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PUBLIC SECTOR MANAGER OCTOBER OCTOBER 2019 2019

New heights THE MAGAZINE MAGAZINE FOR FOR PUBLIC PUBLIC SECTOR SECTOR DECISION-MAKERS DECISION-MAKERS THE

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A A study study of of the the hake hake deep-sea deep-sea trawl trawl fishery fishery conducted conducted by by independent independent economic economic consultants, consultants, Genesis Genesis Analytics, Analytics, has has revealed revealed for for the the first first time time the the massive massive economic economic contribution contribution made made by by the the fishery: fishery:

66.6% black-owned black-owned –– Empowerdex Empowerdex R1.89 bn bn // year year R 6.7 bn bn // year year

total total economic economic contribution contribution

total total wage wage bill bill

R1.5 bn bn

R 6.6 bn bn

domestic domestic sales sales

R3 bn bn

R 4.5 bn bn // year year

export export sales sales

7 300 employees employees

total total investments investments

R335 million million // year year

total total spend spend with with SMEs SMEs (of (of which which 57% 57% is is with with >50% >50% black-owned black-owned SMEs) SMEs)

The The hake hake deep-sea deep-sea trawl trawl fishery fishery is is an an industrial-scale industrial-scale fishery. fishery. ItIt does does not not overlap overlap with with small-scale small-scale fisheries, fisheries, nor nor does does itit compete compete for for resources resources with with small-scale small-scale fishers fishers -- the the fishery fishery targets targets hake hake in in deep, deep, offshore offshore waters waters that that are are inaccessible inaccessible to to small small boats. boats. SADSTIA’s SADSTIA’s vision vision is is aa hake hake deep-sea deep-sea trawl trawl fishery fishery that that is is sustainable, sustainable, internationally internationally competitive competitive and and delivering delivering aa full full range range of of benefits benefits to to the the people people of of South South Africa Africa for for generations generations to to come. come.


A transformed industry making a vital contribution to the ocean economy The The hake hake deep-sea deep-sea trawl trawl industry industry adds adds substantial substantial value value to to the the Cape Cape hake hake resource, resource, with with more more than than 50% 50% of of the the catch catch being being beneficiated beneficiated in in South South Africa. Africa. Value-adding Value-adding generates generates local local economic economic benefits benefits including including on-shore on-shore investment, investment, employment employment and and supplier supplier spend. spend. Owing Owing to to aa long-standing long-standing partnership partnership between between the the South South African African Deep-Sea Deep-Sea Trawling Trawling Industry Industry Association Association (SADSTIA), (SADSTIA), the the University University of of Cape Cape Town Town and and the the Fisheries Fisheries Branch Branch of of the the Department Department of of Environment, Environment, Forestry Forestry && Fisheries, Fisheries, the the trawl trawl fishery fishery for for hake hake is is sustainable sustainable and and generates generates extensive extensive benefits benefits for for the the people people of of South South Africa. Africa. SADSTIA, SADSTIA, which which represents represents the the 33 33 rights rights holders holders in in the the hake hake deep-sea deep-sea trawl trawl fishery, fishery, is is fully fully committed committed to to supporting supporting the the Fisheries Fisheries Branch Branch in in the the development development of of aa policy policy framework framework for for the the Fishing Fishing Rights Rights Allocation Allocation Process Process of of 2020 2020 (FRAP (FRAP 2020). 2020).

SADSTIA

South African Deep-Sea Trawling Industry Association www.sadstia.co.za


Contents: October 2019 FEATURE

Regulars 12

22

26

30

32

Conversations with leaders Minister of Social Development Lindiwe Zulu explains why social development concerns every South African Profiles in leadership Zuks Ramasia started her career as a flight attendant at South African Airways about 27 years ago and now she is the Acting CEO of the airline Women in the public sector Lefentse Phokwane is the first female aircraft maintenance engineer to specialise in non-destructive testing inspection at South African Airways Technical Developmental desk Qualification fraudsters could find themselves behind bars Trailblazer Astrophysicist Sphesihle Makhathini applies the laws of physics and chemistry in

38

2

an attempt to understand the most massive objects in the universe 36

Focus on women Breast cancer: Early detection saves lives

38

International relations A recipe for Africa: Tolerance, trade and youth opportunity

42

Provincial focus Building a better Eastern Cape

44

Local government The Buffalo City Metropolitan Municipality is proving to be crucial to the economic growth of the Eastern Cape

46

Upcoming events A look at local and international events for your diary and information

48

In other news News you need to know when you are on the go

78

The reading corner A legal researcher’s take on book topics

22

Features 18

Ntombi Mekgwe ensures the Gauteng government delivers The Gauteng Provincial Legislature is working towards the achievement of national, regional and international transformation goals

50

Emergency plan to protect women and children President Cyril Ramaphosa has announced an emergency plan to deal with violence against women and children in the country

54

Aarto demerit system encourages safer driving behaviour The implementation of the Aarto Act is expected to curb the high accident rate on the country’s roads

58

Khawuleza to fast track service delivery A new district-based coordination model seeks to adopt an approach to development that is more practical, achievable, implementable and measurable

Public Sector Manager • October 2019


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90 62

Securing economic growth Government has stepped up efforts to ensure the country’s economic growth and address unemployment

66

Violence not the answer to resolve issues South Africans and foreign nationals urged to respect the rule of law

68

City shelters assist displaced foreign nationals Humanitarian assistance is being offered to the hundreds of foreign nationals who were displaced during violent attacks

72

Protecting our precious ocean resources South Africa’s oceans hold vital importance for our country’s economy and food security

Lifestyle 82

Health and wellbeing Desk exercises to improve your health

84

Food and wine Delicious treats for sunny days

88

Car reviews Haval exudes confidence with style

90

Travel Experiencing Johannesburg like a local

94

Grooming and style Keep it casual

96

Nice-to-haves Put a spring in your step

Public Sector Manager THE MAGAZINE FOR PUBLIC SECTOR DECISION-MAKERS Publishers: Government Communication and Information System (GCIS) Enquiries: +27 012 473 0010 Switchboard: +27 012 473 0000 Tshedimosetso House: 1035 Francis Baard Street (corner Festival Street), Hatfield, Pretoria Private Bag X745, Pretoria, South Africa, 0001 www.gcis.gov.za Head of Editorial and Production

Zanele Mngadi zanelemngadi@gcis.gov.za

Managing Editor

Ongezwa Mogotsi ongezwa@gcis.gov.za

News Editor

Irene Naidoo

Contributors

More Matshediso Silusapho Nyanda Jauhara Khan

GCIS Photographic Unit

Elmond Jiyane Ntswe Mokoena Siyabulela Duda Kopano Tlape Busisiwe Malungwane

Senior Designer Junior Designer

Tendai Gonese Tsholofelo Sepeng

---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Acting Director-General Phumla Williams Acting Deputy Director-General: Corporate Services

Keitu Semakane

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Michael Currin

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© Copyright: GCIS | Printed by Creda Communications (Pty) Ltd

4

Public Sector Manager • October 2019


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A list of approved Volkswagen Commercial Dealers may be found by using the Dealer Locator at vw.co.za. The vehicles are sold by the manufacturer/importer in an unmodified condition. All Crafter conversions are performed by independent aftermarket body-builders. The conversions are subject to the terms and conditions of the body-builder and are not approved by the manufacturer/importer. Please refer to the owner’s manual and warranty for the implications of modifying a vehicle.

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MESSAGE FROM THE MINISTER

Providing support to the most vulnerable F

or many South Africans, it is a

According to Statistics South Af-

Government provides social

daily struggle to provide for

rica’s General Household Survey

grants to 17 million South Afri-

their families and put food

2018, social grants remain a vital

cans; this is a significant increase

safety net for many people.

from the two million who received

on the table. As a caring government, we cannot ignore the plight

In 2018, 31 percent of South

of these families and it is the task

Africans benefitted from a grant,

of the Department of Social Devel-

while 44.3 percent of households

done on the impact of social

opment (DSD) to support them.

received one or more grants.

grants and how it has lifted South

Grants were the second most

Africans from extreme poverty

Month and given the tough times

important source of income (45.2

since 1994.

faced by so many of our people,

percent) for households after

it is critical that we dedicate our-

salaries (64.8 percent), and the

have had a meaningful impact

selves to raising awareness of the

main source of income for almost

on women, with the majority of

services and support government

one-fifth (19.9 percent) of house-

beneficiaries of the child support

offers to vulnerable groups.

holds nationally.

grant being female. This has em-

October is Social Development

6

social grants in 1994. Extensive research has been

Studies show that social grants

Public Sector Manager • October 2019


powered women in impoverished

wards the eradication of poverty

communities in life-changing

and its causes. It provides grant

ways, giving them more power in

funding to and helps strengthen

making financial decisions.

civil society organisations that

The positive effect on children is also evident, with reports showing links between child support

are helping to build resilient and self-sustainable communities. The DSD also provides support

grants and school attendance

to survivors of Gender-Based

rates and improvements in

Violence (GBV), through initia-

healthcare.

tives such as the Gender Based

Social grants provided by gov-

Violence Command Centre. The

ernment include older person’s

centre operates a national call

grant (old age pension), child

centre facility that employs social

support grant, care dependency

workers who offer assistance to

grant, grant in aid (for those who

survivors of GBV who call in. Last

are on a social grant but need

year alone, the GBV Command

someone to take care of them)

Centre received over 150 000

war veteran’s grant, foster child

calls and over 500 short messag-

grant and disability grant.

es, most of which were linked to

The DSD has allocated R175 billion to social grant beneficiaries in 2019/20. However, it is important to note

Minister in t he Presidency, Jac kson Mt hembu.

legal and psychosocial support services. The DSD is concerned with the

While much of the responsibility of supporting our most vulner-

welfare of those who are living

able citizens is borne by the

that social development is more

with disabilities. The department

DSD and its agencies, the South

than the paying of grants. The

is working on the full implemen-

African Social Security Agency

DSD works in partnership with

tation of the White Paper on the

and the NDA, social security and

non-governmental organisations

Rights of Persons with Disabilities.

development are everyone’s

and other entities to educate

The White Paper reaffirms that all

business. All spheres of govern-

communities about the dangers

persons with all types of disabili-

ment have a duty to implement

of drugs.

ties must enjoy all human rights

their mandates to empower, uplift

Work is also underway to finalise

and fundamental freedoms. It

and care for the less advantaged

the National Drug Master Plan,

contains measurable and time-

citizens.

which is a national blueprint for

specific actions that relate to the

preventing and reducing alcohol

areas of education, employment,

and substance abuse.

provision of public services, spe-

The National Development

cial access to housing, health,

Agency (NDA), which is an entity

accessible public transport and

of the DSD, also contributes to-

personal safety, among others.

Public Sector Manager • October 2019

* The DSD has two toll-free helplines: 0800 121314 for substance abuse and 0800 428 428 for GBVF.

7


City and City and citizen citizen safety safety starts startswith with greater cybersecurity greater cybersecurity awareness awareness The digitisation of government services is putting pressure on public sectorof leaders to better protectisvaluable The digitisation government services putting governpressure ment andsector citizenleaders data. Modern cybercrime is not driven by on public to better protect valuable governlone thieves out to make some easy money.isIt’s a well-oiled ment and citizen data. Modern cybercrime not driven by global criminal that iseasy expected toIt’s cost global lone thieves outenterprise to make some money. a the well-oiled economy $6-trillion by 2021. According to the latest data from global criminal enterprise that is expected to cost the global the SA Banking Risk Information Centre, South Africa has economy $6-trillion by 2021. According to the latest data the from third-highest number of cybercrime victims worldwide. the SA Banking Risk Information Centre, South Africa has the third-highest number of cybercrime victims worldwide. Cities’ expanded use of technology to improve service delivery - marking the riseuse of the smart city - to also complicate matters Cities’ expanded of technology improve service delivery the public As government services becomematters increas-for marking the sector. rise of the smart city - also complicate ingly cyber As risks are heightened. Globally public for thedigitised, public sector. government services become increasentities are being targeted repeatedly by hackers because ingly digitised, cyber risks are heightened. Globally publicthey are the perfect target. Manyrepeatedly are hamstrung by tightbecause budgetsthey entities are being targeted by hackers and limited funding available to spend on security measures. are the perfect target. Many are hamstrung by tight budgets A cybercriminal exploiting vulnerabilities the operational and limited funding available to spend oninsecurity measures. technologies that power our homes, for example, or enabling A cybercriminal exploiting vulnerabilities in the operational revenue collection could our cripple homes businesses alike technologies that power homes, forand example, or enabling with devastating socio-economic consequences. revenue collection could cripple homes and businesses alike with devastating socio-economic consequences. As we’ve seen with the recent example of Johannesburg’s City Power, which fell victim to a ransomware attack, such disrupAs we’ve seen with the recent example of Johannesburg’s City tion can lead to reduced trust in government services. The Power, which fell victim to a ransomware attack, such disruprecently established Cybersecurity Hub, which forms part of tion can lead to reduced trust in government services. The the Department of Telecommunications and Postal Services recently established Cybersecurity Hub, which forms part of is a positive sign that SA’s government is taking these risks the Department of Telecommunications and Postal Services seriously. is a positive sign that SA’s government is taking these risks seriously. What tools are available to assist the public sector with protecting against a rising tide of cybercrime and associated risks? What tools are available to assist the public sector with proBecause they are seen as easy targets for cyber criminals, pubtecting against a rising tide of cybercrime and associated risks? lic sector entities should be tightening their security, creating Because they are seen as easy targets for cyber criminals, puboffline backups, educating their citizens and employees, and lic sector should be tightening their security, planning entities how they will respond to a cyber attack. It is creating recomoffline backups, educating their citizens and employees, mended that they investigate appropriate cyber insuranceand to planning how they will to arecovery cyber attack. It isare recomprotect themselves andrespond ensure that services in mended that the theyinevitable investigate appropriate place should breach happen.cyber insurance to protect themselves and ensure that recovery services are in place should the inevitable breach happen.

One solution with arguably the greatest impact is to build greater awareness cyber risks One solution withof arguably the among greatestcitizens impactand is toworkers. build Studies as much as 95% all security breaches ingreatersuggest awareness of cyber risksofamong citizens and workers. volve human error. to a of Google Consumer Research Studies suggest asAccording much as 95% all security breaches inreport commissioned by Mimecast, nearly one in four employvolve human error. According to a Google Consumer Research ees aren’t even aware ofbythe most basic cyber threats toemploytheir report commissioned Mimecast, nearly one in four organisations. ees aren’t even aware of the most basic cyber threats to their organisations. Equipping public sector employees with knowledge and tools to spot and public preventsector cyberemployees threats canwith helpknowledge establish a and better Equipping tools overall against cybercrime - a form group immunity to spotdefence and prevent cyber threats can helpof establish a better that requires thatagainst everyone works together potential overall defence cybercrime - a formtooflimit group immunity risks. Knowingthat thateveryone email is the number 1 attack vector is a that requires works together to limit potential good start. All it takes is for one person to engage in risky berisks. Knowing that email is the number 1 attack vector is a haviour to put entire systems at risk. good start. All it takes is for one person to engage in risky behaviour to put entire systems at risk. As important is building awareness of emerging cyber threats among citizens.isPublic service announcements highlighting As important building awareness of emerging cyber threats risks that citizens should avoid can protect them poamong citizens. Public service announcements against highlighting tential threats, for example: risks that citizens should avoid can protect them against po• tential Notthreats, openingfor emails from people they don’t know; example: • • Not clicking on links first validating they’re Not opening emailswithout from people they don’tthat know; authentic; and • Not clicking on links without first validating that they’re • Not carelessly opening attachments. authentic; and • Not carelessly opening attachments. Mimecast’s latest research also found that South African organisations reported an 88% increase in phishing attacks. Mimecast’s latest research also found that South African Where such an attack was successful, nearly a third suffered a organisations reported an 88% increase in phishing attacks. direct financial loss and 28% lost customers. At 27% of affected Where such an attack was successful, nearly a third suffered a organisations, some employees lost their jobs as a direct result direct financial loss and 28% lost customers. At 27% of affected of the cyberattack. organisations, some employees lost their jobs as a direct result of the cyberattack. If we are to protect our businesses, institutions and citizens against cybercrime, the first step should be greater awareIf weamong are to protect institutions and citizens ness officialsour andbusinesses, citizens of the various cyber threats. against cybercrime, the first step should be greater awareKnowledge is our most powerful tool. And with a concerted ness among andimprove citizens of variousand cyber threats. effort, we canofficials collectively ourthe defences keep Knowledge is our most powerful tool. And with a concerted criminals at bay. effort, we can collectively improve our defences and keep criminals at bay.

2019 State of Email Security Report WWW.MIMECAST.COM/THE-STATE-OF-EMAIL-SECURITY-2019/ 2019 State of Email Security Report WWW.MIMECAST.COM/THE-STATE-OF-EMAIL-SECURITY-2019/

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Cybersecurity Awareness Month Cybersecurity Awareness Month Cybersecurity Awareness Month



They are your last line of defense. Are they ready? They are your last line of defense. Are they ready? They are your last line of defense. Are they ready? MORE THAN 90% MORE THAN 90% OF BREACHES MORE THAN 90% OF BREACHES INVOLVE HUMAN OF BREACHES INVOLVE ERROR HUMAN INVOLVE ERROR HUMAN ERROR

Increase employees’ knowledge Increase employees’ knowledge of basic security issues and how to Increase employees’ knowledge of basic security issues how to respond by 400%+ withand Mimecast of basic security issues how to respond by 400%+ withand Mimecast Awareness Training* respond by Training* 400%+ with Mimecast Awareness Information security training that makes your people care. Awareness Training*

Information that makeshelps your people Mimecast’s security security training awareness training you turncare. employees into Information security training that makes your people care. an active part of your defense. training helps you turn employees into Mimecast’s security awareness an active part of yourawareness defense. training helps you turn employees into Mimecast’s security Knowledge is Power – and when it comes to your employees, increasan active part of your defense. ing knowledge is one –ofand thewhen most effective to employees, reduce yourincreascyberKnowledge is Power it comes ways to your security risk. difference between our approach and others? We ing knowledge is one of the most effective ways to reduce your increascyberKnowledge isThe Power – and when it comes to your employees,

Learn more at: INFO.MIMECAST.COM/JUSTADDAT Learn more at: INFO.MIMECAST.COM/JUSTADDAT Learn more at:

#JustAddAT #JustAddAT #JustAddAT

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address serious topics a seriously funny way to employees security risk. The difference between our approach and others? We ing knowledge is one of in the most effective ways to engage reduce your cyberand change end-user behavior. address in a seriously way to engage employees security serious risk. Thetopics difference betweenfunny our approach and others? We

and change end-user address serious topicsbehavior. in a Be seriously funny way to engage Why Should Employees Your Greatest Risk, Insteademployees Of a and change end-user behavior. Security Asset? EffectiveBe doesn’t have to mean Effective Why Should Employees Your Greatest Risk,boring. Instead Of a training is engaging, short, relatable and persistent. It reinforces key conSecurity Asset? Effective doesn’t to mean Effective Why Should Employees Be Your have Greatest Risk,boring. Instead Of a traincepts regularly. Mimecast awareness training is all that and more. ing is engaging, relatable and persistent. reinforces key conSecurity Asset?short, Effective doesn’t have to meanItboring. Effective traincepts regularly. Mimecast awareness training is It allreinforces that and more. ing is engaging, short, relatable and persistent. key con-

*Internal studies conducted in 2018 of Mimecast Awareness Training participants

cepts regularly. Mimecast awareness training is all that and more.

*Internal studies conducted in 2018 of Mimecast Awareness Training participants *Internal studies conducted in 2018 of Mimecast Awareness Training participants


MESSAGE FROM THE ACTING DIRECTOR-GENERAL

Smoother, safer journeys

for South Africans

E

Government is also concerned with the rail safety and ensuring that the needs of commuters are addressed. In August, the Passenger Rail Agency of South Africa War

very day we are confronted

authorities to raise more

Room was launched to urgently

with news of road accidents

awareness about road safety.

improve Metrorail’s performance.

that claim the lives of South

While government continues

It will monitor Metrorail’s

Africans. It is no wonder that Trans-

to raise awareness about road

operations daily and ensure the

port Minister Fikile Mbalula recently

safety in hope of changing driver

implementation of turnaround

said South Africa is experiencing a

behaviour, it is important that

strategies.

road carnage crisis.

motorists take more responsibility

It is unacceptable that families

The War Room focuses on three

for their actions when they are

areas. The first is service recovery,

leave home to go to work or

behind the wheel. This includes

paying particular attention

school and do not return because

ensuring their vehicles are

on rolling stock availability

of the recklessness of motorists or

roadworthy, keeping to speed

and reliability, infrastructure

their disregard for the rules of the

limits, ensuring they do not drink

availability and reliability and train

road.

and drive, and refraining from

performance.

Transport Month, marked annually in October, gives us a

texting while driving. Government has committed

The second focus area is safety management, paying attention to

chance to reflect on our driving

to stepping up traffic law

implementing effective measures

ethics and for the transport

enforcement efforts. Minister

to protect rolling stock, staging

Mbalula has vowed to implement

yards, perway, electrical and

measures to deal with traffic

signal infrastructure, depots,

officers who violate the law and

stations and passengers on board

undermine safety efforts by

trains.

soliciting or accepting bribes,

The third focus area is

clampdown on motorists who offer

accelerated implementation of

or pay bribes, and ensure more

the Modernisation Programme,

visible policing by implementing a

which will ultimately lead to the

24-hour, seven-day shift structure.

deployment of the new trains in

In August, the Administrative Adjudication of Road Traffic

targeted corridors. As our trains gets moving on

Offences (AARTO) Amendment

time and our traffic officers roll up

Bill was signed into law. AARTO is

their sleeves to make our roads

intended to improve law abiding

safer, remember your own duties

and safer driving behaviour in

as a responsible citizen. Take care

order to reduce road accidents.

and arrive safely.

Phumla Williams, GCIS Acting Director-General.

