PSM October 2018 Edition

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Contents: October 2018


Regulars 12



Conversations with leaders Basic Education Minister Angie Motshekga explains why the school curriculum needs diversity Profiles in leadership Chief Executive Officer of the National Development Agency, Thamo Mzobe, is all about active leadership Women in the public sector Aspiring veterinary immunologist, Dr Ivy Tshilwane, has contributed significantly to research towards the development of an improved vaccine for heartwater


Trailblazer Ghaneshree Moonsamy is part of a team working on developing a probiotic for use in broiler production


Vital stats Fast facts at your fingertips


In other news News you need to know when you are on the go


Upcoming events A look at local and international events for your diary and information


Provincial focus MEC Phophi Ramathuba is ensuring that healthcare services in Limpopo reach those who need it the most



International relations A thriving African economy requires commitment and unity


Management and professional development Tracking social services in South Africa


Public sector appointments Who is new in government?

Features 48

Bold plans to ignite SA's economic revival The economic stimulus and recovery plan prioritises areas of economic activity that will have the greatest impact on youth, women and small business


SA mourns the late Minister Molewa Remembering the late Environmental Affairs Minister Edna Molewa


Opinion A railway revolution is underway in South Africa


Intensifying the fight against corruption Government is focusing on stamping out corruption through legislation and strategies


Modernising mining through partnerships and transformation The recently launched Mandela Mining Precinct will address the technical challenges and socio-economic imbalances in mining


Public Sector Manager • October 2018

Public Sector Manager THE MAGAZINE FOR PUBLIC SECTOR DECISION-MAKERS Publishers: Government Communication and Information System (GCIS) Enquiries: +27 012 473 0010 Switchboard: +27 012 473 0000 Tshedimosetso House: 1035 Francis Baard Street (corner Festival Street), Hatfield, Pretoria Private Bag X745, Pretoria, South Africa, 0001

62 66



Focus on infrastructure in municipalities A new paradigm shift is needed to address the infrastructural challenges confronting municipalities Adapting to climate change The Adaptation Fund is a global initiative that seeks to protect vulnerable communities from the impacts of climate change Opinion Take a stand and make a difference

Food and wine Dinner is served


Car reviews Haval is changing the image of Chinese cars



Travel Namaqua flower camps: Immerse yourself in nature Nice-to-haves Make your handbag handy

Des Latham

Managing Editor

Ongezwa Mogotsi

News Editor

Irene Naidoo


More Matshediso Jauhara Khan Sihle Manda

GCIS Photographic Unit

Elmond Jiyane Ntswe Mokoena Siyabulela Duda Kopano Tlape Busisiwe Malungwane

Senior Designer

Tendai Gonese

---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Acting Director-General Phumla Williams

Lifestyle 84

Head of Editorial and Production


Acting Deputy Director-General: Corporate Services

Keitu Semakane

Acting Deputy Director-General: Intergovernmental Coordination & Stakeholder Management

Michael Currin

Acting Deputy Director-General: Content Processing & Dissemination Tasneem Carrim Chief Financial Officer Mandla Langa ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Advertising Sales, Distribution and Subscriptions Top Media & Communications (Pty) Ltd Tel: 086 000 9590


CEO Ralf Fletcher Marketing & Sales Director Karla Fletcher National Project Manager Nardine Nelson Tel: +27 082 739 3932 Production Director Van Fletcher Advertising Tel +27 086 000 9590


Subscriptions and Distribution Ingrid Johnstone © Copyright: GCIS Printed by Creda Communications (Pty) Ltd

Public Sector Manager • October 2018


Striding towards social development success


s we enter Social Develop-

been reached. It is important to ensure that the

ment Month, we turn our

grant system is supported by a

focus to government’s ef-

forts to address social issues and

strong network of services, which is

improve the lives of vulnerable peo-

being facilitated by (among others)

ple in South Africa.

the National Family Policy, HIV

Social development is about

and AIDS support, anti-substance

improving the wellbeing of

abuse programmes, the National

every individual in society, with a

Disability Rights Policy and food

particular focus on the poor and

relief programmes.

disenfranchised. It means investing in people, removing the barriers to their personal development

We have also placed a strong Communications Minister Nomvula Mokonyane.

and helping them reach their full potential. In South Africa, social

focus on early childhood development (ECD), as this area is crucial for improving the chances

The Department of Social

for children to create better lives

Development’s most important

for themselves. Although there has

development is a particularly

programmes focus on improving

been significant progress in this

complex issue. Apartheid went

the lives of children, the youth,

area since the apartheid years,

completely against the ideals

women, the elderly and people

more than half of children between

of social development, creating

living with disabilities.

the ages of three and five still do

inequality that still lingers today.

The social grants system has

not attend ECD facilities. Cabinet

This means that in its social

stabilised well after a period of

has approved a budget of

development efforts the South

uncertainty and is universally

R1.561 billion over the next three

African government faces a

recognised as being central to

years in order to increase both the

tougher task than most, as we seek

poverty alleviation in the post-

number of poor children who have

to recover from many decades of

apartheid years.

access to ECD services and the

oppression against the majority of society. With our main purpose

In the first week of September, the South African Post Office (SAPO) announced that R4.4 billion worth

number of ECD centres in South Africa. We greatly appreciate the

being to serve the people, all

of grants had been paid out to

efforts of civil society and non-

of government’s programmes

7.4 million beneficiaries in the

governmental organisations in

comprise an element of social

payment cycle, on track towards

helping us achieve our social

development, and there have

reaching the target of paying

development goals. Through

been some notable strides

grants to 12.4 million people by the

collective action, we can continue

made in uplifting the poor

end of the month. We are confident

our journey towards an inclusive,

and eradicating inequality.

that, as you read this, that goal has

equal society.


Public Sector Manager • October 2018

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Keeping the wheels of South Africa turning efficient public transport. IPTNs

The Department of Transport is

(utilising Bus Rapid Transit or BRT

finalising the approval of the White

Systems) have been successfully

Paper on the National Rail Policy,

developed in Johannesburg, Cape

which is designed to strengthen

Town, Tshwane, George and Dur-

rail transport so that it serves as the

ban, and services will be running

backbone of national land trans-

in 13 cities in the coming years. The

port by 2050.

IPTNs currently carry a combined weekday, greatly enhancing the

Road safety and maintenance

quality of transport for members of

Traffic accidents take a major toll

the public, particularly people liv-

on our society, with 14 000 fatali-

ing with disabilities and elderly.

ties occurring in 2017. The National

total of over 100 000 people every

Phumla Williams, GCIS Acting Director-General.


outh Africa’s transport infra-

Minibus taxis remain the most

Road Safety Strategy aims to

structure is among the most

popular mode of transport in South

reduce fatal crashes by 50 per-

modern and well-developed

Africa, accounting for 65 percent

cent by the year 2030. The strategy

in Africa. Our highway network is ex-

of public transport users and pro-

hinges on four main objectives,

tensive and well-maintained, while

viding more than 300 000 jobs. The

namely: changing road user be-

our air, rail and shipping networks

Taxi Recapitalisation Programme

haviour, developing infrastructure

are the largest on the continent. All

has resulted in more than 70 000

to improve pedestrian safety in par-

citizens have access to affordable

unsafe taxis being taken off our

ticular, building effective govern-

public transport, which is being sig-

roads to be replaced by newer,

ance, and improving our data and

nificantly boosted by the establish-

safer vehicles. Taxi associations are

knowledge management.

ment of Integrated Public Transport

also being included in IPTN plans,

Networks (IPTNs) in our cities.

so that they don’t miss out on the

is being effectively addressed

economic opportunities provided

through the S’hamba Sonke pro-

by these networks.

gramme, which rehabilitated

Transport Month in October gives us the opportunity to take a closer look at the vitally important issue

Attention has also been focused

Meanwhile, road maintenance

4 345km of provincial roads in 2017.

of transport and celebrate our

on improving the quality of our

On a national level, users of our

achievements while also taking

passenger rail services, which

national highways will notice that

stock of our challenges.

transport millions of people every

these are always well-maintained

year. The railway modernisation

and compare well with interna-

programme is progressing well and

tional standards.

Improving public transport

includes the upgrading of signal-

The future of transport in South Af-

Over the past decade, one of

ing systems, construction of a rail

rica looks bright, and government

government’s priorities has been

manufacturing plant and manu-

has emphasised its commitment to

to provide safe, affordable and

facturing of 3 600 new trains.

keep the wheels turning.


Public Sector Manager • October 2018











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From the editor’s desk emerged as core to the conduct

tal health intersect. The paucity of

of a positive country, where citizens

ethics which many people seem to

find jobs and dignity is retained.

believe is their right, then impinges

Look the anti-corruption drive and

directly on their community, and

Batho Pele principles in particular,

can actually lead to the worsening

and you will see that they are really

of mental health issues.

at the heart of the ongoing challenges we face. Corruption is a poison that seeps

Government is tasked with ensuring that services are delivered to all citizens. Should any of the staff

into every person who then makes

involved in the delivery of these ser-

provisions for doing the wrong thing

vices take a bribe or sell a job, they

he upcoming investment sum-

based on the fact that either they

are playing a dangerous game. This

mit planned for the end of Oc-

can get away with it, or that they

can have extremely severe reper-

tober is a crucial moment in

believe they deserve something bet-

cussions on others who are often

South African history. The unemploy-

ter in life and therefore can indulge

extremely ill.

ment rate and the simultaneous dip

in a little theft, fraud or nepotism.


in the country’s economic growth are

Corruption needs to be combated

There is a thin line between being offhand about delivering a service,

a real challenge to the leadership of

in the most urgent and profound

and directly causing someone to

the country, both public and private.

manner by all South Africans and

die by carelessness.

What the country needs is proper

especially by us, public servants.

As the Life Esidimeni tragedy

fixed investments in the indus-

The public pays money through

exposed, individuals who are in a

trial sector that can grow jobs in

taxes in order to receive a long list

position of power and who do not

manufacturing. Various mecha-

of services, and when an official

apply themselves professionally,

nisms are planned by government,

stands between the individual and

are ultimately behind the collapse

including special economic zones,

that service demanding a kick-

of these services and must be ex-

tax breaks for certain investments

back, sexual favours, or some other

posed, then fired.

and skills transfer, among others,

gratuitous tjotjo, both the service

as announced by President Cyril

and the public suffer.

Ramaphosa. The four main campaigns on

October is also Mental Health

Psychological stress can thus be directly linked to careless officials who fail in their basic duties to de-

Awareness Month. The South African

liver goods and services in the spirit

which the Government Commu-

Depression and Anxiety Group

of Batho Pele.

nication Information and System

(SADAG) tracks issues around men-

(GCIS) focuses are gender based

tal health and has found that up to

violence, the anti-corruption fight,

20 percent of South Africans either

unemployment and the improve-

suffer from some form of mental

ment of government service princi-

illness, or will do so at some stage in

ples known as Batho Pele.

their lives.

These four campaigns have


Here is where corruption and men-

Head of Editorial and Production Des Latham

Public Sector Manager • October 2018

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Writer: More Matshediso

Diversifying school curriculum

helps learners flourish


he Department of Basic Edu-

She said some learners are not

schools. These include engineer-

cation (DBE) is diversifying the

academically orientated, while

ing and technical and vocational

current school curriculum to

others are high flyers who want to


broaden the employment horizons of learners once they have completed their schooling. Basic Education Minister Angie Motshekga spoke to PSM about

specialise in specific subjects. a variety of options so that they

Maritime science curriculum

can flourish at school,” she said.

Government has been working

“It is important to give all of them

The Minister stressed the depart-

with the Two Oceans Aquarium to

the importance of giving learners

ment strives to open pathways for

develop a maritime science cur-

options with regard to subject of-

learners to realise their full potential.

riculum to complement the mari-

ferings and touched on a number

In recent years, the department

of other developments in the basic

has introduced new subjects that

education sector.

were previously not offered at

time programmes already offered by coastal schools. The draft curriculum was submit-

Basic Education Minister Angie Motshekga interacting wit h pupils.


Public Sector Manager • October 2018

ted to Umalusi – the Council for

Kiswahili in SA schools

ed us taking action to rectify this,”

Quality Assurance in General and

Another significant development

she stressed.

Further Education and Training –

in the education sector is the intro-

for evaluation in March 2018. Its

duction of Kiswahili as an optional

Exam readiness

courses include topics in marine

second additional language in

Minister Motshekga said the edu-

biology, oceanography, environ-

South African schools.

cation sector is optimistic that the

mental sustainability and human interactions with the ocean. “There are 11 schools along the

This comes after the Council of

class of 2018 will perform well in

Education Ministers approved the

their final examinations, which get

listing of Kiswahili as an optional

under way on 15 October.

coast which offer maritime pro-

second additional language that

grammes. Most of these schools of-

will be offered to learners.

About 787 281 learners are expected to sit for this year’s National

fer maritime economics, so this will

Minister Motshekga said imple-

Senior Certificate (NSC) examina-

hugely supplement their offerings,”

mentation of this subject will start

tions in around 8 000 examination

the Minister said.

in 2020.

centres across the country.

Other exciting new subjects that

“We are confident that the

She urged learners to ensure that

the department is working on

teaching of Kiswahili in our schools

introducing in schools are aviation

will help to promote social cohe-

studies, nuclear technology and

sion with our fellow Africans,” she

as well as expected, will get the



opportunity to better their marks.

Coding is essentially written in-

Kiswahili is a Bantu language

they study with earnest. Those learners who do not fare

While supplementary examina-

structions that a robot or computer

with lexical and linguistic similari-

tions will be done away with from

programme can read and then

ties with many African languages.

next year, a second examination


It is the third most spoken lan-

opportunity will be made available

guage on the continent after

to all learners, including those who

brings all diverse skills together

English and Arabic, with more than

may have failed subjects in the

and this is one of the big ad-

100 million people speaking it.

2018 NSC exams.

“Coding is unique in the way it

vantages of teaching learners

Kiswahili is also one of the official

These will take place in June,

to code, as learning to program

languages of the African Union.

which means that learners will

requires computational thinking

Minister Motshekga said the

have adequate time for revision.

skills,” she said.

language is expanding across the

The Minister added that the department is making progress with regard to schools that cater for learners with disabilities.

“We have noted that on average

continent and has the power to

around 40 000 learners who enrol

bring Africans together.

for supplementary examinations

There are currently 15 non-official

every year do not turn up to write

languages listed in the National

the examinations. This results in

Curriculum Statement (NCS) as

massive wasteful expenditure,” said

now able to better provide for the

optional subjects. While these

Minister Motshekga.

needs of learners with disabilities,

include French, German and

adding that the department has

Mandarin, no African language is

School safety

introduced South African Sign


There have been a number of trag-

She said special schools are

Language as an official language in the education system.

Public Sector Manager • October 2018

“This continues to perpetuate the colonial mentality and necessitat-

edies and unfortunate incidents taking place in schools recently,



including a learner who stabbed a

are often a reflection of the com-

number of challenges, including

teacher to death in the North West

munity and the social ills that are

a lack of infrastructure such as

and another learner who pointed

found in these communities,” she

toilets and classrooms, but the

a gun at a teacher in Gauteng.


department is making efforts to

Two young children also passed

“We need to continue to work

address these issues.

away from suspected food poison-

with communities and law enforce-

ing in Gauteng.

ment organisations to ensure that

to build a number of state-of-

we arrest this type of behaviour,”

the-art schools in communities

she added.

that have no infrastructure,” the

In some instances, police have searched learners in schools and

“The department has managed

found illegal drugs on them as

About 18 000 schools have been

well as explicit videos made by

paired with police stations as part

learners and circulated on social

of a protocol between the SAPS

department will soon be able to


and the DBE.

get rid of pit latrines in schools

Minister Motshekga said that

Minister pointed out. She is also optimistic that the

Minister Motshekga said the

through the Sanitation Appropri-

most incidents are internal, mean-

department will be calling for a

ate for Education (SAFE) initiative

ing that people within the school

symposium with SAPS, the Depart-

that was launched by President

environment are the perpetrators.

ment of Social Development and

Cyril Ramaphosa.

“Most of the incidents that hap-

school governing body organisa-

There are currently around

pen at our schools are not from

tions to explore how it can better

4 000 schools with pit latrines.

outside but are done within the

tackle these challenges.

Eastern Cape, KwaZulu-Natal and

school premises by our learners.

She also appealed to parents

This shows that it has little to do

to be more involved in the lives of

the highest number of pit latrines

with the outside environment,” she

their children and to ensure that

or inadequate sanitation facili-


they speak to them about social


The Minister added that the

ills and the dangers they face.

psycho-social challenges. “Schools

Improving infrastructure

operate within communities and

Under-resourced schools face a


Through the SAFE initiative, government is rallying leaders of

bad behaviour shown by learners could mean that they face

Limpopo top the provinces with

business to pledge their support towards the eradication of pit latrines in schools.

Public Sector Manager • October 2018


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Writer: More Matshediso


NDA at the forefront of

poverty alleviation “My role is to make sure that I unpack the vision of government into changing lives of the people through strategies. It is my role to ensure that the NDA is doing justice to the community,” she added. Mzobe’s personal goal is to ensure that the bureaucratic prac-

CEO of t he National Development Agency, Thamo Mzobe.


tices that exist in government do not become a barrier or frustration to communities wanting to access

or South Africa to become a society free from poverty, government and civil society organisa-

tions need to come together. The National Development Agency (NDA) is tasked with con-

and research. As the Chief Executive Officer

services. She spoke to PSM about the role

(CEO) of the NDA, Thamo Mzobe’s

that the NDA plays in eradicating

job is to translate strategies of

poverty and facilitating sustain-

government into a tangible service

able development.

to deserving beneficiaries.

“Our main role is to mobilise grants to support civil society

tributing towards the eradication

She joined the NDA in 2012 as

of poverty and its causes in South

a Provincial Manager in KwaZulu-

organisations that have poverty

Africa, by strengthening the ca-

Natal and was promoted to

eradication programmes. We re-

pacity of civil society organisations

facilitate stakeholder relations as a

ceive about R200 million annually

to effectively and efficiently provide

senior manager in 2013. Hard work

from parliament to do our work,

services to the poor communities

saw her progressing up the ranks

including administration. That is

that they serve. It is an agency of

and she was appointed as CEO in

not a lot of money, but we have

government under the national


been able to make strides with it,” she said.

