Issuu on Google+

Fish id project 

                             


Title: saltwater/marine fishes                                                                                           

 

 

 Species # 1 

Common Name: commons nook  Scientific Name: Centropomusundecimalis  Kingdom:animalia  Class:actinopterygii    Family:  centropomidae 

Phylum:chordata Order:perciformes

  Geography / Habitat: Common snook, Centropomusundecimalis, range from the coastal mid‐Atlantic regions of the United  States through the Gulf of Mexico and Caribbean to parts of Central and South America. Common snook have been  documented as far north as Pamlico Sound, North Carolina and as far south as Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Common snook are  amphidromous fish, moving between fresh and salt water during their life, but not for the purpose of breeding. They can be  found in freshwater, brackish, or marine environments at depths up to 22 m. They commonly associate with underwater  structures such as pilings, reefs, or sea grass beds, but they most often prefer mangrove‐fringed estuarine habitats.  Food/feed strategy: Common snook are pelagic feeders. Daily feeding peaks occurrs 2 hours before sunrise and 2 to 3 hours  after sunset. Their feeding behavior is affected by the tidal cycle, and feeding activity noticeably increases with an increase in  water flow following a period of standing flood or ebb tidesCommon snook are voracious predators and opportunistic  carnivores. They primarily feed on other pelagic fish, though diet varies with habitat type. Juveniles generally inhabit freshwater  habitats, and their diet primarily consists of palaemonid shrimp, microcrustaceans, copepods and mosquitofish. In saltwater  environments, common snook have a similiar diet, but they may also prey upon other species of fish such as sheepshead  minnows, bay anchovies, and pinfish 

Body form:sagittiform  Swim/locomotion style:carangiform  Mouth position:terminal          Citation: http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/accounts/Centropomus_undecimalis/ 


Title: saltwater/marine fishes                                                                                      Common Name :pacific pollock  Scientific Name: Theragrachalcogramma    Kingdom:Animalia  Class:actinopterygii  

 

 

 

        Species # 2 

Phylum:chordata  Order:gadiformes     

Family:gadidae    :   

   

  Geography / Habitat: occupies a wide geographic range and is found in a polar climate across the northern Pacific Ocean, from  68° north to 34° north, and from 129° east to 120° west (Kooka 1998). Alaska pollock inhabit a broad niche spanning the North  Pacific, from the eastern Paleartic region to the western Neartic. North American populations lie along the west coast from  northern California to northwest Alaska with major populations located southeast of Alaska and Canada and in the western‐ central Gulf of Alaska.It is broadly distributed with greater populations existing in the outer shelf and slope regions of oceanic  waters. These fish, semi‐demersal in some regions and pelagic in others (due to feeding on a variety of pelagic and demersal  prey), are able to survive in large estuaries, coastal areas, and open basins      Food / Feed Strategy: feeds on both fish and invertebrates (Bailey 1999). The diet of this fish varies by developmental stage,  season, and body size. Larvae tend to consume zooplankton such as larval copepods, while older T. chalcogramma tend to eat  larger food items such as adult Acartia and Pseudocalanus. In winter, adult pollock feed mostly on fishes and euphausiid krill.     

        •

Body Form or Style:sagittiform     Swim / Locomotion Style:carangiform    Mouth Position:terminal          Citation:http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/accounts/Theragra_chalcogramma/ 

 


Title : saltwater/marine fishes                                                                                        Species # 3    Common Name:bonito    Scientific Name:Gymnosarda unicolor      Kingdom:animalia  Class:actinopterygii 

Phylum:chordata  Order:perciformes   

Family:scombridae       

    Geography / Habitat:Dogtooth tuna (Gymnosarda unicolor) are found in the Indo West Pacific, from Australia (the Great Barrier  Reef) to East Africa and the Red Sea, and in the waters off of the coast of Japan and the Philippines, New Guinea, Marquesas,  Tahiti, Tuamotus, Pitcairn, and Oeno Islands.Dogtooth tuna are typically pelagic, but are known to come inshore and are found  around coral reefs and atolls at depths from 15m (50ft) to 45m (150ft). They prefer water temperatures between 21°C (70°F)  and 26°C (80°F). They are migratory; their movements are linked to water temperatures and the fish they feed upon              Food / Feed Strategy:Dogtooth tuna feed upon shoaling fishes like herring (Clupea), sprats (Sprattus), mackerel (Scomber),  whiting (Merlucciidae), cuttlefish (Sepia) and sometimes squid (Loligo     

 

Attach Picture Here  Picture should measure approximately 4 x 3 inches    Body form/style:sagittiform    Swim style:carangiform  Mouth position:terminal                 

       


Title :   saltwater/marine fishes                                                                                        Species # 4    Common Name:silvertip shark    Scientific Name: Carcharhinus albimarginatus  Kingdom:animalia  Phylum:chordata    Class:chondrichthyes              Order:carcharhiniformes  Family:carcharhinidae          Geography / Habitat: Silvertip sharks are mainly found in tropical regions of the western Indian Ocean,  including the Red Sea and eastern African waters. These pelagic sharks are found both inshore and  offshore in tropical waters, often at continental and insular shelves, at depths from the surface to 800  meters.  Food / Feed Strategy: Silvertip sharks are apex predators and consume benthic and mid‐water  organisms including wahoo (Acanthocybium solandri), spotted eagle rays (Aetobatus narinari), wrasses  (Labridae sp.), tuna and bonito (Scombridae sp.), lanternfish (Myctophidae sp.), flyingfish (Exocoetidae  sp.), escolar (Gempylidae sp.), bananafish (Albulidae sp.), sole (Soleidae sp.), smaller sharks, octopus,  and squid.   

  •

Body Form or Style:    sagittiform             Swim / Locomotion Style: thunniform      Mouth Position: terminal      Citation: http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/accounts/Carcharhinus_albimarginatus/ 


Title :saltwater/marine fishes                                                                                          Species # 5    :     Scientific Name:Mugilcephalus  Common name:black mullet  Kingdom:animalia  Phylum:chordata Class:actinopterygii  Order:mugiliformes Family:mugilidae         

 

 

 

 

   

Geography / Habitat:occurs in the coastal waters of the tropical and subtropical zones of all seas. Striped mullet are found in  the western Atlantic Ocean, from Nova Scotia, Canada south to Brazil, including the Gulf of Mexico.found in highly salty to fresh  waters that are warm or temperate from 8 to 24 C. They spend a great deal of time close to shore around the mouths of  streams and rivers or in brackish bays, inlets, and lagoons with sand or mud bottoms (Texas Parks 2005).  Food / Feed Strategy:Mullet are diurnal feeders, consuming mainly zooplankton, dead plant matter, and detritus.   

