Voldemorterra Chronicles The Welcome Issue
Welcome to Volterra, the city of vamp… wizards, we meant wizards! Had you thought you were finally visiting the town where it all began, where the Volturi are hiding and where your chance of meeting a charming, sparkling, pale vampire you could fall in love with was above the sky, you were dead wrong. Sorry to disappoint you, but there is no such thing as vampires, especially not the sparkly kind. Magic on the other hand is as real as it can get. In fact, you will soon experience it yourselves, embrace the EYP spirit, get rid of your inhibitions and you will embark in a world full of magic and wonder (no worries, there are no drugs involved!). You'll learn to connect to other people in a way you have never imagined before, both having fun and sharing your ideas. We want this paper to be your journal during this experience, to remind you each and every second of these days. Right now you won't get the amazing atmosphere you' were just thrown into, but we're sure everything will get even more clear in the next few days. So don't hesitate, have fun and enjoy your staying in Volterra. The Editors of the Session.
Editors: Gianmarco Battistini Elisa Martinelli Journos: Olimpia Cutinelli-Rendina Giulia Daverio Panaghiotis P. Kalaïdhopoulos Edoardo Mestieri Luca Wartna Fabrizio Zamparelli
Walking around Volterra………………..page 3 Interview with the President……………page 4 AFCO………………………………….page 6 AFET…………………………………page 7 Interview with the HOs………………...page 8 CULT………………………………... page 10 DEVE ……………………………… page 11 Today in History …………………….. page 12 EMPL ……………………………… page 13 ENVI ……………………………….. page 14 Harry Potter vs Twilight ……………. page 15 LIBE ……………………………….. page 16 FEMM ………………………………page 17 Interview with the editors ……………. page 18
Walking around in Volterra
By Edoardo Mestieri
Dear delegates, We give you a warm welcome to Volterra! Some of you guys may have thought: “Oh, how boring! This small town can not satisfy my burning desire of living”.Actually, I am more than happy to explain you why your expectations will not meet with reality!This town is much more than just a piece of Italian history! Despite your being worried about the General Assembly (you'd better be, at least a bit!), allow yourself a moment of tranquility, take a deep breath and watch the surrounding landscape. Done? Volterra is now part of you! When you first step into the small "Piazza dei Priori", the great Dome gives you a warm welcome and leads you to an other astonishing building: "Palazzo die Priori", just in front of it. Outside the main square, each and every street reveals its magnificence: wandering through the narrow streets of Volterra, don’t miss the chance of visiting at least one of the museums the town offers. They are all very interesting and their remarkable pieces are perfectly exposed in the exhibition. If you still have some spare time left, take a look at the Roman Theatre: excavated in the 1950s, it really leaves you breathless.You also have to visit "Teatro Persio Flacco" which is Volterra's theatre. Opened in 1821, it reveals all its splendor inside the rooms that compose the structure of this amazing building. You will remember the richness of the red and white patterns as well as the warm seats that cuddle you after an exhausting day.After all the daily efforts, everyone needs to take a break. And the amazing Volterra answers to your demand with the "Qvo Vadis" Pub! They serve excellent beer and, they keep their best surprise downstairs: a suggestive and charming dance hall!In conclusion: be sure to look around you, to learn, to be creative but, most of all, to catch all the magic atmosphere around Volterra. Its gates, its walls and its oxygen are unique and they will last in your heart forever!