10

Public Sector Manager • October 2019


ith a sophisticated social engineering attack, the typical shop is not the best place to work on confidential projects - it takes only o may not have the knowledge necessary to distinguish it glance from the wrong person to open the door to risk. egitimate request. And once they’re tricked into sharing al information or inadvertently download malware,Making Email Safer 3. Take extra care with data in motion There are plenty of places for Business Making Email for Business minals can use that information to steal their identities - Safer personal and company information should never go. Every time your dat Making Email Safer for Business Making Email Safer for Business ir money. on the move, it’s exposed to a range of risks that are often out of your con s suggest human error contributes to 90% of all data By Mimecast Taking a stand against human error also means we need to correct some Making Email Safer for Business s. No matter how much you’ve spent on cybersecurity By Mimecast habits. By Mimecast By Mimecast ct your business from crooks, all it takes is one careless Don’t use USBs to store any sensitive information, and don’t plug them Faced with a sophisticated social engineering attack, the typical shop is not the best place to work on confidential projects - it takes only one to compromise your entire business. into machines you are not 100% sure are secure. Avoid sending informat By Mimecast Faced sophisticated social engineering the typical shop not the place to work on confidential personwith mayanot have the knowledge necessaryattack, to distinguish it glanceisfrom thebest wrong person to open the door toprojects risk. - it takes only one Faced with a sophisticated social engineering attack, the typical shop is not the bestto place toon work on confidential projects - itonly takes only one this October’s Cybersecurity Awareness Month, business through online links, as it’s difficult to have full that the data w Faced with a sophisticated social engineering attack, the typical shop is not the best place work confidential projects - itconfidence takes one person may not have the knowledge necessary to distinguish it glance from the wrong person to open the door to risk. from a legitimate request. And once they’re tricked into sharing person may notthe have the knowledge necessary to distinguish it glance glance from the person wrong person tothe open the door to risk. person may not have knowledge necessary to distinguish it from the wrong to open door to risk. IT managers and chief security officers need tomalware, take be well-protected. And ifdata you’re sending anyare sensitive from a legitimate request. And once they’re tricked into sharing personal information or inadvertently download Take extra care with in motion There plenty of information places your via em a legitimate request. And once they’re tricked into sharing3. Faced with a sophisticated social engineering attack, the typical shop is not the best place to work on confidential projects - it takes only one from afrom legitimate request. And once they’re tricked into sharing information orthat inadvertently download malware, 3. Take extra care with data inshould motion There are plenty ofyour places your cybercriminals cannot use information to that steal their identities personal and company information never go. Every data isyour againstpersonal human error. Our research found 98% ofmalware, make sure you first password-protect it. personal information or inadvertently download 3.extra Take extra care with motion There aretime plenty of your places person may have knowledge necessary to distinguish itglance from the wrong person to open the in door to risk.are personal information orthe inadvertently download malware, 3. Take care with data indata motion There plenty of places cybercriminals can use that information to steal their identities personal and company information should never go. Every time your data is and their money. on the move, it’s exposed to a range of risks that are often out of your control. cybercriminals can useinformation thatonce information totheir steal their identities -personal personal and company information never go.time Every time your from a legitimate request. And they’re tricked into sharing ies offer some form ofcan cybersecurity awareness training, cybercriminals use that to steal identities and company information shouldshould never go. Every your data is data is and their money. on the move, it’s exposed to a range of risks that are often out of your control. Studies suggest human contributesdownload to 90% ofmalware, all data Taking aextra stand against error also means we need to correct some bad 3. Take care with data in There are plenty ofof places your information or inadvertently andmoney. money.error on the it’s move, it’s human exposed tomotion aofrange risks that areout often out of your control. and their onBe the discreet move, exposed to a you range risksof that are often your y 25% offer itpersonal on a their regular basis. The threattolandscape 4.Taking when tweet We live intoan agecontrol. where every aspec Studies suggest human error contributes 90% of all identities data a and stand against human error alsonever means we need correct some bad cybercriminals can use that information to steal their personal company information should go. Every time your data is breaches. No matter how much you’ve spent on cybersecurity habits. Studies suggest human error contributes to 90% of all data Taking a stand against human error also means we need to correct some Studies suggest human error contributes to 90% of all data Taking a stand against human error also means we need to correct some bad bad s so much and fast that ad hoc ormuch occasional training daily can betobroadcast millions of around breaches. No matter how much you’ve spent onspent habits. andso their money. on the move, it’s exposed a range of risksto that are oftenand outpeople of yourplug control. breaches. No matter how you’ve oncareless cybersecurity our habits. to protect your business from crooks, all it takes iscybersecurity one Don’t uselives USBs to store any sensitive information, don’t them the world us breaches. No matter how much you’ve spent oncybersecurity habits. Studies suggest human error contributes to 90% of all data Taking stand against human error also means we need to correct some bad to protect your business from crooks, all it it takes isis one Don’t use USBs to store any sensitive information, and don’t plug them to protect your business from crooks, all it takes is one carelessonly Don’t use USBs to store any sensitive information, and don’t plug themtools has tu sn’t adequate. a asmartphone. Our use of social media and other online person to compromise your entire business. into machines you are not 100% sure are secure. Avoid sending information to protect your business from crooks, all takes onecareless careless Don’t use USBs to store any sensitive information, and don’t plug them

Take stand against human error with these five tips TakeTake stand against human error with these five stand against human error with these fivetips tips Take stand against human error with these five tips Take stand against human error with these five tips

breaches. No how much you’ve spent on cybersecurity habits. person tothis compromise your entire business. into machines you are not 100% sure are secure. Avoid sending information person to matter compromise your entire business. into machines you are notsure 100% sure are secure. Avoid sending information During Cybersecurity Awareness Month, business the through online links, as it’s difficult to have full confidence that the dataworld will can inst person toOctober’s compromise your entire business. intoworld machines you are not 100% are secure. Avoid sending information into astore virtual village where everyone around the to protect your business from crooks, all it takes is one careless Don’t use USBs to any sensitive information, and don’t plug them During thisand October’s Cybersecurity Awareness Month, business through online links, as it’ssending difficult to have full confidence the data During this October’s Cybersecurity Awareness Month, business through onlinelinks, links, difficult have full confidence the data willwill leaders, IT managers chief security officers need to take be well-protected. And ifit’s you’re any sensitive information via email, During this October’s Cybersecurity Awareness Month, business through online asas it’s difficult toto have full confidence thatthat thethat data will hould leaders, companies employees to keep them - to take connect. Butyou that same convenience and connectedness also creates ver person to teach compromise your entire business. into machines are not 100% sure aresending secure. Avoid sending information leaders, IT managers and chief security officers need be well-protected. And if you’re any sensitive information via IT managers and chief security officers need to take be well-protected. And if you’re sending any sensitive information via email, leaders, IT managers and chief security officers to take be well-protected. if you’re sendingit. any sensitive information via email, email, a stand against human error. Our research found need that 98% of make sure you firstAnd password-protect During this October’s Cybersecurity Awareness Month, business through online links, as it’s difficult to have full confidence that the data will a -offer stand against human error. Our research found that make sure you first password-protect eir businesses safe from crooks? It all starts with a stand against human error. research found that of make sure sure you first password-protect a stand against human error. Our research found that98% 98% of98% of risks. you first password-protect it. it. it. companies form ofOur cybersecurity awareness leaders, IT some managers and chief security officers need totraining, take be well-protected. And if you’re sending any sensitive information via email, companies offer some form of cybersecurity awareness training,Those unwanted spam calls your receive? They can be the result of som companies offer of cybersecurity awareness training, companies offer some form of cybersecurity awareness training, ng these five tips: but only 25% offer itsome on a form regular The threat 4. Besure discreet you tweet a stand against human error. basis. Our research foundlandscape that 98% of make you firstwhen password-protect it. We live in an age where every aspect of but only 25% offer it on a regular basis. The threat landscape 4. Be discreet when you tweet We live inage an age where every aspect of but only 25% offer it on a regular basis. The threat landscape discreet when you tweet WeWe livelive in age where every aspect of but only 25% offer it on a regular basis. The threat landscape 4. Be discreet when you tweet in an where every aspect of changes so muchoffer and so fastform thatofad hoc or occasional training our daily lives canpersonal be broadcast to millions of- an people around the world using companies some cybersecurity awareness training, misusing your information information which may have been changes so much and so fast that ad hoc or occasional training our daily lives can be broadcast to millions of people around the world using changes so 25% much and so that hoc occasional training ourBe daily lives be broadcast millions people around the the world using changes soonly much and soitfast adad hoc oror occasional training our daily livescan can beOur broadcast to millions ofand people around world using 4. when you tweet We live of in an ageother where every aspect of turned but offer onfast athat regular basis. The threat landscape simply isn’t adequate. only adiscreet smartphone. use ofto social media online tools has get caught hook, line sinker Fraudsters are becoming stolen andathe sold on without yourand permission. Youhas can protect against simply isn’tand adequate. only smartphone. Our use ofmedia social media andonline other tools online tools has turned simply isn’t adequate. only a smartphone. Our use of social other turned simply changes isn’t adequate. only a smartphone. Our use of social media and other online tools has turned so much and so fast that ad hoc or occasional training our daily lives can be broadcast to millions of people around the world using the world into a virtual village where everyone around the world can instantly

od at masking themselves as someone know or should simply isn’t adequate. What should companies teachyou employees to keeptrust, themlike -

the worldcare into a with virtualthe village where everyone around thewith world can instantly the world into village where everyone around the world can instantly this by taking information you share others. Don’t leav only a smartphone. Our use of social media and other online tools has turned the world intoaavirtual virtual village where everyone around the world can instantly

But that same convenience and connectedness also creates very real What should companies teach employees to them keep them - connect. connect. But thatconvenience same convenience and connectedness also creates very real What should companies teach employees tokeep keep connect. same and connectedness also creates very real the worldBut intothat aor virtual village where everyone around the world cancreates instantly What should companies teach employees to them connect. But that same convenience and connectedness also very real service provider and even boss. The plan? Trick you into sharing your confidential personal information on social media or other public sites and theirand businesses safe from crooks? It all starts with risks. their businesses -from safeemployees from crooks? It allthem starts and theirshould businesses - safeteach crooks? It all starts with- with connect. risks. risks. What companies to keep But that same convenience and connectedness also creates very real and their businesses - safe from crooks? It all starts with risks. following these five tips: Those with unwanted spamspam calls your receive? They can be the result of someone information - passwords, IDthese numbers, credit card details - which they careful information you share inThey conversation when in a public s five tips: Thosethe unwanted calls your receive? be the of someone following these five tips: Those unwanted spam calls your receive? They can be can the result ofresult someone andfollowing their businesses - safe from crooks? It all starts with risks.

following these five tips: to access your following finances, these secrets and other private details. The endfive tips:

Those unwanted spam calls your receive? They can be the result of someone

misusing your personal information - information which maymay have been misusing your personal information - information which have been and lapto And make sure you password-protect your smartphone, tablet misusing your personal information - information which may have been Those unwanted spam calls your receive? They can be the result of someone

your personal information - information which may have been 1. Don’t get caught hook, line and line sinker are becoming stolen and the sold without your your permission. You cancan protect against 1. Don’t get caught hook, andFraudsters sinker Fraudsters are becoming misusing stolen and theon sold on without permission. You protect against

misusing your personal information which may have been 1. Don’t get caught hook, line and sinker Fraudsters are becoming stolen are and the sold on without your- information permission. You can protect against lmost always monetary gain. these athe wealth of personal information that crooks can easily manipu 1. Don’t get caught hook, line and sinker Fraudsters are becoming stolen and soldwith on without your permission. You can protect against really good at masking themselves as someone you know or should trust, like this by taking care the information you share with others. Don’t leave really good at masking themselves as someone you know or should trust, like this by taking care with the information you share with others. Don’t leave 1. good Don’tatget caught hook, line sinker are becoming stolen the care sold on without your permission. You with can protect really masking themselves as and someone youFraudsters know or should trust, like this byand taking with the information you share others.against Don’t leave ber the really Nigerian 419 scams that were so prevalent inyou the for monetary gain. good masking themselves as someone you know orTrick should trust, like this bytaking takingor care with the information you share with Don’t leave aatservice friend, provider and even boss. The plan? into sharing afamous friend, service provider and even boss. The plan? Trick you into sharing your confidential or personal information onmedia social media orpublic other public sites. confidential personal information on social media orothers. other public sites. BeBe really good atservice masking themselves as someone you know or should trust, like your this by care with the information you share with others. Don’t leave a friend, provider and even boss. The plan? Trick you into sharing your confidential or personal information on social or other sites. Be

a friend, provider and boss. The plan? Trick you into sharing confidential orpersonal personal information on social media orwhen other public sites. Be personal - passwords, ID numbers, credit card details -they which they with the information yousocial share in conversation aBe public space. personal information - provider passwords, ID numbers, credit card details - sharing aservice friend, and even The plan? Trick you into your careful withor the information you share in conversation ainpublic space. confidential information on media or other public sites. it sounds too good toservice beinformation true, it even probably is (most people don’t haveyour personal information - passwords, IDboss. numbers, credit card details -which which they carefulcareful with the information you share in conversation when inwhen ain public space. personalpersonal information passwords, ID numbers, credit card details -details. which with theinformation information share insmartphone, conversation when inand alaptop public space. then use to-access your finances, secrets and other private The And make sure you password-protect your smartphone, tablet and information - passwords, ID numbers, credit card details - whichthey theyend-careful careful with the youyou share inyour conversation when intablet a public space. And make sure you password-protect your smartphone, laptop - make sure you password-protect tablet and -laptop

then then use to access youryour finances, secrets and other enduse towho access finances, secrets and other privatedetails. details.The The endous long-lost uncle bequeathed a fortune toprivate them, despite the

5. Don’t flirt with password etiquette It sounds like old advice

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(because it is!) but having a password strong password is the onemost of the most important late-night email proclaiming such).closely Look closely atthem, email despite addresses (because ititflirt is!) having a astrong is one of important late-night email proclaiming such). Look email addresses make Don’t with password etiquette sounds like old advice a mysterious long-lost uncle who bequeathed a fortune toaddresses theto make5. (because is!)but but having strong password isItofone of the most important late-night email proclaiming such). Look closely at at email totomake Remember: your passwords are the to a wide variety of accounts fi it is!)tobut having a strong password is onekeys the most important late-night emaildealing proclaiming such). Look closely atare. email addresses to trick makeyou by(because steps securing your personal information. A strong password makes sure you’re with who you think you Cybercriminals steps to your personal information. A strong makes it it it sure you’re dealing think you are. trick you by (because it is!) but having a strong password onepassword of password the most important late-night email proclaiming such). Look closely atCybercriminals email addresses to make steps to securing securing your personal information. Aisstrong makes sure you’re dealing withwith whowho youyou think you are. Cybercriminals trick you by

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harder for cybercriminals to gain access to yourAdata. steps securing your personal information. strong harder for cybercriminals to gain access to your data. password makes it using international lettersletters to mask the illegitimacy of their emails. harderto for cybercriminals to gain access to your data. using international to mask the illegitimacy of their emails. Remember: your passwords are the to a wide variety of accounts filled Remember: your passwords are the keys tokeys ayour wide variety of accounts on moreusing than just cybersecurity. Leaving personal company typical person may think having one strong password isfilled enough, harder for cybercriminals to gain access to data. international letters to mask the illegitimacy of or their emails. Remember:your your passwords to a wide variety of accounts filled but it’s a Remember: passwords areare the the keyskeys to a wide variety of accounts filled 2. Keep the office clean (of crooks) Keeping your personal data safe with sensitive personal and financial information that crooks can exploit. 2. Keep the office clean (of crooks) Keeping your personal data safe with sensitive personal and financial information that crooks can exploit. The The Remember: your are theinformation keys tothat a wide variety ofcan accounts filled Keep the office clean (of crooks) your personal data safe with sensitive personal and financial information crooks can multiple exploit. The accounts. on exposes on2.our desk, computer screens, orKeeping anywhere in the office really bad idea topasswords use the same password across 2. Keep the office clean (of crooks) Keeping your personal data safe with sensitive personal and financial that crooks exploit. The depends on more than just cybersecurity. Leaving personal or company may think having one password strong password is enough, depends on more than just cybersecurity. Leaving personal or company typical typical personperson may think having one strong is enough, but it’s but a it’s a depends on more than just cybersecurity. Leaving personal or company typical person may think having one strong password is enough, but it’s a 2. Keep the office clean (of crooks) Keeping your personal data safe with sensitive personal and financial information that crooks can exploit. depends on more than just cybersecurity. Leaving personal or company typical person may think having one strong password is enough, but it’s aThe

could expose youinformation andexposes yourexposes employer security risks. Keepbad safe by using native language (South Africans, with the ourto desk, computer screens, or anywhere in the office really bad to use thepassword same password across multiple accounts. information on our on desk, computer screens, or Someone anywhere in the office really idea to idea use the same acrosspasswords multiple accounts. information exposes our desk, computer screens, or anywhere the office typical really bad idea tomay the same password across password multiple accounts. depends on more than cybersecurity. Leaving personal or company person think one strong is enough, but it’s a information exposes onjust ouron desk, computer screens, or anywhere ininthe office really bad idea touse use the having same password across multiple accounts. information exposes on our desk, computer screens, or anywhere in the office really bad idea to use the same password across multiple accounts. building could expose you and your employer to security risks. Someoneinformation Keep lively safe by usingofficial nativelanguages, languageshould passwords (South Africans, with their walking by could potentially see sensitive company or personal eleven find this easier than most nations).

building could expose you and your to security risks. Someone lively Keep safe bynative usinglanguage native language passwords (South Africans, withmost their nations building could expose you and your employer totosecurity risks. Keepeleven safe byusing using passwords (South Africans, with their by could potentially see sensitive company oremployer personal information official should find this easier than building could expose you and your employer security risks.Someone Someone Keep safe by nativelanguages, language passwords (South Africans, with their

walking by could potentially seesee sensitive company by could potentially sensitive companyororpersonal personalinformation information ater be used inwalking the service of cybercrime. building could you employer security risks. Someone walking by could potentially seeyour sensitive company or personal information thatexpose can later beand used in the service oftocybercrime.

lively eleven elevenofficial officiallanguages, languages,should should find this easier most nations). lively find this easier than most nations). Don’t use information -find such aseasier athan birthday orwith spouse’s name - as Keepeleven safepersonal by using native language (South Africans, their lively official languages, should this than most nations). Don’t use personal information -passwords such as a birthday or spouse’s name - as your thatthat cancan later be used in the service of cybercrime. Don’t use personal information such as a birthday or spouse’s name as your later be used in the service of cybercrime. Don’t use personal information - such as a birthday or spouse’s name - as-your walking by could potentially see sensitive company or leave personal information lively eleven official languages, should find this easier than most nations). t strangers the office, and don’t leave people coming into the These are too easy toPhrases guess. Phrases from songs oryour books can Don’t let strangers into the office, and don’t people coming into thepassword. thatinto can later be used in the service of and cybercrime. password. These are too easy to guess. Phrases from songs or books can also Don’t use personal information - such as a birthday or spouse’s name - as Don’t let strangers into the office, don’t password. These are too easy guess. from songs or books Don’t let strangers into the office, and don’tleave leavepeople peoplecoming cominginto intothe the password. These are too easy totoguess. Phrases from songs or books cancan alsoalso that can later be used in the service of cybercrime. Don’t use personal information such as a birthday or spouse’s name as your office unaccompanied. Keep your desk free of any sensitive or confidential work well. Don’t let strangers theKeep office, and don’t leave people coming into the password. office unaccompanied. your desk free ofofany sensitive or work well. well. accompanied. Keep yourinto desk free ofyour any sensitive or confidential work well.These are too easy to guess. Phrases from songs or books can also office unaccompanied. Keep desk free any sensitive orconfidential confidential work Don’t let strangers into the office, and don’t people coming into the coffee password. These are toomake easy to guess. Phrases from‘password’! songs or books can also information, and take great care when working remotely. The local Most importantly: never make your password office unaccompanied. Keep your desk free ofleave any sensitive or confidential work well. information, andand take great care when working remotely. The local coffee Most importantly: never make your password ‘password’! information, take great care when working remotely. The local coffee Most importantly: never your password ‘password’!

on, and take great care when working remotely. The local coffee

office unaccompanied. Keepcare yourwhen deskworking free of any sensitive orlocal confidential information, and take great remotely. The coffee information, and take great care when working remotely. The local coffee

Most importantly: never make your password ‘password’!

work Mostwell. importantly: never make your password ‘password’! Most importantly: never make your password ‘password’!


CONVERSATIONS WITH LEADERS

Writer: More Matshediso

Social development concerns everyone

Social Development Minister Lindiwe Zulu receives a memorandum from a non-governmental organisation t hat marc hed to Parliament to speak out against Gender-Based Violence.

T

he role played by the De-

ing of every citizen. It is about

ability by creating an enabling

partment of Social Develop-

enabling every citizen to sustain

environment for the provision of

ment in helping to create a

their own lives and the communi-

comprehensive, integrated and

ties they live in.

sustainable social development

better South Africa is bigger than the provision of social grants and

Against the backdrop of the

service. It comprises three key

food parcels to vulnerable citizens.

country commemorating Social

pillars – community development,

According to Minister of Social

Development Month in October,

social welfare and social security.

Development Lindiwe Zulu, social

the Minister explained her de-

development affects all South

partment’s mandate, which is to

department … This is an opportu-

Africans and is about the wellbe-

ensure protection against vulner-

nity for me to contribute towards

12

“I am excited to be leading this

Public Sector Manager • October 2019


the wellbeing of our communities. Every South African needs to see value in themselves in order to extend those values to other people and create a better nation,” she said.

“Every South African needs to see value in themselves in order to extend those values to other people and create a better nation.”

Working with stakeholders

support to improve their standard

To prepare for her new role, the

of living.Within her first 100 days

the NDA will be able to empower

Minister examined the depart-

in office, she held a meeting

young parents who receive child

ment’s 25-year review to under-

with the Chief Executive Officers

support grants and encourage

stand how far the department

(CEOs) of NDA and SASSA and

them to start cooperatives so that

has fared in delivering on its

informed them about the need

they are not solely dependent on

mandate.

to use a portfolio approach, with

social grants.

She discovered that most of the challenges facing the department emanated from it not

the department at the centre of it all.

She said by working together,

According to the Minister, the number of social grants benefi-

“Both these agencies get their

ciaries increased from just over

working closely enough with its

mandate and finances from the

two million to over 17 million in

stakeholders.

department, so we really need to

the past 25 years.

To turn things around, the

work together in order to achieve

“About 11 million of these

Minister said she has already

our goals. The two CEOs were

beneficiaries are children,” the

introduced a portfolio approach,

both excited about the new ap-

Minister said.

which focuses on working more

proach,” she said.

The high dependence on social

“In most of the activities that we

grants could be reduced if the

agencies – the National Develop-

recently held, we have been par-

country’s economy grows and

ment Agency (NDA) and South

ticipating together to ensure that

sustainable cooperatives and

African Social Security Agency

we start implementing this new

small businesses help to create

(SASSA).

approach so that we become

jobs.

closely with the department’s

The NDA contributes towards

one point of service with differ-

the eradication of poverty and its

ent responsibilities,” the Minister

causes by granting funds to civil

explained.

society organisations to imple-

She also reminded SASSA that

Rooting out internal issues To ensure that her department

ment development projects in

it has a responsibility beyond

becomes more effective, Minister

poor communities and provide

paying social grants, such as

Zulu is keeping her ears close to

services to these communities.

communicating empowering

the ground.

SASSA’s role is to administer

messages to beneficiaries so that

She has met with the depart-

social grants to categories of

those who can are able to get off

ment’s entire staff twice to find

people who are vulnerable to

the social grants grid and earn a

out more about the challenges

poverty and in need of state

decent income.

the staff are facing and to

Public Sector Manager • October 2019

13


CONVERSATIONS WITH LEADERS

explain the direction the depart-

them to sustain their own lives,”

ties when problems like violence

ment is moving toward.

she explained.

arise and they can come up

“If you want to work well with

with tangible solutions,” she said.

people, they have to know who

Combating GBVF

you are and what your approach

The Minister said for South Africa

efforts to deal with GBVF, the

to the task is. I had to accept the

to win the fight against Gender

Minister said the Victim Em-

task in front of me and appreci-

Based Violence and Femicide

powerment Programme (VEP)

ate the people who are sup-

(GBVF), every citizen must play a

was established in 1998. It is a

posed to help me deliver on it,”

role because this is not a fight to

partnership between govern-

she explained.

be tackled by government alone.

ment, civil society organisations,

“I am of the view that the na-

Collaborating with other departments

tion needs to take a step back and deal with this problem

Reflecting on government

volunteers, academics and research institutions. Led by the Department of So-

Minister Zulu also believes that

individual by individual, family

cial Development, the VEP offers

the success of the department

by family, house by house, and

support to survivors of violence

is linked to the efforts made by

street by street… We need to go

and abuse.

other departments to improve

down to the basics. Violence is

the lives of citizens.

sitting somewhere in the homes

Committee on Violence against

in person to person relationships,

Women and Children was also

education, employment and

and to get to that level of rela-

established. It is tasked with

labour, small businesses, human

tionships you need to use other

investigating the root causes of

settlements and others do not

methods besides marching – al-

violence against women and

increase efforts to deliver basic

though protests have their own

children with the aim of develop-

services, her department will

impact,” the Minister said.

ing a comprehensive strategy to

If departments such as health,

remain heavily burdened, the Minister pointed out. “We have to ask all other departments if they are doing

It is part of the department’s responsibility to mobilise com-

In 2012, an Inter-Ministerial

address the scourge of violence. In addition, the national Sum-

munities to fight the scourge of

mit on GBVF took place last

violence, particularly GBVF.

year and produced a declara-

She added that community

tion which entailed deliverables

create jobs for themselves, have

leaders must play a role in get-

that must be taken forward and

access to services and help

ting residents to actively deal

implemented in dealing with the

government grow the economy,”

with social ills affecting them.

crisis of GBVF.

enough to enable citizens to

she said.

