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PUBLIC SECTOR MANAGER

JULY 2017

Minister Gugile Nkwinti THE MAGAZINE FOR PUBLIC SECTOR DECISION-

Restoring rural dignity

Mandela and Tambo A lifetime as comrades

Wild Coast Highway drives development

JULY 2017

12064

PSM

9

772221

672007

R30.00 (VAT INCL) SOUTH AFRICA

Travel

Wild luxury at Shamwari


ALL FACTS. NO FICTION.

As SANRAL, we are honoured to be the trusted custodians of our national roads. We’ve been tasked by our government to build roads that help to keep South Africa moving. A world-class and safely engineered road network needs regular and immediate infrastructure upgrades, maintenance and many other safety related improvements. The money you pay as toll fees goes a long way towards this. Toll roads ensure that we have a positive impact on the communities in which we operate, in terms of job creation and economic development. We subscribe to the King IV Code of Corporate Governance to guarantee value for money in everything we do.

An agency of the Department of Transport.


WHY ROADS ARE TOLLED The concept of charging a fee to travellers for permission to use a road is an age-old practice that dates back to ancient times. Granted, the environment has changed significantly since then. Nowadays, roads are being managed by governments and roads authorities. But the basis upon which modern tolls were introduced remains relevant to this day. The South African National Roads Agency SOC Ltd (SANRAL) manages 2 952km of toll roads. It has no authority to declare toll roads, this is done by national government, but it implements such on behalf the Department of Transport. Tolls collected on a particular stretch of road are exclusively used to finance the building, upgrading, operation and general maintenance of that specific route. Motorists need not wait until Treasury finds the money to improve roads, but upgrades are financed upfront with tolls being used, amongst others, to repay the loan amount. In South Africa, toll plazas with a boom were introduced in the mid 80s, starting out in Tsitsikamma along the N2 coastal belt between the Eastern and Western Cape provinces. In the 90s tolls were introduced regionally, in Chapmans Peak in Cape Town and the Huguenot Tunnel on the N1 north of the Mother City. The collection of tolls on these roads has allowed for a continuous revenue stream. This means there will always be a steady source of income available to meet financing costs and to maintain these roads. Take a moment to consider the national road network as the conduit that connects people, products and services; then juxtapose this with the human and vehicle population growth in SA’s major cities. Then ask yourself does our national road network have sufficient capacity to match the demand now? And what will the situation look like in 5 to 10 years? The demand on SA’s road infrastructure has undeniably increased. In Gauteng, the provincial population was about 12 million in 2011 and this is expected to increase to 15 to 18 million by 2030. When the GFIP or e-toll network was rolled out in 2010, about 3.4 million vehicles made use of the network and this is projected to increase five-fold to 16 million vehicles by 2030. SANRAL is very careful when recommending which routes could be tolled. These are key economic routes that require ongoing upgrades to keep pace with or to drive the economy. With tolling, there is no need to wait until appropriate funds are available from the fiscus. Tolling is a sustainable financing mechanism to pay for road maintenance and upgrades when these are required. Tolling is also equitable in that it is a direct user charge: those that do not make use of the road do not pay for the development and ongoing maintenance of the infrastructure. Arguments that aim to discredit the legality of tolling, be it traditional toll plazas or e-tolls, do not offer any solution as to who then should pay for major economic routes if not by the road users who benefit from these roads? Fact is only 13% of SANRAL’s national road network is tolled. With the exception of grant funding from the Department of Transport to compensate for the reduction in the standard e-toll tariff and the halving of the monthly e-toll caps toll roads are financed through public-private partnerships or borrowings – and which must be paid back using tolls collected. We also cannot deny the competing socio-economic needs such as education, health, rural development and crime prevention that depend on allocations from the National Treasury. With the modest allocation SANRAL receives from the fiscus, the agency directs this for the upkeep of 22197km of the national non-toll road network.

An agency of the Department of Transport.


Contents: July 2017

16

Regulars

54

In other news News you need to know while you’re on the go

72

Public sector appointments Find out who is new and on the move

Features 38

Mandela and Tambo: a lifetime as comrades The partnership between Nelson Mandela and Oliver Tambo – as friends, lawyers and comrades – lasted for over 60 years

44

eThekwini adapts to climate change The city of eThekwini's Community-Ecosystem-based Adaptation programme has helped it plan better for a changing climate ‘Plan, do, check and act’ – AG’s advice to municipalities Auditor-General Kimi Makwetu advises municipal leaders to embrace accountability, good governance and strong internal controls

10

Conversations with leaders Rural Development and Land Reform Minister Gugile Nkwinti talks of the major programmes to bring dignity to the rural poor, rekindle the class of black smallscale farmers, and fight poverty

50

16

Profiles in leadership Department of Labour Director-General Thobile Lamanti and his team work to protect the rights of employees

58

20

Trailblazer Professor Fulufhelo Nelwamondo of the Council for Scientific and Industrial Research is spearheading cutting-edge fingerprinting technology set to revolutionise crime forensics and biometrics

24

Women in the public sector Electrical engineer Nomsa Mojele helps ensure our airports meet international safety standards

28

Upcoming events Local and international events to put into your diary

30

Provincial perspectives Two North West government departments are working together to help municipalities improve service delivery

34

Vital stats This Mandela Month we look at the facts and figures that remind us of Nelson Mandela’s impact on South Africa, and the world

2

World-beating megabridges to boost Wild Coast economy The new Wild Coast highway, which includes some of the longest and tallest bridges in the world, will revitalise one of the country's poorest regions

38

Public Sector Manager • July 2017


64

Transnet’s ports tug at triple challenges The Radical Port Reform programme has radical economic transformation as its goal

68

How Africa can achieve Agenda 2063 HSRC chief research specialist Dr Emmanuel Owusu-Sekyere has advice for AU member countries

Public Sector Manager THE MAGAZINE FOR PUBLIC SECTOR DECISION-MAKERS Publishers: Government Communication and Information System (GCIS) Enquiries: +27 012 473 0089 Switchboard: +27 012 473 0000 Tshedimosetso House: 1035 Francis Baard Street (corner Festival Street), Hatfield, Pretoria Private Bag X745, Pretoria, South Africa, 0001 www.gcis.gov.za Head of Editorial and Production

Tasneem Carrim tasneem@gcis.gov.za

Managing Editor

Jennifer Tennant jenny@gcis.gov.za

News Editor

Mary Alexander

Copy Editors

Mary Alexander Cecilia De Vos Belgraver

Contributors

Albert Pule Noluthando Mkhize Mary Alexander Sulaiman Philip Hlengiwe Ngobese Bathandwa Mbola

GCIS Photographic Unit

Elmond Jiyane Ntswe Mokoena Siyabulela Duda Kopano Tlape Busisiwe Malungwane Siyasanga Mbambani

Senior Designer

Tendai Gonese

92

Lifestyle 74

Financial fitness Alternative savings solutions

76

Grooming and style Keeping out the cold

80

Food and wine Fine dining embraces organic and local products

84

Car review New Amarok is a beauty and a beast

87

Book review Angelique Serrao's Krejcir: Business As Usual exposes the bizarre underworld of jailed gangster Radovan Krejcir

89

Nice-to-haves All natural this winter

90

Health and wellbeing The global ight against hepatitis

92

Travel Luxury game reserve Shamwari soothes the soul

Centenary celebration of Oliver Tambo OR Tambo speaking at the launch of the "Nelson Mandela: Freedom at 70" campaign at the Wembley Stadium in London in 1988: "This occasion is about the 70th birthday of a great human being who, for millions of people in his own country and across the globe, has served as an inspiration by the way he has consistently and persistently upheld the nobility of the human spirit. And yet he is in jail … because he would not abandon his conviction that every person is entitled to justice, freedom and happiness."

4

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ADVERT from the Minister Message

Ending the epidemic of women abuse

“F

or every woman and girl violently attacked, we

To address this the government is reviewing the Inte-

reduce our humanity,” Nelson Mandela wrote

grated Plan of Action that was conceptualised to fight

in Long Walk to Freedom. “For every moment

gender-based violence.

we remain silent, we conspire against our women.”

The 2013-18 iteration of the plan aims to transform at-

Mandela reminds us this month that women are the cor-

titudes, practices and behaviours. It aims to ensure better

nerstone of our society. Why are so many still raped, burnt,

access to support services for women and children at risk

mutilated, killed, beaten and shamed?

and provide long-term care, support and empowerment

Just recently we heard of the shocking murders of Hannah Cornelius of Stellenbosch, Karabo Mokoena of Soweto and Courtney Peters of Elsies River. They are among the hundreds of women and girls brutalised and murdered every year in South Africa. A survey by Statistics SA revealed that one in five women over 18 in our country has experienced physical abuse by their partner. One woman is killed every eight hours by a partner or former partner, according to the SA Medical Research Council. What is wrong with our society, that this continues? Why are our men and boys so violent? A number of men have rallied behind

services for survivors of gender-based violence. As part of a broader campaign to empower adolescent

“The National Development Plan aims to create a society where women can walk freely in the streets and children can play safely outside.”

girls and young women, the “She Conquers” campaign works to reduce new HIV infections, teenage pregnancy, school dropout rates, and sexual and genderbased violence.

National dialogues The Department of Women has been engaging at various levels, through national dialogues, with communities on how to address the scourge of violence against women. President

the call to end violence against women, some through the

Jacob Zuma in November last

#NotInMyName group, but we need more men to speak

year launched the National

out against this epidemic that is destroying the social

Dialogues in Limpopo. The

fabric of our society.

dialogues are a mode of engagement with the victims and

A priority crime

perpetrators of violence against

It also calls for a smarter plan to tackle the scourge. The

women. The department plans to

National Development Plan aims to create a society where

roll out dialogues to other provinces.

women can walk freely in the streets and children can

As South Africans we must ask our-

play safely outside. We as government have declared

selves: What is this hurt that is driving

violence against women to be a priority crime.

us to such shameful acts?

We have enacted laws such as the Domestic Violence

When you strike a woman you

Act of 1998, the Criminal Law Amendment Act of 2007 and

strike the rock. Every time we lose a

the Protection from Harassment Act of 2011. But women in

woman or a child to violence, we

South Africa remain vulnerable to abuse and violence.

are destroying our future.

6

Minister of Communications Ayanda Dlodlo

Public Sector Manager • July 2017


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ADVERT FROM THE ACTING DIRECTOR-GENERAL MESSAGE

Volunteers help build the nation

M

any of us will still remember how South Africa

12 months in class and on site learning the con-

made it through the dark days of apartheid

struction trade using the Youth Build model adapted

and the key role Nelson Mandela played. He

from Youth Build International. In another programme, volunteers are recruited

gave our country hope. On July 18, as we reflect on his life and what it

within identified communities to build houses. On

means to our country, we should ask ourselves: How

completion they are placed into training with the

can we as South Africans give back?

National Home Builders Registration Council (NH-

While many of us will again this year give 67 min-

BRC) for six weeks. They are then given help to find

utes to helping someone in need, more South Afri-

jobs or start their own businesses using the skills they

cans, particularly the youth, should look to volunteer

have acquired.

a few months of their time.

The Department of Science and Technology also

Our country remains divided, with racism and hate

has a volunteering programme, for young unem-

speech often rearing its ugly head on social me-

ployed science, engineering and technology gradu-

dia and in public spaces. Adding to this, abuse of

ates. Graduates give their time for up to a year to

alcohol and drugs, and other destructive behaviour,

participating organisations that collaborate with the

continue to blight the lives of our youth.

department in its youth development programmes.

Volunteering fosters empathy and understanding

During the year these volunteers get specialised

for others and cultivates self-respect and discipline.

training in areas such as entrepreneurship and life

This is why government has identified volunteerism

skills.

as key to social cohesion.

Youth service programme

Youth volunteer programmes

The number of volunteers in South Africa rose from

The National Youth Development Agency, through its Youth Build Programme, has partnered with the departments of public works, human settlements and rural development to create youth volunteer programmes. These allow young people to gain critical skills and give them the opportunity to serve in their communities. Youth

1.3 million in 2010 to 2.2 million in 2014, but the average annual hours worked by each volunteer fell in this period from 321 to 277 hours, according to Statistics South Africa’s 2014 Volunteer Activity Survey. This decline is concerning, but the government is looking to strengthen volunteering. This year the Presidency is expected to submit the revised National Youth Service Programme Framework to Cabinet for approval. In addition, the National Youth Service Unit is busy setting up a mentoring programme to help civil society groups run by young people to function effectively and become self-sustaining. These measures, we hope, will see volunteering

spend

grow in strides and play a greater role in the devel-

eight to

opment of our country.

Phumla Williams GCIS Acting Director-General

8

Public Sector Manager • July 2017


CONVERSATIONS WITH LEADERS

Nolut hando Motswai and Mar y Alexander

Uprooting poverty, sowing dignity The challenge of poverty is at its most severe in the rural areas. The Department of Rural Development and Land Reform, headed by Minister Gugile Nkwinti, has major programmes in place to bring dignity to the rural poor, rekindle the class of black small-scale farmers, and fight the scourge of poverty.

10

Public Sector Manager • July 2017


T

he call in this year’s Mandela Month is Action

erty, create sustainable employment, broaden the skills

Against Poverty. The triple challenges of poverty,

base and support the Agri-Parks programme,” Minister

unemployment and inequality need to be fought

Nkwinti says.

across the country, but they are at their most intransigent in our rural areas. Government’s developmental work in attacking poverty

According to the Minister, the hectare of land for each beneficiary household will be acquired from state-owned farms, proactive land acquisition and communal land.

and igniting economic growth is the overriding mission of

Land acquired by the state will be surveyed by the

the Department of Rural Development and Land Reform

Surveyor-General, land use plans will be formulated, and

(DRDLR), headed by Minister Gugile Nkwinti.

a notarial title deed will be issued to each household.

“We must bring dignity to people living in rural areas,”

Any surplus land left over after each household is al-

he says. “We must rekindle the class of black small farm-

located their one hectare will be communally owned

ers. We must fight the scourge of poverty.

and set aside for collective use – grazing, water and

“South Africa is a country comprised of the developed and undereveloped. Turning around the rural areas is a

energy needs, development of public infrastructure and enterprise development. Households will be supported

chance for us to develop.” Rural development is impossible without land reform, and land reform can only succeed with rural development. The department has an arsenal of pragmatic initiatives to achieve both. These include the One Hectare, One Household land programme, the development of a network of Agri-Parks, and the Strengthening the Relative Rights of People Working the Land, popularly known as the 50-50 strategy. The National Development Plan’s vision is for an “inte-

“The workers and the farmer become equal partners. It is an example of a good symbiotic relationship between commercial and emerging farmers.”

grated and inclusive rural economy”, achieved through “successful land reform, infrastructure development, job creation and poverty alleviation”. Key to this is rural economic transformation and the growth of the smallholder farmer sector.

One Household, One Hectare South Africa is a food-insecure country, where 6 per cent face daily hunger and 30 per cent – almost a third – have gone hungry in the last 30 days. Yet statistics show a 17.4 per cent drop in agricultural output, and only 18.3 per cent of South Africans are involved in any kind of agriculture. The One Household, One Hectare programme aims to bring more people into farming while boosting rural livelihoods and curbing food insecurity. “The purpose is to create rural smallholder producers at household level to ensure food security and reduce pov-

Public Sector Manager • July 2017

11


CONVERSATIONS WITH LEADERS

to produce for consumption needs and organised into

Progress

primary cooperatives linked to the Agri-Parks initiative.

Three of the planned 44 Agri-Parks are already up and

“Each beneficiary will receive a certificate to be used as collateral if they want the bank to assist them,” the

running. “These are the Ncora Agri-Park in the Eastern Cape,

Minister says. “The land or the certificate cannot be sold

Springbokpan in the North West and the Westonaria Agri-

because the land belongs to the state.”

Park on the West Rand. There are currently 11 Agri-Hubs in

Since 2015 the programme has been implemented in 158 sites across the country, benefitting 5 734 households.

the 44 districts where construction is taking place.” The Agri-Hub is one of the three core components of

Minister Nkwinti recently launched sites to the value of

each Agri-Park. The other two are the Farmer Production

R30.4 million, for 689 households, in the Eastern Cape,

Support Unit, and the Rural-Urban Market Centre.

KwaZulu-Natal and Mpumalanga.

In Ncora fencing and irrigation systems are in place, and two dairies are operational, Minister Nkwinti says.

Agri-Parks: infrastructure for smallholder farmers

at each dairy. In addition, the farmers have mobilised

The DRDLR’s growing network of Agri-Parks are important

funding from the Jobs Fund for the silo, mill and storage

vehicles in implementing the National Development Plan’s

facilities.”

strategy of supporting small-scale farming, developing rural infrastructure and stimulating agro-processing.

“The milking parlour milks 1 800 cows twice a day

A milk-processing facility and retail outlet to sell the milk are under construction.

“The establishment of Agri-Parks in all 44 district mu-

The projects at Ncora support 10 primary cooperatives,

nicipalities in South Africa is set to transform the rural

and one secondary cooperative. Each primary coopera-

economy by creating employment opportunities, infra-

tive is made up of an average of 100 farmers.

structure development and revitalising the agriculture and agro-processing value chain,” says Minister Nkwinti . Agri-Parks provide production, agro-processing, logistics and marketing services, as well as training and agricultural extension services, to smallholder farmers. “As a network it enables a market-driven integration of agricultural activities.” Minister Nkwinti says Agri-Parks are a strategic interven-

In the Free State, the Springfontein Agri-Hub in the Xhariep district is being developed and the fencing and water connections are complete. “We are working with the Department of Environmental Affairs, the district and the Free State government on the establishment of a game abattoir in the Agri-Hub in the coming year,” Minister Nkwinti says. The Westonaria Agri-Hub in Gauteng has a state-of-the-

tion that will kick-start growth in regions lacking essential

art vertical hydroponic tunnel as well as a pack house

agricultural infrastructure such as markets for the sale of

and training facility.

produce and livestock.

