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Transport Web Snc -


MAGAZINE ON-LINE linked - June 2018 COLUMS



On website is on line the directory dedicated to Used.

European on-line magazine Editor in chief

Marino Ginanneschi

Managing editor and International relations

Elena Prearo


FLASH NEWS Live from the transport sector.


HIGH TECH STORE Components on display at Busworld Turkey.


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E-mail: Internet: Registration: Tribunale di Milano n. 140 del 16/03/2012

EUROPEAN MARKET The first four months closed negatively.

ITALIAN MARKET City buses mark the increase.

AUTONOMOUS DRIVE Italy decrees the necessary law.

ELECTRIC BUSES Also in the future of New York.



BusToCoach® Magazine is a monthly e-mail delivered to 12,000 European operators in the sector of bus passenger transport. To subscribe to our mailing list, send an e-mail to:

MAN TRUCK & BUS Lion’s Coach with ZF automatic transmission.

MERCEDES The new Sprinter for passenger transport.

IRIZAR The new Irizar e-Mobility plant.

SOLARIS The range of electric buses.

If you want to sell or buy a bus, here’s the right way. You can make your insertion or search vehicles for sale. *** You can access through the site, selecting the USED directory or going directly to the link content/announcements


BusToCoach on-line Magazine - June 2018



rakow, Poland. The public transport authority MPK Krakow ive years after first experiencing buses fitted with fully auK (Miejskie Przedsiębiorstwo Komunikacyjne S.A. w Krako- Ftomatic Allison transmissions, Gaziantep Transportation Co. wie) has placed an order for the supply of 86 Mercedes-Benz (Gaziulaş) has declared they will convert the entire fleet to

city buses (56 Citaro and 30 Citaro hybrids). The vehicles will be arriving from September 2018. Another contract for Mercedes-Benz buses was signed at the beginning of May in Gdansk, a Polish city on the Baltic coast. The Gdansk public transport authority GAiT (Gdanskie Autobusy i Tramwaje) commissioned to Daimler Buses 46 Mercedes-Benz Citaro buses. The vehicles will be handed over to GAiT in the spring of 2019. A further order was placed in the first half of this year by the city of Bialystok, North-East Poland, for 18 Mercedes-Benz Conecto buses to be delivered towards the end of the year to Bialystok’s public transport operator.



he state-run Parisian public transport operator RATP, has signed a contract for the supply of 18-meter natural gas buses from the Iveco Bus ‘Natural Power’ range. The order follows the awarding of an European tender issued by RATP. Up to 150 Urbanway buses will be delivered between 2019 and 2024 according to the needs of the Parisian company. Manufactured at the Iveco Bus plant in Annonay, the vehicles are powered by compressed natural gas or biomethane. «100% compatible with the biomethane obtained from waste», the manufacturer explains, «the Natural Power range of Iveco Bus guarantees neutral carbon emissions, as well as a practical progress towards the energy transition». The manufacturer supports RATP as part of the “BUS 2025” plan, which aims to replace the current fleet with non-polluting solutions. Iveco Bus is an European leader in the field of natural gas vehicles with almost 6,000 buses operating throughout Europe.



he Hamburg public transport operator has chosen Solaris Bus & Coach for the supply of ten electrically powered buses. The first two units will be delivered in autumn this year and the remaining ones in September 2019. The Solaris Urbino 12 buses can accommodate up to 70 passengers (25 seated) and the axle with integrated electric motors will constitute the drive unit. The Solaris High Energy batteries will boast a total capacity of 240 kWh. The buses will be recharged at the bus depot, using a plugin charger. The Senate of Hamburg has decided that, as of 2020, all buses bought by local carriers should be electric zero-emission vehicles. Solaris electric buses are already operating in Hamburg: five units serve the 109 line dedicated to low and zero-emission vehicles. Two of the 18.75-meter Urbino electric buses supplied in 2014 are equipped with hydrogen fuel cells.

Allison transmissions. About one third of the current Gaziulaş fleet consists of Otokar Doruk 220 LE low-floor buses with Allison Torqmatic T 280 transmissions, featuring retarders to extend the brake life. Recep Tokat, general director of Gaziulaş, said: “We prefer fully automatic transmission equipment for our buses because they eliminate driver mistakes and contribute to passenger comfort. Our automatic vehicles have exceeded 300,000 km and have not encountered any problems caused by the transmission”.


meå, Sweden. The Municipality has announced U that VDL Bus & Coach is the winner of the tender for the supply of 25 electric-powered buses.