“When church leaders and

An Interim Steering Commit-

other community leaders speak

tee on GBVF was formed, with

not delivering basic services,

to their fellow members about

the mandate to draft a National

it means more people will be

issues they grapple with on a

Strategic Plan (NSP) Framework

vulnerable and dependent on

daily basis, they speak from

and establish a National Multi–

things like social grants because

first-hand experience. They are

Sector GBVF Council. The de-

the economy will not be enabling

there in those specific communi-

partment is part of the national

“If other departments are

14

Public Sector Manager • October 2019


consultation process with other

alcohol and drug abuse. The

is to catch the masters who are

stakeholders on the draft NSP for

plan will be presented to Cabi-

manufacturing these drugs just

GBVF.

net soon.

as much as we want to catch

When time comes for the plan

those who are distributing them,”

Tackling social ills

to be implemented, the Minister

The Minister also believes that

said she will insist on an inter-

the country needs more social

governmental and coordinated

a huge role in providing coun-

workers who will play a mas-

approach because it cannot

selling and offering support to

sive role in helping to address

be the sole responsibility of the

drug abusers or addicts who

the current social ills facing the

department.

need rehabilitation. If we do not

she said. “The social workers will play

country, including alcohol and

“Justice and Correctional Ser-

address issues like alcohol and

drug abuse affecting the youth.

vices has to play its role, the po-

drug abuse we will fail in our ef-

She said she had recently

lice have to play their role, and

forts to deal with other social ills

signed off a Drug Master Plan

Intelligence has to play its role.

in our communities,” the Minister

that was developed to address

The biggest issue around drugs

cautioned.

Public Sector Manager • October 2019

15


44879R

WHEN WE PROSPER SO DOES ALL OF SA As Africa’s biggest retailer, we realise our vital role in the continent’s development. Our responsibilities extend way beyond our immediate stakeholders to our employees, customers, suppliers and shareholders, and most importantly, the communities in which we operate. We make a huge contribution to the South African economy, and Africa as a whole, through job creation and job security, career development, training and skills, bursary programmes, our support of local businesses and our continued investment in our communities. Our philosophy of ‘doing business with tomorrow in mind’ ensures that we constantly adapt our business, today, to ensure a successful outcome tomorrow. Says Pieter Engelbrecht, Shoprite Group CEO, “We have renewed our commitment to being a company with heart.”

OUR PEOPLE Our people are key to our success. We employ 147 268 people across 15 countries and strive to give them the incentives, skills and an environment within which they can prosper. We offer workplace experience to public technical and vocational education training colleges and universities across the continent through our Retail Readiness programme, arguably the largest skills development initiative ever undertaken by a South African retailer. We work to develop the skills of the youth by creating educational and job opportunities directly linked to our business, continuously creating an exceptional talent pipeline, and making the youth more employable in the future.

3 175 New jobs created

R16.3M 155 029 2 863 E-LEARNING Bursaries to 298 students in the 2018 academic year

Assisted

3,5M Training hours

1 851

previously unemployed young black people to gain work experience by the end of 2019

People trained

5 079 YOUTH

Empowered through our Retail Readiness programme

ALL DATA DRAWN FROM 2018/2019 FINANCIAL YEAR.

PLATFORMS

Across Africa to facilitate remote training

147 268 People employed throughout Africa


ADVERTORIAL

OUR SUPPLIERS

OUR BUSINESS At the Shoprite Group we are continually striving to build the resilience of our business to ensure secure employment and growth for our people and inclusive market access for our suppliers, enabling us to make significant tax contributions to multiple economies. We’re doing all of this while fulfilling our mission of long-term efficiency and sustainability practices, having worked hard over the past few years to develop the necessary systems. This includes employing an experienced Sustainability Manager in February 2019 to lead a dedicated team in establishing sustainability principles in our operations, particularly waste management, plastics recycling, water and energy efficiencies, and food losses and waste.

The Shoprite Group actively supports small businesses by facilitating access to our vast market and network. Small businesses drive the economic growth and development of South Africa, as well as foster diversification through their development of new and untapped sectors of the economy. In South Africa, small and medium-sized enterprises make up 91% of formalised businesses and provide employment to nearly 60% of the labour force, while total economic output accounts for roughly 34% of GDP. We strive to create a culture of development and inclusivity and have formed a BroadBased Black Economic Empowerment (B-BBEE) Committee, chaired by the Chief Executive Officer.

We have invested heavily in information and technology systems to help us to quickly adapt to a fast-changing business and social environment, while enhancing our compliance and reporting abilities. Our human resources strategy has evolved to ensure that we maintain a pipeline of quality talent to lead our business in the future, while we continue to cultivate long-term relationships with strategic partners to help us deepen our economic and social impact.

R6.2 BILLION Contributed in taxes across 15 countries

OUR COMMUNITIES Our communities are home to our employees and customers and are at the core of our business. The Shoprite Group supports communities in the way we do business and through our corporate social investments (CSIs), which focus on fighting hunger, investing in early childhood development and supporting vulnerable communities. We support our customers by helping their communities in a way that sustains their long-term growth and development, and by dedicating resources to help them overcome short-term difficulties during crisis and disaster.

2 366

Small suppliers given access to market

MULTI-MILLION RAND CONTRACT We have proudly awarded this to plastics manufacturing and recycling company, Verigreen, spearheaded by Mike and Thina Maziya, to supply 25 different products under the Shoprite Group’s Ritebrand and Housebrand private labels.

“THE SHOPRITE GROUP IS INDEED COMMITTED TO GIVING MARKET ACCESS TO LOCAL ENTREPRENEURS” - THINA MAZIYA

R58.1M R35.6M R141M

Donated in surplus food

Invested in CSI projects

307 051 Meals provided to early childhood development centres

3 TONS 995

90

Total food gardens established, including 3 in Zambia. 39 created in 2019

Plastic recycled from our stores

in food prices subsidised to help customers

545

COMMUNITY MEMBERS Trained to grow gardens

R2.2M

Dedicated towards building stronger communities during the year

R85M

Invested into a new supplier development investment fund

shopriteholdings.co.za


FEATURE

Ntombi Mekgwe ensures the Gauteng government delivers

N

tombi Mekgwe started her

African National Congress (ANC).

Social Development (2010) and

political activism during

She remains a dedicated and ac-

MEC for Local Government and

her teen years, partici-

tive member of both the ANC and

Housing in 2012. Her work in the

its Women’s League.

public sector saw her being elect-

pating in the Congress of South African Students (COSAS) while in

She served as Regional Secretary

ed as the Speaker of the Gauteng

high school, and subsequently ex-

of the Women's League. She has

Provincial Legislature in 2014. She

tended her activism to the South

served as an Executive Mayor of

was re-elected the Speaker of the

African Youth Congress (SAYCO)

Ekurhuleni Metropolitan Municipal-

Gauteng Provincial Legislature on

and later Youth League of the

ity, Gauteng MEC for Health and

22 May 2019.

18

Public Sector Manager • October 2019


About the Gauteng Provincial Legislature The GPL is one of nine provincial legislatures in South Africa, which are a product of extensive negotiations that gave shape to the

“The GPL consciously works towards contributing to the achievement of national, regional and international transformation goals.”

1996 Constitution. The Constitution empowers the Legislature to make laws for Gauteng, watch

erative governance for coherent

ture is to contribute to equity in

that the Gauteng government

decision-making across spheres

service delivery, employ inclu-

works efficiently and honestly,

of government.

sive strategies for oversight and

and ensure that the people

In 2015, Mekgwe issued a direc-

scrutiny, involve the people of

of Gauteng participate in the

tive for the GPL to take a compre-

Gauteng in the processes of the

running of their province. The

hensive approach to the main-

legislature; for people-centred

Legislature is a House comprising

streaming of cross-cutting issues.

decision-making, and conduct-

the Speaker (who heads up the

Thus, a transversal mainstreaming

ing cooperative governance to

organisation) and Members of

approach was adopted, which

enhance sector coherence.

the Provincial Legislature (MPLs)

involves the mainstreaming of

from various political parties, allo-

gender, race, disability and youth

Policy Development

cated per the vote of the Gaut-

in the Constitutional mandates of

A Transversal Mainstreaming Poli-

eng Province. Political parties get

the GPL.

cy was developed, which outlines

seats in the Legislature through

The approach was taken as a

a system of proportional repre-

point of departure to inform rele-

on mainstreaming gender and

sentation – meaning, the party

vant interventions to respond to the

human rights in oversight, law-

with the majority of votes gets the

call of the post-2015 transformation

making, public participation, co-

majority of MPLs in the House.

agenda: To Leave No One Behind,

operative governance and other

as articulated in the Sustainable

operational processes. The policy

Development Goals (SDG) 2030.

emphasises areas of weaknesses

The GPL has the constitutional mandates of law-making, over-

broad strategies to guide the GPL

sight and scrutiny, public partici-

Thus, the GPL consciously

pation and cooperative govern-

works towards contributing to

addressing the weaknesses. The

ance. The GPL, therefore, makes

the achievement of national,

policy also outlines performance

laws that address the specific

regional and international trans-

measures to ensure that issues

needs of Gauteng and conducts

formation goals, pronounced in

of mainstreaming gender and

oversight over Gauteng Provin-

the SDGs as well as the National

human rights form part of the

cial Departments to support the

Development Plan (NDP) 2030

internal regulatory environment.

improvement of service delivery.

and the African Union Agenda

It also conducts public participa-

(AU Agenda) 2063.

tion interventions to ensure public

and suggests approaches for

Mekgwe, with the support of the other presiding officers (Deputy Speaker, Chair of Committees and

involvement in the GPL business

Goal of the Gauteng Legislature

Deputy Chair of Committees), is

processes and promotes coop-

The goal of the Gauteng Legisla-

hard at work to ensure a concrete,

Public Sector Manager • October 2019

19


FEATURE

Ntombi Mekgwe with Professor Dipiloane Phutsisii, Director of Motheo TVET College.

institutionalised and sustainable

in women leadership and the

to tackle all the challenges. Gone

strategy for mainstreaming gen-

commitment she has to break-

are the days where the role of the

der and human rights in the work

ing the gender stereotypes

women was in the kitchen. Where

of the institution, both at strategic

in society. Through Mekgwe’s

doors are open, they must enter.

and operational levels. This in-

leadership and determination

Where doors are still closed, they

cludes forging collaborations and

in women empowerment,

must kick it open. When inside,

partnerships to advance contribu-

the GPL currently has 75

challenge what is not right to

tions to transformation goals of

percent of the top decision-

make a difference,” she said.

the country.

making structures represented

Mekgwe won the Standard Bank Top Women Public Sector Leader award in 2019. “Winning

by women, redefining the role of women in society. The message she has for

of the award means more work

young women aspiring to public

should be done by us, but also

office is that they should be cog-

doing more for others. We need

nisant of the fact that the road in

CONTACT DETAILS

to draw in more women from

leading starts with being selfless,

Physical Address: 43 Rissik Street,

all sectors that are doing well.

putting people first and strong

Johannesburg, 2001

It’s a big motivation for recogni-

commitment. “Start off by looking

Postal Address: Private Bag X52,

tion of the work I do. I did not

within your space and com-

Johannesburg, 2000

expect any form of recognition

munity and what you can do to

Telephone: 011 498 5555

except to see change we make

empower others before looking at

Fax: 011 498 5999

in the lives of others,” she said.

profits. Come on board with that

Website: www.gpl.gov.za

This award reaffirms her belief

energy and enthusiasm needed

Social Media: @GPLegislature

20

Public Sector Manager • October 2019


BLUEPRINT 3241/E

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A BETTER MALMESBURY THROUGH BETTER ROAD INFRASTRUCTURE. As SANRAL, our job is to finance, manage and maintain our country’s national roads. We work to link producers to markets, workers to job opportunities, communities to social and economic services - no matter where they are. Malmesbury is especially known for its grain and wine cultivation, as well as produce farming. Which is why SANRAL is improving the N7 between Malmesbury and Cape Town, by extending the dual carriageway, constructing new interchanges, as well as an agricultural underpass – so that farmers can get their machinery and harvests safely underneath the highway. This is worldclass infrastructure that will help Malmesbury citizens improve their quality of life and spur economic growth.

SANRAL. Beyond Roads.

www.sanral.co.za Reg. No. 1998/009584/30 An agency of the Department of Transport.

3241 Sanral PSM Print Ad.indd 1

2019/10/01 11:20


PROFILES IN LEADERSHIP

Writer: More Matshediso Photographer: Siyabulela Duda

From flight attendant to Acting CEO Z

uks Ramasia is the perfect example of what people can achieve when they

believe in themselves and pursue their ambitions. Ramasia started her career as a flight attendant at the South African Airways (SAA) about 27 years ago, and now she is the Acting CEO of the airline. “I remember being asked during the interview for the flight attendant post where I see myself in future and I said: ‘I see myself as a senior manager’,” she recalled. At the time, Ramasia had a BA

flight attendant, Ramasia started

the Operations Manager position

degree in Human Resource Devel-

teaching cabin crew and pilots

and got it.

opment and BA Honours in Eng-

about safety and procedure,

lish and Psychology from the then

which is crucial for the team to

held various senior management

Rand Afrikaans University, now the

evacuate passengers safely from

positions at SAA and served on

University of Johannesburg.

the flight in case of emergency.

various boards within the avia-

Five years into her job as a

22

A few years later, she applied for

“My career took off from there. I

tion industry. I have not missed a

Public Sector Manager • October 2019


single step on my way up to my current position,” she said.

Addressing challenges at SAA

it to its state of profitability. It is not only the CEO’s responsibility and

Recently, the airline has experi-

that is what I am trying to get all

a Diploma in Airline Operations

enced financial troubles.

staff members to understand and

from the International Air Trans-

Ramasia assured the public that

do.”

port Association (IATA), which is

there was a plan to turn things

a trade association of the world’s

around.

Along the way she obtained

airlines.

“Funding is still our biggest

She said the executive committee of the airline recently met with senior managers from across the

challenge because certain parts

globe to contribute to the action

Leadership Development Pro-

of our strategy have not been im-

plan that will get the airline back

gramme offered by the University

plemented when they were sup-

on track to being profitable.

of Pretoria’s Gordon Institute of

posed to. My duty is to ensure that

Business Science and a Postgrad-

I fast track the implementation of

uate Diploma in Management

our existing long-term turnaround

Contribution to the SA economy

from Henley Business School.

strategy. This keeps me up at

Ramasia said SAA is vital to South

night,” she acknowledged.

Africa’s transport sector and the

She also graduated from the

Ramasia said she is well aware of the high expectations that come with her current position. SAA has a presence on every

“We have five key pillars which

country’s economy because it

are liquidity, balance sheet

is the national carrier of South

restructuring, revenue enhance-

Africa. “We carried about nine million

continent across the globe. It has

ment, cost optimisation and

a responsibility to ensure trans-

strategy. With this we could reach

passengers together with SA Ex-

portation of passengers in the

financial stability if we implement

press and Mango in the past year.

safest way possible and on time

our long-term strategy,” Ramasia

So our responsibility is to keep

to various destinations locally

elaborated.

reminding everybody that there

and abroad.

“We also understand that South

is safe air transport that they can

Africans cannot afford to give

use to travel for business, leisure or

offer the most cost-effective cus-

SAA money every time because

any other reason,” she said.

tomer experience to passengers.

it is our responsibility to generate

Part of its mandate is also to

To ensure that the airline be-

money through our own opera-

comes more market competitive

leading airline in Africa,” said

tions. We have an action plan on

and provides its customers with

Ramasia.

how to implement our strategy,”

the best air travel options avail-

she added.

able, it has formed new partner-

“We call ourselves a world-class

Her responsibility as Acting CEO is to ensure that everybody

She said some of the solutions

ships to expand on travel choices in North and South America.

in the company understands

include reviewing procurement

SAA’s mandate, vision and mis-

procedures, getting the best

sion to ensure that the airline

prices, optimising network across

codeshare and frequent-flyer

runs smoothly and is recognised

the globe because an aircraft is

agreements with Brazilian airline

worldwide, said Ramasia.

expensive when it is standing still.

GOL Linhas Aéreas, which means

She is also tasked with maintaining SAA’s good safety record.

Public Sector Manager • October 2019

“As employees of the airline, we all need to do our part to return

Ramasia said SAA has signed

SAA passengers can now fly from São Paulo to 20 other

23


PROFILES IN LEADERSHIP

destinations in Brazil on GOL.

ber of women who fly for SAA to

pened by default. It is a con-

66 pilots, of which six are cap-

certed effort by the management

been signed with Alaska airlines,

tains. This represents 30 percent

of the organisation to ensure that

which is the fifth largest airline in

of female pilots who are qualified

when there are vacant positions

the United States.

and hold Airline Transport Pilot Li-

we look for capable women

A similar partnership has also

because the industry has been

Ramasia said SAA is looking at introducing more new routes. “We are looking at Guangzhou, which is a sprawling port city northwest of Hong Kong in China. This is a very strategic route for us because many people a cross the continent love travelling to Guangzhou, so OR Tambo International Airport will be the hub for customers who want to fly there from our country and the continent. This is expected to start operating from early next year and we are excited about it.” “We also have new Airbus A350900 jets that are coming and they will replace the A340-600 on our New York route. We are making progress in securing the regulatory approvals and the required training for our crew and technicians so that they are certified to operate these aircraft,” she said.

“It is a concerted effort by the management of the organisation to ensure that when there are vacant positions we look for capable women because the industry has been maledominated for decades.”

Empowering women in aviation Ramasia said SAA has made progress in bringing equitable

male-dominated for decades,” she said. In 1994 there were only four female technicians working at SAA, but today there are 158 with 10 leaders, seven senior licensed technicians, three aviation instructors, and 138 aviation technicians. SAA has 71 females at its Technical Training School who are busy with their apprenticeship training to become aircraft technicians. Ramasia said SAA has had one female CEO previosuly and now she is the Acting CEO, which is an indication of how the industry remains dominated by males. Although SAA has been in the spotlight for funding controversies, Ramasia said there are many positive stories that people need to know, such as the airline managing to maintain its fourstar carrier status for the past 17

cences in South Africa,” she said. As at September 2019, the

years. Her message to South Africa

representation of women in all its

airline had 4 724 permanent

during Transport Month is that the

disciplines, in an industry that is

employees of which 2 427 were

national carrier is always proud

still largely male-dominated.

female.

to bring the world to Africa and

“We have increased the num-

24

“This is not something that hap-

take Africa to the world.

Public Sector Manager • October 2019


AMADLELO AMADLELO AGRI AGRI Amadlelo Agri was established in 2004 by a group of commercial farmers from Amadlelo Agri was established in 2004 by a group of commercial farmers from the Eastern Cape and KwaZulu-Natal with the unrepentent goal of facilitating the Eastern Cape and KwaZulu-Natal with the unrepentent goal of facilitating transformation of the dairy sector. transformation of the dairy sector.

Since then, Amadlelo Agri has grown its black participation in the business and is Since then, Amadlelo Agri has grown its black participation in the business and is now a majority black-owned company. Its aim is to provide support services to now a majority black-owned company. Its aim is to provide support services to emerging black farmers who want to build prosperous agribusinesses and benefit emerging black farmers who want to build prosperous agribusinesses and benefit from exceptional operational capacity, extensive project management, proven from exceptional operational capacity, extensive project management, proven skills development and significant resources as investors. skills development and significant resources as investors.

ADVERTORIAL ADVERTORIAL

OUR PROJECTS OUR PROJECTS Fort Hare Dairy: The first dairy to be established in the Fort Hare Dairy: The first dairy to be established in the Eastern Cape by Amadlelo Agri continues to be successful. Eastern Cape by Amadlelo Agri continues to be successful. Seven Stars Dairy: The 9-year old dairy in Keiskammahoek Seven Stars Dairy: The 9-year old dairy in Keiskammahoek produces 29 000 litres of milk daily. produces 29 000 litres of milk daily. Makhoba Dairy: Based in the KwaZulu-Natal, the Makhoba Dairy: Based in the KwaZulu-Natal, the community-led dairy should help the community expand community-led dairy should help the community expand into crops and other livestock initiatives. into crops and other livestock initiatives. Shiloh Dairies: This Whittlesea dairy produces in excess of Shiloh Dairies: This Whittlesea dairy produces in excess of 13 000 litres of milk every day. 13 000 litres of milk every day. Middeldrift Dairy: This is a joint venture between the Middeldrift Dairy: This is a joint venture between the community, Amadlelo Agri and NEF. community, Amadlelo Agri and NEF. Fort Hare Piggery: The state-of-the-art piggery in Alice with Fort Hare Piggery: The state-of-the-art piggery in Alice with over 1 000 sows is also used as a training facility. over 1 000 sows is also used as a training facility. Ncora Dairy: This dairy is responsible for producing Ncora Dairy: This dairy is responsible for producing 29 500 litres of milk per day. 29 500 litres of milk per day. Ncera Macadamia: Located outside of East London on a Ncera Macadamia: Located outside of East London on a 600-hectare farm, the project produced its first crop in 2013. 600-hectare farm, the project produced its first crop in 2013.

Contact Details: 12 Fraser Street, Fort Beaufort, 5720 • PO Box 987, Fort Beaufort, 5720 • Phone: 040 653 0972 • Web: amadlelo.co.za Contact Details: 12 Fraser Street, Fort Beaufort, 5720 • PO Box 987, Fort Beaufort, 5720 • Phone: 040 653 0972 • Web: amadlelo.co.za

T H E T R I B U T E P U B L I CAT I O N C E L E B R AT I N G S U C C E S S I N S O U T H A F R I CA The year 2019 marks the countdown to the 25th anniversary of South Africa’s freedom and democracy. To pay tribute to this journey, we embark on one of our most prestigious projects:

25 Years of Success – South Africa’s Top Organisations. This publication celebrates South Africa’s top organisations and their continued commitment to democracy, redressing inequality, active citizenry and the incorporation of social responsibility in their growth strategies. Join your peers and share with clients how you have significantly impacted on the growth of our country’s economy in an often shifting and challenging economic environment. Let us tell your story.

Contact: Lee-Ann Bruce Email: lee-ann.bruce@topco.co.za • Phone: 086 000 9590 www.25years.co.za

Endorsed by:


WOMEN IN THE PUBLIC SECTOR

Writer: More Matshediso

Lefentse Phokwane reaching new heights at SAA G

rowing up on the streets

nance engineer to specialise in

head of the department at the

of Vosloorus in Ekurhu-

non-destructive testing inspection

engineering faculty advised me

leni, Lefentse Phokwane

at South African Airways (SAA)

to register for the non-destructive

aspired to become a chemical

Technical. It is a subsidiary of SAA

testing inspection course. I had

engineer, but ended up studying

that is responsible for full-service

no idea what it was about,” she

for a Diploma in Non-Destructive

maintenance, repair and over-

explained.

Testing Inspection at the Vaal

haul of aircraft.

University of Technology (VUT)

“I was told that the introduc-

“When I applied for admission

tory modules for first year of this

at VUT, I was told that there was

course were the same as those

no longer any space for first-year

for chemical engineering, and

ed in the 31-year-old becoming

students who wanted to enrol

that perhaps I could find space

the first female aircraft mainte-

for chemical engineering. The

in chemical engineering in the

instead. It was a decision that has result-

26

Public Sector Manager • October 2019


second semester as students sometimes drop out or change courses,” she added. However, that was not to be.

aircraft. Another method is X-ray inspection, which is similar to the way radiographers do their work on

many talented, committed and passionate men and women who also worked on it.” Phokwane is part of a team of

Instead, Phokwane fell in love

human beings. “I use an X-ray to

12 aircraft maintenance engi-

with the non-destructive testing

see things that are not visible. For

neers who specialise in non-

inspection course and pursued it.

example, I would use it on a wing

destructive testing inspection.

of an aircraft to check if the oil

They all work in crews to perform

tion, Phokwane applied for an

and everything inside it is working

various inspections.

aircraft avionic apprenticeship

or if there are any defects,” said

at SAA Technical in 2009 and

Phokwane.

