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A MONTHLY PUBLICATION OF FEDERAL ROAD SAFETY COMMISSION

Driving

HOW IT CAN KEEP YOU SAFE

www.frscinsight.com JUNE 2012


www.saferoadinnigeria.org

From The Editor-In-Chief

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ave you ever wondered why birds were created by God to fly?. Beyond flying, birds are known to flock together in groups while in flight, but more astonishing to the human race is the lesson that birds, while in flight, including birds like bats that are born naturally blind without a physical eye, seldom collide while in flight, even in darkness. Majority of birds engage in long twisting chases, incredibly manoeuvrable, especially during courtship and when avoiding predators, yet they never collide. This month, FRSC Insight examines how human beings can learn from the birds by driving without collision. The story on driving and how you can keep safe is an attempt at learning from the birds in avoiding road crashes. India, world’s 2nd most populous country, worried by worsening road traffic crashes, adopted a traffic strategy which ‘’forces’ offenders to work as traffic police in order to make them manage the kind of disorder caused by their road rage. Cell phones as essential as they are for facilitating business and social contacts, are contributory to road crashes and fatalities. This way several countries have began to legislate against their use by drivers of commercial vehicles. Are you cell phone disciplined? Are you aware of office cell phone etiquettes?. We share a few with you in this edition. Are you still wondering why Hepatitis is labelled the weapon of liver destruction?. You can read along to know more about the ailment and how to manage this dreaded disease.

OC Oladele (DCC) Head, Planning Advisory Unit Editor – In - Chief

All the previous editions are available online on www.frscinsight.com

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IN THIS EDITION ■ Driving: How It Can Keep YouSafe - pg 4 ■ Repair Your Car Safely - pg 6 ■ Quotable Quotes on Disciplines - pg 8 ■ Rules for Using Cell Phone at Work - pg 10 ■ Cell Phone Ban - pg 10 ■ Weapon of Liver Destruction - pg 12

Copyright & Disclaimer . The information contained in this Newsletter has been compiled by Federal Road Safety Corps [FRSC]. It provides general information only. Some photographs and graphics contained therein are only for dramatization (i.e. may not represent any member, client, partner, facilities, employee etc. of Federal Road Safety Corps). No responsibility is accepted for the correctness and completeness of the given information. . Copyright © Federal Road Safety Commission. All rights reserved. Contact Details Federal Road Safety Corps National Headquaters Olusegun Obasanjo Way, Zone 7, Wuse District. PMB 125, Abuja, Nigeria 0700- CALL - FRSC 0700 - 2255 - 3772 0807- 769 - 0362 (Text Messages Only) Email: info@frsc.gov.ng Website: www.frsc.gov.ng

EDITORIAL BOARD Osita Chidoka Corps Marshal/Chief Executive Publisher

OC Oladele (DCC) Editor–In-Chief

KD Alegieuno (ARC) Editor

Members VO Ogunnupebi (ACC) AR Obagbemiro (CRC) CB Nwokolo (DRC) DO Enakireru (ARC) 0I IKOKU (ARC)

Driving can keep you safe

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HOUGH driving a motor vehicle is viewed as a necessity by millions of people today, driving comes at a price. It has been estimated that over 1,300,000 people lose their lives in traffic accidents worldwide each year! Thus, would it not be worth our while to learn how to drive safely? Let us look at some practical steps that we can take. A report in the Australian Journal of Social Issues noted that one of the most significant steps a driver can take to reduce the risk of fatalities is to improve his behaviour at the wheel. Therefore, before setting out, a driver might want to ask himself, ‘Am I in the proper condition and mood to drive?’ Fatigue can dull one’s mind and slow responses. The Land Transportation Office of the Philippines lists anger, anxiety, and excitement as emotions that affect driving habits and that can lead to unwise decisions and even violent road rage... See page 4

www.frscinsight.org


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DrivinG How it can keep you safe D O Enakireru (ARC)

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HOUGH driving a motor vehicle is viewed as a necessity by millions of people today, driving comes at a price. It has been estimated that over 1,300,000 people lose their lives in traffic accidents worldwide each year! Thus, would it not be worth our while to learn how to drive safely? Let us look at some practical steps that we can take. A report in the Australian Journal of Social Issues noted that one of the most significant steps a driver can take to reduce the risk of fatalities is to improve his behaviour at the wheel. Therefore, before setting out, a driver might want to ask himself, ‘Am I in the proper condition and mood to drive?’ Fatigue can dull one’s mind and slow responses. The Land Transportation Office of the Philippines lists anger, anxiety, and excitement as emotions that affect driving habits and that can lead to unwise decisions and even violent road rage. • Stay alert • Wear your seat belt • Don’t multitask • Avoid distractions One’s physical condition must also be considered, as certain illnesses or injuries can hamper a person’s ability to drive safely.

