The Crane October 2021

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October 2021

Happiness is a choice. I base my happiness on my own accomplishments and the blessings I've been given.

I radiate beauty, charm, and grace.

Many people in the recovery community are familiar with the term “character defect,” but what does it mean to have a character defect, really? Well, some might guess we simply developed ways of behaving that were not the most admirable or thoughtful, and because of this, we are no longer capable of proper social etiquette. Maybe it really is that simple. Unfortunately, words have meaning, and the residual effect that the words we use and the language therein, oftentimes affect us negatively. So when someone says “Oh, it was just my character defects coming out,” they are not only dismissing ownership and responsibility for their actions, but passing it off as some sort of external characteristic, while also implying that there is something defective about them as a person. This kind of self-talk is what leads people back into the shaming and guilt that keeps them sick and searching for ways to psychologically or chemically alter their perception. If we are truly going to live a healthy life and give ourselves every opportunity to prosper, and function in harmony, not only with each other, but with the world we live in, then we must start treating ourselves a little better. We can start by just being a little nicer in how we talk to ourselves. I am not a defective person. I am not broken. I’m just a person doing their best. By Patrick Kempfer Today, I abandon my old habits and take up new, more positive ones.


ctober was first declared as National Substance Abuse Prevention Month in 2011. Since then, October has been a time to highlight the vital role of substance abuse prevention in both individual and community health has, to remember those who have lost their lives to substance abuse, to acknowledge those in recovery, as well as children, parents, family, and friends supporting them. Studies show that the earlier an individual starts smoking, drinking or using other drugs, the greater the likelihood of developing addiction. 9 out of 10 people who abuse or are addicted to nicotine, alcohol or other drugs began using these substances before they were 18. People who began using addictive substances before age 15 are nearly 7 times likelier to develop a substance problem than those who delay first use until age 21 or older. Every year that substance use is delayed during the period of adolescent brain development, the risk of addiction and substance abuse decrease. It’s a fact that millions of Americans suffer from substance abuse, which includes underage drinking, alcohol dependency, non-medical use of prescription drugs, abuse of over-the-counter medications, and illicit drug use. Prevention strategies targeting the root of the problem are essential to curb drug use and help people lead healthier lives. Early intervention helps prevent substance abuse and reduce the negative consequences of addiction before they occur. Through community-based efforts involving youth, parents, educators, and government officers, we can strengthen the support systems that deter our Nation’s young people from drug consumption and improve both academic performance and workforce readiness. Each dollar invested in an evidence-based prevention program can reduce costs related to substance use disorders by an average of $18.3 Recognizing the power of prevention, the White House Office of National Drug Control Policy (ONDCP) released in 2012, the National Drug Control Strategy to advance the Administration’s prevention efforts. The Strategy includes new developments in efforts to reduce drug use and its consequences and outlines a researchbased blueprint to reduce the rate of drug use and drug use consequences by 15 percent over five years. The Paula Crane Life Enrichment Center proudly holds the banner of being the first prevention program of it’s kind established in Georgia in 2010. Since then there has been over 30 programs within the state designed after our program offering a variety of programs from education to arts to meetings and more.


Substance Abuse Prevention Month

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By Paige Becker

Maybe you have heard that sugar is as addictive as cocaine. Well, don’t sign up for rehab just yet! In this article, we will explore what the research says about the power of sugar and what we can do to reverse it—so we have the power over sugar.

SUGAR VS. COCAINE In a recent documentary about the American diet (titled Fed Up), a featured doctor claims that food addiction is not a myth, but instead is very real. He says “studies show that your brain lights up with sugar just like it does with cocaine or heroin.” He then goes on to say that sugar is 8 times more addictive than cocaine. This doctor makes it seem like regularly consuming sugar is as bad or worse than being a cocaine addict. But first, let’s look at some major differences between sugar and cocaine:



Legal Substance

Illegal Substance

Required for human survival

Not required for human survival

Most everyone has tasted

Many people have not tried (which is good!)

