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PAGE 8 THE MASSACHUSETTS

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DAILY COLLEGIAN DailyCollegian.com

Wednesday, October 23, 2013

Trans actress visits campus Talks transgender issues & acceptance By Rose GottlieB Collegian Correspondent Actress Laverne Cox of the Netflix original series “Orange is the New Black” spoke to a full house at the University of Massachusetts on Monday about her experiences as a transgender woman and how everyone can promote inclusiveness and acceptance for members of the transgender community. Cox is the first transgender woman of color to have a leading role in a mainstream scripted television show. She plays the role of Sophia Burset, a transgen-

der woman who is incarcerated for credit card fraud. Students and faculty from the five colleges waited in line for hours outside the Student Union Ballroom to hear Cox speak. Roughly 700 people were admitted—hundreds more had to be turned away because the ballroom had reached capacity. Cox stated that being African-American, transgender, a woman and having been raised by a single, working-class mother are all important parts of her identity. She grew up in Alabama, and said that her mother emphasized the importance of education for Cox and her twin brother. Cox believes that everyone can help make the world safer and more accepting for gender nonconformists and

News@DailyCollegian.com

Motive remains unkown in Nev. school shooting Shooter’s parents could face charges By Melanie Mason and a Ri B looMekatz Los Angeles Times

KATELYN DUBE/COLLEGIAN

Laverne Cox addressed an audience of 700 on Monday evening. help to implement inclusive ple a little more.” in workplaces, schools and The majority of Cox’s communities. Cox encour- speech covered her life, from aged attendees to “speak the personal repression of to our friends, speak to our family” and “love trans peo- see COX on page 3

A bright And lively fArewell

BRYN ROTHSCHILD-SHEA/COLLEGIAN

Members of the UMass Marching Band play for the audience of Friday’s multibands concert as they exit the Fine Arts Center.

Serving the UMass community since 1890

SPARKS, Nev. — The morning after a 12-yearold boy opened fire at Sparks Middle School in Nevada, killing a teacher and wounding two students before turning the gun on himself, police said they do not have a motive for the seventh-grader’s actions and did not release his identity “out of respect for his grieving parents.” “Everybody wants to know why - that’s the big question,” said Sparks Police Department Deputy Chief Tom Miller. “The answer is we don’t know right now. We are proactively trying to determine why.” Police said the shooter’s family is fully cooperating with the investigation and believe the boy used a Ruger 9 mm semiautomatic from his parents’ home. Police said the crime scene has been expanded to the shooter’s home and there is a possibility that his parents could face charges related to the weapon. The two injured boys, both 12, “are stable and recovering,” Miller said at a news conference Tuesday. One was shot in the shoulder, the other in the abdomen. Police said they do not yet know if the students were targeted and declined to speculate about whether bullying was a motive. “There have been things in the media,” Miller said in response to a question about bullying. “But like I said earlier, we are still trying to determine the whys.”

Michael Landsberry, the math teacher and former Marine and Nevada National Guardsman, was credited with saving the lives of other students when he tried to stop the shooting in a school hallway. The violence unfolded in a few minutes outside of school buildings. Police said before-school safety procedures in place kept some doors closed and prevented the shooter from entering crowded hallways. Miller explained the timeline: At 7:15 a.m., the student arrived on school grounds, drew his weapon and shot the first student in the shoulder near the hallway. The shooter then encountered Landsberry on a basketball court. “They were actually walking towards each other,” Miller said. “The suspect shot the teacher, continued southbound, shot a second student in the abdomen, turned around and walked northbound and shot himself,” Miller said. “At no time did any shooting occur within the building of the school itself,” he said, adding that there were no shots fired by law enforcement. Mike Mieras, chief of school police for the Washoe County School District, said that after the first student was shot, “Mr. Landsberry calmly walked toward the shooter, putting his hands up in a motion to try to stop the individual’s actions.” “Mr. Landsber ry was fatally shot in the chest. Mr. Landsberry’s heroic actions, by stepping toward the shooter, allowed time for other students on that playground area to flee.”

Students talk midterms Fox 25 Boston to bring live at mid-semester mark show to UMass this Thurs. By haley schillinG Collegian Correspondent

The mid-semester mark passed on Sunday at the University of Massachusetts as both midterms and fall activities continue in full swing. While some students are feeling the spirit of fall, others are just too busy studying for upcoming exams to participate in festivities. “You know the midsemester’s around when the leaves are changing and the sports teams are winning,” said Jared Beaulieu, a junior political science major. Besides sports, Beaulieu’s involvement with the theater department and UMass Homecoming Royalty Court are keeping him occupied. “This semester’s been pretty busy for me … but

it’s been an enjoyable midsemester for me,” he said. Beaulieu has some advice for fellow students who may be getting sidetracked by the fall festivities: “Be sure to take some time away from distractions and set some time aside on the weekends to actually study, instead of just watching football, as tempting as that may be,” he said. Beaulieu also recommends pairing a pumpkin coffee with studying for midterms as a way to still enjoy the fall season in academia. Atticus Cole, a freshman chemistry and violin performance major, said that his first UMass fall has been a positive one, saying, “I love it. The atmosphere is so relaxed. Everyone I met has greeted me with a smile.” Cole added that his semester has not been free

from midterm-related stress, however, calling midterms “a necessary evil.” “They suck, midterms plain out suck. I hate tests and I hate preparing for tests,” he said, adding that knowing that his professors and teaching assistants are there to help alleviates some of the pressure. Midterms are also keeping senior resource economics major Kristen Moreno occupied. “I’m crazy busy. I’m busier than in any of my previous semesters here,” she said. Moreno said that she is completing a major and a minor, so she has to take a variety of classes that range from computer science to digital art. see

MIDTERMS on page 3

Location will be Goodell Hall lawn By stephen hewitt Collegian Staff

Fox 25 Boston will be broadcasting its morning news show live at the University of Massachusetts this Thursday, the fourth stop of the television network’s six-part “FOX25 College Tour” that is highlighting select New England area colleges and universities. The broadcast will air live from 6 to 10 a.m. on the lawn in front of Goodell Hall. Planned segments include a live performance from the UMass marching band and an interview with Chancellor Kumble

Subbaswamy as well as several interactive activities with students, who are being encouraged to wake up early and participate on the broadcast. In the event that weather conditions force the broadcast to air indoors, the show will move to Hampshire Dining Common. The live broadcast will “showcase the campus in many ways,” Subbaswamy said in an email to The Massachusetts Daily Collegian, “and it will set the tone for the UMass Amherst sesquicentennial celebration in Boston the next day.” Fox 25 hosts Elizabeth Hopkins and Brett Connolly will make the trip to UMass and “plan to mingle with the

crowd and interview students,” according to an email UMass sent out to students last Thursday that announced Fox’s visit to the school. The “FOX25 College Tour,” which is the first of its kind, kicked off at Holy Cross on Oct. 3, then to Bentley University on Oct. 10 and Mass Bay Community College last Thursday. After UMass, the tour will move to Southern New Hampshire University on Oct. 31 and conclude at UMass Lowell on Nov. 7. The series was spawned from the popularity of the station’s “Zip Trips,” a Fox press release said, which were a series of live summer broadcasts that aired see

FOX 25 on page 2


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THE MASSACHUSETTS DAILY COLLEGIAN

Wednesday, October 23, 2013

THE RU N D OW N ON THIS DAY... In 1967, a meeting was held at the Amherst Unitarian Church to organize a second Northampton anti-war protest after the first protest turned violent when police “failed to give protection.”

AROUND THE WORLD

Severe pollution cripples China BEIJING — A large swath of northeastern China has been virtually paralyzed for two days by severe air pollution that forced airports and schools to close and drivers to turn on their headlights in the middle of the day. The “airpocalypse” was blamed on the start of the winter heating season Sunday in a region that still uses coal-powered plants and the burning of fields at the end of the harvest. The lack of wind and high humidity also contributed to the severe pollution, meteorologists told the state media. In Harbin, a city of 12 million world-famous for its wintertime ice festival, the smog was so thick that visibility was reduced to 20 yards. Expressways around the city were closed and the pedestrians who braved the outdoors mostly wore face masks. -Los Angeles Times

Irish authorities take custody of blond girl LONDON — Authorities in Ireland have taken custody of a child described as a blond-haired, blue-eyed girl in the care of a Roma family she did not resemble, the second such case in Europe in a week. Police said Tuesday that they took the girl into custody Monday afternoon in a neighborhood in southwest Dublin. They have turned the youngster over to the care of Ireland’s health authority. A police spokesman did not offer any other details about the case. But Irish media described the girl as a fair-haired 7-year-old in good health who had been living with a Roma family. The parents asserted that she was their daughter, but police were suspicious and did not give credence to the identity documents they produced, news reports say. -Los Angeles Times

