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T03-06-06-08.qxd

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16:20

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NATIONAL

TODAY’S ZAMAN 03

F R I D AY, J U N E 6 , 2 0 0 8

ÝSTANBUL ANKARA ÝZMÝR ANTALYA ADANA ERZURUM EDÝRNE TRABZON KAYSERÝ

Government sends Kyoto Protocol to Parliament The government sent legislation to Parliament yesterday seeking approval of the Kyoto Protocol, which aims to reduce the greenhouse gases blamed for climate change. Parliament Speaker Köksal Toptan said the United States, the biggest remaining superpower and also responsible for the most greenhouse gas emission, must be a party to the protocol for it to be effective. After Australia's groundbreaking move to ratify the Kyoto Protocol last year, the US is expected to do the same after the election of a new president in November, whether Democrat or Republican. Adopted on Dec. 11, 1997, at a meeting in Kyoto under the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), it entered into force in 2005. The countries that ratified it committed to reduce their emissions by an average 5 percent from 1990 levels by 2012. A total of 176 countries are signatory to the protocol, but due to concern that its ratification before the completion of large-scale energy investments would lead to serious economic and social problems, Turkey chose not to sign it at the time. Ýstanbul Today's Zaman with wires

25° 26° 29° 30° 30° 23° 28° 29° 29°

KONYA ÇANAKKALE DÝYARBAKIR SAMSUN BURSA GAZÝANTEP ESKÝÞEHÝR MALATYA KOCAELÝ

30° 26° 34° 24° 29° 32° 26° 33° 26°

Garry Kasparov and a new kýnd of ‘extremýsm’ If I was asked "What is the concept that has left its mark on the last 20-30 years most prominently?" I would probably say "extremism" without a moment's hesitation. The revolution in Iran carried out by the Iranian people under the leadership of a religious figure to put an end to the despotic and collaborating regime of the shah, the Chechen fight for survival, the acts of terrorism perpetrated by al-Qaeda and the armed attacks of the resistance fighters in Iraq have all been subject to attempted explanations through this word. While "extremism" is more associated with religious movements involved in terrorism and violence, it has also been made into a very effective device to defame those who have different philosophies on life and hold different worldviews, so much so that a certain segment of Turkish society still shamelessly portrays a movement -- that is the world's most moderate and tolerant organization and the most receptive of interfaith and intercultural dialogue and contributes to world peace in the most lasting manner with its worldwide educational and cultural activities -- as "extremist." During a speech delivered at a dinner privately held for high-ranking media managers as part of the World Association of Newspapers (WAN)-World Editors Forum (WEF) Congress, held in the Swedish town of Göteborg, we understood the full potential for the abuse of this word and the extent to which its meaning can be expanded. Apart from the content of this speech, the life story of the person who delivered it is familiar to many and, without a doubt, features events that would

BÜLENT KENEÞ b.kenes@todayszaman.com

strike many as interesting. The person who delivered the speech was Gary Kasparov, the world's greatest chess master, and I think you can already guess what I want to tell you. Kasparov says that he now uses his achievements in chess, which made him a legendary figure, and the tactics and strategies he developed for this game in the political realm. Kasparov, who keeps berating the Kremlin administration with his quick wit and extremely sharp style, succeeded in evoking a well-deserved feeling of admiration in the listeners who showed a keen interest in his speech. For the last eight years, Kasparov has been directing very serious criticism at the Kremlin administration -- led by Vladimir Putin up until a short time ago -- in regard to violations of democratic rights and economic weaknesses, and he has been waging a remarkable struggle for democratic and civil rights through the civil movement he leads and the rallies and demonstrations he organizes. Of course, the attribute Moscow has come up with to describe Kasparov is very familiar: "extremist." Kasparov -- who we can define as, at most, a liberal democrat, given his rhetoric, demands and actions -- has been arrested a number of times for his

CM Y K

"extremist" activities. To highlight how ironic the accusations made about him are, he pointed out that even Grigory Yavlinsky, one of the most liberal and democratic figures on the Russian political scene, was also defined as an extremist by Putin's administration. The biggest weapon of the civil movement, called "The Other Russia" and led by Baku-born Kasparov, which defends democracy, human rights, freedom of thought, speech and press, and individual rights and freedoms and fights for a fairer income distribution, is its civil activities. Kasparov noted that Putin is still wielding as much influence as before despite the fact that the presidential office now belongs to Alexander Medvedev, adding that the world media have been wrongly buying into Russian legends in recent years. He provided a good number of examples of these false legends. Contrary to what is prevalently believed, it's not Russia or the Russian people, but a certain segment of Russia that has grown more affluent, he said, stressing that the Russian people are still faced with great financial pain because of a corrupt income distribution system, despite the fact that the country's gross domestic product (GDP) has witnessed a huge increase compared to eight years ago. Emphasizing that this year 82 Russians ranked in the Forbes' list of billionaires even though none were on the list eight years ago, Kasparov reiterated that Russia had not become richer; rather, a certain clique of Russian elites famed for their close ties to Putin have acquired vast wealth. Kasparov contended that Moscow has become

the world's costliest metropolitan area, having overtaken even New York and Tokyo. He also claimed that a significant number of Muscovites were literally fighting for survival on less than $100 a month due to the skyrocketing real estate prices and living costs in the city. He noted that Russia's economic growth did not have the slightest positive impact on the lives of 85 percent of the Russian population. The greatest problem of the Putin era was favoritism and corruption, Kasparov said. He noted that the country that saw the biggest amount of direct investment in Russia according to official records was Greek Cyprus, hinting that siphoned-off public resources were laundered through Greek Cyprus. Arguing that Russian elections were neither fair nor transparent, Kasparov maintained that the purpose of the Other Russia movement was not to win elections but to simply have real elections held. Speaking quite passionately, he called on world leaders and the world media to renounce their current policy of portraying the Putin administration as successful and of not seeing its violations of democratic and human rights. The Putin administration uses such attitudes among foreign leaders and media as a source of legitimacy to repress its opponents, Kasparov noted, drawing the audience's attention to the fact that Russia was the second country after US-occupied Iraq with the greatest number of slain journalists and saying that this was not a coincidence. What do you think? Does Kasparov really deserve to be called an "extremist" because of his statements?