•      

Body Form or Style:sagittiform 

 

Swim / Locomotion Style:carangiform   

Mouth Position:terminal     

         


Title :saltwater/marine fishes                                                                                         Species # 6    Common Name:cub shark    Scientific Name:Carcharhinusleucas  Kingdom:animalia  Phylum:chordata    Class:chondrichthyes  Order:carcharhiniformes Family:carcharhinidae     

 

 

 

  Geography / Habitat:The Bull Shark inhabits coastal waters in tropical and subtropical seas  worldwide.Although Bull Sharks have been caught in considerably deeper water, they most often reside  in water between 30 meters and waist deep. The sharks also seem to favor murky water for hunting. It is  one of the only sharks that is able to survive in freshwater for extended periods of time.    Food / Feed Strategy:The Bull Shark is an omnivorous animal. It routinely preys upon fish, sharks  (especially young sandbar sharks), rays, turtles, echinoderms, birds, mollusks, dolphins, and almost  anything else it can find. Remains of everything from humans to hippopotami have been found in Bull  Sharks' stomachs.     

•   Attach Picture Here  Picture should measure approximately 4 x 3 inches   

Body Form or Style:sagittiform 

 

Swim / Locomotion Style:thunniform   

Mouth Position:terminal 

Citation:http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/accounts/Carcharhinus_leucas/     


Title :saltwater/marine fishes                                                                                           Species # 7    Common Name:leopard shark    Scientific Name:Stegostomafasciatum    Kingdom: animaliaPhylum:chordata  Class:chondrichthyes 

Order:orectolobiformes 

Family:stegostomatidae 

 

  Geography / Habitat:Zebra sharks (Stegostomafasciatum) live in the central, western and Indian Pacific oceans. This species is  abundant in Australian coastal waters.is commonly found around warm water reefs and sandy areas. It is common along the  Australian coast. It usually resides at a depth of 62 m.  Food / Feed Strategy:Natural foods include gastropod and bivalve mollusks with smaller amounts of crabs, shrimp, and small  fish.     

•   Attach Picture Here  Picture should measure approximately 4 x 3 inches   

Body Form or Style:sagittiform   

Swim / Locomotion Style:   

Mouth Position 

Citation: http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/accounts/Triakis_semifasciata/   


Title :

fishsaltwater/

Species # 8

Common Name:Doctorfish Scientific Name: Anarrhichthys ocellatus Kingdom:Animalia

Phylum:chordata

Class:actinopterygii

Order:perciformes

Family:anarhichadidae

Geography / Habitat: Wolf-eels are found in the temperate North Pacific in coastal waters from the Sea of Okhotsk and the Sea of Japan to the Aleutian islands and along the western coast of North America to Baja California. Wolf-eels are exclusively marine, found in shallow, cold, coastal waters. They have been found in depths as low as 226 meters, but are generally found in shallow water. They are demersal in their habits, being found almost exclusively in sheltered, rocky, sub-tidal areas or near rocky structures in areas with sandy bottoms.

Food / Feed Strategy: Wolf-eels use their robust jaws and teeth to eat hard-shelled invertebrates, such as crabs up to 114 mm in width, snails, sand dollars, sea urchins, mussels, clams, and abalone, especially Haliotis kamtschatkana. In the Monterey area the dominant food items are slender crabs (Cancer gracilis) and sand dollars (Dendraster excentricus). Wolf-eels occasionally eat fish as well, although they seem best able to capture slow-moving prey.

 

● ● ●

Body Form or Style: agulliform Swim / Locomotion Style:crangiform Mouth Position:terminal

Citation: http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/accounts/Anarrhichthys_ocellatus/


Common Name:    Scientific Name:    Kingdom:animalia  Phylum:chordata  Class:actinopterygii Order:perciformes  Familypomocanthidae: 

 

:

live in the Indo-Pacific region ranging from Sri Lanka to the Solomon Islands and from the Philippines to the northern tip of Australia. Normally this range is from 25 degrees north to 25 degrees south

 

from Sri Lanka to the Solomon Islands and from the Philippines to the northern tip of Australia. Normally this range is from 25 degrees north to 25 degrees south e in the Indo-Pacific region ranging from Sri Lanka to the Solomon Islands and from the Philippines to the northern tip of Australia. Normally this range is from 25 degrees north to 25 degrees south

            Food / Feed Strategy:        Attach Picture Here  Picture should measure approximately 4 x 3 inches   

Body Form or Style:             

 

Swim / Locomotion Style:   

Mouth Position  Citation:       


Title :                                                                                           Species # 9    Common Name:    Scientific Name:    Kingdom: Phylum:  Class:             

Order: 

Family:      Geography / Habitat:              Food / Feed Strategy:        Attach Picture Here  Picture should measure approximately 4 x 3 inches   

Body Form or Style:             

 

Swim / Locomotion Style:   

Mouth Position:  Citation:     


Title :saltwater/marine fishes                                                                                         Species # 10    Common Name:elfin shark    Scientific Name:Mitsukurinaowstoni    Kingdom:animalia  Phylum:chordata  Class:chondrich 

Order:lamniformes 

Family:mitsukurinidae 

 

  Geography / Habitat:Originally caught in Japan, the range is wide, but not evenly distributed. The majority of known specimens  come from bays of Japan while the rest are mostly found off New Zealand, southern Africa, and in the Eastern Atlantic and  Indian Oceans.live in the mid and deep‐water zones of outer continental shelves and slopes.    Food / Feed Strategy:appears to feed mid‐water or close to the bottom where it uses a combination of electrical sensors, smell  and (minimal) eyesight to catch any vertically migrating animals that it comes across     

•   Attach Picture Here  Picture should measure approximately 4 x 3 inches     

Body Form or Style:fusiform  Swim / Locomotion Style:subcarangiform   

Mouth Position:terminal 

Citation:http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/accounts/Mitsukurina_owstoni/   


Species #:11  Common Name:giant sea bass    Scientific Name:Stereolepisgigas    Kingdom:animalia  Phylum:chordata  Class:actinopterygii Order:perciformes  Family:polyprionidae 

 

  Geography / Habitat:Giant sea bass inhabit coastal waters of California, from Humboldt Bay to the tip of Baja California,  Mexico.Juvenile giant sea bass are found at depths of 6 to 10 m, over mud flats and in coastal lagoons of southern California  and the Baja California peninsula. Older juveniles and adults are found in 10 to 40 m of water over sandy bottoms, kelp beds  and rocky reefs, as well as within deep ridges at depths of 70 to 80 m.    Food / Feed Strategy:Giant sea bass mainly consume benthic invertebrates including rock crab (Cancer antennarius) and  California spiny lobster (Panulirusinterruptus), and will also prey on other fishes, such as round stingrays (Urobatishalleri),  ocean whitefish (Caulolatilusprinceps), California barracuda (Sphyraenaargentea), kelp bass (Paralabraxclathratus), and barred  sand bass (Paralabraxnebulifer). 

