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The Breakthrough Strategy for Changing Behaviors

Directory Accident Management Accidents-Happen.com ....800-510-0017

Air Compressors Air Center of Nevada….……...399-6555

“You mean we’re going to have to work on the equipment before it breaks down?”

Air Conditioning Air Systems, Inc…….………...362-5885 AirCare…………….………….454-1370

Boilers Desert Boilers & Controls.…...646-7512

Chemical Cleaning Rydlyme…………….…...……365-9722

Equipment Sierry Industrial Equipment….207-4700

Inspections Independent Electronic Inspections, Inc …...800-488-2884

Mechanical Mechanical Building Services...474-9111 Ryan Mechanical………………631-7766 The Mechanical Company……..735-PIPE

Plumbing Great Basin Plumbing & Mechanical …...898-0002

Power Titan Power Inc………..…800-509-6170

Real Estate General Realty………………...682-4632

Effective Repairs To Hydraulic Cylinders

-12

“What a novel idea,” you say. Believe it or not, that’s what an experienced mechanic said after he heard about a company’s new approach for preventive, proactive, planned maintenance. And his statement really points to the crux of one of the biggest challenges we face when moving from a reactive maintenance work culture to one that emphasizes equipment and process reliability. In many cases, we are challenging the maintenance mindsets of many people at all levels in the organization.

Services Commercial Consulting Services …..731-1646

Utilities Southwest Gas………………...364-3063 NV Energy….………….……...367-5000

So how do you go about changing the work culture? Here are a few ideas based on some significant culture changes we have seen. The core concept that works for maintenance and manufacturing in North America is to focus on results and change the culture along the way.

Efficient water use on golf courses

One of the books that has served as a guide is entitled The Breakthrough Strategy (Robert Schaffer; Harper Business, 1988). It is not a new book or one that addresses maintenance and reliability. But the approaches Mr. Schaffer describes are continually validated in many other writings and by other researchers and authors.

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“You mean we’re going to have to work on the equipment before it breaks down?”

Front Story

Here are the key points of The Breakthrough Strategy as applied to maintenance and manufacturing improvement:

Directory Accident Management Accidents-Happen.com ....800-510-0017

Air Compressors

1. Top management must orchestrate the architecture for change. • • • • • •

Lead the way! Establish the context and the challenge. Set increasingly tough demands to meet the needs of the business and the needs of the people. Test the new directions through strategic projects. Make technology support the desired improvements, rather than be a slave of technology. Orchestrate the total improvement process. Don’t just make pronouncements then back away. Get involved. Listen and pay attention throughout.

Air Center of Nevada….……...399-6555

Air Conditioning Air Systems, Inc…….………...362-5885 AirCare…………….………….454-1370

Boilers Desert Boilers & Controls.…...646-7512

Chemical Cleaning Rydlyme…………….…...……365-9722

Equipment

2. Identify “zest factors” to help accelerate the new ideas. • • • • • • •

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-4

Sierry Industrial Equipment….207-4700

Is there a true sense of urgency? A challenge to meet? Is there an opportunity for clear and near success? Is there an opportunity to increase pride in the workplace or in workmanship? Is there an underlying fear of failure? Can the change be exciting, novel, like a game? Are there a few who would enjoy experimenting while ignoring the red tape? Don’t expect people to get engaged with an idea just because top management espouses it. Determine what will truly engage others in the improvement process.

Inspections Independent Electronic Inspections, Inc …...800-488-2884

Mechanical Mechanical Building Services...474-9111 Ryan Mechanical………………631-7766 The Mechanical Company……..735-PIPE

Plumbing Great Basin Plumbing & Mechanical …...898-0002

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Power

3. Go for results. • • • •

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Titan Power Inc………..…800-509-6170

Immediate successes are essential if people are to increase their confidence and expand their vision of what is possible. Through successful accomplishment of a tangible goal you can learn to function in new and better ways. Wow! Nothing speaks louder than actions and results! Look for opportunities to make equipment run better, last longer, require less “tinkering and tending,” and ways to make peoples’ work easier.

Real Estate General Realty………………...682-4632

Services Commercial Consulting Services …..731-1646

Utilities Southwest Gas………………...364-3063 NV Energy….………….……...367-5000

-12 4. Form a “steering group” • •

to lead the improvements by focusing on a common goal in a collaborative manner. In union plants, be sure to use a joint union/management steering group of formal and informal leaders.

5. Design a “breakthrough” project or pilot activity. Efficient water use on golf courses

-17

• • •

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Develop a plan to achieve results in a short period of time. Keep in mind the “zest factors” and “go for results.” Don’t forget these key points when selecting a project or activity: • Urgent and compelling goals • Short-term, first step sub goals (quick, sustainable hits) • Measurable, bottom–line results • Ready, willing, and able people • Achievable with available resources & authority • Breakthrough project leaders with accountability

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6. Develop performance capability to support the “breakthrough project.”

“You mean we’re going to have to work on the equipment before it breaks down?”