For the Dutch manufacturer this is the largest order of electric buses in the Swedish borders. VDL has been selected as system provider, which means that in addition to delivering the 25 Citea SLFA-180s and charging stations, it will also be responsible for the implementation. The vehicles are fitted with a rooftop pantograph, a 169 kW battery, 48 seats, USB connections and “Nordic Pack” which includes extra features such as additional insulation and heating to cope with the cold Swedish weather. The bus service in Umeå is provided by Transdev Sverige AB. The buses will be put in service in June 2019.


he transport operator Abellio put on service in London T this month a further 16 new Enviro400H double deck hybrid buses manufactured by Alexander Dennis Limited

(ADL). The new hybrid buses will boost the Abellio London fleet towards the 800-vehicle mark, with 85% of those made by ADL. Business between the two companies now totals over £100m since 2011. Abellio is owned by Dutch railway operator Nederlandse Spoorwegen and has bus and rail operations in Germany and the United Kingdom.


BusToCoach on-line Magazine - June 2018



harjah RTA is the first bus company in the United Arab he German transport operator Berliner Verkehrs-betriebe S Emirates (UAE) to roll out MAN Lion’s Coaches featuring T(BVG) is to take delivery of up to 950 units of the best assistance systems for increased safety. The MAN Lion’s Co- seller Mercedes-Benz city bus. The framework agreement

ach buses handed over by Sharjah RTA are fitted with devices such as Emergency Braking System (EBA), Lane Guard System (LGS) and Adaptive Cruise Control (ACC). As its next step, the Arab company has ordered another eight MAN Lion’s Coaches. The vehicles comply with the Euro 5 EEV emission standard, meeting cutting edge environmental standards as well as ensuring safety.


-Ahead London has taken delivery of the first GO 39 Enviro400H buses with Series-E hybrid technology. The double-deck hybrid buses are ma-

nufactured by Alexander Dennis Limited (ADL) and BAE Systems. Fitted with an ultra-capacitor energy storage instead of the previous generation’s batteries, the Enviro400H bus with Series-E hybrid technology has achieved an Ultra Low Emission Bus certification with 37% lower greenhouse gas emissions than conventional diesel buses. ADL explains: “Series-E maintains the series hybrid system architecture – proven in over 1,300 existing Enviro400H hybrid buses – in which the diesel engine only acts as generator to produce energy for the electric drive. This now utilizes a lighter and more compact direct drive permanent magnet traction motor, which no longer requires a speed reducing gearbox, thereby increasing efficiency and minimising wear.” Go-Ahead London is the pioneering launch customer for this next generation Enviro400H, with the first 39 buses entering service on Transport for London route 36. Another 26 are on order for routes 77 and 87.


between Daimler Buses and BVG breaks down into 600 articulated buses and a maximum of 350 solo buses. BVG will call off the city buses successively in the coming years. All Citaros are equipped with highly efficient and low-emission engines in accordance with the latest European emissions directive. With total sales in excess of 50,000 vehicles, the Citaro is the world’s best-selling city bus. In Europe it is in service in virtually all countries and major cities. Initially launched in 1997, the second generation was introduced in 2011. The range comprises solo and articulated buses, city and rural service vehicles and the low-entry Citaro LE. The four-axle large-capacity CapaCity bus is also based on the Citaro. In 2012 it became the first city bus to comply with the Euro VI emissions level. The latest developments are the Citaro hybrid bus and the fully electric Citaro. The latter will go into series production in the course of this year.


remiere of buses with autonomous drive in GothenP burg, Sweden. The inaugural journey took place at the campus of Chalmers University of Technology,

Johanneberg Science Park. Here an autonomous shuttle bus moves people between the main entrance of the university and the Chalmers library. The bus-project in Gothenburg is part of the Government’s innovation partnership program called “The next generation’s travel and transport”. This is the second project of its kind in Scandinavia and is the result of a partnership between fifteen organizations and companies related to mobility, urban planning and transport. After the four-week trial in the Chalmers area, the project will move in autumn to Lindholmen Science Park, the growing innovation cluster in Gothenburg, where a large part of Sweden’s vehicle technology development is taking place. There, the project continues for a six-month period.


amburger Hochbahn AG has placed an order for 20 fully May 8, Unibuss AS has placed an order for 40 ON VDL Citea electric buses. This includes 30 Ci- Helectric Mercedes Citaro buses. The first two units will teas SLFA-180 Electric with 169 kWh battery pack and 10 be handed over before the end of this year. Till Oberwörder,

Citeas SLF-120 Electric with 127 kWh battery pack. The vehicles will serve the Greater Oslo Region. The first units will be delivered by the end of 2018 and they will be put into service in spring 2019. This is the largest order for VDL electric buses in Scandinavia to date. Oslo’s ambition is for all of the city’s public transport to be emission-free in ten years’ time. The Norwegian town is also being chosen as European Green Capital of 2019. 