         

Body Form or Style:compressiform 

 

Swim / Locomotion Style:carangiform   

Mouth Position:terminal 

Citation:http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/accounts/Stereolepis_gigas/   


Title :saltwater/marine fishes                                                                                          Species # 12    Common Name:frill shark    Scientific Name:Chlamydoselachus    Kingdom:animalia  Phylum:chordata  Class:chondrichthyes 

Order:hexanchiformes 

Family:chlamydoselachidae      Geography / Habitat:Frilled sharks are wide ranging. They have been found almost worldwide, including the eastern Atlantic  coast of northern Norway, the western Indian Ocean near South Africa, the western Pacific near New Zealand, and the eastern  Pacific near the coast of Chile.found on continental shelves and the nearshore areas of large islands, although they are  occasionally reported in open waters. They are mostly benthic and occur at depths from 100 to 1,300 meters.    Food / Feed Strategy:Because of their sharp, cuspidate teeth, it is thought that their primary foods are small deep‐water fishes,  and squid (Taylor et al., 2002). Because frilled sharks live on the ocean floor, they may also feed on carrion floating down from  the surface.     

•   Attach Picture Here  Picture should measure approximately 4 x 3 inches    :  

Body Form or Style:fusiform 

 

Swim / Locomotion Style:carangiform   

Mouth Position:terminal 

Citation:http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/accounts/Chlamydoselachus_anguineus/     


Title :saltwater/marine fishes                                                                                         Species # 13   

Common Name:scribblefaced parrotfish    Scientific Name:Scarusrivulatus    Kingdom:animalia  Phylum:chordata  Class:actinopterygii Order:perciformes  Family:scaridae 

 

  Geography / Habitat:Scarusrivulatus are distributed throughout the western Pacific. Their range includes the southern Great  Barrier Reef, as well as New Caledonia and Thailand and extends north to the Ryukyu Islands. They have also been found along  the east coast of Malaysia, Okinawa and Ponape.Scarusrivulatus inhabit coral reefs and are most abundant in the mid‐shelf  region. They may also inhabit inshore reefs. Unlike other scarid species, they often move onto the reef flat at high tide to feed  and therefore may be seen in tidal pools.  Food / Feed Strategy:.rivulatus, as are all other scarids, are herbivores. They feed on many types microscopic algae that grow  on calcareous material, such as coral skeletons. S. rivulatus only graze during daylight hours, and have been observed to  increase their feeding rate in the late afternoon.     

•   Attach Picture Here  Picture should measure approximately 4 x 3 inches   

Body Form or Style:depressiform 

 

Swim / Locomotion Style:carangiform   

Mouth Position:terminal  Citation: 


Title :saltwater/marine fishes                                                                                            Species # 14    Common Name:lemonsailfin    Scientific Name:Zebrasomaflavescens    Kingdom: animaliaPhylum:chordata  Classactinopterygii:             

Order:perciformes 

Family:acanthuridae 

 

  Geography / Habitat:Yellow tangs, Zebrasomaflavescens, are reef fish found in the waters west of Hawaii and east of Japan in  the Pacific Ocean. They mainly live off the coast of Hawaii, but are also found in the more western ranges of their habitat,  including the islands Ryukyu, Mariana, Marshall, Marcus, and Wake. They prefer subtropical waters.Yellow tangs are reef‐ associated fish. Their preferred water temperature is around 21 degrees Celsius. They inhabit coral reefs in subtropical waters,  but generally do not live in tropical seas. Yellow tangs mainly live in the sub‐surge zone of a coral reef, this is the area with the  least wave action. Zebrasomaflavescens live at depths of 2 to 46 meters. The clear larva of yellow tangs develop into marine  plankton, in this stage they are carried close to reefs where they settle in coral crevices.    Food / Feed Strategy:Yellow tangs have a long, down‐turned mouth with small teeth that are specialized for grazing on algae.  Because they are mainly herbivores, they spend a large amount of their time grazing either alone or in groups. A large portion  of their diet consists of uncalcified and filamentous algae that grows on coral reefs. In addition to smaller types of algae, yellow  tangs feed on macroalgae, such as seaweed.   

 

  Attach Picture Here  Picture should measure approximately 4 x 3 inches   

Body Form or Style:depressiform 

 

Swim / Locomotion Style:carangiform   

Mouth Position:terminal 


Title :saltwater/marine fishes                                                                                         Species # 15 


Common Name:pinkanemonefish    Scientific Name:Amphiprionperideraion    Kingdom: animaliaPhylum:chordata  Class:actinopterygii Order:perciformes  Family:pomacentridae 

 

  Geography / Habitat:are distributed throughout tropical regions in the western Pacific and Indian Oceans. Their range includes  the Gulf of Thailand, Cocos Islands and Christmas Island in the eastern Indian Ocean. In the Indo‐Australian Archipelago in the  Pacific, they are found from Samoa and Tongo, north to the Ryukyu Islands, Fiji, and Micronesia, extending southward to the  Great Barrier Reef and New Caledonia.These fish are found in lagoons and seaward reefs (Fautin and Allen, 1992; Myers, 1991).  They are non‐migratory fish living in brackish marine water with depths ranging up to 38 meters and temperatures around  25°C. These fish live in symbiotic relationships with various sea anenomes including Heteractiscrispa, Hetaractismagnifica,  Macrodactyladoreensis and Stichodactylagigantea. Amphiprionperideraion often occurs in the same environment with the  closely related Amphiprionakallopison, often in the same anemone.  Food / Feed Strategy:use suction feeding. The maxilla pushes the premaxilla forward, which causes an area of low pressure  inside the mouth, resulting in suction.    Amphiprionperideraion exploit a wide range of phytoplankton (blue‐green algae and diatoms), zooplankton and zoobenthos.  This makes them omnivorous generalists. Amphiprionperideraion collect food from surrounding areas near their host  anemones. They have also been known to consume food leftover from their host.   

