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Massa wins French GP to take lead

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US Secretary of State Rice says her country should support reform and secular democracy in its NATO ally

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Lukás Vondrácek: Music does not have much to do with philosophy, it should just make people happy

Yo u r Way o f U n d e r s t a n d ý n g Tu r k e y

MONDAY, JUNE 23, 2008 WWW.TODAYSZAMAN.COM YTL 1.50

BAHAR MANDAN

Iraq adds TPAO to bid for future deals page04 INTERNATIONAL CRISIS GROUP OFFERS OPTIMISTIC OUTLOOK FOR REUNIFICATION

A new peace process in Cyprus offers the best opportunity since the Turkish military intervention of 1974 to solve the intractable division of the island, an international think tank states in a report to be published today. The Brussels-based International Crisis Group (ICG) warns, however, that both the Greek and Turkish Cypriot sides know this is only a beginning and that it could be the last chance for reunification for the foreseeable future. Greek Cypriot leader Dimitris Christofias and Turkish Cypriot leader Mehmet Ali Talat are demonstrating the political will to make the current UN-mediated talks succeed, the ICG report notes. Talat and Christofias agreed at a

key meeting in late March to resume reunification efforts in Cyprus. Technical committees bringing together officials from Turkish and Greek Cyprus have been working since then on contentious matters to pave the way for direct talks between the leaders. Noting that the two leaders are expected to meet again on July 1 and announce agreement on measures to improve bi-communal coordination in health, road safety and the environment, the report added that either then or at the latest in mid-July, they should press forward and announce a Sept. 1 start for full-fledged negotiations. Ankara remains suspicious of the Greek Cypriots' intentions, despite a turnabout in their position under Christofias, and Greek

Cypriots are still convinced Turkey is insincere and unreliable, the report says, displaying distrust between Greek Cypriots and Turkey as a key obstacle. Despite the overall hopeful tone within the report, certain recommendations made by the ICG to Ankara and the Greek Cypriots are highly ambitious and seem difficult to carry out since they target the heart of key disagreements. The ICG has recommended that the Greek Cypriot administration implement measures "unilaterally, to show commitment to a carefully negotiated comprehensive final settlement based on the well-established UN body of work, the European Commission's Direct Trade Regulation to allow free, direct trade between Turkish

Cypriots and the EU through their own ports." As for Turkey, the group similarly urges that it implement measures "unilaterally, to show commitment to a carefully negotiated, comprehensive final settlement based on the well-established UN body of work, the pledge in the 2005 Additional Protocol to the EU-Turkey Customs Union and open airports and seaports to Greek Cypriot traffic." Nonetheless, Hugh Pope, a senior ICG analyst, believes that all of the parties -- Turkish Foreign Ministry officials as well as Turkish and Greek Cypriot officials -- are very well aware that making eventual progress on the Cyprus issue is vital for every parties' interests. CONTINUED ON PAGE 04

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REUTERS

Philippine ferry sinks, more than 700 aboard missing More than 700 people were missing on Sunday after a Philippine passenger ship capsized in a typhoon that has killed scores and left a trail of destruction across the archipelago. Only four people are so far known to have survived the ferry disaster and they said many passengers did not make it off the MV Princess of Stars in time. Crowded life-rafts sank in the cold, storm-tossed seas. "Many of us jumped, the waves were so huge, and the rains were heavy," a survivor identified only as Jesse told local radio. "There was just one announcement over the megaphone, about 30 minutes before the ship tilted to its side. Immediately after I jumped, the ship tilted, the older people were left on the ship. Four people have been confirmed dead but most of the 620-plus passengers and 121 crew remain missing. Children's slippers and life jackets have washed ashore. CONTINUED ON PAGE 10

Thousands rally in Ýstanbul to protest coup attempts NERGÝHAN ÇELEN, ÝSTANBUL Thousands of people held a silent rally on Saturday in Ýstanbul to protest recent coup attempts by the military through several institutions that have resorted to anti-democratic practices. More than 20,000 people gathered in Ýstanbul's historical Tünel neighborhood at 5 p.m. on Saturday to raise their voices against anti-democratic initiatives. The rally, which came in the wake of a ruling by the Constitutional Court that annulled constitutional amendments that would have lifted a long-standing ban on the Muslim headscarf on university campuses, was planned in cooperation with such nongovernmental organizations as the Young Civilians, Küresel Eylem Grubu (Global Action Group), the Association of Human Rights and Solidarity for Oppressed Peoples (MAZLUM-DER), Irkçýlýða ve Milliyetçiliðe Dur De (Say Stop to Racism and Nationalism), Lambda -- a gay rights association -- and the Movement for Political Horizons (SUH). CONTINUED ON PAGE 17

Belge: Only remedy to current deadlock is democracy

Jeddah starts oil price dialogue, but no quick fix World energy powers embarked on a new level of dialogue to rein in runaway oil prices at an emergency meeting in this Red Sea city, but were unlikely to come up with a quick fix. Host Saudi Arabia vowed to pump yet more oil in response to consumer countries' requests, but said that alone would not be enough to calm a market driven by an array of factors. "In this critical hour, the world community should rise to its responsibility and cooperation should be the cornerstone of any efforts," Saudi King Abdullah said at the meeting, calling for a global "energy-for-the-poor" initiative. He promised $500 million in soft loans and called for a $1 billion OPEC fund to help the world's poor cope with soaring prices that nearly hit $140 a barrel last week. The cost of crude has doubled in a year -- fuelling inflation around the globe and sparking protests from Asia to Western Europe. CONTINUED ON PAGE 08

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Best chance ever for Cyprus peace

Semih Þentürk (L) scored in the last second of extra-time for Turkey's equalizer against Croatia on Friday.

Upbeat Turkey aýms to send Germany packýng Decimated by injuries and suspensions, the Turks go into their semifinal match against “favorite” Germany on Wednesday with the same never-say-die attitude, hoping it will be enough to carry them to the final. The Turks beat Croatia on penalties 3-1 on Friday after equalizing a late extra-time Croatia goal1-1 with the last kick of the match. Semih Þentürk, known among his club Fenerbahçe fans as “The Lifeguard” for his late decisive strikes, scored in stoppage time in the sec-

ond half of extra time to take the match to penalties where Turkey won 3-1. But their victory comes at a high price and when they take the field against Germany, even more players will be missing than against Croatia. Coach Fatih Terim had only 15 outfield players to choose from for their quarterfinal. That could seem like a luxury. After picking up their second yellow cards, midfielder Arda Turan, forward Tuncay Þanlý and defender Emre Aþýk are suspended against Germany. CONTINUED ON PAGE 19

Featuring news and articles from

YONCA POYRAZ DOÐAN, ÝSTANBUL Murat Belge, a left-wing intellectual, has said democracy has its own remedies to solve the current deadlock of the political system, which peaked following a series of decisions by the judiciary to overrule parliamentary decisions. "Today the biggest threat to Turkey's current system is liberal democracy. The system's ruling elite have staged a war against democracy," he said in an interview for Monday Talk. "But if you don't trust the public, then the public's votes do not mean anything, and you deal with the issues by using judicial organs or the gendarmerie," he added. Belge, a professor of comparative literature at Ýstanbul Bilgi University and the chairman of the Helsinki Citizens Assembly, said the powerful elite have been plotting ways to oust the ruling Justice and Development Party (AK Party) instead of seeking democratic ways to combat the policies they don't like. CONTINUED ON PAGE 06


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02 TODAY’S ZAMAN

F OOD FOR THOUGHT

Q UOTE OF THE DAY

The Turks have shown… that you can't count them out... They are hard to figure out and, therefore, dangerous. Germany coach Joachim Loew

FATMA DÝÞLÝ

columns

When it comes to football, God is prejudiced -toward big, fast kids.

Never-ending last minute dribbles! HASAN CEMAL, MÝLLÝYET

Chuck Mills

Will the last-minute dribbles of Fatih Terim's fearless kids and their desire for last-minute miracles never end? Will they always leave it to the last second to win the match? Will we never have a normal win instead of a miraculous one? Do they really have to test the health of our hearts? As UK daily The Sun said, "Nothing ends for Turks unless the match really ends." It really is so. However, the fearless kids of coach Fatih should consider our health and take pity on us. What brings tears to my eyes following such achievements can be explained as "football nationalism" and the love of football. We now demand a normal win against the Germans. We are tired of the team's last-minute miracles; I feel that our hearts can no longer bear the great burden. You will see that we will also win the Germany game after -- as Fatih put it -- a loss assessment. We know that the remaining players will also turn into giants when they step on the pitch.

press roundup PHOTO

AP

f.disli@todayszaman.com

PRESS REVIEW

W ORDS OF WISDOM

[Turkey's victory] certainly isn't going to be easy to forget. Not only will we not forget this, this will haunt me for the rest of my life. Croatia coach Slaven Bilic

CROSS READER

M O N D AY, J U N E 2 3 , 2 0 0 8

What lýes beneath the natýonal team’s unpredýctable výctorýes?

ENJOY TODAY’S ZAMAN AT THESE TOP HOTELS

Turkey's thrilling 3-1 shootout win against Croatia in overtime after a 1-1 draw in the 2008 Euro quarterfinals on Friday night, following two other stunning comeback victories, rising from 1-0 down to defeat Switzerland 2-1 and scoring three times in the last 15 minutes against Czech Republic to snatch a thrilling 3-2 win, has led the entire world to wonder what lies behind Turkey's unexpected and unpredictable wins. While some national and foreign newspapers and commentators simply chalked it up to luck and miracle, others pointed to the national team's strong faith in success and its stubborn insistence on struggling until the referee blows the final whistle. Sabah's Soli Özel writes that chance has undoubtedly played a major role in Turkey's victories since the Switzerland match, but he argues that more important than this is the team's unusual condition and its quest to battle until the very last minute. "With these aspects, Turkey merges its traditional 'play with faith' principle with strong physical conditioning and systematic discipline, which reflect modernity." According to Özel, what makes Turkey's victories unpredictable, surprising and striking is this harmony between traditional and modern. He further comments that there is an important conclusion that should be drawn from the national team which mirrors the inconsistencies and dynamics of Turkish society: "This society draws a line for itself within its own rhythm, tempo and recklessness. It harbors confidence and lack of confidence, disciplined struggle and carelessness at the same time, and it can shift to dynamism from stagnancy and continuously go from one to another." Radikal's Ýsmet Berkan points out that Turkey's most recent victory, which puts it in the semifinals, has made everyone in Turkey set aside all the political debates and talk about football instead. "We have forgotten politics, our political fights, at least for today. There is only football, our national team today," he says. Focusing on the Germany-Turkey semifinals match to be played on Wednesday night, he says victory is of vital importance for both countries. "The Germans want to make it to the finals, from which they have remained far for years, and hold the cup, while we want to defeat our long-standing bad luck, play in the final match of an important tournament for the first time in our history and even become the champion." A hopeful Berkan thinks it is high time for Turkey to change a remark made by British soccer player Garry Lineker from "Football is a simple game; 22 men chase a ball for 90 minutes and, at the end, the Germans win," to "Football is a simple game; 22 men chase a ball for 90 minutes and, at the end, the Turks win." "Have confidence in yourself and in your team," Berkan adds. Another Sabah columnist, Nazlý Ilýcak, agrees with national team coach Fatih Terim, who characterized Turkey's Friday win as "the victory of not surrendering." She also thinks there are lessons to be taken from the national team's performance, scoring an equalizer in the 119th minute of the match. "Life is such a thing. You will continue the fight and never surrender. Turkey really owes this victory to the hopes it holds alive until the very last moment," she remarks. Thus, Ilýcak does not agree with those who termed Turkey's victory a "miracle" and repeats Terim's comment: "It is the victory of not surrendering."

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Go out and speak up! ERGUN BABAHAN, SABAH The document published by daily Taraf that was purportedly prepared by the General Staff has triggered many different reactions among the public. The existence of such a document, which we might call "the Turkish Armed Force's [TSK] plan to remake Turkey," has been officially refuted. Look at the newspapers, accurately read the calls for chaos, closely scrutinize this document and come to your own conclusions. The things we have recently been experiencing clearly show that there is a collaborative effort similar to the Feb. 28 process. The document published by Taraf facilitates our efforts to understand what lies behind the curtain in the attempts against democracy. The question that should now be asked in a penetrating voice is which part of the media and which journalists are being used? Who has cooperated with anti-democratic powers to suspend and impair the democratic process in Turkey? The question of whether such cooperation underlies the efforts to cover up the Ergenekon case is a very innocent one. Go out and speak up because you have fallen under suspicion.

Referee Roberto Rosetti from Italy (L) comforts Croatia's Mladen Petric after the penalty shootout of the quarterfinal match between Croatia and Turkey in Vienna on Friday night, which ended with Turkey's stunning victory.

star:

"This forehead's sweat should be kissed," read the daily's headline yesterday, quoting remarks from Prime Minister Recep Tayyip Erdoðan, who, after Turkey's stunning victory against Croatia in the Euro 2008 quarterfinals on Friday, went to the national team's locker room and congratulated every player. When Turkey's goalkeeper Rüþtü Reçber -- who saved a penalty shot to send Turkey into the semifinals with a score of 3-1 -- said, "Pardon me, esteemed prime minister, I sweated a lot," to Erdoðan, who wanted to embrace him, the prime minister responded by saying that his sweat deserves to be kissed.

yeni þafak:

Such joy has never been seen, said the daily's headline yesterday, reporting that Turks across the world celebrated Turkey's 3-1 win over Croatia on Friday. Turkey's victory was celebrated until Saturday morning not only by Turks in Turkey and Turks living in

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CM Y K

The Turkish Industrialists and Businessmen's Association's (TÜSÝAD) suggestion to found an extra-parliamentary constitutional convention during its High Consultative Board meeting, which Kemal Derviþ attended as a speaker, doesn't bear any importance, except that the word "convention" might have sparked a sort of excitement in the minds of those who remember the Great Revolution. The suggestion put forward for the establishment of such a convention for drafting a new constitution will remain an utterly futile attempt now that it has zero possibility of viability and is quite devoid of creative thinking. For this reason, pitting the Justice and Development Party (AK Party) against TÜSÝAD on grounds that the organization arranged for Derviþ to deliver a speech and that it has proposed a constitutional convention is a very inappropriate step to take at a time when the AK Party already has enough enemies and problems to deal with.

Big support from the US to the Justice and Development Party (AK Party), read the daily's headline yesterday referring to the remarks of US Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice, who expressed her opinions about the closure case filed against the ruling party. Speaking at a New York-based think tank over the weekend, Rice, when asked about the AK Party closure case, said the party reached out to people from all walks of life. She noted that she believes in the importance of secular democracy in Turkey, but that it is also very important for pious Muslims to be a part of the country.

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Europe but also by those in the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus (KKTC), Bosnia, Kosovo, the US, Russia, the Arab world, Central Asian countries, China, Malaysia and the Middle East. Prominent newspapers across the world carried Turkey's stunning success to their headlines the next day, reported the daily.

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NATIONAL

TODAY’S ZAMAN 03

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ÝSTANBUL ANKARA ÝZMÝR ANTALYA ADANA ERZURUM EDÝRNE TRABZON KAYSERÝ

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KONYA ÇANAKKALE DÝYARBAKIR SAMSUN BURSA GAZÝANTEP ESKÝÞEHÝR MALATYA KOCAELÝ

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At least 23 people across Turkey were wounded by stray bullets when the country's win over Croatia in the Euro 2008 quarterfinals sparked the firing of celebratory gunshots. Governor Muammer Güler said on Saturday that 11 people were accidentally shot in Ýstanbul, the country's largest city, where all night festivities were the wildest. Twelve other people, including a 10-year-old girl and an elderly woman, were wounded by ricocheting bullets in seven other cities, police said. Turkey defeated Croatia 3-1 in a penalty shootout after a 1-1 draw. It was the third time Turkey had rallied to win, beating Switzerland 2-1 and then scoring two goals in the final three minutes to beat the Czech Republic 3-2. Five people were wounded by stray bullets after the win against Czech Republic, said the Umut Foundation, a gun control advocacy campaign group, on its Web site. Turkey is now hoping to beat Germany in Wednesday's semifinal match and is likely to witness more accidental gunshot injuries if it manages to do so. For many years, critics have been urging the government to take action to curb handgun ownership, saying the country has one of the world's highest death tolls from stray bullets at festivities, including

HASAN KÜÇÜK, CÝHAN

Injuries from celebratory gunfire tarnish victory

The firing of celebratory gunshots after Turkey's dramatic victory over Croatia injured 11-yearold Huda as she slept on her house's balcony in Mersin province, on the Mediterranean coast. weddings, circumcisions and sporting events. The Umut Foundation noted that around 700 people are killed by stray bullets in Turkey each year; 30 people have been killed in celebrations after soccer matches in the last decade alone. In soccer stadiums, the first "No Guns" banners appeared behind goal posts in Turkey more than ten years ago. But the signs have so far failed to discourage fans from firing shots.

Saturday's shootings occurred despite calls from police on the public not to use guns in celebrations after soccer victories, offering a reminder that those caught illegally firing weapons could face a prison term of between six months and three years. Güler said 54 people would be prosecuted in Ýstanbul for firing into the air to express their joy after the victory over Croatia.

Bosnian Muslims and Croats clash after Euro 2008 match Dozens of people were admitted to the hospital late on Friday after Bosnian Muslim and Bosnian Croat soccer fans clashed following Turkey's defeat of Croatia in their Euro 2008 quarterfinal, officials said. Around 1,000 police, including special forces, cordoned off the town center and used tear gas to separate the rival fans, who hurled rocks and bottles at each other. Gunshots and car alarms could be heard as fans attacked cars and smashed nearby shop windows. Many Bosnian Muslims back Turkey in international competitions for historical and cultural reasons that date back to the five centuries of Ottoman rule in the Balkans, while Croats regard the Croatian national team as their own. "Dozens of people were admitted to hospital, including four police officers of whom one with serious injuries," a local doctor told Reuters. Mostar has a history of soccer-related violence. The southern Bosnian city has roughly an equal number of Croats and Muslims, who were enemies during a 199394 conflict but later became allies against Bosnian Serbs. The city's rival soccer fans last had a major clash in 2006, after Muslims supported Brazil in a World Cup match that saw the Croats lose 1-0. One boy was shot and seriously wounded and six policemen were injured when they used tear gas to separate fans who were hurling rocks and bottles at each other. In 1998 a woman was killed by a stray bullet during celebrations of Croatia's World Cup quarter-final victory. Ýstanbul/Mostar Today's Zaman with wires

CM Y K

But trigger-happy fans failed to quash the festive spirit as millions took to the streets on Friday night in Ýstanbul, lighting fireworks and chanting as they made their way through back alleys and main streets alike. "We knew we were going to win. It's no surprise. Turkey can't be beat, because even if you score against us we will come back," said Ahmet Türk, 22, a communications student, waving a large flag as he walked through downtown Ýstanbul. Smoke was thick in side streets in the city after fans set off fireworks to celebrate the triumph. Young women hung out the windows of automobiles draped in Turkish flags, as cars flooded the center of Ýstanbul. Nearby men stood in a circle chanting "We are the champions." "We may not have played so well throughout the entire game, but we were determined to win. You could see it on their faces," said Zeki Öztaþ, 22. Zafer Erdoðdu, 26, an industrial engineer, celebrating with his friends, said, "Turkey didn't stop fighting and won't stop fighting until the end." Fireworks also lit up the sky over Berlin and other German cities when the match ended, with thousands of Turkey supporters pouring into the streets for spontaneous late-night celebrations. Ýstanbul Today's Zaman

28° 31° 34° 25° 32° 35° 30° 30° 31°

Now democrats raýsýng theýr voýces BÜLENT KENEÞ b.kenes@todayszaman.com

Tens of thousands of people gathered on June 21 -- the longest and the brightest day of the year -- to raise their voices against the darkness some are trying to cast over this country. With their only desire being more light, more democracy and more freedom, these people came together on Ýstanbul's Ýstiklal Street and sent out the very strong message that they would no longer remain silent in the face of plans for direct or indirect coups. These people took to the streets aware of the obligation to raise their voices beyond the infernal cacophony of the anti-democrats and coup supporters. We should view this march on Ýstiklal Street, under the slogan "70 Million Steps Against Coups," as a very bright signal flare; a flare that shows that any sort of army-oriented, antidemocratic intervention, in whatever guise it may take, will no longer go unanswered. It is a flare demonstrating that a victimized but proud nation has awakened. A statement made by the initiative read: "We have gathered to do something we have been unable to dare for the last 50 years and something we should have done before. Now, on the longest and brightest day of the year, we are breaking our oaths of silence in the middle of the city in favor of democracy, conscience and justice with a deep, roaring sound." The awareness that the crowd represented the silent cries of Turkey's 70 million citizens was palpable. It was a meeting that inspired hope for the future of our democracy. This meeting is not the only hope-inspiring development in the name of democracy. Civil society organizations, opinion leaders, journalists, academics, writers and politicians who represent different segments of society are joining their democratic forces under the Common Sense Platform. Civil society and the people are waking up. They are beginning to claim their democratic rights. And the military, which has been unable to recuperate from the sickness of "making attempts to run the country," must be appreciating that it will no longer be able to get away with the things it has done before and is continues to do. They must appreciate the reality that they are unable to make direct coup attempts. However, they are not standing by idly. It is has not escaped our attention that the anti-democratic forces that don't want to understand the democratic lessons people have been sending them repeatedly through the ballot box are having a very difficult time with the people who are now waking up to their democratic conscience. For this reason, even though they are dying to do it, they do not dare stage a direct military coup by suspending democracy and closing down Parliament, as they have done so many times in the past. And it is for this same reason that they are trying to block the democratic process through hurriedly penned midnight memoranda, reducing democracy to silence by means of the highstate bureaucracy that is entirely at their disposal and camouflaging their damned coup plans by using the high judiciary as a weapon. However, we no longer have a prime minister who will hightail it out of office after reading a memorandum like a divine decree, nor is the military able to successfully implement their perfect methods of psychological war that would give society the desired shape. Every anti-democratic intervention and plan they make against the nation eventually backfires and disgraces them. We are now living in a country and an era in which the military, whose sole concern should be nothing but the nation's security, cannot actualize its plots as easily as it once did. Best of all is that everything is happening before people's very eyes. People see everything and know very well who is draining this country's energy. It is the people who best appreciate what this nation can achieve with its great dynamism and energy, even if just during the short-lived periods when the military shows a modicum of respect to the public will. Turkey now wants to see all anti-democratic interventions, in whatever form they may take, as embarrassing things of the past and there is strong hope that this will come to pass. The commanders who have had to suffer a great deal of embarrassment by being unable to directly refute the demonic plans exposed by Taraf daily on Friday should now understand that it is high time they started minding their own business. They should realize how the vision of the army has been gravely blurred by seeking enemies inside the country, rather than outside. They should stop wasting their and their nation's energy. They should also realize that people now see direct military intervention as the main reason for the country's backwardness in many aspects and the chronic problems it suffers in so many fields. They should immediately save themselves from leaving the impression that the army fights its own nation and the values that nation holds. Turkey has to become a country where people who display the courage to apologize to the nation for the dark conspiracies of the past and the action plans revealed by Taraf are appointed as commanders. We should not forget that this nation loves its military only when it is in its barracks and along the country's borders. And the thing it probably hates the most is an army plunged up to its neck in daily political discussions and involved in conspiracies each darker than the next. The open answer given by the nation to all anti-democratic interventions and the democratic reflex it shows at every opportunity should be a lesson to all commanders.


