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Transport Web Snc - www.bustocoach.com

EUROPEAN ON-LINE MAGAZINE - July/August 2019

Bus To Coach VOLVO - 9700 12.4

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RIGHT THE FIRST EUROPEAN MARKET - BARCELONA - HYUNDAI - VDL BUS & COACH - UITP SUMMIT 2019 - VOLVO 9700 - COLUMS


MAGAZINE ON-LINE linked www.bustocoach.com - July/August 2019 COLUMS

BusToCoach

USED BUS ON LINE

European on-line magazine

On www.bustocoach.com website is on line the directory dedicated to Used.

Editor in chief

Marino Ginanneschi

marino.ginanneschi@bustocoach.com

Managing editor and International relations

Elena Prearo

elena.prearo@bustocoach.com

Advertaising

FLASH NEWS Live from the transport sector.

ADV SPAZIO s.r.l.

DIRECT LINK

HIGH TECH STORE Proventia, Ballard, Cummins.

I 20129 Milano Via G. Modena 6 Tel. +39 02 7000 4031

E-mail: bustocoach@advspazio.it

Administration

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EUROPEAN MARKET It increased in the first five months of 2019.

BARCELONA 254 eco-friendly buses by the end of 2021.

HYUNDAI The double-decker electric bus debuts.

VDL BUS & COACH The 14.5-meter Citea bus is also electric.

IN THE FOREGROUND

***

BusToCoachÂŽ Magazine is a monthly e-mail delivered to 12,000 European operators in the sector of bus passenger transport. To subscribe to our mailing list, send an e-mail to: bustocoach@bustocoach.com

UITP SUMMIT 2019 All the innovations in terms of eco-friendly transport.

VOLVO Drive test for the new 12.4-meter 9700 coach.

Here you can find those who deal with used buses in Italy and Europe *** Here you can find the selling prices suggested by BusToCoach for the Italian market or going directly to the link https://bustocoach.com/en/ quotes-bus/


FLASH NEWS

BusToCoach on-line Magazine - July/August 2019

KEOLIS WILL RUN BUSES IN BERGEN

FURTHER VDL eBUSES IN MÜNSTER

he public transport authority of Bergen (Skyss) awarded he German bus operator Stadtwerke Münster has placed the T the Keolis’ subsidiary in Norway a €333M contract to Tfourth order in a row for electric buses, all branded VDL Bus operate a fleet of 136 mainly electric buses that will run on & Coach. It consists of four VDL Citea SLFA-180 Electric buses.

100% renewable energy. In total, the whole fleet is expected to run a total of 5.7 million kilometres and carry 17 million passengers annually. With this new contract, that last 9.5 years starting from December 1, 2020, Keolis reinforces its presence in Norway, where it already operates the Bergen light rail network. In addition to the 100% fossil free buses in Bergen, Keolis is leading several electromobility projects in France and internationally (Sweden, The Netherlands, United States, Canada).

BYD ARRIVES IN PORTUGAL

They will be put in service in the first half of 2020. At that date, a total of 16 VDL electric buses will be in operation in Münster. Stadtwerke Münster supplies electricity, natural gas, district heating and drinking water. In addition, it carries more than 45 million passengers annually on 22 bus routes in the city. As a municipal company, Stadtwerke Münster is responsible for good air quality in Münster. Electrification of bus traffic is therefore an integral part of the climate concept for this city. The first order for electric buses was placed by Stadtwerke Münster in 2015 with five Citeas SLF-120 Electric. In 2017, the second order of the same type (five units) and then the third for two VDL Citeas SLF-120 Electric that entered service at the beginning of July.

TRIBUS AT BUSWORLD

irst delivery of BYD electric buses in Portugal. The F supply consist of eight BYD eBuses in a length of 12 meters. The vehicles have been handed over by the

Coimbra Municipal Transportation Service (SMTUC). The Coimbra’s new eBus fleet follows a number of major fleet deliveries in recent weeks for BYD with public transport users demonstrating a growing commitment to 100% emissions-free, pure-electric mobility, as illustrated by Portugal’s Minister for Environment & Energy Transition, João Pedro Matos Fernandes. «By 2050» he said, «we will have all ground mobility driven by electricity or hydrogen».

he Dutch bodybuilder Tribus is developing a new low T floor minibus. It’s the Civitas Economy model based on a Volkswagen Crafter L4. The vehicle has an easy access for people with reduced mobility

thanks to the fully integrated TriflexAIR flooring system, a patented solution that features a mechanical and integrated wheelchair restraint system, wide metro doors and a folding ramp. The vehicle is also fitted with comfortable TriflexAIR seats with integrated three-point belts. Civitas Economy is a M1 minibus which can be driven with a driver’s licence B. It is 6,84m long and 2,04m wide. “The Volkswagen Crafter is an ideal base vehicle because its features front wheel drive, automatic gearbox and is lightweight. Its Euro 6 diesel engine has one of the lowest emissions in its class”, points out Tribus. The first 26 vehicles have been already sold to Q-Buzz and expect to drive in The Netherlands at the end of 2019. Tribus will launch the first driving demo model at Busworld Europe 2019 (Brussels, October 18-23).

WABCO BECOMES PART OF ZF

announced the approval by WABCO shareholders to the ZF proposed acquisition of the company agreed between the parties at the end of March 2019. ZF will cash out all WABCO shares

issued at a price of $ 136.50 per share, subject to the approval of the regulatory authorities and without prejudice to other usual closing conditions. Wolf-Henning Scheider, CEO of ZF, said: «The approval of this important transaction by WABCO shareholders is a confirmation of our strategy. Together with WABCO, ZF can establish a supplier of integrated systems for commercial and industrial vehicle technology, creating added value and long-term guarantees for our customers, employees and shareholders. In collaboration with the management of WABCO, we will shape the future of technologies and services for efficiency, safety, automation and connectivity in the commercial and industrial vehicle sector». ZF expects to be able to close the transaction at the beginning of 2020. During WABCO’s planned integration, customers and day-to-day operations will remain a priority.

SOLARIS ELECTRIC BUSES FOR MZK KUTNO

olaris Bus & Coach has signed an agreement for the delivery of six S Urbino 12 electric buses to MZK Kutno, Poland. The vehicles will be fitted with air-conditioning, video surveillance system, energy-effi-

cient LED lighting, USB chargers installed in the handrails, enclosed driver cabins, fire detection and extinguishing system. The buses are powered by a central traction motor (160 kW) and equipped with Solaris High Power batteries with a capacity of 116 kWh. They will be adapted to bus depot charging via plug-in, as well as fast charging in OppCharge standards by means of an inverted pantograph. The contract will be carried out in two tranches, with three buses set to arrive in Kutno in March 2020, and another three due to come in August 2020.


