PSM October 2020

Page 1



Growing food security Matodzi Phaswana increases harvests

Social development Bringing dignity to the vulnerable

Curbing corruption Preventative controls a corruptionbusting tool




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Contents: October 2020 Development is adapting to a different future



The COVID-19 pandemic has put everything to the test –


including the ethics of public


Nwabisa Vitshima ensures the


safety of thousands of airline passengers daily


Working towards an Integrated Transport System


Women in the public sector

A seamless transport system

Matodzi Phaswana turns to

is an important component

technology to help farmers

of the country’s economic

increase their harvests

development and will also benefit commuters


Provincial focus

Northern Cape gets a handle on COVID-19


Tackling plastic pollution

Government, non-

governmental organisations 44


From the Union Buildings

President Cyril Ramaphosa

and businesses unite

Global players urged to back

to mitigate the serious

African stimulus package

environmental threat plastic pollution poses to our oceans



International relations

Focus on women

How to combat financial challenges in difficult times


national priority

The skills gap and mismatch

News you need to know when

at local government is a

you are on the go

complex issue that requires immediate attention




Preventative controls:

Conversations with leaders

Stopping corruption before

reflects on the lessons learnt

The launch of the preventative

from COVID-19 and how

control guides boosts efforts

the Department of Social

to safeguard public funds

Minister Lindiwe Zulu

mismatch in local

In other news

access to agricultural land and subsistence farming is a

Addressing the skills government

explains why broadening for commercial production


it happens

38 Public Sector Manager • October 2020

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Public Sector Manager • October 2020

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Social development desperately needed T

he instances of

hunger daily, hopeless-

Employee Relief Scheme


ness and joblessness”.

(TERS) to the SMME Debt

of Coronavirus

However, the corruption

ate jobs. Government has not

Relief Scheme, the Tour-

turned its back on the

(COVID-19) funds, which

cloud must not negate

ism Relief Fund and the

thousands of people

have come to the fore, is

all the good done over

Solidarity Fund – contrib-

made extra vulnerable

a blight on South Africa’s

the past six months to

uted to by governments,

by the long months of

impressive response to

protect South Africans

companies, foundations

economic inactivity.

the global pandemic.

from the devastating

and individuals.

In the words of Presi-

social and economic im-

Some of the support

With South Africa on

measures announced in

dent Cyril Ramaphosa,

pacts of the pandemic,

Level 1 of the national

April, as part of the R500

it is “an unforgivable

from the Special COV-

lockdown and most

billion economic and

betrayal for the millions

ID-19 Social Relief of Dis-

people back at work,

social relief package

of South Africans who

tress Grant and the Un-

government is moving

– which provided vital

are being negatively af-

employment Insurance

with urgency to rebuild

support for households,

fected by the impact of

Fund (UIF) COVID-19

South Africa’s economy,

companies and workers

COVID-19, experiencing

Temporary Employer/

restore growth and cre-

– have been extended. As the country marks Social Development Month in October, it is appropriate that we reflect on the considerable support government has given – and continues to give – to cushion the impacts of the pandemic and the considerable financial challenges South Africa faces. After a two-week halt in the UIF COVID-19 TERS benefits to implement


Public Sector Manager • October 2020

tighter controls and

provided directly to more

businesses that have

protective equipment

ensure funds go only

than 16 million people

received direct support,

and dignity packs to

to qualifying recipients,

from poor households

many more companies


payments resumed

through the special

have benefited from tax

towards the end of

COVID-19 grants and the

relief measures worth in

who battle to access

September. The benefit

top-up of existing grants.

the region of R70 billion.

government services is

Good news for people

was also extended until

More than 800 000

15 October 2020, provid-

companies have ben-

to date allocated R2.4

Social Security Agency

ing further support to

efited through the UIF

billion to support key

(SASSA) has launched a

areas of the country’s

new online portal, initially

whose income remains

national coronavirus

for child support, older

at risk.

response, including

persons and foster child

food relief for vulner-

grants. This will prevent

been made to the Loan

able households and

people from having to

Guarantee Scheme to

vouchers for subsistence

stand in queues and

make it easier for com-


spend valuable money

workers and companies

Adjustments have also

The Solidarity Fund has

that the South African

panies of any size to ac-

It is heartening to see

cess credit at low interest

how people across South

Social Development

rates, with repayments

Africa – and indeed from

Month aims to engage

delayed for as much

across the globe – are

communities to identify

as 12 months. This will

contributing to this fund.

their challenges and put

In mid-September, the

together action plans to

United Kingdom swelled

deal with these chal-

Solidarity’s coffer by

lenges. Never before has

donating R50 million, to

this been more crucial,

wage support scheme

go towards projects sup-

as the country works to

help companies badly affected by the national lockdown continue

Minister in t he Presidency, Jac kson Mt hembu.

operations while the economy recovers.

on public transport.

and through the grants

porting and promoting

recover from the worst

by government – the his-

and loans provided by

women’s empowerment.

public health crisis in liv-

toric reduction in interest

various government

rates by 300 basis points

departments and public

ment’s many significant

Our President put it

since January – will help


COVID-19 interventions,

best when he said: “We

the social media plat-

have shown what South

Another measure taken

ensure adequate liquid-

More than four million

Apart from govern-

ing memory.

ity in domestic markets

workers have received

forms of various govern-

Africans are capable of

going forward.

R42 billion in wage

ment departments have

when we join forces. Let

support, which helped

captured numerous

us hold on to that spirit of

ment of the national

preserve jobs while

donations and commu-

unity and solidarity. Let us

lockdown in March, well

companies were unable

nity interactions around

move forward with deter-

over R30 billion in addi-

to operate.

the country, most notably

mination and resolve.”

Since the announce-

tional support has been

In addition to those

Public Sector Manager • October 2020

the handover of personal



Reimagining the future of local government to operate in silos. Called the District Development Model (DDM),

Phumla Williams, GCIS Director-General.


eight metropolitan municipalities.

Ministers and Deputy Ministers have been

Each district plan must

appointed as district

the plan was approved

ensure that national pri-

champions for specific

by Cabinet in August

orities such as economic

metros and districts. They

2019 and late last year,

growth and employ-

are tasked with assisting

three pilot programmes

ment; improvements to

the President and Deputy

were launched. These

living conditions; the

President to manage the

were in the Waterberg

fight against crime and

implementation of the

District Municipality,

corruption and better

DDM and to enhance

eThekwini Metropolitan

education outcomes are

the capacity of the State

Municipality in KwaZulu-


across the country.

Natal and the OR Tambo

In addition, each

ithout effective

District Municipality in the

district’s competitive

ment initiative – espe-

service deliv-

Eastern Cape.

advantage will be identi-

cially relevant now as

fied and developed and

we celebrate Transport

ery at grass-

Inspired by the

Another positive govern-

roots level, government’s

Khawuleza (hurry up) call

district hubs will be cre-

Month in October – is the

National Development

to action, the DDM aims

ated to provide shared

convening of a National

Plan to reduce inequality

to accelerate, align and

critical skills in regions

Taxi Lekgotla that will

and eliminate poverty will

integrate service delivery

where they are lacking.

help shape the regula-

remain hobbled.

under a single develop-

Hubs will make experts

tion, formalisation and

ment plan per district or

such as engineers, plan-

empowerment of this R40

try’s third tier of govern-

metro. These develop-

ners, ICT specialists and

billion industry, and result

ment have long been

ment plans are drawn up

administrators available

in the empowerment of

evident – from damning

jointly by national, pro-

to the district and local

taxi operators, rather than

Auditor-General reports to

vincial and local govern-


just industry bosses.

frequent service delivery

ment, as well as business,


labour and the commu-

ment phase of the plan,

Transport has been en-

nity in each district.

profiles of all 52 munici-

gaging with stakeholders

palities were completed,

and civil society to gather

Failings in the coun-

Last year, President Cyril Ramaphosa announced

It is a year later and

During the establish-

The Department of

a comprehensive plan to

government has an-

giving national govern-

various views about the

better align local govern-

nounced that the model

ment a better under-

future of the taxi indus-

ment with provincial and

will now be rolled out in

standing of the major

try prior to the lekgotla,

national thinking and

all of South Africa’s 44

development issues in

which is set to take place

overcome the tendency

municipal districts and

each district.

this month.


Public Sector Manager • October 2020


A message from President Cyril Ramaphosa

Transforming the agricultural landscape


ecently, the

use of farmland to grow

scarcity and urban

has resulted in more

Department of

crops and for animal

encroachment. We are

land being restored and

Agriculture, Land

husbandry is key to our

also losing prime agri-

restituted to black South

very survival.

cultural land through

Africans, the pernicious

land-use changes.

effects of the 1913 Na-

Reform and Rural Development (DALRRD) an-

South Africa has vast

nounced that members

tracts of land suitable for

of the public will be able

agricultural production,

broadening access to

to be in patterns of farm-

to apply to lease 700 000

with 37.9 percent of our

agricultural land for

land ownership.

hectares of underutilised

total land area currently

commercial production

The Act went far be-

or vacant State land in

being used for commer-

and subsistence farming

yond dispossessing mil-

seven of the provinces.

cial agriculture.

is a national priority.

lions of people of their

Agricultural land is the

Like many other coun-

tives Land Act continue

Given our history,

ancestral land.

mainstay of our natural

tries, our arable land is

Great injustice

resource base. The avail-

under threat from land

Although the post-1994

ple of their right to own

ability and sustainable

degradation, water

land reform process

and work the land on


By depriving our peo-

Public Sector Manager • October 2020

which they depended

ticular sector has been

for sustenance and liveli-

slow and unsatisfactory.

In my State of the Na-

with the State and pay a

hood, this great injustice

Transforming patterns

tion Address earlier this

rental fee consistent with the land value.


effectively ‘engineered

of agricultural land

year I committed that

the poverty of black

ownership is vital not just

state-owned agricultural

South Africans’.

to address the historical

land would soon be

injustices of the past,

released for farming.

Its aim was to destroy our people’s prospects

but to safeguard our na-

for self-reliance, inde-

tion’s food security.

This is a major mile-

sign a lease agreement

Sustainability and profitability We must also ensure

stone in the agrarian re-

that farmers are sup-

As noted in the 2019

form process, and gives

ported along the road

nomic prosperity. At the

report of the Presidential

effect to the promise of

to sustainability and

most fundamental of

Advisory Panel on Land

the Freedom Charter


levels, it destroyed our

Reform and Agriculture,

that the land shall be

ability to feed ourselves.

“whilst we export food,

shared among those

gramme, beneficiaries

With land ownership

back home 41 percent

who work it.

will be trained in finan-

pendence and eco-

As part of this pro-

cial management and

still concentrated in

of people in rural areas

the hands of the few,

and 59.4 percent in ur-

aims to strike a bal-

enterprise development.

and agriculture primary

ban areas have severely

ance between social

Experience has shown

production and value

inadequate access to

justice and redress, and

that emerging and

chains mainly owned


enhancing agricultural

small-scale farmers often

output by bringing more

lack the financial skills to

black farmers into the

exploit market opportu-

mainstream of the

nities and integrate with


value chains.

by white commercial our past remain with us

Redistributive vision


Agrarian reform has

farmers, the effects of

The continued monop-

been a priority of suc-

Our redistributive vision

Land is a productive

We are prioritising

olisation of a key means

cessive administrations

asset that generates

women, youth and per-

of production like land

since democracy.

profit and can be used

sons with disabilities as

for collateral to secure


is not just an obstacle to

Between 1994 and

advancing a more egali-

March 2018 the State

tarian society; it is also a

has delivered 8.4 million

recipe for social unrest.

hectares of land to previ-

land acquired for farm-

empowering women

ously disadvantaged in-

ing purposes is produc-

farmers under the

farm is growing, espe-

dividuals under the land

tively used. To safeguard

existing Proactive Land

cially amongst the rural

reform programme. But

the allocated State land

Acquisition Strategy.

poor. And for a number

this progress amounts to

for farming purposes,

of reasons, the pace of

less than 10 percent of

the lease is not transfer-

inces, women who have

land reform in this par-

all commercial farm-

rable. Beneficiaries will

been allocated farms

The hunger for land to

Public Sector Manager • October 2020

other assets. We have to ensure that

There has been demonstrable success with

In a number of prov-



by the DALRRD have

land and opportunities

by growing a new gen-

been able to run them

for farming will support

eration of farmers.

successfully and even

job creation and enter-

Leasing land under

mercially successful in

move into commercial

prise development, and

such favourable condi-

South Africa, and that

production. In addition

improve the market for

tions must spur them

black farmers are per-

to the land acquisition

food, agricultural goods

to think big; to not just

petually ‘emerging’.

itself, the department

and services.

grow their own busi-

continues to invest in

white farmers are com-

in turning it to pro-

shared wealth and pros-

ductive use, they will

perity in the communi-

indeed turn swords into

ties in which they farm.

ploughshares. They will

ment and machinery to enable these entrepre-

The ultimate goal of re-

neurs to run successful

leasing these land par-

They must heal the


cels is to transform the

deep divisions of our

agricultural landscape

past. They must dispel

Broadening access to


In working this land;

nesses but to advance

New generation of farmers

infrastructure, equip-

the stereotype that only

become the faces of national reconciliation.

Public Sector Manager • October 2020

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Writer: More Matshediso

Preventative controls: Stopping corruption before it happens


he preventative control guides recently launched

by the Auditor-General of South Africa (AGSA) is an additional measure to safeguard public money. The guides cover the main preventative controls that should be in place and include key questions that oversight structures and executive authorities can ask to obtain assurance on whether the controls have been implemented and are working effectively. “Preventative controls promote transparency, strengthen accountability and are predictable with known expected outcomes. In essence, preventative controls are an invincible fortress against all possible


Auditor-General Kimi Makwetu.