Very accessible and inexpensive

Difficult to access and expensive (since it’s illegal)

It’s important that you keep in mind though that the doctor is really referring to pure sugar. Pure sugar, such as: granulated sugar, brown sugar, maple syrup, honey, corn syrup, dextrose, etc. are simple sugars, and they are NOT required for human survival. But what these sugars break down into—glucose—is required for our survival. Our bodies derive energy from glucose. Glucose is the simplest form of sugar and the one we use to fuel our bodies. All foods we eat, even the ones that don’t taste sweet, turn into glucose in our bodies at some point. Oatmeal, broccoli, salmon, chicken, black beans—all eventually break down into glucose. However, these foods take much longer to turn into glucose than simple sugars. PAGE 3 Paula Crane Center

SO CAN I EVER HAVE ICE CREAM AGAIN? Yes! Eating healthier doesn’t mean that you have to abstain from sugar. Completely cutting sweets and sugar out of our diets is a very difficult thing to do. We’ve all had sugar before and know it tastes great and brings us pleasure. And sweet foods are everywhere: at the work potluck, our friend’s birthday, holiday parties. Having something sweet every once in a while, or even a little every day, is just fine. Contrary to the featured doctor’s claims, the research on so-called “sugar addiction” is not at all conclusive. A 2009 research article from the Journal of Addictive Medicine does indeed state that, “repeated, excessive sugar intake can lead to changes in brain and behavior that are remarkably similar to the effects of drugs of abuse.” However, much of the research that shows that sugar can be addictive is from studies using rats, not humans. This study included. Humans are much more complex than rats, so for us, many additional factors play a part other than how the brain lights up. By considering the typical model of substance addition, a 2009 Journal of Clinical Nutrition literature review found no evidence from human studies linking sugar to physical

addiction. 1. Addiction would mean that abstaining from a substance creates an increase in craving. But with sugar, abstaining leads to a decline in craving rather than an increase. 2. Substance addiction develops when the consumption of the substance is limited. However with food, avoiding or reducing consumption is not associated with cravings. 3. Addictions involve a need for the active chemical content of a drug. But with food, humans respond to and crave the taste and texture of foods more than the chemical content. Most sugar-consuming humans are not trying to get potent C6H12O6 (glucose) in any form they can get their hands on. Instead of snorting sugar or injecting it into our blood, humans prefer to get sugar from foods and drinks that provide other desirable flavors and textures. Cakes, cookies, ice cream, and even sodas are much more than just straight glucose. With addictive drugs, other “ingredients” are usually looked down upon since they decrease the strength of the active chemical. This is not true with food. The other ingredients in sweet foods and drinks are often just as or more important than the sugar component. In addition, a 2014 article from the Journal of Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews suggests calling food cravings “eating addictions” rather than “food addictions.” Because with food, the “addiction” is more related to the overall behavior of eating rather than simply the food itself. Though sugar and cocaine may create some similar brain patterns when consumed, they do not create synonymous addictive tendencies. You do not need to go to rehab because you crave sugar. While complete abstinence is necessary to be cured of a drug or alcohol addiction, complete abstinence is never necessary for sugar. A sugar detox would likely decrease calorie intake and would help with weight loss, but detoxing is not necessary. And for most of us, completely eliminating sugar from our lives is very unrealistic. If you feel like you are “addicted” to sugar, don’t fret! Slowly reducing the amount of sugar in your diet can greatly lessen these cravings over time. Paula Crane Center PAGE 4

Parts written by Crystal Raypole and reviewed by Timothy J. Legg, Ph.D., CRNP

Workplace October is National Bullying Prevention Month, a time to focus and raise awareness on bullying and was established in 2006. During this month, many groups across the country will release new resources, campaigns, and efforts aimed at bringing awareness to the issue of bullying. WHAT IS BULLYING? Bullying is unwanted, aggressive behavior that involves a real or perceived power imbalance. The behavior is repeated, or has the potential to be repeated, over time. Bullying includes actions such as making threats, spreading rumors, attacking someone physically or verbally, and excluding someone from a group on purpose. Bullying can also take place through technology, known as cyberbullying. Examples of PAGE 5 Paula Crane Center

cyberbullying include mean text messages or emails, rumors sent by email or posted on social networking sites, and embarrassing pictures, videos, websites, or fake profiles. There are many other types of aggressive behavior that don’t fit the definition of bullying. This does not mean that they are any less serious or require less attention than bullying. Rather, these behaviors require different prevention and response strategies. WORKPLACE BULLYING As adults, we may experience workplace bullying which is harmful, targeted behavior that happens at work. It might be spiteful, offensive, mocking, or intimidating. It forms a pattern, and it tends to be directed at one person or a few people.

A few examples of bullying may include: ▪ targeted practical jokes ▪ being purposely misled about work duties, like incorrect deadlines or unclear directions ▪ continued denial of requests for time off without an appropriate or valid reason ▪ threats, humiliation, and other verbal abuse ▪ excessive performance monitoring ▪ overly harsh or unjust criticism Criticism or monitoring isn’t always bullying. For example, objective and constructive criticism and disciplinary action directly related to workplace behavior or job performance aren’t considered bullying.