A very classy man
Meet the president of the session: a cooking, well dressed, experienced Portuguese man. Tell me about you getting involved in EYP. “It was back in 2003; I had an extremely weird geography teacher back then. An alcoholic. He had got an invitation from the head of EYP Portugal at that time and he asked a group of friends of mine and me if we wanted to do it. Of course we didn’t want it, the whole concept of EYP was way too vague and especially when being told by an alcoholic teacher…” For two months the teacher tried to persuade Tiago to get into EYP. “And we were getting so tired of it. At one point we just wanted it to be over with and we said, well what the heck, we’ll just do it.” They made quite an impression, as they made it to the International Session in Durham. After attending another International Session Tiago moved to Lisbon, where he was going to study. At that point he just disappeared in EYP history. “I just figured I didn’t have enough time for it, with my study and new life in Lisbon.” Then suddenly he received a phone call of EYP Germany, inviting him to the next German nationals. After some more phone calls, Tiago was back in EYP. Which added value do you try to bring specifically when you preside a session? Tiago presided quite a lot of sessions – this is his 9th one, to be exact. That means that he has a lot of experience with presiding a session. You can say what you want, but he knows as one of the best how to preside a session. Tiago still puts a lot of effort in every session. “Each session asks for a lot of preparation in order to be good – endless Skype talks, lack of sleep, research… But I know what I’m doing it for: I want the session to be at its best.” And Tiago still learns from it himself. “Repetition can still bring something new. For example, on a personal level: till what limit can I push myself this time?”
Most sessions also have another reason why it is appealing to him, like this session we’re at right now. With EYP Italy trying out a new system of National Selection Conferences, Tiago want to help them by sharing his experience to make sure this session will be a huge success. You study economics and law. How has EYP helped you in your education? “Everything I did in University is somehow a consequence of the things I learned in EYP. Every decision I made I could do with more knowledge than before, thanks to EYP.”
Tiago is currently doing a double master on European Economics and on Transnational Law (FB). When he was doing his bachelor on Law, he didn’t know what he should choose after it. EYP helped enormously with that decision. “EYP has helped me develop something that I call the techno-personal level. With every issue you face the technical aspect, and the focus on the people. Both have to be featured. “EYP, where we have both, might be a fantasy world, but that world might become true someday if we keep doing what we do.” In your longstanding EYP career, what has been your greatest blunder? And what have you learned from it? “My greatest blunder in EYP was when I was presiding around two years ago: I went from the beginning to the end of a session without saying a single word of acknowledgement to the guy and the company behind him who was supporting EYP enormously. I did it because I took it for granted.“I realized that at the end of the session. It made me feel very stupid. This company but especially this guy had spent a lot of their money and time on EYP. And I didn’t even say thank you.” At that moment Tiago also realised that maybe this guy did this last year, and this year, but that there is no guarantee he will do it next year again. EYP exists because of all the persons willing to spend time and money and great effort on it. Without the people, EYP doesn’t exist. “Sometimes you just need to stop and take a look around, to see all the people who
are all doing stuff because they want to. We live in a fragile world: if they decide they don’t want to do it anymore tomorrow, it’s over. Be grateful to what you see and what you have, because you don’t know if it will still be there tomorrow.” “So I would say what I’ve learnt from it is: don’t take things for granted. Never.” What are your opinions on the importance of the dress code during GA and why? In Tiago’s opinion, the dress code is crucial. He sees it as a symbol. A properly worn suit with a good tie and shoes is like a symbol; there is a message behind it. “Formal wear at the General Assembly is not negotiable. It transmits the image that we care about what we do.” You hail from Portugal. What is your view on the differences and similarities between Italy and Portugal? “A similarity is definitely the Mediterranean style of living. In both countries the semi-sexual, non-feministic society we had throughout history is still there a bit. “Also the food, especially the way of cooking the food, is for a big part the same.” But there is one obvious difference according to Tiago: the people in Portugal behave less ‘macho’ than they do in Italy. Portugal is also less catholic. By Luca Wartna