FLASH NEWS

BusToCoach on-line Magazine - July/August 2019

BYD FOR SANTIAGO OF CHILE

IRIZAR IN SPAIN AND BEYOUND

YD has been awarded a new order for 183 electric buses he Iberian manufacturer has recently signed two contracts B to be delivered in Santiago in August 2019. The 183 Tfor electric mobility in Spain. In Madrid Irizar will supply units will join the 100 electric buses that BYD and local another 20 electric-powered buses to EMT after the 15 units

partner Enel brought into Santiago last December, “giving BYD a dominant share of more than 60% in the capital’s promising electric bus market”, points out the manufacturer from Shenzhen. The ebuses will be integrated during the last quarter into the existing Metbus fleet to operate the popular Avenida Grecia route, becoming the first route operated by only electric buses in Latin America. Metbus is also one of the largest pure electric bus fleet operators in the Americas.

MAN BUSES FOR BARCELLONA

arge order for MAN buses in Barcelona. The TMB L transport company awarded MAN Truck & Bus with a total of 105 Lion’s City buses for deliveries by the end

delivered last year. This is the 12-meter second-generation ie bus, a vehicle with a low weight of around 10%, improved passenger capacity for the regulations of the various countries, more efficient batteries and faster charges, all developed and produced by Irizar. The vehicles will be delivered by 2019. The other contract concerns Vitoria-Gasteiz, a city in the Basque Country, and provides for the supply of 13 Irizar ie trams (seven articulated and six of 12 meters), related electric charge and maintenance systems as part of the Intelligent electric bus (EIB) project of the city. Outside the Iberian borders, the Irizar group is providing for the delivery of sixteen 12-meter ie trams for the city of Aix en Provence, France, and ten 18-meters ie trams for Bayonne, France, which will be introduced in September. Another major project, already in function, is the BRT (Bus Rapid Transit) of Amiens, also in France, where 43 Irizar ie trams are operating with charging infrastructures developed and supplied by the Irizar Group.

of the year. The order includes 49 MAN Lion’s City (A21) CNG buses of 12 meters and 26 articulated (A23) of 18 meters, also powered by natural gas. In addition, another 30 12-meter hybrids will be delivered: the first of the new generation of urban Lion’s City with MAN EfficientHybrid module in Spain. Once the 105 buses have been delivered, over 50% of the TMB fleet (about 1,140 buses) will be represented by MAN vehicles. Approximately 350 hybrid buses are already in the TMB fleet. Additional hybrids as well as resource-sparing scheduled-service buses with natural gas drive are to join the fleet in the future.

LIMBURG WILL BE FULLY ELECTRIC

ublic transport fully electric by 2026. This is the goal set by P the Province of Limburg, the Netherlands, and the transport company Arriva is working on the transition towards zero-emis-

sion bus transport. The company recently took delivery of 55 electric regional buses that entered service on June 30. The 55 VDL Citea LLE-115 Electric buses have 42 comfortable seats and a capacity of approximately 65 passengers. They are fitted with 180-kWh batteries which can also be charged very quickly. “We are proud that, as a partner of Arriva, we have developed a bus that will also run electrically outside the city”, said Ard Romers, director of VDL Bus & Coach Nederland bv. “The bus in question is the recently introduced 11.5-metre length variant, with more seats. For us, this will be the largest regional operation to date. That is very special. On an annual basis, it will be around 100,000 kilometres per bus. “ Arriva Limburg is the first public transport company in the Netherlands to use electric buses for regional lines on a large scale. Since the end of June, the company has 95 zero-emission buses in service for public transport in Limburg. This is nearly half of Arriva’s fleet in the province.

TEMSA CHANGES HANDS

he Turkish Sabancı Holding has sold the vehicle manuT facturer Temsa to the Swiss investment fund True Value Capital Partner’s. The sale was concluded on the basis of a

value of 375 million Turkish lira and includes the 49 percent stake owned by Sabanci Holding and the other 51 percent of the shareholders of the Sabanci family, which owns the holding company. The decision is the result of the technological and strategic change of Sabancı Holding that intends to focus more on energy production following the acquisition of two of the four regional tenders for a wind energy production program managed by the Turkish Ministry of Energy.

VOLVO BUS CHASSIS FOR DUBAI

olvo Buses and the local importer Famco will supply 373 city V buses to Dubai Roads and Transport Authority (RTA). This is Volvo’s largest chassis order to date in Dubai, and the largest ever

purchase of Euro VI city buses in the Middle East region. The buses will be built on the B8RLE Euro VI chassis with a Sunsundegui SB3 body. They will be fitted with luxury ergonomic seats, USB charging, interactive screens, modern driver assist and monitoring systems such as driver fatigue, driver RFID and the Volvo I-coaching package. The standard equipment includes the Volvo electronic brakes and ESP (Electronic Stability Program). Deliveries are scheduled between the third quarter 2019 and the second quarter 2020. The supply includes a 10-year comprehensive maintenance contract that also covers tires and batteries.


FLASH NEWS

BusToCoach on-line Magazine - July/August 2019

ADL BECOMES PART OF THE NFI GROUP

ORDERS FOR SOLARIS BUSES IN NORWAY

ritain’s biggest bus builder Alexander Dennis (ADL) has hree Norwegian operators have recently placed orders for B announced that it has been acquired by Canadian firm NFI TSolaris electric buses. Norgesbuss from Oslo commissioned Group in a £320 million deal. NFI is described as North America’s further Solaris Urbino 12 electric buses after the two delivered

“largest and most diversified bus manufacturer”, employing more than 6,300 people across Canada and the US. Colin Robertson, chief executive of Alexander Dennis Limited, said: “We can be proud of the transformation of our company from a traditional UK bus builder to a global leader with annual revenue in 2018 exceeding £630m. We look forward to becoming an important part of NFI while retaining our identity. This partnership is a complementary fit for both parties, allowing sharing of best practice and technology development, to form one of the largest independent bus and coach manufacturers in the world».

