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]mt\w-Ifn. cmP-k-Z-Ên-sebpw IqSn-bm-«-¯n-sebpw hnZq-j-I³, NmIymÀIq¯v Ah-X-cn-¸n-¡p¶ NmIymÀ, Ip ©³\-¼ym-cpsS Hm«³Xp-Å F¶n-h-bn-seÃmw P\-§sf B IÀjn-¡p¶ s]mXp-kz-`m-h-am Wv Bt£-]-lm-kyw. ta¸dª cwK-§-fn-seÃmw Häbm Ät]m-cm-«-amb Bt£-]-lmkyw F¶ kz`m-hs¯ Hcp kwLw Iem-Im-c-·mÀ H¶n-¨-h-X-cn-¸n¡p¶ Iem-cq-]-amWv ]mt\w-Ifn. IqSn-bm-«w, IY-Ifn apX-emb ¢mÊnIv Iem-cq-]-§sf Bkz-Zn-¡p¶-Xn-\pÅ hnj-a-X-IÄ CÃm-¯Xpw kwKo-Xw, \mS-Iw, Bt£-]-lm-kyw, kmaq-ly-hn-aÀi-\w, Btbm-[\ ]mc-¼cyw apX-em-b-h-bpsS kmcmw-i-§Ä CS-I-eÀ¶Xpw AXy´w lmkym-ß-I-hp-amb Hcp {]mNo-\-I-em-cq-]-amWv ]mt\w-I-fn.- ]-g-b-Im-e¯v s]mXpsh \¼q-Xn-cn-Kr-l-§-fn sh¨mWv Cu Iem-cq]w Ah-X-cn-¸n-¨p-h-¶n-cp-¶Xv F¶-Xp-sIm-­p-Xs¶ ]mt\wI-fn-bn hmZy-hn-`mKw Hgn-¨pÅ _m¡n Iem-Im-c-·mÀ s]mXpsh \¼qXn-cn-am-cm-Wv. a±-fw, sN­, Ce-¯mfw F¶o hmtZym-]-I-c-W-§Ä D]-tbm-Kn¨pÅ tIfn-tbm-Sp-Iq-Sn-bmWv ]mt\w-Ifn Bcw-`n-¡p-¶-Xv. tIc-f-¸-g-abn A\p-jvTm\ Iem-{]-I-S-\-§-fpsS Adn-bn¸v ‘tIfn’ sIm«n-bn-«m-Wv. tIfn-¡p-tijw sNdnb taf-t¯m-Sp-IqSn ]mt\w-Ifn Ah-X-cn-¸n-¡p¶ kwLs¯ thZn-bn-te¡v B\-bn-¨p-sIm-­p-h-cp¶ ‘sIm«n-¨Iw ]qIÂ’ (tafw sIm«n¨v Ai-t¯¡v B\-bn-¡Â) F¶ NS§p \S-¯p-¶p. XpSÀ¶v kwL-¯nse c­m-fp-IÄ hmfpw ]cn-Nbpw ]nSn¨v Acbpw