AFCO Luca highlights the decline of voters' turnout In the week before the European Parliament election in 2009, a Belgian astronaut sent a message from space down to earth: "I have arranged to vote by proxy, so I won't miss out on the next European elections while I'm up here". It was all part of a big PR-campaign the EU set up, in order to boost the voter turnout. Or at least not make it the lowest one in history so far. It didn’t help at all. In 2009, only 43% of the EU citizens voted – a number that dropped with almost 20% since the first election of the EP ever held. If you realised how much power the EP has, you would most likely think it’s pretty strange that the voters’ turnout is this low. The EP, with its 754 members, has control over a big part of the EU’s budget; it has an equal say with the Council of Ministers on over 70% of all the EU laws; and it can fire the entire Commission or veto its appointment. So much power, and so less interest. How is that possible? Some say it’s because national governments fail to admit the amount of power the EP has. Some say it’s because the media doesn’t give the elections enough attention. Some
say it’s because of the way the elections are organised. Some say it’s because the Parliament doesn’t have a say in the most pressing problems, especially concerning the recent problems with Greece and Italy. And some say it’s because of all those points. One thing is for sure, and that is that the elections don’t get the attention they deserve. But how can the EU change that? Some groups believe our democratic system is at risk: there is simply no democracy without the voters. But it goes further than that. There is a huge group of believers that countries with an over average lower turnout, should get a lower negotiation position in future negotiations on the new EU budget. That means that countries like Slovenia and the Czech Republic would get a weaker voice, but also countries like The Netherlands, the UK and even France would get the same fate. One thing is for sure, and that is that something should change. But what exactly? And how? The EU tries to get more awareness for the elections through the Internet. Youtube, Facebook and other sites already worked together
with the EU during previous elections, but looking at the results it didn’t help much back then. Also, the EU ran a project called T h e C y b e r Vo t e P ro j e c t f ro m September 2000 until July 2003. During that project, there were held three try-outs, all three without the wished results. On the other side, Estonia already held electronic elections back in 2005 and 2007, which made it possible for citizens to vote through the Internet. This turned out as a huge success. The next European Parliament election will be held in 2014 – how can the EU make the voter turnout an impressive percentage again?
AFET Edoardo gives an insight on Syria’s government Bashar al-Assad is the current President of Syria and Regional Secretary of the Ba’ath Party. His father Hafez al-Assad ruled Syria for 29 years until his death in 2000. AlAssad was elected in 2000 and 2007, unopposed each time. Thirty years ago, Assad senior launched one of the most brutal massacres in the modern history of the Middle East: his troops killed nearly 20,000 people in the city of Hama. In 2000, Hafez Assad died, and Bashar took over. To someone, the shift from Hafez to Bashar suggested an opportunity for Syria to become a more politically moderate society, while Bashar is apparently intent on following in his father's footsteps. The capital of Syria, Damascus, is a bustling metropolis (many believe it to be the oldest continuously inhabited metropolis (many believe it to be the oldest continuously inhabited city in the world), but is not the site of the country's most significant prote-sts (though rebels captured parts of the city in late January). That city, Hama, is the country's fou-rth largest, with fewer than 1 million occupants.Ever since last March, Syrians, especially those in the country's central region, have prote-
his iron-fisted government. During the first week of August the Syrian army began a brutal campaign to con-trol Hama, using tanks and troop assaults to kill citizens in a seem-ingly indiscriminate manner. The situation has continued to escalate in 2012. In late January, rebels known as the Free Syrian Army, reportedly took control of a portion of Damascus' suburbs. On January 31, Syrian government forces, according to Reuters, "reasserted control" of the Damascus suburbs. Elsewhere, in Homs, a central-Syrian town with more than a million people, Syrian government forces killed nearly 100 people — activists say 55 civilians were killed— on January 31. The Free Syrian Army has fought on, asserting that "half of the country" is now effectively a no-go zone for Assad's security forces. Since November, at least 3,000 Syrians reportedly have been killed. On January 31, the United Nations Security Co-
uncil considered a resolution introd-uced by Morocco, urging Assad to resign. The prior weekend, the Arab League pulled its observers out of Syria due to continued violence. Government seems int-ended not to stop this massacre. Until now, Turkey, the European Union, and the United States have all enforced strict sanctions against the Syrian government. Regardless, Russia, according to the BBC, has contracts worth an estimated $1.5 billion for weap-ons sales to the Syrian govern-ment. As of late January, the US has begun preparations to close its embassy in Damascus. Meanwhile, Al Qaeda and other Islamist organizations have been calling for a jihad against the Assad regime, ostensibly throw-ing their support behind the rebels.
