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SWASTIKA

World Symbol History


Introduction Altough there is a lot of info arround the swastika there is a good reason to bundle a little collection and tell the story. This booklet is the second part of Swastika world symbol taking the reader to the part of history, first part was showing the symbol itself in its many forms and worldwide use. Cant say ennouff times Swastika is owned by nobody, everybody. There is no specific explination in its use, the user gives the value. To make this clear there is still a need to tell the history because just one use for the symbol is not fare, lets wake up the unknown. Therefore this booklet is for free and free to share, no money, politics nor religion involved to promote. Big thanks to Dominique Billaroch setting up and Darren Hartas for setting the english readable Ego Kornus Swastika blog https://svasticross.blogspot.com Swastika Truthseeker


save the swastika Smiley Swastika says: ‘‘I’ve been a good luck sign and sacred symbol since the ancient days.’’

MANWOMAN DAY • November 13th


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MAMMOTH TUSK BIRD STATUETTE • Mezin Ukraine • At least 10,000 years old, possibly much older Uncovered in 1908 at a Palaeolithic settlement, this bird is carved from mammoth ivory and is marked with an interlocking swastika pattern. Carbon-dating has shown that this is the oldest known artefact we know of that is decorated with the swastika. Even though this is the oldest example of the swastika it does not mean that this is the beginning of its use on our planet, the symbol could have roots that go back even further. This bird is thought to be a religious artefact from the Earth Mother Cult, the bird is a representation of the Bird Mother or Earth Mother. SOURCE SOURCE SOURCE


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SONS OF THE SUN PETROGLYPH • In the northern Brazilian state of Roraima • Around 10,000 years old Found in 1963 alongside many other prehistoric rock carvings by French Archaeologist, Professor Marcel F. Homet who wrote a book about his discovery. Located on a rocky outcrop known as Pedra Pintada meaning painted rock, in the Boa Vista savanna, an area in the northern Amazon where Macuxi, Wapishana and Pemon indigenous peoples live. SOURCE SOURCE


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BRONZE AGE (SACRIFICIAL ALTAR) • Hexentanzplatz Plateau in the Harz mountains, Germany • Around 5,000 years old Found in 1901 during construction of the Walpurgis Hall Museum on a plateau 454 meters up in the Harz mountains, Germany. The name of the plateau where the discovery was made Hexentanzplatz, translates to “Witches dance floor” was of great significance to the Bronze Age Germanic cults. An alter like this one would be used by these cults as part of their rituals for Walpurgis Night (April 30th to May 1st) SOURCE SOURCE SOURCE


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LEADEN IDOL OF ARTEMIS NANA • Ruins of Troy, Hissalik, Turkey • Between 4,600 and 4,400 years old This idol of Artemis Nana of Chaldea is made from lead and was uncovered by the German Heinrich Schliemann in the 1870’s. Schliemann was a businessman and pioneer of archaeology, credited with the discovering ruins of what we accept as being the ancient city of Troy at Hissalik in Turkey. This particular idol came from the nation of Chaldea which came into existence between the late 10th century and early 9th century BCE, and became part of Babylonia in the 6th century BCE. The name Artemis usually refers to the Greek Goddess but there is evidence that she evolved from older deities, such as Potnia Theron. SOURCE SOURCE


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MESOPOTAMIAN, URUK PERIOD BOWL • Samarra, Iraq • Around 4,000 years old One of many artefacts excavated by the German archaeologist Ernst Herzfeld at the excavation of the Iraqi city of Samarra, between 1911 and 1941. As well as the central symbol the outer design is of swastika-geometry, meaning there is rotationalsymmetry but no lines of mirror-symmetry. Each quarter of the design has a bird which is catching a fish, further outwards is a SOURCE SOURCE ring of 8 fish and outside the circling fish there are exactly 120 dashes, 30 per quarter.


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HATTI SUN STANDARD • Alaca, Çorum Province, Turkey • Around 4,000 years old Uncovered between 1935 and 1939 by Turkish archaeologists Hamit Zübeyir Koşay and Remzi Oğuz Arık while excavating 14 tombs at Alaca Höyük in Turkey. From around this area a vast array of artefacts were uncovered. Of these objects, some of the most significant were from the Hatti (Pre-Hittite) tombs. Cult objects that would have been carried in ceremonial processions SOURCE SOURCE were then often buried alongside other offerings.


