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MetroNet 5000™ Ethernet & IP Test Set Section I: The Basics

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Chapter 1

1. General Information Helpful Website The following website contains general information which may be of interest to you: http://www.trilithic.com Trilithic’s website contains product specifications and information, tips, release information, marketing information, Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs), bulletins and other technical information. You can also check this website for product updates.

Where to Get Technical Support Trilithic technical support is available Monday through Friday from 8:00 AM to 5:00 PM EST. Callers in North America can dial 317-895-3600 or 800-344-2412 (toll free). International callers should dial 317-895-3600 or fax questions to 317-895-3613. You can also e-mail technical support at techsupport@trilithic.com. For quicker support response when calling or sending e-mail, please provide the following information: •

Your name and your company name.

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The technical point of contact (name, phone number, e-mail).

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Product name, model number, and serial number.

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A detailed description of the problem you are having, including any error or information messages.

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How this Manual is Organized This manual is divided into the following chapters: •

Section I: The Basics provides Trilithic contact information and describes how this Operation Manual is structured. This section also describes the hardware and software components and GUI interface of the MetroNet 5000 series of Ethernet & IP Test Sets and discusses the initial setup to perform before using the device.

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Section II: Setup & Tools discusses the initial setup to perform before using the device. This section also discusses how to use the general measurement tools and the file manager feature.

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Section III: High Speed Network Testing describes how to perform various tests with the MetroNet 5000 series of Ethernet & IP Test Sets. It is a step-by- step guide to making typical measurements and using other measurement features.

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Section IV: Appendix provides a glossary of technical terms the technical specifications of the MetroNet 5000 series of Ethernet & IP Test Sets.

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Conventions Used in this Manual This manual has several standard conventions for presenting information. •

Connections, menus, menu options, and user-entered text and commands appear in bold.

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Section names, web and e-mail addresses appear in italics. A WARNING alerts you to any condition that could cause personal injury.

A CAUTION alerts you to any condition that could cause a mechanical failure or potential loss of data.

A NOTE is information that will be of assistance to you related to the current step or procedure.

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Safety Summary The following general safety precautions must be observed during all phases of operation with this device. Failure to comply with these precautions or with specific warnings elsewhere in this manual violates safety standards of design, manufacture, and intended use of the device. Trilithic, Inc. assumes no liability for any MetroNet 5000 userÂ’s failure to comply with these requirements.

General Legal Information This product is a Safety Class 1 device (provided with a protective earth terminal). The protective features of this product may be impaired if it is used in a manner not specified in these operation instructions. All Light Emitting Diodes (LEDs) used in this product are Class 1 LEDs as per IEC 60825-1.

Environmental Considerations This device is intended for indoor use in an installation category II, pollution degree 2 environments. It is designed to operate at a maximum relative humidity of 95% and at altitudes of up to 2000 meters. See the specifications tables for the AC voltage requirements and ambient operating temperature range.

Before Applying Power Verify that the product is set to match the available line voltage, and all safety precautions are acknowledged and appropriate safety measures are undertaken. Note the deviceÂ’s external markings described under Safety Symbols.

Ground the Device When charging or running your MetroNet 5000 directly through AC power, the device must be connected to AC power through a grounded power cable, with the ground wire firmly connected to an electrical ground (safety ground) at the power outlet.

Do Not Operate in an Explosive Atmosphere Do not operate this device in the presence of flammable gases or fumes.

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Do Not Remove the Device Cover Operating personnel must not remove device covers. Component replacement (excluding battery) and internal adjustments must be made only by qualified service personnel. Devices that appear damaged or defective should be made inoperative and secured against unintended operation until they can be repaired by qualified Trilithic, Inc. service personnel.

Laser Safety Information The hazardous laser radiation laser safety warning symbol (shown to the left) and label for the USA is fixed on the connector panel of the MetroNet 5000 series of Ethernet & IP Test Sets according to CFR 1040.10 Class II.

Under no circumstances should you look into the end of an optical cable attached to the optical output when the device is operating. Laser radiation can seriously damage your eyesight.