Tommaso Sonno aka TS: an egocentrinc Head-Orga F: Who are you?Could you briefly introduce yourself ?
TS: Hi everyone, I’m TS. I’m going to be the Head Organiser of this session, actually for the fourth time in a row. 23 years old, born in Pisa, moved to Milan, studied in UK, US and Belgium. Finished my first Master of Science in Economics at Bocconi University and currently taking the second one in Applied Economics at UCL, Belgium. F: What is EYP for you? TS: It’s all the great people I meet, beside my ego. F: How is EYP from a HO’s point of view? TS: It’s a challenging and tiring yet inspiring experience. Even though it is exhausting to take care of a session in every detail, I am grateful to be one of the people that contribute to make this unforgettable event possible for the delegates. F: White or black magic? Do you feel more a Gryffindor, a Slytherin, a Hufflepuff or a Ravenclaw? TS: Black magic and Slytherin of course. I reveal you a secret: magic is just bullshit. Determination and stubbornness make the difference.
Isabella, anything but Swan our francophone Head-Orga F: Qui est-tu? I: My name is Isabella/Isabeautiful Knights (so so beautiful) Isabellà Chevaliers, I’m 21 years old and I’m currently studying Political Science and International Relations as an exchange student in Lille, France. F: What is EYP for you? I: Apart from Coffee breaks, fun and friends, EYP is best represented by the excitement shivering through your back when you get on stage. F: How is EYP from an HO’s point of view? I: The satisfaction you get from creating an event that allows people to bond, have fun and discuss issues so fundamental for our present and future. F: Twilight or Harry Potter? Which is your HP alter ego? I: I’m so into Harry Potter, or better into J.K. Rowling (she’s earned that much money, if I were her I would be the selfish, I’d share it).
By Fabrizio Zamparelli
CULT Olimpia underlines an extremely relevant dichotomy Do we want a united or a divided school system for our children? Letâ€™s remember that this choice reflects the whole mentality of our society and of its system. In the European Union (EU) between 1% and 10% of pupils are registered as having special needs education (SNE). Those disabled children have often difficulties to integrate the classical tutorial system of the country where they live or cannot even find specialised schools which meet their needs. The Universal Declaration of Human Rights says: " E ve r y o n e h a s t h e r i g h t t o education. (...) Education shall be directed to the full development of the human personality and to the strengthening of respect for human rights and fundamental freedoms. (...) Parents have a prior right to choose the kind of education that shall be given to their children." (Article 26, 10/12/1948) But whether the education of the children is the choice of the family or the choice of the State, handling with the education of a disabled ch i l d i s n o t a lway s s o e a s y. Therefore the EU should find a solution in order to enable a better integration of disabled students and
other young people in the school system. But here's the problem: education is not under the jurisdiction of the European Union. Actually this matter is entirely under the jurisdiction of national States. So EU can only suggest programs and agreements without being able to demand to his Member States to implement them. Another problem is that the notion of disability is not defined by the EU and that some countries have different definitions of the term from others. Last but certainly not least, each Member State has his own culture and habits. Italy for instance, integrates all the disabled children in the common school system. In Scandinavian countries we can also find 95% of the young disabled people in common environments. These decisions obviously need a lot of collaboration from the States and the local authorities with the schools (for a specific staff and equipment). In some other Member States, putting disabled children in specific schools is the more promoted option. This underlines the necessity to have a proper balance between integrating everyone at school or
separating the disabled ones in specialized institutes; plan to replace the medical model with the one of special needs education and will also have to impose the rule of nondiscrimination and of solidarity between children in schools. But how? Good luck and good work to CULT then!
