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Thursday, September 19, 2013

Serving the UMass community since 1890

Fresh produce From Fresh Faces ‘Find it. Do it. Love it.’ SGA president tries to put RSOs first PHOTO BY JUSTIN SURGENT/COLLEGIAN


Students helped out at the student-run farmers’ market on the lawn outside Goodell Hall last Friday.

Student farming organizations collaborate for the love of sustainable food By Katrina BorofsKi Collegian Correspondent


s the University of Massachusetts increases its efforts toward environmental efficiency and resource sustainability, students, professors and community members are finding ways to support this movement toward eco-friendliness. The university’s own student-run farmers’ market is a perfect example of this green mentality. In a new effort started this year, the farmers’ market is held every Friday on the lawn of Goodell Hall. The UMass Student Farming Enterprise, the UMass Permaculture Initiative and UMass Gardenshare have collaboratively organized the weekly market. With produce and herbs grown by UMass students themselves, the farmers’ market offers some of the freshest, most sustainable sources of raw produce

on campus. Produce at the farmers’ market is varied and always fresh. Lilly Israel, a student farmer for the Student Farming Enterprise, said that 26 different crops are grown for the market, and all are grown organically on the Enterprise’s four acres of land. Not only are fresh produce and herbs sold individually at the market, but they can also be bought at wholesale through Gardenshare. “Gardenshare is a system in which consumers pay money before the season in order to start up and support the farmers and in return get a share of the product when ready,” Israel said. The Gardenshare program is a 10-week program in which people can buy a share for $300. Those that invest in a share receive about 20 pounds of fresh produce per week. The Gardenshare program

is still ongoing for interested parties. In addition to produce offerings, the farmers’ market also includes the UMass Poultry Management, a program at the university where students can pre-order free range pasture chicken that are raised by students here at UMass. “They’re super fresh, better than anything from the super market,” said Collin McGladrigan, a member of Poultry Management. Though each group has a different purpose at the farmers’ market and caters to different tastes, they collaborate together to share an interest in sustainability. “Overall, it is a community hub for sustainability and economic farming,” said Cate Elliot, a co-manager of the farmers’ market. In addition to environmental benefits, many see the farmers’ market as something

to improve the community. “This is less about huge production, and more about getting a conversation started,” said Meg Little, a committee member for Permaculture. “Our initiative is about education, so people can see land being used in different ways.” Elliot said that the foundation of the farmers’ market for her is the personal significance of sustainability. “For me, it’s the ability to grow foods on my own, which in itself brings stability and empowerment,” she said. “Society has been lost from its nature-based ways,” Elliott added. “It’s essential to build the beautiful reconnection to our planet.” The farmers’ market runs from 12 p.m. to 4 p.m. every Friday on the lawn in front of Goodell Hall. Katrina Borofski can be reached at

This article is part three dent union. He stressed an in a series on top SGA emphasis on increased stuofficials. dent involvement throughout his proposals. Broughton wants RSO By Michael turner Collegian Correspondent funds to be more intelliZachary Broughton gently spent. He wishes to is your president; he cut through an uneducated loves politics, the Red bureaucracy and allow peoSox and the University of ple familiar with programs Massachusetts. He goes to decide how money will be best spent. In the past, sensimply by Zac. Broughton is a senior, ators alone would decide double majoring in political how to allocate funds. This science and legal studies. He was a difficult job for them served two years as senator without personal insight on the Student Government into what the organizations Association’s Ways and actually needed in order to Means Committee, which function. The SGA is also currentfunds Registered Student Organizations (RSOs) and ly testing a new council to last year he served as the allocate sports funds. “Club Sports Council will Secretary of Finance for be run primarily by club the SGA. In April, Broughton was sports leaders,” Broughton elected president of the said. “They would know the SGA, and he has a vision needs of the clubs, [and] for UMass’ future and an they will know what it is intelligent array of officers like to be in that type of he is excited to collaborate RSO so they understand, with.For a third year in a and they can rank their row, he is a resident assis- funding priorities.” If this pilot program tant, where he works with freshmen. His advice to all is successful, a yet to be first years is to get involved named cultural council would be rolled out to meet and become passionate. “Find it. Do it. Love it,” the needs of national, politihe said. cal and religious groups. His own philanthropic His foremost initiative, passion has been expressed though, is to build a new through his work with his student union. He sees a fraternity Pi Kappa Phi. The real separation between fraternity is renowned for students’ needs, RSOs and its charity work, especially what is available to them. with the “Push America” “If you try to reserve cycling events, which raise space right now in any of funds to enhance the lives the buildings on campus, if of people with disabilities. there is an event that people Concerning the SGA, have paid money to have or Broughton’s main initia- if there is an academic pritives this year are to ensure ority, students are kicked that funds are best spent to out and they cannot use it,” aid RSO activities and to break ground on a new stu- see BROUGHTON on page 2

Zipcar pulls in to UM Bigger ‘bendy-buses’ Hourly rental cars now accessible By carri Bresnahan Collegian Correspondent

Having a car on campus can be expensive. The hourly rental car-sharing service Zipcar, however, has arrived on campus to aid students who require a car for their everyday lives. This fall, the University of Massachusetts introduced a partnership with Zipcar to add to the variety of transportation services available on campus. Six cars are currently on campus and available to students, including a Toyota Prius and a Honda Civic. The Zipcars, in addition to the previous Enterprise

CarShare service on campus, are located in campus lots near Central, Northeast and Southwest residential areas. After paying $25 to join, the partnership allows students who are 18 years or older to use cars for as low as $7.50 per hour or $69 a day. These rates include both gas and insurance, allowing students a more affordable means of getting around than owning and parking their own cars on campus. Available 24 hours a day, 7 days a week, Zipcar makes cars available for anything from running to the grocery store to heading to Boston for an afternoon. While Zipcar is similar to the Enterprise CarShare service already offered, their prices differ slightly.

According to Diana Noble, Assistant Manager for Transportation Services, the Zipcars have been added to the transportation options available on campus to “give the user … options as well as the best market price for the service.” Car sharing allows students to support campus sustainability efforts while also deviating from fixed local bus routes. Studies have shown that each Zipcar takes approximately 15 personally owned cars off the road, reducing road congestion and fuel emission. “By bringing car sharing on campus, we are encouraging students, faculty and staff to leave their cars at home or ditch them all see

ZIPCAR on page 3

alleviate dense crowds New buses began running on Sept. 5 By Megan cangeMi Collegian Correspondent On a busy weekday during the semester, or even on a cool fall night, it can be difficult to squeeze into a bus already crammed with passengers at the University of Massachusetts. The Pioneer Valley Tr ansit Authority understands these qualms, however, and has provided a solution for the Amherst area. The “bendy-buses,” officially called articulated buses, which have been seen roaming around campus

lately, are the PVTA’s newest vehicular launch. The unique bus model, which resembles two buses joined together by an accordion-looking pivot, made its UMass debut on Sept. 5 at the Haigis Mall. “It really feels like riding a train,” UMass Transportation Services Operations Director Glenn Barrington said in a UMass press release. The buses are 60 feet long, can hold up to 120 passengers and were introduced to increase capacity, according to the release. In the past, the North Amherst to Old Belchertown Road No. 30 bus route was frequently reported to have major congestion at some busier stops. But with these new

“bendy-buses” and their increased passenger capacity, PVTA hopes to combat the imminent risk of leaving someone behind at a bus stop. “You never want to leave anyone standing at a bus stop,” UMass director of transportation services Jeri Baker said in the release. Students who take classes at other colleges often rely on the efficiency and reliability of public transport. As for gas efficiency, the new bus model’s environmental footprint is significantly smaller than the footprints of several smaller buses that would be required to meet the same demand. Not only do these new buses see

BENDY-BUSES on page 2


Thursday, September 19, 2013

THE RU N D OW N ON THIS DAY... In 1973, a makeshift radio station with two students in Sylvan was asking for students to contribute a library of records to be played on air. They did not want to include Top 40 hits. The station was WSYL 97-7.