IVECO HYBRID BUSES FOR BRUXELLES

I

veco Bus has delivered the first 15 Iveco Urbanway vehicles with hybrid drive to the Brussels-based transport company (STIB-MIVB). The vehicles were commissioned under the five-year framework agreement of September 2018. They are in the articulated version and accommodate up to 130 people, including strollers and wheelchairs in the dedicated areas. The electric drive system is a 286-hp Euro VI Tector 7 diesel engine (compatible with the second generation HVO biofuel) and a new generation energy storage system. The drive line management system optimizes costs and emissions, while recovering the kinetic energy produced during braking to recharge the batteries. When approaching and restarting from stops and traffic lights, the Arrive & Go function allows to travel in 100% electric mode.

T

SOLARIS eBUSES IN RADOM, POLAND

he Municipal Road and Transport Authority in Radom, west Poland, ordered ten Solaris Urbino 12 electric buses together with infrastructure for charging. The contract will be completed by mid-June 2020. Solaris will also provide the customer the devices for recharging energy along with their installation, construction works and obtaining appropriate permits. Two pantograph charging points with a capacity of 300 kW each will be created in selected locations in the city. They will serve to quickly recharge the energy in bus without it having to return to the depot where the vehicles will be charged only at nights, using a total of 6 chargers.

last year. The four new vehicles will be fitted with 145-kWh Solaris High Power batteries, which will be recharged via both the plug-in connector and the fast charging pantograph. The same model has been ordered by Boreal. The two buses will be operated in the city of Kristiansand, on the south coast of the country. In 2018 the company took delivery of five Urbino 12 electric buses. Sorlandsruta operator chose the Solaris Urbino 8,9 to operate the line in the city of Mandal in South Norway. The vehicle will be powered by a 160 kW central engine and fitted with 160-kWh Solaris High Energy batteries. The charging of the batteries will take place via a plug-in connection, while the vehicle will be mechanically and electrically prepared for the subsequent installation of the fast-charging pantograph.

FINN LAMEX GROWS IN THE ITALIAN MARKET he Finnish manufacturer of windscreens Finn Lamex Safety T Glass ha announced that the sales of bus and coach windcreens to Italy have multiplied by ten in 2018-2019. “Before,

the Italian market was quite unexplored by Finn Lamex but today the potential of growing the sales of premium quality bus and coach windscreens is clear and the demand for laminated windscreens with good shape and fit exists. “ Finn Lamex is well-known as an OE manufacturer of Van Hool windscreens as well as the iconic red double-decker bus windscreens in London, among others. “Incomparable craft skills, modern production technology and world-class windscreen manufacturing know-how enables manufacturing of practically any kind of laminated glass design”, point out the Finnish manufacturer.

ALSTOM ELECTRIC BUSES FOR PARIS

lstom is among the three French producers that won the largest A European tender for electric buses held by RATP, the company that manages public transport in Paris.

The first tranche of Alstom is for 50 vehicles in the 12-meter Aptis range with fully electric drive. The vehicles commissioned by RATP are designed for slow charging in depot. This model is also available for charging at the end of each line whenever necessary, using ground-based charging solutions (SRS) or charging through the top.


BusToCoach on-line Magazine - July/August 2019

THE EUROPEAN MARKET IS GROWING Bus registrations increased by 4.2% in the first five months of 2019. The increase was driven by Central European markets he results are positive in the European bus T market. Nothing exciting, of course, but the trend is still positive. This is confirmed by the European Automobile Manufacturers Association (ACEA) which, in the economic survey on commercial vehicle registrations, reported an increase of 4.2% for the bus segment in the first five months of 2019. Registrations of vehicles over 3.5 t between January and May amounted to 17,439 compared to 16,738 in the same period in 2018. The month of May gave the market a real boost, leading to a recovery of 23.3% after the consecutive decline in March and April. The result of the first five months of the year was affected by the performance of Central European markets, which registered a 26.5% increase. Austria (+6%) and the Czech Republic (+11%)

performed well, but the real boom was that of Romania that continues its growth in the bus segment with a 255.6% increase in the number of new vehicle registrations (1.273 against 358 in 2018). On the Western side, there was an increase in Spain (+6.3%) and France (+14.5%) while Germany (-3%) and Italy (-8.1) decreased and, in particular, the United Kingdom posted a doubledigit drop (-25.4%). Among the other countries in evidence, Portugal recorded an increase of 57.8% in the number of new registrations and Greece an increase of 81%. In the EFTA free trade area, the performance of Switzerland remained stable (+1%), Norway is growing (+18.3%), while the number of registrations in Iceland decreased by more than a third.

Bus & Coach registrations in the EU - 12 month trend 4,000

from June 2018 to May 2019

from June 2017 to May 2018

4,500

+23.3

-0.1 -13.4

-3.1 -3.4 +18.1

3,500

+25

+0.5

-4.9

+6.1

-4.4

+4.5

3,000 2,500 2,000 1,500

‘17 / ’18 June

‘17 / ’18 July

‘17 / ’18 ‘17 / ’18 ‘17 / ’18 ‘17 / ’18 ‘17 / ’18 ‘18 / ’19 ‘18 / ’19 ‘18 / ’19 August Septemb. Ovtober Novemb. Decemb. January Febbruary March

‘18 / ’19 April

‘18 / ’19 May


BusToCoach on-line Magazine - July/August 2019

HYUNDAI ELECTRIC DD BUS

MAXI ECOLOGICAL RENEWAL

The 13-meter electric double-decker bus is manufactured in Korea. It features high-efficiency battery and has a range of 300 kilometers he Korean Hyundai Motor launched its T first electric double-decker bus. It was displayed at the ‘Land, Infrastructure and Transport Technology Fair’ held in Korea on May 29-31. The event was co-hosted by Hyundai and the national Ministry of Land, Infrastructure and Transport. The vehicle (still unnamed) is 12,990 mm long and 3,995 mm high. It runs on a 240kW wheel motor axle combined with a motor in the second axle that minimizes loss of electricity. It features a 384-kWh water-cooled high-efficiency polymer battery pack. A full charge is completed in 72 minutes and the manufacturer declares a range of 300 kilometers. The vehicle can accommodate 70 passengers: 11 on the lower floor, of which two fixed-in-space wheelchairs accessible by a sliding ramp and facilitated by the low floor design, and 59 on the upper floor.