DEVE Fabrizio deals with land grabbing
In order to properly understand what the topic is about, we should go back in time and analyze the important role that Colonialism played in History. For centuries Colonialism has been a source of wealth for the colonising and richest countries: the desperate demand for raw materials for industries, the conquest of lands to increase agricultural production, but also the common need to extend the labor market. Nowadays this phenomenon has radically changed, but we can witness its return under a new disguise, which is called land grabbing; as a matter of fact, during the past few years we have had the opportunity of witnessing to this disturbing phenomenon in agriculture. We can talk about land grabbing, when a large portion of land considered “unused” is sold to third parties, or governments of other countries without the consent of the communities who have been living and using the lands for years and have been cultivating them in order to get primary needs from it. Fortunately this procedure is still limited at the moment, but we’re still
talking about 30 million hectares which have already been purchased by sovereign wealth funds, which cover three times the agricultural area cultivated in Italy. One of the first countries that has given rise to this phenomenon has been Saudi Arabia, having lands rich of oil, but poor for agricultural crops, has bought thousands of acres of land in Ethiopia, where they can grow rice, cereals and needs of their country. The United Nations is now trying to monitor the situation – but is rather difficult because these acquisitions are usually conducted in secrecy, typical of financial transactions. Promises of compensation do not arise, the community remains empty-handed while large companies cashing. Lands that once gave food and shelter to many of their inhabitants are now fenced and remain unused. The EU should work on a solution to this non transparent practice without discouraging the investment of foreign capital in countries that need it for their development. While trying to face this spreading phenomenon, it is important not to forget about the different economic-
al systems between rich and poor countries. The measures that EU needs to take should therefore be aimed to achieve both the development of poor countries and the improvement in the production system of the richest states.
9 March Just another day in History? You bet it is!
9 March is absolutely not a random day. A quick look at some practical History will get that absolutely clear… Some five centuries ago, on 9 March 1497, Copernicus reports the first astronomical observation. Good work, yet travelling still comes first. Three years later, in
1500, Portuguese explorer Pedro Álvares Cabral sails from Lisbon for the Indies. He ends up discovering Brazil. Lousy navigator...
In 1776, “The Wealth of Nations” by Adam Smith, fundamental work for classical economics, is published for the first time. Economics; 1+1=7...?
1842: “Nabucco” by Giuseppe Verdi premiers at "Teatro alla Scala". Va’, pensiero… This very same day in 1867, Alaska is sold to the USA by Russia for 7.200.000 $: bargain! Serious stuff, 1908: “Football Club Internazionale”, or simply “Inter”, is founded following a "schism" from the “Milan Cricket and Football Club”. In 1923, the leader of the October Revolution, Vladimir Lenin, has his third stroke and keeps walking!
1953, Joseph Stalin is buried in Moscow. Same day, fourteen years later (1967), his only daughter, Svetlana Alliluyeva, flees to the West. Che fedeltà! In
1956: Archbishop Makarios III of
Cyprus is deported by the UK to the Seychelles as a…
terrorist. “Barbie” makes her debut a day like this in 1959. (Happy birthday!) On 9 March adorable!