 

   

Body Form or Style: depressiform 

 

Swim / Locomotion Style:carangiform   

Mouth Position:terminal 

Citation:http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/accounts/Amphiprion_perideraion/  Title : saltwater/marine fishes                                                                                          Species # 16 


Common Name:flounder    Scientific Name: Bothus lunatus     Kingdom:animalia Phylum:chordata  Class:actinopterygii           

Order:pleuronectiformes 

Family:bothidae 

 

    , Bothus

:

 

regions. Ty are found off the coasts of Florida, Bermuda, and down the coast of South America to Brazil.

. They are found off the coasts of Florida, Bermuda, and down the coast of South America to Brazil.

Food / Feed Strategy: Adult peacock flounders are restricted to feeding on other benthic organisms. They are active predators,  mostly eating other fish; however, peacock flounders can also feed on marine invertebrates, such as crustaceans and  sometimes octopi     

•      

Body Form or Style: depressiform            

 

Swim / Locomotion Style:carangiform   

Mouth Position:terminal 

Citation: http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/accounts/Bothus_lunatus/     


Title :  saltwater/marine fishes                                                                                         Species # 17 


Common Name:silky shark    Scientific Name: Carcharhinus falciformis    Kingdom: animalia Phylum:chordata  Classchondrichthyes:              Order:carcharhiniformes  Family:carcharhinidae 

 

  Geography / Habitat: Silky sharks are found throughout the Pacific, Atlantic, and Indian Oceans between 40°N latitude and 40°S  latitude. They favor sub‐tropical waters and are among the world’s most abundant shark species. Silky sharks are mostly found  in the coastal and oceanic waters of tropical oceans, mainly at temperatures above 23°C. They primarily inhabit continental and  insular shelves, but have also been found over deep water reefs and in open ocean, slope, and shallow, coastal water habitats.    Food / Feed Strategy: Silky sharks are generalist carnivores and typically feed on various species of fish, squid, and pelagic  crabs, including red crab (Pleuroncodes planipes), jumbo squid (Dosidicus gigas), and chub mackerel (Scomber japonicas).  Young silky sharks primarily feed upon jumbo squid, while adult silky sharks consume more red crabs and chub mackerel.     

  Attach Picture Here  Picture should measure approximately 4 x 3 inches   

Body Form or Style: sagittiform             

 

Swim / Locomotion Style:thunniform   

Mouth Position:terminal 

Citation: http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/accounts/Carcharhinus_falciformis/       


Saltwater/marine fishes: # 18  Common Name:brown shark    Scientific Name: Carcharhinus plumbeus    Kingdom:animalia 

Phylum:chordata 

Class:chondrichthyes             

Order:carcharhiniformes 

Family:carcharhinidae                                    Geography / Habitat: Sandbar sharks are found worldwide in tropical and warm temperate waters.  These sharks can be found in the western Atlantic, the eastern Atlantic, the western Pacific, the western  Indian, and the eastern Indian oceans. Sandbar sharks tend to be coastal, typically found on muddy or  sandy flats in bays, harbors, estuaries and river mouths. They may also be found offshore, on banks near 


islands or flat reefs. Sandbar sharks may live in depths ranging from 1 m (inter tidal waters) to 280 m in  water with salinities of ~20 parts per thousand (ppt).      Body style: sagittiform  Swim style: thunniform  Mouth position: terminal                •                       

Citation: http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/accounts/Carcharhinus_plumbeus/ 


Title :   saltwater/marine fishes                                                                                        Species # 19    Common Name:cub shark    Scientific Name: Carcharhinus leucas         Kingdom:animalia 

Phylum:chordata 

Class: chondrichthyes            

Order:carcharhiniformes 

Family:carcharhinidae      Geography / Habitat: The Bull Shark inhabits coastal waters in tropical and subtropical seas worldwide.  Although Bull Sharks have been caught in considerably deeper water, they most often reside in water  between 30 meters and waist deep.    Food / Feed Strategy: The Bull Shark is an omnivorous animal. It routinely preys upon fish, sharks  (especially young sandbar sharks), rays, turtles, echinoderms, birds, mollusks, dolphins, and almost  anything else it can find. 

  Body Form or Style:  sagittiform          

Swim / Locomotion Style: thunniform   

Mouth Position: terminal       

Citation: http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/accounts/Carcharhinus_leucas/ 


Title: saltwater/marine fish

Species #: 20

Common Name: Lemon sailfin Scientific Name: Zebrasoma flavescens Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Perciformes

Family: Acanthuridae

Geography / Habitat: Yellow tangs are reef-associated fish. Their preferred water temperature is around 21 degrees Celsius. They inhabit coral reefs in subtropical waters, but generally do not live in tropical seas. Yellow tangs mainly live in the sub-surge zone of a coral reef, this is the area with the least wave action. Life Strategy: Zebrasoma flavescens can spawn in groups or in pairs. When in groups, females release eggs and males release sperm into open water where fertilization occurs. When in pairs, the male courts a female by changing colors and exhibiting a shimmering movement. The two fish then swim upward and simultaneously release their eggs or sperm into the water. Food / Feed Strategy: Yellow tangs have a long, down-turned mouth with small teeth that are specialized for grazing on algae. Because they are mainly herbivores, they spend a large amount of their time grazing either alone or in groups.

• • •

Body Form or Style: globiform Swim / Locomotion Style: ostraciiform Mouth Position: subterminal

\ Citation: http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/accounts/Zebrasoma_flavescens/


Title :

saltwater/marine fishes

Species # 21

Common Name:rabbitfish Scientific Name: Kingdom: animalia Class:actinopterygii Family:siganidae

Phylum:chordata Order:perciformes

: Geography / Habitat: Siganids are naturally confined to the tropical Indo-Pacific, but are now found in the eastern Mediterranean as well. Siganids are marine and mainly inhabit reefs, shallow lagoons, sea grasses or mangrove areas. They can be found along reef edges with broken rock, reef flats with scattered coral heads or near grass flats, and often come into very shallow waters to feed in algae.

Food / Feed Strategy: Most siganids are herbivorous and feed on phytoplankton or attached algae.

• Attach Picture Here Picture should measure approximately 4 x 3 inches

● ● ●

Body Form or Style: Swim / Locomotion Style: Mouth Position:

Citation:


Title: saltwater invertebrates

Species #: 22

Common Name: common eel Scientific Name: Anguilla anguilla Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Anguilliformes

Family: Anguillidae

Geography / Habitat: Depending on the lifestage of the individual eel, European eels can be found in marine, freshwater, and brackish aquatic environments. Typically, the European eel is found in depths of 0-700 m, most often on the floor of the ocean or river in which it is living.

Life Strategy: Upon reaching sexual maturity, European eels migrate from freshwater streams back to the Sargasso Sea in order to spawn and die in the late winter months to the early summer months. European eel males release sperm into the water in which female European eels have already laid eggs, thereby fertilizing the eggs. Very little is known about the actual spawning mechanism, and time to hatching is variable.