Wendy Davis to announce next political move

State Sen. Wendy Davis of Texas, who became an overnight celebrity with her one-woman stand against tougher abortion restrictions, announced Wednesday she will reveal her next political step early next month, amid strong signals she will launch an uphill bid for governor. In an email to supporters, Davis said, “There’s one question I’ve gotten quite often in the past few months. I’ve heard it online, while I’m traveling around the state, from the media and in my Fort Worth neighborhood: What’s next?” She invited supporters to be “among the first know” by signing up for an alert the day she makes her announcement and urged them to spread the word via social media, which helped her skyrocket to fame during a June filibuster against antiabortion legislation. Matt Angle, a veteran Democratic strategist and Davis adviser, said “things are progressing in such a way” that should please those encouraging her to run. She is expected to formally announce her candidacy Oct. 3. Davis filibustered for 11 hours in an attempt to block legislation severely limiting abortions in Texas. Although the law ultimately passed, she garnered a nationwide following and immediately was urged to consider a run for governor - an office no Democrat has won in Texas in more than 20 years. Traveling the country, Davis has raised more $1 million in recent months and has built a nationwide network of support. Even so, a run for governor would be a steep challenge and Davis would start as a decided underdog, as Angle acknowledged. “It’s a long path, it’s a narrow path with a lot of hazards along the way,” he said. But, he said, if Davis runs she would do so convinced there was a plausible way to win. “She’s not interested in running to get close,” he said. “That doesn’t guarantee a win. But it means she isn’t running just to run.” The frontrunner to succeed Republican Rick Perry, who is stepping down, is Republican Attorney General Greg Abbott, who already has raised more than $20 million for the race. Tom Pauken, a former state party chairman, also is running for governor on the Republican side. MCT


BENDY-BUSES limit the number of vehicles driving around campus, but they have also been engineered to be hybrid-electric powered, which gives them roughly a 25 percent boost in gas mileage over diesel, according to the release. These new hybrid articulated buses are part of the “Green PVTA Vision.” There is a certification course required to drive the new articulated buses and prospective drivers are required to undergo 15 three-hour training sessions in order to obtain their commercial licenses, according to the Daily Hampshire Gazette. “It’s a quick learning curve,” Barrington said of learning how to drive the buses. Due to their careful engineering, they turn with ease and the back tires are con-

Black hole rivets astronomers

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trived to follow the lead tires. The new “bendy-buses” have been in the works for four years, according to the release, as the PVTA had unsuccessfully applied for several demonstration grants. The passage of a state transportation financing bill granted the PVTA permission to purchase four articulated buses from New Flyer, a company based in Winnipeg for an estimated $4 million. Eighty percent of that cost, according to the release, was paid by Federal Transit Administration, while the rest of it was funded by the Massachusetts Department of Transportation.

99% of matter rejected by A-star By DaviD Barnstone Collegian Staff


Megan Cangemi can be reached at

Articulated buses aim to relieve congestion during busy transit hours as well as improve the PVTA’s carbon footprint.

Americans unable to understand grocery labels Forty percent of food tossed early By Tiffany Hsu Los Angeles Times

Confused by the “sell by,” “use by” and “best before” labels on the foods sold at grocery stores? So are more than 90 percent of Americans, who prematurely discard edibles because they have misinterpreted the dates stamped on the products, according to a report released Wednesday. Many consumers read an item’s sell-by date as an indicator of when the food will spoil. But it’s an inaccurate assumption, according to a study conducted by the Natural Resources Defense Council and Harvard Law School’s Food Law and Policy Clinic. Manufacturers use sell-

by dates to help retailers manage their inventory. It encourages stores to sell a product within a specific time frame so that the item still has a shelf life once it’s purchased. Not even the common “best before” and “use by” labels indicate a deadline after which products go bad, according to researchers. Instead, they are producer estimates of how long the food will be at peak quality. “Expiration dates are in need of some serious mythbusting because they’re leading us to waste money and throw out perfectly good food, along with all of the resources that went into growing it,” said Dana Gunders, an NRDC staff scientist. “Phrases like ‘sell by,’ ‘use by,’ and ‘best before’ are poorly regulated, misinterpreted and leading to a false


“Phrases like ‘sell by,’ ‘use by,’ and ‘best before’ are poorly regulated, misinterpreted and leading to a false confidence in food safety.” Dana Gunders, NRDC staff scientist confidence in food safety.” The misunderstanding comes at a steep price. Last year, the NRDC found that Americans throw out as much as 40 percent of the country’s food supply each year, adding up to $165 billion in losses. Food waste makes up the largest portion of solid trash in landfills, according to researchers.

Some $900 million of expired food is dumped from the supply chain annually, much of it a result of confusion. Misinterpreted date labels cause the average American household of four to lose as much as $455 a year on squandered food, according to researchers. The study attributes consumer reliance on expiration date labels in part on shoppers’ gradual shift away from farms over the years. So far removed from direct contact with food production, concerns about food-borne illnesses and freshness gave rise to preoccupation with sourcing and safety. Researchers also blame an incoherent jumble of state and federal regulations and guidelines for unclear expiration date labels. The Food and Drug Administration leaves the determination of

such dates up to manufacturers. The NRDC and Harvard study recommends a more standardized system, one that potentially makes sellby dates visible only to the retailer or employs smart labels and other technologies that can pinpoint the exact moment when food spoils. Other options include tweaking the label’s language, using “safe if used by” instead of “best by” or abandoning labels on preserved food that doesn’t go bad. “We need a standardized, common-sense date labeling system that actually provides useful information to consumers, rather than the unreliable, inconsistent and piecemeal system we have today,” said Emily Broad Leib, director of Harvard Law School’s Food Law and Policy Clinic.

BROUGHTON Broughton said. “Our [students in] RSOs are very creative and very talented. They put on amazing events in facilities that are falling apart,” he added. “They deserve a building that they can call theirs so we can work with them to put on events that we haven’t

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done yet.” Getting the ball rolling on this project is Broughton’s main goal during his year as president, so that future student governments can better aid the student body. Michael Turner can be reached at

While most astronomers agree that a massive black hole sits at the center of every major galaxy in the universe, it is less clear how the gravitational pull of these regions interacts with the matter surrounding them. Now, an international team of scientists led by University of Massachusetts astronomy professor Daniel Wang has discovered why the black hole at the center of the Milky Way galaxy emits less radiation than expected. In their study published last month in the journal “Science,” Wang and his colleagues analyzed nearly five weeks of data from NASA’s Chandra X-ray Observatory telescope. They found that the black hole, called Sagittarius A-star, rejects 99 percent of the gaseous material falling toward it. Only a tiny portion makes it past the point of no return. “It’s like Occupy Wall Street,” Wang said. “In this case, less than one percent of particles sacrifice them-

selves and give energy and momentum back to 99 percent for them to escape.” Black holes are often portrayed as having an indiscriminate appetite, consuming every bit of cosmic material thrown their way. But these new findings tell a different story. Wang related the process to pouring water into a sink. Gravity has no trouble pulling cold water down through the drain. But if you heat up the water, you create steam and much less of the material makes it into the drain. Most of it escapes into the air. In the early universe, there was much more cool material floating around, which, like the cold water flowing into the drain, was easier to get into the black hole. As it consumed all this material, it became more and more massive and so did our galaxy. The black hole was much brighter in those days because as matter fell into it, a huge amount of energy was released. Wang’s research suggests that the black hole is so faint today because very little material makes it inside, which means its growth has slowed to a crawl. By analyzing the spectrum of X-ray radiation from the region, scientists

