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MAGAZINE ON-LINE linked www.bustocoach.com - October 2018 COLUMNS



On www.bustocoach.com website is on line the directory dedicated to Used.

European on-line magazine Editor in chief

Marino Ginanneschi


Managing editor and International relations

Elena Prearo



FLASH NEWS On air from the world of transportation.

HIGH TECH STORE Brake Assist Systems by Daimler.


ADV SPAZIO s.r.l. I 20129 Milano Via G. Modena 6 Tel. +39 02 7000 4031

E-mail: bustocoach@advspazio.it


Transport Web & C Snc I 20148 Milano Via Versilia 22

E-mail: bustocoach@bustocoach.com Internet: www.bustocoach.com Registration: Tribunale di Milano n. 140 del 16/03/2012

CITYTECH Spotlights on mobility solutions.

EUROPEAN MARKET A little increase in the first eight months of the year.

ITALIAN MARKET The increment exceeds 35%.



BusToCoachÂŽ Magazine is a monthly e-mail delivered to 12,000 European operators in the sector of bus passenger transport. To subscribe to our mailing list, send an e-mail to: bustocoach@bustocoach.com

BARBI COACH & BUS New start with school buses.

BUSWORLD INDIA Buses from another world.

IAA HANNOVER It is focused on eco-sustainability.

If you want to sell or buy a bus, here’s the right way. You can make your insertion or search vehicles for sale. *** You can access through the site, selecting the USED directory or going directly to the link www.bustocoach.com/en/ content/announcements


BusToCoach on-line Magazine - October 2018



he British manufacturer has opened a new facility in Bus & Coach is to supply VDL Citea SLFAT Singapore. The 25,000 square foot facility has a parts VDL 181 electric buses to Keolis Sverige. They are warehouse, inside bus workshop, as well as a state-of-the- four articulated buses for the new BRT line in Karlstad,

art training room and offices. It is designed to support contract requirements defined by Singapore’s Land Transport Authority. Alexander Dennis’s parts business in Singapore has grown significantly over the last couple of years and this new facility will serve as a hub to the South East Asian customer base. Paul Davies, Managing Director for Alexander Dennis Asia Pacific, says: “Asia Pacific is a key area of strategic growth for Alexander Dennis. Building on our existing successes in Hong Kong, Singapore, Malaysia and New Zealand, we look forward to further expansion of our activities. Our new facility in Singapore will support these ambitions by providing a first- class operating base for South East Asia.”


Sweden. The vehicles will be finished with a wood-effect floor and featured with USB chargers. During operation, they will be recharged via a reverse pantograph. The maximum recharge capacity is 450 kW, which means that in fast charging mode, the battery can be fully charged in 35 minutes. The climate system is equipped with a heat pump to improve the yield at lower temperatures. To meet the winter conditions in Sweden, additional HVO heating is available. The four electric buses will go into operation on December 9, 2018. Keolis is one of the largest providers of public transport services in Europe with 63,000 employees in 16 countries and 4 continents. In Sweden, Keolis has about 6,000 employees with a turnover of SEK 4.7 billion (2017).


uernsey island, English Channel. An additional order G for 22 Wrightbus StreetVibe buses equipped with Allison T 2100 fully automatic transmission was placed by

the local operators after a previous order of 12 buses with Allison transmission (the buses were delivered in 2017). “The roads on Guernsey are narrow and winding with a terrain that varies wildly,” explained Karl Guille, director of traffic and highway services for the States of Guernsey. “You can be in typical rush hour town traffic, with stop-start driving one minute, and need to accelerate smoothly up a steep hill the next.” The 9.04 metre-long, 2.28 metre-wide Wrightbus StreetVibe was selected as the narrowest bus in its class, with a seating capacity of 31 plus 11 standing. To be compliant with the island’s speed limit, the buses needed to be fitted with a limiter. The Allison T 2100 transmission is mated to a Cummins ISB4.5 Euro 6 engine.


he transport company STIB-MIVB based in BruxelT les has signed a five-year framework agreement with Iveco Bus for the supply of 141 hybrid-drive buses.

They are the Urbanway hybrid electric vehicles in the 18-meter version with a capacity of up to 103 passengers, a determining factor for the Belgian operator. These buses combine an electric drive with a 286-hp Tector 7 Euro VI engine (compatible with the second generation of HVO biofuels). They feature the braking energy recovery system and the “Arrive & Go” function for 100% electric mode with zero emissions. The delivery of the 141 Urbanway hybrid buses is expected from May 2019.


he first pure ebuses for the capital city of Israel are he Brazilian Daimler subsidiary received an order for T branded BYD. The seven 12-meter electric buses have been ordered by the public transport company Egged. This T500 buses for Nigeria, the most populous country in order, based on an earlier tender won by BYD in 2016, is Africa. This is the largest export order in the last ten years

part of a larger project, fully supported by the Ministry of Transport and the Ministry of Environment in Israel, and serves as a spearhead for experimenting and introducing technology for alternative transportation in the public transportation market in Israel. The chinese manufacturer already supplied 17 buses to Haifa, a port city in the north of Israel. The performance of those vehicles, in operation since mid-2017, led Egged to place the additional order for ebuses in Jerusalem. Delivery is expected in the first quarter of 2019.  

for Mercedes-Benz do Brasil. The first 200 buses were exported at the end of August and were put into service in Lagos, Nigeria’s largest city. All the buses for urban passenger transport will be delivered to the Coscharis Group by the end of the year. Mercedes-Benz do Brasil exports buses and trucks to around 50 countries on different continents, including markets in Africa and the Middle East.

BusToCoach on-line Magazine - October 2018


INFORMATION IS ON THE NET www.bustocoach.com/en The “Vehicles” section in the website provides data sheets for all types of buses available on the market, inclusive of photographs, as well as historical profiles and manufacturer’s details. Equally comprehensive information can be found in the “Components” section.

