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Journeys Through the Siddur Shabbat at Home

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 An artist cannot be continually wielding a brush. At times, every artist must stop painting to freshen his (or her) vision of the object, the meaning of which the artist wishes to express on the canvas. Living is also an art. . . . Shabbat represents those moments when we pause in our brushwork to renew our vision of the object. Mordechai Kaplan (adapted)


  remembers three moments in history. It remembers the creation of the world. Just as od rested on The Seventh ay of creation, we also rest on The Seventh ay.  becomes a day of our own re creation.  remembers the odus from gypt. The Midrash tells us that when the Jews in gypt were able to celebrate , that freedom was the beginning of their liberation. When we celebrate , we begin to set us free from our own gypt like moments.  also remembers something that has not happened yet. It remembers the future to come when there is peace and prosperity for everyone. Adam and ve e perienced this kind of moment when they spent  in the arden of den. We e perience a foretaste of the   (world to come).

he  a e The  table remembers many places, too. We remember in a midrash that od set a  table for Adam and ve in the arden of den. We have a memory that Sarah and Abraham welcomed visitors to their Shabbat table. We are taught that Israel observed the  for forty years in the wilderness. When we set our  table we bring those moments back to life. The  table also reminds us of the altar in the Temple and the Tabernacle where the priests connected the Jewish people to od. At our  table we make our own connection with od.

he  eder n Friday night there is a very short service that we do at our dinner table. It can include ighting of candles. Some families light candles at sundown. Some families wait to light candles when they sit down for  dinner. . A song that welcomes angels to our home. Family blessings. arents bless children, and then recite wishes for each other.  . The prayer over wine that makes  holy. Washing of hands.   . A blessing over bread that begins the meal.


the

The eo abbi an a S i e alle Shabbat

Antoninus was a oman mperor. e had a good friend named abbi ehudah ha asi. ne Shabbat, abbi ehudah prepared lunch for his friend. The food was cold because the abbi did not cook on Shabbat. Still, Antoninus pronounced everything “delicious.” “Mmmm” said abbi ehudah, raising his eyebrows like he knew a secret but couldn t tell. ater that week, the mperor again went to the abbi s house for dinner. This time, the abbi served him a piping hot meal. Antoninus tasted everything. “This meat is okay,” he said to the abbi, “and the vegetables aren t bad, but I en oyed the last meal you made much more. This food is missing something.” The abbi loved his friend and so he tried not to laugh.


“Well, something s missing,” said the mperor. “ id you forget something, or is it a secret recipe that has been handed down from one Jewish family to another, year after year after year ome on, you can tell me. What is it ” “ kay, my friend, you re right,” replied abbi ehudah. “Something is missing. ut you won t nd it in the pantry. ou won t nd it in the cellar either. ou won t nd it in the cabinet, in the rear or on top. ou won t even nd it in my bo of secret recipes that have been handed down from one Jewish family to another for year after year after year.” “What s missing,” continued the abbi, “is a spice that can t be grown, can t be mi ed, can t be found or tasted anywhere. ou see,” he said, “what s really missing is not an ingredient at all, but the Shabbat itself.” Questions

1. What about the cold meal made it so special? 2. How can habbat change the taste of food? . How can knowing this story help us know where to point our hearts on habbat?


L SSON

  

The Midrash tells us that Sarah lit candles and baked hallah for . The light of her candles lasted from  to . As long as her candles were lit, the cloud with the  (the part of od that can get close to us) hovered over her tent. very Friday night we light  candles. It is traditional to light two candles one for each of the two sets of the Ten ommandments. ne is in odus, the other in euter onomy, and they present different versions of the  commandment. ne begins   and the other  , one talks about creation and the other talks about gypt. The Talmud calls the  candles “lights of .” These candles are also connected to roverbs .2       “F T MMA M T IS A AM , A T T A I IS I T.” While the candles are sort of hard to e plain, the simple truth is that as we light them we bring the light of Shabbat into our lives. ike Sarah, lighting candles brings od close.


a o see the etters o eti es the etter

ROOT ANALYSIS

i these words drops o t i words.

  



 

a d e t 

co

a ded s 

a d co with ods co

a d e ts 

he root

ea s co

  

a d.

Practice these words a d circ e a that co tai the root





    

 

  rite i the issi

 

  

 .11

 

  

   

etters or these words

.1

    

  

. 

     

 

 

.

i t ro the root

 

.2

.

.



.

.

 .

 .

.10

.9


TRANSLATION

e iew the oca ar a d a e o r est



ess at the ea i

 ae o r est ess at the ea i o this te t. o r teacher wi he p o with o r tra s atio .

o this part o a it ah  .

     



    

ords that which

od s name 

command

our od

9

  


L SSON Practice these   words.

   

    





 

 

      

  

     

   

 

 



.1

.2

.

.

 

.

.

ecite these   phrases.