were also able to rule out a previous theory that the radiation might have been coming from a high concentration of low-mass stars around the black hole. It turns out there are many massive stars around the black hole, which are incredibly hot and produce strong winds, sweeping up material off the star’s surface. That material is dragged toward the black hole, but most of it seems to be ejected back into space, according to the study. “This is the first evidence of this link between this accretion material towards the black hole and the origin of the matter, which appears to be the winds from massive stars,” Wang said. The gas and dust around the black hole form a spiraling disc, explained James Lowenthal, an astronomy professor at Smith College. He said the black hole represents a “tiny fraction” of the Milky Way’s mass, yet it controls millions of stars. In response to the new findings, Lowenthal said, “I’m delighted to see that we have the brightest, sharpest X-ray view.” Despite these advances, Wang said astronomers do not yet have a good understanding of how black holes work. In fact, they

cannot directly prove their existence because gravity prevents everything inside, including light, from escaping their grip. “Right now we infer because when you have such a large concentration of matter in such small place there’s no alternative explanation,” Wang said. That could change in the near future thanks to a partnership between UMass and Mexico’s National Institute of Astrophysics, Optics and Electronics. The two institutions operate one of the world’s largest telescopes on top of an inactive volcano in Mexico. After finishing touches are added to the Large Millimeter Telescope, researchers plan to point it toward Sagittarius A-star and, with the help of other giant telescopes around the world, capture the very first images of the black hole’s shadow. In the meantime, astronomers are eagerly watching a cold gas cloud, called G2, which appears to be on course to collide with the black hole in the next few months. This rare event could answer many puzzling questions about the black hole’s behavior. David Barnstone can reached at

Thursday, September 19, 2013



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together,” Noble said. The first company to offer shared or rented cars to people under 25 years old by the hour, Zipcar is also the first to offer the service to a wider range of college students. While the Zipcar University program has made its variety of on campus cars available to students 18 years and over, only students who are over 21 years old can use the service in other Zipcar locations while at home on breaks. Offered on more than 300 campuses nationwide, the Zipcar University program has been a continued success. “College students quickly embrace the concept of car sharing,” said CJ Himberg, communications and social media coordinator for Zipcar. “This is the same generation that buys music by the song. Reserving a shared car by the hour is a natural extension.” Advertised at UFest earlier this month, in campus media and on the Pioneer Valley Transit Authority buses, the new UMassZipcar partnership has prompted significant student interest, though exact numbers are not yet available. In addition of their University program,

Zipcar has partnered with Ford to introduce “Students with Drive,” which sponsors student groups and organizations on college campuses and provides them with Zipcar membership and grants to further their missions. According to Himberg, the grants were established to “empower student groups by getting them where they want to go easily and efficiently.” Three finalists per month are chosen for each category (Academics, Arts, Athletics, Community Service and Student Life) and a winning group, chosen by Facebook votes, is rewarded with $5,500 in Zipcar credit for their student organization. A “Students with Drive” Grand Prize is awarded each April, consisting of $5,000 in Zipcar driving credit, $10,000 cash for the group and $10,000 for the university’s scholarship fund. As a way to support and give back to student-run organizations that support their universities, Zipcar hopes to see some UMass student groups vie for the “Students with Drive” prizes this year. Carri Bresnahan can be reached at

House will tie budget to defunding Obamacare Multiple plans to delay healthcare law By DaviD Lightman anD L esLey C Lark

McClatchy Washington Bureau

WA S H I N G T O N – President Barack Obama and cong ressional Republicans on Wednesday began hurtling toward an unpredictable collision over the federal budget, as the House of Representatives planned to vote to strip money from the national health-care law while the White House readied plans for a government shutdown. That vote in the Re p u bl i c a n - d o m i n at e d House, expected later this week, will set the stage for a spending showdown likely to last for days. Next week, the House plans to unveil another measure aimed at delaying the law. The new federal fiscal year begins Oct. 1, and unless Congress and Obama agree on a budget, much of the government will be out of business. The new Republican plan, announced Wednesday, would finance

the government but also defund implementation of the 2010 health-care law. That’s expected to pass the House but stall in the Democratic-led Senate. That’s the scenario for stalemate. White House spokesman Jay Carney said Wednesday that the administration would not accept any delays to the healthcare law to avoid a shutdown. The House plan is likely to be phase one of a weekslong clash over the federal budget as Democrats look to keep the government open, restore spending cuts known as the sequester, and raise the debt ceiling to allow the government to borrow to pay bills already approved by Congress and incurred. The Republicans, while insisting they also want to keep the government running, look to kill Obamacare and lock in spending cuts. With no talks under way, the White House Office of Management and Budget asked federal agencies to begin contingency planning for a government shutdown. “There is enough time for Congress to prevent a

lapse in appropriations, and the administration is willing to work with Congress to enact a short-term continuing resolution to fund critical government operations and allow Congress the time to complete the full year 2014 appropriations,” Director Sylvia Burwell wrote. “However, prudent management requires that agencies be prepared for the possibility of a lapse.” Pressure mounted from other quarters. In a surprise, the Federal Reserve said Wednesday that it would continue moves to keep interest rates low, saying the economy was too weak to risk raising rates. Chairman Ben Bernanke said “upcoming fiscal debates” weighed on the decision. In addition, the influential U.S. Chamber of Commerce sent a letter to members warning them of danger if they don’t act. “It is not in the best interest of the U.S. business community or the American people to risk even a brief government shutdown that might trigger disruptive consequences or raise new policy uncertainties washing over the U.S. economy,”

wrote Bruce Josten, the chamber’s executive vice president for government affairs. Wednesday’s events were a sharp escalation from the calm of recent weeks. Most Washington lawmakers thought that any kind of shutdown would rattle the economy, inconvenience constituents and prove politically perilous. House Republican leaders last week wanted separate votes on a budget and on defunding the 2010 health-care law. That way, the Senate could approve the budget but turn down the health-care measure, and the government would keep running. Republicans thought that would give them a double-barrel victory: They could point to senators who voted to keep Obamacare going, but they could also boast they kept the government open. But Republican conservatives rebelled and House Speaker John Boehner, R-Ohio, changed course. “We’re going to continue to do everything we can to repeal the president’s failed health-care law,” he said after a closed-door meeting

with House Republicans. “This week the House will pass a (budget) that locks the sequester savings in and defunds Obamacare.” The bill is also expected to allow the government to continue paying bills even if the debt limit is reached. Democrats painted the House Republican plan as a sellout to the far right. Obama on Wednesday accused a “small faction” of Republicans of extortion for tying budget talks and a vote on raising the debt ceiling to defunding his signature health-care plan. “You have never seen in the history of the United States the debt ceiling or the threat of not raising the debt being used to extort a president or a governing party and trying to force issues that have nothing to do with the budget and nothing to do with the debt,” he said. Obama, who addressed the Republican-leaning Business Roundtable, said he was prepared to negotiate over entitlements and “priorities that the Republicans think we should be promoting and priorities that they think we shouldn’t be promoting.”

