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HAMMURABI Christhalia Wiloto

Wednesday, February 1, 2012


About Hammurabi Hammurabi

lived

throughout

1810-1750 BC. He was one of the kings

of

Babylon’s

first

dynasty and he inherited this title

from

his

father,

Sin-

Muballit, in 1792 BC. Hammurabi ruled

for 42

years

and is

most known for a set of laws that he had came up with called the “Code of Hammurabi”.

Wednesday, February 1, 2012


Code of Hammurabi During Hammurabi’s reign, he created something called the “Code of Hammurabi”. The “Code of Hammurabi” is a set of 12 stone labs which consists of 44 columns and 28 paragraphs that contains 282 laws. These laws were written in Akkadian, the people of Babylon’s daily language, and inscribed using cuneiform script. These laws were divided into categories such as religion, irrigation, military service, trade, slavery, and the duties of workers. The original stone labs of the “Code of Hammurabi” is currently placed in the Louvre Museum in Paris.

Wednesday, February 1, 2012


Decoded law: #5 “If a judge try a case, reach a decision, and present his judgment in writing; if later error shall appear in his decision, and it be through his own fault, then he shall pay twelve times the fine set by him in the case, and he shall be publicly removed from the judge's bench, and never again shall he sit there to render judgement.”

Law #5 of the code of Hammurabi basically states that judges have to be wise and may not make any mistakes. If they are proven to have made a wrong decision, then not only does he have to receive 12 times the punishment that he gave, but he also has to leave his position as a judge permanently. I absolutely agree with this law. As someone who lives in Indonesia, I am tired of how people can just bribe the judge to let them win a case. Laws such as these will make sure that an error will not be made on purpose. However, although that this law will keep a country justified, I guess that it wouldn’t really be fair to the judges who actually thought that they made the right decision and the mistake was purely accidental. This law has been continued in several places, although the punishment given to the judge isn’t as harsh.

Wednesday, February 1, 2012


Decoded law: #64 “If any one hand over his garden to a gardener to work, the gardener shall pay to its owner two-thirds of the produce of the garden, for so long as he has it in possession, and the other third shall he keep.”

Law #64 of the Code of Hammurabi basically states that if someone hires somebody else to care for his garden, then the owner gets 2/3 of what the garden produces and the worker may keep the other third. I agree with this law because I think that it is what’s fair. The owner should get most of the crop since they are his, but to make sure that the worker gets a fair share, he should get some of what the garden produced, although not as much as the owner. In some places, workers aren’t given the pay that they deserve. I like the idea of this law because it makes sure that the owner doesn’t cheat the worker. Sadly, this law is not continued everywhere, although I personally think that it should. In many places in the world, workers are forced to work really hard, yet they won’t get the fair pay that they deserve

Wednesday, February 1, 2012


Decoded law: #210 “If the woman die, his daughter shall be put to death.” Law #210 of the Code of Hammurabi is connected to law #209 which is “If a man strike a free-born

woman so that she lose her unborn child, he shall pay ten shekels for her loss.” So, considering the connection that these two laws have, law #210 basically means that if the woman that the man harassed dies, then the man’s daughter has to be put to death.

I definitely disagree with this law. It isn’t fair for the man’s daughter to be punished for a mistake that her father made. If anyone should be put to death then it should be the man himself, not his daughter.

Thankfully, this law has not been continued because now we believe that everyone has a right and that they cannot belong to someone else.

Wednesday, February 1, 2012


Decoded law: #278 “If any one buy a male or female slave, and before a month has elapsed the benu-disease be developed, he shall return the slave to the seller, and receive the money which he had paid.” Law #278 of the Code of Hammurabi states that if someone buys a slave that catches a disease within one month of the purchase, then he may return the slave and the seller must give him a refund.

I agree with this law because if you buy something that has a flaw, then wouldn’t you want to return it too? Without this law, the sellers would’ve been able to cheat the buyer of his money and give him a diseased slave. Since slavery is no longer a legal business, this law did not continue. However, most companies have developed a similar policy where a refund will be given if a flaw is found in the product.

Wednesday, February 1, 2012


Decoded law: #282 “If a slave says to his master: ‘you are not my master,’ if they convict him his master shall cut off his ear.” Law #282 of the Code of Hammurabi basically states that a slave may not deny his master of his position. If the slave were to do so and the master decides to find fault in the slave, then the master has the right to cut off his ear.

There are two ways that I look at this law. One way to look at things is by considering the fact that these slave owners

actually did pay for these slaves, which logically, would mean that the slave is theirs. Just imagine if your laptop decided to say that it wasn’t yours and stopped working for you. Would you be very happy? Another way to look at it is how inhumane this law is. Why would you want to cut off your slave’s ear? Wouldn’t is just makes him/her work less effectively? I guess that I have to say that I agree with this law, looking at the circumstances during their time. If this law was still valid today then I would strongly disagree with it, but this law existed long ago when people were idiots and inhumane.

Since slavery is no longer something that people are legally allowed to do, this law have not been continued. There are also no similar laws because now, everyone has a right and this is defined as physical abuse which is illegal.

Wednesday, February 1, 2012


Bibliography Wikipedia. "Code of Hammurabi." Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia. Wikipedia.com. Web. 25 Jan. 2012. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Code_of_Hammurabi>. B., Gabriele. "Hammurabi Code | Flickr - Photo Sharing!" Welcome to Flickr - Photo Sharing. Flicker.com, 30 Dec. 2009. Web. 25 Jan. 2012. <http://www.flickr.com/photos/scruch/ 4247848460/>. Wikipedia. "Hammurabi." Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia. Wikipedia.com. Web. 25 Jan. 2012. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hammurabi>. "Phillip Martin's You Be the Judge of Hammurabi's Code." Trans. L. W. King. Ed. Yale Law School. Web. 29 Jan. 2012. <http://www.phillipmartin.info/hammurabi/hammurabi_codeindex.htm>.

Wednesday, February 1, 2012

Hammurabi  

Hammurabi