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M O N D AY, J U N E 2 3 , 2 0 0 8

Rice: United States should speak up for democracy in Turkey US Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice has praised the Turkish government for its efforts at democratization and said her country should support reform and secular democracy in its NATO ally. Her comments appear to be one of the strongest expressions of support from the US for the ruling Justice and Development Party (AK Party), which faces a closure case, coming in a speech at the New York-based Council on Foreign Relations (CFR) last week. Rice described US relations with the AK Party as "excellent." She said Turkey is now "one of Iraq's more supportive neighbors" and has become a "really global partner" in the international agenda. "I also believe that the agenda for democratization that the AK Party has undertaken has been good for Turkey. They have reached out to people who are different -- Kurds, for

instance -- and got a large amount of the Kurdish vote in the last election. They have reached out to the poor and rural in Turkey in ways that were not done before. They have reached out to religious people," Rice said, according to a transcript of the speech published by the State Department late on Friday. The AK Party currently faces potential closure on charges of becoming a "focal point for anti-secular activities." The Constitutional Court is expected to deliver its verdict on the indictment before autumn, and expectation is widespread that the verdict will mean the party's closure. Without specifically referring to the case or related charges, Rice said: "I think the secular democracy in Turkey is important, but it is also important that religious people are a part of the country." She added: "Sometimes, when I am asked what might democracy look like in the Middle East, I think it might look like Turkey."

Rice said the United States is not getting involved in debates in Turkey over the closure case but that Washington will defend democratic institutions and "speak up" for secular democracy in Turkey. "What can we do? I think we have to continue to support the democratic institutions of Turkey. Obviously, we are not going to get involved in the current crisis or the current controversy in Turkey about the court case, that's a matter for Turkey to resolve," she said. "But I do think that we need to continue to speak up for reform in Turkey, for democracy in Turkey, for secular democracy in Turkey." Rice in addition said the European Union, which Turkey aspires to join, also holds great responsibility. "The people who could do the most are the Europeans. Because, frankly, if Turkey is not given a fair chance to accede to the European Union, we will all pay. Europe will pay, the United States will pay. We cannot have

a dividing line at Turkey," she said. "The Europeans -- and I understand that it's hard, but the European Union-- the prospect of European Union accession has been extremely important to reform in Turkey. And without that prospect, it is going to be hard to continue." Turkey's aspirations to join the EU face difficulties due to objections from countries like France and problems over the divided island of Cyprus. President George W. Bush said during a visit to Europe earlier this month that Turkey should become a member of the EU. The EU says there will be consequences if the AK Party is eventually closed down, but whether the possible sanctions could include a suspension of the accession talks is a difficult question for the bloc's officials because of the realistic chances that, once suspended, the process may not resume again due to public resistance in Europe. Ýstanbul Today's Zaman

ICG sees ongoýng process as best chance for reunýfyýng Cyprus REUTERS

contýnued from page 1

PHOTO

"The report argues that pieces of the puzzle are so nearly in place. This is the time when everyone should move to the middle," Pope told Today's Zaman When reminded of assertiveness of recommendations made to the parties, Pope said these were solely options that would make reaching a resolution both "easier and quicker." He went on: "The main thing is perception and distrust. If these two leaders cannot reach agreement on reunification, then nobody can. Plus, Ankara is very well aware of the problem, and the Foreign Ministry is determined to remove this problem from its agenda. Greek Cypriots also see that absence of a solution is dead-end for them."

A narrow but unique window The report admits that "the window of opportunity is small," clearly warning that it could start to close in late 2009 as preparations begin for Turkish Cypriot parliamentary and presidential elections in February and April 2010, respectively. "If the 2008/2009 window of opportunity closes without result, there will be no political will to reopen discussion of reunification for many years. Especially in light of the bruising experience of Kosovo, however, there would be little international inclination to recognize the independence of the Turkish Cypriots. The drift towards de facto partition would continue at significant cost for all," the ICG says. Analysts and the Cypriot leaders from both sides have expressed concern at the probable impact of an ongoing closure case against Turkey's ruling party -- which has firmly pursued pro-settlement policies on Cyprus since coming to power in 2002 -- on the future of ongoing Cyprus talks. The ruling Justice and Development Party (AK Party), soon after its first election victory in 2002, launched a taboo-breaking Cyprus initiative and, reversing a decades-old policy, backed a UN plan to reunite this island, agreeing to a unified Cyprus state of Turkish and Greek Cypriots and eventual troop withdrawal. But the plan, approved by the Turkish Cypriots, was rejected by the Greek Cypriots. "There will always be an excuse not to fix Cyprus. But there are important people in Ankara who are aware of how great it would be if it is done right now," Pope reiterated, when asked about the possible effects of current politi-

Turkish Cypriot aide Özdil Nami, UN envoy Taye-Brook Zerihoun and Greek Cypriot aide George Iacovou (L-R) shake hands at a news conference after a meeting on June 20. Leaders of ethnically divided Cyprus will meet on July 1 to push forward the island's peace process. cal unrest in Turkey. "Chances of success would be higher if there was less internal political turmoil in Turkey due to the court case against the AK Party, but domestic disputes do not rule out progress on Cyprus," the report states.

Ankara’s EU conundrum Turkey's EU membership bid, which has largely stalled over the Cyprus issue, was given considerable space in the ICG report, which underlined that the Cyprus conflict is deeply embedded in the legal structure of the EU-Turkey relationship. "In December 2006, Turkey's failure to implement its promise under the 'Additional Protocol' to open its airports and seaports to Greek Cypriot

traffic caused Brussels to freeze the opening of eight of the 35 negotiating chapters with it. The negotiations will officially come up for review in 2009. The only likely scenario under which Turkey would open the ports is in the context of a comprehensive peace deal. Failure to do so, however, would result in an EU-Turkey crisis," the report says, before quoting a senior European Commission official as saying bluntly: "The year 2009 will be critical. We will expect movement from Turkey on the ports issue. We'll report to the European Council if nothing happens, and then we'll have a big doubt [about] the Turkish accession process … it will be deadly if Turkey appears to be the obstacle [to a Cyprus set-

tlement]." The report goes on to suggest that Turkey should thus seek the earliest opportunity to implement the "Additional Protocol, even if initially only partially and as a temporary measure in support of negotiations on the island. It should act unilaterally, however, and at a time and in a manner intended to underline its goodwill for maximum impact in the EU and Cyprus. The many benefits the measure would bring Turkey - in trade, improved image, EU convergence and movement on the Cyprus problem - suggest that it would be a major opportunity, not a concession." The report will be publicly available on the ICG Web site: www.crisisgroup.org. Ankara Today's Zaman

Angry Serbia continues to ignore Turkish ambassador SERVET YANATMA ANKARA

Angered by Ankara's swift recognition of Kosovo, which declared independence from Serbia in February, Serbia is refusing to give the formal go-ahead to a new Turkish envoy appointed to Belgrade, a sign of a chill in the two countries' ties. The Serbian government recalled its ambassador to Turkey following Turkey's recognition of Kosovo. Ambassador Ahmet Süha Umar, appointed the new Turkish envoy to Serbia, has been waiting for months for a meeting with President Boris Tadic. Ambassadors need to formally present their credentials to the president of the country they are appointed to as a diplomatic requirement before officially assuming office.

Turkish diplomatic sources confirmed that Umar has been unable to get an appointment with the Serbian president since being appointed to the post on Feb. 24. Tadic's refusal to receive the new Turkish envoy is a clear sign of bitter feelings towards Ankara that still dominate the Serbian capital. However, diplomatic sources speaking to Today's Zaman played down the treatment of the Turkish ambassador, saying Serbia is still suffering from "trauma" over losing Kosovo. Serbia firmly opposes Kosovo's independence, saying the region is part of Serbia. Serbs consider Kosovo the cradle of their medieval statehood and religion, although Serbia has had no control over the province since a 1999 NATO bombing campaign ended Serb aggression

against ethnic Albanians. The US and most European Union nations supported statehood for the UN-run province, where 90 percent of the population of 2 million is ethnic Albanian, and recognized it soon after it declared independence. Turkey was among the first to recognize Kosovo as an independent state. Turkish diplomatic sources say Serbia is still in a state of confusion and suggest its refusal to allow the new Turkish envoy to take office is not a result of Turkey being singled out. "Turkey wants to develop its relations with Serbia," Turkish Foreign Ministry spokesman Burak Özügergin told Today's Zaman. "We want to develop our relations with the entire Balkan region, including

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Serbia, and we support Serbia's course towards integration in the European Union." Unable to present his credentials to the president, Ambassador Umar will continue to be the Turkish ambassador to Serbia but is unlikely to have any high-level contacts there. The Serbian government is also unlikely to assist the ambassador with any problems he might face due to his failing to meet all diplomatic requirements of appointment as an ambassador. In his initial reaction to Turkey's recognition of Kosovo, Tadic said he had been given assurances by President Abdullah Gül and Prime Minister Recep Tayyip Erdoðan that Ankara would not recognize an independent Kosovo but that they later failed to keep their word.

NATIONAL

Iraq adds TPAO to bid for future deals The Iraqi Oil Ministry added six more oil companies, including a Turkish state-owned firm, to a list of 35 permitted to bid for future oil and gas deals, the ministry spokesman said Sunday. Assem Jihad didn't provide the company names but said they are state-owned firms from Turkey, Vietnam, Pakistan, Thailand, Angola and Algeria. In April, Iraq's Oil Ministry qualified 35 companies to bid for tenders to develop the nation's oil and gas fields. Turkey's state-owned Turkish Petroleum Corporation (TPAO) was not included in the list, disappointing Ankara. Although a medium-sized company in its field, Turkish Petroleum International Company Ltd. (TPIC), established in 1988 as a TPAO subsidiary to operate in all branches of the oil industry, is one of few companies with a good knowledge of Iraq's geological particularities, as TPAO has been researching hydrocarbon exploration and production opportunities in Iraq since 1994. Jihad added that the ministry is planning to issue another invitation for companies to submit their qualification documentation to compete for the development of smaller oil and gas fields. He didn't say when the new invitation would be issued but said they would go out as soon as the ministry finished awarding the first round of tenders. Baghdad is about to sign Technical Support Agreements (TSAs) with international oil firms to boost its current 2.5 million barrels per day output by 600,000 barrels. The New York Times reported Thursday that Shell, BP and Exxon Mobil and Total were the four major companies close to signing deals, along with Chevron and some smaller companies. Iraq sits on an estimated 115 billion barrels and it also has an estimated 112 trillion cubic feet of natural gas reserves, according to the ministry -- making it one of the most oil rich countries in the world. Earlier this month, Iraqi Deputy Prime Minister Barham Salih had already expressed willingness to include Turkish companies in new tenders to develop the country's oil and gas fields, calling Turkey a gateway for Iraq to open up to Europe. "I spoke with Energy Minister Hilmi Güler and Prime Minister Recep Tayyip Erdoðan, and I told them that we have been planning to include some major Turkish companies on the list of companies which will invest in the Iraqi oil sector. Both President [Jalal] Talabani and Prime Minister [Nouri] al-Maliki want Turkish companies to be on this list," Salih was quoted as saying at the time. Turkey's long-stalled bilateral relationship has entered a new phase via a landmark visit paid by Iraqi President Talabani to the Turkish capital in March. Accompanied by Cabinet ministers including those in charge of energy, Talabani said then his country sought strategic partnership with Turkey in all aspects. Ankara Today's Zaman with AP

Anti-Turkey camp isolated in France as Senate vote looms Supporters of an amendment that would make a referendum on Turkey's possible membership in the European Union compulsory have become increasingly isolated as the upper house of French parliament prepares for a vote on the measure this week. The amendment calls for a public vote on accession to the EU of any country whose population exceeds 5 percent of the EU's entire population, which currently stands at about 500 million. Although it is not specifically mentioned, the proposal seems targeted at candidate Turkey. Ukraine, which hopes to become an EU candidate, would also be affected. The measure was expected to be presented to the Senate later on Sunday or Monday. Almost all the parties represented in the upper house of parliament, including the ruling UMP party, which first introduced it in the national assembly, have already prepared amendment proposals against the measure. The senators from the Communist Party are the only exception, defending the measure to be passed without change. But due to their small representation, they are unlikely to alter the course of the debate in the Senate. Given the arithmetic, the measure, approved in the lower house of parliament on June 3, seems set to be defeated in the Senate. French Prime Minister François Fillon also spoke out against the measure last week, saying such a constitutional amendment is not necessary. Senators who oppose the proposed amendment say it is particularly directed at Turkey, also noting that it is not appropriate for France to be the only country in the world with a provision in its constitution that targets a foreign country. Proponents of the measure, on the other hand, threaten to block the entire constitutional amendment package, which includes key amendments for institutional reform in France. Ali Ýhsan Aydýn Paris


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06 TODAY’S ZAMAN

MONDAY, JUNE 23, 2008

INTERVIEW

Murat Belge: Only remedy to current deadlock ýs democracy PHOTO

MUSTAFA KÝRAZLI

'The biggest threat to Turkey's current system is liberal democracy. The system's ruling elite have staged a war against democracy. The threat of Islamism is a cover-up … and the remedy is democracy itself. Democracy can produce its own remedies. You need to include the highly feared "enemy" and talk to him, not exclude him. The powerful elite have been plotting how to oust the AK Party'

Murat Belge Murat Belge is a left-wing Turkish intellectual, translator, literary critic, scholar, civil rights activist and academic. He is the son of political journalist Burhan Asaf Belge and the nephew of Yakup Kadri Karaosmanoðlu. He received his Ph.D. from Ýstanbul University in 1969. After the military coups of 1971 and 1980, he had to leave academic life and went into publishing left-wing classics through Ýletiþim Press in Ýstanbul. Belge has translated the works of James Joyce, Charles Dickens, D. H. Lawrence, William Faulkner and John Berger into Turkish. Since 1996 he has been a professor of comparative literature at Ýstanbul Bilgi University. He also chairs the Helsinki Citizens Assembly. Belge was a member of the organizing committee of a two-day academic conference held on Sept. 24-25, 2005 at Bilgi University titled "Ottoman Armenians during the Decline of the Empire: Issues of Scientific Responsibility and Democracy." The conference openly disputed the official Turkish account of the Armenian massacres. The gathering was denounced by neo-nationalists as treacherous and led to him facing a jail sentence.

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PROFILE

contýnued from page 1 Belge elaborated on the current political crisis and the history of the political deadlock for Monday Talk. You left the Radikal daily, to which you had contributed since its founding in 1996, and began writing for another daily, Taraf, which began circulating this year. You said the reason for this move was that you did not share the views of some Radikal columnists. You wrote that if society succeeded in leading a "normal life," a variety of viewpoints emerging from this situation would not create problems for you. Can you elaborate on this idea? Turkey is at a critical juncture. We are in one of the most critical periods since the republic's establishment. Turkey has to decide whether it wants to be a democratic country or not. Even if it decides to choose an undemocratic course, I don't think it will stay on that path in the long run, though that would cause unnecessary delays in granting basic democratic rights and freedoms to the people in addition to causing much pain. If a newspaper's writers completely defend opposing views at such a time, it causes confusion in the minds of its readers as well. What types of ideas presented in Radikal or other papers cause confusion and increase polarization in society? Take, for example, a columnist being critical of the military's warning to the government on one page while another writer completely supports the military's role in politics. This is misleading for readers. Radikal belongs to a media group. Of the group's papers, it is the one I have the least objections to. Hürriyet, the leading newspaper of the same company, has nothing in it that appeals to me. A new newspaper then came on the scene, one whose views I share, so I see nothing wrong in agreeing to write for them. Turkey's present circumstances require me to do so. Please elaborate on these circumstances and Turkey's situation. When we look at the history of Turkey, starting in 1923 with the founding of the republic, there were about 15,000 to 20,000 literate and politically active people. The society was mostly agricultural and in a precapitalist period. Our elite had taken over the task of modernizing Turkey. We were in a process of becoming a nation-state. Having a state is easier than becoming a nation. If we were to employ an opposing dichotomy metaphor in which the state is masculine and the nation feminine, the current situation is akin to the wife wanting to move out of her predefined role and the husband resisting this and resorting to violence. In some states, this violence is not prevalent, while in Turkey, it is a common occurrence. With such a system in place and without society having become democratized, we began implementing multi-party politics in the 1940s What happened to the elite in the early stages of the multi-party period? They had a close circle of friends. Everyone knew each other from the first class sections of Ýstanbul's ferries and the Ankara Opera House. However, they began seeing people from second and third class sections of ferries in the first class because these people -- rather than the known elite -- had begun to acquire money and could pay for the service. This the elite found disturbing. People that were looked down upon started to take a seat next to the elite. For example, a new passenger on the ferry could be "Hacý Aða from Adana" [a derogatory term for a newly rich villager who flaunts his wealth in the city] or some rich person who was previously in the mafia. When it comes to our democracy, we had a client-based system and it was based on the idea that "only if you vote for me will I bring water to your village." Do you think the elite of today are same as those of yesterday? They are still of the same mentality. The mission of the elite is to bring up and educate the society. The elite have never felt that the society has grown up. It's the situation of having a 35-year-old son whose hand you still want to hold while crossing the street. If this is the case, the 35-year-old man must be retarded. The father needs to give up being such a father and the society needs to grow up. Indeed, our multi-faceted society has grown up: Just look at the Anatolian Tigers, [A new group of entrepreneurs rising in prominence from conservative Anatolian cities which have shown impressive economic growth over the past few years]. The society wants to make up its mind on such matters as whether or not it wants to join the European Union. The society wants to solve the Kurdish issue, too. There are people who have invested in the society and they want to have a say in the future of this country. But the elite are unwilling to grant this right to society and want to protect their turf. In the meantime we have more polarization, but if there is no dialogue, extreme elements can gain ground. You have written that since no consensus exists, society is unable to solve its problems; nationalism is growing along with the desire to silence the "other." Where do we go? I don't think we will get anywhere by crushing or silencing one another. No one can go anywhere desirable by punishing the other that is different. If we hang a huge Turkish flag on the Selimiye military barracks, yes, it sends out a certain nationalistic message to some groups. If we wave Islamist symbols at some other groups, yes, it gives a certain message to them. In nation-states we can expect a certain tension between ethnicity and religion. It happened in Bismarck's Germany, too. Today's big Christian Democratic Union (CDU) of Germany has risen from the ashes of the movement that Bismarck tried to crush. Bismarck, indeed, had given up its crushing project after realizing that it would not succeed. In Turkey, we have not yet made peace between Kocatepe [the site of a large mosque in Ankara] and Anýttepe [the site of Mustafa Kemal Atatürk's mausoleum]; we have not yet provided an environment in which

these two would not see each other as adversaries. This is significant political ineptitude, to say the least. This means our society is one that cannot grow normally and that we should expect pathological developments. Do you consider the latest decision of the Constitutional Court which overturned constitutional amendments passed by Parliament to relax a ban on wearing a headscarf at universities to be a pathological development? I would say that the case filed by the Supreme Court of Appeals chief prosecutor [Abdurrahman Yalçýnkaya] seeking to close the ruling party is a pathological development. The closure case against the [pro-Kurdish Democratic Society Party] DTP is also pathological. I would say that about the decisions of the judiciary in general. There is another example: I read a verdict of a judge who handed down a sentence on some writing in Agos. That judge quoted some writers who claim that the Armenian massacre never happened. There are also writers who claim that the massacre did happen. How can a judge quote only from writers who say it did not happen? We have numerous other such examples. What kind of objectivity can we expect from this kind of a judiciary? You have written that Turkey remains within the boundaries of the authoritarian regime of the Sept. 12, 1980 military coup. That coup produced its own constitution in 1982. However, the ruling AK Party wants to change this constitution. Do you think this is the reason behind the closure case against it? We cannot mention only one factor as a reason behind the closure case. There are a number of factors, and this is one of them. To put it simply, the main thing is that the tail has been trying to wag the dog. As you may recall, the prime minister [Recep Tayyip Erdoðan] said the same thing since he is partly of the same mentality [referring to labor unions' demand to celebrate Labor Day in Taksim Square, Erdoðan said, "If the feet try to rule the head, this will bring about doomsday," sparking an uproar]. If you look at the indictment against the Confederation of Revolutionary Workers' Unions (DÝSK) during the Sept. 12 period, you can see that the main concern was about workers who were becoming powerful and "trying to rule the head." Are you saying the reason behind the closure case is not the AK Party's "anti-secular" activities, as indicated in the indictment? Islam may feature prominently among some AK Party supporters. Take, for example, communism; some communists wanted to bring about communism through a revolution but realized that it was not possible to do so in countries like Italy and France. They then decided to have Eurocommunism through elections. Instead of a revolution, they decided to work in a gradual manner. So Islamists have also seen that when they assure the public that they do not aim to bring Shariah to the country, their votes increase. This gives them a message: "You promised not to bring Shariah, so we trust you and give you our votes." This is what democracy is about. But if you don't trust the public, then the public's votes do not mean anything and you deal with issues by using judicial organs or the gendarmerie. What's next? We have been involved in a democratization project with the EU. It hasn't advanced as much as it should have because of military and judicial interference. I liken this to a tug-of-war. Although the number of people who are against the democratization project is lower than those who want Turkey to move forward, the influence of the former is greater, leading to equal power and a never-ending game. The parties have also abandoned respecting the rules of this game. So what happens next in such an environment? I don't know. A society should never find itself in such a situation. You have written that the Sept. 12 period was the biggest catastrophe a society could have. How would you compare today's Turkey with that period? Today is a continuation of that period. We are in an even more catastrophic situation today because we have been unable to move out of that catastrophe, created in 1980. What are the main threats being presented to the society today, compared to the past? Has Islamism replaced the threat of communism? We went through much pain during the Sept. 12 period, and those in power said all their undemocratic measures were taken to combat the spread of communism. We then saw how shortsighted this view was because the Berlin Wall came down in 1989 -- the Sept. 12 military coup took place in 1980 -- bringing with it the end to the threat of communism. Later came the threat of separatism and the Kurdish issue. We have also had the threat of Islamic fundamentalism. The most significant threat to the current system is liberal democracy, and the system's ruling elite are at war with democracy, using the threat of Islamism only as a cover-up. What is the remedy? The remedy is democracy itself. Democracy can produce its own remedies. You need to include the highly feared "enemy" and talk to him; do not exclude him. The powerful elite have been plotting how to oust the AK Party. For example, if the AK Party prohibits drinking, then you should fight against that policy, not shut the party down. You can be critical of its policies and try to change these policies within the democratic system. This is the way democracies work. This is the rule of law. You do not need to roll tanks down the street as in the Feb. 28 process [a "post-modern coup" staged in 1997 by the military to overthrow a coalition government led by pro-Islamist Prime Minister Necmettin Erbakan], especially if you have a civil society prepared to resist any move leading to religious oppression. What do you suggest the government should do? The government could gain more support from democratic forces by developing a broader grasp of democratic needs and by addressing the fears of some people -- even if their fears might be unjustified -- who think the government's intention is to bring Shariah rule to the country. But I usually refrain from criticizing the government at this time so as not to give ammunition to undemocratic forces. We may criticize the government for "bad policy," but that doesn't justify the "legal" threats it now faces. We are at such a point in time that it is crucial to defend basic democratic rights.