Beatles” go on their very first tour in Great Britain; just
2012:The most gripping XXVIII NSC of EYP Italy in Volterra has already started, bazinga! by Panaghoitis P. Kalaïdhopoulos
EMPL Panaghiotis explores the latest European challenges
One of the most demanding challenges for Europe, the ageing population, calls for drastic actions to be soon taken, especially bearing in mind the spectrum of the current global economic and fiscal turbulence, so as for its pivotal social, humanitarian and economic aspects to be dealt with. In this direction, the European Union has started by designating 2012 as “European Year of Active Ageing and Intergenerational Solidarity”. To the root of the problem, European demography shifts towards an elder population with lower birth rates and high infertility, with severe future repercussions on the European economy, as increasingly less active people will support the social costs of healthcare and pension of those who stopped working. Indicatively, it is projected that by 2025 more than 25% of the European population will be over 65 years old, a percentage potentially roughly growing by 50% in the next 30 years. Given the future situation, population ageing requires both new organising innovations in healthcare and the labour market and Europe amending its so far well working institutionalized long-term care, in
order to adapt to the new data. It is, therefore, time for the European institutions to identify key partners in this general effort and to decide on more suitable ways of addressing demographic changes. At the same time, it is absolutely essential that this planning shuffle also take into consideration both the productive –and unemployed– younger generations and the fact that adapting to any new situation does not necessarily have to coincide with painful measures for the population in the name of growth and sustainability of practices. Addressing the challenge, population ageing and longer life expectancy certainly question the sustainability of the existing pension systems and retirement age, whereas the costs of healthcare provision and long-term care come as a challenge for public funds to ensure the welfare of the elderly. What is, thus, going to be soon faced by European societies and the EU is the great challenge of both ensuring intergenerational fairness and welfare of the retired, while avoiding compromising the livelihood of future generations. Demographic changes will also essentially affect the social
structures to a rather not indifferent extent, bringing about discussion ev-en on issues like future changes in gender roles and family structures, while the increase in the number of the older also raises questions upon productive living and social activity in the old age, along with concepts such as the above-mentioned transgenerational solidarity and cooperation. Europe is changing and is changing fast. Reconciling the needs of all generations in times of crisis and demographic change, while maintaining the citizen on the top, seems to be Europe’s bet for today. Proper scheduling, social solidarity and innovative approaches could do for a good start.
ENVI Giulia underlines the importance of a healthy diet European obesity level is increasing frighteningly: in the past year the percentage of obese people has tripled coming up to the 24%. In 2009, obese male population rised from the 7% to the 24,7%, female population from the 8% to the 23,9%; for what concerns children, one in four is gravely overweight. To discourage unhealthy eating and limit the population’s intake of fatty foods, an increasing number of countries across the European Union is considering levying taxes on unhealthy food. On the first of September 2011 Denmark has introduced the first “fat-tax” in Europe, a surcharge on foods that are high in saturated fat: butter, milk, cheese, pizza, meat, oil and processed food, including also pastries and pre-cooked fast foods, are now subject to the tax if they contain more than 2.3% saturated fat. In similar fashion, Hungary has also introduced a fat-tax on the same date as Denmark, targeting foods bearing fat, sugar and salt at specific levels or higher: potato chips and other salty snacks will be taxed. In the coming days, the industry is preparing to readjust and reformulate based on new legislatio-
ns set to come out from Ireland and France: increasing taxation on sugary soft drinks from 5.5 % to 19.6 %. Romania is also said to follow in the footsteps of Denmark and Hungary in implanting a fat-tax on specific categories of food. Globally, several debates on whether or not government bodies should implement taxation for the benefit of public health have taken place. The medical profession groups have urged such measures as an important factor in improving country diets, emphasizing on the graveness of the spread of infantile obesity. Obese children risk to become obese adults, highly exposed to chronic pathologies (as diabetes or heart ischemic illnesses); furthermore, obesity can bring psychological repercussions, causing a drop of self-esteem and, sometimes, depressive syndromes. As a matter of fact nowadays obesity is responsible for the 2-8% of health costs and for the 10-13% of deaths in Europe. Supported by some scientists who think saturated fat may be the wrong target because, they say, salt, sugar and refined carbohydrates are more detrimental to health and should be tackled instead, several
groups from the food industry have spoken against such “harsh” and “ineffective” measures; the panEuropean food industry body and Food and Drink Europe have deemed fat-taxes as “discriminatory” indicating that particular types of food are being unfairly targeted, when it is the overall dietary habits that are the problem; they have also advocated that the taxation of substances such as tobacco and alcohol were introduced based on scientific evidence of harmful effects upon consumption, hence foods contributing to poor dietary habits should be treated the same.
Head-on collision in the Kingdom of fantasy: , more than a story
Harry Potter !