Unemployment drops to 5-year low Employers are still reluctant to hire By Don Lee Tribune Washington Bureau WASHINGTON — The nation’s unemployment rate dropped to a five-year low of 7.2 percent in September, the government reported Tuesday, but employers continued to show reluctance in hiring as they added a moderate 148,000 jobs over the month. The Labor Department report, delayed 2 { weeks because of the partial federal government shutdown, reflected an economy growing at a lackluster rate. The latest job gains matched the pace since the start of summer but came in below Wall Street’s forecast for an increase of about 175,000 jobs. The disappointing growth is likely to reinforce the hes-

FOX 25

itance of Federal Reserve officials to begin a withdrawal of its monetary stimulus program. Fed policymakers are weighing a cutback in its $85-billion-a-month purchase of bonds, but officials have been waiting for stronger employment growth. The economy added on average about 195,000 jobs a month in the first half of this year, but growth has slowed since then to about 143,000 a month, enough to keep up with population growth and new job entrants but much too slow to absorb many of the 11.3 million officially unemployed or help the nearly 8 million parttime workers who want more hours. The unemployment rate has been inching down this past summer, but that’s partly the result of workers dropping out of the labor force. The labor force did not shrink in September. The latest jobless figure is

the lowest since November 2008 during the depths of the Great Recession. Job growth in September was led by retail trade, transportation and warehousing, and temporaryhelp industries - with each category adding more than 20,000 jobs. The construction sector added 20,000 jobs, its strongest gain since February. Manufacturing was flat, and the once-booming leisure sector, which includes hotels and restaurants, lost 13,000 jobs over the month. Government payrolls rose by 22,000 in September, though federal employment shrank by 6,000. The 16-day partial shutdown of government offices and facilities, which began Oct. 1, had no direct bearing on the September employment data, but surveys and anecdotal reports indicate that the uncertainty over the budget stalemate weighed

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every Friday from select cities and towns across New England. The college broadcasts try to “get a snapshot of the school’s unique college experience including student life, popular majors and admission facts and figures,” the Fox release said. “The takeaway for viewers is a true glimpse of life on campus and the value each college and university offers students.” Connolly also contributes to each tour stop with his “Campus Tour” feature, in which he travels

to the tour site in advance to try getting a grasp of student life and points of pride among the community by interviewing students. “You can read about college admission requirements in a book, but getting a feel for the right school can be the toughest challenge for students,” Connolly said. “To know what it’s like at a school you have to ask the students who go there, and that’s exactly what we do in the campus tour segment.” Students who visit the

broadcast will have the chance to receive free coffee, food and T-shirts as part of the show. The first 200 students will receive a free T-shirt, according to last Thursday’s email. Show sponsors Dunkin’ Donuts, Tedeschi Food Shops and Teddie Peanut Butter will provide free food and other giveaways. A contest will also be held for free tickets to “Screeemfest” at Canobie Lake Park, according to the email. Stephen Hewitt can be reached at shewitt@umass.edu.

Boston Celebrates Stand for UMass Day Friday, October 25, 2013 11:00 am: Massachusetts State House Special ceremony and performance by the UMass Minuteman Marching Band 1:00 pm: Faneuil Hall Quincy Market Performance by the UMass Minuteman Marching Band and free refreshments 8:00 pm: Stand for UMass: The Concert at Boston Symphony Hall A multi-band performance

Singer-actor Noel Harrison dead at 79

on employers and possibly their hiring decisions last month. The increase in temporary-help employment may signal a pickup in broader hiring to come. Another socalled leading indicator, the average hours worked in a week, showed no change in September at 34.5 hours. Average hourly earnings for all private employees rose a measly 3 cents from August, to $24.09 last month. It will take some weeks if not months before analysts can fully assess the economic impact of the government shutdown, but most economists think the temporary closure of operations and furloughs of about 800,000 employees will shave half a percentage point off economic growth in the fourth quarter. That would most likely mean fourth-quarter growth of even less than the sluggish 2 percent average pace since the recovery

began in mid-2009. Some reading of the shutdown’s effect on employment can be made on Nov. 8, when the Labor Department’s jobs report for October will be released, one week later than had been scheduled.

Mexico demands investigation into reports of spying By Tracy WiLkinson Los Angeles Times

MEXICO CITY — Mexico on Tuesday ramped up its protest over reports that the United States spied on numerous senior Mexican leaders, including the country’s current and former presidents. Foreign Minister Jose Antonio Meade, speaking in Geneva, said Washington’s explanations were insufficient. “Mexico insists ... there is no room for explanations,” he said. “But, rather, a timely investigation with clear responsibilities and swift corrective measures.” A short time later, Interior Minister Miguel Angel Osorio Chong went before TV cameras in Mexico City to announce that Mexico would investigate its officials, in addition to expecting Washington to look into its own possible transgressions. Until now, Mexico’s complaints had been largely limited to news releases, so it was unusual to see two senior officials speak out on the matter. Some analysts suggested that the government was attempting to evince a tougher stance after criticism that it had reacted too mildly. In early September, President Enrique Pena Nieto said that President Barack Obama promised him an inquiry into the alleged spying revealed by former National Security Agency contract analyst Edward Snowden. Reports in the Brazilian news media at the time said Pena Nieto’s emails were hacked by NSA surveillance before he assumed the presidency in December.

Over the weekend, a second disclosure came when the German magazine Der Spiegel reported that the alleged spying also extended to Pena Nieto’s predecessor, Felipe Calderon, during his administration - a government marked by extraordinarily close ties to Washington. Calderon, via his Twitter account, said he was appalled. “More than personal, this is an affront to the institutions of the nation,” he said, calling on Meade to convey his “most forceful protest” to the U.S. government. In both the Calderon and Pena Nieto cases, the alleged hacking purportedly tapped into the men’s emails as well as those of other Cabinet officials. Meade suggested that plenty of time had transpired for the Obama administration to have conducted an investigation. “Obama gave his word there would be an investigation,” Meade said. The alleged spying “was an abuse of the trust built between partner countries, and dishonors (their) historic friendship.” Osorio said the Mexican government would determine whether its officials “intentionally or by omission, negligence or any other motive” made sensitive Mexican communications vulnerable to spies. The Pena Nieto administration, from its first day in office, has strengthened the security of communications and networks to guard against hacking and other outside surveillance, Osorio said.

Smoking Causes Immediate Damage to Your Body.

British actor-singer Noel Harrison, best known for his recording of the Oscar-winning ballad “The Windmills of Your Mind” and as secret agent Mark Slate in NBC’s 1960s TV series “The Girl from U.N.C.L.E,” died Saturday night at the age of 79. Harrison suffered a heart attack at his home in Ashburton, Devon, in England after performing at the village of Black Dog in Devon. -Los Angeles Times Distributed by MCT Information Services

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THE MASSACHUSETTS DAILY COLLEGIAN

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MIDTERMS “Some stress does come from having classes that are not interrelated,” she said. Being a senior also contributes to the stress of midterms for Moreno. She said that these exams are some of the last chances that she will get to boost her GPA and ensure that she graduates on time. Moreno said that she is ready to sacrifice sleep for midterms, though she warns others against total sleep deprivation. “You have to get some sleep— don’t pull an allnighter if you’re the type of person who will fall asleep during a test,” she said. Moreno also cautioned against using prescription drugs to aid studying

COX

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and productivity, saying, “Even though a lot of people do this, do not rely on Adderall.” Andrew Schwartz, a freshman Spanish student, said that he is enjoying the mid-semester. Schwartz said he is excited about his—albeit heavy—load of language-oriented coursework, saying, “ I really do enjoy it.” Regarding midterms, Schwartz said “it wasn’t that bad.” Instead, he said that he has been enjoying campus life this fall term. “I love it here. I like the people, I like the academics and I just love the atmosphere,” he said. Haley Schilling can be reached at hschilling@umass.edu.

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her feelings that she was a woman, to society’s view and acceptance of her gender identity. Cox and her brother were raised in an area with a history of racial oppression, but also with a history of fighting that oppression. Cox said that this taught her that “each one of us has the power to resist.” As a child, Cox was constantly told that she was boy, but inside she knew that she was a girl. She described herself as a feminine child, which, according to her, “became a problem.” Growing up, she was bullied by her classmates, who would chase her home from school and would call her names. Her mother frequently told her to act more like a boy. One day her mother received a phone call from a teacher who said that if Cox was not given therapy, she would end up in New Orleans wearing a dress. Cox said that the people around her were always trying to police her gender and make sure that she acted only in ways appropriate with her biological sex. Because of the way that she was treated, Cox said that she didn’t feel safe and never felt like she fit in. One night in sixth grade, Cox was so fearful that she had disappointed her family that she swallowed a handful of pills, hoping to commit suicide. When she survived, Cox decided to simply suppress the “girl thing.” Once in college in New York City, Cox said that she felt more comfortable exploring her identity. To Cox, the city was like a “dream.” She began to explore the club scene, where she discovered that gender nonconformists such as herself were welcomed. This, Cox said, allowed her to be more comfortable with who she was. Throughout college, Cox drew inspiration from the

works of Judith Butler and from the Stonewall riots, the Compton Cafeteria Riots and other examples of gender nonconformists fighting for change. Finally, 15 years ago, Cox felt comfortable enough with herself to begin her transition from a male to a female body. She hoped that within a few years, people would not be able to tell that she was transgender. Three or four years into her transition, however, she was still recognized as transgender, and many people would scream and rudely point her out when she was in public. She still felt unsafe, and many people around her were not accepting of her identity. In addition, many LGBT organizations of the time overlooked transgender rights. This left Cox feeling as though she and other transgender people did not have a safe space to express themselves. Even today, Cox said that transgender people are still waiting for this safe space. Despite the fact that many people were not tolerant of Cox throughout her life, she has found a lot of support from friends, family and fans. Her mother is now very accepting and proud of her, as is her twin brother. Cox said that she loved how the transition of her character, Sophia Burset, was portrayed on “Orange is the New Black.” She said that many transgender people have seen something of themselves and their stories in Sophia, and she also said that it has been a “gift” for her to be able to portray this character. Cox loves how Sophia’s relationships and struggles are so human. “If we get to know people as human beings, many misconceptions we have about them will fade,” she said. Rose Gottlieb can be reached at rgottlieb@umass.edu.

