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Tony Atkins

Fish ID Mr. Arrington's 4th Block


Title: Allard’s Clownfish

Species #: 1

Common Name: Allard's Clownfish Scientific Name: Amphiprion allardi Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Perciformes

Family: Pomacentridae

Geography / Habitat: They are found on the east coast of Africa between Kenya and Durban. They inhabit outer reefs and lagoons and are usually found at depths between 10 - 82 feet (3 - 25 meters). Life Strategy: Each fish is born male, but will only change to female if the sole breeding female dies. If the female dies, the breeding male changes sex, becomes the breeding female and the largest non-breeder becomes the breeding male. The expected tenure of breeding females is approximately 12 years and is relatively long for a fish of its size, but is characteristic of other reef fish. Food / Feed Strategy: Omnivores. Amphiprion members eat plankton, and will also pick at the dead tentacles of their host anemone.

Body Form or Style: Fusiform • Swim / Locomotion Style: Labriform • Mouth Position: Terminal Citation: www.fishbase.org/ Title: Pink Skunk Clownfish Common Name: Pink Skunk Clownfish Scientific Name: Amphipirion perideraion

Species #: 2


Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Perciformes

Family: Pomacanthidae

Geography / Habitat: Pink Skunk Clownfish is found from the Cocos (keeling) Islands and Christmas Island in the eastern Indian Ocean, and the Indo-Australian Archipelago northwards to the Ryukyu Islands and Micronesia. Life Strategy: The spawning process is correlated with the lunar cycle. At night time the moon maintains a higher level of alertness in the A. percula and increases the interaction with the males and females. Before spawning, the male attracts the female via courting behavior. These courting actions include extending their fins, biting the female and chasing her. The males swim rapidly in an upward and downward motion to attract the females. The nest site is also important for the survival of the eggs. The female spawn about 400–1500 eggs per cycle. Each fish is born male, but will change to female if the breeding female dies. If the female dies, the breeding male changes sex, becomes breeding female and the largest non-breeder becomes the breeding male. Food / Feed Strategy: Herbivores.

Body Form or Style: Fusiform • • •

Swim / Locomotion Style: Labriform Mouth Position: Terminal. Citation: www.fishbase.org/

Title: Tomato Clownfish

Species #: 3

Common Name: Tomato Clownfish Scientific Name: Amphiprion frenatus Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata


Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Perciformes

Family: Pomacentridae

Geography / Habitat: The Tomato Clownfish is found from the Gulf of Thailand to southwestern Palau, north to southern Japan, south of Java, and Indonesia. Life Strategy: The same as other clownfish Food / Feed Strategy: Omnivorous. Will eat anything from plankton to the dead tentacles of host anenome.

Body Form or Style: Fusiform • Swim / Locomotion Style: Labriform • Mouth Position: Terminal Citation: http://www.fishbase.org/ Title: Yellowtail Clownfish

Species #: 4

Common Name: Yellowtail Clownfish Scientific Name: Amphiprion clarkii Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Perciformes

Family: Pomacentridae

Geography / Habitat: The most widely distributed Anemonefish ranging from the islands of Micronesia and Melanesia in the western Pacific to the Persian Gulf, and from Australia to Japan. They inhabit outer reefs and lagoons and are usually found at depths between 3 - 197 feet (1 - 60 meters). Life Strategy: The same as other clownfish. Food / Feed Strategy: Omnivorous. Will eat anything from plankton to the dead tentacles of its host anenome.


Body Form or Style: Fusiform • Swim / Locomotion Style: Labriform • Mouth Position: Terminal Mouth Position: Citation: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Clark%27s_anemonefish , http://www.fishbase.org/ Title: Fire Clownfish

Species #: 5

Common Name: Fire Clownfish Scientific Name: Amphiprion melanopus Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Perciformes

Family: Pomacentridae

Geography / Habitat: Cinnamon Clownfish are found in Indonesia, Melanesia, Micronesia, southeastern Polynesia, and the Great Barrier Reef. Life Strategy: The same as other clownfish.


Food / Feed Strategy: Omnivorous.

Body Form or Style: Fusiform • Swim / Locomotion Style: Labriform • Mouth Position: Terminal Citation: http://www.fishbase.org/

Title: Orange Clownfish

Species #: 7

Common Name: Orange Clownfish Scientific Name: Amphiprion percula Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Perciformes

Family: Pomacentridae

Geography / Habitat: True Percula Clownfish are found in the Northern Queensland and Melanesia. Life Strategy: The same as other clownfish. Food / Feed Strategy: Omnivorous.


Body Form or Style: Fusiform • Swim / Locomotion Style: Labriform • Mouth Position: Terminal Citation: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Orange_clownfish , http://www.fishbase.org/

Title: Moon Jellyfish

Species #: 8

Common Name: Moon Jellyfish Scientific Name: Aurelia aurita

Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Cnidaria

Class: Scyphozoa

Order: Semaeostomeae

Family: Ulmaridae

Geography / Habitat: Moon jellyfish are typically found close to shore, including harbors and estuaries. Life Strategy: In the adult, or medusa, stage of a jellyfish, they can reproduce sexually by releasing sperm and eggs into the water, forming a planula. In this larval stage of jellyfish life, the planula hooks on to the bottom of a smooth rock or other structure and grows into another stage of jellyfish life, the polyp--which resembles a miniature sea anemone. During this stage, which can last for several months or years, asexual reproduction occurs. The polyps clone themselves and bud, or strobilate, into another stage of jellyfish life, called ephyra. It is this form that grows into the adult medusa jellyfish. The jellyfish sting actually comes from tiny nematocysts, or stinging cells, on the jellyfish body. When triggered, these cells eject poison-tipped barbs that help the jellyfish catch food in the ocean. The nematocysts can still release their sting even after the jellyfish is dead. In


most jellyfish, these stinging cells are so small that they can't penetrate human skin. Unfortunately, some are large enough to give a good sting if touched or stepped on by unsuspecting feet! Food / Feed Strategy: It kills its prey by stinging it with the nematocysts found on its long tentacles. It eats crustaceans, protozoans, diatoms, molluscs, rotifers, tunicate larvae, polychaetes, other small medusas, and eggs from animals like fish.

 Body Form or Style: ?  Swim / Locomotion Style: Anguiliform ? • Mouth Position: Subterminal Citation: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Moon_jellyfish

Title: Atlantic Salmon

Species #: 9

Common Name: Atlantic Salmon Scientific Name: Salmo salar Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Osteichthyes

Order: Salmoniformes

Family: Salmonidae


Geography / Habitat: They live in the ocean as adults, but return to fresh water to spawn. The freshwater habitats are almost always rapidly flowing, clear streams that empty into the Atlantic Ocean. At sea, Atlantic Salmon undergo migrations of various length and destinations. Life Strategy: Spawning takes place in shallow water, making the fish easy prey for predators. While the female is preparing the spawning bed, called a redd, the male protects the area by swimming around the activity of the female and aggressively biting at anything that intrudes. Once the first redd is finished, the male and female align themselves next to one another for the actual spawning ritual. The female releases her eggs at the same time that the male releases milt. Fertilization occurs in the water as the eggs drift down into the gravel.After the eggs have settled, the female swims upstream and sweeps the river bottom with her tail to cover the nest of eggs with clean gravel. The female will then proceed to dig another redd at a nearby location and the male will accompany her to protect the area. The eggs will hatch in 30 to 90 days or more, depending on water temperature. Food / Feed Strategy: Carnivorous. Feed on other fish, worms, bugs, left over foods, shrimp, etc.

Body Form or Style: Fusiform • Swim / Locomotion Style: Subcarangiform • Mouth Position: Terminal • Citation: http://www.bbc.co.uk/dna/place-nireland/A882920 Title: Bank Sea Bass

Species #: 10

Common Name: Bank Sea Bass Scientific Name: Centropristis ocyurus Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Perciformes

Family: Centrarchidae


Geography / Habitat: Bank sea bass are offshore fish found in deep waters usually around 180 feet. They prefer rocky structural elements, particularly reefs and rock pilings. This species is typically found in waters between the temperature of 42 and 84 F. Life Strategy: Nearly all begin life as females and change to males as they age and grow. Fertile females spawn offshore in the early spring. A 4-inch fish is capable of spawning over four-thousand pelagic eggs during one season, and a fish twice the size may lay about thirty-thousand. Food / Feed Strategy: Bank sea bass feed on the bottom for squid, crustaceans and small fish.

Body Form or Style: Compressiform • Swim / Locomotion Style: Carangiform • Mouth Position: Supraterminal Citation: http://www.fishbase.org/

Title: Saddleback Clownfish

Species #: 12

Common Name: Saddleblack Clownfish Scientific Name: Amphiprion polymnus Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Perciformes

Family: Pomacentridae


Geography / Habitat: Saddleback Clownfish are found from Indo-Malayan Archipelago northwards to the Ryukyu Islands. Also reported from the Northern Territory, Australia Life Strategy: The same as other clownfish. Food / Feed Strategy: Omnivorous.

Body Form or Style: Fusiform • Swim / Locomotion Style: Labriform • Mouth Position: Terminal Citation: http://animal-world.com/encyclo/marine/clowns/saddle.php , http://www.fishbase.org/

Title: Sebea Clownfish

Species #: 13

Common Name: Sebea Clownfish Scientific Name: Amphiprion sebae Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Perciformes

Family: Pomacentridae

Geography / Habitat: The Sebae Clownfish was described by Bleeker in 1853. They are found in the Northern Indian Ocean including Java, Sumatra, Andaman Islands, India, SriLanka, Maldive Islands, and southern Arabian Peninsula. Life Strategy: The same as other clownfish. Food / Feed Strategy: Omnivorous.


Body Form or Style: Fusiform •

Swim / Locomotion Style: Labriform

•

Mouth Position: Terminal

Citation: http://animal-world.com/encyclo/marine/clowns/sebae.php Title: Oman Anemonefish

Species #: 14

Common Name: Oman Anemonmefish, Blue-banded Clownfish Scientific Name: Amphiprion omanensis Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Perciformes

Family: Pomacentridae

Geography / Habitat: They are found on the Arabian Peninsula, the typical locality is Barr Al Hikman, on the east coast of Oman. They occur in small aggregations on inshore reefs at the shallower depths between 6 - 33 feet (2 - 10 meters). Life Strategy: The same as other clownfish. Food / Feed Strategy: Omnivorous.


Body Form or Style: Fusiform • Swim / Locomotion Style: Labriform • Mouth Position: Terminal Citation: http://animal-world.com/encyclo/marine/clowns/OmanAnemonefish.php

Title: Queen Angelfish

Species #: 15

Common Name: Queen Angelfish Scientific Name: Holacanthus ciliaris Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Perciformes

Family: Pomacentridae

Geography / Habitat: Western Atlantic coral reefs from Brazil to Florida, the Bahamas, and the Gulf or Mexico. The Queen Angelfish is found at depths up to 70 meters (230 ft.) Life Strategy: If an Angelfish suddenly displays a bulging belly and a more aggressive behaviour, it is probably a gravid female Angelfish. Two Angelfish grooming each other is also a typical breeding behaviour. Angelfish of both sexes will also flash fins, face off, lock their mouths and twist around. When a couple has been formed, they will choose a spawning site and start cleaning it together. The Angelfish eggs will be deposited on the spawning slate and placed in very neat and evenly spaced lines. The male Angelfish will fertilize the eggs by following close behind the female and touching all the eggs with his papilla. Food / Feed Strategy: Eats mainly sponges with small amounts of algae, tunicates, hydroids, and bryozoans.


Body Form or Style: Compressiform • Swim / Locomotion Style: Carangiform • Mouth Position: Termina Citation: http://animal-world.com/encyclo/marine/angels/QueenAngelfish.php Title: Rock Beauty Angelfish

Species #:16

Common Name: Rock Beauty Angelfish Scientific Name: Holacanthus tricolor Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Perciformes

Family: Pomacentridae

Geography / Habitat: The rock beauty are found in Western Atlantic coral reefs from Georgia to Bermuda and the Bahamas, as well as from Florida to southeastern Brazil. The rock beauty is a diurnal species, they are active during the day and sleep at night. It inhabits rock jetties, reef rubble, and coral reefs to depths of 330 feet (100 m). Juveniles live among fire corals and hide in crevices and shells. They are very territorial, rarely venturing more than a few feet from their protective shelter. The juveniles are not known to be cleaner fish, as other Holacanths species, but even as adults they establish and defend territories on the reefs. Life Strategy: If an Angelfish suddenly displays a bulging belly and a more aggressive behaviour, it is probably a gravid female Angelfish. Two Angelfish grooming each other is also a typical breeding behaviour. Angelfish of both sexes will also flash fins, face off, lock their mouths and twist around. When a couple has been formed, they will choose a spawning site and start cleaning it together. The Angelfish eggs will be deposited on the spawning slate and placed in very neat and evenly spaced lines. If she doesn’t like the


spawning slate, she will deposit the eggs somewhere else in the aquarium. The male Angelfish will fertilize the eggs by following close behind the female and touching all the eggs with his papilla. Food / Feed Strategy: Eats sponges, tunicates, and other benthic invertebrates.

Body Form or Style: Compressiform • Swim / Locomotion Style: Carangiform • Mouth Position: Termina Citation: http://animal-world.com/encyclo/marine/angels/RockBeauty.php Title: Rusty Angelfish

Species#: 17

Common Name: Scientific Name: Chaetodontoplus duboulayi Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Perciformes

Family: Pomacentridae

Geography / Habitat: The Rusty Angelfish Centropyge ferrugatus was described by Randall and Burgess in 1972. The genus Centropyge currently has over 33 species, and are members of the Pomacanthidae family. Centropyge will spawn in captivity and are now being raised in captivity, thus helping to preserve our ocean reefs. The common names, Rusty Angelfish, Rusty Dwarf Angelfish, or Rusty Pygmy Angelfish are derived from their rusty coloration. Rusty Angelfish are endemic to the Western Pacific. They are found in Tanabe Bay then Southern Japan to the southwest tip of Taiwan, and in the Philippines. They inhabit seaward reefs that are surrounded by rocky areas to provide cover. The rubble areas close by are a good supply of algal growth. These


dwarf angelfish are found alone or in small groups eating benthic algae, weeds, cnidarians, hard corals, coral polyps, sponges, and tunicates They are found at depths from 20 - 98 feet (6-30 m). Life Strategy: If an Angelfish suddenly displays a bulging belly and a more aggressive behaviour, it is probably a gravid female Angelfish. Two Angelfish grooming each other is also a typical breeding behaviour. Angelfish of both sexes will also flash fins, face off, lock their mouths and twist around. When a couple has been formed, they will choose a spawning site and start cleaning it together. The Angelfish eggs will be deposited on the spawning slate and placed in very neat and evenly spaced lines. If she doesn’t like the spawning slate, she will deposit the eggs somewhere else in the aquarium. The male Angelfish will fertilize the eggs by following close behind the female and touching all the eggs with his papilla. If you keep only female Angelfish, one of the females might actually resume a male behaviour and follow the egg-laying female and touch the eggs. Those eggs will naturally remain unfertilized and become white within a few days. Food / Feed Strategy: The Rusty Angelfish Angel is an omnivore. In the wild their diet consists mostly of algae and detritus. They will also pick on the polyps of any stony coral and most soft corals, as well as tunicates, clam mantles, cnidarians, sea squirts and sponges.In captivity a diet rich in vegetable matter is essential, as well as some proteins. It is important that you feed angelfish all kinds of live, frozen, and prepared formula foods. They do well on frozen foods with marine or Spirulina algae, mysid shrimp, shaved shrimp, and other high quality fare. A mature tank with live rock can help supply a good amount of natural algae foods (containing copepods and other small edibles) and diatom algae. There are also several good commercial foods available that are designed for angelfish, including Formula II and Angel Formula.Feed several times a day even if natural foods are present. Unlike other Centropyge , who will stay away from noxious soft corals, the Rusty Angels seem to eat more than their fair share of corals. Keeping them well fed in a reef may discourage them from eating corals, but that is a risk Body Form or Style: The Rusty Angelfish looks very similar to the Coral Beauty, with the exception of color. It has an oval body with irregularly shaped black dots on a golden brownish orange color along the top half of the fish and a brighter orange on the bottom half of the fish. There is bluish edging on the outer edge of the dorsal and anal fins. The dorsal fin and most of the anal fin are dark. Swim / Locomotion Style: Mouth Position: Citation: http://animalworld.com/encyclo/marine/angels/rusty.php

Title: scribbled angelfish

Species#: 18

Common Name: Scientific Name: Chaetodontoplus duboulayi •

Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Perciformes

Family: Pomacentridae

Geography / Habitat: Described by Günther in 1867, the Scribbled Angelfish or Duboulay's Angelfish are found on coastal and inner reefs of Queensland, Northern Territory, Western Australia, southern New Guinea and the Aru Islands. They are generally seen at depths between 1 - 20 meters (3 - 66 ft.). They among coral,


rock, sponge and seawhips found in areas with soft bottoms, rubble or open flat bottoms. They are usually seen in pairs or small groups... Life Strategy: If an Angelfish suddenly displays a bulging belly and a more aggressive behaviour, it is probably a gravid female Angelfish. Two Angelfish grooming each other is also a typical breeding behaviour. Angelfish of both sexes will also flash fins, face off, lock their mouths and twist around. When a couple has been formed, they will choose a spawning site and start cleaning it together. The Angelfish eggs will be deposited on the spawning slate and placed in very neat and evenly spaced lines. If she doesn’t like the spawning slate, she will deposit the eggs somewhere else in the aquarium. The male Angelfish will fertilize the eggs by following close behind the female and touching all the eggs with his papilla. If you keep only female Angelfish, one of the females might actually resume a male behaviour and follow the egg-laying female and touch the eggs. Those eggs will naturally remain unfertilized and become white within a few days. Food / Feed Strategy:The Scribbled Angelfish are omnivores, in the wild they eat primarily sponges and tunicates, but will also nibble on macroalgae, coral polyps, and sea whips. Provide a varied diet. Juveniles often accept dried flakes, frozen prepared diets for sponge and algae eaters, frozen shrimps, and may also feed on tablets. They will also eat some meaty foods, a good formula that can be made at home consists of mussels, shrimp, squid, and spinach. Feed these fish at least twice or three times everyday. Body Form or Style: The Scribbled Angelfish derived its name from a distinctive scrawled or 'scribbled' type patterning on a body that is mostly a dark bluish black color. The long and broad dorsal and anal fins are also 'scribbled' with dark and light blues, sometimes deep reds. The pale yellow face is followed by a broad blue-black band running through the eye area, and this is followed by another broad yellow and white band that extends onto the pelvic fins. There is a horizontal yellow stripe just beneath the dorsal fin, starting narrowlly at the front and becoming wider until it reaches the caudal peduncle. The tail fin is also yellow. • Swim / Locomotion Style: • Mouth Position: Citation: http://animal-world.com/encyclo/marine/angels/scribbled.php Title: yellowhead angelfish Species #: 19 Common Name: Scientific Name: Centropyge joculator Kingdom: Animalia Class: Actinopterygii

Phylum: Chordata •

Order: Perciformes

Family: Pomacentridae

Geography / Habitat: The Yellowhead Angelfish or Coco's Pygmy Angelfish are found in the Southeastern Indian Ocean; the Cocos-Keeling Islands and Christmas Island. The were first collected in the Cocos-Keeling Islands by Smith-Vaniz and Randall in1974, and named within a year. Smith-Vaniz and Randall also described Colin's Pygmy Angelfish C. colini from the same area at that time. The species is abundant in their natural habitat and seen singly or in a small group. It is observed among coral and ruble on the steep outer reef at the depths between 49 - 246 feet(15 - 75 meters), and on occasion it can be found at 26 - 33 feet (8 - 10 meter) at drop-offs. Life Strategy: If an Angelfish suddenly displays a bulging belly and a more aggressive behaviour, it is probably a gravid female Angelfish. Two Angelfish grooming each other is also a typical breeding behaviour. Angelfish of both sexes will also flash fins, face off, lock their mouths and twist around. When a couple has been formed, they will choose a spawning site and start cleaning it together. The Angelfish eggs will be


deposited on the spawning slate and placed in very neat and evenly spaced lines. If she doesn’t like the spawning slate, she will deposit the eggs somewhere else in the aquarium. The male Angelfish will fertilize the eggs by following close behind the female and touching all the eggs with his papilla. If you keep only female Angelfish, one of the females might actually resume a male behaviour and follow the egg-laying female and touch the eggs. Those eggs will naturally remain unfertilized and become white within a few days. Food / Feed Strategy: The Yellowhead Angelfish are omnivores. Provide a varied diet. Meaty foods, dried flakes, shrimps, frozen prepared diets for sponge and algae eaters, and tablets are acceptable. Feed frequently at first with various foods, including algae. Feed at least twice a day, but for a tiny juvenile provide it with foods three to four times everyday. Body Form or Style: The Yellowhead Angelfish or Coco's Pygmy Angelfish is described by its common name 'yellowhead', reflecting this bold aspect of its appearance. It is yellow on the anterior 1/3 part of body and blackish blue posteriorly. There is a blue ring with black spots around eye and the cheek spine is bluish. The caudal fin is yellow and the peduncle is brownish. Dorsal and anal fins are blackish blue with deep blue margins while the pectoral and pelvic fins are yellow. It is slightly similar and very close to Hotumatua's Angelfish C. hotumatua from the Southeastern Pacific, but the latter has a prominent black spot just behind eye, and has a yellowish to deep brown body. It is also somewhat similar to the Bicolor Angelfish C. bicolor, but is not a close relative. The latter can easily be differentiated by its eye band and by the blue coloring of its body. • Swim / Locomotion Style: • Mouth Position: Citation: http://animal-world.com/encyclo/marine/angels/YellowheadAngelfish.php

Title: blue angelfish

Species #:20

Common Name: Scientific Name: Holacanthus bermudensis Kingdom: Animalia Class: Actinopterygii

Phylum: Chordata •

Order: Perciformes

Family: Pomacentridae

Geography / Habitat: Gulf of Mexico, the southern coast of Florida, Bermuda and the Bahamas. The Blue Angelfish is found in shallow waters to depths up to 60 meters (200 ft.) Life Strategy: If an Angelfish suddenly displays a bulging belly and a more aggressive behaviour, it is probably a gravid female Angelfish. Two Angelfish grooming each other is also a typical breeding behaviour. Angelfish of both sexes will also flash fins, face off, lock their mouths and twist around. When a couple has been formed, they will choose a spawning site and start cleaning it together. The Angelfish eggs will be deposited on the spawning slate and placed in very neat and evenly spaced lines. If she doesn’t like the spawning slate, she will


deposit the eggs somewhere else in the aquarium. The male Angelfish will fertilize the eggs by following close behind the female and touching all the eggs with his papilla. If you keep only female Angelfish, one of the females might actually resume a male behaviour and follow the egg-laying female and touch the eggs. Those eggs will naturally remain unfertilized and become white within a few days. Food / Feed Strategy: This angelfish survives mainly on sponges so make sure you can get an angel formula with sponge in it. It is important that you feed angelfish all kinds of live, frozen, and prepared formula foods. Best to feed small amounts several times a day. A good formula that can be made at home consists of mussels, shrimp, squid, and spinach. Body Form or Style: A Bermuda blue angelfish is blue-brown in color with green hues and bright yellow on the tip of its tail and fins. Their young, however, have a completely different coloration. A young blue angelfish is dark blue with a yellow tail and some yellow on its fins. It also has vertical blue bars on its body. As it ages, the bars fade away and the body color becomes lighter and some browns and greens are added. The Bermuda blue angelfish can grow up to 18 inches in length. It has a large mouth and comb-like teeth. It is often collected for aquariums. This fish occasionally breeds with the queen angelfish, which is very similar to it. This hybrid is called the townsend angelfish. An adult blue angelfish can produce a loud thumping sound that warns predators and also startles divers • Swim / Locomotion Style: • Mouth Position: Citation: http://animal-world.com/encyclo/marine/angels/BlueAngelfish.php

Title: blue girdled angelfish

Species #:21

Common Name: Scientific Name: Pomacanthus navarchus Kingdom: Animalia Class: Actinopterygii