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ACHAEAN FIGURINE • Louvre Museum Paris, France • Around 4,000 years old Achaea is of the 74 Regional Units that make up modern Greece, this figure of a woman with a large, bell-like body, thin legs and elongated neck. As well as the swastikas that dominate the neck she has been painted with a pattern that looks to be a ceremonial circle of ladies, holding hands around her body, with the sun and planets; or perhaps stars, in the heavens above them. SOURCE

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ÅBY ROCK 1 • Tossene, Bohuslän, Sweden • Between 4,000 and 2,500 years old The main symbols here are known as “Spirit Ships, which are a representation of the journey to the afterlife. The lines along the deck of the ship are people and larger of the two ships contains images of a double-headed axe and two spears. Ancient origins of the swastikas have pointed towards it representing the wheels of the Sun Chariot, in this carving the position of the tetraskelion certainly points to that. The petroglyphs of southern Scandinavia are mostly dated from the later part of the Bronze age circa 500-1500 BC SOURCE SOURCE


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BOEOTIAN AMPHORA • National Archaeological Museum, Athens, Greece • Around 2,700 Years Old From the Boeotian regional unit of Greece, this vase depicts the Greek Goddess Artemis, sister to Apollo. Artemis is a huntress, often to be found deep in the forest with her bow at the ready. She is nature in its purest form, personified into a figure of worship. Artemis is the Greek version of Potnia Theron “Mistress of Animals” who has been present in religion going back to preSOURCE SOURCE historic times. SOURCE


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ETRUSCAN PENDANT • Southern Italy • Around 2,600 years old This pendant was gifted to the Boston Museum of Fine Arts in 1913 by Edward Perry Warren who was an art collector. It is of Etruscan origin and believed to have been from the city of Suessela in the southern Italian region of Campania. Made from Electrum which is a naturally occurring alloy of Gold and silver with trace elements of copper. SOURCE SOURCE SOURCE


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BUST OF AN ARMENIAN ARMY COMMANDER • History Museum of Armenian, Yerevan, Armenia • Between 2,500 and 2,400 years old Reconstructed by Professor A. D. Tchagharian, this bust is of an Armenian Commander of the Hurrite tribe. The location it was uncovered at is the village of Lchashen in the Gegharkunik province of Armenia. SOURCE SOURCE


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MINOTAUR & LABYRINTH COIN • K  nossos, Crete, Greece • Around 2,400 years old The front face of the coin has an image of the Minotaur from Greek Mythology in a stance of kneeling- running. The reverse side SOURCE has a swastika Labyrinth, the maze in which the Minotaur lived.


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GREEK HELMET • Found in Herculaneum, Italy • Between 2,350 and 2,325 years old Although this a Greek helmet it was recovered at the Roman town of Herculaneum in Italy which was one of a number of settlements lost when Mount Vesuvius erupted in the year 79 AD. The helmet originated at Taranto, a Greek settlement in Aquila, Southern Italy and can now be found on display at Cabinet des Médailles, a museum and department of the French National SOURCE SOURCE SOURCE Library in Paris.


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BUDDHAPADA • Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province, Pakistan • Around 1,800 and 1,700 years old The image of Buddha’s footprints are revered in all Buddhist countries, especially Sri Lanka and Thailand. Buddhapada are one of the earliest Buddhist symbols, dating back to the period when Buddhist art when it was in an anti-iconic stage. It is usual for the toes to all be the same length and to be decorated with auspicious symbols such as the swastika and dharma chakra. This example, which can be found in the Lahore Museum is carved from schist, a medium grade metamorphic rock. SOURCE

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ACINACE SHEATH FOR THREE BLADES • G  olden Hill - Jowzjan province, northern Afghanistan • Around 1,750 years old Acinaces or Akinakes are a short sword or dagger mostly from the first millennium BC in the region of the eastern Mediterranean. This example was discovered at a site named Tillya (or Tillia) tepe, meaning Golden Hill or Golden Mound in Northern Afghanistan. In 1978 a Soviet-Afghan archaeological team excavated tombs of one man and six women. Together the tombs contained an enormous hoard of more than 20,000 items of precious metals. This bronze sheath for three knives is decorated in gold and turquoise and contains an iron bladed acinace with a carved ivory handle. SOURCE SOURCE SOURCE SOURCE


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SANKTHANSKOR • H  ablingo, Gotland, Sweden • From 1,600 to 1,500 years old From the time known as the Migration Period (AD 375-568) this carved stone is a Swedish example of a Sankthanskor (Looped Square or St. John’s Arms) that is part of the collection at the Historical Museum in Visby, on the island of Gotland. This was quite a widespread symbol that was used to decorate homes and all manner of objects so as to ward off bad luck and evil spirits. It is SOURCE SOURCE SOURCE still popular to this day in many Scandinavian and eastern European countries.


