associate vice president for undergraduate admissions, said it was

too soon to say whether UC will continue to require the essay. Such a decision would be made by a special faculty committee that handles admissions standards and by the UC regents, he said. But he and other UC administrators noted that the system’s application requires essays and that the SAT writing sample is just one part of a much wider portfolio of grades and personal achievements. The SAT essay, he said, “has a place, but a limited place.” Coleman said Wednesday that college admissions officers were divided over the value of the essay in helping to choose a freshman class. While defending the exam’s overall ability to help predict college success, he said that “one essay alone historically has not contributed significantly to the overall predictive power of the exam.” The new optional essay will be more closely linked to the texts presented to students, requiring more analysis based on evidence and citations to material in the question prompt and less riffing on personal opinions and possibly untruthful narratives, officials said.

However, some experts said making the essay optional sends a bad and perplexing message. “I’m not sure it is a good signal to kids in schools about the importance of writing,” said Katy Murphy, president of the National Association for College Admission Counseling. The change also will confuse high school seniors who may not have access to good counseling and may be unsure how to fulfill testing requirements that will vary among different colleges, said Murphy, director of college counseling at Bellarmine College Preparatory high school in San Jose, Calif. In one area, the College Board will be making it potentially more difficult for students. Now test takers are allowed to use calculators throughout the math questions. But starting in two years, calculators will be banned during some of the math testing to better asses students’ “understanding, fluency and technique,” the announcement said. Another change will be that the SAT will start to be offered online as well as in the traditional paper form.

South Africa PRETORIA, South Africa — South African Olympic athlete Oscar Pistorius asked a friend to lie and take the blame after Pistorius accidentally fired a shot in a popular restaurant in an upscale Johannesburg neighborhood last year, the Gauteng North High Court in South Africa heard Wednesday. Boxer Kevin Lerena was with Pistorius and other friends at Tasha’s restaurant in Melrose Arch in January 2013, weeks before Pistorius fatally shot his girlfriend Reeva Steenkamp in his apartment in the early hours of Valentine’s Day that year. Pistorius has pleaded not guilty to a murder charge, claiming he shot her through a toilet door thinking she was an intruder. He also faces two charges of recklessly discharging a gun, including at Tasha’s, and has also pleaded not guilty. Los Angeles Times

China BEIJING — China’s plans to increase its military spending by 12.2 percent this year, a boost over 2013, will surely agitate some neighbors but please Chinese nationalists who want their country to assert itself as a dominant Asian power. The jump in military spending, announced Wednesday on the first day of the National People’s Congress in Beijing, comes amid a war of words between Japan and China over disputed islands in the East China Sea. Relations between the trading partners have soured, and some analysts fear that a maritime mishap could spiral into fullblown war. McClatchy Foreign Staff Distributed by MCT Information Services

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Officials denying Crimea postition By Carol J. Williams Los Angeles Times

KIEV, Ukraine — Russian and Ukrainian officials dug in on their armed standoff over the strategic Crimean peninsula on Wednesday, with the new head of national security for Ukraine saying the Kremlin needed to acknowledge the failure of its “blitzkrieg” against the southern territory and Russia’s foreign minister insisting Moscow isn’t calling the shots there. Ukrainian National Council for Defense and Security chief Andriy Parubiy described the tug-of-war over Crimea as tense and dangerous but said there had been only two new “provocations” by Russian forces overnight and both had failed to wrest Ukrainian military installations from Kiev’s control. “The citizens of the southern and eastern regions are demonstrating that they don’t accept intervention by a foreign state,” Parubiy said of reports from Donetsk that a takeover of local government functions by Russian gunmen had been peacefully reversed and the blue-and-yellow Ukrainian flag was once again flying over the city. “The blitzkrieg of Russian President (Vladimir) Putin has failed,” said Porubiy, a former parliamentarian who was instrumental in guiding the three-month protest against ousted ex-President Viktor Yanukovich. Parubiy also disputed Putin’s characterization of Yanukovich’s abdication of power as an unconstitutional coup d’etat inspired by U.S. and European interference in Ukraine’s domestic political affairs. “Ukraine has received support not just from Western countries but from countries of the former Soviet Union and China, from all over the world,” Parubiy said of the global outcry over Russia’s armed incursion into Ukrainian territory.

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European Commission President Jose Manuel Barroso announced in Brussels on Wednesday that the bloc had agreed to provide Ukraine with $15 billion in loans, grants and credits from the European Investment Bank to help the embattled country avert an impending financial collapse. The international community has widely condemned Russian forces’ invasion of Crimea and the Russian parliament’s authorization of the use of armed force anywhere in Ukraine where Putin considers Russian interests to be at risk, Parubiy said. At a press conference for Kremlin-controlled media on Tuesday, Putin reiterated his position that Moscow has the right to use “all means” necessary to protect ethnic Russians and vital military assets in Ukraine, first among them the Black Sea fleet in the Crimean port of Sevastopol. In Paris, Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov on Wednesday denied that the heavily armed Russian troops that have seized key government and strategic venues in Crimea were acting on Moscow’s orders. He also said the Kremlin can’t compel those now in control of Crimea to accept an independent fact-finding mission by the Vienna-based Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe. Russia “does not give orders to self-defense forces in Crimea,” the ITAR-Tass news agency quoted Lavrov as saying, perpetuating the Kremlin’s contention that the armed standoff over the peninsula has occurred because of the Russian majority’s mistrust of the new Kiev leadership. Parubiy said OSCE delegates were already deploying to Ukraine and would soon provide the outside world with an accurate account of the political discord in Ukraine’s eastern and southern regions.


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activities). It’s such a big campus–you honestly have endless possibilities in what you want to do,” she continued. Though Eng doesn’t have a “graduation bucket list” for the next nine weeks, she said that she just wants to have fun and enjoy the rest of the semester. After graduating, she intends to move back to New York to attend the Animal Behavior College in hopes of becoming a dog trainer. Eng explained that the one-year program at ABC will involve six months studying at home followed by six months shadowing a trainer and getting hands-on experience. After students have completed the program, ABC sometimes places them into jobs. Eng said that she is willing to move anywhere to get a

job in the field, but she’d especially like to live somewhere on the west coast. John-Mark Unsworth, a psychology major from Hamilton, feels similar to Messing in regards to graduating. He said that he isn’t nervous, but rather, “excited, with a little bit of apprehension.” Before graduating, Unsworth would like to go zip-lining over the Berkshire Mountains. “I learned about that, like, a year and a half ago, and I was like, ‘You know what, I really want to do that!’” he exclaimed, snapping his fingers. After graduating, Unsworth plans to spend the fall studying for the Medical College Admission Test, which he hopes to take before next sum-

mer so that he can apply to medical school. Although he is unsure what school he will attend, he aspires to be a surgeon. Unsworth said that he has “boatloads” of suggestions for college students. “I think probably the most important thing that I could say (to underclassmen) would be go to see your professor during office hours … at least twice,” he said. “When you go see them during office hours … you get to meet your professor for who they really are and actually get to know them … I think that building up a strong relationship with your professors is one of the most important things you can do.” Shelby Ashline can be reached at sashline@umass.edu.

Thursday, March 6, 2014

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“Sderot is the only city in the entire Western World in which the entire civilian population has been targeted and affected by rocket threats,” Noam Bedein, SMC director different case scenarios in order to illustrate the reality of Sderot. These included a video of kindergarteners being the target of Qassam attacks, and pictures of Mosques and civilian locations in Gaza being destroyed by rockets. According to Bedein, the media exposure that the Qassam attacks have received have caused the government of Israel has taken a variety of measures to protect its citizens. One of these measures

is spending billions of dollars in order to create bomb shelters. Today, Sderot is known as the “bomb shelter capital of the world.” Additionally, Bedein emphasized the harmful effects the rocket attacks have on the children, such as the increase of infants prescribed with anxiety medication. He passed around the public a collection of drawings made by Sderot kids during a platform designed to express their perspective on the

attacks. Bedein encouraged the audience to consider the gravity of the situation. He mentioned the importance of investing in producing accurate information instead of diminishing the counterpart. “Think about any other country that would tolerate rockets being fired to its territory on a regular basis”, Bedein said. The lecture was brought to the University by the Committee for Accuracy in Middle East Reporting in America (CAMERA), along with the Jewish Leaders in Business student organization at the Isenberg School of Management. Cecilia Prado can be reached at sprado@umass.edu.