T04-06-06-08.qxd

05.06.2008

20:17

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04 TODAY’S ZAMAN

F R I D AY, J U N E 6 , 2 0 0 8

Top commander rejects ‘moderate Islam’ tag for Turkey AA

countries in the aftermath of World War I." Such direct criticism of Western policy in the Middle East from the Turkish military is rare. Büyükanýt said the outlook in Iraq was bleak and warned that instability in the war-torn country could spark new conflicts in the region. "Iraq will be the center of the instability if its current situation continues, and it will threaten Turkey's security," he said, adding that Syria should be integrated into the international community. He complained that the current situation in the region allowed terrorist organizations such as Hamas, Hezbollah, the Muslim Brotherhood and the outlawed Kurdistan Workers' Party (PKK), in particular, to strengthen.

PHOTO

Chief of General Staff Gen. Yaþar Büyükanýt has rejected once again any reference to Turkey as a "moderate Islamic" country and directed veiled criticism toward international policy on the Middle East. Addressing a conference on the Middle East yesterday, Büyükanýt referred to the Ottoman Empire, which ruled the Middle East and the Balkans for centuries, and blamed political conditions in the post-World War I era for the current conflicts in the region. "Different ethnic and religious groups in the Middle East lived side by side during Ottoman rule," he said in his speech, adding: "When did the current clashes begin and what are their roots? My personal opinion is that they started after World War I." Asked after his speech to clarify what he meant by referring to the Ottoman era, Büyükanýt said foreign powers were the determining factors in the region's conflicts. "We see certain facts, but avoid uttering them. I do talk about them; I say the 'king is naked!'," Büyükanýt explained, adding, "The situation became like this after straight lines were drawn to divide

‘No adjective for Turkey’ Büyükanýt also criticized US politicians for describing Turkey as a country of "moderate Islam" and revealed that he had asked US Vice President Dick Cheney at one of their past meetings to not use that term to describe Turkey. Some circles have been trying to undermine Turkey's secular and democratic structure, the general noted in his address. "We

Chief of General Staff Gen. Yaþar Büyükanýt

see there are those who try to put adjectives in front of the Republic of Turkey. The legal institutions of the Republic of Turkey will never let this happen," Büyükanýt said, stat-

ing that Turkey is faced with "impositions wrapped in the concept of democracy." "With its secular structure, Turkey is the only such example in the Muslim world. No power can subjugate our republic and its basic principles," Büyükanýt added. Clarifying his remarks after his speech, he said there have been attempts to describe Turkey as a country of moderate Islam and underlined that the target of his criticism was not actors in Turkey. He said these efforts stemmed from abroad. "During my visit in February I told Mr. Cheney that they should stop adding adjectives in front of our country's name," he said. "No democratic country in the world has an adjective in front of its name. How, then, should we describe the United States? As a Christian country? This is not acceptable," Büyükanýt said. Despite a recent thaw in relations between Turkey and the regional Kurdish administration in northern Iraq, the top military commander also criticized Iraqi Kurds for their stance toward the PKK and said the terrorist group still continued to receive supply shipments with trucks that operate freely inside northern Iraq. Ýstanbul Today's Zaman

Mýlýtary says workýng wýth Iran on PKK strýkes contýnued from page 1

dential areas. They are taking shelter in those areas because they know that we don't hit those areas," Saygun added. The PKK, which is listed as a terrorist organization by a large majority of the international community, including the European Union and the United States, took up arms against the Turkish state in 1984 with the aim of establishing an ethnic homeland in the mainly Kurdish Southeast of Turkey. An estimated 40,000 people have been killed in the conflict.

‘Kurdish broadcasting may be useful against terrorism’ The EU and the United States are keen for NATO-member Turkey, which says it is defending itself against a terrorist organization, to keep its attacks in northern Iraq limited to

avoid destabilizing Iraq and the wider region. The EU, which Turkey aims to join, has meanwhile urged Ankara to boost the language and cultural rights of its Kurdish citizens and to do more to develop the economy of the Southeast, long hamstrung by the PKK conflict. Last week, Parliament passed a bill allowing the state-owned Turkish Radio and Television Corporation (TRT) to broadcast programs in languages other than Turkish, paving the way for broadcasts in Kurdish, Arabic and Farsi. TRT will now be able to allocate one of its channels to 24-hour broadcasts in Kurdish. TRT began airing weekly 30-minute programs in Kurdish and several other minority languages in 2004 as part of Turkey's bid to join the EU. But the Turkish political and mil-

itary establishment has long feared that encouraging minority languages might harm unity among Turkey's 72 million people. Commentators say the latest move is an attempt to attract viewers in the mainly Kurdish Southeast away from Denmark-based Roj TV, a popular regional station that authorities regard as a mouthpiece for the PKK. Baþbuð was yesterday asked whether TRT's Kurdish broadcasting would be useful in the ongoing fight against PKK terrorism. "There are some broadcasts. I should not say, you already know," Baþbuð first of all said, in apparent reference to broadcasts by Roj TV and similar television stations. "They have major clout. It will certainly be useful if it reduces their clout," Baþbuð added. Ankara Today's Zaman with Reuters

PHOTO

AA

"Now they are carrying guys by trucks and white Toyotas. … They came to the press center which we hit near Zakho by bus," Saygun said, referring to the strike on May 1-2 that targeted the Kandil Mountains -- a major PKK stronghold along the Iraqi-Iranian border -- and that resulted in the killing of more than 150 PKK members. The military had stated that it also struck a "media and propaganda" center of the terrorist organization during the strike. Saygun said hierarchic order within the PKK has been unhinged, with high-ranking leaders accusing low-ranking terrorists of being clumsy and low-rank terrorists accusing the leaders of seizing money gained from drug trafficking. "Now they are running away to the resi-

Land Forces Commander Gen. Ýlker Baþbuð (second from R) and Chief of General Staff Gen. Yaþar Büyükanýt (C) listen a speech during a conference on the Middle East held in Ýstanbul.