Public Sector Manager • October 2020

abuses of the public

systems of control, that

controls across the key

preventative controls,

purse,” said Auditor-Gen-

there has been no non-

areas of accountability, it

presented within two

eral Kimi Makwetu.

compliance or contra-

will not be necessary to

broad categories,

vention of a financial

set in motion these new

which are tone and

preventative controls are

statute; that the entity is


control culture – deal-

the controls designed

not exposed to situations

and implemented by

of fraud which could

and implemented, such

should be in place

management to avoid

result in a financial loss

controls will detect most

at an organisational

threats to the objectives

or the loss of a public

material irregularities

level to enable an

of the institution materi-

asset; or that the entity is

that could result in a

ethical and effective


not deprived of provid-

financial loss. These con-

control culture, includ-

ing certain services due

trols are proactive and

ing leadership effec-

to the financial losses

are an eloquent expres-

tiveness and conduct.


sion of the key guards

According to the AGSA,

Impunity and accountability

ing with controls that

“If properly designed

Institutionalised inter-

According to Makwetu,

Once a material irregu-

for years the AG’s audit

larity has been identified

findings and recommen-

or is suspected during

dations were disregard-

an audit performed

relatively cheaper than

at an organisational


being at their posts at all

nal controls – dealing


with controls that should be in place

He added this is

under this Act, the AG is

relying on investigations

level to enable the

“At this point, impu-

empowered to refer any

that will be triggered af-

implementation and

nity was beginning to

such material irregularity

ter money has changed

monitoring of, and the

take centre stage as

to a relevant public body

hands in ways that are

assurance on, preven-

evidenced through the

for investigation, take ap-

not credible or transpar-

audit outcomes. Impu-

propriate legally binding


nity cannot coexist with

remedial action and/


or issue a certificate of

are in place and are

controls within the key

tative controls. •

Transactional level controls – dealing with

“Once these controls

This led to the amend-

debt where an account-

diligently pursued, there

business processes of

ment of the Public Audit

ing officer or accounting

will be more resources

institutions, such as

Act, which introduces the

authority has failed to

available to do most of

procurement, pay-

concept of a material

comply with the reme-

the things that citizens

ments, financial state-


dial action.

aspire to or govern-

ment preparation,

ment allocates money

and asset manage-



“It means that whenan audit, the staff on

Proactive controls

the audit must satisfy

However, Makwetu point-

controls cover the follow-

and delivery controls

themselves, through vari-

ed out that if the whole

ing categories:

– dealing with key

ous tests of transactions,

of government invests in

The control environ-

delivery areas, includ-

account balances and

activating preventative

ment as a basis for all

ing infrastructure

ever the AG performs

Public Sector Manager • October 2020

Guides on preventative

Project management



development and maintenance. Speaking at the virtual launch of the guides, Director-General of National Treasury Dondo Mogajane noted that corruption continued to be one of the greatest obstacles to development worldwide. He added that even


The guides support

tion before a transaction

the most successful

These measures are best

accounting officers and

law-enforcement instru-

done in partnerships

executive authorities to

“It provides account-

ments and agencies

across departments and

prevent the corrosion of

ing officers with a toolkit

only come into play af-

institutions responsible

corruption taking hold,

of possible solutions to

ter the crime has been

for good public financial

he added.

make preventative con-

committed and by then

management and the

the damaging conse-

prevention of malfea-

to exercise their obliga-

ments, municipalities

quences of corruption


tion as defined by the

and entities throughout

“They will assist them

takes place.

trols a reality at depart-

have already occurred.

“These AGSA’s preven-

Public Finance Manage-

government, creating

“Prevention is depend-

tative control guides …

ment Act and Municipal

a fresh new mindset

ent on a suite of meas-

will add substantially

Finance Management

of managing public

ures being implemented

to the instructions and

Act to implement and

resources, based on the

in concert, including

reporting measures Na-

maintain effective, ef-

old adage of ‘prevention

and, for example, regu-

tional Treasury has taken.

ficient and transparent

is better than cure’.”

lar educational and

Instructions on preven-

systems of financial and

Mogajane encouraged

appropriate public

tative measures includ-

risk management and

accounting officers to

awareness to encour-

ing control systems,

internal controls.”

use the guides as a

age public intolerance

procurement procedures

of corruption and de-

including prescribing

veloping public finance

maximum prices, and

Empowering management

management primary

government-wide report-

He added that pre-

countability throughout

tools to identify and ad-

ing including standard-

ventative controls are


dress corruption risks to

ised report templates,

intended to empower

strengthen the integrity

can only improve the

management to identify

trol guides are available

of public administra-

management of public

the risks of misappropria-

on the AGSA’s website –



tion, fraud and corrup-


basis for their day-to-day activities to create a strict culture of ac-

The preventative con-

Public Sector Manager • October 2020

Maritime Academy launched at uMfolozi TVET College History was made at Esikhawini Campus during the launch

economy. The qualifications – 20 short courses,

of the first Maritime Academy among KwaZulu-Natal

14 certificate programmes and 18 diploma programmes

TVET Colleges. The auspicious event was attended by

– will be accredited by the South African Maritime

the Minister of Higher Education, Science and Innovation,

Safety Authority.

Dr Blade Nzimande, MEC Kwazi Mshengu and many other dignitaries. The community of Esikhawini also flocked in great numbers to attend.

The maritime academy will contribute to the oceans economy sectors such as marine transport and manufacturing, offshore oil, aquaculture, small harbour

The academy boasts equipment from Sweden and

development, marine protection services and marine

Norway. The renovated facility, refurbished classrooms,

and coastal tourism.

learning material, training equipment and capacity building was enabled by funding support from the National Skills Fund and Transport Education Training Authority.

Minister Nzimande made a call to the private training providers who are involved with maritime related qualifications to connect and partner with

The academy will primarily target local unemployed

the public TVET colleges in order to meet the needs

youth with an interest in maritime studies and the oceans

of the employer.

CENTRAL OFFICE: Naboomnek Street, Arboretum, Richards Bay Tel: +27 (35) 902 9501 • Fax: +27 (35) 789 2585 • Email: • Web:


Writer: Dale Hes

Social Development prepares for a new future During the Coronavirus Disease (COVID-19) pandemic, the Department of Social Development (DSD) played a crucial role in responding to the needs of millions of South Africans. As the country marks Social Development Month, Minister Lindiwe Zulu reflects on the lessons learnt from COVID-19, and how the department is adapting to a different future.

issue of food security in


explains that in many

the home,” says Minister Zulu. Controversy arose during the lockdown over the distribution of food parcels by non-governmental organisations (NGOs) and the private sector. Minister Zulu

he DSD has been

Minister Lindiwe Zulu

it will affect them. The

cases, food parcels dis-

at the forefront of

says that her first priority

reasoning was that, in

tributed by these donors

assisting millions of

during the national lock-

order to help others, you

were being distributed

South Africans to over-

down was to prepare her

need to first be able to

in areas which were

come the most pressing

workforce for the chal-

help yourself and protect

not necessarily hunger

challenges posed by the

lenges that lay ahead.



COVID-19 pandemic

“When the pandemic

The DSD raised social

“We were very excited

initially struck, we real-

grants and introduced

to see the private sector

payment of social grants,

ised that the DSD would

the R350 Special COV-

and NGOs stepping up

the distribution of food

have a critical role to

ID-19 Social Relief of

to provide food. But at

parcels and respond-

play and that we would

Distress Grant, as part of

the same time, the food

ing to issues of gender-

be on the frontlines as-

efforts to alleviate some

was often not reaching

based violence (GBV),

sisting ordinary South

of the distress faced by

the neediest people.

employees in the social

Africans. So, my first prior-

South Africans who lost

Many of these NGOs

development portfolio

ity was to prepare the

their incomes as a result

operate around urban

have worked harder than

workforce and help them

of the pandemic.

areas, and rural areas

ever before, in highly test-

to understand what

ing circumstances.

COVID-19 is and how

Responsible for the


“The other related concern was obviously the

suffer as a result. "So, we needed to

Public Sector Manager • October 2020

technology can be used

Minister Lindiwe Zulu (right) on a monitoring visit to a homeless shelter in Middelburg, Mpumalanga.

to make things faster and easier, and we must encourage citizens to become digitally literate.” The DSD is now focusing on building partnerships with telecommunications companies and drawing on the skills of digitally savvy young people. “There are young and dynamic [people] out there who are developing solutions for us, and we must draw on their skills. We are also look-

focus on partnering with

now that we are on Level

managed to do things

ing at partnering with

these donors to get the

1, let’s develop partner-

faster. Instead of going


food to the right areas.

ships and have a long-

through bureaucratic red

companies, helping to

We collected data from

term plan to ensure that

tape or pushing things

educate people on how

provinces and zoomed

the amount of food we

to the next year or the

to use technology and

in at the real hunger

saw flowing in can still be

next five years, COVID-19

not be afraid of it. Social


coming in next year and

showed us that we can

development must look

moving forward.”

propel the National

at the services we pro-

Development Plan faster

vide and apply technol-

than we thought we

ogy to these services to


assist our people in a

The DSD is working hard to ensure sustainability

the food flooding in, I

Harnessing technology and supporting local businesses

thought to myself, 'Where

The Minister says that

cial factor in streamlining

has this food been all

COVID-19 has proved


along?’. It proved to us

that government can

that the right type of co-

move at a faster pace

applications for the R350

Month is to provide sup-

ordination, mobilisation

when addressing issues

grant were done on a

port for local businesses.

and distribution can go

facing South Africa.

cellphone, and nine mil-

of food distribution, even beyond COVID-19. “When we saw all

She singles out the use of technology as a cru-

“For example, all the

faster, easier and more affordable way.” Minister Zulu says that another strong focus this Social Development

“We have a great

lion people successfully

opportunity to acceler-

to note that because we

applied in this way. Many

ate economic transfor-

were under threat, we

people are learning that

mation. As the social

a long way towards solv-

“It was very interesting

ing the hunger problem in South Africa. So, even

Public Sector Manager • October 2020



development portfolio,

hard work of public

we support a number

servants operating at

of cooperatives owned

the frontlines during the

by women, youth and

COVID-19 pandemic.

people with disabili-

“I would like to sin-

ties, and we should be

cerely thank public

procuring services from

servants for getting out

these cooperatives and

there and carrying out

other small businesses.

their work despite the

Government’s financial


muscle should be used

The Minister pays

for economic transforma-

tribute to the heroes lost


along the way, including Connie Nxumalo,

Dealing with GBV

the Deputy DirectorGeneral of Welfare

The lockdown put a

Services at the DSD.

magnifying glass on the

“Connie was a leader

problem of GBV.

of social workers in

“COVID-19 exacerbat-

South Africa and re-

ed this societal problem,

spected the world over.

because women were

abuse and femicide, it

as the Thuthuzela and

Sometimes we under-

stuck in their homes with

should be a call to ac-

Khuseleka care centres,

mine ourselves here, but

their abusers. It is a pan-

tion for public servants.

where they can be assist-

the world recognises us

demic in and of itself,”

But most importantly, the

ed at a ‘one-stop shop’,

and we truly have some

Minister Zulu points out.

call is to communities, to

providing them with

special people in the

The Minister said that

families and to individu-

psycho-social support

Public Service.

the DSD – through its

als, to stop accepting

and empowering them

policy-making and social

abuse as something that

to develop their skills so

try to not collapse dur-

work – is continuing to

is simply a part of our

that they know they can

ing this crisis, and now

work closely with the


have a life without their

is the time to focus on

abusers,” she says.

using the same sense of

Department of Women,

The DSD is focused on

Youth and Persons with

empowering women

Disabilities, to deal with

who seek to escape from


abusive relationships.

“When we hear about horrific incidents of


“Women must have outlets to go to, such

A message of gratitude

“You helped our coun-

ubuntu we saw during the pandemic to help make South Africa a

Minister Zulu is ex-

better place every day,”

tremely grateful for the

she says.

Public Sector Manager • October 2020






*Writers: Richard Sizani and Busani Ngcaweni

Putting ethics to the test T

obligation to be professional and ethical. These are important tenets because when the public sector is driven by factors other than constitutional values and principles, it inevitably

he Coronavirus Dis-

this test and brought

forts to build an ethical

leads to failures, fre-

ease (COVID-19)

the Public Service into

civil service.

quently with far-reaching

pandemic put



from healthcare systems

being outraged by those

Constitutional obligation

to supply chains to social

whose actions were not

President Cyril Ramapho-

failures were revealed at

safety nets. Hard deci-

for the greater good and

sa has reminded us on

the Life Esidimeni, the

sions had to be made by

sought to enrich them-

several occasions that

Commission of Inquiry

all of us and our moral

selves during our biggest

one of the key priorities of

into tax administration

character was put to the

crisis yet.

the sixth administration is

and governance by the

everything to the test −

The public is justified in

Some of the most severe recent values-

to build “a capable, ethi-

South African Revenue

ethical and hard-working

cal and developmental

Service, Commission of

government tried valiant-

public officials who are


Inquiry into Allegations

ly to rise to the COVID-19

not only committed but

Furthermore, Chapter

challenge, unfortunately,

who work tirelessly and

10 of the Constitution of

most recently, shocking

some amongst us failed

relentlessly in their ef-

the Republic of South

corruption related to the

Africa of 1996 that public

procurement of personal

administration must

protective equipment for

be governed by the

the COVID -19 pandemic.

test. While most officials in

Equally outraged are

democratic values and

Given the above, there

principles, which include,

is therefore an obligation

among others, efficient,

on government depart-

economic and effective

ments to actively man-

use of resources.

age ethics.

The Public Service provide for a Code of

Promoting ethical behaviour

Conduct that outlines

The National School of

behaviour expected of

Government (NSG) has

Public Service employees

been relentless in its pur-

to fulfil their constitutional

suit of enabling public

Regulations of 2016


of State Capture and,

Public Sector Manager • October 2020

servants to practise ac-

the Code of Conduct

the NSG is offering the

agement Act (MFMA)

countable management,

(Chapter two of the

course for free on the

and their regulations set

and to continuously

revised Public Service

open platform so that it

out the specifications

monitor and improve or-

Regulations); helps offi-

can be accessed more

for such investigations

ganisational levels of ad-

cials recognise common


into the abuse of supply

herence to compliance

ethical dilemmas as well

requirements of their

as apply Public Service

constitutional mandate

prescripts for ethical

Consequence management

and relevant legislation.


In support of the Ethics

any assertions of finan-

One does not build

in the Public Service pro-

cial misconduct.

zens receive the quality

a values-driven public

grammes and to pursue

of services that are basic

sector merely by appeal-

accountable manage-

Amendment Act of

to a well-functioning

ing to public servants

ment more relentlessly,

2004 was amended in


to take the values more

the NSG identified the

April 2019 in an effort to

This is to ensure that citi-

chain management processes, irregular and fruitless expenditures and

The Public Audit

seriously. What is required

need for public officials

strengthen the provisions

grammes that constitute

is a focus on the entire

to also have the neces-

made for consequence

Ethics Management

system within which pub-

sary knowledge and

management in the

in the Public Service is

lic servants operate and

capability to manage

PFMA and the MFMA.

aimed at emphasising

are socialised into their

the consequences of

Government depart-

and re-emphasising that

professional roles and

non-compliance as it

ments were entreated to

all public servants, re-


happens in their work-

pay attention to conse-


quence management

The suite of pro-

gardless of rank or level,

There needs to be

are obliged to recommit

a stable, professional

themselves to ethical

system where values play

throughout courses deal-

behaviour and practices

a central role in keeping

ing with compliance to

agement is generally


the focus on the com-


understood to be coordi-

The NSG, in partnership with the Department

mon purpose. To achieve this com-

This topic is addressed

The negative effects

at last! Consequence man-

nated legislated meas-

of non-compliance

ures and activities to be

of Public Service and

mon purpose, it is

and the lack of conse-

undertaken by depart-

Administration and the

important for all officials

quence management

mental management to

Public Service Commis-

to espouse these values

in the public sector is

address instances where

sion (PSC), developed

and therefore imperative

well known and it is well

there was non-compli-

and launched a compul-

that they complete this

documented especially

ance with the letter of

sory online ethics course


by the Auditor-General of

the law.

to ensure that we move

Given the strategic sig-

South Africa reports.

