By: Tori Higdon
Marilyn Monroe was born June 1st , 1926 and died August 5th, 1962. She was an American actress, model, and singer. She spent most of her childhood bouncing from foster home, to foster home. Struggling from illness,
Personal problems, and reputation troubles, her death was labeled a â€˜probable suicideâ€™. She died from an overdose of barbiturates.
John F. Kennedy was born May 29th, 1917 and died November 22nd, 1963. He was also the 35th president of the United States serving from 1961- up until his assassination in 1963.
The pledge was written in 1892 by a Baptist minister and an active socialist. Which stated: “I pledge allegiance to the flag of the United States of America, and to the Republic for which it stands; one nation, indivisible, with liberty and justice for all.”
In 1954 congress passed a bill which was signed into law to add the words ‘Under God’ Currently the pledge says: "I pledge allegiance to the flag of the United States of America, and to the Republic for which it stands; one nation under God, indivisible, with liberty and justice for all."
Communists led by Mao Zedong eventually won the fight for control of the country in 1949. Signed an alliance with the Soviet Union in 1950. Mao consolidated his control over China and expanded Chinaâ€™s borders.
Mao sought to strengthen communist rule in China. Mao and his followers believed that peasants were the revolutionary class.
War lasted from 1950 through 1953, and almost caused a wider war. At the end of World War II, Korea was liberated from Japanese control and divided in half. In June 1950, North Korea invaded the south with Soviet and Chinese backing.
The first obvious signs of trouble appeared in Eastern Europe. In Poland, Bulgaria, and Romania, Stalin made sure that pro-Soviet governments took power. The Sovietdominated countries of Eastern Europe became known as Soviet â€œsatellites.â€?
United States and Great Britain accused the Soviets of dividing Europe and stifling national selfdetermination.
In 1949, the Western allies formed NATO, the North Atlantic Treaty Organization. Included the United States, Canada, and Western European nations, was dedicated to mutual defense.
Six years later, in 1955, the Soviet Union formed its own defense alliance called the Warsaw Pact.
The first Cold War incident in Latin America occurred in Guatemala. Jacobo Arbenz Guzmรกn began a program of land reform in 1953. He took unused land from the American-owned United Fruit Company and gave it to poor peasants. A year later, the United States
staged a covert action to oust Arbenz and replace him with a military dictator.
By the 1970s the Cold War tensions began to ease up. Behind this effort to reduce tensions, however, was the continued threat of nuclear war. Until the late 1960s, the United States had held the edge in the arms race.
With its more advanced nuclear arsenal, the United States believed it could force the Soviet Union to back down in any serious dispute. Soviet union had caught up by 1969. They also realized that their huge military costs were harming their economies
The Cold War lasted for more than four decades, from the end of World War II to the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991. It fueled wars, revolutions, and social unrest. It shaped political and economic systems; It promoted military expansion and the exploration of space.
Although the countries of the former Soviet bloc in Eastern Europe and some of the former Soviet republics moved toward democracy, China remained firmly under the control of its communist party.