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the fall. Sustainable UMass representatives noted the progress being made on the University’s own reusablefriendly initiative. “We need minds and brains to help us out with the logistics,” one Sustainable UMass representative explained. “We’ve made progress, but there’s still a lot of stuff to do.” A meeting to help plan New2U is scheduled for next Monday at 7 p.m. in the Physical Plant. Alex Freid, having been successful in his reusablefriendly initiative at UNH, supported Sustainable UMass’s initiative and predicted the magnitude of success that New2U could have on a campus as substantial as UMass. In addition to sharing his past involvement in environmental initiatives, Monday’s presentation also educated the audience on many of today’s most pressing environmental issues. To begin the educational aspect of his presentation, Freid shared some statistics that left much of the crowd astonished. “In 1960, the average American threw away 2.6 pounds of waste per day,” he began. “Today, the average American throws away 4.6 pounds of waste every day.” Freid expressed disapproval with how consumerism has evolved, and identified the reasons for this notable lifestyle change, as well as solutions to its detrimental effects.

“In 1960, the average American threw away 2.6 pounds of waste per day,” he began. “Today, the average American throws away 4.6 pounds of waste every day.” Alex Freid, PLAN founder At the root of society’s “throw away culture,” Alex Freid pinpointed planned obsolescence as one of its primary causes. “It’s when manufacturers design goods to fail,” Freid explained. Whether this is a functional failure or a style failure, Freid noted that manufacturers focus on increasing profit, forcing consumers to frequently purchase new goods and thus use more materials and resources. “As a world, we measure companies and countries by their growth,” Freid said. “I think this is fundamentally flawed.” He also identified a number of other environmental issues, including the problems caused by landfills and excessive resource depletion. “You have all these synthetics, all these metals,” Freid said. “And they’re getting into our water supply and food.” A dangerous result, he said, is the effect on animals: “What we’ve done to the planet is make normal animals toxic waste.” Freid also shed light on the history of environmental policy. Although his presentation reflected an overall dissatisfaction with the

current state of the planet, he did recognize the progress that has been made since the early 1900s in legislation impacting the environment. “Before 1976, we had no legislation to actually deal with waste issues in the country,” he explained. “In 1976, the RCRA was passed.” Freid identified this law, also known as the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act, as the first primary legislation dedicated to governing hazardous waste. “I believe this is a fundamentally solvable problem,” Freid explained. He cited individual action, regulation and innovation, hard-to-recycle technology and system change as four resolutions to the environmental issue that has arisen from consumer waste. Freid is continuing his efforts toward improving the status of the environment through his work with PLAN. Some of PLAN’s goals include to “launch new programs, expand existing programs, optimize revenues, cooperate knowledge and aggregate waste.” Katrina Borofski can be reached at kborofski@umass.edu.

China to improve its military Increased spending to keep the peace By Stuart Leavenworth McClatchy Foreign Staff

BEIJING — China’s plans to increase its military spending by 12.2 percent this year, a boost over 2013, will surely agitate some neighbors but please Chinese nationalists who want their country to assert itself as a dominant Asian power. The jump in military spending, announced Wednesday on the first day of the National People’s Congress in Beijing, comes amid a war of words between Japan and China over disputed islands in the East China Sea. Relations between the trading partners have soured, and some analysts fear that a maritime mishap could spiral into fullblown war. China spends less per capita on defense than the United States and many other countries do, but it’s steadily built up its armed forces, even as its economic growth has slowed. Last year, the world’s largest nation spent 10.7 percent of its budget on the military. This year’s 12.2 percent increase means that China will spend nearly 808 billion yuan, or roughly $132 billion, on defense, although many experts think the true figure is higher. For comparison, the U.S. Defense Department budget for this year is about $600 billion. Denny Roy, who specializes in Asia security issues for the East-West Center in Honolulu, said the hike in military spending “will reinforce the image of China being ‘assertive,’ of preparing to force its will upon some of its neighbors.” Roy noted that Chinese leaders chafe at this kind of perception, arguing they’re just building a military that’s proportional to China’s size and global interests. “But countries with strategic disagreements with China, particularly Japan, the USA and some of the Southeast Asian countries, will continue to ask

what is the compelling need on China’s part,” Roy said in an email exchange with McClatchy. All this week, the Chinese government has sent mixed messages about the need for its military buildup – which is gaining increasing scrutiny, at home and abroad – as the nation holds the line on other government spending. China is expecting a growth rate in its gross domestic product this year of 7.5 percent, the same as the target last year. Speaking in the Great Hall of the People, Chinese Premier Li Keqiang said “the Chinese people love peace and cherish development, and China needs a long-term stable international environment for its modernization.” Yet earlier in his speech Li talked about the need to “build China into a maritime power.” “We will strengthen national defense mobilization and the reserve forces, place water preparations on a regular footing and enhance border, coastal and air defenses,” Li said, speaking before roughly 3,000 delegates. President Xi Jinping and other top government leaders sat behind him. The same day Li spoke, the state-run China Daily newspaper published a provocative interview with a top Chinese military adviser. The adviser, Qian Lihua, a major general and a former head of the Defense Ministry’s Foreign Affairs Office, said conflict with neighboring countries couldn’t be ruled out, with Japan as a particular problem. “Japan has lost its direction, and has been taken advantage of by right-wing forces to challenge the international order created after World War II,” Qian was quoted as saying. Friction between Japan and other Asian countries has intensified during the administration of Japanese Premier Shinzo Abe, a politician with a history of making statements insensitive to nations that were victims of Japan’s past war crimes. The mounting tensions prompted U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry to visit South Korea and

China last month. Top State Department officials remain concerned about the potential for conflict. “I do not believe that any party seeks armed conflict in the East China Sea,” Daniel R. Russel, the assistant secretary of state for East Asian and Pacific affairs, said in testimony to a Senate Foreign Affairs subcommittee Tuesday. “But unintended incidents or accidents may lead to an escalation of tensions or a tit-for-tat exchange that could escalate.” While the meeting of the National People’s Congress is largely a ceremonial affair, the annual “work plan” speech by the premier is watched closely for signs of China’s growth plans and priorities, much as the State of the Union address is tightly parsed in the United States. The session started with a moment of silence for the 29 people killed and 140 injured Saturday in an organized knife attack in the south China city of Kunming. Li broke from his prepared text to say, “We will firmly crack down on all violent crimes of terrorism as they violate the dignity of law.” Authorities have blamed the Kunming bloodbath on assailants from a far western region of China, Xinjiang, which is home to millions of Uighur people, one of China’s many ethnic minorities. Following the speech, a delegate from Yunnan province said she welcomed stronger government efforts to weed out terrorists such as those who’d attacked Kunming, which is Yunnan’s capital. The delegate – Yang Jinsong, a member of the Naxi ethnic group – compared the shock of the attack to what the United States experienced after the Sept. 11, 2001, terrorist attacks. “Just like Americans, we the Chinese will definitely make big progress on antiterrorism as well,” said Yang, standing outside the Hall of the People bedecked in a Naxi robe with a beaded headpiece. “We will collaborate with American people and people around the world to fight against such actions.”