It is undertaken to allevi-

The Public Finance

ate the damage and loss

forward on becoming a

nificance of ethics and

truly values-driven public

the enabling role training

Management Act

incurred by the depart-


plays in professionalis-

(PFMA) and the Mu-

ment, and fundamen-

ing government officials,

nicipal Finance Man-

tally restore and protect

The course unpacks

Public Sector Manager • October 2020



essential government,

World Health Organisa-

proper processes have to

the need to regain the

services, products and

tion, was marred by the

be followed.

public’s trust and to make


widespread corruption of

Maybe part of the PSC’s

the Public Service an

tender processes related

communication strategy

agement is needed

to services and goods

in the future should be

as the lack thereof

related to stemming the

how progress on these

pledge to build a Public

perpetuates the loss of


Consequence man-

state money resulting in

employer of choice. The NSG and PSC

matters are communicat-

Service which will uphold

ed readily to the public

the highest moral values,

so that there is more

integrity and ethics.

inadequate funding for


essential services, irregu-

Consequence manage-

tangible evidence of

lar and unauthorised

ment prescripts and

consequence manage-

to create a Public Service

expenditure and poor

the key roleplayers are

ment and accountability

that strives to promote

audit reports.

guided by different piec-

measures to the public.

and live out the values of

One can further argue

es of legislation and it is

We acknowledge that

professionalism, transpar-

that consequence man-

important for accounting

agement is imperative to

authorities/officers and

No room for corruption

ensure that expenditure

officials to continuously

As of Public Service and

ness, we must be hard on

is recovered from those

engage in professional

Administration Minister


persons found liable in

development to update

Senzo Mchunu rightly

law for condoning of

their existing knowledge

puts it, “Ethical conduct

orously in our analysis of

such expenditure.

and practices to ensure

and organisational integ-

ethics and corruption, let

that they can execute

rity are key in eradicating

us imagine a world that

adverse effect of the lack

consequence manage-

fraud and corruption in

exists without corruption.

of consequence man-

ment within fair labour

the Public Service”.

agement is ultimately


A far more serious

the loss of confidence

A key challenge for

ency, efficiency, accountability and responsive-

As we engage more rig-

Let us exercise leader-

As the training arm of

ship and judgement in

government, it is there-

the building of a world

in government’s ability

consequence manage-

fore imperative that the

that rests on the princi-

to provide services, its

ment is understanding

NSG implements this

ples of Ubuntu.

ability to govern and

the different roleplayers

training programme that

pervading discourse of

and the applicability of

will equip public of-

ity – it must be our reality,

being labeled as corrupt.

the law in the disciplinary

ficials with the skills and

and the NSG and PSC

processes as well as the

competencies to make

pledge to leave no stone

any gains achieved in

recovery processes.

ethical decisions, develop

unturned to achieve this.

other areas. For exam-

Understandably, there

organisational integrity,

ple, the well-planned

are expectations from the

and prevent fraud and

response to the COV-

public to see quick results

combat corruption in the

ID-19 pandemic by this

in these actions. Yet, it is

public sector.

State, which has even

important to improve

been lauded by the

the success rate that

This serves to negate


It is also one of the

This is not an impossibil-

*Advocate Richard Sizani is the Chairperson of the PSC and Busani Ngcaweni is the Principal of the NSG.

ways of acknowledging

Public Sector Manager • October 2020


Channel Africa is South Africa’s international public broadcast radio station whose primary audience is the entire African continent. Our secondary audience is the rest of the world, where we harvest our news and information. As an International Public Broadcaster, our core values subscribe to the highest journalistic ethics which find expression in fairness, accuracy, and impartiality. Channel Africa is a platform through which Africa is engaged in debate with itself, and recognises South Africa as a role player in continental and international affairs.

Vision: “The African Perspective” Mission: “to promote the regeneration, revival, and rejuvenation of Africa, through the production and broadcast of dynamic, stimulating, and interesting programmes”. Contact Information: Tel: 011 714 2997 Fax: 011 714 2072 Email: Web: Twitter: channelafrica1 Instagram: channelafricaradio DSTV:802


Writers: More Matshediso and Dale Hes

Keeping the skies safe T

he sky may be a

pany’s mandate because

limit for a lot of

I am at the forefront of the

people, but for Nwa-

provision of service deliv-

bisa Vitshima (32) it is her

ery. I interact with airliners,

second home.

flight schools and the overall operational team

Every day, Vitshima protects the lives of thousands of people through

I ensure that we provide

traffic controller at the East

the best service because

London Airport.

this directly reflects the image of the company

to safely land and takeoff.

and my work impacts on

The bigger part of her job

the safety of people’s lives

is to prevent aircraft ac-

every day,” she says.

cidents as an employee of the Air Traffic and Naviga-

Passenger safety

tion Services (ATNS).

Vitshima’s responsibility

ATNS is an entity of the

is to ensure the safety of

Department of Transport

an aeroplane and its pas-

(DoT) and its primary

sengers from the point it

mandate is to render air

takes off at a particular

traffic control and man-

airport to where it lands. “This is done by separat-

agement solutions for South Africa as well as

ing the aeroplanes, mak-

10 percent of the world’s

ing sure they maintain the


required spacing in the

“As an air traffic controller, my daily job forms an integral part of the com-


“As the front line worker,

her exciting job as an air

She directs aeroplanes

Air traffic controller Nwabisa Vitshima ensures the safet y of thousands of airline passengers daily.

of the airport.

skies and at the airports.” She takes pride in her work knowing that the

Public Sector Manager • October 2020

safety of everyone travel-

ally the marshals on the

can have as many as

of accountability and

ling on aircraft within

ground,” says Vitshima.

300 people on board,

responsibility,” she adds.

South African borders,

However, her aunt

so we ensure that all of

especially in the Eastern

convinced her to apply

these people can get to

Future plans

Cape, is her responsibil-

and during the inter-

their destinations safely.

Vitshima says in her line


view process Vitshima

In fact, in one shift, we

of work what is con-

became convinced

protect the lives of more

sidered high tech and

the aircraft gets to its

that being an air traffic

people than a doctor

crucial one day can be

destination safely. See-

controller was what she

does in a year!” says

obsolete the next. This is

ing the passengers safe

wanted to do.


why constant evolution

“I have to ensure that

gives me a great sense

“We received a presen-

She explains that the

is necessary to keep up

tation from an air traffic

job requires concentra-

with the latest develop-

controller who showed

tion, good communica-

ments in the industry.

small Eastern Cape vil-

us what the job involves.

tion skills, memory, the

lage of Sidwadweni. She

After that presentation,

ability to work under

include working for the

excelled at school and

I became convinced

pressure and being

International Civil Avia-

went on to get a univer-

that this was a career I

able to work in a team.

tion Authority.

sity degree in analytical

would like,” she says.

of joy,” she says. Vitshima grew up in the


The start of the journey

“There is no room

Her future plans

“I have always been

for error because one

interested in the regu-

an assistant air traffic

small mistake can cost

latory framework that

controller with Air Traffic

people’s lives. Everything

governs the aviation

Vitshima started off as

Navigation Services in

has to be accurate and

industry, therefore it

After getting her degree

2013 and then an air

well-calculated. You are

would only make sense

she was looking for a

traffic controller in 2015.

also dealing with a lot

that I one day work for

of different personalities

the International Civil

job when her aunt saw an advertisement in an

Protecting lives

and pilots, so you have

Aviation Authority and

elevator from the DoT,

Every day, she sits at her

to be able to commu-

be part of an organisa-

which was looking to

station in the air traffic

nicate effectively with

tion that serves as the

recruit air traffic control-

control tower, com-


global forum of states

lers from the Eastern

municating over radio


with pilots and helping

for everyone but Vitshi-

them to safely land and

ma says if you have the


right character, then it is

people to become air

definitely rewarding.

traffic controllers be-

“At first, I was not too keen, because I did not know anything

“We make sure that

This is clearly not a job

“It requires one to get

for international civil aviation.” She encourages young

cause the job is chal-

about aeroplanes and

aeroplanes remain

thought that air traffic

separated from each

out of their comfort zone

lenging and every day is

controllers were actu-

other. Some aeroplanes

as it comes with a lot

different and exciting.

Public Sector Manager • October 2020



EDUCATING THE NATION Elangeni TVET College is a Technical and Vocational Education and Training institute. Situated in and around Durban, KwaZulu-Natal, the College provides higher education learning supported by the Department of Higher Education and Training. Elangeni TVET College offers full-time, part-time and long distance learning with a range of programmes at eight campuses and provides bursary programmes, including the National Students Financial Aid Scheme (NSFAS) and other financial support services. The College’s Rector TJ Aryetey speaks about the importance of collaboration, a clean administration and mentorship:

WHAT ARE YOUR MAIN RESPONSIBILITIES AS RECTOR OF ELANGENI TVET COLLEGE? As Rector of the College, on my list of responsibilities is managing the academic mission and vision of the College. I ensure that the College meets its goals to educate students, striving to improve its academic offerings to meet the changing trends and requirements of the TVET sector. This also includes being directly involved in the College’s strategic planning, budgeting and allocation of funds, implementation strategies for the teaching and learning environment. I also serve as the



chief public figure of Elangeni TVET College, representing its progress, successes and struggles. HOW DO YOU ACHIEVE WORK/LIFE BALANCE?


The first step is to set your priorities.


I must admit that balancing the demands of a busy lifestyle is not an easy thing to do, but it is best managed when I regularly review and assess my priorities. I usually start by setting up a to-do list of priorities for my day and delegating the task or eliminating anything that is not priority. I am confident at multitasking, however when it comes to work-related issues, I prefer to devote my full attention to the task at hand.

As the Rector, I am passionate about leading a clean administration as it’s the mission and the vision of the College to uphold values of integrity, honesty and transparency. It took a lot of hard work, determination and dedication to sustain a clean audit since 2018. I was fortunate enough to be supported by a dynamic, competent management team who shared the same vision as me. Elangeni TVET College’s CFO, Bonginkosi Xolo is one such team member with the right

There is a phrase that helps me achieve work/ life balance

qualifications and commitment to assist the College in

and that is, “When you are working, work. When you are

achieving a clean audit outcome. I am also grateful

spending time with your family, focus solely on them”. I also

for the oversight of practicing good ethics from Council.

try to maintain a healthy lifestyle by setting aside a little

Achieving a clean audit enables us not only to maximise

time to indulge in some exercise, a weekly game of tennis

our mandate but to guarantee that the College delivers

that I have been playing since I was 12 years old.

efficient services to its students.


HOW DO YOU ENSURE THAT EDUCATION IS THE KEY TO SUCCESS FOR YOUR STUDENTS? I believe in the term: collaboration. It results in promoting a culture of learning at the College and is essential to teaching. Lecturers at Elangeni TVET College share information, plan, share teaching resources and lesson plans at departmental meetings that have proven to be successful, and they seek insight from one another on lesson plans that were less effective. Having a background in education, I believe it plays a significant role in designing one’s future Elangeni TVET College Staff Awards

as a successful person in life and as a useful citizen in society. It is with this in mind, that I ensure that lecturers know the importance

A person who has had an impact on my professional

of educating our students.

life, and whom I hope to have the pleasure of meeting

RECOGNITION OF WOMEN IS OF VITAL IMPORTANCE. HOW DO YOU ENSURE THIS HAPPENS AT ELANGENI TVET COLLEGE? My aim at the College is to initiate and undertake a number of steps, over the long- and short-term, to ensure an equal environment that fosters a healthy work-life balance for our women workforce. As the Rector, it gives me pride and pleasure in mentoring and training. This includes letting

someday, is Thuli Madonsela. I find it easy to identify with Madonsela as women often have to try on different roles to determine which fits best for their life and family but she has defied both age and gender stereotypes to achieve success in her professional and personal life. Her ability to speak publicly with dignity and grace has captivated the speaker in me.

women within the Institution know how their work benefits


the College they work for, appreciating their achievements

As a College, we have many things to look forward to. For

and helping create a challenging, creative and flexible

many years, the College’s KwaMashu Campus shared a site

atmosphere at work. Through the Department of Higher

with a high school and as a result various problems were

Education and Training, there are perks for female staff that

encountered. Under my leadership, the building of a new

help overcome domestic barricades such as paid maternity

site for the campus is on the cards.

leave of up to four months. Skills and development-based workshops will be built I believe to achieve high productivity levels from

in the next five years, at various campuses - needs

employees, you need to recognise and celebrate

dependent of course.

their performance in the workplace. This belief was the brainchild behind the Elangeni TVET College Staff Awards

Sport has always been close to my heart and it is for this

that I launched in 2018. The College identifies employees

reason that I plan on introducing various sporting codes at

who demonstrate performance excellence through their

the College. Sporting facilities will either be upgraded or

daily commitment to Elangeni TVET College. After all, it is

rebuilt to promote sports at the Institution.

the hard work and dedication of these staff members that makes Elangeni TVET College’s success possible.

And lastly, the formation of operational student societies and clubs will be established. The intention of this is to


endorse extra mural activities and create an understanding

Growing up my role model was my mum as she has

of teamwork and accountability amongst students. This

always remained my support system throughout my life.

would impact on them upon graduation, when they enter

It is through her guidance, wisdom and well wishes, that

the corporate world, confident with the necessary skills and

I stand here today, a self-made woman of grace and

experience that is required from them to lead, report and


be accountable in all aspects of their job.

Phone: +27 (0) 31 716 6700 | Email: Physical Address: Central Office - 15 Portsmouth Road, Pinetown, 3610 Postal Address: Private Bag X9032, Pinetown, 3610 Website:


Writer: Silusapho Nyanda

Working towards an

Integrated Transport System


seamless trans-

dynamic, long-term and

General for Integrated

tion of the ITS will mean

port system plays

sustainable transporta-

Transport Planning (ITP)

that goods that enter the

a key role in the

tion system framework

at the Department of

country can be moved

economic development

which is demand respon-

Transport, about the

from an air or sea port to

of South Africa.

sive and that provides

importance of such a

its destination through a

a coordinated transport

system and the progress

connected rail and road

Integrated Transport Sys-

agenda for the whole

the country is making in


tem (ITS) in line with the


achieving it.