Among the various safety systems installed on board, there are the Vehicle Dynamic Control (VDC), Forward Collision-Avoidance Assist (FCA) and Lane Keeping Assist (LKA). To develop the electric double-decker bus, Hyundai worked for 18 months on a project supported by the South Korean Ministry of Land, Infrastructure, and Transport, which began in 2017. “The double-decker electric bus is an eco-friendly vehicle optimized for environmentally friendly global trends,” said ByoungWoo Hwang, Head of Commercial Vehicle Advanced Engineering Team at Hyundai Motor. “This will not only improve the quality of the air, but will also contribute greatly to easing commuting hour traffic congestion by accommodating more passengers on board. “ Nevertheless, the manufacturer has still to reveal when and in which countries the new Hyundai double-decker bus will be sold.

The transport company of Barcelona (TMB) will purchase 254 eco-friendly buses thanks to a loan from the European Investment Bank

he Catalan metropolis wants to reduce T the emissions of its public transport system. To this end, TMB (Transports Metropolitans de Barcelona) aims to purchase 254 eco-friendly buses. The project is funded with a 73.5 million euro loan from the European Investment Bank (EIB). The loan will make it possible to replace diesel buses and older natural gas models with newer and lower-emission alternatives. Specifically, 116 electric buses, 63 hybrid buses and 75 vehicles with a modern natural gas engine will be purchased. In addition, 20 double-decker buses with diesel engines will be replaced by vehicles with hybrid drive. The first 105 buses are scheduled to go into regular service in 2019. In 2020, 75 additional vehicles will follow, and in the following year 74 vehicles will be added

to the fleet. Public buses are becoming increasingly popular in Barcelona. According to data provided by TMB, 203 million passengers were transported in 2018. In the last six years, the number has increased by 17%. With the new buses, TMB aims to improve the quality and reliability of the service provided to customers. The on-board information system and the charging stations, built with funds from the loan, will also be improved. Around 1,000 new jobs will be created during vehicle production. «Electric transport involves higher initial investment costs in terms of vehicles and infrastructure» underlines Enric Cañas, TMB’s managing director. «Appropriate financing from public transport authorities and financial institutions is vital».


BusToCoach on-line Magazine - July/August 2019

VDL CITEA ELECTRIC SIZE XL

INFORMATION IS ON THE NET www.bustocoach.com/en The “Vehicles” section in the website provides data sheets for all types of buses available on the market, inclusive of photographs, as well as historical profiles and manufacturer’s details. Equally comprehensive information can be found in the “Components” section.

The Citea XLE-145 Electric bus debuts in the range of electric buses manufactured by VDL Bus&Coach. The vehicle measures 14.5 meters he VDL electric product range continues T to expand. After the 12- and 12.9-meter Low Entry versions introduced in September 2018, it is now the turn of the longest in the category: the Citea XLE-145 Electric. The vehicle features an XL size with a length of 14.5 meters, lowered accesses and can accomodate 52 passengers seated on board. Like the entire Citea range, the XLE145 Electric model is also built on the basis of the modular VDL concept with clear advantages in terms of maintenance and service. The electric version of the Citea Low Entry is available in a 2-door or 3-door configuration, with flexible interior layouts. The Citea XLE-145 Electric bus is equipped with 288-kWh batteries. A 360-kWh battery pack is also available optionally. VDL offers various charging systems. As

standard, the Citea XLE-145 electric is equipped with a Combo2 charging plug. For higher charging capacities and fast charging options, pantograph options are available, mounted either on the vehicle or on the charging station. In terms of range, the manufacturer declares that with fast charging the bus can cover 600 kilometers a day. The VDL electric range consists of Low Floor (also articulated), Low Entry and Light Low Entry versions with lengths ranging from 9.9 to 18.7 meters. «Up to now, 400 electric VDL buses cover an average distance of 70,000 km per day» states the Dutch manufacturer. «Since April 2015, the Citea Electric has traveled 30 million electric kilometers. Compared to conventional diesel buses, this means a reduction in CO2 emissions of 70 tons per day, which means also a better air quality ». Other articles about VDL Bus & Coach: https://bustocoach.com/costruttore/vdl-bus-coach-bv-nl/

There are also the Directories dedicated to the market of “Used buses”, including sale ads, professional sales agents across the Europe landscape and quotes for all types of vehicle models.


COMPONENTS ON LINE For a comprehensive list of Suppliers of bus components in Italy and in Europe visit: www.bustocoach.com/en

HIGH TECH STORE

BusToCoach on-line Magazine - July/August 2019

PROVENTIA

he Finnish company Proventia, which is devoted to emission control, has retrofitted the T hybrid double-decker buses branded Transport for London (TfL), the London Transport Authority, for the circulation in the ‘London Ultra Low Emission Zone’ (ULEZ), the ultra

low emission area of London. The 306 retrofitted Routemasters are diesel-electric buses powered by Euro V engines. They are fitted with Proventia NOxBuster City system that reduces emissions below the Euro VI level and makes the buses ULEZ compliant. The installations were made by Excalibre Technologies, a local partner of Proventia. “Retrofitting existing buses to be ULEZ compliant”, said Tom Cunnington of TfL, “has allowed us to create ten low emission bus zones, reducing harmful NOx and PM emissions by 90%”. The Proventia NOxBuster City retrofit system was specially developed for low exhaust temperatures in urban driving and was approved in London for both ULEZ areas and for the CVRAS certification (Clean Vehicle Retrofit Accreditation Scheme) for various bus makes and models. In addition to retrofitting the new Routemasters, Proventia is making ULEZ upgrades for various bus operators in London. The technology is available for retrofitting city buses and coaches across the whole UK. The same NOxBuster City systems are also approved for German retrofit projects.