Do not enable laser connections when there is no fiber attached to the optical output connector because this device will emit invisible laser radiation if the unit is powered on.

The use of optical instruments with this product will increase eye hazard.

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Chapter 2

2. Introduction Getting Started The ideal way to implement a series of high-speed network IP traffic tests is to use a reliable highspeed tester with both transmitting and receiving ports. Connections are made from the sending ports of the tester to the receiving ports of the device being tested, i.e., the device under test (DUT) and from the sending ports of the DUT back to the tester. Since the tester sends both the test traffic and receives it back after the traffic has been forwarded from the DUT, the tester can easily determine whether all of the transmitted packets were received. It also can verify that the correct packets were received. Getting Started introduces the features of MetroNet 5000 series of Ethernet & IP Test Sets. This section provides a short description of the device, your safety requirements and related information, a presentation of the deviceÂ’s network and test connections, interactive usernavigational keypads, graphical color touch-sensitive screen, stylus, touch buttons, and an explanation of how to use its graphical user interface for basic configurations and various tests.

All Light Emitting Diodes (LEDs) used in this product are Class 1 LEDs per IEC 60825.

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Equipment Supplied with the MetroNet 5000 The MetroNet 5000 series of Ethernet & IP Test Sets come securely packaged in its shipping carton along with the items listed below. Please contact Trilithic or your Sales Representative immediately if you find that anything is missing or damaged. •

MetroNet 5000 Ethernet & IP Test Set

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Carrying Bag with Strap

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Two (2) Touch Screen Stylus

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One six foot RJ45 Ethernet Cable

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AC to DC Power Adapter with Power Cord

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Li-Ion Battery

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Operation manual on CD

Available MetroNet 5000 Models The following models of the MetroNet 5000 series of Ethernet & IP Test Sets are available: MetroNet 5020 P/N 2011434000 - Test Set with two 1 GbE (SFP) optical transceiver ports and two 1 GbE electrical (copper) Ethernet ports MetroNet 5100 P/N 2011435000 - Test Set with one 10 GbE (XFP) optical transceiver port MetroNet 5120 P/N 2011431000 - Test Set with one 10 GbE (XFP) optical transceiver port, two 1 GbE (SFP) optical transceiver ports, and two 1 GbE electrical (copper) Ethernet ports. MetroNet 5200 P/N 2011432000 - Test Set with two 10 GbE (XFP) optical transceiver ports

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Available MetroNet 5000 Software Options The following software options are available for the MetroNet 5000 series of Ethernet & IP Test Sets: Packet Capture & Analysis P/N 0930168000 - Captures all frames and packets at 10 GbE and 1 GbE wire speeds and allows for decode and analysis of frame and packet header and payload content. VoIP Testing P/N 0930169000 - Includes MOS scoring and R-Factor measurements. This option operates only on 1 GbE ports. Not available for the MetroNet 5100 or 5200 models. 10 GbE WAN PHY Mode P/N 0930170000 - Supports SONET and SDH clocking of 9.953 Gbps. Includes alarms and error injection functions. For OC192C testing on 10 GbE ports. Not available for the MetroNet 5020 model.

Accessory & Replacement Parts The following accessory and replacement parts for the MetroNet 5000 series of Ethernet & IP Test Sets are available: 5000-RJ45 P/N 2072192001 - Replacement Cat5e Cable (6 foot, RJ45, 100 ohm) 5000-LC/SM P/N 2072191002 - Single-Mode Optical Patch Cable (6 foot, LC to LC, full duplex) 5000-LC/MM P/N 2072191001 - Multi-Mode Optical Patch Cable (6 foot, LC to LC, full duplex) 5000-BATT P/N 0090059000 - Replacement Li-Ion Battery 5000-PWR P/N 0610188000 - Replacement AC to DC Power Adapter with Power Cord 5000-BAG P/N 2131479000 - Replacement Carrying Bag with Strap MetroNet 5000™ - Section I: The Basics 1-11