The creation of an

Tenza says such a feat

National Development

It recognises that ef-

Plan (NDP), which calls

ficient, affordable and

for the development of

reliable transport systems

Movement of goods

economic infrastructure

are critical components

He explains that South

mode without any wait-

as the foundation of

of national economic

Africa needs to be able

ing periods.

social and economic


to move goods across

would mean goods can be offloaded and loaded on the next transport

“In order for us to

the country and without

achieve the ITS we must

Transport Month in

any hiccups to become

thoroughly plan for it

the National Transport

October, PSM spoke

a viable economic des-

which is where the ITP

Master Plan, which is

to Themba Tenza, the


plays a major role,” he

aimed at delivering a

Acting Deputy Director-

development. The ITS is also part of

As the country marks

The full implementa-

says. The ITP branch is working with public transport operators, road freight associations, the Passenger Rail Agency of South Africa, South African National Roads Agency Limited and the department’s Macro Sector Planning and Public Transport branches to ensure that the ITS is implemented by 2050. “The ITS sets moving


Public Sector Manager • October 2020

targets as it changes

Community (SADC)

leni, Libhongolethu in

with the demands of the


Nelson Mandela Bay,

population,” explains

explains Tenza. Developments are also

Go!Durban in eThekwini,

in the pipeline for the taxi

eting system between

Yarona in Rustenburg,


SADC countries means

Leeto la Polokwane

goods needed by busi-

that trucks moving

in Polokwane and Go

the taxi industry we are

nesses, ordinary citizens

goods are not delayed

George in George.

now working on a single

and the State reaching

by red tape in SADC

its destination at a much

member states.

Tenza. The ITS will result in the

quicker rate. In addition,

The use of a single tick-

Tenza says the devel-

The BRT is designed to

“When it comes to

ticketing system for the

move large numbers of

industry. This ticketing

people to all parts of a

system will see a person

infrastructure projects

opment of the ITS has

city quickly and safely.

pay once for a trip that

that require specialised

helped improve access

The system aims to link

has different stages,” says

equipment will not be

to goods by many more

different parts of a city


affected by delays.

people and has seen

into a network.

The single ticketing sys-

the discovery of previ-

Tenza says the depart-

tem will enable commut-

a relay race that does

ously unknown transit

ment is working towards

ers to pay for a single trip

not have any latency. If


ensuring that the rail to

with many stops with a

road linkage as well as

single swipe of a card. If

“The ITS is going to be

you are moving goods

“In the process of

and equipment from a

building the ITS we have

the BRT system is fully

a passenger is travelling

harbour to a destination

unveiled new corridors

operation by 2023.

from Pretoria to Kimber-

that is inland there will

whose infrastructure we

The linking of these

be linkage of systems

are now building. These

systems will mean that

a once-off fee even if

that does not have huge

corridors will make the

ordinary South Africans

there is an exchange of

waiting periods.

transportation of goods

are able to commute

taxis in Johannesburg.

much more efficient.”

easier from one point to

“The system will in essence ensure that the the port to rail or road

Bus Rapid Transit system

will move faster than is

transfer of goods from

another. “The Gautrain is an

ley on a taxi, they will pay

“The will also be safety with this system as taxi operators and passen-

example of this. One

gers will not be carrying

The progress of the ITS

can easily commute

wads of cash with them,”

happening at the mo-

is also evident in the in-

from or to OR Tambo

adds Tenza.

ment,” says Tenza.

troduction of Bus Rapid

International Airport and

Transit (BRT) systems

the three major munici-

lic transport will encour-

across the country.

palities in Gauteng using

age more commuters to

Currently, nine cities

the train which will drop

opt for bus, trains and

The ITS is seeing suc-

have a BRT system – A

you at various stations.

taxis for their daily com-

cess in the movement of

Re Yeng in Tshwane, MY-

From these stations you

mutes, thereby reducing

goods between South

CiTi in Cape Town, Rea

can take the BRT, taxi

the number of cars on

Africa and Southern

Vaya in Johannesburg,

or e-hailing service to

the roads, which will ben-

African Development

Harambee in Ekhurhu-

your final destination,”

efit the environment.

Single ticketing system

Public Sector Manager • October 2020

The integration of pub-



Writer: Dale hes

Tackling plastic pollution Ever y year, up to 100 000 tonnes of plastic waste enters the oceans around South Africa, mainly from the flow of rivers into the sea. Mitigating this serious environmental threat — which causes significant harm to our marine environments— has become a new focus for government, environmental non-governmental organisations (NGOs) and private- sector


Litterbooms are an effective way to stop plastic litter flowing from rivers into the ocean.

outh Africa’s marine environment

omy, creating thousands

Why is plastic so dangerous?

of jobs and helping to

According to the

is an important

contributor to the econ-

International Union

feed millions of people.

is the ingestion, suffocation and entanglement of marine species such as seabirds, whales and fish. This, in turn, poses a threat to human health

But the world’s oceans

for the Conservation of

as many plastics contain

are increasingly under

Nature (IUCN), plastic

dangerous chemicals,

threat from widespread

pollution is the most

which humans may be

pollution, overfishing and

Africa celebrates Marine

widespread problem

exposed to when they

climate change.

Month in October, public

affecting the marine

consume seafood.

servants should be

environment, threaten-

In addition, beaches

in particular, has be-

aware of this man-made

ing ocean health, food

strewn with plastic can

come a global problem

problem and do every-

safety and quality, hu-

ruin the attractiveness

which negatively affects

thing they can to protect

man health and coastal

of coastal destinations,

the health of our ocean

our marine environments


posing a threat to the

environments. As South

from plastic pollution.

Plastic waste pollution,


The most visible impact

tourism industry and the

Public Sector Manager • October 2020

many people who rely on

lar economy’ surround-

it to make a living.

ing the usage of plastic,

of Science and Innova-

ers which flow into the

based mainly on the

tion commissioned a


recycling and reusage of

science review of marine


plastic pollution in South

forces with NGOs such

Africa, under its Waste

as Coastwatch and

Combating the problem In recent years, the De-

“We need to encour-

In 2019, the Department

some of the major riv-

The DEFF is also joining

partment of Environment,

age all our citizens to

Research, Develop-

Durban Green Corridors

Forestry and Fisheries

become concerned

ment and Innovation

in KwaZulu-Natal, to stop

(DEFF) has placed an

about circularity and

Roadmap. The review

the flow of marine litter

increased emphasis on

make the effort to buy

confirmed that the

using litterbooms in five

the growing problem of

products manufactured

overwhelming majority

river systems.

plastic pollution.

from recycled material.

of marine litter found on

During the two-year

We therefore encourage

our beaches – roughly

project, communities

acknowledges growing

the plastics, metals and

80 percent – comprised

will help clean out the

attention being placed

glass industries to con-

plastic waste originating

booms on a daily basis.

on the problem of plastic

tinue with their efforts to

from land.

pollution, and the effort

increase their recycling

that is being taken by the

rates,” Beaumont says.

“The department

private sector, govern-

Through the South

Plastic waste management

“Through increased litter collection and community-led waste sorting and recycling, the

ment, civil society and

Africa Plastic Pact, four

Preventing waste from

department will reduce

academia to address

targets have been set

entering the sea via rivers

litter generation at its

waste management in

to transform the plastic

has therefore been a

source, thereby lessening

the country,” says Judy

packaging sector by

major focus for plastic

the amount of pollution

Beaumont, DEFF Dep-

2025, namely:

waste management in

that reaches the ocean,”

uty Director-General of

• Taking action on

South Africa.

says DEFF project man-

Various initiatives are

ager Yazeed Petersen.

necessary plastic

now underway to stop

Waste sorting and re-

department launched

packaging through

this source of pollution,

cycling programmes are

the South Africa Plastic

redesign, innovation

including the use of litter-

being set up up, with one

Pact, which was de-

or alternative (reuse)

booms, which are plastic

one community per river

veloped by the World

delivery models.

pipes that are stretched

being targeted.

Ocean and Coast. In January this year, the

Wildlife Federation. The

problematic or un-

• 100 percent of plastic

across the surface of

“One possibility being

pact brings together

packaging to be reus-

rivers to collect plastic

considered is the idea of

key stakeholders in the

able, recyclable or

before it enters the sea.

'swop-shops', where com-

plastics value chain –


businesses, governments

• 70 percent of plastic

An organisation called The Litterboom Project

trade their recyclable litter for essentials.”

and NGOs – behind a

packaging effectively

has worked hand-in-

common vision to ad-


hand with the City of

dress plastic waste and pollution issues. Key to the pact is the development of a ‘circu-

munity members can

Integrating these shops

• 30 percent average

Cape Town and munici-

into the project will fur-

recycled content

palities in KwaZulu-Natal

ther encourage commu-

across all plastic

since 2017, setting up

nities to become involved


seven litterbooms in

in litter collection.

Public Sector Manager • October 2020



PROVIDING UNMATCHED SUSTAINABLE DEFENCE SOLUTIONS FOR THE NATION The Armaments Corporation of South Africa SOC Limited (Armscor) is an acquisition agency for the South African Department of Defence. Its mandate is to provide armed forces with the state-of-the-art defence materiél required to provide safety and security for South Africa, its citizens and the continent. The organisation plays an important role in providing the defence forces with proper resources to execute their duties efficiently and effectively. Over the years Armscor has seen its technologies evolving from the defence sector to both commercial and domestic sectors. It has capabilities and skills to meet the needs of the changing global landscape.

RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT Through its research and development, Armscor is able to conduct defence and scientific research, test and evaluation services, technology management, analysis and industrialisation, and intellectual property management services. The organisation has the capability to perform an independent, centralised coordination and management role for technology acquisition and technology commercialisation. Some of its research and development capabilities include: Gerotek test facility This facility is located about 20 kilometres west of Pretoria in Gauteng. Gerotek has the ability to test and evaluate the performance of vehicles in terms of speed, braking, fuel consumption, acceleration and power output. Mobility tests are conducted to measure off-road mobility, step climbing, gradient ability and ditch crossing. Furthermore, homologation tests are conducted to determine centre of gravity, speedometer calibration, stationary noise and

Gerotek is an ISO17025 international accredited test facility providing repeatable, scientific vehicle and product testing services to the industry. This is an indication that Gerotek is competent to conduct testing and that the results generated are valid and reliable. It is also evidence that this facility conforms to international standards with regards to testing and sampling. The facility offers testing support services in the form of test planning, import and export of test vehicles and equipment, providing workshops and accompanying test teams. The Gerotek test team consists of highly motivated, qualified engineers and technicians. They possess many years of testing experience. Services offered include: • • • • • •

Advanced defensive and offensive driver training Basic off-road (4x4) course Hosting corporate events Product promotions Restaurant facility Conference facilities

• Adventure team building events.

brakes performance. These state-of-the-art tracks are able

Institute for Maritime Technology

to determine both endurance and reliability of vehicles

The Institute for Maritime Technology (IMT) is a multi-

irrespective of size. A wide range of test measurements such

disciplinary ISO 9001 2015 division specialising in techno-

as strain, temperature, vibration, pressure and displacement

military research and development, as well as specialised

can be supported from the instrumentation to data

products and services. IMT provides services to the South

processing phase.

African National Defence Force (primarily to the SA Navy),


government departments, defence industry, the broader

used to control marine wildlife. It creates a barrier

maritime community and other clients as part of its

that separates bathers from sharks without harming

commercial initiatives.

or killing them.

Through the combined expertise and dedication of


professional staff, IMT today provides a techno-scientific foundation for the exploration, conceptualisation,

One of the key strategic facilities of Armscor is the Naval

improvement, modernisation, in-service engineering, and

Dockyard situated in Simon’s Town, Western Cape. Armscor

maintenance of systems that ensure that the SA Navy

Dockyard provides repair and maintenance services to the

accomplishes its national maritime role and responsibilities

SA Navy on various configurations of product systems from

in an optimum manner.

tugs, small craft, frigates and submarines. Maintenance and

The facilities at IMT include two large acoustic test tanks, acoustic and magnetic measurement facilities, radar and infrared evaluation ranges, small survey vessels, mechanical and electronic laboratories, as well as a library specialising in maritime subjects. Some of IMT’s signature projects •

the country’s naval defence maintenance, repair and overall capabilities are housed. The Armscor dockyard operates one of the five dry docks available in South Africa. It also manages two of the three syncrolifts available nationwide. The facility has the capacity to generate seven megawatts of electricity, fresh water and

In collaboration with the SA Navy, the division

compressed air. It is 228 metres by 29 metres in size and can

designed and developed a system to detect an

be divided into three sub-docks. The ship lift facility has the

Underwater Locator Beacon (ULB) ”pinger”, which is

capacity to lift vessels up to 2 500 tonnes.

found on large civilian aircrafts. This demonstrator system - the Underwater Locator Beacon Detection

The facility is responsible for establishing, maintaining and developing an infrastructure to provide the

System (also known as a Ping Locator) has been

following services:

developed to detect underwater pulses from an ULB.

• Vessel refitting, repair and modernisation

This invention demonstrates IMT’s capability to provide

• Engineering changes

innovative maritime solutions.

• Shore establishments

Ultrasonic broken rail detector system This system automatically detects breaks in railway lines to prevent the derailment of trains. This is a unique

is one of South Africa’s strategic national capabilities, where

Underwater locator beacon system

fitted to the cockpit voice and flight data recorders

repair services cover both planned and ad-hoc projects. It

• Technical Training Support • Projects/Planning Service.

Armscor owned IP in collaboration with the CSIR

Armscor is geared towards providing unmatched

supplying the transducer and with Transnet as the

sustainable defence solutions to all its clients - both current

primary client. Test and evaluations with Indian

and potential - on the African continent and globally.

Railways are still underway.

Recent success has seen the conversion of some of these

Shark repellent system

traditional defence technologies in application and use

IMT, in partnership with KwaZulu-Natal Sharks Board,

in a myriad of other industries and situations, thus affirming

developed a shark repellent system to protect sharks

Armscor’s ability to remain relevant and in the forefront in

and other marine animals. This system replaces nets

an ever changing world.