US report: Turkey still behind in fight against human trafficking Turkey's government does not meet the minimum standards for the elimination of human trafficking, but is making significant efforts to reach them, an annual report released by the US Department of State says. Despite efforts over the last year to combat human trafficking, Turkey has been given a Tier-2 rating by the State Department. Tier-2 comprises countries demonstrating a commitment to addressing their problems but which have not yet achieved international standards. The Trafficking in Persons Report 2008, introduced to the public by Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice in Washington, D.C., on Wednesday, says Turkey is a significant destination and to a lesser extent a transit country for the trafficking of women and children, primarily for the

purpose of commercial sexual exploitation. "The government significantly increased its law enforcement response in 2007 by convicting and punishing more traffickers. It further improved interagency and NGO cooperation and continued to institutionalize and implement comprehensive law enforcement training. In addition, the Government of Turkey made efforts to address trafficking-related official complicity among law enforcement," the report said. "However, a lack of secure and consistent government support for Turkey's trafficking shelters frustrated solid improvements in Turkey's anti-trafficking efforts," it added. The report also lists recommendations to the Turkish government for better dealing with the issue of human trafficking, including: ensuring consistent and sustained assistance for trafficking vic-

tims, including through sustained monetary assistance to shelters in Ankara and Ýstanbul; expanding non-detention facilities for potential victims and other irregular migrants awaiting screening; strive to ensure that all potential victims are identified; addressing demand reduction and educate the clients of the commercial sex trade and forced labor in trafficking public awareness campaigns; vigorously investigating, prosecuting, convicting and punishing any official complicity in trafficking; and continuing to improve the effectiveness of judicial cooperation with source countries. One of the significant efforts commended in the report was an article in the revised Turkish Penal Code (TCK), which entered into force in June 2005. "The Government of Turkey demonstrated strong anti-trafficking law enforcement and

CM Y K

prosecutorial efforts during the reporting period. Article 80 of the Penal Code prohibits trafficking for both sexual exploitation and forced labor, and prescribes penalties of eight to 12 years' imprisonment, which are sufficiently stringent and commensurate with prescribed penalties for other grave crimes, such as sexual assault," it said. "The government reported convicting four traffickers during 2007 under its recently amended Article 80, but most prosecutions -- initiated before the Article 80 amendment -- continued under Article 227, the previous primary anti-trafficking statute. In addition to the four Article 80 convictions, the government, in 2007, prosecuted 160 suspects and convicted 121 trafficking offenders, a dramatic increase from the 36 convicted in 2006," the report also noted. Ankara Today's Zaman

NATIONAL

ALÝ ASLAN a.aslan@todayszaman.com

Obama and change Senator Barack Obama has already made history even if he doesn't become US president. He is the first black American to clinch the Democratic Party's nomination for the highest political office. This is certainly good news for the US, from which we have not been hearing so many encouraging things lately. And it is definitely good news for the world, at least for now. My experience with politics as an observer has made me cautious, perhaps excessively, about politicians overall. Therefore no matter how impressive they might seem, I generally refrain from personally endorsing any of them, especially before seeing their actions. What I can say now is that I see Obama as a first-class politician who deserves to lead the US and can do so at least as successfully as his Republican opponent Senator John McCain. Obama is not a descendent of African-origin slaves in America. However, he gets his skin color from his Kenyan immigrant father who married a white American from Kansas. The main reason that I think Obama's intra-party victory is encouraging for both the US and the world is the following: In a world full of injustice and grievances, Obama's life story offers some hope and inspiration for the majority underdogs. And that's good for world peace. Racism is considered the original sin of the US. Starting with Native "Indian" Americans and continuing with black slaves heartlessly imported from Africa, racism has been an ever-present element throughout US history. (Obviously, one should not dismiss anti-white racism of late, either.) Of course not all Americans were or are racist. The US has come a long way in its quest for human rights. That includes a vicious civil war, assassinations and many other forms of socio-political turmoil. It was only a few decades ago that blacks finally achieved equal democratic rights in this country thanks to the courageous civil rights movement. The fact that there is affirmative action law in effect which provides some protective privileges to the minority black population proves that the system implicitly acknowledges racism is still a phenomenon in the country at the societal level, although it has diminished considerably: The newer the generation, the less bigotry. It is no accident that Obama, who is a new-generation black politician, is apparently immune from anti-white sentiments and that young whites represent an indispensable portion of his enthusiastic constituency. Race is truly not the sole factor in defining Obama, but his achievements despite racial obstacles are remarkable. Merely the fact that he is the first black person with a high chance of success in winning the presidency proves his famous slogan of "change" true. Frankly I doubt Obama will be able to radical change the usual way of business in Washington, but his presidency might accelerate change towards more multiculturalism. Embracing multiculturalism is the key for peace within the US and the world. That's why I am very comfortable with the idea of seeing Obama as the next president of the US. A US government and nation with enhanced inner peace would present a more mature and reasonable outlook on the rest of the world as well. A black American president who has the blanket support and sympathy of the world's underdog is an asset, especially at a time when the rift between the rich and the poor, developed and underdeveloped, poses serious threats to international stability. One can assume anti-American violence would diminish and US credibility in spreading freedoms would be improved. Obama's rise is not the end of racism. Bigotry continues to show itself in many ways. For example, although it is politically impermissible publicly to criticize someone merely because she or he is black, unfortunately that's not the case when it comes to Muslims. Anti-Obama bigots feel freer to raise the issue of his father's religion and Muslim name. Obama vehemently denies he is a Muslim, given emerging Islamophobia in American society, especially in the aftermath of the Sept. 11 terrorist attacks. If it weren't for the political climate, Obama would most probably speak proudly about his father and Muslim-convert brother's cultural values as well. I hope Obama can use his attribute of being the son of a Muslim father and a Christian mother effectively to overcome some of the prejudices about Islam in the US. That's also an invaluable asset for improving muchneeded Muslim-Christian dialogue and understanding in the world, a strategic necessity. But I don't expect him to do that before he secures the White House. The US elections are too close to call. Nevertheless, given the historic change offered in this election merely by Obama's racial and cultural background, there is some reason to be excited and a little optimistic, especially after the distressing last eight years.