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BUSINESS

TODAY’S ZAMAN 07

M O N D AY, J U N E 2 3 , 2 0 0 8

PHOTO

TODAY’S ZAMAN

Is Turkey’s ýnward foreýgn dýrect ýnvestment surge endýng?

A long queue of trucks are awaiting approval from customs officials to pass through the Kapýkule gate at Turkey’s border with Bulgaria in Edirne. Drivers of cargo vehicles will no longer have to wait for hours to continue their journey if the new bill can succesfully reform customs.

New bill seeks to harmonize customs legislation with EU ALÝ ASLAN KILIÇ ANKARA

Parliament has drawn up a bill in an attempt to harmonize customs legislation with EU laws, increase efficiency and reduce red tape in customs transactions. One notable section of the bill would require the submission of an executive declaration form on goods to be exported from or imported to Turkey. In addition, declarations filed in electronic form will no longer need to be accompanied by hard copies. With the new bill on customs, which contains detailed definitions of key customs terms, a new statute on the "authorized obligator" found in EU customs legislation is introduced. These entities will be able to benefit from simplified applications envisaged in the customs legislation or the relevant customs inspections on safety and security. Under the bill, the Foreign Trade Ministry, which supervises the Customs Undersecretariat, will be authorized to examine and sign off on certain transactions and cases at Customs. The bill also provides for the creation of a national risk management policy, which will be handled by the Customs Undersecretariat. The bill requires information sharing at national and international levels to improve risk management policies and procedures. The bill also brings new rules on the declaration of origin, requiring the submission of the executive declaration form for goods taken into Turkish Customs areas. The commodities and goods transported by vehicles passing within Turkish Customs areas will be exempt from this rule. The bill seeks to introduce harmonization with EU legislation in the field of intellectual property rights. The draft in addition includes provisions on activities to be carried out in free trade zones. Items will be restricted depending on the characteristics of the commodity and the requirements of

the customs inspection. In this regard, the Customs Undersecretariat will hold the authority. Time limits and restrictions will be placed on agricultural products stored in free zones. The bill further introduces exemptions and exceptions for particular goods to be imported by the General Staff, the Defense Ministry, the National Intelligence Organization (MÝT), the Customs Agency and certain military institutions. The limit for customs exemption would be increased from 100 euros to 150 euros. The exemption currently only covering land transport vehicles would be expanded to all types of transport means in parallel with the EU exemption provisions. The draft also exempts household items purchased within the country by persons who reside abroad from customs tax. Non-commercial goods purchased by visitors for their personal use will also be exempted from duty. The exemption will further cover the commodities and items imported for use in research and development activities.

Burden of businessmen alleviated The bill will introduce improvements to ease the burden of businessmen. The customs transactions for non-commercial goods or items for personal use will be made by individuals through direct representation. The bill also includes a measure to extend the statute of limitations for fines issued in relation to violations of customs rules. Furthermore, those who identify and report customs violations will be rewarded. The bill also changes some notions and descriptions in the customs literature. For instance, customs duties will be redefined to ensure harmonization with the import and export levies in the EU. The term "customs inspection" was excised from the law and replaced by "customs control." The bill in addition includes clear definitions for original obligator, risk and risk management.

Record exports spring from region-specific market strategies, says report The figures in a new trade report have shown that targeted market strategies contributed significantly to the upsurge in Turkey's export figures, which reached $120 billion in 2007. Data compiled in the Annual Report 2007 of the Undersecretariat of Foreign Trade showed that Turkey's export volume to neighboring countries jumped to $40.7 billion in 2007 while this figure was only $6.9 billion in 2000. The report suggests that behind record exports lie region-specific market strategies pursued by Turkey, one of which is the Neighboring and Surrounding Countries Strategy -- a trade development strategy that is being pursued with the aim of increasing commercial ties with neighboring countries and that was implemented in 2000. Thanks to this strategy, Turkey's imports from neighboring countries reached $57.8 billion in 2007 from $13.1 billion in 2000, while Turkey's foreign trade volume with these countries rose by 276 percent between 2000 and 2007, hitting $98.5 billion. While Turkish construction companies

undertook projects worth $1.4 billion in neighboring countries in 1999, they increased their business volume to $19.5 billion in 2007 in 27 countries, including Libya, Qatar, Algeria, Turkmenistan, Kazakhstan, Saudi Arabia, Iraq and Russia, thanks to the strategies followed to boost trade volume with these countries. Similar strategies have been pursued since 2003 to strengthen economic relations with African countries. Within the context of strategies to improve economic ties with Africa, Turkey has succeeded in strengthening commercial and economic relations with countries on the continent. While Turkey's export volume to African countries was around $2.1 billion in 2003, it hit $6 billion in 2007. Turkey's import volume from these countries, on the other hand, rose from $3.3 billion in 2003 to $6.8 billion in 2007. In other words, Turkey's overall trade volume to African countries rose by 137 percent in four years, reaching a level of last year $12.8 billion from only $5.4 billion in 2003. Turkish construction companies in Africa increased their busi-

ness volume to $6.7 billion in 2007 from $611 million in 2003. Turkey hastened to action in order to increase its export volume to AsiaPacific countries as well. A trade development strategy concerning these countries was initiated in 2005. The main goals of the Asia-Pacific Countries Strategy are to boost general trade and economic relations with the region and get a share of the region's markets, attract investment from the countries in the region with significant capital accumulation, increase the market share of Turkey's construction, consultancy and engineering companies, utilize the potential of the Turkish defense industry and increase Turkey's export volume to the region from $2 billion in 2004 to $8 billion by 2010. Last but not least, Turkey embarked on boosting its commercial ties with the United States and helping Turkish enterprises enter the US market with the Strategies to Strengthen Commercial and Investment Ties with the US. Through these strategies, Turkey aims to increase its export volume to this country. Ankara Today's Zaman with wires

Last week witnessed two important developments concerning Turkey's inward foreign direct investment (IFDI) flows and policies. First, the General Directorate of Foreign Investment of the Undersecretariat to the Turkish Treasury released its annual IFDI report: "Foreign Direct Investment in Turkey 2007," along with its June International Direct Investment Information Bulletin, in Ankara. Second, the Investment Advisory Council for Turkey (IAC), comprising top-level executives of major multinational corporations, international organizations and business associations, held its fifth annual meeting and issued its statement of outcomes in Ýstanbul. The IAC, since March 2004, has been convening regular summits with top government officials, chaired by Prime Minister Recep Tayyip Erdoðan, to provide direct inputs on efforts to improve Turkey's investment climate through the Coordination Council for the Improvement of the Investment Environment (YOIKK). In this column I will focus on the significance of these two developments. According to Table 1 below, Turkey's total net IFDI increased by 54 percent during 2002-2003, 59 percent during 2003-2004, 260 percent during 2004-2005, 99 percent during 2005-2006 and 10 percent during 2006-2007. Until this year, these extraordinary rates of increase, evidencing an IFDI surge, significantly exceeded those in the corresponding total global IFDI flows. By attracting $22.03 billion IFDI in 2007 -- its highestever total -- Turkey ranked among the top five developing countries and the top 16 countries in the world. In 2007, close to 60 percent of the IFDI flows, two-thirds of the total originating in the European Union, was recorded in the financial intermediation sector through the full or partial foreign acquisition of Turkish financial firms such as Akbank, Oyak Bank and Finans Bank. The manufacturing sector accounted for about 22 percent of IFDI flows. In 2007, no IFDI flows were recorded as a result of privatization, unlike in 2004, 2005 and 2006. The bad news is that in the first quarter of this year Turkish total net IFDI decreased by 47 percent relative to the first quarter of last year, suggesting that the IFDI surge since 2002 might be ending in the current year. What makes this significant drop in IFDI flows something to be concerned about is that during this year's first quarter, the current account deficit widened to $16.9 billion from $12.5 billion, an increase of 35 percent compared to last year's first quarter. The likely end of the IFDI surge, which would have serious consequences for the Turkish economy, especially regarding the financing of the chronic current account deficit, could be attributed to both external and internal causes. The major external causes include: (1) the increasing risk aver-

ASIM ERDÝLEK a.erdilek@todayszaman.com

sion of investors in developed countries toward emerging market economies (EMEs) such as Turkey in the aftermath of the global financial crisis; (2) increasing difficulty of financing FDI projects in EMEs as developed country financial institutions retrench to cope with their subprime mortgage meltdown-related losses; (3) and the global economic slowdown, especially in developed countries. The major internal causes include: (1) the slowdown of the Turkish economy, the return of double-digit inflation and growing fears over stagflation; (2) the end of the latest stand-by arrangement with the International Monetary Fund (IMF) in May, creating uncertainty about the direction of Turkey's macroeconomic policies; (3) and the rising political instability surrounding the closure case against the Justice and Development Party (AK Party) that would bring down the AK Party government, which has done more than any other government to promote IFDI. According to the latest survey by the International Investors Association (YASED), which represents major multinational companies with FDI in Turkey, of its members last March, 61 percent expected economic

World Bank. According to the IAC statement of outcomes, the AK Party government has made great progress in improving the country's IFDI environment, as evidenced by the recent IFDI surge. It commends the AK Party government on the enactment of the R&D law, the social security and universal health law, the insurance law and the employment package. The advances made by the AK Party government on the recommendations of the IAC last year are discussed in detail in the Treasury's 86-page "Investment Advisory Council for Turkey Progress Report 2008." The IAC still finds, however, room for improvement in the business climate. It draws the government's attention to, among several specific issues, the need for: (1) greater fiscal and monetary discipline to achieve smaller budget deficits, lower inflation and narrower current account deficit; (2) targeting public expenditures at priority areas such as education and infrastructure, especially in communications, energy and transportation; (3) improved labor market flexibility and lower non-wage costs; (4) heavier emphasis on the incentives for innovation and entrepreneurship as well better protection of intellectual property

stability and 56 percent expected financial stability to worsen in the next six months. Consequently, 61 percent also expected to reduce the number of their employees in the same period. If the existing foreign direct investors, who presumably know the environment in which they already operate rather well, are not very bullish on the prospects of the Turkish economy, it is not surprising that fewer new investors are lining up at the door to get in. Notwithstanding, or may be because of this somewhat dismal picture, the AK Party government, with the extraordinary personal involvement of Erdoðan himself, continued last week to court new investors during the fifth annual meeting of the IAC, attended also by John Lipsky, first deputy managing director of the IMF, and Graeme Wheeler, a managing director of the

rights; (5) reduced administrative requirements and lighter bureaucratic burdens on business; (6) enactment and implementation of the new commercial code to improve corporate governance and accounting standards; (7) and reduction of barriers to computerization and broadband Internet penetration. The AK Party government is to be commended for the consistent and genuine attention it has given since 2004 to the IAC's criticisms and recommendations, evidencing that the IAC was not intended to be a mere public relations gimmick. Unfortunately, Turkey has been confronting rising political as well as economic instability, throwing into doubt, at least in the short term, the ability, if not the willingness, of the AK Party government to continue the type of wide-ranging reforms advocated by the IAC.


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Marketing Iraqi reserves key to lowering oil prices UFUK ÞANLI ÝSTANBUL

parallel to northern Iraq's fate, he noted. Akkurt said a possible US offensive against Iran would be quite a negative development in terms of oil supply security, adding that this worries the whole world. Akkurt is an important figure who is interested in geopolitical issues in addition to being an experienced investment banker. One of the topics that Akkurt has been quite interested in recently is energy. The Ak investment manager tries to evaluate the energy issue not only in terms of the world economy and development of civilization but also in terms of international relations. He said the increase in oil prices affects not only a country's pace of development but also its competitive power. "Previously, companies that had difficulties competing with their rivals would produce their products in China and market them in the country; however, today sea and land transportation have become fairly expensive due to the extreme rise in oil prices. So even though you order goods from China to sell in Turkey, it is not as advantageous as it was before due to the high transportation costs." Akkurt also noted that energy is the biggest reason behind Turkey's current account deficit,

which is a controversial issue in the country. "When you omit energy costs from the current account deficit, the remainder is about $5 billion. Unfortunately oil and natural gas are vital for our development. Natural gas in particular is important here as almost 50 percent of the electricity in Turkey is produced at natural gas power plants, so this affects our costs," he stated. Akkurt said in order for Turkey to be less harmed by energy-based crises, the Turkish Petroleum Corporation (TPAO) should put emphasis on oil exploration activities abroad, adding that the government should also invest in hydroelectric and nuclear power plants. Akkurt stated that the projected energy investments to be realized by 2030 amount to $22 trillion, with $11 trillion of this for electricity production. He noted that even this figure reveals the importance of investing in electricity production. "In the developed countries of the world energy policies constitute the most important part of their national security policies. Why? Because if you are dependent on external sources, then you are open to external offenses and threats. For this reason, we need to focus on this issue as a national security policy and increase local production," he stated.

The mortgage crisis in the US and the closure case opened against the ruling Justice and Development Party (AK Party) have affected the markets negatively in Turkey. Akkurt said international and domestic investors are hesitant to invest in Turkey after these developments. "There will be increases and decreases in the Ýstanbul Stock Exchange (ÝMKB) in a range between 39,000 and 41,000. Everybody will wait for the decision of the Constitutional Court, and people will try to determine their positions according to this." Two weeks ago Ak Yatýrým hosted the Turkey 2008 Investors Conference in Istanbul, in which CEOs of leading world investment funds participated. The event was important in terms of both its timing and content. During the summit 24 Turkish companies met with these CEOs, who control $1.8 trillion, including Mark Mobius, president of the Templeton Fund. During the conference 250 meetings took place among Akbank, Banvit, Boyner, Coca-Cola, Doðan Holding, Doðuþ Otomotiv, Ford Otosan, Selçuk Ecza Deposu, Þekerbank, Parsan, Tav Holding, Tofaþ, Turcas, Tüpraþ, TEB, Ülker, Yapý Kredi Bankasý, Zorlu Enerji and the CEOs of the major world funds.

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In 2003 the price for a barrel of oil was only $25, but this year, for the first time, it exceeded $100, which is accepted as the psychological barrier, and currently it is close to $140 a barrel. Everybody is worried and curious about what is going to happen to oil prices. Ak Investment General Manager Ziya Akkurt said in an interview with Today's Zaman that the price of oil will exceed $150 per barrel in the near future, adding that this upward tendency in oil prices can only be prevented by marketing Iraqi oil reserves. "The current reserves are exhaustible, and more importantly the oil companies are hesitant to conduct exploration for new oil wells and operate them. So everybody is watching Iraq. In order for Iraqi oil production to operate at full capacity, the situation of Kirkuk [a major oil producing district in Iraq's north] should be determined," said Akkurt, adding that if Kirkuk's final status is determined, the crisis in the world economy will ease. The only secure way to market Iraqi oil will be northern Iraq if Iran closes the Hormuz Strait after a possible military operation against it. For this reason, the fate of oil prices will be

BUSINESS

Kürþad Tüzmen

‘Interest rate hike was desperate act’ Foreign Trade Minister Kürþad Tüzmen has said the central bank was desperate when it increased interest rates by 50 basis points last week to cool down the economy as a measure to fight rising inflation. Speaking to the Anatolia news agency yesterday while in Mersin for a series of official visits, the minister underlined that the rate hike decision will definitely have adverse repercussions on all industrialists and exporters while easing the path for importers and the financial sector. The climb of interest rates from 13 percent to 23 percent in more than a year has meant a dramatic multiplication of input costs in industrial production, he noted, and added that this policy will backfire in the long run. "These policies will create an upward pressure for inflation in the long term. It is commonly believed that an inflow of foreign currency as assistance in narrowing the current account deficit will continue as long as high interest rates are retained, and of course this is a way to do business," he said. He also underlined that the central bank has to increase the foreign currency reserves to at least $130 billion from its current $74 billion. This item has added significance for a country that seeks to soon surpass $125 billion in exports. "Your reserve has to be high if you are an exporting country with good trade volume," he explained. This way, the domestic currency market will also be balanced to normal levels since the bank will have to buy foreign money while pumping the lira into the market. "Small shopkeepers and households will be relieved at seeing more liquidity at their disposal, and consequently the issuance of bad checks will see a steep decline," he added. For Tüzmen, the level of trade is an indicator of the level of democracy in a country; with a direct relation between the two because, he says, democracy is a system very much tied to per capita income. In all developed economies with large per capita gross national product (GNP), democracies run flawlessly with all their institutions, he noted. "We also have to transform our country into a developed nation with a better democracy, and to do this per capita GNP has to increase to at least $15,000 as an initial step and then to $20,000 from its current level of $9,000.” Ýstanbul Today's Zaman with wires

Turkey finally begins attack helicopter production

US Energy Secretary Samuel Bodman carefully listens to Saudi King Abdullah, who is speaking on the screen behind, during the well-attended oil summit in Jeddah on Sunday. The US and some other Western nations have been putting increasing pressure on Saudi Arabia to coax them to produce more, saying insufficient oil production has not kept pace with growing demand.

Jeddah starts oýl prýce dýalogue, but no quýck fýx contýnued from page 1 To curb the rising cost of fuel and food, the world's major central banks may start raising interest rates. Concrete measures were unlikely to emerge from major producers, consumers and leading oil company executives gathered here to reverse what some see as the world's third oil shock. "What I've heard so far are basically all good ideas, but it will probably not change the price tomorrow morning," Royal Dutch Shell CEO Jeroen van der Veer told Reuters. The Shell CEO and others here took part in a similar session two months ago in Rome, but producers and consumers failed to agree publicly that oil prices were too high. But oil's near $20 rise since then has all in open harmony over the exorbitant cost of fuel. "What we've got here ... is agreement that the oil price is too high," British Prime Minister Gordon Brown said on Sunday. Recent efforts to slow oil's ascent have had little impact. Saudi Arabia, the world's biggest oil exporter, has al-

ready vowed to raise production to 9.7 million barrels per day (bpd) in July, its highest rate in decades. The kingdom's oil minister, Ali al-Naimi, promised on Sunday to supply still more should customers want it, but he said pumping more crude was unlikely to cool prices. "I am convinced that the supply and demand balances and crude oil production levels are not the primary drivers of the current market situation and that markets are already well-supplied," he said in a speech. "A simplistic focus on supply expansion is therefore unlikely to tame the current price behaviour." Some are sceptical that boosting output will curb prices governed more by speculation than supply and demand. "I think it's going to be virtually impossible to find a set of solutions at a meeting like this that will ease high prices in the short-term," said analyst Raad Alkadiri of PFC Energy. "This is about market sentiment, and this meeting is probably not enough to change the market sentiment, which is clearly bullish. There clearly is no silver bullet."

King Abdullah told the meeting Riyadh was willing to provide all necessary oil supplies needed in the future, and blamed high prices on speculation and taxes. Major oil consumers in Asia, including the world's number two user China, have recently raised cheap domestic fuel prices that analysts say aided rapid demand growth. US regulators are seeking more oversight of futures market speculators. Fresh ideas appeared in short supply on Sunday, with the final communique likely to focus on the importance of greater transparency in oil markets and more investment into production and renewable energy sources. "There is the danger that the markets will be disappointed and the price will increase again," said German Economy Minister Michael Glos.