Welcome to the dark side of Volterra, here is Giulia speaking, your favourite Death Eater, from the eerie mansion of our beloved Dark Lord, where this magic Press Team has his headquarters. If you’re happy to be here because this little fortified town reminds you of the gloomy atmosphere of Twilight and those sparkling vampires, if you’ve heard that “Harry needs to make room for Bella and Edward” and that “Vampires could have Harry for breakfast”, you definitely could be victims of the Twilight incantation! Spellbound by the charming Edward Cullen, tall, dark and handsome; enchanted by the delicate brittleness of Bella Swan; bewitched by the fluency of Stephenie Meyer’s writing we all started taking into consideration the fact that Bella Swan, the girl who fell to the floor in a faint when her boyfriend kissed her, could have been a possible rival of Bellatrix Lestrange, the Pureblood that survived to Azkaban and came out stronger. Nevertheless, we’re still the Harry Potter generation and the J.K. Rowling saga is a one-off phenomenon. While Harry, The Boy Who Lived, has grown up with us, Edward, “the-dead-boy-still-alive”, has come into
our imaginary because of his overvalued love story, and this makes a difference! Harry Potter books made us dream (and they still do it today) so intensely and deeply that Hogwarts seemed to be more real and possible than Forks, the dreary town where Edward and Bella have met; we all (sometimes also our parents who were the ones that read the story for us and took us to the cinema when we were just kids) were frightened seeing Tom Riddle walking around the Chamber of Secrets and exulted at Harry’s victory at the Goblet of Fire competition. A million miles away far and, at the same time, so close to our daily routine, we discovered in him a little hero of today’s literature, who fights against evil in a burning and modern light. As the woman who created a legend of our times said: “The stories we love best do live in us forever. So whether you come back by page or the big screen, Hogwarts will always be there to welcome you home.”
By Giulia Daverio
LIBE Panaghiotis examines the prison system On its theoretical basis, the “threefold” purpose of imprisonment seeks to act as a punishment for criminals, through also further preventing them from crime and ensuring their reintegration back into society. While employing the deprivation of some of its members’ freedom as a way of ameliorating a society, it arguably also needs to reassure that all captives be treated with respect for their basic human rights. In order to achieve European integration, these are principally drafted by the Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms, which the Member-States of the Council of Europe are party to. Parallel to this, a European frame of institutions and legal statutes has developed, with the exact aim to promote and sustain the protection of prisoners’ rights. As established by the ECHR, prisoners are entitled to a number of fundamental rights and freedoms –from the cardinal right to life to the right of freedom of expression–, while anyone judging that a Member-State violates them can resort to the European Court of Human Rights, whose ruli-
ngs are binding on the State concerned. John Hirst, for instance, convicted killer and camp-aigner for prisoners' rights, was prevented from voting and lodged an appeal to the European Court of Human Rights, finally winning the case, by reason of the ECHR guar-antee to the rights of prisoners to free elections and expression, amo-ng others. Further-more, regardless of the extent of their rather insufficient application, the European Prison Rules, esta-blished by the Council of Europe, formulate the minimum standards regarding detainees and prison staff, governing a wide range of prison life aspects. Additionally, by means of visits and inspections to places where people are deprived of their liberty, it is possible for the competent European institutes to evaluate the situation inspected and make recommendations towards the improvement of those aspects of detention in such need. It is, therefore, a lack neither of the legal substratum nor of the means for the protection of the rights of prisoners that primarily incommodes the effort. Given the situation, it is only left to be examined what and
and why continues to cause the combination of these factors not to function properly, despite the binding frames and the means provided. Hence, why the incapacity? To the far opposite edge, prisoners, for some, have more or less consciously chosen to exclude themselves by engaging in crime and they should, thus, have none or limited pretensions on civil and political rights. Then again, on what rationale being a prisoner makes an individual any less human and, as such, deprived of their rights? Seeking the reason beyond will indisputably end up to a most constructive discussion further on. Keep asking why!