A driver who respects the lives of others will not venture out on the road when his driving ability may be impaired by alcohol. Certain drugs or medications can also affect the driver’s reactions. In some cases, it may be prudent to forgo the trip or to get someone else to drive. CHECK YOUR SKILLS Especially in developing countries, as the number of vehicles increases, so does the number of new, inexperienced drivers. Thus, it is good to consider two things that any driver can do to avoid accidents. Drive defensively! Stay alert, watch for potential road hazards ahead and behind, and anticipate the moves of other drivers—including wrong moves. Since a large percentage of collisions result from one vehicle following another too closely, the wise driver will maintain a safe distance between his vehicle and others. • Be aware of blind spots • Brakes in prime condition • Sufficient tire pressure • Plenty of tread • Maintain a safe following distance Be aware of blind spots and distractions. Turn your head to see


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what is happening around you, and do not rely solely on mirrors. Avoid distractions while driving. Don’t multi-task—such activities as talking on the phone or operating gadgets are distracting. If you drive a motorcycle: Some authorities say that per mile, a motorcyclist is 37 times more likely to die in a crash than the occupant of a car. What protective steps can you take? Both of the preceding steps also apply to the motorcyclist. In addition, the Motorcycle Safety Foundation in the United States says: “Be visible.” Make sure others can see you. Keep your headlights on. Stay out of blind spots of other vehicles. “Dress for safety.” Wear a helmet and bright, thick, protective clothing. “Ride extra defensively.” Assume that others cannot see you, and drive accordingly. • “Dress for safety” • “Be visible” CHECK YOUR VEHICLE The driver should be safety conscious, and his vehicle should be in good condition. Brakes should be in prime condition, as should all working parts. Tires should have plenty of tread to

reduce the possibility of sliding or hydroplaning. Sufficient tire pressure will improve handling and braking. Most vehicles today have seat belts. These do little good if they are not worn. Drive your vehicle according to conditions. Wet roads, and especially those with ice or snow, affect stopping distances and steering ability. For night driving, headlights should be kept in good condition and speeds should usually be lowered. Since life is a gift from God, it is only proper that we do what we can to protect our lives, including learning to drive safely. ECONOMICAL DRIVING

■ Drive smoothly: Frequent acceleration and braking wastes fuel. ■ Avoid idling: Cars today do not generally need to be warmed up before being driven. If the car will be standing for more than half a minute, switch off the engine. ■ Maintain tire pressure: Properly inflated tires roll more easily, thus reducing fuel use significantly.

■Keep your speed down: Driving at a high speed can be unsafe and can require extra fuel.


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safety repair your car safely

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evin knew from experience how to change the oil in his car. He knew how to remove the drain plug on the oil pan, empty the crankcase, replace the plug, and tighten it. But one time as Kevin pushed firmly on his wrench, it slipped off the bolt head. Kevin's hand smashed into a sharp piece of metal, slashing his palm badly enough to require several stitches. LIKE Kevin, many people routinely work on their own car—some simply because it cuts costs. But learning the basics of maintenance and repair can have other benefits as well. "Once, during a long road trip, my car developed a problem," says a woman named Kathy. "Because I had learned to work on my car, I was able to fix it myself and continue the journey.” THINK AHEAD! Your first priority should be safety. If you are performing a task for the first time, try to obtain a copy of a repair manual for your car or ask an experienced friend for help. If your car has computerized or other high-tech components, it might be better to take your vehicle to a mechanic who has the necessary equipment and experience to make repairs. As Kevin's injury illustrates, it is easy to hurt yourself when working in tight spaces or when exerting force with a tool. How can you avoid injury? When fastening a bolt with a wrench, make sure that the tool is properly seated over it. Ask yourself, 'If the tool slips, where will my hand go?' Wearing gloves or wrapping a rag around your hand can provide a measure of protection. To help control the force you are exerting, if possible, pull the tool toward you instead of pushing it away. Likewise, when freeing a stuck bolt, your goal should be to move it just a quarter of a turn at a time. These principles of foresight and control always apply. Never let haste cause you to neglect them! Accidents often occur when a person tries to use a tool for something other than its intended purpose. Tom,