Food / Feed Strategy: European eels have completely different diets during different life stages. No food contents have ever been discovered in the guts of leptocephali, therefore their diet is unknown. Glass eels consume insect larvae, dead fish, and small crustaceans.

• • •

Body Form or Style: anguilliform Swim / Locomotion Style: anguilliform Mouth Position: terminal

Citation: http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/accounts/Anguilla_anguilla/


Title: saltwater /marine fish

Species #: 23

Common Name: California sheephead Scientific Name: Semicossyphus pulcher Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Perciformes

Family: Labridae Geography / Habitat: California sheephead inhabit rocky shoreline reefs, in and around kelp beds between 6 and 30 m in depth.

Life Strategy: California sheephead are polygamous, with dominant males maintaining a harem of females that is defended from other males.

Food / Feed Strategy: California sheephead consumes benthic invertebrates including the purple sea urchins, Pacific rock crabs, acorn barnacles, mussels, clams, and bryozoans. They also eat snails, squids, common sand dollars, eccentric sand dollars, and sea cucumbers. Their large canine-like teeth are used to pry sessile invertebrates from rocks.

• • •

Body Form or Style: globiform Swim / Locomotion Style: subcarangiform Mouth Position: terminal

Citation: http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/accounts/Semicossyphus_pulcher/


Title: saltwater /marine fish Common Name: Copper rockfish

Species #: 24

Scientific Name: Sebastes caurinus Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Scorpaeniformes

Family: Sebastidae Geography / Habitat: Copper rockfish are demersal, preferring the ocean bottom near low-profile rocks and reefs. The range of water depths they inhabit is relatively broad, from 10 to 183 meters, and the fish are found in shallower water during upwelling. Most often, these fish are in close contact with reefs, maintaining an even closer contact during the winter and spring than in the summer months.

Life Strategy: Spawning in copper rockfish occurs once a year in the spring at a time that varies geographically. Fertilization occurs internally, and little is known about the specific courtship or mating behaviors.

Food / Feed Strategy: Copper rockfish are opportunistic carnivores that feed mainly on organisms present near the ocean floor, usually crabs, mollusks and other fish. They feed during the day as well as at night. Often the prey varies with the season with crabs eaten more often in winter and early spring. Large copper rockfish tend to be aggressive feeders and sometimes prey on Squalus acanthias, a small shark species.

• • •

Body Form or Style: compressiform Swim / Locomotion Style: ostraciiform Mouth Position: supraterminal

Citation: http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/accounts/Sebastes_caurinus/


Title: saltwater /marine fish

Species #: 25

Common Name: Gobies Scientific Name: Gobiidae Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Perciformes

Family: Gobiidae Geography / Habitat: They are found from subarctic streams in Siberia to mountain streams at altitudes of 2,000 m on islands to ocean depths of 800 m. On coral reefs, they can be found in the numerous cracks and crevices or out in the open among corals (Gobiosoma).

Life Strategy: A typical mating sequence begins with nest preparation by the male, which involves clearing and cleaning the area where eggs will be deposited. In response, the ventral area of the female swells and the male proceeds to swim back and forth between the female and nest site and in some cases the male will nudge the female with its snout. The male may also make exaggerated swimming motions in place by anchoring himself with the sucking disc.

Food / Feed Strategy: Gobies are classified as zooplanktivores, omnivores, and carnivores, as they feed on a wide variety of small organisms like crabs, shrimps, smaller crustaceans (such as copepods, amphipods, and ostracods), mollusks, annelids, polychaetes, formaninferans, sponges, small fishes, and eggs of various invertebrates and fishes. Many gobies are quite selective in their feeding habits, favoring an individual prey item, such as a minute algae or small invertebrate.

• • •

Body Form or Style: globiform Swim / Locomotion Style: ostraciiform Mouth Position: suptraterminal

Citation: http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/accounts/Gobiidae/  


Title:Freshwater

Species #: 01

Common Name: Spotted Gar Scientific Name: Lepisosteus Oculatus Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Lepisosteiformes

Family: Lepisosteiformes Geography / Habitat: Spotted gar prefer shallow open waters, usually 3 - 5 m deep, as well as stagnant backwater. They are often found near the surface basking near fallen logs, trees, or brush. This species is also shoreline-oriented, meaning it can be found near banks that include some sort of brush covering.

Life Strategy: The spotted gar is primarily nocturnal. Often, this species will remain stationary near fallen trees or brush throughout the day. They typically become more active at night and extend their home range in order to search for prey.

Food / Feed Strategy: They utilize their brush covered habitat for foraging at night. Spotted gar also eat other species of fish including sunfish, gizzard shad, crappies, bass, catfish, and shiners. One study showed that this species can feed efficiently across a spectrum of habitat complexity, and that some species were simply more vulnerable to gar attack regardless of cover.

• • •

Body Form or Style:Sagittiform Swim / Locomotion Style:Caranigiform Mouth Position:terminal


Citation: http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/accounts/Lepisosteus_oculatus/ Title:Freshwater

Species #:02

Common Name:Tasmaninan giant freshwater lobster Scientific Name: Astacopsis Gouldi Kingdom:Animalia

Phylum:Parastacidae

Class: Malacostraca

Order:Decapoda

Family:Parastacidae Geography / Habitat: The species can be found mostly in dark, slow moving rivers. This species is found in the rivers, streams, and reservoirs that drain into Bass Straight including the Arthur River System

Life Strategy: They have a dorso-ventrally flattened body with powerfully developed pinchers on their first set of walking legs. Their abdominal legs are longer, adapted for swimming. Females also attach their eggs to these legs

Food / Feed Strategy: The Tasmanian Giant Crayfish is omnivorous. It will harvest fungi and bacteria that grows on rotting wood that it supposedly sets aside. It eats leaves and insects that fall into the water, as well as animal flesh

 

• • •

Body Form or Style:Globiform Swim / Locomotion Style:Ostraciiform Mouth Position:Supraterminal

Citation: http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/accounts/Astacopsis_gouldi/


Title:Freshwater

Species #:03

Common Name:Brook Stickleback Scientific Name:Culaea Inconstans Kingdom:Animalia

Phylum:Chordata

Class:Actinopterygii

Order: Gasterosteidae

Family: Gasterosteidae Geography / Habitat: Brook Stickleback typically inhabits the shallow edges of cool, clear lakes and ponds with moderate to dense vegetation cover.