• • • • • • •

• • •

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Air Compressors Air Center of Nevada….……...399-6555

Air Conditioning Air Systems, Inc…….………...362-5885 AirCare…………….………….454-1370

Boilers

7. Form a “breakthrough project team.” •

Front Story

Individual accountability clear-cut decision making written work plans and progress reviews structured involvement demonstration and testing of innovative approaches frequent reinforcement and rewards Honestly provide resources and support for the breakthrough project or pilot activity

Desert Boilers & Controls.…...646-7512

People who have the skills and knowledge to work together “outside the box” are likely to exceed your expectations. The “natural work group” and their support resources will develop a sense of ownership and pride that is hard to develop any other way. Be sure to define the parameters they must work within. Select people who can become teachers, coaches, or role models of the new way, then get out of their way!

Chemical Cleaning Rydlyme…………….…...……365-9722

Equipment Sierry Industrial Equipment….207-4700

Inspections Independent Electronic Inspections, Inc …...800-488-2884

Mechanical Mechanical Building Services...474-9111 Ryan Mechanical………………631-7766 The Mechanical Company……..735-PIPE

8. Take action.

-4

• •

Put the “breakthrough project” plan into motion. Avoid getting stuck in the plan–to–plan loop and never quite getting around to action.

Plumbing Great Basin Plumbing & Mechanical …...898-0002

Fluid Power Safety Alert

9. Leverage the key learnings from the “breakthrough projects” • • •

Effective Repairs To Hydraulic Cylinders

-12

Expand into other related areas and institutionalize the new ideas. Showcase the new results, the new behaviors, in your business, in your facilities, with your employees. Indisputable proof goes a long way to changing behaviors!

In the past seven years, many Total Productive Maintenance/Manufacturing (TPM) culture changes have knowingly—and unknowingly—followed these steps to achieve significant results and change the way the organization thinks about maintenance and reliability. It is rewarding to see what can truly happen when the talents of the entire organization are tapped in the “breakthrough strategy.” Changing the “work culture” means changing the individual and collective behaviors of people on the job. Go for results in ways that change behaviors along the way.

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Real Estate General Realty………………...682-4632

Services Commercial Consulting Services …..731-1646

Utilities Southwest Gas………………...364-3063 NV Energy….………….……...367-5000

1997 Robert M. Williamson Strategic Work Systems, Inc. Columbus, NC 28722 RobertMW2@cs.com www.swspitcrew.com Do you want your business listed in the Directory ?? Email us … Directory Listings

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“Success is not final, failure is not fatal: it is the courage to continue that counts.” -Winston Churchill

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Air Compressors Air Center of Nevada….……...399-6555

Fluid Power Safety Alert

Topic: Unsafe service, repair, and troubleshooting recommendations are running rampant throughout the fluid power industry - and there is no end in sight! Introduction: In this advisory, we are going to demonstrate how hazardous, documented, service, repair, and troubleshooting recommendations have proliferated the fluid power industry, leaving unsuspecting persons vulnerable to possible injury or death. This flow-chart shows the proliferation of hazardous information, which is found primarily in service, repair, and troubleshooting documentation:

-4

Air Conditioning Air Systems, Inc…….………...362-5885 AirCare…………….………….454-1370

Boilers Desert Boilers & Controls.…...646-7512

Chemical Cleaning Rydlyme…………….…...……365-9722

Equipment Sierry Industrial Equipment….207-4700

Inspections Independent Electronic Inspections, Inc …...800-488-2884

Mechanical Mechanical Building Services...474-9111 Ryan Mechanical………………631-7766 The Mechanical Company……..735-PIPE

Plumbing Great Basin Plumbing & Mechanical …...898-0002

Fluid Power Safety Alert

Power Titan Power Inc………..…800-509-6170

Real Estate General Realty………………...682-4632

Services Commercial Consulting Services …..731-1646

Effective Repairs To Hydraulic Cylinders

Utilities Southwest Gas………………...364-3063 NV Energy….………….……...367-5000

-12

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We are also going to demonstrate the reality and severity of the problem by taking excerpts from a troubleshooting booklet written by a well -know publisher of fluid power textbooks.

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“You mean we’re going to have to work on the equipment before it breaks down?”

Front Story Safety Spotlight

-4

We traced the information from its origin in Dallas, Texas, to a technical college in Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada. It then made its way into the service handbook of a coil-tubing machine manufacturer in Houston, Texas. It is given to literally hundreds of trainees yearly, as a reference manual by a national hydraulic training company. Here are a number of excerpts from the original booklet: Example 1 - Pump and Relief Valve Test They recommend that you; "isolate the pump and relief valve from the circuit, so all you have is the pump, the relief valve, and a pressure gauge. Start the pump and dead-head the pump against the relief valve". This recommendation is unrealistic and impractical. Cannot be done if the pressure relief valve is integrated in the directional control valve housing. Applies to the majority of hand-operated valves.