Department of Social Development.

Servant leader “I don’t take being a CEO as a

Development actors

able development by strength-

status but as a responsibility. As a

The agency recognises that civil

ening civil society organisations

servant leader, I am always looking

society organisations are devel-

involved in poverty eradication

for ways to make people’s lives

opment actors that contribute

through enhanced grant-funding

easier,” she said.

to economic, social and demo-

Its mission is to facilitate sustain-


Public Sector Manager • October 2018

cratic development to achieve

the shared goals of eradicating poverty and improving the lives of

Funding needs assessment for civil society organisations.

apart,” she said. In terms of capacity building, the

Funding proposal writing, han-

NDA has a programme that is de-

dling face-to-face meetings.

signed to ensure that civil society

Communicating key messages

organisations have the institutional

to potential funders.

capacity needed to undertake the

Granting funding to civil

work that they are supposed to be

alone the agency has approved

society organisations for


funding for more than 200 civil

development programmes

society organisations across the

and projects operating in poor

institutional and technical capac-



ity of organisations to enable them

beneficiary communities. The NDA serves as a catalyst to

harness the efforts of civil society organisations. Mzobe said this year

Grant funding is provided to civil

The programme strengthens the

to deliver sustainable and quality

ute to the improvement of the qual-

Poverty-fighting programmes

ity of life in communities through

The agency was established in

programmes or projects that assist

1998 and is tasked by Parliament

the poor.

with conducting research that

over 5 000 civil society organisa-

society organisations that contrib-

services when carrying out development programmes and projects in poor communities. Since 2013, the NDA has trained

Mzobe said there is no limit to

will inform government’s poverty-

tions to enable them to imple-

how much the NDA can fund one

fighting programmes that aim to

ment community-development

organisation, but there is a process

mobilise civil society and facilitate

programmes successfully, comply

to be followed in terms of approv-

capacity building.

with NPO legislation and account

ing applications and assessing the needs of each organisation.

“We have to make sure that civil society organisations do not fall

for funds that they receive from donors.

Financial and non-financial resources are identified and mobilised to support non-profit organisations (NPOs) and civil society organisations. She said if the NDA is unable to fund a deserving organisation in a particular year, that organisation is prioritised for the next financial year. She explained that the agency also plays a role in linking organisations to other government departments and private institutions, as well as local and international donors for additional support Among other services, the agency provides the following:

Public Sector Manager • October 2018



provided an opportunity for the

access to structured ECD-based

ing interventions are sustainable,

NDA to strengthen relations with lo-


the NDA uses a three-step ap-

cal municipalities,” Mzobe said.

To ensure that its capacity-build-

proach involving training, mentorship and incubation.

She added that the proximity to

Mzobe said through studies conducted by the NDA, the

the district municipalities will en-

agency realised the importance

able the NDA to gain better knowl-

of investing in the first 1 000 days

provides accredited and non-

edge of the challenges faced by

of a child, and that women play a

accredited training modules in the

communities and will allow the

significant role in the fight against


agency to respond accordingly.

poverty because they take care of

In terms of training, the NDA

Basic bookkeeping and

children and lead families.

Conflict management.

Early childhood development

Project management.

The NDA also works in support of

centre of development, because

Governance resource mobi-

the Department of Social Devel-

they are participating in the ECD


opment’s early childhood servic-

sector, small-scale farming and

Registration compliance.

es, by focusing on early childhood

small businesses. We realised that

Community development

development (ECD) programmes

if we invest in ECDs, we will be


that are not registered, those that

creating jobs for practitioners and

Networking and external

are conditionally registered and

the local women who work in the


those that are geographically far

food gardens that supply fresh

beyond reach.

produce to the ECDs,” she said.

financial management.

Previously, the NDA was based only in provincial offices but now

These are programmes situated

“We had to make sure that we support women to become the

However, Mzobe said the NDA’s

its services have become more

in rural areas, informal settle-

impact over the years is quite

accessible, thanks to the establish-

ments and farm areas where the

minimal and the focus is now on

ment of 52 district offices.

levels of poverty are very high

ensuring that it becomes more

and parents have no means or


“The expansion to more districts


About Thamo Mzobe

Director: Portfolio Committees at KZN Legislature;

Prior to becoming the CEO, Mzobe was seconded

principal at Ndwedwe Primary School; Head of

to the Office of the Minister at the Department of

Department and educator at iSibonise Primary

Social Development where she held the position


of Senior Manager: Cooperatives Unit.

She is currently studying for a Masters in Admin-

Mzobe has also held positions of Senior Manager:

istration at the University of Potchefstroom. She

Office of the CEO, responsible for stakeholder

holds a Post Graduate Certificate in Executive

relations and partnerships at the NDA; Provincial

Leadership from the National School of Govern-

Manager at the NDA’s KZN provincial office; Chief

ment, Post Graduate Diploma in Education Man-

of Staff and Director: InstitutionalCcapacity at

agement, Bachelor of Education and Bachelor of

the Department of Social Development; Deputy

Arts from the University of South Africa.

Public Sector Manager • October 2018

South Africa is working hard to meet its long-term energy needs with ambitious offshore programmes.

DEVELOPING HYDROCARBONS FOR THE FUTURE IN SOUTH AFRICA Petroleum Agency SA is optimistic about multiple offshore exploration projects in South African waters, with the aim of achieving energy security and a more diverse energy mix.


is a South African

South Africa’s burgeoning oil and gas exploration and

state-owned company established through a Ministerial

production sector, with shale gas representing a

Directive in 1999. The Mineral and Petroleum Resources

major opportunity. By facilitating the process of attracting

Development Act (MPRDA) came into operation on

qualified international explorers to invest in the oil and gas

1 May 2004 and in terms of this act, the agency received

sector, we can further grow the South African economy

its mandate to operate. The agency is responsible

and contribute to the aims of the National Development

for the promotion and regulation of exploration and

Plan 2030. The plan envisages that, by 2030, South Africa

development of South Africa’s oil and gas resources.

will have an adequate supply of electricity and liquid

There is an excellent case to be made for investment in

fuels to ensure that economic activity and welfare are


CONTACT DETAILS: Contact us to find out more about: • Onshore/offshore exploration opportunities • Permits and rights • Availability of geotechnical data Address: Tygerpoort Building, 7 Mispel Street, Bellville, 7530, Cape Town, South Africa Tel: +27 21 938 3500|Fax: +27 21 938 3520 Email: Website:

not disrupted, and that at least 95% of the population

with the ever-growing demand. Petroleum Agency

will have access to grid or off-grid electricity. Both the

SA, together with the Council for Geoscience and the

National Development Plan and the Integrated Resource

Department of Mineral Resources, is conducting extensive

Plan call for natural gas to contribute a far greater

studies into South Africa’s potential shale gas resources.

percentage to South Africa’s primary energy supply mix.

Natural gas has been discovered off the west coast of South Africa in the Atlantic Ocean (Ibhubesi gas field)

Previous challenges affecting investment decisions,

and off the southern coast in the Indian Ocean (F-A, E-m

such as the low oil price and the uncertainty introduced

and other fields of the Bredasdorp Basin). Both areas

by the MPRDA amendment bill, are now a thing of

have great potential. Other operations of interest include

the past. The oil price has recently made a dramatic

exploration of the deep water and ultra-deep water of

recovery, while the MPRDA amendment bill has been

the southern Orange Basin. There is continued interest

withdrawn from Parliament. Both President Ramaphosa

in the ultra-deepwater of the northern sector. The deep

and Minister Matashe have explained oil and gas

water of the southern offshore, soon to be tested by Total,

exploration will be governed by separate legislation,

holds exciting potential for large oil reserves.

and no longer grouped under general mining legislation. South Africa is on the brink of major developments in the

Oil and gas remain the most critical of energy resources,

upstream industry and the next few years will be vital in

and Petroleum Agency SA is in full support of those

determining its future energy profile and how oil and gas

entering the South African oil and gas exploration and

contribute to the greater energy mix.

production industries. The agency is fully committed to ensuring that our government and policy-makers sustain

The demand for energy has surpassed supply, and

the sector for the benefit of all involved and will do

alternative energy sources are being sought to deal

everything in its power to advance the industry.


Writer: Allison Cooper

Poor farming communities have a shot at a better life An inspiring senior researcher is developing new generation vaccines for livestock diseases, which are required to replace the expensive and impractical vaccines that poor farming communities cannot access easily.


r Ivy Tshilwane, an inspiring

of community livelihoods and food

ment of an improved vaccine for

senior researcher in the Vac-

security in South Africa.

heartwater. This has resulted in an

cines and Diagnostics Devel-

Dr Tshilwane, who holds a PhD in

effective prototype DNA vaccine

opment Programme at the Agricultur-

Veterinary Tropical Diseases from

that can protect sheep against

al Research Council-Onderstepoort

the University of Pretoria, focused

heartwater infection.

Veterinary Research (ARC-OVR),

her PhD studies on developing

aims to continue conducting multi-

new generation vaccines for the

designed to be cheap to produce

disciplinary research that will create

control of heartwater, a livestock

and to not require cold chain stor-

new knowledge and technologies

tick-borne disease.

age, making it suitable for use by

that contribute to the improvement

Dr Ivy Tshilwane is an aspiring veterinar y immunologist.

She has since continued her

“The prototype DNA vaccine was

poor small-scale farmers as well,”

research at ARC-OVR on the de-

said Dr Tshilwane, who was recently

velopment of new generation vac-

awarded research funding from

cines for livestock diseases, which

the National Research Foundation

are required to replace expensive

(NRF) and the Gauteng Depart-

impractical vaccines that are not

ment of Agriculture and Rural

easily accessible to poor farming


communities because of their need for cold chain storage and

Vaccine for heartwater

their high cost of production.

The project to develop a vaccine

As an aspiring veterinary immunologist – who applies innovative

current vaccine is not suitable for

technologies like nanotechnology,

poor farming communities.

biotechnology and transcriptome


for heartwater started because the

“It is a live blood vaccine that

sequencing to solve the socio-

requires a cold chain to be effec-

economic problems faced by

tive, administration by a trained

poor farming communities – she

professional, thorough monitoring

has contributed significantly to

of animals following administra-

research towards the develop-

tion and immediate treatment

Public Sector Manager • October 2018

with antibiotics if animals develop

multiple administrations to be

cold chain. If the vaccine can be

a temperature or start to get sick.

effective. The use of the gene gun

effective without the need for ultra-

Most under-resourced farmers

needs to be administered by a

low temperature storage (-80°C),

lack the skills and knowledge to

trained professional, which adds

smallholder farmers will be able to

carry out these requirements,” Dr

to the cost of the vaccine and will

access the vaccine as well. Hav-

Tshilwane explained.

not be practical for poor, under-

ing a vaccine that can be easily

resourced farmers. Also, multiple

administered makes it cheaper be-

improved vaccine thus provides

administrations come with a risk of

cause farmers can administer the

a solution for the broader farming

lack of compliance.

vaccine themselves,” she added.

“Research into an alternative

sector and the possibility of market-

“That’s why we are investigating

ing the vaccine to other countries

ways to have the vaccine adminis-


where heartwater is present or

tered only by syringe, preferably via

The ARC was established in 1990

there is a possibility of livestock

intramuscular injection. We are also

through the Agricultural Research

contracting it due to the presence

investigating the use of biodegrad-

Act 86 of 1990 (as amended by

of the tick vector. In areas like

able nanoparticles as a delivery

Act 27 of 2001). It is the premier

these, the blood vaccine cannot

system for the vaccine, which will

agricultural research institution in

be used because it comes with the

enable single-dose administration.

South Africa and is made up of

risk of introducing the disease to

The nanoparticles have the ability

several research campuses which

these areas,” she added.

to slowly release DNA, over a pro-

carry out different agricultural

longed period of time, which will


Challenges relating to Dr Tshilwane’s research at the ARC-

ensure that the vaccine is effective

OVR are mostly related to acquir-

following a single administration,”

diagnostic services and carries

ing funding for research. “We have

Dr Tshilwane explained.

out world-class veterinary research,

to start with basic research before

These new generation recom-

The ARC-OVR provides veterinary

focusing on the development and

translational research, which is

binant vaccines contain part of

improvement of vaccines and

the stage that we are at. This can

the pathogen’s genetic material

diagnostic tests. ARC-OVR is the

be overcome by involving other

(DNA). They are thermostable,

collaborating centre for the Office

stakeholders and we conducted

do not require a trained profes-

International des Epizooties (OIE),

our research in collaboration with

sional to administer and do not

which is responsible for the surveil-

Onderstepoort Biological Products

require multiple administrations

lance and control of animal dis-

(vaccine manufacture), Depart-

to be effective. “The thermostabil-

eases in Africa, and the Food and

ment of Agriculture, Forestry and

ity is important because most

Agriculture Organisation (FAO) of


vaccines require an uninterrupted

the United Nations, which is respon-

cold chain for transportation and

sible for emergency preparedness

further improve the vaccine so that

storage to remain effective,” said Dr

for transboundary animal diseases

it can be easily administered and


for Africa.

The next step for heartwater is to

be effective following a single dose.

“Most under-resourced farm-

The ARC’s core mandate is to

“The DNA vaccine that we have

ers do not have the necessary

conduct research; drive research

designed requires the use of a

equipment and knowledge or

and development and technol-

gene gun for administration and

skills to achieve this uninterrupted

ogy development; disseminate

Public Sector Manager • October 2018



information to promote agriculture

implemented through her research

at universities or other places and

and related industries; contribute

on the development of cheap and

make sacrifices in their personal

to a better quality of life; ensure

effective vaccines. “These have the


natural resource conservation; and

potential to alleviate poverty in our

alleviate poverty. Its mandate is

communities because farmers will

research scientist, you need to

met through undertaking research

be able increase production of

develop yourself into an independ-

aimed at the development and

livestock and other food-producing

ent researcher. This is often difficult

improvement of vaccines; the

animals. Their livelihoods and in-

for women due to a lack of support

publication of its scientific findings;

come generated from farming will

from experienced scientists. Try to

technology transfer through train-

also improve,” she says.

find an experienced and willing

ing and mentoring students; and

In addition to research, research-

“Once you start working as a

mentor to support you,” she said.

engagement with relevant stake-

ers carry out information sessions

As for the future, Dr Tshilwane

holders, including farmers, funding

for farmers where they are taught

plans to venture into research on

agencies and relevant professional

about diseases, how to treat and

ways to reduce antibiotic resist-


prevent them, and the differences

ance in poultry farming. “Vaccines

between treatment and vac-

have been suggested as one of

PhD student in 2005. Prior to that,

cinations. “This helps our under-

the possible solutions for reduc-

she obtained a MSc degree (bio-

resourced farmers to improve their

ing the extensive use of antibiot-

chemistry) from the University of

knowledge and accept the prod-

ics in poultry production,” said

Pretoria and a BSc Honours degree

ucts we are developing for them,”

Dr Tshilwane, who was born and

(biochemistry) from the Univer-

she added.

raised in Ga-Ramoshwane, a small

Dr Tshilwane joined the ARC as a

sity of Limpopo. She worked as a

village in Limpopo.

teaching assistant at the University

Challenging times

of Pretoria during her studies and

As a woman, Dr Tshilwane has

was awarded the NRF and Canon

faced many challenges during her

Collins Education Trust for Southern

career and she explained that a

Africa scholarships.

career as a research scientist re-

Dr Tshilwane’s typical day involves

quires a prolonged period of study.

planning and performing labora-

“Studying from a junior degree to

tory and/or animal experiments;

PhD level can take more than 10

analysing data generated from the

years. This requires funds and, in

experiments; attending laboratory

most instances, one does not have

meetings to discuss experiment re-

an income. For most women this

sults; troubleshooting experiments

can be difficult, especially if they

that are not working, through

would like to get married or start a

discussion with fellow researchers;

family,” she said.

and reading scientific publications. Her work is guided by the Na-

Her advice to women hoping to follow a similar career path is to

tional Development Plan 2030 and

apply for scholarships that also

she ensures that these policies are

provide stipends, work part-time


Public Sector Manager • October 2018


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Writer: More Matshediso

Developing probiotics to help chickens grow


ood security is one of the

in my PhD thesis and if I pass, I will

biggest issues facing African

become Dr Moonsamy,” she said.

countries, with the United Na-

tions’ 2017 report on world food


security and nutrition revealing

Moonsamy’s job entails developing

that 243 million Africans go to bed

production processes for bacterial


micro-organisms or products of

This staggering figure emphasises the importance of food

micro-organisms. “If there is a particular need for a

security initiatives such as the one

product, we find the micro-organ-

being undertaken by a team of six

isms that can do the job; we look

Council for Scientific and Industrial

at how we can preserve them so

Research (CSIR) scientists who are

that we can use them continously

working on developing a probiotic

without changing their state and

for use in broiler production.

how to make more of those micro-

Broilers are chickens raised for meat, while probiotics are live

organisms,” she explained.

Ghaneshree Moonsamy is a senior researc her in bioprocess development at t he CSIR Biosciences Unit.

For the past three years, Moon-

micro-organisms that help improve

samy’s team has been working on

gut health.

developing probiotics for broiler

consume less feed but to grow

The team is led by 33-year-old

production, using micro-organisms

more,” she said.

Ghaneshree Moonsamy, who is a

that exist within the African climate

senior researcher in bioprocess de-

for African-grown chickens.

velopment at the CSIR Biosciences Unit.

After spending considerable time

“The aim is for the chickens to

Preliminary results Moonsamy added that they tested

investigating what is called the

the product in a 35-day trial and

She established her career as a

“mode of action of these probiot-

also ran a test in chickens that had

researcher 12 years ago when she

ics”, by 2017 they were confident

a common chicken disease to see

joined the CSIR as an in-service

that they had a good population

if the probiotic would help them


of organisms that could confer the


“I was doing my undergraduate studies with the Durban University of

desired probiotic effect. This year, the team focused on

Technology when I joined the CSIR

making the final product, putting it

in 2006 and I have been here ever

into chicken feed and testing the

since. This year I have just handed

feed on chickens.