Phylum: Chordata •

Order: Perciformes

Family: Pomacentridae

Geography / Habitat: The Blue-girdled Angelfish Pomacanthus navarchus is also known as the Majestic Angelfish and Navarchus Angelfish. It is from the Pomacanthidae family, and was first described by Cuvier in 1831. It is found in the Indo Pacific Ocean from Maldives to Vanuatu then northward to the Yaeyama Islands and it is also found in Palau and Krosae in Micronesia. It is on the IUCN Red List as Least Concern (LC) with a stable population.The Blue-girdled Angelfish is found in pairs at times on the reef, but usually it is solitary. Juveniles are found singly and are very secretive. They inhabit very shallow inshore caves where algae is growing. Adults inhabit areas with heavy coral growth such as clear lagoons, protected outer reef slopes, and channels, yet never too far from a cave. Sponges and tunicates are their main food. Adults are found at depths from 10 to 131 feet (3 to 40 m). Life Strategy: If an Angelfish suddenly displays a bulging belly and a more aggressive behaviour, it is probably a gravid female Angelfish. Two Angelfish grooming each other is also a typical breeding behaviour. Angelfish of both sexes will also flash fins, face off, lock their mouths and twist around. When a couple has been formed, they will choose a spawning site and start cleaning it together. The Angelfish eggs will be deposited on the spawning slate and placed in very neat and evenly spaced lines. If she doesn’t like the


spawning slate, she will deposit the eggs somewhere else in the aquarium. The male Angelfish will fertilize the eggs by following close behind the female and touching all the eggs with his papilla. If you keep only female Angelfish, one of the females might actually resume a male behaviour and follow the egg-laying female and touch the eggs. Those eggs will naturally remain unfertilized and become white within a few days. Food / Feed Strategy: Blue-girdled Angelfish are omnivores, in the wild, a wide variety of sponges and tunicates are their main food. It is important that you feed angelfish all kinds of live, frozen, and prepared formula foods. Feed vegetable based foods as well as meaty foods like chopped squid, scallop, and shrimp. Prepared foods with marine sponge and tunicates are essential. Foods containing color enhancing qualities may be used as well. A good formula that can be made at home consists of mussels, shrimp, squid, and spinach. Feed 3 or more times a day Body Form or Style: The adult Blue-girdled Angelfish or Majestic Angelfish will have bright yellow on their sides and back, including the dorsal and tail fin. There are bright blue spots within the yellow on their sides, but just a hint. An intense and deep beautiful blue is found on the head; the pectoral, pelvic, and anal fins; as well as an area just in front of the tail fin. This angelfish looks as if someone took a bright light blue neon pen and outlined it’s entire body and fins, including areas where the yellow and blue meet up. They also have a blue mouth, and yellow on the chin and neck that terminates just over the pelvic fins.The juveniles are black with light blue curved vertical stripes on their sides and at times the yellowish tint can show through. At 3 - 7.8 inches (7.6 - 20 cm) the juvenile Blue-girdled Angelfish begins its color change to the beautiful majestic adult. Interestingly, the stage between juvenile and adult is rarely seen.The Blue-girdled Angelfish can grow up to 11.8” (30 cm) in the wild, yet in captivity this slow grower will rarely reach 10” (25 cm). This Angelfish has a lifespan of over 21 years in captivity. Swim / Locomotion: Style Mouth Position: Citation: http://animalworld.com/encyclo/marine/angels/bluegirdled.php Title: regal angelfish Species #:22 Common Name: Scientific Name: Pygoplites diacanthus Kingdom: Animalia Class: Actinopterygii

Phylum: Chordata •

Order: Perciformes

Family: Pomacentridae

Geography / Habitat: The Regal Angelfish are one of the more common Pomacanthids on the Great Barrier Reef. They like areas with lots of holes and crevices. They prefer rich coral areas with currents and moderate wave action. They are always on the move swimming from crevice to crevice in search of food. Found at depths from 1-20 meters (3-66 ft.) Life Strategy: If an Angelfish suddenly displays a bulging belly and a more aggressive behaviour, it is probably a gravid female Angelfish. Two Angelfish grooming each other is also a typical breeding behaviour. Angelfish of both sexes will also flash fins, face off, lock their mouths and twist around. When a couple has been formed, they will choose a spawning site and start cleaning it together. The Angelfish eggs will be deposited on the spawning slate and placed in very neat and evenly spaced lines. If she doesn’t like the spawning slate, she will deposit the eggs somewhere else in the aquarium. The male Angelfish will fertilize the eggs by following close behind the female and touching all the eggs with his papilla. If you keep only female Angelfish, one of the females might actually resume a male behaviour and follow the egg-laying female and touch the eggs. Those eggs will naturally remain unfertilized and become white within a few days.


Food / Feed Strategy: Mostly sponges and algae

Body Form or Style: The Regal Angelfish can be recognised by the alternating yellow and black-edged white bars on the body. The soft part of the dorsal fin is blue with black scribbles. The anal fin has yellow and blue stripes. The caudal fin is yellow. • Swim / Locomotion Style: • Mouth Position: Citation: http://animal-world.com/encyclo/marine/angels/Regal.php Title: Shepard’s pygmy angelfish

Species #:23

Common Name: Scientific Name: Centropyge shepardi Kingdom: Animalia Class: Actinopterygii

Phylum: : Chordata •

Order: Perciformes

Family: Pomacentridae

Geography / Habitat: The Shepard's Pygmy Angelfish Centropyge shepardi was described rather recently by Randall & Yasuda in 1979. They are found in the Western Pacific, from the Mariana and Ogasawara (Bonin) Islands, and occasionally off the Izu Islands south of Japan. Possibly southwest of Palau. They inhabit depths from 33 to 184 feet (10 - 56 m). Life Strategy: If an Angelfish suddenly displays a bulging belly and a more aggressive behaviour, it is probably a gravid female Angelfish. Two Angelfish grooming each other is also a typical breeding behaviour. Angelfish of both sexes will also flash fins, face off, lock their mouths and twist around. When a couple has been formed, they will choose a spawning site and start cleaning it together. The Angelfish eggs will be deposited on the spawning slate and placed in very neat and evenly spaced lines. If she doesn’t like the spawning slate, she will deposit the eggs somewhere else in the aquarium. The male Angelfish will fertilize the eggs by following close behind the female and touching all the eggs with his papilla. If you keep only female Angelfish, one of the females might actually resume a male behaviour and follow the egg-laying female and touch the eggs. Those eggs will naturally remain unfertilized and become white within a few days. Food / Feed Strategy: The Shepard’s Pygmy Angelfish is an omnivore, though tends a lot closer to being an herbivore. These dwarf angelfish are known to eat mostly algae in the wild. Their stomach contents are benthic algae and weeds, so a diet rich in vegetable matter is essential. The only "meaty" foods they ingest may be an occasional copepod who inhabits the algae they consume. They do best in a tank with a good supply of natural algae foods containing copepods and other small edibles, and diatom algae. Body Form or Style: The Shepard’s Pygmy Angelfish has an oval body and the shape the dorsal and anal fins are rounded to slightly pointed at the ends. It has a beautiful coloration. Its ranges in color with a head and body that are apricot to an almost red, with darkening toward the dorsal fin area. The common name Mango Angelfish is derived from this vibrant coloration.


• Swim / Locomotion Style: • Mouth Position: Citation: http://animal-world.com/encyclo/marine/angels/shepardi.php

Title: lemonpeel angelfish

Species #:24

Common Name: Scientific Name: Centropyge flavissima Kingdom: Animalia Class: Actinopterygii

Phylum: Chordata •

Order: : Perciformes

• •

Family: Pomacentridae

Geography / Habitat: They are found throughout the Central Pacific Ocean. In the Indo-Pacific they are found in Cocos-Keeling Islands and the Atoll Islands to the Line Islands, Marquesan Island and Ducie Islands and at times Easter Island, then north to the Ryukyu Island, and south to Rapa and New Caledonia. They are also reported from the Coral Sea and Great Barrier Reef of Australia, with rare but occasional sighting from the western side of its distribution including Palau, Philippines, New Guinea, Indonesia, and Japan. Life Strategy: If an Angelfish suddenly displays a bulging belly and a more aggressive behaviour, it is probably a gravid female Angelfish. Two Angelfish grooming each other is also a typical breeding behaviour. Angelfish of both sexes will also flash fins, face off, lock their mouths and twist around. When a couple has been formed, they will choose a spawning site and start cleaning it together. The Angelfish eggs will be deposited on the spawning slate and placed in very neat and evenly spaced lines. If she doesn’t like the spawning slate, she will deposit the eggs somewhere else in the aquarium. The male Angelfish will fertilize the eggs by following close behind the female and touching all the eggs with his papilla. If you keep only female Angelfish, one of the females might actually resume a male behaviour and follow the egg-laying female and touch the eggs. Those eggs will naturally remain unfertilized and become white within a few days. Food / Feed Strategy: The Lemonpeel Angelfish is an omnivore, but their diet mainly consists of algae. They need algae naturally growing in the tank to be healthy. Feeding them 2 to 3 times a day and offering a variety of good foods is important. These include prepared foods with marine algae, spirulina enriched foods, frozen mysid shrimp, shaved shrimp and brine shrimp. There are several good commercial foods available including Formula II and Angel Formula. Body Form or Style : The Lemonpeel Angelfish has the typical shape for a dwarf species, having a small elongated oval shaped body with rounded fins. They grow to a maximum length of 5.5" (14 cm) and have a lifespan of 11 years in captivity. These dwarf angels are typically bright yellow with a blue and black line on the gill cover. Some of their fins are edged with blue as well and there can be some blue on the lips. Specimens originating from the Pacific Ocean also have a blue circle around the eye. This eye ring is missing from those originating Indian Ocean, and there is some speculation that this could indicate a separate species.


The juveniles are the same color as the adults, but they also have an ocellus, or eyespot on each side. These are a large black dot edged with blue located in the middle of the body. Lemonpeel Angelfish often cross breed with C. vroliki (Pearlscale Angelfish) which tend to be more hardy. Swim / Locomotion Style: • Mouth Position: Citation: http://animal-world.com/encyclo/marine/angels/lemonpeel.php

Title: multicolor angelfish

Species #:25

Common Name: Scientific Name: Centropyge multicolor Kingdom: Animalia Class: Actinopterygii

Phylum: : Chordata •

Order: Perciformes

Family: Pomacentridae

Geography / Habitat: The Multicolor Angelfish are found in the Central Pacific; Marshall Islands, Marianas, Palau, Society Islands, Fiji, Cook Islands and Hawaiian Islands. Randall & Wass (1974) described it from the Marshall Islands. This species of Centropyge live in their natural habitat alone or by forming a small group. It is said to be seen among rocks at depths between 65 - 377 feet (20-115) meters. It is rarely seen in its natural habitat in Hawaii where the relative, Nahacky's Pygmy Angelfish C. nahackyi, was also found. Randall and Wass also described the Golden Angelfish Centropyge aurantia at the same time. Gerald Allen stated that he caught it for the first time to describe it, but Randall had already captured it a few months earlier (Allen,1979). Life Strategy: If an Angelfish suddenly displays a bulging belly and a more aggressive behaviour, it is probably a gravid female Angelfish. Two Angelfish grooming each other is also a typical breeding behaviour. Angelfish of both sexes will also flash fins, face off, lock their mouths and twist around. When a couple has been formed, they will choose a spawning site and start cleaning it together. The Angelfish eggs will be deposited on the spawning slate and placed in very neat and evenly spaced lines. If she doesn’t like the spawning slate, she will deposit the eggs somewhere else in the aquarium. The male Angelfish will fertilize the eggs by following close behind the female and touching all the eggs with his papilla. If you keep only female Angelfish, one of the females might actually resume a male behaviour and follow the egg-laying female and touch the eggs. Those eggs will naturally remain unfertilized and become white within a few days. Food / Feed Strategy: The Multicolor Angelfish are omnivores. Provide a varied diet. Meaty foods, dried flakes, shrimps, frozen prepared diets for sponge and algae eaters, and tablets are acceptable. Feed frequently at first with various foods, including ‘wet foods' like frozen shrimps. Feed at least twice a day.

Body Form or Style: The Multicolor Angelfish or Multicolor Pygmy Angelfish is definitely a multicolored fish. It is pale on the upper half of body, shading to yellow on the anterior half of the abdominal side, orangish centrally, and blackish blue posteriorly. The head is deep blue above eye-level with vertical black bars. The caudal fin is yellow, the dorsal and anal fins bluish black with deep blue margins, and the pectoral and pelvic fins are yellow.


• Swim / Locomotion Style: • Mouth Position: Citation: http://animal-world.com/encyclo/marine/angels/MulticolorAngelfish.php

Title: potters pygmy angelfish

Species #:26

Common Name: Scientific Name: Centropyge potteri Kingdom: Animalia Class: Actinopterygii

Phylum: Chordata •

Order: Perciformes

Family: Pomacentridae

Geography / Habitat: The Potter’s Pygmy Angelfish is found mainly near the Hawaiian Islands and Johnston Atoll. They are typically found at depths from 3 to 450 feet (1 to 138 m), with adults inhabiting areas typically at 33 feet (10m). This dwarf angel inhabits the clear waters of seaward reefs among rock, coral or rubble and feeds benthic algae, weeds and detritus. They are usually seen in pairs or in small groups of one male with one to eight females. They will attack damsels and tangs that are indigenous to the area to protect their spawning site and food source. Life Strategy: If an Angelfish suddenly displays a bulging belly and a more aggressive behaviour, it is probably a gravid female Angelfish. Two Angelfish grooming each other is also a typical breeding behaviour. Angelfish of both sexes will also flash fins, face off, lock their mouths and twist around. When a couple has been formed, they will choose a spawning site and start cleaning it together. The Angelfish eggs will be deposited on the spawning slate and placed in very neat and evenly spaced lines. If she doesn’t like the spawning slate, she will deposit the eggs somewhere else in the aquarium. The male Angelfish will fertilize the eggs by following close behind the female and touching all the eggs with his papilla. If you keep only female Angelfish, one of the females might actually resume a male behaviour and follow the egg-laying female and touch the eggs. Those eggs will naturally remain unfertilized and become white within a few days. Food / Feed Strategy: Feed this Omnivore several times a day with marine algae, spirulina enriched foods, mysis shrimp and high-quality meaty foods that are easily obtained at the grocery store. Make sure the meaty chopped pieces are very small since they have small mouths.

Body Form or Style: The Potter’s Angelfish is a typical shape for dwarf species, having a small elongated oval shape body, with rounded fins. They are typically bright orange with irregular, thin fine vertical black to blue stripes on the entire body, including the dorsal, anal and tail fin. The lower mid area of the body has a blue irregular oval area with some species having blue on the backs of the anal, tail and dorsal fin. The pelvic fins are a solid yellow to orange, and the pectoral fins are a clearish yellow to orange.


• Swim / Locomotion Style: • Mouth Position: Citation: http://animal-world.com/encyclo/marine/angels/Potters.php Title: Colin’s pygmy angelfish

Species #:27

Common Name: Scientific Name: Centropyge colini Kingdom: Animalia Class: Actinopterygii

Phylum: Chordata •

Order: Perciformes

Family: Pomacentridae

Geography / Habitat: The Colin's Pygmy Angelfish are found in the Eastern Indian Ocean and the West Pacific; the Coos-Keeling Islands, Indonesia, Papua New Guinea, the Philippines, the Solomon, Fiji, Palauan and Ogasawara Islands. The were first collected in the Coos-Keeling Islands by Smith-Vaniz and Randall in1974. Smith-Vaniz and Randall also described the Yellowhead Angelfish or Coco's Pygmy Angelfish C. joculator from the same area at that time. The species seems rare in their natural habitat and are seen solitarily or in a pair. It is often observed upside down under coral and ruble areas on the steep outer reefs at depths between 79 - 246+ feet (24 - 75+ meters). Life Strategy: If an Angelfish suddenly displays a bulging belly and a more aggressive behaviour, it is probably a gravid female Angelfish. Two Angelfish grooming each other is also a typical breeding behaviour. Angelfish of both sexes will also flash fins, face off, lock their mouths and twist around. When a couple has been formed, they will choose a spawning site and start cleaning it together. The Angelfish eggs will be deposited on the spawning slate and placed in very neat and evenly spaced lines. If she doesn’t like the spawning slate, she will deposit the eggs somewhere else in the aquarium. The male Angelfish will fertilize the eggs by following close behind the female and touching all the eggs with his papilla. If you keep only female Angelfish, one of the females might actually resume a male behaviour and follow the egg-laying female and touch the eggs. Those eggs will naturally remain unfertilized and become white within a few days. Food / Feed Strategy: The Colin's Pygmy Angelfish are omnivores. Provide a varied diet. Meaty foods, dried flakes, shrimps, frozen prepared diets for sponge and algae eaters, and tablets are acceptable. Feed frequently at first with various foods, including algae. Once it is successfully acclimatized it will become a rather hardy pet. Feed on it at least twice a day; if it is a tiny juvenile provide it with foods three to four times everyday. Body Form or Style: The Colin's Pygmy Angelfish is blue on the upper 1/4 area of body and yellow on the lower side and has a blue ring around the eye. The caudal, anal, and pelvic fins are yellow. The dorsal fin is blue on the spinous part and yellow posteriorly, and the pectoral fins are yellowish. It has a higher body like the Peppermint Angelfish C. boylei, Barred angelfish C. multifasciata, and the Purplemask Angelfish C. venusta. • Swim / Locomotion Style: • Mouth Position: Citation: http://animal-world.com/encyclo/marine/angels/ColinsPygmyAngelfish.php Title: coral beauty angelfish

Species #:28


Common Name: Scientific Name: Centropyge bispinosa Kingdom: Animalia Class: Actinopterygii

Phylum: : Chordata •

Order: Perciformes

Family: Pomacentridae Geography / Habitat: The Coral Beauty Angelfish are secretive fish that are found in lagoon and seaward reef slopes which support an abundance of coral growth and algae. They feed on algae, and live alone or in small groups consisting of one male with 2 to 5 females 3-7. As adults they are found at depths of 29 to 148 feet (9 to 45 m). The deeper individuals are much more pale in color than those from shallower waters. They have been reared in captivity. Life Strategy: If an Angelfish suddenly displays a bulging belly and a more aggressive behaviour, it is probably a gravid female Angelfish. Two Angelfish grooming each other is also a typical breeding behaviour. Angelfish of both sexes will also flash fins, face off, lock their mouths and twist around. When a couple has been formed, they will choose a spawning site and start cleaning it together. The Angelfish eggs will be deposited on the spawning slate and placed in very neat and evenly spaced lines. If she doesn’t like the spawning slate, she will deposit the eggs somewhere else in the aquarium. The male Angelfish will fertilize the eggs by following close behind the female and touching all the eggs with his papilla. If you keep only female Angelfish, one of the females might actually resume a male behaviour and follow the egg-laying female and touch the eggs. Those eggs will naturally remain unfertilized and become white within a few days. Food / Feed Strategy: The Coral Beauty Angelfish is an omnivore. In the wild it feeds primarily on algae, but it will also ingest tiny animals living in the algae. In captivity their diet will be mostly algae, but also offer some other proteins. Feeding them a variety of good foods is important. Offer various types of fresh and dried marine algae, spirulina enriched foods, mysis shrimp, shaved shrimp and other high-quality meaty foods, angelfish preparations, and flakes or pellets designed for algae eating fish. There are several good commercial foods available including Formula II and Angel Formula. Feed several times a day even if natural foods are present. Body Form or Style: The Coral Beauty Angelfish has the typical shape for dwarf angels, having a small elongated oval shape body, with rounded fins. Different specimens can vary in its intensity of coloration and patterning, depending on where it was collected in the wild. They can be almost entirely purple with some orange to orange-yellow barring that consists of dots and dashes. Others will have most of their body covered in orange to yellow, with thin purple lines and dots running over it, yet may still have a purple head and fins. Deeper dwelling individuals will be more pale. The Philippine variety has a beautiful blue-red coloration. • Swim / Locomotion Style: • Mouth Position: Citation: http://animal-world.com/encyclo/marine/angels/CoralBeauty.php Title: keyhole angelfish Common Name: Scientific Name: Centropyge tibicen

Species #:29


Kingdom: Animalia Class: Actinopterygii

Phylum: Chordata •

Order: Perciformes

Family: Pomacentridae

Geography / Habitat: The Keyhole Angelfish inhabit the Western Pacific Ocean and the Eastern Indian Ocean. They are found in areas of Christmas Island to Fiji then northward to the southern part of Japan.and southward to the Scott Reef, the Eastern Indian Ocean, and Lord Howe Island. The Keyhole Angelfish are found alone or in harems of 3-7 individuals. They inhabit mixed coral and rubble areas of lagoons and seaward reefs, feeding primarily on algae and some and crustaceans. The depths they are found as adults is from 13 to 180 feet (4 to 55 m). Life Strategy: If an Angelfish suddenly displays a bulging belly and a more aggressive behaviour, it is probably a gravid female Angelfish. Two Angelfish grooming each other is also a typical breeding behaviour. Angelfish of both sexes will also flash fins, face off, lock their mouths and twist around. When a couple has been formed, they will choose a spawning site and start cleaning it together. The Angelfish eggs will be deposited on the spawning slate and placed in very neat and evenly spaced lines. If she doesn’t like the spawning slate, she will deposit the eggs somewhere else in the aquarium. The male Angelfish will fertilize the eggs by following close behind the female and touching all the eggs with his papilla. If you keep only female Angelfish, one of the females might actually resume a male behaviour and follow the egg-laying female and touch the eggs. Those eggs will naturally remain unfertilized and become white within a few days. Food / Feed Strategy: The Keyhole Angelfish is an omnivore. In the wild their diet mainly consists of algae along with some crustaceans. They need algae naturally growing in the tank to be healthy. Feeding them several times a day and offering a variety of good foods is important even with amply algae in the tank. These include prepared foods with marine algae, spirulina enriched foods, frozen mysid shrimp, brine shrimp, and meaty crustaceans such as shaved shrimp and clams. There are several good commercial foods available including Formula II and Angel Formula. Body Form or Style: The Keyhole Angelfish has the typical shape for a dwarf species, having a small elongated oval shaped body with rounded fins. This dwarf angelfish ranges in overall color from dark bluish black to black. It has a vertical white oval blotch on the upper back below the dorsal fin toward the front, giving it rise to its common name. Swim / Locomotion Style: • Mouth Position: Citation: http://animal-world.com/encyclo/marine/angels/keyhole.php Title: the Koran angelfish

Species #:30

Common Name: Scientific Name: Pomacanthus semicirculatus Kingdom: Animalia Class: Actinopterygii

Phylum: : Chordata • • •

Order: Perciformes


Family: Pomacentridae

Geography / Habitat: The Koran Angelfish Pomacanthus semicirculatus , is also known as the Semicircle Angelfish, Semicirculatus, Semicirculatus Angelfish, Half-Circle Angelfish, and Halfcircled Angelfish. It is from the Pomacanthidae family, and was first described by Cuvier in 1831. Semicirculatus are found off of Queensland, Western Australia, New South Wales, and New Guinea. Also common in the Indian Ocean from South Africa, the Red Sea, and Sri Lanka eastward to Indonesia and the Western Pacific from New Caledonia, Fiji, and Samoa, northward to Japan. It is on the IUCN Red List as Least Concern (LC), with a stable population. The young Koran Angel is found in shallow protected areas. Very small juveniles stay in dark caverns and are never seen, but older juveniles will be found in shallow water on top of reefs where there is also a lot of sandy bottoms. Adults are generally found alone, but sometimes in pairs, where there is dense coral growth that provides cover if there is a threat. They found at depths of 3 to 98 feet (1 to 30 m). Semicirculatus feed on sponges, tunicates, algae and other encrusting animals. There has been some success in captive spawning, yet so far getting the larvae to survive beyond 17 days has proved difficult. Life Strategy: If an Angelfish suddenly displays a bulging belly and a more aggressive behaviour, it is probably a gravid female Angelfish. Two Angelfish grooming each other is also a typical breeding behaviour. Angelfish of both sexes will also flash fins, face off, lock their mouths and twist around. When a couple has been formed, they will choose a spawning site and start cleaning it together. The Angelfish eggs will be deposited on the spawning slate and placed in very neat and evenly spaced lines. If she doesn’t like the spawning slate, she will deposit the eggs somewhere else in the aquarium. The male Angelfish will fertilize the eggs by following close behind the female and touching all the eggs with his papilla. If you keep only female Angelfish, one of the females might actually resume a male behaviour and follow the egg-laying female and touch the eggs. Those eggs will naturally remain unfertilized and become white within a few days. Food / Feed Strategy: Koran Angelfish or Semicircle Angelfish are omnivores, in the wild they eat a wide variety of sponges, tunicates, algae and other encrusting animals. It is important that you feed angelfish all kinds of live, frozen, and prepared formula foods. Feed vegetable based foods as well as meaty foods like chopped squid, scallop, and shrimp. Prepared foods with marine sponge is essential. A good formula that can be made at home consists of mussels, shrimp, squid, and spinach. Many foods offer color enhancing qualities, which are helpful. Feed 3 or more times a day. Body Form or Style: The Koran Angelfish or Semicircle Angelfish adult looks like someone outlined the body and gills in a bright, almost neon blue. The small mouth is yellow and the head can be a solid pale grayish blue or yellow to dark brownish yellow, devoid of any speckling.The mid section brightens up to a lighter yellow, speckled with dark blue scales. The colors seem to reverse as you go toward the tail, with the body being the darker color having yellow, green or blue scales. This darker color covers the back 3/4 of the body and into the tail fin. Streamers extend several inches beyond both the dorsal and anal fins, and they are tipped in yellow. The same is true for the pelvic fins. The pectoral fins are light yellow. Swim / Locomotion Style: • Mouth Position: Citation: http://animal-world.com/encyclo/marine/angels/koran.php Title: Lamarck’s angelfish