Wider OPEC action unlikely A Gulf OPEC official told Reuters on Saturday the meeting would discuss a proposal for an output boost from other OPEC members who can bring

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on extra production quickly, namely the United Arab Emirates and Kuwait. But others said such a move was unwarranted and unlikely. "The market is well supplied and more production will go into storage, there is no more demand," Iranian Oil Minister Gholamhossein Nozari told Reuters. The meeting also highlighted the divide between those who say high oil prices are the result of soaring demand and slower growth in production and those -- including most in OPEC -- who see speculators as the primary force behind the rally. Investment funds have pumped billions of dollars into oil and other commodities as they seek to diversify holdings and flee poorly performing asset classes, but US Energy Secretary Sam Bodman said that the focus on speculation was misplaced. "There's no evidence we can find that speculators are driving futures prices," he said on Saturday. US regulators, under political pressure from lawmakers, have stepped up oversight of futures markets in an apparent effort to temper the influx of speculative funds. Jeddah Reuters

TARIK ÖZTÜRK

22.06.2008

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Turkey is proceeding with its long-standing contract between Turkish Aerospace Industries (TAI) and Italian firm AgustaWestland, with new attack helicopters set to go into production this week. The historic event will be celebrated with a ceremony tomorrow at TAI's main production facilities with the participation of Prime Minister Recep Tayyip Erdoðan and Minister of Defense Vecdi Gönül. The project was previously suspended because it lacked the necessary export license approvals from the US for the helicopter's US-made engines and guns, sources close to the defense industry have said. The US was reluctant to transfer licenses for its LHTECH T-800 engines, a crucial component in the helicopters, offering instead to extend technical assistance after engine orders are dispatched. To avoid further delays on the project due to this standstill with the Americans, the Undersecretariat for the Defense Industry (SSM) signed an agreement with AgustaWestland on June 24 to put the project into motion at any cost, hoping to receive the necessary US licenses for the engines and the guns at a later stage. Due to state policy, technology transfer is a very difficult process for US companies and it is possible only with approval of Congress. The US had not honored Turkish requests for the technology for superior helicopter engines before the tender in early 2007, prompting Ankara to select AgustaWestland as the winner of the project. The SSM, AgustaWestland, TAI and local contractor Aselsan signed contracts worth around $2.7 billion for the production of A-129 attack helicopters in Turkey. Despite these independent steps, the Turkish and Italian sides are now depending on the US for the installation of engines and guns on the helicopters. The SSM is getting 51 (plus 41 optional) attack and tactical reconnaissance helicopters (ATAK) for the Turkish Land Forces, including local software development based on the original source codes and hardware as well as the integration of high-technology avionics. AgustaWestland's partner group, Finmeccanica, had announced last September that Turkey's order of 51 combat helicopters was worth around 1.2 billion euros. The remaining $1.1 billion of the total $2.7 billion project will be financed by TAI and Aselsan. TAI will be responsible for the integration, modification, certification and testing of the helicopters, all of which are scheduled to be completed at the end of the 58th month following the signing of the contract. Ankara Today's Zaman


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TODAY’S LEARNING TIME

TODAY’S ZAMAN 09

MONDAY, JUNE 23, 2008

QUOTE OF THE DAY

“It is a miracle that curiosity survives formal education.” Albert Einstein

elementary OSMAN TURHAN

READING

ILLUSTRATIONS

Sally

Part 1: Complete the story by circling the correct words in parenthesis. Sally went away from her 1.(home/country) for the 2.(first/second) time when she was 19. Her mother 3.(knew/thought) that Sally was going to be 4.(happy/unhappy) because she was not going to have her 5.(cat/parents) with her. Sally's mother went to the 6.(station/university) with her, and when they said goodbye, 7.(Sally/Sally's mother) cried. Sally 8.(forgot/remembered) to telephone every week. She 9.(did not like/liked) the university very much, and her mother was 10.(happy/unhappy) because she thought that Sally 11.(did not miss/missed) her parents. Then it was time for some holidays, and the students were happy because 12.(their parents/they) were going to return home. Sally's mother thought that the 13.(parents/students) must miss their 14.(parents/students), but really they missed their pets.

Activity: Watch - Look - See Choose watch, look or see to complete the sentences below. 1) You can't ………… far in this fog. 2) Daniel and Phil ……… good tonight. 3) Did you ……….. Coronation Street last night? 4) ………… out for pickpockets.

5) Can you ………… the blue car on the left? 6) ……….. you tomorrow, if nothing comes in between. 7) It ……… like rain, doesn't it? 8) Oh yes, I ………. what you mean. 9) Hey, what's wrong? You really ……… sad. 10) I'm afraid, Belinda has to ………..doctor.

Sally was nineteen years old. She had always lived with her parents, but now the time had come for her to go to university to study to be a doctor far away from her town. Her mother was very upset about this, and she was also afraid because she loved her daughter very much, and she thought, "My little girl will be alone for the first time in her life. She won't know anyone. There will be nobody to look after her, and perhaps she will find it difficult, or she will be very sad because she isn't with us." She said goodbye to her father, to her cat, and promised to telephone every week. Then her mother took her to the university by train. When they said goodbye, her mother cried, and on the way back home she cried again. Then every week Sally kept her promise and telephoned. They talked for several minutes, and Sally was always very happy and never said that she missed her parents. Her mother was not happy about this. She thought, 'Perhaps she's finding the university nicer than her home.' However there was a holiday approaching. That week when Sally telephoned her parents she said, "The students who live here were talking yesterday evening, and they said, "We're very happy that we're going to return home again soon for a few days." Sally's mother was very glad that the students had said this. "She must really miss us," she thought. Then she said, "And did you say that too?" "Oh, yes!" Sally answered. "We all said that it's easy to speak to our parents on the telephone every week when we're away, but we really miss our pets.

Part 2: Vocabulary

advanced READING

Friday the 13th There are many harbingers of bad luck- broken mirrors, black cats and walking under ladders. Of course, lots of people break mirrors, have black cats walk before them, and stroll under ladders with no change in their luck. The same goes for the universally recognized day of bad luck - Friday the 13th. For some, the day is just like all the others. For others, it's a day of trepidation. On this day, millions of people will hold their breath anticipating misfortune. Some will confine themselves to their home, and refuse to drive, shop or work on that day. If you have an irrational fear of this date, or are just curious, it might be a good idea to know just where your fear comes from. According to some sources, it is derived from myths about both Friday and the number 13. Fridays are hailed as a significant day in the Christian tradition. There is Good Friday. Adam and Eve ate the forbidden fruit on a Friday. The Great Flood started on a Friday.

Also, the sixth day of the week was execution day in ancient Rome, and later Hangman's Day in Britain. The number 13 is also steeped in religious and mythological symbolism. In the Hindu religion, 13 people at a party is bad luck, and will result in the death of the attendees. In the Christian religion, there were 13 people at the Last Supper. The ancient Egyptians believed that life unfolded in 12 steps, and the 13th step was death. So we had Friday and the number 13 which were both deemed unlucky in past times. What we now needed was something to connect them. This occurred on Friday, October 13th, 1307, when France's King Philip IV had a certain order, the Knights Templar, rounded up for torture and execution. The Knights had become rich and corrupt, and were executed for heresy. Friday the 13th is forever cursed by an event that took place more than 700 years ago!

Vocabulary Exercise

c.to provide encouragement d.to cause bad luck for 6.to be hailed as _____ a.to be named as b.to be found as c.to be honored as d.to be shown as 7. to be steeped in _____ a.to be found in b.to be ended in c.to be joined in d.to be maintained in 8. to be deemed _____ a.to be ruined by b.to be thought of as c.to be defined as d.to be forbidden 9. to round up _____ a.to draw b.to surround c.to find d.to gather 10.heresy _____ a.jealousy b.insanity c.murder d.infidelity

Find the synonyms of these words from the reading passage. 1.pleased _____________________________________ 2.vacation _____________________________________ 3.hard ________________________________________ 4.maybe ______________________________________ 5.in fact _______________________________________

ýntermedýate READING

Part 1: Complete the sentences using the following words:

Gold in the garden Some people believe that dreams can tell them what will happen in the future. Nobody knows why this is so but there are many stories about people who had dreams that came true. One of these people was a man called John Chapman who, many years ago, lived in a small town of Swaffham in England. John Chapman dreamt that he was standing on London Bridge and a man told him where to find a lot of money. John Chapman was a poor man and he needed money so the next day he decided to set off for London. It was 100 miles from Swaffham to London. He walked for three days and three nights and at last he arrived at London Bridge. There were lots of people on the bridge but they were not interested in John Chapman. They walked past him. No one talked to him.

After three days John decided to go home, but before he could do this a shopkeeper came up to him. "I've been watching you," he said. "What are you doing? Are you waiting for someone?" "Yes," said John. "I had a dream about a man on London Bridge. He was going to take me to a lot of money." "Oh," said the shopkeeper. "You shouldn't believe in dreams. If I believed in dreams, I'd be in Swaffham right now. I had a dream a few days ago about a man from Swaffham. I dreamt that there was a man called John Chapman living there and he had gold in his garden near an old apple tree." John Chapman was surprised by what the shopkeeper said. He immediately went home and dug near the old apple tree. He soon found many pieces of gold. He was so delighted that he gave some of the gold to his church. For the rest of his life he was a rich man.

Activity: Take or Bring Complete the sentences with take or bring. (take, takes, taking, bring, brings, bringing) 1) ................... this book to the library, please. 2) Could you ......................... me some water, please? 3) He often ........... his sister to her aunt. 4) When you come to my party, don't forget to ............... something to drink. 5) Is Peter ............... Steve to my party? 6) He is ............ out the rubbish now. 7) Can you .................. the CD to your uncle, please? 8) My husband often ........................... flowers when he comes home. 9) Would you ...................... this to the shop for me? 10) Can you ................... the car to the garage on Wednesday?

Part 2: Choose the correct word. 1. Some dreams come …………. right / true 2. I …………..money to pay for the bus. stand / need 3. Just wait here and ………… that man. watch / look 4. My father lost his old job and he was …………… when he got a new job. delighted / dreaming

VOCABULARY Specialized Vocabulary Fashion: bolero jacket (noun) A loose, waist-length jacket open at the front. A hand-beaded bolero jacket in navy-blue duchesse satin costs a bit more than $20,000. Entertainment: Feature Film (noun) A full-length, two hour motion picture feature that usually includes a basic three-act story structure, character arcs, and multiple settings. Last year, the average production cost of a feature film was $16.8 million. Publishing: Masthead (noun) details of publisher The creative use of mastheads in solving personnel problems is well established. Technology: ASCII (noun) American Standard Code for Information Interchange Any word processor can save text as ASCII, but you have to remember to do it. Architecture: Adaptive reuse (noun) is a process that adapts buildings for new uses while retaining their historic features. We look to do adaptive reuse to preserve the integrity of classical buildings.

future - for - gold dream - decided - off surprised - ago 1.Many people want to find out about their …… 2.I'm very old now and I went to school many years ………. 3.I had a ………. last night that I was going to be rich. 4.We have a long journey ahead of us tomorrow. What time shall we set ………? 5.I won't be long. Wait ………..me here. 6.My mother's ………..to take me on holiday. 7.I was ………… that I passed the test. 8.My mother's necklace is made of ………..

Phrasal Verbs:

Idiom of the Day grin and bear it MEANING: to accept an unpleasant or difficult situation because there is nothing you can do to improve it EXAMPLE: I don't want to spend the whole weekend working but I guess I'll just have to grin and bear it.

BEAR DOWN ON SB/STH meaning: to move quickly towards someone or something in a threatening or determined way example: A large bus was bearing down on them at high speed. KEEL OVER meaning: if a boat keels over, it turns upside down in the water. example: Their boat keeled over in a storm. Slang: DANKY meaning: Not too great, not too bad. In the middle. example: I'm feeling danky today. Confusing Words In English: SHORTAGE VS SHORTNESS Shortage is a noun meaning when there is not enough of something. For example: There is a shortage of skilled workers in the industry. Shortness is a also a noun meaning the condition of being short spatially. For example: Shortness in children and young adults nearly always results from below-average growth in childhood.

Fill in the blanks with the correct letters. 1.harbinger _____ a.omen b.disaster c.problem d.benefit 2.before _____ a.opposite of late b.opposite of after c.in front of d.behind 3.to stroll _____ a.to walk b.to run c.to flow d.to disappear 4. trepidation _____ a.bad luck b.pride c.fun and games d.intense fear 5. to be derived from _____ a.to be born by b.to have its roots in

Activity: Proverbs Complete the proverb by connecting 1 to 8 to a to h. 1.One good turn a.to mend. 2.It is never too late b.make light work. 3.Not all who own a lyre c.are lyre-players. 4.Many hands d.favors fools. 5.Broken crockery e.brings you luck. 6.Fortune f.deserves another. 7.Necessity g.is the mother of invention. 8.Every Jack h.will find his Jill.

YESTERDAY’S ANSWER KEY:

ELEMENTARY: (Reading) 1.F 2.T 3.F 4.F 5.T (Activity) 1.many 2.much 3.much 4.many 5.much 6.many 7.much 8.much 9.many 10.many INTERMEDIATE: (Part 1) 1.T 2.F 3.F 4.T 5.T (Part 2) 1.b 2.d 3.a 4.e 5.c (Activity) 1.at 2.about 3.of 4.like 5.to 6.of 7.for 8.with 9.on 10.of ADVANCED: (Reading) 1.c 2.d 3.c 4.a 5.b 6.d 7.b 8.c 9.c 10.a (Activity) 1.d 2.c 3.b 4.a 5.c POP QUIZ ANSWER KEY: (Part 1) 1.fell behind 2.eased up 3.see 4.sea 5.dead 6.died 7.last 8.latest 9.price 10.prize (Part 2) 1.Couturier 2.Penthouse 3.For love or money 4.For a song 5.Low-life

In cooperation with English Time

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Mugabe's rival Tsvangirai pulls out of election Zimbabwean opposition leader Morgan Tsvangirai pulled out of a run-off election against President Robert Mugabe on Sunday, saying a free and fair poll was impossible in the current climate of violence. Speaking only hours after his opposition Movement for Democratic Change reported its rally had been broken up by pro-Mugabe youth militia, Tsvangirai called on the United Nations and the African Union to intervene to stop "genocide" in the former British colony. "We in the MDC have resolved that we will no longer participate in this violent, illegitimate sham of an election process," he told reporters in Harare. The MDC and Tsvangirai, who beat Mugabe in a March 29 vote but failed to win the absolute majority needed to avoid a second ballot, have repeatedly accused government security forces and militia of strong-arm tactics to ensure a Mugabe victory in the June 27 poll. Tsvangirai repeated this on Sunday, saying there was a state-sponsored plot to keep the 84-year-old Mugabe in power. "We in the MDC cannot ask them (the voters) to cast their vote on June 27, when that vote could cost them their lives," he said. Tsvangirai, who himself had been detained by police five times while campaigning, said 86 MDC supporters had been killed and 200,000 displaced from their homes. Mugabe has repeatedly vowed never to turn over power to the opposition, which he brands a puppet of Britain and the United States. Harare Reuters

Two dead, 25 wounded in north Lebanon clashes At least two people were killed and 25 wounded on Sunday in sectarian clashes in Lebanon's second largest city Tripoli, security sources said. Explosions and machinegun fire rocked the city as Sunni and Alawite Muslim gunmen battled on the outskirts of the mainly Sunni Muslim port city. Lebanese army units deployed in the area and tried to end the fighting as local leaders tried to contain the conflict. Several homes, shops and cars were damaged in the clashes that left the streets of the city largely deserted. It was not immediately clear how the fighting began at dawn but tension has been high in recent weeks between the Sunni Bab Tibbaneh district and Alawite Jabal Mohsen. Tripoli is dominated by the country's anti-Syrian Sunni-led majority coalition while a majority of Alawites maintain close ties to Syria, which is ruled by an Alawite. Last month Lebanon ended its 18-month political crisis with the Westernbacked coalition and the Hezbollah-led opposition reaching a Qatari-mediated accord. The conflict had led to a violent showdown between the two sides. Since then there have been frequent minor security incidents between supporters of the opposing factions. Delays in the formation of a national unity government as stipulated in last month's accord, have raised fears of a further deterioration in the security situation. Tripoli Reuters

A relative of a ferry passenger cries as she awaits the latest news inside the office of Sulpicio Lines in the port area of Cebu city, central Philippines.

Phýlýppýne ferry sýnks, over 700 aboard mýssýng AP

Princess of Stars ran aground on Saturday but the coastguard was unable to reach it because of huge swells and bad weather caused by Typhoon Fengshen, which crashed into the central Philippines on Friday

Brown's first year puts Labour 23 points behind British Prime Minister Gordon Brown's Labour Party is lagging way behind its main rival the Conservative Party, an opinion poll showed on Sunday, dealing a blow to Brown as he approaches his first anniversary in office. The BPIX poll for the Mail on Sunday newspaper showed Labour trailing 23 points behind the Conservatives -- with support of 26 percent for Brown's party versus 49 percent for the opposition. The poll, which surveyed 2,385 people between Wednesday and Friday last week, also found that 85 percent of voters think Brown has performed worse since taking over as prime minister from Tony Blair last June than they had expected. Forty-four percent think he should resign now. Brown enjoyed a brief political "honeymoon" after he took over from Blair on June 27 last year, but has been battered by economic woes, industrial strife and government blunders in recent months. Many analysts now believe that only a dramatic upturn in the economy -- unlikely in the near future -- could save him at the next general election which is due by May 2010. Finance Minister Alistair Darling admitted on Sunday that it had been a tough first year for Brown as prime minister, but insisted he would fight back. London Reuters

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contýnued from page 1 According to the ship’s manifest, there were 20 children and 33 infants on board. In the central city of Cebu, where Princess of Stars was meant to dock, dozens of relatives maintained a vigil at a small passenger terminal, waiting for news. “The last time I heard from my son was on Friday evening when the ship left Manila. He texted to say he was coming home,” said Celecia Tudtud, a mother of four. I really hope he’s OK,” she said, wiping away tears. A spokesman for President Gloria Macapagal Arroyo, who flew to the United States on Saturday night, said she would not cut short her eight-day state visit, which includes meeting US President George W. Bush in the White House on Tuesday. A coastguard vessel was trawling the waters around the 23,824 gross ton ferry, which is upside down with only its bow above the waves, trying to confirm reports some passengers had made it to a small island. “We are hoping more people will have reached the shoreline,” Vice Admiral Wilfredo Tamayo, the head of the coastguard, told Reuters. Princess of Stars ran aground on Saturday but the coastguard was unable to reach it because of huge swells and bad weather caused by

POLL

MV Princess of Stars shown in this undated photo.

Typhoon Fengshen, which crashed into the central Philippines on Friday. At least two other coastguard vessels were en route to help in rescue efforts and Tamayo said he hoped divers would be able to scour the submerged ship today. He said there was no sign fuel was leaking from the ferry but said an oil-spill response team would arrive with one of the two coastguard ships before dawn on Monday. Princess of Stars sank 3 km (2 miles) from Sibuyan island in the center of the archipelago. Typhoon

Fengshen, with maximum gusts of 195 kph (121 mph), has killed at least 155 people in central and southern Philippines, with the western Visayas region, famed for its sandy beaches and sugar plantations, the worst affected. In Iloilo province, 101 people were reported dead after flood waters over two meters high engulfed communities, forcing tens of thousands to scramble onto the roofs of their homes. “Iloilo is like an ocean. This is the worst disaster we have had in our history,” Governor Neil Tupaz told local radio. In neighboring Capiz, more than 2,000 houses were destroyed in the provincial capital and officials were struggling to make contact with communities further afield. “We got hit real bad this time,” said Richard Gordon, the chairman of the Philippines’ Red Cross. After battering Manila on Sunday, Fengshen was expected to exit the north of the country and head into the South China Sea today. The storm was en route to Taiwan, where it could make landfall in the next few days, according to storm tracker website www.tropical stormrisk.com. More than 30,000 people were being housed in evacuation centers in the center and south of the archipelago. An archipelago of more than 7,000 islands, the Philippines is hit by an average of 20 typhoons a year. Cebu Reuters

Sarkozy visits Israel to mend fences French President Nicolas Sarkozy on Sunday received a warm welcome on Sunday as he opened his first presidential visit to Israel -- a trip aimed at cementing the improved relations between the two countries after years of frosty ties. The three-day visit, marking Israel’s 60th anniversary, will include meetings with Israeli leaders, a historic speech before the Israeli parliament and a sit-down with the parents of an Israeli soldier held by Palestinian militants in Gaza. The young man holds French citizenship. The Iranian nuclear threat, Israel’s fledgling peace talks with Syria and the Israeli-Palestinian peace process are expected to top the president’s diplomatic agenda. “I have always been and will always be a friend of Israel,” Sarkozy said at a welcoming ceremony at Israel’s international airport in Tel Aviv. He quickly turned his attention to the staggering peace efforts between Israel and the Palestinians. “I believe that the path to peace lies there before us, that the path to peace is not blocked. I have come to bring my support and that of France and the European Union, your partners in the negotiations,” he said. “An agreement is possible, tomorrow, and that agreement would allow the two peoples to live side-by-side in peace and security.” Jerusalem AP

French President Nicolas Sarkozy

Mississippi rising again, renewing worries in river towns PHOTO

AP

WARNING

Iran will give a "devastating" response to any attack on the country, its defense minister was quoted as saying on Sunday. The New York Times on Friday quoted US officials as saying Israel had carried out a large military exercise, apparently a rehearsal for a potential bombing of Iran's nuclear facilities. Iran's Defense Minister Mostafa Mohammad Najjar said the Israeli exercise was part of "psychological warfare" against the Islamic Republic, state television said. Iran had never initiated conflict but would resort to "all means available" if it was attacked: "Iran will come up with a devastating ... response without any time limit to any hostile measure against our country," Najjar was quoted as saying. Western powers suspect Tehran is seeking to develop nuclear bombs. Israel, widely believed to have the Middle East's only atomic arsenal, has described Iran's nuclear program as a threat to its existence. Tehran Reuters

Israel’s Olmert fights back in graft scandal Israeli Prime Minister Ehud Olmert threatened on Sunday to fire cabinet ministers belonging to his main coalition partner if they backed a parliamentary move to topple him over a corruption scandal, officials said. Ejecting Defense Minister Ehud Barak’s Labor Party from the government would leave Olmert without a legislative majority and open the way for an early election likely to disrupt Israel’s peace talks with the Palestinians. Barak, a former prime minister, has said he expected Labor would support in a preliminary vote in the Knesset on Wednesday legislation proposed by the opposition Likud party to dissolve parliament -- a process that could stretch past a summer recess. Government officials said Olmert handed out notes to Labor ministers at the weekly cabinet meeting, saying he would find it very difficult to continue to have them in the government if they voted for the measure. “Olmert is saying to Barak, ‘I dare you’,” one official said. Political commentators said dismissal from his defense ministry post and an early election could backfire on Barak and center-left Labor. Opinion polls show Benjamin Netanyahu’s right-wing Likud, widely seen as tough on security, winning a national vote. Olmert is under police investigation over money he received from US businessman Morris Talansky, who testified he gave the veteran politician $150,000 over a 15-year period. Jerusalem Reuters

VIOLENCE

Iran to give devastating response to any attack

WORLD

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The Mississippi River meanders through Main Street in downtown LaGrange, Mo.