Innovative solutions for 3rd millennium cities mobility and urban planning are back to the core of CityTech 2018, hosted in Milan on September 13-14 he ‘new mobility’ market is in turmoil. T The offer is increasingly expanding with products, technologies and services for a

clean, shared, autonomous and digitalized transport. Cities, as well as citizens, are ready to take up their challenges. We must work however on regulations and infrastructure integration without forgetting to take into account ‘costs’ in order to make these technologies ever more affordable. This, and more, was discussed (and displayed) at CityTech 2018, the b2b event by Clickutility on Earth, now in its sixth edition which was hosted in Milan on September 13-14. The conference & exhibition was promoted by the City of Milan, and it has seen the participation of various sponsors and partners, including the Azienda Trasporti Milanesi (ATM) which has distinguished itself in recent years for its commitment to sustainable mobility and innovative services to users, such as the payment of subway tickets with contactless bank cards. In the outdoor area of CityTec, ATM

displayed the Solaris Urbino electric bus, one of the 25 already circulating on the ATM lines. The Milan-based company is focused particularly on the electric mobility. ATM is planning to deploy 200 buses by 2021 with the ambitious goal of having a fully-electric fleet with 1,200 vehicles and four new depots plus three restyled ones in 2030. Among the other vehicles on display, in addition to cars, bicycles and electric scooters, the EasyMile EZ10 driverless shuttle was exhibited (and tested). It is an electric-powered microbus manufactured in France with Ligier bodywork and it features Navya equipment with sensors for the autonomous driving. The vehicle was displayed by Navya in partnership with Bosch, a company that also deals with mobility systems and was one of CityTech partners. Navya managers inform that EasyMile driverless shuttles have already been deployed in around eighty countries across North America, Europe and Asia. Over two hundred projects are currently in progress. More articles about the International Events: www.bustocoach.com/en/node/2440/articoli_nref_eventi

There are also the Directories dedicated to the market of “Used buses”, including sale ads, professional sales agents across the Europe landscape and quotes for all types of vehicle models.

BusToCoach on-line Magazine - October 2018



The registered vehicles rose by 1.3% between January and August 2018. The data is provided by ACEA and refers to the 27 countries of the European Union

he bus market is positive in the EU borT ders for the first eight months of the year. It is the European association of automobile

manufacturers (ACEA) to confirm it but the progress is limited (+ 1.3%). According to the data provided, buses over 3.5 tonnes registered from January to August 2018 amounted to 27,527 units compared to 27,175 in 2017 for the same period. Demand has definitely grown in Italy where the registered vehicles become 3,061 compared to the 2,264 registered in January-August 2017 (+ 35.2%). The French market is also on the rise with 4,070 units compared to 4,452 (+ 9.4%). Germany fell (even slightly) with 4,202 units out of 4,358 (-3.6%) and so Spain that re-

verses the trend with 1,966 vehicles on 2,022 (-2.8%). The decline is more pronounced in the United Kingdom, which sees its registrations decrease by 13% (from 5,610 to 4,879 vehicles). The result of the neighboring Ireland was instead of the opposite sign (+ 39.4%). The North European segment was a little negative, with the exception of Belgium (+ 9.3%) and Luxembourg (+ 10.1%). In beaten Sweden (-40%). In Eastern Europe, the Czech Republic is noticeable with a result of 70.6%. The recovery of Greece (+38.8% ) should be noted. In the EFTA area (European Free Trade Association) only Norway is positive (+ 5.1%).

Bus & Coach registrations in the EU - 12 month trend From September 2016 to August 2017

4,500 4,000

From September 2017 to August 2018


-0.1 -12.6









-3.4 -18.1


2,500 2,000 1,500

‘16 / ’17 Sett.

‘16 / ’17 Ottobre

‘16 / ’17 ‘16 / ’17 ‘17 / ’18 Novemb. Decemb. January

‘17 / ’18 ‘17 / ’18 February March

‘17 / ’18 April

‘17 / ’18 May

‘17 / ’18 June

‘17 / ’18 July

‘17 / ’18 August

There has been a significant progress in the first eight months, including a boom in August. This figure is provided by the Association of the Automotive Industry

he performance of the Italian bus market T was really outstanding. Just in August, registrations increased by 160%. The figure

addition to this, it must be underlined also the lack of mandatory vehicle’s inspection and, in some cases, even the non-renewal of the insurance. Passenger transport in our country requires long-term structural investments and checks to ensure people safety. The positive trend in the sales of buses dedicated to LPT gives hope for the recently started practise of securing the sector, which is essential for sustainable mobility and to offer citizens an alternative to private vehicles “.

is provided by ANFIA (Italian Association of the Automotive Industry) and refers to buses with gross vehicle weight over 3.5 tons. The growth concerns all segments but primarily vehicles for local public transport, which in August increased by 422.2%. The progress of the entire sector is also confirmed in the long term. In the first eight months (January-August 2018) 3,061 buses were registered compared to 2,264 in the same peREGISTRATIONS IN ITALY January-August riod in 2017. The increase Type 2018 2017 % change is 35.2%. Once again the buses for LPT are driving Citybus 952 373 155.2 growth with + 75.6%, folIntercity 665 548 21.4 lowed by school buses (+ 28.4%) and, at a certain diTotal TPL buses 1,617 921 75.6 stance, by touring coaches Coach 739 711 3.9 and midibuses (+ 3.9%) and minibuses (+ 3.3%). Total bus & coach 2,356 1,632 44.4 "The fleet of public and Minibus 438 424 3.3 private buses operating in School bus 267 208 28.4 Italy, which is made up of 99,000 vehicles, is very Total buses >3.5 tonn 3,061 2,264 35.2 old: 68% are over 10 years Source: ANFIA old”, reminds ANFIA . “In