Senators in an outrage over CIA monitorings Officials demand more investigation By Sean CoCkerham and david Lightman

McClatchy Washington Bureau

WA S H I N G T O N — Outraged senators Wednesday demanded to know more about the CIA’s alleged surveillance of Senate Intelligence Committee aides working on a report about secret CIA prisons and interrogations. “These are serious allegations that raise very serious questions,” said Senate Judiciary Committee Chairman Patrick Leahy, D-Vt. Senate Armed Services Committee Chairman Carl Levin, D-Mich., said that if the reports are correct, “These are very, very serious allegations, extremely serious. There are laws against intruding and tampering and hacking into computers.” McClatchy reported late Tuesday that the Justice Department has been asked to investigate possible CIA malfeasance in its dealings with the Senate committee over the panel’s investigation into the agency’s controversial terrorist detention and interrogation program. At issue may be the agency’s reported monitoring of computers used by Senate staffers to prepare the report. Intelligence Committee members insisted on learning more. Sen. Ron Wyden, D-Ore., a committee member, emphasized Wednesday that the CIA is not immune from the Computer Fraud and Abuse Act. The law makes it a criminal act to intentionally access a computer without authorization or to go beyond allowed access. Wyden asked CIA

Committee members have described [the report] as highly critical of the CIA, including a finding that the CIA misled the Bush administration and Congress about the value of the information produced from its controversial interrogation techniques. Director John Brennan at a January hearing if the agency was covered by the law and released a letter Wednesday from the CIA in which Brennan acknowledged that it is. Intelligence Committee leaders were generally tight-lipped. Chairman Dianne Feinstein, D-Calif., would not comment, but she confirmed the CIA’s inspector general is looking into the matter. Sen. Jay Rockefeller, D-W.Va., a senior panel member, also would not talk about the allegations. Other panel committee members were clearly upset. Sen. Martin Heinrich, D-N.M., said he was furious about the allegations, as well as what he described as the agency’s broader meddling in the Intelligence Committee report on the now defunct CIA detention and interrogation program. “The CIA has gone to just about any lengths you can imagine to make sure the detention and interrogation report won’t be released,” Heinrich said. The 6,300-page report has not been declassified and released. But committee members have described it as highly critical of the CIA, including a finding that the CIA misled the Bush administration and Congress about the value of the information produced from its controversial interrogation techniques. Members of both parties expressed concern over the CIA’s alleged surveillance

of Senate staffers. “I can’t wait to find out what the Justice Department concludes from their investigation,” said Sen. Richard Burr of North Carolina, the Intelligence Committee’s second-ranking Republican, “and I think there is every reason for internal investigations to happen within the committee.” Senators not on the sensitive intelligence panel were less reserved. “If they were doing that I’m outraged. If they were doing that it deserves a full investigation,” said Sen. John McCain, R-Ariz., “We just can’t have that happen in a democracy. There’s separation of powers between the legislative branch and the executive branch. It’s very disturbing.” It’s not clear what happens next. Senate Minority Leader Mitch McConnell, R-Ky., said, “I really haven’t focused on that. I’ll take a look at it.” Majority Leader Harry Reid, D-Nev., gave a cautious but concerned answer when asked about the allegations. “I’ve had a number of briefings by everyone concerned, the committee, CIA. And this is an issue I await for the inspector general’s report,” he told reporters. “The briefings have occurred over several months.” Reid said he would be guided by Feinstein. “I’m going to wait and see what direction she takes,” he said.


Arts Living THE MASSACHUSETTS DAILY COLLEGIAN

Thursday, March 6, 2014

“John Stamos just passed us, and I said, ‘Have you seen ‘Full House of Cards?’’” - Kevin Spacey

Arts@DailyCollegian.com

H E A LT H

Tips for avoiding the ‘Blarney Hangover’ Smart drinking advice for the weekend ahead By Emily A. BrightmAn Collegian Staff

Any sentient member of the UMass community knows that this weekend will herald the absurd drinking extravaganza known as the “Blarney Blowout,” and students campus-wide have been steadily making their preparations for a day of booze-y boasting and intoxicated shenanigans. Campus police, as well as the drinking establishments of downtown Amherst, have been making their preparations for arguably their most swamped day of the school year, and excitement abounds as the day approaches. It would be foolish, even ludicrous, to try to promote abstinence on a day held in such high regard among the alcohol-consuming community of UMass, and in a proverbial sense would be about as effective as telling winter not to be so cold (and we all know exactly how effective that has been over the last few months). So instead of endorsing avoidance of a cherished drinking tradition, here are some pre- and post-game tips to help you avoid the impending hangover that inevitably accompanies any heavy drinking event. Though threat of a hangover is hardly enough of a

reason to discourage most folks from some indulgent drinking, a little preparation can save hours of headache-addled discomfort the morning after.

Don’t drink on an empty stomach

chugging is the only manner of drinking worth participating in, but this is a farce. The novelty of beer funnels and keg stands only maintains its kitsch for so long before it becomes something less than comical, and frankly no one wants to be associated with that guy at the bar who keeps whooping and slugging his way through pitcher after pitcher of Bud Light. Instead of pouring shot after shot down your throat for hours on end, switch it up with an occasional glass of water. Heavy drinking dehydrates you rapidly, and a lack of fluids can cause you to get overly intoxicated, which is never really as enjoyable as it might seem. Keeping yourself hydrated also ensures that your body can continue to absorb alcohol at a healthy rate and thus avoid the risk of alcohol poisoning. Carry at least one bottle of water with you when you hit the town, or ask the bartender for a cup of water every now and then. A glass of water is usually free at the bar, so you have no reason to avoid it because it won’t deplete any of your precious drinking funds.

One of the worst mistakes any drinker can make is downing too much booze on an empty stomach. When you consume alcohol, your body immediately begins to process it and some percentage of the booze is absorbed into your blood stream. Without any food in your system, the blood stream will rapidly absorb alcohol, which leads to quick intoxication. Having food in your stomach slows this absorption rate enough that your body can effectively process alcohol and thus won’t be overwhelmed by an overage of booze being put into it. It is also common knowledge that drinking on an empty stomach is a surefire way to end up vomiting, which, unless you’re a masochist, is an entirely unpleasant experience. So before you head out for a night on the town, make sure to eat some kind of a meal to avoid both getting drunk too fast and Avoid mixing alcohols essentially wasting your alcohol If college social life can teach by vomiting it back up. Your drinkyou any practical skills, it is the ing friends, and your esophagus, occasional peril of mixing alcowill appreciate your efforts. hols. Some people are born with Pace yourself with water the inherent gift of high tolerCollege drinking culture would ance and can vacillate back and have you believe that constant forth between drinking beer and

ings of sobriety, and you might even enjoy the experience more if you can remember it the next day. So if your plans this weekend involve drinking, by all means drink, but pace yourself; if the real point of Blarney Blowout was to get drunk as fast as humanly possible, it might well not be slated as an all-day event. So make the most of a whole day dedicated to drinking and take your time. The bars will be open all night, so there’s no need to rush headlong into intoxication before the party gets into full swing. If the Blarney Blowout is lovingly circled on your calendar, follow the advice of the UMass administration (as much as you may want to roll your eyes at it) and act with a certain air of responsibility. Social drinking is fun, that much is a given, but not at the expense of acting foolish and disrespectful in public. Go out and have a good time, but bear Everything in moderation in mind that the Amherst comGiven the scope of Blarney munity is not obligated to humor Blowout’s popularity, it almost a college drinking tradition, and seems futile to advocate for moder- the downtown area does not autoate drinking, but a little common matically become a drunken playsense goes a long way, especially ground this weekend. So plan your at the bar. While the unspoken Blarney festivities accordingly, goal of the Blowout is inebria- and remember to drink plenty of tion, it doesn’t necessarily mean water, because the only downside that you have to get absolutely of a night of good drinking is the smashed and potentially make a aftermath of a morning hangover. drunken fool out of yourself. It is possible to have a good time with- Emily A. Brightman can be reached at ebrightout completely losing your bear- man@umass.edu. whiskey all night with no issues, but many of us lack this genetic gift and can potentially suffer some uncomfortable consequences as a result of combining boozes. Perhaps you’ve heard the old adage, “Liquor before beer and you’re in the clear,” but if you haven’t, it is sound advice to adhere to. Your body processes liquor, beer and wine differently, and combining these three alcohols in close proximity can overload your system and potentially make you physically sick. If you feel the need to drink both hard liquor and beer on and off throughout the night, try to space it out with a glass of water before you jump the fence to the next kind of drink. If you’ve got a bellyful of beer and find yourself with the overwhelming urge to take a few shots, don’t. The shock of hard liquor to your stomach may not end well.