But, he said, “What I will not do is to create a habit, a pattern, whereby the full faith and credit of the United States ends up being a bargaining chip to set policy. It’s irresponsible.” Boehner insisted Wednesday he does not want to shut the government down. “There should be no conversation about shutting the government down,” he said. If there’s a shutdown, said Sen. Marco Rubio, R-Fla., it will be Obama’s fault. “A solution is within sight in order to avert another crisis of Washington’s creation,” Rubio said. “President Obama and his allies in Congress should abandon their threats of shutting down the government and instead work with Republicans.” Nonsense, Democrats shot back. “The majority of the Republicans that serve on Capitol Hill know that this is unrealistic and unreasonable and I believe that they will prevail,” said Sen. Claire McCaskill, D-Mo. “It doesn’t help that their potential candidates for president are waving pom-poms on the sidelines yelling, ‘Go, go, go!’“

Opinion Editorial



“‘Meow’ means ‘woof’ in cat.” - George Carlin

Thursday, September 19, 2013

Lessons from the Chilean 9/11 Last week, the world remembered 9/11, a tragic

Mike Tudoreanu day that marks the deaths of thousands of people who lost their lives in a reactionary attack against democracy. Here in the United States, our thoughts and prayers were with the victims of the attack in 2001, 12 years ago. But there was also another reactionary attack against democracy that killed thousands of people on that day in 1973 in Chile. Forty years ago, a brutal military coup deposed the democratically elected government of Chile and installed a dictatorship that lasted for 17 years, killing and torturing tens of thousands of people in the process. The deposed president, Salvador Allende, was the first democratically elected Marxist

irresponsibility of its own people. The issues are much too important for the Chilean voters to be left to decide for themselves.” President Richard Nixon ordered the CIA to “make the [Chilean] economy scream.” Economic ties were cut and trade restrictions were imposed, which was particularly devastating for a country so reliant on its copper exports. Right-wing officers within the Chilean military, many of them tied to wealthy families and corporate interests, also wanted to get rid of Allende. Eventually, in September 1973, with CIA help, a large section of the military rose up against the government, overwhelming constitutionalist forces. The generals offered to let Allende live if he agreed to go into exile. He refused, and stayed behind to fight with his last remaining

The Violence Against Women Act turns 19

security system and eventually even public education. Unions were banned and their former leaders were imprisoned, tortured and sometimes killed. Pinochet’s regime was ultimately overthrown in 1990 after a wave of public protests and demonstrations. Today, Chileans are still coming to terms with his legacy -- both the human rights abuses and the enormous inequality and social injustice. So what does any of this have to do with us? A lot. The tragedy of Sept. 11, 1973, is a warning from history. The Chilean 9/11 is a warning about U.S. foreign policy. Every time an American president tells the nation about America’s supposed record of upholding

Every time an American president tells the nation about America’s supposed record of upholding freedom and democracy in the world, we should reply, “tell that to the Chileans!” leader in Latin America. And the man who replaced him, General Augusto Pinochet, was a free-market dictator backed by the United States. The story begins in 1970, when Allende and his Socialist Party narrowly won the Chilean presidential elections. This did not come out of the blue; Allende had run for president twice before, narrowly losing to right-wing candidates whose campaigns were generously funded by the CIA. The U.S. government was interested in Chile because it was the world’s leading source of copper, and American companies owned the mines. After Allende became president, he proceeded to carry out his campaign promises, which involved placing the copper mines and some other industries under state ownership, redistributing land to poor peasants, providing universal health care and investing in public education. There was also a long-term project known as “the Chilean path to socialism,” which meant a gradual transition from a market economy to a planned economy aided by computer networks. The U.S. government decided it could not tolerate this, no matter what the Chileans thought. ThenSecretary of State Henry Kissinger remarked, “I don’t see why we need to stand by and watch a country go communist because of the

loyal soldiers until the end. Once Allende was dead, General Pinochet made himself the new head of state. The Socialist Party headquarters were set on fire, and over the following days and weeks, its members were hunted down by the newly-formed secret police. Pinochet set the tone for his new regime by gathering real and suspected leftists in the Chilean capital’s football stadium, and having them summarily shot. Others were sent to concentration camps in the far north and south of the country, where many “disappeared.” Meanwhile, the United States openly supported Pinochet and promoted business ties with Chile. Following advice from a group of free-market economists known as the “Chicago Boys,” which included Milton Friedman, Pinochet began by reversing Allende’s policies, and then went much further. He unleashed a massive privatization campaign, selling off nearly all state-owned assets in Chile (including those that had been state-owned before Allende). In total, the government sold its stock in 160 corporations, 16 banks and more than 3,600 agro-industrial plants, mines and real estate. Countless public services were turned into for-profit private businesses – the national airline, the telephone industry, the social


freedom and democracy in the world, we should reply, “Tell that to the Chileans!” (or the Vietnamese, or the Cambodians, or the Nicaraguans...). The Chilean 9/11 is also a warning about the power of the “one percent.” Pinochet received the enthusiastic support of the Chilean business elite. Allende gambled his life on the bet that Chilean corporate interests would accept socialist reforms as long as they were democratic, legal and constitutional. He was wrong. If they have to choose between democracy and their wealth, the “one percent” will choose their wealth every time. All progressives would do well to remember this lesson. And the Chilean 9/11 is a warning about the connection between “free markets” and oppression. Libertarian economic ideas have always been hostile to democracy, but Pinochet provided a particularly shocking example of free-market dictatorship, murdering people who did not appreciate his brand of “freedom.” Even today, the ghost of Pinochet lives on in the present drive for austerity policies and budget cuts. Mike Tudoreanu is a Collegian columnist and can be reached at mtudorea@

Friday, Sept. 13, marked 2013 bill, even with its new the 19th anniversary of the provisions, is $659 million a year over the course of Jillian Correira five years, a decrease since the last reauthorization in Violence Against Women 2005. Act (VAWA). Drafted by Protecting victims of then-Senator Joe Biden, domestic abuse on a budit was signed into law by get certainly sounds like President Bill Clinton on something the GOP could Sept. 13, 1994. get behind. So if it’s not The initial legisla- the cost that’s the probtion focused on opening lem, maybe it was the new more shelters for victims provisions that provided of abuse, increasing law protections for Native enforcement awareness of American women and domestic violence, improv- those in same-sex relationing the judicial system and ships. The GOP version of its treatment of rape vic- VAWA that failed to pass tims, as well as strengthen- also failed to include proing penalties for repeat sex tections for LGBT victims offenders. and American Indians, Needless to say, the bill as well as undocumented was and is an important immigrants. tool for protecting and supWhatever the reasons porting victims and survi- might be, the GOP’s hesitavors of domestic violence. tion to reauthorize VAWA Since 1994, new provi- is as alarming as it is dissions have been added in turbing. To let politics get its subsequent reauthori- in the way of providing prozations, such as providing tection for millions of peoprotections for victims in ple suffering from domestic same-sex relationships and abuse sets a bad example Native American women. for those looking to GOP On Thursday, Sept. leaders to serve as repre12, Vice President Biden sentatives of justice. It tells held an event at his resi- the public that protecting dence celebrating the domestic violence victims act’s anniversary. There, is just not as important as he gave a speech slam- the GOP’s political gain. ming “Neanderthals” in Now, there are very few Congress, namely the things in life I care less GOP, for taking months to about than the GOP’s politfinally agree to reautho- ical gain. But to treat the rize the legislation back in reauthorization of VAWA February (only, of course, as an opportunity to flex after their own version of its political muscle was an the bill failed to pass). entirely new low, especialWhile I don’t think I’d ly when your job is to repuse his exact words, Vice resent American citizens. President Biden makes Domestic violence was a fair point. The House described by head of the GOP dragging their feet World Health Organization on a piece of legislation Dr. Margaret Chan as “a called the Violence Against global health problem of

in the U.S., studies have shown that incidents of domestic violence occur at similar rates to those of straight couples. And for American Indians, the statistics are worse. In a 2008 CDC survey, 39 percent of Native women – a number higher than any other race or ethnicity surveyed – identified as victims of domestic violence. The consequences of these instances of domestic violence are tragic. Domestic violence is the third leading cause of homelessness in the U.S., according to the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development, and survivors can suffer psychological trauma, depression and other emotional distress, as well as physical ailments. Without help, girls who witness domestic violence are more vulnerable to abuse in their lifetimes, and boys who witness domestic violence are more likely to become abusers themselves The key words here are “without help.” The cycle of domestic violence can be broken, but not without help. That’s what made the GOP’s reluctance to reauthorize VAWA so confusing and demeaning. By belittling domestic violence, it insults the victims who have suffered through the short-term and long-term physical and emotional pain. The GOP’s reluctance to reauthorize a bill that