The results were positive, which means that the preliminary results are exciting. “Based on the preliminary results, our product really improves the

Public Sector Manager • October 2018

amount of body weight that chick-

an antibiotic but rather a natural

because both chickens and pigs

ens gain,” she said, explaining that

food supplement that is a good

have simple, single-chambered

even the sick chickens that did not

chicken feed additive, regardless of

stomachs, which means the

eat properly recorded an average

whether the chickens are healthy

research can be more easily

daily weight gain as a result of the

or diseased.

adapted for pigs than, for exam-


She said that so far, the probiotics

ple, cows, goats or sheep, which

have proved to have growth ben-

have four-chambered complex

broiler chicken farming because

efits and the next part of the study

stomachs. Moonsamy said that

the farmers will eventually use less

will thoroughly investigate health

a probiotic for broiler chickens

feed for their chicken, yet the chick-


was the first land-based probiotic

Moonsamy said this was good for

ens will grow bigger. She has just returned from an international conference and said she learned that the European

Adding probiotics to the chicken

researched; they had previously

feed should not significantly affect

developed probiotics for aquacul-

the market price.


“We are good at developing high-

“Before we do our research and

Union (EU) takes what goes into

performing production processes

development, we must find out

animal production very seriously.

and the costs are much lower than

from the market if there is a need

This is because it is aware that

an imported product. But if we can-

for the products that we will be

what you feed animals eventually

not meet the brief based on pure

developing,” she explained.

becomes food for humans.

costs, then we go to the minimum

“They understand the importance of knowing the full effect of additives on the animal because they

At the CSIR, the Biosciences Unit

cost that we can accommodate,”

works with the class of micro-

she said.

organisms called bacillus. It is like

Feed is one of the biggest chick-

a particular population within all

do not want anything harmful to

en production costs so if chicken

micro-organisms and has added

be end up being consumed by

producers are able to use less feed

advantages over other micro-

people,” Moonsamy said, adding

but get their chickens to grow more,

organisms, she said.

that in some international markets,

it will improve farming efficiency.

Moonsamy added that they

The research and development

can produce the bacillus in high

ban on the use of antibiotics in

process is nearing conclusion and

amounts and can subsequently


should results from the animal

introduce it into stable products.

like the EU, there has been a total

She said this would influence her future work.

trial be positive, the product will

“We have more than 300 of

be taken into commercial-scale

these organisms that we have


isolated from around South Africa,”

She added that this will involve

she said, explaining that they

Growth benefits

researching ways to produce large

constantly seek new uses for these

Currently in South Africa, antibiotics

quantities of the probiotic to meet

organisms to benefit the food

are still being widely used in chick-

market demand.

production industry and ultimately

ens, not only to fight diseases but sometimes even to expedite growth. Moonsamy stressed that a probiotic is not medication like

Public Sector Manager • October 2018

help address food security.

Future research

The team received funding

A project involving probiotics for

through a parliamentary research

pigs could be undertaken next,

and development grant.



Source: Statistics South Africa

More South Africans need to recycle

inces. The Western Cape had the highest percentage (20.3 percent) of urban households that sorted waste for recycling, followed by Gauteng at 12.7 percent. With only 1.2 percent of urban households recycling waste, Limpopo is the lowest in the country. The recycling behaviour of households also depends largely on the ability of municipalities to provide adequate refuse removal services. Although more than 80 percent of municipalities had already initiated some kind of recycling programme by 2007, municipalities struggled with implementation due to a


lack of capacity or infrastructure. id you know that 90 percent

that they recycled, followed by

More than 90 percent of recycling

of an estimated 59 million

10.8 percent of households across

households whose sorted waste

tonnes of general waste pro-

urban areas and three percent of

was fetched by the municipality

households in rural areas.

indicated that it took place on a

duced in South Africa in 2011 ended up in landfills, while only 10 percent

Despite many South Africa being

weekly basis. The percentage of

was recycled? The rapid growth in

aware of the environmental and

households whose sorted waste

solid waste and the fact that there

ethical values of recycling, the vast

was removed on a weekly basis

is a shortage of suitable land to dis-

majority of households do not re-

declined to 75.4 percent for waste

pose of waste means that South Af-

cycle their household waste. More

removed by companies that were

rica is running out of space for waste

than three-quarters (75.8 percent)

contracted by the municipality,

disposal. Despite the benefits of and

of households that did not sepa-

69.6 percent for private companies,

need for recycling, studies report that

rate waste for recycling responded

and 51.3 percent for cases where

as little as 5.2 percent of households

that they did not need to recycle

waste is disposed of at drop-off

recycled waste in 2015.

as they could merely throw their


According to a new report –

Environment, in-depth analysis of the General Household Survey

waste in the dustbin for refuse collection. Waste recycling was most com-

2002–2016, released by Statistics

mon in provinces with the larg-

South Africa – 12.9 percent of met-

est urban populations and least

ropolitan households self-reported

common in the most rural prov-


Public Sector Manager • October 2018



Source: SAnews

Two found guilty of defrauding SARS

the sentences, adding that the

R32.9 million to the fiscus.

revenue service is committed to

In Fortuin’s case, two other ac-

A bogus tax practitioner was one

the fight against corruption.

cused were also sentenced, his

of two people sentenced to a

Tsholanku said the sentences also

son Tom Ross and bookkeeper

combined 26 years direct impris-

show that the courts are increas-

Ivor Carlo Carolissen, who as-

onment for defrauding the South

ingly taking a stance against fail-

sisted the family to commit the

African Revenue Service (SARS).

ure to submit tax returns to SARS.


Cornelius Johannes Kriek (42)

The National Prosecuting Author-

The two also entered into a plea

from the East Rand pleaded guilty

ity (NPA) has prosecuted 29 cases

bargain with the State and they

to 29 fraud charges, 21 money

since April 2018, maintaining a

were both sentenced to four years

laundering charges and one

conviction rate of 97%. More than

imprisonment, suspended for five

charge of corrupting a public

400 other cases dealing with tax

years and 18 months correctional


crimes are currently on trial.

supervision, which includes house

Kriek was sentenced to 20 years

SARS said Kriek presented himself

arrest and community service.

imprisonment at the Specialised

as a bookkeeper to unsuspecting

Fortuin was found guilty of 79

Commercial Crime Court in Jo-

Value Added Tax (VAT) vendors,

charges of fraud, while Carolissen


offering swift and corrective ac-

was found guilty on 167 charges

The Cape Town Magistrate’s Court

tion by submitting VAT201 returns

of fraud.

sentenced Thomas Bloemeris

on their behalf.

“Mr Fortuin (junior) was ordered

Fortuin (66) to six years’ direct

The 42-year-old was also sen-

to pay SARS back an amount of

imprisonment. He pleaded guilty

tenced to 84 years imprisonment,

R615 592, representing the full

to 236 charges of fraud and

suspended wholly, but condition-

capital amount of money stolen

forgery relating to the tax affairs of

ally for money laundering and 10

from SARS through the scams

close corporations belonging to

years imprisonment for corrupting

perpetuated by the accused.

members of his family.

a public official.

This money had to be paid in full

He pleaded guilty to all the

“It is alleged that a former SARS

before the sentencing procedure,

charges put to him in terms of

employee, previously employed

and has been received by SARS,”

as a VAT auditor for 35 years,

said SARS.

assisted Kriek to commit the

He was also sentenced to 12

fraud. The cases against the two

months, suspended for five years,

accused were recently separated

for failure to submit three income

at SARS, Neo

after Kriek pleaded guilty,” said

tax returns.

Tsholanku, welcomed

the revenue service.

The sentences follow an investiga-

The fraudulent refunds were di-

tion by SARS criminal investigators,

vided between the vendors, Kriek

which revealed that the indi-

and the SARS employee. A total

viduals submitted fraudulent VAT

of 18 companies were involved

refund claims to SARS, based on

in the VAT refund scheme, which

fictitious transactions between the

created an actual loss of just over

family’s four close corporations.

a plea bargain agreement reached with the State. Group Executive for Criminal Investigations


Public Sector Manager • October 2018

President Ramaphosa congratulates Cosatu's first female president

erful symbol in the year in which we

of South Africa (Numsa), where she

are celebrating the centenary of

began her service to workers as a

Mama Albertina Sisulu.

shop steward.

President Cyril Ramaphosa has

“I am confident that in this eminent

She served in various Numsa

congratulated Zingiswa Losi on

role, Ms Losi will serve the interests

committees until she rose to the

her election as the first female

of workers with the passion and

position of Cosatu Second Deputy

president of the Congress of South

dedication she has displayed


African Trade Unions (Cosatu).

throughout her career as an activ-

Cosatu plays a critical role in the

ist and political leader. In this role

lives of South Africa’s workers and is

she is certain to make an important

an ally in the country’s national ef-

contribution to our national effort

fort to achieve inclusive economic

to grow the economy and create

growth and equality.

jobs,” said the President.

“Ms Losi is part of a growing corps

Losi previously served as Second

of leadership in our country, who

Deputy President of Cosatu and is

are emulating the examples set by

a member of the African National

a succession of notable women

Congress National Executive Com-

who have led our society in vari-


ous capacities. This election is an

She emerged through the ranks of

important step forward and a pow-

the National Union of Metalworkers

SA, Palestine seal tourism deal

world in finding lasting solutions

South Africa and Palestine have

on the Palestinian question,” said

signed a landmark tourism coop-

Minister Hanekom.

“We stand in solidarity with the

eration agreement.

Minister Ma’ayah expressed her

increasing South African visits to Palestine,” she said. The areas of cooperation as stipulated in the agreement are: • The exchange of tourism information.

Tourism Minister Derek Hanekom

gratitude on behalf of the people of

and his Palestinian counterpart, Her

Palestine for the continued support

Excellency Rula Ma’ayah Minister of

from South Africa including multilat-

including mutual participation in

Tourism and Antiquities of the State

eral efforts in finding lasting peace.

tourism festivals, fairs, seminars,

of Palestine, signed the agreement

“Palestine is a holy place with a

conferences and other tourism

recently. “We encourage South Africans to

number of different religious sites. We have 2.7 million tourists visiting

• Private sector cooperation,

events held in the two countries. • Tourism investments, including

visit Palestine. We know that there

Palestine each year, despite the

public sector investments into the

are obstacles, but we are confident

fact that we do not have a single

development and implementa-

that just like us, the people of Pales-

airport. This agreement is therefore

tion of tourism.

tine will find peace soon.

a very important milestone towards

Public Sector Manager • October 2018

• Capacity building.




Dr Bomo Edith Edna Molewa was a respected leader on

Environment (AMCEN) and two terms as President of the

the African continent in a number of areas relating to

African Ministers’ Council on Water (AMCOW).

water security, the environment and the global sustainable development agenda.


A senior political figure in the African National Congress (ANC), Dr Molewa served on the organisation’s highest decision-making body, the National Executive Committee

Dr Molewa served as the Minister of Environmental Affairs,

(NEC), as well as the National Working Committee (NWC).

a high-profile position that she had held since 2014. She

She was also the chairperson of the ANC’s National

also served as the head of delegations to a number of international negotiations in various fields, including the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD); the United

Disciplinary Committee and, until 2017, chaired the ANC’s International Relations (IR) Sub-committee.

Nations (UN) Sustainable Development Summit (2015),

Dr Molewa hailed from Bela-Bela in Limpopo province

which culminated into the adoption of the Sustainable

and was educated at the famed Hebron Training

Development Goals (SDGs); the Convention on International

College, an institution that has produced many luminaries

Trade in Endangered Species (CITES); the World Heritage

who have gone on to positions of leadership in South

Committee (WHC); and the international climate change

Africa and abroad.

negotiations (Mexico, 2010, and Durban, 2011) leading up to the UN Climate Change Conference in Paris (2015). In addition to fulfilling these roles, she also served as President of the African Ministerial Council on the

Her political activism during apartheid began in the ranks of the civics and trade union movement as well as the ANC’s liberation army, Umkhonto we Sizwe.


In the 1980s, she held a number of senior positions within

Makgatho Health Sciences University (SMHSU), the first

South Africa’s nascent trade union movement and was

institution of its kind in post-apartheid South Africa.

one of the founding members of the Congress of South African Trade Unions (COSATU). Her skills as a negotiator and arbitrator saw her appointed to the board of the National Labour and Economic Development Institute, an organisation that played a formative role in the development of the new South Africa’s economic policies. In 1994, she was among the first group of parliamentarians to take a seat in the new democratic parliament and was the first female chairperson of the Portfolio Committee on Trade and Industry. Dr Molewa was the first woman to be elected as Provincial Chairperson of the ANC in the North West

A LEGACY As the Minister of Environmental Affairs, one of Dr Molewa’s priorities was to focus on the emerging contributor to the generation of jobs in the green economy in the waste sector. She ensured that the waste economy is at the centre of addressing inequality, poverty alleviation and the creation of jobs. The informal sector was close to her heart and she made it her mission to dignify the plight of waste pickers. A number of informal waste collectors have benefited from the Tools of the Trade programme, which improved logistics innovation on the transportation of the recyclables through

province, going on to be appointed the first female

motorised transport.

Premier of the province in 2004.

She championed the conception of the Recycling

Her career in environmental conservation began when she headed the Department of Environment and Tourism in the North West province in 1996, followed by the Department of Agriculture, Conservation and Environment in 2000. During her tenure in the province, she played a leading role in promoting environmental conservation as key to South Africa’s economic development. She was appointed to Cabinet as Minister of Social Development in 2009. As Minister of Water and Environmental Affairs (2010–2014), she facilitated major investments into water projects in South Africa, also serving on the World Water Council of the World Economic Forum (WEF). In recognition of her leading role in the negotiations that led to the adoption of the Paris Agreement to combat climate change (2016), she was awarded the Légion d’Honneur by the government of the French Republic in 2018.

Enterprise Support Programme (RESP), which has already made a material impact in the lives of black-owned and -managed enterprises. These enterprises are reaping the benefits of the promise of economic emancipation by accessing developmental funding for projects in the form of start-up grants. Under her leadership, the Extended Producers Responsibility took historic strides that ensured that more waste materials are diverted from landfills. The disposal of materials such as tyres, electronic waste, waste oils, batteries, paper and packaging continue to create much-needed jobs and grow the economy. She ensured that the “phakisa” philosophy was inculcated into the environmental business, and it has been business unusual to keep up with her energy levels. Dr Molewa served with conviction and ensured that the environmental sector responds to presidential Thuma Mina initiative. The Thuma Mina Green Deeds Programme and

Dr Molewa held academic, leadership and management

Campaign remains her contribution to mobilising every

qualifications from the Harvard Kennedy School of

inhabitant of South Africa to become environmentally

Government and the Wharton School of the University of

conscious. She wanted to see a South Africa free of litter

Pennsylvania, as well as an Honorary Doctorate in Applied

and illegal dumping. She led to change attitudes and

Sciences from the Vaal University of Technology (VUT).

behaviour towards waste – and to enable people to take

In 2017, she was installed as Chancellor of the Sefako

responsibility for keeping their communities clean.

CONTACT DETAILS Switchboard: 012 399 9000 Fax: 012 359 3625 Web:


Compiled by: Jauhara Khan

AfricArena 15 –16 November 2018

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ernments economic clus-

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Public Sector Manager • October 2018


THE PUBLIC SECTOR AWARD TOP PERFORMING PUBLIC SERVICE AWARD: This award recognises and applauds National, Provincial and Local government departments, parastatals and/or agencies that have achieved outstanding results in the last year. This is demonstrated through financial management, environmental and sustainable development, meeting targets, positive contributions to the economy, and innovation and excellence in fulfilling their service delivery mandate.

15 November 2018 Johannesburg SABizAwards

National Business Awards


For more information contact



Writer: More Matshediso

Limpopo healthcare services going strong


mproving the delivery of health-

nician, facility manager and health

269 medical doctors and 639

care services in Limpopo is a com-

activist prior to occupying the hot

professional nurses to ensure that

mitment that Dr Phophi Ramathu-

seat as MEC.

quality healthcare services are

ba is whole-heartedly dedicated to. When she was appointed as the

delivered to residents.

Human resources

To further reinforce a professional

MEC of Health in 2015, her first task

The MEC used the turnaround strat-

health workforce, the MEC plans

was to develop a turnaround strat-

egy to restructure human resource

to recruit an additional 36 medi-

egy to address four main areas that

systems and this resulted in the re-

cal specialists, 11 heads of clinical

affected the provision of health-

duction of senior executive posts to

units, three heads of clinical de-

care services to Limpopo residents.

focus on employing more officials

partment, 200 medical doctors and

that were at the coalface of service

250 professional nurses.

In an interview with PSM, Dr Ramathuba reflected on some of

delivery, as well as ensuring that

the successes achieved since then.

vacant posts were filled.

The department has also appointed a number of young sub-special-

Her focus has been on human

“That has resulted in stability at

resources, financial management,

our head office and district offices.

diatric oncologist in the country,

infrastructure and service delivery

A number of chief executive officer

who is stationed in Polokwane, and

in order to improve the depart-

and clinical manager positions are

the only nephrologist (a physician

ment's work.

now filled and by the end of this

who deals with the diagnosis and

financial year all positions will be

management of kidney disease) in

filled,” she said.

the province.

Dr Ramathuba was already familiar with challenges affecting the health sector and the province as she had previously worked as a cli-


The department has also appointed 26 medical specialists,

ties such as the first black pae-

“This has assisted us in strengthening our training platform for

Public Sector Manager • October 2018

medical students,” the MEC said.

include the Letaba Hospital’s Ma-

to-child HIV transmission rate

ternity Ward and Victim Empower-

decreased from three percent to

medical services (EMS) personnel

ment Centre; Mecklenburg Hospital

0.83 percent,” she said.

to become advanced life support-

Out-Patients Department (OPD),

ers,” she added.

Pharmacy Unit, X-ray unit and new

the MEC said her department is

hospital entrance; Voortrekker

making steady progress.