COMPONENTS ON LINE For a comprehensive list of Suppliers of bus components in Italy and in Europe visit: www.bustocoach.com/en

To search for individual company profiles visit: http://www.bustocoach.com/en/ content/suppliers-italy http://www.bustocoach.com/en/ content/suppliers-europe

Select products by category and read available components details: http://www.bustocoach.com/en/ content/components-italy http://www.bustocoach.com/en/ content/components-europe


BusToCoach on-line Magazine - October 2018


ercedes-Benz and Setra M buses of Daimler Buses are increasingly focused on safety

thanks to state-of-the-art systems such as Active Brake Assist 4 (ABA 4), Preventive Brake Assist and Sideguard Assist. The first one was previewed in 2017 with the launch of the new Setra 231 DT and represents the last evolutionary step of Active Brake Assist, the emergency braking assistance system introduced ten years ago. If at that time emergency braking was activated in response to moving vehicles, and subsequently with ABA 3 also in response to stationary obstacles, now the braking manoeuvre is performed automatically even in the presence of pedestrians. In the event of collision with moving pedestrians, the system warns the driver and initiates partial braking at the same time. Thus the driver can avoid impact by performing a full-stop braking or just a steering manoeuvre. Active Brake Assist 4 is based on new-generation radar technology that also features in Mercedes-Benz cars and trucks. The long-range radar registers vehicles and stationary obstacles at a maximum distance of up to 250 m in a direct line in front of the touring coach. Motorcycles and bicycles or mopeds are identified at up to 160 m while pedestrians at up to 80 m. The short-range radar has a maximum range of 70 m. ABA 4 will be installed as standard equipment on all touring coaches from Mercedes-Benz and Setra: from the Mercedes Tourismo RHD to the Setra Comfort Class 500 and TopClass 500. Preventive Brake Assist is the active emergency braking assist system for city buses. The warning cascade and the braking intervention are designed for operations in city traffic. For this reason, Preventive Brake Assist intentionally does not perform automatic emergency stops. This reduces the risk of injury for passengers on board, in particular for standing passengers. The driver still has the option of an emergency stop at any time. Preventive Brake Assist is available as an option for the entire model family of the Mercedes-Benz Citaro, including the CapaCity large-capacity bus and the range of the Mercedes-Benz Conecto city buses. Last, but not least, Sideguard Assist: the first turning assistance system for city buses and touring coaches with pedestrian detection. The system operates in several stages: if there is a moving object in the side monitoring zone, the driver is given a visual warning.

On the touring coaches, a LED in the shape of a yellow triangle lights up at the driver’s eye level in the side mirror on the co-driver’s side and in the instrument cluster. On the Citaro, it is integrated into the A0-pillar on the door side. The lamp draws the driver’s attention towards the situation alongside the vehicle. If the sensors detect the risk of a collision, there is an additional visual warning in the form of a red triangular LED, as well as a vibration warning in the driver’s seat. Mercedes offers Sideguard Assist for the city bus Citaro in all versions including the high-deck touring coach Tourismo. Setra offers it for its touring coaches of the Comfort Class 500 and TopClass 500 including the Setra S 531 DT double-decker bus.


the wheel of a AT Mercedes-Benz or Setra bus in the fictio-

can be purchased both in stores or downloaded and BusToCoach on-line Magazine - Luglio/Agosto 2018 installed digitally. nal town of Seaside Val- The latest version of Bus ley, dealing with a driver’s Simulator 18 for PC deveroutine in the daily traffic, loped by Astragon Entertaon different urban or inte- inment and Stillalive Stururban routes and in different weather conditions. Everyone can experience a driver’s everyday life with Bus Simulator 18, a videogame previewed at Gamescom 2018, the biggest gaming event (Cologne, 2125 August). In addition to being avai- dios can be played either lable for the first time on solo in single player mode PlayStation 4 and Xbox or in synchronous multiOne, Bus Simulator 18 is player mode (for up to 4 also available for PC and players).

BusToCoach on-line Magazine - October 2018

BARBI IS BACK WITH “SOLE” Back in business in the bus sector with Barbi Coach & Bus & Srl. The new company starts with the Sole school bus on Iveco chassis

arbi is an historical Italian bus manufacB turer with more than a century of experience in bodies for touring coaches. The bu-

siness has been run by the Barbi family for four generations. Nowadays Carrozzeria Barbi has suspended production activities. However, in Modena they do not give up and are determined to continue the long experience acquired in this BARBI


Length mm 9,790 Width mm 2,350 Height mm 2,995 Chassis mm Iveco CC100 Wheelbase mm 4,815 Front overhang mm 1,800 Rear overhang mm 3,175 Seats 58+2+1 Luggage m3 0.5 Engine Tector 7 Displacement cc 6,728 Power cv (kW)/rpm 220 (162)/2,500 Torque max Nm/rpm 800/1,250 Transmission ZF 6S 800 GVM kg 10,000

sector. This is how Barbi Coach & Bus Srl was born. Headquartred in Modena, the new company is currently dedicated to the production of minibuses with the collaboration of local artisans specialized in the bus and special vehicles sectors. «Barbi Coach & Bus is a new Italian company specialised in the manufacturing of minibuses and is completely independent from Carrozzeria Barbi», explains Isabella Barbi, great-granddaughter of the founder of the Modenese body shop. «At the moment it is totally focused on the manufacturing of minibuses but, as it is inherent in the name of the new company, the idea is to produce also coaches in the future. Our wish is to go back to the origins as my great-grandfather, Galileo Barbi, had done in the last century».