But criticism meant to intimidate, humiliate, or single someone out without reason would be considered bullying. According to the Workplace Bullying Institute, more than 60 million working people in the United States are affected by bullying. Existing federal and state laws only protect workers against bullying when it involves physical harm or when the target belongs to a protected group, such as people living with disabilities or people of color.

Since bullying is often verbal or psychological in nature, it may not always be visible to others. Read on to learn more about ways to identify workplace bullies, how workplace bullying can affect you, and safe actions you can take against bullying. IDENTIFYING WORKPLACE BULLYING Bullying can be subtle. One helpful way to identify bullying is to consider how others might view what’s

happening. This can depend, at least partially, on the circumstances. But if most people would see a specific behavior as unreasonable, it’s generally bullying. TYPES OF BULLYING Bullying behaviors might be: Verbal. This could include mockery, humiliation, jokes, gossip, or other spoken abuse. Intimidating. This might include threats, social exclusion in the workplace, spying, or other invasions of privacy.

Bullying TYPES OF BULLYING Related to work performance. Examples include wrongful blame, work sabotage or interference, or stealing or taking credit for ideas. Retaliatory. In some cases, talking about the bullying can lead to accusations of lying, further exclusion, refused promotions, or other retaliation. Institutional. Institutional bullying happens when a workplace accepts, allows, and even encourages bullying to take place. This bullying might include unrealistic production goals, forced overtime, or singling out those who can’t keep up. Bullying behavior is repeated over

time. This sets it apart from harassment, which is often limited to a single instance. Persistent harassment can become bullying, but since harassment refers to actions toward a protected group of people, it’s illegal, unlike bullying. WHO GETS BULLIED? Anyone can bully others. According to 2017 research from the Workplace Bullying Institute: ▪ About 70 percent of bullies are male, and about 30 percent are female. ▪ Both male and female bullies are more likely to target women. ▪ Sixty-one percent of bullying comes from bosses or

supervisors. Thirty-three percent comes from co-workers. The remaining 6 percent occurs when people at lower employment levels bully their supervisors or others above them. ▪ Protected groups are bullied more frequently. Only 19 percent of people bullied were white. Remember, taking steps to prevent workplace bullying can benefit organizations and the health of their employees. If you’ve been bullied, know you can safely take steps to combat the bullying without confronting the perpetrator. Remember to take care of your health first. Paula Crane Center PAGE 6

In the past few weeks, The Paula Crane Center were privileged to have been selected through a participant of Clayton County Veterans Treatment Court to fulfill a community service project on the grounds of the center. The project focused on two designated areas to undergo a beautification process where the current rose bushes were trimmed, weeds pulled and the current mulch replaced by black mulch to enhance the overall look. In the second designated area, two additional rose bushes were planted to accommodate the one currently in place. The project was headed overall by Mr. William Ross and assisted by Rick Harbor. In the end, the finished project is truly breathtaking and The Crane appreciates the hard work that both gentlemen put forward in bringing the project to the center and to fruition.

The Art Of On September 14th, Ms. Ava Gale introduced a candle making class where Individuals learned of the history and were able to make their own from scratch. The candles were able to

be scented or unscented and placed in decorative jars to give to loved ones or for their own keepsake. It was revealed that candles have been used as a source of light and to illuminate celebrations for more than 5,000 years, yet little is known about their origin. Candles enjoyed renewed popularity during the first half of the 20th century, when the growth of U.S. oil and meatpacking industries brought an increase in the byproducts that had become the basic ingredients of candles – paraffin and stearic acid. The popularity of candles remained steady until the mid-1980s, when interest in candles as decorative

items, mood-setters and gifts began to increase notably. Candles were suddenly available in a broad array of sizes, shapes and colors, and consumer interest in scented candles began to escalate. Candles have come a long way since their initial use. While they are no longer used as a major source of light, they continue to grow in popularity and use. Today, candles serve to symbolize a celebration, ignite romance, soothe the senses, honor a ceremony, and accent home decors — casting a warm and lovely glow for all to enjoy. Make sure to check out our website so that you don’t miss out on events.