“We have also trained emergency

Improved financial management

With regard to HIV and AIDS,

Hospital OPD and Casualty; Mank-

The number of people who

weng Hospital Forensic Pathology

were tested for HIV increased

Finances usually reflect how well a

Laboratory; Elim Hospital boiler

from 1.5 million to two million,

department is doing and this is why

upgrades and new boiler house;

and the number of those on

MEC Ramathuba listed financial

EMS Station at the Old Nkhensani

antiretroviral (ARV) treatment in-

management among the key focus

Hospital; Grace Mugodeni EMS Sta-

creased from 252 000 to 377 000.

areas of her turnaround strategy.

tion, and staff accommodation at

She said the department has managed to reduce unauthorised

Malamulele. She said some of the clinics were

“We have established about 11 ARV sites at Technical and Vocational Education and Train-

expenditure from R220 000 to

completed but are still awaiting

ing campuses and universities,”

R10 000 per annum.

opening and handing over. These

she said.

Fruitless and wasteful expenditure

include Mamushi; Schoongezicht

Since 2015, the department has

decreased from R160 000 to less

Mackeepsvlei; Sterkspruit and

shifted focus from from curative

than R17 000 per year and irregular

Mothiba; Bela Bela; Pienaarsrivier;

healthcare services towards the

expenditure from R259 000 to

Roedtan, Phahameng; Schoenge-

adoption of the preventative ap-

R45 000 per year.

zicht and Sekgakgapheng clinics.

proach to malaria, HIV and AIDS,

“We have met the revenue collec-

and TB.

years by introducing the Electronic

Delivering services to the people

programme targets vulnerable

Data Interchange and Patient Veri-

According to the MEC, the depart-

communities such as the farm-

fication System, which enable us to

ment's main mandate is to ensure

ing and mining areas.

claim from medical aid and also to

that people in the province live a

verify those who are employed or

long and healthy lives.

tion target for the first time in many

unemployed,” the MEC said.

The life expectancy of those living in the province has increased

The department’s TB campaign

“The campaign has resulted in the TB cure rate increasing from 70 percent to 83 percent in the past three years,” she said.

Improved infrastructure

to 62 years, but the department

The department is focusing on

still has some way to go to reach

only one multiple drug resistance

improving infrastructure to make

the target of 70 years set out in

(MDR) site, but it has established

healthcare services more acces-

the National Development Plan.

about 30 more satellite sites in

sible to residents.

“During the past three years, we

Previously, the province had

recent years, resulting in an im-

have been able to improve the

provement in the MDR TB

struction of Humulani, Nkomo B

quality of life of our people. Ma-

cure rate from 50 percent to

and Tshikundamalema clinics has

ternal death decreased from 164

68.8 percent.

been completed. Other projects

per 100 000 deliveries to 104 per

finalised between 2015 and 2017

100 000 deliveries; the mother-

MEC Ramathuba said the con-

Public Sector Manager • October 2018

Limpopo is known to be a malaria endemic province. The MEC



said climate change and rainfall

cals, treatment, and malaria tests,

in the past year have resulted in

and to employ about 342 season-

an upsurge in malaria cases.

al spray workers.

ing insufficient funds. “The department does not have enough funds to address the

“Cases of malaria that we at-

She said in total, an amount of

tended to went up from 8 000 to

R96.7 million has been provided to

funding of the departmental activi-

18 000,” the MEC said.

prevent and control malaria in the

ties. However, the department is

affected areas of the province.

increasing the revenue collection

The department’s main focus has been on intensifying indoor re-

of the province in order to be able

with the MEC personally leading

Overcoming challenges

the campaign.

Although the department has

sidual spraying to prevent malaria,

challenges due to inadequate

to access additional funding from the Provincial Treasury,” the MEC said. For the current financial year, the

The increase in cases of malaria

managed to accomplish a num-

resulted in the department adding

ber of goals during the past three

department had budgeted about

about R11. 8 million in the 2017/18

years, MEC Ramathuba said it

R19.5 billion for service delivery in

financial year to procure chemi-

faced persisting challenges includ-

the province.

Limpopo Healt h MEC Phophi Ramat huba launc hed t he depar tment ’s f irst ever breastfeeding and expressing room wit hin its of f ices.


Public Sector Manager • October 2018


Writer: Sihle Manda

A thriving African economy requires commitment, unity


rank talk. Optimism. Pragma-

to chart a new path, Chinese

urged to invest in Africa to en-

tism. These are the buzz words

President Xi Jinping was able to

hance industrial promotion.

African states will have to em-

thrash out eight major initiatives to

brace if the continent is to make tan-

be pursued by the world’s second

over 50 agricultural assistance

gible strides in eradicating alarming

largest economy. These initiatives,

programmes to provide emergency

poverty rates and propel stubborn

ranging from industrial promotion,

humanitarian food aid amounting

economic growth.

infrastructure connectivity and

to 1 billion yuan (US$147 million)

Until then, the continent might

In addition, China will carry out

trade facilitation to green develop-

to African countries affected by

be seen as navigating a landmine

ment, will see China increasing

natural disasters.

blindfolded, while wobbling in high

African imports over the next three

heels. A grim chef’s certified recipe


for disaster.

President Xi pledged U$60 billion

Infrastructure development

to Africa in loans, export credits

China and the African Union,

by leaders of the 52 African states

and aid. Of this amount, US$15 bil-

President Xi said, would also work

attending the recent Forum on Chi-

lion is interest-free.

together to formulate an infrastruc-

This much has been conceded

na–Africa Cooperation (FOCAC) in the bustling Beijing metropolis. In the 48 hours that the first citizens of each country huddled


A further boon would be a

ture cooperation plan. This will see

planned economic and trade

Chinese companies participate in

expo on China–Africa, to be held

Africa’s infrastructure development

in China, with Chinese companies

for investment-construction-opera-

Public Sector Manager • October 2018

tion models. “China will buy more goods,

ing friendship and promotion.” South African President Cyril

for Africa that are measurable,” he stated. “Every African city today

especially non-resource products,

Ramaphosa said the relationship

has a new airport which was built

from Africa and will continue its

between Africa and China forged

through the FOCAC. Every African

free-trade negotiations with African

through FOCAC “was premised on

[city] has a new Convention Cen-

countries that wish to do so,” the

the fundamental and inalienable

tre and at least one five-star hotel

President reportedly said.

right of the African people to deter-

that is as a result of this coopera-

mine their own future”.


Over the years, the China–Africa bromance has seen China

“It is premised on the African

Telecommunications and tech-

squash billions of yuan in debt

Union’s Agenda 2063, a vision that

nology has vastly advanced over

owed to it by 31 African countries,

has been crafted in Africa, by Afri-

the past 20 years due to FOCAC,

while hordes of trade and bilateral

cans,” the President contended.

he added. “Every village in Africa

agreements and memoranda of understanding aimed at strength-

The grouping has, however, been met with much skepticism.

ening flailing economies were

today has some sort of mobile connectivity that is changing our politics because people can use

Benefits for Africa

the internet, especially the youth.

Professor André Thomashausen,

That is all being done with Chinese

Equal consultation

a member of the European

technology. Huawei and ZTE are

On its website, FOCAC defines the

academy of sciences, Academia

the two backbones throughout

collective as a “consultation mech-

Europaea, said there is empirical

Africa. It has changed the conti-

anism” advancing “equal consulta-

evidence to prove that FOCAC has

nent. We used to talk a lot about it

tion, enhancing understanding,

been beneficial to Africa.

in the 2000s and now it’s a reality –

entered into.

expanding consensus, strengthen-

Public Sector Manager • October 2018

“There’s been definite benefits

people have connectivity.”



KwaZulu-Natal-based economist Bonke Dumisa’s assessment is that the only tangible benefit

sustainable in the long term,” he

for that year reveal that intra-


Africa trade was a mere

“The Chinese have accepted

from the recent meeting was that

the risk of investing in Africa,” he

parts of the loans pledged by


US$170 million. According to Dumisa, intra-African trade is not thriving due to

“They have already invested a

hostilities, such as in the example

“Not to be negative about

total of over US$200 billion in the

of the recent “aggression” South

China, but when China says it

continent over the past 20 years.

African telecommunication giant

will invest, they come with their

That’s actually three times the

MTN experienced in Nigeria. A

own conditions and most of

amount we had originally budg-

further example is that of local

those conditions relate to them

eted in the Thabo Mbeki era

food chain Shoprite Checkers

using their own labour. What-

when it was said US$70 billion

considering scaling down opera-

ever money they ‘invest’ in your

was required to fix the infrastruc-

tions in the same country.

country ends up going back to

ture. Out of that US$200 billion,

their own people. They leave a lot

US$100 billion is in loans that

Irrefutable results

to be desired, just like the United

have to be paid back. That is

If Africa is to prosper, acquaint-

States and the West. We must be

projection for reasonable growth

ances such as China would

happy with China being in our

and… all African economies are

have to be embraced. The

corner but there’s a lot of appre-

working from very low bases so it

18-year-old FOCAC relationship

hension about how they do their

shouldn’t be difficult to get six to

has already produced irrefuta-

business,” he said.

seven percent economic growth

ble results, with infrastructure

a year.”

development gradually picking

China were interest-free.

The best deal

up steam. A lack of infrastruc-

Thomashausen said there is a

Intra-African trade

ture has long been seen as an

grain of truth in this assertion but

Earlier this year, the World Eco-

impediment to the continent’s

“in reality, nothing is for free”.

nomic Forum argued that Africa


needs to embrace sustainable

Aggressive, yet calculated,

anything away to get nothing

intra-trade in order to harvest a

risks can only benefit the mil-

in return? As Africa, the ques-

significant slice of global eco-

lions of hunger-ravaged citizens

tion is: ‘where do you get the

nomic growth.

languishing in Africa’s natural

“Why should anyone give

best deal?’ Loans in Europe and

According to World Bank

resource-rich backwaters.

America have always been

figures, intra-African trade was

very expensive. South Africa

at a paltry 11 percent between

big game, it is time to implement.

today pays up to one third of

2007 and 2011. This improved by

This year is merely seven years to

the national income on loans

a measly five percent four years

2025, the African Union’s target of

because we’ve been borrowing

later, the 2017 African Economic

eliminating hunger in the world’s

money from the Western banking

Outlook found last year. In 2015,

second most populated conti-

system. We are paying eight to

despite potential trading measur-

nent. Can this be achieved? Only

nine percent interest; it’s not very

ing at trillions of dollars, statistics

time will tell.


The politicians have talked a

Public Sector Manager • October 2018



BOOK NOW Quote: TE001 for early bird special



Writer: Des Latham


Tracking social services in South Africa


outh Africa is regarded as one

artificial edifice of apartheid has

of the most unequal societies

been shattered, access to services

For example, there has been an

in the world, and government

has improved and the social grant

increase in teenage pregnan-

is at the forefront of campaigns and

rollout means fewer people are go-

cies, where some younger grant

projects to change this historical

ing to bed hungry every night.

recipients are perceived to be abusing the money received in

anomaly. One of the most pressing in 1994 was an immediate plan to

Challenges of the welfare state

deal with poverty.

South Africa is now regarded as

needs after the democratic elections

There are other challenges.

order to escape their rural villages only to become dependent on the taxpayer.

More than two decades ago, the

a global leader and innovator in

country decided on a new strategy

the area of social development.

aged by provincial governments

to deal with this challenge and

This has had a major effect on the

and, as with everything, not every

overhauled its welfare system. This

reduction of poverty, but the unem-

province is equal. The ability of

is just part of a project to transform

ployment rate, which continues to

these entities to use the funds

the entire country which has felt

hover close to 40 percent, is a real

available on a broad basket of

the terrible effects of apartheid

challenge to this system. That is

services has improved and govern-

and colonialism.

because taxpayers are funding the

ment is working to standardise and stabilise this matter.

Social welfare services are man-

Achievements have been made

social grants system and as unem-

including the introduction of a pro-

ployment remains stubbornly high,

active rights–based culture and

any reduction in growth could

concern to government where the

social welfare in general. The entire

threaten these hard-won gains.

biggest gap exists between rich

The deep rural areas are of

and poor, and where access to services is the most problematic. South Africa is now the biggest welfare state in the world, with three people literally being supported by one taxpayer, which means the project can only succeed if there is job creation. While there are real current challenges, it’s important to assess how far the country has come in dealing with poverty.


Public Sector Manager • October 2018


3) Disability Grant: Over 1.07

social grant, or who have been

In the early 1990s policy changes

million beneficiaries are paid

affected by a disaster such as

began to take place and by the

R1 510 per month and recipi-

storm damage or flooding.

late 1990s the Child Support Grant

ents must be between 18 and

8) War Veteran’s Grant: There are

was implemented.

59. They need to submit a medi-

around 180 beneficiaries who

cal assessment no older than

are paid R1 600 per month for

Welfare was launched to deal

three months and may not

those disabled or older than 60

ostensibly with lowering the levels

receive another social grant.

and who served in the Second

In 1997 the White Paper for Social

4) Foster Child Grant: There are

World War or Korean War.

introduction of the social grants

close to 500 000 beneficiaries

All recipients must be South

payment system. This system has

who earn R920 per month. The

Africans, permanent residents or

worked to some extent but has also

applicant must live in South

refugees, and all must reside in

reinforced dependency which is

Africa, a court order must be

South Africa. An important note is

the double-edged sword govern-

included indicating the foster

that those citizens who are already

ment must manage in the future.

care status, and the foster par-

being sheltered in a state institu-

ent must be a South African

tion cannot be paid a social grant.

of poverty, which led directly to the

There are currently many longterm grants being paid to South

citizen, permanent resident or

Africans by the South African So-


cial Service Agency (SASSA). These

5) Grant for Older Persons: There

One of the intrinsic tests conducted is what is known as a “means test” which is an evaluation of the


are close to 3.4 million benefi-

applicant. When you apply and

1) Care Dependency Grant: This

ciaries. They are paid R1 600

your application is posted, officials

has around 147 000 beneficiar-

per month for people over 60

check your bank statements and

ies who are paid R1 600 per

and R1 620 if over 75. In order to

government records such as tax

month to the main caregiver of

be paid a grant, the recipient

payments. For those without a

a child with a permanent and

may not earn more than

bank account or the unemployed,

severe disability. The applicant

R73 800 a year or have a com-

a SASSA-approved affidavit can be

submits a medical assessment

bined income of R147 600 a

submitted as proof.

report on the child’s behalf

year if married.

and the beneficiary must earn

6) Grant-in-Aid: 182 000 ben-

Managing the grants

less than R192 200 if single and

eficiaries are paid R380 per

While the first phase of the social

R384 000 combined income if

month for people receiving

grant system was characterised

married (per year).

the Older Persons, Disability or

by widespread fraud, by 2012 the

2) Child Support Grant: Totals

War Veteran’s Grant, and who

introduction of a fingerprint system

over 12 million beneficiaries

require full-time care because

led to a substantial reduction. For

who earn R380 per month to

of either physical or mental dis-

example, reports

main caregiver of a child 18 or


that by February, 300 000 fraudu-

younger. The applicant must

7) Social Relief of Distress: This is

earn less than R45 600 if single

a temporary grant for people

or R91 200 combined income if

in dire need such as those

married (per year).

who are awaiting an approved

Public Sector Manager • October 2018

lent grants had been cancelled and some arrests followed. The impact of the social grant system has been particularly



noticeable in the poorest house-

people signing up on an annual

entity was the fact that internal

holds of South Africa. The plan to

basis. There are those who say

migration to cities continues to be

alleviate poverty has largely been

government expenditure on social

demographically significant.

successful but overall inequality

grants, coupled with the remunera-

continues to plague the country.

tion of civil servants compared

of a net immigration from other

South Africa is also in the throes

to revenue growth, means these

parts of Africa that should top

a range of non–governmental or-

grants could absorb all govern-

one million people in a few years.

ganisations supports government’s

ment revenue by 2026, unless gross

Most of these immigrants settle

central message that social grants

domestic product (GDP) growth

in Gauteng (47.5 percent), while

increase basic resources for the

returns to above three percent.

the fewest are immigrating to the

poorest of the poor. For example,

However, National Treasury’s

However, research conducted by

Northern Cape province

the University of Johannesburg

forecasting model and underlying

(0.7 percent). This means more

conducted research in 2012 which

demographic trends are being

people will become citizens and

found that the Child Support Grant

carefully managed and grants

therefore more social grant recipi-

in particular has been central to

as a percentage of GDP are not

ents will be registered.

poverty alleviation after apartheid.


With Gauteng considered the economic hub of the country, do-

The University of Cape Town conducted research through the

Dealing with the future

mestic migrants from rural provinc-

Southern Africa Labour and Devel-

While programmes for the support

es such as Limpopo, KwaZulu-Natal

opment Research Unit which found

of the poor continue, South Africa’s

and the Eastern Cape continue

that the Grant for Older Persons

population has not been static

to travel to both Gauteng and the

was sufficient to lift the majority

which poses a further challenge.

Western Cape in large numbers.

of households out of the poorest

By July 2018 the population of


South Africa was estimated at

the social grants system and will

57.7 million (StatsSA). The latest

prove to be a major challenge to

Not only that, but the Centre for

This is set to put further strain on

Social Development in Africa found

figures show that births and deaths

state planners in the future. How-

that these grants have had a major

continue to be the main drivers of

ever, National Treasury plans are

effect on women’s empowerment in

population change, but hidden in

in place to deliver services sustain-

the poorest rural communities.

the report released by the statistics

ably to those in need.