for instance, was having a difficult time changing the spark plugs in his car. Why? His socket was too short, and it kept slipping off the first plug. Finally, Tom attached an extension between the socket and the ratchet. He then changed the five remaining plugs in the same time that it took him to change the first one—and he did it safely! The lesson? Having the right tool is essential. Foreign matter can get into your eyes while you are working under the car or looking up under the dashboard. How can this be prevented? "Wear some kind of eye protection, such as goggles," says Sean, who has worked as a mechanic for over ten years. "In the shop where I work," he adds, "using such safety equipment is mandatory." You should also wear eye protection when working near hazardous liquids, such as battery acid. When working under your car, always use a properly designed jack stand, a professional lift, or a reinforced repair dugout. Never get under a vehicle that is supported only by a jack. The owner's manual of some cars indicates where jacks and jack stands should be placed to give the car adequate support. Be aware, however, that a sudden force—such as the kind that is exerted when breaking a stubborn bolt loose—could cause the car to shift and slip off its supports. PREVENTING HAZARDOUS SURPRISES Some parts of your car can get quite hot and burn you if you touch them. For example, the water inside the radiator remains hot for some time after the engine has been turned off. So do not remove the radiator cap until it is cool enough to touch with your bare hand. On some cars, the radiator fan is electrically driven and comes on automatically—even after the engine has been turned off. To avoid injury, disconnect the ground wire from the battery before starting your work. Accidents often occur when a person tries to use a tool for


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something other than its intended purpose. When working on your car, remove rings and jewelry, especially if the engine is running. Besides catching on protruding parts, metal jewelry can cause an electrical short circuit and turn red-hot! Loose sleeves as well as ties, scarves, and even long hair can become entangled in moving parts. Even when you think that your work is completed, there is one last rule to follow. "Always double-check your work," says Dirk, a service adviser for a busy repair shop. "Once," he continues, "a mechanic forgot to do this after working on brakes. The brakes failed, and the car ran right into my desk!” HANDLING EMERGENCIES One day Tom noticed that his car was overheating. A hose had burst, and radiator water had escaped. Using a roll of duct tape that he kept in the car, Tom was able to perform a temporary repair by taping the hose and pouring a mixture of antifreeze and water into the radiator. Then, he drove to an auto parts store to buy a new hose. Tom's experience illustrates the need to be prepared by keeping repair items in your car. While driving, be alert to any strange noises or smells. Yvonne noticed a strange smell coming from the engine of the car. Her husband opened the hood and saw a miniature geyser of antifreeze squirting up from a tiny hole in the upper part of the radiator hose. Because the problem was detected before the car overheated, Yvonne and her husband were able to drive to a repair shop. What should you do if your car breaks down on the highway? First, try to get the car as far off the road as possible. Passengers, especially children, should stay inside the car with seat belts fastened. If you must be outside the car, stand as far away from traffic as possible. Turn on the emergency lights. Leave the hood up to signal that you are having car trouble. Carefully

set out flares or other warning signs. If your car's battery is dead, you may choose to jump the battery with the help of another vehicle. But be aware that car batteries produce highly flammable gas. A spark can ignite this gas, producing an explosion that could shower you with corrosive acid. Therefore, if you or the person who is helping you is in doubt about how to jump the battery, wait for assistance. As we have seen, maintaining a car is a serious responsibility. Whether you work on your car to care for an emergency or simply to perform routine maintenance, always remember: Being safety conscious is a must! Items to Keep in Your Car • Spare tire and jack • Jumper cables • Flares or reflectors • Tools and goggles • Flashlight • Extra containers of fluids (oil, water, brake fluid) • Duct tape • Spare fuses • Tow rope • Box to keep tools neat and containers upright (Note: In some places it may be legal only for a licensed wrecker to tow your car). You may wish to carry additional repair items. However, some automobile clubs that provide emergency roadside service are reluctant to work on a broken-down car if the owner has begun making certain repairs himself. If you belong to an automobile club, find out what type of repairs are permitted.