Life Strategy: Brook stickleback eggs are demersal and adhesive (Winn 1960); the eggs are approximately one millimeter in diameter and are clear to light yellowish in color (Barker 1918). They are deposited in groups of approximately 100 inside nests built by males and the eggs hatch within 8 to 11 days depending on water temperature

Food / Feed Strategy: Brook Stickleback are predominately carnivorous feeders on aquatic invertebrates, mostly larvae and crustaceans. Fish eggs, from their own species as well as others, and algae may make up a smaller portion of their diet.

• • •

Body Form or Style:Taeniform Swim / Locomotion Style:Ostraciiform Mouth Position:Subterminal

Citation: http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/accounts/Culaea_inconstans/


Title:Freshwater

Species #:04

Common Name:Alewife Scientific Name:Alosa Pseudoharengu Kingdom:Animalia

Phylum:Chordata

Class:Actinopterygii

Order: Clupeiformes

Family:Clupeidae Geography / Habitat: For anadromous populations, much is known about their freshwater spawning habits, but little is known about movements within the ocean. It is also present, although non-native, in all of the Great Lakes, and many lakes in northern New York.

Life Strategy: Young alewives have a very high mortality rate. Less than 1% survive to migrate into the sea. Annual mortality for adult alewives is on the order of 70% per year. Most die during or shortly after the spawning season.

Food / Feed Strategy: Little is known about the feeding habits of anadromous alewives. Adult land-locked fish eat mostly zooplankton, especially larger varieties such as copepods, cladocerans, mysids, and ostracods. When they grow larger than 11.9 cm, they feed mostly on the benthic amphipod Pontoporeia. Some spawning adults eat small fish or fish eggs when in shallow waters.

 

• • •

Body Form or Style:Compressiform Swim / Locomotion Style:Caragiform Mouth Position:pharyngeal


Citation: http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/accounts/Alosa_pseudoharengus/pictures/collectio ns/contributors/Grzimek_fish/Clupeiformes/Alosa_psudoharengus/ Title: Freshwater

Species #:05

Common Name: Black Bullhead Scientific Name: Ameriurus Mealas Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Siluriformes

Family: Ictaluridae Geography / Habitat: Black bullheads occupy most freshwater habitats, from small farm ponds to large lakes. They can inhabit many waters that are otherwise unsuitable for other fishes. They can tolerate poorly oxygenated, polluted, turbid, and high temperature waters. It can be found as far south as northern Mexico, and the distribution excludes all but the panhandle of Florida. Introduced populations occur in parts of California and Nevada.

Life Strategy: Black bullheads have an average lifespan of five years in the wild and a slightly higher lifespan in captivity. The oldest found are around ten years. They are easily kept in aquariums and adapt well. If the proper space and living conditions are met, many find the these fish thrive well in captivity.

Food / Feed Strategy: Young black bullheads usually thrive on ostracods,

amphipods, copepods, and insects and their larva. Young feed primarly in schooling patterns during midday. Adults tend to be nocturnal, and feed on a wide variety of invertebrates. Midge larvae and other young insects are the primary diet for adult bullheads. Black bullheads have been known to eat small fish and fish eggs as well.

 

•

Body Form or Style: Compressifrom


• •

Swim / Locomotion Style: Carangifrom Mouth Position: Terminal

Citation: http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/accounts/Ameiurus_melas/

Title: Freshwater

Species #:06

Common Name: Longtail Knifefish Scientific Name: Sternopygus Macrurs Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Gymnotiformes

Family: Sternopygidae Geography / Habitat: Longtail Knifefish has a slender body with a tapering tail. The

maximum length of the Longtail Knifefish is 100.0 cm in total length. It is known to inhabit the area from the Magdalena River to the Sao Francisco River and western Ecuador. It is also found in the Catatumbo River and the Amazon in Peru.

Life Strategy: The fish reaches sexual maturity at the age of one year. Mature males are territorial. The species is considered harmless to humans. Just before or during the rainy season, the male will attract a female passing though his territory as a spawning partner. He attracts a female using electric signals from his electric organ.

Food / Feed Strategy: Longtail Knifefish is a predator of small invertebrates. Its diet is mainly composed of aquatic insect larvae.

 

Body Form or Style: Anguilliform


• •

Swim / Locomotion Style: Subcarangiform Mouth Position: gape and suck

Citation: http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/accounts/Sternopygus_macrurus/

Title: Freshwater

Species #:07

Common Name: Black Salmon Scientific Name: Oncorhynchus Tshawytscha Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Salmoniformes

Family: Salmonidae Geography / Habitat: The Chinook Salmon is anadromous– born in freshwater, migrating to the ocean, and returning as mature adults to their natal streams to spawn. Freshwater streams, estuaries, and the open ocean are all important habitats. It has also been introduced to many places around the world including the Great Lakes and New Zealand.

Life Strategy: The average age of spawning adults is 4-6 years, however, they can spend up to 8 years in the ocean or return after less than one year. The average age is slightly younger in the south with 2/3/4 year-olds most common; 5/6/7 year-olds are most common in the north. Often, females are older than males at sexual maturity.

Food / Feed Strategy: While in freshwater, Chinook Salmon fry and smolts feed on plankton and then terrestrial and aquatic insects, amphipods and crustaceans. After migrating to the ocean, the maturing adults feed on large zooplakton, herring, pilchard, sandlance and other fishes, squid, and crustaceans. Once the adult salmon have re-entered freshwater, they do not feed. In the Great Lakes, Chinook Salmon were introduced to control the invasive alewife population.


• • •

Body Form or Style: Copmpressiform Swim / Locomotion Style:Thunniform Mouth Position: Pharyngeal

Citation: http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/accounts/Oncorhynchus_tshawytscha/

Title: Freshwater

Species #:08

Common Name: Green Kisser Scientific Name: Helostoma Temminkii Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinpoterygii

Order: Perciformes

Family: Helostomatidae Geography / Habitat: Green Kisser is a freshwater fish that prefers the sluggish or standing water of tropical lakes, canals, swamps, and ponds, and water temperatures between 22 and 30˚C. During the rainy season these fish migrate through rivers to shallow lakes and floodplains to spawn. Also known as the kissing gourami, is naturally found in Southeast Asia in Thailand, Indonesia, Sumatra, Borneo, and Java. Due to tropical fish breeding for the aquarium trade, it has also been reported in Florida but is not yet established.

Life Strategy: It is able to get oxygen out of the air with paired suprabranchial chambers that have a bony element inside covered with a highly vascularized layer of tissue called the labyrinth apparatus. It gulps air at the surface and holds it in these chambers.