Barbi is therefore back with Sole, the minibus for the transport of students built on Iveco Euromidi CC100 chassis and sold through Iveco dealers. It is 9.790 mm long, 2.350 mm wide and 2.995 mm high. The full-metal structure is made of parts which are assembled and welded in a single block. The seating arrangement is 58+2+1 and the middle school bus is equipped with Lazzerini BRIO 410 passenger seats.. «We realized this project focusing on the users», explains Isabella Barbi, «a product that children would enjoy, therefore buses fe-

aturing young equipment and cheerful colors. We have been very careful to the safety of the vehicle that is equipped with all the systems required by law and some extra precautions. The product is focused also on driver’s comfort, in fact it features a driver’s door as standard equipment». The company reports that the school buses currently under construction are about ten, some already in service in Lombardy and Veneto. «Considering that the company is just starting”, points out Isabella, “we have received many orders”.

TATA - Marcopolo 1515

TATA - Marcopolo Magma

BusToCoach on-line Magazine - October 2018

TATA - Wingler

angalore (Bengaluru), the capital of the B municipal corporation of the same name in South India, hosted the 8th edition of

Busworld India at the International Exhibition Center (BIEC). 115 exhibitors, not only national, and over 8,000 visitors took part in the three-day event, that was previously held in Mumbai (Bombay). The event was organized in cooperation with ASRTU (Association of State Road Transport Undertakings) and BOCI (Bus Operators Confederation of India).


New start for Busworld India in Bangalore. On display were the proposals for the Asian market: still mostly Euro 5 and front engine, but electric buses are getting ahead

Before reviewing the product innovations displayed at the event, it is useful to contextualize it. India is a state of about 1.4 billion people, which in the last 20 years has seen a rapid process of urbanization that has led to a population increase in urban and suburban areas from 286 million in 2001 to 377 million in 2011, and is expected to reach 600 million people by 2031. At the same time, the use of motor vehicles has increased exponentially, which in total

have increased from 21 million in 1991 to 91.5 million in 2011 and to 186.5 million in 2015. Of the latter, 150 million are two-wheelers (scooters and motorbikes), 26 million are cars and only 1.5 million are buses. Furthermore, about 17 million new two-wheelers and 3 million new cars are registered every year. This causes serious mobility problems in terms of traffic congestion, polluting emissions and safety. Just consider that for a trip from Bangalore

TATA - Maxi Cab

to the airport (30 km) by taxi you have to take into account two hours of travel within a confusion of trucks, coaches, motorcycles and cars that every few kilometers are blocked up in traffic. All this is surrounded by a concert of horns and a race for those who can earn an extra centimeter. Remedial actions are actually being taken, for instance, the modernization of the infrastructure and the circulating fleet thanks to incentives for the use of natural gas-powered vehicles and electric vehicles in èè

FORCE - Traveller WB CNG

FORCE - Traveller 3350 WB

public transport and limitations on the circulation of the most outdated vehicles. For example, in New Delhi, trucks registered more than 20 years ago will no longer be able to circulate in 2020. In Bangalore, the subway is being expanded by extending the current two North-South and East-West Corridors (18+24 km) and creating two new lines for a further 72 km. As far as public transport is concerned, the government has launched the FAME program to speed up the use of electric buses in eight of the major cities. In addition to this, electric buses have already been put into circulation in two other more cities. The most appropriate solutions for the implementation of electric mobility are therefore being studied. Simultaneously, in 2015 the “Accessible India Campaign” was launched to encourage the use of public and private transport by disabled people. During Busworld India, a conference on public transport sustainability, organized by ASRTU (Association of State Road Transport Undertakings), was held on these topics (plus digital innovation). The representative of the Bangalore Metropolitan Transport Corporation (BMTC) has announced the ambitious goal of replacing in three gradual stages all diesel-powered buses with electric vehicles: 30% by 2021, 50% by 2023 and 100% by 2025. 44,598 buses are currently circulating in Bangalore. We’ll see if they manage to do it. In the same context, the contents of the FAME government program were taken up again. It must be reminded that in 2017, as part of the Clean Air Program, an agreement was signed between BYD, Scania, Cummins and Volvo for the reduction of polluting emissions in 20 major cities in India. The representatives of the associations for the rights of disabled people, on the other hand, have underlined the strong delays in the implementation of the Accessible India Campaign, as far as the introduction of low-floor buses and infrastructure upgrade is concerned. Returning to Busworld India 2018, the manufacturers did not exhibit



fter a period of growth A from 2005 to 2012 (from 65,000 to 98,000 vehicles),

last year’s data (see table) showed that only 13% (5,260 vehicles) of the LCV vehicles, 23% (4,188) of the LCI vehicles and 38% (6.370) of the HCV vehicles was intended for regular service with a range up to 300 km. In total it amounted to just under 16 thousand buses. Obviously also data related to produc-

BusToCoach on-line Magazine - Luglio/Agosto 2018

the bus market in India continues to decline. In 2015 it decreased to 80,300 units and in 2017 to about 75,500. Of these, over 50% consists of minibuses (LCV) with up to 13 seats (from 3.5 to 7.5 tonnes). In particular,

tion in India are decreasing. In 2017 about 42,392 buses over 7.5 tonnes were manufactured, compared to 52,186 in 2016, with about 20-25% of exports. The two major manufacturers are Ashok Leyland with almost 20,000 buses produced in 2017 and Tata Marcopolo Motors with 14,200 buses.

Bus registrations 2017/18* Urban Suburban Intercity Special** LCV (3.5>7.5 tonn>13 sears 40,478 8% ICV (7.5>12 tonn) 18,209 11% M&HCV (12>35 tonn) 16,782 21% TOTAL 75,459 8,755

*) From April 2017 to March 2018. **) The Specials include schoolbuses, ambulances and tourist choaches.