FOOD & DRINK

Old Ruffian just the right amount of rowdy Barleywine style ale intense but savory By Emily A. BrightmAn Collegian Staff

As an ardent beer geek, I admittedly know very little about wine, other than that I consciously avoid the stuff at all costs. My running joke is that I severely lack a certain fanciness required for the consumption of wine, but the truth of the matter is that fermented grapes just make me gag. I will guzzle any IPA or imperial stout put in front of me, and with great relish, but the smell of red wine will likely never cease to turn my stomach. So keep your Sauvignon blanc and other such assorted Frenchsounding fare, because on general principal I’ll take hops over grapes any day. That said, my last trip to the liquor store had me feeling adventurous, and instead of going for one of the more popular styles of craft beer that I tend to frequently write about, I felt the distinct urge to get experimental. As I was perusing the beer shelves, my eye wandered to a bottle of Old Ruffian Barley Wine-Style Ale from the Great Divide Brewing Co., a brewery already familiar to me from their Yeti Imperial Stout and Belgian Titan IPA. While I’ve certainly heard of the barleywine style before (when you run in craft beer circles, the wealth of brew-

ing information is immense), I had never actually sampled a beer of this ilk, and was thus more intrigued. In general, I am skeptical of anything wine-related, but I reconciled this likely irrational aversion with the fact that this was a “barley wine,” and barley being one of the key ingredients in beer, it likely wouldn’t nauseate me as other wines do. Even if it did, I was willing to take the risk for the sake of discovery, or intoxication, or maybe both. According to Beer Advocate, barleywines are “very strong and often intense” beers, available in American and English style. These individual styles are distinguished by hop characteristics, with American barleywines employing a much more hop-forward presence and English barleywines having a more mellow balance between hoppy bitterness and sweet malt. However, both styles are also marked by high alcohol content, which is readily apparent in both smell and taste and, subsequently, in the aftermath of intoxication. Popular breweries such as Sierra Nevada and Dogfish Head have released barleywine beers over the years, and the style continues to gain popularity among the elite of daring beer drinkers. Great Divide’s Old Ruffian, sporting the silhouette of a fellow seemingly ready for a fistfight, packs an almost

JUSTIN SURGENT/COLLEGIAN

Great Divide’s barleywine-style ale packs a powerful punch and complex taste. overwhelmingly sweet scent under the cap of its 650 mL bottle. Heady aromas of dark fruit and sweet malt flood the nose, rounded out by hints of caramel and a vaguely bready smell. Poured into a snifter glass, the foamy, light

brown head settles to a dense layer of creamy lacing atop the translucent dark orange body. Substantial carbonation continues to release the bevy of bittersweet aromas that remain as pungent as their initial release long

after the head has settled. Not surprisingly, this beer is a serious mouthful. The initial wave of hop-forward bitterness in the first sip is quickly mellowed out by the thick sweetness of malt and fleshed out in the carbonation. Elements of cherry and apricot, as well as an earthy undertone, meld well with the bittersweet essence of musky caramel and dark fruits, making for a taste that is simultaneously tart and sweet. While the finish is surprisingly crisp for such hearty ale, the distinct taste of alcohol is hard to ignore, even beneath the amalgam of complex flavors. This is not necessarily a negative aspect, but worth mentioning because, at 10.2 percent alcohol, this is certainly not a light beer. As previously stated, I am hardly a wine connoisseur, but even with my limited experience in wine consumption I could identify the parallels between Old Ruffian and a classic red wine, namely essences of dark fruits and a slightly sweet musk of fermentation. This is by no means an admission that I will recant my former statements on my severe dislike of wine. But perhaps I may be less skeptical of the stuff in the future, given the pleasantries of my experience with a barleywine beer. Old Ruffian’s labeling suggests pairing it with pork tenderloin, blue cheese, figs or caramel cheesecake, but

I recommend this beer as its own solo course. The flavor complexity of this beer alone warrants praise for its varying levels of intensity, and the thickness of its mouthfeel more than adequately covers the drinking expanse of several beers, making it something of a liquid meal in and of itself. However, for the sake of avoiding the foolishness of drinking on an empty stomach, Old Ruffian’s inherent sweetness makes it a good companion for barbecue or grilled meats, as well as any dish that takes advantage of the relationship between sweet and sour. If all else fails, pizza and beer is a combination that hardly ever has a negative turnout. If you’re a fan of wine but find yourself shying away from most beers, put your palate to the test and give Old Ruffian a try. Old Ruffian is very much a beer in the most superficial aspects, but it transcends the barrier between bitter and sweet in a manner characteristic of classic wines. While it may not be available via bottle service at a fancy French bistro, you can hone at least a little bit of your sense of sophistication with a winestyle beer. And given the fact that the Blarney Blowout will commence in just a few short days, a sense of sophistication is not to be disregarded. Emily A. Brightman can be reached at ebrightman@umass.edu.


Opinion Editorial THE MASSACHUSETTS DAILY COLLEGIAN

“Feminism is for everybody.” - bell hooks

Thursday, March 6, 2014

Editorial@DailyCollegiancom

If you believe in equality, you’re a feminist (whether you like it or not)

5

In the United States, women women are held in sex slavery compose half of the workforce at any given time. Now more than ever, Zac Bears humanity needs International Women’s Day. and run important corporaOne hundred years ago tions such as PepsiCo Inc. this Saturday, German workand Archer Daniels Midland. ing women came together and Women earn nearly 60 per- rallied for the right to vote. A cent of college degrees in the poster created for the event United States and in Europe stated simply: “Until now, and make up 51 percent of the prejudice and reactionary U.S. professional workforce. attitudes have denied full civic But women hold only 3 rights to women … Fighting percent of “clout positions” in media, and 65 percent of women and girls have disordered eating behaviors. The collective message of the media, the most persuasive culture-shaping force, is that, “a woman’s value and for this natural human right power lie in her youth, beauty, must be the firm, unwaverand sexuality, and not in her ing intention of every woman, capacity as a leader,” accord- every female worker. In this, ing to a synopsis for the film no pause for rest, no respite is allowed.” “Miss Representation.” Still, women face unimagiAngela Merkel, the chancellor of Germany, is the most nable gender-based prejudice, powerful leader in Europe. and reactionary attitudes conMargaret Thatcher was tinue to deny women social elected prime minister of the equality around the world. Sex slavery and violence United Kingdom more than 30 years ago. More women grad- against women are fundamenuate college in Europe than tal affronts to gender equity. They marginalize women men. But 15-year-old Malala in the basest ways and are Yousafzai was shot by the accepted as human rights Taliban for supporting wom- abuses by most in the West. While these crimes against en’s education. According to the World humanity often go unpunHealth Organization, 38 per- ished, even in the “civilized” cent of female murder victims world, Congress had to overare killed by their significant come immense political oppoothers and more than 30 per- sition just to reauthorize the cent of women worldwide Violence Against Women Act, have experienced violence at which only first passed in 1994. the hands of their intimate In Italy and Japan, employpartners. ment rates are 20 percent Sexual exploitation is the higher for men than women. most common form of human Women earn much less than trafficking, and 98 percent of men on average and are bareits victims are women and ly represented in businesses’ girls. Some organizations esti- upper management. mate that more than a million Never mind representation

reasons why... We still need feminism

1

“35 women have served as US governors compared to 2,319 men.”