Xebpw apdp¡n Bbp-[-sa-Sp¯v Ac§v Ip¼n-S (k-Z-Êns\ hµn¡Â) \S-¯p-¶p. `£Ww ]mIw sNbvX-Xn-¶p-tijw Igp-In-hr-¯n-bm-¡m¯ Hcp sN¼v thZn-bn sh¨v AXn-\p-]p-d¯v \m¡ne Ian-gv¯n-bn«v AXn Xmfw ]nSn-¨p-sIm­v ‘]q¡p-e-ame’ apX-emb ]m«p-IÄ ]mSp-¶-Xnsâ IqsS A«-lm-k-t¯m-Sp-IqSn c­p-t]À Nnc-«-bn Xmfw ]nSn-¨v ]m«nsâ Xmf-¯n-\-\p-k-cn¨v \r¯w sN¿p¶ ‘]m{Xw sIm«n-bmÀ¡Â’ F¶ NS§n-\p-tijw `K-hm³ inh-s\bpw aäp tZh-·m-scbpw kvXpXn¨v sh¨p-\a-kvI-cn¨v ({_m-Ò-Wsc _lp-am-\-]p-c-Êcw \a-kvI-cn¨v `£Ww sImSp¡p¶ NS-§v) A\p-jvTm-\-]-c-amb ‘\mep-]mZw’ F¶ NS§p \S-¡p-¶p. XpSÀ¶pÅ A¯m-g-Ê-Zy-bn am\y-Øm-\o-b-cmb ]mt\w-Ifn kw L-¡mÀ `£-W-hn-`-h-§-fpsS sshhn-[y-§-sf-¡p-dn¨pw KpW-K-W-§-sf¡p-dn¨papÅ tÇmI-§Ä sNmÃp-¶p. ]n¶oSv ]pcmW IY-I-sf-¡p-dn¨pÅ ‘\o«p-hm-b-\’bm-Wv. \o«p-hm-b\ F¶Xv tI«m Hcp t]mÀhnfn \S-¡p¶p F¶mWv tXm¶p-I. A¯m-g-`-£-W-¯n-\p-tijw Ifn-kw-L-¡mÀ ho­pw thZn-bn {] Xy-£-s¸-Sp-¶Xv ‘A¼n-fn-s¯-¶-e-Wn-bp¶’ F¶p-Xp-S-§p¶ h©n-¸m«v ]mSn-s¡m-­m-Wv. tIc-f-¯nse {]kn² t£{X-§-sfbpw B t£{X-§fnse tZh-·m-cpsS {][m\ \nth-Zy-§-sfbpw Ipdn-¨pÅ tÇmI-§-fmWv h©n-¸m«v cq]¯n Ah-X-cn-¸n-¡p-¶-Xv. XpSÀ¶v ]m\ F¶ apJy-`m-K¯v KW-] Xn kvXpXn-Ifpw, IqSmsX A¿-¸³, inh³, {ioIr-jvW³ F¶o tZh-·m-sc-¡p-dn¨pw kvXp Xn¨p sNmÃp-¶p. ]m\sb XS-Ø-s¸-Sp-¯ns¡m-­p-h-cp¶ ‘C«n-¡-­-¸³’ F¶ IYm-]m {Xw `c-W-hÀ¤¡mcpsS {]hr-¯n-Isf Bt£]-lm-ky-cq-t]W cwK-¯-h-X-cn-¸n-¡p-¶p. C«n-


¡-­-¸³ h¶-Xnsâ Aaw-Kfw XoÀ¡p-¶-Xn-\mbn a{´-hmZw \S-¯p-¶hÀ ]qPm-IÀ½-§-fn Adn-hn-Ãm-¯-hsc hnaÀin¨pw ]cn-l-kn¨pw Ah-X-cn-¸n-¡p¶ ‘_en Dgn-¨nÂ’ F¶ `mKhpw ]mt\w-I-fn-bn D­v. XpSÀ¶pÅ Bbp-[-sa-Sp-¸n Bbp-[m-`ym-k{]I-S-\-§fmWv DÄs¸-Sp¯n-bn-«p-Å-Xv. Ch-sc-¡q-SmsX ap¯-Èn, HmXn-¡³, IÅp-Ip-Sn-b³, am¸n-f, Ipd-h\pw Ipd-¯n-bpw, hnUvVn, ]«À XpS-§nb IYm-]m-{X-§fpw, kaql-¯nse aeo-a-k-am-¡p¶ A]-N-b-§-sf-¡pdn¨pw Ahsb adn-I-S-¡p-¶-Xn-\pÅ \nÀ±i§sf-¡p-dn¨pw Bt£-]-lm-ky-cq-]-¯n Ah-Xcn-¸n-¡p-¶p. XpSÀ¶v ‘ac-t¯w-tIm-S³’ F¶ IYm-]m{Xw I¨-h-S-¡m-cpsS Ah-Ø-sb-¡p-dn-¨pIqSn HmÀ½n-¸n¨v [\min (aw-K-fw) ]mSn ]mt\wIfn F¶ Iem-cq]w Ah-km-\n-¸n-¡p-¶p.


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