To let politics get in the way of providing protection for millions of people suffering domestic abuse sets a bad example for those looking to GOP leaders to serve as representatives of justice. It tells the public that protecting domestic violence victims is just not as important as the GOP’s political gain. Women Act is outrageous. And yes, not all legislation with nice-sounding names are actually nice in context, but VAWA has proven itself successful, being partly responsible for a 64 percent decline in domestic violence since its inception. Part of the reason the GOP stalled on the reauthorization of VAWA – which, by the way, has been reauthorized twice in the past, both times with overwhelming bipartisan support – was the “cost.” Well, the actual cost of the

epidemic proportion.” It affects one in three women worldwide, according to a WHO report, which is hardly an insignificant number. In the United States alone, one in four women are violently attacked by their husbands or boyfriends, and one in five women are victims of rape or attempted rape, half of which were committed by their partners. On the opposite end, two in five victims of domestic abuse are men. In same-sex couples

provides important and meaningful protections sends a damaging message to victims: we don’t support a bill that is crafted specifically to support you. Most instances of domestic violence are never reported, and this won’t change unless representatives in Congress are unified in advancing legislation that makes it easier and safer for victims to do so. Jillian Correira is a Collegian columnist and can be reached at

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Thursday, September 19, 2013

“If a man smiles all the time, he’s probably selling something that doesn’t work.” - George Carlin



Bitter beer from the West Coast

classic sounds on a new album

Hop Crisis IPA no ‘crisis’at all Nine Inch Nails: By Emily A. BrightmAn Collegian Staff

As the season of warm nights and summer ales comes to an end, we beer geeks have begun to retire our summer fare and started breaking out the heavy brews in preparation for that familiar autumn chill that has begun creeping back into the air. As the temperature continues to steadily drop, there is a bevy of delicious, hop-heavy beers available for consumption to warm the chilly fall evenings. If you’re in the market for a bitter beer that will fulfill your hop obsession, look no further than the Hop Crisis Imperial IPA from the 21st Amendment Brewing Company. Based in San Francisco, the 21st Amendment brewpub has been turning out unique craft beers laden with politically charged packaging since 2000. Their distinctive selection of beers includes such gems as the Sneak Attack Farmhouse Saison and Hell or High Watermelon Wheat Beer, as well as the American-style Back in Black IPA, arguably the company’s most popular brew. The exquisite attention to detail in every beer from this company is apparent, and in fact, their Brew Free or Die IPA has been a staple of my personal beer stash for quite some time. On its label, Hop Crisis is billed as an Imperial IPA. IPA, or India Pale Ale, refers to a style of brewing within the larger category of pale ales, typically characterized by a bitter taste due to high hop content. Imperial IPAs, also known as Double or American IPAs, are noticeably bitterer in taste because they employ a more intense hop composition to create a strong flavor. As an advocate of IPAs, my personal beer philosophy is “the bitterer, the better,” and Hop

Iconic ‘90s band returns from hiatus By JAckson mAxwEll Collegian Correspondent


21st Amendment Brewery is widely known for their unique array of craft beers in politically-minded packaging. Crisis certainly gave me a run for my money in terms of bitterness. Poured from a 12-ounce can into a pint glass, the hazy golden shade of Hop Crisis begets a thick offwhite head that lingers, leaving a considerable amount of lacing. The aroma is equal parts bitter citrus and sweet-smelling oak, with definite floral notes and hints of earthy malt. While the name is indicative of a hoppy flavor approaching critical mass, the taste is definitely more bitter than hoppy. The taste of the Centennial and Cascade hops used in the brewing take a back seat to the sensations of smoky wood and vanilla, but the undertones of bitter citrus are accompanied by an unmistakably

hoppy aftertaste. Mild carbonation lends itself nicely to a crisp finish that leaves the tongue feeling thick and the palate satisfied. While the alcohol and malt make their presence known in this beer, they by no means overpower the delicate complexion that makes this such a unique and enjoyable brew. This beer is unique on its own, but what really sets Hop Crisis apart from its Imperial IPA counterparts is the aging process. Aged in oaked barrels to augment flavor, the woody taste is readily noticeable in the beer’s complex map of flavors, but not so much to the point that it overwhelms the rest of the brew. The aging process for beer helps to ripen the flavors of the hops and

malt, and in the case of Hop Crisis, the aged quality lends itself well to a beer that is overall a unique flavor experience. While Hop Crisis could act as a nice compliment to a spice-heavy dish such as Thai or Mexican food, the intricate flavors of this beer are better suited for consumption on their own. Hop Crisis is a beer so complex in flavor that it acts almost as a meal entirely on its own. That is not to say that it should be consumed on an empty stomach, but your taste buds certainly won’t want for anything when it comes to this beer. Drink wisely and keep an open mouth. Emily A. Brightman can be reached at


Don’t give up your eyes for an iPhone By mAriA lAmAgnA MarketWatch

The biggest knock on smartphones is that all the apps, emails, viral videos, and text messages drive us to distraction, if not off the road. Spending half the day staring into a four-inch screen may also wreck one’s eyesight, new research suggests _ and the devices may not be to blame so much as how we hold them. David Allamby, an eye surgeon and the founder of Focus Clinics in London, recently coined the term “screen sightedness” and pointed out that according to his research, there has been a 35 percent increase in the number of people with advancing myopia since smartphones launched in 1997. Nearsightedness, or myopia, is a condition caused by a combination of hereditary factors and environment, says Shlomit Schaal, an eye surgeon and assistant professor of Ophthalmology at the University of Louisville. It

affects more than 30 percent of the population of the U.S. The environmental factors that contribute include “close work,” or stress on the eye caused by reading or otherwise focusing on a near object. Using a smartphone strains the eyes in much the same way reading a book or staring at a computer monitor does, with one exception _ the distance between the eye and the object. When a phone or other device is held close to one’s face, it forces the eye to work harder than usual to focus on text, says Mark Rosenfield, an optometrist who published research on the topic in The Journal of the American Academy of Optometry. The discomfort can eventually result in fatigue. People tend to hold smartphones considerably closer to their faces than they would a book or newspaper, even as close as 7 or 8 inches, Rosenfield says. And since smartphones have such a small screen,

the incidents of peering closely at them tend to be higher than for other devices. Since it is linked to heredity, there is no known way to prevent myopia, or even to slow it down. Glasses and contact lenses don’t affect its progression, Schaal says. The greatest shifts in myopia happen before age 25. Holding a smartphone farther away (but still using it the same amount) won’t necessarily prevent myopia entirely, Schaal said. But holding the phone at least 16 inches away from the face during use can be beneficial, Rosenfield says. He also suggests taking breaks from using the phone. During those breaks, it is helpful to look into the distance, which relaxes the eye as it focuses on faraway detail instead of what is close. When individuals are already affected by myopia, there are some ways tablets and other devices can even help, the doctors said.

Patients, especially those with age-related macular degeneration, have benefited from being able to view larger fonts and increased contrast on handheld devices like an iPad or Kindle, Schaal said. “In the past, these patients might have had to use a magnifying lens or very strong glasses to read the material, but now they can enlarge the print and read it with a more normal prescription,” Rosenfield said in a note. Young children’s eyes may be spared early damage by limiting smartphone and tablet use, doctors say. Spending hours playing games or otherwise intently viewing a screen causes children’s eyes to exert effort for long periods. In the past, children focused on larger objects like blocks or toys, rather than such fine detail. They should be encouraged to engage in a variety of activities with different focusing targets of both near and faraway objects, Schaal says.

while simply adding some beautiful, delicate piano. This seems to be Reznor’s way of showing that he can still be disarmingly direct. The track “All Time Low” has a great synthdriven outro, and “Disappointed” has a similarly tight intro, but both end up feeling a bit long and cumbersome. “All Time Low” runs for six minutes, and “Disappointed” runs just shy of the six-minute mark, taking away a lot of the momentum built by the first four tracks. The song “Everything,” reminiscent of fellow ‘90s ensemble Green Day, just sounds completely out of place in the context of NIN’s repertoire. In the chorus, which takes the term “loudness wars” to another level, there appears to be at least a dozen guitar tracks that do nothing but deafen the listener, and not in a good way. “Sat ellit e” a nd “Running” both come across as unremarkable songs. The unpredictable changes of tempo and volume in “Various Methods of Escape” mark it as one of the more interesting tracks on the album. The last third of the album starts with “I Would For You,” a song with a beastly low end that anchors the verse. But then the chorus comes, the bass goes away and suddenly Nine Inch Nails sound like U2. The sensation is entirely strange – it sounds like two completely different songs are doing battle with each other. The last three songs “In Two,” “While I’m Still Here” and “Black Noise” are all connected without gaps in between. They provide a satisfyingly dark and unsettling end to an album that is consistently loose with its emotions and feelings. “Hesitation Marks” at its finest is actually quite revelatory, and on the surface sounds like rock at its absolute cutting edge. Its fusion of a legion of genres often works beautifully, but like much of the band’s previous work, it does have a tendency to stretch out considerably, sometimes to a fault. But for what could be considered a reunion album, “Hesitation Marks” is quite impressive. It’s a forceful, strong-willed record that can certainly be supported by the immense tour that Reznor has scheduled for the album. Nine Inch Nails is back, and this new album gives the impression that they never really left.