CONTACT: Corporate Communication division Postal Address: Private Bag X337, Pretoria, 0001, Republic of South Africa Tel: +27 (0) 12 428 1911



Website: Follow us:

Armscor SOC Ltd




Writer: More Matshediso

App aids

farmers through maze of information


new app developed by the Agricultural Research Council (ARC) is helping

ensure food security in the Southern African Development Community (SADC) region. The brains behind the app are Matodzi Phaswana and her team, who are developing initiatives to solve problems within the agricultural sector. Phaswana (41) works as a team leader for research and development applications at the ARC, whose vision is excellence in agricultural research and development. The ARC is an entity of the Department of Agriculture, Forestry

producing quarterly reports for

the institution in its mandate and

and Fisheries.

her section and doing presenta-

to achieve its objectives,” she

tions on behalf of the team.


Phaswana leads a team of seven systems developers. Her

“Our core business as the ARC

job entails overseeing the team’s

is agricultural research and

Increasing harvests

work, delegating work to team

development and my team is

The team’s most recent innova-

members, attending manage-

entrusted with the task of devel-

tion is the Maize Information

ment meetings, compiling and

oping applications that support

Guide app, which was launched


Public Sector Manager • October 2020

this year to contribute to food

ers and agricultural extension of-

security in the SADC region.

ficers in South Africa with advisory

technology solutions – like preci-

services regarding planting and

sion farming, smart farming and

weed control. This was launched

automation – make life easier for

in collaboration with the South


The app is available on the Google Play Store. The app allows commercial and smallholder farmers to easily ac-

African Weather Service and

cess scientifically proven data on

Rain4Africa,” she says.

maize production, insect identi-

AgriCloud users get real-time,

fication and disease management, and weed and nematodes (worm) control. The app aims to help farmers increase their harvests per hectare and contribute to food security through the integration of agriculture and information technology. “Maize is one of the staple foods in South Africa and globally. Due to its affordability, it contributes significantly to food security and nutrition. As the ARC, we are committed to providing farmers and industry with technological solutions aimed at enhancing good quality food production.”

In-house expertise It took the ARC almost 18 months

Phaswana believes agricultural

Having grown up in the rural village of Muswodi Tshisimani in Venda, Limpopo, she understands the importance of food security

“The maize app is our first to be developed in-house. We previously collaborated with other institutions or outsourced resources to help develop apps, such as AgriCloud.”

and the challenges farmers face. “Information must be available for farmers anywhere, anytime, through the apps that we are developing,” she says. This is in addition to the information available on the ARC website. Phaswana has been in the ICT industry for more than 15 years. She holds a National Diploma in Information Technology from Tshwane University of Technology and is currently studying towards her BTech. She started her career as an assistant statistical officer at Statistics South Africa and thereafter held positions in the private and public sectors before joining the

to develop the Maize Information

ARC as a systems developer. She

Guide app and to ensure that the

left the ARC to work as a business

information it provides is accurate

localised advice on when to

intelligence developer for Legal

and reliable.

plant, as well as on spray condi-

Aid South Africa before returning

tions according to the time of

as a senior systems developer.

“The maize app is our first to be developed in-house. We previ-

day. The advisories are available

ously collaborated with other in-

in nine of the official languages:

has acted in various manage-

stitutions or outsourced resources

Setswana, IsiXhosa, Afrikaans, Isi-

ment positions but her interest is

to help develop apps, such as

Zulu, Xitsonga, Tshivenda, Sesotho,

vested in research and develop-

AgriCloud, which provides farm-

Sepedi and English.

ment because of the opportuni-

Public Sector Manager • October 2020

During her time at the ARC, she




Who is Matodzi Phaswana outside the ARC? I read books: I do not necessarily draw inspiration from people; however, I read a lot of books, especially books that are about

ties presented to offer solutions to

and food) during the Hackathon

personal development and

agricultural challenges.

held in Zurich, Switzerland.

leadership. I have just finished

Phaswana and her team aim to

The main goal of the Hack-

reading The Alchemist by Paulo Coelho.

capitalise on the richness of the

athon was to explore cases with

data that the ARC has gathered

the potential to solve real-world

through the years to develop

challenges. Teams had 42 hours

future innovative solutions for

to come up with a concept that


would address a specified chal-

I also love swimming. I do yoga

“It is our intention to expand the

lenge. They had to come up with

almost daily because at some point,

variety of apps that can be rolled

business and technical solutions

work becomes stressful and yoga

out to farmers to assist in address-

and present these in a three-min-

ing the challenges they face. We

ute video to the judges.

are currently developing other

Her message of encouragement

I love nature: You must understand that I am a village girl and that can never be taken away from me. I love greenery, birds and other animals.

becomes my escape to help me relax. I take long walks from time to time. I love listening to birds singing in my yard every morning when I

agriculture information apps,” she

to public servants is that the key

have breakfast.


to success lies in learning and un-

If I was not doing this job, I’d be a

derstanding their department or

motivational speaker: People tell me

Planting success

entity’s core business, as well as

Last year, Phaswana and her

that of its relevant stakeholders.

colleagues were part of the

This, she says, will enable them

team that won the Amazon Web

to propose workable solutions to

Services’ special prize (agriculture

challenges faced.


I am a good speaker and I agree with them because I see it with my team here at work. They always say I motivate them to perform and I am not a boss to them, but a leader.

Public Sector Manager • October 2020


Amathuba Hub believes that the end result of any training or learning intervention should be able to show a significant return on investment whether it be in increased performance, profitability or improved efficiencies.


Our goal is to deliver you with a comprehensive •

training solution.

Amathuba hub

As a full-service Skills Development and Training

serves as strategic advisers

Solutions company we are also able to provide and

to the management team companies

source a full range of specific and essential offerings

to enable them to factor BEE into their business

to our clients.

priorities without taking their eye of the mandate of growing their South African operation.

We will assist your company to: •

Identify individuals that are interested in training

We will assist the companies to:

Align training appropriately to the needs of the

illustrative budget;

company and learner. •

Attain BEE targets on Skills spend and Learnerships

Ensure you are fully compliant

Earn the maximum points on the Employment Equity and

Develop a BEE strategy, incorporating targets and an

Formulate policies and procedures to drive the attainment of BEE targets;

Prepare communication with Stakeholders regarding issues and elements relating to BEE;

Skills development elements of the B-BBEE scorecard •

Conduct a workshop for staff affected by BEE to outline the strategy and policy once they have been adopted.

Our role will be to assist companies to focus on programmes or interventions that will allow the company to derive the most value out of the various elements of B-BBEE.

CONTACT DETAILS: Address: 106 Leslie Avenue, Douglasdale, 2055 Email: | Phone: +27 11 783 7190 | Fax: (086) 733-8826


Writer: Dale Hes Images: Northern Cape Provincial Government

Northern Cape

gets a handle on COVID-19



for around just two per-

menting measures to

by mainly small

cent of overall cases in

control the spread of the

towns spaced far

the country.


away from each other,

This does not mean that

to Premier Zamani Saul. “We remain confident that we have enough

As part of the preven-

bed capacity in the prov-

the Northern Cape is

government officials there

tion strategy, aware-

ince for all patients who

largely protected from

have had an easy battle

ness campaigns were

need to be admitted with

the threats that the

against COVID-19. The

launched throughout

COVID-19 complications,”

Coronavirus Disease

largely underdeveloped

the province, including in

he said during in a recent

(COVID-19) pandemic

nature of the province

informal settlements.

virtual media briefing on

poses to more densely

brought its own set of

populated provinces with

challenges, which had to

Bed capacity

large urban areas.

be accounted for in the

The province’s healthcare

The province has

provincial government’s

system has remained ro-

province had conducted

recorded the lowest num-

prevention and response

bust during the outbreak,

almost three million

ber of deaths in South


with the number of hos-

screenings and around

pital beds still more than

90 000 tests.

Africa and its number

The provincial govern-

of COVID-19 cases have

ment still joined the rest

sufficient to deal with a

consistently accounted

of the country in imple-

rise in cases, according

the province’s COVID-19 response. By September, the

“Government will continue to use screening not simply for screening but also to constantly educate our people about which symptoms to look for and where to seek medical assistance,” said the Premier.

Partnering with the private sector Nor thern Cape schools opened in August with strict COVID-19 prevention measures in place.


The province has forged valuable partnerships with the private sector, most notably the mining

Public Sector Manager • October 2020

industry, to provide suf-


ficient personal protective

“The DBE also partnered

equipment (PPE) and

with the DSD to extend

to fund other COVID-19

the services of social

prevention and response

workers to schools to

measures. A notable ex-

address the psychosocial

ample was the R100 mil-

challenges relating to

lion contribution made

lockdown and COVID-19.”

by mines in the John

Mindful of a possible second wave

Taolo Gaetsewe District and the Sishen Iron Ore Company Community Development Trust. “Over the past few months, contributions from our social partners

The Premier said the

As par t of the province’s COVID-19 response strategy, 11 Cuban doctors were dispatched to hospitals.

Provincial Command Council is mindful of the possibility of a second wave of infections.

made the provision

“The Provincial Com-

of this much-needed

mand Council remains

equipment possible. It should be noted that

footprint in terms of food

eral schools across the

as resolute as ever to

this contribution was

provision,” said Premier

province to ensure that

double our efforts in

non-financial and was


all health and hygiene

ensuring that we contain

protocols are in place

infections and save lives.

and that learning and

Therefore we are still

teaching can take place

working tirelessly with our

made in the form of PPE, water infrastructure that

Safely reopening schools

will be utilised in health-

As learners were wel-

in a safe environment,”

districts and civil society

care facilities.”

comed back to school

said the Premier.

to ensure that this does

medical equipment and

The Department of So-

in August, the province

The Department of

cial Development (DSD)

made substantial com-

Basic Education (DBE)

only achieve this with the

is also partnering with

mitments towards ensur-

appointed 645 clean-

cooperation of each and

private sector roleplayers

ing that children and

ers to fill vacant posts

every citizen of this grow-

and non-governmental

educators would do so

at schools, while 2 100

ing province.”

organisations to boost


screeners were ap-

food security, with the

“…we are pleased with

not happen. We can

He called for increased

pointed to ensure that

vigilance in observing all

implementation of 143

the manner in which

learners, educators

health and safety proto-

feeding scheme projects.

our education system

and support staff are

cols in terms of social dis-

“An amount of R20 mil-

handled the return of

screened daily.

tancing, wearing of face

lion has been set aside

all grades to school. The

for food provision in

members of the Provin-

linked to their nearest

areas where the depart-

cial Command Council

clinics to respond to any

ment currently has no

conducted visits to sev-

emergencies that may

Public Sector Manager • October 2020

Schools have also been

masks and regular hand washing or sanitising.



Source: SAnews

Global players urged to back African stimulus package


resident Cyril

to forge a New Social

economic sanctions

young, to women and to

Ramaphosa has

Contract and a New

against Zimbabwe and

vulnerable people.

called on the

Global Deal.

Sudan should be lifted to

international community

“We must boldly pursue

allow their governments

avenues of redistribution

to support the roll-out of a

equal opportunities for

to respond adequately to

and redress as a means

comprehensive stimu-

all, that we must advance

the pandemic.

of advancing shared

lus package for African

a more inclusive and


balanced multilateral

“He said we must create

prosperity. We must deal

sitting of the 75th United

architecture must be

Expanding economic opportunities

Nations (UN) General As-

reformed, and that there

President Ramaphosa

tunities and services that

sembly debate recently,

should be greater access

said the pandemic has

are their right.”

President Ramaphosa,

to affordable credit for

highlighted the urgency

who is also the Chairper-

developing countries. It is

with which global leaders

son of the African Union

a call we, as South Africa,

must strive to meet all the

Action against racism

(AU), said the stimulus

wholly endorse,” said the

Sustainable Development

The President called on

package will enable Afri-


Goals, especially Goal 1,

the UN to spare no effort

which is to end poverty in

to end prejudice and

all its forms everywhere.

intolerance in all its forms

Addressing a virtual

can countries to mitigate

trading system, that debt

In the spirit of the New

decisively with the rot of corruption that is robbing our people of the oppor-

the health impacts of the

Global Deal, President

Coronavirus and help

Ramaphosa urged the

rebuild their shattered

international community

global poverty, we will


to support the roll-out of

always fall short of

a comprehensive stimu-

realising the vision of

would be remembered

General António Guterres

lus package for African

the founders of the UN.

for the massive ground-

delivered the 18th Nelson


We must expand eco-

swell to push back

“When Secretary-

“Until we eradicate

and wherever they may be found. He said the year 2020

Mandela Annual Lecture

He reiterated the AU’s

nomic opportunities to all

the frontiers of racism

in July 2020, he called on

position that to ensure

people around the world,

under the umbrella of the

the nations of the world

no country is left behind

but most especially to the

#BlackLivesMatter move-


Public Sector Manager • October 2020

President C yril Ramaphosa par ticipates in United Nations Securit y Council vir tual summit.

ment. “As a country that

Platform for Action. “It is the right of women

the course of this year.

tively resolve some of the

AU member States are

world’s most protracted conflicts.

has known too well the

and girls to be full and

engaging on measures

anguish of institutional-

equal participants in the

to promote financial

ised racism, South Africa

workplace, in political life

inclusion, preferential

founding of an

supports the demands

and decision-making, in

procurement and prefer-

organisation dedicated

for swift action against

the economy, in obtain-

ential trade agreements

to freedom and equality,

racism, whether com-

ing an education and

for women.”

the people of Palestine

mitted by individuals,

in society as a whole.

companies, officials or a

South Africa is proud

Security Council


to be a member of the

He reiterated the call for

occupation. We repeat

UN’s Generation Equal-

greater representation of

our call for an end to

ity campaign and has

African countries on the

the illegal occupation of

prioritised the eradica-

Security Council, saying

Western Sahara and for

President Ramaphosa

tion of gender-based

this should be taken up

the Palestinian people’s

emphasised the need

violence and femicide.

with urgency at intergov-

right to self-determina-

ernmental negotiations.


Empowering women and girls to intensify efforts to em-

“At a continental

“As we celebrate the

and Western Sahara continue to live under

power women and girls

level, we are working to

as the world marks the

finalise and adopt an AU

reformed and inclusive

lifting of the economic

25th anniversary of the

Convention on Violence

UN Security Council that

embargo and blockade

adoption of the Beijing

against Women during

we will be able to collec-

of Cuba.

Public Sector Manager • October 2020

“It is only through a

He also called for the


Not For Persons Under The Age Of 18.