Available Optical Transceiver Options The following optical transceivers are available for the MetroNet 5000 series of Ethernet & IP Test Sets: SFP 100 FX P/N 2072185001 - 1310 nm SFP multimode transceiver. For 100 Mbps operation on 1 GbE optical port. LC connector and 2 km reach. SFP 100 LX P/N 2072185002 - 1310 nm SFP single-mode transceiver. For 100 Mbps operation on 1 GbE optical port. LC connector and 30 km reach. SFP 1000 SX P/N 2072185003 - 850 nm SFP multimode transceiver. For 1 GbE LAN port. LC connector and 550 m reach. SFP 1000 LX P/N 2072185004 - 1310 nm SFP single-mode transceiver. For 1 GbE LAN port. LC connector and 10 km reach. SFP 1000 ZX P/N 2072185005 - 1550 nm SFP single-mode transceiver. For 1 GbE LAN port. LC connector and 80 km reach. XFP 10G LR/LW P/N 2072186001 - 1310 nm SFP multimode transceiver. For either LAN or WAN operation on 10 GbE optical port. Supports auto-sensing of 10G LAN or WAN PHY clocking. LC connector and 10 km reach. XFP 10G ER/EW P/N 2072186002 - 1550 nm SFP single-mode transceiver. Supports auto-sensing of 10G LAN or WAN PHY clocking. LC connector and 40 km reach. XFP 10G ZR/ZW P/N 2072186003 - 1550 nm SFP single-mode transceiver. Supports auto-sensing of 10G LAN or WAN PHY clocking. LC connector and 80 km reach.

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Supported Features The MetroNet 5000 series of Ethernet & IP Test Sets support the following features: Multi-Physical Ports 10 GbE Optical (MetroNet 5100, 5120, and 5200) Optical Ethernet - 10 GbE (XFP) port for LAN/WAN PHY 1 GbE Optical/Electrical (MetroNet 5020 and 5120) Optical Ethernet - 1 GbE (SFP) port for SX/LX/ZX and 100FX/LX Electrical (Copper) Ethernet - 10/100/1000 BASE-T Multi-Stream Traffic Generation & Analysis Layer 1/2/3/4 packets Fully customized packets Up to 32 multi-streams Statistical Measurements Utilization (Bandwidth, Line Rate, FPS) VLAN Flow Control Frames and Packets Uni/Multi/Broadcasts Under 64 Byte Frame (Runt) Jumbo Frame Filtering Measurements Round-Trip Delay Packet Arrival Interval (PAI) Packet Latency Packet Jitter Checksum Error Duplication Error

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Dual Port Monitoring Error Injection in Monitor (TAP) Mode Media Converter Functionality Between Optical and Copper Physical Ports IP Connectivity Testing ARP, Ping, Traceroute, DHCP, and DNS Built-In Packet Capture and Analysis Functions All packets Filtered packets Event-triggered packets Loopback Testing Layer 1 Layer 2 (MAC) Layer 3 (IP) Layer 4 (TCP/UDP) including auto-loopback Packet Flooding MAC IP ICMP VLAN User Defined IPTV (MetroNet 5020 and 5120) VoIP (MetroNet 5020 and 5120) Network Discovery Wireless LAN (Optional)

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RFC2544 Throughput Latency & Packet Jitter Frame Loss Back to Back L1/Unframed BERT Software Updates and Upgrades via FTP or USB PC-Aware File Manager Saves test results to the built-in storage, USB flash, or hard drive. Copies and Deletes Includes test results, log files, screen capture files, and configuration files Uploads your test results via FTP or USB

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Chapter 3

3. Getting to Know Your Device Now that you have your MetroNet 5000 out of its box, take a few moments to look it over and become familiar with its features and controls.

Overview 1

Front View

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1. RJ45 Port - Local Network Connection. 2. USB Port - Used to transfer files via USB Flash or Hard Drive or connect a Wireless LAN adapter for 802.11 a/b/g analysis.