The 911 tragedy for the United States of America (USA) was simply mind-boggling. USA: known to have a military above and beyond all others. All the technological advance, air traffic control around the Washington DC area could not detect an aircraft off its path. For many of us, we were perplexed by the seemingly lack of military domestic defense from the readiness of our Bethesda Maryland Airforce capability; the lack of our air traffic control radarman for aircrafts in and around Washington DC, the capital of our nation; and the physics and gravitational pull of any structure hit at the top. My uncle, who served in the military well over 20 years and became a captain in the Army, reflected on the military ability of the aircrafts located at Bethesda Maryland Air Force Base. He suggests that our Aircraft from Maryland could have intercepted any aircraft off its path. And we learned in physics that if an object is hit from the top, it does not blow up from the bottom and slump down. It tilts over and falls. It is still perplexing how America’s best and brightest military just across the way, the aircraft control radarman, and dynamics of a building hit by a plane at the top and explodes at the bottom, could have resulting in allowing a “911.” What is more mind-boggling is all the people who died, got hurt, and remain to this day impaired by the “bombing” of the Twin Towers in New York City. We honor all of our first, second, and third responders – every person who came to the rescue of others. We continue to pray for all those who lost love ones and for those who still live with wounds, physically and mentally, from this great American tragedy. One way to exercise our minds is with critical thinking and inquiring minds. As Americans, we must always do our research in all situations and circumstances that appear to be unreal and unbelievable. This is Dathon D. Brown and in closing “I pray you right mind and spirit, good health and strength!!!! And I wish you love, peace, joy and good health!! Written by Dathon Brown Paula Crane Center PAGE 8

Depression, Anxiety, and Stress WHAT IS SELF-MEDICATING?

FORMS OF SELF-MEDICATION Alcohol, tends to be the most common method of selfmedication—as well as the most commonly abused substance—since it’s so widely available. It may be used to self-medicate stress as well as depression and anxiety, even though beer, wine, and liquor are all depressants and will therefore only make symptoms worse. Prescription drugs, including opioid pain killers, ADHD medication, and anti-anxiety medication are also widely available. Recreational drugs, such as marijuana, cannabis, or stimulants like cocaine and amphetamines are used to manage uncomfortable emotions, situations, and memories. Food, can be used by emotional eaters to self-medicate unpleasant feelings and deal with stress, anxiety, or depression. Nicotine, contained in cigarettes and other tobacco products helps some people focus, although in the long-run tends to make it harder to quit smoking.

In these times of great anxiety and distress, many of us are turning to substances to try to change the way that we feel. You might use food to give your mood a boost or alleviate boredom. You might smoke a joint to help you relax, or have a drink or two before going out to settle your nerves and ease any social anxiety. Or perhaps you turn to Xanax or Valium to help you sleep, ADHD medications to keep you focused during the day, or prescription painkillers to numb any grief or stress you’re experiencing at the moment? When you use alcohol or drugs in this way to manage symptoms of a mental health issue, it’s known as “selfmedicating”. You may be aware that you have a mental health problem but don’t know any healthier ways to cope. Or your condition could be undiagnosed and you simply use alcohol or drugs to cope with a specific symptom or situation. During the pandemic and resultant economic difficulties, for example, many of us started self-medicating stress, worry, and depression as our lives changed so much. While self-medicating may offer some relief in the short-term, over time it only exacerbates your problems. Whether you turn to alcohol, illegal drugs, or prescription medications (or even food or cigarettes), regular self-medication can lead to addiction, a worsening of mood disorders, and increased health problems. It can also damage your relationships at home, work, and school.

But you’re not powerless. By better understanding the reasons why and when you self-medicate, you can find healthier and more effective ways of coping with your problems and improving your overall mood and well-being. WHY PEOPLE SELF-MEDICATE We all feel down, worried, and out of balance from time to time in response to life’s struggles and setbacks. But when feelings of hopelessness, fear, anger, sadness, or overwhelming stress start to interfere with how you function in daily life, it can be a sign that you need help for an underlying condition. Instead of seeking treatment, though, it can be tempting to try to cope on your own in the simplest way possible: by reaching for a drink or popping a pill. In these times of widespread financial and social turmoil, many of us have tried to self-medicate our angst and uncertainty as the world seems to lurch from one crisis to another. Other people turn to substances to cope with unpleasant memories or feelings stemming from the past, such as unresolved traumatic incidents. Others use alcohol or drugs to face situations that frighten them or to stay focused on tasks throughout the day. Just as the reasons for seeking comfort in drugs or alcohol vary according to the individual, so too can the methods of self-medicating. By Lawrence Robinson and Melinda Smith, M.A.