Species #:31

Common Name: Scientific Name: Genicanthus lamarck Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata


Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Perciformes

Family: Pomacentridae

Geography / Habitat: The Lamarck’s Angelfish is found in the Indo-West Pacific from the Indo-Malayan regions and eastward to Vanuatu, then from southern Japan south to the Great Barrier Reef in Australia. They are unique in that they live in a wide variety of habitats. Habitats they are found in include coastal reefs, which at times has very turbid conditions, reef crests, and deep reefs near steep slopes.They are found in depths from 33 to 131 feet (10 - 40 m) living alone or in small or large groups, as well as pairs in areas where there is a low population. They feed in the water column on zooplankton during the day which can consist of diatoms, tiny crustaceans, protozoans, and the eggs and larval stages of other animals. Life Strategy: If an Angelfish suddenly displays a bulging belly and a more aggressive behaviour, it is probably a gravid female Angelfish. Two Angelfish grooming each other is also a typical breeding behaviour. Angelfish of both sexes will also flash fins, face off, lock their mouths and twist around. When a couple has been formed, they will choose a spawning site and start cleaning it together. The Angelfish eggs will be deposited on the spawning slate and placed in very neat and evenly spaced lines. If she doesn’t like the spawning slate, she will deposit the eggs somewhere else in the aquarium. The male Angelfish will fertilize the eggs by following close behind the female and touching all the eggs with his papilla. If you keep only female Angelfish, one of the females might actually resume a male behaviour and follow the egg-laying female and touch the eggs. Those eggs will naturally remain unfertilized and become white within a few days. Food / Feed Strategy: The Lamarck's Angelfish is an omnivore, but lIke all the Swallowtail Angelfish from the Genicanthus genus, they are zooplanktivores in the wild, meaning they eat tiny critters that float freely in the water column. In captivity they will feed on meaty foods along with some diatoms and algae in the tank. It is important that you feed angelfish a variety of good foods; all kinds of live, frozen, and prepared formula foods. Best to feed small amounts two to three times a day times a day. You can offer finely chopped fresh shrimp and fish, frozen brine shrimp and frozen foods that have spirulina. A good formula that can be made at home consists of mussels, shrimp, squid, and spinach. There are also several good commercial foods available including Formula II and Angel Formula. Live brine shrimp or black worms and mysis shrimp can be given on occasion. Higher temperatures may make feeding them several times a day necessary. Body Form or Style: The Lamarck's Angelfish is very different in shape than most angelfish. They have an almost teardrop shape body with the head area being more rounded, then it tapers back nearing the tail fin. The male and female have slightly different patterning. They are both white with 3 to 6 horizontal black stripes, one black stripe running along the top of their dorsal fin, and a crescent shaped tail fin. Both males and larger females have a yellow spot on the top of the head that can either fade or become brighter during social interactions. • Swim / Locomotion Style: • Mouth Position: Citation: http://animal-world.com/encyclo/marine/angels/lamark.php

Title: blue-ringed angelfish Common Name: Scientific Name: Pomacanthus annularis

Species #:32


Kingdom: Animalia Class: Actinopterygii

Phylum: Chordata •

Order: Perciformes

Family: Pomacentridae

Geography / Habitat: Described by Bloch in 1787, the Blue-ringed Angelfish is found in the Central Indian Ocean to West Pacific; west coast of India, Sri Lanka, Southeast Asia, southern Ryukyu Islands, Taiwan, Philippines, Papua New Guinea to Solomon Islands. It was first collected in the East Indies. The species will be seen alone in its juvenile stage, while adults are usually observed in pairs. Its natural habitat is coastal and coral reefs at depths of 10 - 164 feet (3 - 50 meters). Life Strategy: If an Angelfish suddenly displays a bulging belly and a more aggressive behaviour, it is probably a gravid female Angelfish. Two Angelfish grooming each other is also a typical breeding behaviour. Angelfish of both sexes will also flash fins, face off, lock their mouths and twist around. When a couple has been formed, they will choose a spawning site and start cleaning it together. The Angelfish eggs will be deposited on the spawning slate and placed in very neat and evenly spaced lines. If she doesn’t like the spawning slate, she will deposit the eggs somewhere else in the aquarium. The male Angelfish will fertilize the eggs by following close behind the female and touching all the eggs with his papilla. If you keep only female Angelfish, one of the females might actually resume a male behaviour and follow the egg-laying female and touch the eggs. Those eggs will naturally remain unfertilized and become white within a few days. Food / Feed Strategy: The Blue-ringed Angelfish are omnivores, in the wild they eat large amounts of encrusting invertebrates like sponges and tunicates, as well as picking zooplankton from the water column. Almost any food will be accepted but be sure to provide a varied diet that includes substantial sponge foods, either commercially prepared mixtures containing sponge or by providing live sponge. Meaty foods, dried flakes, shrimps, and tablets are favorites but also offer frozen shrimps, prepared diets for sponge and algae eaters, vegetables, and Japanese Nori. As this fish may nip the polyps of some stony and soft coral species, and also eat living shrimps, it is not recommended for reef-type aquariums. Provide adults with various foods at least twice a day and juveniles should be fed three to four times a day. Body Form or Style: The adult Blue-ringed Angelfish has a disc--like but higher body that is entirely yellowish brown with numerous fine dots and about 8 curving blue lines running obliquely throughout on the side. There is a rounded yellowish brown area surrounded by blue behind the eye and the face is blue with blue lines just behind eye. The dorsal and anal fins are brownish and gradually becoming deep blue posteriorly. The dorsal fin has a blackish thread from the central portion, becoming yellowish posteriorly. The caudal fin is abruptly white, gradually shading to slightly duskier with a white edge. The pectoral fins are yellowish brown with a blue-black spot at fin-base and the pelvic fins are yellowish brown with several blue-black lines. Swim / Locomotion Style: • Mouth Position: Citation: http://animal-world.com/encyclo/marine/angels/BlueRingedAngelfish.php

Title: red sea angelfish Common Name: Scientific Name: Pomacanthus maculosus

Species #:33


Kingdom: Animalia Class: Actinopterygii

Phylum: : Chordata •

Order: Perciformes

• •

Family: Pomacentridae

Geography / Habitat: They are found in and around the Arabian Peninsula. They occur in the Red Sea, the eastern tip of Persian (Arabian) Gulf, and the northwestern Indian Ocean, coasts of Somalia and Kenya. They are most often found in rich coral areas at depths from 16 - 197 feet (5 - 60 meters). This species occurs solitarily or in a pair. The fish is aggressive and very territorial in nature, always patrols the reef. Life Strategy: If an Angelfish suddenly displays a bulging belly and a more aggressive behaviour, it is probably a gravid female Angelfish. Two Angelfish grooming each other is also a typical breeding behaviour. Angelfish of both sexes will also flash fins, face off, lock their mouths and twist around. When a couple has been formed, they will choose a spawning site and start cleaning it together. The Angelfish eggs will be deposited on the spawning slate and placed in very neat and evenly spaced lines. If she doesn’t like the spawning slate, she will deposit the eggs somewhere else in the aquarium. The male Angelfish will fertilize the eggs by following close behind the female and touching all the eggs with his papilla. If you keep only female Angelfish, one of the females might actually resume a male behaviour and follow the egg-laying female and touch the eggs. Those eggs will naturally remain unfertilized and become white within a few days. Food / Feed Strategy: The Red Sea Angelfish or Yellowbar Angelfish are omnivores, in the wild it is believed they eat mostly sponges, tunicates, and algae. No special food is needed in the aquarium, they will readily accept a wide variety of foods. Provide a varied diet that includes substantial sponge foods, either commercially prepared mixtures containing sponge or by providing live sponge. Offer Meaty foods, dried flakes, shrimps, and tablets are favorites but also offer frozen shrimps, prepared diets for sponge and algae eaters, vegetables, and Japanese Nori. As this fish may nip the polyps of some stony and soft coral species, it is not recommended for reef-type aquariums. Feed them at least twice a day. Body Form or Style: The adult Red Sea Angelfish or Yellowbar Angelfish has an overall blue to dark blue body with a large yellow blotch centrally on the side and the forehead has smaller black vertical dots. The dorsal and anal fins are sharply pointed posteriorly, forming a filament on each fin. The caudal fin is whitish to yellowish with numerous yellowish fine dots and the margin of the fin is white. The pelvic fins are dark blue. Swim / Locomotion Style: • Mouth Position: Citation: http://animal-world.com/encyclo/marine/angels/RedSeaAngelfish.php

Title: flame angelfish

Species #:34

Common Name: Scientific Name: Centropyge loricula Kingdom: Animalia Class: Actinopterygii

Phylum: : Chordata • •

Order: Perciformes


Family: Pomacentridae

Geography / Habitat: The Flame Angelfish Centropyge loricula was described by Gunther in 1874, and this first fish was found in the Society Islands. This little angelfish is from the Pomacanthidae family, of the genus Centropyge , which currently has over 33 species. The Flame Angel has a very wide distribution, it is found in scattered localities of tropical waters across the Western Pacific Ocean from Belau to the Hawaiian, Marquesas, and Ducie Islands, south to the Great Barrier Reef and the Pitcairn group of Islands. It is on the IUCN Red List as Least Concerned (LC) with a stable population. Other common names that they are know by are Flame Angel and Dwarf Flame Angelfish. Life Strategy: If an Angelfish suddenly displays a bulging belly and a more aggressive behaviour, it is probably a gravid female Angelfish. Two Angelfish grooming each other is also a typical breeding behaviour. Angelfish of both sexes will also flash fins, face off, lock their mouths and twist around. When a couple has been formed, they will choose a spawning site and start cleaning it together. The Angelfish eggs will be deposited on the spawning slate and placed in very neat and evenly spaced lines. If she doesn’t like the spawning slate, she will deposit the eggs somewhere else in the aquarium. The male Angelfish will fertilize the eggs by following close behind the female and touching all the eggs with his papilla. If you keep only female Angelfish, one of the females might actually resume a male behaviour and follow the egg-laying female and touch the eggs. Those eggs will naturally remain unfertilized and become white within a few days. Food / Feed Strategy: The Flame Angel is an omnivore. In the wild it feeds primarily on algae, but it will also ingest tiny animals living in the algae. In captivity they are a grazer and their diet will be mostly algae, but also offer some other proteins. Feeding them a variety of good foods is important. Offer various types of fresh and dried marine algae, spirulina enriched foods, mysis shrimp, shaved shrimp and other high-quality meaty foods, angelfish preparations, and flakes or pellets designed for algae eating fish. There are several good commercial foods available including Formula II and Angel Formula. Feed several times a day even if natural foods are present.They are also a potential controller of many types of algae growth including certain species of diatom algae; Sea Lettuce Ulva spp., and some algae species of Derbesia, Entermorpha , Oscillatoria , and Boodlea . Body Form or Style: The Flame Angelfish has the typical shape for dwarf angels, having a small elongated oval shape body, with rounded fins. Typically they are an orange to reddish orange, and with or without a wide splotch just behind the head. They also typically have 3 to 7 additional vertical black bars that can be thin, thick and/or run together. The eyes of Flame Angelfish are black. The back edges of the dorsal and anal fins have deep bluish purple and black streaks. The tail fin and pectoral fins are orange, yet slightly transparent. The pelvic fins are solid orangish red in color like the body • Swim / Locomotion Style: • Mouth Position: Citation: http://animal-world.com/encyclo/marine/angels/flame.php

Title: French angelfish Common Name: Scientific Name: Pomacanthus paru

Species #:35


Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: : Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Perciformes

Family: Pomacentridae

Geography / Habitat: Described by Bloch in 1787, the French Angelfish Pomacanthus paru is found in the Western and Central Atlantic Ocean; Florida, Caribbean Sea, Bermudas, Brazilian coasts to south of the Rio de Janeiro, and also the Ascension Island to the west coasts of Africa. In the Bermudas the species was introduced. It was originally collected in Brazil and Jamaica as types and was first described as Chaetodon paru, but was later described as the now valid Pomacanthus paru. Life Strategy: If an Angelfish suddenly displays a bulging belly and a more aggressive behaviour, it is probably a gravid female Angelfish. Two Angelfish grooming each other is also a typical breeding behaviour. Angelfish of both sexes will also flash fins, face off, lock their mouths and twist around. When a couple has been formed, they will choose a spawning site and start cleaning it together. The Angelfish eggs will be deposited on the spawning slate and placed in very neat and evenly spaced lines. If she doesn’t like the spawning slate, she will deposit the eggs somewhere else in the aquarium. The male Angelfish will fertilize the eggs by following close behind the female and touching all the eggs with his papilla. If you keep only female Angelfish, one of the females might actually resume a male behaviour and follow the egg-laying female and touch the eggs. Those eggs will naturally remain unfertilized and become white within a few days. Food / Feed Strategy: The French Angelfish are omnivores, in the wild they eat large amounts of sponges and algae, as well as some bryozoans, zoantharians, gorgonians, and tunicates. Almost any food will be accepted but be sure to provide a varied diet that includes substantial vegetable foods as well as sponge foods, either commercially prepared mixtures containing sponge or by providing live sponge. Meaty foods, dried flakes, shrimps, and tablets are favorites but also offer frozen shrimps, prepared diets for sponge and algae eaters, vegetables, and Japanese Nori. As this fish may eat the polyps of some stony and soft coral species, and also living shrimps, it is not recommended for reef-type aquariums. Feed these fish at least twice a day.

Body Form or Style: The adult French Angelfish has a disc-shaped body that is entirely black, with a vertical short yellow dot on each scale giving it a metallic appearance. There is a yellow circle around the eye, the mouth is white, and the fins are black. The dorsal fin has a yellowish thread from the anterior spinous portion and there is another black thread from the first spine of the anal fin, both reaching back to the end of caudal fin. The caudal peduncle has yellow dots and there is a yellow marking at the base of pectoral fin. Swim / Locomotion Style: • Mouth Position: Citation: http://animal-world.com/encyclo/marine/angels/FrenchAngelfish.php Title: goldflake angelfish

Species #:35

Common Name: Scientific Name: Apolemichthys xanthopunctatus Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata


Class: Actinopterygii

Order: : Perciformes

Family: Pomacentridae

Geography / Habitat: The Goldflake Angelfish Apolemichthys xanthopunctatus was described by Burgess in 1973. This angelfish is a member of the Pomacanthidae family in the Apolemichthys genus, which currently has only 8 described species. They are found in the Central-Western Pacific Ocean between the Gilbert and Line Islands, as well as from the eastern Caroline Islands, Phoenix Islands, Christmas Island, and Line Islands. It is on the IUCN Red List as Least Concerned (LC) with a stable population. Other common names it is know by include Gold-spangled Angelfish, Goldspotted Angelfish, Gold-Speckled Angelfish, Golden Spotted Angelfish, and Golden-spangled Angelfish. Life Strategy: If an Angelfish suddenly displays a bulging belly and a more aggressive behaviour, it is probably a gravid female Angelfish. Two Angelfish grooming each other is also a typical breeding behaviour. Angelfish of both sexes will also flash fins, face off, lock their mouths and twist around. When a couple has been formed, they will choose a spawning site and start cleaning it together. The Angelfish eggs will be deposited on the spawning slate and placed in very neat and evenly spaced lines. If she doesn’t like the spawning slate, she will deposit the eggs somewhere else in the aquarium. The male Angelfish will fertilize the eggs by following close behind the female and touching all the eggs with his papilla. If you keep only female Angelfish, one of the females might actually resume a male behaviour and follow the egg-laying female and touch the eggs. Those eggs will naturally remain unfertilized and become white within a few days. Food / Feed Strategy: The Goldflake Angelfish is an omnivore. It does best with live rock that has plenty of algae growth. About two thirds of their diet consists of vegetable foods and about a third of sponge, tunicates and meaty foods. It is important that you feed angelfish a variety of good foods; all kinds of live, frozen, and prepared formula foods. Best to feed small amounts 2 to 3 times a day, less in tanks with plenty of natural occurring algae that they can nibble on.Feed them prepared frozen foods with spirulina, foods with sponge material and algae sheets as well. Chopped fish and shrimp, along with enriched mysis and brine shrimp should also should be provided. A good formula that can be made at home consists of mussels, shrimp, squid, and spinach. There are also several good commercial foods available including Formula II and Angel Formula. Body Form or Style: The Goldflake Angelfish is brownish yellow, with bright lemon yellow spots or flakes speckling the body. The concentration of speckling can increase closer to the head area. The head is yellow with a purplish nose and mouth, as well as a black spot on the forehead above the eye area. The dorsal, anal, and tail fin are black, with some of the edges being light blue. The pectoral and pelvic fins are opaque to light clearish gray. This angelfish grows up to 10” (25 cm). Their lifespan is unknown at this time, but the average lifespan of angelfish is 10 to 15 years. • Swim / Locomotion Style: • Mouth Position: Citation: http://animal-world.com/encyclo/marine/angels/GoldSpangledAngelfish.php

Title: blue faced angelfish Common Name: Scientific Name: Pomacanthus xanthometopon

Species #:36


Kingdom: Animalia Class: Actinopterygi

Phylum: Chordata •

Order: Perciformes

Family: Pomacentridae

Geography / Habitat: The Bluefaced Angelfish Pomacanthus xanthometopon is also known as the Yellowfaced Angelfish and Yellow Mask Angelfish. It is from the Pomacanthidae family, and was first described by Bleeker in 1853. It is found in the Indo Pacific Ocean from Maldives to Vanuatu then northward to the Yaeyama Islands and it is also found in Palau and Krosae in Micronesia. It is on the IUCN Red List as Least Concern (LC), with a stable population. Life Strategy: If an Angelfish suddenly displays a bulging belly and a more aggressive behaviour, it is probably a gravid female Angelfish. Two Angelfish grooming each other is also a typical breeding behaviour. Angelfish of both sexes will also flash fins, face off, lock their mouths and twist around. When a couple has been formed, they will choose a spawning site and start cleaning it together. The Angelfish eggs will be deposited on the spawning slate and placed in very neat and evenly spaced lines. If she doesn’t like the spawning slate, she will deposit the eggs somewhere else in the aquarium. The male Angelfish will fertilize the eggs by following close behind the female and touching all the eggs with his papilla. If you keep only female Angelfish, one of the females might actually resume a male behaviour and follow the egg-laying female and touch the eggs. Those eggs will naturally remain unfertilized and become white within a few days. Food / Feed Strategy: Bluefaced Angelfish are omnivores, in the wild eat a wide variety of sponges and other encrusting animals. It is important that you feed angelfish all kinds of live, frozen, and prepared formula foods. Feed vegetable based foods as well as meaty foods like chopped squid, scallop, and shrimp. Prepared foods with marine sponge is essential. A good formula that can be made at home consists of mussels, shrimp, squid, and spinach. Many foods offer color enhancing qualities, which are helpful. Feed 3 or more times a day. Body Form or Style: The adult Bluefaced Angelfish or Yellowfaced Angelfish has scales that are bright blue, outlined in yellow. The dorsal fin is yellow with a blue dot near the tail fin. Depending on the location where it is found, colored areas of the fish are yellow or orange, but not mixed. The tail fin is either orange or yellow, also depending on origin. The anal and pelvic fin are clearish yellow with a bright blue outline on the lower part of each fin. The pectoral fin is either orange or yellow with blue outlining the top and this color moves into the chest area and also outlines the eyes. The face is also bright blue, and starts at the mouth, or the front of the fish, and continues to just in front of the gills. The bright blue starts just above the eyes and then down to the chin. Swim / Locomotion Style: Mouth Position: • Citation: http://animal-world.com/encyclo/marine/angels/blue.php

Title: eibli’s angelfish

Species #:37

Common Name: Scientific Name: Centropyge eibli Kingdom: Animalia Class: Actinopterygi

Phylum: Chordata •

Order: Perciformes


Family: Pomacentridae

Geography / Habitat: The Eibli's Angelfish or Red Stripe Angelfish was first collected by a German biologist Eible-Eibesfeldt in the Nicobar Islands in 1963, and immediately was described by a German ichthyologist Wolfgang Klausewitz. They are found in the Eastern Indian Ocean to eastern Australia; Maldives, Nicobars, Sri Lanka, Andaman Sea, Thailand, Malaysia, Christmas and Cocos-Keeling Islands, Indonesia (to Flores) and the southern Great Barrier Reef. It is scarce in the Pacific Ocean, only a few records were made from the southern part of the Great Barrier Reef (Steene, 1977). The species lives alone, in a pair, or in a small group in coral-rich reefs in its natural habitat at depths between 10 - 82 feet (3 - 25 meters). Life Strategy: If an Angelfish suddenly displays a bulging belly and a more aggressive behaviour, it is probably a gravid female Angelfish. Two Angelfish grooming each other is also a typical breeding behaviour. Angelfish of both sexes will also flash fins, face off, lock their mouths and twist around. When a couple has been formed, they will choose a spawning site and start cleaning it together. The Angelfish eggs will be deposited on the spawning slate and placed in very neat and evenly spaced lines. If she doesn’t like the spawning slate, she will deposit the eggs somewhere else in the aquarium. The male Angelfish will fertilize the eggs by following close behind the female and touching all the eggs with his papilla. If you keep only female Angelfish, one of the females might actually resume a male behaviour and follow the egg-laying female and touch the eggs. Those eggs will naturally remain unfertilized and become white within a few days. Food / Feed Strategy: The Eibli's Angelfish or Red Stripe Angelfish are omnivores. Provide a varied diet. Meaty foods, dried flakes, shrimps, frozen prepared diets for sponge and algae eaters, and tablets are acceptable. Feed frequently at first with various foods, including frozen shrimps. Feed it at least twice a day. Body Form or Style: The Eibli's Angelfish or Red Stripe Angelfish has an entirely gray to greenish brown body with about 10 vertical narrow scribbled orange stripes on the sides. The posterior part of the body is blackish, sometimes interrupted or discontinued, and the rear is abruptly black. The face and head are sometimes slightly duskier. The fins are grayish with the dorsal fin have a black area posteriorly, the pelvic fins having orangish yellow, and the caudal fin is black with a blue margin. Juveniles are similar with fewer stripes on side.