Amid the battle to hold back the swollen Mississippi River, some towns got an unwelcome surprise on Saturday as river levels rose higher than projected. Recent levee breaks north of Canton had allowed the river level to drop at towns like Canton and Hannibal in northeast Missouri. Officials knew the water would rise again to crests expected during the weekend, and while the amount of the increase caught them off guard, it did not make things any worse. The folks in Canton were keeping a tight watch over the city’s levee, but it continued to hold strong against the Mississippi. Flooding and widespread storms this month have forced thousands from their homes and inundated towns and

cities along rivers in six US states, killing 24 and injuring 148 since June 6 But while the swollen Mississippi has topped or broken through levees for hundreds of miles (kilometers) above St. Louis, the flooding has not led to any deaths or significant injuries yet in Missouri or Illinois. The Mississippi reached 26.3 feet (8.02 meters) Saturday morning at Canton, after dipping below 23 feet (7 meters) two days earlier, and was expected to crest later in the day at 26.4 feet (8.05 meters). That’s still more than a foot lower than the record set during the Great Flood of ‘93, and 3 feet (90 centimeters) below the top of the city’s levee. The new on Saturday morning reading was “a full foot (30 centimeters) higher than we expected it to be,”

said Canton emergency management spokeswoman Monica Heaton. “The levee’s fine, but the river did another unexpected thing last night.” Forecasters said on Saturday afternoon the river would crest several inches higher than expected in Hannibal, Missouri, and at Quincy, Illinois, where the river was set to crest late in the day more than two feet (60 centimeters) below the ‘93 flood. Hannibal emergency management director John Hark said the river was well above flood stage but still about 3 feet (90 centimeters) below the record set in 1993. Before a levee break north of Hannibal in Meyer, Illinois, allowed some water to drain out of the river last week, Hannibal was expecting a crest at or near the record. Foley AP


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ARRESTS

Saudi Arabia detains Bahrainis, calls them spies Saudi Arabia has acknowledged it detained eight Bahrainis who local media had said were suspected of spying for Iran, according to a report on Sunday. Saudi newspapers and news websites had said several Bahrainis were arrested in February near a desert military installation. They claimed to have lost their way. "The issue is still at the accusation stage and the investigations will reveal the truth," Interior Minister Prince Nayef was quoted as telling reporters in al-Watan daily. "The issue is being exaggerated," he added, in an apparent reference to reports in Saudi media that the detainees are being questioned over links to Iran. Tensions have developed between Tehran and US-allied Gulf Arab governments over Iran's growing influence in the Arab world since the 2003 US-led invasion of Iraq and its nuclear energy program. "We have heard from the Bahraini government that the Saudis have not filed any formal charges against them," said Nabeel Rajab, vice president of the Bahrain Center for Human Rights. "I think they have been victims of the tension in the region between Iran and the United States and the Gulf countries. They were in the wrong place at the wrong time. All of them are Shiites." The small island state of Bahrain, which is joined to Saudi Arabia by a causeway, has a Shiite majority with historical and religious links to Shiite power Iran. Riyadh Reuters

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California firefighters battling dozens of blazes Thunderstorms sparked as many as 75 wildfires in a wilderness area in far Northern California on Saturday as officials farther south got close to containing a blaze that destroyed several homes and forced thousands to evacuate. Storms overnight Friday were responsible for the large number of fires in Shasta-Trinity National Forest, near Redding. Those fires range in size from less than an acre (0.4 hectare) to more than 750 acres (304 hectares). None immediately threatened homes, said Forest Service spokesman Michael Odle. Teams moved in Saturday on the two largest fires. South of San Francisco, a fire that burned homes and closed a stretch of highway was 90 percent contained, said officials of the California Department of Forestry and Fire Protection. Officials had expected full containment on Saturday, but hot weather and stubborn hot spots kept fire crews busy. So far, it had charred 630 acres (255 hectares), or less than a square mile (2.59 sq. kilometer). Evacuation orders were lifted Saturday, a day after roughly 2,000 people fled their homes. About 650 firefighters were working in hot, dry weather to contain the blaze, which destroyed as many as 15 buildings, including several homes, and closed scenic Highway 1 in Santa Cruz County for hours,

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Cal Fire crews work on structure protection on Buena Vista Dr. in the Trabing Fire near Watsonville, California. fire officials said. The cause of the fire was still under investigation, Van Gerwen said. It was the third major blaze to hit Santa Cruz County in the past month. A 520-acre (210-

hectare) blaze destroyed 11 buildings in the Santa Cruz Mountains, and a fire near Corralitos covered more than 4,200 acres (1,700 hectares) and destroyed about 100 buildings. To the south along

the coast, firefighters battled a nearly 80-squaremile (207-sq. kilometer) fire in a remote part of the Los Padres National Forest in Monterey County. It was about half contained on Saturday. California has been experiencing a heat wave that has contributed, along with the state’s driest spring on record, to tinder-dry conditions, ripe for wildfires. In New Mexico, hundreds of firefighters battled blazes in the northern and southern parts of the state that have charred more than 100 square miles (259 sq. kilometers), including more than 4,000 acres (1,619 hectares) on a ranch owned by media mogul Ted Turner. In a remote southeastern part of the state, lightning-sparked fires have scorched more than 95 square miles (246 sq. kilometers) of mainly desert landscape. The largest fire, 20 miles (32 kilometers) southwest of Hope, doubled in size Friday because of gusty winds and has charred more than 40,000 acres (16,188 hectares), or about 64 square miles (166 sq. kilometers). It was 35 percent contained. Two other blazes burning about 30 miles (48 kilometers) west of Roswell merged Saturday, and have blackened nearly 32 square miles (83 sq. kilometers). In northern New Mexico, another fire that began as two blazes burned nearly 7 square miles (18 sq. kilometers) on Turner’s Vermejo Park Ranch. Sacramento, Calif. AP

OFFENSIVE

US Marines make headway in Afghan town US Marines are trading gunfire and artillery shells with Taliban militants in the volatile southern province of Helmand, the world's largest poppy growing region. The 24th Marine Expeditionary Unit moved into the town of Garmser in late April. It's the farthest south US forces have been in Afghanistan in years. Marine commanders say the Taliban brought in arms and fighters in response, to protect the lucrative poppy fields that cover Garmser. The Taliban derives tens of millions of dollars from the poppy trade each year by taxing farmers and charging safe passage fees. The Marines originally planned to be in Garmser for only a couple of days, to open a road that leads to southern Helmand, near the border with Pakistan. But the 24th MEU decided to extend its stay to root out the fighters. After weeks of skirmishes with insurgents -- who fired rockets and mortars at US positions several times daily _--NATO officials say the militants fled the region late last month. A shura -- a council of village elders -- was held in Garmser for the first time in years. "Many of the people who have approached our patrols have told us how happy they are that the insurgents have left. They seem genuinely glad to be home," said Lt. Col. Anthony Henderson, the commanding officer of the MEU's infantry battalion. Garmser AP

Followers of Muqtada al-Sadr have accused the government of targeting their political movement as security forces arrested 20 policemen linked to the anti-American cleric. The arrests occurred on the third day of a security operation in Amarah, a southern Shiite city and purportedly a hub for smuggling weapons to Iraqi Shiite extremists from Iran. Amarah is also a stronghold of al-Sadr’s political movement. Prime Minister Nouri al-Maliki, himself a Shiite, had promised not to arrest al-Sadr’s followers who were not involved in criminal activity. But al-Sadr also commands the country’s biggest Shiite armed group, the Mahdi Army, and the line between legitimate political activity and links to the militia are often blurred. During a news conference in Baghdad, Sadrist lawmakers noted that

they had agreed to support the Amarah crackdown -- Operation Promise of Peace -- because the government said it was aimed at restoring law and order. But the arrest Thursday of the city’s Sadrist mayor, Rafia Abdul-Jabbar, raised tempers among followers of al-Sadr, who has led a series of armed uprisings against US-led coalition and Iraqi forces since 2004. “What is happening is that this security operation was transformed from a security offensive to a political offensive,” Sadrist lawmaker Ameerah al-Etabi said. “Security forces have targeted persons related to the Sadrist movement ... without any charge other than belonging to alSadr movement.” She criticized government forces for tearing down pictures of the young cleric and his late father, Grand Ayatollah Mohammad Sadeq al-Sadr, a major Shiite figure believed assassinated

by Saddam Hussein’s agents. “We demand of the prime minister that the security operation be more professional and neutral and that it does not target a specific party,” al-Etabi said. The Amarah operation is the third against Shiite extremists since March after alMaliki vowed to break the power of the militias, including the Mahdi Army. Al-Sadr’s followers believe the crackdowns are aimed at weakening their movement before provincial elections this fall. Before those operations, al-Maliki’s critics had accused him of tolerating the militias in return for al-Sadr’s political support. Foreign Minister Hoshyar Zebari, a Kurd, said that political movements should be allowed to operate “but there are some requirements, such as (giving up) the militia’s weapons and adhering to the laws of the state.” Baghdad AP

CEASE-FIRE

Israel lets more goods into Gaza as truce holds Israel increased the trickle of badly needed goods flowing into the Gaza Strip on Sunday, a military spokesman said, in the latest stage of a four-day-old truce with Hamas militants. A total of 90 truckloads of supplies were transferred across the frontier from Israeli to Palestinian vehicles, up from between 60 and 70 before the truce went into effect, said spokesman 2nd Lt. Gil Karie. Further increases are expected if the cease-fire holds. Ihab Ghussen, a spokesman for the Hamas-controlled Interior Ministry in Gaza, said the increase was in keeping with the terms of the truce brokered by Egypt. Among goods shipped Sunday were milk, fruit and vegetables, diapers, toilet paper and shoes, Palestinian security officials said. Other goods barred from Gaza during a year-long economic blockade, like cement, are supposed to be allowed in 10 days after the beginning of the truce, Ghussen said. Hamas militiamen were seen taking up positions near the crossings to monitor the flow of traffic. Jerusalem AP

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Sadr’s followers say Baghdad is waging campaign of intimidation Mohamed ElBaradei

IAEA inspectors begin mission to Syria over nukes

REUTERS

Iraqi courts have ordered around 20,000 prisoners be freed under a sweeping amnesty law that is a pillar of efforts to reconcile the country's divided Shiite and Sunni Arab communities, an official said on Sunday. "Releasing this many detainees enhances and gives national reconciliation efforts a real boost," Abdulsatar al-Bayrkdar, spokesman for the Supreme Judicial Council, which oversees the country's courts, told Reuters. Bayrkdar said he did not know how many inmates had actually been freed under the amnesty law, and prison officials could not immediately be reached for comment. The 20,000 comprises convicted inmates as well as those in jail awaiting trial or being held for security reasons. The law had long been demanded by minority Sunni Arabs, who were dominant under Saddam Hussein. It was passed in February. Most prisoners detained in recent years are Sunni Arabs accused of involvement in an insurgency against security forces that erupted after the US-led invasion in 2003 toppled Saddam. Many insurgents have swapped sides in the past year and joined the US military in patrolling their own neighborhoods. Baghdad Reuters

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Iraqi courts order 20,000 prisoners freed

AP

AMNESTY

Thousands of pro-Muqtada al-Sadr demonstrators chant slogans during a rally in Baghdad's Sadr City.

Female bomber kills at least 15 in Baquba At least 15 people were killed and 35 wounded when a female suicide bomber blew herself up among policemen having lunch north of Baghdad on Sunday, Iraqi police and hospital sources said. The attack took place in Baquba, capital of multi-ethnic Diyala province, where Sunni al-Qaeda militants have sought to stoke tensions despite a succession of military offensives that have put the group on the back foot. Police and hospital sources said at least 15 people were killed in the attack, just outside a court house in Baquba, 65 km (40 miles) north of Baghdad. A

Reuters cameraman said he had counted 12 bodies taken to a nearby hospital. Police said the woman walked over to a group of policemen as they ate lunch at an outdoor restaurant then detonated explosives under her clothing. Several cars were set ablaze. A number of female suicide bombers have carried out attacks in the past six months, mainly in Diyala. Security officials have blamed those bombings on al-Qaeda, which they say has sought to recruit women because they can sometimes escape tight security checks on men. Baghdad Reuters

UN nuclear sleuths looking into allegations that Syria is hiding secret atomic activities expressed hope Sunday that a fact-gathering trip to Damascus will be the start of a thorough investigation. The International Atomic Energy Agency inspectors face a daunting task. Syrian officials are expected to place strict limits on where they go and what they see during their three-day visit. Still, IAEA Deputy Director General Olli Heinonen spoke optimistically of the mission’s chances before boarding the flight to Damascus on Sunday. “I am sure I will be able to return” again to Syria, he told reporters, saying he and his two-man trip hoped to start to “establish the facts this evening.” Despite the low-key nature of the visit, the stakes are immense. Damascus denies working on a secret nuclear program. But Washington hopes the UN agency team will find evidence backing US intelligence that a structure destroyed by Israeli war planes in September was a nearly completed plutonium-producing reactor. If so, the trip could mark the start of massive atomic agency investigation similar to the five-year inquiry into Iran’s activities. What’s more, the investigation could draw in countries such as North Korea, which Washington says helped Damascus and Iran. Media reports also have linked Iran with Syria’s nuclear efforts. After months delay, Syria agreed to allow the nuclear inspectors visit the bombed Al Kibar, but not three other locations suspected of harboring secret nuclear activities. Syrian President Bashar Assad said earlier this month that visits to sites other than Al Kibar were "not within the purview of the agreement" with the International Atomic Energy Agency. The agency has little formal inspection rights in Syria, which has declared only a rudimentary nuclear program using a small 27-kilowatt reactor for research and the production of isotopes for medical and agricultural uses. Before the trip, both IAEA chief Mohamed ElBaradei and the United States urged Syria to show transparency. "Syria was caught withholding information from the IAEA," Gregory L. Schulte, the chief US delegate to the IAEA, told The Associated Press. "Now Syria must disclose the truth about Al Kibar and allow IAEA's inspectors to verify that there are no other undisclosed activities." Diplomats accredited to the International Atomic Energy Agency, or IAEA, told the AP that the agency only learned a few days ago it would be able to bring groundpenetrating radar needed to probe below the concrete foundation of a new building erected on the site of the bombed facility. It also was unclear how much freedom inspectors would have to move around the site, said the diplomats, who were briefed before the mission but who spoke with the AP on condition of anonymity because their information was confidential. Vienna AP


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EXPAT ZONE

Lýfe doesn’t always flow smoothly! will not expect you to speak Turkish. Even though you are speaking to them in an understandable way, they stare at you and seem to not understand. Maybe they just do not expect foreigners to be able to speak any Turkish and they are surprised and can't believe their ears. Your experience reminds me of something I read in the book "Dave Berry Does Japan." The author relates a similar incident where he is trying to ask for ketchup. The young person behind the counter was polite but could not understand what he wanted. The waiter even brought two more people over to try to figure out what Dave wanted. By this time, Dave was using a gesture for ketchup, pounding the bottom of an upside-down imaginary bottle while repeating the word ketchup many times. The simplest thing can take longer than we think. Dear Charlotte, I've wanted to write to you for months but I'm just getting around to it. In an article you wrote a while back you mentioned dealing with repairmen, etc. It struck a chord with me. I love living in Turkey, but I find that it takes a lot longer to accomplish anything. Maybe it is just my imagination because of the language barrier, etc. I must admit I get frustrated when I feel like time is being wasted. I was amused watching an electrician and carpenter go about their work. I'm convinced that the job could be done in half the time

Some foreigners say if they were back home they would get X done in half the time. I wonder if this is always true. The last thing I expected when I was visiting St. Louis, Missouri, two years ago was to have a blackout for the whole weekend. Homes and hotels were without electricity for days. I had a speaking engagement and was limited in the presentation I gave that weekend due to the electricity being off. You can probably relate to Steven's experience; he just wanted to quickly pick up something to eat. Dear Charlotte, the other day we were headed somewhere and the traffic was terrible. We were delayed and the children were hungry so stopped at a fast food chain and I ordered two hamburgers and French fries for the kids. The person taking the order was nice and polite but could not understand me when I spoke. Placing my simple order turned out to be not so straightforward. I do not think it is always that my Turkish is incomprehensible. After they brought the order, I asked for some ketchup. It is so surprising to see signs in English in so many places and hear American pop music being played in the restaurants but the word "ketchup" not being understood. I became very frustrated just over trying to get some ketchup! From Steven in Üsküdar. Dear Steven, often when you meet a Turk for the first time they

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CULTURAL CORNER

CHARLOTTE McPHERSON if the phones were turned off. Definitely the invention of the mobile phone has been a distraction and slows the work progress down. Any suggestions on how to handle my stress is welcomed. From Margie. Dear Margie, I wonder if it is just a local problem. I was talking about this with my sister in America who had a house built. She supervised the building project from the ground up. I asked her how it went, and she replied, "Getting the construction crew, painters, electricians [and on and on her list went] to show up on time and to work was a nightmare." When her house was finished inside and out she was pleased with the result, but she is not sure she would do it again. Sometimes it is not easy to motivate ourselves, and it certainly is not easy to motivate others. You could make a rule that people who do work for you should keep phone calls to a minimum or turn off their phones. I've found in

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Turkey that it works better to try to find things to praise people for and then they are willing to achieve more. I like what psychologist and life coach Neil Fiore, author of "The Now Habit," suggests. He says, "You create an overview and act like a project manager who is less likely to be overwhelmed or distracted by low priority or urgent tasks." Fiore recommends that each item on the list should have a priority assigned to it. I have found that I can apply this to almost every aspect of life. Also I find padding the amount of time it may take helps decrease my stress. Lists help us maintain momentum. Realistically, you can't do it all. Whether it is tying to order a hamburger with some extra ketchup or dealing with the repairman in a second language, it is best for you to focus on the best use of your time now, according to your priorities and with the reality of human limits humbly accepted. Please keep your questions and observations coming: I want to ensure this column is a help to you, Today’s Zaman ‘s readers. Note: Charlotte McPherson is the author of “Culture Smart: Turkey, 2005.” Email: c.mcpherson@todayszaman.com

LEGAL CORNER

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TARIK ÖZTÜRK

BERK ÇEKTiR Foreýgn Investors’ questýons regardýng company law

Turkey understands that ýt’s týme to wake up Big wheels like Koç and the Turkish Industrialists and Businessmen's Association may be right. Perhaps running increasingly successful multinational companies is what is driving the Turkish economy. But the 'little people' are what make up the enduring success of this country ASHLEY PERKS ÝSTANBUL

"Nevcet the Neanderthal" works on boats -- any boats. Sometimes he crews on the launches that ferry people to the four main Princes' Islands. Alternatively, he spends his time swabbing the decks of other boats moored in the harbor. Apart from that, he does quite a bit of do it yourself on various other boats in the vicinity. He is bald, sinewy and, obviously, very sun-tanned what with all the time spent working outdoors. He is very friendly, very industrious and a chain-smoker, which nonetheless doesn't seem to diminish his energy and apparent dedication to nurturing the boats in his care. Who pays him and how much I don't know, and frankly, it is none of my business. Nevertheless, I never cease to admire him for what he does and how he does it. Murat spends his days as a porter, carrying goods or luggage from the ferry terminals with his dolly. Anything you need moved around the island he will see to. If you need help docking your boat, he will stop and attend to your needs. If you suddenly remember that your restaurant needs another 20 kilograms of potatoes, he's your man. I have been on vacation, but, as regular readers of this page will know, I haven't been to any fancy resort, but have been spending my days on the Princes' Islands just off the Asian coast of Ýstanbul. Walking, swimming and a little sailing have punctuated my very serene days off. I have spent time eating and drinking with friends who live on the islands as well as getting to know some of the local characters who live and work there. Yesterday I decided to explore a little more of what can be seen on Burgazada and came across a Greek cemetery near the old monastery on the summit of the island. You may recall that I wrote on this subject last week. Despite my numerous visits to the island, I hadn't visited this cemetery before. Apart from a few graves that are presumably untend-

ed and -- to be frank -- are in a deplorable state, most of the graves are clearly well looked-after. Dates on the headstones go back to the 19th century. Further down the hill is a Muslim cemetery also in pristine condition. The point of what I am saying is that, there seem to be many naysayers who are trying to suggest that Turkey is some kind of backward country. Fazile Zahir wrote a blinding article on this page in an attempt to encourage us all, be we Turkish or foreign, to embrace the dynamism and dedication that an increasing number of people are showing in this country. When I watch people working as hard as Nevcet and Murat for whatever money they can earn, it puts everyday life here into perspective, whatever the big wheels like Koç and the Turkish Industrialists and Businessmen's Association (TÜSIAD) want to say. In terms of economics, they are right. Perhaps running increasingly successful multinational companies is what is driving the Turkish economy. But the "little people" are what make up the enduring success of this country. Zahir wrote in this newspaper on June 19: "Not every country can be the wealthiest or the most powerful in the world and there would be a lot less hand wringing and chest thumping if this was simply acknowledged. Take pride in the fact that, while you have all the elements of first-world modernity, you can also choose to live a village life and have two cows, 10 sheep and 15 chickens and support yourself and your family, because all over the Western world you can't do that anymore." Where are we now? We are in a big mess. In no country in the civilized world can a democratically elected government be ousted by those who are trying to run away from electoral reality. The people I know around the city and on the Islands are hard working, dedicated and a better guarantee of the future of this wonderful

country. But, according to Finance Minister Mehmet Þimþek, all is going well. For the Koç or the Sabancý corporations, maybe. For the "little people," things might be a little bit harder. What impressed me the most in Zahir's article was her ebullient enthusiasm. Turkey is one of the most dynamic countries in the idle Eastern world. The opportunities available here in Turkey are extraordinary. While the Constitutional Court's insane attack on the incumbent government defies national and international law, causes havoc in national and international relations and, to be frank again, threatens to run this successful and forward-thinking country into the wall; some are hell-bent on running all that has been achieved in the last six years into the ground. I was having a discussion with a psychologist the other day. He complained about a journalist's question suggesting that, following Turkey's national football teams' incredible victory in the last 15 minutes against the Czech Republic, that this was going to be another siege of Vienna -- the venue of the latest Turkey match in the Euro 2008 competition -- a question which I too found stupid and misplaced. The point of his disagreement was further emphasized by his insistence that Turkey is going to the dogs -- and it's everyone else's fault. His diatribe reminded me of some of the frightened elitists currently trying to bring this country to its knees. Oh, and Turkey beat Croatia ... so who is the loser now? Where Zahir and I come together, despite our different origins, is that we both believe that Turkey is one of the greatest places to be in the world. So, get real people, and open up! And when you see how Nevcet and Murat get through their days, you can understand that the mentality in Turkey has changed and that there is a very dynamic approach to life and work. Don't get me wrong, this country has finally understood that it has to wake up to the realty of the modern world and, finally, open up!

Last week I had written about the legal side of foreign investment in Turkey, and I left one question that required more attention for today. Fourth question: We are planning to set up a commercial wing of the organization -- is it best for us to set up a limited company? Which is the better choice in Turkey, a limited liability company (LLC) or a joint stock company (JSC)? It is very difficult to answer this question without having more details about your business structure. The best solution depends on your needs. There are two types of companies commonly used for trading in Turkey: LLCs and JSCs. Most of the companies operating in Turkey are LLCs. There are two basic rules for forming a LLC. First, the minimum number of shareholders to form a LLC is only two. Second, the minimum required capital for establishing an LLC is YTL 5,000. These two basic rules make LLCs the most popular type of companies. There is no board of directors and an LLC is run by the director(s) appointed by the shareholders. There should be at least one director. If there is more than one director, the shareholders can assign powers to the directors to represent and run the company either through joint or individual signatures. Running an LLC is cheaper, but may be very difficult if there is no consensus amongst the shareholders, especially if you have only two shareholders. There is another important characteristic of LLCs regarding tax matters; the shareholders of an LLC have unlimited liability for the company's unpaid tax, whereas the liability of shareholders is limited to their capital in JSCs.