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3. Status LEDs - Used to indicate the battery and fault status. 4. LCD Touchscreen Used to display measurements and to control the device. 5. DC Power Port - Used to connect the AC to DC Power Adapter/Charger. 6. Stylus Storage Location in the back side of the device housing used to store the stylus.

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7. Keypad - Buttons used to perform specific operations as detailed in the Keypad section later in this chapter. 8. Stylus - Used to select items on the LCD Touchscreen.

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Right Side View MetroNet 5020 P/N 2011434000 - Test Set with two 1 GbE (SFP) optical transceiver ports and two 1 GbE electrical (copper) Ethernet ports

MetroNet 5100 P/N 2011435000 - Test Set with one 10 GbE (XFP) optical transceiver port

MetroNet 5120 P/N 2011431000 - Test Set with one 10 GbE (XFP) optical transceiver port, two 1 GbE (SFP) optical transceiver ports, and two 1 GbE electrical (copper) Ethernet ports

MetroNet 5200 P/N 2011432000 - Test Set with two 10 GbE (XFP) optical transceiver ports

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Top View 1. Charging Status LED - Used to indicate the charging status of the battery, displays a solid green light when charging. The LED is off when the battery is fully charged. 2. Battery Status LED - Used to indicate the status of the battery, displays a solid green light when running on battery power only (not plugged in to AC power). Also, displays low battery (solid red light) and battery charging fault (solid orange light).

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Protective Bumper Removed for Illustration Purposes Only

2. USB Port - This is a Type-A host USB port and is used for connection to a USB Flash Drive or USB Hard Drive. 3. RJ45 Local Network Connection Port - Local Network Connection for management purposes.

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SFP/XFP Ports & Connections Perform the following steps to properly insert and remove the optical transceiver modules:

DO NOT install the transceiver modules upside down, damage to the device may occur. Transceiver modules should always be inserted with the interface connection facing the rear of the device and the label facing the front of the device.

1. Remove the protective plugs from the SFP/XFP module(s) and the protective caps from the connectors on the fiber-optic cable, save them for future use. 2. Insert the optical transceiver into the corresponding port on the MetroNet 5000. Be sure to insert the optical transceiver with the label facing the front of the device. 3. Clean the fiber-optic connectors on your fiber-optic cables. 4. Plug the appropriate fiber-optic cable into the connector on the SFP/XFP modules.

Transceiver Orientation

Transceiver Installed

Connected Fiber Cable

4. To remove the optical transceiver, first disconnect the fiber-optic cable and then use the bail (SFP) or built-in grips (XFP) to pull the optical transceiver out of the port on the MetroNet 5000.

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Battery Charging Precautions NEVER loosen or remove the MetroNet 5000 battery while the device is powered ON.

Do not disassemble the battery under any circumstances. The battery and or the device can explode, leak, or catch fire if heated or exposed to fire or high temperatures.

Be certain that no metal object such as a coin or paper clip touch the battery terminals.

The lithium-ion battery is a consumable part and is not subject to the factory warranty.

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Battery Charging The MetroNet 5000 lithium-ion (Li-Ion) battery pack is installed at the factory but is shipped in a discharged state. The MetroNet 5000 battery pack is charged using the supplied AC to DC Power Adapter/Charger with a supply voltage from 100 to 240 VAC ± 10%, at a frequency in the range from 50 to 60 Hz ± 5%. The maximum power consumption is 30 to 80 mA. Before using the device for the first time, charge the battery pack by performing the following steps: 1. Connect the AC line cord of the included AC to DC Power Adapter/Charger to an AC power source. 2. Connect the DC line cord of the included AC to DC Power Adapter/Charger to the DC Power Port (shown in the image to the right) of the MetroNet 5000. 3. Allow the battery to charge for a minimum of four hours to completely charge the batteries before first use. Protective Bumper Removed for Illustration Purposes Only

The lithium-ion battery will automatically stop charging when it is fully charged.

LED Status Indicators Battery Status LED The MetroNet 5000 Battery Status LED will illuminate with a solid green light both when the device is charging and when the unit is running on battery power only.