FORCE - Monobus

5% 5% 17% 5,777

- 87% - 84% 29% 33% 4,867 56,060

PRAKASH - Capella


any particular original innovation, except for Olectra/ BYD which only exhibited electric buses. In general the minibuses, sleeper-buses and touring coaches on display were mostly powered by front engine (Euro 4). In fact, the participating manufacturers could be counted on one hand or so. Among the illustrious absentees there are Ashok Leyland, Isuzu, Daimler and Volvo. Nevertheless, the interest of the visitors who crowded the stands was clear. It represents a good basis to look forward to in the next edition in 2020. Six vehicles on display for Tata Motors, which showcased two variants of the 4.9-meter Winger with a 100-hp (74 kW) Dicor engine and five-speed manual transmission: a 12-seater spartan version bus with raised roof and left-hand side door and a version with 9 reclining seats and sliding door. The other vehicles are the result of the jointventure with Marcopolo, starting from the 22-seater Starbus Ultra AC and the 12-seater Starbus AC Maxi cab. The first is powered by a 139 hp (102 kW) Dicor front engine housed in a bonnet between the driver and the front door on the overhang. The length can be 8.5 or 10.1 meters with a capacity of up to 56 seats. The model on display was a 22-seater version with flat floor, leather seats, open luggage racks and personal sets (air vents, etc.). Instead, the Maxi cab, is a 5.4-meter bus equipped with 86 hp (63.4 kW) engine with narrow side door and three steps at the entrance. The gear stick can’t go unnoticed: direct output from the engine axle and therefore very shaped in order to be easily


MG - Dreamz

MG - Glider

MG - Glider Z


BYD/OLECTRA - K6 reachable by the driver. The Magma is instead a 12-meter luxury suburban bus. It is powered by a 182-hp (134 kW) Cummins ISBe 5.9 front engine and is coupled to a six-speed Tata transmission with Voith retarder. The driver’s seat is separated from the passenger area by a full-width wall. Passengers can access the bus (from 35 to 44) via a spiral staircase with 4+1 steps. Marcopolo 1515 MCV Bus has similar features: 56 seats with 3+2 seating arrangement, external protection bars at the bottom of the window, driver’s door on the right like in trucks and ‘steps’ built in the lower part. Also Force Motors displayed many models:

for the Traveller series, the 5.4-meter Rural Bus powered by a 90-hp engine and equipped with double side door; the 3350 WB bus with single door and capacity for 10 seating passengers and 10 standing passengers; the 6.7-meter CNG version powered by a 115-hp (85 kW) FM 3.2 engine and capacity for 21 seating passengers and 10 standing passengers. World premiere for Monobus Traveller, which was displayed in the 8.4 and 9.9-meter version, always powered by a 115-hp (3.2 kW) FM 3.2 front engine and equipped with front left door on the overhang and three steps at the entrance. It was exhibited also in a 48 or 60-seater school bus version.

It is manufactured in two plants for a total of 16,500 buses a year. These are the figures of the MG Group, which exhibited three long-size vehicles at Busworld. The 12-meter Glider is built on a Bharat Benz chassis, it is powered by a 235-hp OM 906 front engine and features a front door with a steep 5-step staircase, a 10-cubic-meter luggage compartment (at the rear, with no floor and with space between the ladder frame), 43 seats and complete comfort accessories. The Gilder Z model is instead a ‘sleeper coach’ version with 30 berths arranged on two floors on both sides, accessible also from the rear door (with difficulty). Also the Dreamz is a ‘sleeper coach’. It is built on a three-axle Mercedes SHD 2441 chassis powered by a 408-hp rear engine and coupled to automatic transmission. The berths are 40 and are completely separated from the driver’s seat, which is three-step lowered. Also Prakash Automobiles displayed a ‘sleeper coach’ built on Bharat Benz chassis. It is called Capella, it is 12 meters long and is powered by a front engine. On board there are 30 berths plus the steep steps behind the only front door. It was flanked by the 12-meter Vega touring coach built on Ashok Leyland chassis, equipped with 45 leather seats and featuring all the necessary comfort. As far as electric buses is concerned, they were the result of the partnership between Olectra Greentech (formerly known as Goldstone Infratech) and Chinese BYD. The first one is the 12-meter K9 bus with lowered floor in the first part and capacity for 39 passengers. It is powered by a 180-kW electric motor and is equipped with lithium-iron phosphate batteries with a declared range of 300 km, disc brakes and air suspension. The second vehicle is called K6 and has a length of 6.9 or 7.6 meters. The electric motor is the same but in this case the batteries allow a range of 200 km and can accommodate up to 22 passengers. The model on display was a Luxe version equipped with with 10+1 extra large leather seats, fake briar-root finishing, led lighting and double side door with three access steps. Two international manufacturers with stands


EDISON BUSES but no vehicle exposed complete the participation list. Belkommunmash from Belarus exhibited the scale models of the 17.6-meter E433 electric bus and the 845 tram with three wagons. Only panels on the walls for La Edison Electra which, in partnership with the Chinese Chengdu Bus Company, has developed a range of electric buses for the Indian market. All the remaining exhibition space was occupied by manufacturers of components and services, with the major international brands at the forefront. The next edition of Busworld India will be held in August 2020. More articles about the International Events: www.bustocoach.com/en/node/2440/articoli_nref_eventi