Wednesday, October 23, 2013

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US drone strikes questioned Reports say dozens of civilians killed By Jonathan S. Landay McClatchy Washington Bureau WASHINGTON — The Obama administration violated international law with top-secret targeted-killing operations that claimed dozens of civilian lives in Yemen and Pakistan, according to reports from two international human rights organizations. The Amnesty International and Human Rights Watch reports, being released Tuesday, focus fresh attention on the most controversial facet of the U.S. campaign to cripple al-Qaida and allied Islamic extremist groups, underscoring unresolved disputes over the legality of the targetedkilling program, the vast majority of which is carried out by missiles fired from unmanned drone aircraft. Despite a vow by President Barack Obama to institute greater transparency, “the administration has yet to officially disclose any new information about drone policy, the legal framework or particular strikes,” Amnesty International said. The reports follow the release last week of a United Nations study that questioned the legality of some U.S. drone strikes and said it had identified 33 incidents “that appear to have resulted in civilian casualties.” Obama and senior U.S. officials have defended targeted killings as legal under U.S. and international laws. In a speech last May, the president outlined a broad legal “framework” for continuing the operations, while asserting that he wanted to scale them back amid an outcry that civilian casualties have fueled anti-U.S. extremism. The administration says civilian casualties have been low. It contends that the operations have elimi-

nated dozens of top al-Qaida leaders, crippling the ability of the network’s Pakistanbased leadership to mount complex global attacks. Human Rights Watch examined six “unacknowledged” U.S. targeted-killing operations that occurred from December 2009 to April 2013. They included one incident in which cluster munitions released by U.S. Navy cruise missiles killed at least 41 civilians, the group said. “Two of these attacks were in clear violation of international law - the laws of war - because they struck only civilians or used indiscriminate weapons,” the Human Rights Watch report said. “The other four cases may have violated the laws of war because the individual attacked was not a lawful military target or the attack caused disproportionate civilian harm.” “In several of these cases, the U.S. also did not take all feasible precautions to minimize harm to civilians, as the laws of war require,” the report said. The Amnesty International report reviewed 45 reported CIA drone strikes that occurred from January 2012 to August 2013 in Pakistan’s tribal area of North Waziristan, a stronghold of al-Qaida and Pakistani and Afghan extremist groups where Pakistani law doesn’t apply. The group conducted field research into nine of the strikes, interviewing more than 60 survivors, witnesses, residents and officials. Some U.S. drone strikes “violated the right to life” - which is protected under international human rights law - of Pakistani civilians “and may constitute extrajudicial executions or war crimes,” Amnesty International said. “The U.S. appears to be exploiting the lawlessness and remote nature of the local region to evade accountability for violations of the right to life,” the group said.

The United States is aiding Yemen in its fight against al-Qaida’s regional affiliate, al-Qaida in the Arabian Peninsula, which has attempted several unsuccessful terrorist attacks against the U.S. The American support has included targeted killings by the CIA and the U.S. military’s Joint Special Operations Command. In one of the targeted killings examined by the Human Rights Watch report, “Between a Drone and alQaida: The Civilian Cost of U.S. Targeted Killings in Yemen,” up to five U.S. Navy cruise missiles scattered cluster munitions in the southern hamlet of al Majalah on Dec. 17, 2009. Fourteen suspected fighters from al-Qaida in the Arabian Peninsula died, including the apparent primary target, the report said, quoting a Yemeni government inquiry. At least 41 civilians - including nine women and 21 children - also were killed, it continued. Unexploded bomblets, it said, later killed four more civilians and wounded 13. The attack “may more properly be viewed as a violation of international human rights law,” which allows such operations outside war zones only to prevent “imminent” terrorist strikes and when other means, such as capture, cannot be used, the report said. The attack also could be considered a violation of the laws of war because it employed indiscriminate weapons “and caused indiscriminate and possibly disproportionate civilian casualties,” the report added. “The families have not received any compensation for the deaths and injuries,” it said. The other operations examined in the report involved U.S. missile strikes by drones - possibly warplanes in one incident - that killed suspected members of al-Qaida in the Arabian Peninsula and civilians from September 2012 to April 2013.

In its report, Amnesty International described CIA drone strikes in North Waziristan known as “double taps.” Those involve hitting suspected militants, waiting for rescuers to reach the scene and then firing missiles at the rescuers if they fit secret U.S. government “signatures” - or profiles - of extremists, such as military-age males carrying weapons. The Amnesty International report, “ ‘Will I Be Next?’ U.S. Drone Strikes in Pakistan,” said the organization had documented many cases in which civilians - not militants - were struck as they responded to drone strikes. In one case, the report said, drones staged two strikes in July 2012 in the village of Zowi Sidgi, first on a tent in which laborers had gathered for a meal and second on locals who rushed to the scene to search for survivors. At least 18 people died, including at least one boy, and 22 villagers were wounded, according to the report. “Not all drone strikes violate human rights or international law,” it said. “The full picture will only come to light when U.S. authorities fully disclose the facts, circumstances and legal basis for each of its drone strikes.” Last week’s U.N. report, however, questioned the legality of any U.S. drone strikes in Pakistan after April 2012. That was when the Pakistani Parliament imposed tough restrictions on who in government could approve a U.S. drone operation along with a requirement that the authorization of a drone strike must be “announced through a ministerial statement in the Parliament.” “That procedure has not been invoked to authorize the use of remotely piloted aircraft in the Federally Administered Tribal Areas,” the U.N. study said.

Detroit Shias say they were attacked Alleged assault in Saudi Arabia By niraJ Warikoo Detroit Free Press

DETROIT — A group of Detroit area residents visiting Saudi Arabia for the annual Muslim pilgrimage said they were attacked and threatened with death last week by a group of Sunni men from Australia because they are Shias, a minority sect within Islam. One of the members of the group was strangled until his face turned blue and women in the group were threatened with rape, according to people who witnessed the attack last week. They allege that authorities in Saudi Arabia did not take their complaints seriously and deleted a video one of them had made of the incident. A U.S. State Department official told the Detroit Free Press on Monday: “We are concerned by reports that a group of U.S. citizens was attacked ... at a campsite for Hajj pilgrims located outside of Mecca. We take these reports seriously and are

committed to the protection of U.S. citizens traveling and residing abroad.” The Embassy of Saudi Arabia did not return a reporter’s calls or an email seeking comment. The State Department official said the hajj and interior ministries in Saudi Arabia “have confirmed that they are investigating” the incident. The Michigan Shias, led by Imam Hassan Al-Qazwini of Dearborn, the spiritual leader of metro Detroit’s biggest mosque, were in Saudi Arabia on hajj, the Muslim pilgrimage that all observant Muslims are required to take at least once in their life if they’re able to. The group included three women from the Amen family who were featured in the reality TV show “All-American Muslim.” While Shias from metro Detroit have reported being harassed before on hajj, last week’s incident was much more extreme and frightening, members of the group told the Free Press. The attack occurred Wednesday evening as some members of the group walked into a tent in Mina, a city in Saudi Arabia where pilgrims are required

to spend a night to fulfill the requirements of hajj. The tent was for pilgrims from the U.S., Australia and European countries. The Shias said they were confronted by a large group of men they later learned were Lebanese-Australians who belong to a Sunni group known as Salafis. The Salafis asked one of the Shia men if he was Shia, recalled Seyed Mothafar Al-Qazwini, a nephew of Imam Al-Qazwini. “He responded ‘yes.’ He was immediately attacked by three men, one grabbing him in a choke hold, the others punching him in the face.” Al-Qazwini said the leader of the Salafis then shouted “Kill them all. Kill the Shia.” Suehaila Amen of Dearborn said the attackers also yelled “Kafir” at the Shias, an insult that means “infidel” or “non-Muslim.” Some of the Sunnis then ran to the women’s tents, telling them “if they do not leave in 15 minutes, they will rape them all,” Al-Qazwini said. During the attack, the leader of the attackers referenced a seventh-century battle in Karbala, Iraq,

where a leader revered by Shias was killed along with many of his family members, said Al-Qazwini. The leader told the Shias, according to Al-Qazwini: “We will make this day like the day of Karbala. We will kill all your men and take your women as captives.” Amen, an activist in Dearborn, confirmed Al-Qazwini’s account, saying: “The attack on us in Mina was terrifying.” The Shia men managed to free the man being strangled and fled the tent area with the help of the group leader, Hassan Sobh of Dearborn, Al-Qazwini and Amen said. Amen praised Sobh for his actions, calling him a hero. He “got our men out of harm’s way as we were outnumbered” and “got his women safely away.” Amen and Al-Qazwini criticized the lack of action from Saudi police on the scene, saying that they initially expressed interest, but then did nothing and deleted a video recording made of the incident. Al-Qazwini said they had difficulty getting a response from U.S. Embassy officials they contacted after the incident.