They allow women to make decisions over household expenditure which previously had been controlled by men. UNICEF reported in 2010 that the Child Support Grant and school feeding schemes have had a positive impact on attendance as well as the general health of school-age children. But there is a question about the long-term sustainability of the social grants system with the numbers of


Public Sector Manager • October 2018


1 2 - 1 3

in association with


2 0 1 9

“B y h aving a clear vision, even a shor t visi o n o f what will happen in the future. We will be le s s wor ried and feel a little bit confident, and c a lm b ecause we can m anage our life in the wo rld th a t is c hanging ever y second.” – Ly Nguyen FOR 2019 SUMMIT SPEAKER OPPORTUNITIES

e m a i l B o i k o . L e h a n a @ To p c o . c o . z a f u t u r e o f h r. c o . z a

To e n t e r t h e a w a r d s , s t a r t b y c o m p l e t i n g t h i s f o r m . G o o d l u c k ! F O R A L L S P O N S O R S H I P, AT T E N D A N C E O R O T H E R Q U E R I E S


Ta k e t h e c o n v e r s a t i o n f o r w a r d w i t h u s


Writer: More Matshediso

Bold plans to ignite SA's economic revival


he South African economy has been growing very slowly, certainly not fast enough to create sufficient jobs for citizens, and this has left the country with an unemployment rate of 27.2 percent.

To address this slow economic growth, President Cyril Ramaphosa has unveiled ambitious measures that are set to ignite growth in the South African economy, boost much-needed job creation and restore investor confidence. Details of the economic stimulus and recovery plan, which was adopted by Cabinet, were announced by the President recently. In the main, the plan prioritises areas of economic activity that will have the greatest impact on youth, women and small businesses. It arose from government's concern that, for several years, the South African economy has not grown at the pace needed to create enough jobs or lift its people out of poverty. Added to this are factors such as public finances being constrained, limiting the ability of government to expand its investment in economic and social development, coupled with the twin evil of recent months, which saw structural weaknesses in the country’s economy aggravated by global factors. These included the rising oil price, weakening sentiment towards emerging markets and deteriorating trade relations between the US and other major economies.

PSM spoke to the DirectorGeneral of the Department of


Public Sector Manager • October 2018

as many restrictions around visa

Director-General of t he Depar tment of Trade and Industr y, Lionel October.

applications have also been resolved to allow more tourists into the country. “The package [economic stimulus and recovery plan] focuses on restoring investor confidence by addressing policy uncertainty in various sectors including mining, tourism, telecommunications and agriculture among others. The positive effect of addressing policy uncertainty will spread beyond the affected sectors to the economy as a whole,” stressed October. He said addressing policy uncertainty would grow domestic and foreign investment in the South African economy. According to President Ramaphosa, the stimulus and recovery plan consists of a range of measures, both financial and non-

Trade and Industry, Lionel October,

they are uncertain about the future;

financial, that will be implemented

to unpack the importance of the

government is also not spending

immediately to ignite economic

economic stimulus and recovery

sufficiently, and for the economy to

activity. It will also restore investor

plan, and how it will impact on the

grow there must be spending so

confidence and prevent further

country’s economy.

that we can build more factories,

job losses as well as create new

offices and produce more prod-

jobs. Another possible outcome

ucts,” he explained.

will be to address some urgent

October said the objective of the plan is to lay the building blocks needed to take the economy to higher levels of growth.

In an effort to turn things around

challenges that affect the condi-

and create an environment that

tions faced by vulnerable groups among our people.

“The first thing that we need to

would make more investors certain

build is investor certainty. People

about South Africa’s economy, Oc-

are not spending in this economy;

tober said government and busi-

has the following five broad parts:

there is lack of demand in the

ness have solved issues related

• Implementing growth–enhanc-

economy. Consumers are not

to the mining charter and it has

spending because they are under

been finalised.

pressure because of high prices. Business is not spending because

Public Sector Manager • October 2018

He added that issues that affected the tourism sector such

The stimulus and recovery plan

ing economic reforms. • Reprioritising public spending to support job creation (R50 billion).



• Establishing an Infrastructure Fund.

est effect,” President Ramaphosa said.

• Revise visa requirements to boost tourism and attract highly

• Addressing urgent and press-

The reprioritisation of spending

ing matters in education and

will take place within the current


fiscal framework and in line with the

ing Charter to revitalise the

normal budgetary process.

mining industry and provide

• Investing in municipal social infrastructure improvement.

“In total, the plan will result in

skilled foreigners. • Implement the new Min-

certainty to investors while

reprioritised expenditure and new

charting a sustainable path

economic stimulus and recovery

project level funding of around

towards a transformed and

plan is the reprioritisation of spend-

R50 billion. The Minister of Finance

inclusive industry.

ing towards activities that have

will provide more detail about the

the greatest impact on economic

final amounts involved and the

business by reviewing the

growth, domestic demand and job

specific areas affected during the

price of electricity, as well

creation, with a particular empha-

Medium Term Budget Policy State-

as port and rail tariffs. This

sis on township and rural econo-

ment,” said the President.

will boost exports and make

“The central element of the

mies, women and youth. “Our government has limited fis-

Government is accelerating the implementation of the following key

• Reduce the cost of doing

South African industries more competitive.

cal space to increase spending or

economic reforms that will unlock

borrowing; it is imperative that we

investment opportunities, grow the

spectrum to enable licensing

make sure that the resources that

economy and create much-need-

that will unlock significant

we do have are used to the great-

ed jobs. There are also plans to:

value in the telecommunica-


• Allocate high-demand radio

Public Sector Manager • October 2018

tions sector, increase com-

promotes economic growth

engineering expertise) in the

petition, promote investment

and protects food security.

Presidency to oversee project

and reduce data costs.

• Reprioritise three regional and

design, funding and comple-

• Lower data costs to provide

26 township industrial parks as

relief for poor households

catalysts for broader economic

and increase the overall

and industrial development in

towards provincial and nation-

competitiveness of the South

townships and rural areas.

al roads, human settlements,

African economy.

• Establish a township and rural

tion. • Direct infrastructure funding

water infrastructure, schools,

entrepreneurship fund to

student accommodation and

small business and coopera-

provide finance to scale up

public transport.

tives, as well as crack down

existing projects or provide

• Unlock infrastructure spending

on illegal imports.

start-up capital for new pro-

in 57 identified priority pilot


municipalities in the short

• Expand procurement from

• Reprioritise government spending towards activi-

• Allocate additional funds

term. This spending will cover,

ties that have the greatest

to address the dire state of

among other things, sewerage

impact on economic growth,

sanitation facilities in many

purification and reticulation,

domestic demand and job

public schools and ensure the

refuse sites, electricity reticula-

creation, particularly for town-

completion of 1 100 sanitation

tion and water reservoirs.

ship and rural economies,

projects in the current finan-

women and youth.

cial year.

• Support black commercial

• Provide funding to fill 2 200

• Extend the Employment Tax Incentive for a further 10 years, with a review after five years,

farmers – through blended

critical medical posts, includ-

to provide greater support for

finance from the Land Bank,

ing nurses and interns, and

public employment pro-

Industrial Development

also buy beds and linen to


Corporation and commer-

address some of the short-

cial banks – to increase their

ages in government hospitals.

entry into food value chains

• Expand and maintain in-

October said for the first time there is going to be a strong coordination mechanism from

and access to infrastructure

frastructure, which has the

the Presidency, and the main

like abattoirs and feedlots.

potential to create jobs and

purpose is to start implementing

attract investment.

the plan immediately.

• Finalise the signing of 30-year leases to enable farmers to

• Establish a South African

“There will be regular monitoring

mobilise funding for agricul-

Infrastructure Fund, in partner-

and the President will be second-

tural development.

ship with the private sector, to

ing expertise from the business

unlock the potential to cre-

sector,” he added.

• Enable the advisory panel on land reform to advise govern-

ate more jobs by rolling out,

ment on the implementation

building and implementing

government creates the condi-

infrastructure projects.

tions and the environment for the

of a fair and equitable land reform process that redresses

• Establish a dedicated Infra-

October pointed out that while

plan, it is the communities and the

the injustices of the past,

structure Execution Team (with

private sector that are supposed to

increases agricultural output,

project management and

implement it.

Public Sector Manager • October 2018



Writer: More Matshediso

SA mourns the late Minister Molewa


outh Africans have bid fare-

The Legion of Honour celebrated

well to the late Environmental

Minister Molewa’s commitment

Affairs Minister Edna Molewa

to South Africa, the struggle for

who passed away recently at the

freedom and democracy, women’s

age of 61. She died as result of

rights and the fight against climate

complications related to Legion-


naires’ disease – a severe form of pneumonia. The Minister was sent off in an

The Sefako Makgatho Health Sciences University (SMU) also paid tribute to the Minister, and hon-

official funeral (category 1), which

oured her for her contributions and

is reserved for serving Ministers,

pioneering leadership in numerous

among others.


and tributes from South Africans

Paying tribute to the late Minister,

Minister Molewa was inaugurated

President Cyril Ramaphosa referred

in March 2017 as the first Chancel-

to her as an extraordinary leader of

lor of the SMU and served in this

to terms with her passing, given

the people.

capacity until her untimely passing.

that she was cut down in the

and people from across the globe. “It is particularly difficult to come

He said her passing was a dev-

“Dr Molewa fully and uncon-

prime of her life when she still had

astating loss to the nation and to

ditionally embraced the vision

so much to offer to her family, her

the global community, who owed a

and mission of the institution and

friends, her colleagues, her church,

great debt of gratitude to the late

contributed immensely during her

and to her community,” said Mme-

Minister Molewa for her champion-

short term of office to the stabilisa-


ship nationally and globally of the

tion and development of the SMU,”

environmental integrity of a sustain-

the university said.

able planet Earth. “We shall miss her greatly,” the

“The SMU owes a great debt of

Minister Molewa was the North West MEC for Environment from 1996 to 2004. From 2004 to 2009,

appreciation to our Chancellor

she was the Premier of the North

for representing the institution with

West. In 2010, she became the

passion and distinction, and for

National Minister of Water and

African government in many port-

introducing the SMU as a fledgling

Environmental Affairs.

folios. She distinguished herself in

institution to important national

many field, and had most recently

and international networks,” the

recognised and respected in the

been bestowed with the Officier

university added.

climate change fraternity, and has

President said. Minister Molewa served the South

de l’Ordre National de la Légion

Speaking on behalf of the Mole-

Molewa was internationally

been in the vanguard of global

d’Honneur (or Officer in the French

wa family, the Minister’s brother

efforts since the genesis of the Paris

Legion of Honour) by the French

Fana Mmethi said the family ap-

Agreement at the 2011 COP17 in


preciated the messages of support



Public Sector Manager • October 2018


Writer: Dale Hes

The railway renaissance South Africa boasts Africa’s most extensive railway network, and the eleventh-longest in the world. Government’s plans to rejuvenate our railway system will transform the face of both public and freight transport in the country – and the revolution is already underway.


outh Africa has more than

South Africa’s extensive railway

20 000km of railway track, con-

system contributed greatly to the

Association of South Africa (PRASA)

necting all of our major cities.

country’s formative development.

– operating the railway systems,

Outdated technology and insufficient

But the system has steadily be-

have over the past decade been

funding, among other factors, have

come outdated and unsustainable,

placing major emphasis on this

hampered the massive potential of

while road transport has thrived.


our railways to improve our transport

Although there have been several

system and benefit the economy.

notable highlights, today only half

Freight rail

of the railway tracks are in use.

Transnet, which is responsible for

derway. Significant infrastructure

Investments are currently strongly

freight rail transport, made infra-

developments, comprehensive new

biased towards roads, while con-

structure investments of

policies and buy-in from both the

gestion from truck traffic is taking

R21.8 billion in the 2017/18 finan-

public and private sectors all point

its toll.

cial year, the vast majority of which

But a railway revolution is un-

to a bright future for South Africa’s

Meanwhile, the global railway

Transnet and the Passenger Rail

(R16.4 billion) was invested in the

industry has been continually rein-

rail and ports divisions. Transnet

venting itself to realise the signifi-

Freight Rail moved an all-time re-

cant benefits of rail. These benefits

cord of 77 million tonnes of export

include the potential to meet inter-

coal, while the freight transport of

Government has recognised the

national commitments to reduce

other commodities also increased

need to capitalise on the golden

greenhouse gas emissions, which

by double digit percentages.

opportunities offered by the railway

will require increasing rail traffic by

system. Rail has the potential to

multiple times.

freight and passenger rail.

The need for railway revitalisation

These encouraging results have largely been driven by the com-

reduce road pressure, improve the

The goal of railway revitalisation

efficiency of freight and passenger

can only be achieved by overcom-

(MDS), which has seen more than

transport, boost our investment

ing the current challenges facing

R165.6 billion being invested into

potential and strengthen the

the industry. Government, along

modernising and expanding rails,


with the state-owned entities –

ports and pipelines over the past


pany’s Market Demand Strategy

Public Sector Manager • October 2018

six years. One of the most significant achievements has been the acceptance of 402 new locomotives into operation, with another 600 to come, as part of the road to rail strategy. In addition to further investments of R163.7 billion over the next five years under the MDS,

Rail has the potential to reduce road pressure, improve the efficiency of freight and passenger transport, boost our investment potential and strengthen the economy.

the company is also adopting the Transnet 4.0 Strategy, which seeks

ernisation programme, focused on

Town, a total of 71 rail enforcement

to position Transnet for success as a

rolling stock fleet renewal, signaling

officers are being appointed to

digital organisation in the technolo-

upgrades and strategic infrastruc-

the city’s rail networks next month.

gy-driven era.

ture investment. Fleet renewal has

Meanwhile, the Railway Safety Bill,

been seen as a crucial element for

which is currently being debated, is

within the organisation are worry-

transforming the Metrorail passen-

set to further improve and regulate

ing, the replacement of the board

ger service. In 2017, the company

safety on passenger and freight

of directors earlier this year, as well

appointed the Gibela Rail Transport

trains nationwide.

as the recent suspensions of senior

Consortium to supply 3 600 new

officials, are positive signs that the

Metrorail coaches over a 10-year

The National Rail Policy

company is willing to tackle the

period, which will significantly boost

The most important policy deter-


the capacity of the passenger

mining the future of South Africa’s

rail sector. PRASA Board of Control

railways is the National Rail Policy,

Passenger rail

Chairperson Khanyisile Kweyama

which is linked closely to the Na-

Passenger rail has been the most

said that this aspect is critical to

tional Transport Policy. Currently in

severely affected by the downturn

achieving government’s vision for

the form of a draft white paper, the

in South Africa’s railways, a situation

passenger rail.

policy lays out a comprehensive

While allegations of misconduct

which various strategies are seek-

“The Rolling Stock Fleet Renewal

set of plans designed to strengthen

ing to address. Just over 10 years

has been designed to achieve a

rail transport so that it serves as the

ago, PRASA was launched in order

number of key government objec-

backbone of national land trans-

to reverse the decline of passenger

tives such as the delivery of quality

port by 2050. The policy’s success

rail and modernise the railways. This

services to citizens, revitalisation

hinges on two core interventions,

momentous task has been further

of South Africa’s rail engineering

namely infrastructure to enhance

complicated by theft of cables and

industry through local manufactur-

competiveness and strengthening

railway tracks, safety issues and the

ing and ensuring local content,

institutions to ensure that rail trans-

vandalism of train carriages. The or-

employment creation and skills de-

port functions effectively.

ganisation is currently in the middle

velopment as well as Broad-Based

of a turnaround phase to stabilise

Black Economic Empowerment,”

drive the overall rail revitalisation

and improve governance, while

said Kweyama.

intervention, in conjunction with the

also addressing safety issues. PRASA is implementing a mod-

Public Sector Manager • October 2018

To address ongoing safety concerns and vandalism in Cape

“The Department of Transport will

Department of Public Enterprises, PRASA, Transnet, a transport



economic regulator, the Railway Safety Regulator, provincial gov-

Fast rail facts

ernments and local governments.


South Africa has the eleventh-longest railway system in the world,


Transnet Freight Rail moves 17 percent of South Africa’s freight per

with more than 20 000km of railway lines.

The Department of Transport will develop a National Rail Master

year, including 100 percent of export coal and iron ore.

Plan and thereafter monitor and evaluate policy implementation. It


PRASA trains made 372 million passenger trips in 2016/17.

is projected that the entire suite of


Connecting to other rail networks in sub-Saharan Africa, Transnet’s rail infrastructure represents about 80 percent of Africa’s total.

investment and institutional interventions will be complete by 2050,”


PRASA and Transnet cumulatively employ more than 65 000 people.

the policy states. Standard gauge track technology (which is used by 55 percent

to solve the problem of too much

cording to the same criteria as

of railways worldwide) will be used

investment backlog and insufficient

other land transport infrastructure,”

to replace outdated narrow gauge


the policy explains.

technologies on the national rail

Importantly, the National Rail

After railways in urban areas have

network, although narrow gauge

Policy will change the system from

been assigned to local authorities,

will remain on metro commuter

one where exclusive access is

PRASA will be repositioned to de-

networks where it does not affect

dominant, to regulated access.

liver long-distance and high-speed


This means that all three spheres

passenger services.

The freight rail market will be regu-

of government will be able to fund

The National Rail Policy is a well-

lated for the first time to gauge its

and implement rail infrastructure

thought-out document that takes

true size, while a transport regula-

assigned to them, independent of

into account all the factors that will

tor will be appointed to oversee


lead to a true railway renaissance.

access arrangements, fees, market

“Like roads, they will be responsi-

Rail holds untold benefits for our

behaviour, public sector participa-

ble for providing rail infrastructure

transport system and all citizens,

tion and more.

where they believe rail is the appro-

which South Africa is ready to take

priate transport mode. The National

advantage of.

With funding for freight and passenger rail currently being

Rail Policy assigns to each sphere

inadequate, the policy seeks to

of government responsi-

ensure that additional sources

bility for providing

are tapped. In line with common

rail infra-

practice across the transport sector,


government will take responsibility


for infrastructure investment, while operators will fund their own rolling stock. Private sector participation has also been identified as a way


Public Sector Manager • October 2018


Writer: Dale Hes

Intensifying the fight against corruption Corruption is a thorn in the side of effective functioning in both the public and private sectors of South Africa. Government is placing a major focus on removing this thorn, through legislation and strategies that seek to bolster the fight against a crime that affects all South Africans.


he fight against corruption is

These are just a few examples of

intensifying. In 2018, we have

the progress made in this critically

that would benefit the ruling party.

seen a number of government

important area, but the fight is far

State security agencies and police

officials being arrested for the crime.

from over. Government is placing a

were particularly involved in cor-

In March, nine government officials

renewed focus on enforcing South

ruption, supported by the culture

were arrested in a raid by anti-cor-

Africa’s various anti-corruption

of secrecy which cloaked their

ruption teams from the Department

legislations and implementing


of Home Affairs and the Department

strategies to root out corruption.

funds being used for purposes

This corrupt culture also extended to local chiefs and public serv-

of Correctional Services, led by the government level, the latest break-

Background of corruption

throughs have been the arrest of 10

During the apartheid years, cor-

of corruption in South Africa and

suspects in the Harry Gwala District

ruption was entrenched in the

also required the democratic gov-

Municipality and the arrest of seven

National Party government, with

ernment to take on the significant

corrupt traffic officials in Limpopo

white patronage being a feature

task of developing new legislation

and the Western Cape.

of employee appointments and

that could properly address corrup-

SAPS Crime Intelligence Unit. At local

ants in the homelands. This has all played a role in shaping the nature

tion for the first time.