Head of Daimler Buses: “The first major order for our fully electrically powered, emission-free Citaro has been received even before the official premiere, demonstrating the confidence transport operators have in our concept for electromobility in urban public transport. With the Citaro, we are bringing a major component on the way to locally emission-free bus traffic to market.” The new, fully electrically powered Citaro will enter series production before the end of this year.

BusToCoach on-line Magazine - June 2018



STILL GROWING In the first four months of 2018 bus registrations increased by 13% and city buses almost double. Modest decline for regular service and touring coaches

Negative trend for bus registrations in Europe. France, United Kingdom and Germany are decreasing. In the contrary, Italy and Spain

fter an encouraging start, the European A bus sector reverses course and closes the first four months of 2018 with a 2.1% decrease. This according to ACEA, the European Automobile Manufacturers Association, in the economic survey on the number of registrations of buses over 3.5 tons. Vehicles registered in the European borders between January and April amount to 13.241 units compared to 13.528 in the first four months of 2017. Among Western markets, France continues to decrease with 1,552 vehicles (- 9.6%) and the same for the United Kingdom with 2,483 registrations (- 18.8%). The performance is negative also for Germany but with a minimal decrease: 2,257 new vehicles on the road (- 0.9%). On the other hand, the upward trend of the

Iberian and Italian Peninsula continues. Spain increases by 11.6% with 1,233 units and Italy by 13% with 1,404 vehicles. In Northern Europe, the performances are mainly negative, with the exception of Belgium, where the number of registrations increases by 32%. Contrasts can be found also in the Eastern Basin with the good performance of Hungary (+ 45.8%), Croatia (+ 42.7%) and the Czech Republic (+ 23.9%), unlike Slovenia (- 41.3%), Slovakia ( 8.6%) and Romania (- 7.5%). Greece, while trying to stand out (+ 34.8%), remains a market of small numbers (89 vehicles). In the Baltic area, only Lithuania records a positive trend (+ 39.3%), as well as among EFTA countries (European Free Trade Association), only Iceland is safe (+ 41.4%).

Bus & Coach registrations in the UE - 12 month trend from May 2016 to April 2017

from May 2017 to April 2018 -0.3

4,500 +17.8

4,000 3,500


-9.9 +2.7









2,500 2,000 1,500

‘16 / ’17 May

‘16 / ’17 June

‘16 / ’17 July

‘16 / ’17 ‘16 / ’17 ‘16 / ’17 August September October

‘16 / ’17 ‘16 / ’17 ‘17 / ’18 Novemb. December January

‘17 / ’18 ‘17 / ’18 February March

‘17 / ’18 April

he Italian bus sector continues its recoT very. After closing positively 2017 (+ 20%), the sector closes the first four months

lar local public transport, is waiting for the announced Strategic Plan for Public Sustainable Mobility. It is intended to organize the way of spending the renewed Investment Fund for buses and infrastructure in order to support local public transport services for the period 2019-2033. This is a basic measure for the implementation of sustainability policies to our mobility system, creating the right conditions to favor the spread of alternative fuel vehicles (electric, hybrid, hydrogen, CNG and LNG), for which Italian manufacturers have a wide range of products».

of 2018 with another increase (+ 13%). This is revealed by ANFIA (National Association of Automotive Industries) and is based on data from the Italian Ministry of Transport (MIT) on the number of new bus registrations with total weight exceeding 3.5 tonnes. Registrations issued between January and April amounted to 1,404 compared to 1,243 in the first four months of 2017. The upward trend is largely due to city buses that double, or almost, in number (422 compared to 230) and ITALIAN MARKET: BUS & COACH >3,5 ton record an increase of 83.5%. On the other hand, there was a Jan-Apr. Jan-Apr. % negative trend in regular servi- Type 2018 2017 change ce buses and touring coaches (-6.2% for the former, -2.1 for Citybus 422 230 83.5% the latter), albeit with modest 257 274 -6.2% decline. The decrease in mini- Intercity bus sector was more pronoun- Coach 382 390 -2.1% ced (-16.3%). Well done for Minibus 180 215 -16.3% school buses, which increase Schoolbus 163 134 21.6% by 21.6%. As far as the Italian market TOTAL 1,404 1,243 13.0% is concerned, ANFIA reminds that “the bus sector, in particu- Source: ANFIA