To search for individual company profiles visit: https://bustocoach.com/en/italyproviders/ https://bustocoach.com/en/europeproviders/

Select products by category and read available components details: https://bustocoach.com/en/italycomponents/ https://bustocoach.com/en/europecomponents/

BALLARD

CUMMINS

of the company. It is a compact module with volume reduced by 40% and weight reduced by 35% and it is ready for installation in tight spaces. Lifecycle costs are 35% lower than previous product generations thanks to lower maintenance requirements, higher reliability and 50% fewer parts. First in a family of FCmoveTM products, the new module is specifically designed to meet the requirements of bus operators. In early June, it was announced that it will be used in 1,000 fuel cell electric buses deployed in Europe by the new H2Bus consortium. Future FCmoveTM products will offer various power outputs to suit a wide range of commercial vehicles including trucks, buses and trains.

lington plant, in the United Kingdom, before 1 September 2019, when the Phase-D regulations will come into force. We are talking about the B4.5, B6.7 and L9 engines with a 150 to 400 hp (112-298 kW) range for bus and coach applications, launched at the UITP summit in Stockholm last June. «The Euro VI Phase-D engines achieve near-to-zero emissions» explains the manufacturer, «representing a step forward towards Euro VII regulations, which are expected to take effect after 2025». Phase D regulations are particularly important for bus operations, as they focus on tighter control limits for nitrogen oxide (NOx) emissions during low speed city operations, as well as under cold engine start conditions. «Cycle-based testing carried out with high-precision portable emission measurement systems installed on Cummins-powered buses indicated a 25% reduction in NOx emissions compared to the phase-A engines when Euro VI was introduced for the first time in 2015», said Ashley Watton, Cummins Director for Europe.

the UITP Global Public Transport held in Stockholm, ummins announced that it will AT Ballard Power Systems launched the FCmoveT- Cstart full production of Euro VI M-HD, the 8th generation high performance fuel cell module Phase-D certified engines at the Dar-


BusToCoach on-line Magazine - July/August 2019

UITP SUMMIT: THE FUTURE WILL BE ELECTRIC

Electric buses in all sizes were on display at the Uitp in Stockholm. The best proposals for sustainable mobility were exhibited with new models also hydrogen-powered and with autonomous drive, not only for the future

M

SCANIA

ore than a vehicle, it is a ‘Concept’. This is what Scania displayed at the Uitp summit to represent its idea of transport in the cities of the future. With the acronym NXT, in fact, you can identify a modular vehicle that can cover all uses in urban areas, from freight transport to waste collection and of course passenger transport, thanks to the front and rear traction modules that are not connected to each other and therefore allow different lengths of wheelbase. It features electric traction and autonomous

drive. The passenger version on display at the Uitp exhibition was 8 m long and it weighted less than 8 tons. The cylindrical cell batteries mounted under the floor enable an estimated range of 245 km, given the current state of the art of energy accumulation technology. Thanks to the absence of the driver’s seat, all the interior space can be used to accommodate up to 55 passengers, 20 of which are seated. Serial production is scheduled for 2030.

UP

for all past editions, the international interest for the GloAS bal Public Transport Summit 2019, organized by the UITP (International Association of Public Transport) in Stockholm at the beginning of June, was unquestionable. The numbers are clear: 474 exhibitors from 46 countries, over 15 thousand visitors and 53 congress sessions attended by 300 speakers and 2,700 participants who interacted to take stock of the state of the art of public transport, the main theme of the event which has been developed in all its aspects. From customer service to the improvement of life quality in cities, from mobility as a service to finance, up to transport innovation. The commitment to bus innovation was taken on by the numerous component specialists, who launched latest generation engines, alternative drive systems, batteries for electric buses, electric charging systems and hydrogen fuel cells, just to mention a few aspects. This was even more evident for bus manufacturers, who focused on the quality of the vehicles on display rather than on the quantity. The vehicles were almost all electrically-powered and there were also many new proposals on display. The next UITP Summit will be held in Melbourne, Australia, in 2021.

OTOKAR

to now, the Turkish manufacturer’s electric buses were only represented by the midibus transformed by the French PVI. Otokar has now decided to gradually enter this market segment by manufacturing a new generation of full electric city buses. The first vehicle is the 12-meter e-Kent C which is fully lowered. Compared to the well-known diesel version, the exterior and interior design has been completely changed, as well as the driving position which features a smart digital dashboard and video system instead of the conventional rear-view mirrors. Traction is ensured by the ZF axle with 250 kW wheel-hub motors, powered by 300 kWh lithium ion batteries. As far as the braking energy recovery system (1520%) is concerned, the declared range is 300 km and the time for a full depot-charge is four hours. The e-Kent C will be available in Europe in 2020.


MERCEDES

MAN TRUCK & BUS

ast year, MAN exhibited the preview of L the full electric MAN Lion’s City E at the IAA in Hannover, but now at the largest fair dedicated to local public transport the

W

SOLARIS

manufacturer exhibited the final version. In Stockholm, a roadmap was specified with a first phase of tests in operation at the beginning of 2020 in five European countries in collaboration with important transport operators. Serial production is scheduled in the second half of the same year. The new Lion’s City E features 29 seats and is powered by a central electric motor on the rear axle with power output from 160 to 270 kW, and 480 to 640-kWh batteries mounted on the roof. The range varies from 200 to 270 km and it is charged at the depot via CCS connectors.

ith a well-established range of electric buses (the 9- and 18-meter Urbino Electric and the 12- and 18-meter Trollino), the Polish manufacturer completes its offer for eMobility with the zero-emission Urbino 12 hydrogen-powered bus. Using the fuel cells on board the vehicle, through a reverse electrolysis process, hydrogen generates electricity that is sent directly to the transmission. The only residual products are heat and water vapor. The Urbino 12 Hydrogen features 60-kW fuel cells and gas is stored at a pressure of 350 bar in five composite tanks of 312 liters each, for a total of 36.8 kilos of hydrogen, which enable an operating range of about 350 km. Traction is ensured by the ZF AVE 130 electric portal axle with two 125-kW electric motors. It is fitted with a small Solaris High Power battery to help the fuel cells during energy demand peaks. The battery is charged through the energy generated in excess or from braking recovery, as well as via Plug-in charging. On show was also the Urbino 12 Electric.

360-degree view of the state of the art A in public transport was exhibited by Mercedes-Benz with the 12-meter electric eCitaro (the 18-meter version will be available in 2020). Mercedes underlined also the achievements in terms of low emissions obtained by its traditional solutions, all powered by diesel or gas engines (including biogas or biomethane) and available also with additional hybrid modules in order to improve efficiency. The eCitaro, which entered the market last year, features a ZF axle with electric motors which are located on the wheels, up to 12 lithium ion battery modules (292 kWh) and a thermal management system that ensures maximum energy efficiency.

With eMobility Consulting, MercedesBenz also intervenes on all aspects of the electric transport system, from power supply to charging infrastructures, from service planning to telematic management.

A

VAN HOOL

hydrogen-powered bus was exhibited at the Van Hool stand. It was the 12-meter A330 model equipped with hybrid drive system (fuel cell and batteries). It was the protagonist of the order for 40 units for the cities of Cologne and Wuppertal last February. The fuel cells are manufactured by the Canadian Ballard manufacturer and the 210-kW electric motor is branded Siemens PEM. Up to now, Van Hool has sold 21 hydrogen buses in America and 90 in Europe.