12

There is currently one enterprise and one coopera-

Public Sector Manager • July 2017


tive farming in the 20 available tunnels on the site. The cooperative also includes farmers with disabilities. The

Development,” the Minister says. “This structure is to ensure quality control is in place

department will mobilise another 300 farmers in the area

with respect to products, health and safety conditions in

in the coming financial year.

production and processing sites and establish market

In Bushbuckridge, Mpumalanga, the department has

opportunities, both domestically and internationally.”

built a pack house and cold storage facility. Both will open in the current financial year, supporting 2 000 local

Turning workers into farmers

farmers.

A key land reform and rural development strategy is to

“In Dr JS Moroka municipality, within the Nkangala district municipality, a fresh produce market is complete

make farmers of people already working the land. The DRDLR’s Strengthening the Relative Rights of Peo-

and will become fully operational in the 2017/18 finan-

ple Working the Land programme, also known as the

cial year. A total of 1 150 farmers will supply the fresh

50-50 land policy, was announced during the State of

produce market,” the Minister says.

the Nation Address by the President Jacob Zuma, who

“In Ceres in the Western Cape we have completed the upgrade of the roads and electricity supply. We have

called for the piloting of 50 projects by 2019. Under the programme, the state purchases a stake in

also recently purchased an abattoir, which will give

an agricultural enterprise on behalf of the farmworkers

local farmers value-adding facilities and access to new

living and working on the farm.

markets.”

“This is a model of inclusive agricultural development,” says Minister Nkwinti.

Professional support

“The workers and their former employer, the farmer,

To ensure Agri-Parks are sustainable over the long term,

become equal partners in the farming enterprise. It is

Minister Nkwinti says, the DRDLR established District Agri-

an example of a good symbiotic relationship between

Parks Management Councils in 2015 to manage each

commercial and emerging farmers.”

park. The DAMCs are supported by teams of professionals, selected in transparent and competitive processes. “The National Agri-Parks Advisory Council has also

Broad-based black economic empowerment is key to boosting the rural economy. “The department has signed a memorandum of understanding with the National Empowerment Fund to

been set up to provide strategic support and service

become the implementing agent for the programme.”

in an advisory capacity to the Cluster of Ministries in

“About 20 projects have been approved, of which 15

the Economic Sectors, Employment and Infrastructure

have been implemented and transferred,” the Minister says. “Of the 15, four farms were transferred to the state in the year ending March 2016. They amount to just over 2 600 hectares, at a cost of R36 million.” A further 606 farmworkers have benefited from the acquisition of 11 303 hectares at a cost of R325 million. “The acquisition of equity by farmworkers must be seen to be a fundamental game-changer in the agricultural sector,” Minister Nkwinti says. “It introduces co-management of the farm based on relative equity-holdings and the capacity of each participant in production and management of the agricultural enterprise.” More than this, “farmworkers and dwellers will no longer have reason to fear the sceptre of evictions because land tenure will have been secured.”

Public Sector Manager • July 2017

13


ADVERTORIAL

THE DEPARTMENT’S PROGRAMMES AND PLANS THAT ARE IN LINE WITH SOLVING SOUTH AFRICA’S TRIPLE CHALLENGES OF POVERTY, UNEMPLOYMENT AND INEQUALITY THE AGRI-PARKS PROGRAMME

constructed and two dairies are operational. The milking

The establishment of Agri-Parks in all 44 district municipalities

parlor on average milks 1 800 cows twice daily at each diary.

in South Africa is set to transform the rural economy by creating

In addition, the farmers have mobilised funding from the

employment opportunities, infrastructure development and

Jobs Fund for the silo, mill and storage facilities. The retail

revitalising the agriculture and agro-processing value chain.

outlet for milk is also being established and the next phase of processing will commence in the 2017/18 financial year.

It is important to note that the agricultural industry in general

The projects at Ncora support 10 primary and one secondary

has responded positively to the development of Agri-Parks and

cooperative. Each primary cooperative consists on average of

the department is working closely with various stakeholders in

100 farmers.

this sector.

• I n Thaba Nchu the abattoir has been upgraded, the access road has been re-gravelled and the boundary fencing has

At present a number of key processes are being finalised, including business plans based on sound feasibility studies

been completed. • T he Springfontein agri-hub in the Xhariep district is being

that have been completed in some cases, while others are

developed and the fencing and water connections have been

being revised and finalised. Agri-Parks will serve as important

completed. The department is working with the Department

vehicles to take forward the National Development Plan’s

of Environmental Affairs, the district and the Free State

strategy for rural development, by supporting small-scale

government on the establishment of a game abattoir in the

agricultural production and stimulating agro-processing in rural areas. They are a strategic intervention that will kick start

agri-hub in the coming year. • T he Westonaria facility includes state of the art vertical

Rural Economic Transformation and encourage growth of the

hydroponic tunnels, as well as a pack house and training

smallholder farmer sector in the areas that have seen slow

facility amongst other supporting infrastructure. There is

growth due to lack of resources, including markets for the sale

currently one enterprise and one cooperative farming in the

of produce, livestock, skills and infrastructure.

20 available tunnels on the site. The cooperative comprises of people with disabilities. The department will mobilise another

THREE ARE OPERATIONAL ALREADY: These are: Ncora Agri-Park in the Eastern Cape, Springbokpan in the North West and the Westonaria Agri-Park in the West Rand. There are currently 11 agri-hubs in the 44 districts where construction is taking place. These include:

300 farmers in the area in the coming financial year. • I n Bushbuckridge, a pack house and cold storage facility will become fully operational in the 2017/18 financial year to support 2 000 farmers that are producing in the area. • I n Dr JS Moroka municipality, within the Nkangala District Municipality, a fresh produce market is complete and the

• In Butterworth an abattoir is under construction. Farmers in

facility will become fully operational in the 2017/18 financial

the surrounding areas are being mobilised to supply red meat to

year. Fresh produce to the fresh produce market will be

the abattoir.

supplied by 1150 farmers.

• In Ncora fencing and irrigation infrastructure has been

• I n the Capricorn agri-hub the provincial government has


completed the Raletjena pack house and dryer for a black

PROGRESS TO DATE:

farmer. This processing and packaging facility sees the

In the financial year 2016/2017, 10 of the 15 commercial farms

establishment of one of our first “black industrialists” as a

have been transferred to:

result of the Agri-Parks programme.

• Eastern Cape (Klein Monden Rivier)

• The Nwanedi pack house is under construction and upon completion in the current financial year, it will provide support to 150 farmers.

• K waZulu-Natal (Westcliff, Paard Fontein and Hoghton), Limpopo (Dabchick) • N orth West (Stars Away – Tweefontein 58, Willowpark 41,

• In Ceres we have completed the upgrade of the roads and electricity supply. We have also recently purchased an abattoir, which will assist the surrounding farmers with value addition and market access.

Olivenbult 61 and Stinkhoutboom 43) •  Western Cape (Solms Delta and 803 Worcester) amounting to over 8 252 hectares at the value of R56 million. • G auteng: In the financial year 2017/2018, one farm

• In Springbokpan 3 950 ha of sunflower and maize were harvested and taken to the silos. To date 249 jobs have been

transferred in (Marolien), amounting to R31 million – benefiting 105 beneficiaries at 65 hectares.

created and 61 farmers have been supported in the area. There are 606 farm workers that have benefited from these Policy Framework on Strengthening of Relative Rights

acquisitions on 11 303 hectares at a cost of R325 million.

(SRR) of People Working the Land, commonly known as

The acquisition of equity by farm workers must be seen to

the 50/50 policy

be a fundamental game changer in the agricultural sector. It introduces co-management of the farm based on relative equity

IMPROVED FOOD SECURITY

holdings and the capacity of each participant in production and

The Strengthening of Relative Rights of People Working

management of the agricultural enterprise.

the Land is one exciting example of inclusive agricultural development: the state purchases a stake in the agricultural

This initiative contributes towards government’s efforts at

enterprise on behalf of the farmworkers residing and working

revitalisation and transformation of the rural economy through

on the farm. The workers and the former employer (farmer)

the social and economic empowerment of farm workers and

become equal partners in the farming enterprise.

communities. As a consequence of this programme, farm workers and dwellers will no longer have reason to fear the

In 2015 the piloting of the initiative was announced during

spectre of evictions because land tenure will have been

the State of the Nation Address by the State President who

secured.

called for the piloting of 50 projects by 2019. The department signed a Memorandum of Understanding with the National

The One Household One Hectare (1HH1HA) Projects Summary

Empowerment Fund to become the implementing agent for the

Smallholder farmer development and support (technical,

programme. To date:

financial, infrastructure) for agrarian transformation.

• 91 project proposals have been received

The department initiated a land development programme

• 5 were declined/withdrawn

called One Household One Hectare in the year 2015 targeting

• 86 proposals are at different stages of implementation; and

state-owned farms, pro-active land acquisition (LAS) farms and

18 prioritised for implementation by NEF in 2017/18 • 20 projects have been approved of which 15 have been implemented and transferred

communal land with the purpose of creating rural smallholder producers at household level to ensure food security, reduce poverty, sustainable employment, broaden the skills base and

• Of the 15 farms transferred, four farms were transferred in the

to support the Agri-Parks programme.

year ending March 2016 to the state and these are in: I. Eastern Cape (Birbury farm)

Currently, the department has granted approval for the 158

II. F  ree State (Oatlands, Diamond and Kalkput farms)

sites benefiting 5 734 households across the country and the

amounting to just over 2 600 hectares at the cost of

minister launched six sites: three in Eastern Cape, one in

R36-million

KwaZulu-Natal and two in Mpumalanga, at the value of R30.4 million, benefitting 689 households: fourteen in Gorah, 221 in Krugerpost, 373 in Mantusini, 18 in Westwood, 41 in KwaMashabalane and 22 in Libhaba CPA. Issued by the Department of Rural Development and Land Reform Enquiries: Ms Linda Page – Chief Director: Strategic Communications | Tel: +27 12 312 9319 | Cell: 083 4604 482/ 071 334 3479 I linda. page@drdlr.gov.za I www.drdlr.gov.za For more information follow us on @DRDLR_online, visit www.drdlr.gov.za or Facebook: Department of Rural Development and Land Reform.


PROFILES ON LEADERSHIP

Wr i t e r : N o l u t h a n d o M o tsw a i

“It is impor tant to us that we first educate,” says Labour DirectorGeneral Thobile Lamanti. “It is ver y impor tant for people to know their rights.”

16

Public Sector Manager • July 2017


Labour DG Lamanti:

Protecting our workers

Department of Labour Director-General Thobile Lamanti and his team work to stop employer malpractice and protect the rights of employees.

T

All labour centres have help desks, he says, which direct customers to the kiosks supplying the advice or service they require. All Department of Labour Client Service Centres have online services

hobile Lamanti started his work-

of Labour inspectors working across

for the computer-literate. DG Lamanti

ing life as a chemical engineer.

the country.

adds that to improve the department’s services, they are develop-

Today he is responsible for the

working conditions of men and wom-

Employment services

ing an app which will allow South

en across the country, as the Director-

DG Lamanti says another programme

Africans to apply for Unemployment

General of the Department of Labour.

of which he is proud is the depart-

Insurance Fund benefits from their

ment’s Employment Services of South

laptop or mobile device.

His position, he says, gives him the opportunity to direct government

Africa (Essa) initiative. Essa was introduced to the public

Employer malpractice

in 2007, at the department’s labour

DG Lamanti stresses that any em-

centres across the country. At first,

ployed person can call the depart-

delivery in the country. The depart-

individuals had to stand in queues to

ment to complain about employer

ment also collaborates with other

get registered but recently the system

malpractices. The Department of

government departments in the work

was upgraded to Essa Online.

Labour will then send inspectors to

programmes that have a direct effect on the Department of Labour. “My mandate is improving service

we do. My key responsibility is to en-

The programme allows work seekers

investigate.

sure that there is service delivery and

to search for registered job opportu-

resources are provided for our clients.”

nities. Organisations involved in the

industries with a higher risk of mal-

DG Lamanti says one of his depart-

His department keeps an eye on

delivery of employment services or

practice, such as the construction,

ment’s key priorities is to educate

placement opportunities can also

agriculture, chemical, iron and skills

those who use its services.

register and recruit candidates from

sectors.

“It is important to us that we first

the Essa system.

educate. It is very important for peo-

If inspectors find companies to have contravened labour laws, he says,

ple to know their rights. In instances of

Customer service

they issue a contravention notice. If

non-compliance by any employer, it is

DG Lamanti emphasises the impor-

this is ignored, if the employer does

in the law that an employee can take

tance of customer service. This is a

not remedy the situation within 60

such people to court.

serious element in the work of the

days, then a fine to a maximum of

department; its provincial heads are

R100 000 can be issued. The fine var-

fully behind improving service.

ies according to the specifics of each

“In other words, we force employers to pay what is due to employees. We are proud of this because, through

“We have client service supervisors

case. “We are looking at amending the

the work of the department’s inspec-

whose primary objective is to uncover

tors, we are fighting poverty.”

the needs of our clients and how we

law and see if fines could go as high

can improve our services.”

at R1 million,” says DG Lamanti. “

There are around 1 400 Department

Public Sector Manager • July 2017

17


PROFILES ON LEADERSHIP

We need to up the fine amount be-

He adds that his department,

ment of Labour.

cause for some companies R100 000

through the UIF, runs training pro-

is not a lot of money.”

grammes that upskill people who

results, when I get a phone call thank-

have been retrenched.

ing me and my entire team for a job

The Department of Labour’s responsibilities in the workplace extend to its

“We have also partnered with

Compensation Fund, which com-

Productivity SA, providing turnaround

pensates workers or their families for

strategies for companies experienc-

disability or death caused by injuries

ing difficulties.

“I sleep well at night when I see

well done. I am happy knowing that I treat all employees well.”

of Higher Education and Training.

The road to Director-General

R2 billion. Most claims come from

We have signed a memorandum of

Thobile Lamanti started his

workers in the construction industry,

understanding to provide technical

career in the public service

followed by the iron-processing sec-

training to UIF beneficiaries.”

in 1998 as an inspector in the

or diseases sustained on the job. The fund has paid claims of over

“We also work with the Department

tor. “This data is based on incidents reported to us,” he says.

UIF invests in Public Investment Corporation

Department of Labour before

Reducing unemployment

joining the Department of Public Works as Control Inspector

DG Lamanti says that to reduce South

for Occupational Health and

Africa’s unemployment rate, the edu-

Safety.

According to DG Lamanti, the depart-

cation system must respond to the

ment’s Unemployment Insurance

needs of the country’s economy.

In 2002 he re-joined the Department of Labour in the

Fund (UIF) has R130 billion invested

“We need to align our education to

Western Cape as a Business

with the Public Investment Corpora-

the economic and growth potential of

Unit Manager: IES before his

tion.

the country.

appointment as the Provin-

“This money is used for different state

“Most developed countries have a

cial Executive Manager (now

developmental programmes such as

lot of technical colleges, rather than

referred to as Chief Director:

the Medupi power station. The Depart-

universities. There is a need to channel

Provincial Operations) at the

ment of Labour has also worked with

young people to technical colleges,”

Department of Labour in the

the Industrial Development Corpora-

he says.

Western Cape. He held the

tion in its infrastructure development programme.”

Lamanti says he is proud of the work that he does as the DG of the Depart-

position from 2005 until his transfer to head office as the Chief Inspector in 2009. DG Lamati holds a Master’s degree in Business Leadership, a National Diploma in Chemical Engineering, a Bachelor of Technology Degree in Chemical Engineering, a Bachelor of Technology degree in Environmental Health, and a Certificate in Executive Development.

18

Public Sector Manager • July 2017


D

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THE ACTIVATION On Friday, 30th June 2017 SABC MP and Ligwalagwala FM’s male staff members ultimately decided to “action” the campaign by handing out flowers, demonstrating that a flower is worthy of a flower. The SABC and Ligwalagwala FM male staff members braved the cold morning frost and went out – adorned in lipstick – to distribute just over 700 flowers. The flowers were sponsored by local farmers and coordinated by Timbali Technology Incubator for Amablom and handed out at major traffic intersections in and around Nelspruit. The flowers were shared with female drivers, passengers, pedestrians and commuters coming from various townships and suburbs into town. Twenty of the 700 distributed flowers had personalised messages from our male on-air presenters, which prompted the recipients to then call in on Ligwalagwala FM to share what the message said and by whom it was written. The exclusivity of the 20 flowers and messages became the ticket to a lunch with those DJs and reporters at the Chill Pepper Boutique Hotel in Nelspruit. The women who won were excited to meet the DJs up-close, while being entertained by SweetMike – the Liwgalagwala FM DJ whose show Khibika Natsi broadcasts live from the Chill Pepper Boutique Hotel during lunch. “The response to the campaign was so overwhelming,” said Cwy Mandindi, Ligwalagwala FM marketing manager. “The women shared their excitement both on-air and on social media and we had to ask their bosses to give them time to join us for the lunch; while the men in Nelspruit hooted past our DJs and reporters at the intersections in support of the campaign and the thoughtful gesture of sharing a flower.” The campaign also received coverage from SABC News – the video can be seen on YouTube. The region’s Provincial General Manager, Quinton Lenyai, closed off the campaign on-air as he had opened it in May 2017 by adding that the campaign “is a commitment from us as men from the SABC in Mpumalanga to now live the campaign in the streets, at work and in our personal spaces”.

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TRAILBLAZER

Writer: Nolut hando Motswai

Fingerprint technology of the highest order Global fingerprint-recognition systems are reaching new levels of sophistication, thanks to the work of Professor Fulufhelo Nelwamondo and his team at the Council for Scientific and Industrial Research. This and other work recently won him the Order of Mapungubwe.

A

s a boy herding cattle in rural Lukau, Limpopo,

country, through its President, bestows on its citizens and

Fulufhelo Nelwamondo never thought he would

eminent foreign nationals for service to that country.

one day be a professor. Today, at only 34, he is

The Order of Mapungubwe celebrates international

a laureate of the Order of Mapungubwe for his ground-

achievements that serve South Africa's interests. Past

breaking work in fingerprint-recognition technology.

laureates include President Nelson Mandela, physicist and

The Order of Mapungubwe is South Africa's highest

founding president of the CSIR Basil Schonland, and Quar-

honour. It is first among our six National Orders, awards that a

raisha Karim, for her research on tuberculosis and HIV/Aids. Nelwamondo is the Executive Director of the Council for Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR) Modelling and Digital Science Unit. “I never expected to receive a National Order,” he says. “Most recipients of National Orders receive them after death or when they are very old. It is humbling to receive one at my age.” Nelwamondo’s unit has four focus areas: data science, information security, modelling and simulation, and robotics.