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Q

uotes Self Control and Discipline

■ Discipline is the bridge between goals and accomplishment. - Jim Rohn ■ No man is free who is not master of himself. - Epictetus ■ It is easier to suppress the first desire than to satisfy all that follow. - Anonymous ■ There is no pleasure in life equal to that of the conquest of a vicious habit. - Anonymous ■ He who conquers himself has won a greater victory than he who conquers a city. - Proverbs ■ There is no luck except where there is discipline. - Irish Proverb ■ If you would live your life with ease; do what you ought, not what you please. - Anonymous ■ The mind is a lousy master but a wonderful servant. - Anonymous ■ As strong as my legs are, it is my mind that has made me a champion. - Michael Johnson ■ There are many who's tongues might govern multitudes, if they could govern their tongues. - Prentice ■ He who lives without discipline dies without honor. - Icelandic Proverb ■ Let him that would move the world first move himself. - Socrates ■ Real glory springs from the silent conquest of ourselves. - Anonymous ■ The basis of self-discipline: Don’t allow the edges to blur. - Michael Johnson


Decade of Action for Road Safety is attainable! Let’s Join hands to create a Safe Road in Nigeria


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cell

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hen you are not at work or perhaps you at home r on your own're on your own time, the choice to turn off your hand set is completely yours. When it comes to using your hand set, however, you have to be aware of those you work with. Here are some rules you should follow if you have your hand set at work. 1. PUT YOUR HANDSET ON VIBRATION/ SILENCE If you have your cell phone at work, it shouldn't ring. If you don't want to put it on silence, at least set it on vibration. The sounds of different ring tones from hand set at different times can be very irritating to those you work with. 2. ANSWER ONLY IMPORTANT CALLS When in the office, especially when such office is shared with others, you should only answer important calls. What should you classify as an important call? Your boss calling to to tell you to meet him at a meeting, your wife calling to tell you of a fatal accident at home which requires your immediate attention i.e your child is sick. A friend calling to tell you about what is happening in his office, a neighbour calling to remind you about a party should not be considered important. 3. PUT SEND MESSAGES TO VOICE MAIL While you are at work especially when handling a very important task and not too sure whether an incoming call is important, let voice mail pick it up. It will take much less time to check your messages than it will to answer the call and then tell the caller that you are very busy. 4. FIND A PRIVATE PLACE TO MAKE CELL PHONE CALLS While it's okay to use your hand set at work for private calls during breaks, don't receive your call in the office shared by others. Find somewhere else to talk, where your conversation can't be overheard, even if what you're discussing isn't personal. You may be on a break but your colleagues have a job to do. 6. DON'T BRING YOUR HAND SET TO MEETINGS Don’t bring your handset to meetings, if you have to you must put it on silence at worst, vibration. if you receive a call you will be tempted to see who it's from. This is not only impolite; it is a clear signal to the chairperson that your mind isn't 100 percent on in the meeting. All calls can wait until your meeting is over or until there is a break. If you would respect aviation rule not to operate your phone while flight bound, why would you disrupt a meeting by answering phone calls. Remember, there was a time in this country when we never had hand set. It was an exclusive reserve for the rich!.

Cell Phone Use Ban JEFFERSON CITY, Mo. (KMOX) — eginning January 3, 2012, commercial motor vehicle drivers are banned from using hand-held mobile phones and push-to-talk cell phones while driving. The ban is being implemented by the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration and the Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration after research indicated drivers distracted by hand-held phones pose a safety risk to themselves and other motorists. Specifically the rule prohibits drivers from reaching for, holding, or dialing a mobile phone while driving, and applies to commercial motor vehicle truck and bus drivers who operate in Missouri as well as interstate drivers.