• Swim / Locomotion Style: • Mouth Position: Citation: http://animal-world.com/encyclo/marine/angels/EiblisAngelfish.php

Title: emperor angelfish

Species #:38

Common Name: Scientific Name: Pomacanthus imperator Kingdom: Animalia Class: Actinopterygi

Phylum: Chordata • •

Family: Pomacentridae

Order: Perciformes


Geography / Habitat: The Imperial Angelfish is found in the Indo Pacific Ocean from the Red Sea and East Africa to the Hawaiian Islands, Line Islands and Tuamoto Islands. They can then be found from Southern Japan then south to the Great Barrier Reef, New Caledonia and Austral Islands. They are absent from the Easter Island, Rapa and Marquesan Islands. It is on the IUCN Red List as Least Concern (LC) with a stable population. Life Strategy: If an Angelfish suddenly displays a bulging belly and a more aggressive behaviour, it is probably a gravid female Angelfish. Two Angelfish grooming each other is also a typical breeding behaviour. Angelfish of both sexes will also flash fins, face off, lock their mouths and twist around. When a couple has been formed, they will choose a spawning site and start cleaning it together. The Angelfish eggs will be deposited on the spawning slate and placed in very neat and evenly spaced lines. If she doesn’t like the spawning slate, she will deposit the eggs somewhere else in the aquarium. The male Angelfish will fertilize the eggs by following close behind the female and touching all the eggs with his papilla. If you keep only female Angelfish, one of the females might actually resume a male behaviour and follow the egg-laying female and touch the eggs. Those eggs will naturally remain unfertilized and become white within a few days. Food / Feed Strategy: Emperor Angelfish are omnivores, in the wild they eat a wide variety of sponges and encrusting organisms along with small amounts of algae, tunicates, hydroids, and bryozoans. It is important that you feed angelfish all kinds of live, frozen, and prepared formula foods. Feed vegetable based foods as well as meaty foods like chopped squid, scallop, and shrimp. Prepared foods with marine sponge and tunicates are essential. Foods containing color enhancing qualities may be used as well. A good formula that can be made at home consists of mussels, shrimp, squid, and spinach. Feed 2 to 3 times a day in smaller amounts to keep water quality good. Body Form or Style: The adult Emperor Angelfish or Imperator Angelfish are deep bodied and slightly elongated. They have yellow and blue horizontal lines throughout their body that start from just behind the gills to the area just before the tail fin which is yellow. Starting at the top of the dorsal fin to the anal fin, it is blue and can have some blue striping. The dorsal fin is trimmed in white. The mouth and snout area are white, which is sharply cut off by a black mask that covers the eyes. The mask is black, trimmed in blue. There is a yellow vertical bar that extends from the yellow in the head downward. It divides the black mask from a thicker vertical black band that starts about 1/4 of the way down the body and continues down into the pelvic fins. This black band is in the same area of vertical space as the pectoral fins and gills. • Swim / Locomotion Style: • Mouth Position: Citation: http://animal-world.com/encyclo/marine/angels/emperor.php

Title: pygmy angelfish

Species #:38

Common Name: Scientific Name: Centropyge argi Kingdom: Animalia Class: Actinopterygi

Phylum: Chordata •

Order: Perciformes


Family: Pomacentridae

Geography / Habitat: Cherubfish are found in the Western Atlantic from Bermuda to Florida (USA) to French Guiana, Gulf of Mexico and Caribbean Sea. They prefer areas covered in rubble and feed on different algae, benthic inverts and detritus. The Cherub Pygmy Angelfish prefer to pair up, one male to several females. Being "snack size" they will dart into holes when startled, which is quite often. As adults they are found at depths of 16 to 148 feet (5 to 45 m). Life Strategy: If an Angelfish suddenly displays a bulging belly and a more aggressive behaviour, it is probably a gravid female Angelfish. Two Angelfish grooming each other is also a typical breeding behaviour. Angelfish of both sexes will also flash fins, face off, lock their mouths and twist around. When a couple has been formed, they will choose a spawning site and start cleaning it together. The Angelfish eggs will be deposited on the spawning slate and placed in very neat and evenly spaced lines. If she doesn’t like the spawning slate, she will deposit the eggs somewhere else in the aquarium. The male Angelfish will fertilize the eggs by following close behind the female and touching all the eggs with his papilla. If you keep only female Angelfish, one of the females might actually resume a male behaviour and follow the egg-laying female and touch the eggs. Those eggs will naturally remain unfertilized and become white within a few days. Food / Feed Strategy: Atlantic Pygmy Angelfish are omnivores, in the wild they feed on different algae, benthic inverts and detritus. This angelfish is very hardy and generally a good eater, taking all manner of offered foods and grazing on hair algae on live rock. They do well on frozen foods with marine or Spirulina algae, mysid shrimp, shaved shrimp, and some micro algae growth in the tank. Feed 3 times a day, less if natural foods are present.

Body Form or Style: The body of the Cherub Angelfish is a blue to deep blue color. The head and chest is an orangish to yellow color which can vary in shade, depending on the location in which the fish was captured. Some specimens may only have a hint of yellow on the snout and slight hints in the chin area. There is a thin blue line encircling the eye. The outer edges of the fins are trimmed in a light blue with the exception of the pectoral fins, which are pale yellow. The Cherubfish or Pygmy Angelfish have gill covers with two opercular spines. This Angelfish can live 5 or more years • Swim / Locomotion Style: • Mouth Position: Citation: http://animal-world.com/encyclo/marine/angels/cherub.php

Title: blue triggerfish

Species #: 39

Common Name: Scientific Name: Odonus niger •

Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Tetraodontiformes


Family: Balistidae

Geography / Habitat: Blue Triggerfish are found in the Indo-Pacific: Red Sea south to Durban, South Africa and east to the Marquesas and Society islands, north to southern Japan, south to the southern Great Barrier Reef in Australia and New Caledonia. These fish Inhabit reef channels or along slopes that are subject to strong currents. Occur in current-swept seaward coral reefs. Usually form aggregations and feed on zooplankton as well as sponges. Juveniles associated with isolated patches of rubble or crevices with proper-sized shelter holes. They have been known to form large schools to feed on zooplankton. Life Strategy: Triggerfishes live singly, as pairs, in small groups or in schools. They are demersal spawners and are typically highly territorial during courtship and spawning. Many species build nests, some scatter their eggs and most aggressively defend their spawns. Spawning generally takes place in the early morning, with the spawn size ranging from thousands to millions of eggs, depending on the species. The demersal eggs are small (0.45 to 0.65 mm, depending on the species), spherical, and adhesive and contain multiple oil droplets. Embryos hatch in the evening. Food / Feed Strategy: In the aquarium they should be fed all kinds of meaty marine foods, brine shrimp, cut up fish, shrimp, squid, etc.

Body Form or Style: Triggerfish, also called Humu-Humus, are some of the most interesting and brightly colored fish in Hanauma Bay. They are easily recognized by their deep flat bodies, small pectoral fins and small eyes. Their eyes are placed high up on their head. They also have rough shaped scales that form a tough covering on their body • Swim / Locomotion Style: • Mouth Position: Citation: http://animal-world.com/encyclo/marine/triggers/BlueTrigger.php

Title: bluespine unicornfish

Species #:40

Common Name: Scientific Name: Naso unicornis •

Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Perciformes

• • • •


Family: Acanthuridae Geography / Habitat: The Bluespine Unicornfish or Unicorn Tang was described by Forsskül in 1775. They are found widespread throughout the Indo-Pacific from the Red Sea to Japan, the Rapa Islands, Hawaii, Tuamotu, and the Marquesas. In their natural habitat they are usually found at depths between 16 - 263 feet (5 - 80 meters) but have been reported as deep as 590 feet (180 meters) along outer reef walls. They rarely occur alone, rather they are usually seen in small (occasionally large) schools in shallow moving waters of inner and outer reefs and canals. Juveniles occur in groups close to the reefs. In Hawaii they are used as a food fish. Life Strategy: Triggerfishes live singly, as pairs, in small groups or in schools. They are demersal spawners and are typically highly territorial during courtship and spawning. Many species build nests, some scatter their eggs and most aggressively defend their spawns. Spawning generally takes place in the early morning, with the spawn size ranging from thousands to millions of eggs, depending on the species. The demersal eggs are small (0.45 to 0.65 mm, depending on the species), spherical, and adhesive and contain multiple oil droplets. Embryos hatch in the evening. Food / Feed Strategy: The Bluespine Unicornfish or Unicorn Tang are primarily herbivores. In the wild they feed mainly on leafy brown algae like Sargassum and Dictyota. Provide lots of algae, large chunk types of prepared frozen formulas containing algae or spirulina, and flakes. Japanese Nori or other seaweed can be adhered to the aquarium glass with a vegetable clip. It will also feed on some frozen brine and mysis shrimp, mosquito larve, grindal worms, tubifex, and Enchytaeidae. Live rock with heavy algae growth will be greatly appreciated as it will allow this fish to constantly scrape with its rasping teeth. Culturing macro algae like chaetomorphia in the tank is also a great idea. Adults will eat zooplankton, shrimp, mysis and other cut up fish. Feed at least 3 times a day in smaller amounts instead of a large quantity once a day. This will keep the water quality higher over a longer time. Providing a vitamin supplement (including vitamin C) can help provide for their nutritional needs, and vitamin C can help prevent or reduce Lateral Line Erosion (LLE). This can be done by soaking dried pellets with liquid vitamins, adding vitamins to the food, or adding a liquid vitamin into the water. It is also said that pellets soaked in garlic may help fend off Marine Ich. Some hobbyists also report success with supplemental foods such as previously boiled or frozen zucchini, broccoli, spinach, and leaf lettuce. Body Form or Style: The Bluespine Unicornfish or Unicorn Tang has a deep elongated body shape with a narrower caudal peduncle, features that distinguish this genus from other Acanthurids. Adults have an olive to grayish body with blue hues, and yellowish tones on the belly. The dorsal and anal fins are thinly edged with blue and there is a light blue cast to the lips. The caudal fin develops elongated filaments or streamers. When these fish reach about five inches in length, they begin to develop a prominent rostral horn. This horn remains small, not extending any further than the end of the snout. Juveniles are a light greenish-gray color. The dorsal and anal fins are yellowish, thinly edged with a bright blue. Its name 'bluespine' is derived from the two fixed spines or "scalpels" surrounded by bright blue on each side of the caudal peduncle. Having one or two fixed blades are what places the Naso genus in the subfamily Nasinae. Caution needs to be exercised when handling surgeonfish as a cut from its scalpel can cause discoloration and swelling of the skin with a high risk of infection. The pain lasts for hours then still ends up having a dull ache. These fish are best captured using a double bag under water, rather than a net. Swim / Locomotion Style: • Mouth Position: Citation: http://animal-world.com/encyclo/marine/tangs/unicornis.php Title: the white-faced surgeonfish Common Name: Scientific Name: Acanthurus japonicus

Species #:41


Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Perciformes

• •

Family: Acanthuridae

Geography / Habitat: The White-faced Surgeonfish or Japan Surgeonfish was described by Schmidt in1930. They are found in a large geographical range in the Indo-West Pacific; southern Japan, Ryukyu Islands and Taiwan; Sulawesi (Indonesia) to the Philippines; Tuamoto and Hawaiian Islands; New Caledonia and Rapa. In their natural habitat they are found at depths between 16 to 65 (5 - 20 meters) feet along outer reefs, in coastal areas, and in lagoons. They inhabit areas of full coral, and live singly or in small to large groups. They co-occur with their similar looking cousin, the Gold-rimmed Tang (Whitecheek Surgeonfish) A. nigricans, in southern Japan and the Bonin Islands. Life Strategy: Triggerfishes live singly, as pairs, in small groups or in schools. They are demersal spawners and are typically highly territorial during courtship and spawning. Many species build nests, some scatter their eggs and most aggressively defend their spawns. Spawning generally takes place in the early morning, with the spawn size ranging from thousands to millions of eggs, depending on the species. The demersal eggs are small (0.45 to 0.65 mm, depending on the species), spherical, and adhesive and contain multiple oil droplets. Embryos hatch in the evening. Food / Feed Strategy: The White-faced Surgeonfish are primarily herbivores. In the wild they mostly graze on algae. In the aquarium the majority of their intake will be vegetable matter, but they do need some meaty foods as well. Provide lots of marine algae, prepared frozen formulas containing algae or spirulina, frozen brine and mysid shrimp, and flake foods. Japanese Nori, kombu, or other seaweed can be adhered to the aquarium glass with a vegetable clip. An occasional live rock with micro and macro organisms will be greatly appreciated. Culturing macro algae like chaetomorphia in the tank is also a great idea. Feed 3 times a day in smaller amounts instead of a large quantity once a day. As continuous grazers, they will benefit from this and it will also keep the water quality higher over a longer period of time.

Body Form or Style: The adult White-faced Surgeonfish or Japan Surgeonfish has a disk shaped body of varying browns to black. The dorsal, anal, and ventral fins are black and edged with a beautiful blue. There is a red band near the back of the dorsal fin and a yellow stripe running along the body just above and below the dorsal and anal fins. There is a yellow spot just under the pectoral fin and a white band from just under the eye to the top of the mouth. The caudal fin is white fading to blue and is edged with white. • Swim / Locomotion Style: • Mouth Position: Citation: http://animal-world.com/encyclo/marine/tangs/japonicus.php Title: twotone tang Common Name: Scientific Name: Zebrasoma scopas

Species #:42


Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Perciformes

• •

Family: Acanthuridae Geography / Habitat: The Twotone Tang or Brown Sailfin Tang was described by Cuvier in 1829. They are found in the Indo-Pacific from east Africa to Japan and Tuamotu. In their natural habitat they are found at depths between 3 to 197 feet (1 - 60 meters) in lagoons and outer reefs. They inhabit areas of dense coral and occur singly, in pairs or in small groups, even forming schools in some locations. Juveniles are solitary and very secretive, hiding among the corals. It is very similar to its close relative the Yellow Tang Z. flavescens, which has an all yellow body with a white peduncle spine. These two species co-occur and interbreed in Micronesia and southern Japan. As they co-habitat in many areas and behave the same, it has not been ruled out that the Z. flavescens may actually be a xanthic form of theTwotone Tang, or possibly a geographic variant Life Strategy: Triggerfishes live singly, as pairs, in small groups or in schools. They are demersal spawners and are typically highly territorial during courtship and spawning. Many species build nests, some scatter their eggs and most aggressively defend their spawns. Spawning generally takes place in the early morning, with the spawn size ranging from thousands to millions of eggs, depending on the species. The demersal eggs are small (0.45 to 0.65 mm, depending on the species), spherical, and adhesive and contain multiple oil droplets. Embryos hatch in the evening. Food / Feed Strategy: The Twotone Tangs are primarily herbivores. In the wild they feed mainly on filamentous algae which they scrape from hard surfaces. This genus can store fat in their body cavities so may go through periods of non-feeding. In the aquarium the majority of their intake will be vegetable matter, but they do need some meaty foods as well. Provide lots of marine algae, prepared frozen formulas containing algae or spirulina, frozen brine and mysid shrimp, and flake foods. Japanese Nori or other seaweed can be adhered to the aquarium glass with a vegetable clip. An occasional live rock with micro and macro organisms will be greatly appreciated. Culturing macro algae like chaetomorphia in the tank is also a great idea. Feed 3 times a day in smaller amounts instead of a large quantity once a day. As continuous grazers, they will benefit from this and it will also keep the water quality higher over a longer period of time. Body Form or Style: The Twotone Tang or Brown Sailfin Tang has a disk like shaped body similar to all surgeonfish, but with large dorsal and anal fins. When the fins are fully extended, the total height of these fish is about the same as the length. Like all the sailfin tangs, they have a slightly extended snout. The general coloration is dark yellowish brown with pale blue squiggly or dotted horizontal lines. They can be quite variable in color; they can be almost black looking, to brownish or yellow, and on rare occasions there are mutations with several different color splotches across the fish. •

Swim / Locomotion Style: • Mouth Position: Citation: http://animal-world.com/encyclo/marine/tangs/brown.php


Title: albino cory

Species #:43

Common Name: Scientific Name: Corydoras paleatus •

Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Siluriformes

• •

Family: Callichthyidae

Geography / Habitat: The Paleatus Cory are found in the La Plata river in southeast Brazil.

Life Strategy: Catfish will generally wait to spawn until the water temperature reaches at least 66 degrees Fahrenheit. the catfish, geography is destiny. Because water in southern latitudes warms first, catfish-spawning season begins in the south first. Most species spawn in the late spring or early summer. Obviously, it takes longer for a lake to heat up than it does for a shallow backwater to do so. Any part of a lake or river may have catfish at one of three stages: pre-spawn, spawn, or post-spawn. And of course, there will be fish too young to spawn. You'll observe dark or black spots on juveniles and small adults and may want to toss them back. After all, white catfish can live to be about 14 years old, and the oldest Canadian catfish ever caught was estimated to be about 24 years old. Letting the young catfish live may allow you to catch a larger catfish in a year or two. Food / Feed Strategy: Since they are omnivores, the Albino Cory will generally eat all kinds of live, fresh, and flake foods. To keep a good balance give them a high quality sinking pellet or flake food everyday. Feed brine shrimp (either live or frozen) or blood worms as a treat.

Body Form or Style: Maximum Size: 2.8 inches (6.99 cm) • Swim / Locomotion Style: • Mouth Position: Citation: http://animal-world.com/encyclo/fresh/catfish/acory.php


Title: banjo catfish

Species #:44

Common Name: Scientific Name: Bunocephalus coracoideus •

Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Siluriformes

• •

Family: Aspredinidae Geography / Habitat: They originate from Peru, but their range goes throughout the Amazon into Bolivia, Uruguay, Brazil, and even as far west as Ecuador. Other common names they are known by include Guitarrita, Two Colored Banjo Catfish, Bicolor Banjo Catfish, Bicolour Banjo catfish, Bi-coloured Banjo, and Frying Pan Fish. Its close relative Bunocephalus amaurus, is also commonly called a Bi-coloured Banjo Catfish. Life Strategy: Catfish will generally wait to spawn until the water temperature reaches at least 66 degrees Fahrenheit. the catfish, geography is destiny. Because water in southern latitudes warms first, catfish-spawning season begins in the south first. Most species spawn in the late spring or early summer. Obviously, it takes longer for a lake to heat up than it does for a shallow backwater to do so. Any part of a lake or river may have catfish at one of three stages: pre-spawn, spawn, or post-spawn. And of course, there will be fish too young to spawn. You'll observe dark or black spots on juveniles and small adults and may want to toss them back. After all, white catfish can live to be about 14 years old, and the oldest Canadian catfish ever caught was estimated to be about 24 years old. Letting the young catfish live may allow you to catch a larger catfish in a year or two. Food / Feed Strategy: Banjo Catfish are omnivores. that feed on a wide variety of foods. These catfish are scavengers and are not too picky when it comes to mealtime. They prefer live foods such as bloodworms, earthworms, and tubifex. They also will accept frozen foods, flake foods, catfish pellets/tablets, and anything else that might sink to the bottom. It’s important to note that these fish are generally nocturnal and shy individuals will not come out at feeding time if the lights are on. It’s usually a good routine if you place their food in the tank right before you turn the lights out. Body Form or Style: The Banjo Catfish is a relatively small catfish, usually less than half a foot (15 cm). It is a scaleless fish with a wide head and a long slender body shape that resemble a banjo or guitar. Its body is laterally compressed and is covered with horizontal rows of large a wart-like projections, called unculiferous tubercles. This flattened slender body allows them to hide under many more objects than opposed to if they were bulkier. Their eyes are very small in comparison to their body, and its difficult to tell where their eyes and their mouths are. They have distinct pectoral fins and a long tail. But Banjo Catfish do not have an adipose fin and they lack the locking mechanism on their dorsal spine that is common in most species of catfish.Due to its small size, it has numerous potential predators. To make up for this they have extremely advanced camouflage that literally makes them disappear into the debris of their natural habitat. Each individual has a unique mottling of browns and grays, and this along with the ‘bumps’ all over their exterior contribute to their camouflage. Color patterns can range greatly. • Swim / Locomotion Style: • Mouth Position: Citation: http://animal-world.com/encyclo/fresh/catfish/banjocat.php


Title: bristle-nose catfish

Species #:45

Common Name: •

Scientific Name: Ancistrus ranunclus •

Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Siluriformes

Family: Loricariidae

Geography / Habitat: The Ancistrus or Bristle-nose Catfish are found in the fast flowing tributaries of the Amazon River in South America. Life Strategy: Catfish will generally wait to spawn until the water temperature reaches at least 66 degrees Fahrenheit. the catfish, geography is destiny. Because water in southern latitudes warms first, catfish-spawning season begins in the south first. Most species spawn in the late spring or early summer. Obviously, it takes longer for a lake to heat up than it does for a shallow backwater to do so. Any part of a lake or river may have catfish at one of three stages: pre-spawn, spawn, or post-spawn. And of course, there will be fish too young to spawn. You'll observe dark or black spots on juveniles and small adults and may want to toss them back. After all, white catfish can live to be about 14 years old, and the oldest Canadian catfish ever caught was estimated to be about 24 years old. Letting the young catfish live may allow you to catch a larger catfish in a year or two. Food / Feed Strategy: Since they are herbivorous the Ancistrus or Bristle-nose Catfish will eat undesirable algae. They will not harm plants, but make sure the aquarium is well seasoned and feed a supplemental sinking algae pellet to make sure they don't starve. Also blanched spinach and lettuce can be use to supplement their diet. Because they are super algae eaters, they must have veggies! Body Form or Style: A. cirrhosis gets up to 13 cm (5 inches). A. hoplygenys is smaller at 8 cm (3 inches). A. ranunclus , no info found yet. Maximum Size: 5.0 inches (12.70 cm) - Some varities will be smaller than this. Lifespan: 12 years • Swim / Locomotion Style: • Mouth Position: Citation: http://animal-world.com/encyclo/fresh/catfish/bristlenose.php


Title: emerald green cory

Species #:46

Common Name: Scientific Name: •

Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Siluriformes

Family: Callichthyidae

Geography / Habitat: The Emerald Green Cory or Iridescent Plated Catfish are found in the upper Amazon near Iquitos, Brazil, Peru, and Ecuador.. Life Strategy: Catfish will generally wait to spawn until the water temperature reaches at least 66 degrees Fahrenheit. the catfish, geography is destiny. Because water in southern latitudes warms first, catfish-spawning season begins in the south first. Most species spawn in the late spring or early summer. Obviously, it takes longer for a lake to heat up than it does for a shallow backwater to do so. Any part of a lake or river may have catfish at one of three stages: pre-spawn, spawn, or post-spawn. And of course, there will be fish too young to spawn. You'll observe dark or black spots on juveniles and small adults and may want to toss them back. After all, white catfish can live to be about 14 years old, and the oldest Canadian catfish ever caught was estimated to be about 24 years old. Letting the young catfish live may allow you to catch a larger catfish in a year or two. Food / Feed Strategy: Since they are omnivores, the Emerald Green Cory or Iridescent Plated Catfish will generally eat all kinds of live, fresh, and flake foods. To keep a good balance give them a high quality sinking pellet or flake food everyday. Feed brine shrimp (either live or frozen) or blood worms as a treat.

Body Form or Style: The Emerald Green Cory is a beautiful and interesting fish that can be added to most any community aquarium. They will spend most of their time in the lower regions of your aquarium scavenging for uneaten food. This fish has an iridescent, emerald green body with pink highlights on the lower parts of the fish. Maximum Size: 4.0 inches (10.16 cm) Swim / Locomotion Style: • Mouth Position: Citation: http://animal-world.com/encyclo/fresh/catfish/greencory.php Title: featherfin squeaker catfish Common Name:

Species #:47


Scientific Name: Synodontis eupterus •

Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Siluriformes

• •

Family: Mochokidae

Geography / Habitat: The Featherfin Squeaker Synodontis eupterus was described by Boulenger in 1901. They inhabit much of central Africa, including Nigeria, Chad, Sudan, Ghana, Mali, Niger, and Cameroon. They are found in the famous White Nile river system as well. Other common names they are known by include Featherfin Catfish, Featherfin Synodontis, Synodontis Lace Catfish, and Lace Cat. Due to their wide distribution they are not considered threatened and are listed as Least Concern (LC) on the IUCN Red List of endangered species. Featherfin Catfish prefer living near muddy or rocky bottoms of rivers in their natural habitat, preying upon insect larvae and even eating algae. They prefer moderately fast flowing rivers. Like most catfish, they are primarily scavengers and will eat most available items that are edible. Featherfin Synodontis enjoy each other’s company in the wild and often live in small, fluctuating groups. Life Strategy: Catfish will generally wait to spawn until the water temperature reaches at least 66 degrees Fahrenheit. the catfish, geography is destiny. Because water in southern latitudes warms first, catfish-spawning season begins in the south first. Most species spawn in the late spring or early summer. Obviously, it takes longer for a lake to heat up than it does for a shallow backwater to do so. Any part of a lake or river may have catfish at one of three stages: pre-spawn, spawn, or post-spawn. And of course, there will be fish too young to spawn. You'll observe dark or black spots on juveniles and small adults and may want to toss them back. After all, white catfish can live to be about 14 years old, and the oldest Canadian catfish ever caught was estimated to be about 24 years old. Letting the young catfish live may allow you to catch a larger catfish in a year or two. Food / Feed Strategy: Featherfin Synodontis are omnivores that feed on insect larvae, algae, and any other foods source they can scavenge in the wild. In the aquarium they are not hard to feed at all. These enthusiastic eaters will consume nearly any food they can locate with a rambunctious attitude. Even though they prefer to be under cover during day time, the tantalizing smell of food in the water will often bring them out of their domain for a good feasting time. Meaty foods, vegetable tablets, and anything in between will be appreciated by these hardy eaters. Brine shrimp and blood worms (either live or frozen), or even small earthworms would be an excellent once a week snack. Body Form or Style: The Featherfin Squeaker is fairly large and a long-lived catfish. It can get up to 11.8 inches (30 cm) in length, though they usually only obtain 6 - 8” (15-20 cm) in the aquarium. They commonly have a lifespan of 8 to 10 years, but can live up to 25 years. • Swim / Locomotion Style: • Mouth Position: Citation: http://animal-world.com/encyclo/fresh/catfish/spotsynodontus.php

