The Bluestreak Volume 35, Issue 10. April 17, 2018
The Official Publication of the Andover High Student Body
Library spotlight 4-5 Teachersâ€™ hobbies 6-7 Junior Research Project 8-9 Photo of the month 10-11 Staff opinions 12-13 #MeToo 14-17 Technology in school 18-19 Company beliefs 20-21 March for our Lives 22-23 Everybody has a story 24 Cover by Julia Schneider
Published by; Andover High School, 1744 N Andover Rd., Andover KS 67002 Phone: 316-218-4600 Fax: 316-733-3681
April 17, 2018
Gabe Pappademos, 10
Mrs. Woodward, math
Table of Contents
The Trojan BlueStreak Staff editor-in-chief Sophie Braynock managing editor Kylie Porter copy editor Caroline Schwab design editor Sierra Hernandez photo editor Julia Schneider chief photographer Kamilla Sims staffers Megan Aune Emily Brenner Hannah Brumfield Hannah Clark Bayli Ellerman Selin Ergul Cameron Hoppas Jaida Sims Slade Swan Olivia Towry Malachi Watson Gabby Winter
From the Editor Wow, I can’t believe this year is almost over! We’ve been through a lot this year and the Bluestreak staff is excited to distribute our 10th issue! Inside you’ll find many stories and pages covering teachers’ hobbies, the Junior Research Project and technology in our school. Since April is Sexual Assault Awarenes Month, we also have pages dedicated to sexual assault prevention and the Me Too movement. School is not over yet and our staff is still diligently working to bring you one more issue this year, so be on the look out for that in a few weeks. Have a great month!
Follow us on twitter! The Trojan Bluestreak is a newspaper and public forum that is backed by the First Amendment. Freedom of speech permits members of the Bluestreak staff and the student body to express their opinions in the form of editorials or other opinionated articles. The views presented in opinion pieces do not represent the view of the Bluestreak as a whole. If you would like to submit an opinion piece for possible publication, please contact Mr. Conover in Room 112. The Bluestreak will not publish any piece that has distasteful elements including, but not limited to, libel, plagiarism, profanity, obscenity and falsification.
@ahsbluestreak keep up with the latest news in between issues on our website!
Library Spotlight Learning more about our library and staff
The AHS library is a great resource for both staff and students because of the endless books and references, the computer labs, and of course the help of Sandy Reed. Mrs. Reed has been the AHS librarian for several years and before that she used to be a teacher. Her responsibilities as librarian are always changing as classrooms practices and technology are evolving and as teachers need her help. Sometimes her job is to drive Suburbans to take students on trips, and sometimes it is selling tickets at lunch for theater. But the majority of her job takes place in the library, where she constantly helps students and teachers with whatever they need. Mrs. Reed says that she loves working with kids and she likes the variety of jobs she has as a librarian. Her responsibilities often include buying the library’s resources, teaching kids how to find and use valid information, and helping students find a good book. She also helps teachers in anyway she can, whether they need help with a project, need to use the computer lab, or need books for their classes. She says her favorite part of being a librarian is “hooking kids up with books,” and that she hopes her job always includes reading books and finding information. A day in the life of Mrs. Reed is very different than that of a teacher because librarians do not have the same students every day. “First hour today is different than first hour tomorrow,” she said. Her job is constantly changing as the school year goes on and as students and teachers have different needs. Her responsibilities often include things that people don’t realize because she is always doing anything she can to help. She also stops by the library about once a
April 13, 2018
week all summer to check on everything and to make sure everything not finished during the school year is finished over summer. This usually includes taking inventory and buying new resources. The biggest challenges Mrs. Reed currently faces are that AHS students are not reading as much now as they used to and that the school cannot yet invest in much new technology and software for the library because the new high school is being built so soon. The AHS library is different than most because it is shared with Butler Community College. Butler has a reference librarian hired by them, Justina Mollach, and because the library is shared it is open much more than most school libraries. It is open until 7 p.m. every Monday through Thursday as long as Butler has school. On Fridays and days Butler doesn’t have class, it is open until 3:30 p.m. It is also open from 8 a.m. to 6 p.m. Monday through Thursday to students all summer, and during this time students are allowed to volunteer in the library, which Mrs. Reed says is a big help to her. Although all of this will change when the new high school is built and the library is no longer shared, students can take advantage of these long hours and volunteering opportunities for the next couple years. In addition, the library is often used for Butler classes to be held in and at times other classes, such as ACT prep, take place in the library. The library is a huge help to both students and teachers and Mrs. Reed works constantly to help everyone as much as she can. “I like to stay in the background,” says Mrs. Reed. “It’s a helping job. A helping, supporting, and teaching job.”
Meet the Head Librarian of Andover High School
What’s your favorite part of working in the library? “The kids. And that no two days, or even two minutes, are the same. There is always something new and different.” What’s the hardest part of working in the library? “There’s lots of really new and different software and technology, but those things are expensive and we’re kind of in a holding pattern because of the new school.” What all does your job entail? “Everything. I buy resources with my school budget, I work with teachers on projects to make sure they and their students have resources, I teach kids how to locate and use valid information. My favorite is hooking kids up with books.” Can you tkae me through a day in the life of a librarian? “I do not have the same kids. First hour today is different than first hour tomorrow. I help kids and teachers any way I can. My job is can change to things people do not realize. It is a helping, supporting, and teaching job.”