Robust legislation Recognition of the rule of law, and the accountability and transparency of government, are founding principles of the Constitution. South Africa has robust anti-corruption legislation, with the most prominent being the Prevention and Combating of Corrupt


Public Sector Manager • October 2018

The Act recognises that corrup-

Broad involvement in fighting corruption

Developing effective strategies

tion is “particularly damaging to

Within government, anti-corrup-

Thanks to this collective action, we

democratic institutions, national

tion efforts are led by an Inter-Min-

have seen improvements in the

economies, ethical values and the

isterial Committee comprising the

enforcement of legislation. Initia-

rule of law” and that an integrated,

Ministers of Planning, Monitoring

tives such as the National Crime

multidisciplinary approach is

and Evaluation in the Presidency;

Prevention Strategy and the Public

required to prevent and combat

Justice and Correctional Services;

Service Anti-Corruption Strategy

corrupt activities.

State Security; Police; Cooperative

(PSACS) were developed within the

Governance and Traditional Af-

first 10 years of our democracy.

Activities Act, introduced in 2004.

The Act comprehensively outlines

More recently, the Local Govern-

all activities that are regarded

fairs; Public Service and Admin-

as corrupt and covers the entire

istration; Finance; Home Affairs;

ment Anti-Corruption Strategy

spectrum of society, including all

and Social Development.

(approved in 2016) is particularly

Government’s anti-corruption

important for fighting corruption

judiciary and prosecuting author-

agenda is implemented by an

at a local level and is supported

ity, and private sector individuals.

Anti-Corruption Task Team that

by further anti-corruption strate-

Offences such as attempted cor-

includes members of crime

gies developed by provincial and

ruption, extortion, bribery, abuse of

investigation, state security and

municipal governments.

office and money laundering are

special intelligence units, as well

all criminalised by the Act, while

as National Treasury.

public officers, members of the

New strategies have been developed to build on this solid platform

Oversight bodies also play

and further boost anti-corruption ef-

a critical role in ensuring the

forts. Currently in development, the

accountability and transpar-

National Anti-Corruption Strategy

ruption include the:

ency of both the public and

(NACS) is the government’s main

■ Public Finance Management

private sectors. The Public Service

driver in establishing a national

Commission, Public Protector,

consensus about how we tackle

Independent Police Investigative

the complex problem of corrup-

Directorate and Inspector-General

tion. After extensive consultations

■ Protected Disclosures Act.

of Intelligence, along with various

between government, business,

■ Promotion of Administrative

government and parliamentary

labour and civil society, a NACS dis-

committees, are important over-

cussion document has been widely

sight bodies.


public officials are also required to report corrupt activities. Other acts which deal with cor-

Act. ■ Local Government: Municipal Finance Management Act.

Justice Act. ■ Promotion of Access to Information Act.

It is important to note that anti-

The discussion document identi-

corruption requires a democratic

fies the major challenges that need

approach which also involves role

to be addressed to effectively fight

Africa’s anti-corruption legislation

players outside of government.

corruption. These include:

is extensive, and it is the task of

Organisations such as the Na-

■ Empowering citizens through

government to enforce the Act,

tional Anti-Corruption Forum and

awareness campaigns and

supported by public servants and

Corruption Watch are instrumen-

providing better protection for

citizens alike.

tal in this space.


■ Public Service Act. It is clear to see that South

Public Sector Manager • October 2018



Building ethical leadership and

gies already implemented to deal

ness with the state and the taxi,

a professional, citizen-oriented

effectively with priority crimes,” said

liquor and security industries.

public sector.


Improving transparency of ac-

in the criminal justice system and

At the beginning of his term in

Improving the collection, report-

cannot afford, neither will we toler-

office, President Cyril Ramaphosa

ing and analysis of data related

ate any unethical behaviour or cor-

asserted that lifestyle audits of

Developing and strengthening programmes aimed at tackling corruption.

Strengthening the capacity of anti-corruption and oversight bodies.

Ensuring that employees are adequately trained.

Lifestyle audits

tivities and use of resources.

to corruption. ■

“The SAPS is a leading role player

Improving cooperation between the various anti-corruption bodies. The document identifies ways

in which these objectives can be achieved and has led to the creation of a roadmap which will result in the formal adoption of the NACS. Meanwhile, the continuing problem of corruption within the police is being addressed through the South African Police Service (SAPS) Anti-Corruption Strategy, which was launched in June.

Currently in development, the National Anti-Corruption Strategy (NACS) is the government’s main initiative in establishing a national consensus on how we tackle the complex problem of corruption.

would be a key strategy for fighting corruption. “It is time that we implement our resolutions on the conduct, also on matters such as lifestyle audits of all the people who occupy positions of responsibility,” said Ramaphosa. Worked on by a task team comprising the Presidency, Auditor-General, South African Revenue Service, SAPS, Anti-Corruption Task Team, Public Service Commission and the Financial Intelligence Centre, a framework for the lifestyle audits will be introduced by the end of October. “This will enable me to further apply my mind and will provide an opportunity to further consult before a final decision is reached on the nature, form and scale of proposed lifestyle audits,” President Ramaphosa explained.

Speaking at the launch, National Police Commissioner Khehla Sitole

ministers and other civil servants

rupt members within our ranks.”

Corruption is an issue of major

The strategy will be based on

concern for both the public and

action against corrupt police of-

five main pillars, dealing with the

government. With various mecha-


prevention, detection, investigation

nisms currently in place, as well

“The SAPS is well aware of the ethi-

and resolution of corrupt activities.

as a number of critical planned

cal dilemmas and ethical breaches

The SAPS Employment Regulations

interventions, there is increasing op-

within the organisation, and the

Act has also been developed and

timism that this scourge to society

implementation of this strategy will

implemented, prohibiting SAPS

will be stamped out one step at a

enhance and support the strate-

members from conducting busi-


asserted the importance of taking


Public Sector Manager • October 2018


Source: Department of Science and Technology

Modernising mining through partnerships and transformation


ining is a critical industry for

Mineral Resources have partnered

Finding solutions

South Africa as the country

to launch the Mandela Mining

Launched recently by the Minister

works towards the achieve-

Precinct (MMP).

of Science and Technology,

ment of the National Development

The MMP is an outcome of the

Mmamoloko Kubayi-Ngubane,

Plan (NDP), which aims to eliminate

Mining Phakisa, which aims to fos-

and the Minister of Mineral Re-

poverty and reduce inequality by

ter global leadership in narrow-reef,

sources, Gwede Mantashe, the

2030. According to the NDP, the

hardrock mining equipment and

MMP is a dedicated R&D hub

country can realise these goals by

systems through partnerships in

located in Melville, Johannes-

drawing on the energies of its peo-

research and development (R&D)

burg. It has been set up to find

ple, growing an inclusive economy,

and the creation of a competitive

solutions to the problems facing

building capabilities, enhancing the

local manufacturing capability.

the mining sector, and to address

capacity of the state, and promoting

National Treasury, via the DST, has

the need for a vigorous, vibrant

leadership and partnerships through-

allocated R213 million in support

and adequately resourced local

out society.

of the implementation of the South

mining research, development

African Mining Extraction Research,

and innovation community. The

to ensure that mining does not

Development and Innovation Strat-

MMP will address not only the

become a “sunset sector”, the De-

egy, which the Council for Scientific

technical challenges but also the

partment of Science and Technol-

and Industrial Research developed

socio-economic imbalances in

ogy (DST) and the Department of

and has been tasked with leading.


To give effect to this vision, and


Public Sector Manager • October 2018

respect. He said the common expression in the sector is, “if it is not grown, it is mined” and current and future technology will depend on what is mined. Referring to the MEMSA exhibition that accompanied the launch, the Minister urged mining companies to source their equipment from the local companies that were exhibiting, as they were producing better equipment than their global counterparts. While jobs are being shed in mining, the Minister added, more jobs could ship between government and

Partnerships vital for growth

the Minerals Council of South

Minister Mantashe told guests

Africa, formerly the Chamber of

at the launch that partnerships

Mines, and the launch was at-

are vital for growth in the sector.

Niche market

tended by captains of the mining

Partnerships, he stressed, requires

About US$2 billion worth of min-

industry, including Roger Baxter

mutual respect “and an apprecia-

ing capital equipment is im-

and Neal Froneman.

tion that we need each other and

ported into South Africa annually,

Also based at the MMP is the

are better together. Partnership is

with the Southern African Devel-

Mining Equipment Manufacturers

a conscious exercise; if you don’t

opment Community represent-

of South Africa (MEMSA), which

do it consciously, it doesn’t work”.

ing another US$2 billion annual

The Minister said that over the

market, translating into a niche

It was established as a partner-

was launched simultaneously by

be created in associated sectors, such as the mining equipment manufacturing sector.

the Department of Trade and In-

past few decades the mining

market larger than that of the Eu-

dustry (dti). MEMSA aims to grow

sector has experienced huge

ropean Union. This represents an

the local supply chain of capital

challenges, with its contribution

enormous opportunity for MEMSA

equipment for the mining indus-

to the country’s gross domestic

to leverage in terms of import

try and will receive an R8 million

product (GDP) declining dramati-


sponsorship from the dti’s Cluster

cally, from 21 percent in 1970 to

Development Programme.

7.4 percent in 2017. “We are in

Africa’s commitment to increas-

The Minerals Council of South

discussions with industry, with the

ing its investment in research

Africa has pledged R33 million for

aim of improving our contribution

and development. This currently

the 2018 calendar year, and will

to the GDP. We must strengthen it,

stands at 0.77 percent of GDP,

honour a funding commitment

modernise and grow the industry.”

and the aim is to increase it to 1.5

ratio of 1:2 against funding from

Minister Mantashe added that

government on an annual basis.

Public Sector Manager • October 2018

mining has to be treated with

The MMP is in line with South

percent. This can only happen if the



in place, and the MMP is one of

Modernisation of mining


“The modernisation of mining,

“Our short-term goal is to in-

which includes mechanisation

crease local content, which will

the MMP is a good illustration of

and automation, is said to bring

ultimately require a dedicated

public-private partnerships in ac-

opportunities that outweigh the

incentive, especially with regard to

tion. “We are setting an example,

projected challenges, and is there-

capex. This means we also have to

showing that, working together, we

fore deemed necessary,” Minister

increase factory-floor and manu-

can place our country and our

Kubayi-Ngubane said.

facturing competitiveness, and

country has practical programmes

Minister Kubayi-Ngubane said

people on a higher developmental trajectory.” The MMP and the activities as-

“This conversion will broadly contribute towards the survival of

members’ growth, technology development and competitiveness.

look at innovation, technology, quality and pricing,” Jourdan said.

the South African mining industry

sociated with it represent a new

through the mining of lower-grade

dawn for collaboration in mining

ores, as well as deeper resources,

Additional employment

research, development and inno-

thereby extending the life of

He added that the focus on

vation. All stakeholders – including

mines. In addition, the adoption of

capital equipment is essential to

government, mining companies,

technological developments and

usher in a new age of mecha-

local mining equipment manufac-

advancements will contribute to-

nisation in South Africa’s mining

turers and the research community

wards improved health and safety,

industry, as the old model of using

– acknowledge the need for a co-

and facilitate the sector’s migration

cheap migrant labour is no longer

herent, collaborative approach to

from dangerous, labour-intensive


ensure the long-term sustainability

platforms to the government’s goal

of the sector. It is hoped that this

of zero harm,” the Minister said.

Contrary to the popular view that mechanisation will result in

Also speaking at the launch,

significant job losses in the mining

formation of South Africa's com-

MEMSA CEO Dr Paul Jourdan said

industry, research indicates that it

parative advantage in the minerals

that MEMSA is focusing on rolling

will generate additional employ-

sector into a competitive one.

out programmes to support its

ment opportunities.

partnership will stimulate the trans-

“Mechanisation based on locally manufactured equipment has the potential to maintain employment levels,” Dr Jourdan said. “For example, if you install a completely mechanised equipment set, from drifter drills to roof bolters and load-haul dumpers, which can all even be controlled remotely, you will employ nearly the same number of people,” he added.


Public Sector Manager • October 2018


Writer: More Matshediso

Focus on

infrastructure in municipalities


or the past two decades of South Africa’s democracy, government has focused on

achieving universal access to basic services but it has become imperative that equal focus now be given to improving infrastructure in municipalities. This is according to the President of the South African Local Government Association (SALGA), Parks Tau, who said the current state of infrastructure in municipalities is under heavy strain and suffers from years of neglect and limited maintenance. He recently addressed more than 400 delegates which included municipal leaders and officials,

structural challenges confronting

inward migration, mushrooming


of informal settlements, increased

“The whole sphere of local

population size, urbanisation,

members of parliament, industry ex-

government needs to rethink its ap-

climate change and new tech-

perts and key stakeholders in local

proach to the kind of infrastructure

nologies, we have to take stock of

government infrastructure, during

that we invest in and start to focus

whether our current infrastructure

the Municipal Innovation Infrastruc-

more on climate-proofing invest-

can withstand these challenges,”

ture Financing Conference (MIIF)

ments to allow for longer useful life

he added.

held in Ekurhuleni, Gauteng.

and better return on investment,”

Tau called for a new paradigm shift in order to address the infra-


said Tau. “With the increasing dynamic of

Technical capacity He said local government has to

Public Sector Manager • October 2018

deal with the challenge of building the technical capacity within, to master the art of project preparation in order to execute infrastructure projects. SALGA organised the three-day MIIF conference to empower the sector to mobilise financial resources from outside their current budgets and financing instruments to overcome infrastructural challenges. The conference called for the

President of t he Sout h African Local Government Association, Parks Tau.

huge bearing on quality of life.

private sector to propose concrete

Speech of the National Treasury, it

measures to assist municipalities

was announced that R13.9 billion

with value-for-money analysis and

would be stripped from local gov-

activity takes place within the

to assist in developing procurement

ernment infrastructure grants.

boundaries of a municipality;

documents and project concession agreements. SALGA has a membership of 257

Tau said this was largely informed

Minister Nene said all economic

therefore the quality of municipal

by the fact that despite the need,

infrastructure matters for the perfor-

some municipalities are still unable

mance of the country’s economy. “We know only too well of the

municipalities nationally. Member-

to properly plan and execute their

ship is voluntary.

projects, resulting in underspending

backlogs in the building of new

of these grants.

and maintenance of existing infra-

The association represents, promotes and protects the interests of

“This should be of concern to all

structure,” he said. “If we are to raise the pace at

local governments and raises the

of us. As municipalities, we should

profile of local government, among

not be seeking access to financial

which our economy grows and

other objectives. It has a duty to

markets and other lending institu-

eliminate the legacies of apart-

inspire municipalities to better de-

tions when we have the inability to

heid, we must fix municipalities; in

liver services because municipali-

spend what we have,” he said.

particular, their ability to build and maintain infrastructure,” the Minister

ties must inspire the confidence of citizens who have entrusted them with this vital role.

Infrastructure development

added. Deputy Minister of Cooperative

Finance Minister Nhlanhla Nene

Governance and Traditional Affairs

into democracy, the current struc-

was also at the conference to add

Andries Nel said only 55 of SALGA’s

ture of municipalities was only cre-

his voice to the issue of infrastruc-

257 municipalities have a qualified

ated towards the year 2000, which

ture development in municipalities.


Although South Africa is 24 years

means local government is only 18

He said the manner in which mu-

“We must intervene and we are

years old and still at an evolution

nicipalities look after their infrastruc-

intervening. Our Municipal Infra-


ture, including roads, electricity and

structure Support Agent (MISA)

water, to mention just a few, had a

has been instructed to constitute

Earlier this year, during the Budget

Public Sector Manager • October 2018



technical support teams to support

a technical support team in place

physical infrastructure in metro

55 of the 87 priority distressed mu-

and the teams will be expected to

municipalities because more peo-

nicipalities,” he said.

develop permanent capacity in

ple are flooding in as years go by.

these municipalities to ensure that

We cannot just keep getting more

include engineers, construction

infrastructure funds are actually

people into the metros without

and project managers, financial

spent and that they are spent effi-

expanding our infrastructure, it will

accountants, town and regional

ciently, effectively and accountably.

be a disaster,” he explained.

“Each district support team will

planners, and governance and

Roland Henwood, a lecturer in

Henwood added that without

administration experts as needed,”

politics at the University of Pretoria,

improving infrastructure, it will

Minister Nene added.

stressed that municipalities need

be almost impossible to deliver

MISA’s mandate is to provide

more than just money in order to

services to the people because

support and develop technical

not neglect infrastructure and to

local government is the sphere at

capacity towards sustained accel-

keep it maintained.

which government delivers services

erated municipal infrastructure and service delivery.