BusToCoach on-line Magazine - June 2018


Smart roads and testing of connected and self-driving vehicles are provided for in the decree of the Ministry of Infrastructures and Transport published in April he Ministry of Infrastructures and TranT sport (MIT) has given the green light in Italy to smart roads and the testing of self-dri-

ving vehicles. It is connected with the decree of last February 23, 208, provided for in the Budget Law 2018 and published in the Official Gazette n. 90 of April 18, 2018. The measure defines interventions, times and types of roads involved. “First and foremost”, points out MIT in a statement, “it defines the functional standards to build more connected and safe roads that, thanks to new technologies introduced in road infrastructures, can dialogue with users on-board vehicles. In this way they can provide real-time information on traffic, accidents, weather conditions, up to the tourist info that characterize the different routes “. The newly built motorways and highways the ones subjected to extraordinary maintenance will be affected. In a first phase, by 2025, the Italian infrastructures belonging to

the European TEN-T network, and the entire motorway and highway network are involved. Gradually, the services will be extended to the whole network of integrated national transport system. By 2030, additional services will be started: deviation of flows, intervention on average speeds to avoid congestion, suggestion of trajectories, dynamic management of accesses, parking and refuelling, including electricity. The decree also provides that the MIT may authorize, on request and after specific investigation, the testing of vehicles with automatic drive on certain roads, “according to specific procedures and controls during the experimentation, with the aim of ensuring that it takes place under absolute security “. Universities, public/ private research bodies, self-driving vehicle manufacturers can apply for authorization. A ‘Smart Road’ observatory will be established at MIT, to monitor the implementation of the measure.

BusToCoach on-line Magazine - June 2018

ELECTRIC BUSES ALSO FOR NEW YORK The Metropolitan Transportation Authority (MTA) announced that the entire bus fleet will be electrified by 2040

ven overseas the focus is on electric E traction. The Metropolitan Transport Authority (MTA), the company responsible for public transport in the US state of New York, has recently officialised the ambitious project to electrify the entire bus fleet by 2040. A dozen completely electric buses have already been tested by the MTA and, according to plans, another sixty will be added to the fleet within the next year. The decision depends somehow on the level of technology maturity, as Andy Byford, president of NYC Transit, pointed out. And this applies to both vehicles and charging infrastructure. The goal is to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and improve air quality. A report published by the New York City

Environmental Justice Alliance has confirmed that buses powered by fossil fuels contribute significantly to respiratory problems, asthma and hospital visits for people of all age. «These communities have been overloaded with noxious emissions for too long», said Eddie Bautista, executive director of the New York City Environmental Justice Alliance. Great satisfaction was therefore expressed for the plan announced by the MTA. In New York, bus transport is carried out with more than 5,700 vehicles on over 300 lines. Journeys made every day exceed 2 million. The total electrification of the fleet would therefore have a considerable impact on the air quality of the city.

COMPONENTS ON LINE For a comprehensive list of Suppliers of bus components in Italy and in Europe visit:

BusToCoach on-line Magazine - June 2018



POLARIS - Panels with infos for passengers with LED technology. ZF - The new CeTrax central motor drive for central transmission.

To search for individual company profiles visit: content/suppliers-italy content/suppliers-europe

GRL - It has a productive capacity of 240,000 seats per year. SIMROLL Infotainment systems for passengers.

AKIRMARK - Rear-view mirrors for every type of vehicle.

ADAM - Infotainment systems and validators for public transport.

Select products by category and read available components details: content/components-italy content/components-europe

AKDULGER - New series of seats for VIP layouts.

WEBASTO - Only 2 kg of weight for the compact HVH for electric and hybrid buses.

POLTEKIN - Planning and production of fiberglass parts.