Forming a company I would briefly like to provide some information on forming a company. According to Turkish Commercial Code Article 279, it is mandatory that the article of association be put down in written form and notarized after being signed by the founders. The next step is the registration within 15 days after the notarization at the trade registry office responsible for the area in which the company's headquarters is located. In summary, setting up a JSC is a good option because of your different nationalities, the control mechanism of a JSC, the way a transfer of shares can be performed and tax matters. However, a JSC requires one more shareholder than an LLC and YTL 50,000 minimum capital. The minimum capital requirement is the total amount, not the capital to be contributed by each shareholder. Needless to say, if you are willing to have only two shareholders in the company then the only feasible option is to form an LLC. In coming articles I am planning to write about company law and in particular would like to make a comparison of LLCs and JSCs. In the meantime, please let me know if you have any questions regarding company law that I can include in these articles. NOTE: Berk Çektir is a licensed attorney at law and available to answer questions on the legal aspects of living in Turkey. Send enquiries to b.cektir@todayszaman.com. The names of the readers are disclosed only upon written approval of the sender. DISCLAIMER: The information provided here is intended to give basic legal information. You should get legal assistance from a licensed attorney at law while conducting legal transactions and not just rely on the information in this corner.

NOTE: Today's Zaman intends to provide a lively forum for expatriates living in Turkey. We encourage you to contact us at voice@todayszaman.com and share your experiences, questions and problems in all walks of life for publication in Today's Zaman.

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CULTURE&ARTS

TODAY’S ZAMAN 13

M O N D AY, J U N E 2 3 , 2 0 0 8

CONCERT

EXHIBITION

Austria's Criss Cross at Akbank Art Center

Çýraðan gallery welcomes summer with retrospective

The Austrian jazz sextet Criss Cross, consistently and successfully promoting their country on the international jazz scene, is set for a live performance next Monday at Ýstanbul's Akbank Art Center. The sextet, under its founder and leader Adriane Muttenthaler on piano, will take to the stage at 8 p.m. for the concert, where they will present a selection from their repertoire that covers many styles in contemporary jazz. Ticket price: YTL 10

The art gallery of Ýstanbul's Çýraðan Palace Kempinski celebrates the arrival of summer with a retrospective of its exhibits in the last year, chronicling the gallery's short history since it opened in May 2007. The retrospective is made up of a selection of the works of all the artists who have displayed work at the gallery, including Ýlhan Berk, Hikmet Barutçugil, Ýsmail Acar, Devrim Erbil and Sýtký Olçar. Open every day until Aug. 26.

FESTIVAL

Classical meets jazz at Archaeology Museum The Ýstanbul State Symphony Orchestra will defy the boundaries between classical music and jazz at tonight's concert in the Ýstanbul Music Festival. Under maestro Lukasz Borowicz, the orchestra will accompany pianist Leonid Chizhik in a program that ranges from Gershwin's "An American in Paris" to Chizhik's "Variations on a Theme by Mozart" and Shostakovich's "Jazz Suite, No. 2." The concert will start at 9:30 at the Archaeology Museum courtyard.

Say to play pieces from upcoming album

CONCERT

Týrpan, Erener to present the ‘essence' of music Internationally acclaimed pianist-composer Sabri Tuluð Týrpan and pop singer Sertab Erener, who last year collaborated in the performance of Týrpan's "Mevlana-The Alchemist Symphonic Poem," will once more share the same stage for a concert next month at Ýstanbul's Enka Open-air Theater. Titled "Essence," the concert, set for the night of July 4, will feature a crossover of genres such as classical, Turkish pop, jazz and oldies. Ticket price: YTL 34.50

Pianist Lukas Vondracek: Music should just make people happy ALÝ PEKTAÞ / RUMEYSA KIGER ÝSTANBUL

This year’s closing performance for the Ýstanbul Recitals, a monthly music event at which Ýstanbulites have the opportunity to listen to world-class piano virtuosos, was given by young pianist Lukás Vondrácek. On Thursday evening Vondrácek played Bach, Busoni, Liszt, Grieg, Chopin and Balakirev. The Czech pianist gave his first concert at the age of 4 and was heralded by music critics as the classical music prodigy of the time. Since childhood, he has played with important orchestras such as the Concertgebouw and the Vienna Symphonic. Currently 21 years old, he has given more than 850 concerts in more than 25 countries. In the years when this child prodigy evolved into a glorious young pianist, he has worked with the most distinguished orchestras in the world. People rush to his recitals and video recordings of his concerts are watched by hundreds of thousands on the Internet. The young pianist was not quick to leave Ýstanbul as he opted for a brief vacation in this beautiful city, giving us the opportunity to interview him. Vondrácek likes football very much and was very depressed when his country was beaten by the Turkish team, but he supported the Turks in their match against Croatia. You are highly successful and yet very

young. How did you get to where you are? My family played a great role in my achievements. Since my parents were pianists, they taught me how to play the piano when I was 1 or 2 years old. In the beginning, the adventure was very easy for me and I was having a lot of fun. But when I started to learn more technical aspects of this profession, things got harder and harder. I had to work hard to overcome these difficulties. In the final analysis, it is not easy to get started in a small country like the Czech Republic and to give concerts in many parts of the world. I had the chance to give concerts in very important venues when I was 15 or 16 and music critics gave me good reviews. As I met more and more people, I was invited to more prestigious concerts. It seems your mother has an important place in your music and artistic career. My mother is very important to me. She was my first teacher. She was always with me wherever I went until the age of 15. I am indebted to her for her support not only for my musical achievement, but for everything. Without her, I would not have achieved all this. In this respect, I see myself as very lucky. My parents were aware of my abilities when I was a small child. Many skills are wasted when they cannot be distinguished by the family. In music schools, not everything that you will need is taught.

What is the philosophy behind your music? Which sentiments do you take as guides? In my opinion, music does not have much to do with philosophy. It is much about spontaneity and feelings. Making the audience happy is much more important to me. Even when you play with the most prestigious orchestras in the most distinguished concert halls, you do this for the people and, for this reason, I attach greater importance to making people happy with my music. What guides me in music is a mix of sentiments. When I was 15 or 16 years old, I would show people my technique and they would be surprised to see it. As I got older, I started to play my music with more sincerity and candor. Actually, what moves the audience is sentimentality rather than technical expertise. As time passes, these sentiments tend to become more personal. You played with the most prestigious orchestras of the world. How did this influence you? My music was more widely heard by authorities in music and music fans. In terms of career building, this gives artists a good leverage as it helps them promote and increase their experience. But, at the same time, it puts much pressure on one as many people come to listen with big expectations. Normally, I would not get nervous before concerts, but I

stress out before such concerts. Nonetheless, these concerts were considerably important for my music career. Which classical music master has the greatest influence on you? Which master gives you most excitement? I like and play very diverse works from very different composers. It is very nice for me to play the works of the composers from my home country as not many people know them and I try to promote their works. If I had to select a composer, I would choose Rachmaninoff as his music stirs much inside me. Do you have dreams about your musical career? Will we be able to see you as a composer? What I wanted most was to give a concert in New York, and this dream came true for me when I was 15 years old. Now, I only want people to love my music and attend my concerts. I do not think I will be a composer as I prefer listening to composing and I want to give my feelings to the music already composed.

‘My heart was with Turkey’ I like football very much and it is one of my biggest hobbies. Every day, after practicing piano, I watch a football match on TV. The match between the Czech Republic and Turkey was unbelievable. I was very sad when the Czech Republic lost, but in the end, the team that played better won. In Croatia vs. Turkey, my heart was with Turkey. I am very happy that Turkey won. I wish the Turkish team success in the upcoming matches.

Fazýl Say will present pieces from his forthcoming release in two Ýstanbul performances this week, the well-known classical pianist and composer said over the weekend. Say and Moldovan violinist Patricia Kopatchinskaja -- who frequently collaborate in concerts, premieres and recordings -- will perform two concerts on two consecutive nights, Thursday and Friday, at the Enka Open-air Theater. Say told the Anatolia news agency that he and Kopatchinskaja will play a number of Say’s own compositions from his upcoming album, due out in two months, at both concerts. Among compositions to feature in the concerts are “Sonata for Violin and Piano, Op. 7,” as well as pieces by Beethoven, Bartok and Ravel. Say did not elaborate further on the concert program or the title of his new album, on which he said that he again collaborated with the Moldovan artist. The duo, who have given over 20 concerts together since first collaborating in 2005, were billed as “friends who give energy and inspiration to each other” by France’s Le Monde de la Musique magazine, according to the Anatolia. This week’s concerts will be Kopatchinskaja’s fourth visit to Turkey. Her earlier visits included a performance in the southern Antalya province along with Say as part of last year’s Antalya Piano Festival. Meanwhile, Say is currently in the middle of a busy tour, which includes performances in Britain, the Czech Republic, Greece, the Netherlands and Germany. Say performs tonight at London’s Wigmore Hall. Ýstanbul Today’s Zaman

‘Get Smart’ spies victory at box office The new spy spoof “Get Smart” took an early lead at the weekend box office in North America, while Mike Myers bombed with his latest comedy “The Love Guru,” according to first-day sales data issued on Saturday. “Get Smart,” a remake of the ‘60s television series of the same name, earned an estimated $13.35 million on Friday, said distributor Warner Bros. Pictures. The studio said the film would end up with about $37 million -slightly ahead of forecasts -- once ticket sales for Saturday and Sunday are factored in. “The Love Guru,” meanwhile, opened at No. 4 with just $5.4 million, according to tracking firm Box Office Mojo, and will fall far short of the $20 million range that Hollywood pundits had picked for the weekend. The studios’ decision to stake out the same weekend for their competing comedies surprised many observers, who predicted they would end up cannibalizing each other. “Get Smart” stars Steve Carell as Maxwell Smart, the bumbling secret agent originated by Don Adams. “The Love Guru,” which marks Myers’ first on-screen appearance since the 2003 bomb “The Cat in the Hat,” reportedly cost about $60 million to make. The Canadian actor plays a Deepak Chopra-style New Age guru. Los Angeles Reuters

Candid film of Monroe, Gable fetches $60,000 Candid footage of Marilyn Monroe on the set of her last completed film brought in $60,000 at an auction of movie memorabilia Saturday. The two reels of silent, 8-millimeter color film shot on the set of “The Misfits” had been expected to draw starting bids of between $10,000 and $20,000. The auction also included the original disco ball from “Saturday Night Fever” and an original script of “The Godfather” signed by Marlon Brando. The sale was held by Julien’s Auctions at Planet Hollywood Resort and Casino. The 47-minute film, “On the Set with ‘The Misfits’,” was shot by film extra Stanley Floyd Kilarr. It features candid moments with Monroe and costar Clark Gable, as well as Montgomery Clift and director John Huston. The film shows actors preparing for scenes, chatting with crew members and others on the set, and relaxing between takes. “The Misfits” was the last completed film for both Monroe and Gable. Gable had a fourth heart attack just after filming was finished and died Nov. 16, 1960, about two months before the movie’s US release. Monroe died Aug. 5, 1962. Las Vegas AP

‘Spider-Man’ could return in May 2011

PHOTO

AYTEN KAYA

Peter Parker is swinging back into the multiplex -- but not for a while. “Spider-Man” producer Laura Ziskin said the fourth installment in the web-slinging superhero series is tentatively scheduled to arrive in May 2011. In remarks Thursday to theater owners from California and Nevada, Ziskin said there was no finished screenplay, but that she and Sony Pictures were hopeful “Spider-Man 4” could be ready in three years. The first three movies make up one of the most successful franchises in modern Hollywood history, grossing $2.5 billion worldwide. Neither star Tobey Maguire nor director Sam Raimi is committed to work on the next installment. But Sony has paid Marvel to renew its rights. © Los Angeles Times, 2008

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14 TODAY’S ZAMAN

MONDAY, JUNE 23, 2008

OPINION

A PLANNED MILITARY COUP IN TURKEY

BAHAR MANDAN

How to stage a mýlýtary coup ýn Turkey, or how to prevent one MEHMET KALYONCU*

PHOTO

Turks have been shaken by yet another "action plan" for military intervention in politics. The socalled action plan, drafted in September 2007 and recently leaked from within the military, outlines how the Turkish Armed Forces (TSK) was planning to intervene in politics and the civilian sphere. According to the Taraf daily, the action allegedly intended to attract public attention onto matters the TSK "felt sensitive about." Accordingly, the action plan included a series of steps to change public opinion to regard the current Justice and Development Party (AK Party) government as "the focal point of anti-secular activities," the new constitutional reform package as "adversarial to the nation state" and the pro-Kurdish Democratic Society Party (DTP) in Parliament as "terrorist." Under the guiding principles section, the action plan cautioned its perpetrators not to come into conflict with other state institutions and not to look like they were interfering in daily politics. In addition, the plan underlined the importance of maintaining constant contact with the rectors of the universities capable of influencing public opinion, senior judges, influential journalists and artists, and of making sure that these people worked in tandem with the TSK. Assuming that the current AK Party government and/or the civilian initiatives associated with it are not so cunning as to feed a fake "action plan" to the media in order to pre-empt a possible military coup d'état, and that what was leaked to the media was indeed an authentic "action plan" for a military coup against the civilian government, two questions arise in a skeptical mind. First, would the perpetrators have succeeded in staging their intended military coup had the action plan not been leaked? Second, would the ruling AK Party government be able to prevent the coup if the action plan was enacted as intended? The answers to these two critical questions combined should also give an idea not only about whether Turkish democracy is now mature enough to counter its existential threats, but also on how to counter an action plan for a military intervention in Turkish politics.

Is the AK Party government sophisticated and strong enough? So what would have happened if the action plan had not been leaked, and was indeed carried out? Would the AK Party government be able to counter its gradual and destructive impact? The action plan seems to have aimed at portraying the ruling AK Party government as a focal point of anti-secular activities. Given the priorities of the AK Party government in its second term, it would not be so difficult to do so. Fantasizing about solving Turkey's headscarf-ban problem overnight after receiving 47 percent of the popular vote was probably the biggest mistake the government has made so far. Starting the second term with the obvious goal of lifting the infamous headscarf-ban, the AK Party government has only irritated the status quo protectionists further and made the moderate seculars revisit their thoughts on Prime Minister Recep Tayyip Erdoðan and his team. The fact that the government has lost its momentum in negotiating for Turkey's EU membership also decreased the overarching popular support for the AK Party government. Another mistake made by the government was not to embrace the pro-Kurdish DTP deputies and to remain silent when the Constitutional Court filed a closure case against the DTP. Therefore, once the coup perpetrators launched a smear campaign against the pro-Kurdish DTP as instructed by the action plan, the AK Party government would not be in a position to defend the freely elected DTP deputies' constitutional rights to remain in Parliament because Prime Minister Erdoðan himself had already acquiesced, if not paved the road to, viewing the DTP as a sort of political extension of the outlawed Kurdistan Workers' Party (PKK) terrorist organization. These two major mistakes of the government diminished the likelihood of the public standing behind it as a unified force.

Coups 101 and the 'action plan' The action plan seems to have missed the most essential aspect of a successful military coup: popular support. Thus it was already risking failure. David Hebditch and Ken Connor's survey of military coups in the 20th century, "How to Stage a Military Coup: From Planning to Execution," indicates that a successful military coup is possible only if it comes, or at least seems like it comes, as a panacea to prolonged public grievances. For instance, the first military coup of the century, the Wuchang Uprising of 1911, was carried out to end the Manchu (Qing) Dynasty in China by Westerneducated army officers who thought an emperor was no longer needed. The underlying discourse of the coup was "democracy and liberty" against the brutal emperor. Another successful military coup was carried out in 1952 by Gen. Gamal Abdel Nasser and his "Free Officers" against King Farouk, who had long been resented by the public for his negligence of popular concerns and for his failure as commander-in-chief, which brought about Egypt's embarrassing defeat by Israel in 1948. In addition to King Farouk's unpopularity, Nasser's discourse of Arab nationalism and calls for an end to British imperialism in the Arab world made it relatively easier for the Free Officers to garner popular support for the coming military coup. Similarly, in 1959 when Fidel Castro and his armed comrades stormed Havana, the purpose was seemingly to overthrow the US-backed dictatorship of Fulgencio Batista, who allegedly allowed nearly 75 percent of Cuba's agricultural lands to fall into the hands of American sugar producers. Again the underlying discourse of the coup was to end US imperialism first in Cuba and then throughout Latin America. Turkey's own record of military coups also indicates that strong popular support is necessary for a successful military coup. The infamous series of military coups in Turkey started with the one on May 27, 1960, when Gen. Cemal Gursel removed President Celal

Try another time? On Sunday, some 20 civil society organizations organized public protests in which thousands of civilians chanted "Raise your voice against military intervention!" to demonstrate that the Turkish public has no reservations about voicing its anti-coup stance. Bayar, Prime Minister Adnan Menderes and the Cabinet from power and dissolved Parliament. Gen. Gursel announced that "the purpose of the coup was to bring the country with all speed to a fair, clean and solid democracy." Though the discourse looks ironic, the junta could easily get away with it because the majority of the Turkish population was hardly familiar with the concept of democracy, let alone able to defend it against army generals and their civilian status quo protectionists. An even more ironic and yet successful military intervention in politics took place on March 12, 1971, when the government of Süleyman Demirel resigned at the military high command's order. The justification for the intervention was the need for a stronger government able to tackle the ongoing anarchical situation in the country and suppress civilian violence. The majority of the public welcomed the military intervention, hoping that it would bring security. Ten years later, on Sept. 12, 1980, history repeated itself and this time Gen. Kenan Evren overthrew Demirel's government, proclaiming that the army itself would tackle the ongoing anarchical situation in the country. The public wel-

comed the intervention again, hoping that it would end the daily carnage between leftists and rightists. So, as seen in both foreign and local examples, popular support is essential to success in any military intervention. This became obvious once again in April 2007, when unknown members of the Turkish military posted a politically motivated statement on the TSK Web site. Yet even such a limited and abstract attempt to intervene in politics was met by the public with a harsh critique of the TSK. Nevertheless, the authors of the action plan seem to have thought about it. The action plan advises increasing Turkish nationalism by provoking the ethnic Kurds in the Southeast with continuous military operations and village raids, as well as by creating civilian casualties among northern Iraq's Kurds as a result of a series of heavy bombings. It is technically wise to increase Turkish nationalism to garner popular support before any military intervention. However, the strategy advised in the action plan would only undermine the credibility of the TSK, because Turks already think that the

* Mehmet Kalyoncu is an international relations analyst and author of "A Civilian Response to Ethno-Religious Conflict: The Gülen Movement in Southeast Turkey."

dagistancetinkaya@todayszaman.com.tr

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Even though the AK Party government still has weaknesses that would make some rogue members of the military fantasize about intervening in politics, thankfully Turkey now has a burgeoning civil society with media outlets and nongovernmental organizations that are quite vigilant against any sort of military intervention. A day after the action plan leaked to the media, some 20 civil society organizations organized public protests, in which thousands of civilians chanted "Raise your voice against military intervention!" Certainly, the ability of civilians to stand firm in the face of any threat of military intervention has something to do with the country's six consecutive years of economic growth, the AK Party government's unprecedented success in Turkey's EU accession process and politicallegal reforms, the opposition of the US and the EU to any sort of military intervention in Turkish politics and the generation shift that consolidated the idea that in democracies the military's place is the barracks, not Parliament. So long as these conditions are intact, it would probably not be wise to attempt another military coup in Turkey because it would only undermine the credibility of the TSK.

Daðýstan Çetinkaya

Thýnk tank cafe´ Established on January 16, 2007 NO: 0496 Monday, June 23, 2008

Executive Editor Managing Editors

brutal military operations in Turkey's Kurdish-dominated regions are partially responsible for prolonging Turkey's terror problem. So the more draconian the military becomes, as the government tries to revive Turkey's southeast, the further its credibility will be undermined. Any constructed rhetoric of Turkish patriotism by the coup perpetrators would likely be dwarfed by the patriotism that seems to be exhibited by the government's economic performance and political successes over the last six years and by the success of civilian initiatives in promoting Turkey and Turkish culture across the globe. Last but not the least, compared to the discourse of the previous successful military interventions, the discourse of removing a government because it has become a "focal point of anti-secular activities" while that very government is supported by half the voters in the country seems a little awkward, if not absurd.