After obtaining her qualifica-

completed her trade test in 2012,

Phokwane views her job as a critical aspect of aviation, saying there is no room for error in what

and became an aircraft engineer

Ensuring safety

in avionics.

Aircraft also need to be serviced

“I cannot afford to miss any de-

to ensure that they function prop-

fects. I have to be at my optimum

Working her way up

erly and transport passengers

every day and remind myself that

“I was then appointed as an

safely.

although I work with aircraft, peo-

aircraft maintenance engineer

Just as a car needs to be

she does.

ple’s lives are what I have to keep

specialising in non-destructive

serviced after reaching certain

in mind. The aircraft needs to fly

testing inspection from 2012 to

kilometres, an aircraft needs to be

safely, without any defects. The

present. I started as a junior and

serviced when it has completed

responsibility that I have as an in-

worked my way up by undergo-

its cycle, which varies from one

spector is quite huge in the sense

ing intense training and studying

aircraft to another. Some are

of having to decide whether to

relevant courses to enhance my

serviced on a weekly basis while

ground it or not, based on the re-

skills,” she said.

others are serviced after a longer

sults I have found,” she explained.

Her job entails carrying out detailed inspections on aircraft

period. “We have what we call C and

Career highlights

and aircraft components, using

D checks, which are major

One of the highlights of her

various specialised techniques of

services on an aircraft whereby

career so far is recently attend-

inspection.

maintenance engineers strip off

ing training at Rolls-Royce, the

the entire aircraft and I get to

British luxury car and aero-engine

wane looks for cracks and de-

perform a detailed inspection on

manufacturing business. The

fects that are not visible to the na-

it. Mechanics are responsible for

company has built a reputation

ked eye but which could cause

overhauling it after the detailed

for its development and manu-

major damage or malfunction of

inspection,” she said.

facture of engines for defence

Through these methods, Phok-

the aircraft or its components.

“One of the most fulfilling experi-

and civil aircraft.

ences for me is to see an aircraft

“According to Rolls-Royce’s re-

ultrasonic testing, which is the use

I have worked on take off defect-

cords I am the third female in the

of sound to discover if there are

free to the skies, knowing that

world and the first one in Africa

any defects in various parts of the

my signature is there among the

to receive that kind of training

One of the methods is called

Public Sector Manager • October 2019

27


WOMEN IN THE PUBLIC SECTOR

from their company. That is really

which is not as popular in South

humbling to know,” she said.

Africa as it is abroad.

Phokwane said the fact that

“Not many people are exposed

“They also had to change the way they talk about certain issues,” she said.

she is still the only woman at SAA

to careers such as this one. I

Technical doing this work is still

learned about it for the first time

not take too long for everyone to

hard for her to believe and she

when I could not find space

accept her as part of the team.

would like to see more women

to study what I initially wanted.

joining her team.

Perhaps the reason I am the only

I also had to adapt to working

One of the challenging aspects

However, Phokwane said it did

“They learnt to work with me and

female in my team is because

with them. Right now we work so

of her work is that she constantly

people do not know about this

well together. We treat each other

has to develop herself to stay

job opportunity,” she said.

equally regardless of our gender

on par with other engineers in

Being the only female in the

difference and understand that

the field because technology is

team was a challenge for Phok-

each of us are an important part

always evolving.

wane and her male colleagues

of this team,” she said.

Phokwane encouraged young

at the beginning of her career,

Phokwane hopes to see more

people to pursue careers in non-

because they were not used to

women specialising in non-de-

destructive testing inspection,

sharing duties with females.

structive testing inspection.

28

Public Sector Manager • October 2019


ADVERTORIAL

FLYING HIGH WITH SANSA

A proper compass swing procedure is necessary to determine Its name may suggest that it’s concerned only with matters

how to measure and compensate for the magnetic field

higher than atmosphere-bound aviation, but the South

of the actual aircraft, which will cause a deviation to the

African National Space Agency (SANSA) performs key

compass reading once located in the cockpit, due to the

services for all aircraft and their operators.

proximity of steel or iron components and by the effects of current flowing in nearby electrical circuits.

The Space Agency has been selected by the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) as one of two regional

A properly conducted compass swing requires a calibrated

centres to provide space weather services, including solar

reference compass, and must be done in a magnetically

storm forecasts and warnings, to the global aviation sector.

clean environment – free of steel structures, underground

This means that every aircraft flying across the continent’s

cables, or equipment that produces magnetic fields – to

airspace will rely on SANSA for space weather information

assure it is free of interference. As a recent grounding of part

as part of its flight planning.

of a local airline’s fleet by the South African Civil Aviation Authority (SACAA) that stranded thousands of tourists over

“With aviation, we consider four key risk areas:

the holiday season recently showed, accurate compass

communication, navigation, avionics and radiation

swinging performed by qualified technicians is essential.

exposure,” says SANSA MD, Dr Lee-Anne McKinnell. “Highfrequency radio communication, as well as ground and airbased navigation systems, can be affected or knocked out entirely by space weather storms. Delicate electronics can also be damaged and radiation exposure poses a hazard for crew and passengers, particularly on long haul flights.” Space weather can also have a major knock-on effect on airlines and airports.

SANSA’s facility in Hermanus is the only SACAA accredited facility in South Africa that offers this type of service with the necessary expertise and facilities to perform training in the compass swing procedure on site. SANSA has been presenting training courses on the execution of compass swings to the South African Air Force for more than 20 years and recently hosted a five-day Compass Swing Training Course and a three-day Compass Swing Refresher Course.

Another key competency of SANSA is compass accuracy. Despite the rise of modern navigation systems such as GPS and radio aids, compasses are still an essential component

The course is presented by SANSA engineers and physicists who have many years of relevant magnetic navigation ground support experience.

of aircraft navigation equipment. Electrical systems may fail, but the Earth’s magnetic field never does. However, it is continuously changing and that requires constant monitoring to determine the degree of compass variation at any specific place.

www.sansa.org.za

For more information on these services and courses email: spacesci-info@sansa.org.za


DEVELOPMENTAL DESK FEATURE

Writer: Allison Cooper

Qualification fraudsters could find themselves behind bars

L

ying about your qualifications could now lead to jail time, according to the new National

of a qualification). “The NQF Amendment Act

the challenges in our education system,” said Samuels.

tightens the legal requirements

Qualifications Framework (NQF)

and strengthens the hands of NQF

Amending the Act

Amendment Act which aims to

bodies to inspire confidence in the

The process of amending the NQF

prevent the misrepresentation of

education and training system,”

Act has taken several years, as in-

qualifications and fraud.

said Samuels.

put from various stakeholders had

President Cyril Ramaphosa

He explained that skills develop-

to be taken into consideration. The

signed the NQF Amendment Act

ment providers now need to be

amendments had to go through

12 of 2019 into law on 13 August

registered by the Department of

all Parliamentary processes,

and it was published for general in-

Higher Education and Training,

including public comments to the

formation on 19 August. It will come

which was not the case in the 2008

National Council of Provinces, and

into effect when it is promulgated

Act.

then to the President for promulga-

in the Government Gazette. According to Joe Samuels,

“The Amendment Act also brings with it some new and revised

tion. “With the NQF Act now amended,

the CEO of the South African

definitions to address the gaps and

other legislation governing educa-

Qualifications Authority (SAQA),

penalties for qualification fraud

tion and training also need to be

which oversees the development

and education institutions and

in alignment,” said Samuels.

and implementation of the NQF,

skills development providers that

the amendments were made

are not registered and accredited.

revision and introduction of new

to strengthen the NQF Act 2008

The qualifications offered by these

definitions; giving SAQA the legal

in terms of misrepresented and

institutions and providers must be

responsibility to verify all national

fraudulent qualifications. It also

registered on the NQF.

qualifications; providing for the

provides SAQA with the legal right

“Ultimately, the amendments aim

The amendments include the

formulation of the criteria for

to verify qualifications and part-

to protect the integrity of the South

evaluating foreign qualifications

qualifications (an assessed unit of

African education and training

and for the establishment and

learning that is registered as part

system and to address some of

maintenance of separate registers

30

Public Sector Manager • October 2019


of misrepresented or fraudulent

tion or accreditation where none

tions that are not NQF registered,”

qualifications.

exists.”

said Samuels.

It also provides for a separate

In the case of foreign qualifica-

A person convicted of an offence

register for professional designa-

tions, SAQA must first verify that they

in terms of the NQF Amendment

tions; for the referral of qualifica-

are authentic and then compare

Act is liable to a fine or imprison-

tions to SAQA for verification and

them with South African qualifica-

ment for a period not exceeding

evaluation; and for offences and

tions for placement within the

five years or to both a fine and

penalties which have a bearing

South African NQF. By so doing, the

imprisonment.

on fraudulent qualifications.

quality of both national and foreign

The Amendment Act clearly de-

qualifications will be protected.

fines authentic qualifications and

A person or education institution; director or board member of an education institution, foreign

part-qualifications. It also defines

Penalties imposed

institution or its agents; or a skills

misrepresented and fraudulent

The NQF Amendment Act imposes

development provider found in

qualifications. If, after verification or

penalties on qualification fraudsters

contravention of the NQF Amend-

evaluation, a qualification is found

and on education institutions and

ment Act may be ordered to close its business.

to be inauthentic, misrepresented or declared by a court of law to be fraudulent, SAQA is now required by law to record the finding in the register of misrepresented qualifications or the register of fraudulent qualifications; inform the requester and the holder of the qualification of the finding; and inform the relevant professional body. “The verification and evaluation

“The amendments aim to protect the integrity of the South African education and training system.”

“They may also be declared unfit to apply and register any education institution or skills development provider or to become an agent of any foreign institution in South Africa, offering a qualification or part-qualification on the NQF or a foreign qualification or part-qualification, for a period not exceeding ten years,” said Samuels. Penalties can also extend to any-

processes must conform to the provisions of the Promotion of Ad-

skills development providers that

one who makes or causes a false

ministrative Justice Act 2000, which

falsely claim that they are regis-

entry into the National Learners’

means that the ‘qualification’

tered and accredited.

holder will have the opportunity to

All providers have to be registered

Records Database or the misrepresented or fraudulent databases.

make a representation about the

by the Department of Higher Edu-

Ultimately, the Amendment Act

decision,” said Samuels.

cation and Training and must be

seeks to protect the public against

accredited by the Quality Councils

unscrupulous education and

to be honest about the qualifica-

to offer qualifications and part-

training providers and to protect

tions they have obtained and to

qualifications that are registered on

government and the private sec-

refer qualifications to SAQA for veri-

the NQF.

tor from hiring people who do

“SAQA therefore urges the public

fication or evaluation. SAQA also

“It is a criminal offence for an

not have authentic qualifications.

calls on providers to be truthful

education institution not to be reg-

Always check with SAQA to make

about the qualifications that they

istered and accredited, let alone

sure that an institution is registered

offer and not claim NQF registra-

offer qualifications or part-qualifica-

and accredited before you enrol.

Public Sector Manager • October 2019

31


Writer: Silusapho Nyanda

TRAILBLAZER

this light that we are getting from the stars we can see with our eyes. However, if you could see radio waves, then you would see the sky in a completely different way because of emissions at different wavelengths,” he said. Makhathini said the Southern African Large Telescope (SALT) in Sutherland in the Northern Cape is a leader in optical astronomy and astrophysics. Makhathini’s field of speciali-

Looking to the skies for solutions

sation focuses on radio wave-

A

to analyse data gathered from

lengths. He is creating an algorithm that will allow scientists to process the data collected by the MeerKAT telescope into smaller and more manageable sizes. His work allows scientists all over the world

young South African is

is based at the Cape Town office

exploring the secrets of

of the South African Radio Astron-

the universe and believes

omy Observatory (SARAO). There

my interest has been in devel-

studying the cosmos can teach us

he listens to and analyses radio

oping algorithms and software

many things that we can apply in

waves emitted by the stars and

to make sure that data from

improving our daily lives.

galaxies. He then gathers huge

the MeerKAT radio telescope

amounts of data and processes it

is processed properly so that

Makhathini applies the laws of

in a bid to better understand the

the science is easier to do,” he

physics and chemistry in an at-

universe.

explained.

As an astrophysicist, Sphesihle

tempt to understand the most massive objects in the universe. Makhathini (30), who is a

“There are stars that we can

space. “Over the past five to six years,

A benefit that has been reaped

see with our eyes, such as the

from the study of the universe

sun, which is our mother star, and

is the advent of MRI machines.

doctoral degree holder and an

you can see stars that are further

Makhathini said the mathemat-

astronomy and astrophysics re-

away – these are the ones we see

ics used in the life-saving equip-

search fellow at Rhodes University,

in the sky every night. Basically, all

ment is the same formula used

32

Public Sector Manager • October 2019


in space research. He believes

A lecturer at Rhodes University,

He said those who study astro-

future space research will yield

Makhathini previously worked

physics could learn how galaxies

solutions to some of the world’s

as a data scientist for SARAO.

are formulated over time. “Astro-

biggest issues, such as pollution,

Though he is now contracted

physics is the study of how stars

water and energy challenges.

to Rhodes University, he con-

and galaxies are born, how they

ducts his research using SARAO

evolve and ultiamtely, how they

resources and widely shares his

die. Cosmology is the study of

findings.

how the universe itself was born,

Addressing global problems With an increasing number of

His interest in the field started

Africans becoming technically

while studying Computational

skilled, he is excited at the possi-

Physics at the University of

bilities of what the continent can

KwaZulu-Natal.

contribute to addressing global

“When I was in Grade 10, there

how it evolves and how it will end up,” he said.

New discoveries He said there are endless oppor-

was a programming course at

tunities to make new discoveries

our school and because I was

in both radio astronomy and

and his colleagues has already

quite good at programming and

astrophysics.

given an idea of how gold forms.

science, I wanted to do some-

In 2017, they realised that a kilo-

thing in the science and coding

different sky. Radio astronomy

nova – an explosion caused by

fields,” he said.

is relatively new compared to

problems. The data studied by Makhathini

the collision of two neutron stars – had led to the formation of gold.

While doing his honours,

“In radio, we can see a totally

optical astronomy and there are

Makhathini worked on a comput-

more opportunities in radio to

er simulation project that looked

make new discoveries,” he told

neutron stars gives off massive

at whether a neutron star could

PSM.

bursts of energy, which forges

collapse into a quark star.

The collision and merging of the

heavy metals like platinum and

National Aeronautics and

He said more young people should consider a career in the

Space Administration describes

world of astrophysics because

a neutron star as a star between

Africa has the potential to be a

of the first radio telescopes to

seven and 20 times the mass

world leader in the development

detect radio emission from the

of our sun. When this type of

of knowledge, given the resourc-

aftermath of the collision of the

star runs out of fuel, it collapses

es at its disposal.

2017 kilonova.

under its own weight, crushing its

“If young people participate in

core and triggering a supernova

the generation of ideas, we can

explosion.

find solutions to our problems

gold. South Africa’s MeerKAT was one

Makhathini said a second kilonova had recently been detected and he will do research

Makhathini then did his masters

instead of waiting on the likes of

to compare the dynamics of the

in cosmology, which is the study

Bill Gates to come to our aid,” he

two kilonovas.

of the evolution of the universe.

said.

Public Sector Manager • October 2019

33


MAKING THE MOST OF YOUR MEDICAL AID For many South Africans, navigating the medical scheme space can be very daunting. Firstly, you have to come to terms with the jargon-loaded language of medical schemes. What is a PMB, or an ATB or a “co-pay”? Secondly, we sadly often regard medical aid as something of a grudge purchase that we ignore until we need to use it. This means medical scheme members often miss out on opportunities to use these products optimally. The fact is, your medical scheme membership can be a powerful tool to help you plan for your future and to protect your health and that of your family. GEMS is South Africa’s largest closed medical scheme. A core part of our mandate is to widen access to quality medical care, and a significant portion of our members have never been part of a medical scheme before.  Through working to educate our members about how to use their medical aid, we have found that there are four key factors that most members miss when it comes to using their medical scheme packages optimally.

TAKE ADVANTAGE OF WELLNESS BENEFITS The first is understanding that often the most powerful benefits that any medical scheme provides are the ones that help prevent you from falling ill. Do you get free wellness checks to test your blood pressure, cholesterol, blood sugar and HIV status? If so, take advantage of them. Are you covered for regular pap smears? Then go for them regularly. Does your medical scheme cover vaccinations for your children and subsidise flu vaccines? Make sure you get them done. By using these benefits first, you reduce your chances of ending up in hospital or having to treat a more serious condition.


in 2019! ADVERTORIAL

MS – what’s new in 2019!

eral

- and EMS

With GEMS, your health is taken care of – so that you have time to focus on what is important to you and your family. Thiseffect: year you is no different! The knock-on protect your quality of life, Similarly, make sure you register for programmes that

rs can look forward to several safeguard your future, and ultimately save the money d improved benefits Accessible: – you would otherwise have to spend if you deplete your

ar for:

your medical scheme offers to help you save. For instance, registering for a maternity programme unlocks

medicall savings have to pay out of your own pocket benefits Withorthe goal of universal health coverage in that you can use for your treatment during for more serious medical care. benefit mind, our 2019

pregnancy, instead of paying for treatment out of your enhancements place regular benefits. greater focus on vulnerable groups – children, a With GEMS, your health is taken care of – so that you cover – an increaseUNDERSTAND of 5.4% for all inand THE and DIFFERENT OPTIONS women the elderly have time to USE focus on whatMEDICINES is important to you and your of-hospital benefit limits across all GEMS GENERIC l GEMS provides greater access to quality The second thing is to properly understand the different d family. This year is no different! fit options. benefit options your medical scheme offers and figure Finally, perhaps one of the smartest ways to use your healthcare through a wide array of networks out what really need.  medical l you Because of our wide beneficiary definition, you aid is to use generic medicines. Accessible: nded benefits on Emerald and EVO – canset care more of your family members tra Under the rules out for by the medicines contain the same active ingredients the goal of universal health coverage in ditional R500 per beneficiary per year for: Council for Medical l WithGeneric tal Schemes, all medical scheme members have a basket as brand-name medicines, and are identical in strength mind, our 2019 benefit enhancements place etwork GP consultations; of basicAffordable: benefits they are covered for – regardless of and dosage. They work in exactly the same way as focus on vulnerable groups – children, cute prescribed medicine obtained at a you’re with, or which option you greater which medical brand-name medicines. The only real difference is that l Ourscheme growing reserve ratio provides security for women andathe elderly etwork pharmacy; and are on. These include medical conditions, they cost fraction of the price – in some cases up to you and emergency your family will l GEMS provides greater access to quality athology tests performed at a preferred more than 200 specific medical conditions and more 80% less.  l Lowest contribution increases keep us dditional healthcare through a wide array of networks athology laboratory. than 20 chronic conditions. Ultimately, all these tips call for one thing: an investment affordable. At 4.3%, EVO has experienced the l Because of our wide beneficiary definition, you Medical schemes build from this foundation to for 2019. of time and attention on your part. Considering the lowest contribution increase can care forpay-off moreinofwell-being, your family members value for members on Ruby – an extra create different options or packages that vary in price optionpotential quality of life and l Members moving from the Emerald to Beryl per year to extend depending your Out-of-hospital on the additional benefits they offer. Go financial savings, it could be the most important EVO will experience a discount of over 16% ear for Affordable: k Benefit. through these carefully before choosing your option to investment you make. on contributions before subsidy l per event. Our growing reserve ratio provides security for ensure you pick a package that meets your needs and the needs members of your family (based on their ages and how you and your family hire gets richer – Sapphire will Richer benefits: ptive healthy they are). l LowestCONTACT contribution increases keep us access to private hospital care for additional DETAILS: l GEMS has invested over three quarters of a available affordable. At 4.3%, EVO has experienced the edures and treatments. billion rands in benefit enhancements for our USE NETWORK PROVIDERS lowest Physical contribution increase for 2019. address: members l thing toand do isBeryl to pay attention to the ways Members moving from the Emerald option to for your medicinesThe – third Sapphire Corner of Amarand Avenue l GEMS has better and richer benefits – our lowoptions you can save. instance, Mercy Avenue,aWaterkloof Ext 2 16% discountGlen of over bers have R250 per that beneficiary perFor year for most medical schemes EVO will& experience cost option, Sapphire is richer in benefits thanPretoria, 0181 vices have agreements with healthcare providers in their on contributions before subsidy the-counter medicine, limited to R90 per event. other similar-priced products network. Using these providers will often mean thatin the market you’re fully covered and will not have to fork out extra

Postal address:

GEMS Private Bag X1, Hatfield, 0028 Richer benefits: ly planning gets easier – a contraceptive for your treatment. Telephone: 086 111 4367 l GEMS has invested over three quarters of a fit of R2 822 per family per year now available Fax: 012 362 6413 There may be times when you want to see a specialist billion rands in benefit enhancements for our apphire and Beryl. Website: www.gems.gov.za who isn’t on the network. Save these for exceptional members snded available on GEMS in 2019, circumstances only. l GEMS has better and richer benefits – our lowscreening services – all benefit options ble communication channels. cost option, Sapphire is richer in benefits than eceive out-of-hospital screening services other similar-priced products in the market ding: hildhood hearing and optometry tests

re detail on the rich benefits available on GEMS in 2019, us using one of our available communication channels.


FOCUS ON WOMEN

Writer: Allison Cooper

Breast cancer:

Early detection saves lives

B

reast Cancer Awareness

Other types of breast cancer, such

puckering of the skin, retraction

Month in October sees a na-

as Paget’s disease that looks like

of the nipple, change in the skin

tionwide drive by the public

eczema of the nipple, are rarer,”

around the nipple or a clear or

said Benn.

bloody discharge from the nipple

and private healthcare sectors to raise awareness of breast cancer, its

According to Benn, diagnosing

and enlarged lymph nodes under

early signs and symptoms and the

a breast cancer is the first step be-

the arm. Cancer may also present

importance of early detection.

fore treating one. “This sounds easy

as a hot, tender breast, resembling

in practice, but can actually not

an infection.”

According to Professor Carol Benn, Head of Department at the Helen Joseph Hospital Breast Care

be as simple as it seems,” she said. The most common sign of

According to the Cancer Assoication of South Africa (CANSA),

Clinic, in Johannesburg, cancer is

breast cancer is a lump or

the risk for breast cancer increases

the growth of abnormal cells that

mass, which is usually painless.

as women grow older, but many

invade and destroy normal tissue.

“Other signs include dimpling or

women under the age of 40 are

“These cells vary in size and shape and multiply uncontrollably into masses of cells called tumours. Cells may break away from the tumour and spread via the blood stream to different parts of the body where secondary growths form. This process is called metastasis,” she explained. There are different types of breast cancer. “The most common type

“The most common sign of breast cancer is a lump or mass, which is usually painless.”

occurs in the milk ducts and is called ductal carcinoma. Another commonly occurring breast cancer is lobular carcinoma and this occurs in the milk lobes.

36

Public Sector Manager • October 2019


also diagnosed with breast can-

options play a role and specialists

the cancer makes breast con-

cer. “All women are at risk, and in

with an interest in breast problems

servation not cosmetic, or if the

particular women with a family

will guide you as to the order

tumour-to-breast ratio is such that

history of breast cancer. Being

of the treatment options,” she

conservation cannot be done.

overweight, inactive, consuming al-

explained.

“A mastectomy is not a second

cohol, poor dietary habits, smoking

Usually some form of surgery is

best operation and must always

and exposure to chemicals also

performed to remove the cancer-

be planned in conjunction with a

increases risk,” said CANSA.

ous tissue. “There are two aspects

reconstruction, either immediate

to surgery. One involves what to

or delayed,” said Benn.