IAA 2018 BusToCoach on-line Magazine - October 2018

At the 67th edition of the IAA in Hannover, buses have taken a back seat to the dominant proposals for freight transport. The innovations presented by the manufacturers were focused on eco-sustainable mobility avilion 12 was dedicated to the brands P of the Traton Group (formerly Volkswagen Truck & Bus), namely MAN, Scania, Volkswagen Caminhões and Ônibus and RIO. MAN Truck & Bus did not disappoint expectations created by the previews in BusToCoach Magazine last month. In addition to showcasing the new Lion’s City equipped with EfficietHybrid module, it has officially unveiled the new fully electric Lion’s City E. It can accommodate 29 passengers and it is powered by a central electric motor on the rear axle with power output from 160 to 270 kW and roof-mounted batteries from 480 to 640 kWh. The range varies from 200 to 270 km and the bus is recharged in depots via CCS connectors. The mass production of MAN LION’S COACH L

he numbers of the previous edition (2016) are officially confirmed by the figures of T the 67th edition of the IAA Commercial Vehicles in Hanover: 2,174 exhibitors coming from about 50 countries and an exhibition area of 280 thousand square meters. Actually, the

number of exhibitors reported in the official catalog given to journalists amount to about 1,400 (as in the previous edition). As far as size is concerned, instead, there is no doubt: the 14 occupied pavilions (plus external areas) were the evidence. As always, a large number of visitors crowded the stands, especially those of the big brands where the coexistence of trucks and buses were displayed in large exhibition areas (for example entire pavilions for the Daimler and Volkswagen group) making it difficult to find your bearings. That IAA is focused on freight is a matter-of-fact. This is confirmed by the ongoing decrease in representation by bus transport companies. Beyond the big brands (Daimler, Iveco, MAN, Scania and Volvo) that exhibited in the truck areas, just over a hundred exhibitors specialized in passenger transport were displaying in pavilion 11 (compared to almost 200 in 2016). Among these, only 20 were bus manufacturers or dealers, that is less than the previous edition. Among the illustrious absentees, Solaris and VDL Bus & Coach preferred to exhibit at the Innotrans that was held in the same days in Berlin. Only two Chinese manufacturers (BYD and CRRC) were exhibiting, while the Turkish group was fully present (Otokar, Temsa, Isuzu, Guleryuz, Karsan and BMC). In addition to these, there were also Van Hool, some manufacturers from Eastern Europe (SOR and Volgabus) and a few manufacturers specialising in minibuses.

MAN TRUCK & BUS accommodate up to 78 passengers). Both the

eBus is scheduled for 2020. Another innovation is the newly developed E18 gas engine, which can also be coupled with the EfficientHybrid module. It has a displacement of 9.5 liters and two power outputs: 280 and 320 hp and meets Euro 6d standards. For intercity services on display was also the Lion’s Coach L in the version with lift and two wheelchair spaces. It is powered by a 470 hp MAN D2676 engine that will be available from July 2019. Neoplan displayed the double-decker Skyliner with front stairs moved on the right side (optional) to improve passenger flow (it can



Skyliner and the Cityliner on display at the fair were equipped with an external camera system that is an alternative to the classic rear-view mirrors. The Neoplan series is completed by the Tourliner C decorated with showy stickers by the Berlin-based Klebebande art group, as part of the movingART project. Finally, the MAN Truck & Bus range is completed by the TGE minibus in the 7.4-meter Intercity version equipped with 15 seats. It is powered by a 2-liter engine rated at 177 hp, it is coupled to manual transmission and it is fitted with all safety systems. NEOPLAN SKYLINER










cania’s proposals were focused on sustainability. Spotlights were on the 13-meter Interlink MD powered by a 320-hp liquefied natural gas engine (LNG) stored in tanks located in the luggage compartment, able to ensure a range of 1,000 kilometers and reduce CO2 emissions by 20%. Also the hybrid Citywide low-entry intercity bus is 13 meters long. It is equipped with supercapacitors housed on the roof and is powered by a 320-hp diesel engine, but it

wo electric buses from T overseas complete the proposals of the Traton Group.


can also be powered by biodiesel or hydrotreated vegetable oil (HVO). Also the 470-hp engine featured on the Touring HD touring coach could be powered by these fuels. The Citywide LF electric bus could also be tested in the outdoor area.

the area dedicated to pasIVECO BUS IN senger transport, only 100% diesel-free vehicles, as at the technology, the mobile charging whole Iveco stand. Starting from the Daily 50C Electric powered by an 80 kW asynchronous motor and equipped with high energy density batteries that ensure a range of 160 km. The 18.4-meter Crealis Electric bus with In-Motion-Charging CREALIS ELECTRIC

system that combines the use of electric overhead lines with energy storage in on-board LTO batteries. It is powered by 250 kW batteries. Exhibited for regular intercity services was the 12-meter Crossway Low Entry Natural Power powered by the

Volkswagen Caminhões and Ônibus (Latin America) displayed the 10.1-meter Turin LE that features the flexible architecture Volksbus e-Flex. in. It is powered by a 260-kW electric motor and it is equipped with NMC batteries that can be recharged by an on-board generator with a 110 kW Otto cycle motor or via a plugin connector. 265-kW (360 hp) Cursor 9 Euro 6d gas engine which and a transport capacity up to 94 passengers. Finally, from the subsidiary Heuliez Bus, the city bus GX 337 ELEC powered by a BAE System electric motor with 195 kW permanent magnets and NMC batteries which ensure a range of 300 kilometres.