Fluid Power Safety Alert

Directory Accident Management Accidents-Happen.com ....800-510-0017

Air Compressors Air Center of Nevada….……...399-6555

Air Conditioning Air Systems, Inc…….………...362-5885 AirCare…………….………….454-1370

Boilers Desert Boilers & Controls.…...646-7512

Chemical Cleaning Rydlyme…………….…...……365-9722

Equipment Sierry Industrial Equipment….207-4700

Inspections Independent Electronic Inspections, Inc …...800-488-2884

Mechanical Mechanical Building Services...474-9111 Ryan Mechanical………………631-7766 The Mechanical Company……..735-PIPE

Plumbing Great Basin Plumbing & Mechanical …...898-0002

Power Titan Power Inc………..…800-509-6170

Effective Repairs To Hydraulic Cylinders

-12

They tell you to; "watch for pressure on the gauge while tightening the adjustment on the relief valve. If full pressure can be developed, obviously the pump and relief valve are operating correctly, and the trouble is to be found further down the line. If full pressure cannot be developed in this test, continue with step 3."

Real Estate General Realty………………...682-4632

Services Commercial Consulting Services …..731-1646

Utilities Southwest Gas………………...364-3063 NV Energy….………….……...367-5000

Wrong! If the relief valve is worn, it can still be set at specified pressure - if the spool can be lifted, the valve can be set.

Continued on page 6..

Efficient water use on golf courses

-17

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Las Vegas Trivia-Fake Rivets The original Eiffel Tower was built in 1889 and is made of wrought iron pieces which are fastened together with 2,500,000 rivets. The one in Vegas is made from welded steel and is stronger structurally and has "fake rivets" to duplicate the look of the original.

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Example 2 - Pump or Relief Valve?

“You mean we’re going to have to work on the equipment before it breaks down?”

Front Story Safety Spotlight

-4

They recommend: "if high pressure cannot be obtained in step 2 by running the pump against the relief valve, further testing must be conducted to see whether the fault lies in the pump or in the relief valve".

Air Compressors Air Center of Nevada….……...399-6555

Air Conditioning

They recommend that you proceed as follows: "If possible disconnect the reservoir return line from the relief valve. Attach a short length of hose to the relief valve outlet. Hold the open end of this hose over the reservoir filler opening so the rate of oil flow can be observed. Start the pump and run the relief valve adjustment up and down while observing the flow through the hose. If the pump is bad, there will probably be a full stream of oil when the relief valve adjustment is backed off, but this flow will diminish or stop as the adjustment is increased. If a flow meter is available the flow can be measured and compared with the pump catalog rating." An outrageous recommendation from a safety point of view. Too many unknowns! How much flow? Could the hose whip out of your hand? What if the oil discharging from the open hose strikes the top of the reservoir and sprays into your face? What is the temperature of the oil?

Fluid Power Safety Alert

Accident Management Accidents-Happen.com ....800-510-0017

Air Systems, Inc…….………...362-5885 AirCare…………….………….454-1370

Boilers Desert Boilers & Controls.…...646-7512

Chemical Cleaning Rydlyme…………….…...……365-9722

Equipment Sierry Industrial Equipment….207-4700

Inspections Independent Electronic Inspections, Inc …...800-488-2884

Mechanical Mechanical Building Services...474-9111 Ryan Mechanical………………631-7766 The Mechanical Company……..735-PIPE

Plumbing Great Basin Plumbing & Mechanical …...898-0002

Power Titan Power Inc………..…800-509-6170

Real Estate General Realty………………...682-4632

Services Commercial Consulting Services …..731-1646

Effective Repairs To Hydraulic Cylinders

Utilities Southwest Gas………………...364-3063 NV Energy….………….……...367-5000

-12

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Directory “You mean we’re going to have to work on the equipment before it breaks down?”

Accident Management Accidents-Happen.com ....800-510-0017

Air Compressors Air Center of Nevada….……...399-6555

Air Conditioning Air Systems, Inc…….………...362-5885 AirCare…………….………….454-1370

Boilers Desert Boilers & Controls.…...646-7512

Chemical Cleaning Rydlyme…………….…...……365-9722

Front Story

Equipment Sierry Industrial Equipment….207-4700

Inspections Independent Electronic Inspections, Inc …...800-488-2884

Safety Spotlight

Mechanical Mechanical Building Services...474-9111 Ryan Mechanical………………631-7766 The Mechanical Company……..735-PIPE

-4

Plumbing Great Basin Plumbing & Mechanical …...898-0002

Fluid Power Safety Alert

Power Titan Power Inc………..…800-509-6170

Real Estate General Realty………………...682-4632

Services Commercial Consulting Services …..731-1646

Effective Repairs To Hydraulic Cylinders

Utilities Southwest Gas………………...364-3063 NV Energy….………….……...367-5000

-12

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Continued from page 6….

Directory “You mean we’re going to have to work on the equipment before it breaks down?”