Reading beneath the skin Nelwamondo’s internationally acclaimed work developed at the CSIR includes the use of optical coherence tomography (OCT) to read fingerprints. This technology can read layers under the surface of the skin. Nelwamondo says that conventional fingerprint-recognition technology is unable to accurately read the prints of manual labourers and people with torn or damaged fingertips.

20

Public Sector Manager • July 2017


These conventional scanners only read the outer layer of the finger print. If the skin on the finger is too dry or wet, worn out, or a fake fingerprint is being used, the performance of automatic fingerprint identification systems is

nostic purposes, my work investigates their potential as a biometric. This is likely to be the world’s first application.” Nelwamondo says he is proud of his work, because it contributes directly to improved quality of life.

affected. To resolve this challenge, Nelwamondo and his team

Work in the national interest

decided to examine what happens below the surface of

The CSIR, he says, provides excellent working conditions

the skin.

and an environment that nurtures and develops talent.

He says that a damaged fingerprint will eventually start

“More importantly, the work the CSIR does is aimed at making an impact in the national inter-

to regrow, beneath the surface. “I led the work where a swept source OCT can be used to scan the internal skin features, up to the depth of the papillary layer. OCT is contactless and scans in three dimensions.” He says skin below the surface layer, also known as the papillary contour, represents an internal fingerprint. “This internal part does not generally suffer external skin problems. This work has already attracted interest locally and internationally, by forensic investigators, for use in cases where people manipulate their fingerprints by burning the outer layer of their skin after committing a crime. In such a case, an internal fingerprint can be used instead.”

“The Harvard fellowship is meant to be a mid-career opportunity, but I was fortunate enough to be awarded it at an early career stage, when I was 25 years old.”

est.” At the CSIR he has held many positions, including principal researcher, research group leader, and competency area manager. Nelwamondo is also a visiting professor of electrical engineering at the University of Johannesburg. “I am an electrical engineer by training,” he says. “I hold a PhD in electrical engineering from the University of the Witwatersrand, with specialisation in the field of applying computational intelligence in electrical engineering applications.” He adds that being in the engineering field was simply influenced by funding. “I wanted to be in an area where I could easily get a bursary or a study

Cutting-edge biometrics

loan. Luckily, I got a bursary from Eskom,

Nelwamondo has also led work on the use of otoacoustic

and that compelled me to choose a career in electrical

emissions as a biometric measurement tool.

engineering. It turned out to be the best choice I could

“Otoacoustic emissions (OAEs) are small signals gener-

have made.”

ated by the inner ear which can be measured in the outer ear by means of a microphone.” When sound stimulates the cochlea – the auditory por-

Harvard fellow at 25 After his PhD, Nelwamondo got the chance to do postdoc-

tion of the inner ear – the outer hair cells vibrate. The vibra-

toral research at Harvard University, through the Harvard

tion produces a nearly inaudible sound that echoes back

South Africa Fellowship Programme.

into the middle ear. “These signals are used as a diagnostic tool for hearing, particularly in children,” Nelwamondo says. “The study of otoacoustic emissions’ origin is imperative in understanding the most integral part of the ear, the inner ear. Although OAEs are traditionally used for hearing diag-

Public Sector Manager • July 2017

“I remain the youngest South African to be awarded such a fellowship,” he says. “The Harvard fellowship is meant to be a mid-career opportunity, but I was fortunate enough to be awarded it at an early career stage, when I was 25 years old.” Among his many accolades Nelwamondo is also

21


TRAILBLAZER

a professional engineer, registered with the Engineering Council of South Africa, a senior member of the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, a member of the South African Institute of Electrical Engineers, the Association for Computing Machinery, as well as the International Neural Network Society. “I currently serve the nation in many roles, including the Home Affairs Ministe-

Cutting-edge crime scene technology The CSIR’s new-generation

rial Advisory Committee on Modernisation. I am on the board of the City of

fingerprinting sensing tech-

Johannesburg’s Metropolitan Trading Company. I also served on the Research

nology, launched in 2016,

Expert Forum, appointed by the Minister of Tourism.”

uses high-speed, large-

Nelwamondo says getting to where he is now was not an easy journey, but he had support. “I was lucky to have a mentor, Professor Tshilidzi Marwala, who motivated me to go all the way to PhD, and beyond, and this helped me a great deal.”

volume optical coherence tomography (OCT). OCT uses light to capture, in 3D, the finest of details from biological tissue.

Addressing national skill shortages Nelwamondo says his area of focus requires skilled personnel. But the national skill shortage makes it difficult to recruit people with the required skills from the designated groups. “This forced me to work hard on developing young talent myself, through master’s and doctoral supervision,” he says. “Together with the team, we worked hard to have studentship programmes

It could be likened to ultrasound, but using light. The OCT device will contribute to law enforcement and forensics. Crime-scene personnel can use the OCT device to

funded by the Department of Science and Technology, focused in specific

scan areas and lift finger-

areas where South Africa does not produce formal qualifications.”

prints without the use of

These areas include biometrics and robotics.

dusting and the risk of con-

Engineering, in Nelwamondo’s view, is a fun and exciting field.

tamination.

“As engineers, we are creative problem-solvers and, as such, we shape the

The contactless nature

future. Engineering gives one of the best opportunities to innovate, and if chan-

of the scan means that

nelled correctly, we can directly impact on the quality of life through the develop-

multiple acquisitions are

ment of technologies – technologies that can and should end in the market.”

possible. Since OCT is nondestructive, secondary analyses can be performed and used to identify criminals. It can also detect sweat glands and can also detect if the subject being scanned is dead or alive. These important qualities enhance biometric security features for high-end applications such as military, national security points, and forensics.

22

Public Sector Manager • July 2017


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WOMEN IN THE PUBLIC SECTOR

Writer: Nolut hando Motswai

Mojela lights the way for women in aviation Nomsa Mojela is an electrical engineer who heads the South African Civil Aviation Authority team responsible for helping ensure our airports meet international infrastructure safety standards.

E

ver wondered who is responsible for the runway lights that safely guide landing aircraft after dark or in extreme weather?

Nomsa Mojela, 37, is Aerodrome Infrastructure manager

at the South African Civil Aviation Authority (SACAA). She

airports in South Africa comply with these standards.” Mojela comes from Mamelodi in Tshwane. She holds a diploma in electrical engineering from Tshwane South TVET College. As head of the Aerodrome Infrastructure section, Mojela

explains that aeronautical ground lighting illuminates

has six inspectors reporting to her: three electrical inspec-

airport movement areas to ensure the safe operation of

tors and three civil infrastructure inspectors.

aeroplanes at night or in low-visibility conditions. “The lights must conform to standards in terms of their

Her section’s duties include checking precision approach path indicators, aerodrome electrical systems,

colour, pattern, coverage and brightness,” she says. “The

generators, and the switching and transformer rooms at

aerodrome electrical inspector ensures that all licensed

airports. Precision approach path indicators provide guidance information to help a pilots acquire and maintain the correct approach to an airport or aerodrome. They consist of a wing bar of four sharp transition multi-lamps. “They are generally located on the left side of the runway,” Mojela says. “They are constructed and arranged in such a manner that a pilot making an approach will see the two units nearest to the runway as red and the two units much further from the runway as white.” This allows the pilot to judge the correct landing angle, preventing the aircraft from undershooting or overrunning the runway. “The aerodrome electrical inspector verifies the correctness of the angles on these lights. They would also inspect the electrical systems on the airport, by ensuring that the airport is provided with adequate secondary supply in the event of power failure.”

24

Public Sector Manager • July 2017


“Even the sky is not the limit. I will reach for higher goals, and become one of the great women in aviation.” Career highlight

Mojela thoroughly enjoys her job. She is glad to be

Before joining SACAA Mojela worked in the engineering

part of a team that ensures South African airports

department at Transnet.

maintain the international standards set by the Interna-

“After completing my N6 in record time, I applied for a Transnet Property leadership programme, which opened doors for my engineering career,” she says.

tional Civil Aviation Organisation. “I also enjoy travelling to different countries to learn about industry best practices,” she says.

“I was the first black woman to qualify as an artisan under this programme. Because I did so well, I was offered

Working twice as hard

permanent employment by Transnet Property.”

Mojela says the aviation industry is still male-dominat-

She worked at Transnet for six years before moving to SACAA in 2010. It was her first job in aviation. She now can’t imagine herself not being in the industry. Mojela initially worked as an aerodrome electrical infrastructure inspector in SACAA’s Aerodromes and Facilities department. In September 2016 she was appointed manager of Aerodrome Infrastructure. “This was the greatest highlight of my career so far,” she says.

ed. As a black female manager she finds herself having to work twice as hard to get her message across. “However, SACAA as an organisation has a very strong leadership support programme for their managers.” She encourages young people to be interested in a career in aviation, but warns that they must be willing to work. “Young people should work hard and follow their dreams in the aviation industry. They should apply for

Learning to be a leader

every opportunity presented to them. The SACAA web-

Mojela is proud to work for SACAA, she adds, because

site has lots of bursary opportunities advertised on pilot

the organisation saw her potential and entrusted her

cadet programmes, avionics, aircraft maintenance

with the responsibility of heading the section.

engineering, and more.”

“I still have a lot to learn in terms of being a leader. I’m

Mojela’s ambitions include becoming one of the top

lucky to be a manager in an organisation that prides

females in South African aviation. “For me, even the sky

itself in having a robust leadership-development pro-

is not the limit. I will reach for higher goals, and be-

gramme, as well as coaching and mentorship initiatives.”

come one of the great women in aviation.”

Public Sector Manager • July 2017

25


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C o m p i l e d b y : S u l a i m a n Ph i l i p

Unlocking African Markets symposium Cape Town, 29-31 August 2017 This event, specifically aimed at women, focuses on promoting intra-African trade. The conference brings together business and government to network and explore opportunities in African markets. The Unlocking African Markets symposium asks public and private sector delegates to collaborate to unlock the potential opportunity of the new African market. Discussions over three days will focus on opportunities in different African countries and how to best create an environment to encourage more women to become involved in cross-border trade. Organised by Skilled Foreign Nationals in South Africa, it is also a platform for foreign nationals to highlight the benefit they bring to the South African economy. The Unlocking African Markets symposium takes place at the Radisson Blu Hotel, Cape Town, from 29 to 31 August 2017.

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28

30th Annual Labour Law Conference Kempton Park, 2-3 August 2017 Organised by the Institute for Development and Labour Law at the University of Cape Town, the Centre for Applied Legal Studies at the University of the Witwatersrand and the University of KwaZulu-Natal, the ALLC is the largest conference of its kind in South Africa. This year’s theme of “Past Lessons, Future Challenges: 30 Years On” will allow labour law specialists, trade unions, government officials, HR managers, labour practitioners, lawyers and business leaders to debate and resolve current employment challenges facing the country. As before, speakers are prominent labour law and economics experts who will present papers and lead discussions on changes that affect the labour market and workplace law, including crucial judgements. The 30th Annual Labour Law Conference takes place at Emperors Palace, Kempton Park on 2 to 3 August 2017.

Public Sector Manager • July 2017


PROVINCIAL PERSPECTIVES

Writer: Alber t Pule

North West working to improve municipal services

T

wo North West provincial government departments

are essential to running a municipality successfully and

will work closely together to help ailing municipali-

rendering the necessary services to its community. This is

ties that have been given disclaimer audit opinions

why the department will not neglect this aspect.”

by the Auditor-General.

MEC Gaolaolwe says her department will play a role

Member of the Executive Council (MEC) of Local

in making this a reality. “The department will continue to

Government and Human Settlements in the province

support municipalities to build leadership and manage-

Fenny Gaolaolwe says her department will work with its

ment capacity of ward committees to ensure that they

counterparts from the Department of Finance, Economy

are responsive to the community's needs.

and Enterprise Development (FEED). “We have initiated Operation Audit Rooms in partnership with FEED to support municipalities that have

“We have conducted induction workshops on the role and responsibilities of ward committees across the province.”

received disclaimer audit opinions.” The MEC says this operation focuses on the establish-

Municipal revenue enhancement

ment and maintenance of proper records and informa-

Apart from money provincial government allocates to

tion-management systems. It further provides support to

municipalities, they rely on the revenue they collect from

strengthen the municipal audit committees and internal

citizens and enterprises that conduct business in the

audit structures whose responsibility it is to review munici-

jurisdiction of the municipality.

palities’ financial records.

MEC Gaolaolwe says her department will again work

MEC Gaolaowe adds that her department will keep

closely with FEED to help municipalities in the province

an eye on the implementation of forensic investigators’

develop and implement their own revenue-enhance-

recommendations.

ment strategies.

“The department, together with FEED, will continue to

The 12 municipalities that have developed their strate-

monitor the implementation of the recommendations to

gies are Dr Kenneth Kaunda District, Tlokwe, Moretele,

ensure that consequence management is put in place,”

Madibeng, Kgetlengrivier, Lekwa Teemane, Greater

says MEC Gaolaolwe.

Taung, Naledi, Tswaing, Ramotshere Moiloa, Mamusa and

“Proper leadership and capacitated management

Mahikeng.

MEC Fenny Gaolaolwe signing a pledge at t he recent Human Settlements Indaba in Rustenburg.

30

Public Sector Manager • July 2017


“We will further review revenue plans for those municipalities which collect below the expected norm in order to improve their revenue collection and we will pay

committees, good governance and improved capital projects expenditure. Municipalities such as Mahikeng, Kgetlengrivier, Moses

special attention to conduct a data cleansing exercise,”

Kotane and Maquassi Hills have benefited immensely

says MEC Gaolaolwe.

from shared internal audit services. “We are grateful to realise the positive impact towards

North West goes Back to Basics

the improved audit outcome and we have stopped

North West’s provincial government remains committed

the process of outsourcing internal audit services in our

to accelerating the implementation of a Back to Basics

municipalities.

(B2B) approach in municipalities with the aim of improving service delivery. MEC Gaolaolwe says the 2016/17 financial year

“There is a progress on financial management by municipalities and improved functionality of the audit committees,” MEC Gaolaolwe says.

remains critical to the implementation of the second phase of the B2B programme. “The department commits to continue with coordination of the implementation of Back to Basics. “We will do so by mobilising multi-departmental teams to support dysfunctional municipalities, strengthening community engagement and local government accountability to citizens through the Setsokotsane and

Municipal audit outcomes With some interventions, MEC Gaolaolwe indicated that the department is pleased with the improvements registered in the previous financial year’s audits. The improvements were a result of the partnership between the department and its counterpart at FEED. “Out of the 23 municipalities, only six were disclaimed

Bua le Puso programme, accelerating the hands-on

and one audit report is still outstanding. Six municipali-

approach.”

ties received unqualified audit reports, while 10 munici-

Setsokotsane is a public campaign by the office of the

palities received qualified audit reports.”

Premier and North West government to fight inequality, unemployment and poverty. Launched in 2015, Bua le Puso is a people-centred

Housing development MEC Gaolaolwe says she is proud to announce that

programme in which government officials and their

since the implementation of Setsokotsane, North West

principals, using a one-stop-shop approach at taxi ranks,

has recorded significant progress in housing opportuni-

offer government services and direct responses to issues

ties in the 2015/2016 financial year.

communities might raise. The MEC adds that the department will also prioritise

“We managed to achieve the implementation of 17 551 housing opportunities comprising of 10 997 units

programmes and projects that have high visibility and

and 6 554 serviced sites out of a target of 15 080 op-

an impact on the delivery of core B2B objectives through

portunities.

the implementation of the provincial infrastructure programme.

“The mining towns’ overall achievements are at 4 876 units in the 2015/16 financial year, out of a target of 4 188 units. We continue to implement our special

Shared services model

programme initiatives in support of women and youth

Last year, the provincial government adopted the shared

contractors.

services model to ensure coordinated and integrated

“To this end, 12 women contractors have been ap-

support to municipalities in the work of delivering quality

pointed to build 1 400 units through the 1956 Women’s

services.

Build Programme. We want to confirm that the contrac-

The intervention has resulted in an improvement in internal audit, risk management, functionality of audit

Public Sector Manager • July 2017

tors are currently on site in Itsoseng, Mahikeng, Glaudina and Lethabong.”

31


ADVERTORIAL

TOGETHER WE MOVE LIMPOPO FORWARD

Premier Chupu Mathabatha, MEC Moloi and Mayor of Thulamela Tshifhangom walked 3km carrying different flags to honour Africa

THE ESSENCE OF THE LIMPOPO DEVELOPMENT PLAN The Limpopo Development Plan (LDP) is a comprehensive and integrated provincial strategic plan with a five-year socioeconomic and governance implementation plan, adopted by EXCO on 4 March 2015. The plan aims to inform planning and resource allocations at both provincial government and municipal levels, and also provides a strategic partnership between government, private sector and civil society. The vision of the plan is to fulfill the potential for prosperity in a socially cohesive, sustainable and peaceful manner. The LDP strives for economic development and transformation to enable the province to address the triple challenges of

poverty, inequality and unemployment. The plan outlines the development priorities of the province and indicates its contribution to the national Medium Term Strategic Framework (MTSF) outcomes and the National Development Plan objectives. It further provides a framework for the Strategic Plans of each provincial government department, as well as the Integrated Development Plans and Sector Plans of district and local municipalities. S ince the adoption of the LDP, sector departments developed Strategic Plans, Annual Performance Plans (APPs) and Programmes of Action (PoA), in pursuit of aligning the departmental vision, objectives and operational plans towards contributing to the achievement of the LDP.