When I first started working here, at The Paula Crane Enrichment Center, I did not know what to expect. I knew I would be teaching GED classes and helping individuals to gain employment however I did not expect to LOVE coming to work. The atmosphere is exactly what I would want a dream job to be. I am very entrepreneur minded therefore clocking in at a job did not initially appeal to me before I accepted this position. Working here has not only heightened my sense of passion for serving yet it has also increased my understanding of mental health. Now that I have completed the many trainings about substance abuse and mental health, I have a

Working here has not only heightened my sense of passion for serving yet it has also increased my understanding of mental health. greater understanding of the severity for both. Mental health is extremely important and an ongoing process. The Serenity prayer, daily affirmations, a great therapist, following the 12 Steps etc. are all great ways to keep your mental health positively moving forward. For many years, I was against prescribed medicine until mental health knocked at my front door. Mental health said, “Hello how are you? I am here to stay awhile”. My daughter struggled longer than I knew because to me she could just “shake it off” as many blacks do however that’s not always the healthiest way to heal. Now with

the help of group therapy for teens, a therapist that she loves (which helps her to be honest about her truth), and prescribed medicine my daughter is doing much better. Gaining positive health is a daily fight. I am learning daily while working at The Paula Crane Life Enrichment Center how to better understand my daughter, how to continue helping her, and others we serve. I am grateful to be a part of the Crane center and this community filled with love and support. I am excited to continue serving! Written By Sheneta Hamilton Paula Crane Center PAGE 10


Step Four of AA’s Twelve-Step Program of recovery is infamously the “scary” one, probably because it’s a crucial step towards effective and lasting recovery. Since the overall philosophy of Alcoholics Anonymous is that alcoholism is just a symptom of a spiritual disease, the real problem is in character flaws that need to be faced and when possible, overcome. This requires a searching, bare it all revelation-inducing inventory that will become the blueprint for your success.

own lives. The reality is that the

SO MUCH TO GAIN The benefits of completing Step Four are strengthened sobriety, spiritual growth and movement towards mending your relationships to your HP, yourself and other human beings. What’s the biggest requirement for this action step? Be honest! You and the people around you will benefit from this crucial step. In case you didn’t know, keeping secrets is threatening to our recovery, and we have all had secrets that nearly killed us. Our secrets, in and out of sobriety, keep us sick. Almost everyone comes into recovery having trouble separating fact from fiction in our

fabric of whom we think we are. However, while working on our step inventories we get a new perspective on the bigger picture, on patterns, selfishness, our responsibility in situations and in this process we are building up an accurate self-appraisal with true self-worth as the reward. BREAKING DOWN STEP FOUR OF AA ALCOHOLICS ANONYMOUS At this point it has probably become pretty clear to you that recovery is a process of steady personal growth and enlightenment that feels so good, you probably wish everyone you knew were doing it! Although you

“drunkalogues” and war stories that accumulated over the years of using are so embroidered into the


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By Jason Wahler

So how do you actually do a personal inventory? Most of the people you will be relying on to guide you through Step Four probably believe there is no exact right or wrong way to practice this step. I think that what is important, is that we follow the general principle of self-honesty, and that we are willing to be “searching and fearless” in the pursuit of truth (By the way, when we say “fearless,” we do not mean you will have no feelings of fear; fearless means you will not let your fears stop you from being thorough in your inventory process. With Step Four, it means you commit to rigorous honesty as you focus on events in your life, including your own weaknesses, and specifically not on anyone else’s weaknesses). Old timers will take the approach of reviewing the seven deadly sins as laid out in the Twelve Steps and Twelve Traditions, while others will benefit from a review of sampling the more significant events from their lives as well. Using the process outlined in the Big Book is an essential guideline to reviewing the biggies: resentments, fears and sexual conduct.

may be pink clouding it, and enjoying the clarity that comes from sobriety, the truth is that our past addiction crippled our ability to reflect honestly about our lives. Addiction created delusional thinking that limited our ability to understand the damage and havoc (the liabilities) it caused in all our relationships. So before we could safely move forward we needed a framework through which we could sort out our past honestly. The Step Four inventory provides that framework. The inventory you will do in Step Four of AA will help you to identify negative thoughts, emotions, and actions that have ruled your life. In the past you probably justified bad behavior and blamed other people, places, or things for the problems you had created. Now you will begin to take responsibility for all your past and current actions. This may mean even acknowledging painful, embarrassing, or difficult events, thoughts, emotions, or actions. But that’s cool, it’s all good, because your thoughts, feelings, and beliefs are actually the roots of your addictive behaviors. While writing out your inventory you will get to examine all your tendencies toward: Fear, Pride, Resent-