VDL

VOLVO

IVECO BUS

he wide range of VDL Bus & Coach electric buses was T represented by the Citea SLFA-181 which won the 13-unit tender for the city of Helsingborgs (Sweden), on the BRT line

display, was a preview of the articulated version ON of the 7900 Electric bus that will start to be sold in autumn, after a year of testing on the high-frequency line

e-mobility solutions are represented by the GX 337 IoftsElec Linium manufactured by Heuliez Bus (also part the CNH Industrial group). It is a 12.27-meter Bus

operated by Arriva Sweden. They are 18.15-meter articulated buses powered by a 210-kW Siemens electric motor and 216-kWh batteries (as standard equipment). The turnkey supply also includes charging infrastructures. In Europe over 50 e-mobility projects have been implemented by VDL Bus & Coach.

16 in Gothenburg: two buses have completed 4,500 hours of service and 62,000 km. The 7900 Electric will be available in two lengths: 18 and 18.7 meters. A fast battery charge system is provided for charging at the bus terminus or at the bus depot during the night via CCS.

IRIZAR

he Spanish manufacturer exhibited two T vehicles for zero-emission transport. The electric 18.7-meter articulated ie Bus

(available also in the 10.8- and 12-meter version) and the 12-meter ei Tram (also available in the 18.7-meter length). The latter features a most elaborate design for

BRT services. For both, the modular energy storage and management system developed by Irizar includes lithium-ion battery packs for slow depot-charging (Combo 2), a nano pack for fast pantograph-charging and a power supply for ultra-fast charging up to 600 kW for 24/7 operations. Up to now, there are over 120 electric buses awarded to Irizar in Europe.

Rapid Transit version with full-electric drive powered by a 120/190 kW engine and 73 kWh LTO high-power batteries. It features an attractive design, large side windows and indirect interior lighting. Everything is set up in order to increase the attractiveness of city bus transport.

CAETANO

he Portuguese Caetanobus has transforT med from car body builder to complete vehicle manufacturer. At the UITP Summit,

batteries have variable energy capacities according to the need and the charging system is a plug-in 200 A type. the manufacturer exhibited both the 12-me- The bodywork panels consists of aluminium ter electric urban e.City Gold (same body and the EBS3 braking system with energy as the diesel version) and the corresponding recovery is electronically controlled. low-floor e.cc 100 chassis also suitable for 10.7-meter vehicles. Traction is ensured by a 160-kW Siemens electric motor, synchronous with 700 Volts and by a Siemens Elfa management system, placed in the rear left corner. Lithium ion


EBUSCO

BYD

ALFABUS

he latest generation 12-meter electric bus Ebusco 2.2 feaT tures the colors of the DB Regio Bus, the operating branch in the local public bus transport of Deutsche Bahn. Following

he Chinese manufacturer, which boasts factories also T in Europe (Hungary and France), has proposed again in Stockholm its 12-meter electric eBus with wheel-hub

fter having established Alfabus Europa in 2017 (with A the participation of the Italian Basco Bus), the Chinese manufacturer was present for the first time at the UITP. It

the memorandum signed by the Dutch manufacturer and DB Regio Bus at the end of last year, two of these buses will soon enter service to test their performance in regional traffic, without intermediate charge. The Ebusco 2.2 is powered by a 270-kW asynchronous motor and LFP batteries with energy capacity up to 475 kWh.

SAFRA

he stand of the French manufacturer highlighted the T possibility of equipping its Businova with hydrogen fuel cells. Actually, the bus version on show was instead the plug-in hybrid (electric-diesel), which recently entered service in Castres-Mazamet (3 units). The seating arrangement in the upper rear part is peculiar. The range includes all diesel, hybrid-powered and full electric versions.

motors and 348-kWh iron-phosphate batteries which enable a range of about 250 km. The BTMS battery thermal management system helps increase battery life, while the SMDS system enables real-time monitoring of the general status of the eBus and to diagnose any problems remotely.

displayed the electric eCity L12 equipped with a stainless steel structure and a new aerodynamic design, including electrical equipment on the roof. The permanent magnet synchronous motor has a maximum power output of 210 kW and the NMC batteries have a capacity of 355 kWh.

TEMSA

was the only manufacturer that exhibited three vehicles IT in Stockholm: two electric ones and a diesel-powered one. The latter is the LF 12, an updated version of the 12-meter city low-floor Avenue. The electric MD9 electricCity midibus, which has been on the market for at least 3 years, is a 9-meter bus that promises a range of 230 km that will soon be extended to 300 km, as well as the battery

charge time that will be reduced to two hours. The other electric bus, the 12-meter Avenue Electron, was already exhibited last year at the IAA in Hannover, but it is just now that full production has been announced. It can accommodate up to 85 passengers, 35 of which are seated. The declared range is 250 km but also for this model it will be extended to 350 km.


ANADOLU ISUZU

ADL

KAMAZ

he Turkish manufacturer has, up to now, no hybrid or T electric bus in its range. At the UITP in Stockholm, the manufacturer displayed two of its flagships for traditional tran-

he Enviro500 on display at the UITP summit by AlexanT der Dennis, is one of the 13 regional transport vehicles of Lausanne (Switzerland). It is a 13-meter double-decker bus

he Russian manufacturer displayed one of the main proT tagonists of the Moscow transport electrification program. The program started last year with 200 buses ordered

sport: the NovoCity Life and the Visigo Hyper. The first is a 7.8-meter city bus powered by a 186-hp FPT engine, coupled to Allison or ZF automatic transmission and with a total capacity of 60 passengers. The second is a 9.6-meter intercity/touring bus, powered by a 320-hp Cummins engine, coupled to ZF automatic transmission and fitted with 35 passenger seats.

with three access doors, powered by a 375-hp Cummins L9 engine, coupled to ZF EcoLife automatic transmission, fitted with 77 seats (in different colors) plus two wheelchair spaces and a maximum capacity of 120 passengers. Since mid-2017, 19 additional Enviro500 buses have been in service in eastern Switzerland for PostAuto.

by the local operator Mosgotrans to Kamaz and GAZ, and continued this year with the supply of another 100 electric buses manufactured by Kamaz. The vehicle is the 12.4-meter Kamaz-6282 fitted with ZF AVE 130 electric portal axle powered by two 125-kW electric motors and lithium-titanate (LTO) batteries.