Premier Chupu Mathabatha hands over festive season information to drivers during the launch of Festive Season at Mantsole


DEVELOPMENT TARGETS ENSHRINED IN THE LDP, AS WELL AS THE PERFORMANCE OF THE PROVINCE SINCE THE ADOPTION OF THE PLAN: Target

Indicator

Target

Increase pass

% Increase in

To improve

rate from 72%

matric pass rate

the quality of

80%

2013

2014

Baseline

performance

71.8%

72.9%

114 000

2015 performance

2016

Data

performance

Source

65.9%

62.5

LDE

147 000

116 000

126 000

STATSSA

18.0%

16.5%

19.4%

19.3%

STATSSA

77.5%

79.6%

78.8%

74%

STATSSA

education

Create

Number of jobs

To create

429 000 jobs by

created per year

429 000 jobs

Reduce

Unemployment

Reduce

unemployment

rate per

unemployment to

rate from 16.9%

annum(official)

14%

Access to basic

% Number of

Increase access to

services, water

households with

water by 90%

from 83% to 90%

access to tap or

2020,

in 2014 to 14% in 2020 Household Survey

piped water Sanitation from 43% to 50%

% Number of

Increase household

households

access to flush

with access to

toilet connected to

sanitation.

a public sewerage

-

43%

54%

54%

STATSSA

90.5%

90.3%

92.9%

92.9%

STATSSA

20.3%

-

The HIV and Aids prevalence

8.6%

LDoH

LDoH

system Electricity supply

% of households

Increase

from 83% to 90%

with access to

households

electricity.

with access to electricity.

Reduce HIV

HIV prevalence

Reduce HIV

incidence by 9%

rate

incidence by 9%

status is as follows per District:

to 5%

Capricorn District: 21.1%

to 5% in 2020

Mopani District: 24.6% Sekhukhune District: 17.9% Vhembe District: 14.9% Waterberg District: 27.3% Province: 20.3% Increase life

Life expectancy

Male 60 years,

Male:

Male:

Male:

Male:

expectancy M =

at birth.

female 65 years

59.4

58.3

60.0

60

Female: 65.1

Female: 62.5

Female:

Female: 6

65.8

5.8

0.57

0.57

53.8, F = 62.5 in 2014 to M = 60, F = 65 in 2020 Reduce

Gini Coefficient)

To reduce income

inequality

inequality

inequality

0.64

0.61

STATSSA/ OTP

measures GGP

% GGP

Increase GGP

contribution to

contribution to

contribution to GDP

7.3%

GDP – increase

national economy

by 8.0%

7.1%

7.0%

7.0%

STATSSA/ PT

the current 7.1% to 8.0%

Overall, there is room for improvement in performance of the province in view of the development targets and in line with fulfilling the potential for prosperity in the province, as per the provincial aspiration. Concerted efforts are being made to accelerate LDP implementation and improve service delivery to the provincial society.

Maseke community cooporative project busy making morula.

Dam de Hoop.

Premier Mr Chupu Mathabatha and MEC for Health Dr Phophi Ramathuba officially open Meclenburg Hospital OPD and Casualty Ward


Compiled by: Sulaiman Philip

VITAL STATS

Nelson Mandela – fast facts

E

very year on 18 July, Mandela’s

 Mandela’s presidency from 10

 Mandela’s statement from the

birthday and International Man-

May 1994 to 29 March 1999 was

dock at the 1964 Rivonia Treason

dela Day, South Africans and the

a total of 1 784 days. For every

Trial, which famously concluded

global community take action to help

day he was president, he spent

with “It is an ideal for which I am

change the world for the better.

5.4 in prison.

prepared to die”, is 10 690 words

Mandela became president of a

 The 67 Minutes campaign for

long and took almost four hours

country bankrupted by a decade of

Mandela Day celebrates the 67

economic sanctions. The new govern-

years he spent in service to the

ment, under his leadership, set about

people, beginning in 1942 when

Mandela: the President

rebuilding the economy while at the

he joined the ANC to 2009 when

 Mandela was President of South

same time negotiating a reconciliation settlement. Those negotiations led

he retired from public life.  Mandela’s 1993 Nobel Peace

to deliver.

Africa from 1994 to 1999.  When he took office inflation was

to the adoption of a new Constitution

Prize was just one of 695 awards

14 per cent. Within 10 years it

in 1996.

bestowed on him.

was brought down to 5 per cent.

These numbers remind us of Mandela’s impact on us, and the world.

 The top floor of Chancellor

South Africans was US$5 760. By

the law practice of Mandela

2000 it had risen to $6 679.

Mandela: the man

and OR Tambo for eight years,

 From his arrest on 5 August 1963

34

 In 1990 the per capita income of

House in Johannesburg housed

 In 1994 foreign trade contributed

from 1952 to 1960. It is now a

only 42 per cent to GDP. By 2000

to his release on 11 February

museum, after a R7 million reno-

it had grown by a tenth, to 52.8

1989, Nelson Mandela spent

vation run by the City of Johan-

per cent.

9 687 days in prison.

nesburg.

 In 1994 tax collection was

Public Sector Manager • July 2017


R114 billion. By 2000 it was R200 billion.  A quarter of South Africa’s

Mandela in his own words  “Without language, one cannot talk to people and understand

formal housing comes out of

them; one cannot share their hopes and aspirations, grasp their

the 1994 Government Housing

history, appreciate their poetry, or savour their songs.”

Programme. More than 10 739

 “It is through education that the daughter of a peasant can

communities in 968 towns and

become a doctor, that the son of a mineworker can become the

cities across the country ben-

head of the mine, that a child of farmworkers can become the

efitted from the programme.

president of a great nation.”  “I am not truly free if I am taking away someone else’s freedom, just

Nelson Mandela Children’s Hospital

as surely as I am not free when my freedom is taken from me. The oppressed and the oppressor alike are robbed of their humanity.”

 The R1 billion Nelson Mandela

 “The truth is that we are not yet free; we have merely achieved the

Children’s Hospital (NMCH)

freedom to be free, the right not to be oppressed. We have not

is one of only five in Africa,

taken the final step of our journey, but the first step on a longer

a continent with 450 million

and even more difficult road. For to be free is not merely to cast off

children.

one’s chains, but to live in a way that respects and enhances the

 Once fully operational, the hospital will employ 150 doctors and 450 paediatric nurses.  The nurse-to-patient ratio is 1:1.  The hospital’s six wards have

freedom of others.”  “The time for the healing of the wounds has come. The moment to bridge the chasms that divide us has come. The time to build is upon us.”  “I do not want to be presented as some deity. I would like to be

29 beds each and recliner

remembered as an ordinary human being with virtues and

beds for caregivers to be next

vices.”

to patients.  The ICU has 48 beds. The paediatric and neonatal ICUs both have 30 beds.  The hospital’s eight x-ray machines will be able to treat 2 500 patients a year.  The eight major and two minor operating theatres will be able to perform over 5 000 lifesaving operations a year.  The top floor of the hospital has 27 rooms for family accommodation.  The NMCH Trust funded 266 nursing bursaries – with help from the National Skills Fund – and 10 fellowships for hospital staff.

Public Sector Manager • July 2017

35


ADVERTORIAL

INSTITUTIONAL ARRANGEMENTS

Premier Chupu Mathabatha and MEC for Public Works,Roads and Infrustructure Mr Jerry Ndou turn the sod of a 20,5km road D36

The Premier urges all stakeholders

municipalities, in pursuit of enhancing

the LDP and ensuring coordinated and

to join hands towards effective and

their productive performance and

improved service delivery to the province

successful implementation of the LDP

ensuring meaningful contribution to

as a whole. The following information

in order to accelerate service delivery

the provincial economy. The Provincial

gives a snapshot of the summits

and fulfill the aspirations of the people

Growth Point Development Forum at

conducted in supporting the realisation

of Limpopo. Below are some of the

municipality level creates alignment

of the objectives of the LDP.

key institutional arrangements that

between the provincial developmental

• L impopo Agro-processing Summit was

serve as stakeholder interaction and

agendas and the PGP Municipality

convened in pursuit of forging strategic

communication platforms to support the

priorities, as well as facilitating

partnerships towards accelerating

implementation of the LDP.

stakeholder support in planning,

the implementation of the Limpopo

• The Limpopo Provincial Planning

implementation and monitoring of the

Agro-processing Strategy. Currently,

PGP municipality priorities.

the province is set in establishing

Forum, which anchors implementation of the Limpopo Integrated Planning Framework, continues to serve as a

Agri-Parks in all five districts, in view • The Premier Employment Growth

of improvising the performance of the

key platform to steer and foster the

and Advisory Council (PEGAC) was

agri-business sector and enhancing as

integration of plans, in all spheres of

reconfigured, based on an EXCO

well as aiding in the competitiveness

government and to ensure coordinated

resolution, to ensure alignment

of smallholder farmers.

implementation is met.

and continuous support to the LDP implementation process. PEGAC

• L impopo Infrastructure Water

• C limate Change Workshop *took

continues to provide advisory support

place, to solicit stakeholder inputs in

Technical Working Group was

to the implementation of the LDP,

terms of addressing climate change

established and has coordinated

co-chaired by the leadership from

in the province, and as a way of

successful District Water Engagement

the private sector/industry as well as

implementing the Limpopo Green

Sessions in pursuit of addressing

political leadership.

Economy Strategy.

prevalent water challenges in the province. The task team is currently

• Executive Council (EXCO) and its

• E ducation Summit – Implementation of

providing oversight with regard to the

provincial structures continue to

the resolutions is currently underway.

implementation of summit resolutions

provide strategic leadership and

as well as the Provincial Water Master

oversight in the implementation of the

Plan IAP.

Label Distribution Protocol.

• E conomic Summit was anchored by six work streams namely: industrialisation, mining, infrastructure, agro-

CONVENED SUMMITS

processing, SMME, youth, traditional

established to provide strategic

The Premier directed the provincial

leadership, culture, sport and tourism;

reinforcement of the provincial

departments to convene summits in

ICT and knowledge economy.

agenda to the prioritised growth point

view of accelerating implementation of

• P rovincial Growth Point Forum was


• P rovincial Water and Sanitation Summit was held under the theme “water is life, sanitation is dignity.” The Limpopo Water Services and Resources Management Infrastructure Technical

• M usina-Makhado SEZ implementation process is underway as an instrument for industrialisation in the province. • L ephalale Sustainable Urban Development Planning process

Task Team is providing oversight on the implementation of all

as a way of piloting the Integrated Urban Development

the resolutions.

Framework (IUDF) in the province is underway to ensure that Lephalale municipality transit into a “green” city.

• L ocal Government Summit was convened with the aim of

• E stablishment of Agri-Parks has commenced in all the five

devising strategies towards mainstreaming the priorities

districts as a way of commercialising the agricultural sector

identified in the Back-to-Basics Programme in the IDPs,

and enhancing the competitiveness of the smallholder farmers

Budgets and Service Delivery Plans of municipalities.

towards meaningful contribution to the economy and well being of the province.

DEVELOPED SECTOR PLANS The development process regarding the specified plans, is outlined below: • P rovincial Water Master Plan was developed as a strategy to

• C ommercialisation of Nature Reserves Policy is being finalised towards improved local economic development. • T he two industrial parks in Seshego and Nkowankowa are being revitalised in support of the Black Industrialist

guide planning, management and allocation of water to support

Programme. The Manufacturing Support Centre is being

both economic social and environmental needs.

established in Nkowankowa to support industrialisation and will be completed in 2017/18.

• The Limpopo Spatial Development Framework (LSDF)

• Township and Villages Revitalisation Strategy Development

has been developed to provide guidance towards ensuring

has become a process which has commenced in promoting

sustainable spatial and land-use management in the province.

support to SMMEs and cooperatives as part of the Enterprise

The LSDF will further provide a frame of reference and guide to Spatial Development Frameworks (SDFs) to direct municipal planning decisions and developmental interventions.

Development Programme. • L impopo Anti-Poverty Programme has been developed and approved by EXCO to address challenges of poverty-stricken communities in a holistic and co-ordinated manner.

• L impopo Integrated Infrastructure Master Plan (LIIMP) development process, which is GIS-based, is to be finalised in July 2017. The aim of the plan is to serve as a frame of reference so as to help and coordinate infrastructure planning and management.

• C ompleted and launched De Hoop Dam with the aim of providing water to Sekhukhune District, Polokwane and Mogalakwena Municipalities – a key growth point. • U pgraded Flag Boshielo Dam to provide water to the surrounding communities and Mogalakwena municipality. It is being capacitated to have enough water.

• L impopo Human Resources Development Strategy (LHRDS) has been developed in pursuit of addressing the skills needs

• P rovincial Incubation Strategy is being implemented in view of enhancing the human capital investment in the province.

required by the economy and towards building a capable development state.

GOVERNANCE AND LEADESRHIP Upon adoption of the LDP, the province did not have a

• L impopo Spatial Planning and Land-Use Management

Director General and most of the provincial departments and

(LSPLUMA) Bill is envisaged to be finalised for EXCO

municipalities lacked accounting officers. Up to date progress

consideration by the end of July 2017. The document reflects

has been made:

on implications of spatial economic dynamics in the province

• A ppointment of the Director General

and the importance of inclusive spatial planning and land-

• A ll 12 provincial departments have permanent accounting

use management (SPLUMA) towards ensuring integrated development. The institutional arrangements to anchor SPLUMA implementation are being established in the province.

officers, thus Head of Departments • N ine municipalities out of 30 are yet to finalise appointment of Municipal Managers

KEY PROGRAMMES AND PROJECTS

In addition the 2017/18 PoA, encapsulated the recommendations

The key pillars anchoring the LDP include mining, agriculture,

made in the LDP Mid-Term Review and some key summit

tourism, manufacturing, providing support to SMMEs and

resolutions to accelerate implementation of the plan and ensure

investment in Human Resources Development.

sustainable growth and development in the province.

Contact Details Mr Phuti Seloba Government Spokesperson 015 287 6060 segooar@premier.limpopo.gov.za


FEATURE

Writer: Mar y Alexander

Mandela and Tambo: a lifetime as comrades ye Ar c hiv es M us eu m M ay ibu Ro bb en Isl an d C UW e: ag Im

38

Public Sector Manager • July 2017


“M

andela and Tambo” read the brass plate on the door of the attorneys’ shabby offices in

downtown Johannesburg. It was late 1952, four years after the National Party victory, and the two young partners of South Africa’s first blackowned law firm were busy. “Mandela and Tambo was besieged with clients,” Nelson Mandela wrote in his autobiography Long Walk to Freedom, published in 1994. “We were not the only African lawyers in South Africa, but we were the only firm of African lawyers. “For Africans, we were the firm of first choice and last resort. To reach our offices each morning, we had to move through a crowd of people in the hallways, on the stairs, and in our small waiting room.” Oliver Tambo’s memories presaged Mandela’s. “For years we worked side by side in our offices near the courts,” he wrote in his 1965 introduction to Ruth First’s No

Easy Road to Freedom. “To reach our desks each morning, Nelson and I ran the gauntlet of patient queues of people overflowing from the chairs in the waiting room into the corridors.” Tambo and Mandela were highly educated young men, the products of independent missionary schools and the University of Fort Hare. They thought they knew what racial injustice was all about. But their experience of overflowing human misery in their cramped lawyers’ offices opened their eyes to the real suffering of ordinary people. Tambo wrote: “South Africa has the dubious reputation of boasting one of the highest prison populations in the world. “Jails are jam-packed with Africans imprisoned for serious

Public Sector Manager • July 2017

39


FEATURE

offences – and crimes of violence are ever on the

The two had different memories of their first meeting.

increase in apartheid society – but also for petty infringe-

Mandela, always the sportsman, recalled it being on a

ments of statutory law that no really civilised society

football field. Tambo, a studious young man, remembered

would punish with imprisonment.

it at a student protest.

“To be unemployed is a crime ... To be landless can be a crime ... To brew African beer, to drink it or to use the proceeds to supplement the meagre family income is a

On Sundays, Mandela would teach bible classes at villages near Fort Hare. “One of my comrades on these expeditions was a

crime ... To cheek a white man can be a crime. To live in

serious young science scholar whom I had met on the

the ‘wrong’ area – an area declared white or Indian or

soccer field,” he wrote.

coloured – is a crime for Africans.”

“He came from Pondoland, in the Transkei, and his name was Oliver Tambo. From the start, I saw that Oliver’s intel-

Beginnings

ligence was diamond-edged; he was a keen debater and

Nelson Rolihlahla Mandela and Oliver Reginald Tambo

did not accept the platitudes that so many of us auto-

met at Fort Hare in the 1930s. The institution was renowned

matically subscribed to ... it was easy to see that he was

for producing leading African intellectuals for over 40

destined for great things.”

years until its proud academic tradition was destroyed by

In 1965 Tambo wrote: “At the age of l6, Nelson went to

the apartheid government in 1959. Govan Mbeki was a

Fort Hare and there we first met: in the thick of a student

graduate, as was Robert Sobukwe, Dennis Brutus and Can

strike.”

Themba.

Tambo recalled that he and Mandela were “both born

This was the start of a partnership – as friends, attorneys

in the Transkei, he one year after me. We were students to-

and comrades – that would last 60 years. Mandela would

gether at Fort Hare University College. With others we had

become South Africa’s most famous political prisoner and

founded the African National Congress Youth League. We

first democratically elected president, while Tambo joined

went together into the Defiance Campaign of 1952, into

the struggle in exile and served as president of the African

general strikes against the government and sat in the

National Congress from 1967 to 1991.

same Treason Trial dock.”

Chancellor House in downtown Johannesburg, where in 1952 Nelson Mandela and Oliver Tambo opened Sout h Africa's f irst blac k-owned law f irm. (Image: Sout h African Tourism)

40

Public Sector Manager • July 2017


Inside Chancellor House, whic h is now a museum. (Image: Sout h African Tourism)

Life in Johannesburg After Fort Hare Tambo went on to teach maths at St Peter’s School in Johannesburg. Like Fort Hare, it was eventually shut down by the Nationalist government because it gave its black students a quality education. “From this school, killed by the government in later years because it refused to bow its head to government-dictated principles of a special education for ‘inferior’ Africans,” Tambo wrote, “graduated successive series of young men drawn inexorably into the African National Congress, because it was the head of our patriotic, national movement for our rights.” Mandela, meanwhile, fled to Johannesburg from his Transkei home to escape an arranged marriage. In the city, Tambo wrote, Mandela “had his first encounter with the lot of the urban African in a teeming African township: overcrowding, incessant raids for passes, arrests, poverty, the pinpricks and frustrations of the white rule”. In Johannesburg both joined the

“From the start, I saw that Tambo’s intelligence was diamond-edged. It was easy to see that he was destined for great things.”

alised unless it stirred itself and took up new methods.” The ANC Youth League was formed in 1944 with Lembede as president and Tambo as secretary. Sisulu became the treasurer and Mandela formed part of the executive committee.