Opinion Editorial THE MASSACHUSETTS DAILY COLLEGIAN

Wednesday, October 23, 2013

“I’m always learning something. Learning never ends.” - Raymond Carver

GOP’s political sabotage of health reform continues The Affordable Care Act fund 100 percent of expanwas designed to expand sion cost between 2014 and coverage for 30 to 33 mil- 2020— and 90 percent of cost after 2020— court cases have Zac Bears challenged the Medicaid expansion as being coerlion Americans, cutting the cive. The Supreme Court number of uninsured non- agreed, placing the decision elderly adults in half. The of whether or not to comply ACA does this by bringing with the Medicaid expansion those deemed “uninsur- in the hands of the states. Twenty-five states able” into the market by limiting the ability of insur- decided against expanders to discriminate against ing Medicaid after the 2012 Americans with pre-exist- Supreme Court decision. By ing conditions or prohibi- providing states a choice, tive costs. The law includes many Republican governors provisions to create private and state legislatures have health insurance exchanges justified themselves in decidin every state. That being ing not to expand the prosaid, only 17 states agreed, gram. This creates a coverand the federal government age gap between the median is charged with managing level of Medicaid eligibility 27 state health insurance before the ACA (47 percent exchanges and helping with of the federal poverty level another seven “partner- [FPL] for parents of depenship” exchanges. This excep- dent children) and the level tional burden on the federal at which the ACA’s private government has certainly insurance begins (100 perplayed into the issues with cent of FPL for all adults). Let us remember the “HealthCare.gov,” the federal health insurance website. 2012 GOP plan for providing Almost half of the health care to the uninsured. increase in coverage comes As Mitt Romney said on from the federal expansion CBS’s “60 Minutes” during of the Medicaid health care his presidential campaign, program for the disadvan- “Well, we do provide care for taged. The text of the ACA people who don’t have insur-

inherently ruinous for the United States, but because they had no hand in passing it. Democratic presidents and congresses may have formulated Social Security, Medicare and Medicaid, but congressional Republicans had a hand in adjusting, debating and eventually passing these laws. The GOP did not have that chance with the ACA. In 2009, health care reform was not on the GOP agenda; the last Republican president was an abject failure who left office with low approval ratings; and the Republicans had just lost the White House to the first African-American president in U.S. history. Facing a political reckoning of a younger, less white and more liberal electorate, the GOP ran to the ultra-right, hoping that it could hold the changing electorate at bay. Very conservative Republicans rail against the ACA, but they need to remember 1994, when the Republican proposal for health care reform looked almost identical to the ACA. The statistics are bleak: an estimated 5,161,820 poor uninsured non-elderly

By not expanding Medicaid, 25 states will leave 86 percent of their poor adults uninsured. Republican state governments have ensured that the ACA will fail the poor in their states not because the ACA is flawed, but because the GOP won’t allow it to go into effect. states that the Medicaid expansion applies to those “who are under 65 years of age, not pregnant, not entitled to, or enrolled for [certain] benefits … and whose income … does not exceed 133 percent of the poverty line.” Before the ACA, Medicaid programs had complex rules that limited eligibility and left over 45 percent of those living under the poverty line without insurance, and programs in only seven states allowed childless adults to acquire Medicaid. The ACA now expands coverage to all citizens below 133 percent of the poverty line. The Medicaid expansion insures over 15 million Americans (almost half of the newly insured population). The original law mandated that all states accept the expansion or lose all federal Medicaid funding. While the federal government will

ance. If someone has a heart attack, they don’t sit in their apartment and die. We pick them up in an ambulance, and take them to the hospital, and give them care.” The Medicaid expansion was supposed to help control ballooning health care costs, some of which are associated with the fact that some of the 60 million uninsured Americans may get sick over the course of the year. In fact, some of these uninsured Americans may get very sick, they may go to the hospital and they will get care, but if they cannot pay for that care, the costs get passed on to the local system: the hospitals, insurers, doctors and local taxpayers. The Medicaid expansion would have moved these costs to the national system, taking fiscal pressure off the local system. Republicans dislike the ACA not because it is

adults fall within the ACA coverage gap because they live in states not moving forward with the Medicaid expansion. These people constitute 27 percent of all uninsured adults in those states. As a share of lowincome (under 139 percent of FPL) uninsured adults in those states, 56 percent fall within the coverage gap, and that share grows even more to 86 percent of poor (under 100 percent of FPL) uninsured adults in those states. By not expanding Medicaid, 25 states will leave 86 percent of their poor adults uninsured. Republican state governments have ensured that the ACA will fail the poor in their states not because the ACA is flawed, but because the GOP won’t allow it to go into effect. Zac Bears is a Collegian columnist and can be reached at ibears@umass.edu.

Editorial@DailyCollegiancom

Debt ceiling is a cyclical disaster In the aftermath of the of the system. It’s borgovernment shutdown derline criminal. As the debacle, we must consid- system currently stands, the United States gets to Stefan Herlitz play a massive game of political chicken every er what would have hap- couple months, the result pened if Congress had of which could be global failed to successfully raise financial ruin. the debt ceiling. Had the That is not how the budUnited States defaulted get is supposed to work. on its debts, the subse- In a fiscally sane universe quent massive credit rat- (i.e., the way every other ing downgrade would democratic country does result in immediate cuts its budget), the governto government expendi- ment is allowed to borrow tures and the utter col- enough money it needs lapse of the entire global to pay for the programs financial system. Every approved in the budget. If few months, if the United the government happens

budget issues is what is supposed to be happening while the old budget is still active, so a new budget can be passed before its expiration. Clearly, Congress has failed its task. What’s particularly disturbing about this failure is that Congress can simply sit back and allow it to happen. Short of impeachment, there is nothing that forces Congress to pass a budget, and since only Congress has the power to impeach itself, members can just sit back and wait until the next Congressional elec-

It’s time to realize that our budgetary process needs fixing, and eliminating the debt ceiling, with its arbitrary threat to ravage the world’s finances, is a good place to start. States’ spending reaches the debt ceiling without Congress raising it again, the entire world economy will collapse, ushering in a crisis far worse than anything seen since the Great Depression. The worst thing about the debt ceiling, however, is not the possibility of default or the implosion of the entire global financial system, but rather that the whole idea of the debt ceiling is completely arbitrary. The United States is one of only two democratic countries on Earth that has a set debt ceiling. In Denmark, the only other country, the debt ceiling is meaningless: not only has Denmark’s debt ceiling been raised only once in its entire history (2010), but even then its national debt wasn’t particularly close to hitting the limit. In Denmark, the debt ceiling is just a formality, and they raised it just to be safe. Only in the United States is it possible for lawmakers to draw up a budget, specifically delineate the amount of money each program is allocated, approve said budget and then vote against allowing the government to borrow enough money to pay for the expenses they just approved. The debt ceiling is not just an illogical over-complication

to spend a bit more than it takes in in tax revenue, that government simply borrows the money. There’s no fuss, no partisan brinksmanship, no threat to the financial future of the human race. There is just making a budget, passing it and paying what you owe. Sadly, the debt ceiling is not the only financial oddity that has become a major part of the United States’ political landscape. The government was recently shut down for more than two weeks as a result of the failure of Congress to pass a budget or continuing resolution to authorize spending government money. Hundreds of thousands of federal workers were furloughed, many federal services were closed and only a bare skeleton remained of programs that many people rely on. All of this because Congress couldn’t do its job and pass a budget. Instead of a bipartisan compromise that would allow the government’s doors to remain open while budgetary issues could be debated, we had instead yet another game of political chicken. This shouldn’t be able to happen. It is the primary duty of Congress, the House of Representatives in particular, to authorize the government’s expenditures. Discussion over

tion in hope of having a Congress more in their favor before passing a budget. No other organization could conceivably function like this—even the UMass Student Gover nment Association, with a budget of $2.7 million per year, has measures in its bylaws that force it to pass a budget every year. In the annual SGA budget hearing, if the initial budget proposal is not passed, the meeting keeps going until a budget is passed, forcing compromise. With the budget process consistently stalled, the government always teetering on shutdown and the debt ceiling looming yet again, the United States—really, the entire world economy—is in dire straits. Our current political environment places far too much value on grandstanding, sound bytes and “doubling down,” while compromise, the only realistic solution, is dismissed. After all of these calamitous fiscal events, which happen with startling frequency, I think it’s time to realize that our budgetary process needs fixing, and eliminating the debt ceiling, with its arbitrary threat to ravage the world’s finances, is a good place to start. Stefan Herlitz is a Collegian columnist and can be reached sherlitz@ umass.edu.