Iran says 12 PJAK members killed in clash near Iraq Iran has said 12 members of an armed group and four border guards were killed in a clash near the Iraqi border, a news agency reported on Thursday. The Fars news agency said the armed group had planned to carry out "terrorist activities" in the Islamic state. It did not make clear when the clash happened and did not give details about the identity of those killed. Iranian forces have often clashed in Iraqi border areas with members of the Party for a Free Life in Kurdistan (PJAK), an offshoot of the outlawed Kurdistan Workers' Party (PKK). "Some of the terrorists were killed in a clash with security forces and the others escaped to the other side of the border," Fars quoted Shahnam Rezai, a police official in the province of West Azarbaijan, as saying. "Four border guards from the town of Piranshar were martyred in the clash and one was wounded," Rezai added. Iran shares its western borders with Turkey and Iraq. Analysts say PJAK has bases in northern Iraq from which they operate against Iran. Tehran Reuters


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T06-06-06-08.qxd

05.06.2008

20:19

Page 1

06 TODAY’S ZAMAN

F R I D AY, J U N E 6 , 2 0 0 8

NATIONAL

AP

Gül seeks Japanese cooperatýon ýn prývatýzatýon, nuclear energy contýnued from page 1

PHOTO

We believe that Turkey has to be re-explored. Investments that you will make in Turkey and partnerships that you will hold with Turkish companies will be both in your and our interests because Turkey is an important bridge and logistic center between Europe, Central Asia and the Middle East,” he said. The president expressed hope that his visit would offer a new opportunity for Turkey and Japan to explore one another. “We have to increase our commercial cooperation. I believe we can jointly work on issues of privatization and nuclear energy,” he added. Japan has the world’s second-largest economy and its highest savings. Turkey is ranked 60th in Japanese investment abroad. Some 17 million Japanese spend their vacations abroad every year, but only around 170,000 choose Turkey as their destination. During a gathering with Japanese journalists at a meeting held at the National Press Club earlier in the day, Gül said Turkey was ready to provide all necessary facilities for Japanese companies who would like to invest in Turkey.

President Abdullah Gül (second from Left), poses with Japanese Emperor Akihito (L), his wife Hayrünnisa Gül, (second from Right), and Empress Michiko as they visit Imperial Palace, in Tokyo, yesterday. Gül is on a five-day official visit to Japan.

Japanese automakers invited to invest in western Turkey President Abdullah Gül and a delegation of Turkish ministers yesterday met with some of the key leaders in the Japanese automotive sector to discuss investment opportunities for Japanese businessmen in Turkey. The Turkish delegation told Japanese businessmen at the working breakfast that some regions of western Turkey, such as Trakya, Balýkesir and Kütahya, are most suitable for automotive investment, the Anatolia news agency reported. Foreign Trade Minister Kürþad Tüzmen and Economy Minister Mehmet Þimþek talked about the improving investment climate for foreign investors in Turkey. Þimþek said Turkey would leave Italy, South Korea and Canada behind in 2040 as far as the size of

its economy is concerned. He noted that Turkey would make $110 billion worth of energy investments in the next 10 years, a large portion of which will be in the wind power sector, and invited the Japanese businessmen to consider participating in these projects. Gül’s meetings at the Imperial Hotel, where he is staying during his visit, continued with other heads of automotive companies, including Subaru’s Kyoji Takenaka, Honda’s Takeo Fukui and Toyota’s Fujio Cho. Gül also convened with governor of the Japanese Development Bank (JBIC) Koji Tanami. Following this meeting he attended a signing ceremony for an investment project between the Anatolia Group and Isuzu

and Itochu firms to produce pick-up trucks in Turkey. While opening an exhibition in the capital’s Roppongi Hills complex, the president said cultural ties will improve with such activities. The exhibition features 60 photographs from the rescue of Turkish sailors by the Japanese following a Turkish shipwreck on rocks near Japanese shores. The voyage of the frigate Ertuðrul was planned as a goodwill trip to Japan to reciprocate for a Japanese delegation visit in 1887. However, the Ertuðrul sank on Sept. 15, 1890 on its way back from Japan on the rocks of Kashinozaki, off the coast of Ooshima Island in Wakayama Prefecture. A total of 533 sailors died in the accident, and the Japanese rescued 69.

Russian Prime Minister Vladimir Putin has invited Prime Minister Recep Tayyip Erdoðan to Russia to discuss a ban on imports of Turkish agricultural products to Russia and ways to develop cooperation between the two countries in the field of energy. According to a statement released by the Prime Minister’s Office in Russia, Putin had a phone conversation with Erdoðan yesterday, during which the two discussed the ban Russia has decided to impose on agricultural products imported from Turkey. “The two handled different dimensions of economic and commercial relations between the two countries during their conversation. They tackled the issue of resolution of a new import ban crisis and cooperation in the field of energy between Turkey and Russia. Putin invited Erdoðan to Russia to handle these two topics,” read the statement. Russia’s agricultural regulator Rosselkhoznadzor (Federal Veterinary and Phytosanitary Control Service) said last Friday it would suspend Turkish agricultural imports starting June 7, after high levels of chemical fertilizers were found in certain products. The regulator stated that around 4 million tons of agricultural products that Turkey exported to Russia in 2008 contained pesticides and nitrate traces in “amounts significantly exceeding the maximum permitted levels set by Russian law.” Turkish authorities are currently doing their utmost to dissuade Russia from putting the ban into effect. Many believe Erdoðan will send officials from the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs to Russia to discuss the ban on importing Turkish agricultural products with Russian authorities. Agriculture and Rural Affairs Minister Mehdi Eker had previously dissuaded Russia from imposing a similar ban three years ago during talks with Russian Agriculture Minister Aleksey Gordeyev.

Turkish eco-pioneer finalist for One World prize ROBERTA DAVENPORT ÝSTANBUL

Babacan confident Turkey will pass ‘democracy test’ Turkey’s democracy is going through a test at the end of which it will emerge strengthened, Foreign Minister Ali Babacan has said during a visit to Washington. Speaking at a luncheon hosted by the Turkish Confederation of Businessmen and Industrialists (TUSKON) in Washington, Babacan appeared to be referring to a closure case against his ruling Justice and Development Party (AK Party). He said the Turkish people have chosen democracy and that this choice had been underlined during parliamentary elections on July 22 last year, when the AK Party won a record-high 47 percent of the vote. The AK Party had called for early elections after the military warned against “attempts to undermine the secular nature” of the state in an online statement that later came to be known as the “e-memorandum.” The AK Party is now facing closure on charges of having become a “focal point of anti-secular activities.” Babacan’s US trip is the first high-level visit to the country since the case was filed. He told TUSKON members, “I have full confidence that Turkey will pass this test of democracy as well.” In his speech, Babacan also touched on some of the economic issues facing Turkey, saying the country’s economy now had a strong infrastructure that rendered it shock resistant in the face of domestic and global fluctuations. Drawing on his experience from his time in office as state minister responsible for the Treasury, Babacan said doing business was difficult without an atmos-

