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Temperate Rainforest BY- MYZEL, RAMY, LEVI, AND MAX

The Temperate Rainforest is one of the many biomes of this world. Some of the world largest rainforest are in North America. Temperate rainforests receive from sixty to two hundred inches of rain yearly. Also from the abundant rainfall plants thrive in this biome which includes trees which grow extremely high. The trees in temperate rainforest are divided into three layers; the canopy, understory, and forest floor. Temperate forests have dry and long wet seasons.The temperate forest is a woodland area that experiences moderate temperatures and four seasons.An interesting fact is that the soil in temperate rainforest biomes is actually richer than the soil in tropical rainforests.


Max Balon Temperate Rainforest

ABiotic Factors Abiotic factors are nonliving conditions, such as the temperature or precipitation.

Temperate Rainforests have a mild, comfortable climate The temperature ranges from freezing to 80 degrees Fahrenheit. Rainfall is critical in the biome The Precipitation causes trees to grow very tall There is a very dark and humid forest floor because of the precipitation and trees blocking the sunlight  The lush soil helps a great factor on growing the huge trees  Fog provides 7-12 inches of rain a year in the temperate rain forest Most of the moist air comes from the pacific ocean


Temperate Rainforst

Ecological Succession Secondary Succession: Temperate Rainforests of the Pacific Northwest have a variety of tree species of different ages and sizes. It gets windstorms, floods and a lot of forest fires. Animals and plants have to adapt to changes in the weather such as precipitation, cool temperatures, and short summers. When fires occur, species take a very long time to recover and return to the normal. The Sitka Spruce and Western Red Cedar might take a few hundred years to recover. Relationships trees had with organisms may take a long time to rebuild that relationship, too.  Primary Succession: Sometimes, parts of the forest may have to completely start from scratch, which means bare rock. First, the lichens give acid off and degrade the rock into soil. Second, moss starts to grow, when the moss decays it leaves nutrients for the soil. Third, once the soil becomes thick, weeds and grasses start to grow. Fourth, once the weeds and grasses decompose it gives nutrients to the soil and then bushes and small trees start to grow. Fifth, then pine trees grow because it requires the least amount of nutrients. Lastly, when the soil has reached a certain amount of richness, bigger trees now have the chance of growing.  


Temperate Rain Forest Primary Producers

Lady fern (Athyrium felix-femina) - The Lady Fern is a native perennial upright fern that can reach 25 feet in height The Wayne are to - the Lady Fern is native to thefamily continental USsad and Alaska announce the passing of

- A single frond on a lady fern can measure up to 1’ wide and 3’ in length.

cameron wayne

- The Lady Fern is easy to grow and maintain as it colonizes through rhizomes but growth is slow - The Lady Fern drops its leaves with the first frost

on Friday, April 12

- The Lady Fern is relatively tolerant of sun and dry soil, compared to other ferns SERVICE ST.woods, PAUL MEMORIAL - the  Lady Fern growsAT in moist moist meadows,         8:00AM • 04.13.20     and swamps and along streams, from lowlands to midelevations


Temperate Rainforest Primary Decomposers

goldsmith beetles (Cotalpa lanigera) - goldsmith beetles Range up to 20 to 26 mm    - GoldsmithThe beetlesWayne live in thefamily eastern, central, are sad to        and southwestern United States. They also announce the passing of live in southeastern Canada

cameron wayne

- Goldsmith beetles live in forests with trees that lose their leaves - Goldsmith beetles develop for 1 to 2 years, and often hibernate for 4 to 6 months. This means that they live about 16 to 30 months in total - Goldsmith beetle larvae eat tree roots and rotting logs. Adults on Friday, April 12 eat leaves of willow, pear, hickory, oak, and poplar trees. Goldsmith beetles usually feed at night - Goldsmith beetles are eaten by birds that live in trees and eat insects SERVICE AT ST. PAUL MEMORIAL

8:00AM • 04.13.20 - Goldsmith beetle larvae add air into the soil when they burrow and help dead logs decay

- Goldsmith beetles are uncommon, but they are not endangered or threatened


Temperate Rainforst

Primary Consumer Roosevelt Elk is the largest elk subspecies in North America and is named after Theodore Roosevelt. The average weight of a male is 875 pounds and 700 pounds for females.  Males grow horns and the females don't.  The Elks stay in the mountains and snowfields for Summer and stay at lower elevations during the winter to avoid winter storms and to find food.  It is not in danger, but the number of elks is going down due to the increase of wolves.  Elks have a mutual relationship with the Magpies. The magpies eat the bugs in the elk's ear and the elk provides protection from predators.  Elks have a parasitic relationship with mosquitoes. While the mosquitoes suck blood from the elk, the elk is harmed because of the loss of blood.  Elks have a communistic relationship with grass. The elk eats the grass which doesn't harm either of them but gives the elk food and protein from the grass.  Mountain lions, cougars, bobcats, and wolves are huge predators toward the Roosevelt Elk.  A major selective pressure the elks face is wolves. When the wolves were eliminated from the Olympic National Park the elk population started to boom!