ments/Anger, Self-will and self-pity, Guilt/shame, Relationships, Sex/Abuse, Secrets, and Assets. RESENTMENTS, LET THEM GO In Alcoholics Anonymous we learn that resentment is a condition or state of mind whereby one relives some past event, and feels the emotion from that event as if it were happening right now. Resentment is literally to feel (sentire) again (re), and it is the fuel that feeds the fires of our addictions. In fact, the original members of AA who wrote the book Alcoholics Anonymous believed “resentment was the number one offender, and that it destroys more alcoholics than anything else.” (Alcoholics Anonymous, p. 64). One way to do an inventory is to list memories of people; institutions or organizations; principles, ideas, or beliefs; and events, situations, or circumstances that have triggered positive and negative feelings (including sadness, regret, anger, resentment, fear, bitterness). There will be some items on your lists that may appear multiple times. That is okay. Do not try to sort or judge or analyze at this point. For now, just be as thorough as possible. Continued on page 13 Paula Crane Center PAGE 12

RESENTMENTS, LET THEM GO CONTINUED It’s important to note that some people will try to avoid writing their moral inventory, feeling embarrassed or fearful about their writing ability or even about someone else reading what they wrote. I implore you not to let these fears stop you! Until you put it in a tangible form, you still haven’t done your Fourth Step. If there are things that you think are so “bad” that you just can’t include them in your Step Four inventory, you are not alone. I swear to you your sponsor has heard and probably done the same things or “worse.” Rest assured that in the history of AA there has never been something in a Fourth Step inventory that was so unique, or worse than what every other human being has done that they had to create a whole new category. QUESTIONS TO ASK WHILE DOING YOUR FOURTH STEP Here are some questions to help guide and prepare you for doing Step Four- they by no means take the place of doing the Fourth Step inventory as laid out in the Big Book of AA: ▪ What people, places or things do you resent and what led to those resentments?


INVENTORY FOUNDATION FOR FREEDOM If the thought of making that searching and fearless inventory of yourself feels overwhelming, know you are not alone. The key is to put pen to paper and just start. Even though remembering the past may be painful, it can propel you into a new life of peace, as you learn how to look back without staring. Ask someone who has completed this step how it helped him or her, and how the hope of recovery can help you through the pain of remorse to the joy of forgiveness. Make sure to check in with what spiritual principles you are practicing in your life, how your faith in a higher power has grown, and how you are showing gratitude for your recovery. Be prepared, when finishing a Fourth Step inventory you can feel exhilarated, or uncomfortable or perhaps even both. No matter what, make sure to congratulate yourself on a major accomplishment, because you now have the foundation for your freedom.

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How did your behavior contribute to your resentments?

How have your resentments affected your life, your relationships with others and yourself?

Who or what do you fear and why? And how do you respond destructively or negatively to your fears?

Who or what do you feel ashamed or guilty about?

What feelings do you have the most trouble allowing yourself to feel, and how do you act out?

How have your fears and resentments affected your friendships, and your family, work and romantic relationships?

Have you compulsively sought after sex? Have you used sex to try to fill a spiritual void or loneliness? Have any of your sexual practices hurt others or your self?

What do healthy relationships look like to you?

Are there secrets that you haven’t told anyone or written about in your step work?

Everyone occasionally has bouts of sadness, but these feelings are usually fleeting. When a person has a depressive disorder, it interferes with daily life and normal functioning. It is a common but serious illness. There is no single known cause of depression, but it likely results from a combination of genetic, biochemical, environmental and psychological factors. Depression commonly coexists with other illnesses, such as anxiety disorders or alcohol/substance abuse. It can affect anyone at any time, from children to older adults. RECOGNIZING THE SYMPTOMS People with depressive illnesses do not all experience the same symptoms. The severity, frequency and duration will vary depending on the individual and the illness. Think about yourself and your loved ones. Mark any that apply. Have you noticed: ▪ Trouble falling, staying asleep or sleeping too much? epression is a highly ▪ Poor appetite or overeating? treatable disorder. The ▪ Feeling sad, anxious or “empty” often? first step is to visit a ▪ Feeling guilty, worthless or hopeless often? doctor, where he/she will ▪ Loss of interest in activities you/they once enjoyed? perform a medical examination ▪ Thoughts or mentions of suicide? and rule out factors that may be ▪ Feeling a lack of energy or motivation to do normal activities? causing the condition, such as ▪ Trouble concentrating on activities such as reading or watching TV? certain medications or a thyroid ▪ Moving or talking slower than normal? disorder. Once diagnosed, a ▪ Or being more fidgety and restless? person will likely be treated with People who have gone through a recent emotional crisis or who are psychotherapy and/or medicagrieving a recent loss may experience these symptoms more often. tion. In the meantime, it is important to exercise, participate CTOBER S ATIONAL EPRESSION in activities, spend time with friends and relatives, and think ENTAL EALTH CREENING ONTH positively. If you have access to an Employee Assistance Program (EAP), they may be able HELPING A LOVED ONE AFFECTED BY to offer assistance as well. DEPRESSION Knowing a depressed person can affect you too. The most important thing to do is to help him/her get an appropriate diagnosis and treatment. Other ways to lend a hand: „ ▪ Offer emotional support, understanding, patience and encouragement. „ ▪ Be a good listener. „ ▪ Never ignore comments about suicide; report them to your friend’s relative or doctor, or call the National Suicide Prevention Lifeline at (800) 273-TALK. „ ▪ Invite your friend to do things with you; if he/she declines, keep trying, but don’t push. „ ▪ Remind your friend that with time and treatment, the depression will lift.