Fault Status LED The MetroNet 5000 Fault Status LED will be illuminated if either of the following conditions exist. Red - Indicates a battery fault or the battery is low. If this indicator is shown connect the device to the included AC to DC Power Adapter/Charger. Orange - Indicates a battery charging fault. If this indicator is shown immediately turn off the device power and call Trilithic for service.

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On-Screen Battery Indicators The battery charge status is indicated by the battery charge icon at the top of any display screen. When fully charged, disconnect the AC to DC Power Adapter/Charger to run the MetroNet 5000 directly from its battery pack for up to 4 hours (typically). The device will run for up to 5 hours in stand-by mode (i.e., stand-by mode means that the device is turned ON with no other activity). When Fully Charged five (5) green bars appear in the battery charge icon. When the device is connected to AC power using the included AC to DC Power Adapter/Charger, a power plug will appear in the battery charge icon. When two (2) green bars are displayed in the battery charge icon, a low battery warning dialog will appear and you will have only 20 to 30 minutes of battery power remaining. When only one (1) green bar is displayed, you will have only 10 minutes of battery power remaining. If a red X is displayed in the battery charge icon, this indicates that the battery is no longer functional. You can still use the MetroNet 5000, but you must plug it into AC power. If this indicator is shown, call Trilithic for service.

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Stylus & Touch Screeen Your test set is supplied with a stylus that is the primary means for operator interaction with the touch screen. The stylus is used for navigating menu structures, buttons, text entry fields, tabs, and initiating data transfer actions from the MetroNet 5000 to remote storage locations. Navigating with a touch screen is different from navigating with a mouse. Hold the stylus pen as though you were writing with a standard pen. Instead of sliding the pen around the screen, just select what you want to interact with. Sliding the pen while lightly touching the tip to the screen will move the onscreen pointer around as though you were using a mouse and holding down the left mouse button. When the stylus is not in use, it can be stored in the built-in stylus holder located on the back of the device in the lower left corner as shown in the image to the right. Protective Bumper Removed for Illustration Purposes Only

Remember that the touchscreen is very sensitive to touch. Resting your hand on the screen while using the pen might make the stylus pointer react unpredictably.

Do not lose the stylus. Always return it to its holder in the case after you complete your work. If you lose the stylus supplied with the MetroNet 5000, your only recourse would be to use your fingers – which is acceptable. In some, but not all cases, you can also use the Navigation/Control Pad buttons to perform your testing task navigations.

Do not use a pin, needle, or any other type of sharp object to touch your MetroNet 5000 screen. This will damage your MetroNet 5000 screen.

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Keypad The MetroNet 5000 has two keyboard input methods as shown in the following sections.

Physical Keypad The physical keypad is located on front panel of the device. 1. Power Button - Used to turn the device on and off.

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2. Home Button - Used to return to the Home Screen. 3. Backspace Button Used to move the cursor position back (left). 4. Function Button - Not Used. 5. Directional Pad - Used to hightlight screen icons and navigate through lists and text fields.

5 6 7 8 6. Alphanumeric Keypad - Includes 12 keys numbered 1 through 0 plus SHIFT and PERIOD. These buttons can be used to enter numbers or letters. 7. Run/Stop Button - Used to start and stop measurements and tests. 8. Enter Button - Used to select highlighted icons.

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Virtual On-Screen Keyboard The virtual on-screen keyboard appears when certain text entry fields are selected with the stylus. Simply select inside the text entry field to activate the virutal on-screen keyboard. Use the stylus to select each character and then select the OK button to transfer the text string to the original text entry field. The MetroNet 5000 front panel keypad shares the same functions with several of the virtual onscreen keyboard buttons as follows: •

Use the or button to move your cursor back one space and erase.

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Press left or right on the directional pad or or button select the to move the cursor backward or forward one space.

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Press up or down on the directional pad or select the button to the right of the text entry field to view and insert your previously typed text strings.