BusToCoach on-line Magazine - June 2018

LION’S COACH WITH AUTOMATIC TRANSMISSION MAN Lion’s Coach is coupled for the first time with the ZF Ecolife Coach automatic transmission, which is able to withstand the high torque of the 460-hp engine an Bus continues its partnership with the M Venetian company ATVO (Azienda Trasporti Veneto Orientale) and delivers 20 new

Lion’s Coach R 09, as part of a tender for 30 extra-urban class II buses. Their most important feature is the new ZF Ecolife automatic transmission, which for the first time is mounted on a touring coach. Fabio Turchetto, president of Atvo explains that: «in the future, mobility will

always be cleaner and more silent», hence the decision to buy these new vehicles. Turchetto continues: «It is an excellent product for maintenance and aesthetics, or at least is what our laboratories and drivers say». “The new vehicles”, says David Siviero, Bus Sales Director of Man Italia, “will exceed the expectations of the previous orders, especially for the automatic transmission available for


he public partners T comprise the Province of Venice and 21 munici-

palities which cover the area of eastern Veneto, the private partners are represented by Dolomitibus S.p.A., ATAP S.p.A., ACTV S.p.A. and Linea 80 Scarl. The distances are developed in about 14.034.482,00 vehicle/km; there are 437 employees and 279 buses are already in service. The services provided by the company include: public transport of passenger on urban and extra-urban lines operated under

concession; school and special services; coach hire and vehicle repair services. The distribution of the company structure covers the areas of San Donà di Piave, Jesolo and Portogruaro. The capital stock is close to 9 million euros. The workshops are located in the industrial area of S. Donà di Piave and occupy a total area of 23,347 square meters, of which 716 covered; the outside has been used as a covered bus parking, washing plant, refueling area and vehicle inspection area.

the first time on coaches, and that reduces consumption, makes the vehicle quieter, more comfortable and greener “. The new Ecolife Coach automatic transmission offers something more than a traditional or automated transmission: «a driveline», explains Siviero, «closer to customer needs. ZF has increased torque and higher engines can now be used, therefore also for coaches and not only for city buses ». The Lion’s Coach is powered by a 460-hp engine with a torque of 2,300 NM. The 6-speed transmission with an appropriate gear ratio is best suited to the various different uses, for all the routes that must be carried out. The automatic transmission offers indeed greater driveability, less component wear and great fuel economy. Ecolife simplifies driving and decreases consumption on lines with mixed routes, urban routes with many stops, on long routes such as from airports to cities and on sections with slopes, uphills and with many hairpin turns. With Ecolife Coach, the torque is always continuous even during gear shifts thanks to a torque converter and planetary gearboxes controlled by brakes and clutch inside the gearbox, which improves the fluidity of driving and does not wear the clutch with the

continuous disconnections and attacks. The converter, mounted after the engine, is only open at low speed, but when the vehicle starts to move, it is excluded and it relies on the mechanical part with the planetary gears that offer 6 ratios with a wide speed range. In addition to this, it is possible to activate the mode of real-time topographic-survey to understand the ‘perfect’ point of gear shift. Before two modes were used: ECO and POWER via a switch. Now the electronic control unit changes mode alone and then always automatically returns to Eco mode to preserve consumption.

More articles about MAN Truck & Bus:

BusToCoach on-line Magazine - June 2018


Mercedes Sprinter renews design, safety devices, multimedia systems and transmissions. The version for passenger transport is called Tourer he new Mercedes Sprinter range for T passenger transport from 9 to 20 seats, which nowadays is called Tourer and

replaces the Kombi series, has remained almost unvaried, at least as far as engines, pitches, PTT and size is concerned. What is new, in short, is not only the design but also the new standard MBUX multimedia systems (Mercedes-Benz User Experience); the control and display concept in the cockpit; the ergonomic, adjustable and reclining passenger seats and the latest assistance systems. Specifically in the exterior, there are changes, but they are not peculiar: wider radiator, different glass shape, more concealed air vents and enveloping lights that are more connected to the body than to the bumper. Not visible but still important and that must be highlighted, is the new additional galvanising of the underbody and side walls for a lasting improvement to corrosion protection. The robust underbody panelling is optional. It is in the interior that the new design and the family feeling with the Class A become evident, especially for infotainment since the cockpit stands out for the new Mercedes PRO connect system based on the Mbux multimedia system. A sort of

second pilot which is always connected to the network and to which you can talk like Apple’s Siri or Google’s voice assistant Alexia. Internet in the Car can make a WLAN hotspot available, so that passengers can surf the net to relax or work. With Easy Mounting, Mercedes-Benz Vans has also developed a new system that allows you to easily install and remove seat rows from the Tourer version. In the luxury variant, the Sprinter has USB charging sockets and stowage space for smartphones in every rear seat row. What is perhaps curious is that the inline four-cylinder engine is the previous OM 651 (power output of 114, 143 and 163 hp) and not the new 654. For the anti-pollution standards it is still competitive and reliable. In short, since it is familiar, renowned and gives no problem, the restyling of the Sprinter didn’t affect the engine. It will be changed with the 5th generation. The real innovations are the front-wheel drive and the new transmissions. The assistance and control systems available for the new Sprinter include e.g. a reversing camera showing its image in the rear-view mirror, a modern Parking Package with a 360-degree all-round view, a rain