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The Massachusetts Daily Collegian is published Monday through Thursday during the University of Massachusetts calendar semester. The Collegian is independently funded, operating on advertising revenue. Founded in 1890, the paper began as Aggie Life, became the College Signal in 1901, the Weekly Collegian in 1914 and the Tri–Weekly Collegian in 1956. Published daily from 1967 to 2013, The Collegian has been broadsheet since January 1994. For advertising rates and information, call 413-545-3500.

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Arts Living THE MASSACHUSETTS DAILY COLLEGIAN

“Music is my therapy and my straitjacket.” - will.i.am

Wednesday, October 23, 2013

SOCIAL NETWORKING

Making the most of your LinkedIn Tips for utilizing the social network By sarah roBertson Collegian Correspondent

LinkedIn profile, put together by former peer advisor Samantha Denette:

1. Customize your URL

It makes it easier for people to Professionals have been find you if you have a common increasingly using the online name. It looks much more resume site LinkedIn to find professional than the generic prospective employees and URL with tons of numbers. interns. It is the premier social networking site for 2. Use a separate e-mail the professional world and address has been gaining popularity since its launch in 2003. An Set up your LinkedIn with estimated 74 million people your professional e-mail in the U.S. and 200 million address. If someone sends you worldwide currently have a private message, you can LinkedIn accounts in 19 dif- respond from your e-mail. ferent languages. These accounts function 3. Link to your blog not only as resumes, but altogether as a network con- Add any links to blogs or necting professionals and online portfolios. employers which creates a database of skills, expe4. List to your skill set rience and references. In a world where who you know List any experience or skills is just as important as what that are useful in the workyou know, LinkedIn has cre- place. ated one site that blends these aspects seamlessly. 5. Look classy Recently, University of Massachusetts journalism Hire a professional photograprofessor Barbara Roche pher or take a nice picture prompted the students in her that you would want employJournalism Success seminar ers to see. to create LinkedIn accounts to prepare for their intern6. Don’t connect with ship search. She spoke of everyone the increasing importance of connections, especially Keep connections professionin the journalism field, al; don’t connect with people and said that LinkedIn will you don’t know or would not soon replace the traditional vouch for professionally. resume. Creating a profile is the easy part, she said, but 7. Get recommendations representing yourself professionally and gaining the Ask former employers and experience to get employers teachers to provide you to look at you is the impor- with a recommendation on tant part. LinkedIn. Ask them to com“It gives you the chance ment on specific projects you to build up your own profes- did for them to help you stand sional digital footprint,” she out from the crowd. said. Creating a LinkedIn 8. Join groups account is just as easy as signing up for any other UMass alumni group, any social networking site. When campus organizations and creating an account, the site former places of employment first asks for basic informa- can provide important contion about your education nections. and work experience. A user may add their skill set and 9. Search companies any important information or accomplishments that You may have connections may be of interest to employ- that you never knew existed, ers. In addition, adding a per- and these connections could sonal picture, editing content provide important opportuniand forming “connections” ties. bring a LinkedIn page to life. Once a profile is created, 10. Learn more about a user can search for potenLinkedIn tial connections through companies, groups or mutual New features come online all friends, and then ask them the time. Keep up with the to “connect.” Following a changes at sites like careerealrequest for a connection, ism.com. immediately shown are how many mutual connections, or Roche explained that a how many tiers of connecgood LinkedIn profile really tions (in other words, friends pays off. With the site, not of friends), exist between only can one find connections the user and the person who or internships, but the conrequested the connection. Advertising itself as the nections and internships can world’s largest professional also find you. “At a certain point you network, LinkedIn offers start to have jobs sent to users many more tools than you,” she said. “Now when just an easy way to share a resume. The site allows users employers are looking to fill to request and publish letters a position, the first place they of recommendation, search look is LinkedIn.” Whether you are a college for jobs and internships and learn about other areas of student or already a profesinterest. When used in this sional, LinkedIn is a useful way, LinkedIn can open up site for making connections opportunities unforeseen in and advancing your profesthe traditional job market. sional career. Roche provided her students with a list of tips for Sarah Robertson can be reached at creating the best possible srobertson@umass.edu.

Arts@DailyCollegian.com

FA S H I O N

Score the Jenners’ girly look How to dress like Kendall and Kylie By Chelsea ZiC Collegian Correspondent Move over Kim, Kourtney and Khloe: The next generation of Kardashian spawn is taking over the fashion world by storm. At 16 and 17 years of age, respectively, Kylie and Kendall Jenner may be young, but they have accomplished more than their fair share of work in the fashion realm. The Jenner sisters are no strangers to the fashion world. Kendall Jenner signed with Wilhelmina Models at age 14, previously modeled for Forever 21 and currently models for renowned photographer Russell James’ newest project, “Nomad: Two Worlds. The youngest of the Kardashian-Jenner clan, Kylie, has modeled for Teen Vogue and was named a Seventeen Magazine brand ambassador in 2011 along with her sister Kendall. The dynamic duo recently released a clothing line in PacSun stores worldwide as well. In terms of style, their look can best be described as trendy and sophisticated, yet youthful. They have mentioned that their older sisters have a heavy influence on their style and that they often trade and borrow each other’s clothes. The eccentric and polished “SoCal” vibe of the Jenner girls’ look can be duplicated and reinvented by young fashionistas around the world – even those who aren’t on a Kardashian budget. To begin, Kendall is an

avid wearer of chic, simple black-and-white clothing. She has been spotted wearing slimming, fitted black trousers with a matching blazer and trendy crop top to give the look an edge. These are basic staples in many women’s wardrobes due to their versatility. If you’re a fan of this look, try Forever 21’s “Paneled Dress Pants,” which go for $24.80, and H&M’s “Short Blazer,” which sells for $24.95 (currently on sale for $9.95). Add a band tee or graphic top for Kendall’s edgy look. She is also a fan of the trendy sneaker wedge. Aldo sells a black leather pair that Kendall would don any day: The “Cummings” shoe, which is on sale for the lofty price of $74.98. Kylie has been deemed the “girlier” of the two, often rocking skirts, blouses and flowing frocks. She balances out these innocent pieces, however, with bold combat boots or statement heels. Budget-friendly dresses and skirts can be found at online stores such as ModCloth and Nastygal. ModCloth’s “Mod for Each Other Dress” practically screams Kylie, and for $52.99, will make you (and your wallet) smile. Pair the floral sundress with Nastygal’s quirky “Eastside Combat Boot,” reasonably priced at $68. The two girls have also been spotted wearing clothing designed by trendy Italy-based designer Brandy Melville. They are fans of Melville’s graphic crop tops, which go for around $20 a pop, and their pricier chunky knit cardigans, which range anywhere from $40 to $70. Brandy Melville stores can be found in Los Angeles, New York and Boston,

JOAN!TA/FLICKR

A simple black blazer paired with black fitted pants is a great Jenner look. and are constantly being refreshed with new inventory. Both girls love to pile on the rings as well. Kendall and Kylie mix and match different styles of rings and stack them together to add more of a punk-inspired edge to their polished looks. Statement and stackable rings that would be Jennerapproved and won’t break the bank can be found in stores like Brandy Melville, Forever 21 and on Nastygal. com. If you are in search of extra tips, there are count-

less blogs on Tumblr dedicated solely to the fashion of Kendall and Kylie Jenner. The blogs’ maintainers hunt online daily to find the exact articles of clothing and accessories seen on the Jenner sisters, and in the instance that they can’t scope out a particular item, post look-alike items. Some of these Tumblr blogs include “kendallandkyliejennerlove,” “kendallkyliejstyle” and “kendallandkyliescloset.” Chelsea Zic can be reached at czic@ umass.edu.