He said planning ahead and

directly to people.

preparing for the future is of para-

Henwood agreed with Tau that

mount importance for municipali-

infrastructure in municipalities has

strategic direction, management

ties to continue developing and

been neglected.

and administration services to the

maintaining infrastructure so that

He said investment in infrastruc-

organisation and provide technical

the delivery of services is not im-

ture is not only about the physical

support to targeted municipalities,


structures but also hiring experts

It must provide leadership,

which will improve infrastructure

“If we look forward to 2035, we

who will be professional about

planning, implementation as well

are going to need nine times more

building and maintaining the

as operations and maintenance.

schools, roads, clinics and other


Efficient service delivery MISA also manages the deployment of professional service providers to municipalities, ensuring that sufficient technical capacity is built within municipalities, which will result in effective and efficient service delivery in the long term. It also provides comprehensive generic strategic support to the technical support and capacity development programmes. By December, all distressed municipalities are expected to have


Public Sector Manager • October 2018

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Our initial injection of economic activity represents

the largest manufacturer and distributor of tobacco

only a fraction of the overall economic contribution of

products in the country and the second-largest

the company.

company listed on the JSE by market capitalisation.

In the process of manufacturing, packaging, exporting

We have a history in the country spanning more than

and distributing cigarettes and cut-rag tobacco,

100 years and our portfolio includes the top six cigarette

BAT stimulates economic activity throughout the

brands: Peter Stuyvesant, Dunhill, Rothmans, Benson &

tobacco value chain, encompassing a wide range

Hedges, Pall Mall and Kent.

of producers and suppliers, such as tobacco farmers (upstream linkages), as well as retailers, distributors and

Through our nation-wide operations, BAT South Africa

the hospitality industry (downstream linkages). These

provides employment and income to thousands of

upstream and downstream activities generate additional

households across South Africa and makes a vital

income and tax revenue which, in turn, is spent in the

contribution to government tax revenues.

economy, thereby inducing further economic benefits.

Our factory in Heidelberg, Gauteng, is the eighth-

When all the economic multiplier effects are taken

largest BAT factory in the world and the biggest

into consideration, BAT South Africa and its supply

employer in the Lesedi municipality. With a production

chain sustained production (or intermediate output)

capacity of 27 billion sticks per annum, it produces

to the value of R23.03-billion, supported more than

cigarettes and cut-rag tobacco for both the local

79 000 jobs across the country and generated just

market and export.

under R3.81-billion in labour income during 2017.

With a share of over 75% of the legal cigarette market, a workforce of 1 727 employees and tax contributions

Additionally, BAT South Africa’s operations sustain an economy-wide capital stock valued at R13.96-billion.

of around R14.24-billion paid by the company in 2017,

The company has been recognised as and accredited

BAT South Africa makes a substantial contribution to

among the Top Employers in South Africa for the

the South African economy.

last 10 years – testimony to the exceptional working environment that we maintain for our employees.


PROCUREMENT PRACTICES BAT South Africa’s own initial contribution to South Africa’s intermediate output – or production – amounted to R10.11-billion, with its first-round or direct suppliers adding an additional R3.74-billion. Altogether, BAT South Africa’s total production stimulus, including all the economic multiplier effects, to the national economy came to R23.03-billion in 2017. The sectors that derive the benefit from the company’s capital investment and operational expenditure include the wholesale and retail trade, manufacturing (excluding BAT South Africa manufacturing), business services, finance and insurance, transport and storage and agriculture sectors. EMPLOYMENT BAT South Africa’s operations have exceptionally high spinoff effects on job creation, with an employment multiplier of 45.77, according to a study by economic and financial data consultancy Quantec. This means for each person employed directly by BAT South Africa, an additional 45 jobs are supported by the company’s upstream and downstream operations in the rest of the economy, of which approximately 80% are filled by individuals from previously disadvantaged population groups. When including all economic multiplier effects, BAT South Africa supports an estimated 79 045 full-time equivalent formal and informal jobs in South Africa – or 0.5% of total employment in the country. The majority of these jobs are in the business services

groups, testimony to the company’s commitment to transformation. At the skilled and semi-skilled levels, workers from previously disadvantaged backgrounds account for more than 77% of the company’s employees. SKILLS DEVELOPMENT BAT South Africa is particularly proud of its commitment to skills development in South Africa. During 2017, the company invested R127.85-million in the training and development of its staff, equating to 12.7% of its payroll. This translated into 3 827 training interventions. BAT South Africa has invested close to R560-million in the training and development of its employees over the last seven years.

sector (22 083) with the retail and wholesale sector (18 899) also making a vital contribution. Over 70% of the formal sector jobs generated by the company’s value chain are skilled and semi-skilled positions, with the informal sector accounting for about 26.4% of the total employment impact.

REMUNERATION BAT South Africa’s staff remuneration amounted to R1.10-billion in 2017. Its economy-wide supply chain operations contributed R3.81-billion to labour income across the country.

Between 2011 and 2013, BAT’s workforce increased by 25.5% (or 551 additional employees), but declined by 19.4% between 2013 and 2015 – a loss of 528 jobs. A further 460 jobs were shed between 2015 and 2017. This was mainly due to growing commercial pressures resulting from the growth in the size of the illegal tobacco market. To put this in perspective, according to Statistics South Africa, employment in the broader manufacturing sector increased by 1.66% between 2015 and 2017. POPULATION GROUP PROFILE

TAX CONTRIBUTION During 2017, the National Treasury received R14.24-billion in tax revenue from BAT South Africa, its employees and consumers of cigarettes produced by the company (i.e. VAT and excise duties), accounting for 1.11% of the South African government’s total tax revenue for the year. The majority (67.9%) of the taxes derived from the production and sale of BAT South Africa products come from a cigarette-specific excise tax, which generated

Three out of four employees working at BAT South

R9.66-billion. This represented 23.9% of all excise tax

Africa are from previously disadvantaged population

collected in South Africa during 2017.

When the tax revenue generated from the indirect and induced impacts of BAT South Africa’s operations throughout the country are also taken into account, this increases the government’s take to R18.67-billion. This represents 1.46% of the total revenue received by the National Treasury in 2017. TAX CONTRIBUTION IN PERSPECTIVE

LABOUR AND GDP TO CAPITAL RATIOS The company’s labour/capital ratio (measuring the number of jobs created for every R1-million of capital investment) is 5.7, meaning that for every R10-million of capital investment, BAT South Africa creates 57 formal or informal jobs – well above the national average of 20 jobs. Furthermore, BAT South Africa’s GDP/capital ratio shows

BAT South Africa’s national tax contribution of

that for every R10-million worth of capital expenditure, the

R14.24-billion was enough to pay for:

company and its direct, indirect and induced activities stimulates R7.4-million in GDP for South Africa. This is also


HIGH SCHOOL TEACHERS with an average annual salary of R197,093 per teacher.

higher than the national average (of R5.1-million) and together indicates that the company is generally more efficient in utilising a unit of investment compared to most other industries.

WHOLESALE AND RETAIL TRADE BAT South Africa is not directly involved in selling its

3.175 million CHILD SUPPORT GRANTS at R375 per month per child.

products to consumers, but instead relies on over 178 000 retailers and wholesalers across the country to do so. The implication of this is a significant impact on employment in the retail and wholesale sector. This includes informal retailers such as spaza shops, which

GOVERNMENT REVENUE IMPACT The tax revenue arising from the direct, indirect and induced impacts of BAT South Africa’s operations

constitute the largest portion of stores at 43.4% of all outlets; independent convenience stores; and taverns and formal channels such as grocery and wine outlets.

(i.e. all the multiplier effects) increased the National

A large portion of BAT South Africa’s first-round

Treasury’s take to R18.67-billion, or 1.46% of the National

employment impact is in this labour-intensive sector,

Treasury’s total tax revenue in 2017.

accounting for 8 414 jobs – or 27.4% of first-round

Indirect taxes paid by consumers remain the most important revenue source, at R14.25-billion (or 76.4% of BAT South Africa’s economy-wide tax contribution), followed by corporate taxes at R2.25-billion (12.0%). The initial tax contribution by a firm as a proportion of its economy-wide impact is typically small. BAT South Africa’s initial tax contribution constitutes 76.3% of its economy-wide impact. This is indicative of the significant tax burden borne by the company.

employment. Many of these businesses are small, independent and black-owned, and derive a significant portion of their revenue from the sale of tobacco products. The number of jobs in the wholesale and retail trade sector generated by the company’s operations has declined markedly since the early 2010s. This reduction has been driven partly by growing economic pressure on the retail and wholesale environment, but mostly by increased commercial pressure on BAT South Africa


caused by higher illicit trade, which has reduced the volume of cigarettes it sells. This has forced the

BAT South Africa’s economy-wide contribution to South Africa’s value added (GDP) at factor costs amounted to R10.29-billion in 2017, or 0.25% of the country’s GDP. The company’s GDP multiplier is estimated by Quantec at 1.02, indicating that for every one rand of sales revenue generated by the company (i.e. turnover at company level, excluding taxes), R1.02 of value is added to the country’s GDP.

company to reduce its labour force by almost 20%, which has consequently had an adverse knockon effect on the number of jobs supported in the wholesale and retail trade sector. The multiplier effects add another 10 486 jobs to employment in the retail and wholesale sector, thereby increasing the company’s impact to 18 899 jobs


Additionally, a number of tobacco farmers are not exclusively involved in tobacco farming. These mixedcrop farms also grow maize, beans and other crops. EMERGING FARMERS BAT South Africa has, since 2011, invested than R70million into its Emerging Farmers Initiative, which has supported the development of 155 small-scale black emerging farmers in Mpumalanga, North West, Limpopo and the Eastern Cape. Farmers in the programme are assisted with plant production, tobacco production, poultry and care for livestock, while non-tobacco crops are included in rotational cropping plans for additional income and food security. Since 2011, we’ve facilitated the planting of over economy-wide. Compared with a total employment impact of around 25 700 jobs in 2015, it is clear that the growing economic pressures faced by BAT South Africa, and the tobacco value chain in general, also have a significant effect on the company’s overall contribution to the sector. The indirect and induced impacts supported another 46 584 jobs, taking the total number of jobs supported

800 hectares of tobacco and over 1 000 hectares of vegetable crops. Research shows this programme is changing lives, making it possible for people in rural areas to send their children to university, build their own houses and to invest in equipment that increases their productivity. EMPLOYMENT MULTIPLIERS

by BAT South Africa’s operations to 79 045 full-time

Considering only formal employment, BAT South Africa’s

equivalent jobs. This represents 0.50% of all employment

economy-wide employment multiplier was estimated

in South Africa. Formal employment constituted 73.6%

at 33.69. This means, for each person directly employed

(58 190 full-time equivalent jobs) of the economy-wide

by the company, almost 33 additional upstream and

impact in 2017.

downstream formal sector jobs were sustained in the

AGRICULTURAL SECTOR BAT South Africa buys over 90% of all tobacco leaf grown in South Africa. The bulk of this leaf is sourced from Mpumalanga, Limpopo and North West provinces. The impact on the agriculture sector (of which tobacco

national economy. When taking the informal sector into account, the total employment multiplier increased to 45.77. That is, after accounting for each person employed directly by the company, 45 additional formal and informal jobs were sustained in the national economy.

farming is the largest component when considering the first-round suppliers) amounts to 5 003 full-time equivalent tobacco farming jobs, which constitutes 16.3% of the total first-round impact. Because sectors such as agriculture rely greatly on the employment of seasonal (part-time) workers, the distinction between full-time equivalent jobs and part-time job opportunities becomes important. The actual, real-world number of jobs, which includes permanent and part-time, is therefore likely to be much greater than the stated full-time equivalent impact on employment, since for example, two workers working half a day each will equate to one full-time equivalent employment opportunity.



Writer: Dale Hes

Adapting to

climate change


limate change is having an

vides funding to community-driven

350 healthy offspring, which has

increasingly negative effect

farming projects which have the

increased production and income

on South Africa’s agricul-

potential to improve the climate re-

for the farmers and proven that the

tural sector. Without the necessary

silience (and therefore productivity)

project is meeting its aims. From

resources to protect themselves from

of farmers. Situated in the remote

inception to implementation on the

this threat, emerging and small-scale

semi-desert of the Namakwa District

ground, the project has been driven

farmers are the ones who suffer most.

in the Northern Cape, the Biodiversi-

by the community, with the Adapta-

ty and Red Meat Cooperative (BRC)

tion Fund and SANBI only providing

is one of the successful grantees.

funding and expert guidance.

But a multi-year project – implemented by South African National Biodiversity Institute (SANBI) and

“The livestock farmers of the re-

“One of the ideals that the Adap-

supported by the Department of En-

gion struggle with extremes of tem-

tation Fund supports is that commu-

vironmental Affairs – is helping these

perature, as the exotic sheep and

nities must not be told what to do.

farmers withstand this environment

goats that they farm do not cope

They must use their own ideas and

and even thrive in it.

well with the increasing impacts of

manage the projects themselves,

The Adaptation Fund is a global

climate change,” explained Michael

thereby ensuring true empower-

initiative that seeks to protect vulner-

Jennings, Strategic Grants Manager

ment and sustainability,” Jennings

able communities from the impacts

for SANBI.

pointed out.

of climate change. In 2014, SANBI

“Working with local non-govern-

For community member Katie

was selected as the implementing

mental organisation Gondwana

Beukes, the project gave her the

agent of the project in South Africa

Alive, the BRC recognised an oppor-

opportunity to start farming.

and is currently overseeing two

tunity to replace these breeds with

Adaptation Fund projects that are

indigenous breeds that are tougher

previously I only owned land and

yielding remarkable results.

and better adapted to cope with

not livestock. Now, the cooperative

these conditions,” he explained.

has offered me livestock to start

“I am a member of the BRC, but

Helping livestock farmers in the desert

A total of 65 new sheep and

farming. I plan to keep breeding this

goats were distributed among

livestock and improve my livelihood

The first of these is a R33 million

the BRC farmers. Since then, the

by selling to local markets,” said

Small Grants Facility (SGF) that pro-

original livestock have produced



Public Sector Manager • October 2018

Pioneering climate resilience in KwaZuluNatal

on supporting women, who have to

In the uMgungundlovu District

make a living from farming.

There has been a significant focus face many hurdles when trying to

some of the money for my children’s school fees,” said Gwala. Another farmer, Winnet Dhladhla, had previously used an incorrect

Municipality, 380 vegetable farm-

“The project recognises that

ers – most of them women – are

women usually do not own as-

crops too densely. With the problem

also enjoying improved livelihoods

sets nor have the opportunity to

fixed, she was able to make R1 500

thanks to a R102 million Adapta-

participate meaningfully in projects

profit from her potatoes and R1 750

tion Fund project. Through a project

due to exclusive local institutions

from mielies.

called “Building resilience in the

and social norms. The project has

greater uMngeni catchment”, farm-

allowed more women to participate

ily and also make some money on

ers are learning new farming tech-

in projects in their communities,

the side,” Dhladhla said.

niques and being equipped with a

while building their knowledge and

wide range of knowledge related

capacity to make their own deci-

building and increased produc-

to climate change and access to

sions and chart their own pathways

tion of diverse crops, the uMngeni


out of poverty,” he added.

Resilience Project has empowered

“Some of the interventions so

One of the women farmers, Matu

planting method, planting her

“This has allowed to feed my fam-

Through engagement, capacity

women to become active and or-

far have included the planting of

Gwala, had been struggling with

ganised producers. Moving forward,

climate-resilient crops, better use

unpredictable climate events such

the project will focus on improv-

of available land, training and the

as heavy rains and drought. She

ing the women farmers’ access to

formation of cooperatives. There has

said that the project allowed her to


also been investment in infrastruc-

grow more climate-resilient produce,

ture such as community gardens,

sell it and make a profit.

“The project has responded to develop a training programme for

irrigation systems and early warning

“I made R4 500 from the maize

systems that will allow the farmers to

that was produced from the seeds

age, and to then invest in a local

prepare for climate change events

I received. I managed to buy

low-cost packhouse that will allow

such as floods,” said Jennings.

furniture for my house and invested

farmers to process and prepare

post-harvest handling and stor-

their fresh produce for the market,” said Jennings. The project’s success has captured the attention of municipalities across the province. “There is a good possibility that these type of interventions will be mainstreamed into the emerging agricultural sector of the province and become part of the way government approaches farming,” he said.

Public Sector Manager • October 2018


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Black Industrialist Group (BIG) and also the Global Business Leadership Award International Conference onFounder Gender and cited inWomen theand as one of the top 10 most inspiring women in State-Owned Entities. She has also been nominated for the She is aMail Director at Black Industrialist Group (BIG) and also the Founder andprofiled Chairperson and ofShe Chairperson African ofFinancial in Chairperson Supply Women Chain of in African Association Supply Women Chain Association in Supply Chain Association is a Director atAfrican Black Industrialist Group (BIG) and also the Founder Global Business Award - International Conference onFounder Gender She is a Director at Industrialist Group (BIG) and also the and Chairperson ofBlack African Women in Supply Chain Association & Sustainability -Leadership New York 2017. Global Business Leadership Award International on Gender (AWISCA), the first and Chairperson onlythe association first (AWISCA), and in only southern association the first Africa and in focusing only southern association on Africa focusing in- nominated southern AfricaConference focusing and Chairperson of African Women inonSupply Chain Association and of Women inalso Supply Chain Association women in(AWISCA), State-Owned Entities. She has been for theon &African Sustainability -qualifications New York and Chairperson of African Women in southern Supply Chain Association (AWISCA), the first and only2017. association Africa focusing Among her are a Diploma Purchasing; Btechonfunctional mentorship functional and coaching mentorship functional inand supply and coaching mentorship chain toinbuild supply skills coaching chain and toassociation build in Africa supply skillsfocusing chain and to build skills & Sustainability - and New York 2017. (AWISCA), the first and only in southern Africaand focusing on (AWISCA), the first only association in southern on Amongand are a inDiploma - Gender Purchasing; Btech (AWISCA), the first andand only association in southern Africa focusing onfunctional mentorship supply chain toShe build and Global Leadership Award -her International Conference on Logistics; aqualifications Masters ofcoaching Business Administration. is skills currently capacity in theBusiness sector. capacity in the sector. capacity in the sector. Among her qualifications are a inDiploma - Purchasing; Btech functional mentorship andchain coaching supply chain to build skills andfunctional mentorship and coaching in supply to build skills and Logistics;in and a Masters ofcoaching BusinessinAdministration. She is skills currently functional mentorship and supply chainto toensure build and capacity the sector. enrolled for doctoral studies. 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Take a stand and make a difference G

rowing up we

clerk in a law firm and he

all wanted to be

qualified as an attorney in

something in life.