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School bus drivers and those driving vehicles designed to carry nine to 15 passengers are included. The ban applies when the vehicle is in operation on the highway, when temporarily


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phones RULES FOR USING CELL PHONES AT WORK

stopped on the highway for traffic, or when waiting at a stoplight, stop sign or other traffic control device. Drivers can use a hand-held cell phone only if the vehicle is stopped in an area safe for parking a commercial vehicle, or to communicate with law enforcement or other emergency services to report emergencies. “It’s about safety,” said MoDOT Motor Carrier Services Director Jan Skouby. “Any steps that can be taken to reduce fatalities is something MoDOT will support in any way we can.” The new rule affects all commercial motor vehicles operated in interstate commerce with a gross vehicle weight rating of 10,001 pounds or more or a vehicle transporting any amount of hazardous materials requiring a placard. Also affected are drivers of vehicles operated solely in intrastate commerce with a gross vehicle weight rating of 26,001 pounds or more or a

vehicle with a gross vehicle weight rating of 10,001 pounds or more carrying any amount of hazardous materials. The new rule includes all contracted school bus operations and shuttle buses. Highway Patrol Captain Tim Hull says this does not apply to intrastate drivers, which includes farmers who do not travel beyond 150 miles from their home. Intrastate carriers who are currently exempted from the federal regulations by the state of Missouri will remain unaffected by the new rule. The use of hands-free devices is allowed; however, drivers can only use hands-free phones and headsets if the phone is in their reach while being restrained by a seat belt in the driver’s seat. Dialing a hands-free phone while in motion is allowed only if it can be done by striking a single button. The use of CB radios, other two-way radio communication or electronic devices are not included in the ban.


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hepatitis

WEAPON OF LIVER DESTRUCTION

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epatitis (plural hepatitides) is a medical condition defined by the inflammation of the liver and characterized by the presence of inflammatory cells in the tissue of the organ. The name is from the Greek hepar- , meaning root. being hepat- , meaning liver, and suffix -itis, meaning "inflammation" . The condition can be self-limiting (healing on its own) or can progress to fibrosis (scarring) and cirrhosis. Hepatitis is becoming increasingly very common. Do you know that people are living with hepatitis even without knowing it? WHY WEAPON OF LIVER DESTRUCTION? Hepatitis is simply described as the swelling or inflammation of the liver thereby causing impairment of the normal function of the liver. (So what is liver, where is it located and how does it works). THE LIVER The liver is the largest organ in the body. It weighs about 1.5kg in adult. It also the most active and most complex organ in human. The liver is divided into four (4) major lobes, the right one being the largest while the left one is the smaller and wedge shaped. The other two lobes is very small and can only be seen on the under surface of the liver. WHAT ARE THE FUNCTIONS OF THE LIVER? The liver performs the following functions in the body: ■ removal of drugs from the blood- also known as drug metabolism ■ removal of toxic substance from the blood example ■ for storage of glucose and energy ■ production of bile acid which helps in digestion of fat ■ production of protein from amino acid Hepatitis therefore, will reduce these functions of the liver, causing harmful accumulation of amino acids, urea, cholesterol and drugs that rely on the liver to be broken up (metabolized). Reduced production of bile as a result of liver

impairment can lead to inability to digest fat and oil. The accumulation of toxic substance in the blood can affect the brain and lead to coma or death. There are many types of hepatitis. A number of viruses can cause acute viral hepatitis among which Five (5) have been identified and named hepatitis A,B,C,D and E but at least 10 other viruses are under study present. WHAT ARE THE CAUSES OF HEPATITIS? Causes of hepatitis include: ■ infections with hepatitis A Virus, Hepatitis B Virus, Hepatitis C Virus, Hepatitis D Virus or Hepatitis E Virus. Hepatitis caused by this group of hepatitis virus is called viral hepatitis. Hepatitis A and E virus can enter a person’s body when he or she eats or drinks something contaminated with the stool or blood of someone who has the disease while. Hepatitis B, C and D virus can infect a person if his or her mucus membrane or blood is exposed to an infected person’s saliva, blood semen or virgina fluid. ■ Chronic Alcoholism (i.e taking too much alcohol over a long period ). Hepatitis caused by alcohol is called alcohol induced hepatitis. ■ Some medicines can cause hepatitis when taken in excess (example: paracitamol, methyldopa, nitrofuration,isoniazid) or when taken for a long time e.g ketoconazole and several other drugs. Hepatitis caused by drugs is called drug induced hepatitis. ■ Obstruction of the bile duct e.g gall stones ■ Auto immune disorders e.g SLE ( you need not bother with this last cause of hepatitis because it is not common among blacks). That is why you must see a MEDICAL LABORATORY SCIENTIST today to get you tested. WHAT ARE THE TYPES OF HEPATITIS? There are two main types of hepatitis: Hepatitis is acute when it lasts less than six (6) months and