Accident Management Accidents-Happen.com ....800-510-0017

Air Compressors Air Center of Nevada….……...399-6555

Air Conditioning Air Systems, Inc…….………...362-5885 AirCare…………….………….454-1370

Boilers Desert Boilers & Controls.…...646-7512

Chemical Cleaning Rydlyme…………….…...……365-9722

Front Story

Equipment Sierry Industrial Equipment….207-4700

Inspections Independent Electronic Inspections, Inc …...800-488-2884

Safety Spotlight

Mechanical Mechanical Building Services...474-9111 Ryan Mechanical………………631-7766 The Mechanical Company……..735-PIPE

Then they recommend: "If a flow meter is not available the rate of flow on small pumps can be measured by discharging the hose into a bucket while timing with the sweep hand on a watch. For example, if a volume of 10 gallons is collected in 15 seconds, the pumping rate is 40 GPM, etc".

-4 Fluid Power Safety Alert

Plumbing Great Basin Plumbing & Mechanical …...898-0002

Power Titan Power Inc………..…800-509-6170

Real Estate General Realty………………...682-4632

Services Commercial Consulting Services …..731-1646

Effective Repairs To Hydraulic Cylinders

Utilities Southwest Gas………………...364-3063 NV Energy….………….……...367-5000

-12

Efficient water use on golf courses

-17

Once again, you are discharging, who knows how much oil, at who knows what temperature to atmosphere - another fallacious recommendation! Technically wrong - it is physically impossible to properly test a hydraulic pump at no-load (low pressure). With respect to pump and relief valve testing they recommend; "if the gauge pressure does not rise above a low value of say 100 PSI, and the volume of flow does not substantially decrease as the relief valve adjustment is tightened, the relief valve is at fault." The test concludes by their stating; "If the oil flow substantially decreases as the relief valve adjustment is tightened, and only a low or moderate pressure can be developed, this indicates trouble in the pump."

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When making this test on hydraulic cylinders, the line should be completely removed from a cylinder port during the test, and the open line from the valve should be plugged or capped since a slight back pressure in the tank return line would spill oil from the line if not plugged. Pistons with metal ring seals can be expected to have a small amount of leakage across the rings, and even those "leaktight" soft seals may have a small bypass during break-in of new seals or after the seals are well worn.

Accident Management Accidents-Happen.com ....800-510-0017

Air Compressors Air Center of Nevada….……...399-6555

Air Conditioning Air Systems, Inc…….………...362-5885 AirCare…………….………….454-1370

Boilers Desert Boilers & Controls.…...646-7512

Chemical Cleaning

Confusing! Which end of the cylinder is the "same end?" When installing a "positive stop" to check the "mid-stroke" position, should you not take into account the potential force output of the cylinder? A mechanic suffered an accident in which his nose was severed, and the majority of his front teeth were knocked out when he attempted to stall a hydraulic cylinder with a cable which snapped due to excessive force! Once again, you are being told to "crack" a connector, or completely remove a transmission line, and check the condition of a hydraulic system that could operate at pressures up to 6,000 PSI and flows in excess of 100 GPM, to atmosphere. This recommendation is once again, absolutely fallacious!

Front Story Safety Spotlight

-4

Effective Repairs To Hydraulic Cylinders

-12

Inspections Independent Electronic Inspections, Inc …...800-488-2884

Mechanical Mechanical Building Services...474-9111 Ryan Mechanical………………631-7766 The Mechanical Company……..735-PIPE

Great Basin Plumbing & Mechanical …...898-0002

Example 4 - 4-Way Valve Testing (directional control valve) For testing 4-way valves, either air or hydraulic, it is necessary to obtain access to the exhaust or tant return ports so that the amount of leakage can be observed. To make the test, disconnect both cylinder lines and plug these ports on the valve. Start up the system and shift the valve to one working position. Any flow out the exhausts or tank return line while the valve is under pressure is the amount of leakage. Repeat the test in all other

Power Titan Power Inc………..…800-509-6170

Real Estate General Realty………………...682-4632

Services Commercial Consulting Services …..731-1646

Utilities Southwest Gas………………...364-3063 NV Energy….………….……...367-5000

Once again, an outrageous and fallacious recommendation. This is one of the most ludicrous recommendations in this troubleshooting booklet. Consider what will happen if the valve has an open-center, or tandem-center spool configuration. When you start the system, what are you going to do with the "who-knows-how-much" oil, at the "who-knows-what" temperature?

-17

Equipment Sierry Industrial Equipment….207-4700

Plumbing

Fluid Power Safety Alert

Efficient water use on golf courses

Rydlyme…………….…...……365-9722

NOTE: You would be well advised to refrain from doing the majority of the "tests" described in this troubleshooting booklet - you could get seriously injured or killed! DO NOT rewrite these procedures into your service, repair, and troubleshooting manuals. Any recommendation to exhaust hydraulic oil to atmosphere to "test" any and all hydraulic components is fallacious - the outcome is unpredictable!

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Directory “You mean we’re going to have to work on the equipment before it breaks down?”

Front Story Safety Spotlight

-4 Fluid Power Safety Alert

Effective Repairs To Hydraulic Cylinders

Technical College British Columbia, Canada The same information, written literally wordfor-word, shows up in a handout given to a millwright student in a technical college in British Columbia, Canada. He has to study the procedures, and pass a written exam to earn his millwright certificate. Upon graduation from college, he is hired by a local sawmill as a millwright, where his job is, amongst other things, to maintain the company's various manufacturing machines, almost all of which are hydraulic.