AUTONOMOUS ELECTRIC SHUTTLE BUSES

the UITP exhibition in Stockholm, several propoAT sals for vehicles in micro size, always electric, were displayed. The French company Lohr has revived its

Cristal, a 4-meter electric vehicle that can be used individually or collectively to accommodate up to 16 people. Alternatively, a train convoy can be formed with four vehicles travelling together and it would accommodate EASY MILE

LOHR

one driver and up to 64 passengers. On show, was also the i-Cristal autonomous version fitted with wheelchair space and electric ramp. The Easy Mile EZ.10 is also driverless. It is 4 meters long and can accommodate up to 15 passengers, half of which seated. The 30.7-kWh lithium-iron phosphate batteries offer a runtime of 16 hours. NAVYA

The Navya shuttle bus is a little bit longer: 4.75 meters. It can also feature electric or autonomous drive. At the UITP, it was used as external service shuttle bus for visitors. Finally, at the ZF stand, it was displayed the 22-seater autonomous shuttle bus of the subsidiary 2getthere, equipped with sensors for cameras, radar and ZF ProAI RoboThink AI-enabled control box central unit.

ZF-2getthere


BusToCoach on-line Magazine - July/August 2019

VOLVO - 9700 12.4 Routes

km

km/h

km/litre*

Main Road

44

53.5

3.76

Highway (up) Highway (down) Highway (plain) TOTAL

48

72.2

2.88

47.6

66.4

7.33

210

94.1

5.14

349.6

78.8

4.63

*) The data includes equivalent share (price) of AdBlue consumed.

Performance index 0

9.12

FUEL COMSUMPTION

km/litre

7.33

3.76

5.14 2.88

Main Road Down on the Highway TOTAL AVERAGE

DIMENSIONS

Length mm 12,400 Width mm 2,550 Height with AC mm 3,650 Wheelbase mm 6,080 Front overhang mm 2,895 Rear overhang mm 3,425 Luggage m3 9.9* Turning circle mm 21,880 est weight kg 18,020

*) Without toilet and driver’s bunk.

NATURALLY VERSATILE

4.63

Up on the Highway Plain on the Highway

ne year after the last restyling, the VolO vo 9700 was tested on the 350 km of the Milan-Genoa-Milan route used by Bus

ToCoach to test the performance of touring coaches on the road. Compared to the previous versions, the restyling has affected the external design, which is now more aerodynamic, the effectiveness of the thermal and acoustic insulation of the interior (with a wide spectrum of customization), the enhancement of the air conditioning system and the implementation of active and passive safety systems.

èè

T E S T




THE TEST ROUTE

PASSENGERS

Seats n. 55+1 Internal heigth mm 2,050 Aisle heigth mm 1,320 Aisle width mm 340 Entrances width mm 600-650 Raks capacity m3 1.3

Comfort

Seats type Volvo A.C. 31 kW Heater convectors Lighting Led Roof Hatches 2 manual Glazing double Audio Bosch Video 2 monitor Lcd Toilette no

Select or Superior

Altitude (m)

Distance (km)

he 9700 tested featured a T 55+1+1 Select seating arrangement and no toilet. The

seats are fixed on a platform which is raised 20 cm from the corridor, sloped in the first front part. They are original Volvo seats, reclining and complete with fake leather headrests, folding armrest, two-point safety belts, double handles and, on the back, small table, footrest, small net and USB plug every pair of seats. The open luggage racks have a total capacity of 1.3 cubic meters and include, in the upper part, Led lights for indirect lighting of the passenger compartment. On the bottom there are the service-sets with adjustable rectangular air vents, reading LED lights and speakers. Air conditioning is ensured by a 31-kW roof-mounted system

with separate regulation for passengers and driver. Heating is provided by convectors powered by a 30-kW Spheros. It features two 19-inch Bosch flat-screen monitors, one embedded in the front body above the driver’s seat and the other one

on the right luggage rack, above the stairwell. For passenger luggages, the luggage compartment has a capacity of almost 10 cubic meters (without the toilet), accessible from doors with pantograph opening.

More specifically, safety systems have been improved with the greater strength of the Front Impact Protection (FIP) for protection against front impacts and the availability of the Driver Alert Support (DAS), a driver alarm system that monitors the vehicle’s movements and sounds if the driver is tired or not focused on the road. The new 9900 series for high-end touring coaches features the same characteristics. T h e Vo l v o 9700 is more versatile and can feature a wide range of equipment to adapt to mid-range or touring line services, starting with standard Select (base) and Superior solutions. The Volvo 9700 tested featured a Select equipment and was 12.4 meters long. The range also includes 13.1-meter two-axle and 14-meter three-axle versions.

èè


COCKPIT



Platform heigth mm 940 Cockpit width mm 800 Cockpit depth mm 1,200 Cockpit heigth mm 2,100 Adjustment seat mm 230

Equipments

Seat type Isri Window electric Sunshade electric Blinds (left) electric Fridge 54 litres

True to itself

owered to 940 millimeters L from the ground, the driving position offers a suitable space

for the driver to whom is reserved a comfortable Isri revolving seat, which can be adjusted longitudinally by 230 mm. The design of the dashboard has not been revolutionised too much, with the exception of the full-width eyelid upper dashboard and the wavy right-hand side (overlooked by a handrail which features a different design) with a 54-liter cockpit-fridge, and includes a dashboard with squared blocks to house the instrumentation on board. At the center there is the built-in panel with six pointer indicators (tachometer, speedometer, pressure gauges, water thermometer and fuel level) and the 6.5-inch LCD display for driving information and diagnosis. On the right, there is the display for the GPS and for the rear-view camera, supported by the digital tachograph, the control panel for the Bosch audio/video system

and air-conditioning controller. Visibility is excellently ensured by double rear-view mirrors, which are electrically adjustable, heated

and foldable. The sunshade is electrically controlled and most of it is screened, while the steering wheel is available in two sizes.