Building a nation. nation. Building a a legacy legacy and and growing growing a SAB years. SAB celebrates celebrates 125 125 years. Born to miners miners along along with with the the newly newly discovered discovered goldfi goldfields. elds. Bornininthe theCity CityofofGold, Gold,Castle CastleBrewery Brewery was was founded founded inin 1895, 1895, serving serving crisp crisp cold cold golden golden beers beers to Even celebrate their their successes. successes. InIn this this trying tryingyear, year,when whenwe we Evenback backthen, then,this thisliquid liquidgold goldbrought broughtpeople peopletogether together through through their their hardships hardships and and helped helped them them celebrate celebrate the people people that that make make us us who who we we are are today. today. This Thishistoric historic celebrateour our125th 125thanniversary, anniversary,the thetrue trueessence essence and and resilience resilience of of SAB SAB was was revealed revealed through through the occasion to this this nation nation inin raising raising awareness awareness on on responsible responsible occasionembodies embodiesthe thevalue valuewe weadd addtotothe the South South African African economy economy and and highlights highlights our our responsibility responsibility to consumption consumptionand andhelping helpingtotoupskill upskillthe thenext nextgeneration generation ofof South South African African entrepreneurs. entrepreneurs. Our and heritage heritage that that have have shaped shaped us us since since Our125th 125thanniversary anniversarygives gives us us the the opportunity opportunity to to look look back back at at the the history history and 1895. Stock Exchange, Exchange, to to supporting supporting equal equal 1895.From From being being the the fifirst rst industrial industrial company company to to list list on on the the Johannesburg Johannesburg Stock employment most awarded awarded beers, beers, Carling Carling Back Back Label, Label, employmentopportunities opportunitiessince since1971, 1971, laying laying claim claim to to one one of of the the country’s country’s most totobecoming becomingpart partof ofthe theworld’s world’s largest largest brewery. brewery. The been inspired inspired to to support support thousands thousands of of The South South African African Breweries Breweries was was started started by by an an entrepreneur entrepreneur and and has has been entrepreneurs and support support thousands thousands of of entrepreneurs over over the the years years through through various various initiatives initiatives that help grow our country, and livelihoods. helping local local businesses, businesses, livelihoods.We Webelieve believeininchampions champions who who make make aa positive positive change and we know that by helping we source almost almost 100% 100% of of our our wecan canbuild buildaaSouth South Africa Africa where where everyone everyone gets gets aa share share of the rewards. Today, we source raw commitment to to building building thriving thriving raw materials materials locally, locally, contributing contributing to to rebuilding rebuilding South South Africa’s economy. Our commitment communities communitiesand andaasustainable sustainable future future remains remains unwavering. unwavering.

Celebrating Celebrating Our Our Legacy Legacy Today,SAB SABprovides provides55697 697jobs jobswhile whilesupporting supportingmore morethan than 140 140 000 000 livelihoods livelihoods across the value chain, all the way from Today, from farmers farmers toto glass glassmanufacturers, manufacturers, andtavern tavernowners ownerstotoaaflfleet eetofofindependent independenttruck truckowner-drivers. owner-drivers. and Weare areproud proudtotopartner partnerwith with33739 739suppliers suppliersofofwhich which11345 345are are SMMEs, SMMEs, and stock the shelves of 34 000 retailers nationwide We nationwide and andSAB SABsources sourcesagricultural agricultural inputsfrom frommore morethan than11277 277farmers farmersofofwhich which757 757 are are emerging emerging farmers. farmers. In this way, SAB is an integral partner in inputs in driving driving township township entrepreneurship, entrepreneurship, whileproviding providingcountless countlessemployment employmentopportunities opportunitiesacross across numerous numerous sectors sectors and industries, where they are needed the while the most. most. 2018/9the theeconomic economicimpact impactofofbrewing brewingamounted amounted toto R387.1 R387.1 billion billion with with a corresponding employment impact of 173,520 InIn2018/9 173,520 jobs jobs and and R13 R13billion billionininbeer beer excise for the state. It is clear that beer is a formidable contributor to the South African economy. excise for the state. It is clear that beer is a formidable contributor to the

Growing Our Our Future Future Growing SAB,our ourdream dreamisistotosupport supportthe thecreation creationand andretention retention ofof sustainable sustainable jobs jobs and and drive drive economic economic inclusion AtAtSAB, inclusion that that will will enable enable thousands thousandsofofentrepreneurs entrepreneurstoto accessopportunities. opportunities.We Webelieve believeininour ourentrepreneurs, entrepreneurs,we webelieve believeinin their their dreams, dreams, in in their their drive drive to to succeed access succeed and and the the difference difference they theymake makeininour ourcommunities. communities. ThroughSAB SABZenzele, Zenzele,our ourB-BBEE B-BBEEownership ownershiptransaction, transaction, we we delivered delivered R14 R14 billion billion to to more more than than 40 Through 40 000 000 benefi beneficiaries, ciaries, making making itit South South Africaʼs Africaʼslargest largestinin thefast-moving fast-movingconsumer consumergoods goodssector. sector.Imagine Imagine the the future future these these people people can can build build for for themselves themselves and the and their their descendants. descendants. Equality, Equality, social social Responsibility, Responsibility, education and environmental consciousness have been intrinsic to our business interests and operations over the decades. education and environmental consciousness have been intrinsic to our business interests and operations over the decades.

Here’s to to another another 125 125 years years of of growing growing Here’s South Africa. Responsible Together. South Africa. Responsible Together.


Source: City Insight

Addressing the skills mismatch in local govt M any govern-

under-qualified staff. In


2019, the Department of

growth initiatives

Higher Education and

report, between 2010

prioritise the creation

Training found that al-

and 2017, the employed

of low-skill jobs and

most one-third of workers

population with a tertiary

Shortage of skills

the development of

are mismatched to their

education increased

However, there is still a

high-level skills. A recent

field of study. This chal-

from just over 3 million

shortage of skills, par-

research report by the

lenge can be addressed

to about 3.4 million;

ticularly in medium- and

Local Government Sector

through on-the-job

the proportion of those

high-skilled occupations.

Education and Training

training, retraining and

employed with higher

Authority (LGSETA) exam-

new-skill acquisition.

education qualifications

in most managerial

ined the effect of this skills

There has been a

increased by 24.5 per-

jobs, and more than 50

definite increase in the

cent; and the proportion

percent of professionals,

level of education and

of employed people with

technicians and cleri-

South Africa is faced

proportion of people in

diploma and certificate

cal support workers are

with a prevalence of

South Africa with post-

qualifications increased

employed in shortage

mismatch. The report notes that


slightly to nearly 1.9 mil-

school education.

lion in 2017.

According to the

There is a shortage

Public Sector Manager • October 2020


tion means that skills

pal skills development ar-

such as data analytics,

rangements, provide the

significantly from places

the skill requirements of

digital mapping and

necessary institutional

such as the Central Ka-

local government are

data visualisation skills

capacity (structures,

roo with less than 1 000

changing constantly.

are becoming increas-

systems, strategies, pro-

full-time staff, to metro-

ingly necessary for

grammes and resources)

politan areas with over

strong political leader-

planners. In addition,

and responsive policy

25 000 full-time staff.

ship, networking and

municipalities need skills

framework to support all

decision-making skills;

to plan and manage

skills development initia-

ures through examining

problem-solving skills;

growing infrastructure


the number of house-

ability to manage

needs, asset manage-

The report recom-

holds per staff member

partnerships of various

ment, as well as land

mends that LGSETA

across the country, the

forms; skills to share and

and property valuations.

invests in building the

differences become

disseminate knowledge

There are definite spa-

necessary capacity of

even more significant.

The report found that

Skills needed include

Staff numbers varies

Standardising these fig-

and experience; good

tial variations in the na-

municipal technical

knowledge of legisla-

ture of skills required and

staff and that a compre-

metropolitan area such

tion, constitutional and

the kind of skills available

hensive framework for

as Tshwane there are

human rights issues; and

across the country. It is

local government skills

around 40 households

sophisticated project

widely acknowledged

development be devel-

for every staff member,

management skills to

that many municipali-

oped which underscores

but in Alfred Nzo Munici-

manage alternative

ties have high vacan-

lifelong learning, ethical

pality there are over 150

delivery strategies ef-

cies at the professional

norms, and skills and

households for every


and technical level for

knowledge improvement.

staff member.

professions such as en-

It also emphasises the

Priority skills were identi-

For example, in a

A review of staff leaving

fied as research and

gineering, planning and

need for technical staff

and those appointed

policy skills (conceptual,

financial management.

to acquire the neces-

by municipalities found

sary skills to perform the

a difference in the skills

functions assigned to

distribution of those

them, as well as a culture

leaving and those entering each municipality.

analytic and problemdecision-makers); finan-

Building capacity

cial planning and man-

The 2018 national

of commitment to the

agement skills; strategic

municipal capac-

cause of the Public

leadership and manage-

ity assessment by the


ment skills; project and

Municipal Demarcation

contract management

Board (MDB) found a

Municipal staff

skills; and information

significant shortage of

The research conducted

technicians and associ-

and communications

registered professionals

by LGSETA found that

ate professionals. This

technology (ICT) skills.

in many municipalities.

there are approximately

demonstrates that the

270 000 people em-

retention of skilled staff,

ployed by municipalities.

especially those in high

solving skills for sector

The impact of the Fourth Industrial Revolu-

It outlined the need to improve current munici-

Public Sector Manager • October 2020

In 2018/19 there was a deficit of 338 high priority managers, 84 professionals, and 249



demand, is not happen-

followed by planning

Limited success

pecially in local govern-



Numerous initiatives

ment, is a complex and

have been undertaken

challenging issue.

The skills-related

Each year, municipali-

reasons for occupa-

ties are losing 4.7 per-

to address skills chal-

There is a need for

tional shortages include

cent engineering staff,

lenges and build ca-

improved monitoring

unsuitable candidate,

3.6 percent of planning

pacity in local govern-

to track the efficacy

relevant experience,

professionals and asso-


of skills development

equity considerations,

ciated staff, 3.5 percent

relevant qualifications

ICT staff and 2.2 percent

generally had limited im-

important to ensure that

and location.

finance staff.

pact on the skills deficit.

people are employed

Non-skills related rea-

Clearly, these statistics

However, these have

While these pro-

programmes. It is also

based on their skills

sons include insufficient

indicate both a geo-

grammes may have

and competency, and

finances, poor remu-

graphical imbalance

filled capacity shortfalls

not for political or other

neration, recruitment

and relatively high loss

in the short term, assess-


process, and political

of professional staff,

ments show that very


both of which must be

little, if any, skills transfer

This article is part of

addressed if we are

took place for a range

a series reporting on

cific professions, it was

to create the environ-

of reasons.

research commissioned

found that engineer-

ments considered to be

ing professional turno-

essential for municipal

gap and skills mismatch

ver rates are highest


in South Africa, and es-

When examining spe-


Addressing the skills

by the LGSETA (Contact:

Public Sector Manager • October 2020

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Writer: Allison Cooper


“The research also indicated that 74.12 percent had debt or

financial challenges in difficult times

credit obligations that


percent) and personal

they needed to take care of and that their typical debts included clothing accounts (49.55 percent), credit cards (45.95

recent survey

have various dependants

between R10 000 and

loans (38.29 percent),”

conducted by

to take care of, namely

R15 000 (14.89 percent)

says Oberholzer.

debt counsel-

children (38.10 percent),

and between R15 000

ling company DebtSafe

parents (15.11 percent),

and R20 000 (14.50

women stop paying or

sheds some light on the

young adults (7.14 per-


committing to certain

financial challenges

cent) and extended fam-

women could experience

ily members and friends

financial responsibilities

Results ranged from stop-

during difficult times, like

(4.55 percent).

included food (95.22 per-

ping savings and invest-

“Their most pressing

During a crisis, many

financial obligations.

the Coronavirus Disease

The female respond-

cent), water and electric-

ments (22.93 percent)

(COVID-19) pandemic.

ents’ household income

ity (63.38 percent), rent

to retail accounts (21.97

According to Debt-

ranged from a low R0 to

(53.50 percent), data/

percent), day care or

Safe debt advisor Carla

R5 000 (28.63 percent)

Internet (30.25 percent)

school fees (20.06 per-

Oberholzer, 1 240 people

to between R5 000 and

and medical aid

cent), credit agreements

took part in the survey, of

R10 000 (22.90 percent),


(19.11 percent) and

which 77.9 percent were women. “The COVID-19 pandemic and nationwide lockdown impacted 75.82 percent of these women’s finances. It also impacted their emotional well-being (54.53 percent) and increased their stress level (50.42 percent),” says Oberholzer. The research also revealed that the women


Public Sector Manager • October 2020

pay-television or stream-

hold members to offer

flow negatively. It’s best

financial position,

ing subscriptions (16.56


to do away with credit,

put your tax refund


options or boosts,

where you can, and

away for emergen-

The World Economic

and make sure each

cut down on unnec-

cies or use it to pay

Forum has reported that

individual contributes

essary costs that you

off debt so you can

globally, women are

to lessening living ex-

have signed up for, but

close a gap some-

more likely to be harder

penses. For example, by

don’t use. For example,

hit by the economic

limiting the use of en-

a DStv subscription or

downswing brought

ergy-hungry household

gym membership.”

about by the pandemic.

appliances or sticking

It says this is because

to grocery lists during

women’s personal fi-

shopping outings,” says

nances are weaker than


men’s and their position

She adds that women

Have an emergency fund

where. • Spring clean the house and sell unused items. • Review memberships, like gym, and contracts

An emergency fund

annually. There are

in the labour market is

should also try to

refers to extra cash that

various and possibly

less secure. Moreover,

boost their cashflow by

is put aside, creating a

cheaper products

women are more likely

checking their bank

breathing space when

and suppliers.

to be single parents.

statements and looking

you need it most.

Dealing with financial challenges After looking at the

for spending leaks, like

“An emergency fund

• Make sure to review and reshuffle your

those daily fancy cof-

should only be used

credit facilities,

fees or takeaways for

in a crisis – a situation

with your financial


that affects your health

planner. You will be

or ability to earn mon-

amazed how much

ey,” says Oberholzer.

you can save.

A few tips to start

• Recycle: Take your

“They all add up, mak-

research and seeing

ing it hard to save. You

the financial difficulties

can also use phone

women face,DebtSafe

apps or a budget sheet

saving for unforeseen

recyclable goods to

has provided some tips

to track your bills and

emergency expenses

local drop-off points

to help them deal with

spending leaks.”

include the following:

and buy-back

• Have a proper

centres – the money

financial challenges.