Putin invites Erdoðan to Russia to discuss import ban crisis FARUK AKKAN MOSCOW

New round of Israel, Syria talks ‘soon’ Recently confirmed Syrian-Israeli peace talks under the auspices of Turkey were one of the issues subject to questions directed to Gül from journalists at the National Press Club. Turkey is the only country in its region that is able to talks to all parties of disputes in the Middle East, he said. Israel and Syria confirmed last month that they had resumed peace negotiations after an eight-year break. Israel said that they began through Turkish intermediaries in February 2007. The last round of peace talks broke down in 2000 over the fate of the Golan Heights, a strategic plateau Israel seized from Syria in the 1967 Arab-Israeli war and annexed in 1981 in a move not recognized by the international community. Those talks were hosted by the United States. Following last month’s talks, held in Ýstanbul, a new round is about to start soon, Gül said, without elaborating on the exact date and venue of the upcoming talks. Ankara Today’s Zaman with wires

Vladimir Putin

Victor Ananias of Turkey has been announced as one of five finalists in the firstever One World Award 2008 competition. The One World competition was established as a biennial, international prize in late 2007 by Joseph Wilhelm -- a German organic pioneer and co-founder of Germany’s Rapunzel Naturkost Co., a leading cultivator and producer of organic food products -- to recognize individuals and sponsor projects that ecologically, economically and socially epitomize globalization’s most positive features and possibilities. The International Federation of Organic Agriculture Movements (IFOAM) is cosponsoring the competition. A press release issued by Rapunzel Naturkost on Thursday noted Ananias’ accomplishment in opening the first all-organic health food store and restaurant in Turkey 10 years ago, which evolved in time into the Buðday Association for the Support of Ecological Living (Buðday). Born to a Chilean father and Turkish mother in Germany, Ananias moved to Bodrum with his family at age 6 to live a self-sustainable life of organic farming. In 2000 he became the first Turk to receive a fellowship from Ashoka, a global organization supporting social entrepreneurs who “provide innovative solutions to society’s most pressing social problems.” Buðday’s mission is to “create awareness of and sensitivity to ecological living in both individuals and in society as a whole and to offer solutions to the problems which arise with irrevocable consequences from the speed and manner in which the ecological balance is being disturbed.” The other finalists are: Herald Schutzeichel, founder of the Solar Energy Foundation in Ethiopia; Anil Rana, founder of the Janhit Foundation in India; Lal Emmanuel, founder of Sri Lanka’s Nagenahiru Foundation, and Master Sheng Lyun. The first-place winner will receive a cash prize of 25,000 euros, while each of the four runner-ups will be awarded 2,000 euros. The winner will be announced on June 19 at the 16th IFOAM Organic World Congress in Modena, Italy.

phere of confidence. “What is important today is the democracy culture taking root and that the Turkish people feel that they are stronger. We can have confidence in the future of our country if this happens,” he said. Babacan met with US Treasury Secretary Henry Paulson and Energy Secretary Samuel Bodman on Wednesday. He was also scheduled to pay a visit to US Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice yesterday.

Failed Cyprus talks should have consequences In response to a question about recent diplomatic and political developments on the divided island of Cyprus during the luncheon, Babacan said the government was fully supporting the start of talks between the Turkish and Greek sides as soon as possible. “We are optimistic and we wish the best to both leaders in Cyprus,” he added. He pointed out that the isolation of the northern administration was continuing despite Turkish Cypriots having voted in favor of a UN plan to unify the island in 2004. He said if talks between the two sides failed again, this would have to have “consequences,” noting that otherwise, it would not be “fair” to the Turkish side, given that the southern administration is a member of the European Union. He said the government of Turkey felt encouraged by the new possibility of approaching a settlement on Cyprus and that Turkey would do whatever it could to make the upcoming talks successful. Washington Today’s Zaman

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15:25

Page 1

SHOPPING

TODAYS ZAMAN 09

FRIDAY, JUNE 6, 2008

Say hello to summer with Aldo

Irresistible radiance with Sephora Sun Series Welcome the new season with the Sephora Sun Series, the ideal choice for those who want healthy and tanned skin this season. The practical and creative products in the series are sure to make indispensable beach accessories. Convenience is key, with the Adjustable SPF Sun Cream putting an end to having to carry around different factors. Non-oily, easy to pour and waterproof, this sun cream contains anti-oxidants as well as a complete UVA/UVB filter, leaving you safe to enjoy the summer sun and allowing you to get a natural-looking tan.

From shoes to hats and watches to cufflinks, Aldo presents its summer 2008 men's collection. In shoes, Aldo offers up new interpretations of the classic loafer style for city-dwellers. Comfortable sandals are available, as well as many designs in light-colored leather, all reflecting the warm and sunny season ahead. Father's Day gift ideas include watches and ties.

Steal some star style with Chloe sunglasses The summer sunglasses range from Chloe includes bone-acetate designs, as well as super-stylish wraparounds. Chloe sunglasses are a favorite with highprofile names as Naomi Campbell, Jennifer Lopez, Jessica Alba, Lindsay Lohan, Cameron Diaz, Gwyneth Paltrow, Jessica Simpson, Mischa Barton, Rachel Bilson, Kylie Minogue and Kate Beckinsdale. This summer's line of Chloe sunglasses includes generous use of black, pastels and soft tones.