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anifesting is a fancy word for positive thinking 2.0. As a huge believer in the importance of practicing positive self-talk, I decided to give manifestation a try. In order to manifest, practice thinking aspirational thoughts with the intention of bringing them to life. Has someone ever told you to “visualize your goal”? It feels pointless and a tad condescending. The skepticism comes from the fact that most people never learn how to visualize concepts. When I considered visualization, I pictured a cartoon thought-bubble sprouting from my skull playing a scenario projector-style on repeat. Instead, manifestation is the process of visualizing your desire through thought, emotion, and belief and projecting it into reality. There’s another saying of Buddhist origins, “you are what you think you are”. This follows the thread that, if you think you are hopeless, you will give up hope. Manifestation brings forth positive, proactive actions as it promotes positive, proactive thinking. As you manifest your ideal reality, you inadvertently rewire your thinking. As a result, you are inspired, taking action within your life to make your goal a reality without conscious effort. To break it down, Karin Yee’s 369 Manifesting Method is a Law of Attraction ritual. The 369 method, named after Tesla’s divine PAGE 15 Paula Crane Center

Still looking for a Halloween costume idea?

Some people should go as the person they pretend to be on Facebook. numbers, offers a simple routine for you to complete that aids in the manifestation process. Each of the three numbers aligns with a piece of the ritual. Start by writing your end goal 3 times when you wake up, 6 times in the afternoon, and 9 times before you fall asleep. This method transforms the process of thinking something into believing it through repetition and positivity. To come up with a powerful affirmation to write, think about your goal. Write your desired outcome conceptually. So, you want to manifest your recovery from drug addiction. You can say I feel so light and peaceful now that drugs have left my life for good. Following this, describe the feeling that emerges from your dream coming true. For instance, Sobriety brought me long-lasting grace and happiness. In order to manifest, dig deep for the raw emotion that drives your desire to recover. GOAL: Sobriety UNDERLYING EMOTIONS: happiness, contentment, peace, pride POSITIVE AFFIRMATION: I feel so light and peaceful now that drugs have left my life for good. Sobriety is my long-lasting grace and happiness. When starting the 369 Manifestation Method, it’s easiest to choose a small goal and work your way up to more lofty desires. Seeing your desires spring to life will encourage you to continue the positive affirmations necessary to achieve your larger goals. By Allie Kraska

At long last, Halloween has finally arrived! From brainstorming spooky costumes to trying out pumpkin carving ideas with our kids, eating unfathomable amounts of Halloween treats, candy, and chocolate and indulging in everything pumpkin-spiceflavored, there's so much to anticipate during this frightfully fun observance to its current November HOW HALLOWEEN IS CELEBRATED October holiday. 1 date. TODAY


No matter how old you are or how many times you've been around the block, the holiday simply never gets old. The littlest ones get a chance to dress up and go trick-or-treating, and parents have an excuse to become anyone they choose!