Staff of the Library
design by selinERGUL
Teachers with side hobbies Teachers at Andover with an interesting talent outside of teaching AHS has a lot of very talented teachers and staff working at the school. While almost all teachers are very dedicated to their jobs and coaching at the school, many pursue other hobbies and passions outside of their time at school. Like most jobs, teachers must balance planning their classes, grading papers, and attending meetings with taking care of their family and pursuing their interests.
The following six teachers are just a handful of the talented teachers at AHS who still make time to do what they love despite a busy life.
One of the passions that Spanish teacher Meredith Mendenhall possesses is baking. She has been baking all her life, having learned from her grandma at around the age of five, and fell in love with the pastime as they baked sugar cookies together. Depending on how busy things are, she gets around to baking for fun around four or five times a month. While most of the time she bakes for the pure fun of it for friends and family, she did at one point have a side business with it. However, with her schedule being too busy, she spends time doing it for fun and therapy. “It feels good to bake!” she said. The hardest thing Mendenhall has baked is a wedding cake for a friend of hers. “It was just a simple little one, but I’m much more comfortable with the cupcakes apparently than I am with the cake,” she laughed.
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Though having to make lesson plans for three different chemistry classes, coaching sports at the high school, and raising two young children, Derek Base still has a little time to keep up with his passion of photography. His first photography class was back when he was a junior at Andover High School. Through college he shot for the newspaper and yearbook at Pitt State, and even brought his camera overseas on his mission trip to Ethiopia. Since being married, he
has mostly been able to shoot his kids and occasionally doing senior pictures. Above all, sports photography is his favorite. Recently, Base has also pursued another passion of his--woodworking. He started around two years ago and since then has built cutting boards, a kitchen table, a bed for his daughter, and a few sofa tables. While his time is limited with a two year old and a two month old living with him, he does get around to do it a couple times a month or whenever he gets some free time.
Julie Hying has coached a variety of sports, including baseball, softball and volleyball. Now she can add soccer. While she loves to coach, her youngest son has a little anxiety about playing sports. Despite his love for soccer and his dedication to playing for four years, he was considering quitting unless Hying became the coach. Knowing that she had also coached
for her oldest son and other teams, she stepped up. Being her first year coaching soccer, she has taken up tips from Coach Jeff Roper as well as her 14-year-old son. Her favorite part is watching the kids get excited when they do something well. With the season just beginning, Hying has already learned that “even though I already know I love working with high school aged kids, [I really] love working with all kids.” Hying said, “Kids are just fun. And it’s fun when we can have fun together.”
Cade Armstrong also began coaching his daughter, sevenyear-old Adalyn, and her basketball team. They practice for about an hour two times a week on Tuesdays and Thursdays. With Armstrong’s full schedule, balancing both school, coaching middle school track as well as his daughter’s team can make for a long day. Some days he won’t even get home until 8 p.m. Coaching his daughter’s team has taught him a lot of patience. “They’re young so they won’t pick things up right away, but if you’re patient, they eventually do.” Armstrong’s favorite part of coaching is seeing them improve from the first practice to the end of year. “They did a good job,” Armstrong commented, describing the team’s season.
who coach their
Aside from teaching a variety of social studies classes and taking on coaching athletics at AHS, Clint Cornelsen has also been teaching his son’s baseball team for about four years. His son is eleven years old, and Cornelsen loves “just being around my son and trying to teach him how to play the game.” As far as managing both lesson plans and baseball, Cornelsen describes it as not very hard, as they only practice around three times a week for about two hours in the evening. He does mention it will be harder when it comes to tournaments, considering he only gets two weekends off. Overall, coaching his son has taught him to be patient with younger kids. “I do like being around the littler kids because you can tell them anything and they don’t question you. They’re very respectful,” he said.
Martin Shetlar has been coaching his seventh grade son, Eli, in basketball for quite some time. He’s been coaching his son since he started playing in Pre-K. Outside of coaching at Andover, he’s also helped coach his son’s baseball and football teams as well. He loves watching his kid interact and compete with others, and, despite how tough it can be to manage both teaching and coaching so many teams year round, it’s taught him to be patient and how to deal and talk with parents. They practice two or three times a week for around an hour and a half.