Temperate Rainforst

Secondary Consumer Pacific tree frogs can be found on the coast of California, Oregon, and Washington, British Columbia, Idaho, Nevada, and Montana. Their skin colors are brown, gray, tan, and green. The Pacific tree frogs are actually the only frogs that "ribbit.". The conservation status of the frog is least concerned.  The frogs have a commensalism relationship with trees and plants. When it is raining tree frogs hide under trees and plants to stay warm and dry. Frogs and tarantulas have a mutual relationship. Frogs breed in the same holes with tarantulas which protects them from predators and the frogs protect the tarantulas eggs from ants and parasites.  Predators of the tree frog is mammals, reptiles, birds, beetles, giant water bugs, bluegill sunfish, garter snakes, and other fish. Frogs rely on the camouflage to hide from predators and use trees as protection. A selective pressure for tree frogs is predators eating the tree frog's eggs. 


The Tertiary consumer of the Temperate Rainforest

Black bear Tertiary consumers are the consumers of any biome that feed on the biggest animals

Black bears are great mountain climbers Black bears do not necessarily have to be black. They sometimes can be light Brown They are only found in North america The population of black bears are increasing, so they are at least concern Black bears have a symbiotic relationship with bear lice, the lice eat the bear's dead skin or debris, and the bear does not care. This is called mutualism. Habitat loss for black bears is damaging their species because they need a lot of space of land to hunt for food and their many other this.


Temperate Rainforest

Food web Tertiary Consumers Brown Bears Grey Wolf

Horned Owl

Primary Consumers

noocaR

Secondary Consumers

Elk

North Cardinals

Decomposers

Goldsmith beetle

Bracket Fungi

Primary Producers Moss Lady Fern


LOCATIONS

The Temperate rainforest is usually found in oceans moist climates. Some of the many places these rainforests are located are in North America, Asia, Africa, Europe, and New Zealand. Some of the largest temperate rainforests are found on the Pacific coast of North America. They stretch from Oregon to Alaska for 1,200 miles. Smaller temperate rainforests are found on the southeast coast of Chile in South America. A few other small places these rainforests can be found are in United Kingdom, Norway, Japan, New Zealand, and southern Australia.


LOVE For temperate rainforest, timber cutting is the number one threats in this biome.Another is acid rain.Acid rain is caused by industries and vehicles as they damage the leaves of trees and causes them to produce smaller and fewer seeds. It also reduces the tree's resistance to disease, pests, and frost. Clear-cutting of forests is also a threat to this biome.Trees are cut for timber and cleared land for agriculture. With the many threats that are happening to this environment, there are also things, you can do to help. Like one thing is recycling.Also, car exhaust is one of the main contributors to acid rain. Walk or ride your bike to help keep the environment clean and it keeps yourself active.Finally, if you are buying furniture, lumber, or any other wood product, look for the Forest Stewardship Council (FSC) label.This label indicates that the trees were grown in a well-managed forest.With the help and LOVE, we can help and preserve this biome!


SOURCES http://w3.marietta.edu/~biol/biomes/temprain.htm http://www.worldbuilders.org/lessons/less/biomes/rainforest/temp_rain/temprain.html http://www.ducksters.com/science/ecosystems/temperate_forest_biome.php https://www.nps.gov/olym/learn/nature/temperate-rain-forests.htm https://www.fs.fed.us/wildflowers/plant-of-the-week/athyrium_filix-femina.shtml ath_fil_Rosser1954_Lady_Fern_frond_-_normal_appearancesm.jpg http://www.biokids.umich.edu/critters/Cotalpa_lanigera/ Goldsmith_beetle.jpg https://temperaterainforestbiomew.weebly.com/roosevelt-elk.html http://theonlyplacetolearnaboutelk.weebly.com/natural-selection.html http://bioweb.uwlax.edu/bio203/s2012/gignac_thom/interactions.htm https://sciencing.com/abiotic-factors-temperate-rain-forest-8111258.html http://www.discoverwildlife.com/animals/mammals/10-amazing-black-bear-facts http://www.projectnoah.org/spottings/63346006 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Eupsophus_roseus https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pacific_tree_frog https://sites.google.com/a/bps101.net/symbiosis-website--maddie-r/content-page https://parasiteecology.wordpress.com/2015/11/18/a-frogspider-protection-mutualism/ http://naturemappingfoundation.org/natmap/facts/pacific_treefrog_712.html https://academic.oup.com/bioscience/article/55/3/207/249667

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