The Defiance Campaign

ANC. They became part of a group of

The National Party victory in the white

young ANC members who increasingly

elections of 1948 came as a surprise to

thought the organisation was not taking strong enough

many – including Mandela. The stated election manifesto

action to fight white rule.

was overtly apartheid: cementing, legislating and extending black repression and white minority rule.

The Youth League

“The victory was a shock,” Mandela wrote. “I was stunned

Mandela wrote: “Many felt, perhaps unfairly, that the

and dismayed, but Oliver took a more considered line.

ANC as a whole had become the preserve of a tired,

‘I like this,’ he said. ‘I like this.’ I could not imagine why. He

unmilitant, privileged African elite more concerned with

explained, ‘Now we will know exactly who our enemies are

protecting their own rights than those of the masses.” They

and where we stand.’”

proposed forming a youth league “as a way of lighting a fire under the leadership of the ANC”. In 1943 a delegation including Mandela, Tambo, Anton

The battle lines were drawn. The softer policies of negotiation and compliance with white leadership had achieved nothing. The next year, 1949, the ANC saw a

Lembede, Peter Mda and Walter Sisulu visited AB Xuma,

jump in its membership, which previously had lingered

the head of the ANC.

at around 5 000. It began to establish a firm presence in

“At our meeting, we told him that we intended to organise a youth league and a campaign of action designed

South African society. In 1952 Mandela and Tambo were key in organising the

to mobilise mass support,” Mandela wrote. “We told Dr

Defiance Campaign. The ANC joined other anti-apartheid

Xuma that the ANC was in danger of becoming margin-

organisations in defiance against the restriction of

Public Sector Manager • July 2017

41


FEATURE

tion to apartheid. In 1967, he became president of the ANC after the death of Chief Albert Luthuli. In the year after Tambo’s exile, 1960, came the Sharpeville massacre. The ANC leadership concluded that non-violence was no longer the answer to the struggle against apartheid. In 1961 Umkhonto we Sizwe was formed, with Mandela as its Nelson Mandela and Oliver Tambo were bot h born in t he Transkei, but t hey f irst met at For t Hare University in in Alice, Eastern Cape. The institution produced many of Africa's leading intellectuals. (Image: Sout h African Tourism)

first leader. MK operations in the 1960s mostly targeted government facilities. Mandela was arrested in 1962, convicted of

political, labour and residential rights, during which protest-

sabotage, and in 1964 sentenced to life imprisonment on

ers deliberately violated oppressive laws. The campaign

Robben Island.

was called off in April 1953 after the apartheid parliament voted in new laws prohibiting protest meetings.

Endings “Nelson Mandela is on Robben Island today,” Tambo

Arrest and exile

wrote in 1965.

In June 1955 the Congress of the People, organised by

“His inspiration lives on in the heart of every African pa-

the ANC and Indian, coloured and white organisations

triot. He is the symbol of the self-sacrificing leadership our

at Kliptown near Johannesburg, adopted the Freedom

struggle has thrown up and our people need. He is unre-

Charter. This became the fundamental document of the

lenting, yet capable of flexibility and delicate judgment.

struggle. In the same year, Tambo became secretary-

“He is an outstanding individual, but he knows that he

general of the ANC after Sisulu was banned under the

derives his strength from the great masses of people, who

Suppression of Communism Act.

make up the freedom struggle in our country.”

In December 1956 Mandela and Tambo were among

Tambo died in April 1993, a year short of South Africa’s

156 leaders, key members of the Congress Alliance, ar-

first democratic elections in 1994. South Africa’s future

rested and charged with treason. They included almost

was still uncertain.

all of the executive committee of the ANC, as well as the

Mandela gave the eulogy at Tambo’s funeral.

South African Communist Party, the South African Indian

“Go well, my brother, and farewell, dear friend,” he said.

Congress, and the Congress of Democrats. A total of

“As you instructed, we will bring peace to our tormented

155 leaders – 105 African, 21 Indian, 23 white and seven coloured – were arrested. The trial was to last until 1961, with state gradually reducing the number of accused until all charges were eventually dismissed. In 1958 Tambo became deputy president of the ANC. But in 1959 he was served with a five-year banning order. Tambo was sent abroad by the ANC to mobilise opposi-

42

land. “As you directed, we will bring freedom to the oppressed and liberation to the oppressor. As you strived, we will restore the dignity of the dehumanised. As you commanded, we will defend the option of a peaceful resolution of our problems. As you prayed, we will respond to the cries of the wretched of the earth. “In all this, we will not fail you.”

Public Sector Manager • July 2017


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Writer: Sulaiman Philip

FEATURE

eThekwini adapts to climate change eThekwini’s Community-Ecosystem-based Adaptation programme has helped the city to plan better. Ecosystem-based adaptation is the theory that healthy sustainable ecosystems make it easier for communities to adapt to a changing climate.

D

urban is more than the largest

poverty and the spread of informal

city and port along the east

settlements among them – the city

coast of Africa. Like many Af-

continues to explore and implement

mate Protection Scientist with the

ways to adapt.

Climate Protection Branch of the

rican cities it is dealing with developmental challenges as a result of rapid

By improving its systems, adapting

these needs. As Ms Nongcebo Hlongwa, Cli-

Environmental Planning and Climate

urbanisation and the obligations that

its institutions and implementing in-

Change Department, explains, “Our

fall on the municipality.

novative and flexible planning the city

responses need to not only address

Despite being the poorest ma-

is building a more resilient economy

environmental change issues but

jor metropolitan area, Durban has

and city. However, the city has high

should also address the economic

become a South African leader in

levels of poverty and unemployment

and social challenges. This has been

adapting to the challenges of climate

so the responses it adopts for climate

the approach adopted by the city.

change. In spite of challenges –

change need to be responsive to

The Municipal Climate Change Pro-

44

Public Sector Manager • July 2017


gramme calls for both mitigation and

infrastructure complements the city’s

become the leader among African

adaption responses and as the result

hard, or concrete-based, infrastructure

cities in understanding and mitigat-

equal emphasis and the integration

solutions.

ing the effects of greenhouse gas emissions.

of these approaches at project level

Climate change influences city planning

sulphur dioxide levels in the city from

In 2009 the Presidency announced

industrial and agricultural opera-

Urbanisation is changing the face

that South Africa would commit to re-

tions – sugar cane crop burning was

of Durban, as it has most of Africa’s

ducing its greenhouse gas emissions

a large source of emissions. It is also

population centres. In-migration and

by 34 per cent by 2020. With financial,

starting programmes for the capture

the resulting unplanned informal set-

technical and capacity building sup-

of landfill methane onsite.

tlements have overwhelmed the city’s

port from developed nations, South

ability to supply basic services.

Africa would commit to a 42 per cent

gan to influence the city’s thinking on

reduction by 2025.

urban planning. In 2007 the Municipal

has been vital.”

Social challenges

The effects of a changing climate has been swamping the city’s in-

Cities like Durban have an advan-

These regulations have lowered the

As early as 2006 climate change be-

Climate Protection Programme was

frastructure. eThekwini has brought

tage over national governments in

introduced, which led to the establish-

considerable human resources to

their ability to formulate and enact

ment of the Environmental Planning

bear and has implemented a number

policy. Being physically closer to the

and Climate Protection Department.

of environmental programmes and

populations they answer to makes it

As Hlongwa points out, “Durban’s

projects to improve the quality of life

easier to create and deliver resource-

approach to tackling climate change

in the city.

efficient and less polluting solutions.

has been to play to our twin strengths

As Hlongwa points out, “Urbanisation

The consequences of policy are

of our people and natural environ-

per se is not the challenge, but un-

observable and cooperation between

ment. Institutional commitment, both

planned urban development. Durban

officials and the citizens they answer

politically and administratively, is an

is addressing urban development

to can lead to innovative ideas on

important ingredient for this plan.

through engaging with novel govern-

waste management, urban planning

Without this commitment, the alloca-

ance participator approaches.”

and transport solutions and how to

tion of resources is unlikely. It also as-

develop and improve existing infra-

sists with elevating the issue of climate

structure.

change and urgency for action.”

The city’s Community-Ecosystembased Adaptation (CEbA) programme along with extensive and

eThekwini has champions driving

ongoing research has helped the

the generation and implementation

Research helps

city to plan better. Ecosystem-based

of solutions and plans in the absence

Hlongwa points out that the city

adaptation is the theory that healthy

of formal agreements, policy and

would not be able to respond as well

sustainable ecosystems make it easier

legislation. “Local governments can

as it has to the myriad challenges it

for communities to adapt to a chang-

use their own mandates. For example,

faces if it were not for its commitment

ing climate.

in South Africa local governments

to research. There are other chal-

have a mandate for planning, to drive

lenges – securing funding, political

climate change action.”

support and engaging with residents

Durban is a biodiversity hotspot split between three terrestrial biomes savannah, forest, and grassland - and

For its part, the city has implement-

supports over 2 000 plant species, 97

ed air-quality regulations that have

km of coast, 18 rivers, 16 estuaries and

lowered the concentrations of major

4 000 km of river shoreline. This green

pollutants. Over the last decade it has

Public Sector Manager • July 2017

– but having research available makes them easier. One of the more innovative projects is the Metropolitan Open Space

45


FEATURE

System. It offers mitigation and adaptation benefits to the city by acting as a carbon sink (natural or artificial reservoir that accumulates and stores carbon-containing chemicals) and preserves large areas of natural habitat. “This system also plans an important role in temperature regulation for the city and assisting with minimising the heat island effect experienced by many cities from around the world.”

If we do nothing Cities in the global south will bear the brunt of climate change and will exacerbate poverty. A four-degree increase in global temperatures would raise sea levels and the city up to the city hall would be submerged.

Durban Climate Change Strategy Following the hosting of the COP17 conference in 2011 the city developed a climate adaptation and mitigation strategy. By firstly acknowledging that we live in a world with finite and diminishing resources, Durban needed to convert to a low carbon, green economy. The DCCS prioritised the sustainable development shaped by the development challenges faced by the majority of the city’s residents. The final strategy identified six flagship programmes with smaller projects. The city has developed a strong research capability which reports annually on progress of its programmes. It allows the city to revise and update the DCCS based on the outcomes of implementation efforts and increasing knowledge of the implications of climate change.

“The city’s obligation is to all its residents. We have a mandate to

be able to meet our legal mandate.

by the city, thus planning for change

ensure their safety and the delivery of

In addition, it will result in social, eco-

including environmental change is

services. If we did not plan for climate

nomic and infrastructural losses that

one of the municipality’s responsibili-

change we would in the long run not

could have been otherwise prevented

ties.”

Green Roofs In 2008 the city launched a Green Roof Pilot Project on eight city building roofs as part of their Municipal Climate Protection Programme. Each roof featured different plants, growing material and green roof techniques. They proved so effective as a storm water management tool they were included in the Municipal Adaptation Plan. In 2010 the city released its Guideline for Green Roof Habitats to help residents who were already starting their own projects. The Creating Learning Space Programme brought schools into the project. Plants covered roofs and walkways and were restricted to vegetation that could be found within 50 kilometres of the school. The city’s Green Roof project has been lauded internationally for its biodiversity.

46

Public Sector Manager • July 2017


The Treepreneur Programme In 2008 the municipality began working with the Buffelsdraai community to plant 800 hectares of native grass and forest to offset the carbon emissions generated in the run up to the 2010 World Cup. As the trees mature they will absorb 48 000 tonnes of carbon dioxide – the equivalent of 25 000 passengers flying between Europe and South Africa and back. Beyond mitigating carbon dioxide emissions, the project has improved water quality, protected the habitat and created employment in area with an 80 per cent unemployment rate. Treepreneurs harvest seeds of native trees and plant them at home. Seedlings are traded at “seed stores” for food, clothing, building materials or to cover school fees.

Durban Metropolitan Open Space System D'MOSS is a system of green corridors in the city that links a number of significant conservation sites and nature reserves, allowing a path for the free movement of fauna and flora. Areas covered are nature reserves, large rural landscapes in catchment, riverine and coastal corridors and some privately owned land. The programme plays a substantial role in climate change mitigation by storing carbon dioxide. From a climate adaptation perspective, the biodiversity that is protected within D’MOSS plays an important role by reducing the impacts of sea level rise by protecting of well vegetated fore-dunes and setting coastal developments back from vulnerable areas.

Public Sector Manager • July 2017

47


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2015/09/04

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FEATURE

Writer:

In his recent report on audit outcomes for local government, AuditorGeneral Kimi Makwetu said municipalities would be well geared to serve their communities if they embraced principles of accountability, good governance and strong internal controls.

‘Plan, do, check and act’ – A-G’s advice for municipalities A

uditor-General Kimi Makwetu recently released

“The accountability that the municipal leadership must

his 2015-16 local government audit outcomes

take for their actions, decisions and policies (including

report, which recorded limited improvements in

being answerable to the community) is critical for finan-

the audit results of South Africa’s municipalities. In his report, the Auditor-General highlighted the impor-

cial and performance management as well as respect for the law in local government.”

tance of accountability in managing municipal affairs. He stressed proper planning, focused on the needs of citizens,

Improvements show the way

as well as internal controls and supervision to ensure

The Auditor-General pointed to reasons for better perfor-

proper financial and performance management.

mance in different provinces as examples of how good

With these in place, municipalities would be able to live up to the expectations of their communities, he said.

50

audit outcomes could be achieved. “Improvements in the Eastern Cape can be attributed

Public Sector Manager • July 2017


Writer: Mar y Alexander

to improved record keeping, the support provided by the

Strong internal controls

provincial treasury and the provincial department re-

Strong internal controls were key to ensuring that munici-

sponsible for cooperative governance (provincial Cogta),

palities deliver to communities effectively, economically

the leadership attending to audit recommendations, the

and efficiently, the Auditor-General said.

implementation of the minimum competency levels, and

This would also ensure that municipal leaders produced quality financial statements and performance

the use of consultants,” he said. “The improvements in Limpopo were as a result of increased focus to resolve audit findings in response to a

reports, and complied with legislation. Makwetu advised municipalities to follow these guide-

strong stance taken by the premier that steps will be taken

lines to strengthen internal controls:

against municipal managers if audit outcomes are poor.

 Leadership creating a culture of honesty, ethical busi-

“In Mpumalanga, strong leadership, accountability and good human resource management at an increased

ness practices and good governance.  Proper record-keeping to ensure that accurate information is available to support

number of municipalities had the desired effect.”

Audit results In 2015-16 the expenditure budget for municipalities was R378 billion. The report shows that municipalities with clean audit opinions made up R70.9 billion (19 per cent) of this amount, and those with unqualified opinions with findings R218 billion (57 per cent). Municipalities with qualified audit opinions made up R53.4 billion (14 per cent), those

“We believe the newly elected mayors and councillors and the administration that supports them are ready to accept their responsibilities and are willing to be held accountable for the performance of the municipalities they now govern.”

with adverse and disclaimed opinions R15.2 billion (5 per cent), and municipalities with outstanding audits constituted R20.5 billion (5 per cent) of the total budget. “The audit opinions on the financial statements only slightly improved from 60 per cent to 62 per cent unquali-

financial reports.  Instilling basic controls to ensure the processing of transactions in an accurate, complete and timely manner.  Monitoring of compliance with legislation, rules and regulations.  Filling vacancies in critical areas such as municipal managers, chief financial officers, heads of supply chain management and chief information officers.  In general, always ensuring an appropriate level of finan-

cial management capacity in a municipality.  Instilling appropriate information technology controls, with emphasis on security management, user access management and business continuity.  Following through on audit action plans.

fied opinions, while disclaimed and adverse opinions de-

“Our country’s Constitution stipulates that local govern-

creased from 13 per cent to 10 per cent,” Auditor-General

ment should provide a democratic and an accountable

Makwetu said.

government for local communities,” Auditor-General

He added that this meant targets were within reach.

Makwetu said. “We believe that the newly elected mayors

“The revised Medium-Term Strategic Framework targets

and councillors and the administration that supports

of 65 per cent unqualified opinions, 20 per cent qualified

them are ready to accept their responsibilities and are

opinions and a maximum of 15 per cent disclaimed or

willing to be held accountable for the performance of

adverse opinions by 2018-19 can therefore be achieved.”

the municipalities they now govern.”

Public Sector Manager • July 2017

51


FEATURE

The Plan-Do-Check-Act Cycle In his 2015-16 local government audit outcomes report, AuditorGeneral Kimi Makwetu stressed the importance of municipal leaders using the “plan, do, check and act” cycle to continuously improve the processes, outcomes and services of their municipalities.

1. PLAN Spend sufficient time and consult widely to clearly define the targets that should be achieved by the municipality in terms of audit outcomes, service delivery (including project delivery and infrastructure

tive and efficient systems of internal

tions and are given the authority

maintenance) and financial health.

control.

their role requires, and that the

Municipalities should consult au-

outcome of their monitoring and

dit action plans, the new integrated

of municipal manager, CFO and

oversight is appropriately respond-

development plan, service delivery

head of the SCM unit should be

ed to,” the Auditor-General said.

and budget implementation plans,

filled with properly skilled and quali-

4. ACT

annual budgets, and maintenance

fied people. When these positions

Accountability means that those

and project plans.

are stable, audit outcomes tend to

performing actions or making deci-

be good.

sions are answerable for them.

These targets should be specific, measurable, achievable, relevant

Municipalities with poor audit

It also means there should be

and time bound. Responsibilities

outcomes can strengthen their

consequences for transgressions,

for achieving the targets should

financial and performance man-

lack of action and poor perfor-

be allocated and sufficient time

agement through effective leader-

mance. Municipalities should

and resources should be provided

ship, audit action plans, proper

implement consequence manage-

to ensure that performance is

record keeping, daily and monthly

ment for officials who fail to comply

managed through robust internal

disciplines, and reviewing and

with applicable legislation, while

control and strong financial man-

monitoring compliance.

appropriate and timely action

agement.