design by emilyBRENNER
Research projects and Senioritis
Juniors present researc h projects as seniors finish up their year
The Junior Research Project. Something every junior has been dreading since the start of the year. It is a very hyped up event that includes making a trifold covering a historical event and presenting it to your teacher, peers and parents. Each part of the trifold has to have certain information whether it is covering a website, book or writing an essay about the topic. For many, balancing a large project like the Junior Research Project with their other school work, sports or activities, and social lives is hard. So we set out to see what some juniors have to say about the project. Procrastination is putting off a task for as long as possible, and it plays at least some part in every student’s life. Whether it be for the Junior Research Project or for a 10-point homework assignment, some form of procrastination is usually inevitable. It’s also a key symptom of senioritis. Seniors who are awaiting graduation, more often than not, struggle to maintain school work, studying and attendance because of lack of motivation. They put most of their focus into having fun before they graduate. Most seniors are ready to start a new chapter by moving out, entering the workforce or attending college, which is all a part of becoming more independent. For high school seniors it is extremely hard to stay focussed with so many big changes just around the corner. Many students are taking around 12-18 hours
April 17, 2018
of college classes through Butler Community College, whether that be online, night time or during the day. Many students who take college classes, do not have to be at school until later in the morning, which usually means sleeping in and most likely dressing lazy because “you’re only going to be there for 2 hours any way.” With shorter school days, many students pick up part-time jobs. Although having a routine job is good, by the end of the day students lack motivation to do homework or complete their other responsibilities. Whether you are taking a full schedule of electives, four to six college classes, or taking part in internships that support plans for work after college, every senior can say they have felt senioritis leading up to graduation. Some ways to avoid senioritis would be first, to create a productive routine. Find a rhythm that balances your school work, or what’s left of it, and social life and stick to it. Second, commit to plans after graduation. This might be to a college, a company or just confirmation for yourself, but having a general idea of what you want to do after high school is smart. Third, while maintaining your coursework and plans for the future, take part in as many fun activities as possible because almost everything will change after graduation, which isn’t always a bad thing. Don’t let stress control you and negatively impact the last few months before graduation.
photos by Sydney Benjamin and Sophie Braynock
Project spotlight Sierra Norlin
1.What teacher do you have for this project? Mr. Hill 2.Do you think the junior research project is over hyped? Yes, if you stick with the schedule that the teacher gives you and don’t procrastinate, overall the project is not too bad. It is just hard when you get behind and have to rush to finish the night before it is due. 3.What was your topic and why did you pick it? Did you pick a topic that you were interested in or a topic that had a lot of easy access information? My topic was the All American Girls Professional Baseball League or AAGPBL. For my topic, I was deciding between music and baseball and I ended up choosing baseball because I grew up around it my whole life. Both of my brothers played baseball and the AAGPBL takes the same game and puts a spin on it. The movie “A League of Their Own” also inspired me to choose baseball as my topic for the project. 4.Did you procrastinate, and if so, how? I tried my hardest not to procrastinate and overall I think I was successful because I stuck to the schedule that my teacher gave me and used my class time wisely.
1.What teacher do you have for this project? Mr. Schaefer 2.Do you think the junior research project is overhyped? The junior research project is definitely overhyped. I was very nervous for it but in reality it was not as bad as people say. It definitely takes time and hard work, but it was not even close to as bad as I thought. Sophomores and Freshman have no need to stress about it. 3.What was your topic and why did you pick it? Did you pick a topic that you were interested in or a topic that had a lot of easy access information? I picked the attempted assassination of Ronald Reagan. I love Ronald Reagan so I thought it would be a great topic. I also wanted a unique topic that no one had ever done before, so that was another great reason to pick it. 4.Did you procrastinate, and if so, how? I did all my researching throughout the weeks leading up to the presentation night. On the other hand, I put my entire poster together the day before it was due. I work well under pressure so that worked well for me. I don’t recommend procrastinating because usually that means lower work quality.
1.What teacher do you have for this project? Mr. Hill 2.Do you think the junior research project is overhyped? Yes I think the junior research project is overhyped. I think this is because the teachers and past students always stress on how much work and how much important it all is. When really it is not as much work as you think. I waited last minute to do my project and got it done in a weekend. 3.What was your topic and why did you pick it? Did you pick a topic that you were interested in or a topic that had a lot of easy access information? My topic was 1920’s flappers. I picked this topic because I am interested in flappers and I already knew some background information on them and because I knew that my great grandma was a flapper so she had artifacts that I could use for my project. 4.Did you procrastinate, and if so, how? I procrastinate and waited last minute to do my whole project. I don’t know why I did this but I just did. I got my whole project done in about 3 days and it really wasn’t that hard. The research part was easy, the only hard part or the part that took the longest, was creating the whole poster which I made in about three hours.
design by bayl iELLERMAN
Photo of the month Noah Leff prepares to cut the ribbon, officially opening the new Andover High School turf baseball and softball fields. The fields were paid for by the bond issue passed in May last year. Photo by Kamilla Sims
Mass Inflation of Grades Nationwide Cameron Hoppas How the grading system has created unrealistic standards for high school students In 1980, the average GPA in the U.S. was 2.6. In 2017, the national average GPA was 3.0. At Andover High, most students will tell you they have about 4 B’s, a C or two, and a couple of A’s. Although AHS typically has very high grades and test scores, this is not uncommon in most schools. We often hear from our parents and teachers that C is an average grade. When someone gets a 73 percent on a test, people respond, “Oh, it’s okay. You’re right at average.” But we wouldn’t feel the need to respond as such if their grade actually rested right around everyone else’s. Even so, a C is not a bad grade, although we have conditioned ourselves to think it is. For some, a 73 percent on a test or in a class is a great accomplishment, and we often undermine this, brainwashed by the idea that it’s just “average.” When most of our parents were in high school, the average actually was a C. Most people were getting 70 percent in their classes, and this was good. Now, 30 years later, most people have B’s in most of their classes. This leaves less room in the A to B scale, which ultimately leads to issues such as twelve valedictorians at graduation. The grading scale has only recently undergone major inflation, and it could be the effect of many factors. For example, teachers may have given higher grades in hopes of boosting national grade and test scores, which eventually led to the mass inflation of grades in schools nationwide.