sensor with an integrated Wet Wiper System for optimum visibility even during the wiping process, the adjustment of height difference between the ground and the floor to get on board in order to improve accessibility. If ride comfort is right at the top of the priority list, the rear air suspension in models with 3.5 tonnes permissible gross vehicle weight is the best choice. Among the new features of the new Sprinter, there are 2 two newly developed transmissions for front-wheel drive. A 9-speed automatic torque converter transmission which gear ranges are graduated to give an optimum balance between low consumption and agile handling. Other virtues include a low noise level and a high level of ride comfort.

Drivers are able to intervene in the current shift profile manually with ‘Drive Select’ and steering wheel shift paddles. The likewise newly developed 6-speed manual transmission impresses with good gearshift comfort and no irritating vibrations of the shift lever. This is made possible by the new sensor system with gear recognition. The 7G-Tronic Plus automatic transmission can now also be controlled using the ‘Drive Select’ system, which is now available for all diesel-powered rearwheel drive variants and all all-wheel drive variants. Finally the V6 OM 642 impresses for its smooth running and high torque over a wide engine speed range: it delivers a power output of 140 kW (190 bhp) and 440 Nm of torque at 1,600 to 2,600 rpm.

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BusToCoach on-line Magazine - June 2018


With the new Aduna plant, Irizar e-Mobility is ready to offer integrated electromobility solutions. The production of all electric vehicles e-bus, e-tram and e-truck has already started

more half measures. As far as eNO mobility is concerned Irizar is leader of the international markets by inaugurating in Aduna (in the Spanish province of Guipúzcoa) the first European plant dedicated exclusively to the production of electric buses. The operational headquarters of Irizar e-mobility has a structure of 18,000 square meters built on an area of almost 4 hectares, which required an investment of

75 million euros to ensure an initial production capacity of 1,000 vehicles per year. That is a rhythm of a bus every three days, destined to grow progressively until reaching the goal of a bus per day. Eco-sustainability criteria have also been adopted in the construction of the production structure, which can boast a grade A energy efficiency certification, which is the highest. èè

ie tram 18

With the new plant, 150 jobs have been created and they are expected to become 200 by the end of the year. The goal of Irizar e-mobility is to provide integrated e-mobility solutions, tailored to the needs of the various operating bodies.

-mobility in E urban areas is available also for

Therefore, not only the production of electric buses but also the realization of systems and infrastructures for the recharging of energy and in both cases using technologies developed by companies belonging to Irizar Group.


facilitate the movements of the driver and it offers a comindustrial uses, in plete package of acparticular for waste tive safety systems: collection. Irizar jostability control, ins also this sector adaptive suspension by proposing the ie leveling, involuntary truck, a 6x2 which lane change waris 8 meters long for ning and emergency 18 tons of weight. It braking assistance. uses the same techIn addition to nologies of electric not producing atbuses in terms of mospheric pollution, electric drive, enerthe electric drive regy storage with lithium-ion batteries and duces noise and therefore enables to work controls. even at night. The ie truck is characterized by one sin- Irizar plans to extend the truck range also gle step for the access to the cab, as to to the CNG versions for inter-urban uses.


ie bus 12 As for the characteristics of the vehicles range, an article has already been published on BusToCoach Magazine last April. We just want to underline that the range includes three ie buses with lengths of 10.8, 12 and 18 meters with a range of about 200 kilometers and two ie trams of 12 and 18 meters that are characterized by exterior design and great comie bus 18 fort for passengers. To these was added the ie truck, a 100% electric truck for city services (see Irizar Group focuses also on charging sysbox on the side). tems, supplied through Jema Energy, a The use of Irizar Group’s own technolo- company specialized in high performance gies for e-mobility solutions begins with industrial power electronics. The proposed the assembly of the battery cells in the solutions include charging systems in deAduna plant and continues with the use of pot (indoor or outdoor) with manual conelectric drive produced by the subsidiary nection to the vehicle or pantograph sysAlconza, of multiplexing systems branded tems with charging stations along the line Jema, smart systems of driving aid, analy- or in depot. Everything is supported by an sis of data for the operation and mainte- intelligent system of control and managenance of the fleet branded Datik Autodock. ment of recharging operations. In addition to this, it is fitted also with the From 2014, when the production of Irizar Hispacold electric air conditioning systems electric buses began, more than 100 Irizar and with Masats vehicle access systems electric buses came into operation in sev(doors and ramps). eral European cities.