Trent Reznor, the man almost entirely behind the music of Nine Inch Nails, has shown himself to be someone who sings only with pure, raw emotion throughout his career. Lyrics like “I hurt myself today/to see if I feel” from the 1994 song “Hurt” immediately set Reznor apart from his fellow ‘90s alternative rock pioneers. At first listen, the early music of Nine Inch Nails is startling, but Reznor has grown up quite a bit since those days. In the last five years, he’s written two award-winning, mostly instrumental film scores, formed another band and became both a husband and a father. Don’t forget that he broke up Nine Inch Nails and made a big deal out of it, too. But Reznor has indeed pulled a Brett Favre and returned to his most famous musical vehicle. “Hesitation Marks,” the first NIN album in five years, displays a newfound maturity in Reznor’s work, while losing only a little of its typical raw intensity. The album’s opening four tracks are its backbone. “The Eater of Dreams,” which lasts only 50 seconds, sounds like a futuristic industrial nightmare that only Reznor could make. “Copy of A” partly shares its opening line with a famous quote from David Fincher’s “Fight Club.” In the film, Edward Norton gazes at a copy machine wearily and says “everything is a copy of a copy.” The opening line of the track has Reznor echoing a similar sentiment; “I’m just a copy of a copy.” The fact that Fincher’s work is now showing up in Reznor’s (both of Reznor’s award-winning film scores have been for Fincher films) may not be a coincidence. Regardless, the track is, just like “Fight Club”: fierce, restless, challenging and breathtaking. “Came Back Haunted,” the album’s lead single, is also stunning. The verse creeps along before the chorus explodes with a wall of guitar and Reznor’s anguished cries. “Find My Way,” though, may be the album’s finest moment. A stunning ballad, the track rolls slowly with beats that seem hesitant to show themselves. Instead of exploding in the chorus, like most NIN tracks, the song con- Jackson Maxwell can be reached at tinues at its previous pace



Thursday, September 19, 2013


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continued from page 8

Something’s not right.” Keys also acknowledged that the team remained upbeat. “No actually, the morale was pretty high after the first half which is good,” he said. “I think when they scored it just kind of all toppled over from the fact in our minds that we’ve had more chances and now we’re down 1-0.” Koch still believes scoring will come as his team grows. “Inexperience and the pressure (on the team) now, it’s there,” he said, “I think once we get a couple goals, I think things will get a lot better.” Bolduc, a true freshman, isn’t showing signs of panic either. “It’s not too frustrating because right now I think we’re developing as a team, we’re pretty young,” he said. “It’s gonna come.” Showing support UMass paid tribute to a

“It’s not too frustrating because right now I think we’re developing as a team, we’re pretty young. It’s gonna come.” Matt Bolduc, UMass forward few people with close ties to the team on Wednesday, with each player wearing a black Adidas armband around their left arm. The team was paying tribute to late softball coach Elaine Sortino, who died in August after a long battle with cancer, Luke Pavone’s father, who died from cancer over the summer and Cody Sitton’s brother, who died in Afghanistan. Mark Chiarelli can be reached at and followed on Twitter @Mark_Chiarelli.


UM looks for third victory of season

Set sights on first “I think all the freshmen are getting more winning streak By Joey saade Collegian Staff

D inosaur C omiCs

B y r yan n orth

Buns and Thighs


HOROSCOPES Jan. 20 - Feb. 18

Show everyone how masculine and strong you are by not wiping down the elliptical when you are done using it.


Feb. 19 - Mar. 20


Jul. 23 - aug. 22

Did you know that even if you do only 3 dead lifts and walk around the gym all gruff it gives off the illusion that you are really Iron Man?


aug. 23 - Sept. 22

You will never gain any muscle if the amount of weights you use doesn’t pop your shoulders out of their sockets.

Sitting on a stationary bike on your iPhone is just as effective as actually riding it for 40 minutes.


Mar. 21 - apr. 19


Sept. 23 - Oct. 22


Oct. 23 - nOv. 21

You reach the point during every workout where the only thing that sustains you is the promise of ice cream.

The only way to get strong is to soak up the sweat and germs from a non–sanitized weight machine.


apr. 20 - May. 20

I know there’s an otherworldly large amount of people at the gym recently, but please revoke the pressing need to “join the party.”

If it doesn’t hurt and make you sore, you are probably actually doing it very right.


May. 21 - Jun. 21


nOv. 22 - Dec. 21

Take more chances today; run the opposite way of everyone else on the track.

It’s not lunging unless your are doing splits on the floor.



Jun. 22 - Jul. 22

You will never get in shape if your outfit doesn’t match and your hair isn’t beautifully braided.

Dec. 22 - Jan. 19

Doing 20 machines for a minute a piece is the best way to work every muscle. That kind of workout deserves a giant smoothie.

Coming off its second win of the season, the Massachusetts women’s soccer team will look to start its first winning streak on Thursday when it hosts Brown. The Minutewomen (2-41) put together a comeback performance led by their freshmen to earn their second road win of the season after taking down Lamar 2-1 in double overtime on Sunday. Performing well on the road was a goal UMass coach Ed Matz set for his team entering the season. The efforts his freshman players put forth in accomplishing a come-frombehind road victory also stood out to him. “I think all the freshmen are getting more comfortable with our program,” Matz said. “As they gain that comfort and become more confident, it shows on the field. We certainly need them to play well to have a successful season.” One of those freshmen who came up big in their recent victory was Sarah Pandolfi. The North Haven, Conn., native scored the game-winning goal in the 105th minute, which was her first career goal. Pandolfi was rewarded for her play this week after being named the Atlantic 10 Rookie of the Week and Co-UMass Athlete of the Week. Matz praised Pandolfi for her humble nature and hard work so far this season. “She certainly plays hard, just a lot of hard work and effort,” he said. “The goal she had (the game-winner) was under difficult circumstances, but she kept her composure and scored.” Brown (2-2) will come into Amherst on Thursday looking to capture its first win in a week after falling to Central Florida, 2-0, on Sunday. The Bears have come up with only three goals in their four games this season, including being shut

comfortable with our program. As they gain that comfort and become more confident, it shows on the field. We certainly need them to play well to have a successful season.” Ed Matz, UMass coach

out twice. Now, Brown’s offense will have to face UMass goalkeeper Danielle Kriscenski, who enters Thursday with 31 total saves and a .721 save percentage in seven games this season. Looking for their first home win of the season, the Minutewomen will be in for a challenge against a team they’ve battled in recent years. While the Bears own the 2-1 series lead dating back to the 2010 season, each one of those games was decided by one goal or less. Matz sees no reason to believe this year won’t feature a similar result between both teams. “Every single game has been a very close match with them, every result we’ve had could have gone either way,” he said of the rivalry. “It’s going to be a difficult game for 90 minutes, and we have to make sure we do our part and play our hardest.” As for the Minutewomen’s preparation heading into their matchup with the Bears, Matz’s team treats each scenario the same – taking it one game at a time. “We’re just focusing on working hard in practice,” he said, “and getting everybody on the same page as far as what we want to do. “We’re getting there. We’re getting better and better as we continue to move forward.” Kickoff is scheduled for 4 p.m. at Rudd Field. Joey Saade can be reached at and followed on Twitter @Jsaade1225