2

“1 in 4 women are abused by a partner in their lifetime.”

3

“Women own only 5.8% of all television stations and 6% of radio stations.”

4

“The U.S is the only major industrialized nation without paid family leave.”

5

“In 2011, only 11% of protagonists in films were female.”

in government, where candidates like Hillary Clinton face strenuous criticism that would never be forced on a man running for office. Just a few weeks ago, Clinton quoted Eleanor Roosevelt, saying that “aspiring female change-makers” have to “grow skin like a rhinoceros” to protect themselves from sexist attacks. Over the past 40 years, the feminist movement in the United States has affect-

For feminism to achieve its goal of equality, people of all genders must accept the mantra: “I am a feminist.”

Source: Statistics from “Miss Representation”

human equality regardless of gender, but also regardless of race, class and any other division used to amplify inequality. This intersectionality is essential because no single experience of discrimination reflects the experience of every person who has endured it. Feminists must also take into account the perspectives of people who do not identify with their assigned gender and understand that each individual, regardless of gender, has a unique and culturallyshaped view of feminism and sexism. This is not license to advocate sexism under the guise of feminism. It is simply the understanding that men can be feminists too, that their opinion matters and that they can help. For feminism to achieve its goal of equality, people of all genders must accept the mantra: “I am a feminist.” Society and its individuals must accept women as equals and avoid stereotyping women into traditional social roles. The fight against discrimination has moved from the law books to the human subconscious, where transparency and accountability are impossible. Awareness of privilege and vigilant individual enforcement of gender equity are the first steps that every person can take to re-shape our culture. Political equality of women is becoming a reality in the West, but only through social change and the acceptance of feminism as the ideology of equality can the United States achieve cultural and economic equality, regardless of gender.

ed massive political change, pushing women to achieve greater power in the realms of government, business, media and non-profit. But political change does not equate to a reshaping of social norms. Although women are more active in politics than they once were, they still face discrimination based on attractiveness and age that deflects reporting away from ideas and toward appearances. To affect true social change and gender equity, men must accept feminism. Feminism is not the advocacy of women over men; it is the rectification of thousands of years of cultural sexism, which remains widespread today. According to Merriam-Webster, feminism is “the belief that men and women should have equal rights and opportunities.” “Masculinism” is often presented as the opposite of feminism. This is a false equivalence. The Merriam-Webster definition of a masculinist is: “An advocate of male superiority or dominance.” Zac Bears is a Collegian columnist and Feminism is the belief in can be reached at ibears@umass.edu.

Men should reject the sexist media Whoever coined the term nant force (in this case, men) “feminist” wasn’t really think- is going to push back against opposition; most people tend Julian del Prado to dislike change that doesn’t directly benefit them, and so ing about men and their role the world winds up with peoin it, or else they didn’t take ple who can’t hear the word into account how silly it might “feminism” without frothing sound to call yourself a femi- at the mouth. nist when you are not female. So can you be a man in a And why would they? Men world where, hypothetically, have been in charge since the feminism has become the prebeginning of time, and it’s not dominant ideology? I don’t just the job of feminism to make us mean physically being male or feel better about our privilege. identifying as male. Can there Unfortunately, the truth is be a male identity in such a that there are a lot of men who world? As far as I can see, think it’s emasculating to call there absolutely can be, even oneself a feminist. Luckily, if we are all equal. After all, if they are wrong. we reach a point where we can Like any other movement, comfortably acknowledge our if feminism wants to succeed, many similarities, then why it should take into account would we suddenly be uncomthe psychology of the group fortable with our differences? Proponents of feminism that oppresses it. The domi-

advocate for the political, social and economic equality of women and men. Disagreeing with this goal publicly leads to shaming regardless of your location. At the very least, the Internet will find you. Having said this, merely agreeing with the idea of equality for men and women is not enough for any kind of activist movement’s goals to be satisfied. For that to happen, there needs to be institutional change, which is where male opposition comes in, because this means listening to and acting on the criticisms presented by the feminist platform. Three big issues facing feminism today are the pervasiveness of rape culture, the objectification of women in media and the lack of female repre-

sentation in public discourse. This is not an exhaustive summation of feminism, but from my own experience and for the sake of simplicity, these are especially troublesome issues in the male psyche. Feminist criticism along these lines has been directed at car culture, sports and videogames, and so the tone of the movement is often confused for an assault upon all three. Like most people, men don’t like change much, especially when it somehow interferes with their day-to-day life, which for so many includes sports and videogames, and other elements that fuel sexist media. But this shouldn’t be the case, because eliminating the objectification of women in media (or taking steps to do so) is worth changing sports,

car and videogame culture over. However, the truth is that feminism is repellent to a lot of men for that reason, which sometimes makes it difficult to be a man and a feminist. Fortunately, there is one thing that has always been revered more than patriarchal power structures. Money is the primary tool of the male feminist. Your economic footprint can reflect that you are tired of the objectification of women and that you will not have the things you enjoy ruined by it. The information age has given us all access to whatever media we want, and now more than ever we can be choosy and confident about it. There will still be people who feel rage at the very mention of feminism, but like any successful activist

movement, feminism will be one that relies on action. More than ever, that action is simple, even easy. Do you like strong female characters? How about regular female characters that aren’t a caricature of women in general? Well, there are people out there greedy enough to flood the market with them if we provide enough demand. Even better, by not watching media that does objectify women, your vote is cast against it in the market. As for anyone who thinks that feminism is “girly,” it isn’t too late to make confidence in oneself a part of the male identity moving forward. Julian del Prado is a Collegian columnist and can be reached at jdelprad@ umass.edu.

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The Massachusetts Daily Collegian is published Monday through Thursday during the University of Massachusetts calendar semester. The Collegian is independently funded, operating on advertising revenue. Founded in 1890, the paper began as Aggie Life, became the College Signal in 1901, the Weekly Collegian in 1914 and the Tri–Weekly Collegian in 1956. Published daily from 1967 to 2013, The Collegian has been broadsheet since January 1994. For advertising rates and information, call 413-545-3500.

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Thursday, March 6, 2014

Economics can promote equity Economics has long been considered to be a

Jillian Correira gender neutral field of study. When thinking about and studying topics such as labor, income, production, taxes and investments, economic theories are formulated, supposedly, by inherently unbiased people in inherently unbiased settings. Like many aspects of the world today, the field of economics is dominated by white men. According to a report by the Federal Reserve Bank of Richmond, “the gender gap in economics gets larger at each stage of the profession,” indicating that the higher that women attempt to climb the ladder, the more

with feminist economist and UMass professor emerita of economics Nancy Folbre, she says there is, “still a tendency to take unpaid work – especially the care of dependents – for granted and not consider it ‘real’ work.” Dismissing the value of caring for dependents, specifically children, is common in neoclassical theories of economics. This is unfortunate because, according to a blog piece authored by Folbre for the New York Times, while parents pay lower income taxes than non-parents, they end up contributing more by raising a generation of future taxpayers, or more endearingly, “little human capital units.” When the future net taxes of these human