Title: four-lined pimelodus pimelodus

Species #:48


Common Name: Scientific Name: Pimelodus blochii •

Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Siluriformes

Family: Pimelodidae

Geography / Habitat: The Four-lined Pimelodus Pimelodus blochii was first described by Valenciennes in 1840. They inhabit much of South and Central America, from Panama to Brazil. They are found in the Amazon and Orinoco river systems, as well as the Gulf of Paria and throughout much of Guyana. The first part of their common name comes from the fact they have four lateral stripes on their flanks, while the latin term Pimelodus means “fat tooth”. Other common names they are known by include Four-lined Pimodella, Dusky Pimelodid, Bloch’s Catfish, Antenna Catfish, and Flat-nosed Catfish. Life Strategy: Catfish will generally wait to spawn until the water temperature reaches at least 66 degrees Fahrenheit. the catfish, geography is destiny. Because water in southern latitudes warms first, catfish-spawning season begins in the south first. Most species spawn in the late spring or early summer. Obviously, it takes longer for a lake to heat up than it does for a shallow backwater to do so. Any part of a lake or river may have catfish at one of three stages: pre-spawn, spawn, or post-spawn. And of course, there will be fish too young to spawn. You'll observe dark or black spots on juveniles and small adults and may want to toss them back. After all, white catfish can live to be about 14 years old, and the oldest Canadian catfish ever caught was estimated to be about 24 years old. Letting the young catfish live may allow you to catch a larger catfish in a year or two. Food / Feed Strategy: Four-lined Pimelodus are omnivores that are far from fussy. They will happily consume most fish foods, but they do prefer meaty foods, especially worms. Their scavenger instincts will make them easy to feed. They’ll eat all kinds of live, fresh, and flake foods as well as pellets, tablets, and any foods that reach the bottom region of the tank. To keep a good balance give them a high quality flake food or pellet everyday. It there is a lot of foods available, they will often gorge themselves until a prominent belly is showing. Don’t be alarmed, it is normal for them to do this and they can live off that type of feeding for up to a week. They will very happily take the treat of bloodworms or earthworms. Body Form or Style: The Four-lined Pimelodus is a moderately large sized catfish, reaching up to about 14 inches (35 cm) in the wild. In the aquarium it will generally reach about 8” (20 cm). Its base color is silver gray, which is striped over with a darker gray that gives them their apt name. As they mature, they often lose this striping and turn into a washed out gray tone. As with most catfish, they have flattened undersides and triangular flanks, leading up to their sharp, pointed dorsal fin. Their antennae are extremely long, allowing them to navigate in murky conditions and find the coordinates to nearby food. There are many color variances of this species which makes them hard to identify, but whether any subspecies exist are unknown at this point. Swim / Locomotion Style: Mouth Position: Citation: http://animal-world.com/encyclo/fresh/catfish/4linepimodella.php Title: iridescent shark Common Name:

Species #:49


Scientific Name: Pangasius hypophthalmus Kingdom: Animalia Class: Actinopterygii

Phylum: Chordata •

Order: Siluriformes

Family: Pangasiidae

Geography / Habitat: They are found as juveniles in schools of large numbers, especially in stretches of rapids in major Asian rivers, but are loners as adults. In the wild they feed on fish, shrimp and various crustaceans, insect larvae, fruit, and vegetable matter.They are commonly available in the aquarium trade and are a food stable in Southeast Asian countries such as Thailand, or Laos, where it is used as an important food source. In Thailand, it is considered the most important aquaculture fish. Other common names they are known by are Pangasius Catfish, Sutchi Catfish, Siamese Shark, Asian Shark Catfish, Shark Catfish, Tiger Shark, and Striped Catfish. Life Strategy: Catfish will generally wait to spawn until the water temperature reaches at least 66 degrees Fahrenheit. the catfish, geography is destiny. Because water in southern latitudes warms first, catfish-spawning season begins in the south first. Most species spawn in the late spring or early summer. Obviously, it takes longer for a lake to heat up than it does for a shallow backwater to do so. Any part of a lake or river may have catfish at one of three stages: pre-spawn, spawn, or post-spawn. And of course, there will be fish too young to spawn. You'll observe dark or black spots on juveniles and small adults and may want to toss them back. After all, white catfish can live to be about 14 years old, and the oldest Canadian catfish ever caught was estimated to be about 24 years old. Letting the young catfish live may allow you to catch a larger catfish in a year or two. Food / Feed Strategy: they feed on fish, shrimp and various crustaceans, insect larvae, fruit, and vegetable matter. Body Form or Style: The Iridescent Shark a large sized catfish with a body shape resembling that of a marine shark. It has a laterally compressed body, and like other catfish it has two pairs of barbels. It has a short dorsal fin on top with one or two spines and also has strong spines on each of the pectoral fins. It has a well developed adipose fin on the underside and a long anal fin (tail fin). This catfish typically has a glow or iridescence exhibited in juveniles, along with two dark broad vertical bands. One is along the lateral line and the other is just below it, extending from above the pectoral fin base towards the forepart of the anal fin. Adults are generally darker colored and often lack the striping, yet they still retain the glimmering glow that gives them their name. The fins are dark gray or black. This is a large fish that can reach a maximum size of 4 feet (130 cm) in length and have been known to weigh 97 lbs. (44.0 kg). They will generally reach about 39 inches (100 cm) in the aquarium, and have a lifespan of up to 20 years. There are also other species of Pangasius that are sometimes sold as Pangasius Catfish, namely Pangasius pangasius and Pangasius gigas, that can reach 9 feet (300 cm) long! • Swim / Locomotion Style: • Mouth Position: Citation: http://animal-world.com/encyclo/fresh/catfish/pangasius.php


Title: julii cory

Species #: 50

Common Name: Scientific Name: Corydoras julii Kingdom: Animalia Class: Actinopterygii

Phylum: Chordata •

Order: Siluriformes

Family: Callichthyidae

Geography / Habitat: The Julli Cory or Leopard Catfish are found in Peru, Rio Ampiyacu, Rio Ucayali and the Yarina Cocha. Life Strategy: Catfish will generally wait to spawn until the water temperature reaches at least 66 degrees Fahrenheit. the catfish, geography is destiny. Because water in southern latitudes warms first, catfish-spawning season begins in the south first. Most species spawn in the late spring or early summer. Obviously, it takes longer for a lake to heat up than it does for a shallow backwater to do so. Any part of a lake or river may have catfish at one of three stages: pre-spawn, spawn, or post-spawn. And of course, there will be fish too young to spawn. You'll observe dark or black spots on juveniles and small adults and may want to toss them back. After all, white catfish can live to be about 14 years old, and the oldest Canadian catfish ever caught was estimated to be about 24 years old. Letting the young catfish live may allow you to catch a larger catfish in a year or two.

Food / Feed Strategy: Since they are omnivores, the Julli Cory or Leopard Catfish will generally eat all kinds of live, fresh, and flake foods. To keep a good balance give them a high quality sinking pellet or flake food everyday. Feed brine shrimp (either live or frozen) or blood worms as a treat.

Body Form or Style: Julii Corys are a beautiful fish with an interestingly patterned body. Their appearance, along with their disposition and lively character, make them are favorite among aquarists. The body is a white or gray color with small, black spots all over and a stripe running horizontally down their body. This large horizontal stripe and a dark black spot on their top fin makes them easily identifiable from other striped corys. They are smaller member of the cory family and grow to about 2 inches. • Swim / Locomotion Style: • Mouth Position: Citation: http://animal-world.com/encyclo/fresh/catfish/juliicory.php

Title: large-spot catfish

Species #:51

Common Name: Scientific Name: Synodontis ocellifer •

Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata


Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Siluriformes

• •

Family: Mochokidae

Geography / Habitat: Described by Boulenger, 1900. The Synodontis Ocellifer Catfish are native to West and Central African river systems. Life Strategy: Catfish will generally wait to spawn until the water temperature reaches at least 66 degrees Fahrenheit. the catfish, geography is destiny. Because water in southern latitudes warms first, catfish-spawning season begins in the south first. Most species spawn in the late spring or early summer. Obviously, it takes longer for a lake to heat up than it does for a shallow backwater to do so. Any part of a lake or river may have catfish at one of three stages: pre-spawn, spawn, or post-spawn. And of course, there will be fish too young to spawn. You'll observe dark or black spots on juveniles and small adults and may want to toss them back. After all, white catfish can live to be about 14 years old, and the oldest Canadian catfish ever caught was estimated to be about 24 years old. Letting the young catfish live may allow you to catch a larger catfish in a year or two.

Food / Feed Strategy: Since they are omnivorous, the Synodontis Ocellifer will generally eat all kinds of live fresh and flake foods. To keep a good balance give them a high quality flake food or pellet everyday. Also feed brine shrimp (either live or frozen), tubifex, and blood worms. Body Form or Style: The Synodontis Ocellifer Catfish is a peaceful bottom scavenger. During daylight hours it will spend much of its time hidden under driftwood or in caves provided by the aquarist. It is yellowish to brown with large black spots all over its body. It has the characteristic sharp spines on it's dorsal fin and so should be transported using a glass or plastic container rather than a net. • Maximum Size: 19.0 inches (48.26 cm) - Many individuals will not exceed 11 inches, although 19 inches is certainly not outside the realm of possibility. • Lifespan: 20 years • Swim / Locomotion Style: • Mouth Position: Citation: http://animal-world.com/encyclo/fresh/catfish/ocellifer.php

Title: leopard pleco

Species #: 52

Common Name: Scientific Name: Glyptoperichthys gibbiceps •

Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata


Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Siluriformes

Family: Loricariidae Geography / Habitat: They are found in inland river systems in most parts of South America. They are widespread throughout the Peruvian and Brazilian Amazon, Rio Pacaya in Peru, and are also known from the Rio Orinoco. Other Common names it is known by are Sailfin Pleco, Leopard Plecostomus, Gibby, Clown Pleco, Spotted Sailfin Pleco, Clown Sucker Catfish, and Clown Plecostomus. Life Strategy: Catfish will generally wait to spawn until the water temperature reaches at least 66 degrees Fahrenheit. the catfish, geography is destiny. Because water in southern latitudes warms first, catfish-spawning season begins in the south first. Most species spawn in the late spring or early summer. Obviously, it takes longer for a lake to heat up than it does for a shallow backwater to do so. Any part of a lake or river may have catfish at one of three stages: pre-spawn, spawn, or post-spawn. And of course, there will be fish too young to spawn. You'll observe dark or black spots on juveniles and small adults and may want to toss them back. After all, white catfish can live to be about 14 years old, and the oldest Canadian catfish ever caught was estimated to be about 24 years old. Letting the young catfish live may allow you to catch a larger catfish in a year or two. Food / Feed Strategy: Although Plecostomus are omnivorous, the bulk of their diet is algae. The Leopard Pleco will eat undesirable algae. It will not harm plants, but make sure the aquarium is well seasoned and do feed supplements including algae wafers, green foods and sinking pellets to make sure they don't starve. Because they are super algae eaters, they must have their veggies. Other supplements that can be offered include vegetables like blanched spinach, lettuce, zucchini and peas. They also like brine shrimp as well as live worms, small crustaceans, and insect larvae. Note: they have not been observed to eat blue algae. Body Form or Style: The Leopard Pleco is fairly large and a long-lived catfish. It can get up to 20 inches (50.8 cm) in length and can live more than 20 years in the wild, though they tend to live between 10 to 15 years in captivity. Plecos have an elongated, dark brown body with a large head. The body is covered in bony plates except the belly which is flat. Plecos have small eyes that are set high on the head. The Sailfin pleco has a beautiful dorsal fin the can be several inches high and resembles the dorsal fin of the marine Sailfish. It can also be distinguished by a ray count of its dorsal fin, it will have more than 10 rays. Juveniles have about the same coloration as adults. • Maximum Size: 20.0 inches (50.80 cm) • Lifespan: 15 years - In the wild they can live more than 15 years, but have an average lifespan of 10 15 years in captivity. • Swim / Locomotion Style: • Mouth Position: Citation: http://animal-world.com/encyclo/fresh/catfish/pleco.php Title: peppered corydoras

Species #: 53

Common Name: Scientific Name: Corydoras paleatus •

• •

Kingdom: Animalia

• •

Phylum: Chordata


Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Siluriformes

• •

Family: Callichthyidae Geography / Habitat: They are found in South America in the Amazon basin, in the La Plata river in southeast Brazil, in the Parana River of Brazil, Paraguay, and Argentina, and in Uruguay. Other common names they are known by include Peppered Cory, Peppered Catfish, Blue Leopard Corydoras, Mottled Corydoras, Paleatus Cory, Peppered Cat, Pepper Cory, and Salt and Pepper Cory. Life Strategy: Catfish will generally wait to spawn until the water temperature reaches at least 66 degrees Fahrenheit. the catfish, geography is destiny. Because water in southern latitudes warms first, catfish-spawning season begins in the south first. Most species spawn in the late spring or early summer. Obviously, it takes longer for a lake to heat up than it does for a shallow backwater to do so. Any part of a lake or river may have catfish at one of three stages: pre-spawn, spawn, or post-spawn. And of course, there will be fish too young to spawn. You'll observe dark or black spots on juveniles and small adults and may want to toss them back. After all, white catfish can live to be about 14 years old, and the oldest Canadian catfish ever caught was estimated to be about 24 years old. Letting the young catfish live may allow you to catch a larger catfish in a year or two. Food / Feed Strategy: Peppered Corydoras are omnivores that feed on worms, crustaceans, insects, and plant matter in the wild. In the aquarium they are not hard to feed at all. These ready feeders will generally eat all kinds of live, fresh, and flake foods. To keep a good balance give them a high quality sinking pellet or flake food everyday. Also offer occasional algae wafers. Feed frozen and live food, such as brine shrimp, blood worms, or daphnia as a treat. Body Form or Style: The Peppered Cory is a small catfish, reaching only 2.3 inches (5.9 cm) in length. They come in a variety of colors and patterning's, depending on where they originate from. Overall they are a light tan to bronze marked with gray patches and specks.

• Swim / Locomotion Style: • Mouth Position: Citation: http://animal-world.com/encyclo/fresh/catfish/PepperedCorydoras.php

Title: pleco-plecostomus

Species #: 54

Common Name: Scientific Name: Hypostomus plecostomus •

Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Siluriformes

Family: Loricariidae


Geography / Habitat: They are found in northern South America. They inhabit ponds and the fresh and brackish waters of river mouths on both the Pacific and Atlantic Ocean slopes. Life Strategy: Catfish will generally wait to spawn until the water temperature reaches at least 66 degrees Fahrenheit. the catfish, geography is destiny. Because water in southern latitudes warms first, catfish-spawning season begins in the south first. Most species spawn in the late spring or early summer. Obviously, it takes longer for a lake to heat up than it does for a shallow backwater to do so. Any part of a lake or river may have catfish at one of three stages: pre-spawn, spawn, or post-spawn. And of course, there will be fish too young to spawn. You'll observe dark or black spots on juveniles and small adults and may want to toss them back. After all, white catfish can live to be about 14 years old, and the oldest Canadian catfish ever caught was estimated to be about 24 years old. Letting the young catfish live may allow you to catch a larger catfish in a year or two. \Food / Feed Strategy: Although Plecostomus are omnivorous, the bulk of their diet is algae. They will eat undesirable algae and will generally not harm plants. Provide an aquarium that is well established with lots of natural algae growth. Also feed supplements including algae wafers, green foods and sinking pellets to make sure they don't starve. Some supplement that can be offered include vegetables like blanched spinach, lettuce, and peas as well as live worms, small crustaceans, and insect larvae. These fish may graze on the plants if they are not feed sufficient amounts. It is best to feed them in the evening just before turning out the lights. Note: they have not been observed to eat blue algae. Body Form or Style: Its normal coloring is a light brown base heavily covered with dark blotches patterned in stripes and spots, making it look like a very dark fish. There are also varieties of this species that are missing some or all of the dark patterning, so this fish is also available as an Albino Pleco. These fish get up to 24 inches (60 cm) though they seldom exceed 12 - 15" (30.5 - 38 cm) in the aquarium. They are fast growing, and have an average lifespan of 10 - 15 years in captivity. In the wild they can live more than 15 years. • Maximum Size: 24.0 inches (60.96 cm) - These fish seldom exceed 12 - 15" (30.5 - 38 cm) in the aquarium. • Lifespan: 15 years - In the wild they can live more than 15 years, but have an average lifespan of 10 15 years in captivity.

• Swim / Locomotion Style: • Mouth Position: Citation: http://animal-world.com/encyclo/fresh/catfish/Plecostomus.php

Title: red-tail catfish

Species #: 55

Common Name: Scientific Name: Phractocephalus hemioliopterus

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Kingdom: Animalia

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Phylum: Chordata


Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Siluriformes

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Family: Pimelodidae Geography / Habitat: The Red-tailed Catfish are found in South America in the Amazon river, Rio Negro, Venezuela and Guyana. Prefers deep pools in rivers. Life Strategy: Catfish will generally wait to spawn until the water temperature reaches at least 66 degrees Fahrenheit. the catfish, geography is destiny. Because water in southern latitudes warms first, catfish-spawning season begins in the south first. Most species spawn in the late spring or early summer. Obviously, it takes longer for a lake to heat up than it does for a shallow backwater to do so. Any part of a lake or river may have catfish at one of three stages: pre-spawn, spawn, or post-spawn. And of course, there will be fish too young to spawn. You'll observe dark or black spots on juveniles and small adults and may want to toss them back. After all, white catfish can live to be about 14 years old, and the oldest Canadian catfish ever caught was estimated to be about 24 years old. Letting the young catfish live may allow you to catch a larger catfish in a year or two. Food / Feed Strategy: Red-tailed Catfish are omnivorous but prefer meaty foods. As juveniles, they will generally eat all kinds of live, fresh, and flake foods. To keep a good balance give them a high quality flake food or pellet everyday. As they grow go you can go to higher percentages of either pellets or live foods. Body Form or Style: The Red-tailed Catfish are dark grey on the top of the body covered with small darker spots. The shovel-like mouth is as wide as the body and the lower part of the mouth white. The white coloration under the mouth extends in in broad horizontal stripe to the tailfin. As a juvenile it joins with the white under the mouth, as it gets older, it is broken up by the dark grey coloration. The tip of the dorsal fin and the tail fin are slightly pinkish red. The eyes are set on either side of the head near the top. • Maximum Size: 53.0 inches (134.62 cm) - There are reports of fish reaching sizes upwards of 5 feet in the wild, although the largest doccumented size was 53 inches.

• Swim / Locomotion Style: • Mouth Position: Citation: http://animal-world.com/encyclo/fresh/catfish/redtailcat.php Title: spotted Raphael catfish

Species #: 56

Common Name: Scientific Name: Agamyxis pectinifrons • •

Kingdom: Animalia

Class: Actinopterygii Family: Doradidae •

Geography / Habitat: Peru.

Phylum: Chordata

Order: Siluriformes

The Spotted Raphael Catfish or Talking Catfish are found in Pebas, Ecuador; eastern


Life Strategy: Catfish will generally wait to spawn until the water temperature reaches at least 66 degrees Fahrenheit. the catfish, geography is destiny. Because water in southern latitudes warms first, catfish-spawning season begins in the south first. Most species spawn in the late spring or early summer. Obviously, it takes longer for a lake to heat up than it does for a shallow backwater to do so. Any part of a lake or river may have catfish at one of three stages: pre-spawn, spawn, or post-spawn. And of course, there will be fish too young to spawn. You'll observe dark or black spots on juveniles and small adults and may want to toss them back. After all, white catfish can live to be about 14 years old, and the oldest Canadian catfish ever caught was estimated to be about 24 years old. Letting the young catfish live may allow you to catch a larger catfish in a year or two. Food / Feed Strategy: Since they are carnivores, the Spotted Raphael Catfish or Talking Catfish need protein foods. They will eat live foods such as bloodworms, earthworms, and tubifex. They are bottom feeders, and may also eat frozen foods as well as flakes or tablets that have sunk to the bottom.

Body Form or Style: Maximum Size: 6.0 inches (15.24 cm)

• Swim / Locomotion Style: • Mouth Position: Citation: http://animal-world.com/encyclo/fresh/catfish/talkingcat.php Title: striped Raphael catfish

Species #:57

Common Name: •

Scientific Name: Platydoras costatus •

Kingdom: Animalia

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Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Siluriformes

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Family: Doradidae

Geography / Habitat: The Striped Raphael Catfish or Chocolate Catfish are found in the middle Amazon River region. They are a nocturnal fish that burrow in the soft river bottoms. In the wild, these fish feed on mollusks, crustaceans, and organic debris. Life Strategy: Catfish will generally wait to spawn until the water temperature reaches at least 66 degrees Fahrenheit. the catfish, geography is destiny. Because water in southern latitudes warms first, catfish-spawning season begins in the south first. Most species spawn in the late spring or early summer. Obviously, it takes longer for a lake to heat up than it does for a shallow backwater to do so. Any part of a lake or river may have


catfish at one of three stages: pre-spawn, spawn, or post-spawn. And of course, there will be fish too young to spawn. You'll observe dark or black spots on juveniles and small adults and may want to toss them back. After all, white catfish can live to be about 14 years old, and the oldest Canadian catfish ever caught was estimated to be about 24 years old. Letting the young catfish live may allow you to catch a larger catfish in a year or two. Food / Feed Strategy: Since they are carnivores, the Striped Raphael Catfish or Chocolate Catfish need protein foods. They will eat live foods such as bloodworms, earthworms, and tubifex. They are bottom feeders, and may also eat frozen foods as well as flakes or tablets that have sunk to the bottom.

Body Form or Style: The Striped Raphael Catfish has broad black and white stripes that run the length of its body.They have spines on their dorsal and pectoral fins. They also have small curved spines running along its body presumably for protection. The striped Raphael catfish grows to 9½ inches (24 cm). The striping pattern is not as strong in adult fish • Swim / Locomotion Style: • Mouth Position: Citation: http://animal-world.com/encyclo/fresh/catfish/striperaph.php Title: African butterfly peacock

Species #: 58

Common Name: Scientific Name: Aulonocara jacobfreibergi •

Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Perciformes

Family: Cichlidae Geography / Habitat: The African Butterfly Peacocks were described by Johnson in 1974 and are found in Lake Malawi, Africa. Besides inhabiting Otter Point in Lake Malawi, the African Butterfly Peacock is also found in other water areas of Africa including Nkudzi, Monkey Bay, Nankumba, the Domwe Islands. Depending on location, the African Butterfly Peacock prefers rocky habitats where there are large boulders (Northern inhabitants) or in areas mixed with rocky areas, though the males live in small caves. (Southern inhabitants). In general the African Butterfly Peacock inhabit deeper waters than other Malawi cichlids and have special sensory pores on the jaws that help them to find crustaceans in the sand. Life Strategy: A good filtering system, with regular water changes, with the water chemistry matching their requirements, will keep them in good spirits. Only healthy fish will be interested in mating. Because females will be required to incubate the eggs for up to four weeks, she will need to be strong and healthy before she will be able to go without eating for that period of time.It is also a good idea to have several females to one male of each species you keep. This way, not just one female takes the aggression of the male. Having at least 2 females will spread the damage an aggressive male will dish out. And, if he is not ripping their fins too often, they will be stronger and healthier, and hence more likely to mate. Food / Feed Strategy: The African Butterfly Peacock is one of the most carnivorous of the cichlids. In the wild they feed on zooplankton, specifically larvae and will also eat crustaceans. Provide them with a meaty diet; pellets, frozen and freeze-dried daphnia, bloodworms and brine shrimp are excellent choices. Avoid tubifex


worms as they contribute to a disease called "Malawi bloat." You can also use shrimp mixes (the European Shrimp Mix is cheaper than prepared foods and just as nutritious). Feed once a day when young and 5 to 6 times a week when adults unless they are breeding. Avoid the desire to feed this fish more often than it needs, as this will keep the water quality higher over a longer time. Body Form or Style: The African Butterfly Peacock has a distinct feature that separates them from other butterfly peacocks, which is a deeply forked tail fin. All females are quite drab having a white to grayish-brown coloring with vertical bands in gray/brown to beige on the body and they have a rounded anal and dorsal fin which can be faintly colored. This fish may live 8 to 10 years. • •

Swim / Locomotion Style: They move in a determined manner up and down, sideways in between the rocks, or hang upside down under rocks. Mouth Position:

Citation: http://animal-world.com/encyclo/fresh/cichlid/AfricanButterflyPeacock.php Title: agassizi cichlid

Species #: 59

Common Name: Scientific Name: Apistogramma agassizii •

Kingdom: Animalia

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Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Perciformes

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Family: Cichlidae Geography / Habitat: They are found in South American along the Amazon-Solimoes River in the Amazon River basin from Peru to the Capim River Basin. They inhabit clear, black, and white waters that are still or slow-moving. Life Strategy: A good filtering system, with regular water changes, with the water chemistry matching their requirements, will keep them in good spirits. Only healthy fish will be interested in mating. Because females will be required to incubate the eggs for up to four weeks, she will need to be strong and healthy before she will be able to go without eating for that period of time.It is also a good idea to have several females to one male of each species you keep. This way, not just one female takes the aggression of the male. Having at least 2 females will spread the damage an aggressive male will dish out. And, if he is not ripping their fins too often, they will be stronger and healthier, and hence more likely to mate. Food / Feed Strategy: The Agassizi Cichlid is primarily a carnivore that can be fed newly hatched baby brine, frozen brine shrimp, crustaceans, insects, insect larvae, and some may eat flakes and pelleted foods. Feed 2 to 5 small pinches of food a day in smaller amounts rather than a large quantity once a day. This will keep the water quality higher over a longer time. All fish benefit from vitamins and supplements added to their foods.