Ballasted to just over 18 tons (for the countries that permit it, the total weight reaches 19,500 kg), the 12.4-meter vehicle recorded more than satisfying consumption, in the wake of those recorded by the Mercedes and Setra vehicles trialled so far. The unbeaten record remains the one of the Scania Touring (see table at the end of the article). 4.63 km were travelled on average with a liter of fuel, with an average speed of almost 79 km/hour. As always, it must be underlined that consumption was calculated including the amount of AdBlue used by the SCR system to reduce exhaust emissions. For the 9700 it was equal to 6% of the fuel consumed and it therefore led to a 3% increase in the total consumption (cost per average equivalence). The powertrain is well proportionate with the intermediate calibration of the 10.8-liter D11K engine with power output of 430 hp (316 kW) and coupled to the Volvo I-Shift automated gearbox. The reduction ratio is 2.64 and enables to travel in last gear at 100 km/hour keeping the engine speed at around 1,400 rpm. The Dynamic Chassis Lowering has certainly contributed to the limitation of consumption. It lowers the vehicle by 20 mm at speeds above 80 km/h, thus reducing air resistance. And the I-See management system uses map data to preview route topography and optimize acceleration, gear changes and braking while driving with cruèè


ENGINE kW

.

316 310

Power Nm 2,050

287.5 265

Torque

1,600

242,5 220

1,000

1,200 1,400 1,600 1,800 1,900

rpm/min

10,830 123/152 vertical 6 in line back

Power 430 cv (316 kW)/1,900 rpm Torque Nm 2,050/1,000-1,400 rpm Injection Common rail Compression ratio 17.1:1 Oil tank litres 37 Pollution Class Euro VI Gas Treatment EGR+ CR+DPF+DOC Life test vehicle km 1,860

SUSPENSIONS Full pneumatic with electronic control. Front axle Volvo IFS with indipendent wheels. The drive axle is the Volvo RS1228C. BRAKES Full disc brakes. Electronically controlled EBS 5 pneumatic system with ABS, ASR, BFD and secondary retarder integrated in the gearbox.

SAFETY ESC, CW-EB, ACC, DAS, LKS, FIP, Fire TYRES detection system in engine compartBridgestone Ecopia H-Steer 001 295/80 R 22.5 154/149M ment, fire alarm in the luggage.

The right balance

9 12 15 19 25 32 40 th

7

51

66 th

th

84 th

10

9

8

108

138

12

th

th

11

950

0

0

10

20

30

40

50

60

70

80

Km/h

90

100 110

120 130 140 150

TRANSMISSION The tested vehicle is fitted with the automated twelve-speed Volvo I-Shift with integrated retarder VR 3250. Transmission Ratio 2.64 Acceleration 0-100 km/h sec. 45

ise control. B r a k i n g safety is ensured by the multiple systems that are part of the EBS 5 electronic control. For driving stability, the ESC can be supported by the Volvo Dynamic Steering (the vehicle tested was not equipped with it), which also relieves driver fatigue.

COACH EURO VI: 2-AXLE COMPARED weight kg

cv (kW)

km/h

km/litre

Index

VOLVO 9700 12,4

18,020

430 (316)

78.8

4.63

9.1

MERCEDES Tourismo M/2

18,110

455 (335)

76.0

4.75

9.0

Model

https://bustocoach.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/03/maggio_2019_tourismo_en.pdf

IN

the power range offered by the 10.8-liter Volvo D11K (from 380 to 460 hp), for the 9700 tested was chosen an intermediate calibration of 430 hp (316 kW) with a maximum torque of 2,050 Nm available between 1,000 and 1,400 rpm. This choice has demonstrated the efficient relationship between performance and consumption. The main features of the engine are: reduced weight (less than 1,000 kilos), in line-six-cylinders, overhead camshaft, four valves per cylinder and highprecision common rail electronic injection. To reduce polluting emissions, the post-treatment system includes the SCR catalyst, the anti-particulate filter (DPF) with continuous regeneration and the diesel oxidation catalyst (DOC). Oil replacement is scheduled every 100,000 km. As standard, it is coupled to the Volvo I-Shift automated transmission with the integrated

GEARBOX

rpm/min 1,900

1 st 2 nd 3 th 4 th 5 th 6 th

VOLVO D11K.430 Displacement cc Bore/Stroke mm Geometry Position

IRIZAR i6S 13.35 Integral

18,150

449 (330)

80.5

4.61

9.3

IRIZAR i6S 12.37 Integral

18,150

449 (330)

77.5

4.57

8.9

VDL Futura FHD2-129

18,450

449 (330)

76.4

4.30

8.2

81.6

4.55

9.3

5.49

10

4.55

8.55

85.3

4.48

9.55

https://bustocoach.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/03/aprile_2019_irizar_en.pdf

https://bustocoach.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/03/dicembre_2018_vdl_en.pdf

MAN Lion’s Coach C

18,070

420 (309)

https://bustocoach.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/03/settembre_2018_manprova_en.pdf

Scania Touring HD 12,1

18,100

410 (302)

77.4

Irizar i6 108.35 Integral

17,930

396 (291)

75.2

https://bustocoach.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/03/novembre_2017_scania_en.pdf

https://bustocoach.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/03/luglioagosto_2017_irizar_en.pdf

Irizar i6S 13.35 Integral

18,050

435 (320)

https://bustocoach.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/07/aprile_2017_irizar_en.pdf

Iveco Magelys 12,8

18,100

400 (294)

80.6

4.60

9.27

Setra S 511 HD

15,000

394 (290)

79.9

4.76

9.51

Setra S 515 MD

17,600

354 (260)

82.2

4.61

9.47

81.5

4.51

9.19

4.82

9.78

https://bustocoach.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/03/novembre_2016_iveco_en.pdf https://bustocoach.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/03/settembre_2016_setra_en.pdf

https://bustocoach.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/03/luglio_2013_setra_en.pdf

„Voith retarder. In the engine compartment, the fire prevention system is supplied as standard.

Irizar i6 12.37 Scania

18,360

450 (331)

https://bustocoach.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/03/ottobre_2014_irizar_en.pdf

Setra S 515 HD

17,700

428 (315)

81.2

https://bustocoach.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/03/gennaio_febbr_2016_setra_en.pdf

Other articles about Volvo Buses: https://bustocoach.com/costruttore/volvo-bus-corporation-se/

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BUSTOCOACH EUROPEAN ON-LINE MAGAZINE – July/August 2019  

BusToCoach is the first online platform completely FREE. It offers information on vehicles for passenger transport in Europe through the sit...

BUSTOCOACH EUROPEAN ON-LINE MAGAZINE – July/August 2019  

BusToCoach is the first online platform completely FREE. It offers information on vehicles for passenger transport in Europe through the sit...