Nike's Dunk perfect for still-cool dads

With this ring, I thee wed… REYHAN YAZICI FASHION DESIGNER

Valuable jewelry has differing functions and symbolism across cultures. For many, the most important item of jewelry is, of course, the wedding ring. That being the case, I have some advice concerning wedding rings as the warm summer days -- and along with them many, many weddings -- begin. Women have always been interested in jewelry. In the ancient Greek and Roman societies, jewelry was often worn as a form of protection from the evil eye. While women of those eras would wear many different types of jewelry, men were restricted to rings. These rings were strikingly different from those worn nowadays, and their stones were often also used as signets. This style of ring usage was continued by kings and aristocrats in the Middle Ages. During those times jewelry was sometimes a sign of wealth and at other times worn as protective amulets. Whether worn as a sign of status, for protection, or even just to accessorize, the most important kind of ring has perhaps always been the wedding band. The idea of wearing a

ring to signify married status was started by ancient Egyptian princess Nefertiti. And though wedding rings have changed in color, stone, style, size and many other aspects over the years, the finger they are worn on has not. It is always the fourth finger of the left hand that is graced by a wedding band. Of course this is not just coincidental. Everyone knows just how advanced ancient Egyptian medicine was, and in fact medical research now shows us that this finger is the only one with a vein that heads straight for the heart. Choosing a wedding ring, this all-important piece of jewelry, is a meaningful act in that the jewelry is bought with the intention of wearing for the rest of one's life. Wedding rings are also one of the few kinds of jewelry that don't change too drastically along with changes in fashion. More than its actual appearance, the meaning carried by a wedding ring is what is important. The ring becomes almost like a part of the wearer's body, which is why there can be such great arguments between couples when one of them removes the ring. In any case, the wedding season is officially upon us, making it the perfect moment to take some time to talk about new styles and options in the wedding rings now available.

The iconic Dunk model from Nike is the perfect gift for sporty dads who love fashion this Father's Day. A breathable and practical, yet stylish design means feet are kept healthy and ventilated, while the specially designed sole means the wearer will feel like they are walking on air. Web: www.nike.com

Traditional or modern: always timeless When choosing a ring, the most important factors to keep in mind are the size and shape of you and your partner's fingers and hands. A thick band will make short fingers look even shorter. If you have bony hands, wedding bands with lots of stones of them are perfect for you. Square cut stones make fingers look a bit thicker, while rounder stones lengthen fingers' appearance. Last season, we saw an increase in wedding bands designed with not only precious metals, but also with precious stones. In particular, many couples decided on wedding rings decorated with diamonds -- classic. There are many who don't want to pass up on the classic wedding ring, and for couples like this, there are new modern interpretations of the wedding ring available. Though wedding rings made from two different colors of gold were quite popular last season, this season we are seeing single-color gold wedding rings, mostly from red or white gold. Newer models of wedding rings are being designed for women who want to wear the same style of wedding ring as their future husbands. These are wedding rings that symbolize dynamism and a youthful attitude. It is of course also important

Treat darling daddies at Benetton this year United Colors of Benetton presents its 2008 spring-summer men's collection, with classic, sporty clothing perfect for the fashion-conscious father in your life. The Mitteleuropean, American Dream and Indochina lines of men's clothing are inspired by the lives of men on three different continents. From collared T-shirts to regular shirts in a host of bright colors; sweaters in grey and beige; pants with wide and generous pockets; and range of different styles of shorts -- Benetton offers shoppers the chance to find something dad's bound to love.

Ayakkabý Dünyasý: home to a world of gifts The great payment offers available at Ayakkabý Dünyasý means that you are likely to find gifts sure to delight daddy and your wallet! With well-known brands in sporty, casual, classic and every style you can imagine, Ayakkabý Dünyasý offers shoppers the additional pleasure of easy payment plans and bargain-filled sales. This season's collection for men includes a range of materials, from patent leather to suede, even faux crocodile! New designs await you in a host of colors from coffee to grey, beige, white, khaki and dark blue. Models are available to suit the needs of men living the fast tempo of city life, no matter what their career.

CM Y K

that they don't go out of fashion. In a season when white gold is being chosen by so many couples for their wedding rings, platinum and steel are also favorites. I'd also like to note that while we may see men wearing single-stone rings outside of Turkey, I very much doubt that this will find much of a place in Turkish culture. Wedding bands ought to be chosen according to characteristics that allow them to be used in every atmosphere. And if you can't find yourself anything you like from the shops, go to a company that specializes in individually designed wedding rings. You might be someone for whom designing and wearing your own wedding ring is much more meaningful. A wedding ring that carries your spouse's name and wedding date on the inside of the band will no doubt become one of your most treasured possessions. So take particular care to choose a model that expresses something about your future spouse, not one that just makes a fashion statement. What adds true meaning to your wedding ring is not the stone or metal used in it, but the love felt when wearing it.

Energetic, healthy skin in just 15 minutes with Perricone Perricone's Firming Facial Peel-Off Mask is a product that gives you back the younger, more energetic and healthy looking skin you remember, and in only 15 minutes. This two-step facial mask firms skin noticeably, while also supplying a healthy tone and lifting effect. Firming Facial Peel-Off Mask also reduces the appearance of facial pores, and gives the face a healthy glow and firmness. The mask gently lifts dead facial skin cells away from the face, offering the perfect quick solution not only to those wanting to look great for summer, but anyone who has a special day coming up and needs to look their best in a short time.


T10-06-06-08.qxd

05.06.2008

18:57

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T13-06-06-08.qxd

05.06.2008

14:01

Page 1

CULTURE&ARTS

TODAY’S ZAMAN 13

F R I D AY, J U N E 6 , 2 0 0 8

BAHAR MANDAN

Necdet Çatak: a painter in love with Ýstanbul

PHOTO

Ýstanbul-born artist Necdet Çatak has been drawing since his childhood, having been influenced by his father, who also loves to paint. He shows his love for his city through his paintings, which are mostly inspired by photographs. "I remember myself drawing pictures all day instead of going out or playing with my friends," he says. Çatak is currently showcasing a number of his paintings in an exhibition titled "Zümrüdüanka Ýstanbul" (Ýstanbul the Phoenix) at the Antik Hotel Gallery in Ýstanbul's Beyazýt district. He says the aim of this exhibition is to support and present his new book of the same title. "We are all trying our best to harm this

city in every way, but it still retains its beauty. I believe that the best allegory for this city is the phoenix, which dies and is then born again from his own ashes," he says in an interview with Today's Zaman. The book features paintings he has showcased in five previous exhibitions as well as some new pieces. Over a period of one year he collected his paintings and the texts and poems written about Ýstanbul by various writers and poets. "This was something that I always wanted: printing my own paintings with the texts I love. I did something like that with my first book, titled ‘Onlar ki Ýstanbul'u Yazdýlar' (They Who Wrote Ýstanbul), but it was printed as a limited

edition," he says, adding that he also contributed to the book with three pieces of his own writing. The artist considers his work both painting and illustration. "Illustration is a painting done for a specific aim. It is produced on order, generally. My paintings can be considered illustrations because of their form. I tried to create a style with techniques that had not been tried until before," he says, explaining that he painted with acrylics on washed and patterned papers. Most of the time, the inspiration comes from a place he had visited and photographed. "I try to go everywhere with my camera and sometimes I go back to my old photographs and look for something to draw. So my paintings have a

documentary style, too, because there is nothing fictional in them. They reflect the date the photograph was taken in all its environmental and architectural details." Çatak studied architecture at Mimar Sinan University because, he says, his parents wanted him to have a "real" job. "1975 was the last year they accepted students for their drawing abilities in my department. I was lucky to study architecture, because it is so hard to finance yourself as a painter in today's world," he says. The exhibition, on display in a 1,500-year-old Byzantine cistern in the Antik Hotel, runs through June 26. For more information visit Çatak's Web site at www.necdetcatak.com. Rumeysa Kiger Ýstanbul