The result of the partnership with the Japanese Hino Motors VW TORINO LF is, instead, the 7-meter Poncho EV which is equipped with 30 kWh lithium-ion batteries. Three vehicles of this type have been already in circulation for six years in Tokyo.




wo pavilions, 17 thousand square meters T and 70 vehicles on display. These are the DAIMLER BUSES numbers that characterized the Daimler Group at the IAA in Hannover. There were 12 models branded Mercedes-Benz and Setra. As previously revealed, spotlights were on the 12-meter eCitaro, which is ready for mass production. It is equipped with 243-kWh batteries and an innovative thermal management system, it can accommodate up to 88 passengers and for the solution of all problems related to electric mobility, it can


rely on eMobility service package branded Daimler Buses. Soon, the range will be expanded and after that the fuel cell version will be introduced. Another innovation is the 38-seater Sprinter City 75 low floor minibus. Mercedes displayed also the Citaro Hybrid (which was awarded the title of “Bus of the Year 2018”), the Intouro and the 13-meter two-axle Tourismo that won the Inter-


he Belgian manufacturer exhibited two vehicles in Hannover: the TX16 Astronef powered by a 530-hp engine and the EX 16M powered by a 450-hp engine. Both are equipped with the new drivetrain based on DAF-Paccar MX11 and MX13 “Next Gen” (NG) engine. EX 16M

They have been improved in order to reduce fuel consumption and CO2 emissions, as well as to increase performance in terms of power and torque. The transmission was also changed: the ZF As-tronic automated gearbox has been replaced with the more modern ZF TraXon one.




national Bus & Coach Competition (IBC) 2018. In the area dedicated to Setra buses, on display was the double-decker S 531 DT, supported by the S 516 HD and HDH and the low entry S 415 Business. Noteworthy was also the Jouley electric school bus manufactured by Thomas Built Buses (subsidiary of Daimler Truck North America), based on the diesel and LPG versions of the Saf-TLiner C2. It is equipped with 160-kW batteries and it promises a range of 160 km.


VDL AND SOLARIS AT INNOTRANS olaris and VDL Bus & Coach decided S not to exhibit at the IAA but preferred to attract the public transport operators, histo-

vehicles was a Citea SLFA-181 Electric. In addition to this, all the possible services for zero-emission, turnkey public transport syrically interested in the Innotrans in Berlin. stems were also on display. Both manufacturers displayed their eMobility solutions. Solaris exhibited the Trollino 12 (over 1,200 trolleybuses have been sold since 2001 plus than 10 vehicles supplied to the city of Riga in the hydrogen fuel cell version) and the Urbino 12 electric, that sold about 330 units in seven years. Many technological innovations have been introduced, up to the last remote diagnostic system called eSConnect. VDL CITEA SLFA-181 ELECTRIC Representing the VDL range of electric SOLARIS TROLLINO 12



our were the buses on diF splay at Anadolu Isuzu stand. Starting with the 12-sea-


KENT C its 55th anniversary, OtoIN kar wanted to underline the achievements in terms of expansion

on the international markets: over 35 thousand buses are actually circulating in 50 countries, in particular in France, Italy, Spain and Germany. In the first quarter of this year, in addition to receiving important orders from Warsaw (34 vehicles) and Am-



man (100 vehicles), what broke the news was the order for 400 buses from the Municipality of Bucharest and the first methane-powered bus order for Spain (9 Kent C CNG for the city of Jerez de la Frontera). At the IAA, the Turkish manufacturer


till ‘made in Turkey’ buses for Temsa which exhibited once again its Avenue Electron, a 12-meter electric low-floor (85 passengers) and has announced that mass production will start soon. It is equipped with batteries ranging from 240 to 360 kWh and the declared range is 230 km, but the goal is to extend it to 350 km. The range of the other electric bus, the 9-meter MD9 ElectriCity, has been also extended to 230 km. On display the touring version of the MD9 and the 13-meter Marathon powered by a 435-hp engine. MARATON

exhibited two vehicles: the new Ulyso T and the Kent C. Launched last year at Busworld Europe, the Ulyso is a 10-meter touring coach equipped with state-of-the-art safety systems (ABS, ASR, EBS, LDWS, AEBS and ESP). The Kent C is instead the top product for urban public transport. It is a 12-meter low floor bus that can accommodate up to 101 passengers.



ter Citiport 12 HiPer city Low Floor bus which is powered by the new 340-hp Cummins engine. It was also exhibited in the 18-meter version. The 9.6-meter Visifo Hiper was instead powered by a 320-hp Cummins engine (optional) and coupled to ZF automatic transmission. The 7.8-meter Novociti Life Premium has also been launched, restyled and with a lowered floor to the second door. Finally, the usual 7.7-meter Turquoise presented in the VIP version with seating arrangement 2+1.




orld premiere in Hannover for the prototype of the 8-meter Atak, manufactured by Karsan in partnership with BMW. Production will start in one year. It is powered by a 230-kW electric motor, it is equipped with five batteries of 44 kWh each, it promises a range of 300 km and a recharge time of 2.5 hours. Manufactured in collaboration with BMW also the 5.8-meter Jest Electric with lowered floor to the second door. It has been on the market for two years. The range of this bus is 160 km, it is powered by a 125-kW engine and is equipped with lithium ion batteries with a warranty of 3 years or 120 thousand kilometers. For the 8-meter Star series, on display was the school bus version that will go into production by the end of this year. Complete with safety systems such as the alcohol test for the driver, the emergency door, sensors on the passenger seats to monitor the presence on board and seat belts.



rom Egypt, MCV exhibiF ted in Hannover the same MCV 800 double-decker ECOLINE




nly one bus on display for the Turkish manufacturer who prefered to exhibit trucks and in particular the 8.5-meter Neocity Electric with 21 seats that debuted last spring at Busworld Izmir. It is powered by the TM4 electric motor with a maximum power output of 235 kW and it is equipped with 266-kWh lithium-ion batteries, located behind the rear door.