Diagnosis and treatment

do to the breast and the other

When it comes to surgery to the

involves what to do to the glands

axilla or armpit, Benn said that

in the armpit (axilla),” said Benn.

traditionally at least seven lymph

Breast surgery can be breast

nodes were removed from the ax-

suspected breast cancer is to take

conserving surgery or a mastec-

illa in all patients with an invading

a complete medical history and

tomy and reconstruction. Breast

breast cancer.

perform a physical examination.

conserving surgery involves the

“Imaging tests, such as a mam-

removal of the cancer and a small

sentinel lymph node dissection,

mogram and ultrasound, and a

area of surrounding breast tissue.

where a dye, radioactive isotope,

Benn explained the first step a doctor takes when evaluating a

biopsy will follow this. It is impor-

“Whether this can be done

“A more modern approach is

magnetised iron (sienna) or a

tant to have a needle biopsy,

depends on the size of the breast,

combination of these is injected

preferable to surgical biopsy, so

size of the tumour and the pa-

into the area surrounding the can-

that the diagnosis of the cancer

tient’s wishes. Most importantly, a

cer. The sentinel is the first lymph

can be made prior to treatment,”

mammogram must be done prior

node to receive lymphatic drain-

she said.

to surgery to make sure that there

age from that area of the breast

are no other hidden cancers. The

which contains the tumour and is

made, all patients should have

result must be cosmetically ac-

most likely to harbour cancer cells

a multi-disciplinary discussion

ceptable, while still being a good

if the tumour has spread.

around what treatments should

cancer operation (no cancer left

“This technique enables the

be given and in what order. “If

behind or close to the margins).

surgeon to identify the sentinel

the tests come back positive for

Breast conservation must always

lymph node and only that node is

cancer, there are several treat-

be followed by radiation therapy,”

removed to see if it contains any

ment options available and the

said Benn.

cancer cells. If there is no cancer

Once the diagnosis has been

treatment depends on the type

A mastectomy is done if the

of cancer, stage of the cancer,

cancer has characteristics that

is not required. This procedure

whether it has metastasised, age

show it may be in other parts of

should only be offered by surgeons

and general health,” said Benn.

the breast or difficult to detect on

trained in this technique, who have

The options include surgery,

a mammogram, such as lobular

done at least 20 combined pro-

radiation, chemotherapy and

cancers. A mastectomy is also

cedures and have good audited

hormone therapy. “All treatment

done if the size or position of

results,” said Benn.

Public Sector Manager • October 2019

in this node an axillary dissection

37


INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS

Source: World Economic Forum

A recipe for Africa:

Tolerance, trade and youth opportunities

A

frica has a recipe for sus-

growth on the ground, there is a

million young Africans aged 15-24

tainable growth, following

palpable sense of hope that the

who need to see the continent

this year’s agreement on

components for success are now

move up a gear to a higher level

in place.

of economic growth, if they are

a ground-breaking trade deal that promises to soften borders across the continent.

“I like to think of this Continen-

to secure jobs and contribute to

tal Free Trade Area as the most

their countries’ prosperity as the

This was the message from the

delicious African dish that can be

workers of the future.”

co-chairs of the World Economic

produced,” said Arancha Gonza-

Forum on Africa to participants

lez Laya, Executive Director of the

AngloGold Ashanti, said the free

during the closing session of the

International Trade Centre. “The

trade deal is a “catalyst”. How-

meeting.

ingredients have been assem-

ever, it is now up to political and

Sipho Pityana, Chairman of

While big challenges remain

bled, the cooks are in the kitchen.

business leaders to implement

to translate the promise of the

The guests are impatiently waiting

the removal of trade barriers and

Africa Continental Free Trade

for this dish to be served.

ensure sufficient investment in

Area into jobs and economic

38

“The 'dish' is vital for the 200

infrastructure and logistics to truly

Public Sector Manager • October 2019


accelerate cross-border trade

will be crucial to delivering sus-

cal diseases, said it is clear that

flows.

tainable success, given the rapid

successful companies have to chase more than profit.

“We need to soften our borders

pace of change in the workplace

to enable easy movement,” Pitya-

and the disruptive effects of new

na said. “We need leadership that

technologies with the arrival of

engage with the pharma sec-

is capable and has the determi-

the Fourth Industrial Revolution.

tor and they say: ‘We keep the

nation to act collaboratively.”

Africa’s left-behind youth and

best people because of our

discriminated-against women

programmes on engaging in ne-

ment – and also a testing time for

have already made clear they

glected diseases’ – but that’s one

the claim made by President Cyril

are not prepared to tolerate the

of the things that helps with reten-

Ramaphosa at the meeting that

status quo.

tion, helps with talent acquisition.”

For investors, this is a critical mo-

this will be 'Africa’s century'. “From a business point of view, I

“If we don’t bring society with us

“It’s amazing how many times I

André Hoffmann, Vice-Chairman

then we will end up with similar

of Roche, said Africa’s extraordi-

view Africa as a large-scale start-

tensions that the first and the

nary natural heritage also needs

up, just as East Asia was in the

second and the third industrial

to be cherished and is an oppor-

early 1990s,” said Alex Liu, Manag-

revolutions had,” Farrar said.

tunity for development. “Nature

This also requires long-term

is not something that stops you

ing Partner and Chairman of A.T. Kearney. He argued that the con-

thinking and a multistakeholder

from developing, it is an opportu-

tinent could leapfrog in certain

approach from business. Ellen

nity. In fact, it is a $1 trillion oppor-

areas, just as it has already done

Agler, Chief Executive Officer of

tunity for investment,” he said.

in mobile payments.

the END Fund, a philanthropic

Including the whole of society

Public Sector Manager • October 2019

initiative tackling neglected tropi-

Reflecting on the challenges and opportunities of the

39


INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS

region, the meeting produced

Development Foundation and

held for the first time in 2020 in

numerous notable outcomes:

Zenith Bank.

Rwanda.

 An action plan was launched

 The Forum’s Global Plastic

Platform was initiated. It

Action Partnership signed

Based Violence (GBV). The

will combine private-sector

a national partnership with

plan is initiated by African

resources with those of gov-

Ghana. The partnership aims

Monitor, works with multiple

ernments to help countries

to combine public- and

stakeholders and is backed

prepare for climate- and

private-sector resources to

by the government of South

disease-related disasters.

tackle plastic pollution and

Africa through the Minister

 The World Economic Forum

unmanaged waste. The part-

of Women, Youth and Per-

teamed with the International

nership is the first signed with

sons with Disabilities and UN

Trade Centre will kick off an

an African country, following

WOMEN in South Africa. The

E-Commerce Action Agenda.

an initial partnership signed

plan has three core priorities:

The initiative is aimed at pro-

with Indonesia earlier this year.

• To work with the technol-

moting cross-border data ser-

ogy industry to deploy

vices in Africa, an industry that

announced US$28 million in

a free emergency

could create three million jobs

new commitments to support

response system for

across the region by 2025.

the Global Fund’s mission.

women under attack in

 The African Union, in partner-

 Five private sector partners

Donors include Goodbye Ma-

nine provinces in South

ship with the World Economic

laria, Project Last Mile, GBCHe-

Africa.

Forum, launched a new

alth, Zenysis Technologies and

foundation paving the way

Africa Health Business.

• Support for women entrepreneurs as a means

for the private sector to help

of promoting economic

build capacity and resources

Economic Forum on Africa were

empowerment.

to strengthen health security

Ellen Agler, Chief Executive Officer,

across the continent.

The END Fund, USA; Jeremy Farrar,

• Establishment of a fund to help support South Af-

 The World Bank and the Fo-

The Co-Chairs of the 2019 World

Director, Wellcome Trust, United

rica’s GBV strategy and

rum teamed up with African

Kingdom; Arancha Gonzalez

action plan.

governments to launch an

Laya, Executive Director, Inter-

innovation challenge aimed

national Trade Centre, Geneva;

was launched to help start-up

at finding new ways of using

André Hoffmann, Vice-Chairman,

businesses access finance,

drones across Africa. The

Roche, Switzerland; Alex Liu, Man-

advice and better regulatory

competition, supported by the

aging Partner and Chairman, A. T.

conditions. Founding partners

United Kingdom’s Department

Kearney, USA; Jim Ovia, Chairman,

are Alibaba Group, A.T. Kear-

for International Development,

Zenith Bank, Nigeria; and Sipho

ney, Dalberg Group, Export

is a precursor to the Africa

M. Pityana, Chairman, AngloGold

Trading Group, US African

Drone Forum, which will be

Ashanti, South Africa.

 The Africa Growth Platform

40

 The African Risk Resilience

to tackle the crisis of Gender-

Public Sector Manager • October 2019


PROVINCIAL FOCUS

Writer: Dale Hes

Building a better Eastern Cape Eastern Cape Premier Lubabalo Mabuyane.

remains a huge challenge, along

the East London Industrial Develop-

with inadequate infrastructure and

ment Zone (IDZ).

service delivery challenges.

Coega is considered to be the

However, there can be no doubt

most successful SEZ in Africa, boast-

espite boasting incredible

that the situation is steadily improv-

ing 40 operational investments with

natural beauty and a vari-

ing and Premier Lubabalo Ma-

a cumulative investment value of

ety of attractions for tourists,

buyane has his eyes firmly set on

R7 billion. Another 22 investments

many people in the Eastern Cape

further growth for this province of

are underway, including an R11

face more struggles than most.

high potential.

billion investment from the Beijing

D

With much of the population living in isolated rural areas, including former homelands such as the

Automobile International Corpora-

Industrial zones Since 2014, there has been an

Transkei and Ciskei, the province is

explosive growth of industrial zones

among South Africa’s poorest.

in the Eastern Cape, based mainly

tion, and a R3.5 billion investment in the Dedisa Peaking wind power farm. Meanwhile, the East London IDZ

According to Statistics South Af-

around the automotive, shipping

has 26 investors, mainly operat-

rica, 12.7 percent of households in

and energy sectors. The province

ing in the fields of science and

the Eastern Cape live in poverty. Ac-

is home to two Special Economic

technology and renewable energy

cess to education, health and jobs

Zones (SEZs) – the Coega SEZ and

generation.

Construction is under way at t he Coega Special Economic Zone.

42

Public Sector Manager • October 2019


Premier Mabuyane said that

Premier Mabuyane's emphasis is

the implementation of the National

government is also finalising an

on further improving service deliv-

Youth Service programme in our

application for the designation

ery, especially for the 60 percent of

province and provide training and

of a new SEZ on the underdevel-

the province’s population who live

skills development to no less than

oped Wild Coast, which will be an

in rural areas.

1000 young people per district over

agro-processing hub and create

“They want the same services

the next two years. This training and

thousands of jobs for people in

that are enjoyed by their counter-

skills development programme will

rural areas.

parts who live in urban areas. They

empower our young people to ex-

too want shopping malls, postal

plore various progressive pathways

the infrastructure of Industrial Parks,

services, libraries and banking

in life.”

at Komani, Vulindlela, Fort Jackson,

institutions on their doorstep. We

Somerset East, Butterworth and

will soon share with the people of

the Isiqalo Youth fund, which has

Dimbaza, to create jobs in these

our province a dedicated plan to

been allocated R150 million to pro-

small towns that were once vibrant

promote economic activity in our

mote youth entrepreneurship.

economic hubs,” he said.

townships and rural areas,” the

“Furthermore, we are upgrading

The Premier said going forward,

Premier explained.

production and processing; the

Education and skills development

oceans economy; skills develop-

Premier Mabuyane stressed the

ment and youth employment;

need to improve access to higher

small, medium and micro enterpris-

education for the youth, while also

es' support; tourism; creative arts;

providing more skills development

and townships and rural economic

opportunities.

development.

Getting the basics right

“This fund will assist young people in productive sectors such as manufacturing, ICT, tourism, maritime,

investment will focus on the key areas of manufacturing; agricultural

The province has also initiated

“One of the most prominent

agro-industry, sustainable energy, and the creative arts,” said Premier Mabuyane.

Eastern Cape fast facts • Population: 6.5 million

concerns communicated by the la-

• Capital city: Bhisho

bour market is that we have a low

• Most spoken language: isiX-

skills base. We are henceforth go-

hosa (78.8 percent)

Over the previous term, the provin-

ing to prioritise skills development

• District municipalities: Six

cial government placed an intense

among the youth with a formal

• Local and metro municipali-

focus on bolstering service delivery.

and informal sector focus through

Through the Back to Basics pro-

the intensification of learnerships

gramme, government embarked

and internship programmes target-

harbours, three airports,

on a five-pronged strategy of put-

ing learners in our universities and

and excellent road and rail

ting people and their needs first;

technical and vocational educa-

infrastructure, the province

building a culture of governance;

tion and training colleges.”

has been earmarked as a key

ensuring sound financial man-

The Premier said the province has

ties: 29 • With three import/export

area for growth and econom-

agement and accounting; and

set firm targets, aligned with the

ic development in modern

ensuring sound institutional and

National Youth Service programme.

South Africa.

administrative capabilities.

Public Sector Manager • October 2019

“We will initiate and mainstream

43


LOCAL GOVERNMENT

Writer: Dale Hes

Buffalo City on the rise The por t of East London is a burgeoning Industrial Development Zone whic h is attracting multi-billion rand investments.

S

city of East London, Buffalo

Capitalising on a world-class port

City is a burgeoning metro-

Much of Buffalo City’s economic

the economy and is stretching

politan area that is proving crucial

activity is stimulated by the port

boundaries to meet the needs of

to the economic growth of the

at East London. In his State of the

industry.”

Eastern Cape.

City Address in July, Executive

ituated in the bustling port

already a vibrant trade gateway that is involved in all sectors of

After being declared a Spe-

Home to more than one million

Mayor Xola Pakati outlined the

cial Economic Zone, the areas

people, the Buffalo City Metropoli-

significant contribution that the

around the port – in the form

tan Municipality is a region on the

port is making to the province

of the East London Industrial

rise. Massive investments, moderni-

and South Africa.

Development Zone (IDZ) – have

sation and a transport network that

“The Port of East London is a

brought multi-billion rand invest-

links to all of South Africa’s major

major critical asset that our city

economic centres, are turning the

has in its quest for enhanced

eyes of the country to a city that

global connectedness. I am

has attracted 19 new investors

burgeons with promise.

proud to report that the port is

with an overall investment value

44

ments to the city. “In the past five years, the IDZ

Public Sector Manager • October 2019


Buf falo City Executive Mayor Xola Pakati hands over grants to early c hildhood development centres.

Electricity and water provision According to the Mayor, the city

Connecting with Africa and the rest of the world

has one of the best-performing

It is hoped that Buffalo City

electricity networks in South

will soon be home to one of

Africa.

the biggest telecommunica-

“Since our arrival in office, we

tions projects South Africa has

have successfully upgraded

ever been a part of. The Indian

the electrical infrastructure in

Ocean Exchange Subsea

of R4 billion. In the past finan-

King Williams Town, East London

Fibre Optic Cable Project will

cial year, five new investors were

CBD, Zwelitsha, Wilsonia, Mdant-

see the installation of 8 850

secured and they brought a

sane, East Bank, Phakamisa

kilometres of fibre cable con-

combined R819 million into our

and many other suburbs in

necting East London to India,

city. The operations of investors at

the metro. Eskom has also

Kenya, Mauritius, Egypt and

the East London IDZ have created

confirmed that it will start the

Europe.

4 666 jobs, thus proving deci-

implementation of the greater

“The impact of this project

sive in the fight against poverty

East London electrical network

will be massive and unimagi-

and joblessness in our city,” said

strengthening scheme later this

nable for our economy as a

Mayor Pakati.

year,” he said.

city and as a province. This will

In the current financial year, 13

Access to basic water supply

clearly provide the people of

new projects are expected to be-

in the city currently stands at

our city with affordable and

gin in the IDZ, bringing in another

98 percent, and a further R82.5

stable data around which a

R2 billion worth of investment and

million will be invested in the

host of ICT-related and de-

creating 1 300 new manufactur-

upgrading of water infrastruc-

pendent industries can flour-

ing and services jobs.

ture in the current financial year.

ish,” said Mayor Pakati.

Public Sector Manager • October 2019

45


UPCOMING EVENTS

Writer: Jauhara Khan

AfricArena Summit 11–12 November 2019

excellence and its opportuni-

novators in front of an audi-

opportunity to pitch ideas or

ence of international and local

products/services in front of

Polymer Processing Society (PPS) Europe-Africa 2019 Regional Conference 18–21 November 2019

AfricArena Summit is an annual

entrepreneurs, corporates and

conference that showcases

investors to Africa.

investors looking for world-class

an audience of investors and

The PPS Europe-Africa

talent.

venture capitalists.

2019 Regional Conference

Africa’s best startups and in-

It provides a platform for tech

ties, and attract international

New businesses will get the

The City of Cape Town is

(PPS2019) is the leading

startups to share their business

among the conference’s spon-

conference on polymer

models, cultivate valuable net-

sors and partners.

processing, and attracts

AfricArena will take place at

internationally renowned

Century City Conference Cen-

scientists, engineers and

are to accelerate the interna-

tre in Cape Town from 11–12

designers in the field of

tional traction of Africa’s tech

November 2019. For more information,

polymer research and de-

startups, promote African tech

go to https://www.africarena.com/

velopment.

works and obtain funding. The conference’s main aims

The theme of this year’s conference is “Advanced

W12 Congress 27–31 January 2020

known as Day Zero: the day water

Plastics as an enabling

resources are completely de-

technology for the Fourth

The W12 Congress is an inter-

pleted and taps run dry. By 2050

Industrial Revolution (Indus-

national conference and expo

almost two billion people living in

try 4.0)”.

that seeks to create the world’s

cities will suffer water shortages

The programme will

first “Major City Best Practice

as demand for water increases.

include lectures by dis-

Water Protocol” and strengthen

The congress brings together

tinguished speakers from

the citizen-driven governance

city officials, academics, business

across the world, contrib-

of alternative sustainable water

executives, water experts and

uted oral presentations by

solutions.

students, from major cities in the

senior and young scientists

world who are likely to face a Day

and engineers, young post-

the conference, which aims to

Zero scenario in the next 24 to 36

doctoral fellows, PhD and

be the first of a global movement

months.

master students and engi-

The City of Cape Town will host

featuring the major work of city governments facing water crises. Cape Town was the first major city to face what has become

The W12 conference will take place at from 27–31 January 2020 in Cape Town. For more information go to https://www.w12-congress.com/

neers working in academia and industry. The conference will take place at the CSIR International Convention Centre, Pretoria, from 18–21 November 2019. For more information, go to https://www.pps2019.com/

46

Public Sector Manager • October 2019


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IN OTHER NEWS

Schools to make learners aware of GBV The Department of Basic Educa-

Source: SAnews

Curriculum Assessment Policy

the provision of sexuality educa-

Statement in the classroom,” the

tion in schools. These include

department said.

School Governing Body Orienta-

The SPLs use a human rights

tion Manual, School Manage-

tion is currently testing scripted

approach which allows adoles-

ment Team Orientation Manual,

lesson plans that are aimed at

cents to develop appropriate life

Teacher Training Manuals and

making learners more conscious

skills to support healthy choices

Parent Engagement Manuals,”

of issues of Gender-Based Vio-

and promote gender equality.

the department said.

lence (GBV).

The SLPs are additional re-

are being tested in five provinc-

learners to enhance pedagogy

es, with the intention of strength-

and teaching methodologies in

DMRE approves R4 billion mining rights

ening the life skills curriculum

the classroom.

The Department of Mineral Re-

The scripted lesson plans (SLP)

offering in the schooling system

source tools for educators and

These are currently being test-

sources and Energy (DMRE) has

while raising awareness about

ed in 1 572 schools across five

approved mining rights worth R4

GBV.

provinces – Free State, Gauteng,

billion for Orion Minerals.

“The SLPs have been designed

KwaZulu-Natal, Mpumalanga

“The DMRE has approved a

to assist educators to teach

and Western Cape – ahead of

mining right for Orion Minerals,

scientifically accurate, evidence-

full implementation.

paving the way for the develop-

informed, incremental, age-

“Additional resources to

ment of a R4 billion copper-zinc

appropriate and culturally-ap-

engage stakeholders within

project in the Northern Cape,”

propriate sex education within

school communities have been

said the DMRE.

the Life Skills and Life Orientation

developed in preparation for

Speaking at the Australia Down Under mining conference in Perth, Minister Gwede Mantashe said this latest investment confirms that South Africa remains a preferred investment destination for mining. The department said requisite regulatory and policy certainty have attracted more investment into the country. The DMRE said the revival of copper and nickel mining in the country provides a good replacement pipeline for the depleting minerals which have been mined for over 130 years.

48

Public Sector Manager • October 2019


non-citizens. This poses a serious challenge when such marriages are entered into, especially amongst community members who are members of the same clan but are separated by a borderline. The legislation does not make provision for couples who change their sex status, but want to retain their marital status. While in terms of African tradition, chiefs or traditional leaders In 2018, South Africa’s mining sector received over US$3.2 billion in investments, which

said Home Affairs Minister Aaron

have a recognised role in the

Motsoaledi.

conclusion of a customary mar-

Currently, marriages in the

riage; the legislation does not

resulted in the creation of an

country are governed by three

extend a similar responsibility to

estimated 5 000 jobs.

laws, all of which discriminate

traditional leaders.

There are also about 60 projects

against some citizens.

In light of this, government has

in the pipeline, with an esti-

These laws are contained in the

sought to do away with the

mated value of US $7.8 billion

Marriage Act 25 of 1961, the Rec-

discrimination by crafting a new

and potential job opportunities

ognition of Customary Marriages

marriage policy.

of over 30 000 in the medium to

Act 120 of 1998 and the Civil

“Through the consultations, we

long term.

Unions Act 17 of 2006.

aim to identify key issues that

Largely influenced by religion,

should be addressed by the

the laws in relation to marriage

new marriage policy," said the

prejudice certain segments of

Minister.

society and contravene the

It is envisaged that the new

The Department of Home Affairs

Constitution.

marriage policy will be taken to

has started discussions to align

Current legislation does not

Cabinet, in March 2021, for ap-

the country's current marriage

regulate some religious marriag-

proval after an extensive public

laws with the Constitution.

es, such as Hindu, Muslim and

consultation process has been

“We are starting a process to

other customary marriages that

undertaken.

modernise our marriage laws

are practiced in some African or

to ensure that they adhere to

royal families.

the principles of the Constitu-

The Recognition of Customary

tion, which enjoins us to ensure

Marriages Act does not make

that the State does not unfairly

provision for entering into a

discriminate against any citizen,”

polygamous marriage with

Home Affairs kickstarts dialogue on new marriage policy

Public Sector Manager • October 2019

49


FEATURE

Source: SAnews

Emergency plan to protect

women and children P resident Cyril Ramaphosa

that need to be taken to enhance

national level. The plan will be

has announced an emer-

the legal and policy framework.

implemented over the next six

gency plan to deal with

Other areas focus on what can

months,” the President said.

the violence against women and

be done to ensure adequate

He called for the Joint Sitting

children in the country.

care, support and healing for

to focus the attention of elected

victims of violence, and measures

public representatives and the na-

National Assembly and National

to improve the economic power

tion at large on the crisis of GBV

Council of Provinces recently, the

of women in South Africa.

and femicide (GBVF).

Addressing a Joint Sitting of the

President said the plan strength-

“This emergency action plan will

“To enhance the safety of wom-

ens existing measures and intro-

be driven by an Interim Steering

en we are going to, as a matter

duces new interventions in five

Committee located in the Presi-

of urgency, make the necessary

principal areas.

dency and co-chaired by govern-

amendments to our laws and poli-

ment and civil society organisa-

cies to ensure that perpetrators of

tions.

GBV are brought to book. We will

These areas include how to prevent Gender-Based Violence (GBV); strengthening the criminal justice system, as well as steps

50

“The Steering Committee will coordinate rapid response at

make substantial additional funding available for a comprehensive

Public Sector Manager • October 2019


package of interventions to make

“Women’s rights and gender

to ensure that all crimes against

an immediate and lasting differ-

power relations will be part of Life

women and children attract

ence.

Orientation in the school curricu-

harsher minimum sentences.

“Cabinet has resolved to direct

lum,” the President said.