While this may seem like a positive change for students who would usually struggle, who are now seen as right along with everyone else, it actually compresses the range of grades. Students are not actually performing better than before major grade inflations, despite what their scores show. Colleges are forced to adjust scholarship money and acceptance rates as more and more students attain higher GPA’s. An F used to be failing, but students are not allowed to participate in sports without a GPA of 2.0. This is completely acceptable, with grades rising, and allows many students to be involved, whether they have an A or C average. But even with the loose requirements to play sports, so many students at Andover have grades that show higher than what is reasonable. We have lost all accurate measures of intelligence, and our grading scale now presents an unrealistic measure of accomplishment. Students have not gained a significant amount of intelligence since the 1980’s, when the GPA average remained .4 below where it now rests. In order to ensure a fair grading system with high schools, the grading system should slowly, but efficiently, be recovered to how it was originally set up to function.
“We have lost all accurate measures of intelligence, and our grading scale now presents an unrealistic measure of accomplishment. “
April 17, 2018
DODGING THE dress code Malachi Watson
How social codes lead to social injustice Since education was a luxury only afforded to the rich, uniforms have been used in private schools worldwide. Designed for professionalism and cohesiveness, uniforms have been commonplace in parochial schools for ages. In religion-based or private institutions, this is logical and justified. A business has an image to protect and paying students should logically abide by that. In government-funded public schools, however, dress code is proven to serve no purpose across studies. Dress code typically focuses on females. Rules on spaghetti straps and skirt lengths are targeted at girls, and it is usually justified with the tired excuse that students will be distracted. Why put the weight of someone’s education on another student? Most males at AHS say that a female student’s attire has never caused their grades to suffer. In fact, for many students of all genders, expression in clothing has helped them succeed in their academics. The ‘Dress Well, Test Well’ theory has been practiced by Andover students during finals weeks for years. “When I wake up to put in a cute outfit, I just feel more motivated and confident in my classes,” says an anonymous sophomore. Students have said that they participate more and raise their hands for more questions in classes. Confidence increases engagement, according to U.S. World News and Report. And adventure in fashion makes students feel more individual and valued. Boys at AHS are less targeted by dress code policies. Many male students go to school in track shorts and Chubbies, which are 5 inches, and are rarely reprimanded. This is not a call for stricter policies for male students, but rather leniency for women. Sending a female student home to change clothes not only limits their class time, but also creates danger as it increases the time they have to spend on the road. In one instance this past winter, an AHS junior was sent home for clothing that wasn’t technically out of dress code. Sure, an outfit may distract a male student, but who’s to say that his class time is
more valuable than a female’s? Our principal herself has said that the primary focus at AHS should be educating students. So why should we limit those opportunities? Being called out for your outfit can be embarrassing. A quick stop in the hallway isn’t usually harmful, but a public reprimanding can take class time and shame a student. The Andover dress code is based upon “neatness and decency” as cited in the student handbook. Some specific rules are given in regards to shirt strap, but skirts and shorts for example, have a vague suggestion of “mid length.” A shorter person may get away with a 4-inch inseam, while a tall girl may be forced to wear Bermuda shorts. These loose policies allow for the targeting of students and also allows teachers to use their authoritative position to punish students for unrelated offenses. Dress code inherently sexualizes students. There isn’t anything naturally explicit about a shoulder. Not all fashion choices are about putting off an image to others, and self expression isn’t usually a cry for attention. Modesty can mean different things for girls across different cultural and religious backgrounds. One student may believe that skin above the ankle bone should remain covered while another may be fine with a visible midriff. The agenda states offending students should be avoided. I can personally say that I am offended by sexism. Ninety years ago, a male midriff or chest was also seen as indecent, so why are young women expected to retain total purity while men are not? There are some effective dress code systems – I just don’t believe ours is one of them. Andover administration should look at their suggested goals and check if their systems help reach them. Making a student change detracts from the educational process. Thus, enforcing dress code automatically disregards the purpose for it being implemented in the first place.