-12

Manufacturing Company Houston, Texas Now we trace the exact information, again, word-forword, to a company that manufactures coil-tubing equipment in Houston, Texas. The potentially hazardous troubleshooting procedures show up in the company’s service and repair manual. This information will be dispersed to poorly trained oilfield service mechanics who have to service, repair and troubleshoot the company’s vast fleet of oil-well service equipment. Only one out of the three major oil-field service company’s makes hydraulic safety training mandatory for all their maintenance employees.

National Hydraulic Training Company U.S.A. Literally thousands of these booklets find their way into people's hands through schools and colleges. A national training company gives it to all of the people who attend their seminars. They claim to have trained over a quarter of a million people.

Accident Management Accidents-Happen.com ....800-510-0017

Air Compressors Air Center of Nevada….……...399-6555

Air Conditioning Air Systems, Inc…….………...362-5885 AirCare…………….………….454-1370

Boilers Desert Boilers & Controls.…...646-7512

Chemical Cleaning Rydlyme…………….…...……365-9722

Equipment Sierry Industrial Equipment….207-4700

Inspections Independent Electronic Inspections, Inc …...800-488-2884

Mechanical Mechanical Building Services...474-9111 Ryan Mechanical………………631-7766 The Mechanical Company……..735-PIPE

Plumbing Great Basin Plumbing & Mechanical …...898-0002

Power Titan Power Inc………..…800-509-6170

Real Estate General Realty………………...682-4632

Services Commercial Consulting Services …..731-1646

Utilities Southwest Gas………………...364-3063 NV Energy….………….……...367-5000

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Directory “You mean we’re going to have to work on the equipment before it breaks down?”

Accident Management Accidents-Happen.com ....800-510-0017

Air Compressors Air Center of Nevada….……...399-6555

Air Conditioning Air Systems, Inc…….………...362-5885 AirCare…………….………….454-1370

Boilers Desert Boilers & Controls.…...646-7512

Chemical Cleaning Rydlyme…………….…...……365-9722

Front Story

Equipment Sierry Industrial Equipment….207-4700

Inspections Independent Electronic Inspections, Inc …...800-488-2884

Safety Spotlight

Mechanical Mechanical Building Services...474-9111 Ryan Mechanical………………631-7766 The Mechanical Company……..735-PIPE

-4

Plumbing Great Basin Plumbing & Mechanical …...898-0002

Fluid Power Safety Alert

Power Titan Power Inc………..…800-509-6170

Real Estate General Realty………………...682-4632

Services Commercial Consulting Services …..731-1646

Effective Repairs To Hydraulic Cylinders

Utilities Southwest Gas………………...364-3063 NV Energy….………….……...367-5000

-12

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Carrying Out Effective Repairs To Hydraulic Cylinders By Brendan Casey

“You mean we’re going to have to work on the equipment before it breaks down?”

Front Story Safety Spotlight

-4 Fluid Power Safety Alert

Directory

As a product group, cylinders are almost as common as pumps and motors combined. They are less complicated than other types of hydraulic components and are therefore relatively easy to repair. As a result, many hydraulic equipment owners or their maintenance personnel carry out cylinder repairs themselves. The following is a guide to carrying out effective repairs to hydraulic cylinders. The extent of the repair work that can be carried out in-house depends on the extent of wear or damage to the cylinder and how well equipped your repair shop is. As with any repair, the economics of proceeding with a repair on a cylinder are ultimately dependent on the cost and availability of a new one. Disassembly And Inspection Typically, a cylinder will have been removed for repair due to either external or internal leakage. Close inspection of the parts of the cylinder after disassembly, particularly the seals, can reveal problems that may not otherwise be obvious. Piston seal - If the piston seal is badly distorted, eroded or missing completely, this indicates that the barrel is oversize or has bulged in service. In this case, the barrel or the complete cylinder should be replaced. Replacing the piston seal without replacing the barrel is a short-term fix only. Rod seal - If the rod seal is badly distorted, this usually indicates that either the guide bush is excessively worn or the rod is bent. In both cases this results in the weight of the rod riding on the seal, which causes it to fail. Replacing the rod seal without identifying and rectifying the cause of the problem is a short-term fix only. Rod - Check the rod for cracks at all points where its cross-section changes. Dye penetrant is ideal for this purpose. It is easy to use and readily available from industrial hardware merchants. Inspect the chrome surface of the rod. If the chrome looks dull on one side and polished on the opposite side, this indicates that the rod is bent. Rod straightness should always be checked when a cylinder is being repaired. This is done by placing the rod on rollers and measuring the run-out with a dial gauge (see exhibit 1). Position the rod so that the distance between the rollers (L) is as large as possible and measure the run-out at the mid-point between the rollers (L/2).