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MOSAICS AT THE MOSES MEMORIAL CHURCH • Mount Nebu, Jordan • Around 1500 years old Rediscovered in the 20th century having been abandoned in the 14th century the Moses Memorial Church is a basilica built in the year 597AD on foundations that date back to the 4th century on Mount Nebu, Jordan. The basilica is home to some of the best preserved and more mosaics in all of Jordan, which date back to the year 530AD. Mount Nebu is a ridge, not quite high enough to be a mountain, it is mentioned in the Hebrew Bible as the place where Moses was shown the Promised Land SOURCE

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VIKING SWORD WITH SILVER INLAY • P  art of a private collection in the USA • Between 1,200 and 1,100 years old In 2008 this was on loan to the Metropolitan Museum in New York, from the private collection of Laird & Kathleen Landmann. Even after the centuries of oxidation the makers name “Hartolfr” is still visible on the blade. The iron blade was pattern-welded which is where the metal is repeatedly folded and hammered, the increased number of layers makes for a stronger blade and is more commonly known as “Damascus steel”. What makes this sword more special is the very fine, decorative silver swastikas that were inlayed over the guard and pommel. To make such an inlay the craftsman would have to cut away the iron to form a shallow groove where the decoration was to be applied. The silver wire is then heated and hammered to fill in the space. Such an exquisite SOURCE sword would not be for your average Viking, this may even have been made for a special occasion or ceremony.


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MARPIDUGU PERUNKINARU – SWASTIKA WELL • Tiruvellarai, Tamil Nadu, India • Around 1200 years Excavated under the order of the King Dantivarman by Mutharaiya chieftain Kamban Araiyan at the Pundarikaksha Perumal Temple in India. The name Marpidugu comes from one of the royal titles for the King. The information about the well and its construction is inscribed in one of the inner walls in Tamil, there is also information about renovations that took place in the 13th century and a poem that speaks of how nothing and no one last forever. Although it is often referred to as being a “well” it is thought to not be a source of drinking water, but a place for bathing. The design means that four people could walk down the SOURCE SOURCE SOURCE SOURCE stairs, and bathe at the same time without seeing the each other.


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KOREAN ROOF TILE (EVE-END) • Harvard Arts Museum, Cambridge, MA, USA • Between 1,100 and 600 years old Made in Korea during the Koryŏ dynasty (918-1392AD) this tile would be one of many with the same design which would line the edge of a roof (known as eves) as a decoration which is quite typical of Asian architecture. Made from a light grey earthenware the design was formed from a mould, around the central symbol there are rings of beads, lotus pods and formalised cloud scrolls. SOURCE Since 1995 it has been part of the collection of the Harvard Arts Museum having been gifted to their collection.


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ST. PETER’S & ST. PAUL’S CHURCH • Kruszwika, Kujawy-Pomerania province, Poland • 879 years old (1120 to 1140) Made in Korea during the Koryŏ dynasty (918-1392AD) this tile would be one of many with the same design which would line the edge of a roof (known as eves) as a decoration which is quite typical of Asian architecture. Made from a light grey earthenware the design was formed from a mould, around the central symbol there are rings of beads, lotus pods and formalised cloud scrolls. Since 1995 it has been part of the collection of the Harvard Arts Museum having been gifted to their collection. SOURCE

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AMIENS CATHEDRAL • Amiens, Picardy region, France • 749 year old (Constructed 1220 to 1270) The site of Amiens cathedral actually has a history going back to the 3rd century with the tiled floor of the nave predating the cathedral we see today, it actually goes back to the 12th century, with restoration work happening in the 19th century. The floor is dominated by a central Labyrinth, the rest is made up of panels of geometric patterns. There are two panels that contain the same interlocking swastika pattern but they appear different at first as one is the negative of the other; white swastikas on a black SOURCE background and vice versa.


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COX MOUND GORGET • Mississippian culture, found in Tennessee, USA • Between 767 and 567 years old Typically these are made from exotic white shell and discovered in the Stone Box graves of the Cox Mound (Woodpecker) is an enduring symbol of Tennessee’s prehistoric inhabitants. Historically a gorget is an article of clothing that covers the neck or throat that can be for protection as in a suit of armour or in cases like this one it is a pendant-like badge of rank or insignia of status. These pendant-like decorations are thought to symbolise earthly and supernatural powers. SOURCE SOURCE SOURCE SOURCE


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ANCESTRAL HOPI BOWL • Homol’ ovi, Navajo County, Arizona, USA • Around 700 years old This bowl originates from the period between 1240AD and 1400AD. This was a time when people migrated from the mountainous uplands, of Black Mesa. Moving south from areas such as Kayenta and Tusayan they came together, forming what would become SOURCE SOURCE the Hopi Tribe. It is the influence of these ancestors that can be seen in the decoration of this 13th century bowl.