Students break the silence and share their stories of sexual harassment to
The stories from this article are personal accounts of three women at Andover High School. The names in this article have been changed to protect the identity of our students. If you have experienced any kind of sexual harassment or assault it is important to realize that you are not alone. Seek help from a school counselor, a trusted teacher, a trusted adult, an online chat room or by calling the National Sexual Assault Hotline listed below. The Me Too movement developed during the last few months after allegations surfaced convicting Harvey Weinstein of multiple accounts of rape and sexual assault. The movement gained momentum throughout the film industry and has quickly spread to various industries and companies with women sharing their stories of sexual harassment, abuse or rape. The Me Too movement has now inspired some Andover High girls to share their stories with the world to show how that stories in the media are not so far out of touch in the everyday life of a high school student. Jamie Right describes an incident which occurred while she was working in a restaurant. “I was talking to my manager and one guy came over behind me and put his arm around me and grabbed my boob and said ‘hey babe can I get this table that just opened.’ My manager saw most of it and grabbed me by my shoulders and pulled me away from him.” After the first incident, Right was finishing cleaning tables as the restaurant was about to close, when the same man began catcalling her. While finishing her duties the man proceeded to slap her bottom. Although her manager had kicked the man out of the restaurant, he refused to leave. This left Right with no choice but to hide in the back until her manager walked her out illustration and interviews by Julia Schneider page design by Sierra Hernadez
her car. Right adds, “While it was happening, yeah I was confused and upset, but after the fact I am fine.” Understanding consent is important to participants engaging in sexual activity, before any sexual activity, consent should be discussed every time. Just because it was okay one day does not necessarily mean it is okay the next. Consent can be changed at any time throughout the activity if one participant feels uncomfortable at any point. Defining what is not consensual is also important to understanding what is considered sexual assault. Saying “no,” assuming clothing, flirting, or kissing is an invitation for anything more, being under the legal age of consent (it is 16 in KS), being incapacitated for any reason, pressuring someone into sexual activity by fear or intimidation are all example of what makes a sexual act nonconsensual. Riley James describes getting into a relationship with a boy whom she didn’t really like. “He would physically touch me without my consent, and it was awful. I never felt like it was a two-way relationship, and I didn’t know how to get out of it. It got to the point where he was basically on top of me and I was unable to tell him to stop because he wouldn’t listen to me.” Finally, James was able to get out of the relationship but still carries scars from her experience. “He ruined my sense of physical touch and ever since I haven’t been able to love anyone romantically because of the way he treated me,” she said. RAINN (Rape, Abuse & Incest National Network), the nation’s largest anti-sexual violence organization, outlines how every person goes through different emotions when dealing with any type of abuse which makes it difficult to determine their specific reaction. However, broad categories have been created to show the different possibilities some of which include:
depression, flashbacks, and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). According to RAINN, 70% of women who experience sexual assault or rape experience moderate to severe distress because of it. According to RAINN, most rapists are people you know, and that was the case for Halle Lynn. “At the beginning of our relationship I made it very clear what I was comfortable with and what I wasn’t.” As she continues, Lynn reveals how her situation began to spiral downward, “He knew exactly how to manipulate me into getting what he wanted. He told me I wasn’t good enough for anyone else and that I was lucky he was dating me. I started to think that too. As he dragged me down, I started to become afraid of what he would do if I said no again. I lost my will to stand up for myself.” “When it finally happened, I didn’t know what to do. I just froze. I couldn’t think straight because I was so overwhelmed. How could someone who I thought loved me do this to me?” Sadly, 70% of all recorded accounts of sexual abuse and rape are committed by someone known by the victim and 25% of those accounts are committed by a boyfriend or spouse of the victim. “I told myself that it wasn’t rape because I didn’t say no. But I had said no, countless times before that, but when the moment when he was tired of waiting came I couldn’t say anything,” Lynn said. “He took my confidence, my strength, and my genuine happiness all for his greed.” During the weeks after a rape, 94% of women experience PTSD and 30% of women experience it even nine months after. Despite a rate decrease of 4.3 rape incidents per 1000 people in 1993 to 1.6 per 1000 in 2015, sexual assault and harassment are still prevalent in today’s society. An online survey put on by the non-profit organization Stop Street concluded about 81% of women experience sexual harassment in their lifetime. Following a rape it is important to get to a safe space and tell someone, realize that it was not your fault and you do not have to go through it alone. The National Sexual Assault Hotline at 1-800-656-HOPE (4673) will provide you with assistance regarding what to do next, whether that be reporting, getting medical attention or just talking with a counselor.
no means NO
In 2006, Tarana Burke founded the Me Too movement to help and find healing for sexual violence survivors, particularly young women of color from low wealth communities. More than 10 years later, the phrase was revived as a slogan for the anti-sexual harassment movement.
As a survivor of sexual assault, Tarana Burke coins the phrase “Me Too” as she wanted to help women of color who have also survived sexual assault.
Oct. 5, 2017
the truth about sexual assault in America
Every 98 seconds, an American is sexually assaulted
and every 8 minutes that victim is a child
Out of every 1,000 sexual assaults
reported to the police and only 6 perpetrators will end up in prison
1 in 33 men
have been the victim of an attempted or completed rape in their lifetime
April 17, 2018
Actress Alyssa Milano reignites the phrase “Me Too” with this tweet “If you’ve been sexually harassed or assaulted write ‘me too’ as a reply to this tweet,” quickly sparking a movement.
After several women accuse him of sexual misconduct, Louis C.K. confirms saying, “these stories are true.”
Time magazine names the “Silence Breakers” its 2017 Person of the Year, citing the voices that launced the Me Too movement.
9 out of 10
1 in 6
The New York Times published an article where actress Ashley Judd accuses Harvey Weinstein of sexual harassment.
victims of rape are female
The Los Angeles Times releases a story of seven men accusing theater prodigy Gary Goddard of molesting or attempting to molest them as boys.
Jan. 1, 2018
Over 300 women of Hollywood form an anti-harassment coalition called Time’s Up.
In solidarity with the Time’s Up movement, many stars wore black and some wore a Time’s Up pin to the 75th Golden Globes Awards.
Around the nation, over a million people took to the streets for the second annual Women’s March.
In federal court in New York, Harvey Weinstein’s lawyers said a proposed class-action lawsuit filed by six women should be rejected because the alleged assaults took place too long ago and failed to offer facts to support claims of the assaults.