3. CHECK

must be taken against transgres-

2. DO

A key element of internal control is

sors.

Good internal control is the key to

monitoring by the different assur-

ensuring that municipalities deliver

ance providers to ensure internal

charged with governance and

on their priorities in an effective, ef-

controls are adhered to, risks man-

oversight, should be prepared to

ficient and economical manner.

aged, and outcomes achieved.

act. This will result in accountability

Municipal managers, senior

52

Because of this, the key positions

“We urge the new administration

All parties, including those

being enforced and consequenc-

managers and municipal officials

to ensure that all the assurance

es instituted against those who

should embrace the responsibility

providers understand their roles,

intentionally fail to comply with

to implement and maintain effec-

are equipped to perform their func-

legislation.

Public Sector Manager • July 2017


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In other news

South Africa joins US$1.6 trillion free trade area

C o m p i l e d b y : M a r y Al e xa n d e r

ment Community. When it comes into force, the agreement will reduce

South Africa has become the 19th country to sign an

tariffs on goods traded between member countries and

agreement establishing the African Tripartite Free Trade

create new opportunities for exports and regional value

Area (TFTA).

chains.

The TFTA is a planned integrated market of 26 African

Trade and Industry Minister Rob Davies said the TFTA

countries with a combined population of 625 million

was an important step towards meaningful intra-Africa

people and a total gross domestic product of US$1.6

trade.

trillion. South Africa signed the agreement in Kampala, Uganda, during the recent meeting of the Tripartite Sectoral Ministers’ Committee. The meeting was attended by representatives from the

“The conclusion of these negotiations will be another important step forward in the process,” Minister Davies said. “It will provide commercial benefits to our business people by enabling them to trade products between

Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa, the

Southern African Customs Union and East African Com-

East African Community, and Southern African Develop-

munity countries at a reduced or zero tariff.”

Praise for Mandela defence attorney The Presidency has lauded the late Lord Joel Joffe, one of the team of lawyers who defended Nelson Mandela and his co-accused at the 1963 Rivonia Trial. Joffe died on 18 June 2017. He was 85 years old. “We have learned with sadness of the passing of one of our most respected legal minds, Lord Joel Joffe, who played a critical role during the liberation struggle for our freedom and democracy when he represented political prisoners, including the late father of our nation, president Nelson Mandela and other liberation icons,” the Presidency said in a recent statement. Joffe worked alongside Vernon Berrange, George Bizos and Arthur Chaskalson, led by Bram Fischer, in the team of lawyers defending Mandela and his comrades. The Rivonia Trial began on 9 October 1963 when the 11 accused – Mandela, Walter Sisulu, Govan Mbeki,

Hepple and James Cantor – appeared on charges that included conspiracy and sabotage. Joffe once said his work at the Rivonia Trial “was per-

Denis Goldberg, Ahmed Kathrada, Raymond Mhlaba,

haps the most important and most invaluable I have

Rusty Bernstein, Andrew Mlangeni, Elias Motsoaledi, Bob

ever done”.

54

Public Sector Manager • July 2017


Stronger security at OR Tambo International New policing strategies at OR Tambo International Airport

The Minister announced the new plans during a recent site inspection at the airport. During his visit, Minister Mbalula discussed security

are set to make South Africa’s largest and busiest port of

challenges at the airport with management of the

entry safer and more secure.

South African Police Service, as well as State Security

Airport staff will now be vetted and rotated to curb corruption, tactical responses will be intensified, and more police and security personnel will be deployed at the airport. “Everybody working here will be vetted and rotated,” Police Minister Fikile Mbalula said. “Those who are not needed will be asked to step aside.

officials, and the Ekurhuleni Metropolitan Police Department. “What you see here will be intensified going forward. Our tactical response will be upped. We are unleashing all our important units to keep watch at the airport,” the Minister said. “Things won’t be business as usual. This new security

There will be extra deployment of personnel. The honey-

strategy won’t be seasonal. It is here to stay. The danger-

moon is over for those stationed here for more than 10

ous criminals must know we have an appointment with

years.”

them.”

China Development Bank finance for Medupi power plant Eskom has signed a US$1.5 billion loan agreement with the China Development Bank. The R19.6 billion facility will help finance the Medupi power plant in Limpopo. “We are pleased to see the continuation of the journey of cooperation that we started with our Chinese partners last year,” said Eskom’s Interim Group Chief Executive Johnny Dladla. “The conclusion of this second loan agreement continues to demonstrate financial markets’ confidence in Eskom and South Africa, notwithstanding the challenging market conditions.” “This loan will also aid us in ensuring that we complete the Medupi project and ensure security of energy supply.”

Public Sector Manager • July 2017

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FEATURE

Writer: Mar y Alexander

World-beating megabridges to boost Wild Coast economy A modern new highway being built along the Eastern Cape’s remote Wild Coast will feature two massive bridges, the longest and highest in Africa, that will bring much-needed investment to one of the country’s poorest regions.

T

wo massive megabridges will soon connect com-

The new coastal highway will halve the distance

munities and speed up investment into the deep

travelled between Port Edward and Port St Johns. At the

rural areas of the Eastern Cape’s Wild Coast.

moment, the fastest route between the towns runs for

The bridges form the backbone of the South African

National Roads Agency’s (Sanral) N2 Wild Coast Toll

some 200 kilometres inland along the R61 road. The N2 Wild Coast highway is a national priority

Road construction project. The full project runs from

directed by the Presidential Infrastructure Coordinat-

Durban down the coast to East London. The “green-

ing Commission. It is one of government’s 18 Strategic

fields” section of brand new highway will extend

Integrated Projects to support economic development

modern road infrastructure for 110 kilometres from Port

and improve service delivery in the poorest provinces.

Edward on the border of KwaZulu-Natal southwards along the Eastern Cape coast to Port St Johns. Sanral is a state-owned enterprise under the Department of Transport. Its mandate is to finance, improve, manage and maintain the national road network.

58

The first megabridge will cross the Mtentu river outside Xolobeni, and the second the Msikaba river near Lusikisiki. They are essential segments of the highway. “The bridges form part of the greenfields section of the Wild Coast highway project,” says Edwin Kruger,

Public Sector Manager • July 2017


Sanral’s bridge network manager. “This section is a

The second megabridge will stretch 1.1 kilometres

brand new road and without the bridges we cannot

across the spectacular and pristine Msikaba River

complete the highway.”

gorge. It will be the longest cable-stayed suspension bridge in South Africa – and possibly the whole of

Record-breaking bridges The Mtentu bridge will be the first of its size in South

Africa, Kruger says. “Cable-stayed bridges are distinct in their use of tow-

Africa, and one of the longest main-span balanced

ers and cables to support the bridge deck,” he says.

cantilever bridges in the world. It will reach heights of

“This single-span bridge will be anchored back into

up to 220 metres – more than two kilometres – making it

rock on either side of the gorge.” A famous example of

the highest bridge in Africa.

a cable-stayed bridge – although a lot smaller – is the

The last time South Africa built a megabridge was in the early 1980s, during the construction of the N2 Tsitsi-

Nelson Mandela Bridge in Johannesburg. The construction of these massive bridges in a remote

kamma. That was the 217-metre Bloukrans arch bridge,

rural area is a major undertaking, requiring specialised

currently the tallest bridge in the southern hemisphere.

engineering skills and building techniques.

When the Mtentu bridge is complete, it will exceed the Bloukrans record.

“No South African firm has ever built a balanced cantilever bridge of this magnitude before. As such, South African tenderers have joint ventured with international firms to bring skills and expertise into the bridge’s con-

“The construction of these massive bridges in a remote rural area requires specialised engineering skills and building techniques.”

Public Sector Manager • July 2017

struction,” Kruger says.

Business, skills and work for locals “Both bridges have a large concrete component, so labour will be needed for fixing steel and placing the concrete for the bridges. Semi-skilled and unskilled labour will be sourced locally,” Kruger adds. Craig McLachlan, Sanral’s southern region project

59


FEATURE

Until now, t he deeply incised gorges and river valleys of t he Wild Coast have impeded road building, putting a brake on economic development in one of Sout h Africa's poorest regions.

manager, says that as part of the road agency’s SMME

(Image: Patrik M Loef f, Creative Commons, via Flic kr)

McLachlan says that as wages earned typically have

development programme, local Wild Coast small busi-

a multiplication effect in the local economy of two to

nesses are already being given the skills they need to

three times, this job creation will further boost local

take part in the project. This is in the form of full learn-

livelihoods.

erships teaching a combination of road construction and business skills. “The SMME development programme will ensure that

Protecting the Pondoland biome The Wild Coast is one of South Africa’s most beautiful

jobs created by the N2 greenfields project can be filled

regions, a place of untouched grassy plateaus incised

by local contractors,” he says.

by subtropical forested ravines and gorges. Its Pondo-

SMME participation is an essential component of all

land biome of indigenous and endemic plant life forms

Sanral projects. Over R1.5 billion will go to SMMEs in

part of the Maputaland-Pondoland-Albany biodiversity

the construction the 110 kilometres of new roads and

hotspot, a unique floral region.

bridges. It is estimated that this will help create 50 000

One environmental requirement in Sanral’s Wild Coast

direct and indirect jobs in the local community, both

highway project is that it have as little impact on this

during and after construction.

precious landscape as possible. The cable-stayed

60

Public Sector Manager • July 2017


Msikaba bridge was therefore designed to ensure that its construction would not damage the environment in the gorge more than 200 metres below. Environmental lobby groups have expressed concern about the

Why a highway on the Wild Coast? The Wild Coast region has been identi-

new N2 highway’s impact on the Pondoland biome. During the

fied as an area for strategic economic

environmental impact assessment phase of the project, Sanral used

development in accordance with gov-

specialist studies to ensure that its route avoids the most sensitive

ernment’s Spatial Development Initiative.

areas of Pondoland. But some damage is unavoidable, so Sanral has established com-

The N2 Wild Coast highway will vastly improve access to the region and help

prehensive environmental mitigation measures that include a search

develop the eco-tourism potential of the

and rescue programme for threatened and protected plant species.

area.

“Before we start any construction we will send a specialised team

Existing roads such as the N2 and R61

into the area to retrieve bulbs, succulents, and other plants that can

tend to follow “watershed alignments”

be relocated,” says McLachlan.

to avoid crossing deeply incised gorges

“We have set up nurseries that then preserve and further propagate

and river valleys. Because of this, the

these plants. These plants are then used for rehabilitation, and when

existing N2 runs more than 100 kilome-

we have an excess they will be translocated into protected areas

tres inland and reaches a height of

such as the Mkambati Nature Reserve.”

some 1 700 metres above sea level at

More than this, a biodiversity offset agreement with the Eastern Cape Parks and Tourism Board will ensure that the Pondoland biome is preserved for generations. The agreement sets out the declaration,

Brookes Nek before it descends to the coast at Port Shepstone. The R61, in turn, runs almost 60 kilo-

rehabilitation and ongoing protection of some 15 000 hectares of

metres inland to Flagstaff, 1 000 metres

new protected areas.

above sea level.

Pedestrian sidewalks will be constructed on each side of the bridg-

Access to the coast is poor where it

es, and view sites off the bridges will provide special viewing points for

exists at all, and no roads run along the

tourists. The sidewalks will also connect previously separated commu-

coast because of the deep valleys and

nities on either side of the gorges.

gorges.

“The Msikaba and Mtentu bridges will become tourist attractions in

In many cases it is only possible to

their own right, and will offer opportunities for the associated tourism

drive between locations on the coast by

industry in the area,” Kruger says.

first returning to the R61. This can involve a round trip of over 100 kilometres to

Catalyst for development

travel between places only 20 kilome-

The Mtentu and Msikaba bridges, and the new section of highway

tres apart.

constructed for the N2 Wild Coast Toll Road, will improve travel time,

Not surprisingly, this region is one of

connect divided communities in the region and open up investment

the most impoverished areas of South

and tourism opportunities.

Africa.

“By improving the travel time between Durban and East London by

The NT Wild Coast highway will im-

up to three hours for heavy freight and by providing a high mobil-

prove access and linkages in the region,

ity route through an area that is currently extremely isolated and

reduce road-user costs and optimise

underserved by road infrastructure, the route will have significant

safety and socioeconomic benefits.

social and economic benefits and will act as a catalyst for local and regional development,” McLachlan says.

Public Sector Manager • July 2017

61


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Transnet’s ports

are tugging at triple challenge Transnet’s Radical Port Reform programme has radical economic transformation as its goal. As part of the Oceans Economy Phakisa, Transnet has several initiatives under way. One of these is a programme for the local construction of tug boats.

T

From lef t, Sout hern African Shipyards CEO Prasheen Maharaj, TNPA Chief Executive Ric hard Vallihu, eThekwini Mayor and Umbilo Lady Sponsor, Councillor Zandile Gumede, Durban Por t Manager Moshe Motlohi and eThekwini City Manager Sipho Nzuza in front of t he Por t of Durban’s new Umbilo tug before its launc h.

he Transnet National Port Authority (TNPA) launched

of which four are old shuttle tugs with only 32-ton and

the Umbilo tug at an official ceremony held at South-

38-ton bollard pull power. As a result, the port has been

ern African Shipyards in Durban in May 2017. Umbilo

deploying a five-tug operation to help guide vessels into

will be based in the Port of Durban. Umbilo is a product of the R1.4 billion tug-building contract that the TNPA awarded to Durban-based South-

port instead of the six-tug operation required to meet world standards,” said Vallihu. He explained that having a new and a powerful tug in

ern African Shipyards. This is the largest contract ever

the port would ease pressure on the port’s marine opera-

awarded to a South African company for the production

tions, speed up turnaround times and reduce the cost of

of harbour craft.

doing business.

Umbilo is the sixth tug to roll off the South African Ship-

Each of the new tugs will be 31 metres long with a

yards’ production line in Durban. The seventh of the nine

70-ton bollard pull, which refers to a boat’s towing power.

tugs on order is already under construction and will also

They have the latest global technology such as Voith

be used in the Port of Durban.

Schneider propulsion which makes them highly manoeuvrable.

Improved service Speaking at the launch, TNPA Chief Executive Richard

The five other tugs have been delivered to the ports of Port Elizabeth, Saldanha and Richards Bay.

Vallihu said a new tug is exactly what the Port of Durban needs. “Over the past few years, the Port of Durban has

Training and skills development

seen larger vessels calling. This has put a strain on our

Addressing unemployment is one of the reasons for

marine fleet. Currently, the port has a total of eight tugs

building the tugs locally, says Vallihu. The TNPA tug pro-

64

Public Sector Manager • July 2017


curement project also complements the TNPA’s Maritime School of Excellence skills development programme. “It was essential to have well-trained people in place to

direct and 3 500 indirect jobs through this project. “We have also committed to ensuring that each tug has a minimum of 60 per cent locally manufactured

support Transnet’s major drive to ramp up infrastructure

components, while partnering with international compa-

and efficiency at South Africa’s ports. Transnet has set

nies on the remaining aspects that cannot be manufac-

aside a record-breaking R7.7 billion for training over the

tured here, for example the engines and propulsion units,”

next 10 years. This will allow us to continue with our skills

he said.

development drive focusing on young South Africans,

Maharaj said the intention was to maximise local

whom we are developing in various aspects of port and

content and spread the benefits of the project to black

marine operations. These include the Tug Master who will

suppliers, and women- and youth-owned businesses. “Ulti-

one day operate this brand new fleet of tugs and marine

mately South Africa will achieve a socioeconomic benefit

engineers who will be tasked with ensuring that the plant

of more than R800 million as a result of the Supplier De-

within these tugs performs to optimal efficiency,” he said.

velopment Plan attached to the contract,” he said.

Vallihu said the Port Authority would contribute over R56

Vallihu said the acquisition of Umbilo and the next tug

billion of capital expenditure under Transnet’s rolling R300

would be critical to the port’s drive to retain its position as

billion-plus Market Demand Strategy (MDS) which is now

a maritime leader in Africa, especially as it continues to

in its fifth year.

service bigger commercial vessels more frequently.

The nine tugs are being built for the TNPA over three-

“By opening up the oceans economy and redistributing

and-a-half years, as part of a wider fleet replacement

the value proposition that the ports offer to a wider range

programme that also includes new dredging vessels and

of role players and stakeholders, our ports are playing an

new marine aviation helicopters.

incredibly important role in addressing the three scourges plaguing South Africa: unemployment, poverty and

Creating tugs creates jobs

inequality. This is what we have begun to term as Radical

Chief Executive Officer of Southern African Shipyards

Port Reform, and we are pursuing this as TNPA in various

Prasheen Maharaj said his company had created 500

ways,” said Vallihu.

eThekwini Mayor Zandile Gumede admires a model of t he Umbilo tug at t he Por t of Durban, wit h t he full-size tug in t he bac kground. (Image: MaritimeExecutive.com)

Public Sector Manager • July 2017

65


FEATURE

Modern ports in a digital age

capacity is also being created at places, such as the

Transnet is modernising ports, raising awareness of port

Durban Ro-Ro and Maydon Wharf terminals, by acquiring

careers and business opportunities, and working closely

new equipment, including mobile cranes and various

with various municipalities to create the Smart People’s

infrastructure upgrades. Transnet is also proposing the

Port – a concept to make all port operations wireless,

phased development of the so-called Durban Dig-Out

Vallhi said.

Port (DDOP) on the old Durban International Airport (DIA)

“Modernisation of our ports is another important aspect

site, among other projects.

of Radical Port Reform. Here in the Port of Durban, for example, we already have numerous projects underway

Jobs to be created

to widen, deepen and lengthen berths and improve

The Maydon Wharf infrastructure upgrade has created

other port infrastructure so that we can better cater to

127 jobs, including general and semiskilled workers, safe-

the needs of the global maritime industry, with its ever-

ty officers and store people, as well as project managers.

increasing size of visiting vessels.

A skills development programme has trained 206 people

“Which brings me to the reason that we are on the drive

in lifting and rigging, construction, project management

to modernise not just fixed structures, but also our equip-

and safety. The project forms part of Transnet’s larger

ment. The ports present a paradox: you essentially have

R340 billion to R380 billion 10-year rolling market demand

the same space to work with, but you need to become

strategy.

more efficient to have greater throughput, create more jobs and have less congestion,” he said.