BOOK

Paulo Coelho's rise from rebel to bestseller

Benjamin Franklin Awards 2008

During the course of his life, Paulo Coelho spent time in a mental institution, wrote several popular songs and became one of world's bestselling authors with novels like "The Alchemist." But according to biographer Fernando Morais, that doesn't begin to tell the story of the author's life. "O Mago" (The Wizard), a new biography of Coelho, reveals the wild, sometimes dark, past of the Brazilian writer, Morais said. "It has everything. Violence, sex, religion, rock and roll, Satanism. And it ends with redemption, because his dream of being a famous writer comes true," Morais said at a news conference in Sao Paulo. It contains "shocking" confessions Morais said he found in almost 200 diaries and 100 tapes that Coelho, 60, kept hidden in a chest for years. The 632-page book hit stores this week and sold more than 10,000 copies in Brazil the day it was released. Publisher Planeta plans to release the book in 40 other countries. "Paulo had so many crazy experiences you almost can't believe it," Morais said. Coelho's wanted the chest containing his diaries to be burned when he died, taking his secrets to the grave. But the author told Morais he could have the keys if he uncovered the name of the man who tortured him during the 1964-1985 dictatorship in Brazil. Morais fulfilled the task. So Coelho shared his secrets with Morais. As a teenager, Coelho was placed by his father in a mental institution in Rio de Janeiro. After undergoing sedation and electro-shock therapy there, he fled to northeastern Bahia state, where he met musician Raul Seixas. Together, they wrote several hit songs and experimented with drugs. "[But] he didn't want to be a songwriter, a journalist or any of the things he did. He only had one dream: becoming a famous writer," Morais said. The book details how Coelho, during a period of Satanism in the 1970s, made a pact with the devil to become a great author. The former hellraiser, who is now a United Nations "Messenger of Peace," is one of the world's best-selling authors. He wrote 19 books that have sold about 300 million copies in more than 150 countries. The biographer said Coelho's life would make "a great movie." In fact, he has already received four offers from Brazilian filmmakers. Sao Paulo Reuters

WINNER

(history/political)

FINALIST

(cover design)

AWARD

Rose Tremain lands women's novel award British author Rose Tremain landed the Orange Prize for women writers on Wednesday with "The Road Home," the tale of an East European immigrant grappling with the challenges of life in London. "This was a powerfully imagined story and a wonderful feat of emotional empathy told with great warmth and humor," said chair of the judges Kirsty Lang when awarding the 30,000 pound ($60,000) prize to Tremain. It took the judges three hours to pick the winner and their final choice was a unanimous decision. Tremain's 10th novel had been hot favorite with bookmakers to land the prize which often stokes controversy among literary critics and authors. It is awarded to the best novel of the year written in English by a woman. Hero of "The Road Home" is Lev, who travels to Britain with no job prospects, little money and few words of English. He finds the British deeply strange -- with their hostile streets, clannish pubs and obsession with celebrity -- but London offers an alluring new life against all the odds. Tremain said she got very attached to the hero of her novel. "Sympathy with a character is important," she told Reuters at the awards ceremony. Asked what had motivated her to write about immigration, Tremain said: "This is a subject which is really in the air and something which we feel slightly schizophrenic about and perhaps anxious. So I wanted to do something about immigration in this country. It was question of finding the story and having a story that would work so that we are not just looking at the protagonist but he is looking at us." London Reuters

Online Orders: %20 off from www.kitapkaynagi.com; www.nt.com.tr Int.Orders: www.antstores.com; www.amazon.com Available at NT Bookshops (for your nearest NT bookshop go to Maðaza Ýletiþim Bilgileri at www.nt.com.tr

CM Y K


T14-06-06-08.qxd

05.06.2008

16:00

Page 1

14 TODAY’S ZAMAN

TURKS AND KURDS

FRIDAY, JUNE 6, 2008

3

Celebrýtýes abroad

We need more than good faýth

Why should a person be a good Muslim, do something good for his country, become a promoter of his country free of charge and prove his loyalty in order to be accepted by society? Isn't being an ordinary citizen enough to live in this country like a real human being?

* Abdülbaki Erdoðmuþ is a retired mufti and a former Diyarbakýr deputy.

It is both joyful and ironic: Two influential foreign magazines have picked four Turks as "important" persons. According to Foreign Policy magazine, two Turks, Fethullah Gülen and Orhan Pamuk, are among the top 100 influential persons in the world. The list compiled by the magazine includes Jurgen Habermas, Umberto Eco and Richard Dawkins. The two other Turks -- Mehmet Öz and Patriarch Bartholomew -- made it onto the list prepared by Time magazine. This is a joyful report, because four out of 200 of the most influential people in the world picked by these two magazines represent a remarkable average in a world of 200 states. This is also the case in terms of population size: Turkey, which constitutes 1 percent of the entire world population, occupied 2 percent of the lists. Without ignoring the joyful part, let us also consider the ironic side of the case. Three of the four currently live in the US. Öz is a very successful doctor. The other two prefer to live as expats because of imperative reasons -- should I say because of health reasons or in consideration of the "be wise" warnings? The patriarch is still among us, but if we managed to make him go away then those strongly opposed to the patriarchate would be relieved. He would probably also have been gone by now if he had not represented an institution. What I would like to ask is why these successful people are abroad -- and not among us. This is a paradox! I just recalled the young Turks era. Back then, those who became famous used to flee to Western cities like Paris. In the later stages, the list of escapees due to domestic pressure included Halide Edip, Nazým Hikmet and Sabahattin Ali, who never made it to a foreign country. I am not including a huge number of members of the non-Muslim minority and hundreds of political refugees simply because I am now talking about the celebrities who felt they had to leave this country. The celebrities opt to leave while the murderers, traitors and other criminals were supposed to do so. Is all this a coincidence?