FA S H I O N

Tie up your autumn look with a scarf Keep warm while looking cool this fall By Maria Martin ShopAtHome.com

Ask a dozen style gurus about the latest trends, and they will respond with a dozen different answers. But inspect those responses carefully and common threads will pop up. Specifically, the threads that make up some of this season’s most artful, inspiring scarves. Sharon Haver, founder of New York-based fashion website focusonstyle.com, helps everyday women with simple tricks to look their best. “Scarves are very on trend this season,” Haver says. “There’s a more effortless and off-handed way of accessorizing with scarves that is not of the stuffy and stiff bygone era, but more European inspired and nonchalant.” The easiest way to add a spark to your wardrobe is with a voluminous or square scarf that you can wrap loosely around your neck. And, thanks to the Prada runway, the neckerchief is making a return, Haver says. “It’s a simple and adorable way to add interest to your face, and it’s a modern replacement for the statement necklace,” she says. The infinity loop continues to be a popular trend, says

Laura C. McDowell, spokeswoman for T.J. Maxx and Marshalls. “Shiny Lurex and fall florals are the top trends now, but they will lighten up as the weather warms up,” she says. “Wraps, especially luxurious cashmere, are also very popular now into the holidays.” And with the holiday around the corner, it might be time to start thinking about your gift list, says Linda Lee, group vice president of Macy’s personal shopping service. “Scarves make wonderful gifts for those early shoppers who want to get ahead of the hustle and bustle of the season,” Lee says. “Not only are they practical, but they can act as a statement piece or accent to spiff up any outfit.” When you’re considering a scarf for the woman on your gift list, think about where she lives. “That will determine the weight and fabric of scarf to purchase,” she adds. Beyond the weight and fabric of the scarf, prints are high on the list of things to consider. A scarf with a great pattern can help dress up any ensemble, says Sofia Wacksman, vice president of trend for Kohl’s department stores. “Try mixing prints headto-toe by pairing a soft plaid or animal print scarf with a floral blouse or camo skinny jean,” Wacksman says. “Also, try styling scarves in

new ways, such as a neckerchief draped around the neck and tied in the back, or loosely gathered in the front with a singular knot.” Wondering how to tie that scarf ? Go to focusonstyle. com/blog/wear-scarf-videotips for Haver’s lesson. Take a peek at some of most fashionable styles in scarves:

Croft & Barrow Plaid Perfection ($28, kohls.com). Take advantage of the season’s trendy plaid styles with this scarf, which comes in black or red.

Burberry Check Scarf ($395, Nordstrom.com). If you’re shopping for a fashionista with designer taste, this classic will fit the bill, as will Burberry’s Colour Check Scarf ($295).

American Rag Wrap, Oven Weave Crochet Look ($28, Macys.com). This Bohemian-chic wrap adds a vintage vibe to your outfit.

Apt. 9 Zigzag Scarf

Style & Co. Wrap, Status Scroll ($26, macys.com). This jeweltone wrap ornamented with a scroll pattern is perfect for adding a bit of color to your wardrobe.

Mudd Bandana Square Scarf ($26, kohls.com). This classic bandana shape would look great paired with a graphic T-shirt.

Macy’s Material Girl Scarf, Leopard Polka Dot Oblong ($14, macys.com). Accessorize with this chic polyester print scarf, around 72 inches long.

Nordstrom Tissue Weight Wool and Cashmere Wrap ($88, Nordstrom.com). This classic soft scarf comes in 62 colors, sure to match anything in the wardrobe.

Apt. 9 Crosshatch Infinity ($32, kohls.com). Though it comes in silver, ivory and black, it was the cobalt blue color that caught our eye.

($20, kohls.com). This scarf is sure to add a bit of zip, along with zigzag, to your Nordstrom Cashmere wardrobe. We loved the Infiniti Scarf rich blue hues. The scarf also comes in a neutral ($78, Nordstrom.com). This shade, as well as a pretty popular style comes in eight colors. red.


6

Wednesday, October 23, 2013

THE MASSACHUSETTS DAILY COLLEGIAN

Comics

DailyCollegian.com

WE WANT YOUR COMICS! Put your comics in front of thousands of readers. Questions? Comments? Email us: comics@dailycollegian.com

Halloween is coming! Oh boy oh boy oh boy oh boy!

Astrobats

a s ofter W orlD

By

D inosaur C omiCs

e horne anD j Comeau

B y r yan n orth

aquarius

HOROSCOPES Jan. 20 - Feb. 18

You won’t know how, but you’re going to end up in Hamlin today and have no clue where you are for roughly 20 minutes.

pisces

Feb. 19 - Mar. 20

leo

Jul. 23 - aug. 22

Have you gone to the mall to sit on Mr. Skeleton’s lap and told him what you want for Halloween yet? Candy? Treats? A soul?

virgo

aug. 23 - Sept. 22

The only phrase you have fully grasped in Today is going to be a day of walking lazily to your Spanish class seems to be “Qué lastima,” class and realizing, once you get there, that and boy do you know it fluently. you are an hour-and-a-half early.

aries

Mar. 21 - apr. 19

taurus

apr. 20 - May. 20

gemini

May. 21 - Jun. 21

It’s not a 10-page college research paper unless you do it in two-and-a-half hours the morning that it is due.

There comes a point when you eat every baked potato when it’s realized that there is an inproportionately small amount of potato.

libra

Sept. 23 - Oct. 22

scorpio

Oct. 23 - nOv. 21

It’s a sad life where the only thing that can protect you as a human being is a feeble bag of newly stale marshmallows.

That bug didn’t fly into your hand, you just just high-fived him and he took it too harshly.

sagittarius

nOv. 22 - Dec. 21

A sad fact of life is that “Hamburger Truck” sounds a lot better than “Baby Berk.”

Despite the rain, keep trucking with your seasonal goal of not wearing pants. You will be stronger for it! I promise you!

cancer

capricorn

Jun. 22 - Jul. 22

Mmmmhmmm ain’t nothing like a bowl of day- old lettuce to get you excited for your post–lunch day!

Dec. 22 - Jan. 19

Tonight a whole hoard of real-life zombies will be waiting for specifically you outside of the dining hall. What a shame.


THE MASSACHUSETTS DAILY COLLEGIAN

DailyCollegian.com

Wednesday, October 23, 2013

7

COLLEGE FOOTBALL

Miami stripped of nine scholorships by NCAA By Christy CaBrera Chirinos Sun Sentinel

CORAL GABLES, Fla. – The University of Miami Hurricanes are relieved one of the darkest chapters in program history is finally over. Citing a lack of institutional control spanning a decade, the NCAA stripped the Miami football program a total of nine scholarships and the basketball program a total of three scholarships during the next three years. However, both teams have dodged further postseason bans. After a nearly two and a half year NCAA investigation into improprieties alleged by former booster Nevin Shapiro, Miami learned its fate Tuesday morning when the NCAA’s Committee on Infractions released its longawaited report and findings. In the 102-page document and accompanying press release, the COI detailed how multiple coaches and staff members at Miami “had a poor understanding of NCAA rules or felt comfortable breaking them.” “This case was among the most extraordinary in the history of the NCAA and the Committee on Infractions,” said Britton Banowsky, the committee’s chairman. “It is extraordinary in size and scope of the record and overall number of violations and individuals involved, the significant length of time it took to investigate the case, the unfortunate public attention it received during that time and the inappropriate conduct by the NCAA staff to gather information that was ultimately determined to be improper, resulting in exclusion from the record. “Our hope is this frustrating chapter can be one step closer to being closed.” Along with the scholarship reductions, Miami’s entire athletic program was placed on probation for three years ending Oct. 21, 2016, and current coaches face recruiting limitations, some of which were self-imposed by the university. Miami athletic director Blake James also told the South Florida Sun Sentinel on Tuesday the program had previously “internally taken some scholarship reductions in football,” though

he declined to give an exact number of how many scholarships the Hurricanes had not used. He said Miami will share that information with the NCAA with the hope it would count toward the reduced scholarship tally the Hurricanes are allowed to use during the next three years. “We will talk to the NCAA about what had been done here internally even though it hadn’t been communicated, and obviously, however that goes, we recognize and accept that we have nine scholarships that we need to account for,” James said. The school will not appeal any of the sanctions, likely putting an end to a turbulent time at Miami. Instead, Miami president Donna Shalala and many others at the university say the focus now shifts to having the school and the athletic program put this chapter behind them, while taking steps to ensure Miami isn’t involved in another similar scandal. “I think the answer is we’ll finally be able to move forward as a program without any additional bowl bans, but to get here, we took serious, serious steps ourselves including starting at the beginning,” Miami president Donna Shalala said in an interview with the Sentinel. “What everybody forgets about is that we suspended players both in basketball and football, and required them to pay back any money they received in the form of benefits. None of them had gotten cash, they had certainly gotten pizzas or went out to dinner and we made them pay all of that back. Then we imposed bowl bans, serious bowl bans. We imposed recruiting restrictions. We did a lot of the heavy lifting during the first two years we were being investigated.” Added James, “I’m glad we’re able to close this chapter, recognizing what we’ve learned will never be forgotten. It will always be a part of what we do going forward. The lessons we learned will change the way we operate in the future. I think that’s something all of our fans and alums need to understand: that I’m never going to do anything that would allow us to put ourselves in this type of situation again and that we need to recognize the sever-

MCT

Miami coach Al Golden and his team won’t face a postseason ban after the NCAA sent out its ruling. ity of the case we just got through.” Outside of Coral Gables, some of the individual coaches linked to the Shapiro investigation faced consequences of their own. Former basketball coach Frank Haith, now the coach at Missouri, was suspended for five games while former assistant football coach Clint Hurtt, now at Louisville, and former assistant football coach Aubrey Hill, now the coach at Carol City High School in Miami, each face a two-year show-cause ban. The Louisville CourierJournal reported that Hurtt will remain on the Cardinals’ coaching staff, though he is banned from any recruiting activity through spring 2014 and his salary is frozen. While Miami canceled its weekly press conference with football coach Al Golden, he expressed gratitude to Miami’s athletes and fans in a statement released by the university. “I want to sincerely thank our student-athletes and their families who, not only stood with the University of Miami during this unprecedented challenge, but subsequently volunteered for the mission,” Golden said in the statement. “They shouldered the burden, exhibited class and exemplified perseverance for Hurricanes everywhere. “Further, I would like to express heartfelt appreciation to our staff and families who did not subscribe to this challenge three years ago, yet courageously adopted it as