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BusToCoach on-line Magazine - June 2018

AN ELECTRIFIED FUTURE Solaris Bus & Coach is confirmed as leader of European electric bus manufacturers, ready to face the intense market development perspectives

he beauty of the old historical center of T Krakow was a fascinating background for the launch of Solaris’ proposals on

‘clean’ transport solutions, in particular those focused on e-mobility. Starting point is the program for the implementation of electric buses in the fleet of the local transport company MPK, which started with 26 units branded Solaris, already in regular urban service and which will continue to a third of the total share of the electric bus company in 2025. It should also be noted that at the beginning of the year MPK signed a framework agreement with Solaris and Stadler Polska for the supply of 50 tramways with

a length of 33.4 meters, to be delivered by 2020. Solaris took its first steps in e-mobility in 2001 with the Trollino trolleybus. In 2006 Urbino, the first hybrid-drive bus produced in series in Europe, was launched. The first all-electric bus was launched in 2011, followed by the medium size version with the Urbino 8.9 LE. In 2013, a couple of years after its debut, serial sales of Solaris electric buses began. The first unit was sold in Klagenfurt, Austria. Since 2013, more than 6 million km were travelled by 155 Solaris battery electric buses in regular service in Europe, from èè

CITYBUS REGISTRATIONS IN EUROPE Market share projections 2020-2030 CNG/Bio-gas Fuel Cells


Trollino 24 ne-powered buses for the Czech Republic. All types of alternative drive buses that Solaris offers are offered in the 12 and 18 meters long size. Same lengths are also available for trolleybuses (New Trollino) and battery electric buses (New Urbino), also in the 9-meter version (Urbino 8.9 LE). A range that enabled Solaris to win an 18% share (declared by the manufacturer) on the European market of city electric buses over 8 tons (hybrid buses are excluded) and to adequately address the developments of this market.

Diesel-Hybrids Clean Diesel

Source: ZeEUS/UITP(VEI) - 2017

Poland to Spain, from Finland to Italy, on different routes in terms of topography and climatic conditions. And to date, new orders have been signed for a total of about 100 units. To these, must be added also 70 trolleybuses for Poland and Lithuania, 16 hybrid buses still for Poland and 40 methaUrbino 8,9 LE

Urbino 12 Hydrogen

If today the volume of electric buses in Europe represents just less than 10% of city buses, prediction allocate an exponential

SOLARIS ELECTRIC BUSES New Urbino 12 New Urbino 18 New Trollino 12

New Trollino 18

Length mm 8,950 12,000 18,760 12,000 18,760 Width mm 2,400 2,550 2,550 2,550 2,550 Height mm 3,400 3,300 3,300 3,450 3,450 Wheelbase mm 4,380 5,900 5,900+6,000 5,900 5,900+6,000 Front overhang mm 2,080 2,700 2,700 2,700 2,700 Rear overhang mm 2,490 3,400 3,400 3,400 3,400 Seats max 24 37 47 39 52 Electric motor asynchron. 120 kW asynchron. 160 kW asynchron. 240 kW Medcom Ant 175 kW Medcom Ant 250 kW Electric motor optional asynchron. 160 kW ZF 2x60 kW ZF 2x60 kW Skoda 160 kW Skoda 250 kW Battery type lithium-ion lithium-ion lithium-ion optional optional Capacity up to 160 kWh* up to 160 kWh* up to 240 kWh* n.a. n.a. Charging system Plug-in Plug-in Plug-in mechanical pantograph mechanical pantograph Charging system (op.) pantograph pantograph pantograph automatic pantograph automatic pantograph Power up to 190 kW* up to 250 kW* up to 250 kW* n.a. n.a.

*) To be defined according to the needs of exploitation.

Urbino 12 LE Lite

increase to over 45% in 2030. The first leap forward was in 2017, when the number of electric buses ordered increased to 1,050 (over double than 2016). Adding the electric buses in operation, the European panorama has in total 2,106 electric buses, 175 hybrid buses and 91 Fuel Cell buses. Leading country is the Great Britain (356 units) followed by Holland (314), France (246), Poland and Germany (190 each), Belgium (178) and Italy (112). For 2018, a further development of the market will take place. Signals are already visible in Holland, Germany (220 electric buses in four years for the city of Wiesbaden) and Poland (over 1,000 electric buses). Solaris electric buses are characterized by their adaptability to the needs of use, offering different solutions in terms of engine type, energy storage and charging systems. The driveline can be set up with the classic central electric motor (asynchronous 120, 160 or 240 kW) or with the ZF AVE130 electric axle drive with 2 electric motors near the wheels (synchronous from 60 to



Europe +Turkey and Israel. CIS excluded

ELECTRIC BUSES ORDERS IN 2017 by vehicle lenght

Source: Stefan Baguette (Alexander Dennis Limited).