Body Form or Style: The Agassizi Cichlid is a small colorful fish. Color variations are dependant on the area where it is caught, or if it is captive bred for coloring. The male is more colorful with the upper back being red and the lower back is green. There is a horizontal black band that runs from the nose straight to the tip of the tail fin. It runs below and parallel to the green of the lower back. Coloration below the black band can run from blue to green to yellow. The belly is usually yellow. The face has gold or green marks and the forehead is yellow. The dorsal fin is an orangish red color with a sharp point at the end. The caudal fin has lines in white, light blue to blue, and comes to a point at the end. Other fins are green to blue. Females do not have the longer fins or the intense color of the males, but have a yellow coloring and similar markings. They can live up to 5 years. •

Swim / Locomotion Style: They move in a determined manner up and down, sideways in between the rocks, or hang upside down under rocks. • Mouth Position: Citation: http://animal-world.com/encyclo/fresh/cichlid/AgassiziCichlid.php

Title: altum angelfish

Species #:60

Common Name: Scientific Name: Pterophyllum altum • •

Kingdom: Animalia

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Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Perciformes

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Family: Cichlidae Geography / Habitat: The Altum Angelfish or Orinoco Angelfish was described by Pellegrin in 1903. They are found in rivers in South American; the Amazon River basin in the upper Negro River drainage and the Orinoco River basin in tributaries of the upper Orinoco River (Inírida and Atabapo rivers) to Puerto Ayacucho. Life Strategy: If an Angelfish suddenly displays a bulging belly and a more aggressive behaviour, it is probably a gravid female Angelfish. Two Angelfish grooming each other is also a typical breeding behaviour. Angelfish of both sexes will also flash fins, face off, lock their mouths and twist around. When a couple has been formed, they will choose a spawning site and start cleaning it together. The Angelfish eggs will be deposited on the spawning slate and placed in very neat and evenly spaced lines. If she doesn’t like the spawning slate, she will deposit the eggs somewhere else in the aquarium. The male Angelfish will fertilize the eggs by following close behind the female and touching all the eggs with his papilla. If you keep only female Angelfish, one of the females might actually resume a male behaviour and follow the egg-laying female and touch the eggs. Those eggs will naturally remain unfertilized and become white within a few days. Food / Feed Strategy: Since they are omnivorous, the Altum Angelfish will generally eat all kinds of live, fresh, and flake foods. To keep a good balance give them a high quality flake food or pellet everyday. Feed


brine shrimp (either live or frozen) or blood worms as a treat. You can even feed them lettuce or spinach. Feed mosquito larvae sparingly as they will tend to overeat it, which could kill them. Body Form or Style: The Altum Angelfish is very similar to the wild form of its close relative the common Angelfish Pterophyllum scalare. However, it isn't captive bred and does not have varieties. Its body is silver with a greenish tint, has four dark broad vertical bars, and a few faint bars. It is also larger than its relative, both in length and in height, and has a steeper forehead. The body is laterally compressed with a distinctive diamond shape and pointed snout. They have oversized extended dorsal and anal fins, these and the tail fin are long and flowing. In mature fish the tail fin can develop streamers on the outside corners. The Pelvic (ventral) fins are very long and delicate.

Swim / Locomotion Style: They move in a determined manner up and down, sideways in between the rocks, or hang upside down under rocks. • Mouth Position: Citation: http://animal-world.com/encyclo/fresh/cichlid/AltumAngelfish.php

Title: angelfish

Species #:61

Common Name: Scientific Name: Albino Angelfish •

Kingdom: Animalia

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Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Perciformes

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Family: Cichlidae •

Geography / Habitat: The Angelfish was described by Schultze in 1823. They inhabit slow moving waters of rivers in South American: the central Amazon River basin and tributaries to Peru, Brazil, and eastern Ecuador. Though the Angelfish sold today is often referred to as being Pterophyllum scalare, wild specimens vary widely from the long established captive bred varieties. Life Strategy: If an Angelfish suddenly displays a bulging belly and a more aggressive behaviour, it is probably a gravid female Angelfish. Two Angelfish grooming each other is also a typical breeding behaviour. Angelfish of both sexes will also flash fins, face off, lock their mouths and twist around. When a couple has been formed, they will choose a spawning site and start cleaning it together. The Angelfish eggs will be deposited on the spawning slate and placed in very neat and evenly spaced lines. If she doesn’t like the spawning slate, she will deposit the eggs somewhere else in the aquarium. The male Angelfish will fertilize the eggs by following close behind the female and touching all the eggs with his papilla. If you keep only female Angelfish, one of the


females might actually resume a male behaviour and follow the egg-laying female and touch the eggs. Those eggs will naturally remain unfertilized and become white within a few days. Food / Feed Strategy: Since they are omnivorous, the Angelfish will generally eat all kinds of live, fresh, and flake foods. To keep a good balance give them a high quality flake food or pellet everyday. Feed brine shrimp (either live or frozen) or blood worms as a treat. You can even feed them lettuce or spinach. Feed mosquito larvae sparingly as they will tend to overeat it, which could kill them. Body Form or Style: The Angelfish are found in nature with black bars on a silver colored body. The laterally compressed body has a distinctive diamond shape and pointed snout. They have oversized extended dorsal and anal fins, these and the tail fin are long and flowing. In mature fish the tail fin can develop streamers on the outside corners. The pectoral fins are very long and delicate. Some mutations also found in nature are where these fish are without bars, in solid blacks, and in lace forms. •

Swim / Locomotion Style: They move in a determined manner up and down, sideways in between the rocks, or hang upside down under rocks. • Mouth Position: Citation: http://animal-world.com/encyclo/fresh/cichlid/angelfish.php

Title: aulonocara blue gold

Species #:62

Common Name: Scientific Name: Aulonocara korneliae •

Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Perciformes

Family: Cichlidae Geography / Habitat: The Aulonocara "Blue Gold" were described by Meyer, Riehl and Zetzsche in 1987and are endemic to Chisumulu Island in Lake Malawi, Africa. They are often found over rocky areas with males inhabiting caves and females foraging for food in large schools over sandy areas. They feed on sand-dwelling invertebrates, having special sensory pores on the jaws that help them to find crustaceans in the sand. There are 23 Aulonocara species, though other subspecies exist. Life Strategy: A good filtering system, with regular water changes, with the water chemistry matching their requirements, will keep them in good spirits. Only healthy fish will be interested in mating. Because females will be required to incubate the eggs for up to four weeks, she will need to be strong and healthy before she will be able to go without eating for that period of time.It is also a good idea to have several females to one male of each species you keep. This way, not just one female takes the aggression of the male. Having at least 2 females will spread the damage an aggressive male will dish out. And, if he is not ripping their fins too often, they will be stronger and healthier, and hence more likely to mate.


Food / Feed Strategy: The Aulonocara "Blue Gold" is carnivorous. In the wild they feed on live sand-dwelling invertebrates. Provide them with a meaty diet; pellets, frozen and freeze-dried daphnia, bloodworms and brine shrimp are excellent choices. Avoid tubifex worms as they contribute to a disease called "Malawi bloat." You can also use shrimp mixes (the European Shrimp Mix is cheaper than prepared foods and just as nutritious). Feed once a day when young and 5 to 6 times a week when adults unless they are breeding. Avoid the desire to feed this fish more often than it needs, as this will keep the water quality higher over a longer time

Body Form or Style: The male Aulonocara "Blue Gold" Roberti or Orange Shoulder Peacock is blue on the head and the back two thirds of its body are blue with dark vertical bars. There are blue and orange lines on the dorsal and caudal fin. The abdomen along with the pelvic and anal fins are orangish yellow and there are orange egg spots. There is also an orange band behind the head. This variant is very similar in coloring to the nominate form, Aulonocara Korneliae, but the nominate form does not have an apparent orange band behind the head and has less orange on the dorsal fin. This fish may live 8 to 10 years. •

Swim / Locomotion Style: They move in a determined manner up and down, sideways in between the rocks, or hang upside down under rocks. • Mouth Position: Citation: http://animal-world.com/encyclo/fresh/cichlid/AulonocaraBlueGoldRoberti.php

Title: aulonocara fort Maguire

Species #:63

Common Name: Scientific Name: Cichlidae •

Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Perciform

Family: Cichlidae Geography / Habitat: They are found in the southern part of Lake Malawi between Masinje and Fort Maguire. They hide in caves and prefer zones where rocks and sand mix. As with all Peacocks, they inhabit deeper waters than other Malawi cichlids and have special sensory pores on the jaws that help them to find crustaceans in the sand. They are one of the most carnivorous of the cichlids. Life Strategy: A good filtering system, with regular water changes, with the water chemistry matching their requirements, will keep them in good spirits. Only healthy fish will be interested in mating. Because females will be required to incubate the eggs for up to four weeks, she will need to be strong and healthy before she will be able to go without eating for that period of time.It is also a good idea to have several females to one male of each species you keep. This way, not just one female takes the aggression of the male. Having at least 2 females will spread the damage an aggressive male will dish out. And, if he is not ripping their fins too often, they will be stronger and healthier, and hence more likely to mate.


Food / Feed Strategy: The Aulonocara Fort Maguire is one of the most carnivorous of the cichlids. In the wild they feed on small sand-dwelling invertebrates. Provide them with a meaty diet; pellets, frozen and freeze-dried daphnia, bloodworms and brine shrimp are excellent choices. Avoid tubifex worms as they contribute to a disease called "Malawi bloat." You can also use shrimp mixes (the European Shrimp Mix is cheaper than prepared foods and just as nutritious). No mammal meat. Feed once a day when young and 5 to 6 times a week when adults unless they are breeding. Avoid the desire to feed this fish more often than it needs, as this will keep the water quality higher over a longer time. Body Form or Style:The Aulonocara Fort Maguire, like many of the Peacock cichlids, has a variety of different natural colorations. The basic male is blue with a wide red to orange/yellow band that is located just behind the gills. The top of the band tends to be more red and as the band lowers to the pelvic fins, can turn to a more yellow/orange. The have several vertical bars that are a dark brownish color from behind the wide band of red to the tail. The fins are all blue and tipped in white or ice blue. The face is blue with a hint of the red/orange coloring dotted throughout. Tail fin is mottled in the brown/red and blue coloring. Anal fin has egg spots that are sometimes hard to see. Females are beige with brown vertical bands. Other brown areas on the females are at the very back end of the dorsal near the tail fin, the tail fin, and the anal fin (which is rounded). The facial area is a lighter brown as well. Juveniles are an burnt orange color mixed with turquoise blue with the fins having dots and dashes of turquoise as well. The chin and pelvic fins are turquoise and the anal fin is clear with orange egg spots.This fish may live 6 to 10 years. •

Swim / Locomotion Style: They move in a determined manner up and down, sideways in between the rocks, or hang upside down under rocks. • Mouth Position: Citation: http://animal-world.com/encyclo/fresh/cichlid/AulonocaraFortMaguire.php Title: auratus

Species #: 64

Common Name: Scientific Name: Melanochromis auratus •

Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Cypriniformes

Family: Cyprinidae Geography / Habitat: The Auratus or Golden Mbuna was described by Boulenger in 1897 and are endemic to Lake Malawi, Africa. These fish occupy the southern part of Lake Malawi from the Jalo Reef and then north of Nkhota Kota and south along the western coast to Crocodile Rocks. They are not found on the eastern shore. This Mbuna likes rocky areas, feeding off the algae in the water. Life Strategy: : A good filtering system, with regular water changes, with the water chemistry matching their requirements, will keep them in good spirits. Only healthy fish will be interested in mating. Because females will be required to incubate the eggs for up to four weeks, she will need to be strong and healthy before she will be able to go without eating for that period of time.It is also a good idea to have several females to one male of each species you keep. This way, not just one female takes the aggression of the male. Having at least 2 females


will spread the damage an aggressive male will dish out. And, if he is not ripping their fins too often, they will be stronger and healthier, and hence more likely to mate. Food / Feed Strategy: The Auratus or Golden Mbuna is primarily an herbivore, so may eat any plant you put in the tank. They need to be fed small meals of dry, fresh and frozen foods that are rich in vegetable matter several times a day. Spirulina is highly recommended as a staple food. These foods will help keep the colors bright. Foods like beef heart are to be avoided as they can promote digestive problems.

Body Form or Style: The body of the Auratus or Golden Mbuna is elongated with a rounded snout, narrow mouth, and continuous dorsal fin. In coloring, the male has a much different appearance than the female. He has a somewhat transparent yellow dorsal fin, with black specks that form almost a horizontal "line" through the top. The back is a golden yellow to a faded yellow and the remainder of the body is black. A thin yellow line edged in neon blue runs horizontally through the middle of the body from behind the gill area to the caudal fin. The tail fin is black with yellow at the outer most edge. The anal and pelvic fins are black with neon blue trimming. • Swim / Locomotion Style: • Mouth Position: Citation: http://animal-world.com/encyclo/fresh/cichlid/Auratus.php Title: black belt cichlid

Species #: 65

Common Name: •

Scientific Name: Vieja maculicauda •

Kingdom: Animalia

• • •

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Perciformes

• •

Family: Cichlidae Geography / Habitat: The Black Belt Cichlid was described by Regan in 1905. They are found in Central America on the Atlantic slope from the Usumacinta River drainage in Guatemala to the Chagres River in Panama. Their range is large and encompasses both brackish and marine water. They like the slow currents of the lower river valleys, areas with sandy and muddy bottoms. They prefer shady spots among logs and submerged trees. They feed on benthic detritus containing seeds and fruits, along with aquatic and land plants. Life Strategy: : A good filtering system, with regular water changes, with the water chemistry matching their requirements, will keep them in good spirits. Only healthy fish will be interested in mating. Because females will be required to incubate the eggs for up to four weeks, she will need to be strong and healthy before she will be able to go without eating for that period of time.It is also a good idea to have several females to one male of each species you keep. This way, not just one female takes the aggression of the male. Having at least 2 females


will spread the damage an aggressive male will dish out. And, if he is not ripping their fins too often, they will be stronger and healthier, and hence more likely to mate. Food / Feed Strategy: The Black Belt Cichlid is an omnivore that primarily feeds on benthic detritus containing seeds and fruits, along with plant matter in their natural environment. In the aquarium they can be fed a pellet base for food, but supplement it with vegetables (lettuce, spinach, vegetable flake foods) and fruits. They love snails and will eat them with gusto. Fed them a few times a day. All fish benefit from vitamins and supplements added to their foods. Body Form or Style: The Black Belt Cichlid is a deep bodied oval disk shape fish with anal and dorsal fins that are pointed. The body of the male is silvery white with a black band, either solid or sketchy, encircling the midsection just behind the pelvic fin. The caudal fins is all red or partially red and there is red blotching on the chin and throat that runs from the lips to just before the pelvic fin. The female is a dark gray in color with a red tail and black freckling. Older fish, especially the males, develop a nuchal hump on the head. Because of its extensive distribution area in the wild, there are several color morphs. •

Swim / Locomotion Style: They move in a determined manner up and down, sideways in between the rocks, or hang upside down under rocks. • Mouth Position: Citation: http://animal-world.com/encyclo/fresh/cichlid/BlackBeltCichlid.php

Title: black-stripe dwarf

Species #:66

Common Name: Scientific Name: Taeniacara candidi • •

Kingdom: Animalia

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Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Perciformes

• •

Family: Cichlidae Geography / Habitat:The Black-Stripe Dwarf Cichlid was described by Myers in 1935. They are found along the Amazon River to the Tapajos River as well as in the Amazon River basin in South America, Brazil. This little fish is found in the lower Negro River as well. They live in very soft acidic water, hiding in the dense coverage of rocks, roots, wood, and heavily overgrown vegetation. They eat insect larvae and other small live foods. This fish was first described in the Apistogramma genus as Apistogramma weisei, but later described in their own genus, Taeniacara. Life Strategy: : A good filtering system, with regular water changes, with the water chemistry matching their requirements, will keep them in good spirits. Only healthy fish will be interested in mating. Because females


will be required to incubate the eggs for up to four weeks, she will need to be strong and healthy before she will be able to go without eating for that period of time.It is also a good idea to have several females to one male of each species you keep. This way, not just one female takes the aggression of the male. Having at least 2 females will spread the damage an aggressive male will dish out. And, if he is not ripping their fins too often, they will be stronger and healthier, and hence more likely to mate. Food / Feed Strategy: The Black-Stripe Dwarf Cichlid is a carnivore that feeds on insect larvae and other small live foods in the wild. In the aquarium it can be fed newly hatched baby brine, frozen brine shrimp, freeze dried bloodworms, tubifex worms, and high quality flake food. This diet is especially easy to feed to tank bred BlackStripe Dwarf Cichlids. Wild caught specimens will have to be provided with a live diet until they accept prepared foods. Feed them chopped earthworm, blood worms and mosquito larvae. Feed 2 to 5 small pinches of food a day in smaller amounts rather than a large quantity once a day. This will keep the water quality higher over a longer time. All fish benefit from vitamins and supplements added to their foods. Body Form or Style: The Black-Stripe Dwarf Cichlid is a small colorful and elongated fish. It has a more slender torpedo shaped body than other dwarf cichlids. The body has a base color of silver above a black horizontal stripe that runs from the head to just before the tail, though the stripe may be absent from some specimens. There is a slightly lighter silver/white on the belly in front of the anal fin. The fins are colored with blue, yellow, red, and brown. The male's pelvic fins are especially long and his anal and dorsal fins are pointed. Males also have a large spade-shaped tail fin that extends into a point at the end. The female has shorter fins and is smaller with less intense coloring, yet is still a pretty little fish. All cichlids share a common feature that some saltwater fish such as wrasses and parrotfish have and that is a well-developed pharyngeal set of teeth that are in the throat, along with their regular teeth. Swim / Locomotion Style: They move in a determined manner up and down, sideways in between the rocks, or hang upside down under rocks. • Mouth Position: Citation: http://animal-world.com/encyclo/fresh/cichlid/BlackStripeDwarfCichlid.php

Title: blood parrot fish

Species #:67

Common Name: Scientific Name: they are manmade therefore it DOES NOT have a scientific name. •

Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

• •

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Perciformes

Family: Cichlidae Geography / Habitat: The Blood Parrot, also called the Bloody Parrot and Blood Parrotfish, and another variety known as the Jellybean Parrot are fish developed by breeders and hobbyists. Since they are a hybrid, they are domestic and only found in aquariums. The Blood Parrot is said to have been bred in Taiwan and the suggested parents are Central and South American cichlids.


Life Strategy: Male blood parrots generally are infertile, but successful breeding has occurred. Normally, a female blood parrot lays eggs on a hard surface, and both parents guard the eggs unless the brood develops fungus, at which time the eggs will be consumed by either the parents or other fish. However, fish farms have begun introducing male blood parrots injected with a hormone to increase fertility. Most female blood parrots are fertile. Food / Feed Strategy: Since they are omnivorous the Blood Parrot, Bloody Parrot, or Blood Parrotfish will generally eat all kinds of live, fresh, and flake foods. To keep good balances give them a high quality flake food or pellet everyday. Feed brine shrimp (either live or frozen) or blood worms as a treat. Live guppies and goldfish will suffice when they get bigger. Proteins high in B-carotene will promote good coloring.

Body Form or Style: The Blood Parrot has a roundish 'balloon' shaped body. They have a very small mouth and are perhaps they are called Parrotfish because their nose looks like a 'parrots' beak. They also have some other distinctions, their spines are deformed which gives them their unique shape, the iris of their eyes is overly large, and they are awkward swimmers.They can be solid or have a 'calico' patterning or blotching and they are available in a variety of colors from basic pale or bright yellows, to oranges and reds. There are also color varieties, which are dyed albinos or dyed light colored Blood Parrots. These are generally referred to as the 'Jellybean Parrot' and 'Bumble Gum Parrot', though their names can describe them by color such as the 'Purple Parrot'. Then there are Blood Parrots described by their physical appearance such as the 'Love Heart Parrot', which has no tail fin. •

Swim / Locomotion Style: They move in a determined manner up and down, sideways in between the rocks, or hang upside down under rocks. • Mouth Position: Citation: http://animal-world.com/encyclo/fresh/cichlid/blparrot.php

Title: blue acara

Species #:68

Common Name: •

Scientific Name: Aequidens pulcher •

Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

• •

Class: Actinopterygii

• • •

Family: Cichlidae

Order: Perciformes


Geography / Habitat: The Blue Acara was described by Gill in 1858. They are found in Central and South America; Colombia, Venezuela, and Trinidad. They inhabit both turbid and clear flowing streams where they feed on worms, crustaceans, and insects. Life Strategy: : A good filtering system, with regular water changes, with the water chemistry matching their requirements, will keep them in good spirits. Only healthy fish will be interested in mating. Because females will be required to incubate the eggs for up to four weeks, she will need to be strong and healthy before she will be able to go without eating for that period of time.It is also a good idea to have several females to one male of each species you keep. This way, not just one female takes the aggression of the male. Having at least 2 females will spread the damage an aggressive male will dish out. And, if he is not ripping their fins too often, they will be stronger and healthier, and hence more likely to mate. Food / Feed Strategy: Since they are carnivores, the Blue Acara needs protein foods. In the wild they eat worms, crustaceans, and insects. In the aquarium provide them with live foods such as bloodworms, earthworms, and tubifex. They may also eat frozen foods (such as brine shrimp or blood worms) as well as protein flakes or tablets. A minimum 30 gallon aquarium is suggested. Body Form or Style:The body of the Blue Acara is stocky and compact with a mostly steel blue-gray coloration. The are a few green horizontal lines on the face and their overall bluish-green scales give them a sparkling appearance. Swim / Locomotion Style: They move in a determined manner up and down, sideways in between the rocks, or hang upside down under rocks. • Mouth Position: •

Citation: http://animal-world.com/encyclo/fresh/cichlid/blueacara.php Title: blue daktari

Species #:69

Common Name: Scientific Name: Pseudotropheus sp. •

Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Perciformes

Family: Cichlidae Geography / Habitat: They are found in Lake Malawi, Africa inhabiting the southern part between the Undu Reef and Liutche. They like areas between sand and rock, near boulders where they feed on auwfuchs and other vegetation. Aufwuchs refers to tough stringy algae that is attached to rocks. "Loose" Aufwuchs can contain insect larvae, nymphs, crustaceans, snails, mites and zooplankton. Life Strategy: A good filtering system, with regular water changes, with the water chemistry matching their requirements, will keep them in good spirits. Only healthy fish will be interested in mating. Because females


will be required to incubate the eggs for up to four weeks, she will need to be strong and healthy before she will be able to go without eating for that period of time.It is also a good idea to have several females to one male of each species you keep. This way, not just one female takes the aggression of the male. Having at least 2 females will spread the damage an aggressive male will dish out. And, if he is not ripping their fins too often, they will be stronger and healthier, and hence more likely to mate. Food / Feed Strategy: The Blue Daktari is an omnivore that in the wild feeds on auwfuchs and other vegetation. In captivity they need vegetable matter which provides fiber in their diet to keep their intestinal tract disease free. Feed a high quality flake, pellets, spirulina, and other preparations for herbivore cichlids. It is always better to feed them small amounts several times a day instead of one large feeding. This keeps the water quality higher for a longer period of time. Of course, all fish benefit from added vitamins and supplements to their foods. It would not be wise to house this fish with other genus of cichlids that eat beef heart or other mammal meat, as these foods will cause intestinal infections and death in these fish. Body Form or Style: The Blue Daktari has the typical Mbuna elongated 'torpedo' body shape. The male is a beautiful yellow color with an orange-yellow coloring along the back. There are some populations that also have blue in the body. They can have a few light blue scales here and there. The fins are a bright yellow, with the tail fin having black trim on the top and bottom edges. The anal fin has a black edge at the bottom with egg spots at the area closer to the body. The eyes are not yellow, but a silver color with a black center. The female has the same black edging on the the top and bottom of the tail fin, but she is a pinkish tan to tan-gray color. Juveniles are a pinkish tan color. They can live up to 8 years. Swim / Locomotion Style: They move in a determined manner up and down, sideways in between the rocks, or hang upside down under rocks. • Mouth Position: Citation: http://animal-world.com/encyclo/fresh/cichlid/BlueDaktari.php Title: blue goby cichlid

Species #:70

Common Name: Scientific Name: Spathodus erythrodon • •

Kingdom: Animalia

• •

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Perciformes

• •

Family: Cichlidae Geography / Habitat: The Blue Goby Cichlid was described by Boulenger in 1901. These fish are endemic to all but the southern end of Lake Tanganyika, Africa. They prefer the top part of the water column, not often venturing below 1 feet (.3 m). They are found along the rubble or pebble edges of the shoreline called surge zones. This area is continually washed by waves that are driven by the wind and this water has a pH of over 9 due to the releases of oxygen at the shore called "faunal exhaust." They pick algae and micro-organisms in the algae from the rocks.