HOCKEY EAST

their own. They have brought the utmost professionalism, resiliency and integrity to our program. More importantly, they continue to recruit and represent our world-class institution with class and dignity in unprecedented circumstance. “Lastly, it is with gratitude and humility that I say thank you to our administration, U Family everywhere and the entire South Florida Community for their unyielding support of our young men and program over the last 28 months.” Miami basketball coach Jim Larranaga added in a statement, “I am a big believer that success is based on attitude. We continually remind our players that life is 10 percent what happens to you and 90 percent how you react to it. “We will continue to approach our work with a positive attitude as we march towards being the best we can be. I am grateful to our administration and counsel for leading us through this difficult journey and I want to thank everyone who loves this University and who has supported the young men who proudly wear the Miami uniform. We are excited about the upcoming season and we are all moving forward.” The NCAA’s announcement comes nearly 19 weeks after Miami officials, including Shalala, James, Golden and Larranaga met with the COI in Indianapolis in midJune and more than two years after Shapiro’s allega-

tions that he gave thousands of dollars’ worth of improper benefits to Miami athletes were first detailed in a Yahoo! Sports report. The investigation into Shapiro’s involvement with Miami’s athletic department began in the spring of 2011 and spanned two football seasons. It culminated with Miami receiving the NCAA’s notice of allegations on Feb. 19. That document detailed more than $173,330 worth of improper benefits doled out by Shapiro and several assistant coaches at Miami to former Hurricane athletes and recruits. Some coaches received improper benefits as well. Shapiro is currently serving a 20-year prison sentence for his role in a $930-million Ponzi scheme, a fact Banowsky acknowledged Tuesday, though he added the COI corroborated Shapiro’s allegations from other sources. But the NCAA’s investigation into his allegations was plagued by missteps that resulted in approximately 20 percent of the evidence gathered being discarded and the departure of two former NCAA enforcement employees who lost their jobs after the governing body admitted its investigators wrongly paid Shapiro’s attorney, Maria Elena Perez, to ask questions of NCAA targets while they gave depositions for his bankruptcy case. Despite the number of violations committed at Miami,

the NCAA said it weighed the “unprecedented” steps the school took by self-imposing two postseason bans in football. The Hurricanes bypassed two bowl games and held themselves out of an appearance in last year’s ACC championship game. “To impose the bowl bans is a big deal, a very big deal,” Banowsky said. “The ACC (championship game ban) that could have led to a BCS was a very a very big decision.” During the investigation, Miami also suspended a number of players it discovered had ties to Shapiro including Dolphins defensive end Olivier Vernon, who was suspended for six games in 2011 while a Hurricane. He said Tuesday he was relieved Miami wasn’t punished more severely. “You only got a few scholarships taken away for three years, so that’s better than what was expected to come down on us,” Vernon said. “I’m happy for those guys.” Miami’s two-year postseason absence will likely end this season for the Hurricanes football team, which is off to its best start since 2004 and has won eight straight games dating back to last year. The Hurricanes, ranked No. 7 in the initial BCS standings released Sunday, No. 7 in the Associated Press poll and No. 6 in the coaches’ poll are among the teams expected to contend for a berth in December’s ACC Championship Game. Their 27-23 win over North Carolina last week marked Miami’s sixth victory of the season, making them bowl eligible with six regular-season games still remaining on the schedule. Miami (6-0, 2-0) faces Wake Forest on Saturday. “It’s been very difficult. It’s been toxic at times,” Golden told the Sentinel earlier this month when asked about coping with the NCAA investigation. “It’s been painful to see them go through it, or have their bowl game wiped away, or have their chance at playing for an ACC championship wiped away. I think everybody here is better people for the way we’ve operated through this stage, through this crisis, and hopefully we’ll continue to be a better team because of it.”

M L B P L AY O F F S

UM Lowell drops pair to Sox prepare for Cardinals Quinnipiac over weekend By erik Boland Newsday

By andrew Cyr Collegian Staff

The No. 9 Quinnipiac (3-1) hockey team came away with a sweep over No. 18 UMass Lowell (1-3) this past weekend, defeating the River Hawks 3-1 in both games. Goaltending was solid in both contests for the Bobcats as Michael Garteig recorded 21 saves, while Connor Hellebuyck recorded 22 of his own in the first game of the series. UMass Lowell gained momentum early in the second game when Ryan McGrath scored his second goal of the season in the first period. Quinnipiac then scored three unanswered goals from three separate players. In the first game of the series, the Bobcats struck for three goals in the second period. Jordan Samuels-Thomas dominated the game, scoring

the first goal and assisting on the second two. The previously top-seeded River Hawks will look to turn around their early season woes this weekend as they travel to both Michigan State and Michigan as part of the Big Ten/ Hockey East Challenge.

Minnesota this weekend for a two-game series against the Golden Gophers in a Big Ten/ Hockey East Challenge matchup.

Huskies off to hot start

No. 20 Northeastern (4-0) swept Holy Cross (0-3) with victories of 5-2 and 3-1 this Boston College blows weekend. Sophomore Kevin Roy out Wisconsin scored his fourth and fifth No. 5 Boston College (2-1) goals of the season this weekscored nine goals in its victory end to go along with his teamover No. 11 Wisconsin (2-2) on leading nine points. Friday. Derick Roy recorded 26 The Eagles had eight differ- saves, allowing just one goal ent players score, and the first on Saturday for Northeastern. two goals came from Austin Clay Witt got the start on Cangelosi coming just 50 sec- Friday and made 27 stops. onds apart in the first period. The Huskies will travJohnny Gaudreau, el to St. Lawrence for their Ian McCoshen, Michael final two games before their Matheson, Scott Savage, Hockey East season beings. Michael Sit, Kevin Hayes and Patrick Brown all scored a Andrew Cyr can be reached at arcyr@ goal in BC’s rout. umass.edu, and followed on Twitter @ Boston College travels to Andrew_Cyr.

BOSTON – Team of the Decade isn’t on the line this World Series. An argument can be made Team of the Last Ten Years is. The World Series that starts Wednesday night at Fenway Park not only matches the two best teams of this season – the Red Sox and Cardinals each won 97 games – but whichever team wins will claim their third championship of the last 10 seasons. “It’s fun to be part of this history, to be here in Fenway Park, to be part of this series,” said Cardinals catcher Yadier Molina. “We know that both organizations do a good job. It’s fun to be a part of.” The Red Sox won World Series in 2004 – sweeping the Cardinals in four games to win their first title since 1918 – and 2007; the Cardinals took home the trophy in 2006 and 2011. This is the first time since 1999, when the Yankees swept the Braves for their second of their three

MCT

David Ortiz is set to play in his third World Series. straight championships, the World Series matches the best teams from each league. The clubs have combined to win 18 titles; 11 by St. Louis, seven by Boston. “We definitely are aware of their past success, aware of ours,” said Red Sox centerfielder Jacoby Ellsbury. “But at the end of the day, it’s about winning four games. I know both teams are just dying to play. It’s just going to be a hard-fought series. Both teams know how to win, both teams compete.” Lefthander Jon Lester,

2-1 with a 2.33 ERA this postseason, starts Game 1 for the Red Sox and will be opposed by Cardinals righthander Adam Wainwright, 2-1 with a 1.57 ERA. “I’ve been blessed because this my third (World Series),” said Red Sox DH David Ortiz, who had just two hits in the ALCS against the Tigers but by far the biggest one of the six games, an eighth-inning, game-tying grand slam in Game 2. “It never gets old. You always want to be here, you always want to be a part of it. It’s an honor for me to be back.”


THE MASSACHUSETTS DAILY COLLEGIAN

@MDC_SPORTS

Wednesday, October 23, 2013

Sports@DailyCollegian.com

HOCKEY

THE POWER’S BACK

TENNIS

Malik leads UM at ITA Regionals By arthur haydeN Collegian Correspondent

CADE BELISLE/COLLEGIAN

UMass forward Troy Power, who scored a man-up goal against MSU on Saturday, has been an integral part of the Minutemen’s second power-play line.