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Boilers Desert Boilers & Controls.…...646-7512

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Equipment Sierry Industrial Equipment….207-4700

Inspections Independent Electronic Inspections, Inc …...800-488-2884

Mechanical Mechanical Building Services...474-9111 Ryan Mechanical………………631-7766 The Mechanical Company……..735-PIPE

Plumbing Great Basin Plumbing & Mechanical …...898-0002

Power Titan Power Inc………..…800-509-6170

Real Estate General Realty………………...682-4632

Services Commercial Consulting Services …..731-1646

Effective Repairs To Hydraulic Cylinders

Utilities Southwest Gas………………...364-3063 NV Energy….………….……...367-5000

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Continued from page 12…. Exhibit 1

Directory

“You mean we’re going to have to work on the equipment before it breaks down?”

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Air Compressors Air Center of Nevada….……...399-6555

Air Conditioning Air Systems, Inc…….………...362-5885 AirCare…………….………….454-1370

Boilers Desert Boilers & Controls.…...646-7512

Chemical Cleaning Rydlyme…………….…...……365-9722

Front Story

Equipment

In most cases, bent rods can be straightened in a press. It is sometimes possible to straighten rods without damaging the hard-chrome plating, however if the chrome is damaged, the rod must be either re-chromed or replaced.

Safety Spotlight

If the chrome surface of the rod is pitted or scored, the effectiveness and service life of the rod seals will be reduced. Minor scratches in the chrome surface can be polished out using a strip of fine emery paper in a crosshatch action. If the chrome is badly pitted or scored, the rod must be either re-chromed or replaced. Machining a new rod from hard-chrome plated round bar, which is available in standard sizes from specialist steel merchants, is usually the most economical solution for small diameter rods.

-4 Fluid Power Safety Alert

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Inspections Independent Electronic Inspections, Inc …...800-488-2884

Mechanical Mechanical Building Services...474-9111 Ryan Mechanical………………631-7766 The Mechanical Company……..735-PIPE

Plumbing Great Basin Plumbing & Mechanical …...898-0002

Power Titan Power Inc………..…800-509-6170

Effective Repairs To Hydraulic Cylinders

Efficient water use on golf courses

Sierry Industrial Equipment….207-4700

Before a rod can be re-chromed, the existing chrome plating has to be ground off. Each time a rod is ground, the diameter of the parent metal is reduced and therefore the thickness of the chrome layer required to finish the rod to its specified diameter increases. If the chrome layer is too thick, the chrome will stress crack, resulting in premature failure of the rod seals. Therefore, when the thickness of the chrome plating on a cylinder rod reaches 0.008” the rod must be scrapped. Head – It is common, in cylinders used in light-duty applications, for the rod to be supported directly on the head material, which is usually aluminum alloy or cast iron. A metallic or nonmetallic guide bush (wear band) is fitted between the rod and the head, in applications where there are high loads on the rod. If a cylinder is fitted with a bush between the rod and the head, it should be replaced as part of the repair. If the rod is supported directly on the head, use an internal micrometer or vernier caliper to measure the head’s internal diameter. Take measurements in two positions, 90 degrees apart, to check for ovalness. The inside diameter of the head should not exceed the nominal rod diameter plus 0.004”. For example, if the nominal diameter of the rod is 1-1/2” then the inside diameter of the head should not exceed 1.504”. If the head measures outside this tolerance, it will allow the rod to load the rod seal, resulting in premature failure of the seal. Therefore, the head must be sleeved using a bronze bush or be replaced with a new head, machined from a similar material. Minor scoring on the lands of the seal grooves inside the head is not detrimental to the function of the cylinder, as long as the maximum diameter across the lands does not exceed the nominal rod diameter plus 0.016”. For example, if the nominal diameter of the rod is 1-1/2” then the inside diameter of the head, measured across the lands of the seal grooves, should not exceed 1.516”. If the seal lands measure outside this tolerance, the service life of the rod seal will be reduced. Therefore, the head must be replaced with a new head, machined from a similar material.

Continued on page 14...

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Continued from page 13….

“You mean we’re going to have to work on the equipment before it breaks down?”

Barrel – Inspect the barrel for internal pitting or scoring. If the barrel is pitted or scored, the effectiveness and service life of the piston seal will be reduced. Therefore, the barrel must be honed to remove damage or be replaced. On small diameter barrels, pitting or scoring less than 0.005” deep can be removed using an engine-cylinder honing tool. The barrel must be honed evenly along its full length. The maximum bore diameter for standard-size piston seals is the nominal bore diameter plus 0.010”. For example, if the nominal bore diameter of the barrel is 2-1/2” then the maximum size after honing should not exceed 2.510”. This size should be checked at several points along the barrel, using an internal micrometer. If scoring or pitting is still present at 0.010” oversize, the barrel must be honed further to accommodate oversize seals or be replaced. Manufacturing a new barrel from honed tubing, which is available in standard sizes from specialist steel merchants, is usually the most economical solution for small diameter cylinders.