Life Strategy: A good filtering system, with regular water changes, with the water chemistry matching their requirements, will keep them in good spirits. Only healthy fish will be interested in mating. Because females will be required to incubate the eggs for up to four weeks, she will need to be strong and healthy before she will be able to go without eating for that period of time.It is also a good idea to have several females to one male of each species you keep. This way, not just one female takes the aggression of the male. Having at least 2 females will spread the damage an aggressive male will dish out. And, if he is not ripping their fins too often, they will be stronger and healthier, and hence more likely to mate. Food / Feed Strategy: The Blue Goby Cichlid is an omnivore. In the wild they pick algae and microorganisms from the rock biocover. In the aquarium they can be fed nutritious live foods, tablets, and some will accept frozen or flake. Flakes are often accepted by captive bred fish though captive caught fish are less enthusiastic. Provide a diet of high quality spirulina or vegetables such as blanched chopped peas, broccoli or lettuce. Also feed crustaceans, Cyclops, brine shrimp, glassworms, or other special foods for Lake Tanganyika cichlids. On rare occasions you can feed bloodworms, but beef heart and fish should be avoided. Feed 2 to 5 small pinches of food a day in smaller amounts instead of a large quantity once a day. All fish benefit from vitamins and supplements added to their foods. Body Form or Style: The body of the Blue Goby Cichlid is a brownish gray color with several rows of light blue spots all over interspersed with a couple rows of gold spots closer to the belly area. The belly is lighter and there are hints of blue in the dorsal, tail, and anal fins. They have a uniquely shaped mouth with their top lip almost looking like an "overbite". Both the top lip and the bottom lip are blue in color. Their eyes are located toward the top of their head. The have one row of teeth on each side of their jaw that are long and curved with tips that are blunt, used for eating algae off of rocks. • Swim / Locomotion Style: They move in a determined manner up and down, sideways in between the rocks, or hang upside down under rocks. • Mouth Position: Citation: http://animal-world.com/encyclo/fresh/cichlid/BlueGobyCichlid.php

Title: blue moorii

Species #:71

Common Name: Scientific Name: Cyrtocara moorii •

Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Perciformes

Family: Cichlidae Geography / Habitat: The Blue Moorii, also known as the Malawi Blue Dolphin and the Hump-head, were described by Boulenger in 1902. They are found in Lake Malawi, Africa where they inhabit sandy coastal areas. Imported for the aquarium trade since 1968, most of these fish are wild caught.


Life Strategy: A good filtering system, with regular water changes, with the water chemistry matching their requirements, will keep them in good spirits. Only healthy fish will be interested in mating. Because females will be required to incubate the eggs for up to four weeks, she will need to be strong and healthy before she will be able to go without eating for that period of time.It is also a good idea to have several females to one male of each species you keep. This way, not just one female takes the aggression of the male. Having at least 2 females will spread the damage an aggressive male will dish out. And, if he is not ripping their fins too often, they will be stronger and healthier, and hence more likely to mate. Food / Feed Strategy: They are omnivorous, so the Blue Moorii will generally eat all kinds of live, fresh, and tablet foods. They do best with a high protein diet, so feed meaty foods such as beef heart chunks, blood worms, or brine shrimp (either live or frozen). To keep a good balance give them a high quality flake food or pellet everyday. Body Form or Style: The body of the Blue Moorii is elongated with a somewhat pointed snout, looking similar to that of a dolphin, thus the name Malawi Blue Dolphin. They have an overall blue coloring with varying amounts of black markings on their fins and back, depending upon their place of origin. As adults both the male and female develop a lump on the forehead, a cranial bump. Swim / Locomotion Style: They move in a determined manner up and down, sideways in between the rocks, or hang upside down under rocks. • Mouth Position: Citation: http://animal-world.com/encyclo/fresh/cichlid/bluemoorii.php Title: blue neon

Species #:72

Common Name: Scientific Name: Paracyprichromis nigripinnis •

Kingdom: Animalia

• •

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Perciformes

• •

Family: Cichlidae Geography / Habitat: The Blue Neon was described by Boulenger in 1901. These fish are endemic to Lake Tanganyika, Africa. They are found in several parts of lake where they will school in groups of hundreds, though they prefer the security of rock structures and caves. They feed on zooplankton in the open water above the rocks. They are typically collected at Chituta Bay in Zambia, Msambu, and Kigoma in Tanzania. Life Strategy: A good filtering system, with regular water changes, with the water chemistry matching their requirements, will keep them in good spirits. Only healthy fish will be interested in mating. Because females will be required to incubate the eggs for up to four weeks, she will need to be strong and healthy before she will be able to go without eating for that period of time.It is also a good idea to have several females to one male of each species you keep. This way, not just one female takes the aggression of the male. Having at least 2 females


will spread the damage an aggressive male will dish out. And, if he is not ripping their fins too often, they will be stronger and healthier, and hence more likely to mate. Food / Feed Strategy: The Blue Neon is a planktivore. In the wild they feed on drifting zooplankton in open water above the rocks. In the aquarium they can be fed flakes including a high quality spirulina and frozen foods such as brine shrimp. Use foods with carotene to bring out their color. Feeding cyclops or artemia that will bring out their best colors, but once they get a taste for these they will usually ignore the flake. It is suggested that you do not feed live foods and tubifex worms due to possible diseases and pathogens that may be transferred to your fish. Feed 2 to 5 small pinches of food a day in smaller amounts instead of a large quantity once a day. A one-day-a-week 'fast' can also be beneficial. All fish benefit from vitamins and supplements added to their foods. Body Form or Style: The Blue Neon is a small beautiful cichlid. They have a slender elongated body with a slightly lyre tail. Males have a creamy orange to orange body, with neon blue to purple stippled lines that run vertically through their body. Their fins are a clearish yellow to lighter neon blue and outlined in the same neon blue to purple coloring as the stippled body lines. Females are a bit duller version of the males, but still very pretty. Juveniles are gray when born and cream by two months. Swim / Locomotion Style: They move in a determined manner up and down, sideways in between the rocks, or hang upside down under rocks. • Mouth Position: • Citation: http://animal-world.com/encyclo/fresh/cichlid/BlueNeon.php Title: blue-eyed tropheus

Species #:73

Common Name: Scientific Name: Tropheus brichardi •

Kingdom: Animalia

• •

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Perciformes

• •

Family: Cichlidae Geography / Habitat: The Blue-Eyed Tropheus, endemic to Lake Tanganyika, Africa, was described by Nelissen and Thys van den Audenaerde in 1975, based on a group of specimens caught near Nyanza Lac in Burundi. They were named after Pierre Brichard, a well known cichlid importer. They are widely distributed throughout the central parts of the lake on both the east and west coasts, but not in the extreme north or south. Life Strategy A good filtering system, with regular water changes, with the water chemistry matching their requirements, will keep them in good spirits. Only healthy fish will be interested in mating. Because females will be required to incubate the eggs for up to four weeks, she will need to be strong and healthy before she will be able to go without eating for that period of time.It is also a good idea to have several females to one male of


each species you keep. This way, not just one female takes the aggression of the male. Having at least 2 females will spread the damage an aggressive male will dish out. And, if he is not ripping their fins too often, they will be stronger and healthier, and hence more likely to mate. : Food / Feed Strategy: The Blue-Eyed Tropheus is an omnivore, or can be referred to as a benthic herbivore. In the wild they are specialized aufwuch feeders, picking algae from the rocks that contain microorganisms. In the aquarium they can be fed a varied diet including spirulina based flake or pellet and supplement with a small quantity of protein They should have spinach or romaine at least once a day. Only include foods that are high in fiber. Offering only Cyclops and Mysis as live protein supplements. Avoid avoid soft or slimy foods as well as Tubifex, brine shrimp, beef heart, and mosquito larvae. When using pellet, holding it underwater for a few moments before the fish eat it may prevent air released from the pellet from getting trapped in the belly. Body Form or Style: The Blue-Eyed Tropheus is a stocky fish that seems to have a larger head in proportion to their body, an under-slung mouth, and the body narrows as it forms the tail. The body of the adult male is a brownish black to a dark green color with a white or yellowish patch on the back just under the first half of the dorsal fin. There may also be a small dash of gold on the belly above the pelvic fin and the anal fin can have faint spotting. The caudal fin is fan shaped. The eye is white to golden and the iris of the eye can develop a blue color if they are kept in optimal conditions, thus the name 'Blue-Eyed'. •

Swim / Locomotion Style: They move in a determined manner up and down, sideways in between the rocks, or hang upside down under rocks. • Mouth Position: Citation: http://animal-world.com/encyclo/fresh/cichlid/BlueEyedTropheus.php

Title: blunthead cichlid

Species #:74

Common Name: Scientific Name: Tropheus moorii •

Kingdom: Animalia

• •

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Perciformes

• •

Family: Cichlidae Geography / Habitat: The Blunthead Cichlid was described by Boulenger in 1898. They are endemic to Lake Tanganyika, Africa and are widely distributed throughout the lake. They inhabit rocky costal areas at depths of 6 1/2 to10 feet (2 - 3 m) feeding on algae and microorganisms. Life Strategy: A good filtering system, with regular water changes, with the water chemistry matching their requirements, will keep them in good spirits. Only healthy fish will be interested in mating. Because females


will be required to incubate the eggs for up to four weeks, she will need to be strong and healthy before she will be able to go without eating for that period of time.It is also a good idea to have several females to one male of each species you keep. This way, not just one female takes the aggression of the male. Having at least 2 females will spread the damage an aggressive male will dish out. And, if he is not ripping their fins too often, they will be stronger and healthier, and hence more likely to mate. Food / Feed Strategy: The Blunthead Cichlid s an omnivore. In the wild they feed on algae scraped from the rocks along with microorganisms. In the aquarium they need to be fed a spirulina based flake and pellet. If you use pellet, hold it underwater for a few moments before the fish eat it, that may prevent air released from the pellet from getting trapped in the belly. They should have spinach or romaine at least once a day. Only include foods that are high in fiber. Avoid soft or slimy foods as well as Tubifex, brine shrimp, beef heart, and mosquito larvae. Body Form or Style: The Blunthead Cichlid Tropheus Moorii is a moderately deep bodied fish that seems to have a larger head in proportion to their body, a down turned mouth, and the body narrows as it forms the tail. The caudal fin is fan shaped.There are a number of geographic variations of the Tropheus moorii, each with a different color patterning depending on the locale from which they originate. Color morphs include fish with yellow stomachs, striped tails, rainbow markings, and cross-stripes along with bright yellows, reds, and blacks.

Swim / Locomotion Style: They move in a determined manner up and down, sideways in between the rocks, or hang upside down under rocks. • Mouth Position: Citation: http://animal-world.com/encyclo/fresh/cichlid/BluntheadCichlid.php Title: bolivian ram

Species #: 75

Common Name: Scientific Name: Mikrogeophagus altispinosus •

Kingdom: Animalia

• •

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Perciformes

• •

Family: Cichlidae Geography / Habitat: The Bolivian Ram, also known as Bolivian Butterfly or Ruby Clown Cichlid, was described by Haseman in 1911. They are found in South America in the countries of Bolivia (found there originally) and Brazil. They inhabit the Rio Mamore near the mouth of the Rio Guarpore river at Trinidad, the Guarpore Basin at San Ramone, the mouth of the Igarape river at Guarjara-Mirim, and in Flood plains below Todos Santos. Originally found in Bolivia in a shallow pond. Life Strategy: A good filtering system, with regular water changes, with the water chemistry matching their requirements, will keep them in good spirits. Only healthy fish will be interested in mating. Because females will be required to incubate the eggs for up to four weeks, she will need to be strong and healthy before she will


be able to go without eating for that period of time.It is also a good idea to have several females to one male of each species you keep. This way, not just one female takes the aggression of the male. Having at least 2 females will spread the damage an aggressive male will dish out. And, if he is not ripping their fins too often, they will be stronger and healthier, and hence more likely to mate. Food / Feed Strategy: The Bolivian Ram is primarily a carnivore that can be fed a mix of meaty foods that are live or frozen; such as brine shrimp, blood worms, white worms, chopped earthworms, cyclopeeze, and artemia. Some may eat flakes and pellets, but these should not be the staple of their diet. Feed 2 to 5 small pinches of food a day in smaller amounts instead of a large quantity once a day. This will keep the water quality higher over a longer time. All fish benefit from vitamins and supplements added to their foods. Body Form or Style: The Bolivian Ram is a small colorful fish. The body has an overall solid color that ranges from a dull brown to a grayish blue. They can have a whitish yellow belly. They may have a black spot in the middle of their body below the middle area of the dorsal fin, and may or may not have a crescent vertical black line that runs through their eyes. (Their eyes are not red like the Ram Cichlid.) The tips of the dorsal fin and the edges of the tail fin are orange, and the anal and pectoral fins are orange as well. Males have a more pointed dorsal fin and longer filaments of the tail fin. They can live up to 4 years. Swim / Locomotion Style: They move in a determined manner up and down, sideways in between the rocks, or hang upside down under rocks. • Mouth Position: Citation: http://animal-world.com/encyclo/fresh/cichlid/BolivianRam.php Title: brevis shelldweller

Species #: 76

Common Name: Scientific Name: Neolamprologus brevis •

Kingdom: Animalia

• •

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Perciformes

• •

Family: Cichlidae Geography / Habitat: The Brevis Shelldweller was described by Boulenger in 1899. These fish are endemic to Lake Tanganyika, Africa. They prefer depths of 19 to 180 feet (6 - 55 m) and are found in areas where the bottom is muddy and sandy and there are large numbers of snails of the genus Neothauma. They use the snail shells for their homes and feed on plankton. Some of the areas where they dwell have a smaller shell density, so depending on their personality a pair may or may not share a shell. Life Strategy: A good filtering system, with regular water changes, with the water chemistry matching their requirements, will keep them in good spirits. Only healthy fish will be interested in mating. Because females will be required to incubate the eggs for up to four weeks, she will need to be strong and healthy before she will be able to go without eating for that period of time.It is also a good idea to have several females to one male of each species you keep. This way, not just one female takes the aggression of the male. Having at least 2 females


will spread the damage an aggressive male will dish out. And, if he is not ripping their fins too often, they will be stronger and healthier, and hence more likely to mate. Food / Feed Strategy: The Brevis Shelldweller is an omnivore that feeds on plankton in the wild. In the aquarium they can be fed frozen blood worms, brine shrimp, and small protein cichlid pellets, They need some vegetable matter, so include some spirulina based foods along with a pea or piece of spinach. Live daphnia and live brine shrimp can be offered as a treat. Feed 2 to 5 small pinches of food a day in smaller amounts instead of a large quantity once a day. A one-day-a-week 'fast' can also be beneficial. All fish benefit from vitamins and supplements added to their foods. Body Form or Style: The Brevis Shelldweller is a small cichlid with an elongated body. It has a large mouth for its size and it is upturned, indicating a carnivorous predator. The body is primarily a light brown and the fins are the same color, but clearish. They have florescent blue lines under the eyes, though these can only be seen under good lighting. When they are stressed they turn a bronze color with a black cap on the head. There are slight differences in the Brevis Shelldweller depending on the region where they are found. The Standard Brevis from Kigoma, Tanzania and the Sunspot Brevis are two of the most commonly seen in the pet industry. •

Swim / Locomotion Style: They move in a determined manner up and down, sideways in between the rocks, or hang upside down under rocks. • Mouth Position: Citation: http://animal-world.com/encyclo/fresh/cichlid/BrevisShelldweller.php Title: bumblebee mouthbrooder

Species #: 77

Common Name: Scientific Name: Pseudotropheus crabro •

Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Perciformes

Family: Cichlidae Geography / Habitat: The Bumblebee Mouthbrooder was described by Ribbink and Lewis in 1982. They are found in Lake Malawi, Africa at various sites in the Eccles Reef, West Reef, Chiyamwezi, Mbenji, Chinyankwazi, Maleri, Nkata Bay, and the Likoma and Chisumulu Islands. They live in various habitats but prefer rocks or sand-rock substrates near large boulders, and the interior of large caves. They feed on a different foods as they become available including benthic crustaceans, fry of other fish, fish eggs, and larvae. They have been seen picking the ectoparasite Argulus africanus from a large cave-dwelling species of catfish, the Kampango Bagrus meridionalis. Life Strategy: A good filtering system, with regular water changes, with the water chemistry matching their requirements, will keep them in good spirits. Only healthy fish will be interested in mating. Because females will be required to incubate the eggs for up to four weeks, she will need to be strong and healthy before she will be able to go without eating for that period of time.It is also a good idea to have several females to one male of each species you keep. This way, not just one female takes the aggression of the male. Having at least 2 females


will spread the damage an aggressive male will dish out. And, if he is not ripping their fins too often, they will be stronger and healthier, and hence more likely to mate. Food / Feed Strategy: The Bumblebee Mouthbrooder is an omnivore with a voracious appetite. In the wild they feed on a different foods as they are available including benthic crustaceans, fry of other fish, fish eggs, larvae, and parasites they pick off of a catfish. In the aquarium feed high quality flakes, pellets, spirulina, and prepared cichlid foods. They do need more proteins than other Mbunas because of their natural diet, but they still need vegetable matter to provide fiber in their diet in order to keep their intestinal tract disease free. It is always better to feed them small amounts several times a day instead of one large feeding. This keeps the water quality higher for a longer period of time. Do not over feed as this will result in water spoilage and even an early death.

Body Form or Style: The Bumblebee Mouthbrooder has a thick robust body shape. An adult dominant male is close to a black color with dark blue vertical bars. They will change to almost all black when breeding, with some males showing bright blue speckles on their flank area. Their fins are all dark blue. The female is gold with zig zaggish dark brown vertical bars that fade to gold in the belly area and one brown horizontal bar that runs all the way to the tail. The male can change from their blue/black coloring to all dark, or change to the females coloring when cleaning parasites from a large catfish in the wild. The female can go from her coloring to a black coloring. •

Swim / Locomotion Style: They move in a determined manner up and down, sideways in between the rocks, or hang upside down under rocks. • Mouth Position: Citation: http://animal-world.com/encyclo/fresh/cichlid/BumblebeeMouthbrooder.php

Title: callochromis macrops

Species #:78

Common Name: Scientific Name: Callochromis macrops • •

Kingdom: Animalia

• •

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Perciformes

• •

Family: Cichlidae Geography / Habitat: The Callochromis Macrops or Large-Eyed Mouthbrooder was described by Boulenger in 1898. These fish are endemic to Lake Tanganyika, Africa, primarily in regions south of Nyanza. They are found


over sandy bottoms near rocky areas feeding on insect larvae, small mollusks, and Aufwuchs. Aufwuchs refers to tough stringy algae that is attached to rocks. Aufwuchs can contain insect larvae, nymphs, crustaceans, snails, zooplankton and mites Life Strategy: A good filtering system, with regular water changes, with the water chemistry matching their requirements, will keep them in good spirits. Only healthy fish will be interested in mating. Because females will be required to incubate the eggs for up to four weeks, she will need to be strong and healthy before she will be able to go without eating for that period of time.It is also a good idea to have several females to one male of each species you keep. This way, not just one female takes the aggression of the male. Having at least 2 females will spread the damage an aggressive male will dish out. And, if he is not ripping their fins too often, they will be stronger and healthier, and hence more likely to mate. Food / Feed Strategy: The Callochromis Macrops is an omnivore. In the wild they feed on insect larvae, small mollusks, and Aufwuchs. Aufwuchs refers to tough stringy algae that is attached to rocks and can contain insect larvae, nymphs, crustaceans, snails, zooplankton and mites. In the aquarium they can be be can be fed mysis shrimp, daphnia, live brine shrimp, cyclops, mosquito larvae, thawed frozen foods, flakes and other foods made for Lake Tanganyikan cichlids. Sand is chewed as they search for foods. Feed 2 to 5 small pinches of food a day in smaller amounts instead of a large quantity once a day. All fish benefit from vitamins and supplements added to their foods. Body Form or Style: The Callochromis Macrops or Large-Eyed Mouthbrooder has some characteristics that distinguish if from other Lake Tanganyika cichlids. Their eyes are large and they have less of the typical torpedo shaped body. Also the belly it is flat instead of rounded, which contributes to the appearance of having a higher rounded back. They have a "V" shaped tail and the females are typically smaller and silver. Different locations have different color variations, here are a few:

Swim / Locomotion Style: They move in a determined manner up and down, sideways in between the rocks, or hang upside down under rocks. • Mouth Position: Citation: http://animal-world.com/encyclo/fresh/cichlid/CallochromisMacrops.php Title: cockatoo cichild

Species #: 79

Common Name: Scientific Name: Apistogramma cacatuoides •

Kingdom: Animalia

• •

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Perciformes

Family: Cichlidae Geography / Habitat: The Cockatoo Cichlid, also known as the Cockatoo Dwarf Cichlid or Crested Dwarf Cichlid, was described by Hoedeman in 1951. They are basically found in Brazil and Boliviain inhabiting tributaries of the Amazon River basin. Also found in tributaries of the Solimoes, Ucayali, and Amazon rivers from the Pacheta River to Tabatinga. They are dwell in shallow, slow-moving to almost still, clear and white water areas of the Amazon River.


Life Strategy: A good filtering system, with regular water changes, with the water chemistry matching their requirements, will keep them in good spirits. Only healthy fish will be interested in mating. Because females will be required to incubate the eggs for up to four weeks, she will need to be strong and healthy before she will be able to go without eating for that period of time.It is also a good idea to have several females to one male of each species you keep. This way, not just one female takes the aggression of the male. Having at least 2 females will spread the damage an aggressive male will dish out. And, if he is not ripping their fins too often, they will be stronger and healthier, and hence more likely to mate. Food / Feed Strategy: The Cockatoo Cichlid is a carnivore that can be fed newly hatched baby brine, frozen brine shrimp, crustaceans, insects, insect larvae, and some may eat flakes and pelleted foods. Feed 2 to 5 small pinches of food a day in smaller amounts rather than a large quantity once a day. This will keep the water quality higher over a longer time. All fish benefit from vitamins and supplements added to their foods. Body Form or Style: The Cockatoo Cichlid is a small colorful fish. The body has a silvery gray base and a long black horizontal line that runs through the middle. The male's first several rays of the dorsal fin are extended higher than the rest, giving the "cockatoo" look. The top and bottom rays of the tail fin are longer as well, and brightly colored on the male. The male's belly and bottom fins are golden brown. Females will be a drab yellow with the front of the ventral fins becoming solid black as she matures. Her tail fin will be more rounded as well. Once she lays her eggs, her yellow coloring becomes more intense. They can live up to 5 years.