ABDULLAH BOZKURT OKAN UDO BASSEY FATMA DEMÝRELLÝ EMRAH ÜLKER KERÝM BALCI YONCA POYRAZ DOÐAN ÝBRAHÝM TÜRKMEN YASEMÝN GÜRKAN PINAR VURUCU HELEN P. BETTS FARUK KARDIÇ YAKUP ÞÝMÞEK BEYTULLAH DEMÝR HAYDAR DURUSOY ALÝ ODABAÞI

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T16-23-06-08.qxd

22.06.2008

15:08

Page 1

16 TODAY’S ZAMAN

MONDAY, JUNE 23, 2008

LEISURE

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Gregorian Calendar: 23 June 2008 C.E. Hijri Calendar: 19 Jumada al-Thani 1429 A.H. Hebrew Calendar: 20 Sivan 5768 calendar@todayszaman.com

ÝSTANBUL: Niþantaþý Citylife: 11:45 14:15 16:45 19:15 21:45 Fri/Sat: 24:15 Caddebostan AFM: 11:20 13:40 16:00 18:20 21:00 Fri/Sat: 23:20 ANKARA: Ata On Tower: 11:00 13:00 15:15 17:30 18:45 19:45 21:00 22:00 Fri/Sat: 24:00 ÝZMÝR: Cinebonus Konak Pier: 11:00 13:30 16:00 18:30 21:00 Fri/Sat: 23:30 ANTALYA: Cinebonus Migros: 11:45 14:15 16:45 19:15 21:45

SPEED RACER

ÝSTANBUL: Levent Cinebonus Kanyon: 11:30 13:15 14:45 18:00 21:15 Fri/Sat: 24:30 Suadiye Movieplex: 11:00 12:30 14:00 15:30 17:00 19:00 22:00 Fri/Sat: 24:30 ANKARA: Ata On Tower: 11:00 12:30 13:45 15:15 16:30 19:15 22:00 Fri/Sat: 24:00 ÝZMÝR: Cinebonus Konak Pier: 12:00 15:00 18:00 21:00 Fri/Sat: 24:00 ANTALYA: Cinebonus Migros: 12:15 15:15 18:15 21:15 Fri/Sat: 24:00

APARTMENT 1303

ÝSTANBUL: Bakýrköy Cinebonus Capacity: 11:15 13:15 15:15 17:15 19:15 21:15 Fri/Sat: 23:15 Caddebostan AFM: 12:00 14:15 16:30 18:45 21:00 Fri/Sat: 23:15 ANKARA: Cinebonus Bilkent: 11:00 12:45 15:00 17:15 19:30 21:45 Fri/Sat: 24:15

UNTRACEABLE

ÝSTANBUL: Levent Cinebonus Kanyon: 11:30 14:00 16:30 19:00 21:30 Fri/Sat: 24:15 Kadýköy Cinebonus Nautilus: 11:45 14:15 16:45 19:15 21:45 Fri/Sat: 24:15 ANKARA: Cinebonus Panora: 12:30 14:50 17:10 19:30 21:50 Fri/Sat: 24:10 ÝZMÝR: Cinebonus Konak Pier: 11:30 14:00 16:30 19:00 21:30 Fri/Sat: 24:00 ANTALYA: Cinebonus Migros: 11:30 14:00 16:30 19:00 21:30 Fri/Sat: 24:00

BUDDHA COLLAPSED OUT OF SHAME

ÝSTANBUL: Levent Cinebonus Kanyon: 13:30 15:30 17:30 19:30 21:30

MADE IN EUROPE

ÝSTANBUL: Altunizade Capitol Spectrum: 11:15 13:30 15:40 17:45 19:50 22:00 Fri/Sat: 24:00 ANKARA: Metropol: 11:15 13:15 15:15 17:15 19:15 21:15 ÝZMÝR: AFM Bornova Park: 11:45 14:00 16:15 18:30 21:10

Crossword

Grand Duke Henri, is reigning in Luxembourg now. Today is Victory Day in Estonia. Victory Day recalls the 1919 Battle of Wenden, a decisive battle during the War of Independence, in which Estonian military forces and their allies defeated the German forces who sought to reassert Baltic-German control over the region. This public holiday has been celebrated on June 23 every year since 1934. Today is Midsummer's Eve Festival in most European countries. Though Midsummer's Eve is related to the Northern Solstice and the solstice is on June 21 (or the latest hours of June 20), festivities are held on June 23 (Estonia, Poland, Russia, Ukraine, United Kingdom and Croatia) and June 24 (mainly Catholic countries where the day is also the Feast Day of St. John the Baptist). In Denmark the day is also called Jonsok, which means "Johannes wake," important

E2 08:00 The Rachael Ray Show 09:00 The Martha Stewart Show 10:00 The Ellen DeGeneres Show 11:00 Desperate Housewives 12:00 The Rachael Ray Show 13:00 The Martha Stewart Show 14:00 The Ellen DeGeneres Show 15:00 The O.C. 16:00 The Rachael Ray Show 17:00 The Martha Stewart Show 18:00 The Ellen DeGeneres Show 19:00 The O.C. 20:00 Desperate Housewives 21:00 Footballers' Wives 22:15 The Sopranos 23:00 The Daily Show With Jon Stewart 23:30 It's Always Sunny In Philadelphia 24:00 South Park 00:30 The Sopranos 01:30 High Stakes Poker 02:30 Footballers' Wives 03:30 South Park

in many Christian faiths, although Midsummer's Eve has Pagan origins. In the last century Midsummer's Eve was largely celebrated in local communities, but during the 1990s it has developed into a more private party with family and friends gathering round a bonfire to dance. Today is celebrated as Father's Day in Nicaragua, Poland and Uganda. On this day in 1939, Turkey and France signed the Ankara Agreement that opened the way of the Hatay Province to the motherland. According to the League of Nations, France had the mandate of Syria, including Hatay, and with that agreement France was handing over all the rights it received as the mandatory power to Turkey. Within a month's time the Hatay National Assembly dissolved itself and the French soldiers left the city. By Kerim Balcý

Goldmax 08:25 The Cincinnati Kid 10:10 Made in Heaven 11:55 Cocoon 13:50 The Horse Whisperer 16:45 The Human Stain 18:30 Jane Austen's Mafia! 20:00 Moulin Rouge 22:10 The Dead Zone 23:55 Kantoku Banzai! - Glory to the Filmmaker! 01:45 Freddy's Nightmares: Memory Overload 03:40 Cocoon

An ýntellectual mystery MARY MCNAMARA HOLLYWOOD

Like masters of disguise in wartime, the Brits have been perfecting their non-regionally specific accents and taking over American television for years now -- Hugh Laurie on “House,” Damian Lewis on “Life.” So it’s nice to see a couple of British guys not only owning their heritage, but reveling in it. Of course, it would have to be on “Masterpiece Mystery!” but still, in the increasingly global entertainment industry, it’s good to know exactly where you stand. “Masterpiece Theatre” may have become “Masterpiece” with hipper graphics and far fewer trumpets. But everyone still loves a good British whodunit, and “Inspector Lewis,” which debuted Sunday on PBS is positively steeped in tradition, of its native land and of its genre. (Also, it’s introduced by Alan Cumming, he of the devilish grin and hitched-high eyebrows, which makes it worth watching.) From the time-and-tribulations-worn title character (played by Kevin Whately) to the picturesque setting -- in this case, the town of Oxford, “Inspector Lewis” is a paean to another time, somewhere between “Colombo” and “CSI,” when detectives relied on clues rather than lab work. The creation of novelist Colin Dexter, Robbie Lewis made his debut a few years ago, as the sardonic working-class sidekick of the more highfalutin’ Oxford Detective Chief Inspector Morse (John Thaw), who had his own successful run on “Mystery!” Now with his own show, Lewis is struggling to make his own name -- Morse remains something of a legend -- and prove himself to his new boss (amusingly named Detective Chief Superintendent Jean Innocent), Lewis has his own sidekick now, a wonderfully dry and intellectual detective named Hathaway. Played by Laurence Fox, a long blond Englishman who

British actor Kevin Whately plays Robbie Lewis in “Inspector Lewis.”

Movýemax 08:35 Happy Feet 10:25 Silk 12:25 Devil's Diary 14:05 The Staircase Murders 15:45 Little Miss Sunshine 17:40 North Country 20:00 Angel-A 21:45 Tempesta - The Venice Conspiracy 23:40 Blood Diamond 02:00 Venom 03:50 Little Miss Sunshine

Cnbc-e 18:10 Two And A Half Men 18:50 Scrubs 19:30 How I Met Your Mother 20:00 Chuck 21:00 CSI: NY 22:00 Daddy Day Care 24:00 Las Vegas 01:00 CSI: NY 02:00 Daddy Day Care 04:00 Scrubs 04:30 How I Met Your Mother 05:00 Chuck

has made a bit of a career playing the jilted, and unsuitable, boyfriend in movies including “Becoming Jane” and the recent remake of “A Room With a View,” Hathaway is a Cambridge man. This not only gives his relationship with Lewis a built-in public vs. state school tension -- “you’re inverted snobbery is showing,” one posh murder suspect tells Lewis, who is indeed given to the occasional these-stuffyold-buggers rant -- but also lends him insight into how things work among the educated elite. Together, they are an engaging enough team, although this being a British series, the focus remains on the plot rather than the endless mining of the main character’s deepseated complexities and emotional fault lines. Not that Lewis isn’t complex or fractured. He is, having

Hallmark

recently lost a beloved wife to a hit and run that gives him the requisite damaged credibility. But he doesn’t like to talk about it much, and, frankly, neither do the writers. Instead, we are offered three two-hour tales of murder and intrigue, each with a colorful assortment of characters and puzzle pieces that seem plucked from a modern-day version of Clue (or, to use the archaic spelling, Clew). Taking on issues as diverse as the cult of Dionysus, the perils of the Internet, and suburban swinging, “Inspector Lewis” nicely bridges the ancient with the modern, proving, as every good solid mystery story does, that, centuries and technology notwithstanding, human nature has not changed all that much. Not even in Oxford. © Los Angeles Times, 2008

07:30 My Louisiana Sky 09:15 McLeod's Daughters 10:00 Back to You and Me 11:45 The Sign of Four 13:30 My Louisiana Sky 15:15 McLeod's Daughters 16:15 Back to You and Me 18:00 The Sign of Four 20:00 Wild at Heart 21:00 Inspector Morse 23:00 Midsomer Murders: Dead Letters 01:00 Rear Window 02:45 They Shoot Divas, Don't They?

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Cem Kýzýltuð

Mr. DýploMAT!

c.kiziltug@todayszaman.com 501

‘Made in Europe’

MADE OF HONOR

Today is International Olympic Day. This day commemorates the birth of the modern-day Olympic movement. On this day in 1894, Pierre de Coubertin established the International Olympic Committee in Paris. Since 1987 annual celebrations by national Olympic committees (NOCs) around the world have been based on the Olympic Day Run. Today is United Nations Public Service Day. Marked for the first time on June 23, 2003, UN Public Service Day aims to increase awareness about the importance of teamwork, innovation and responsiveness to the public. Today is the Grand Duke's Birthday in Luxembourg. Former Grand Duke Jean I was born on Jan. 5, 1921, but his birthday is officially celebrated on June 23. Jean I was the grand duke of Luxembourg from 1964 to 2000. His son,

08:00 Til Death 08:30 Frasier 09:00 For Your Love 09:30 Everybody Hates Chris 10:00 Two Guys & A Girl 10:30 Everybody Loves Raymond 11:00 What I Like About You 12:00 America's Funniest Home Videos 12:30 Third Rock From the Sun 13:00 Still Standing 13:30 American Dad 14:00 Til Death 14:30 Frasier 15:00 For Your Love 15:30 Everybody Hates Chris 16:00 Two Guys and A Girl 16:30 Everybody Loves Raymond 17:00 What I Like About You 18:00 America's Funniest Home Videos 18:30 Third Rock From the Sun 19:00 Still Standing 19:30 American Dad 20:00 Til Death 20:30 Frasier 21:00 Two Guys and A Girl 21:30 Everybody Loves Raymond 22:00 What I Like About You 23:00 Entourage 23:30 American Dad 00:00 Til Death

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Sudoku EASY

HARD

9

1

7

6

8 7

4

6

6 8

8

6

5

1

9

1

3

4

1

2

8

3 4

4 4

5

9

8

1

7 2 5 3 1 8 4 6 9 1 4 8 6 9 7 5 2 3 6 3 9 5 2 4 7 8 1

8

2

6 1

7 9 5

HARD

9

6

2 4

1

2

7

2 7

2

3

2

3

2

3 5 7 8 4 6 1 9 2 9 6 4 2 7 1 3 5 8 8 1 2 9 3 5 6 4 7

EASY 2 1 8 4 5 9 3 7 6 9 3 6 1 8 7 4 5 2 4 5 7 6 3 2 9 8 1 8 2 3 5 9 4 1 6 7 7 6 4 3 1 8 5 2 9 5 9 1 2 7 6 8 3 4

5 1

4 8 3 7 6 9 2 1 5 2 9 1 4 5 3 8 7 6 5 7 6 1 8 2 9 3 4

8

1 7 5 9 6 3 2 4 8 3 8 2 7 4 1 6 9 5 6 4 9 8 2 5 7 1 3

00:00 Identification and Programming 00:25 Music 07:25 Identification and Programming 07:30 Music 08:30 News (English, French, German) 08:40 Live Broadcast (English, German, Russian) 10:30 News (English, French, German, Greek, Russian) 10:45 Live Broadcast (English, German, Russian) 12:30 News (English, French, German, Greek, Russian) 12.45 Live Broadcast (English, German, Russian) 15:00 News (English, French, German, Greek, Russian) 15:15 Live Broadcast (English, German, Russian) 18:30 News (English, French, German, Greek, Russian) 18:45 Live Broadcast (English, French) 21:30 News (English, French, German, Greek, Russian) 21:45 Live Broadcast (English, Greek) 23:58 Identification

Broadcast Areas: HOW TO PLAY? : The objective of the game is to fill all the blank squares in a game with the correct numbers. There are three very simple constraints to follow. In a 9 by 9 square Sudoku game:

travelers’ s.o.s

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Every row of 9 numbers must include all digits 1 through 9 in any order Every column of 9 numbers must include all digits 1 through 9 in any order Every 3 by 3 subsection of the 9 by 9 square must include all digits 1 through 9

Ambulance: 112 Fire: 110 171 Police: 155 156 Maritime: 158 Unknown numbers: 118 Turkish Airlines: 444 0 849, U.S. Embassy: 0312 455 5555 U.S. Consulate: 0212 2513602-3-4 Russian Embassy: 0312 439 2122 Russian Consulate: 0212 244 1693-2610 British Embassy: 0312 455 3344 British Consulate: 0212 293 7540 German Embassy. 0312 455 5100 German Consulate: 0212 334 61 00 French Embassy: 0312 455 4545 French Consulate: 0212 292 4810-11 Indian Embassy: 0312 438 2195 Pakistani Embassy: 0312 427 1410 Austrian Embassy: 0312 419 0431-33 Austrian Consulate: 0212 262 9315 Belgian Embassy: 0312 446 8247 Belgian Consulate: 0212 243 3300 Egyptian Embassy: 0312 426 1026 Egyptian Consulate: 0212 263 6038 Israeli Embassy: 0312 446 3605

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Alanya FM 94.4 Ankara FM 100.3 Antalya FM 92.1 Ayvalýk FM 101.1 Bodrum FM 97.4 Fethiye FM 103.1 Ýstanbul FM 101.6 Ýzmir FM 101.6 Kalkan FM 105.9 Kapadokya FM 103.0 Kuþadasý FM 101.9 Marmaris FM 101.0 Pamukkale FM 101.0 Trabzon FM 101.5


18:33

Page 1

CONTINUATION

TODAY’S ZAMAN 17

M O N D AY, J U N E 2 3 , 2 0 0 8

TSK response to Taraf report ‘reads like confession’ A statement released by the Turkish Armed Forces (TSK) on Friday denying accusations it had drafted secret plans to "shape" society according to its own views is proof such a document exists, the editor of the paper that first covered the story stated yesterday, in comments echoed by commentators over the weekend. On Friday the Taraf daily printed a leaked army file documenting a comprehensive plan of action to intervene in politics and civilian life. The plan went into effect in September 2007, according to the document, which was composed of a series of "measures" to be taken against the government, which the military sees as the source of a "religious reactionary movement." The document defined its goal as: "Bringing

public opinion into line with the TSK on issues the TSK is sensitive about, preventing the development of incorrect opinions about the TSK, ensuring the unity and solidarity of opinions and actions within the TSK." The same introductory chapter issues a caveat, stressing the need to avoid, "conflict with other state agencies" and relaying "the image of intervening in daily politics." The plan also emphasizes that it is necessary to "bring universities, presidents of the higher judiciary, press members and artists into line with the TSK because they have the power to foment public opinion, and to ensure that these individuals act in the same way as the TSK." On Friday afternoon the General Staff released a statement denying Taraf's report, claiming, "There is no such official document approved by

the commanding ranks in General Staff records." In his column yesterday, Taraf Editor-inChief Ahmet Altan reiterated that the General Staff's statement was proof the document was not fake. "And I take it to be natural that they made a statement with a slightly embarrassed tone. What were they supposed to say? 'Yes we came up with such a plan'?! I find it positive that at least they are trying to save face. At least they know that they shouldn't be doing such things." Hürriyet daily's chief columnist, Oktay Ekþi, also head of the Press Council, told the Star daily on Saturday that the General Staff's response to Taraf's report served as proof that the document laying out a plan to engineer a different structure for society actually did come from the military. He argued that

the General Staff's statement was in fact an admission of the existence of such a document. Journalist Mehmet Altan maintained that in a democracy the military is given the task of defending the nation. "The military's duty is not about making the people toe the line," he said. Mehmet Ali Birand, who was falsely associated with the separatist Kurdistan Workers' Party (PKK) during a military intervention in 1998, said, "It's time the General Staff quit these habits. Such activities have no use anymore." Republican People's Party (CHP) General Auditor Mustafa Özyürek urged the General Staff to start an investigation into the document. Meanwhile, in marked contrast, Fikret Bila, Ankara bureau chief of Milliyet, accused Taraf of hurting the reputation of the TSK. Ýstanbul Today's Zaman

of great significance for raising the public's voice against those who wish to prepare the groundwork for coups and anti-democratic practices. "For this reason, we support such initiatives. Support for such rallies and protests will stop those circles that uphold coups from reaching their objectives," she noted. Ilýcak recalled that Turkey has suffered several coups in its history. "Adnan Menderes, a former prime minister, was hung in the aftermath of a military takeover [in 1960]. We have witnessed several coups and much suffering. Now, years later, we say 'no' to coup attempts for the first time ever," she said. Özden Sönmez, who spoke on behalf of the Ankara Platform for Freedom of Belief, stressed his hope for a better future in Turkey. "Every dark night ends with a bright morning. Today we are experiencing Turkey's brightest day. We will have bright mornings from now on," he said. Other civilians who participated in Saturday's march expressed their opposition to coup attempts, too. Cemal Aydýn, a retired teacher, said he joined the rally to stand by the vote he cast in the July 22 polls. "I want to reject all sorts of anti-democratic initiatives and see the will of the nation be the only rule in the country," he said. Nursen Gökçek, who attended the rally with a walking stick in her hand, noted that she had witnessed several military interventions and coup attempts since she was 15. "We are facing new risks of anti-democratic interventions because we didn't raise our voices against them. Enough is enough," she remarked. Zeynep Ak, a university student, said the common wish of all participants of the march was to live in a more democratic Turkey. "My thoughts and beliefs are different from many people who are rallying beside me today. But, despite all our differences, our common wish is to live freely in this country," she said.

PHOTO

contýnued from page 1 A number of famous figures, such as columnists Nazlý Ilýcak, Abdurrahman Dilipak and Nihal Bengisu Karaca; actress Lale Mansur; famous sociologist Ferhat Kentel; and ruling Justice and Development Party (AK Party) deputy Zeynep Daðý, participated in the march, called "70 Million Steps against Coups." Participants of the rally wore white gloves and they carried banners that read "Neither the judiciary, nor the military; the nation is the greatest," "Shoulder to shoulder against coups," "No to juntas, yes to democracy," "We can stop coups" and "Bow to the will of the people." The rally was held peacefully under heightened security measures. A statement read during the march said civilians and NGOs had gathered to express their stance against anti-democratic practices in Turkey. "This is the most beautiful day of the year. Here, we break our oaths of silence in support of democracy and justice. Are we going through a military intervention? It may not seem so at first glance, but the developments that followed the release of an e-memorandum on April 27, 2007 have shown that our democracy is the subject of some sort of intervention. While the country was busy considering the consequences of closure cases [against the governing AK Party and the pro-Kurdish Democratic Society Party (DTP)], the Constitutional Court overruled the headscarf amendments, approved by 411 deputies. The demand for a more democratic constitution, voiced by all pro-democracy powers, especially after the July 22 elections, has been pushed aside. The notions of freedom, justice and equality have been overshadowed. Today '70 Million Steps against Coups' shows that we are against coups," read the statement. Daðý expressed her support for the march, saying such platforms are

BAHAR MANDAN

Thousands rally in Ýstanbul to protest coup attempts

Civil society and intellectuals unite for democracy Civil society groups and individuals have come together to form a new movement that aims to take action against anti-democratic initiatives which target economic and political stability. Civil societies, opinion leaders, journalists, academics, writers and politicians who represent different segments of society have founded a platform called the Common Sense Movement. The platform supports the concept that a new constitution has become an obligation to facilitate the progress of fundamental rights and freedoms and to save the national will from all sorts of guardianship. The movement is starting with over 200 members, including a large number of organizations. Turkey is seeking a solution to the crisis sparked by highly controversial judicial rulings that came in succession. Civil society organizations and intellectuals who believe that the remedy is full commitment to the national will and democracy are behind the Common Sense Movement. The movement's first act was to establish a Web site, www.demokrasiplatformu.org. During its first six months, the group plans to shoot short films and conduct surveys and research projects and then share their results with the public. It will also organize live discussion programs on television and will hold rallies. The manifesto of the group, which will be announced to the public today, emphasizes that Turkey derives its power from unity and integrity. "A new constitution that develops from and relies on the foundation of the supremacy of law, in which freedoms are essential and limitations are exceptions, is a must for the preservation of the country's integrity," states the manifesto, adding that the state is an institution that implements the laws determined by people and that serves society. "A democratic state cannot have an official ideology. People should not be forced into certain ideological molds. The state should not use law in the direction of its own opinions and beliefs. The state should be at an equal distance to all ideas and thus preserve its impartiality. A new constitution should be drafted on these principles. The guarantee for freedoms and democracy is a genuine state of law. Drafting a new constitution is the most urgent step to take for the realization of the state of law and the strengthening of freedoms and the democratic process. The solution to Turkey's problems can be achieved with the expansion of freedoms; freedoms can be achieved with democracy, and democracy can be achieved with a new constitution," notes the manifesto.

Stop rights violations

More than 20,000 people held a silent rally on Saturday in Ýstanbul's historical Tünel neighborhood to protest recent coup attempts by the military through several institutions that have resorted to anti-democratic practices.