But in the midst of the Halloween party games and sugar rushes, have you ever wondered about the origin and history of Halloween? You already know that Halloween takes place on the last day of October, but here's something you might not know: The word itself literally means "hallowed evening," and was previously known to early European celebrators as All Hallows' Eve. All Hallows' Eve (October 31) and All Saints' Day (November 1) both paid homage to saints ("hallows" = saints). The name was eventually shortened to "Halloween," which we know and love to this day. The pagan and Christian occasions hadn't always been back-to-back, though. Up until the 7th century CE, All Hallow's Eve fell actually on May 13. Perhaps in an attempt to offset the occasion with a religious celebration, Pope Boniface IV ultimately made the call to change the PAGE 15 Paula Crane Center

Halloween obviously remains a popular holiday in America today, but it Many people were said to dress up actually almost didn't make it across the Atlantic. The Puritans were disas saints and recite songs or verses door to door. Children would also approving of the holiday's pagan roots, so they didn't take part in the go door to door asking for "soul celebrations. But once Irish and cakes," a treat similar to biscuits. Technical note: Soul cakes originat- Scottish immigrants began to arrive ed as part of the All Souls' Day holi- in America in greater numbers, the holiday made its way back into the day on November 2 (yep, a third holiday!), but eventually be- zeitgeist. The very first American colonial Halloween celebracame a part of Halloween night as tions featured large public parties to the concept evolved into trick-orcommemorate the upcoming hartreating. The candy-grabbing concept also became mainstream in the vest, tell ghost stories, sing, and U.S. in the early to mid-1900s, dur- dance. ing which families would provide It's estimated that by the early treats to children in hopes that they 20th century, Halloween was celewould be immune to any holiday brated across North America by the majority of (candy-loving, costumepranks. wearing) people. And this year, once As for the costumes, they evolved, again, we'll all be enjoying our favortoo. While they began as earnest tributes to saints, that tradition like- ite candy and admiring our neighbors' decorations on October 31— ly fell out of favor at some point… and the only spooky spirits we'll be until young Scottish and Irish pranksters got the idea to dress up talking about are the witch and in scary-looking garb again as a way ghost costumes our friends are wearing. to spook unsuspecting neighbors. HISTORY OF HALLOWEEN COSTUMES AND TRICK-OR-TREATING

And just like that, thanks to these Written by Blair Donovan & Marissa local hooligans, Halloween cosGold, Submitted by Bernice Taylortumes became scary, spooky, funny, Davis. and creative all at the same time. Paula Crane Center PAGE 16



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IN CASE YOU MISSED IT September was PACKED with activities, fun and learning as we celebrated Recovery Month every day. From watching movies, to meditation and PiYo there wasn’t a day that went by that Individuals had nothing to do. We also sprinkled in Recovery at the Park at Cochran Park in Stockbridge. Mrs. Ava Gale introduced candle making (see page 8) which turned out to be quite the project for our Individuals and will certainly be back on our calendars soon in case you missed it. We also had a game day with our famous in-house “Head’s Up” game that taught Individuals how to work collectively in a team. Our game within a game was also introduced as we played Recovery Bingo. The winner of each round then learned a lesson in living with the choices we make as they were tasked with choosing between three baskets or other mystery prizes, some good….some not so good. All in all, the entire day was truly a good time for all. We had a total of three Dialogue Diaries within the month, where guests came in to share their messages of hope and resilience with our Individuals and staff. Per usual, we provided lunch for all episodes from pasta, to fish and chips to soul food options, everyone was well fed mentally and physically. We thank all three of our speakers: Jordan Hussey, Ms. Mary Marshall and Ta-Ta-Nisha. Our kickball game was the biggest event of the month as we partnered with GA Department of Community Supervision. We started out with a few rounds of bingo as everyone trickled in, provided Chick-fil-A boxes, hosted a DT Meeting, and had GA Ice Cream truck come by to provide desserts for everyone, of their own choosing. The Kickball game actually started around 2-ish, after all of the other preliminaries were dealt with and everyone had a chance to eat their lunch. The game was indeed festive, and although The Crane did not win this round, they looked good while playing in their custom made jerseys! PAGE 17 Paula Crane Center

In-Person AA Meetings held at The Crane every Wednesday at 12 pm. This is an open meeting for anyone that would like to attend. Double Trouble Meetings, a combination of mental health and substance use disorders, are held every Friday in person at The Crane starting at1 pm. Peer Support Meetings are held Monday through Thursday at 2 pm and Fridays at 2:30. These groups are led by our Certified Addiction Empowerment Recovery Specialists, Ms. Bernice and Mr. Donald HIV and HEP-C Testing is available weekdays. We ask that you call for an appointment. Walk-ins are welcomed, but tester may or may not be available. Virtual All recovery meeting held 7 days a week at 10 am and 7 pm EST. on zoom. Meeting ID: 695.949.293 Password: recovery. Hosted by Georgia Council on Substance Abuse. This is an open meeting where everyone is welcomed to attend. CARES Warm Line is available every day of the year from 8:30 am until 11 pm. We are here to help. Call: 1.844.326.5400 Paula Crane Center PAGE 18