Thursday, September 19, 2013



No. 7 UMass falls to No. 3 UConn

Huskies use speed to down UM By Jesse Mayfield-sheehan Collegian Staff

Massachusetts field hockey goalkeeper Sam Carlino gave everything she had, but it wasn’t enough to stop the Connecticut offense. Carlino finished tied with a season-high nine saves, but the fast-paced Huskies offense outshot UMass 21-5 and had a 6-2 advantage in penalty corners in the Minutewomen’s 4-1 road loss on Wednesday. Carlino said having to transition from the slow, defensive style of play the team faced against Syracuse and Ohio State over the weekend to the aggressive style of the Huskies was a learning experience. “(UConn) played a completely different style from Syracuse and Ohio State,” she said. “We just need to be more ready. Our press wasn’t working very well in the first half, but we just need to come out and tackle the ball outside the circle and break up the play earlier.” The Huskies (6-0) struck first almost 11 minutes into the game, as Anne Jeute took control of the ball in the center of the attack circle and slapped a shot into the bottom left corner of the cage to put UConn on the board. The Huskies made it a 2-0 lead going into halftime when Roisin Upton converted on a penalty corner play in the 33rd minute, with


Midfielder Brooke Sabia was the only player to score for the Minutewomen in their 4-1 loss to No. 3 UConn. Chrissy Davidson and Olivia Bolles providing the assists. Brooke Sabia got the Minutewomen (6-2) their only goal in the 50th minute on a penalty corner play, with Mel Sutherland and Hannah Prince giving the assists. UMass coach Carla Tagliente said the lack of offensive production was once again due to poor decision-making, and added that the loss of midfielder Izzie Delario, who has missed the last three games due to a knee injury, has also hurt the offense. “She’s generated a lot of our attacks,” Tagliente said of Delario. “She’s very fast with the ball. She has created or caused quite a lot of

our penalty corners, which is one of the strengths of our team. It has hurt in the past few days not having her, but she’s not coming back for a few more weeks, so we can’t hang our hat on that and we need to find a solution quickly.” UConn took back the multi-goal lead in the 60th minute. The Huskies seized the opportunity of a player advantage after Charlotte Verelst was given a yellow card in the 56th minute and McKenzie Townsend took a feed from Sophie Bowden and shot it into the cage to put UConn up 3-1. Bowden gave the Huskies their final score seven minutes later, with the assist coming from Marie Elena

Bolles. On Sunday, the Minutewomen will return to Garber Field to host Hofstra at 1 p.m. Tagliente said the team’s main focus will be on their own problems as opposed to worrying about their opponents. “We need to do a little bit of soul searching today and tomorrow in terms of why we didn’t come out ready to play,” she said. “We’re our own greatest enemy right now and that’s proven to me over the past three games now, so we need to get out of our own way and start playing our best type of hockey.” Jesse Mayfield-Sheehan can be reached at and can be followed on Twitter @jgms88.


Former champ Norton dies at 70

Star once broke jaw of Muhammad Ali By GreG loGan Newsday

Former heavyweight champion Ken Norton Sr., who once broke Muhammad Ali’s jaw and threatened his self-described status as “The Greatest,” died Wednesday at a hospital in Arizona where he had been undergoing rehabilitation for a stroke suffered 13 months ago, according to a Los Angeles Times report. Norton, 70, had congestive heart failure. Although he never actually won a world heavyweight championship fight, Norton carved out a World Boxing Hall of Fame career as a foe who tormented Ali with his rugged style, winning the first of their three fights by breaking Ali’s jaw in the 11th round on March 31, 1973 and then losing two subsequent

controversial decisions in their trilogy. Although Norton’s home base was San Diego, he had four prominent fights in New York, including wins over Jerry Quarry and Duane Bobick at Madison Square Garden, his third fight against Ali on Sept. 28, 1976 at Yankee Stadium and the final fight of his career on May 11, 1981 at the Garden, when he was stopped by Long Island heavyweight Gerry Cooney in just 54 seconds of the first round. Born on August 9, 1943, Norton grew up in Jacksonville, Ill. He played college football at Northeast Missouri State but learned to box in the Marines before turning pro in 1967. Norton carried a 29-1 record into his first bout with Ali, who had lost only to Joe Frazier at that point. Norton won a split decision for the NABF title in San Diego. After the bout, Ali revealed

his jaw had been broken. Ali asked for an immediate rematch, and the two fought slightly less than six months later at The Forum in Inglewood, Calif., where Ali was awarded a split decision. Although Norton lost, he earned a shot at the WBC and WBA heavyweight titles held by George Foreman, who stopped him in the second round. Two years later, Ali and Norton squared off for the third and final time in what would be the last boxing event ever held in the original Yankee Stadium. The fight came down to the 15th round, which both judges and referee Arthur Mercante Sr., all gave to Ali. In 1977, Norton defeated Jimmy Young in an elimination bout to put himself in line for another title shot. But after Leon Spinks upset Ali, he refused to fight the mandatory against Norton and gave Ali an immediate rematch.

As a result, the WBC stripped Spinks and gave its belt to Norton. In his first defense of the title, Norton lost a split decision to Larry Holmes. The scores were all 143-142 with two of the three judges favoring Holmes. After that bout, Norton (42-7-1, 33 KOs) fought just four more times. When he faced Cooney, Norton still had the chiseled physique for which he was noted, but it was an empty shell. Cooney wobbled him with the first shot, and referee Tony Perez called a halt after 54 seconds when it became clear Norton could not defend himself. After his boxing career, Norton enjoyed a brief television and film career. He was inducted into the World Boxing Hall of Fame in 1989. His son, Ken Norton Jr., also was a stellar athlete, starring as a linebacker at UCLA and later in the NFL with Dallas and San Francisco.


Thursday, September 19, 2013




Minutemen lose sixth straight By Mark Chiarelli Collegian Staff

The Massachusetts men’s soccer team lost 2-0 to Fairfield at Rudd Field on Wednesday, Fairfield 2 losing its sixth game UMass 0 in a row amid a flurry of missed opportunities. UMass (0-6-1) fired off 19 shots in the contest, including 11 in the first half, controlling the pace of play from the start and creating a number of point-blank opportunities. But the game switched momentum in the 49th minute when Stags forward Reco McLaren won a one-on-one battle off a Minuteman turnover in the box and beat goalkeeper Nick Ruiz for his first goal of the season. Then it was McLaren’s cross in the 79th minute, which effectively put the game away, as he gathered a loose ball and found Martin Lindgren for the score. “The game changed when they scored,” UMass coach Sam Koch said. “When you’re 0-5, 0-6, those kinds of things take the wind out of

our sails.” Wednesday marked the sixth game in which the Minutemen failed to score, a growing frustration among coaches and players alike. “Part of it is finishing. We just didn’t finish our chances,” Koch said. “When you’re 0-6 and you haven’t scored too many goals, that goal gets smaller and smaller and smaller and you get tighter and tighter and tighter in those situations. There’s a lot of pressure on these guys.” Despite minimal output, UMass produced its fair share of chances. Matt Bolduc made multiple lengthy runs down the sideline, creating promising scoring chances. Josh Schwartz, the team’s leading scorer from a season ago, missed an open opportunity to score in the 82nd minute on a shot that sailed over the crossbar. “I’m not really sure to be honest,” junior Matt Keys said when asked about the inability to finish offensive opportunities. Added Keys: “We just got to find a way to find the back of the net because getting a lot of opportunities and still not producing goals is just frustrating.” Bolduc used speed to