Food / Feed Strategy: Kissing gourami are omnivorous. They feed on phytoplankton, zooplankton, and aquatic insects, supplemented by plant material. They are considered to be the most highly specialized freshwater filter-feeder of southeast Asia with very intricate gill rakers.


• • •

Body Form or Style: Swim / Locomotion Style: Mouth Position:

Citation: http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/accounts/Helostoma_temminkii/#reproduction Title: Freshwater

Species #: 09

Common Name: Bluntnose Minnow Scientific Name: Pimephales Notatus Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Cypriniformes

Family: Cyprinidae Geography / Habitat: Bluntnose minnows prefer clear, rocky streams and creeks that are small to medium in size. They also occur in natural and man-made lakes. They occur from southern Quebec and Manitoba south to Louisiana, west to the Mississipi River drainage Life Strategy: The maximimum recorded age for a bluntnose minnow is five years.

It is unclear whether this was a captive or wild individual. During breeding season the males use at least two methods of communication. First, their physical appearance changes. Second, males make a variety of pulsed sounds when acting aggresively with other males. It is not known if these sounds are also used in courtship or spawning.

Food / Feed Strategy: Bluntnose minnows eat algae, aquatic insect larvae, diatoms, and small crustaceans called entomostracans. Occasionally they will eat fish eggs or small fish.

 


• • •

Body Form or Style: Swim / Locomotion Style: Mouth Position:

Citation: http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/accounts/Pimephales_notatus/ Title: Freshwater

Species #:10

Common Name: Freshwater Whipray Scientific Name: Himantura Chaophraya Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Chondrichthyes

Order: Rajiformes

Family: Dasyatidae Geography / Habitat: This species is typically found over sandy bottoms in large rivers, at depths of 5 to 20 meters. Many females are found in estuaries and it is thought that they give birth in brackish waters, though the reason for this is not currently known. Giant freshwater stingrays are found in the large river systems of Thailand, including the Mekong, Chao Phraya, Nan, Bang Kapong, Prachin Buri, and Tapi River basins.

Life Strategy: Giant freshwater stingrays generally stay in the same river system in which they were hatched, but the average size of an individual's day to day range is currently unknown. This species fares poorly in captivity, due to the difficulties associated with providing proper food and space.

Food / Feed Strategy: Giant freshwater stingrays generally feed on river bottoms. Their mouth contains two jaws that act like crushing plates, and small teeth to continue chewing up food. Their diet consists mainly of benthic fishes and invertebrates.


• • •

Body Form or Style: Swim / Locomotion Style: Mouth Position:

Citation: http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/accounts/Himantura_chaophraya/ Title: Freshwater

Species #:11

Common Name: Bleeding Heart Scientific Name: hyphessobrycon Erythrostigma Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Characiformes

Family: Characidae Geography / Habitat: Bleeding heart tetras are native to the neotropical region. The distribution is described as the Upper Amazon River basin. Bleeding heart tetras are found in the Rio Negro of Brazil as well as other regional rivers. These fish are commonly found in small creeks and river bends where vegetation is dense.

Life Strategy: Bleeding heart tetras, in the aquarium environment, do best in small schools of at least five individuals. Their peaceful demeanor makes an environment composed of larger groups possible without conflict.

Food / Feed Strategy: In captivity, bleeding heart tetras eat a variety of foods. It is likely that their wild diet is similar, being made up of small crustaceans, insects, zooplankton, and other organic matter.

 


• • •

Body Form or Style: Swim / Locomotion Style: Mouth Position:

Citation: http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/accounts/Hyphessobrycon_erythrostigma/

Title: Freshwater

Species #:12

Common Name: Riverine Grass Shrimp Scientific Name: Palaemonetes Paludosus Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: N/A

Class: Malacostraca

Order: Decapoda

Family: Palaemonidae Geography / Habitat: Eastern grass shrimp are primarily found in freshwater habitats. They have been found in brackish water, but there is no evidence that they persist there. They reside in some sort of aquatic cover and are most abundant in dense beds of submerged vegetation. It is also found in Louisiana, Texas, and Oklahoma, where it has most likely been introduced.

Life Strategy: Eastern grass shrimp are transparent. Individuals grow to be approximately 47 mm long. Adults usually do not exceed 50 mm long. Males and females are dimorphic. Males are distinguished from females by differences in the first and second pleopods. Eastern grass shrimp are confined to a one year life cycle. Post spawning mortality occurs from April to October.

Food / Feed Strategy: The diet of eastern grass shrimp is dominated by algae (diatoms and green algae), but they also consume vascular plants, detritus, aquatic insects, and other benthic coarse particulate organic matter. Diatoms that glass shrimp eat include species in the genera Fragilaria, Nivicula, Stephanodiscus, Gomphonema, Synedra, and Cymbella. Examples of green algae consumed include species in the genera Cosmarium, Closterium, and Scenedesmus.


• • •

Body Form or Style: Swim / Locomotion Style: Mouth Position:

Citation: http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/accounts/Palaemonetes_paludosus/ Title: Freshwater Species #:13 Common Name: Pirate Perch Scientific Name: Aphredoderus Sayanus Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Percopsiformes

Family: Aphredoderus Geography / Habitat: Pirate perch are found in clear warm water with low currents; these include bottomland lakes, overflow ponds and the quiet pools and backwaters of low-gradient streams. Within these areas pirate perch tend to congregate where there is dense vegetation, woody debris, root masses and undercut banks.

Life Strategy: Pirate perch are unusual in that their urogenital opening is positioned far anteriorally under the throat. This feature is not present in juveniles, as the anus migrates with maturity. Pirate perch are grayish with black speckles and have a narrow, vertical, dark bar at the base of the tail fin and under the eye.

Food / Feed Strategy: This carnivorous fish eats primarily immature aquatic insects, small crustaceans and sometimes small fish.

   


• • •

Body Form or Style: Swim / Locomotion Style: Mouth Position:

Citation: http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/accounts/Aphredoderus_sayanus/ Title: Freshwater

Species #: 14

Common Name: European Pond turtle Scientific Name: Emys Orbicularis Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Reptilla

Order: Testudines

Family: Emydidae Geography / Habitat: This species lives in freshwater areas, including ponds, lakes, slow-moving streams and other lentic regions. They select terrestrial locations with open, high, and sandy soil habitats for nesting. These turtles search for habitats in shallow, fertile areas with adequate food supplies and minimal predators.