Both the Me Too and Time’s Up movements were present at the Oscars as three Weinstein accusers spoke of the power of sharing one’s story.
Number of victims each year in the united states 321,500
Sexual violence leaves longterm effects on victims
94% of women experience PTSD symptoms during the two weeks following the rape while 30% report symptoms 9 months after. 33% of women who are raped contemplate suicide while 13% attempt suicide. Approximately 70% of rape or sexual assault victims experience moderate to severe distress.
Ages 12-34 are the highest risk years for rape and sexual assault
where sexual assaults occur
55% at or near the victimâ€™s home
15% in an open public place
age 35-64 age 12-17 age 65+ From 2009-2013, child protective services agencies found strong evidence to indicate 63,000 children a year were victims of sexual assault.
out of all child victims, 2 out 0f 3 are ages 12-17 93% of perpetrators are known to child victims
66% age 12-17
34% under age 12
1 in 9 girls and 1 in 53 boys under the age of 18 experience sexual abuse or assault at the hands of an adult.
information from rainn.org and chicagotribune.com
Females ages 16-19 are 4 times more likely than the general
7% strangers 34% family members
12% at or near a relativeâ€™s home
10% in an enclosed but public area
be victims of rape, attempted rape, or sexual assault.
8% on school property design by sierraHERNANDEZ
FOR BETTER OR FOR WORSE? Students respond to Andover’s upcoming technological changes Starting in the fall of 2018, every student will receive a Chromebook to use throughout the school year. This doesn’t mean they will be used every hour of every day; teachers will decide how and when they want to use them. There will still be hard copies of textbooks avaliable, as well as access to online versions. The Chromebooks simply open new opportunities for interactive learning. Below, students share their thoughts on the upcoming change. “I think it’s pretty cool, it’s a new way for us to learn.”
“I’m unsure about it because I don’t know if they’ll help us or work all of the time. I like just having the carts in the classroom.”
“I don’t really care, if the chrome books don’t work hopefully I can just bring my Mac.”
“I don’t think it’s a good idea, the server crashes so much and if it does, what are we going to do? We’ll all just be stuck.”
-OLIVIA BROWN, 10
-GRACE WILSON, 10
“I like learning from my actual teacher.”
-COLE RESSER, 10
“I think it’s a good idea, we use them everyday.”
-BRILEY SCHWAN, 10
-BRITNEE JOHNSON, 10
“I don’t think it’s a good idea, it’ll cost more money and make us use more data. Lots of us have access to computers already and if they don’t, there are computers here. You also have to think about damages and theft; you’re putting a lot of money in irresponsible hands.”
-ALONSO FUNK, 11
-EMMA SINCLAIR, 9
“It’s a horrible idea, Chrome without the internet is useless. They’ve restricted our internet access to the point it’s unuseable, and a lot of people prefer pencil and paper learning. The Chromebooks just seem like another thing no one wants to worry about.”
“It’s a good idea but I think it should be optional.”
“Studies show kids that look at screens one hour before bed have their sleep schedules manipulated, creating less sleep. This effects productivity and growth.”
-MEGAN WHIDDON, 9
“I don’t know, we don’t use them in every class so it seems like a waste of money.”
-TESS EUBANK, 9
learning, “ It’s about ENHANCING not REPLACING it.
April 17, 2018
-CAMDEN BAXTER, 10
-BEN KELLERMAN, 11
“I like the idea of not carrying around textbooks, but I like writing and highlighting on the physical book.”
-LINDSAY DAHL, 10
“Students here already have access to computers. We all carry smartphones, too.”
-WILL VETTER, 10
I think it’s a good idea, I don’t know if it will help the senior class next year but younger classes, yes.”
-CADE STILES, 11
“I think it’s a good idea, it will be more convenient to have our own.”
-BETHANNE LENZ, 9
“I think it’s a good idea but I don’t want to be looking at a screen all day.”
-MALOREE MCMINN, 10
“It’s an okay idea. I don’t want another thing to be responsible for and keep track of, and I’m sure other kids don’t either.”
-EMMA TORGERSON, 10
“A lot of people already have access to computers, it seems like a waste of money.”
-KAITLYN MYERS, 9
TECHNOLOGY ON THE RISE Advancements in visual learning and what’s to come 1925
THE FILM PROJECTOR
THE OVERHEAD PROJECTOR
THE PERSONAL COMPUTER
THE PROMETHEAN BOARD
WHAT’S NEXT: VIRTUAL REALITY
When people hear about virtual reality (VR), images of a person wearing a headset and holding a gaming console usually come to mind. However, for the education sector, VR is an opportunity to finally connect with both learners and teachers in a novel and meaningful way. The benefits of incorporating VR/AR tech into educational experiences include better, more immediate engagement and the opportunity for learners to “feel” the experiences and better remember and express what they learned. A student can experience what was not possible to
experience before and become better prepared for when such experiences occur in the real world. The basic functionality of VR in education is to bring learning to life via a virtual environment. The more a learner is able to participate in life-like engagement, the easier it is to personally feel a connection to the subject material, making it easier for application and retention of the subject matter. -KRIS KOLO, Executive Director at VR/AR Association
design by kyliePORTER
Companies and their Beliefs What they support and promote.