R1.1 billion in additional fund-

“We need to engage with the Judiciary on the role it can play in

It is government’s intention that

Strengthening the criminal justice system

the funds appropriated for this

Government will direct resources

State should oppose bail for sus-

programme will be raised from

to improve the functioning of

pects charged with the rape and

within the current budget alloca-

Sexual Offences Courts, Thuthu-

murder of women and children.

tion and will not require additional

zela Care Centres, and the Family

borrowing,” the President said.

Violence, Child Protection and

such crimes should not be eligible

Sexual Investigation Units of the

for parole. A life sentence must

South African Police Service.

mean just that – life in prison.

ing in this financial year to the comprehensive response to GBV.

Prevention measures Government will launch a mass

“Funding has already been ap-

supporting the national effort to end GBV,” the President said. He affirmed the position that the

“Those who are found guilty of

We are also going to give urgent

media campaign that will target

proved for the establishment of

attention to strengthening pro-

communities, public spaces,

an additional 11 Sexual Offences

grammes to rehabilitate offenders

workplaces, institutions of higher

Courts over the next financial

and youth at risk,” he said.

learning and schools, as well as

year,” the President said.

The President also emphasised

The Ministry of Justice and Con-

the importance of finalising legis-

“As part of this campaign, we

stitutional Development is already

lation such as the Victim Support

are going to provide gender sen-

working on measures to clear the

Services Bill. The bill will strengthen

sitivity training to law-enforcement

backlog of criminal cases for rape

the support of GBV programmes

officials, prosecutors, magistrates

and other forms of GBVF.

and services.

recreational spaces.

and policy makers – and ensure

These measures include the

“We call on all Parliamentary

that those who are found in

establishment of special courts,

committees to prioritise these

breach of their responsibilities in

hiring additional court staff and

areas of legislative reform and

this regard are held to account.

clearing the backlog at forensic

ensure that we have effective

labs.

legislation in place without delay,”

“We will undertake a mass mobilisation programme to train

the President said.

all of our 278 municipalities,” the

Enhancing the legal and policy framework

President said.

In a move to strengthen the

and deploy prevention activists to

response of the State to GBV,

Care, support and healing for victims of violence

men’s groups and formations,

government will propose a range

Government has committed to

at-risk youth and offenders inside

of legal and regulatory reforms in

standardising the framework for

prisons.

Parliament.

funding civil society organisations

The campaign will focus on

This will be matched with prevention education in schools.

Public Sector Manager • October 2019

“We will propose to Parliament the necessary legislative changes

working with survivors of GBV. “Through our Emergency

51


FEATURE

Men have an impor tant role to play in f ight against Gender-Based Violence.

ing to address the challenge of violence against women.

Improving the economic power of women Government will continue to prioritise women when it comes to access to employment, training opportunities and procurement of services. “By tackling unequal economic power dynamics, we can reduce the vulnerability of women to abuse. Government is committed to reach its target to set aside 30 percent of the value of its procurement for women-owned businesses, and to progressively increase that to 40 percent,” President Ramaphosa said. Action Plan, we will provide post-

with increasing the visibility of

rape training for health care

substance abuse awareness

be expected to adhere to gen-

providers and lay counsellors,

and education, and prioritis-

der-responsive planning, budget-

who provide care and support

ing funding for more treatment

ing, monitoring and evaluation.

to victims and survivors.

facilities.

“We will work with the private

All government departments will

“We are also going to improve

In addition, government will

collection and analysis of data to

sector, concerned individuals

resource the GBV framework in

monitor our GBV programmes. As

and other institutions to substan-

universities and colleges, which

part of this, a national GBV preva-

tially increase the number of

will include the establishment

lence study will be commissioned

Thuthuzela Care Centres across

of gender equity offices in these

in the general population, as well

the country from the current 54

institutions.

as a specific survey to monitor

to over 100 by 2025,” the President said. The Department of Social Development has been tasked

52

The President will meet with

gender-based violence in the Les-

vice chancellors of universities

bian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender,

to discuss what can be done

Questioning, Intersex+ commu-

at institutions of higher learn-

nity,” the President said.

Public Sector Manager • October 2019


ADVERTORIAL

THE 13TH PUBLIC SECTOR INNOVATION CONFERENCE The Role of Public Sector Innovation, Design Thinking and Foresight in Accelerating the Achievement of seven Government Priorities. The Minister of Public Service and Administration,

FRESH NEW APPROACH TO THE 2019 CONFERENCE

through the Centre for Public Service Innovation (CPSI),

Contrary to widespread criticism of conferences being

will be hosting the 13 Annual Public Sector Innovation

outdated, it remains one of the most effective and quick

Conference in Gauteng on 28 and 29 November 2019.

ways to tap into the tacit knowledge of delegates from

th

diverse backgrounds. The value of a conference is in the This annual conference is one of the innovation platforms

interaction among the delegates. The creation of strategic

through which the CPSI entrenches the culture and practice

partnerships through dialogue remains critical in creating a

of innovation in the public sector to improve service delivery.

culture of innovation in the public sector.

In his last State of the Nation Address, President

During the past 12 years the conference has evolved,

Ramaphosa said that the time for idle talk is over and that

exploring a number of approaches such as commissions,

implementation should be foremost if the country is to

various high-level panel discussions and key presentations

realise Vision 2030 of the National Development Plan (NDP).

linked to the theme. In 2018, a mini Public Sector Innovation Hackathon was held on the margins of the conference to,

“Unless we take extraordinary measures, we will not realise

among others, align the conference to the imperatives of

Vision 2030. This means that we need to prioritise. We need

the Fourth Industrial Revolution (4IR).

to focus on those actions that will have the greatest impact – actions that will catalyse faster movement forward, both

This year again, a mini-hackathon will be held as 4IR is only

in the immediate term and over the next 10 years. Now

now taking off in our country. The conference will further

is the time to focus on implementation. It is time to make

attempt to infuse new thinking as a way of ensuring its

choices. Some of these choices may be difficult and some

purpose and relevance. The conference aims to infuse

may not please everyone.”

basic understanding of design thinking and foresight, fairly new concepts in the public sector, as part of the

Taking place at the beginning of the 6th Administration, the

innovation journey.

2019 Public Sector Innovation Conference will provide a critical platform to encourage and advance the adoption

CONFERENCE DELEGATES

of innovation, design thinking and foresight as catalysts for

The target audience includes, among others, decision-

improved service delivery. It serves as an opportunity to

makers throughout the three spheres of government,

explore how public sector innovation, design thinking and

innovation practitioners, software developers, service

foresight can assist in accelerating the achievement of the

delivery champions as well as partners from the private,

seven priorities as set out by the President:

NGO as well as academic sectors. Registration is free and interested parties can register at

• Economic transformation and job creation;

www.cpsiregistrations.co.za. (NB: Delegates are responsible

• Education, skills and health;

for own travel and accommodation.)

• Consolidating the social wage through reliable and quality basic services; • Spatial integration, human settlements and local government;

For more content details contact Welcome Sekwati at Welcome.Sekwati@cpsi.co.za or on 082 610 2199. For logistical issues contact Mmabatho Mashaba at

• Social cohesion and safe communities;

Mmabatho.Mashaba@cpsi.co.za or on 012 683 2800/34

• A capable, ethical and developmental state; and

(or visit www.cpsi.co.za)

• A better Africa and world.


FEATURE

Writer: Allison Cooper

Aarto demerit system

encourages safer driving behaviour

D

rivers need to be extra

to improve law-abiding and safer

reckless drivers and law breakers

vigilant when it comes to

driving behaviour to reduce road

so that we can remove them from

sticking to speed limits

accidents, will be implemented

the driving fold,” said Transport

once it has been gazetted.

Minister Fikile Mbalula.

and obeying road rules, following President Cyril Ramaphosa’s sign-

The Department of Transport has

“We will be able to adequately

ing of the Administrative Adjudi-

welcomed the Act saying it will

address the carnage on our

cation of Road Traffic Offences

help address the higher number

roads. We are burying far too

(Aarto) Amendment Act into law

of road accidents.

many people as a result of crash-

in August. Aarto, which is being introduced

54

“The Aarto Act is an objective and fair system of identifying

es. In 2018 alone, 12 921 people lost their lives in road collisions in

Public Sector Manager • October 2019


South Africa. Each death repre-

ments to alleviate the burden on

tion period. You may also not

sented an average loss of R4.6

courts.

apply for a driving licence, profes-

The Minister said driver reha-

sional driving permit or operator

lost productivity, pain and suffer-

bilitation programmes would be

card during the disqualification

ing and legal and funeral costs,”

put in place for infringers who

period.

he said.

have their licences suspended.

Any person who drives or oper-

million to the economy, in terms of

“This shows that Aarto is not just

ates a motor vehicle during his or

system to penalise offenders,

about punishment, but has inten-

her disqualification period is guilty

the Act also ensures common

tions to ensure compliance and

of an offence and liable, on con-

penalties for offenders. “All traffic

change road user behaviour,” he

viction, to a fine or imprisonment

violations throughout the country

explained.

for a period not exceeding one

Besides introducing a demerit

year or to both a fine and impris-

will carry the same penal values,”

The demerit system

onment. When the disqualifica-

The Aarto demerit system will

tion period has ended, you may

traffic fines can lead to a block on

penalise drivers and operators

reapply for and be issued with a

obtaining driving and vehicle li-

who are guilty of infringements or

licence. However, when a licence

cences and an administrative fee,

offences, by allocating demerit

has been suspended for the third

in addition to other penalties.

points that could lead to the sus-

time, it is cancelled.

the Minister explained. Under the Act, failing to pay

The Act also states that docu-

pension and cancellation of driv-

Unlicenced drivers will receive

ments, which previously had to

ing licences, professional driving

no discount and their demerit

be delivered by registered mail

permits or operator cards.

points will only start to reduce

through the post office, can now

Every licenced driver starts with

once their licence is issued. How-

be served electronically and

zero points. Points accumulate

ever, unlicensed drivers caught for

reminders can be sent via

for every infringement, until they

the third time will be arrested.

WhatsApp and SMS.

reach a maximum of 12. Depend-

If you elect to go to court for an

ing on the severity of an offence,

offence, demerit points are only

fectively supported by technology,

between one and six points can

recorded when you are found

serving documents by electronic

be allocated at a time.

guilty. If you appeal against a

“Law enforcement can be ef-

means. Similarly, infringers can ex-

A person is allowed to drive until

conviction, no demerit points are

ercise their options electronically

he/she reaches 12 points, there-

recorded unless the appeal is

as well,” said Minister Mbalula.

after any more points result in a

rejected or abandoned. Nothing

licence suspension. When your

prevents you from approaching a

established, which will preside

licence is suspended you must

court to appeal or review the total

over issues raised under the Act,

immediately hand in any driving

amount of demerit points record-

and a procedure will be put in

licence or professional driving

ed against your name.

place for the effective and expe-

permit to the issuing authority for

ditious adjudication of infringe-

retention during the disqualifica-

An Appeals Tribunal will also be

Public Sector Manager • October 2019

The demerit system also rewards law-abiding drivers by reducing

55


FEATURE

“We will be able to adequately address the carnage on our roads.” one point, every three months, if no infringements have occurred. Points can be reduced until the driver again reaches zero points.

Fleet representatives be aware

Aarto Act, becomes an infringe-

some organisations have argued

ment under the obligation that

that the lack of enforcement of

It’s vital that the public and

does exist of ‘failing to obtain the

current laws and capacity by

private sectors understand their

particulars of a driver prior to

traffic authorities means the new

responsibilities and ways to

letting them exercise control over

system could be ineffective.

protect themselves from possible

that vehicle’.

liability relating to employees’

For the first time in traffic legisla-

In recent media reports the Automobile Association said the

driving offences, especially those

tion in South Africa, companies

focus appears to be on revenue

who serve as fleet representatives.

and organisations are required

collection, with other provisions in

by legislation to record these

the Act suited to making it easier

details.

for authorities to deliver fines and

While the Act is clear that fleet representatives cannot lose points on behalf of drivers, they

It is thus vital that address

hold vehicle licence renewals to

have to ensure demerits accrue

details on record with eNatIS are

to the correct person. The most

correct and up to date so that in-

common infringements are those

fringement notices are delivered

will challenge the constitutional-

received in the mail (a camera

to the correct person. The Aarto

ity of the Act.

fine) and addressed to the com-

Act deems all notices that have

pany, with the responsible per-

been posted to the last known

increasing carnage on South

son’s name and identity included

address of the infringer to have

Africa’s roads, something has to

on it. Infringements or offences

been received 10 days after post-

be done to bring unlawful drivers

for which the driver is stopped on

ing by registered mail.

to book. “We have won an impor-

ransom over unpaid fines. Civil action group Outa said it

It’s clear though that with the

tant battle, but the war on road

the road would be written up in

Mixed reactions

fatalities is not yet over. Here is to

While the Act and demerit

many victories ahead, as we work

driver or person in control, while

system is supported in theory, it

together to ensuring safer roads,”

not specifically mentioned in the

has become controversial and

said Minister Mbalula.

the driver’s name at that time. Not keeping a register of the

56

Public Sector Manager • October 2019


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FEATURE

Writer: Keamogetse Kgomanyane

Khawuleza to fast track service delivery A

new district-based coor-

“Through this model, we are de-

dination model dubbed

termined to improve coordination

and when will it be completed,”

“Khawuleza” is expected

action so that we don’t operate in

said President Ramaphosa.

going to do it, how much it will cost

to address service delivery and

silos. This will also enhance coher-

Through this approach, develop-

economic development chal-

ence in planning and budgeting.

ment is pursued through a single,

lenges in the country’s 44 districts

We will then be able to monitor

integrated plan per district that

and eight metropolitans across the

and evaluate what we are doing,”

outlines the role of each sphere of

country.

said the President.

government.

Khawuleza, which was launched

He explained that Khawuleza

by President Cyril Ramaphosa

seeks to adopt an approach to de-

Streamlining services

recently, is being piloted in the OR

velopment that is more practical,

The new district-based coordi-

Tambo District Municipality in the

achievable, implementable and

nation model also ensures that

Eastern Cape and aims to turn

measurable.

all spheres of government work

plans into action. The launch took

“We are going to have clear tar-

place in Lusikisiki in Ingquza Hill

gets and have a clear line of sight.

Municipality.

What is going to be done, who is

alongside social partners and synchronise their plans. The President mapped out how

President Cyril Ramaphosa addresses t he District Coordination Forum meeting comprising t he Premier of t he Eastern Cape, Ministers, Eastern Cape MECs, mayors and ot her stakeholders.

58

Public Sector Manager • October 2019


The newly -launc hed National Healt h Insurance (NHI)-ready Lusikisiki Village Clinic in Ingquza Hill Municipality.

government would embark on not

poor infrastructure, backlogs in

only service delivery but economic

housing, water and roads.

development of one of the poorest districts in the country. The President explained that

However, Minister Dlamini Zuma emphasised that the district, which currently contributes 0.85 percent

mining town. Once implemented in all three pilots, government will monitor and evaluate the process. Best practice will then be rolled

the district model will streamline

to the gross domestic product,

out in other metros and districts

services, ensuring that government

boasts potential in the areas of

nationwide.

has clear targets.

agriculture, agro-processing, the

Projects that will be implemented in the OR Tambo District will see

oceans economy and tourism. The second pilot launch will take

World class-clinic While in Lusikisiki, the President

place in the eThekwini Metropoli-

also launched the National Health

Cooperative Governance and

tan Municipality in KwaZulu-Natal,

Insurance (NHI)-ready Lusikisiki Vil-

Traditional Affairs Minister Dr Nko-

followed by the Waterberg District

lage Clinic in Ingquza Hill Munici-

sazana Dlamini Zuma will spear-

in Limpopo.

pality.

government spend R11 billion.

The OR Tambo pilot will serve as a

The world-class clinic is fitted with

learning curve on the rollout of the

units such as emergency services,

Zuma highlighted a few chal-

district model from a rural perspec-

dental care, optometry, a section

lenges faced by the district that

tive, while the eThekwini launch will

for chronic patients, a 24-hour

will inform government’s plan for

offer the urban perspective.

maternity ward, a chemist and a

head coordination of the model. At the launch, Minister Dlamini

the district. Among them, she listed a young population, high unemployment,

Public Sector Manager • October 2019

Waterberg will allow government to learn about the implementation of the model from the lens of a

rehabilitation centre powered by medical professionals. The clinic also has a waiting

59


FEATURE

room and rest rooms for the staff.

“lack of coherence in planning

From planning to implementa-

and implementation and has

tion in each district, government

there is none like it in this district,”

made monitoring and oversight

will consult social partners to

said the President.

of government’s programmes

ensure that development meets

difficult”.

the needs of local communities

“The clinic is world class and

The launch of the clinic takes forward government’s commitment

The President said the conse-

and stakeholders and government

to ensure access to quality health

quence of this challenge was non-

will ensure that the local, provin-

care for all South Africans.

optimal delivery of services and

cial and national spheres have a

diminished impact on the triple

shared plan to drive development

areas is a primary goal for the NHI

challenges of poverty, inequality

in the district concerned.

project. The NHI aims to provide

and unemployment.

“Primary health care in rural

Implementation will entail localised procurement and job crea-

world-class health care at hospi-

In view of government’s own

tals and also clinics. The clinic in

recognition of shortcomings in

tion to ensure that local businesses

Lusikisiki already complies with the

service delivery and in response to

participate in and benefit from development, and that citizens in the

prescripts of the NHI,” said Health Minister Dr Zweli Mkhize, who was also at the launch. The Health Department has also put together a committee that will ensure the new facilities are maintained and always consistent. In line with the district model’s aim to streamline service delivery and development, the Communications and Digital Technologies

“The NHI aims to provide world-class health care at hospitals and also clinics”.

Department also provided con-

demands by citizens and institu-

nectivity to the new clinic.

tions of civil society for improved

Communications Minister Stella

district concerned are prioritised for employment on local projects. Development will be pursued through single, integrated district plans enabled by the vision of “One District; One Plan; One Budget; One Approach”. This model has been endorsed by Cabinet, local government structures, traditional authorities and the President’s Coordinating Council. This new approach will require

delivery, Cabinet has adopted a

– with effect from the 2020/21

Ndabeni-Abrahams joined the

new integrated district based ap-

Budget cycle – that national

President to showcase the broad-

proach to enabling development

budgets and programmes be

band connectivity at the clinic,

in the 44 districts and eight metros

spatially referenced across the 44

including applications.

that constitute the country.

districts and eight metros. Similarly,

What is Khawuleza?

tion model aims to address service

and programmes will be spatially

In his presentation of the Presi-

delivery and economic develop-

referenced to districts and metros

dency Budget Vote to the National

ment challenges through the

in the respective provinces, while

Assembly earlier this year, President

synchronisation of planning across

municipalities will express the

Ramaphosa identified the “pattern

all spheres of government, working

needs and aspirations of commu-

of operating in silos” in govern-

alongside social partners such as

nities in integrated development

ment as a challenge which led to

business and community.

plans for all districts and metros.

The new district-based coordina-

60

provincial government budgets

Public Sector Manager • October 2019


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FEATURE

Source: SAnews

Securing

economic growth G overnment has stepped

President Cyril Ramaphosa

introduced by government in 2018 to shore up the economy. A recent intervention in this direction was the designation by the Department of Home Affairs of a number of countries that will receive visa waivers, among them are countries with high tourism potential like Qatar and Saudi

up efforts to ensure the

provided an update on actions

Arabia. Qatar has also waived visa

country’s economic

to ignite economic activity to the

requirements for South Africans.

growth and address unemploy-

National Assembly during a recent

ment. These efforts include chang-

session of Questions for Oral Reply.

es made to visa regulations for

He reaffirmed economic growth

tourists and highly-skilled profes-

and job creation as the apex pri-

sionals, financial support for black

ority of the sixth administration.

farmers and black industrialists

The President provided evidence

Furthermore, an e-visa system will soon be piloted as part of modernising current systems. The Department of Home Affairs is working with the Department of Higher Education and Training to-

and the upgrading and creation of

of implementation of the Eco-

wards refining a list of critical skills

industrial parks.

nomic Stimulus and Recovery Plan

that will inform future regulations.

62

Public Sector Manager • October 2019


launched in the 2019 financial

review progress in the implemen-

ures had been in place to safe-

year in Ekandustria, Garankuwa

tation of the Jobs Summit commit-

guard key agricultural sectors like

and Nkowankowa.

ments.

The President said trade meas-

the poultry industry, protecting

Between September 2018 and July 2019, the Industrial Develop-

Industrial strategy

Making it easier to do business

ment Corporation (IDC) approved

The President said government

in South Africa, the Ports Authority

upwards of R14 billion in infrastruc-

was pursuing a purposeful indus-

of South Africa reduced tariffs by

ture funding for roads, human

trial strategy in partnership with

six percent in late 2018, while also

settlements, water infrastructure,

social partners to develop Master

decreasing container and auto-

schools, student accommodation

Plans for sectors with high poten-

motive cargo dues.

and public transport.

tial for growth.

local jobs in the process.

On agrarian reform, the Presi-

To support job creation an

Government has already begun

dent said funding to the tune of

amount of R600 million has been

work with sectors such as the

R3.9 billion had been released to

provisionally allocated to support

clothing, textiles and footwear,

support black commercial farmers

rural and township entrepreneurs.

poultry, the sugar industries and

through the Land Bank. To promote greater certainty in

The Employee Tax Incentive has been extended to 2029 to enable

steel and downstream metal fabrication.

the use of land for productive ac-

more employers to take advan-

tivities, more than 1 400 thirty-year

tage of its provisions to hire more

lion has been allocated over the

leases have been finalised.

young people.

Medium-Term Expenditure Frame-

New industrial parks

dent David Mabuza are due to

As part of implementing the

convene regular meetings with

stimulus and recovery plan, three

the National Economic Devel-

companies signed agreements

new industrial parks have been

opment and Labour Council to

with their South African

The President and Deputy Presi-

Public Sector Manager • October 2019

Funding to the tune of R600 mil-

work to support the clothing and textile sectors. In June, a number of Chinese

63


FEATURE

counterparts to buy more than R25 billion of South African goods. This will help to boost production, growth and jobs in the local economy, the President said. The African Continental Free Trade Area, which is planned to come into effect on 1 July next year, is expected to fundamentally reshape the South African economy.

President Ramaphosa outlined

the IDC and partnerships with

a set of priority reforms to im-

the private sector are expected

countries support about 250 000

prove the ease of doing business

to provide support of over R40

South African jobs.

and reducing the cost of compli-

billion to black industrialists over

ance.

the next five years.

Already, exports to other African

Investment Conference

prised of officials in the relevant

R11 billion in support to women-

To improve the levels of invest-

departments have begun work

empowered enterprises alone,

ment in the economy, government

on five of the indicators: starting

and further funds will be made

will host the Second South Africa

a business, paying taxes, register-

available for youth enterprises.

Investment Conference from 5 to 7

ing property, trading across bor-

Through spatial interventions

November this year.

ders, and dealing with construc-

like special economic zones, re-

tion permits.

viving local industrial parks, busi-

This will build on the success of the 2018 conference where

Technical Working Groups com-

The President positioned the

The IDC is expected to provide

ness centres, digital hubs and

commitments of R300 billion were

recently enacted Competition

township and village enterprises,

made by local and international

Amendment Act as a bulwark

economic development is taking

companies in support of govern-

against economic concentra-

effect in local areas.

ment’s R1.2 trillion investment drive.

tion, which is a major constraint

Of the R300 billion committed at the inaugural Investment Conference, around R250 billion worth of

“If we are to achieve the South

to growth in the South African

Africa we want, we need to forge

economy.

durable partnerships between

The new laws will give the com-

government, business, labour,

projects are in the implementation

petition authorities the ability to

communities and civil society,”

phase.

address abuse of dominance

said President Ramaphosa.

There has been a significant

and high concentration that

“Government is hard at work to

turnaround in flows of foreign

keeps small and emerging com-

create an enabling environment,

direct investment, surging from

panies out of the economy.

use public resources wisely and

R26.8 billion in 2017 to R70.7 billion in 2018.