Front Story Safety Spotlight

Large diameter, inch-size cylinder barrels can be salvaged by honing either 0.030” or 0.060” oversize and fitting the corresponding oversize piston seals. Oversize seals for metric-size cylinders have limited availability and therefore it is not always possible to salvage metric-size barrels by fitting oversize seals.

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Piston – The pistons of cylinders used in light-duty applications are usually machined from aluminum alloy or cast iron and operate in direct contact with the cylinder bore. Minor scoring on the outside diameter of the piston is not detrimental to the function of the cylinder, as long as the minimum diameter of the piston is not less than the nominal bore diameter minus 0.006”. and

Fluid Power Safety Alert

Directory Accident Management Accidents-Happen.com ....800-510-0017

Air Compressors Air Center of Nevada….……...399-6555

Air Conditioning Air Systems, Inc…….………...362-5885 AirCare…………….………….454-1370

Boilers Desert Boilers & Controls.…...646-7512

Chemical Cleaning Rydlyme…………….…...……365-9722

Equipment Sierry Industrial Equipment….207-4700

Inspections Independent Electronic Inspections, Inc …...800-488-2884

Mechanical Mechanical Building Services...474-9111 Ryan Mechanical………………631-7766 The Mechanical Company……..735-PIPE

Plumbing Great Basin Plumbing & Mechanical …...898-0002

Power Titan Power Inc………..…800-509-6170

Real Estate General Realty………………...682-4632

Services Commercial Consulting Services …..731-1646

Continued from page 15…. Effective Repairs To Hydraulic Cylinders

Utilities Southwest Gas………………...364-3063 NV Energy….………….……...367-5000

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“You mean we’re going to have to work on the equipment before it breaks down?”

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can be checked using an external micrometer. For example, if the nominal diameter of the barrel is 2-1/2” then the minimum piston diameter would be 2.494”. If the piston diameter measures outside this tolerance, it must be replaced with a new piston, machined from a similar material. Non-metallic wear bands are fitted between the piston and barrel, in applications where there are high loads on the rod. If the cylinder is fitted with piston wear bands, these should be replaced as part of the repair.

-4 Fluid Power Safety Alert

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Air Compressors Air Center of Nevada….……...399-6555

Air Conditioning

Ordering Seals If you order seals from a seal supplier, avoid the common practice of measuring the old seals. Seals can either shrink or swell in service and in some cases, an incorrect seal may have been installed previously. To ensure that you are supplied with the correct seals, measure all seal grooves with a vernier caliper and give this information to your seal supplier. Assembly Thoroughly clean all parts in a petroleum-based solvent and blow-dry using compressed air. Coat all parts with clean hydraulic fluid during assembly. Prior to installing seals, ensure that the seal grooves are clean and free from nicks and burrs. Avoid using a screwdriver or other sharp object when installing seals, as this can result in damage to the seal. After the cylinder has been assembled, plug its service ports to prevent ingress of moisture or dirt. About the Author: Brendan Casey has more than 16 years experience in the maintenance, repair and overhaul of mobile and industrial hydraulic equipment. For more information on reducing the operating cost and increasing the uptime of your hydraulic equipment, visit his Web site: http:// www.InsiderSecretsToHydraulics.com

Safety Spotlight

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Air Systems, Inc…….………...362-5885 AirCare…………….………….454-1370

Boilers Desert Boilers & Controls.…...646-7512

Chemical Cleaning Rydlyme…………….…...……365-9722

Equipment Sierry Industrial Equipment….207-4700

Inspections Independent Electronic Inspections, Inc …...800-488-2884

Mechanical Mechanical Building Services...474-9111 Ryan Mechanical………………631-7766 The Mechanical Company……..735-PIPE

Plumbing Great Basin Plumbing & Mechanical …...898-0002

Power Titan Power Inc………..…800-509-6170

Real Estate General Realty………………...682-4632

Services Commercial Consulting Services …..731-1646

Effective Repairs To Hydraulic Cylinders

Utilities Southwest Gas………………...364-3063 NV Energy….………….……...367-5000

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Planning Tip “You mean we’re going to have to work on the equipment before it breaks down?”

Front Story

Directory Accident Management

Planning a Critical Project Excerpt from John W. Rushton’s book, Effective Maintenance Management Using Planned & Preventive Maintenance

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A large maintenance project can take a significant amount of material and human resources, and can interrupt production. Because of this, proper preparation and planning is essential. Critical Project Planning requires dedicated effort and is time consuming. Success is directly proportional to the time and effort spent in the initial stages, and the quality of the information gathered. We suggest that the initial planning of a large maintenance project be broken down into the following six categories:

Safety Spotlight

1.The Definition: The definition should include what you are going to do, and what you are not going to do. The biggest single reason for failure in the execution of a critical project is the adding of work after the project is started. This destroys momentum, which is essential for success. Every job added requires a completely new work plan. If the job is absolutely necessary, do it, but think about it.

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2.The Task Statement: This is a list of jobs or activities, which can be as detailed or as broad as you want to make them. Practice is the only way to develop skill in this area.