The UMass men’s soccer team fell to Fairfield 2-0 on Wednesday, dropping the team’s record to 0-6-1 on the season. quicken the tempo on the outside, sending two crosses into the Stags’ (2-1-1) box within the first 20 minutes. His effort didn’t go unnoticed. “He had a great game,” Koch said. “He got down


their side pretty much at will and created a lot of great scoring chances for us. He had a very good game. (I’m) very pleased with his play.” The Minutemen outshot the Stags 11-7 in the first half and almost scored just

two minutes into the game. Defenseman Josh Jess fired a shot, which just cleared over the crossbar. Jess followed up his effort with another scoring chance on a diving header in the 17th minute. “We just couldn’t buy a

goal,” Koch said before lightening the mood. “I don’t know if there’s some kind of magnetic field we don’t know about or some kind of zulu witch doctor behind (the net). I really don’t know. see

SHUT OUT on page 7


Minutemen look to right UMass unable to make ship at home against Vandy chances count in loss First time hosting an SEC opponent By NiCk CaNelas Collegian Staff

There’s a bye week in sight and Mid-American Conference play to follow, but Massachusetts football coach Charley Molnar’s only focus after Wednesday’s practice was to grab a cup of coffee and go over practice film. His team is on the last leg of a grueling non-conference schedule that’s included the defending Big Ten and Big 12 champions, and the Minutemen hope to end it with a non-conference win when they host upstart Southeastern Conference opponent Vanderbilt on Saturday at noon at Gillette Stadium. UMass (0-3) is coming off arguably its most encouraging outing of the season, but it still ended in a 37-7 rout at the hands of Kansas State. Much of the reason for such optimism revolves around the offense, particularly the play of quarterback A.J. Doyle. The sophomore made his first start of the season on Saturday and finished the game a solid 21-for-31 for 186 yards and led the Minutemen to a 7-6 advantage after the first quarter. Between the play of Doyle, whom Molnar has named the starter going forward, and a career-best 81 yards and first-career rushing touchdown from redshirt freshman Stacey Bedell, Molnar likes the direction of his offense, which currently ranks last in the nation in points per game (7.0) and 117th out of 123 teams in total offense. “The whole key to our success is to be balanced and I thought last week we

“The whole key to our success is to be balanced and I thought last week we showed the signs of having a more balanced attack.” Charley Molnar, UMass coach showed the signs of having a more balanced attack,” Molnar said. “As that continues to grow it’ll take some of the attention off Stacey and it’ll be a little harder to load the box against us if we demonstrate that we can effectively throw the ball down the field.” The offense could be aided on Saturday by the return of senior captain and tight end Rob Blanchflower. B l a n c h f l owe r, the Minutemen’s leading receiver from last year, has missed the entire regular season with a pair of undisclosed injuries, but he returned to the practice field this week, although in a limited capacity, and is a game-time decision for Saturday. The Commodores (1-2, 0-2 SEC) are the first SEC team that UMass has ever hosted. The last seven national champions have come from the SEC, although Vanderbilt has been an annual bottom-dweller throughout most of the programs history. However, these aren’t yo u r g r a n d f ather’s Commodores. They’ve been on the rise since coach James Franklin took over two seasons ago. He led the program last year to the most wins in a season (nine) – including a 49-7 blowout victory over UMass in Nashville, Tenn. – since 1915 and its first winning record in the conference since 1982. Molnar could draw some similarities to the way Franklin had to rebuild his respective program when he took over as coach. “They’re a football program that’s hungry, they

play hard, they believe in themselves and that’s the key to a program growing and I think we have the same things going on here right now at the same time,” Molnar said. “They’re a little bit more advanced than we are, so be it, but they’re certainly going to be a bowl team.” Vanderbilt may have graduated offensive weapons Jordan Rodgers at quarterback and tight end Zac Stacy, but it does have its star receiver Jordan Matthews, who leads the team with 24 receptions for 395 yards and two touchdowns. “There’s only a few corners in the country that can really just match up and lock him down all day long,” Molnar said. “We don’t have that guy, so we’ll have to use a variety of ways to try to limit his big play potential.” As 32.5-point underdogs, according to, the Minutemen certainly have a major challenge ahead. And going up against an SEC foe, they expect nothing but high-caliber play on both sides of the ball. “Everyone kind of knows that the SEC has more speed, kind of like we knew Wisconsin was a Big Ten team, so we knew they were gonna be big and physical,” Doyle said. “They’re a good team once again,” Doyle added. “They’re gonna be a bowl team and they’re an SEC football team, so they’re gonna be fast.” Nick Canelas can be reached at and followed on Twitter @NickCanelas.

UM takes 19 shots against Fairfield By PatriCk stroheCker Collegian Staff

The frustration is becoming more and more apparent on the faces of the Massachusetts men’s soccer team. After being shut out for the sixth time in seven games in a 2-0 loss to Fairfield on Wednesday, UMass is still searching for answers to its offensive woes. “We were doing the right things today, but we just couldn’t buy a goal,” UMass coach Sam Koch said. The loss to Fairfield was the sixth in a row for the Minutemen, but it hasn’t been for a lack of trying. Rather, it’s been an inability to convert on their offensive opportunities. “When you’re 0-6 and you haven’t scored too many goals, that goal gets smaller and smaller and smaller,” Koch said. “And you get tighter and tighter and tighter in those kinds of situations and there’s a lot of pressure on those guys.” Wednesday’s loss was a prime example of the inability to finish that has plagued the Minutemen all year. UMass fired 19 shots at the Fairfield goal, with many coming from inside the 18-yard box. The Minutemen held an 11-7 shot advantage at the half, but still found themselves tied because they couldn’t find the net. Despite the shots advantage, UMass only managed to put seven on target, which isn’t enough, according to junior defenseman Matt Keys. “I think, maybe, more chances because at this rate, getting a lot isn’t doing it,” he said. “So the only thing you can do is get more. So, I


Luke Pavone (above) ripped two of UMass’ 19 shots against Fairfield, but it wasn’t enough in the Minutemen’s sixth straight loss on Wednesday. mean honestly, we just need to find a way to find the back of the net because getting a lot of opportunities and still not producing goals, it’s just frustrating.” There were glaring question marks entering the season about where the offensive production would come from. This year’s club features 14 freshmen, so inexperience is certainly factoring into the low production. But the offense has gone dry with the upperclassmen as well. Junior Josh Schwartz, last year’s leading scorer, only has one goal on the season and missed a couple of close opportunities Wednesday that would’ve put the Minutemen on the board. With the growing anticipation about when that next goal will come, it’s hard to overlook the pressure that is building with UMass. “I think it’s partly the pressure, and just the notion that we want to score so bad and are frustrated in not scoring,” Keys said. “When the opportunity arises, we’re just like, ‘Ohhh,’ and I don’t know, we just can’t finish.” Even with only two goals scored in the first seven games, one bright spot offensively has been the play of

freshman attacker Matt Bolduc. Bolduc entered the season like many of the freshmen, not knowing what his role on the team would be, but has stepped up for Koch. He has worked his way into the starting attack and has seen his role and minutes drastically increase as of late. “I wasn’t expecting it, but I was hoping it,” he said. “So, I’m glad that what I hoped came true.” In Wednesday’s loss, Bolduc was arguably the Minutemen’s best offensive weapon, making strong runs up the wing and delivering great balls into the box, setting up opportunities for his teammates. “I mean, he had a great game,” Koch said of Bolduc. “He got down their side, pretty much at will and created a lot of great scoring chances for us. I mean he had a very good game. Very pleased with his effort.” As for finishing on opportunities in the future, Koch knows better results are very close. “We’re going to get better. I promise you that.” Patrick Strohecker can be reached at and followed on Twitter @MDC_Strohecker.

Massachusetts Daily Collegian: Sept. 19, 2013  

Massachusetts Daily Collegian: Sept. 19, 2013 online print edition