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DOODLE IN FRENCH LAW MANUSCRIPT • Amiens, Picardy region, France • Around 700 Years old The discovery of this doodle was made in 2014 by Erick Kwakkel who posted this image in his tumblr account where he shares the more interesting and unusual finds he makes in the course of his research. Erick is based at Leiden University in the Netherlands where he works with medieval manuscripts. He is a researcher of ancient writing systems, deciphering and dating of historical SOURCE SOURCE SOURCE manuscripts as well as the study of the interrelationships of manuscripts.


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THE ANNUNCIATION BY VRANCKE VAN DER SOKT • Musée des Beaux-Arts de Dijon, France • Around 500 Years old The Annunciation is the event when the angel Gabriel announces to Mary that she is going to conceive the son of god. This interpretation of one of the most painted images in all of Christian art, is by a Dutch artist who was born sometime before 1420 and died June 14th 1495. Vrancke van der Sokt wasn’t a very well-known artist, none of his works were actually attributed to him until the 1920’s when he gained recognition for other works. In 2014 this painting was known to be in part of the collection at the SOURCE SOURCE SOURCE Fine Arts Museum in Dijon, France.


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SAYAGATA • Introduced in Japan from China, possibly originally from India first • Over 400 years old in Japan alone In recent times the word sayagata has become the name for a geometric pattern of interlocking “key-frets” but the word has origins in fabric the pattern would be found on and not the pattern which we now associate the name with. In the modern Japanese language Saya is a type of fabric which is defined by the weave that forms the fabric. Within a Japanese dictionary that has been in use for close to a century, Saya is defined as an imported fabric that would become imitated in Japan. It also has reference to the first arrival of this fabric in Japan, it came from China during the Tenshō period (天正) in the year 1605. Although information prior to its arrival in Japan isn’t easy to come it is agreed that this name is from the Japanese history. One source says, to put it in simple terms that the name comes from two Japanese words, Sa 紗 is silk gauze and Ayagata 綾形 is a type of fabric made with a weave of twill and damask. SOURCE SOURCE SOURCE


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LAUBURU • Basque Region, Spain - France • Over 300 years old This is the Basque good luck symbol, a cross with four comma-shaped arms. The name is thought to come from the Basque words lau, meaning four and buru meaning head. It is an ancient symbol that, like many of the world’s four-armed crosses, represents the sun which is a symbol of goodness and prosperity. Though mostly associated today with the Basque people, it is a common symbol in European mythology, especially that of the Celts. SOURCE SOURCE SOURCE SOURCE


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ASANTE GOLD WEIGHTS • Western Africa • Between 200 and 300 years old The Asante people (also known or Akan) are a nation and an ethnic group. Their native region is part of modern day Ghana and their ancestors now also live in the Ivory Coast. A gold-rich nation, the Akan would use these brass weights as a measure when trading or buying gold dust. When used upon these weights the swastika is a symbol of currency, wealth, integrity and power. To some Akan the swastika was called a monkey foot. Another version of a swastika was used by the Akan, the four arms being curled up in a spiral not the straight-armed version we tend to think of for the standard symbol. The name of this type translates as eagle’s talon and this was a symbol of devotion and service, it was shaved into the heads of those who served the Queen Mother as well as being worn on fabrics by these serving ladies. SOURCE SOURCE SOURCE SOURCE SOURCE


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RAASHAN (noiser) its a toy for children for Purim festival, Jewish. Wooden Raashan from the start of the 18th century. One of the commandments at Purim is the reading of the Book of Esther and it is customary to shake the rattle every time Haman’s name is mentioned. Ancient rattles are known from the third millennium BCE to the first century BCE.

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DUTCH MAGAZINE founded in 1909.

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COAT OF ARMS of Sonora Mexico 1920’s - 1946 . Design by Diego Rivera

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XED LE HEAD 2019 Xed a former tattooist who influenced quite some other artist with his dotstyle work had to put down the machine for a disfunction wich made him not capable to tattoo anymore. In the artistic part of Xed the Swastika is very present and spent loads of times creating paintings. Sharing but not selling.

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Layout Dominique Billaroch Cover art Steffan Tanner English correction Darren Harrtas Swastika research Ego Kornus


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SWASTIKA - World Symbol History  

Swastika timeline edited for the Manwoman day 2019

SWASTIKA - World Symbol History  

Swastika timeline edited for the Manwoman day 2019

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