Life Strategy: Compared to many other reptiles and amphibians, this species has a relatively long lifespan. Individuals living in northern populations tend to exhibit longer lifespans than those in more southern locations. The tails of young are nearly as long as the shell, but become shorter with age. Specimens about 5 inches in length are considered fully developed adults. Males of this species mature earlier and generally remain smaller than females, but they have similar growth rates. Food / Feed Strategy: Most small aquatic animals are prey, and their diet may shift as they grow and can eat larger animals. Worms, insects, frogs, and fishes comprise their main sources of sustenance and they generally feed in water. These turtles attack and capture their prey, biting with a sideward turn of the head, then tearing the prey to pieces with sharp claws on the forelimbs. Generally, in the


wild, their prey must be moving to be seized. In captivity, these turtles may resort to eating fruits and vegetables.

• • •

Body Form or Style: Swim / Locomotion Style: Mouth Position:

Citation: http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/accounts/Emys_orbicularis/ Title: Freshwater

Species #:15

Common Name: Eel Sucker Scientific Name: Petromyzo Marinus Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class:

Order: Petromyzontiformes

Family: Petromyzon Geography / Habitat: Sea lampreys are anadromous, and migration is triggered by changes in water temperature. In general, they prefer shallow coastal areas, though they are found at depths between 0.91 and 4.57 m. Young lampreys are hatched in gravel or rock beds in small, freshwater streams and rivers. After the larval stage, they migrate into saltwater ocean habitats. They return to freshwater to lay their eggs. lampreys migrate south along the Atlantic coast to warmer climates, some travelling as far south as Florida. Sea lampreys can also be found along the Atlantic coast of Europe as far north as Norway and ranging as far south as the Mediterranean.

Life Strategy:Sea lampreys are a very motile and live their adult life as parasitic organisms. Specific behavioral patterns of this species, however, are not well studied. Although individuals are not known to interact as larvae, adults are predominantly found in groups or colonies while attached to a host Food / Feed Strategy: Newly hatched larval sea lampreys are freshwater filter-feeders that consume detritus, algae, and other organic material found at river bottoms. Once in a saline environment (or in the Great Lakes), sea lampreys develop parasitic abilities, attach themselves to a fish and ingest their blood and skin. Sea lampreys ultimately breaks down the fish while the fish is still alive.


• • •

Body Form or Style: Anguilliform Swim / Locomotion Style: Anguilliform Mouth Position: Subterminal

Citation: http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/accounts/Petromyzon_marinus/                                  


Title :    freshwater                                                                                  Species # 16                                 


Common Name:black catfish    Scientific Name: Ameiurus melas         Kingdom:animalia 

Phylum:chordata 

Class:actinopterygii              Family: 

Order:siluriformes 

ictaluridae   

Geography / Habitat: The native range of Ameiurus melas extends west from the Appalachian mountain range to Arizona, north to southern  Canada, and as far north and east as New York. Black bullheads occupy most freshwater habitats, from small farm ponds to large lakes. They  can inhabit many waters that are otherwise unsuitable for other fishes.             


Food / Feed Strategy: Young black bullheads usually thrive on ostracods, amphipods, copepods, and insects and their larva. Young feed primarly  in schooling patterns during midday. Adults tend to be nocturnal, and feed on a wide variety of invertebrates.     

•   Attach Picture Here  Picture should measure approximately 4 x 3 inches                     

Body Form or Style:   sagittiform          

 

Swim / Locomotion Style:carangiform   

Mouth Position:terminal     

    • 

Citation: http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/accounts/Ameiurus_melas/     

 


Title :   freshwater                                                                                        Species # 17    Common Name:brown catfish    Scientific Name: Ameiurus nebulosus         Kingdom:animalia 

Phylum:chordata 

Class: actinopterygii             Family:ictaluridae 

Order:siluriformes   

  Geography / Habitat: Brown bullhead are native to freshwater habitats in Canada and the United States  from 25° to 54° north latitude. They are distributed in the Atlantic and Gulf Slope drainages, ranging  from Nova Scotia and New Brunswick to Mobile Bay, Alabama, and in the Great Lakes, Hudson Bay, and  Mississippi basins from Quebec west to southeast Saskatchewan and south to Louisiana. Brown bullhead  are found in pools and slower‐moving runs of creeks and rivers, reservoirs, ponds, and lakes. 


Food / Feed Strategy: Brown bullhead are benthic, opportunistic omnivores. In aquarium settings they  eat most food given to them. Juveniles eat zooplankton, including chironomids, cladocerans, ostracods,  and amphipods, insects, including mayfly larvae and caddisfly larvae, and plants.     

  Attach Picture Here  Picture should measure approximately 4 x 3 inches                   


Body Form or Style: sagittiform             Swim / Locomotion Style:carangiform   

Mouth Position:terminal         

• 

Citation: http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/accounts/Ameiurus_nebulosus/                        Title : freshwater                                                                                          Species # 18    Common Name:American pike    Scientific Name: Esox lucius        


Kingdom:animalia 

Phylum:chordata 

Class:actinopterygii             

Order:esociformes 

Family:  esocidae    Geography / Habitat: native to North America and Eurasia. They are found from Labrador west to  Alaska, south to Pennsylvannia, Missouri and Nebraska. found in almost every type of freshwater, from  cold deep lakes, to warm shallow ponds, to muddy rivers.              Food / Feed Strategy: Equipped with sharp teeth and very complex skull and jaw structures they are  predators of smaller fish, frogs, crayfish, small mammals and birds.     

  Attach Picture Here  Picture should measure approximately 4 x 3 inches       


Body Form or Style:  sagittiform            Swim / Locomotion Style:carangiform   

Mouth Position:terminal         

• 

Citation: http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/accounts/Esox_lucius/                       


Title :    freshwater                                                                                       Species # 19    Common Name:    Scientific Name:         Kingdom: 

Phylum: 

Class:             

Order: 

Family:      Geography / Habitat:       


Food / Feed Strategy:        Attach Picture Here  Picture should measure approximately��4 x 3 inches                     

Body Form or Style:             

 

Swim / Locomotion Style:   

Mouth Position:         


• 

Citation:                     

Title :                                                                                           Species #     Common Name:    Scientific Name:         Kingdom: 

Phylum: 

Class:             

Order: 

Family:      Geography / Habitat:       


Food / Feed Strategy:        Attach Picture Here  Picture should measure approximately 4 x 3 inches                     

Body Form or Style:             

 

Swim / Locomotion Style:   

Mouth Position:         


• 

Citation:                     

Title :                                                                                           Species #     Common Name:    Scientific Name:         Kingdom: Phylum:  Class:             

Order: 

Family:      Geography / Habitat:           


Food / Feed Strategy:        Attach Picture Here  Picture should measure approximately 4 x 3 inches                     

Body Form or Style:             

 

Swim / Locomotion Style:   

Mouth Position:          • 

Citation: 

       



Fish id project