The lack of female representation and focus on issues that women face in economics does a great disservice to society’s perception of the study and how the study is used to shape government policies that will apply to all genders. they seem to be pushed off the steps. The increasing gender gap at each stage of this profession is referred to as the “leaky pipeline.” The gender disparity can be explained in part by a woman’s choice to have children or to turn to education rather than research. However, there is still a rather large 16 percentage point gap in the likelihood that a woman will be promoted to a full professor of economics, even when controlling those factors. The lack of female representation and focus on issues that women face in economics does a great disservice to society’s perception of the study and how the study is used to shape government policies that will apply to all genders. The experiences of men that are subsequently translated into economic theories do not necessarily apply or relate to the experiences of women. Globally, women have long been fighting – and still are – for equal representation in all areas of life, and since the 1970s, feminist economics has been working to highlight the ways in which the field of economics is not as gender-neutral as it could be. You do not have to be a woman to be a feminist economist, but you must pay special attention to the economic inequalities that women are up against, and have the ability to recognize gender bias against women in the economy. Promoting the feminist economic vision is vital to economic gender equity. A large part of feminist economics looks at the importance of childcare and domestic work in relation to economic development, two labor aspects normally excluded from traditional economic theories. Feminist economists rightfully place value on this type of unpaid labor – largely performed by women – in an effort to balance out the gender disparity in economic theories and policies. In an email interview

capital units are added in, parents might eventually pay over $200,000 more in net taxes than non-parents. And the unpaid labor market is large; if this work was accounted for when measuring the United States’ gross domestic product, there would have been a 26 percent GDP boost in 2010 and a 30 percent increase in personal income for individual families. These are by no means small numbers, proving that giving value to this work is not only the right thing to do by society, but also the right thing to do by the economy as well. However, the importance of legitimizing unpaid labor is not to take away from the advances that women have made in the workforce and the ways in which these advances has benefitted our economy. Increased GDP, increased purchasing power for women and better business performance are all results of the influx of women who have entered the workforce over the last several decades. Still, women are in an uphill battle against society’s perceptions of how they should or shouldn’t participate in the economy. Folbre says, “Prevailing constructs of femininity in our culture are associated with care for others, while masculinity is associated with vigorous pursuit of individual self interest. Feminist theory suggests the need to rethink these constructs and find more balance for both women and men.” Though this concept can be applied to various areas of society, it is particularly resonant to an economy where innovation and new ideas are the cornerstone of its continued success. If we are able to break down these traditional constructs, economic theorists may find a whole new world of ways to improve the state of our economy for men and women alike. Jillian Correira is a Collegian columnist and can be reached at jcorreir@ umass.edu.

THE MASSACHUSETTS DAILY COLLEGIAN

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The women’s rights movement is still relevant debated primarily amongst men due to the lack of female presence in the political Maral Margossian sphere. We might want to reconsider deeming ourselves about the movement in terms as being on the forefront of of U.S. history rather than women’s liberation, especonsidering it as an interna- cially when the government tional effort. Because of this infringes on women’s reprobias, it may seem as though ductive rights and then boxes the women’s rights movement them out of the conversation today has reached its goals, entirely. and while we have come a But we cannot forget about long way from corsets, girdles the rest of the world. In October and petticoats, it’s still not yet 2013, the “Women2Drive” camtime to retire our “Rosie the paign encouraged women in Riveter” posters. In the United States especially, there is no single, concrete definition of feminism and the goals of women’s rights often appear obscure. That does not mean that we live in a society where the women’s rights movement is obsolete. Moreover, we shouldn’t let the Saudi Arabia to drive to protest progress made in the United the country’s ban forbidding States over the years blind us women from driving. While to the progress that still needs this was not the first year that to be made or to the state of this sort of protest took place, women’s rights around the it was the first time that it made international headlines, world. On the surface, it seems due largely to social media. that women living in America These protests, while tartoday enjoy many liberties but geted specifically at the driva closer inspection of their ing law, also served symbolilives reveals that these liber- cally as a stance against laws ties fall severely short of the restricting women’s rights in advantages enjoyed by their general. While the law curmale counterparts. More rently remains in place, Saudi women are earning college Arabian women, as part of degrees than men, yet women International Women’s Day, still make less money. We’ve have petitioned to bring an end been talking about breaking to the unrestricted authority the glass ceiling for so long that men have over women’s that one would think that lives. Travel a little farther west, this would have been accomplished by now. Are we afraid and we hit a region that we would not that if we shatter the glass, traditionally the shards will tear the fabric think of as one still suffering of society? These fears can be from women’s rights issues: laid to rest, considering that Europe. In April 2008, Anna equal pay between men and Hutsol founded the feminist women helps the economy, as group FEMEN after learning that many Ukrainian women opposed to stalling it. And, in a country whose were lured into sex slavery constitution decrees the sep- and prostitution through aration of church and state, deceptive offers of lucrative religion constantly invades jobs abroad. As the movement the realm of politics, obstruct- gained momentum, it began ing women’s access to contra- to turn into what it is now ception and abortion – topics today: sextremism. Their demWhen we talk about women’s rights, we often think

onstrations are characterized by topless activists with slogans painted over their chests and aim, “to ideologically undermine the fundamental institutes of patriarchy – dictatorship, sex-industry, and church – by putting these institutes through subversive trolling to force them to strategic surrender,” according to the organization’s website. The group’s radical protests have led to trouble between the Ukrainian government and some of the members of

We shouldn’t let the progress made in the United States over the years blind us to the progress that still needs to be made or to the state of women’s rights around the world.

huge insecurities for men as they see women’s status rising in society,” Purnima Nagaraja, a psychologist working with rape victims in India, said in a Washington Post article. On Dec. 16, 2012, a 23-yearold medical student was gang raped on a moving bus in Delhi and later died from her injuries. This event brought to the surface the issue of violence against women in India and provoked demonstrations urging the establishment of laws criminalizing this violence. Unfortunately, even after the establishment of these laws, this issue is still allowed to persist due to inadequate enforcement. The status of women in India could not be further away from equality, and the necessity for a women’s rights movement could not be more evident. I have only provided four countries as examples of how and why the women’s rights movement is still relevant and far from achieving its goals today. Examine the rest of the world and you will find that female genital mutilation, abortion of female fetuses, female infanticide, child marriage, domestic abuse and countless other crimes against women are a horrific reality that women still face today. It may be easy to convince ourselves that the women’s rights movement is complete and to fall into a state of complacency. But it is crucial that men and women continue to advocate for women’s rights. Living in the 21st century, there is no excuse to justify the wrongs that women throughout the world face as a result of ignorance and oppression. International Women’s Day not only serves as a celebration of the achievements of the women’s movement thus far, but also as a reminder that we are still a long way away from realizing the goal.

the organization, but their loud actions also led to the establishment of international branches. Though FEMEN demonstrations in Tunisia did create disturbances in the Arab world, many debate their relative success. One cannot deny, however, that they are raising their voices and forcing the world to hear their protests. Moving on to South Asia: India may be dubbed the largest democracy in the world, but the biggest challenge of governing a population of 1.27 billion vastly diverse people is ensuring that the rights of all these groups of people are protected. India’s modernization has changed many aspects of its society, and fear often accompanies change. The increase in education and employment opportunities for women threatens the patriarchal structure of Indian society, and consequently, many men attempt to reassert their dominance through committing rape. “In India, men rape because it’s a manly thing to subjugate the weaker sex. Our culture Maral Margossian is a Collegian columputs so much emphasis on nist and can be reached at mmargos‘being a man,’ which creates sian@umass.edu.

