Causes of Tonsil Stones | Part 1 a. Overview The tonsil is part of the human mouth located at the back of the throat near the oropharynx and nasopharynx. The tonsils are known as the immune competent tissue because they are the defense against unwanted diseases when inhaling. However, the human mouth is a very dangerous part of the body because different foods, liquids and pollution are passed through the mouth. This is the reason why several illness and disorder are happening due to these reasons. The usual disorder that people know is tonsillitis, it is during the times your tonsils are swollen and it can be cured by antibiotics or anti-inflammatory drugs. Aside from this disease that can easily be cured there are also serious illnesses that can happen to your tonsils. Another example is the tonsil stones and every one should be informed about this because it is a very risky condition. It is quite disturbing that some people often ignore this kind of condition because it doesn’t bother them at all, but it would be difficult if your only solution is surgery and you’re tonsils need to be removed. Tonsil stones or tonsillolith are white clusters that appear on the tonsils. Tonsil stones may feel like objects stuck on your tonsils and they are difficult to remove but not harmful. The only downside to tonsil stones is it can give you really bad breath that can cause awkwardness around people. The common symptoms of tonsillolith are bad breath and swollen around the tonsils, and pain when swallowing. Tonsil stones commonly happen to adults and rarely on children. These stones are not seen easily even if the stones are really large, there are some instances the tonsil stones are accidentally seen on x-rays and CT scans. This is actually one of the reasons why some people find out that they have tonsil stones because of unintentional lab results. The common symptoms of tonsilloliths are bad breath, swollen tonsils, and pain when swallowing. However, there are times when a person with tonsilloliths doesn’t feel any pain even if he or she is suffering from these stones. Other symptoms of tonsil stones are awful taste when swallowing, coughing, and throat tightening. The signs for tonsil stones may differ from one another depending on the mass of the stones. Larger tonsilloliths may feel more symptoms compared to smaller tonsil stones. These symptoms may include tonsil infection, sore throat, halitosis, bad taste, swollen tonsils, and pain in the ears. According to a study conducted in 2007 medical practitioner believe that 75% of patients with bad breaths have tonsilloliths and only 6% of them normally have bad breath. There is no exact cause why tonsil stones occur and studies are still being conducted. Doctors usually have a hard time diagnosing tonsil stones especially if they don’t have a clear vision of the stones. There are times when doctors’ mistaken giant tonsil stones with throat tumors, which is why tonsilloliths must be done with acute and continuing tonsillitis, lymph nodes, tonsillar hypertrophy, and ectopic bone. There is no necessary treatment needed for tonsil stones because not all stones have symptoms. However, if a person is bothered with some of the symptoms caused by the stones he or she has several options to choose from. The simplest treatment is irrigation and it is an effective way of cleaning the stones without causing any infection. Most doctors don’t usually use the electric oral irrigator because it is too powerful and it can rupture the tonsils and cause discomfort to the patient. A device connected to the sink with pressure of water coming out of the device is the best tool used for this kind of condition. Curretage is required for larger mass of tonsil stones and irrigation is still required after to completely clean the stones on the tonsils. This treatment may not resolve the bad breath issues and awful taste when swallowing but it can prevent the swell and pain from happening all the time. Another choice is to lessen the surface area of crypts with a use of a laser and this procedure is known as cryptolosis. This treatment is done to prevent the materials from forming another stone that can trigger the tonsilloliths or tonsil stones. If other treatments are not helpful, surgery is the last option suitable for this condition. Tonsillectomy is the surgery that needs to be done and this is only necessary if bad breath, pain and swollen till occurs if all possible treatments are done. After a procedure is conducted it is advisable to gargle with warm water to decrease the discomfort.