EThekwini Municipality Mayor Zandile Gumede said at the launch of Umbilo that the city is grateful to be involved. “The fact that the project has created employ-

Durban Container Terminal to expand The Durban Container Terminal (DCT) is the biggest and

ment opportunities for 3 500 people, and most of them are women and youth, makes us happy. “The city takes pride in the empowerment of women. I

busiest in the southern hemisphere. It handles 64 per

just melted when I heard that the pilot for Umbilo is an

cent of the country’s seaborne container traffic. Transnet

African woman. This is what we are talking about when

is implementing an ambitious expansion project at the

we [talk about] radical economic transformation and

port and its container terminals, comprising several indi-

women’s empowerment,“ she said.

vidual work packages, to increase the DCT’s containerhandling capacity. The main projects include expanding the DCT’s Pier 1, which aims to increase the capacity of the terminal to 2.4 million 20 ft equivalent units (TEUs). This includes the Salisbury Island project, also known as the Pier 1 Phase 2 Infill project. The TNPA also plans to deepen berths 203 to 205 at the DCT, which could raise the capacity of Pier 2 from 2.4 million TEUs to 2.9 million. The berths will be deepened from 12.8 m to 16.5 m and lengthened from 914 m to 1 210 m to enable the DCT to handle three 350 m vessels simultaneously. Construction is expected to begin in 2017 and be completed in 2022. The projects are expected to increase the DCT’s capacity from 3.6 million TEUs to about 5.3 million. Container

66

The Durban Container Terminal is t he biggest and busiest in t he sout hern hemisphere, handling 64 per cent of Sout h Africa’s seaborne container traf f ic.

Public Sector Manager • July 2017


©2015 TUMI, INC.

O.R. TAMBO INTL. AIRPORT DUTY FREE 011-390-2088

V&A WATERFRONT 021-419-4253

SANDTON CITY SHOPPING CENTRE 011-783-4636


FEATURE FEATURE

Writer: Bat handwa Mbola

How Africa can achieve Agenda 2063

ity and peace for all citizens of Africa. But some ask whether Africa can realise its Agenda 2063 objectives if it does not address key challenges facing the continent right now.

Economic transformation Dr Emmanuel Owusu-Sekyere, chief research specialist at the Africa Institute of South Africa (AISA), believes that for

Dr Emmanuel Owusu-Sekyere, chief research specialist at the HSRC’s Africa Institute of South Africa, advises leaders to look to their own countries to achieve the continent-wide goals of the African Union’s Agenda 2063.

A

Africa to reach its goals, the continent must take united, practical steps to change the status quo in integration, development and leadership. AISA is a programme of the Human Science Research Council (HSRC). “Action, hard work and genuineness are needed from all Africans. Laws must be changed to address specific challenges,” Owusu-Sekyere says. “Governments must take the lead to ensure that economic transformation takes place with speed.” Africans must take a “hands-on-deck approach” to overcome poverty, high unemployment and poor de-

s Africa rises, and begins to forge a more posi-

velopment, Owusu-Sekyere says. Africa is not creating

tive outlook of its future, the continent’s scholars,

jobs because economies produce and export primary

businesspeople, community leaders and policy-

commodities, value that leaves its shores after a too-short

makers have called for a reformulation of its future – big ideas for the 21st century. In 2013 the members of the African Union (AU) launched Agenda 2063, a vision and action plan for

production phase. “The few countries that are endowed with natural resources export the raw mineral resources,” he says. “The growth we are generating is jobless growth. We say

the Africa we want to see in the centenary year of the

Africa is rising – due to international commodity mar-

Organisation of African Unity. The OAU, the precursor to

kets – but it is not the in-house or self-made production

the AU, was established in 1963.

capacity of the continent.”

Agenda 2063 is Pan-African and people-centred. It incorporates lessons and experiences from the past to

Africa must unite

drive Africa’s development and transformation for the

The continent must therefore go beyond the political

next 50 years. Its ultimate goal is to secure unity, prosper-

commitments and capitalise intra-African trade.

68

Public Sector Manager • July 2017


Trade integration has long been a strategic objective for Africa. But despite some regional communi-

would increase the industrial base and create many more jobs, especially for the youth.

ties’ success in eliminating tariffs, the African market remains fragmented. Poor infrastructure, copious

The youth dividend

paperwork, burdensome regulation, corruption and

About 200 million Africans are aged between 15 and

poor access to trade financing are just a few of the

24, making it the continent with the world’s largest

impediments that inhibit the movement of goods,

youth population. But most of these young people

services, people and capital across borders.

are unemployed. This, Owusu-Sekyere says, is a ticking

“The emphasis should be on trading with each other to make the continent self-sufficient,” Owusu-Sekyere

time bomb that must be defused. “If our youth had work we would have a huge con-

says. “But the reality is we are still more interested in trad-

sumer market which would, in turn, generate economic

ing with China, America and the EU.” He says a dollar is

growth. But in the absence of jobs the youth dividend

still a dollar, whether it comes from the US or Africa.

will end up being an explosive source of instability on the continent.” Urgent intervention is needed.

Helping business thrive Governments, he says, must lead in reducing the cost

“We need to transform our economies into job-creating economies to benefit the youth.”

of trade by eliminating red tape in cross-border transactions, reducing corruption and digitising currently

National planning

manual processes.

A key strategy in achieving Agenda 2063 would be to

If trade integration is done right, Africa’s small busi-

break it down – and other global development plans

nesses should thrive. Increased competitiveness and

such as the Sustainable Development Goals – into work-

economies of scale could weed out corporates that

able national development plans that could be imple-

are less productive in the African marketplace.

mented on the ground, to change the socioeconomic

Trade integration could also establish and strength-

conditions of the ordinary person on the African street.

en product value chains, and speed up the transfer

These plans, Owusu-Sekyere advises, should have

of technology and knowledge via spill-over effects. It

shorter implementation periods, such as three to five

could also incentivise infrastructure development, and

years, which would make them easier to monitor.

attract more foreign direct investment. According to Owusu-Sekyere, the new Free Trade

“They need to be done in such a way that whoever comes into office must know that they are not party de-

area that African leaders are pushing for this year

velopment goals but rather national development goals,

would be a step in the right direction. It would consoli-

which must continue,” he says.

date the movement of goods and people across Af-

Owusu-Sekyere explains that over the years, changes in

rica and force the continent to evaluate value chains

governments has meant a constant change of plans, a

like those in the EU and Asia, regions where intra-trade

waste of resources already spent. There also is a need for

pacts mean growth for all.

governments and the intelligentsia to coordinate a skills

Owusu-Sekyere says the SADC region, for example, could develop its manufacturing chain by drawing

revolution in the continent. “We need forward-thinking presidents,” he says. “We

synergies from the industrial capacity and raw materi-

need to stop playing lip service to the challenges of our

als of each member state.

people, which have been known for decades, and start

This would stop countries from exporting primary

actually taking action. We need leaders with strong politi-

goods, stop them from having to buy finished prod-

cal will who have the needs of the people at heart.”

ucts they could have manufactured themselves. It

This article was originally published on SAnews.gov.za.

Public Sector Manager • July 2017

69


C

M

Y

CM

MY

CY

CMY

K

SUCCESS ON A PLATE When the moment comes to satisfy your hunger, we don’t take anything for granted. Life is too short to eat anything but good food. At Lacuna Urban Bistro, The Maslow, we embrace local produce to prepare bistro-style cuisine. Each plate shows our commitment to culinary excellence, with carefully curated dishes, topped off with herbs sourced from our rooftop garden. Lacuna Urban Bistro is perfect for breakfast, lunch and dinner, while the Lacuna Bar is the ideal place to unwind after a long day.

U-Mai (ooh.my. Japanese for delicious) Treat yourself to our unparalleled sushi menu from U-Mai at the Lacuna Bar whilst overlooking the oasis gardens with a cocktail in hand. One bite will have you fluent in Japanese, or at least the only word you need is U-Mai.


Appointments

Advocate Rendani Patience Marivate South Africa’s first Deputy Military Ombud Advocate Rendani Patience Marivate has extensive knowledge of and experience in the military and public administration, having served in the South African National Defence Force for over 20 years. Raised and educated in Limpopo, she matriculated from Lwamondo Secondary School in 1985. She became the first black female officer in the South African Navy in 1995 and joined the Legal Office in Simon’s Town after graduating from the Naval College in 1995. She completed her law degree at the University of Venda in 1990 and her LLB in 1993 at the University of the North where she also lectured for six months. She obtained a LLM from Unisa in 2003. In 1999 she was transferred to the Military Prosecution Counsel and has climbed the ranks to military judge in 2004 and senior military judge from 2005 to 2011. Adv Marivate served as the director of Military Defence Counsel in 2011 and was responsible for an affordable, fully integrated, credible, sustainable, effective and efficient military defence counsel service for members of the SANDF whenever required. Advocate Marivate assumed her duties at the Office of the Military Ombud on 1 April 2017.

Janine Raftopoulos Head of Communications, South African National Parks New SANParks communications head Janine Raftopoulos has worked in Africa, the Americas and Europe, mainly in the hospitality, marketing and communications fields. Before joining SANParks she was spokesperson and head of communications and public education at the Film and Publication Board. There, she was responsible for managing marketing communications functions for the organisation and overseeing a seven-person team. From 1988 to 2005 she lived in Canada where she obtained her qualifications (a travel diploma, and a public relations and communications diploma) and established her career. Raftopoulos also holds a Masters in New Media, Governance and Democracy from the University of Leicester, UK.

72

Public Sector Manager • July 2017


Two million children go to bed hungry...

One Red Bowl can change it all Help stop the injustice and reduce hunger, one child at a time, by giving a gift of great value – a JAM Red Bowl filled with 75% of a child’s daily nutritional needs. For only R50 a month (or R600 per year) you can sponsor the feeding of one or more children by donating online at www.jamsa.co.za OR SMS”JAM” to 42181 to donate R30 towards feeding a child.

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Information provided by t he Sout h African Savings Institute

FINANCIAL FITNESS

Alternative savings solutions M any South African consum-

ings targets such as an emer-

ers are starting to realise

gency fund, a holiday fund and

the importance of long-

other targeted savings. Do you

term savings.

know your targets?

major impact on your finances.

“Most South Africans struggle to

2. Automated savings: Debit orders

save not only due to income chal-

to savings accounts allow au-

When starting a new job, ask

lenges, but also a lack of willpower

tomated saving. You can set up

your employer to default to the

and commitment,” said Prem Gov-

debit orders, tax-free savings ac-

highest allowable retirement

ender, chair of the South African

counts, 32-day notice accounts

fund contribution percentage of

Savings Institute (SASI).

and unit trust accounts.

your income. You can also ask

Govender was speaking at the

3. Baby gifts: You can seed a

6. Pension fund contributions:

your employer to review your

launch of SASI July National Savings

child’s future savings by request-

current contribution. Retirement

Month.

ing newborn gifts of cash to

fund contributions are tax de-

SASI presented 12 ways in which

deposit into tax-free savings ac-

ductible annually up to

South Africans who have difficulty in

counts. You could even take out

saving, can save. The key is auto-

a retirement annuity for a baby.

mated saving.

4. Children: Open tax-free savings

family and friends. The group will

to maximise the benefit they

help you develop the discipline

receive from these accounts. Set

needed to be a regular saver. receiving your retirement fund

together with cash gifts they re-

statements monthly or quarterly,

ceive on birthdays, etc. You can

you can be encouraged to keep

encourage grandparents and

track of your savings to ensure

other family to also contribute

that you have sufficient income

regularly.

74

8. Retirement fund statement: By

these accounts as they grow up

5. Thirteenth cheque: Ask your em-

1. Set a target: Many of us do not

stokvel or investment club with

accounts for all your children

up debit orders to contribute to

Alternative saving methods

R350 000. 7. Group savings: Start or join a

when you retire. 9. Savings buddy: Ask your partner

ployer to save for a 13th cheque,

or a friend to be your savings

to be paid to you in December,

buddy, and regularly discuss

by lowering your salary. This extra

your savings journey together.

save because we do not have

pay cheque will allow you to

By holding each other account-

set targets. It is important to set

ride out the festive period and

able, you can help each other

and write down important sav-

New Year expenses without a

grow wealth.

Public Sector Manager • July 2017


Writer: Gilda Narsimdas

grooming and style

Keeping out the cold W

inter is almost over and the good news is, you

can still shop for this season! If you’re in luck you’ll find great pieces on sale that will last

you a few seasons and keep you looking stylish for what

Block coat, David

is generally the coldest month of the year. We’ve rounded

by David Tlale,

up some great on-trend pieces (some by local design-

Spree.co.za, R999

ers) you can splurge on that will make for sophisticated office wear.

Colour block fit ‘n flare skirt, Edit, Spree.co.za, R349

Check tabard-style knit in camel, Queenspark, Zando.co.za, R599

76

Public Sector Manager • July 2017


Block heel women’s ankle boot, Bronx, Zando. co.za, R599

Dusty wool-lie coat, Leigh Shubert, Spree.co.za, R1195

Leather-look cropped jacket

Men’s black

in stone, David by

pleather jacket,

David Tlale, Spree.

J Crew, Zando.

co.za, R1299

co.za, R1099

Luxury Germanmade unisex striped scarf, Fraas, Zando.co.za; Denim striped for

R595 and whiteand-red checkered for R495 Men’s brown boots, Steve Madden, Zando.co.za,

R1999

Public Sector Manager • July 2017

77


Writer: Nonpumelelo Mqwebu

Food & WINE

Fine dining embraces

organic and local products T

he international Ballymaloe

Speakers included internationally

Food Litfest held in County Cork,

renowned chefs such as Copenha-

A meal by Soho’s Jacob Kennedy

Ireland earlier this year delved

gen’s Christian Puglisi, owner of the

Jacob Kennedy is co-owner and

into “Looking to the future – the fu-

first Michelin star restaurant to be

head chef at Bocca di Lupo in

ture of our food and the future of the

certified organic in 2013, to Jacob

Soho, London.

planet”.

Kennedy of Bocca di Lupo in Soho,

discussed were issues around nutri-

And central to the discussions and

tion, being well-informed about what

demonstrations was how to support

Starters Shaved radish and celeriac salad with pomegranate and truffle oil

goes into each meal, and embracing

local produce, preparing nutritious

(Serves 4)

traditonal food-preparation methods.

meals.

Ingredients for salad:

The international festival highlighted

London, to one of my highlights, the

where food comes from, who produc-

co-owner of the Perennial restaurant

es it and whether it is sustainable. Also

in San Francisco, Karen Leibowitz.

80

Public Sector Manager • July 2017


Seeds of 1/2 a pomegranate 1/2 black radish or 1 large watermelon radish 50g pecorino Romano cheese 50g – 60g peeled celeriac 1 bunch (about 8) breakfast radishes Handful of parsley leaves

Salad Wash the radishes, do not peel but shave them (best on a Mandolin). Use a potato peeler to shave the celeriac and pecorino. Put the celeriac and pecorino along with the pomegranate seeds and parsley into a bowl and mix well. Dress lightly. Serve in haphazard manner creating piles on individual plates or in a bowl to share.

Ingredients for dressing: 1 tsp white truffle oil 5 tsp extra virgin olive oil

Instructions:

1 tsp white balsamic vinegar

Dressing

Juice of a 1/4 lemon

Mix all the dressing ingredients and season well to taste. 

Courgette Carpaccio with Parmesan and Anchovy (Serves 4)

3 – 4 sprigs of parsley leaves 4 tsp extra virgin olive oil

like a carpaccio. Chop the anchovy fillets coarsely or slice them lengthways into thin strips and lay on top of

Ingredients:

Instructions:

the courgettes. Season with salt and

600 g young courgettes

Finely dice the Parmesan cheese.

a little pepper. Scatter with the Parme-

8 salted anchovy fillets

Slice the courgettes lengthways into

san and parsley, and drizzle with oil.

4 tsp Parmesan cheese

thin roundels. Arrange flat on a plate

Serve straight away.

Public Sector Manager • July 2017

81


Food & WINE

Main Paccheri with gurnard, langoustines, tomato and ginger (Serves 2)

Finely chop the root ginger and sepa-

starting to colour. Add the langous-

rately finely chop the garlic clove.

tines, ginger, garlic, chili and fry for 2 minutes until the crustacean shell

Seafood

turns pink and some garlic changes

Pin-bone the gurnard fillets and slice

colour.

Ingredients:

the fillets, skin-on, crossways into 5mm

1 garlic clove

slivers. Split the langoustines or lobster

minute then the tomato sauce and

1 small gurnard

down the middle. If using lobster, cut

simmer. Drain the pasta, al dente

1/2 tsp fresh root ginger

it into chunks including the head.

as ever, and add to the pan with

6 langoustines or 1 600g lobster

Put the tomato sauce and wine in

Add the gurnard and fry for a

the remaining oil. Stir together over

8 tsp extra virgin olive oil

small pot with the gurnard bones

the heat for a minute, and serve

60 ml white wine

and simmer for 15 minutes, adding

immediately.

100 g cherry tomatoes

water if it thickens too much. Fish out

200 ml light tomato sauce (see next

the bones (strain the sauce if the

Light tomato sauce

recipe)

skeleton broke up).

(Yields 700 ml of sauce)

250g Paccheri

Set a pan of well-salted water on

Ingredients

to boil. When you’re ready to eat, put

1 kg ripe vine tomatoes

the pasta on and heat a very wide

3 cloves of garlic

Instructions:

frying pan over your largest burner.

4 Tsp extra virgin olive oil

Preparations

Start to cook when the pasta goes

A pinch of crushed chilli flakes

Scale, gut and fillet the gurnard and

in. Fry the tomatoes in 6 tablespoons

(optional)

keep the bones aside for later use.

of the oil until concentrated and

1/2 tsp fine sea salt

Scant 1/2 tsp of crushed dried chilli

Instructions Thinly slice the garlic. Cut the tomatoes with the seeds into chunks. Fry garlic in olive oil for a few until cooked but not yet coloured. Add the chilli flakes followed by purĂŠed tomato and salt. Bring to a fairly brisk boil and cook until the sauce has a little body (the bubbles get a bit bigger) but not thick. The tomatoes should taste fresh, but no longer raw. Season with pepper and add the remaining oil to finish.