   

  

    

  



  



 



.

  

.





.9

ecite this  .

    

      



   10

 

.10


TRANSLATION

 o i hti

he 

Most Jewish holidays begin twice, once when the candles are lit and blessed and then again when the  is said over the wine. oth of these   help us recogni e the holiness of Shabbat or the festival and make holiness part of our e perience.



indling (lighting) candles to mark the beginning of Shabbat or a festival and lighting the anukkah lights are   ach of these acts of lighting a ame is an opportunity a chance to kindle a feeling of holiness inside ourselves.

of

    



  



 

  







    

        



    

.1

  

.2

.

  

.

.

  

.

ow tra s atio o this part o the  

   

    

     



 11




The i st Shabbat

n the beginning, od was alone. So od created the angels, the other heavenly creatures, and people, too. The first thing od created was light. It was a special kind of light one that came directly from od. n the fourth day of creation od created the sun, the moon, and the stars. The original light was hidden away. n the first Shabbat od stopped working and gathered all of creation. The angel of Shabbat got to sit on the throne of glory, and all of the angels got to rest. They gath ered round and folded their si wings. n the seventh day they could not sing. od brought Adam and ve up to heaven to oin in the Shabbat celebration. They were the ones who began to sing, “It is good to give thanks to od,” the words that later start ed the Shabbat psalm. The angels oined in. od told Adam and ve that a piece of the arden of den is in every Shabbat. od said, “ uring Shabbat you will be able to taste the world to come.” od then decided that a little bit of the original hidden light would be released into the world every Shabbat. (Assembled through the notes in ouis in berg s th ).

Questions

1. What is the special connection between habbat and people? 2. How does habbat connect us to od? . How can knowing this story help us to point our hearts when we light candles on habbat?

12


L SSON



  is the song we use to welcome  into our home. It is based on two Talmudic stories that tell us that angels enter our home at the beginning of . This song welcomes the angels, invites them in, asks them for a blessing, and then bids them farewell.  can be a big family singing opportunity. It is the perfect chance for the kind of loud singing that links people together. It is also the kind of song where people link arms and sway. While we ask angels to bless us with  our singing can actually build  .

1


 PEACE to you Attending angels

 .1 

  

.2

Angels who are high up

 

.

From the Ruler, the Ruler of Rulers

     

.

The Holy One. COME to us in PEACE



 .

  .

Attending angels

   

.

Angels who are high up

 

.

From the Ruler, the Ruler of Rulers

     

The Holy One. BLESS me with PEACE



.9

 .10

   .11

Attending angels

   

Angels who are high up

 

.1

From the Ruler, the Ruler of Rulers

     

.1

The Holy One. Take your LEAVE in PEACE





.12

 .1  .1

Attending angels

   

.1

Angels who are high up

 

.1

From the Ruler, the Ruler of Rulers

     

The Holy One. 1



.19

 .20


ROOT ANALYSIS

     

 .

i t ro



o t

     .1

Practice the phrases a d circ e the words



  



ess e 

   

  

.

    .

  

i t ro

       

   

essed

Practice the phrases a d circ e the words

.

i t ro

.2

 

  

      

 

ea e 

  

 

      oi



 

the r ers 

Practice the phrases a d circ e a the words

r er

.

 

  1

 

 .

 

 .


TRANSLATION



 

    



   

 est



     

ess at the ea i

o this pra er is

ae o r est ess at the ea i o this te t. o r teacher wi he p o with o r tra s atio .

ord Parts you (plural) 

the  

ords of (plural)  

from 

service   

high e

1


Practice  Practice these words.

      

.2

 

.3

     

.4

 

   

.1





  

  

Practice these phrases.

  

   

.5

       

.6

        

.7

       



     

1

.8

.9


L SSON

he   ea s o p ra .

atch the word i the ri ht co



di with its ate with the  e di .

 

 



 



 

 

Practice  Practice these phrases. e e

er to repeat i e a ter sa i

   



i es

a d .

   

.1

     

.2

                        1

. . .


TRANSLATION he e t three erses o  are the sa e e cept or the rst word.



a e o r est ess at the ea i o this te t. o r teacher wi he p o with o r tra s atio .

 





                        est

ess at the ea i

ord Parts

o this pra er is

ords

you (plural) 

on high

me   of (plural)   19




The Shabbat Angels

T

wo angels visit Jewish homes every Friday night. When they arrive at the house they check to see if the Shabbat candles are lit, if the table is set, and if there is a sense of   (family peace). They want to know if Shabbat has been “made” in this home. If there is a feeling of Shabbat in the house, the good angel says, “May this family have a Shabbat like this every week!” and the evil angel is forced to say “Amen.” (Shabbat 119b).

Questions

1. What lesson can we learn from the “good angel’s” blessing? 2. How can knowing this story help us to point our hearts when we sing ?

20


Journeys Trhough the Siddur: Shabbat at Home