Oberholzer advises also keeping an eye on

budget in place

financially responsible

fixed and varying ex-

and keep a record

for dependents, but

penses. “We need to be

of your expenses.

they do not have to

careful when it comes

face these challenges

to our fixed expenses,

savings target or

home repairs, such


such as cars, loans

goal for yourself

as fixing a leaking

or bonds, and our

each month, start-


family involved to

variable expenses, like

ing small and build-

execute financial goals,

groceries, all of which

ing from there.

encourage house-

can impact our cash

Many women are

“Try to get the whole

Public Sector Manager • October 2020

• Set an emergency

• If you are in a good

may not be much, but every bit helps. • Get handy: Learn to do your own simple

• Downscale your home, car and luxury items.



Source: SAnews

Presidential Hotline modernised Citizens who want to engage with government will now have greater access to the administration thanks to the revamped Presidential Hotline. Deputy Minister in The Presidency Thembi Siweya recently launched the modernised Presidential Hotline, which comes with the Khawuleza mobile app and USSD code. Currently, the toll-free hotline can only be reached through telephone and email channels, with a target turnaround time of seven days. However, the new app and USSD code will enable citizens to lodge service-delivery complaints in all official languages through their cellphones and track their queries through a reference number. Whistle-blowers will now be able to report any poor service delivery and corruption anonymously. “In this pilot phase of the app, the focus will be on service delivery in Limpopo. Based on experience gathered and an assessment of the state of readiness in other provinces, the Khawuleza mobile app and USSD code will be rolled out in the remaining eight provinces, an effort which will then culminate in a national launch of a reengineered Presidential Hotline,” Deputy Minister Siweya said. She applauded officials at the Department of Planning, Monitoring and Evaluation for developing the app in-house and urged citizens to use the new platforms optimally as a way of encouraging accountability and improving service delivery. “In so doing, it will also be pertinent to be responsible and desist from clogging the system with misinformation,” said the Deputy Minister.

More protection for SA’s rhino Seven Integrated Wildlife Zones are being introduced across South Africa to protect the country’s rhino. Environment, Forestry and Fisheries Minister Barbara Creecy said by demarcating areas primarily around rhino populations, wildlife in the area and people living in and around conservation areas will be protected. The introduction of the Integrated Wildlife Zones, similar to the Integrated Protection Zones previously utilised within national parks and provincial reserves, sees an expansion of the effort to protect the world’s largest black and white rhino populations. “By introducing a zoning approach, the necessary resources can be redirected to areas most in need of support. It furthermore ensures cooperation between the


Public Sector Manager • October 2020

State and private roleplayers, and is aligned to the objectives of South Africa’s National Integrated Strategy to Combat Wildlife Trafficking,” the Minister explained. The initiative prevents borders and boundaries from inhibiting planning and the implementation of actions aimed at halting rhino poaching and the smuggling of rhino horn. “The concept is based on multiparty cooperation, but will ensure the use of appropriate technologies to ensure surveillance, early warning and detection – all in an effort to become more proactive.” The Wildlife Zone initiative is supported by the Peace Parks Foundation with funding from the United States Department of State Bureau of International Narcotics and Law Enforcement Affairs, the Dutch, Swedish and United Kingdom People’s Postcode Lotteries. Minister Creecy said the department is proud to partner with Peace Parks Foundation and all government and non-governmental organisations that will be involved in this important initiative.

MySAPS app a winner The South African Police Service (SAPS) scooped the International Digital Award at the Crime Stoppers International Awards in Sydney, Australia recently for a promotional video of the MySAPS app.

The SAPS’s Crime Stop office is a member of the Crime Stoppers International (CSI). Each year, CSI recognises individuals, programmes, activities and campaigns from around the world for excellence and their contribution to the achievement of CSIs – to mobilise the world to report information on crime and criminals anonymously. This year, the SAPS submitted a promotional video of the MySAPS app for the media awards category. This category recognises best practice in the advertising and promotion of Crime Stoppers campaigns, activities and specific calls to action, along with the level of community engagement achieved through these initiatives, across all mediums, print, television, radio, online and digital. The SAPS management has commended the work the Crime Stop office does in pursuit of providing a platform where the community can provide information on crime and criminals without fear of their identities being revealed. It also acknowledged all law-abiding individuals that have heeded the call to participate in the fight against crime by calling the Crime Stop number – 08600 10111 and sending tip-offs on MySAPS app. The MySAPS application can be downloaded from any android and iPhone smartphone. To view the award winning video, go to

Public Sector Manager • October 2020









Writer: Dale Hes


matrics to succeed


s matric learners work hard to complete their

final year at school, the Woza Matrics free-to-air television initiative is providing them with the support they need to catch up on their studies after the major disruptions caused by the Coronavirus Disease. This was the inspiration behind the groundbreaking Woza Matrics initiative from the Department of Basic Educa-

been providing catch-up

tion, in partnership with

lessons on six key matric

the National Education Collaboration Trust, the

Learners who miss the

“Matric is always stress-

television programme

ful, but 2020 has been

subjects — maths,

will be able to freely ac-

filled with unusual stress-

geography, life sciences,

cess the full video library

es. I want to congratulate

South African Broadcast-

physical sciences, ac-

online, which covers all

all our Grade 12 learners

ing Corporation (SABC),

counting and maths

grades and all subjects.

and their families for their

Multichoice, eMedia

literacy. Lessons are aired

Basic Education Min-

perseverance and deter-

Investments and educa-

every day on SABC, DStv

ister Angie Motshegka

tional content providers.

and Openview (Chan-

explained that this

nel 122). The initiative is

unprecedented initia-

that additional support

running for 12 weeks, with

tive is a crucial support

is required for learners

the goal of helping learn-

mechanism for learners

and we will continue to

Every day since 1 Sep-

ers to prepare for their

at an extremely challeng-

provide this. There are a

tember, Woza Matrics has

end-of-year exams.

ing time.

few months left before

Support mechanism


mination. “It is abundantly clear

Public Sector Manager • October 2020

the end of the year and Woza Matrics will give learners the support they

a learning company. “We aim to give access to quality education to

to restore the dignity of

acknowledged that

South African citizens.”

this trailblazing initiative

The initiative also has

could not have been

need to prepare for the

all learners within SA’s ed-

the support of private

achieved without the

final exams.”

ucation system through

sector sponsors Satrix

support of the various

our online platform,” said

and Bidvest.


While all learners have lost school time, the

Tsepang Setipa, CEO of

impact has been the


“This pandemic has

SABC, Multichoice and

affected the world in

eMedia Investments

Learners can also

so many ways and as

made their broadcast

because their marks

access all the lessons

2020 unfolded, urgent

networks and expertise

are important for career

on DigiCampus’s online

needs arose in many

available to Woza Mat-

and university choices


greatest on Grade 12s

and the content to be

Madoda Mxakwe,

new spaces. Educa-

rics, while the content

tion wasn’t a new one,

providers (including

covered is fixed and

CEO of the SABC, said

just the way it is to be

DigiCampus, Mindset

externally examined.

that Woza Matrics is a

delivered. While every

and Monyetla Trust)

perfect example of how

school year is impor-

shared their excellent

the public sector can

tant, matric is a make-

content with Woza

fulfil its mandate of serv-

or-break year for many

Matrics. The National

ing the people.

learners and Satrix is

Education Collabora-

Collaboration is key Woza Matrics has been

proud to play a part in

tion Trust, Programme

collaboration between

pleased to be one of

supporting them in this

for Improved Learn-

government, education

the key role players in

final stretch of 2020,”

ing Outcomes, Satrix,

experts, content providers

saving the 2020 mat-

said Satrix CEO Helena

educators and Bidvest,

and the private sector.

ric year. As a public


among others, are also

E-learning company

service broadcaster,

the result of extensive

“As the SABC, we are

DigiCampus is one of

we are duty-bound to

the content providers of

ensure that our content

the lessons. The com-

includes a significant

pany was called upon

amount of educational

to provide content from

programmes, particular-

its comprehensive video

ly during a period when

library of the curriculum.

it is most needed.

“It was an easy deci-

“Our role in this

sion for us to become

campaign is not only

part of the initiative and

a social responsibility,

make our resources avail-

but a commitment to

able to the Woza Matrics

fulfil a constitutional

programme, as it fits

mandate of delivering

perfectly with our goal as

content that is intended

Public Sector Manager • October 2020

Minister Motshekga

part of the initiative.



Source: SAnews

In the line of duty

doo says police officers always understand their constitutional duty and mandate. “When duty calls, it doesn’t matter what the call is. It is a constitutional mandate as well as constitutional obligation for officers to heed that call.” With government having declared a national state of disaster, security forces, including the SAPS, were called on to implement the five-stage lockdown. “Police officers had to heed that call with the South African National Defence Force (SANDF), Metro Police departments and all other lawenforcement agencies,” says Naidoo, a veteran


with 34 years of experin a daily basis,

has been epitomised in

lockdown. The lockdown,

South Africa’s

a manner not seen in

aimed at curbing the

men and women

modern history.

spread of the virus, got

workers, members of the

underway at midnight

police service burnt the

in blue head out to the

As part of the country’s

ence. Like all essential service

streets with the aim of

frontline workers, on 15

on Thursday, 26 March

candle at both ends,

making citizens feel safe.

March 2020, members


clocking up to 12 hours

With life as we know it

of the SAPS were called

a shift.

having changed due to

on to honour their call to

Heeding the call

the Coronavirus Disease


Reflecting on the events

stances, they have done

since the implementa-

very well throughout the

(COVID-19), for the South

This was ahead of Presi-

“Under the circum-

African Police Service

dent Cyril Ramaphosa’s

tion of the lockdown,

country. Members had to

(SAPS) the phrase “to

announcement of an

national SAPS spokesper-

man roadblocks, vehicle

serve and to protect”

initial 21-day national

son Brigadier Vishnu Nai-

checkpoints, especially


Public Sector Manager • October 2020

between provincial borders, suburbs and

placed on movement. However, Naidoo

agement to engage to

E2 is a joint crime

see what best practices

fighting initiative be-

districts to make sure

concedes that during

we can harness from

tween the SAPS, Business

that people are adher-

this period, opportunistic

the time of deploy-

Against Crime and the

ing to restrictions.”

elements within the SAPS

ment during COVID-19

Private Security Industry.

attempted to abuse the

that helped us reduce


crime,” he says.

He commended the deployment of the SANDF as well as the

“We had to resort to

He adds that lawenforcement agencies, need to pool resources

integration of traffic

arresting them and hav-

authorities and Metro

ing them prosecuted

Decrease in crime

Police departments in

criminally as well as be-

Statistics released by

of making this country

the policing of lockdown

ing dismissed from the

Police Minister Bheki

conducive for people


service,” he says.

Cele in August 2020

to go about their daily

showed that South Africa


“This is what helped us

More than 450 police

together so they can achieve the objective

to maintain and sustain

officers have been ar-

was a much safer place

the high visibility for as

rested for a number of

to live in during the first

a cure for COVID-19

long as we did. This is a

crimes since the begin-

quarter of 2020/21.

continues and the num-

lesson we are going to

ning of the lockdown.

take in terms of inte-

“It’s quite a high

The first quarter

As the race to find

bers of those infected

showed major decreas-

continues to rise, by late

grating resources, both

number for us [but] we

es in all crime catego-

September 16 000 offic-

human and physical

are not embarrassed

ries when compared

ers had tested positive


to say that we arrested

to the same period last

for the virus.

those officers. We want

year as a result of citi-

the lockdown, SAPS

to show the nation the

zens heeding the call to

since recovered while

members carried out

position we are taking

stay at home.

more than 200 have suc-

their duties with over

with police officers who

300 000 people hav-

transgress the law.

As life carried on under

While the mission to keep communities safe

Just over 13 000 have

cumbed to COVID-19-related related illnesses.

“We had to show our

continues, Naidoo high-

“It’s been a devastat-

contravening lockdown

seriousness by arresting

lights that government is

ing loss to us [and] their

regulations by late Sep-

our own,” Naidoo adds.

currently implementing

families, but we have

Valuable lessons were

the Safer Cities project,

put all measures that we

learnt over the course of

which is aimed at curb-

possibly could to make

the lockdown.

ing crime.

sure that workers are

ing been arrested for

tember 2020.

Zero tolerance While the pandemic

“It was a learning

The project has been

has claimed the lives of

experience. We are plan-

piloted in 10 cities across

many people, its initial

ning to go on a crime

the country with Durban

arrival on South African

retreat together with

leading the pack.

shores, aided in keep-

the Police Minister, the

ing crime rates low. This

National Commissioner

and Ears (E2) Initiative is

was due to restrictions

as well as SAPS man-

being implemented.

Public Sector Manager • October 2020

In Gauteng, the Eyes

protected against the virus,” says Naidoo. While the battle against COVID-19 rages on, the SAPS continues to prioritise public safety.



Writer: Allison Cooper

Cancer in women: The big five A

ccording to the

to prioritise their health.

that can save lives. “This

the under-arm area,

2016 National

Women need to go for

is what we call the ‘high

such as lumps, texture

Cancer Regis-

regular cancer screen-

five’. Please ask the fol-

changes, thickening,

try (NCR), breast and

ing, as early detection

lowing: Do you perform

dimpling, changes in

cervical cancers are the

saves lives. Get to know

breast self-examinations

shape or size of nip-

leading cause of death

the early warning signs

regularly? Have you

ples or breasts, tender-

among South African

and symptoms of cancer

noticed any changes in

ness, discharge, rash or


so that you’re informed

your breasts? Have you

swelling, or one breast

Breast cancer is the

and can seek help if

experienced abnormal

suddenly being slightly

most commonly diag-

needed,” says Gerda

vaginal bleeding? Have

larger than the other.

nosed cancer, with a

Strauss, CANSA’s Head:

you ever had a Pap

lifetime risk of one in 25,


smear? Do you have a

familiarise themselves

family history of cancer?”

with the risk factors and

while cervical cancer

According to the

“Women should also

is the second most

National Department of

commonly diagnosed

Health’s Breast Cancer

(excluding basal cell

Control Policy, women

Breast and cervical cancer

carcinoma), with an

are entitled to an annual

According to CANSA,

present with symptoms

estimated lifetime risk of

clinical breast examina-

breast and cervical can-

at a later stage in the

one in 35.

tion and to three free

cer have been identified

disease). Cervical can-

symptoms of early stage cervical changes (although women may only

Pap smears per lifetime,

as a national priority with

cer can be effectively

of South Africa (CANSA)

from the age of 30, with

increasing incidences

treated if detected and

encourages women to

a 10-year interval be-


diagnosed early,” says

take care of themselves

tween each Pap smear,

by knowing their bodies,

at primary healthcare

regular monthly breast

the signs of cancer and


self-examinations,” says

toms include abnormal


bleeding between peri-

The Cancer Association

taking up their right to

Dr Manala Makua,

“Women should do

Strauss. Cervical cancer symp-

cancer screening to pro-

CANSA’s Chief Director:

While not all breast

ods, heavier and longer

mote early detection.