82

Public Sector Manager • July 2017


CAR ADVERT REVIEWS

Writer: Ashref Ismail

New Amarok is a beauty and a beast

I

t has been a seven-year wait

arok distinguishes itself from the

for Volkswagen’s new 3.0-litre V6

previous model with a redesigned

165kW TDI engine Amarok. Laud-

front bumper and radiator grille

ed for its car-like driving features and

incorporating front fog lights, new

low fuel consumption, the 2.0 litre Am-

alloy wheels and a third brake-light

arok did not really set the sales charts

with LED technology. Aligned with

alight, with many die-hard bakkie fans

the latest Volkswagen DNA seen

apprehensive of a small-capacity en-

in the new Caddy, Transporter and

gine in a big double-cab body.

forthcoming Crafter, horizontal

The new 3.0-litre V6 TDI engine is

lines dominate the front of the new

the only six-cylinder diesel engine

model, with much cleaner-looking

in the segment. The top-of-the-

angled folds and edges.

range engine delivers 165kW of

Inside the cab the changes are

equipment comes standard with

power available at 550 Nm of

more prominent with an all-new

every new Amarok, including four

torque channelled through its

dashboard design which incorpo-

airbags, electronic stabilisation

standard eight-speed automatic

rates Volkswagen’s modular info-

programme and Volkswagen’s

gearbox. The V6 engine pushes the

tainment system with touch-screen

award-winning Automatic Post-

Amarok to a top speed of 193km/h

radio, App-Connect, Bluetooth and

Collision Braking System which can

and sprints from zero to 100km/h in

USB interface (iPod/iPhone com-

reduce the chance or severity of a

8.0 seconds.

patible).

secondary accident in the event of

From the outside the new Am-

84

A comprehensive list of safety

a collision.

Public Sector Manager • July 2017


The Trendline equipment trim level has been replaced

dimensions: it measures 5.25m long, 2.23m wide and

with the Comfort line equipment trim level resulting in

1.83m high. The Amarok’s cargo bed is 1.55 metres

additional standard features. Highline Plus has been

long and 1.62 metres wide which means its load area

added to the model line-up for customers looking for

continues to measure 2.52m2. This means a Euro pallet

additional top-end convenience and comfort as stand-

can be loaded transversely.

ard features. Extreme replaces Ultimate as the main

The cargo box has four lashing rings for securing

derivative in the Amarok model line-up. Extreme will be

the load fitted in each corner. The half-metre platform

available with an option of 4MOTION automatic 2.0

gate height boosts the good cargo capacity. This is

BiTDI with 132kW or 3.0 TDI V6 with 165kW engine.

due to the low sill height, which is 78 cm high. With a

Under the skin, the Amarok’s running gear has not

maximum gross weight of up to 3 080 kg, the Amarok

been changed fundamentally from the previous gener-

can transport bulky as well as very heavy loads. The

ation. The base derivative is the 2.0 TDI delivering 103kW

maximum payload is 936 kg. Depending on the overall

with a six-speed manual transmission and an option of

configuration it can also tow loads of up to 3.3 tonnes.

permanent 4MOTION four-wheel and two-wheel drive

The new Amarok is expected to appeal to a similar

systems. Also carried over from the previous model is

profile of buyers as in the past, retaining its position

the tried-and-tested 2.0 BiTDi delivering 132kW. This en-

as a technically advanced pick-up which is as

gine is offered with six-speed manual and eight-speed

comfortable to drive as it is rugged. With its new engine

automatic transmissions. Customers have the option of

and even more car-like features and cab it is also likely

the selectable 4MOTION on the derivatives with manual

to pique the interest of buyers who may previously

transmission or permanent 4MOTION four-wheel drive

have shopped in the classic SUV segment.

system on derivatives with an automatic transmission. Both the six-speed manual transmission and eightspeed automatic transmission have been optimised for the Amarok’s high torque values. The large number

Since its launch in 2010, over 29 000 Amarok units (single and double cabs) have been sold in South Africa. The Amarok model range comes standard with a

of gears allows a greater transmission ratio spread to

three-year/100 000 km manufacturer warranty, five-

be achieved compared to a conventional automatic

year/90 000 km Automotion Service Plan and

transmission.

six-year anti-corrosion warranty. The service interval is

The new model retains the previous Amarok’s

Public Sector Manager • July 2017

15 000 km.

85


BOOK REVIEW

Writer: Alber t Pule

The bizarre underworld of Radovan Krejcir

T

o his underlings he was known

ticularly in Cape Town.

as “Baas John”. To South African

One of the more

law enforcement he was an elu-

dramatic events was

sive and dangerous mafia boss. In Krejcir: Business as Usual, News24

a bizarre movie-style shoot-out when a car

investigative journalist Angelique

fitted with a revolving

Serrao tells the story of Czech fugitive

machine gun fired on

Radovan Krejcir who arrived in South

the gangster. Later, Kre-

Africa 10 years ago under a false

jcir’s Money Point pawn

passport. Serrao is an award-winning

shop in Bedfordview was

writer who has been covering Krejcir

blown up by a bomb left

since 2010 – and his tale is far, far

inside a bag, killing two

stranger than fiction.

associates.

He was a fugitive, a powerful Czech

Over the next three

multimillionaire who escaped impris-

years 10 more deaths

onment on fraud charges and fled

took place, each one

to the good life in the Seychelles. But

more dramatic than the

a bid by the Czech Republic to have

next. It was the murder

him extradited saw Krejcir coming to

of Lolly Jackson that

South Africa. He was arrested at the

brought Krejcir’s name

airport, but an alleged bribe kept him

into the limelight and

in the country.

revealed his dealing with crime intelligence boss Joey Mabasa

ten unbelievable sequence of events

the underworld. He bought a multimil-

and small-time criminal George

in a simple, understandable way.

lion-rand property in the affluent sub-

Louka.

Readers from Gauteng will also find

That was the start of his dealings in

urb of Bedfordview in eastern Johan-

Krejcir was arrested. But in true

they are familiar with places men-

nesburg. Close by was a restaurant

Radovan Krejcir style, he was plotting

called the Harbour, where he would

an elaborate escape from prison. This

meet friends, business associates,

police foiled, as well as his plans to kill

ing read about a stranger from a

police officers, victims and enemies.

forensic investigator Paul O’Sullivan

little-known European country who

and a police general.

wreaked havoc in South Africa. If you

Soon bodies started piling up around him. Cyril Beeka, a well-known

He has since been found guilty and

Capetonian and friend of Krejcir, was

sentenced for kidnapping, attempted

assassinated after his car stopped at

murder and attempted drug posses-

a robot. The murder sent shockwaves

sion.

through the criminal underworld, par-

Public Sector Manager • July 2017

In the book, Serrao captures the of-

tioned in the book. At under 290 pages this is a rivet-

are into tales from the underworld, this book is for you.

Krejcir: Business as Usual by Angelique Serrao is published by Jonathan Ball Publishers.

87


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Writer: Nic holas Francis

NICE TO HAVES

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Public Sector Manager • July 2017

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89


health and wellbeing

Join the global fight against viral hepatitis Knowledge is power. Vaccinate and learn to recognise the symptoms of hepatitis.

W

ould you recognise the

this disease claimed 1.34 million

known as cirrhosis. This can increase

signs and symptoms of

lives worldwide in 2015 a death toll

the risk of developing some types of

hepatitis if you or a loved

it claims is comparable with that of

liver cancer. Most people who develop

one developed them? While not all

HIV/Aids and tuberculosis. The WHO

liver damage to this extent require a

types of hepatitis are easily prevent-

is leading a campaign to eradicate

liver transplant to survive.

able, awareness of this group of health

viral hepatitis by 2030.

conditions affecting the liver can help

Unfortunately, hepatitis remains a

Viral hepatitis

people seek the medical care they

global health challenge, with the hep-

Viral forms of hepatitis sometimes be-

need and take precautions to prevent

atitis A, B and C viruses being the most

gin with symptoms similar to flu, loss of

infection as far as possible.

commonly occurring in South Africa.

appetite and abdominal tenderness.

According to the World Health

Some types of hepatitis can progress

The whites of the eyes and the skin –

Organisation’s (WHO) recent global

to cause permanent scarring of the

particularly the soles of the feet and

report on hepatitis, viral forms of

liver, or chronic liver failure, commonly

palms of the hands – may develop

90

Public Sector Manager • July 2017


a yellowish colour. The urine may be

blood, sweat, tears and breast milk.

yet, although there are ongoing ef-

darker than usual and stools may

It can be transmitted from mother

forts to develop one. HVC is one of

be a pale colour, indicating yellow-

to child during birth. Hepatitis B can

the more dangerous forms of hepa-

jaundice.

also be spread by shared syringes

titis because, according to WHO,

or tattooing equipment that has not

in 55 to 85 per cent of patients the

been properly sterilised.

condition progresses to chronic HVC,

Most people with acute HBV do not develop long-term liver dam-

meaning that they have a significant risk of developing cirrhosis.

age. However, if the virus becomes chronic, your doctor may prescribe antiviral medicine to help prevent further damage to the liver. Fortunately, a vaccine that can prevent HBV infection is widely available

Hepatitis A virus

and should form part of childhood

The hepatitis A virus (HAV) is spread

vaccination programmes. If you were

when a person eats food or drinks

not vaccinated against HBV or have

water contaminated with infected

not vaccinated your children against

animal or human faeces, or comes

HBV, it is important to visit your gen-

into physical contact with a person

eral practitioner for advice.

Toxic hepatitis Toxic hepatitis is most commonly

who is infected. When HAV outbreaks occur, the virus can spread quickly.

Hepatitis C virus

caused by alcohol abuse, but can

Most people make a full recovery

The hepatitis C virus (HCV) is spread

also be caused by certain chemicals,

within a month or two, and do not

through contact with infected blood.

drugs or certain nutritional supple-

suffer lasting liver damage. In some

ments. Be sure to consult your doctor

cases, however, HAV can be life-

about proper use of prescribed

threatening.

medicines and over-the-counter medicines because these can cause

HAV can usually be prevented by ensuring drinking water has been

liver damage if not taken properly.

adequately purified, washing hands

The damage to the liver may not im-

thoroughly before eating or touching

mediately show symptoms, but could

the mouth, and proper food hygiene.

eventually result in complete liver

An HAV vaccination is available and

failure. Certain types of hepatitis can pro-

has helped to significantly reduce

gress quickly and may result in seri-

infections.

ous, irreparable liver damage or liver

Hepatitis B virus

failure. This is why it is important to be

The hepatitis B virus (HBV) is one of

This can happen if a person touches

aware of the symptoms that may ac-

the most common viral illnesses in

the blood of someone who has the

company hepatitis and seek medical

the world as it is highly infectious. The

virus, or through using contaminated

attention as soon as possible.

virus is found in the bodily fluids of

syringes or other non-sterile medical

infected people and can be spread

equipment.

through sexual contact, exposure to

Public Sector Manager • July 2017

No vaccination against HCV exists

Source: Government Employees Medical Scheme

91


travel

Writer: Dale Barrow Images: Lauren Barrow

Shamwari soothes the soul

Shamwari Game Reserve in the Eastern Cape offers a luxurious escape from the fast-paced life, bringing you eyeto-eye with Africa’s magnificent wildlife.

92

I

n the Eastern Cape, only an hour

guests the chance to reconnect with

from Port Elizabeth, is a destination

nature without the distractions of the

for the ultimate escape. Shamwari

21st century.

Game Reserve, with its different lodg-

Here, with little more than a tent, a

es, offers a luxurious and invigorating

comfortable bed and an outdoor

break from the concrete jungle.

shower and toilet, thoughts settle

When we arrived I was stressed out.

on the more subtle but important

But the tempo immediately dropped

aspects of life. The flora, fauna and

a few notches, and the relaxation

night sounds remind us that we are

factor rose. At reception we were

not alone on this planet, while the

greeted by two big smiles and imme-

expanse of stars overhead give per-

diately served a welcome drink as

spective of how small we are in time

our bags and vehicle were seen to.

and space.

Shamwari has several five-star

The camp’s simplicity doesn’t

luxury lodges, but our home for

neglect comfort and care. The food

the weekend was the more mod-

is fit for a king. There is no electricity

est Explorer Camp. Nestled against

and everything is cooked on the fire,

a granite koppie, the lodge gives

but you won’t miss out. Expect a full

Public Sector Manager • July 2017


breakfast cooked by the camp chef

elephant and both black and white

male cheetah had been spotted a

every morning, as well as a vast array

rhino. The magnitude and power of

few days before.

of tender meat, perfectly cooked

these animals cannot be appreciat-

vegetables and delicious salads for

ed from photographs. The animals of

meanour of a westward-facing herd

lunch and supper.

Studying the spoor and the de-

Shamwari are used to game-viewing

of giraffe, we searched high and low.

Add to that the dedicated atten-

vehicles. You can get so near them

Just when we were losing hope, the

tion and care of the rangers and the

even the rumbling and breathing of

sharp eyes of our ranger spotted the

camp strikes a wonderful balance

the elephants is audible.

camouflaged outline of the cheetah.

between luxury and simplicity. And

The low-lying regions of the park

With a fantastic view, we watched

don’t worry: there is a solar plug

are full of antelope, including water

the cheetah soak up the sunset, its

available for you to charge your

buck and majestic kudu and eland.

proud head held high above the

phone, if you must.

Milling herds of springbok, zebra and

deep red earth.

impala form a constant backdrop.

Up close to elephants

The spectacular evening siting of the cheetah was followed by a morn-

A large part of the day plays out

Big Cats

ing view of a pair of lions. The lioness,

away from the camp, in the serious

After thoroughly enjoying the birds,

blood-stained from a meal during

business of game viewing. Equipped

the browsers and the grazers of the

the night, lay about one hundred

with binoculars and walking shoes,

park, our rangers decided it was

metres off. The male, his breath visible

we would set off each morning

time to seek out the big cats. After a

in the cold air, roared to his compan-

and evening with the rangers in the

scout of the southern reaches of the

ion.

open-air game viewing vehicle.

park from an elevated koppie, we set

Here the wonder of the park be-

off for a region of the park where a

We were in the relative safety of the vehicle, but the roar still gave

comes apparent. As you drop down from the escarpment through the wooded slopes the plains open up, with their abundant animals of all shapes and sizes. The park hosts a variety of game, including the big five, but it is also a great place for bird watching. The diversity of biomes - woodlands, grassland and water bodies - means the park hosts an assortment of species, from bee eaters to barbets. Our ranger was an expert bird guide, able to identify the species from the faintest glimpse or even a snatch of birdsong. Our first evening game drive was a wonder, with up-close sitings of

Public Sector Manager • July 2017

93


travel

us a nerve-chilling, bone-penetrating

direction of the wind, kept one eye

you are rested and ready for bed. But

shiver. Maybe it’s the history of this

on the spoor and one on the sur-

there is one more activity not to be

magnificent animal, and a some-

roundings. While initially considering

missed.

what dulled memory of when we too,

an approach of a white rhino in the

The deck above the camp is the

were considered prey.

area, the swirling wind and proximity

place to look up and view the stars.

of a pair of lions meant we complet-

The rangers, who have told you

Walking with animals

ed a loop and instead returned to

about every plant and animal, now

With all the food and game drives,

the protection of the vehicle. Feeling

become astronomers as they point

we felt we needed to stretch our legs

a little safer, and with our legs well

out the various planets and constel-

on a game walk. Parking the game

worked, we continued with our game

lations. This was the first time I was

vehicle in a bushy area near the

viewing.

able to observe Jupiter’s moons, and the constellation of Canis Major - the

Bushman’s River, we set off with our two armed guides – stealthily and

Eyes on the stars

Big Dog. As Beau Taplin wrote: “Night

steadily.

A highlight of a getaway on safari in

air, good conversation, and a sky full

Africa is a magnificent sunset. Here,

of stars can heal almost any wound.”

The game, normally relaxed around the game-viewing vehicle, are more

at the closing of the day, you really

edgy when they see people on foot.

appreciate the wonder of nature.

from the fast-paced life, and brings

It wasn’t long before a partnership

With a sun-downer in hand and an

you eye-to-eye with nature. The city

of kudu and baboons were bark-

unparalleled view, the events of the

has blotted out the stars and chased

ing at us, sounding the warning

day coalesce to bring on a deep

out the animals, and we are the

call. On foot we were considerably

sense of wonder and contentment.

poorer for it. For the ultimate escape,

Shamwari offers a great escape

more vulnerable. The game we so

The evening passes quickly, as the

nonchalantly watch in the game

rumbling return of the game vehicle

preserve the ancient ways of nature.

vehicles become a threat that can’t

is replaced by the crackling of the

Here we can gain perspective and

be ignored.

bonfire. After a tranquil dinner to the

unwind, away from the hustle and

background music of the night life,

bustle.

The rangers, always aware of the

94

we must seek out the places that

Public Sector Manager • July 2017


101593

Bloemfontein

Durban

East London

Lusaka

Johannesburg

Hoedspruit

George

Harare

Kimberley

Lubumbashi

Maputo

Port Elizabeth

Windhoek

Walvis Bay

Gaborone

Richards Bay

Cape Town

17 Destinations all over Southern Africa, non-stop. You could choose other ways of getting to your holiday spot but flying with us is easy and non-stop. Flying with us is also convenient, because we fly to major destinations and smaller cities all over Southern Africa and the DRC, every day. Taking a break? Then make the most of your time off. Because we fly for you.

SA Express is a proud member of the SAA Voyager programme. Visit www.flyexpress.aero for domestic flights to Bloemfontein, Port Elizabeth, East London, Nelspruit, Kimberley, Hoedspruit, George, Johannesburg, Richards Bay, Cape Town, Durban, Pietermaritzburg and regional flights to Lubumbashi, Gaborone, Windhoek, Walvis Bay, Maputo, Lusaka and Harare.


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PSM July 2017 Edition  

Public Sector Manager Aimed at all middle and senior managers in the Public Service and the Public Sector in general, Public Sector Manager...

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