USA Made Many companies are searching for ways to create products using sustainable energy while also producing limited waste. Companies such as Nike, Johnson & Johnson, Walmart, and Proctor & Gamble have pledged to source 100 percent of their energy from renewable resources in an unspecified timeframe. Sophomore Olivia Brown said, “I’m usually not aware if it’s sustainable or not, but if I know it is, then I feel good about using it.” Other companies such as Subaru and Google have made moves toward decreasing total waste. Ninety-six percent of a Subaru car can be reused or recycled, and the company has not deposited waste in local landfills in 12 years. Google has pledged to go zero waste in six of its 14 data centers in the coming years. Senior Stella DeFrancesco said, “I try to buy items which are reusable to help the environment.” While we may not see these lofty goals met in the near future, it’s important to note that numerous companies are working to improve their environmental impact.
April 17, 2018
Because it is generally cheaper to manufacture products overseas, many of the items Americans use on a daily basis are not made in the USA. For example, 99 percent of Levi’s jeans are produced outside of the United States, but Levi’s 501 jeans are in fact made in the USA. There are far more household products made in the USA than clothes. Crayons and Kitchen Aid mixers are produced here, as well as Post-It Notes. Since laws regarding fair wages apply when products are manufactured in the United States, it is often much cheaper to produce them elsewhere. When asked if he would prefer to purchase products made in the USA, freshman Ryan Organ responded, “yes because that employs American workers.” Other students look for American-made products mostly when shopping online because they take less time to ship. For many, the quality of the product itself is more important than its origin.
Sustainable packaging/energy It may be a shock to find out that many of the products we use daily have been tested on animals and many have produced harmful effects. Rodents, dogs, and primates are most commonly used for the testing of various cosmetic products. Often, the animals are shaved and the product is rubbed into their skin to examine the possibility of allergic reaction. They are commonly forced to eat or inhale substances and then killed and cut open to examine the internal effects of the carcinogenic content of the product. As the animal rights movement in America continues to gain strength, various companies are now working to create guilt-free products for the public. Lush Cosmetics is one of the most popular brands which don’t test products on animals. While all Lush products are vegetarian, around 20% contain animal products such as honey, milk, and eggs, making them not entirely vegan. Urban Decay has gone a step further with their cosmetics by creating a line of makeup which is entirely vegan and cruelty-free. “I wear vegan makeup because it is good for your skin, and it doesn’t hurt animals to get it,” said sophomore Daria Khran, who has also eliminated animal products from her diet. As our society moves toward greater concern for the safety of animals, numerous companies are working to create high-quality products people can feel good about using.
Second Chance While many businesses invest profits back into the company or pay top executives hefty salaries, others are using their success to help others, and consumers appreciate that. For every pair of Toms shoes purchased, someone in need is given shoes, eyecare, clean water, safe birth, or bullying prevention services. A company called This Bar Saves Lives is working to end childhood malnutrition by sending snack bars to impoverished nations for every bar sold in the United States. Although these products can be extremely helpful to those in need, they are often more expensive than their competitors, thus causing some consumers to think twice before purchasing them. Senior Patrick Chan said, “I don’t usually buy those products because they cost more money.” On the other hand, some consumers would pay more for a product which helps others. Junior Carly Phelps said, “I would be willing to pay more for a product if I knew some of the proceeds was going to a good cause, not all to one company or person.” When companies work with willing consumers, a huge impact can be made globally.
All too often, ex-convicts are released from jail and struggle to earn an honest living. Having a criminal record reduces the likelihood of receiving a job offer by 50 percent. Companies like Dave’s Killer Bread are working to solve this problem by providing what’s known as second chance employment. Second chance employment gives those with a criminal background a chance to change their lives for the better and has been a tremendous help to many. “I would be more likely to purchase bread made by ex-convicts because it’s a high-quality product and it makes me feel good to know I’m helping give someone a second chance,” said senior Gabe Hubener. “For me, it really depends on the quality of the product, but I don’t think it’s a bad idea,” said junior Abigail Goodman. While some consumers may be deterred by this, many see second chance employment as a positive way to decrease crime rates in this country.