UMass excelling on power play By Nick caNelas Collegian Staff

The Massachusetts hockey team had three power play goals in 33 minutes, 34 seconds of hockey on Saturday night against Michigan State. So when the opportunity for a fourth one came just five minutes later, the Minutemen weren’t changing a thing. UMass sent its second power play unit out in a 2-3 formation with Steven Iacobellis and Ray Pigozzi out at the wings, Troy Power freelancing in the middle and Colin Shea and Adam Phillips out at the point. There was no creativity involved – just flat passes and pure execution. Power possessed the puck behind the net and passed to Iacobellis at the right circle. Spartans defenseman R.J. Boyd moved from in front of the net out to the wing toward Iacobellis to play the puck. Power immediately reacted, slipped behind Boyd and stood wide open in front of the net. Meanwhile, the other three MSU penalty killers, including defenseman Travis Walsh, were too preoccupied with Pigozzi, Phillips and Shea, who had all registered points earlier in the contest, to notice Power. Iacobellis tossed the puck his way and the redshirt junior did the rest, making a couple stabs at the puck before beating Spartans goaltender Will Yanakeff before Walsh could come back to help from the far post. The goal put UMass up 5-2 late in the second period, which was the final score as the Minutemen swept MSU with five power play goals – four of which came on Saturday – in their weekend sweep at Mullins Center. “I think the big thing for us on the power play this year is simplicity. We’re keeping it simple, we’re making flat passes and we’re getting pucks to the net,” Power said. “The power plays we’ve scored on most of the time this year have just been bang-home

CADE BELISLE/COLLEGIAN

Ben Gallacher contibuting on UMass’ first power-play unit this year. rebound goals when we’re just getting pucks through.” The Minutemen may be keeping things simple on the man-advantage, but it appears to be paying off. UMass has scored on 8-of-25 power plays this season, which is tied with Northeastern for the second-highest percentage in the nation at 32 percent. Michigan is in first at 37.5 percent. According to UMass coach John Micheletto, one of the biggest reasons for the Minutemen’s early success on the power play, particularly on Saturday, has been due to successful puck retrievals and the ability to regain possession of the puck after losing it. This gives UMass more time in the offensive zone and makes it easier to work the puck around in its base set. This not only goes for that second unit, but also the top grouping of Branden Gracel, Conor Sheary and Michael Pereira at the forwards, and Ben Gallacher and Joel Hanley at the point. “I think the nice thing is that we’ve got two units that are both doing what they do very well in two different formations, so it’s a little bit harder for opposing penalty kills to make quick adjustments between those two formations,” Micheletto said. “I think that gives them a little bit of an advantage, but I think they both understand where their options are and where their checkdowns are and we make

the point. From here, Gallacher’s first job is to freeze the forward coming at him with either a fake or holding the puck for an extra second with his eyes up to keep the opponent honest, then he can choose to go back to Sheary down the wall, go down low to Gracel or Pereira or across to Hanley for a one-timer. He chose the latter and Hanley beat Yanakeff to tie the game at 2-2. “I think we’re just trying to move the puck, we’re looking at their box and seeing what they’re doing and how they’re gonna react to our first move and I think we just kind of read the game from there,” Gallacher said. But even with that in mind, the Minutemen could possibly run different sets by next weekend at Maine depending on what the Black Bears show on the penalty kill on film and through ingame adjustments. “We don’t like to practice against one penalty kill,” Micheletto said. “The video you get on somebody, they could change their scheme that week, they could change their scheme midgame or over the course of a weekend series. We just run our power play against every possible formation to make sure we’re as fluid as we can be on the power play and adapt to anything that we see.” Regardless of what its opponent runs, UMass isn’t trying to be pretty. Its fast, aggressive style of play is built to get the dirty goals in close, especially on rebounds and other secondchance opportunities. “We’re a gritty team. I don’t think we’re gonna have a lot of highlight-reel goals, so we just play a style of game that’s gonna have those type of goals,” Pereira said. “With that being said, I think we’re gonna have our share of highlight-reel goals this year, but when we’re getting the dirty ones that’s gonna win hockey games, so that’s key.”

sure at least in the early going that we’re spreading around which options we’re sorting down to. That’s the biggest thing about it … It’s difficult for any penalty kill to get comfortable.” The X-factor for the second group is Power. He’s given the freedom to move around the net, in front and even into the high slot based on what the penalty kill is showing. But that also makes him responsible for finding space and potentially drawing players from the perimeter toward him to create openings for the rest of the unit. “If I’m high it gives the guys down low a little more time, if I’m low then it draws defenders to me low and gives Phillips and Shea a little more time,” Power said. “So it’s kind of a read and react situation that we all do, so initially until we the get the puck I’m more low, then I just kind of float to the soft spot in their coverage and if I can’t do that I hope to pull a couple guys with me and free up shots for Adam or Colin.” The first power play unit aligns itself a little differently, and it was clear in UMass’ second power play goal 7:28 into the second period on Saturday. Gracel was behind the red line near the left corner of the rink and Pereira was on the other end near the right post at the red line. Gracel passed the puck Nick Canelas can be reached at along the boards to Sheary, ncanelas@umass.edu and followed on who then fed Gallacher at Twitter @NickCanelas.

Dartmouth and lost 8-2. The other Minutewomen doubles pair, Aarzoo Malik and Juliana Motyl, advanced to the second round before being knocked out of the tournament. Dixon has high hopes for Malik and Motyl, who were ranked as the No. 14 doubles team in the tournament, despite being a new pair. “They’re still a work in progress for doubles,” she said. “It’s a new combination.” Overall, Dixon was pleased with her team’s performance over the weekend. “I left the weekend feeling like we passed the test,” she said. “There were all sorts of things to make this a difficult event.” And with each new challenge, her team is gaining experience. “Mental toughness comes with more matches,” she said. According to Dixon, these first few matches have also put the Minutewomen in “better physical condition,” but she acknowledges the constant threat of injury, which is something that the team struggled with at the beginning of the year. “I’m always nervous,” she said. “Every coach, every team talks about the difficulty of managing tennis as a sport. It’s such a long season ... At the moment, we’re injury-free.” Up next for UMass is its final tournament of the fall season, the Big Green Invitational.

The Massachusetts women’s tennis team competed against some of the best teams in the region at the Intercollegiate Tennis Association (ITA) Northeast Regional Championships this past weekend at Harvard. UMass coach Judy Dixon said that her team’s competition consisted of “the best teams in the northeast region” in both singles and doubles play. Freshman Aarzoo Malik led the pack for the Minutewomen, advancing to the Round of 32 in both singles and doubles play. She won her first solo match against Lauren Frazier of Cornell (6-4, 6-2) before falling to fifth-seeded Jessica Wacnik of Boston College (6-2, 6-3). The rest of the Minutewomen had mixed success in the singles draw. Senior Sonia Bokhari won her first match, defeating Nicole Chris of Fairleigh Dickinson in convincing fashion (6-1, 6-2) before bowing out to Lexi Borr of Boston College (6-4, 6-1). Arielle Griffin received a bye in the first round only to match up against No. 1 Sol Eskenazi of Pennsylvania. Griffin put up a fight, but eventually lost the match (6-2, 6-3). Senior co-captain Jessica Podlofsky lost to Dorothy Tang of Princeton (6-1, 4-6, 6-2) in the qualifying round. In doubles play, the Bokhari and Griffin pair faced the seventh-ranked doubles team Katherine Arthur Hayden can be reached at Yau and Taylor Ng from awhayden@umass.edu.

CLUB HOCKEY

Minutemen split in first six games By Matthew ZackMaN Collegian Staff

ting up four goals, sophomore goalie Luke Lepine managed to save 31 shots, resulting in an 0.886 save percentage. In another close game, the Minutemen traveled to Marist College. UMass won 4-3 thanks to Rojas, who notched a goal and an assist. McLeman made 11 saves in net and played the entire game. The Minutemen extended their winning streak to three games when they defeated Northeastern 5-3. Freshman Adam Kmetz had a career day as he scored four goals. McLeman had another strong performance, making 22 saves in net. Saturday night, UMass lost 4-1 to Montclair State on the road. Daigle scored the Minutemen’s only goal, and despite saving 37 shots, Lepine let four goals reach the back of the net. To date, UMass has six points in the Northeast American Collegiate Hockey Association Division II standings, which places them in the top half of the division. Montclair State, who the Minutemen previously beat, holds first place with 24 points. On Friday, UMass will travel to Bryant and return to Amherst on Saturday, when it will host Keene State.

The Massachusetts’ club hockey team has already played six games since starting its season in late September. Although its record is 3-3, the majority of the games that the team has lost have been close contests. The Minutemen opened their season on Sept. 28 when they traveled to Boston University. The Terriers scored five times against UMass en route to a win. UMass junior Harris Stone, however, found the net twice and sophomore Ryan Daigle also scored a goal. In addition, sophomore Steven Metayer had an assist. A week later, Boston College traveled to Amherst. Despite losing 2-1, UMass challenged an Eagles squad that has only lost one game. Senior Mike Spunt scored the Minutemen’s only goal, assisted by senior Reilly Cavanaugh and sophomore Miguel Rojas. Thomas Knox was in goal for the first period, but was replaced by Drew McLeman after letting in two goals. UMass then won its first game of the season against Montclair State 6-4 in a highscoring affair. Rojas had five points on the day as he scored two goals and had three assists. Junior Michael Defazio also had two goals and Matthew Zackman can be reached added two assists. Despite let- at mzackman@umass.edu.


Massachusetts Daily Collegian: Oct. 23, 2013