The radical origins of Women’s Day Every year on March 8, meaning both voting rights the United Nations and many and rights in the workplace, such as equal wages with men Mike Tudoreanu and paid maternity leave. The success of this iniother countries around the tiative in the United States world celebrate International inspired German socialWomen’s Day. The event is ist Clara Zetkin to propose generally presented as an apo- the idea of an International litical or vaguely liberal occa- Women’s Day as an annual sion to celebrate the achieve- event focusing on the worldments of women and promote wide struggle for women’s such uncontroversial causes equality. Her proposal was as better education for girls approved at the Second in developing communities. International Conference But its origins are actually of Working Women in 1910, much more radical, tied to and the first International the socialist movement of the Women’s Day was held on early 20th century and the fall March 19 of the next year. of an empire. Later it was moved to March As with several other 8. important progressive celIn those years, the cenebrations around the world, tral issue was voting rights including International for women, and the Socialist Workers’ Day on May 1, International sought to build the original idea behind support among male workers International Women’s Day for universal suffrage. The came from the American first International Women’s socialist movement. The Day in 1911 was held under Socialist Party, formed in the slogan, “The vote for 1901, was heavily involved in women will unite our strength the struggle for women’s suf- in the struggle for socialism.” frage. Also high on the agenda were After a major strike by demands for the end of workfemale textile workers on Feb. place discrimination and the 28, 1908, the Socialist Party right of women to work in the decided to mark the occa- same jobs as men. The event sion every year as “National was particularly successful in Women’s Day,” in order to Germany and Austria, where promote women’s rights – so many women joined the

demonstrations and attended political meetings that it was said the men were the ones who stayed home with the children that day. The most influential International Women’s Day by far was held in Russia in 1916. For several years leading up to this, small underground events had been held in late February to mark International Women’s Day, with participants risking arrest by the Tsarist police. World War I took a heavy toll, both in lost lives and in economic devastation, leading to widespread hunger in the winter of 1916-17. In response to all of this, women workers in the textile industry organized what was supposed to be a small strike in Petrograd on International Women’s Day, which fell on Feb. 23rd, according to the Julian calendar used in Russia at the time. According to the Gregorian calendar we use today, this day was March 8th. The supposedly small strike grew beyond all expectations. Enormous numbers of female workers joined the cause, textile production came to a halt and the striking women went out into the streets in a sudden illegal demonstration that was too

large for the police to suppress. Within a day, the men had joined them as well. Within a week, the Tsar abdicated and the government fell. This was the “February Revolution” – the first of two revolutions that took place in Russia that year. The February Revolution marked the end of the last absolute monarchy in Europe, and brought down one of the largest empires in the world at that time. And it was started by women, on International Women’s Day. This is the origin and the legacy of International Women’s Day: Not a bland, sanitized event to remember something vaguely referred to as “the vital role of women as agents of development” as the U.N. puts it, but an occasion to celebrate and continue the radical movement for women’s rights that once toppled an empire. One of the demands put forward by those brave socialist women in 1911 has been met: We now have universal suffrage. But many others have yet to be achieved. Mike Tudoreanu is a Collegian columnist and can be reached at mtudorea@ econs.umass.edu.


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PLAYOFFS Hockey East Tournament against the Catamounts (1812-3, 10-10 HEA) has a lot riding on it for both teams. Both teams’ ultimate goal is to win the Hockey East and make the NCAA Tournament, but UVM has a chance to make the tournament without winning the conference based on its tie for No. 13 in the Division I PairWise rankings. However, a loss to UMass could diminish those chances. The Minutemen, on the other hand, know they have to win the Hockey East to make the NCAA Tournament. But instead of looking at that as an insurmountable task, UMass is excited for what lies ahead, especially considering that it missed the chance to play in the Hockey East Tournament last season. “The guys are looking at it as an unbelievable opportunity,” Micheletto said. “It kind of cleans the slate for everybody. We’re all starting at 0-0, as Conor Sheary said yesterday, and we’re just looking to get on a run at the bright

SENIORS

Thursday, March 6, 2014

9

continued from page 10

time of the year. We certainly know we have the ability – it’s just a matter of the execution part of it.” The last time these two teams faced off was the weekend of Nov. 22, and the Minutemen dropped both contests. Micheletto said that he was happy with the way that his team played at even strength during those two games, but that it was his team’s inability on the penalty kill that cost them the win. One thing that UMass didn’t have in those contests, and all season, was the skill set of Frank Vatrano. But Vatrano is now eligible to play in the Hockey East Tournament and although he might be a little rusty, he adds another scoring threat to the Minutemen offense. “It’s a little bit odd, but at the same time it’s great,” Micheletto said. “Frank clearly has a lot of ability, adds a lot of energy to the lineup as well as a great voice in the locker room.…

The other things that we are trying to stress to Frank and everybody: It’s not just gonna rest on his shoulders, someone who has not been in a competitive hockey game for almost a full season.” Troy Power is “certainly gonna be a go on Friday,” according to Micheletto. Also adding to the intrigue in this game is the fact that Micheletto’s first playoff game at UMass is against the team to which he used to be an assistant coach. But he is more focused on where he is now, rather than where he was in the past. “It’s two years removed now from my being there,” he said. “Although a lot of the same players (are there), you’re so invested in what you are doing (at UMass).” Friday’s game is scheduled to start at 7:05 p.m. and will be shown on NESN. Cameron McDonough can be reached at cameronm@umass.edu and followed on Twitter @Cam_McDonough.

continued from page 10

but I think a lot of people are ready to go. It’s just one game. Anything could happen. In a do-or-die situation, you find out what you’re made of.” Despite the increased magnitude of the game, the Minutemen have tried to keep the same approach to Friday’s game as they have had with every other one this season. UMass coach John Micheletto had a discussion with Sheary and co-captain Troy Power, and the message that was passed down to the upperclassmen never

changed. But, the significance of the postseason, particularly to the seniors, hasn’t been lost on anyone. “They obviously want to finish on a real up-note,” Micheletto said. “Winning Friday and keeping us going through the playoffs would be a real nice way for those guys to continue what they started over the last four years.” Ultimately, Friday’s game is about more than UMass picking up that elusive first playoff win since March 13, 2009. It’s about leaving a legacy that past players couldn’t

achieve. “I think just having those guys around and knowing that they didn’t get the job done, you really wanna push for those guys,” Pereira said. “We talk about legacy here on the team and you wanna leave your legacy. When you pull over that jersey, you’re wearing it for the guys who’ve played before you and you wanna get it done for them just as much as you get it done for yourself and the guys in the locker room now.” Nick Canelas can be reached at ncanelas@umass.edu.

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Thursday, March 6, 2014

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HOCKEY

MEN’S BASKETBALL

STEEL RESERVE

UM preps for UVM By CaMeron MCDonough Collegian Staff

The Massachusetts hockey team is in the midst of a twoweek break between its final regular season game and its Hockey East Tournament opener at Vermont on Friday. But that doesn’t mean the Minutemen are sitting back on the couch and getting caught up with the new season of “House of Cards.” Instead, UMass, which is the No. 10 seed in the tournament, is hard at work trying to sharpen its skills and coming up with a game plan for the Catamounts. The Minutemen didn’t know that they would be facing No. 15 UVM, which made it into the tournament as the No. 7 seed, until Saturday night so last week was more about focusing on themselves. But now that they know they will be taking a three-hour bus ride north to Burlington, Vt. rather than a plane trip out to South Bend, Ind., they are looking hard at a Catamounts squad that beat them twice this season. A long layoff can present some unintended consequences, especially when the opponent played two competitive games against UMass Lowell last weekend. But the good news for UMass (8-21-4, 4-13-3 HEA) is that this isn’t their first rodeo. UMass had 10 days off in between a disappointing 3-2 loss to American International on Jan. 14 and the start of the second half of the Hockey East season on Jan. 24 against Merrimack. UMass responded to that long break with a win against the Warriors, and coach John Micheletto and his squad are hoping that it can do the same once again. “We did a pretty similar thing in January when we had that break after that Tuesday game against AIC at home,” he said. “So we gave our guys an extra day off this time than we did there,” he added. “But we approach practice pretty much the same way. … We continued to work on skills and playmaking last week, and that freed us up more this week to look more specifically at the game prep stuff – focus on Vermont.” Friday’s single elimination game in the first round of the see

PLAYOFFS on page 9

Collegian Staff

TAYLOR C. SNOW/COLLEGIAN

UMass sophomore guard Trey Davis scored 20 points off the bench in the Minutemen’s 78-74 win at Duquesne on Wednesday night.