Donates Many of the products we purchase are manufactured in countries which contain few laws concerning fair wages and working conditions. Many companies with largely American consumer bases are now working to improve the conditions for workers in earlier steps in the manufacturing process. For example, Starbucks Coffee is 99 percent ethically sourced--meaning the producers are given fair income and adequate living wages. Although this is a step in the right direction for global human rights, it puts Americans in a tough position. In order to source materials “ethically,” the products themselves must be more expensive to the consumers—hence why Starbucks is so expensive. In addition to being ethically sourced, much of the coffee sold by Starbucks is also Fairtrade certified, meaning they paid at or above market value for it. When asked if this affected her choice of coffee, sophomore Gracyn Fuller responded, “It doesn’t really affect where I get my coffee. I just care about convenience and cost.” While it can feel good to know the producers of your goods were paid fair wages, the higher price of these items can be a deterrent for many Americans. -CarolineSchwab
design by hannahBRUMFIELD
March for our lives On March 24, in response to the shooting in Parkland, Florida, hundreds of thousands of people around the country gathered in organized marches as a call for action from leaders in congress and to advocate for more safety in schools through stricter gun control laws. The March For Our Lives was organized by a group of students who survived the shooting in Parkland, and the idea quickly gained traction and became the beginning of a national movement. Marches were organized all over America and some even took place in other parts of the world. The march in Washington, D.C. alone had an estimated 800,000 people participating. Marches in New York, Boston and elsewhere also drew massive crowds of protesters. Smaller cities around America housed crowds of varying sizes, all with the same goal to increase school safety and advocate for stronger gun control. The march in Wichita started at Park Elementary School and protesters walked down to the Sedgwick County courthouse, holding up signs and chanting phrases such as, “not one more!” and “vote them out!” Many of the march organizers and speakers also encouraged everyone to vote in the upcoming midterm elections to make change happen. The crowd at the Wichita march was diverse in age and political affiliation. It was heavily attended by high school and college students, as well as adults. Both Republicans and Democrats marched together at the event. As people finished marching and arrived at the courthouse, students from several different schools in the Wichita area were holding individual signs that all together read “Enough is enough!” which is a phrase that has been
April 17, 2018
photos by Kamilla Sims
commonly used to protest gun violence because of the seventeen lives lost in Parkland and all the lives taken by gun violence since. Students from several high schools and colleges made speeches at the top of the courthouse stairs and called for stricter gun laws, safer schools, and all eligible people to register and to vote in the upcoming midterm elections. As well as students, teachers gave speeches and so did Representative Jason Probst. Several people also performed for the crowd, including a group of students who got the crowd to chant lyrics from different Michael Jackson songs. Now that the March For Our Lives is over, another national high school walkout is being organized. Schools around America are registering to participate on April 20, which is the nineteenth anniversary of the 1999 shooting at Columbine High School in Littleton Colorado. On this day, students will walk out from 10 a.m. until the end of the school day, and are encouraged to stay silent for 17 minutes in a common place to honor those who were killed in the Parkland shooting. They will then open up discussion about how to make changes. Further actions are being taken through movements such as the Never Again: Pick Up a Pen movement, which calls for people to send letter voicing their opinions to congress and to the White House. The Parkland students are also still calling for change on several media platforms and students everywhere are starting to film What If videos, which are videos filmed by students asking congress to pass stricter gun control laws. Students are continuing to take action until congress makes changes. The protests will likely keep going until change is in place.
More than 800,000 people attended the march in washington, d.c.
It was the second largest single-day protest in Washintonâ€™s history
Another national school walkout will be held nationwide on April 20
The biggest action taken at MSD High following the march is the required use of clear backpacks
design by hannahCLARK
Everybody hasGracea Hunyh story Everybody has something unique about them, something special they contribute to the world, and everybody deserves a chance to share their own. This month, this featured individual is Grace Hunyh, a sophomore at Andover. Daughter of Steven and Tri Hunyh and sister to Peter, Grace says her family has played an important role in her life,.“My parents have influenced my morals and views by instilling that family comes first, good times or bad. We should always help people to the best of our abilities. There will always be a good outcome to those who work hard.” Grace’s favorite things to do are eat, paint, and watch Netflixwhen she’s not doing history homework, that is. Her favorite classes are Pre-APUSH and Honors Chemistry with Mr. Schaefer and Mr. Base, respectively, because they both make both the class and the content enjoyable. She is also a talented artist and paints pictures of many different subjects. Grace is well traveled, having been to both France and Mexico, with France being her favorite place she has ever been. Her favorite holiday is Thanksgiving because she gets to eat good food, as well as spend time with family. Grace’s biggest inspiration in life is filmmaker, photographer and actress Leah Johnston because “she has always provided me with so much support and wisdom. What inspires me the most is the stories I hear from people or ones portrayed on movies because they reveal so much about a person’s unique perspective and judgement, but it’s just also amazing to see them grow into honorable figures.” Of her many hobbies, Grace specifically enjoys comic book collecting. “I love comics not just because of the thrilling action and super powers both heroes and villains have,” she said. Grace is also interested and inspired by the relationships between the heroes and villains, as well as the American history incorporated into the comics’ storylines. She is especially intrigued by the historical reasoning behind their creations and how they directly reflect important events in history. Character development such as seen in the X-Men comics fascinates her. “I always like to point out how in Marvel, the X-Men are mutants with powers who were feared and completely alienated by society, and just treated as complete freaks. But when given the opportunity, they still chose to fight for what is right and defend the same society that was cruel to them in one way or another. It just shows how you can’t let other people define who you are,” she said. According to Grace, comic book characters are often incredibly easy to relate to. “Heroes in the comics face a lot of tragedies and come from so many different backgrounds that many people can relate to, because honestly, despite their super powers or what planet or galaxy they came from, they still feel the same emotions we do and make mistakes,” she explained. She finds many characters extremely motivating in real life situations, and sees that the stories were written with readers in mind. ”Just to see this character develop from sad events in their lives into an almost unstoppable figure is really empowering. There is just so much you can take from comic books and more often than not I find myself quoting straight from the movies that portray them.” A talented artist and collector, Grace has more than one story to tell. Grace is loved by her peers and teachers and she has a exuberant personality that is extremely contagious and is truly a joy to be around.