Swim / Locomotion Style: They move in a determined manner up and down, sideways in between the rocks, or hang upside down under rocks. • Mouth Position: Citation: http://animal-world.com/encyclo/fresh/cichlid/CockatooCichlid.php

Title: compressed cichild

Species #:80

Common Name: Scientific Name: Altolamprologus compressiceps •

Kingdom: Animalia

• •

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

• • •

Family: Cichlidae

Order: Perciformes


Geography / Habitat: The Compressed Cichlid was described by Boulenger in 1898. Also called the Compressiceps or Lamp Compressiceps, they are found in Lake Tanganyika, Africa. They are widely spread, living close to shore in the littoral regions of the lake. Life Strategy: A good filtering system, with regular water changes, with the water chemistry matching their requirements, will keep them in good spirits. Only healthy fish will be interested in mating. Because females will be required to incubate the eggs for up to four weeks, she will need to be strong and healthy before she will be able to go without eating for that period of time.It is also a good idea to have several females to one male of each species you keep. This way, not just one female takes the aggression of the male. Having at least 2 females will spread the damage an aggressive male will dish out. And, if he is not ripping their fins too often, they will be stronger and healthier, and hence more likely to mate. Food / Feed Strategy: Since they are carnivores, the Compressed Cichlid needs protein foods. Although they are a picky eater, once established, they will eat live foods such as shrimp, guppies, and earthworms. Another good food source for them is freeze dried marine plankton. They may also eat frozen foods (such as brine shrimp or blood worms) as well as protein flakes or tablets. Body Form or Style: The Compressed Cichlid is high backed and has a very laterally compressed head and body. The forehead slopes down to a large mouth that is somewhat upturned. The body is patterned with between 8 to 12 dark vertical bars and white to bluish spots. There are several geographic color variations of this cichlid ranging in a variety of hues from dark browns, to reds, yellows or rusty oranges •

Swim / Locomotion Style: They move in a determined manner up and down, sideways in between the rocks, or hang upside down under rocks. • Mouth Position: Citation: http://animal-world.com/encyclo/fresh/cichlid/lampcompress.php

Title: convict cichild

Species #:81

Common Name: Scientific Name: Archocentrus nigrofasciatus •

Kingdom: Animalia

• •

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

• • •

Family: Cichlidae

Order: Perciformes


Geography / Habitat: The Convict Cichlid, also called the Pink Convict or Zebra Cichlid, was described by Günther in 1867. They are found in Central America on the Pacific slope from Costa Rica to Guatemala and on the Atlantic slope from Honduras to Panama. The rivers they inhabit are the Tarcoles, Aguan River, and Guarumo River. They like waters that are flowing from smaller streams to larger fast flowing rivers. There they dwell among the shallow rocky areas where they hide in cracks and crevices, feeding on worms, insects, fish, crustaceans and plants. They can also be found in the warm pools of springs. Life Strategy: A good filtering system, with regular water changes, with the water chemistry matching their requirements, will keep them in good spirits. Only healthy fish will be interested in mating. Because females will be required to incubate the eggs for up to four weeks, she will need to be strong and healthy before she will be able to go without eating for that period of time.It is also a good idea to have several females to one male of each species you keep. This way, not just one female takes the aggression of the male. Having at least 2 females will spread the damage an aggressive male will dish out. And, if he is not ripping their fins too often, they will be stronger and healthier, and hence more likely to mate. Food / Feed Strategy: The Convict Cichlid is an omnivore that can be fed any foods for omnivorous cichlids, vegetable based foods with spirulina, blanched lettuce or other veggies, beef heart and worms. Feed 2 to 5 small pinches of food a day in smaller amounts instead of a large quantity once a day. This will keep the water quality higher over a longer time. All fish benefit from vitamins and supplements added to their foods. Body Form or Style: The Convict Cichlid has a blue-gray, cream, or blue-lavendar base on the body with 8 to 9 dark bands that run vertically. They have a break in the vertical bands in the area behind their head, almost forming a "U" shape. The fins are clearish to light yellow. With in-line breeding there are now several color varieties, and some of the cream and "pink" varieties lack the vertical bars. •

Swim / Locomotion Style: They move in a determined manner up and down, sideways in between the rocks, or hang upside down under rocks. • Mouth Position: Citation: http://animal-world.com/encyclo/fresh/cichlid/ConvictCichlid.php

Title: convict julie

Species #: 82

Common Name: Scientific Name: Julidochromis regani •

Kingdom: Animalia

• •

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

• • •

Family: Cichlidae

Order: Perciformes


Geography / Habitat: The Convict Julie was described by Poll in 1942. It was named after Mr. Charles Tate Regan, a british ichthyologist and director of the British Museum of Natural History. These fish are endemic to Lake Tanganyika, Africa. They inhabit open waters and shallow rocky areas with a sandy substrate. They search for algae and invertebrates that they pick from the rock and sand. Life Strategy: A good filtering system, with regular water changes, with the water chemistry matching their requirements, will keep them in good spirits. Only healthy fish will be interested in mating. Because females will be required to incubate the eggs for up to four weeks, she will need to be strong and healthy before she will be able to go without eating for that period of time.It is also a good idea to have several females to one male of each species you keep. This way, not just one female takes the aggression of the male. Having at least 2 females will spread the damage an aggressive male will dish out. And, if he is not ripping their fins too often, they will be stronger and healthier, and hence more likely to mate. Food / Feed Strategy: The Convict Julie is an omnivore. In the wild they search for algae and invertebrates that they pick from the rock and sand. In the aquarium they can be be fed Cyclops, water fleas, shrimps, Artemia or other special foods for Lake Tanganyika cichlids. Feed 2 to 5 small pinches of food a day in smaller amounts instead of a large quantity once a day. All fish benefit from vitamins and supplements added to their foods. Body Form or Style: The Convict Julie is an elongated, cylindrically shaped fish. They have a nice contrast of horizontal lines (three to four depending on variety) or marbling colored in browns over varying shades of yellow on the background. Some have a beautiful yellow on the belly and in the pectoral fins. The dorsal and caudal fins are edged in blue. They are very similar to their close relative the Ornate Julie Julidochromis ornatus, but in general their body is more elongated.

Swim / Locomotion Style: They move in a determined manner up and down, sideways in between the rocks, or hang upside down under rocks. • Mouth Position: Citation: http://animal-world.com/encyclo/fresh/cichlid/ConvictJulie.php

Title: cylinder cichild

Species #: 83

Common Name: Scientific Name: Neolamprologus cylindricus •

Kingdom: Animalia

• •

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Perciformes

• •

Family: Cichlidae Geography / Habitat: The Cylinder Cichlid was described by Staeck and Seegers in 1986. These fish are endemic to Lake Tanganyika, Africa. They are found in the south-eastern part of Lake at depths from 0 - 32 feet


(10 m) inhabiting rocky bottomed areas. They search in the recesses of the substrate and in the bio cover for inverts to feed on. The parents are cave spawners and raise their fry in seclusion. Life Strategy: A good filtering system, with regular water changes, with the water chemistry matching their requirements, will keep them in good spirits. Only healthy fish will be interested in mating. Because females will be required to incubate the eggs for up to four weeks, she will need to be strong and healthy before she will be able to go without eating for that period of time.It is also a good idea to have several females to one male of each species you keep. This way, not just one female takes the aggression of the male. Having at least 2 females will spread the damage an aggressive male will dish out. And, if he is not ripping their fins too often, they will be stronger and healthier, and hence more likely to mate. Food / Feed Strategy: The Cylinder Cichlid is basically carnivorous in the wild, eating small fish and crustaceans. In the aquarium they can be fed mysis shrimp, earthworm flake, frozen adult brine shrimp and once in a while spirulina. Other special food for carnivorous Lake Tanganyika cichlids are acceptable. It is suggested that you do not feed live foods and tubifex worms due to possible diseases and pathogens that may be transferred to your fish. Feed 2 to 5 small pinches of food a day in smaller amounts instead of a large quantity once a day. A one-day-a-week 'fast' can also be beneficial. All fish benefit from vitamins and supplements added to their foods. Body Form or Style: The Cylinder Cichlid is an elongated, cylindrically shaped fish. There are several vertical thick gray black to black bars with thinner white bars in-between. The face is gray-black to black with irregular shaped spots. They have a blue edging on the fins and at times their lips tend to be blue as well. Their teeth are very sharp due to the nature of their dietary needs. It is unknown how long this fish lives. •

Swim / Locomotion Style: They move in a determined manner up and down, sideways in between the rocks, or hang upside down under rocks. • Mouth Position: Citation: http://animal-world.com/encyclo/fresh/cichlid/CylinderCichlid.php Title: daffodil cichild

Species #: 84

Common Name: Scientific Name: Neolamprologus pulcher •

Kingdom: Animalia

• •

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Perciformes

• •

Family: Cichlidae Geography / Habitat: The Daffodil Cichlid was described by Trewavas and Poll in 1952. These fish are endemic to Lake Tanganyika and are found widespread in the southern part of lake. They inhabit rocky


coastlines and swim in large schools, but will form monogamous pairs to spawn in caves. They feed on swarms of plankton drifting in the lake water along with microorganisms such as small crustaceans and invertebrates. Life Strategy: A good filtering system, with regular water changes, with the water chemistry matching their requirements, will keep them in good spirits. Only healthy fish will be interested in mating. Because females will be required to incubate the eggs for up to four weeks, she will need to be strong and healthy before she will be able to go without eating for that period of time.It is also a good idea to have several females to one male of each species you keep. This way, not just one female takes the aggression of the male. Having at least 2 females will spread the damage an aggressive male will dish out. And, if he is not ripping their fins too often, they will be stronger and healthier, and hence more likely to mate. Food / Feed Strategy: They Daffodil Cichlids are omnivorous and will generally eat all kinds of live, fresh, and flake foods. In the wild they will feed on swarms of plankton drifting in the lake water along with microorganisms such as small crustaceans and invertebrates.To keep a good balance give them a high quality flake food or pellet everyday. Regularly supplement these foods with brine shrimp (either live or frozen) or daphnia. Feed 2 to 5 small pinches of food a day in smaller amounts instead of a large quantity once a day. This will keep the water quality higher over a longer time. A one-day-a-week 'fast' can also be beneficial. Body Form or Style: The Daffodil Cichlid is a graceful fish and has a very pleasing coloration. They have a light colored tan body washed with hints of yellow and bluish purple spots. The yellow is stronger along the upper portion of the body and onto the dorsal fin, and around the base of the pectoral fin. There are two vertical crescent shaped bars just behind the eye highlighted with a bit of blue. The dorsal fin is lyre shaped and they develop long flowing filaments on all unpaired fins. The fins are tipped with an icy blue. They have brilliant blue eyes. Swim / Locomotion Style: They move in a determined manner up and down, sideways in between the rocks, or hang upside down under rocks. • Mouth Position: • Citation: http://animal-world.com/encyclo/fresh/cichlid/DaffodilCichlid.php Title: demanson cichild

Species #: 85

Common Name: Scientific Name: Pseudotropheus demasoni •

Kingdom: Animalia

• •

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Perciformes

• •

Family: Cichlidae Geography / Habitat: The Demanson's Cichlid was described by Konings in 1994. They are found in Lake Malawi, Africa. They inhabit rocky areas in large groups at a location called Pombo Rocks, which is off the Tanzanian coast. They pick at algae for food which may contain Aufwuchs. Aufwuchs refers to tough stringy


algae that is attached to rocks. "Loose" Aufwuchs can contain insect larvae, nymphs, crustaceans, snails, mites and zooplankton. The Demanson's Cichlid is considered to be in the 'dwarf' category due to its size. Life Strategy: A good filtering system, with regular water changes, with the water chemistry matching their requirements, will keep them in good spirits. Only healthy fish will be interested in mating. Because females will be required to incubate the eggs for up to four weeks, she will need to be strong and healthy before she will be able to go without eating for that period of time.It is also a good idea to have several females to one male of each species you keep. This way, not just one female takes the aggression of the male. Having at least 2 females will spread the damage an aggressive male will dish out. And, if he is not ripping their fins too often, they will be stronger and healthier, and hence more likely to mate. Food / Feed Strategy: The Demanson's Cichlid is an omnivore that needs mainly herbivorous foods. Their diet should consist of vegetable matter. An all purpose, high quality cichlid formula can be used as a basic diet. Including vegetable supplements to their diet will help with overall health. This food has fiber which keeps their intestinal tract disease free. It is always better to feed them small amounts several times a day instead of one large feeding. This keeps the water quality higher for a longer period of time. Of course, all fish benefit from added vitamins and supplements to their foods. It would not be wise to house this fish with other genus of cichlids that eat beef heart or other mammal meat, as these foods will cause intestinal infections and death. Body Form or Style: The Demanson's Cichlid has the typical Mbuna elongated 'torpedo' body shape. They have alternating vertical bars that are dark blue, almost black and light blue. There are six dark and five light, starting with a dark stripe behind the gill cover and ending with a muted dark stripe at the base of the tail fin. On their head they have three light blue stripes alternated with the two dark ones. One of these dark stripes is between the eyes and the other one runs across the forehead, where it sort of intersects with the very first vertical bar just behind the gill cover. Their "chin" is a medium blue coloring. On the dorsal fin the stripes angle back with the lighter blue ones being thinner than the dark. The tail fin has very thin "horizontal" lines of dark and light blue and the edge is 'outlined' in the light blue and underlined with a dark blue. •

Swim / Locomotion Style: They move in a determined manner up and down, sideways in between the rocks, or hang upside down under rocks. • Mouth Position: Citation: http://animal-world.com/encyclo/fresh/cichlid/DemansonsCichlid.php

Title: dickfeld’s julie

Species #:86

Common Name: Scientific Name: Julidochromis dickfeldi •

Kingdom: Animalia

• • •

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Perciformes

• •

Family: Cichlidae Geography / Habitat: The Dickfeld's Julie or Brown Julie was described by Staeck in 1975. They are found on the southwestern side of Lake Tanganyika in Africa, on the Zambian shoreline. They inhabit areas of rubble and


rocks and use a crack or fissure in the rock for the center of their territory. They will eat drifting matter in the water, but mostly feed on crustaceans they pick from the rocks. Life Strategy: A good filtering system, with regular water changes, with the water chemistry matching their requirements, will keep them in good spirits. Only healthy fish will be interested in mating. Because females will be required to incubate the eggs for up to four weeks, she will need to be strong and healthy before she will be able to go without eating for that period of time.It is also a good idea to have several females to one male of each species you keep. This way, not just one female takes the aggression of the male. Having at least 2 females will spread the damage an aggressive male will dish out. And, if he is not ripping their fins too often, they will be stronger and healthier, and hence more likely to mate. Food / Feed Strategy: The Dickfeld's Julie is an omnivore. In the wild they will eat drifting matter in the water, but mostly feed on crustaceans they pick from the rocks. In the aquarium they can be fed flake, frozen foods, brine shrimp, Cyclopeeze, small pellets, or other special foods for Lake Tanganyika cichlids. Feed 2 to 5 small pinches of food a day in smaller amounts instead of a large quantity once a day. All fish benefit from vitamins and supplements added to their foods. Body Form or Style: The Dickfeld's Julie or Brown Julie has a slender elongated body that is slightly different from most of the Julies. They have a larger dorsal fin and a more pointed snout. The body coloring can be a silver, a light brown/gold, or a blue sheen and there are three dark horizontal stripes on each side. The first stripe starts at the forehead, runs along the top next to the dorsal fin, and ends in the area just about where the anal fin begins. The second one starts just above and behind the eye, runs parallel to the top stripe, and ends about where the dorsal fin ends, with just hints extending into the top of the caudal area. The third stripe literally wraps around the fish, starting at the tip of the nose and ending at the caudal area. The forehead has 3 small horizontal stripes with the first sort of connecting to the top stripe, the second one right between the eyes, and the third one being a little dash right above where the 3rd body stripes meet. The fins are clearish with blue margins, or can be a clear blue color with more intense blue margins. • • •

Swim / Locomotion Style: They move in a determined manner up and down, sideways in between the rocks, or hang upside down under rocks. Mouth Position: Citation: http://animal-world.com/encyclo/fresh/cichlid/DickfeldsJulie.php

Title: green discus

Species #:87

Common Name: Scientific Name: Symphysodon aequifasciata •

Kingdom: Animalia

• •

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Perciformes

• •

Family: Cichlidae Geography / Habitat: Discus are native to South America and are found in Brazil, Peru, Venezuela, and Columbia. They inhabit the tributaries of the Amazon River, living in the still or slow moving waters along the


banks where they hide among tangled roots and branches. They feed on insect larvae, insects, and planktonic invertebrates. Life Strategy: A good filtering system, with regular water changes, with the water chemistry matching their requirements, will keep them in good spirits. Only healthy fish will be interested in mating. Because females will be required to incubate the eggs for up to four weeks, she will need to be strong and healthy before she will be able to go without eating for that period of time.It is also a good idea to have several females to one male of each species you keep. This way, not just one female takes the aggression of the male. Having at least 2 females will spread the damage an aggressive male will dish out. And, if he is not ripping their fins too often, they will be stronger and healthier, and hence more likely to mate. Food / Feed Strategy: Since they are carnivorous the Discus will generally eat all kinds of live foods and need to be offered a variety. Other good foods include frozen brine shrimp and bloodworms, chopped beef heart, and for some whiteworms. Often tank bred discus will also accept food in a flake form or a pelleted form. Though they are carnivorous, they may also eat small quantities of vegetation. Body Form or Style: A basic description of the wild Green Discus is a dark brownish to green body. There are nine vertical bars (though without the bold central bar), and they have irregular metallic streaks of green, blue, or turquoise on the belly, dorsal and anal fins, and on the dorsal area of the body. They reach a length of about 6" (15 cm).

Swim / Locomotion Style: They move in a determined manner up and down, sideways in between the rocks, or hang upside down under rocks. • Mouth Position: Citation: http://animal-world.com/encyclo/fresh/cichlid/discus.php

Title: dogtooth cichild

Species #:88

Common Name: Scientific Name: Cynotilapia afra •

Kingdom: Animalia

• •

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Perciformes

• •

Family: Cichlidae Geography / Habitat: The Dogtooth Cichlid was described by Günther in 1894. They are found in Lake Malawi, Africa in the northern and central parts of the lake. They inhabit the upper parts of the waters in rocky areas away from the substrate where they feed on zooplankton and Aufwuchs. Aufwuchs refers to tough stringy


algae that is attached to rocks. "Loose" Aufwuchs can contain insect larvae, nymphs, crustaceans, snails, mites and zooplankton. Males tend to feed mostly from the rocks near their home. Life Strategy: A good filtering system, with regular water changes, with the water chemistry matching their requirements, will keep them in good spirits. Only healthy fish will be interested in mating. Because females will be required to incubate the eggs for up to four weeks, she will need to be strong and healthy before she will be able to go without eating for that period of time.It is also a good idea to have several females to one male of each species you keep. This way, not just one female takes the aggression of the male. Having at least 2 females will spread the damage an aggressive male will dish out. And, if he is not ripping their fins too often, they will be stronger and healthier, and hence more likely to mate. Food / Feed Strategy: The Dogtooth Cichlid is an omnivore that will accept frozen or live brine shrimp, mysis, high quality flake, pellets, spirulina, and other preparations for omnivore cichlids. It is always better to feed them small amounts several times a day instead of one large feeding. This keeps the water quality higher for a longer period of time. Of course, all fish benefit from added vitamins and supplements to their foods. They will eat to the point of their stomach being distended, so be very careful to not overfeed. Body Form or Style: There are many color varieties and basically they can be lavender, blue, light blue, yellow and everything in between. They have different coloring on the top band of their dorsal, depending on the color morph. Their vertical bars come and go depending on mood and some variations of color have more bars than others. The males of most color morphs have the ability to turn their head and back an intense yellow gold coloring, but even then the amount of gold coloring that appears depends on mood. Females are drabber and also have the ability to lose or show their vertical bars. Some Dogtooth Cichlid females in certain color morphs are just as spectacular as the males, such as the 'Mbweca' female. Juveniles are similar to females. Lake Malawi fish live an average of 7 to 10 years. •

Swim / Locomotion Style: They move in a determined manner up and down, sideways in between the rocks, or hang upside down under rocks. • Mouth Position: Citation: http://animal-world.com/encyclo/fresh/cichlid/DogtoothCichlid.php

Title: electric blue hap

Species #:89

Common Name: Scientific Name: Sciaenochromis fryeri •

Kingdom: Animalia

• •

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

• • •

Family: Cichlidae

Order: Perciformes


Geography / Habitat: The Electric Blue Hap was described by Konings in 1993, and are found at depths of 32 to 131 feet (10-40m) throughout Lake Malawi, Africa. They prefer rocky areas, hiding in caves or in cracks of the rocks looking for small fish to eat. Life Strategy: A good filtering system, with regular water changes, with the water chemistry matching their requirements, will keep them in good spirits. Only healthy fish will be interested in mating. Because females will be required to incubate the eggs for up to four weeks, she will need to be strong and healthy before she will be able to go without eating for that period of time.It is also a good idea to have several females to one male of each species you keep. This way, not just one female takes the aggression of the male. Having at least 2 females will spread the damage an aggressive male will dish out. And, if he is not ripping their fins too often, they will be stronger and healthier, and hence more likely to mate. Food / Feed Strategy: The Electric Blue Hap is carnivorous and will eat any fish small enough to consume! They should be fed a quality cichlid pellet, occasionally supplemented with frozen krill, mysis or brine shrimp. Fry can be fed crushed flake and crushed protein pellets. Generally feed several times a day in smaller amounts, though feeding them everyday is not always necessary as they have a tendency to overeat and this can contribute to Malawi bloat. All fish benefit from adding liquid vitamins to dry foods. Body Form or Style: The body of the Electric Blue Hap is stocky and elongated, and has 9 to 12 dark vertical bars. All males are electric blue with some variations depending on location. They all have yellow, orange or red in the anal fin. Southern populations of Lake Malawi differ in having the top of the dorsal fin trimmed in white. Northern populations of Lake Malawi lack this white accent, unless they are very large. Males can take up to a year to develop the intense blue coloring. Females are silver, but mature females can at times have hints of light blue. Juveniles are generally similar to females. Developing immature males are a light blue. Cichlids from Lake Malawi generally live from 7 to 10 years. •

Swim / Locomotion Style: They move in a determined manner up and down, sideways in between the rocks, or hang upside down under rocks. • Mouth Position: Citation: http://animal-world.com/encyclo/fresh/cichlid/ElectricBlueHap.php

Title: electric blue jack dempsey

Species #:90

Common Name: Scientific Name: Cichlasoma octofasciatum •

Kingdom: Animalia

• •

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

• • •

Family: Cichlidae

Order: Perciformes


Geography / Habitat: The Electric Blue Jack Dempsey is a captive bred, naturally occurring, color-morph of the Jack Dempsey. The Jack Dempsey was described by Regan in 1903. They are found in North and Central America; Southern Mexico, Guatemala, Yucatan, and Honduras. They inhabit bogs and other slow moving, swampy warm waters, living among weedy areas with sandy or muddy bottoms. They feed on worms, crustaceans, insects and fish. Life Strategy: A good filtering system, with regular water changes, with the water chemistry matching their requirements, will keep them in good spirits. Only healthy fish will be interested in mating. Because females will be required to incubate the eggs for up to four weeks, she will need to be strong and healthy before she will be able to go without eating for that period of time.It is also a good idea to have several females to one male of each species you keep. This way, not just one female takes the aggression of the male. Having at least 2 females will spread the damage an aggressive male will dish out. And, if he is not ripping their fins too often, they will be stronger and healthier, and hence more likely to mate. Food / Feed Strategy: Since they are omnivorous, the Electric Blue Jack Dempsey will generally eat all kinds of live, fresh, and flake or pelleted foods. They get quite large so they should be fed a high quality pelleted food and large chunk foods such as meat or fish. Body Form or Style: Just like its parentage, the body of the Electric Blue Jack Dempsey is stocky and compact, but exhibits a coloration that has mostly 'blues' rather than 'greens'. This beautiful variant usually has a dark brown background contrasted with brilliant metallic and iridescent blue flecks. Males develop long pointed dorsal and anal fins and may also have a round black spot in the center of the body and at the base of the tail. Juveniles are less brilliant, having a white to light tan background with faint turquoise to blue flecks that get bolder with age.

Swim / Locomotion Style: They move in a determined manner up and down, sideways in between the rocks, or hang upside down under rocks. • Mouth Position: Citation: http://animal-world.com/encyclo/fresh/cichlid/ElectricBlueJackDempsey.php

Title: electric blue johannii

Species #: 91

Common Name: Scientific Name: Melanochromis johannii •

Kingdom: Animalia

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Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Perciformes

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Family: Cichlidae Geography / Habitat: The Electric Blue Johannii or Bluegray Mbuna was described by Eccles in 1973 and is found in Lake Malawi, Africa. They inhabit areas around Masinje Rocks and Cape Ngombo.


Life Strategy: A good filtering system, with regular water changes, with the water chemistry matching their requirements, will keep them in good spirits. Only healthy fish will be interested in mating. Because females will be required to incubate the eggs for up to four weeks, she will need to be strong and healthy before she will be able to go without eating for that period of time.It is also a good idea to have several females to one male of each species you keep. This way, not just one female takes the aggression of the male. Having at least 2 females will spread the damage an aggressive male will dish out. And, if he is not ripping their fins too often, they will be stronger and healthier, and hence more likely to mate. Food / Feed Strategy: The Electric Blue Johannii is an omnivore that will accept frozen or live brine shrimp, mysis, high quality flake, pellets, spirulina, and other preparations for omnivore cichlids. It is always better to feed them small amounts several times a day instead of one large feeding. This keeps the water quality higher for a longer period of time. Of course, all fish benefit from added vitamins and supplements to their foods. Body Form or Style: The Electric Blue Johannii or Bluegray Mbuna can live to around 12 years. They have a body that is torpedo shaped with coloration that is completely different between male and female. The males are a lighter blue with a dark blue to black horizontal band that runs across the back, and often broken up with spots of light blue. There is also a medium shade of blue that runs through the middle of the body horizontally. This mid band periodically seems to "leak" into the area above and below, almost causing a checkered pattern. There is a dark blue to black edging on all the fins which is "tipped" in a light blue. The male also has egg spot patterning on his anal fin. Due to similarity in coloration, males can be mistaken for their close relative, the Maingano Melanochromis cyaneorhabdos. The female and juveniles are a golden-orange coloring with the female having an indistinct dark horizontal band that runs the length of the body, starting in an area behind the eyes. •

Swim / Locomotion Style: They move in a determined manner up and down, sideways in between the rocks, or hang upside down under rocks. • Mouth Position: Citation: http://animal-world.com/encyclo/fresh/cichlid/ElectricBlueJohannii.php

Fish ID Project  

For Aqua Science class.

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