64

The combined efforts of the Department of Trade and Industry,

invest in developing the country’s human potential,” he said.

Public Sector Manager • October 2019


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FEATURE

Source: SAnews

Violence not the answer to resolve issues

E

fforts are underway to re-

hotspots to ensure that further

lives and many have been injured.

integrate foreign nationals

violence does not erupt.

Families have been traumatised.

into communities after many

Minister Mapisa-Nqakula called

sought refuge at police stations

on both South Africans and foreign

and community halls following spo-

nationals to respect the rule of law.

radic incidents of violence across

Livelihoods have been destroyed,” he said. The President stressed that there

“We are appealing to all South

can be no excuse for the attacks

Africans to abide by the rules of

on the homes and businesses of

the country. We also appeal to for-

foreign nationals, just as there can

of the Justice, Crime Prevention

eign nationals themselves, whether

be no excuse for xenophobia or

and Security Cluster, Defence and

documented or undocumented,

any other form of intolerance.

Military Veterans Minister Nosiviwe

to observe the rules of the country

“Equally, there is no justification

Mapisa-Nqakula said humanitar-

and if you come into South Africa

for the looting and destruction of

ian assistance is also being offered

for business, to apply for a business

businesses owned by South Afri-

to the hundreds of foreign nation-

permit … It is important to appeal

cans,” he said.

als who were displaced during the

to our people to understand that

President Ramaphosa noted that

attacks.

there will be no tolerance for law-

people from other countries on the

lessness,” she said.

continent stood with South Africa in

Gauteng. Speaking to the media on behalf

The Minister said while incidents of violence have since declined, police forces remain on high alert and are closely monitoring all

its struggle against apartheid.

No excuse for intolerance

apartheid and overcome the

Addressing the nation following

divisions it created, where we

the incidents of violence directed

feared each other and our differ-

at foreign nationals, President Cyril

ences were exploited. Thanks to

Ramaphosa said no amount of an-

the people of Africa, we have now

ger and frustration and grievance

achieved democracy and must

can justify such acts of destruction

use this platform to live together in

and criminality.

harmony,” he said.

“We worked together to destroy

“Our country has been deeply and criminality directed against

Responsible behavior required

foreign nationals and our own

The President urged communities

citizens … People have lost their

with genuine grievances to ad-

traumatised by acts of violence

66

Public Sector Manager • October 2019


dress them through engagement

ing to endorse

and dialogue.

mechanisms which

“But where people act with

resolve regional and

criminal intent, irrespective of their

resolve continental conflict,” she

nationality, we will not hesitate to

said.

act to uphold the law and ensure

Giving an update on the pro-

order and stability,” he cautioned.

gress of the work that has been

President Ramaphosa called on

done to deal with the challenge of

South Africans to desist from fueling

undocumented foreign nationals,

a climate of fear and confusion.

the Minister said that in the first six

“We must act responsibly and

months of 2019, the Department of

stop disseminating fake videos,

Home Affairs deported more than

photographs and messages, es-

10 000 undocumented foreign

pecially on social media, with an

nationals who were in the country

Management

intention of negatively portraying

illegally.

Authority is

our country and its people. “This misinformation is also being disseminated in neighbouring countries and throughout the

She said deportations happened

The Border

expected to improve the security

regularly once prescribed legal

of the country’s borderlines and

processes have taken place.

facilitate the easier movement of

“In the same period we have

world, causing panic and put-

charged 1 048 employers for

ting lives in danger. Let us not be

breaching immigration laws and

misled.”

524 of these were in Gauteng.

people and goods through ports of entry. The Border Management Authority Bill seeks to, among other

“With regards to hiring undocu-

things, give South Africa a new

Africa values its relations with other

mented foreign nationals, we will

policy paradigm of integrated

African countries and the need

clamp down on private business

border management with an aim

to strengthen political, social and

owners who do not abide by the

of facilitating the legal and secure

trade ties to develop the economy

labour and immigration laws.”

movement of people and goods

The President stressed South

and those of our neighbours. Minister Mapisa-Nqakula reiterated the President’s views, saying

She said the departments of Home Affairs, and Labour, and the police will intensify inspections.

the South African government

Border Management Authority

peace and security in Africa.

The Department of Home Affairs is

“We will increase our participa-

Once passed into law, the Authority will close the chapter on the issue of porous borders

promotion and maintenance of

will continue to contribute to the

across SA borders.

preparing to implement the pilot

bedevilling the country over the years, and will tackle corruption at ports of entry. The Authority will also help in

tion in conflict resolution, peace-

phase of the Border Management

preventing drug-related crimes, hu-

making and peace-building at

Authority shortly after the Bill has

man trafficking, illegitimate move-

regional and continental levels.

been finalised through Parliamen-

ment of goods and unauthorised

As a government we are will-

tary processes.

movement of persons.

Public Sector Manager • October 2019

67


FEATURE

Writer: Keamogetse Kgomanyane

City shelters assist displaced foreign nationals

Displaced foreign nationals are being accommodated at t he DH Williams Community Hall in Gauteng.

K

ids play hide and seek as

from Mandela Informal Settle-

Centre (JOC) to provide shelter

their mothers do laundry,

ment and Nhlapo Section in

for displaced people who had to

men offload their belong-

Katlehong. These are among the

abandon their homes in search

ings from hired cars – acts which

areas that were hit by attacks on

of safety.

seem ordinary but the setting, DH

foreign nationals in Katlehong,

Williams Community Hall, dispels

Ekurhuleni.

notions of normality.

The second displacement

“We have accommodated different people. Here at DH Williams, the people are pre-

The community hall is one

centre is Tsholo Community Hall.

dominantly from Mozambique.

of two which has been turned

In the wake of the unrest and

Home Affairs is on site to assist

into makeshift accommodation

violence, the City of Ekurhuleni

with documentation,” said the

for over 850 displaced people

swiftly set up a Joint Operation

spokesperson for Ekurhuleni

68

Public Sector Manager • October 2019


Emergency and Disaster Services, William Ntladi. While the number of foreign nationals fluctuates with others finding alternative accommodation, the Metro noted that 588 adults and 227 children were housed at DH Williams and Tsholo Hall. Various City departments are providing assistance such as waste removal, electricity supply and additional ablution facilities. The City is also providing standby mobile power generators, Metro Police patrols and escorts for transport of the af-

to displaced persons. “Mostly we have been trying

The City said plans to reintegrate the affected foreign

fected persons and delivery of

to support the efforts of local

nationals back into the places

their necessities.

disaster management and lo-

from which they were displaced

cal services to assist displaced

are already in place, as well as

nationals are provided with

people. So far, we have provided

plans to document those who

humanitarian assistance.

care to about 20 individuals at

are undocumented.

Through the JOC, foreign

Processing of important documents possibly lost during the

Tsholo Hall. “Specific assistance provided

Those who wish to be repatriated to their countries of origin

attacks, such as passports

was chronic medication to

will be repatriated with the as-

and birth certificates, is being

those who lost their medication

sistance of relevant government

facilitated by Home Affairs at the

when their shacks were burnt or

departments.

sites.

when they were chased away

“There are some Zimbabwean

from their homes,” said Doctors

foreign nationals who have ex-

vided by the Health Department

Without Borders Deputy Country

pressed an interest in returning

with the assistance of various

Director, Vinayak Bhardwaj.

home.

Medical services are also pro-

non-governmental organisations (NGOs) to those in need.

Other assistance from donors

“The embassy of Zimbabwe

includes the provision of food,

was here to check on people

medical services, blankets,

who need to go home. Those lo-

Cross, local NGOs, churches and

mattresses, toys for the children

gistics are unfolding,” Ntladi said.

ordinary members of the com-

and sanitary material. Church

munity can be seen at the com-

services are also provided at the

largely being channelled from

munity halls offering assistance

sites.

the City’s emergency fund.

Doctors without Borders, Red

Public Sector Manager • October 2019

Funds for the operation are

69


ENABLING SMALL BUSINESS TO GROW IN THE

BIOMANUFACTURING SECTOR Lara Kotze-Jacobs

company that has in-licensed international intellectual property and is attempting to validate and scale up that

Access to funding and market continue to be the main challenges facing small, medium and micro enterprises (SMMEs)

technology for local production. The CSIR’s Biomanufacturing Industry Development Centre (BIDC) is assisting such entrepreneurs by

in South Africa. It’s often not the lack

lowering the barriers faced by so many SMMEs, such

of a quality product that hinders their

as access to scientists and engineers, as well as world-

progress, but an inability to prioritise the

class facilities for product and process development.

activities that will enable market access

We are extremely encouraged by initiatives by the

and secure funding for business growth.

United Nations Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO) and the Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) to support the development of quality and standards for essential and fixed oils in South Africa and foster the growth

Despite the abundance of entrepreneurship training on

of SMMEs in the natural products sector, with a

offer from various institutions, there is a dire need for the

focus on indigenous plant ingredients and finished

mentoring of entrepreneurs. Further, lack of coherence

products. These initiatives stimulate the involvement

among the available support instruments leads

of stakeholders and help with identifying barriers and

entrepreneurs, in many instances, to waste valuable time

devising mechanisms by which these can be overcome.

and energy on pursuing too many avenues at once. The biomanufacturing sector is a space characterised SMMEs that approach the Council for Scientific and

by plenty of enthusiasm and a high entrepreneurial

Industrial Research (CSIR) are often not aware of the

spirit. Moreover, the multiple support instruments in the

other instruments in the national system of innovation

sector and assistance from government departments

that can provide them with business support, and

– notably the Departments of Science and Innovation,

funding for equipment and development. The converse

Environment, Forestry and Fisheries, Small Business

is also true, with many entrepreneurs being assisted by

Development, and Trade and Industry – have created

the various facilities on offer but still failing to capitalise

an environment in which entrepreneurial success is

on this support. There is a real need for alignment and

not just a possibility. Accessing funds from investors to

engagement between the instruments to maximise the

build manufacturing facilities, purchase equipment and

outcomes in the form of successful SMMEs.

launch products in retail spaces, has become a reality, and we have seen real success stories and growth

We often hear that small businesses must be the

among the SMMEs supported through our programme.

engine of our economy and provide employment. In the biomanufacturing sector, many entrepreneurs are

The CSIR, through the BIDC, will continue to attract

attempting to do just that. This could be the home

support from stakeholders and funders to develop the

baker who realises the potential of a humble vegetable,

biomanufacturing industry by enabling small businesses

expanding her idea to high-quality processing and

to convert their novel concepts into products through

analysis for the retail market. Or the biotechnology

the application of science and innovation.


ADVERTORIAL

In the six years since the inception of the BIDC, we’ve

This support was made possible by funding from the

seen more than 220 unique applications from SMMEs

Department of Science and Innovation (DSI) and the

in biomanufacturing, including speciality chemicals,

Jobs Fund, as part of the national drive to create jobs

eco-friendly cleaning products, nutritional foods and

and achieve a sustainable socio-economic impact

cosmetics, with a focus on indigenous product-based

through innovation.

ingredients and biopharmaceuticals. Lara Kotze-Jacobs is the CSIR Project Manager of the From these applications, the BIDC has to date supported 31

Biomanufacturing Industry Development Centre.

companies by developing and validating manufacturing technologies for products, including scale-up, piloting and techno-economic assessment, as well as initial contract manufacture to enable companies to test the market. Most of these companies were located in Gauteng, with a smaller representation from other provinces, and were mostly in the micro to very small range. They include Lighthouse Healthcare, Professional Laboratory Services, Marple Skincare, OptimusBio, JVS Biotech Solutions and Phephisa Natural Resources Institute.

CONTACT DETAILS: Tel: +27 12 843 6300

Through the BIDC’s support, 92 products have been developed together with these SMMEs, tested and transferred to the companies. These products can be purchased online, in retail stores, or through agentbased sales, or are being sold to larger companies for re-packaging and on-selling.

Physical address: DST Building (Building No. 53), (CSIR South Gate Entrance) Meiring Naudé Road, Brummeria, 0184 Postal address: Private Bag X894, Pretoria, 0001


FEATURE

Writer: Dale Hes

Marine Protected Areas provide safe spaces for iconic marine species suc h as Sout hern Right Whales. Photo: CapeNature

Protecting our precious ocean resources I

n October, South Africa com-

our protected marine ecosystems

memorates National Marine

from 0.4 percent to 5.4 percent.

Month, which creates aware-

In an era of overfishing and cli-

vation authorities, the MPA network was gazetted in May, and officially came into effect on 1 August 2019.

ness about the country’s marine

mate change, the resources of the

and coastal environments and the

world’s oceans are under increas-

“South Africa’s ocean space,

benefits of the oceans.

ing pressure. MPAs are crucial for

which is one of the most varied

alleviating this pressure and ensur-

in the world, is highly productive,

vital importance for our country’s

ing the sustainability of our marine

with rich biodiversity providing for

economy and food security. Pro-

environments. These areas have

living and non-living resources

tecting the health of our marine life

strict rules in place to restrict fishing

that contribute significantly to the

is therefore a top priority. Govern-

and other human impacts, creat-

country’s economy and to job

ment has been on a renewed

ing safe spaces for fish and other

creation,” said then Environmental

drive to conserve our oceans, with

marine life to breed and flourish.

Affairs Minister Nomvula Mokon-

South Africa’s oceans hold

the establishment of new Marine Protected Areas (MPAs).

Work on approving 20 new MPAs

yane at the time of gazetting.

dates back to 2014, when, under government’s Operation Phakisa:

The benefits of MPAs

gazetted the establishment of 20

Oceans Economy programme, a

Dr Kerry Sink has been involved

new MPAs around our 2 850 km

plan was endorsed to establish a

in marine protection since 2005,

coastline. This brought the total

viable network of MPAs.

and currently works as the Marine

In May 2019, government officially

number of MPAs in South Africa to

After years of consultation with

41, increasing the percentage of

various communities and conser-

72

Programme Manager for the South African National Biodiversity

Public Sector Manager • October 2019


Institute (SANBI). She also led the

efits in multiple areas including

establishment of the MPA in 1990,

technical team that provided the

tourism, fishing and the protection

populations of the valuable Ro-

scientific knowledge underpin-

of sensitive areas.

man bream immediately began

ning the Operation Phakisa MPA network.

“MPAs provide benefits by help-

to increase. By 2000, catch rates

ing fish recover, both inside and

for fishermen in areas adjacent to

next to MPAs. They boost tourism

the MPA doubled, and have been

design a network that represents

and help protect important sensi-

maintained ever since.

the incredible diversity of South

tive areas from pressures that can

Africa’s marine ecosystems with

undermine their value.”

“We used many map layers to

the least socio-economic impact

She singled out the iSimangaliso

Meanwhile, the De Hoop MPA close to Agulhas – which has been in effect for more than 30

and the most benefits for people,”

MPA in KwaZulu-Natal as particu-

years – has become South Africa’s

said Dr Sink.

larly impressive in fulfilling all of

most important sanctuary for

The new MPAs cover various im-

these areas – fish recovery, protec-

calving Southern Right Whales,

portant underwater habitats and

tion of sensitive coral reefs, turtle

while fish stocks have remained

ecosystems, and also provide the

nesting and feeding areas and

stable.

first official protection for several

boosting tourism.

threatened and fragile ecosystem types. Dr Sink said MPAs provide ben-

Dr Sink sited the Goukamma

Dr Sink said the proclamation of 20 new MPAs is a giant leap

MPA near Knysna as another

forward for marine conservation in

example of success. After the

South Africa.

Marine researc h and monitoring is an impor tant par t of t he management of MPAs. Photo: CapeNature

Public Sector Manager • October 2019

73


FEATURE

“The proclamation of the

has established itself as a leader

conservation agencies contributed

Phakisa MPA network took South

in integrated ocean management,

to stakeholder engagements and

Africa’s marine environment from

balancing protection with eco-

also advised, on the basis of their

least protected to best protected

nomic development for increased

local insight, on the suitability of

in comparison with terrestrial,

ocean benefits.”

the management measures for

wetland, estuarine and freshwater

each MPA,” the department said in

sustain South Africa’s emerging

Effectively managing MPAs

ocean economy, protect marine

From the conception of the Opera-

ecosystems, rebuild fish stocks and

tion Phakisa MPA network, govern-

ment authorities have been en-

support climate resilience.”

ment has been acutely aware of

listed, including provincial conser-

the factors that need to be taken

vation agencies and South African

has established South Africa as

into account for the effective man-

National Parks. SANBI, in consulta-

a leader in the management of

agement of MPAs.

tion with national and provincial

environments. This network will help

She noted this commitment

its press statement confirming the establishment of the new MPAs. In this regard, various manage-

“The department is fully aware

authorities, leads the identification

of the considerable commitment

of priority areas for the expansion

Mboweni said during the Cabinet

required to effectively manage

of MPAs, in line with international

meeting when this decision was

the new MPAs, and this has been

conservation targets.

made, 'This is an investment in

part of the process from the outset.

South Africa’s future'. South Africa

In this regard, a number of state

ocean resources. “As Minister of Finance Tito

The Western Cape is home to almost half of the MPAs in the new

The De Hoop MPA in t he Western Cape has been in ef fect since 1983. Photo: Dale Hes

74

Public Sector Manager • October 2019


Involving communities and land owners is an essential aspect for successfully managing MPAs. Photo: CapeNature

toring MPAs, and developing and managing effective stakeholder engagement platforms.

Benefitting communities De Villiers stressed MPAs have to benefit communities in order to be successful. “Apart from serving a critical function in addressing the conservation of important species, MPAs also provide a “spill over” effect to surrounding fisheries which contributes to their sustainability.” expanded network. Provincial con-

vessels that often enter the MPA at

servation body CapeNature is the

night. The carrying out of sea pa-

assigned management authority

trols in varying weather and sea

“CapeNature focuses its efforts

for these MPAs.

conditions with a semi-inflatable

and those of its partners on creat-

vessel requires highly-specialised

ing jobs within the conservation

National Biodiversity Assessment

skills, adequate personnel and

field, for example coastal monitors,

which informs protected area

maintained, reliable equipment.”

and within the fields of tourism

expansion at a national level,

De Villiers highlighted some of

“CapeNature contributes to the

He said CapeNature also focuses on creating jobs in the MPAs.

where the harvesting of animals

through the generation of infor-

the most important factors that

is not involved. A good example is

mation and contributing to pri-

need to be taken into account

the community restaurant at Stony

oritised monitoring programmes,”

when managing MPAs. These

Point in Betty’s Bay.”

said Pierre de Villiers, Programme

include monitoring key stone or

Manager for CapeNature’s

indicator species, interpreting

nication platforms or forums where

Coastal Programme.

data, understanding how the MPA

community members are exposed

CapeNature also sets up commu-

functions within the broader eco-

to a range of alternative livelihoods

carries out a number of manage-

system, developing partnerships

(other than fishing) as well as im-

ment actions, including a variety

to assist in managing and moni-

proved fishing livelihoods.

He explained CapeNature

of research and monitoring programmes, as well as regular land and sea-based patrols. “Threats like shark long lining and abalone poaching have been identified and need to be controlled. The use of satellitebased systems is assisting CapeNature to identify the long liner

Public Sector Manager • October 2019

The importance of South Africa’s oceans South Africa’s 2 850 km coastline, stretching from Namibia to Mozambique, boasts a huge diversity of coastal ecosystems. With both the warm Indian Ocean and the cold Atlantic, our oceans are crucial for food security, jobs, climate resilience and heritage preservation. MPAs are designed to protect these precious resources from threats such as overfishing, oil drilling, climate change and pollution.

75


SAIMI: UNLOCKING WAVES OF NEW OPPORTUNITIES Partnerships are the key to unlocking the skills development,

Africans, linking them to socio-economic opportunities and

education, research and innovation needed to support the

investing in new knowledge, technologies and innovations

growth of a sustainable oceans economy for South Africa.

to build a globally competitive maritime sector.

Globally, the oceans are viewed as the new frontier

The national oceans economy development strategy and

for economic growth, employment, and human

programme – expressed in Operation Phakisa in the Oceans

endeavour and innovation in the search for solutions

Economy and the National Development Plan – is at the

to food security, climate change, social development,

core of SAIMI’s strategic agenda and has been adopted as

sustainable resources and energy, and health.

the main theme for the institute over the next two decades.

Harnessing the potential of South Africa’s more than

Funded by the Department of Higher Education,

3 000km of coastline, and a maritime territory larger

Science & Technology (DHEST) through the National Skills

than its land mass, has an estimated benefit of

Fund (NSF), SAIMI is a national asset, housed at Nelson

contributing up to R177-billion to South Africa’s gross

Mandela University in Port Elizabeth and working with

domestic product (GDP) (vs R54-billion in 2010) and

stakeholders across the country in industry, government,

1 million jobs (vs 316 000 in 2010) by 2033. Those

civil society, education, training and research.

estimates, based on studies by the then Department of Environmental Affairs, drove government’s initiative to accelerate maritime economic growth through Operation Phakisa in the Oceans Economy.

“We are not about re-inventing the wheel. Our aims and those of the many maritime economy-linked role players in government are similar – to produce more skilled people in order to support socio-economic

Implementing the three-foot plans of Operation Phakisa

development, job creation and enterprise development.

and enabling the maritime sector to take advantage

Thus, we seek to form partnerships and drive collaborative

of opportunities for growth, requires people – locally

interventions where, by working together and maximising

available and suitably qualified with the necessary skills.

the application of scarce resources and capacity, we

As a direct outcome of Operation Phakisa, the South African International Maritime Institute (SAIMI) was

can collectively make more impact than if we all worked alone,” says SAIMI Acting Chief Executive Odwa Mtati.

established to facilitate the skills and knowledge

The maritime industry covers many sub-sectors – from

development needed to support growth of the maritime

aquaculture, fishing and marine protection and

sector and a sustainable oceans economy. SAIMI leads a

governance, to transporting goods and people, ship

partnership and collaborative effort towards the efficient

and boat building and repairs, offshore oil and gas

and effective education, training and upskilling of South

exploration, and coastal and marine tourism.


ADVERTORIAL

“REALISING THE POTENTIAL OF SOUTH AFRICA’S OCEANS ECONOMY REQUIRES BUILDING A NATIONAL MARITIME CULTURE AND CONSCIOUSNESS”

objectives to widen access to maritime training and expand the scope of career opportunities in the sector. SAIMI is also working with TETA on providing business development support to TETA-registered maritime small businesses. An agreement with the Chemical Industries Education and Training Authority (CHIETA) allows SAIMI and CHIETA

Industry, government, business and civil society

to collaborate on skills development in the maritime

stakeholders in each of the priority sub-sectors formed

aspects of that sector, including artisan development.

the “labs” in which the Operation Phakisa plans were developed, and SAIMI is the implementing agent, on behalf of DHEST, for implementation of the skills development aspect of those plans through seven

With the Department of Basic Education (DBE), SAIMI provides support including learning resources and capacity-building for teachers to maritime high schools

Operation Phakisa Skills Initiative Working Groups.

in the three coastal provinces. SAIMI partnered with

SAIMI coordinates the working groups that bring

maritime high school in Sedibeng East in early 2019.

the Gauteng Department of Education to launch a

together the lead government departments and agencies, together with industry representatives and

Maritime stakeholders agreed that fully realising the

education and training institutions, to identify challenges

potential of South Africa’s oceans economy requires

and solutions to delivering the skills targets of Operation

building a national maritime culture and consciousness

Phakisa, in order to support SAIMI in developing a

– encouraging South Africans to recognise their country

comprehensive national maritime skills development

as a maritime nation and take collective ownership and

strategy and implementation plan for the DHEST.

pride in a sustainable blue economy.