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chronic when it persists longer. Acute hepatitis: in acute hepatitis the disease last for a short time within which it either kills the person (as result of accumulation of toxic substance in the blood, which can cause coma and death eventually) or the person recovers completely. In acute hepatitis the liver deteriorates quickly within a short period. If the disease is managed properly the liver also recovers very quickly. Some cases of viral hepatitis can be acute hepatitis. Other causes of acute hepatitis include over dosage of medicines that can cause hepatitis, and intake of toxic dose of alcohol. Chronic hepatitis: if hepatitis last longer than six months then it is chronic hepatitis. Chronic hepatitis does not destroy the liver rapidly, but does that very slowly sometimes over up to twenty years. Causes of chronic hepatitis include chronic alcoholism and the prolong use of drugs (not overdose). Some cases of viral hepatitis can also result to chronic hepatitis. Chronic hepatitis may eventually lead to serious life threatening condition like liver failure, cancer and liver cirrhosis (cirrhosis is the formation of scars on the liver) WHAT ARE THE SYMPTOMS OF ACUTE HEPATITIS? Hepatitis may occur with limited or no symptoms, but often leads to jaundice, anorexia (poor appetite) and malaise. Symptoms of acute hepatitis include: ■ Jaundice (excess bilirubin in the body causing yellow coloration of the urine, eyes and mucus membrane). ■Malaise (that is a feeling of being sick) ■ Headache ■Fever ■Loss of appetite 6.Flatulence (gas in the stomach) and stomach upset ■Loss of weight 8.Body itching Most times these symptoms can be mistaken for malaria or typhoid symptom.

WHAT ARE THE SYMPTOMS OF CHRONIC HEPATITIS? In most people, chronic hepatitis does not produce any symptoms and where it does, it is similar but milder than the symptoms of acute hepatitis but may also include symptoms like retention of fluid in the stomach causing swelling of the stomach (Ascites ). One of the most common causes of chronic hepatitis is accumulation of excess fat in the liver. This often occurs in those who drink alcohol heavily but may also occur without alcohol ingestion. It is normal for some fat to accumulate in the liver, but if the weight of the liver is made up of more than 10% fat, then it is considered to be a fatty liver. This is most commonly seen in people with metabolic syndrome, a combination of health problems such as obesity (especially too much fat in the belly), hypertension, high triglyceride levels, low HDL cholesterol, and insulin resistance or type 2 diabetes. Note that most people don’t know that they have chronic hepatitis, until they develop cirrhosis or cancer of the liver, a condition that is becoming increasingly rampant in our society today. Therefore, it is recommended that you see a medical laboratory scientist and screen yourself and family members of hepatitis weather you or there have any symptoms or not. HOW IS HEPATITIS DIAGNOSED? Hepatitis can be diagnosed by the following test ■ Urinalysis ■ Serological test ■ Liver Function Test ( Elevated serum AST and ALT or raised ALP and bilirubin levels) ■ Ultra sound scan ■ CT scan The medical laboratory scientist will tell you more detailed procedure about these tests HOW IS HEPATITIS TREATED? There is no specific treatment for non-alcoholic fatty liver disease. There are some things that can be done that often


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lead to improvement in the condition of the liver:

■Weight loss in those who are obese ■Good glucose control in those who are diabetic ■ Lowering of cholesterol and/or triglycerides ■ Avoiding alcohol ■ Some studies suggest that drugs that decrease insulin resistance may be helpful.

WATCH THE SALT Patients with fluid retention and swelling of the abdomen (ascites) or the legs (peripheral edema), may need diets low in salt to avoid fluid retention. BEWARE OF DRUGS THAT METABOLIZED BY THE LIVER, PARTICULARLY THOSE THAT CAN CAUSE HEPATITIS. These products can worsen hepatitis of any cause and increases the risk of developing life threatening liver cirrhosis

Hepatitis can be managed by one or more of the following:

■ Stopping the intake of alcohol ■ Withdrawal from any drug that may have caused the hepatitis ■ Symptomatic treatment ■ Using some medicines that help to clear the accumulated harmful substance in the blood. ■ The use of antiviral drugs. This is necessary only in the case of progressive chronic hepatitis as evident by repeated Liver Function Test (the medical laboratory scientist will tell you more). Even after recovery, people may continue to be carriers of the virus, especially for hepatitis B and C, which are transmitted through blood and other body fluids. Liver cancer and cirrhosis are more common among people who have suffered from hepatitis B or C. Your doctor will discuss possible treatments with you, depending on the cause of your liver disease. WHAT DIET SHOULD SOMEONE TAKE IF SHE/HE HAS HEPATITIS? Poor nutrition is rarely a cause of liver disease, but good nutrition in the form of a balanced diet, may help liver cells damaged by hepatitis viruses to regenerate, forming new liver cells. Nutrition can be an essential part of treatment. Many chronic liver diseases are associated with malnutrition as a result of loss of appetite. WATCH THE PROTEIN Too much daily protein may cause hepatic encephalopathy (mental confusion). This occurs when the amount of dietary protein is greater than the liver’s ability to use the protein. This causes a buildup of toxins that can interfere with brain function. Protein is restricted in patients with clinical evidence of encephalopathy. Vegetable and dietary proteins are better tolerated than meat protein. Meet a medical laboratory scientist today and get your protein checked BEWARE OF ALCOHOL You will need to stop drinking completely to give your liver a break- a chance to heal, a chance to rebuild, a chance for new liver cells to grow. This means avoiding beer, wine, cocktails, champagne and liquor in any other form. If you continue to drink, your liver will pay the price, and if the medical laboratory scientist is checking your liver function test, it may be hard to determine if a change in a test means there has been damage to your liver due to the disease itself (e.g in case of viral hepatitis) or because of the alcohol.

BEWARE OF ‘ALTERNATIVE MEDICINES’ Herbal treatments and alternative liver medicines need to undergo rigorous scientific study before they can be recommended. Most herbal remedies can be quite dangerous to the liver. Examples of such are the “AGBOs, SO CALLED BODY CLEANCERS”, and other concoctions being paraded. BEWARE AND BE CAREFUL ON WHAT TO TAKE FOR THE SAKE OF YOUR LIVER. WATCH THE CALORIES Excess calories in the form of fat can add to liver dysfunction and can cause fat deposits in the liver. No more than 30% of a person’s total calories should come from fat because of the danger to the cardiovascular system. Impaired liver function as a result of the hepatitis will also affect the digestion of fat since the production of bile is reduced, leading to stomach upset. WORLD HEPATITIS DAY World Hepatitis Day provides an opportunity to focus on specific actions such as: Strengthening prevention, screening and control of viral hepatitis and its related diseases; Increasing hepatitis B vaccine coverage and integration into national immunization programmes; and Coordinating a global response to hepatitis. Hepatitis viruses A, B, C, D and E can cause acute and chronic infection and inflammation of the liver leading to cirrhosis and liver cancer. These viruses constitute a major global health risk with around 350 million people being chronically infected with hepatitis B and around 170 million people being chronically infected with hepatitis C. World Hepatitis Day was given global endorsement as the primary focus for national and international awareness-raising efforts and the date was agreed to be July 28 (in honour of Nobel Laureate Prof. Blumberg, discoverer of the hepatitis B virus, who celebrates his birthday on that date). By ODANG ABOH (ARC) FRSC MEDICAL CENTER WUSE ZONE 6 ABUJA. AM A MEDICAL LABORATORY SCIENTIST


www.saferoadinnigeria.org

INSIDE FRSC

| IN THE NEWS | DECADE OF ACTION | PUBLICATIONS | SPEECHES |

LIFESTYLE

| PHOTO SPEAKS | MANY MORE

INTRODUCING

www.frscinsight.com 01 | To create awareness on the many issues and challenges of safety on roads. 02 | To create adequate, systematic and effective awareness on the many achievements made so far by the FRSC towards actualizing the Decade of Action For Road Safety. 03 | To involve the stakeholders in actualizing the Decade of Action on Road Safety by communicating the parts they could play in the process and getting their feedback on the activities of FRSC. 04 | To give the global audience deep insight and fresh perspective on FRSC activities 05 | To promote transparency in FRSC and project the organization's image positively. 06 |To give the employee a strong of sense morale and accomplishment



FRSC, Insight