Women, Maternal and

lumps indicate cancer,

menstrual period, vagi-

Reproductive Health,

they should be inves-

nal discharge, vaginal

put others first. We want

urges healthcare profes-

tigated, especially if

bleeding or pain during

women to realise that

sionals to ask women

accompanied by other

intercourse (after meno-

they too have the right

five critical questions

changes in breasts or

pause) and increased

“Women generally


Public Sector Manager • October 2020

urinary frequency. It is mainly caused by the Human Papilloma

avoid exposure to known

(cramps, gas or pain).

cancer causing agents,”

Cancer of the uterus,

says Strauss.

also as known as uterine

when urinating or during sexual intercourse). Lung cancer is the fifth

cancer or womb cancer,

most common cancer

is the fourth most com-

in South African women,

While breast and cervi-

mon cancer affecting

with a lifetime risk of one

fluids and sexual inter-

cal cancer are the two

women in South Africa,

in 182 (NCR 2016). Lung

course. Failure to use

cancers most affecting

with one in 135 women

cancer does not typi-

protection during sexual

women in South Africa,

at risk for being diag-

cally cause symptoms

intercourse, sexually

colorectal, uterine and

nosed (NCR 2016).

in its earliest stages, but

transmitted infections,

lung cancer also fall

multiple sexual partners,

within the top five.

Virus (HPV), a common virus spread through

The big five

skin-to-skin contact, body

early sexual debut and

Colorectal or colon

The most common

symptoms present when

form of this cancer af-

the disease is already

fects the lining of the


use of oral contracep-

cancer is the third

uterus, known as the en-

tives increases the risk.

most common cancer

dometrium, and is also

a chronic cough; a

“Let’s adopt lifestyle be-

Symptoms include

affecting South African

referred to as endome-

cough that gets worse

haviours that can help

women, with one in 127

trial cancer. A hormone

and does not go away;

lower the risk for breast

females at risk of being

imbalance causes the

coughing up blood

and cervical cancers by

diagnosed (NCR 2016).

lining of the uterus to

(even a small amount);

being physically active,

Most colorectal

thicken. If the lining

shortness of breath or

maintaining a healthy

cancers begin as a

builds up and stays that

wheezing; constant

weight, avoiding alcohol

polyp, a small growth of

way, cancer cells may

chest pain (especially

and tobacco, eating

tissue that starts in the

start to grow.

when coughing); fre-

balanced meals, avoid-

lining and grows into

ing sexual activity at an

the centre of the colon

abnormal vaginal

a chest infection that

early age and avoid

or rectum. Symptoms

discharge or bleeding

lingers; hoarseness and

engaging in sexual ac-

include a change in

(high volumes between

feeling tired all the time.

tivities with different part-

bowel habits (diarrhoea

periods), long and

ners or risky sexual be-

or constipation), rectal

heavier than normal

the symptoms described

haviour, which increases

bleeding or blood in

menstrual bleeding and

above, visit a doctor for

the chances of getting

stools and persistent

pain, or pressure in the

further advice and treat-

HPV. Women should also

abdominal discomfort

pelvic area (especially


Public Sector Manager • October 2020

Symptoms include

quent chest infections;

If you are experiencing











Compiled by: Nicholas Francis

Si mply sizzl i ng seafood S

outh Africa is

• 8 to 10 half mussels

known for its

• 1 onion, peeled and

beautiful coastline

• Freshly ground salt and pepper.

tinue stirring for a further two minutes.

finely chopped

Slowly pour in the

from KwaZulu-Natal to the

• 3 cloves garlic, crushed


saffron infused chicken

Western Cape, but what

• ½ red pepper, finely

Add the saffron and

stock while stirring and

chicken stock to a bowl

add the cherry toma-

and set aside.

toes. Season with salt

is even more beautiful is


what you find in the sea.

• 1 ½ cups, risotto rice

Whether you are trying to

• 90g chorizo, sliced

cut down on red meat or

• 300g cherry tomatoes,

just love seafood, these


Fry the chorizo in olive

and pepper. Simmer on

oil in a large heavy bot-

medium heat, stir in the

tom pan until slightly

chorizo, peas and defrosted seafood mix.

easy recipes will have

• 3 cups chicken stock

browned and then

you diving in for seconds.

• ½ cup dry white wine

remove from the pan.

Seafood paella

• 2 tsbp olive oil

Add the red pepper,

the seafood mix is almost

• 1 pinch saffron

onion and garlic to the

tender and rice is slightly


• 1 tsp smoked paprika

pan and sauté on a low

al dente. Add a touch

• 1 bag frozen seafood

• ½ cup frozen peas

heat until onions are

of water if the liquid

• 2 tbsp chopped parsley

soft. Sprinkle the smoked

reduces too much.

• Lemon juice

paprika followed by the

• 1 lemon, cut into

risotto rice and stir. Add

baby clams and prawns

the white wine and con-

in the pan, followed by a

mix, defrosted • 6 to 8 medium prawns, cleaned • 8 to 10 baby clams



Stir intermittently until

Place the mussels,

Public Sector Manager • October 2020

squeeze of lemon juice and salt and pepper

• 1 clove of garlic, finely chopped

lightly and set aside.

Add the shrimp, herbs,

Melt two tablespoons

spinach and cheese to

to season. Simmer for a

• 3 tbsp butter

of butter in the same pot

the sauce and mix. Add

further 10 minutes until

• 2 tsp flour

and add the onions. Let

the pasta to the pot and

the shellfish and prawns

• ½ cup white wine

it simmer for a few min-

mix together until the

are cooked through.

• 1 cup fresh cream

utes then sprinkle with

sauce coats the pasta.

• 1 cup spinach, coarsely

the flour and cook for a

Remove the pan from the stove before serving


Take the pot off the

minute, stirring constant-

stove and set aside.

and sprinkle chopped

• ½ cup parmesan

ly. Add in the white wine

Spoon your desired

parsley over. Serve with

cheese, grated

and bring to a boil, stir-

amount of pasta onto a

ring with a whisk. Gently

plate, garnish and enjoy.

stir in the cream and let

Avocado tuna boats

the lemon wedges.

• ½ cup chives, basil and

Creamy shrimp pasta

• 2 tbsp olive oil.



over medium heat, melt


• 500g packet of fettucini

Add the pasta to a large

one tablespoon butter

• 4 avocados, halved

pot of water with salt and

and add the garlic and

• 500g shrimp

let it boil until al dente.

shrimp and fry for a few

• ½ tomato, diced

• ½ onion, finely chopped

Drain the pasta, oil it

minutes until al dente.

• 2 cans tuna, drained


oregano, chopped

it simmer. In a separate pan,

Public Sector Manager • October 2020

and pitted



• 1 red onion, diced • 1 cup coriander, chopped • 1 lemon, juiced • Salt and pepper Directions Halve the avocados and remove the seed. Drizzle the avocados with some lemon juice and season with salt and pepper. Place tuna, coriander, lemon juice, onion and tomato in a bowl, season

• 1 pinch ginger

Remove from the stove

• 1 pinch salt and pep-

and allow it to cool.

per, to taste.

Place the snoek skin

Turn the snoek over and let it cook flesh down for four minutes.

side down and open,

Turn it back onto its skin

and mix together. Scoop


on a grid lined with foil,

and give it a final baste

the tuna mixture into the

Add all the glaze ingre-

and place on a pre-pre-

before removing from

avocado boats.

dients to a saucepan

pared braai. Baste the

the braai. Serve with

Snoek on e aai

and heat until it begins

flesh side of the snoek

garlic bread and a fresh

to simmer. Cook for five

with the glaze. Allow

leafy salad on the side.

minutes until it has re-

it to cook through for


duced and thickened.

eight minutes.

with salt and pepper

• 1 snoek, fresh or defrosted For the glaze: • ½ cup apricot jam • ½ cup sweet sherry • 3 cloves garlic, chopped • 1 tbsp butter • 1 tbsp extra virgin olive oil • 2 tbsp lemon juice • 2 tbsp sweet chilli sauce • 2 tbsp fresh thyme, chopped


Public Sector Manager • October 2020

Africology_Design_Women_Awards_Standerd_Bank.pdf Africology_Design_Women_Awards_Standerd_Bank.pdf 1 2019/07/25 08:49




Africology_Design_Women_Awards_Standerd_Bank.pdf Africology_Design_Women_Awards_Standerd_Bank.pdf 1 2019/07/25 08:49




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Compiled by: Gilda Narsimdas

Make your wardrobe blossom Florals and prints are the way to go this spring. Paired with neutral colours, they certainly make a bold statement. Here are a few to choose from. 1.

If you’re not brave enough for loud florals, opt for this subdued, yet oh-so-pretty blue and white kimono style dress from G-Couture, also available from, R799.


Up your golf shirt game with this pink, floral one from Polo, R599.


Get playful in this trendy jumpsuit by Sissy Boy that you can pair with heels or flats, R749.


Step out in style with these beautiful floral heels by Madison, R579.


Don’t leave home without this gorgeous patent tote bag, that could even double up as a laptop bag, Pierre Cardin, R799.


Public Sector Manager • October 2020


Guys can most certainly pull off florals and prints too, like this navy floral shirt by Polo Jeans, available at, R999.


If you’re feeling adventurous, why not go for these breathable black and white printed pants by Vans, R899.


This is a fun take on the classis fitted shirt from Levi’s, a red small floral print is understated and on trend, R699.


If it’s taking baby steps with print that you’re after, then opt for these Stance barrier reef socks,, R199.


Support proudly SA brand JCclick which makes really cool accessories for both men and women. We like their floral tie,, R320.

Public Sector Manager • October 2020




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Writer: Ashref Ismail

Land Rover Defender

– Fresh, dynamic and highly efficient


he Land Rover Defender is no ordinary car. Built for

the rugged outdoors, the permanent four-wheel drive has been popular among engineers, construction workers, rescue personnel, farmers, miners and, of course, the outdoorsman who needs to travel off the beaten track. In its 60-year existence, the shape has changed very little, while thankfully, the motor has become efficient. Since the boxy shape has remained over the years, it is easily recognisable as an unmistakable, global icon. The go anywhere, do anything vehicle was not without its shortcomings, though. Dogged by unreliability

motoring jokes and tales.

smallest of drivers. While

from Land Rover to Ford,

and poor build quality,

The interior remained

things improved as the

then BMW, then back to

it was the butt of many

a tight fit for all but the

brand changed hands

Land Rover under the


Public Sector Manager • October 2020

ownership of Tata Motors of India, it was only after

our babysitter for the day.

eight-speed automatic

tarred surfaces and


gravel, but avoided any

latter that the fortunes

Tough and capable

ultra-luxurious perch is

sions for fear of damag-

for Land Rover and sister

In the flesh, the new

commanding. Quality

ing the dealership’s only

company, Jaguar, began

share Defender shares

of materials and build

demonstration vehicle.

to improve.

few styling cues with

standards are of superior

the original. It, how-


the custodianship of the

As the years marched

hectic off-road excur-

The view from the

Following fans of the original Land Rover Defender on social media,

on, it was long overdue

ever, remains bold, fresh,

for a replacement. Emis-

dynamic and highly

the essence of modern

there appears to be

sions laws and safety


styling and functional

some resistance to the

The interior captures

elements. It is truly

newcomer. Part of the

est, most capable off-

comfortable, providing

reason could be that tra-

road vehicle made by

all the modern needs

ditional Defender owners

was not going to have

Land Rover, the new car

of today’s demanding

see this one as too far

it easy. How do you

comes in two shapes,


removed from the es-

replace a car that has a

a five-door (110) and a

world-wide, almost cultlike following?

regulations put paid to the never-say-die legend. But the replacement

Dubbed as the tough-

Off-road, the vehicle

sence of the heart and

soon-to-appear three-

cushions it occupants

soul of a true Defender,

door (90) dubbed the

with air suspension while

while many see the mil-

Fast forward to 2020,

shorty. Current engine

the sophisticated Terrain

lion rand plus price tag

and after many artist’s

options include diesel

Response is a breeze to

a tad too high in these

impressions and leaked

and petrol in both four-

operate, turning novice

tough economic times.

photos later, the design

and six-cylinder guises

off-roaders into profes-

Having previously

was eventually revealed

The top of the range

sional explorers offering

owned the Land Rover

to a skeptical target mar-

is the Defender P400 X,

Mud, Snow/Ice, Gravel

Discovery 2, 3 and 4, I

ket that I think still refuses

which features a super-

and Rock options at the

cannot help but think

to accept the newbie as

charged petrol engine

turn of the dial. During

that the new Defender

a true Defender.

pushing out a barn-

our day-long stint in the

should have actually

storming 294kW and

Defender, we covered

been the Discovery 5.

I was offered a new Land Rover Defender for a day by Abdul Gaffoor,

550Nm. Our drive for the day

Customer Relationship

was the five-seater

Manager at Daly Jaguar

Defender 110 D240 SE

Land Rover, based in

(First Edition), which is a

Potchefstroom. To make

diesel, four-cylinder unit

sure that we did not get

pushing out 177kW and

carried away and return

430Nm. The car is highly

the vehicle damaged,

efficient and super

we were accompanied

responsive, picking up

by Sales Manager Ferdie

speed effortlessly and

Joubert, who acted as

smoothly through the

Public Sector Manager • October 2020

Land Rover

Defender 110 P400 SE (First Edition)


2.4 litre Turbo-charged








8 speed, automatic

0 – 100km/h

Under 10 secs




+- R 1,3 million

Service Plan

5 year/100 000 km

Service Intervals

Every 36 000km or two years



Compiled by: Gilda Narsimdas

Give spring the green light I


f you are looking to bring the outdoors indoors or just make others green with envy, try adding items in different shades of green to your home and look. Here

are some suggestions.


This palm print reversible duvet set with matching pillowcases from



Utopia is a great way to spruce up your bedroom,, R529. 2.

Time for a cellphone upgrade? Opt for the new Samsung Note 20, which comes in mystic green,, from R18 999 or available on various contracts.


Wonderbag – known for using heat retention to enable food to slow cooked off of a heat source – has a range of waterproof

be picnic

blankets that are perfect for the outdoors, Yuppiechef, R629. 4.

Keep the glare out of your eyes and look stylish while doing so with these Ray-Ban Clubmaster shades with a dark green tint,, R2 149.

5. 6.

If fun and quirky is your style, try this Royal T cactus light,, R349. Make tea-time interesting with this cheerful ceramic lime green teapot with stainless steel diffuser from Tea Forte, Yuppiechef, R629. 3




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