Source: Stefan Baguette (Alexander Dennis Limited).

125 kW each). The accumulation of energy relies on LFP high capacity lithium-ion batteries with 40 kWh modules that can be combined up to a


total capacity of 240 kWh. They are placed partly on the roof and partly in the rear compartment of the bus. Future developments provide for the use of NMC batteries (Lithium Nickel Cobalt Manganese) with 3.7 Volt cells (instead of 3.3), better performing in terms of nominal cell capacity (+ 20%) and module energy density (+25 %). They will allow you to bring operating range from the current 150

PKM JAWORZNO was launched in 2012. After 12 meters long and nine are

rzedsiębiorstwo Komunikacji Miejskiej (PKM), a municipal transport company in Jaworzno, a Polish town in Upper Silesia, is decisively oriented towards emobility. The project for the development of e-mobility

testing electric buses of various brands, in April 2015 a Solaris Urbino 12 was put into operation, followed by another 22 latest generation electric Urbino buses: four are 9 meters long, nine are

18-meter articulated buses. They were funded by the regional program 2014-2020, related to the purchase of a fleet of electric buses, smart management system, construction of central charging stations and fast recharging during the drive. With the purchase of the new buses the fleet (about 70 buses) will be composed for 33% by electric buses. As far as charging systems is concerned, the available power for the plug-in chargers in storage is 90 kW, while for quick pantograph charging, it increases up to 190 kW. New financing is also planned for a further 20 electric buses, five fast-charge stations and 10 depot plug-in chargers.



ith 566 buses and 394 trams, Miejskie Przedsiębiorstwo Komunikacyjne (MPK) is Krakow’s leading public transport company. Currently electric buses make up 4.6% of the fleet but another 161 electric buses are expected to be bought in the short term in order to bring the quota to 32.4% by 2025. All the 26 electric buses in regular operation are branded Solaris: four Urbino 8.9 LE, 19 buses which are 12 meters long and other 3 which are 18 meters long. To power the batteries, there are 4 pantograph charging stations at the depot, with power output 65 to 250 kW and charging time of 15 minutes. In the depot, 28 stations are installed for 60 kW plug-in charging. In this case, the charging time is 5 hours.

Another 4 pantograph charging stations with a power output of 160 to 250 kW are under construction. The average consumption data recorded by MPK is interesting: 1.25 kWh/km for the 9-meter electric buses; 1.89 for the 12 meters and 2.35 for the 18 meters.

kilometers to 200 kilometers. To recharge the batteries you can choose between the most economical plug-in solution up to 200 A or the automatic pantograph for fast charging up to 800 A (8 minutes). The pantograph configuration on the roof is as following: at the rear for the Urbino 8,9; on the second axle for the 12-meter variant and at the end of the first box on the 18-meter articulated-variant. For the 12 and 18-meter models the inverted pantograph charging system is also available on the front of the roof. It should be noted that Solaris can deliver not only electric buses but the whole charging infrastructure, that is, LV and MV lines with transformer stations MV/LV (depot and bus stop in city). Solaris electric buses also offer two solutions for the internal heating system: with CO2 heat pump or LPG heating unit. In the first case, the use of CO2 increases the

efficiency (+15% compared to R134a refrigerant) and decreases by up to 90% the cost per kilo refrigerant and therefore up to 70% the maintenance cost. The use of LPG heating units, in addition to being a more ecological solution comparing to diesel units, is also economically more advantageous comparing to CNG. Finally, to keep everything under control there is the remote diagnostics for fast fault identification, for monitoring of operating parameters and the statistical processing of data. To complete Solaris range, a few vehicles are incoming: the Trollino bi-articulated trolleybus with a total length of 24 meters, two drive axles and four self-steering axles; the Urbino 12 LE with lighter body frame and kerb weight of about 9 tons, Cummins I SB4.5E6 engine and wheels 265/R19.5; and finally the Urbino12 hydrogen with a range of 350 km.

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BusToCoach is the first online platform completely FREE. It offers information on vehicles for passenger transport in Europe through the sit...


BusToCoach is the first online platform completely FREE. It offers information on vehicles for passenger transport in Europe through the sit...