Busworld Izmir last April the AT manufacturer announced that he would bring electric city buses to the IAA. Instead it exhibited the usual two models of the Cobra range, but with a new name. The 12-meter low floor (there is also the 10-meter version) is called Ecoline, it can be powered by Mercedes or Cummins engines


rated at about 330 hp and is coupled to the ZF EcoLife automatic transmission. The double decker is called Panora and is available in the Open Top version (the one on display) or City version. The length is always 11 meters and can be powered by Mercedes (from 285 to 300 hp) or DAF (300 hp) engines. All are coupled to ZF transmissions.

bus displayed two years ago, but in a restyled version. A 14-meter bus built on Mercedes OC 500 RF chassis, powered by a 310 kW engine (420 hp), coupled to Mercedes GO 210 manual transmission and equipped with 16 seats on the lower floor plus 40 on the first floor with seating arrangement 2+1. An innovation was instead the 12-meter C123 RLF hybrid bus built on Volvo chassis (right hand drive), powered by a 240-hp thermal engine and a 110 kW I-SAM electric engine.


he Russian manufacturer exhibited only T one vehicle: the 12-meter low floor bus LiAZ-5292 with can accommodate up to


117 passengers, 31 of which seated. It is also powered by a Euro 5 276-hp YMZ engine coupled to the Voith automatic transmission. The 4.6-ton GAZelle Next minibus is certainly more interesting for the European markets. It is availanle in the 22-seater diesel version (140-hp Cummins engine) and in the 16-seater electric version, powered by a Siemens engine and with a range of 100 km. Both minibuses have been announced but they were not on display at the fair.



wo vehicles were displayed by SOR T (Czech Republic) that has repeated its Electric Bus (now called NS 12 Electric),

225-kWh lithium-ion batteries branded Varta. It was supported by the diesel version CN 12 powered by a 6.7 liter FPT engine 12-meter low floor with a beautiful design, rated at 210 kW (285 hp) and coupled to the powered by a 160-kW asynchronous wa- ZF automatic transmission. It can accommoter-cooled electric motor and equipped with date up to 32 passengers.





he Russian Volgabus, a company T controlled by the Bakulin Motors Group (BMG), launched a low floor bus with electric drive in line with the European standards. This is the CityRhithm 12E, which ensures a range of 300 km and 5-hour overnight charging times. It is powered by two electric motors rated at 250 kW and it is equipped with 300 kWh high capacity batteries. The technical equipment is also fully electric with an energy expenditure equal to 1 kWh/km. CITY RHYTHM 12E



the European markets since 2010, ON the Chinese manufacturer has sold over 600 electric buses so far (about

one hundred in Scandinavia). At the IAA, BYD exhibited two models of his modular ebus platform: the 12m low floor bus and the 18m articulated bus featuring pantograph charging system. Both models have been recently optimized in terms of structure (lighter), components and design. In addition to the new frontal styling, they are EBUS 12 fitted with lithium iron phosphate (LFP) batteries and are equipped with an intelligent the 12-meter bus at the plant in Komarom, monitoring and diagnostic system. BYD Hungary, and the 18-meter bus in Beauvais, electric buses are final assembled in Europe: France.

in all past editions, the IAA AS has also attracted specialists in customisation of medium and small commercial vehicles. The models displayed are for all uses, including some proposals for eMobility. In addition to the models of the Spanish Indcar of which it is importer in Germany, Probus has exhibited his vehicles on Mercedes Sprinter and the Mobi series on Iveco Daily 70C. Starting from the HNF low floor bus which can accommodate 24 seats plus a wheelchair area and the low entry bus (LE) with seating arrangement 25+4 . The customisations of Kutsenits (K-Bus) are always original. It has transformed a Volkswagen Crafter powered by a 177-hp engine into the 48V City VIII MildHybrid, completely lowered and with a capacity PROBUS - Mobi HNF

large exhibition area but only one A bus was on display for the other Chinese manufacturer exhibiting in Han-

nover. It is the San Bus King C12, a 12-meter city bus with lowered floor which is 100% electric. It is powered by a 150-kW MD33 electric motor, it is equipped with 313kWh lithium iron phosphate (LiFePO4) batteries which promise a range of 240 km. It can be charged via plug-in or via pantograph and the maximum capacity is 81 passengers (22 seated). In order to prove the commitment of Hunan CRRC Times Electric Vehicles, on display


of 34 passengers. Already exhibited two KUTSENITS - City VIII MildHybrid years ago was the Tourist 719 built on the Sprinter 519. The second axle has been replaced (now it weighs 5.5 tons and is fitted with air suspension) increasing the total weight to 7.5 tons and the rear overhang on Iveco 100C18 chassis with seating has been extended in order to accom- arrangement 29+1+1, supported by the usual 9-seater Streetline 519 and the modate 38 passengers. On Iveco Daily the proposals of the new 19-seater Ecoline on MAN TGE Slovakian Rosero who, like two years 5.180 chassis. ago, exhibited again the First models From Poland (through the German represented by the FCLEI, a city bus dealer FTB), BusCentrum has exhiwith lowered entrance and 21 seats. bited again its Tourer on Sprinter 519, From Lithuania, the new model of Al- this time in the VIP version with setas: the 8.5-meter Viator touring coach ating arrangement 8+1 seats and suROSERO - First FCLEI

ALTAS - Viator

was an electric midibus model that will be developed in collaboration with Team Mobility.

per-equipment. Directly from Latvia, instead, Universals displayed a city bus built on Sprinter chassis. At the stand it was on display in the diesel version while in the outdoor areas of the fair it was circulating in the electric version powered by a 160-kW Yasa engine equipped with 44-kWh Toshiba batteries. It has a range of 70 km and it can also be recharged with an inverted pantograph system. The E-Civitas Electron branded Tribus (from the Netherlands) is also 100% electric and is manufactured in partnership with Gruau Electric. It is a 6-meter low floor bus powered by a 90-kW engine, equipped with 38kWh batteries and ensures a range of 100 km.


TRIBUS - E-Civitas

BUS CENTRUM - Tourer Vip

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BusToCoach is the first online platform completely FREE. It offers information on vehicles for passenger transport in Europe through the sit...


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