FEMM Not only females, but part of minorities as well
Strikes and demonstrations are the
different habits and values that may
balance between the policies that
rocks the nowadays obvious equality
create e big clash with the culture
concern social cohesion and the ones
between men and women was built
of the country they've moved in. It
where ancient traditions just ent-
on. Now people easily forget all the
is proved that women are more stro-
angle with the rules of the hosting
efforts and struggles that were nec-
ngly attached to their cultures than
country. Is also should try to prevent
essary in order to achieve something
man and changing their way of
women to be discriminated also
and make it last. In some coun-tries,
living can definitely be shocking. It
from their own community.
however, the road to equality is still
doesn't mean that the hosting
Balancing the role of women both in
long. A clear example can be given
country and its society are going to
European society and their comm-
by the seats in Parliament where
create a more comfortable envi-
unity seems the key to start creating
women having a seat can only reach
ronment for the newcomer. Evidence
a system in which double discri-
the 30% and in Europe just seven
of this situation can be found in
mination turns into an old memory,
countries manageto match this
France where Muslim women were
right from the past.
obligated to stop wearing their veil.
Nevertheless the European Union
Considering that France is a deve-
had to face the continuous change in
loped country where there are loads
its social structure, keeping a high
of minorities coexisting in the same
quality of life for women. This task
society, it is easy to imagine how
has become more and more compl-
worse this could get in other coun-
icated due to the increasing migr-
tries. It should not be forgotten that
ation flows. Being part of a minority
the majority of Muslim women
doesn't make things smoother for
wants to wear veil, since it is part of
their culture., they are not simply
Unfortunately a woman has to face
forced to wear one.
the big issue of gender discrim-
The EU should start coping with
ination as well.
this double discrimination rem-
Women from ethnic minorities have
embering that there should be a
Mr. President, Members of the Board, Members of the Jury, fellow officials, fellow delegates, th Let me introduce you our great two Editors for this 28 National Session of EYP Italy in Volterra! So, their names are Elisa Martinelli and Gianmarco Battistini. If you haven’t seen them around a lot yet, that’s normal: Editors generally spend their whole time working (and drinking lots of coffee) during EYP sessions. But we don’t have to forget them, because if today you are reading this great and fantabulous paper, let me remind you that is thanks to them! Therefore, I went interviewing our two heroes for you to know a little bit more who they are. Elisa Martinelli is a cheerful young woman studying CTF, that is to say medical chemistry (yeah, I know Google is going to tell you that it means Chicken To Fight or Capture The Flag as a second option, but please, don’t believe it). Why is she is doing the most tiring job at the session which takes four days and three entire nights? Well, she is passionate about editing! She says “the most fascinating thing is to create a paper that will bring all the Session memories back after the end of the event.” And she adds that it can be a good cure against PED, pretty smart isn’t she? Anyway, after talking to Elisa, I went to meet Gianmarco. Gianmarco is a student of Medicine and Surgery – yes, we have two scientists as editors! – and he lives in Lucca, just like Elisa. He loves challenges and what he likes the most in editing is that: “the structure
of the sessions is repetitive and creating a newspaper that is both original/creative and yet summing up all the events can become tricky”. A real challenge! He is part of EYP since 2008 and has confided us that EYP brought him really a lot, for instance he says “had I not met EYP four years ago, I wouldn’t be as open-minded as I am today”. Yes I know, I guess you could say the same because EYP is sort of magic and has a great influence on everyone! Afterward, I asked our great Editors what they expected from this session, and weirdly (or not so much) they both started in the same way: “I expect this session to be epic.” Gianmarco is actually going to turn 20 on March the 10th (remember to wish him a happy birthday!), he is going to meet old friends he hasn’t seen for a while and adds “What else could you possibly expect from life? (except for the acceptance letter from the Hogwarts School of Witchcraft and Wizardry, maybe)” isn’t that too sweet? So ending both interviews I asked them to describe themselves in four words. Their answers? Elisa said she is clumsy, nerdish, cheerful and stubborn; and Gianmarco qualified himself as grumpy, perfectionist and sarcastic.
By Olimpia Cutinelli PS: Guess what? They are both editing for the first time! Yes I know, you could never have guessed looking at this newspaper!
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