1952. He later partnered

Our parents and teachers

with his friend Oliver Tambo

would encourage us to

to open the first black legal

choose careers we liked

practice and represented

and sometimes they would

many black people in

tell us which careers to

court especially those who

choose based on their ex-

could not afford legal fees.

periences. It is also a dream

To open the first black law

of every parent to see their

firm at the time was a huge

child succeed and be the

achievement because rac-

best they can be.

ism was rife and the apart-

This is also true of former President Nelson Man-

difficult for black people to

dela, whose dream was to

become lawyers. Accord-

become a lawyer. Madiba

ing to the 1946 population

was influenced by circum-

census, there were only

stances to become a law-

18 black lawyers and 13

yer so that he could fight

article clerks in the country.

the injustices of apartheid.

These numbers had not

His dream became true

substantially changed six

when he met struggle icon

years later when Madiba

Walter Sisulu who helped

became a lawyer.

him get a job as an article


heid government made it

Instead of using his

Public Sector Manager • October 2018

achievement to simply earn a living

This is despite being warned by

As we celebrate the centenary

and create wealth, he chose to

some in the legal profession that

of their birth, let us use the oppor-

fight for the greater good of the

his involvement in politics would

tunity to reflect on their lives and

majority. His commitment was to

damage the credibility of his law

sacrifices and learn from them.

make a positive impact on the

firm. But he stood firm nonetheless

We call on all South Africans to

lives of the people of this country

and paid a steep price for his defi-

use the celebration of the cen-

as he believed that “what counts

ance. His involvement in politics

tenary of the birth of our icons to

in life is not the mere fact that we

and the sacrifices he made led to

do their part to take forward their

have lived. It is what difference we

him being arrested, banned from


have made to the lives of others

addressing people and severely

that will determine the signifi-

restricted from travelling.

cance of the life we lead”. It is against this background that

Madiba’s courage inspired

In the spirit of #ThumaMina we should go to our communities to help address some of the

many people both in the coun-

problems that our people face as

he refused to live a lifestyle that

try and around the world to be

Madiba and Ma Sisulu did many

was not enjoyed by the majority

active in politics. He has shown

years ago.

people in this country but used

us that it takes courage of one

his legal skills to fight for the equal

man to start a movement that will

work together we can overcome

treatment of black people. He

change our country for the better

all the challenges we face which

also believed that law alone was

and create a society where all

includes stopping violence

not enough to solve all the prob-

may live in peace and harmony.

against women and children.

Our history shows that if we

lems of the country at the time.

The year 2018 also marks the

Our actions can go a long way

This is why he got involved in

centenary of the birth of another

towards taking the legacy of our

politics and led the defiance

stalwart Albertina Nontsikelelo

icons forward and for the next

campaigns against pass laws.


generation to learn from us.

Public Sector Manager • October 2018


APPOINTMENTS Compiled by: Jauhara Khan

experience in developing and

and closing down of non-

executing strategies to grow

core businesses between 2004


and 2006, and has served as

She most recently served as an

a Financial Controller/Project

associate director at Deloitte

Manager for the Transnet flagship

Consulting for almost eight years

Vulindlela Business Transformation

where she developed a portfolio


of business for multiple clients,

Seroka obtained a Master’s in

including researching key industry

Business Administration (MBA) from

trends locally and globally to

the Gordon Institute of Business

identify opportunities and threats.

Science at the University of Pretoria

Linda Seroka Business Development Officer, Transnet National Ports Authority

Prior to that, she worked at

in 2009 and a BCompt Honours

Transnet between 2000 and 2010,

from the then University of Natal in

progressing from three years of


Training Outside Public Practice

Her role at TNPA will be to explore

Transnet National Ports Authority

articles to working as an internal

and unlock growth opportunities

(TNPA) has appointed Linda Seroka

consultant driving strategic

in the fields of commercial and

as its Business Development Officer.

transformation programmes.

marketing, strategy, property and

Seroka has more than 17 years’

She also worked on the sale

facilities management.

Dr Noxolo Vabaza Chief Executive Officer: Stanger Hospital

a medical doctor in Port Elizabeth

Dr Noxolo Vabaza has been

Dr Vabaza relocated to Tasmania,

appointed Chief Executive Of-

Australia, where she worked as a

ficer (CEO) of Stanger Hospital in

general practitioner from 2008 to

KwaZulu-Natal. She has worked as

2011. She attained the Fellowship

a medical practitioner in South

of the Royal Australian College of

Africa and abroad for almost three

General Practitioners (FRACGP)


qualification in 2010.

Dr Vabaza studied part of her MB-

In 2011, she returned to South Af-

ChB degree at the then University

rica and joined the Phoenix Com-

hospital's strategy is in line with the

of Natal from 1983 to 1985. After

munity Health Centre as a clinical

national and provincial Depart-

joining the ANC, she went into exile

manager and also served as its

ments of Health, as well as district

and continued and completed her

CEO until July this year.

health plans. She will also imple-

studies in medicine at the Univer-

She also has an MBA from the Uni-

ment a sound communication

sity of Zimbabwe between 1987

versity of Cape Town.

strategy to facilitate good com-

and 1990. She worked as an intern

As CEO of Stanger Hospital, Dr

plaints management and engage-

and medical officer at Livingstone

Vabaza will manage various

ment with internal and external

Hospital from 1991 to 1992, and as

departments and ensure that the



running her own medical practice from 1994 to 2007.

Public Sector Manager • October 2018










xxxx Compiled by: Gilda Narsimdas

Dinner is served! N

ow that winter is firmly

For the stuffing:

sea salt and leaves from the

tucked away, dinnertime

180g chorizo

thyme sprigs and rub the mixture

just got a lot more colour-

1 tbsp olive oil

all over the chicken. Place on a

ful. Out with the hearty soups and

2 chopped onions

roasting tray and roast for approxi-

in with the fresh, herby ingredients.

Lemon zest and the juice of

mately two hours.

half a lemon

Allow the chicken to rest for

125g breadcrumbs

10 minutes before serving it with

Spring time is all about budding blooms, vibrant and earthy ingre-

dients, all combined together to

roasted vegetables and sautéed,

make a delicious, but also a nutri-


tious dinner.

Pre-heat the oven to 190°C/ 170°C

Spanish-infused roast chicken with chorizo stuffing

For the stuffing, use a food proces-

Miso roasted garlic cauliflower

sor to make the breadcrumbs.



Then add all the other ingredients

1 medium cauliflower

1 whole free–range chicken

to the processor bowl and chop

2 tbsp miso paste

2 tbsp olive oil

until the mixture has a sausage-

3 tbsp warm water

1 tsp flaked sea salt

like consistency. Push down into

1 tsp sesame oil

1 tsp smoked paprika

the cavity of the chicken.

2 tsp garlic powder

2 thyme sprigs

Mix the olive oil with the paprika,

1 tbsp tomato pureé



diced potatoes.

Public Sector Manager • October 2018

1 tbsp chilli flakes

and enjoy as a snack

1 tbsp soy sauce

or with rice, in a salad

2 tbsp nutritional yeast

or in whatever way your heart desires.

Method Preheat the oven to 175°C. To make

Roasted brussel sprouts

the batter, place all the ingredients,


except the cauliflower, in a large

500g brussels sprouts

bowl and mix well until combined.

1 tsp garlic powder

Now cut the cauliflower into bite-

½ tsp chili powder

size pieces and add them to the

½ tsp cumin

bowl. Toss them around until they

1 tbsp olive oil

are coated with the batter.

½ tsp smoked paprika

Place the cauliflower bites on a

Salt and pepper to taste

baking sheet lined with parchment

Preheat the oven to 175°C. Cut the

cut side down on a parchment-

paper and bake them in the oven

brussel sprouts in half from the stem

lined baking sheet and roast them

for about 45 minutes or until the

to the top. Place them in a bowl

for about 20 minutes or until the

edges are slightly burnt/crisp. Once

and cover them with the remaining

outside becomes crisp.

done, remove them from the oven

ingredients, then mix well.

Remove them from the oven and

Public Sector Manager • October 2018

Place the brussel sprouts with the



enjoy them hot or cold.

seeds with 4 tbsp water) •

200 g chocolate

Salted caramel brownies

4 tbsp water. Set it aside to thicken. Melt the chocolate over a double boiler or in a microwave and set it


Salted caramel


2 cans full-fat coconut milk

1 cup flour (150g)

1 ½ cup coconut sugar

baking powder and cacao powder.

2 tsp baking powder (10g)

½ tsp salt (Himalayan rock salt)

Add the coconut sugar and mix

4 tbsp cacao powder (25g)

2 tsp vanilla extract


1 cup coconut sugar

1 ½ cup non-dairy milk


eggs and non-dairy milk to the flour

5 tbsp coconut oil

Preheat the oven to 175°C. Start by

and mix well. Pour the batter into a

1 tsp vanilla

making 2 flax eggs by mixing 2 tbsp

parchment-lined baking dish and

2 flax eggs (2 tbsp crushed flax

crushed or ground flax seeds with

cook in the oven for about 30 min-

aside to cool. In a large bowl, sift the flower,

Add the oil, melted chocolate, flax

utes. Serve with the salted caramel drizzle and enjoy! Salted caramel After bringing the mixture to a boil, lower the heat and let it simmer until the sauce starts thickening, while stirring occasionally. In between stirring you can prepare the brownie batter. Stir while simmering for about 35 to 40 minutes depending on how much liquid the coconut milk has. Once you get a thick coating on the back of your spoon, the sauce is done. Turn off the heat and let it cool to thicken even further. This makes enough for two batches of brownies. Add salt to taste (add ½ tsp Himalayan rock salt).


Public Sector Manager • October 2018

Two million children go to bed hungry...

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Writer: Jamie Day Photographer: Johann Minnaar


Haval is changing the image of Chinese cars


ack in the late 60s and early

Koreans who made a back-door

things would turn out so? Just look

70s, folks swore on Ameri-

entry into South Africa via Botswana

at the healthy resale values these

can automobiles. Chryslers,

with the Hyundai range of vehicles,

two brands command.

Chevrolets and Pontiacs were the

that again had locals wondering

And now in the 2000s we have

cars most sought after. Japanese

about this unknown brand from a

the Chinese, who came, copied,

entrants to the market were eyed

country few people knew of.

but not quite conquered the local

with suspicion and it took Toyota,

Both Toyota and Hyundai turned

market with their generally poor

with its ž-ton Toyopet pick-up, a long

the local market on its head with

quality, cheap and nasty offerings

time to win the confidence of local

reliable, durable and somewhat

which were quite literally knockoffs


economical offerings. Back then,

of old technology. While many have

who would have predicted that

fallen by the wayside, the few left

Then, in the early 90s, we had the


Public Sector Manager • October 2018

behind have upped their game

teriors costing twice as much. The

duce any other derivatives. And

significantly, to such an extent that

fascia design is modern and well

that is says a lot.

sampling their products will leave

laid out, adding to the ergonomic

you doubting the origins of their

value of the car. Every conceiv-


able bell and whistle is catered for

All the right credentials

and the quality of materials and

At this rate, don’t be surprised if

Value-filled offerings

the standard of fit and finish prom-

Haval becomes a top seller in its

One such player to be taken

ises to go the distance. Bonnet,

categories in the not-too-distant-

seriously is Haval, which forms the

boot and doors open and close

future locally too. It certainly has

luxury SUV-only arm of the GWM

with a reassuring thunk unheard

the credentials. Styling is now

group. The GWM stable boasts the

of previously in cars from China.

in the hands of Pierre Leclerq,

Steed range of value-filled offer-

Once you start the engine, select

previously of BMW M division fame

ings in single and double cab

“drive” and pull off, you immedi-

while Ramon Ginah, ex Alfa Ro-

bakkie configurations.

ately realise that a lot of thought

meo, is responsible for the sumptu-

went into the design and engi-

ous interior design.

Having tested both the entry level H2 and the H6 City vehicles,

neering of this car. Be it the H2 or

I must say the performance of

the H6, the refinement and solidity

competitively and with a gener-

both has been a huge revela-

of performance is remarkable, with

ous warranty and roadside plan

tion. If you hid the badges and

gear changes and overall perfor-

aims to take the fight to the big

asked someone to guess what

mance top drawer.

dogs. More dealerships are being

car they were driving, they would

The styling too is modern, classic

For now at least, Haval is priced

planned to ensure they are represented in all the big centres.

never guess that it was a Chinese

and easy on the eye. It is, thank-

product. Gone is the funny smell-

fully, not a rip-off of any marque

ing, cheap plastic materials hastily

and is beginning to carve its own

H9, a true, full-size off roader at the

put together and falling apart at

brand loyalty. Remember, in its

Festival of Motoring at Kyalami at

every speed-hump. Now you’re

home country, it sold more than a

the end of August. This should ruf-

welcomed by a lovely, new car

million vehicles in 2017, and these

fle the feathers of the established

smell that reminds you of car in-

are only SUVs as they do not pro-

brands a bit.

Public Sector Manager • October 2018

They also launched the flagship


Writer: Jamie Day Photographer: Johann Minnaar



flower camps: Immerse yourself in nature


he idea of seeing colourful

to, no message to respond to, no

flower carpets unravel in the

email to send and nothing to do

Namaqua National Park was

but exactly what I wanted to. How

never alluring enough to make me travel the six hours from Cape Town

often can I say that? The beauty of the Skilpad bush

to go see it. I could just flick through

camp and Groen River beach

other people’s photos, couldn’t I?

camp, in the heart of the Namaqua

How wrong I was.

National Park, is that you have no choice but to disconnect from the

Switch off and switch on

everyday rush and connect with nature. Every opening flower that

I awoke at 6:50am. No invasive

follows the direction of the sun in

alarm clock, no loud car hooters.

this paradise is a reminder to pause

Just the thin finger of natural light

and take it all in. I love that about

landing on my lazy eyelids, pulling

this place.

me from my sleep. As I opened one eye it dawned on me – I had nowhere to rush off


The drive to the Namaqua National Park is as much of a treasure

reels of colourful footage that trans-

as the destination. We passed by

ported us away from the tarmac

Public Sector Manager • October 2018

road. From the burnt sienna of the intricate rock formations, to the fiery reds, oranges, yellows and splashes of blues, purples and pinks of the flowers, there was a blur of colour everywhere we cast our eyes. Our hosts, Chiefs Tented Camps, have equipped 15 luxury cottage tents with comfortable beds, duvets, electric blankets and lights. The ensuite ablutions are situated at the back and have hot showers, chemical flush toilets, luxury amenities and towels. At the entrance to the tent are two chairs and a table looking into the field of flowers. Can this really be called “camping”? And then there’s nature – raw, wild and untouched. combinations of all colours con-

carpets of flowers where you could

Being lured out of bed

tinue to pop open in waves as the

spot buck and birds in the bush

Every morning at 7:30am sharp,

sun rises higher.

camp and dolphins, whales and

tea, coffee and rusks arrive on the

seabirds along the coast. Craving

of the hot coffee lures guests out of

Get intimate with nature

bed just in time for Mother Nature’s

While it’s tempting to spend the

outside your luxury tent and allow

little trick…

remainder of the day lounging in

the sea breeze to caress you while

your tent, gawking at flowers, the

you cradle a glass of wine. Just

mountains and casts some light

environment is too beautiful not to

wanting to be spoilt? The luxury

onto the awakening landscape.

explore more intimately.

tents have everything you need.

table outside the tent. The aroma

The sun slowly creeps up over the

Sunrays land on each flower bud

Namaqualand caters for all. A

quiet? Peel on your comfiest pants, grab a book, melt into the chair

Bars are fully stocked and the Daisy

and, without fail, the buds slowly

petrol head? Come with a fully-

Lounge is the perfect place to sit

start to uncurl. As the petals draw

kitted 4X4 and tackle the chal-

and relax and indulge in scrump-

heat from the rays, the flowers

lenging demarcated routes in the

tious meals.

transform the green and brown

park. Seeking adventure? Bring trail

canvas from which they sprung into

shoes, a swimming costume or a

From bush to coast

a myriad of colour and life.

mountain bike and explore. There

Driving the 70km from the bush

are a number of trails through

to the coast was another show

Yellows, oranges, whites, reds and

Public Sector Manager • October 2018



as flower colours shifted from fiery

we stood in front of our luxury tents

per day, R970 children u/12, R1 075

oranges, reds and yellows to blues

in a national park with almost zero

children 12–16

and purples.

human interaction, crashing waves

As we pulled up at Groen River

Getting there: No need for a 4X4

just a stone’s throw away and

to access the camp via Garies –

flowers everywhere. There really is

just a car that can travel on gravel.

nothing like it.

An SUV or 4X4 is recommended for

The Namaqualand flower camps offer the perfect escape and leave

the coastal section. Extras: Welcome drinks and

you feeling refreshed, renewed

meals (morning coffee and rusks,

and like you can’t face the hustle

breakfast, afternoon high tea and

and bustle of the city. I am craving

three-course dinner) are included.

the quiet already.

There is a cash bar available and there is an optional lunch pic-

If you go

nic basket for R245 (serves two)

Accommodation: Camps are

and mini cheese boards for R185

available for the flower season in

(serves two) to enjoy among the



Rates (pp/night): R2 250 pp sharing (max 2 per tent), R3 375 single


How to book:

Public Sector Manager • October 2018


Writer: Nicholas Francis

Make your handbag handy



ver struggled to find something in the abyss called your handbag? In keeping with the less-is-more trend, why not try

a smaller handbag with a few key items, instead of a bigger one that everything gets lost in. So, what would you put in that smaller handbag? We have a few suggestions.




6 3




NYX professional makeup butter lipstick, Mary Janes, R120.


Queenspark frame clasp bag, R599.


Nivea Intensive nourishing hand cream, 75ml, R33.


Revlon ColorStay Gel Envy nail enamel, R135.


Clinique SPF 30 Virtu-Oil™ body mist, 144ml, R380.


Kurgan Kenani leather credit card holder, R389.


Style Republic cat-eye sunglasses, R79.

Public Sector Manager • October 2018

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