The working groups cover the “lab” areas of

To this end, SAIMI is driving a national Maritime Awareness

aquaculture, marine protection and governance,

Programme (MAP), with the aim of raising greater

maritime transport, marine manufacturing, offshore

awareness and involvement in the maritime environment

oil and gas exploration, small harbours development,

by all sectors of society. SAIMI leads a multi-stakeholder

and coastal and marine tourism.

task team of relevant government departments and

The National Cadet Programme managed by SAIMI – and involving role players such as the South African Maritime Safety Authority (SAMSA), the Department of Transport and Transnet – is a key intervention in seafarer

agencies collaborating on initiatives to encourage South Africans to “buy in” to the oceans economy as a key economic sector and raise awareness of the economic and career opportunities linked to the oceans.

development. It provides South African maritime students

MAP activities include supporting high schools

with the practical training and sea-time experience that

introducing maritime subjects, promoting awareness

is required to achieve the STCW Officer of the Watch

of maritime careers and study opportunities, leisure

qualification that enables them to work as seafarers with

and sport, conservation and responsible citizenship,

international merchant shipping lines. There are currently

especially among school learners, youth, unemployed

more than 300 cadets in the programme.

and disadvantaged groups.

SAIMI also works closely with Sector Education and Training

MAP was officially launched on 4 September 2019 with

Authorities (SETAs) to collaborate on skills development

the DiveIn! Maritime Career Exploration expo and a

initiatives that support industry in their respective sectors.

stakeholder engagement session. The launch was held

With the Transport Education and Training Authority

in East London, as a pilot for a series of maritime career

(TETA), SAIMI is running a pilot project to train Able

expos to be staged by SAIMI and the MAP task team in

Seafarers, an initiative aligned to Operation Phakisa

the coastal provinces in 2020.

Physical address: Nelson Mandela University, Ocean Sciences Campus, Gomery Avenue, Summerstrand, Port Elizabeth, 6001 Email: info@saimi.co.za | Phone: +27 41 504 4038 Website: www.saimi.co.za


THE READING CORNER

Writer: Silusapho Nyanda

A legal researcher’s take on book topics

P

eople should be informed

John Perkins; and Trevor

of the issues that are

Noah’s Born a Crime.

happening in their world,

As a public servant, I

believes Supreme Court of Ap-

am thrilled by the current

peals Legal Researcher Ayanda

affairs and prevalent legal

Mdletshe. These issues influence

issues coming to our news

everything he reads.

screens across the coun-

What book are you reading and why are you interested in it?

try. I think it’s important for every South African, espe-

I am reading The End of Poverty:

cially public servants, to

former Secretary of the Defence of

How we can make it happen in our

continuously engage themselves

America, Donald Rumsfeld, were

lifetime, by Jeffrey Sachs.

with such topics.

best captured by former President Thabo Mbeki in his ‘The role of

mists and has served in the United

Which book would you recommend to other people and why?

Nations (UN) as the advisor of then

I recommend The Super Afrikaners:

society’ speech at the Stellenbosch

UN-Secretary General Kofi Annan.

Inside the Afrikaner Broederbond

School of Business. He summed

His understanding of the impact of

as it was the most interesting read.

it up: “Through [reading] we best

poverty in many African countries

This might be controversial to rec-

understand the (known knowns) –

touches on real issues that our

ommend, but if you enjoy contro-

meaning there are things we know

country is facing.

versies and are thrilled by domestic

we know. We also know there are

Sachs is one of the best econo-

Which books have you read that had an impact on your life?

political history you may find it

knowledge as the betterment of

(known unknowns), that is to say

breathtaking.

there are certain things we know we do not know. [Nevertheless],

A Transformative Justice:

What are some of the benefits that you enjoy from reading?

Essays in Honour of Pius

Notwithstanding the usual

knowns), the ones we do not know

Langa, edited by Alistair Price and Michael

benefits around the vocabulary of new terms, phrases and con-

Bishop;

cepts, reading as a

Confes-

culture moulds our

there are also (unknowns unwe do not know.” We need to be more preoccupied with the latter as a society. Then you don’t only become a critical thinker, articulate and

sion of an

brains and

confidently sharp, but you also

Economic

essence.

end up becoming a reservoir of

Hitman, by

78

The words of

knowledge.

Public Sector Manager • October 2019


INTEGRITY. ACCOUNTABILITY. FAIRNESS. HONESTY. RELIABILITY.

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+27 11 434 1235

www.armsaudit.co.za

086 619 9887

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• Advisory and assurance

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HEALTH AND WELL-BEING FEATURE

Writer: More Matshediso

Desk exercises to improve your health

M

any of us are desk-

you alternate your legs, left and

office chair that won’t roll or you

bound for most of the

right, repeatedly 16 times,” ex-

can align it with the wall. Scoot

work day, but that does

plained Sambo.

up to the very front edge of the chair and place your hands on

not mean we have to be inactive. There are a number of exercises

The hovering leg raise

the chair, on each side of your

that can be done at your desk to

“This exercise works more on your

hips. Your fingers must grasp the

help you keep fit and stretch your

core than legs. You must sit upright

edge of the chair. Then use your

body.

in your chair, raise both legs so

core and arms to raise your body

that they are parallel with the floor,

up off the chair then down, so that

ant Valencia Sambo about what

slowly lower your legs until they

your rear goes down towards the

these exercises are and how they

are hovering an inch or two above

floor. Push yourself up and repeat

can benefit your body.

the ground. Hold that position for

15 times. Rest between all three

as long as you can and release,”

cycles,” she said.

PSM spoke to exercise consult-

Seated leg raises

she said. Sambo stressed that with

“This exercise requires you to

this exercise, it is important not to

The swivelling abs

sit upright in your office chair,

hold the chair too tight.

“Sit upright in your swivel chair and lift your feet off the ground,

straighten your leg so that it is parallel to the floor and hold it in

Chair dips

lightly hold on to the desk with

place for about 10 seconds. Then

“For this exercise you will need an

your fingers. Use your abs and

82

Public Sector Manager • October 2019


core to swivel the chair from left

ergy levels, reduces fatigue and

to right. You can do 15 repetitions

improves concentration span. It

“Too much sitting is bad for

in three cycles.”

also reduces the risk of getting

mental health and it can lead

chronic diseases.

to weakening and wasting away

Benefits of exercise

“Light exercise also provides

diabetes and cancer.

of bum muscles. It can also lead

Sambo said doing these exer-

antioxidants, protecting and pro-

to problems with hip joints,” she

cises can help you feel happier

moting blood flow, which protects

said.

as exercises generally improve

skin and delays aging,” she said.

mood and decrease feelings of

It is also good for the brain because it promotes the flow of

In order to stay healthy

“One of the obvious advantag-

blood and oxygen to the brain.

and fit, Sambo shared the

es of exercise is that it helps you

It also helps with relaxation and

following tips:

manage your weight because

sleep quality.

depression, anxiety and stress.

exercising boosts your metabo-

• •

Walk or cycle to work. Get off the bus one or

lism and burns calories”, she

Get moving

two stops early and

added. It also improves muscle

According to Sambo, sitting

walk to the office.

mass and decreases the fat per-

down for too long increases

centage on your body.

the risk of chronic health prob-

Exercising also increases en-

lems such as heart disease,

Use the stairs instead of the lift or escalators.

Walk over and talk to your colleagues instead of emailing them.

Take your lunch break away from your desk and enjoy a short walk.

Stand up while you read your emails or reports.

Move your rubbish bin away from your desk so you get up when you need to throw something in it.

Use the speaker phone for conference calls so you can walk around the office during the call.

Public Sector Manager • October 2019

83


Compiled by: Nicholas Francis

FOOD AND WINE

Delicious treats for sunny days T

pepper. Once the water has boiled pour into the pot, followed by the pasta and season with some salt. Allow it to boil. Add the knob of butter to a preheated pan. Once melted, add in

he sun is out and you should

Mixed herbs

the sliced onion and sauté until

be too. Here are some deli-

2 tbsp crushed garlic

tender. Add the crushed garlic

cious recipes that are sure

500ml fresh cream

and let it simmer. Add the prawns

to be winners on those outings to

500g mushrooms

and constantly stir for two to three

friends or family.

500g pasta of your choice

minutes. Break the mushrooms

Oil

into the pan; they do not have to

Creamy prawn pasta

be perfect pieces because the

Ingredients

Directions

mushrooms will give the dish a

500g peeled prawns

Boil a kettle of water for the pasta.

different texture. Once it begins to

½ onion, thinly sliced

Place the prawn in a bowl and

simmer, pour in the fresh cream

Salt and pepper

season with chicken spice, mixed

and stir. Drop the temperature of

Chicken spice

herbs and a touch of salt and

the stove to low and let it sim-

84

Public Sector Manager • October 2019


mer for a few minutes. Strain your

4 chopped large tomatoes

To make the pitta, add the flour,

pasta in a colander and gently

1 red onion, halved and thinly

yeast, sugar and half a teaspoon

drizzle some oil over it and toss.

sliced.

of salt into a large bowl and

Once you are satisfied with the

½ cucumber

mix with your fingers. Pour 150ml

thickness of the sauce in your

Handful of mint finely chopped

lukewarm water and two tea-

pan, remove from the stove and

4 skewers

spoons olive oil into the dough

add the pasta. Serve up and enjoy.

and mix. Place dough onto a Directions

working surface and knead for

In a large bowl, add all the

8 to 10 minutes. Clean the bowl

Chicken souvlaki

marinade ingredients along with

the dough was in and lightly oil

Ingredients

some salt and pepper. Add the

it. Place the dough back into the

12 chicken thighs (deboned)

chicken and mix until well coated.

bowl and cover loosely. Leave it

For the marinade

Cover and store in the fridge

to rise for one hour. Divide the

overnight.

dough into four equal pieces.

4 tbsp olive oil 2 tsp dried oregano 1 tsp dried mint 1 tsp ground cumin 1 tsp coriander 1 tsp paprika ½ tsp ground cinnamon 2 lemons (1 zest and juice) (1 cut into wedges to serve) 4 garlic cloves crushed

For the wraps 7g yeast 250g white bread flour 1 tsp castor sugar 2 tsp olive oil, extra for greasing

For the tzatziki 200g Greek yogurt Juice of ½ a lemon 1 garlic clove, crushed ½ cucumber Handful of mint finely chopped To serve 1 butter lettuce

Public Sector Manager • October 2019

85


FOOD AND WINE

Roll out into thin circles, cover with oiled cling film and leave to rise for 15 minutes. To make the tzatziki, halve the cucumber lengthways and scoop out the seeds. Finely chop, and then combine with the remaining ingredients, and a pinch of salt. Chill until ready to serve. Pre-heat the oven on 180 degrees. Remove the chicken from the fridge and thread it over three skewers, you should fit four thighs on each skewer. Set aside while you finish the wraps. Heat a large frying pan over medium heat and brush the wraps with oil. Place one at a time into the pan. It should bubble and sizzle on the surface after one to two minutes. When the underside is golden, flip it and cook for another two to three minutes. Repeat for all four wraps and cover them in foil. Put the chicken on a baking to 20 minutes, brushing with left

Homemade strawberry ice-cream

over marinade regularly, and turn

Ingredients

mixing bowl. Using an electric

halfway through cooking. Once

500ml double fresh cream

hand mixer, and whip the mixture

cooked, remove from the oven

1 can condensed milk

until stiff peaks form, do not over

and rest for five minutes.

500g strawberries, mashed

mix. Pour in the strawberries and

4 strawberries, sliced

gently fold in until combined.

tray and place in the oven for 15

Cut through each pair of skew-

the double cream and sweetened condensed milk in a large

Pour the mixture into a container

ers to make four kebabs and serve in the warm wraps, with

Directions

and top with strawberry slices,

lettuce, tomato, red onion, lemon

In a medium-size bowl, mash the

seal and pop it into the freezer

wedges and tzatziki.

strawberries and set aside. Add

overnight.

86

Public Sector Manager • October 2019


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CAR REVIEWS

Writer: Ashref Ismail

Haval exudes confidence with style

I

f you are still sceptical about the build quality of Chinese vehicles, pay a visit to any Haval Motors' showroom and you will be pleasantly surprised. Haval Motors is the Sport Utility

Vehicle (SUV) arm of GMW Motors, and is the biggest selling SUV brand in mainland China. With the motoring public’s love affair with the ubiquitous SUV, the Chinese realised there was big money to be made compet-

Offering only SUVs in its model range

ing in this segment. They also learnt rather quickly that there is

the, local range includes the entry level

no substitute for quality.

H1, compact H2, attractive H6 and the

So out went poor build quality, substandard materials, lack of

Prado-sized, top-of-the-range H9. In South

design flair and general fuddy-duddy motoring and in came

Africa, the H2 remains the best-selling

great quality and stylish designs that can compete with some

model of the brand and competes with

major global brands. Of course, once quality improves, so does

accomplished models such as the Renault

the price.

Captur, Ford Ecosport and Renault Duster.

88

Public Sector Manager • October 2019


Each of these vehicles have their fair share of loyal takers. Buyers are demanding greater

While the engine and drivetrain line-up remain unchanged, the most significant change has

minor updates to the upholstery and finishing. Mechanically the new H2 fea-

value for money and buying down

been cosmetic. Featuring a bold

tures the same engines, gearbox-

has become not only trendy, but

new frontal treatment, with revised

es, suspension, chassis and safety

also the norm in the current tough

front grill, arrow-shaped lights and

features as its predecessor.

economic conditions. The Haval

updated front and rear bump-

A test drive in the current H2

H2 injects a breath of fresh air into

ers, the new H2 could easily be

version late last year, revealed

this genre of motor vehicles that

mistaken for a high-end European

nothing untoward. Performance

is somewhat over populated and

design. And what a difference a

was adequate, so too were the

has done so since its first introduc-

few brush strokes can make. The

ride and handling characteristics.

tion to the South African market

car really makes a bold and stylish

Fuel consumption at around 9

in May 2017. According to Haval

statement without being overly

km/l is acceptable rather than

Motors South Africa, since the

aggressive. The vehicle’s bonnet

exceptional.

model’s local launch, the Haval H2

and fenders are also updated giv-

sales have dramatically increased

ing the new H2 a totally updated

an interesting experiment. Having

earning it the second best sales

and revised stance and aesthetic

parked at my local shopping mall,

volume in the small SUV category

appeal. The 18-inch wheels have

I covered up the Haval badges

from the third quarter of this year.

been retained but now boast a

with masking tape and asked

Undoubtedly, the unique selling

sportier five-spoke, star-shaped

shoppers to guess the “mystery”

wheel that adds to the aesthetics.

brand. Not one of the dozen or so

point of Haval in general and the

I took the opportunity to conduct

H2, in particular, that has allowed it

The 2020 Haval H2 Facelift will be

shoppers thought it was a Chinese

to gain great traction in the market

available in four derivatives in both

brand, with two even saying it was

has been the offering of numerous

manual and automatic drivetrains

“something new from Audi”!

A-list features as standard. Fitted

and with different levels of speci-

with every conceivable bell and

fication namely the Base or City

the Haval brand should no longer

whistle, normally only reserved for

models and then the Luxury model

be viewed as a Chinese brand

top-end models in the range, the

to choose from. The new H2 will be

with negative standards and

H2 represents excellent value for

available in eight colour variants.

connotations, but rather as a

money at its price point. The H2

The interior of the new H2 fea-

I think it would be fair to say, that

serious contender in the various

also boasts a true ANCAP five-star

tures Carplay as standard feature

market segments in which it

achievement adding to greater

across the range as well as a sun-

competes.

peace-of-mind motoring.

roof in all models; however the Luxury

Price

From R 259 000 to R 320 000

veiled the latest Haval H2 Facelift

Haval Motors South Africa un-

model will offer a

Engine

Four cylinder, 1500 cc, turbo

at the Wesbank Festival of Motor-

panoramic version.

Fuel

Petrol

ing, at Kyalami in August, with the

An all new Shifter

Power

105 @ 5600

plan to replace the current version

has been intro-

Transmission

Six manual/six automatic

at the end of the first quarter of

duced for the Auto

Drive system

Front-wheel drive

2020.

model with various

Public Sector Manager • October 2019

89


TRAVEL

Writer: Sam Bradley

I

t isn’t the capital city of South

tions and protests during apart-

the complete rise and fall of apart-

Africa, and it isn’t the oldest city

heid, and there are many muse-

heid, and is something that should

either. It doesn’t have beaches,

ums and memorials scattered

be seen by every South African to

mountains or an influx of foreign

around the city to commemorate

better understand our past. It is

tourists like Cape Town does, but as

those times.

open seven days a week and the

the locals will tell you, that doesn’t

entrance fee is R100 per adult.

mean there’s nothing to do. In fact,

Apartheid Museum

Johannesburg is a city with a fasci-

The Apartheid Museum needs at

nating history, a lively cultural scene

least half a day to be properly ex-

Lilliesleaf Farm Museum

and plenty of attractions.

plored. With an impressive display

The Lilliesleaf Farm Museum in

of photos, videos, monuments and

Rivonia remembers the secret

exist because of its history. Johan-

displays (including an intimidat-

gathering place for much of the

nesburg and Soweto were at the

ingly large and fully-armoured

liberation movement. Members

centre of a lot of the political ac-

police van) the museum explores

of the liberation found shelter

A lot of the activities in the city

at Lilliesleaf, where they would also gather for meetings. Former President Nelson Mandela also lived there for a while, under a false name, and pretended to be the groundskeeper. The museum is open seven days a week and tours cost R110 per adult.

90

Public Sector Manager • October 2019


Hector Pieterson Memorial and Museum The Hector Pieterson Memorial and Museum is based in Orlando West in Soweto and explores the role that students played in the strug-

found on a farm nearby. Gold Reef

more peaceful, the Johannesburg

gle against apartheid. The iconic

City is a family-friendly theme park

Botanical Garden is well worth a

photograph of Pieterson’s body be-

based on this gold rush. It boasts

visit. Highlights include the Shake-

ing carried, with his sister running

a mine museum, an underground

speare Garden, Rose Garden,

alongside, is famous all over the

mine tour, plenty of thrilling roller-

main arboretum and Emmarentia

world, and the museum contains

coaster rides (and a few tamer

Dam. Expect to feel like one of

many testimonies, documents

ones for the younger children),

the locals while here – you’ll most

and photographs that help to fully

South Africa’s only 4D theatre and

likely come across people fishing,

explain the protest. The museum is

a casino and hotel. Jump City

kayaking, dog walking, jogging or

open seven days a week and the

trampoline park has also recently

just relaxing. At 81 hectares, the

entrance fee is R30 per adult.

been opened as a new attraction.

garden is big enough for everyone.

The cost is R210 per adult rider

The garden is open seven days

ticket.

a week from 6am to 6pm and

Gold Reef City Once you’ve taken in all the his-

entrance is free).

Johannesburg started as a small

Johannesburg Botanical Garden

Walking tours

village in 1886, as a result of gold

For those after something a little

Another really fun way to con-

tory, you can try out Gold Reef City.

Public Sector Manager • October 2019

91


TRAVEL

cially if you want to combine a tour with some sightseeing. Highlights include the Orlando

Johannesburg Botanical Garden.

Towers (fancy a bungee jump or abseil?), the FNB stadium (host of the 2010 FIFA World Cup final), Vilakazi Street (the only street in the world that has housed two Nobel Peace prize winners) and Diepkloof (a diverse and interesting neighbourhood). It’s also a fantastic chance to experience the Soweto lifestyle, as most tours stop off for a meal and drink at a local restaurant. Checking off this entire list will be tiring work, so once com-

Gold Reef City.

pleted why not reward yourself with a drink at the Westcliff Hotel. Perched on a cliffside and overlooking the Johannesburg Zoo and the northern suburbs, it offers one of the best panoramic views over the leafy metropolis sprawled out before you. If all of this isn’t enough to entice you to visit this energetic and lively city, perhaps some of these fun facts will. Johannesburg is the world’s largest city not built along a coastline, river or lake, and is nect with the “real” Johannesburg,

can do street art tours, pub tours,

the world’s biggest man-made

and keep active and healthy at

food tours or rooftop farm tours.

forest with more than 10 million

the same time, is through one of

Prices vary from free to R50 and

trees. It has the tallest rollercoaster

the walking tours. This is a great

upwards per adult. There are also

and the busiest airport in Africa,

way to get around in a group

skate tours, cycling tours and tuk-

as well as the largest acute

and there are many companies

tuk tours available.

hospital in the world. To top it all,

offering tours that highlight different parts of the city. Enthusiasts

92

Walking tours of Soweto are also a great experience, espe-

the Johannesburg Zoo houses the only two polar bears in Africa.

Public Sector Manager • October 2019


GROOMING AND STYLE

Writer: Gilda Narsimdas

Keep it casual T

1

he warmer weather is a time to inject some colour into your wardrobe. These casual finds will keep you comfy while

looking fashionable.

4

3

1 When in doubt, choose floral. Try this beaded woven kaftan, Queenspark, R299. 2 Experience all day comfort 2

X H&M espadrilles, R999. 4 Soft pastel shades work well on accessories, like this baby blue bag, which also comes in

with these Nike Renew Lucent

white. The floral embroidered

sneakers from zando.co.za,

detail is a winner, Aldo,

R1 699.

R1 299.

3 Local designer Palesa

5 If you’re looking for a new pair

Mokubung has a great new

of shades, we recommend

collaborative range with H&M

these gorgeous Ray-Ban pink

for her label Mantsho. We

transparent sunglasses,

especially love these Mantsho

R1 789.

5

94

Public Sector Manager • October 2019


6 Keep the sun at bay in these stylish shades. Try these classical shaped black Emporio Armani sunglasses,

6

zando.co.za, R1 789. 7 This easy to wear safari floral shirt from Brave Soul can be paired with jeans, shorts or chinos, zando.co.za, R399. 8 The colour and texture contrast of these cool sneakers make them a winner, Call It Spring, R399. 9 If you’re feeling brave and looking to add a colourful pair of sunglasses to your collection, opt for these Ray-Ban 8

aviators in a shiny red/black gradient, R2 389. 10 Sun’s out, hats out. You can never go wrong with a fedora, like this natural beige one from Joy Collectables, zando.co.za, R129.

9

7 10

Public Sector Manager • October 2019

95


NICE-TO-HAVES

Writer: Nicholas Francis

Put a spring

1

in your step Y

ou are all ready to shed the layers of clothing and hop into shorts and t-shirts, but the winter months have

taken a toll on you. Here is a list of products 2

to help you look as fresh and stunning as the beauty Spring is creating all around you. 8

3

6

7

1. Sorbet Pro Gel Nail Polish What A Flirt, 15ml. 2. Clinique Even Better™ Makeup Broad 4

Spectrum SPF 15 Amber, 30ml. 3. L’Oreal Revitalift SPF30 Anti-Wrinkle Extra Firming Day Cream 50ml. 4. Nivea Sun SPF50+ Moisturising Spray, 200ml. 5. Aunt Jackie’s In Control Moisturising & Softening Conditioner, 260ml.

5

6. Maybelline Baby Lips Glow Lip Balm. 7. Sorbet Hydrating Body Butter, 250ml. 8. Calvin Klein CK One Summer, 100ml.

96

Public Sector Manager • October 2019


Cybersecurity Cybersecurity Cybersecurity Awareness Awareness Awareness MonthMonth Month Cybersecurity Awareness Month

Phishing, Phishing, Phishing, Impersonation Impersonation Impersonation Phishing, Impersonation and and and Ransomware Ransomware Ransomware Attacks Attacks Attacks are are are and Ransomware Attacks are Phishing, Impersonation Getting Getting Smarter. Smarter. Smarter. Getting Smarter. andGetting Ransomware Attacks are NowNow it’s Now time it’s it’stime to time upgrade totoupgrade upgrade youryour strategy yourstrategy strategy beyond beyond beyond justjust protection. justprotection. protection. Now it’s time to upgrade your strategy beyond just protection. Getting Smarter. Cybersecurity Awareness Month

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* Mimecast * Mimecast The * Mimecast StateThe Of The Email State State Security Of Email Of Email Report Security Security 2019 Report Report I www.mimecast.com/the-state-of-email-security-2019 2019 2019 I www.mimecast.com/the-state-of-email-security-2019 I www.mimecast.com/the-state-of-email-security-2019

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