Davis leads Minutemen to victory By Mark Chiarelli Collegian Staff

Trey Davis handled the basketball at the top of the key with little space to maneuver and even less time on the shot clock. Quickly moving to his UMass right with a defender postDukes ed to his hip, Davis took a dribble and pulled up for a contested 3-pointer. He raised high – an elongated release, noticeably different than his usual form, which begins close to his hip – and fired up a lowpercentage, last-second shot. It was right on target, providing the Massachusetts men’s basketball team with a 71-70 lead with three minutes, 13 seconds to go. “Thank God it went in,” Davis said in a postgame radio interview following the UMass’ 78-74 victory over Duquesne on Wednesday night. In reality, Davis’ teammates might want to thank

him as well. The s o p h o m o re point guard scored the Minutemen’s final 10 points of the game, and he hit all four of his 3-pointers in the second half to tie a careerhigh with 20 points. In addition to his 3-pointer 78 to give UMass a 71-70 lead, he nailed anoth74 er 3 with 1:43 remaining to regain the lead 74-72. “The kid has confidence,” Minutemen coach Derek Kellogg said. “He’s actually a better player than maybe his talent would lead. He’s not a super great athlete, but he knows how to play and he’s a very confident player, which I love.” Davis, who led UMass in scoring, knocked down the final four free throws of the game and was the Minutemen’s strongest offensive option in a game where they needed every point to edge out a victory over the Dukes. “My teammates believe in me,” Davis said. “I told Chaz in the first half, ‘I’m not going to keep missing,

just keep coming to me.’ And that’s what he did. And once I hit the first two (3-pointers), I knew the rest of them were gonna go down.” “The reality of it is, I’ve been waiting for somebody to knock down some of those 3’s for a while now,” Kellogg added. “Whether it’s (Raphiael) Putney, Sampson (Carter), Trey, whoever that might be. And (Davis) stepped up to the plate.” For a moment, UMass appeared to clear itself of any late-game struggles. The Minutemen took a 66-58 lead with 8:53 remaining in the second half on a Maxie Esho layup. But Duquesne rattled off the next 10 points, holding a 68-66 lead until UMass tied it with 4:20 left on a Putney dunk. Putney finished with 12 points, crossing over the 1,000 point threshold for his career. He’s the 46th player in Minutemen history to score 1,000 points. The Dukes hung tough in the second half thanks to strong play from guard

Micah Mason and forward Ovie Soko. Mason finished with 20 points on 4-of-6 shooting from 3, while Soko finished with 18 points and 13 rebounds. Soko gave Duquesne the lead twice in the second half before Davis answered for UMass. The Minutemen struggled early, falling behind by as many as 11 points in the first half. “We didn’t totally get to play our game today. We had to tone it down sizewise and play more of a speed lineup,” Kellogg said. The speed worked, as UMass whittled away at the deficit and carried a 41-40 lead into halftime. The Minutemen worked to drive the ball into the paint, which eventually opened up the 3-point shooting for Davis in the late stages of the game. The Minutemen will close out the regular season on Sunday against Saint Louis at Mullins Center. Mark Chiarelli can be reached at mchiarel@umass.edu and followed on Twitter @Mark_Chiarelli.

Minutewomen’s season comes to an end in OT By anthony Chiusano Collegian Staff

Despite a quick start to Wednesday night’s Atlantic 10 Tournament play-in g ame at Richmond Coliseum, the Massachusetts women’s basketball team fell short, 85-75, to R to GMU George Mason in overtime, UMass ending the Minutewomen’s season. After a tight battle in regulation, the Patriots went on a 16-6 run in the extra period to put UMass away. Twelve of George Mason’s points in overtime came from the free throw

Seniors embrace chance By niCk Canelas

WOMEN’S BASKETBALL

UM suffered loss to George Mason

HOCKEY

line. The Minutewomen took a 69-67 lead in a back-andforth second half following a 3-pointer by Emily Mital with 17 seconds left in regulation. But Mital fouled senior guard Kyana Jacobs 10 seconds later, sending Jacobs to the free throw line for a pair of free throws to send the game into overtime. The Minutewomen (4-27) opened up the game with 15 85 straight points behind 11 points 75 from sophomore Jasmine Harris on 4-of-5 shooting, including three 3-pointers. UMass pressured the Patriots (9-22) early, holding them to 0-of-6 shooting from the field. However, the Patriots stormed back over the

26 points, while sophomore Rashida Timbilla chipped in a double-double with 17 points and 14 rebounds. With Wednesday’s performance, Harris finished the season with four 20-point outings in the Minutewomen’s final five games. UMass’ leading scorer, junior Kim Pierre-Louis, was limited to eight points on Wednesday night due to foul trouble. Pierre-Louis played 25 minutes before fouling out with 12 seconds remaining in overtime. The Minutewomen ALEX ARITAN/COLLEGIAN enter the offseason expectRashida Timbilla scored 17 points for UMass in its loss to GMU on Wednesday. ing the majority of their players to return, with the exception of senior Kiara final 12 minutes behind ers with 35 points on Bomben. sophomore Taylor Brown’s Wednesday, while senior 18 first-half points to tie it Janaa Pickard added 18 Anthony Chiusano can be reached at points for George Mason. 41-41 at halftime. achiusano@umass.edu and can be Harris led UMass with followed on Twitter @a_chiusano24. Brown led all scor-

In March 2012, T.J. Syner was choking back tears as he dealt with the finality of his Massachusetts hockey career. The Minutemen had just been eliminated by Boston College in a crushing 3-2 defeat at Conte Forum in the second game of the Hockey East Quarterfinals, falling short of their goal of going to TD Garden for the final weekend of the conference tournament. Syner was devastated. He wore his emotions through the expression on his face. It was a feeling he never wanted his teammates to experience again, especially the underclassmen. “We talked to the (younger) guys a bit after, and told them to remember the feeling that we feel right now – four years, no Garden – but we don’t want them to go through that same thing,” Syner said after the game. “We told them how much they grew throughout the year, and how they can keep developing. By doing the little things right, they’ll find themselves there.” On Friday night, UMass will play its first conference tournament game since that night in Chestnut Hill. The Minutemen made it as a No. 10 seed thanks to the new format that gives every team an automatic bid. But it also means they’re forced to play Vermont in a single-elimination game in the opening-round contest. For UMass’ nine seniors, Friday will be their last chance to earn a playoff win before their careers in Amherst are over. And as they prepared for this final opportunity in practice this week, they finally understood the words of the seniors before them. “Every senior class that has been here before us has said, ‘Don’t wait. This is the time to do it,’” senior co-captain Conor Sheary said. “You don’t realize it until it’s actually your last chance. It’s something we want to prove we can do and something we want to do for the other guys.” Sheary heads a senior class highlighted by individual achievements, including a pair of 100-point scorers in Sheary and Michael Pereira. However, the Minutemen are just 39-81-21 in those four years and are winless in four postseason games, having missed the conference tournament altogether last year. The seniors have been heavily scrutinized for their lack of team success throughout the season, most notably after its loss to American International on Jan. 14 when alumni and media members referred to the class as a failure on Twitter. The only way to change those thoughts is by winning. “It might be a little extra pressure on us, but it’s good pressure and it’s something we used to our advantage and something we wanna use to prove to everyone that we can win in this league,” Sheary said. Some players, such as Pereira, are excited to play under such pressure. “I don’t mind it. I actually enjoy it,” he said. “I haven’t played in a game like this in a while. It brings out the best in some people and it might bring out the worst in some others, see

SENIORS on page 9

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