The manifesto will be opened for discussion following its announcement at a press conference today. Necati Ceylan, president of the Association of Turkish Voluntary Enterprises (TGTV), provided information on the movement, saying that recent developments in the country cast a shadow over fundamental rights and freedoms. He noted that the official powers of state institutions must be completely defined. "We have long ceased to aspire to be a state of law; we are not even a country of law. The laws are contravened by the judiciary itself. We want to say 'stop' to these violations of law as Alevis, Sunnis, Turks and Kurds." Some of the civil society organizations that support the manifesto include the Civil Servants' Trade Union (Memur-Sen), the Confederation of Turkish Real Trade Unions (Hak-Ýþ), the Independent Industrialists and Businessmen's Association (MÜSÝAD), the Humanitarian Aid Foundation (ÝHH), the Union of Islamic Civil Society Organizations, the Education Personnel Labor Union (Eðitim Bir-Sen), the Association of Human Rights and Solidarity for Oppressed Peoples (MAZLUM-DER), the World Ehli Beyt Association, the Association of Journalists and Writers, the Association of Young Businessmen, the Association of Democratic Women, the Association of Modern Family and the Association of Democratic Lawyers. Ýstanbul Today's Zaman

Foreign Minister Babacan to head for Germany and Egypt this week Foreign Minister Ali Babacan recently conducted a hectic schedule of visits abroad and will continue his travels this week, heading to Germany and Egypt to participate in international gatherings. Babacan will attend in a German-hosted Berlin international conference tomorrow, aimed at boosting security and rule of law in the Palestinian territories. More than 40 foreign ministers, including US Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice and Russian Foreign Minister Sergey Lavrov, are expected to represent their countries at the Palestine Security Conference. The Palestinian delegation will be headed by Prime Minister Salam Fayyad and talks will dwell on rebuilding the Palestinian civil police and the judicial system as donor nations have already pledged 118 million euros. The

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Middle East Quartet, comprising the US, Russia, the EU and the UN, is scheduled to meet on the sidelines of the conference. On Thursday and Friday Babacan will be in Egypt to attend a meeting of the Assembly of the African Union heads of state and government. The meeting in Sharm el-Sheikh will be held under the theme "Meeting the Millennium Development Goals on Water and Sanitation." A food crisis, the status report on malaria and the promotion of maternal and child health are some of the topics that will be discussed by the African heads of state during the Sharm El-Sheikh summit. Ankara will hold the first Turkey-Africa summit in Ýstanbul this August., President Abdullah Gül having invited all 54 African heads of state and governments to attend. Ankara Today's Zaman

TARIK ÖZTÜRK

22.06.2008

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Berto stops Rodriguez to take WBC crown American Andre Berto claimed the WBC's welterweight title with a technical knockout of Mexican Miguel “Mikki” Rodriguez on Saturday, seizing the crown only four years and 22 fights into his professional career. Berto stopped Rodriguez in the seventh round to capture the vacant title in his first attempt at a major belt. Memphis, Tennesee, AP

MONDAY, JUNE 23, 2008

Massa wýns French GP to take F1 champýonshýp lead

PHOTO

REUTERS

Jane McGrath, the wife of former Australian fast bowler Glenn McGrath, died on Sunday after a long battle with breast cancer, Cricket Australia announced. Jane, 42, died peacefully at her Sydney home with her husband and their children by her side after her health had suddenly deteriorated in the past week following surgery earlier this year. It is with deep sadness that the family and friends of Jane McGrath, beloved wife of former Australian cricketer Glenn and loving mother of James and Holly, must announce she passed away at her home this morning, said a statement released by Cricket Australia. English-born Jane's long battle with cancer has been headline news in Australia for the past decade because of her marriage to McGrath, one of Australia's most successful and popular fast sportsmen, and their promotion of breast cancer awareness. Cincinnati Reuters

SOCCER

Paul Ince to be first black EPL manager Paul Ince is the new manager of Blackburn. The former MK Dons coach is the first black Englishman to manage an English Premier League (EPL) club. He replaces Mark Hughes who moved to Manchester City earlier this month after SvenGoran Eriksson's depature. Blackburn announced the move Sunday. Ince played 53 times for England between 1993 and 2000 and his clubs included Manchester United, Inter Milan and Liverpool. He claimed the first titles of his managerial career last month when MK Dons won the fourth-tier League Two and the Football League trophy at Wembley. Chelsea made Ruud Gullit the top flight's first black manager in 1995. Ince experienced racist abuse first hand as recently as 2006 when he was abused by a Burnley fan while playing for Wolves. Blackburn AP

F1 STANDINGS

SOCCER

Felipe Massa led a Ferrari one-two to win the French Grand Prix on Sunday and take the lead in the Formula One championship for the first time. Massa's third victory of the season, and eighth of his career, made the 27-year-old Sao Paulo driver the first Brazilian to lead the standings since the late triple champion Ayrton Senna in 1993. Teammate Kimi Raikkonen, the world champion who won at Magny-Cours last year, led from pole but was overtaken by Massa just after the halfway mark when his Ferrari slowed with a broken exhaust. Massa took the checkered flag 17.9 seconds clear of Raikkonen on an overcast and damp afternoon at the circuit in the heart of rural France. “I didn't expect that, sometimes you need a little bit of luck,” said Massa after Ferrari's third one-two of the season. The championship is still 100 percent open and we still have many races to go. “It's nice but my dream is not to lead the championship, it is to win the championship. And I'm going to do my best to achieve that. Raikkonen could not hide his disappointment but, with his car almost stopping in the closing stages, accepted the second place. “I'll take the eight points and it looks much better in the championship,” he told reporters. Italy's Jarno Trulli gave Toyota, mourning the recent death of former team principal Ove Andersson, their first podium finish since the Australian Grand Prix of April,

Nigeria first into next phase of qualifiers Nigeria became the first side to make sure of a place in the final phase of the African qualifiers for the 2010 World Cup. Nigeria strode to a comfortable 2-0 win over Equatorial Guinea in Abuja to win Group Four with two more matches to go after South Africa and Sierra Leone drew 0-0 in Pretoria. Yakubu Aiyegbeni scored just before halftime and substitute Ike Uche six minutes from time but it could have been a rout had the Super Eagles converted their numerous chances. The victory kept up their winning run and elevated Nigeria to 12 points, out of the reach of the three other teams in the group. Burkina Faso kept up their 100 percent record in Group Nine, beating the Seychelles 4-1 in Ouagadougou and are almost certain to secure one of the 20 berths in the final phase of the qualifiers. Johannesburg Reuters

GYMNASTICS

Paul Hamm and Horton named in US team Paul Hamm, the 2004 Olympic all-around champion who is recovering from a broken hand, and Jonathan Horton were named in the US Olympic men's gymnastics team after the trials on Saturday. The final day of the women's trials is on Sunday with world champion Shawn Johnson and Nastia Liukin leading after the first days competition. Two spots on the women's team go to the top two allaround finishers at the trials. Horton finished first in the weighted, combined all-around rankings which incorporated results from the national championships and the Olympic trials. Los Angeles Reuters

2006, after holding off McLaren's Heikki Kovalainen in a thrilling chase to the line. The two cars came close to banging wheels on the penultimate lap as Kovalainen tried in vain to pass. “I don't think we touched, just wheel-to-wheel like we did in go-karting,” said the Italian, whose last podium finish was with Toyota in May 2005. “I'd love to fight every race like that.” Poland's Robert Kubica, the championship leader for BMW-Sauber before Sunday's race after winning in Canada, finished fifth with Red Bull's Australian Mark Webber sixth. Renault's Brazilian rookie Nelson Piquet finally took his first point in Formula One, at the eighth attempt, with seventh place ahead of teammate and double world champion Fernando Alonso in eighth. Massa, the fourth driver to lead the championship in the space of four races, now has 48 points to Kubica's 46 with Raikkonen ending a two-race barren run to move up to third place with 43. McLaren's Lewis Hamilton, who had been level with Massa in second place, finished 10th after starting 13th due to a 10place penalty on the grid incurred for colliding with Raikkonen in the Canadian Gp pit lane. The 23-year-old Briton suffered a further blow when he picked up a drivethrough penalty after 13 laps that dropped him from ninth to 16th place. Honda's Briton Jenson Button was the only driver to retire from the race. Magny-Cours Reuters

Powell names Bolt not Gay as his main Olympic rival AP PHOTO

National Hot Rod Association (NHRA) driver Scott Kalitta was killed when his car crashed during qualifying for a race in Englishtown, New Jersey on Saturday, the NHRA reported on its Web site. Kalitta, 46, was pronounced dead in hospital after his car lost control at an estimated speed of 300 miles per hour and burst into flames. Kalitta was twice Top Fuel season champion in 1994 and 1995 and had 18 career victories. Los Angeles Reuters

Constructors 1. Ferrari..................................................91 2. BMW Sauber........................................74 3.McLaren - Mercedes..............................58 4. RedBull - Renault..................................24 5. Toyota..................................................23 6. Williams - Toyota...................................15 7. Renault................................................12 8. Honda....................................................8 9. Toro Rosso - Ferrari.................................7 10. Force India - Ferrari................................0 11. Super Aguri - Honda..............................0

Felipe Massa

Tennis shops near Wimbledon have done a brisk trade in replicas of Rafael Nadal's recent vivid green match-winning shirt, testament, perhaps, to his status as a real threat to Roger Federer's dominance at the championships. Many former and current players have tipped Nadal, who will revert to the traditional Wimbledon white when the tournament starts today, to break Federer's 59match grasscourt winning streak, which has brought him five Wimbledon titles in a row. Nadal crushed the world number one in the French Open final two weeks ago, allowing him only four games, and went on to win his first grasscourt title at Queen's a week later to prove he was not master merely of clay. The 22-year-old Spaniard, runner-up to Federer at Wimbledeon the last two years, is not talking up his chances, however. He scoffed at reporters over the weekend who suggested Federer might be vulnerable, pointing out the Swiss had just won the Halle warm-up tournament. Big serving American Andy Roddick, runner-up in 2004 and 2005, is also contemptuous of Federer doubters. Roddick, seeded six, said when he was asked whether the world number one could win the title: "I found that to be one of the most ridiculous questions I've ever answered in my life. "You know he's won it five times. I'm not sure what else he has to do." Third seed Novak Djokovic, forced to pull out against Nadal in the semi-finals last year with blisters but who has since won the Australian Open, was one of the equivocal voices. Djokovic's compatriot Ana Ivanovic, who followed his major-winning exploits with the French Open crown, is also aiming to put a new name on the women's title winning board at the All England Club. It is a daunting prospect for the ever-cheerful new world number one given that several names appearing in the draw also feature on the board. Defending champion Venus Williams is looking for a fifth title and few would discount her chances or those of her sister twice former champion Serena, given their grasscourt power game and their love of the big stage. Maria Sharapova, winner in 2004 at the age of 17, took herself away from tennis "to rest body and mind" after a poor showing at the French open and returned keen to restore her number one ranking. The Russian is seeded to meet second seed Jelena Jankovic in the semi-finals. Spurred on by the success of her Serbian compatriots, Jankovic said: "It just shows I can also win it." London Reuters

Rafael Nadal

MOTOR RACING

NHRA driver Kalitta killed in fatal crash

Drivers Points 1. Felipe Massa (Brazil) Ferrari...................48 2. Robert Kubica (Poland) BMW S..............46 3. Kimi Raikkonen (Finland) Ferrari.............43 4. Lewis Hamilton (Britain) McLaren...........38 5. Nick Heidfeld (Germany) BMW S............28 6. Heikki Kovalainen (Finland) McLaren......20 7. Jarno Trulli (Italy) Toyota........................18 8. Mark Webber (Australia) Red Bull...........18 9. Fernando Alonso (Spain) Renault...........10 10. Nico Rosberg (Germany) Williams..........8 11. Kazuki Nakajima (Japan) Williams..........7 12. David Coulthard (Britain) Red Bull..........6 13. Timo Glock (Germany) Toyota................5 14. Sebastian Vettel (Germany) T. Rosso.....5 15. Rubens Barrichello (Brazil) Honda..........5 16. Jenson Button (Britain) Honda...............3 17. Nelson Piquet (Brazil) Renault................2 18. Sebastien Bourdais (France) T. Rosso....2 19. Giancarlo Fisichella (Italy) Force India.....0 20. Takuma Sato (Japan) Super Aguri..........0 21. Anthony Davidson (Britain) Super Aguri...0 22. Adrian Sutil (Germany) Force India..........0

Nadal leads the pretenders to Federer's crown

AP

McGrath's wife Jane loses cancer battle

PHOTO

CRICKET

Asafa Powell

Former world 100-meter world record holder Asafa Powell is looking no further than this weekend's Jamaican national championships to find his biggest challenger for Olympic gold. "(Usain Bolt) is my main rival," said Powell, picking his compatriot over American world champion Tyson Gay after a confidence-boosting run of 9.96 seconds at the Trinidad national championships on Saturday. The race was Powell's first since an April shoulder injury and set the stage for a clash with new world record holder Bolt on Friday through Sunday in the Jamaican championships in Kingston. The meeting will be the first over 100 meters for the pair, who hold the seven fastest recognized times in the event. However, Powell

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played down the possibility that it would be a major showdown. "I am not sure there will be any real competition there," the 25-year-old Jamaican told Reuters. The real challenge, Powell said, will come at the Beijing Olympics in August if Bolt decides to run the 100 as well as the 200. World 200-meter silver medalist Bolt is not expected to announce his decision on a possible double until he has competed in both the 100 and 200 at the Jamaican championships. He holds the year's fastest times in both events, including the world record of 9.72 seconds in the 100 meters. Powell said Bolt's presence in the 100 would give the Caribbean a strong chance for more than one Olympic medal in the

event. "I am really excited because the (athletes) from the Caribbean are running so well right now," Powell said. "You have Darrel Brown, Marc Burns (both of Trinidad) and Usain Bolt. "Gay is the only person outside the Caribbean who can challenge us right now." Although Powell has set or tied the 100-meter world record four times, he has never won a global title, finishing fifth in the 2004 Olympics and third in the 2007 world championships. "Physically, I would not be doing anything different," Powell said. "It is just about being able to mentally focus more on myself." Trinidad's four-times Olympic sprint medalist Ato Boldon said that Bolt's world record could take the pressure off Powell. Port of Spain Reuters


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TODAY’S ZAMAN 19

M O N D AY, J U N E 2 3 , 2 0 0 8

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AP

Loew says Turks’ unpredictability is their greatest asset Germany’s coach Joachim Loew has coached in Turkey and knows the country well. Still, he has trouble figuring out their national team. Germany will meet Turkey in the European Championship semifinals on Wednesday in Basel. “The Turks have shown throughout the tournament that you can't count them out no matter what the score in the game is,” Loew said. “They are hard to figure out and therefore dangerous.” Loew coached Fenerbahçe during the 1998-99 season and also had a brief stint at Adanaspor. “I have many friends there with whom I am in regular contact,” Loew said. Turkey has come from behind in three games, most memorably in the quarterfinals against Croatia on Friday when it scored on the last kick of the game in extra time to equalize after conceding a goal only a minute earlier. Turkey then won the penalty shootout. Andreas Koepke, one of Loew's assistants, said Loew remained “cool” and didn't show much reaction when Turkey advanced. The German coaching staff watched the game on television. Koepke said he personally would have preferred Croatia in the semifinals “because we still have something to make up for against them.” Germany lost 2-1 to Croatia in the group stage and also went out 3-0 to the Croats in the quarterfinals of the 1998 World Cup. Loew would not discuss what formation he plans to use against Turkey. Germany usually plays with two forwards in a 4-4-2 formation, but Loew decided to strengthen the midfield and leave Miroslav Klose as the lone striker in the 3-2 quarterfinal win against Portugal. The bold move to change the system before such an important game paid off and Klose scored the second German goal. “That's something we will discuss in the next few days,” Loew said. Meanwhile, Germany goalkeeping coach Andreas Kopke said Jens Lehmann is getting better with every game and has backed him to impress again in the semifinal against Turkey. There were doubts raised when Loew elected to stick with Lehmann at the start of Euro 2008, given the goalkeeper's lack of first-team action at Arsenal FC this season. The 38-year-old, however, has vindicated his coach's decision. After a shaky start against Poland, Lehmann has looked increasingly assured and Kopke believes the best is still to come from the former Borussia Dortmund No. 1, who will return to German soccer with Stuttgart after Euro 2008. "I never doubted Jens would have a good tournament and I have always emphasized that," said Kopke, who won 59 caps for Germany and was a key member of his country's Euro '96winning side. Ýstanbul/Vienna Today’s Zaman

Turkish players celebrate with coach Fatih Terim, center in white shirt, after equalizing in the extra time during the quarterfinal match against Croatia in Vienna on Friday night.

Depleted but upbeat Turkey aims to send Germany packing was on the cards. “Our team can play well not just against Germany but any team and win,” he said. “It is important to believe in ourselves, and if we continue doing that there is no reason to be afraid of any opponent.” London-born Fener forward Kazým Kazým said: “The coach doesn't allow us to be down and give up. That way, everything is possible. We don't give up before the final whistle.”

contýnued from page 1 First -choice keeper Volkan Demirel is also serving out a two-match suspension for a red card against the Czech Republic, with an appeal to have it shortened to be ruled on Monday. Captain Emre Belözoðlu is extremely doubtful, nursing a hamstring injury since their opening game and injured central defender Servet Çetin said he would not be fit by Wednesday. Defender Emre Güngör is out for the rest of the tournament with a calf problem while inspirational midfielder Tümer Metin's participation is also doubtful due to a groin injury.

No plans to modify rules despite Turkey's injury and suspension woes Despite Turkey's injury and suspension crisis ahead of Wednesday's semifinal match against Germany at the European Championship, UEFA has no plans to alter its rules and allow the team to call up more players. The Turks were without six players when they beat Croatia 3-1 in a penalty shootout in the quarterfinals on Friday, and lost a further three -- Tuncay Þanlý, Arda Turan and Emre Aþýk -- to suspension due to accumulated cards during the match at Ernst Happel Stadium in Vienna. Striker Nihat Kahveci also hurt his thigh and looks certain to be ruled out, adding to coach Fatih Terim's worries as Turkey looks to reach its first final at a major football tournament. Emre Güngör (calf) has already been ruled out of Euro 2008, while Servet Çetin (hip and knee), Tümer Metin (groin) and Emre Belözoðlu (hamstring) face a race to be fit in time. Defensive midfielder Mehmet Aurelio returns from a one-match ban, but goalkeeper Volkan Demirel still has one game left on his suspension after being sent off against the Czech Republic last week. Turkey is appealing that suspension. “You can't replace any players after the first game (of the tournament) has been played,” UEFA spokesman William Gaillard said on Sunday. “We know some teams are facing difficulties, but this is a hard rule of the tournament. We have no intention of changing the tournament rules. “If a team only had eight players to choose from before a match, then we might call an emergency meeting. But we have had no requests and we would find it a bit difficult changing now.” Ýstanbul/Vienna Today’s Zaman

REUTERS

“Sure, we have a lot of good players out with injuries and we face a formidable opponent in Germany,” said Nihat Kahveci, who also left the field clutching his thigh and is doubtful against Germany. “But the players who will be asked to come on will be good because this team fears nothing. They have to be good because we have no other choice,” he added. Terim will at least have midfielder Mehmet Aurelio back in the squad, who served out his one-match suspension. But even with the growing injury and suspension list, he said his team was up to the task. “I think the Turkish team can do even better,” Terim, who is known as the “Emperor” back home, said. “If only we could have all the injured players back on the team. But even without them, we do have that something extra special.” He added: “We always take the most complicated path, but we achieve our goals. People will always remind us for what we did here. The semifinal against Germany will be a clash of giants.” Terim's optimism played an important role in the run of good results for Turkey, which lost its Group A opener to Portugal but won its next three matches, each after falling behind, against Switzerland, the Czech Republic and Croatia. Midfielder Hamit Altintop said a win against Germany

Germany can scarcely wait for Wednesday's semifinal but after watching Turkey's latest miracle against Croatia, no one is underestimating the Turks anymore. “We've seen now that the Turks just never give up,” Germany defender Arne Friedrich said on Saturday. “In terms of skill and the quality of their buildup play, the Croats in my opinion were the ‘better’ team but you can never write Turkey off’.” Germany will reluctantly take on the role of “favorites” for Wednesday's game in Basel after Turkey surprised everyone with their victory in Friday's quarterfinal. Friedrich plays for Hertha Berlin and he said the semifinal would produce a special atmosphere back in the German capital. “As everyone knows there are a lot of people of Turkish origin in Berlin and everyone is looking forward to it,” said Friedrich. “It will be a huge party zone, and hopefully a peaceful one. “I prefer to play Turkey because I think they're a better style for us. The Croats are so compact, so well organized. They stifle your attacks and they're very difficult to play against. I'm very optimistic.” Striker Miroslav Klose, who scored Germany's second goal in their 3-2 win over Portugal in the quarterfinals, agreed that the three-time winner would look forward to the next match with real optimism. “We are very well prepared to play Turkey,” the striker said. “If you saw Turkey play they have great will power and determination. It's important for us to match that.” Ýstanbul/Vienna Today’s Zaman

Joachim Loew

PHOTO

Fear no evil

Germany wary

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AP

Russian coach Hiddink the only happy Dutchman in Basel

Russian players and coach Guus Hiddink, center, celebrate their 3-1 win over the Netherlands in the Euro 2008 quarterfinal match in Basel, Switzerland, on Saturday night.

Tens of thousands of orange-clad Dutch fans came to party in Switzerland on Saturday but only one was left celebrating at the end of a gripping Euro 2008 quarterfinal between Netherlands and Russia. Dutchman Guus Hiddink masterminded his adopted country's 3-1 extra-time win over his homeland with a performance that saw Russia beat Netherlands at their own slickpassing game. While the 61-year-old got his tactics spot on, counterpart Marco van Basten looked on in anguish as his Dutch team failed to reproduce the sparkling form that yielded three wins in a row in the group stages. Hiddink's instructions were carried out brilliantly by man of the match Andrei Arshavin, who created one goal and scored another. Before the tournament Hiddink said he thought long and hard about whether to include Arshavin in the squad because he was suspended for the opening two Group D games against Spain and Greece. But his decision was fully vindicated as Arshavin ran the show and along with Roman Pavlyuchenko and Konstantin

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Zyryanov helped put Hiddink's plan into action, securing the victory that means Russia will meet Italy or Spain in the semifinals in Vienna on Thursday. Arshavin said: “One Dutch coach beat 11 talented Dutch players. It's a great happiness for me and for the whole of Russia.” The coach said he expected the Dutch would play very aggressively against us but it turned out they ran out of breath before we did. At the end the better Dutchman, our coach, won. Hiddink, who cast himself in the role of “Dutch traitor” before the game, was in charge of the Netherlands when they reached the 1998 World Cup semifinals. He also led South Korea to the last four in the 2002 edition and guided unfancied Australia to the last 16 of the World Cup two years ago.

Memorable goal Exactly 20 years ago to the day Hiddink was among those who celebrated van Basten's winning goal against West Germany in Hamburg that put the Dutch into the final of Euro 1988 which they went on to win against Soviet Union

four days later thanks to Ruud Gullit's goal and van Basten's memorable volley. But the 43-year-old van Basten, who takes over as coach of Ajax Amsterdam next season, never looked like celebrating the anniversary with victory. Although his team blitzed their way through the group stages with wins over world champions Italy, 2006 runner-up France and Romania, the Dutch looked sluggish with defensive midfielder Sergei Semak nullifying playmaker Wesley Sneijder. Although the Dutch did create their own chances in a game that produced 54 attempts on goal, van Basten's men lacked the spark and invention they showed earlier in the finals. Instead the slick-passing Russians swept from one end of the field to the other, Arshavin dominating with his mesmerizing, jinking runs. The Netherlands started the tournament with a 3-0 victory over Italy and immediately looked capable of winning the trophy for the first time since van Basten's heyday. The following day Russia began their campaign by sliding to a heavy 4-1 defeat by Spain. They did not have Arshavin playing that day ... they do now. Basel Reuters


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