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Select the Shift or button to alternate between uppercase and lowercase letters.

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Select the button to erase all of your previously typed text strings.

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Select the button to erase the contents of the text entry field.

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Display Screen Use the stylus to select the desired icons on the screen. Selecting an icon will display the corresponding test or menu.

Title Bar The Home Screen is displayed upon system startup as shown in the following image. The title bar is located at the top of each screen and is used to display the following information: Name - The name of the currently selected test or menu will be displayed in the upper left corner of the screen. Keypad Shift - Used to indicate that the shift button on the Physical Keypad has been selected. Screen Capture - Used to perform a screen capture of the screen that is currently being displayed. Battery Charge - Used to indicate the battery charge level and whether the MetroNet 5000 is currently charging. Home - Used to return to the Home Screen from any test or measurement screen. Date - Used to indicate the current date in Month, Day format. Time - Used to indicate the current time in Hours, Minutes, Seconds format.

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Test & Measurement Screen Icons A typical test and measurement screen appears as shown in the following image. The test and measurement icons are located below the title bar and are used to display the following information: Test Running - This icon will be displayed when a test is currently running. Test Stopped - This icon will be displayed when a test is not currently running. Error Detected - This icon will be displayed if an error is being detected (solid) and if an error has been already detected (flashing). Signal Status - Used to indicate if the signal status is good (green) or none (red). Link Status - Used to indicate if the link status of Rx/Tx is connected (green) or Rx/Tx is not connected (red). Tx/Rx Activity - Used to indicate if the Tx/Rx activity is active (green) or inactive (gray). Line Rate - Used to indicate the following line rates: •

10 Mbit/s - Half Duplex (HD)

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100 Mbits/s - Full Duplex (FD) or Half Duplex (HD)

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1 GigE - Full Duplex (FD)

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10 GigE - Full Duplex (FD)

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Taking Screen Captures The screen capture function of the MetroNet 5000 takes snapshots of your live display including; configurations, measurements, or any other static or dynamic display.

When taking screen captures, the MetroNet 5000 saves the files in the PNG file format. Perform the following steps to use the screen capture function: 1. On any screen, select the Screen Capture icon from the Title Bar 2. The Screen Capture dialog box will appear. 3. From the Screen Capture message box; change the file name as desired or use the default file name. 4. Select the OK button. A momentary pause of the live display will occur while the screen image is being saved to the internal memory. 5. To view the screen capture, use the File Manager as described in Section II: Setup & Tools, Chapter 3: File Manager.

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Remote Control Mode When the MetroNet 5000 is connected to a network using the RJ45 local network port, you can remotely control the device using a VNC viewer application. The MetroNet 5000 uses Virtual Network Computing (VNC) graphical desktop sharing to allow remote control from a Windows based PC. The remote control mode includes the ability to transmit keyboard and mouse events from the PC to the MetroNet 5000 over a network, while relaying graphical screen updates back to the PC. The VNC graphical desktop sharing includes the following components: •

VNC Server - The MetroNet 5000 has a built-in VNC server. This server allows a user to view the display screen and control the device from a remote PC that is running a VNC viewer application.

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VNC Viewer - This is a Windows based software package that views, controls, and interacts with a VNC server. The VNC viewer software is located on the Software CD that is included with the MetroNet 5000.

Before using the remote control mode, you must first configure the local network connection as shown in Chapter 4: System Settings, Local Network Configuration.

To use the remote control mode, perform the following steps: 1. Install the VNC viewer software on the Windows based PC that you wish to control the MetroNet 5000 from. 2. Connect the MetroNet 5000 to a network using the RJ-45 local network port. 3. Start the VNC viewer software and enter the IP address of the MetroNet 5000 in the “server” field. 4. Select the OK button, the display screen of the MetroNet 5000 will be displayed after a short delay. 5. Use the mouse and keyboard of the PC to control the functions of the MetroNet 5000. 6. To exit the remote control mode at any time, simply exit the VNC viewer software.

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MetroNet 5000 manual I by Trilithic