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Air Conditioning Air Systems, Inc…….………...362-5885 AirCare…………….………….454-1370

Boilers Desert Boilers & Controls.…...646-7512

Chemical Cleaning Rydlyme…………….…...……365-9722

Equipment Sierry Industrial Equipment….207-4700

Inspections Independent Electronic Inspections, Inc …...800-488-2884

Mechanical Mechanical Building Services...474-9111 Ryan Mechanical………………631-7766 The Mechanical Company……..735-PIPE

Plumbing Great Basin Plumbing & Mechanical …...898-0002

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3.The Critical Path Network: The initial CPN is designed to show the inner relationship between jobs, and prepare the planner to make a realistic bar chart.

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4.The Bar Chart: This is primarily a scheduling and man-power leveling tool. This chart, along with the CPN, will ultimately be the tools used to control the job.

Effective Repairs To Hydraulic Cylinders

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Efficient water use on golf courses

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Commercial Consulting Services …..731-1646

5.The Parts List: There is very little maintenance work where expected parts usage cannot be reasonably estimated before a machine is shut down. The parts business is particularly difficult, but the effort must be made. The parts list is usually started after the CPN because you need to know exactly what you are going to do before you can make an accurate estimate of the parts required.

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6.The Cost Estimate: It is unusual for a company to spend more on a repair than the cost of a new or rebuilt machine. All levels of maintenance management should develop a feel for costs. You now have enough information to schedule the work and give management a reasonable estimate as to how much time and money it is going to take. After the decision to go is given, this information can be used as a tool to properly finish the planning, and to execute a successful project

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WATER-WISE AND POUND-SENSIBLE Presented by the Golf Course Superintendents Association of America

“You mean we’re going to have to work on the equipment before it breaks down?”

Front Story

Golf course superintendents are always looking for innovative ways to minimize the amount of water used on their courses. Efficient water use on golf courses is dependent upon several factors, most notably the irrigation practices of the turf manager and performance of the irrigation system. Proper design and installation are critical for an irrigation system to perform effectively. Hydraulics, nozzle selection, control capabilities and climate all must be considered in the design process. The adjustment of pumps and regulators, and the replacement of worn nozzles or other damaged components must be ongoing. Outdated systems present additional challenges as aging hardware results in major failures of pumps, controllers and mainlines, causing the loss of large areas of turf. To counter such problems, many superintendents make it a daily routine to spot standing water, repair leaks and adjust controllers – to correct areas that are too dry or too wet.

Safety Spotlight

-4

Techniques to maximize irrigation efficiency include adjusting sprinkler head spacing for uniform coverage, tailoring nozzle size to the soil texture and utilizing individual sprinkler head control to ensure flexible scheduling. Turf professionals invest a great deal of time and money into superior irrigation systems to reduce the amount of water, as well as money, spent on the course.

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Air Compressors Air Center of Nevada….……...399-6555

Air Conditioning

Key points:

Air Systems, Inc…….………...362-5885 AirCare…………….………….454-1370

Efficient water use on golf courses is dependent upon several factors, most notably the irrigation practices of the turf manager and performance of the irrigation system. Turf professionals invest a great deal of time and money into superior irrigation systems to reduce the amount of water, as well as money, spent on the course. Proper design and installation are critical for an irrigation system to perform effectively. Many superintendents make it a daily routine to spot standing water, repair leaks and adjust controllers A central computer controller or satellite system can be used to manage irrigation.

Boilers Desert Boilers & Controls.…...646-7512

Chemical Cleaning Rydlyme…………….…...……365-9722

Equipment Sierry Industrial Equipment….207-4700

Inspections Independent Electronic Inspections, Inc …...800-488-2884

Mechanical Mechanical Building Services...474-9111 Ryan Mechanical………………631-7766 The Mechanical Company……..735-PIPE

Plumbing Great Basin Plumbing & Mechanical …...898-0002

Power Titan Power Inc………..…800-509-6170

Real Estate General Realty………………...682-4632

Services Commercial Consulting Services …..731-1646

What more can be done?

Effective Repairs To Hydraulic Cylinders

Some superintendents opt to upgrade hardware or invest in a completely new system altogether, while others have decided on irrigation auditors, who help budget management costs.

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Utilities Southwest Gas………………...364-3063 NV Energy….………….……...367-5000

Applying a wetting agent ensures that water penetrates the soil. Studies show that without a wetting agent, 30 to 70 percent of applied water never reaches the root of the plant. Wetting agents reduce the surface tension of the water being applied, reducing runoff and evaporation.

Another effective irrigation practice uses a central computer controller or satellite systems to manage irrigation. The central control and satellite control systems on the market today allow superintendents to budget water and determine which areas of the course have special irrigation needs. There are even systems that can be connected to weather and soil moisture monitors. These systems only water turf when necessary.

Efficient water use on golf courses

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Whatever method is used, the golfer can be sure of one thing – the superintendent has dotted every “I” and crossed every “T” when it comes to resourcefully irrigating their course. For more information regarding golf course management practices, contact your local superintendent or the GCSAA at (800) 472-7878 or www.gcsaa.org.

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