ILLUSTRATION

Above all, the approach to the problem should be able to remove the possibilities of a more complicated situation, increased tension, lack of internal peace and massive clashes. A lasting and just resolution requires a long time. First, we have to turn the climate of fear and violence into a climate of peace. The creation of a violence-free environment will be the crucial step to resolve the problem. What needs to be done should not be limited to ending violence alone. The underlying reasons of violence should be identified and further eliminated to ensure that violence does not break out again in the future. Let us recall the past: Nowhere in Turkey has any weapon been fired during the Democrat Party's (DP) 10-year administration simply because Turkey experienced a peaceful climate and embraced all sections of society, including the Kurds. In this process, Kurds never voiced any separatist sentiments. Today, we need such a climate again. Despite the problems, the Kurdish issue is still under Turkey's control and initiative. In the event of the problem remaining unresolved, Turkey will become captive to the issue in the future. The Kurdish issue will become graver if it is not resolved and will be used and thrown into Turkey's face over and over again by various countries. This issue cannot remain unresolved forever. Turkey's future and stability depend on the resolution of this problem. I do not assert that there is a magical solution and that this can be done immediately. Of course, it will take a long time to resolve the problem and heal wounds. Some democratic steps have been taken under difficult conditions, following bitter discussions. One of these is the Turkish Radio and Television Corporation (TRT) broadcasting in the Kurdish language. Now, news and music are broadcast in Kurdish, Arabic, Bosnian and other languages. Does this constitute any threat to Turkey? However, we have to unfortunately note that all these steps have been taken for the sake of the projected EU membership. These steps are relevant to external dynamics rather than internal ones. This is one of the reasons for the positive results. On the other hand, I am of course suggesting that the state should negotiate with unusual actors to resolve the problem; I am also expressing my disapproval with the pursuit of some Kurds to be part of the negotiations. Naturally, everyone will make their offers based on their experiences. It is only beneficial for the relevant actors to make these proposals. The state should face the Kurdish problem. The rights of the Kurds are obvious. The state is the only party to the problem. Those who took the issue to a violent stage and promote violence as a means of resolution assume a role in the disagreement. The resolution of the problem is possible only if references are made to a state model based on the rule of law. Attempting to resolve the problem with the inclusion of the Kurdistan Workers' Party (PKK) will require negotiation with this organization. In such a case, the disagreement will involve two parties. But in such a case, a unilateral resolution cannot be achieved in a two-party issue. I think state policies are being formed with the involvement of the US. We have to eliminate all external actors from the issue. A civilian constitution will be a historical opportunity in the final resolution of the Kurdish issue. An unconditional amnesty that will be granted without allowing the disappearance of expectations and excitement in connection with legal reforms that could be launched upon the adoption of a new constitution will dissolve the PKK. In the event that the PKK insists on carrying out its armed struggle despite such a move, the elimination of the terrorist organization will be inevitable. A solution deal could be sealed by simply replacing the current statement in the Constitution that reads, "All bound to the Republic of Turkey through a bond of citizenship are considered Turks" with a new one that reads, "Turks, Kurds and other ethnic and religious groups bound to the Republic of Turkey through a bond of citizenship are elements of the same nation." Further steps may be taken by preserving the unitary state structure. Of course this is a technical issue; what matters most is recognizing the right of the diverse elements to express and develop themselves. Furthermore, Turkey should create an economic and political union that will include Iraq and Syria along with a probable Kurdish entity in northern Iraq. Such a union will make Turkey a country that is able to take initiatives in the region. This will also fit with Turkey's historical mission.

HERKÜL MÝLLAS*

NECÝP ÞAHÝN

ABDÜLBAKÝ ERDOÐMUÞ*

Daðýstan Çetinkaya

Thýnk tank cafe´

dagistancetinkaya@todayszaman.com.tr

Owner on Behalf of Feza Gazetecilik A.Þ

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BÜLENT KENEÞ

Ankara Representative Diplomatic News Editor Business News Editor Culture & Arts Editor Features Editor Chief Copy Editor General Manager Chief Marketing Officer Deputy Chief Marketing Officer Brand Marketing Responsible Manager and Representative of the Owner

The ironic part of this case is the identity of those popular names in Europe (interestingly, sometimes we call this world the representative of the modern world, while sometimes we tend to regard it as "a monster with one tooth left"). Two religious clerics have become two of the most influential Turks in the world while we have been putting special emphasis on laicism. This is really an irony. The country that has been run under secular precepts for 70 years has promoted two religious clerics. How can we explain this? Is it a conspiracy staged by external actors, the shortcoming of the secular model or a reactionary thesis-antithesis mechanism? The Dalai Lama is also included on the list; but his case is about his exclusion in his country by foreigners and violation of his rights by the same actors. It would not be accurate to seek similarities between these separate cases. But why did two religious clerics stand out in Turkey? What was the reason that made them famous? This case is actually ironic and sad as well. One of these clerics is the patriarch; I should note that we do not regard him as a Turk. In addition, we are prone to cite his every action as part of anti-Turkish propaganda. Should we call this contradiction an inconsistency, a conspiracy or an enemy plot? Does this Turkish citizen represent us? A similar problem occurred in regards to the case of Leyla Gencer; she was living abroad (maybe we would have bothered her earlier if she was not). Some even failed to stand as they consigned the ashes of her body to the waters of the Bosporus. We remained reluctant and timid even in her last journey. These are our people that the country has difficulty in embracing, but why? Don't get me wrong. I heard Zeynep Oral saying on TV when defending Gencer in good faith that she was a better Muslim than many fellow believers. We frequently hear the statement indicating that the patriarchate is a good thing for Turkey. We often read the success stories of the schools opened in the world upon recommendation by Gülen. We have always told other people how Hikmet promoted Turkish poetry and the country in the world. These favorable references imply that a person should do something heroic in order to be safe from persecution. But, shouldn't an ordinary person -- regardless of his or her achievements or failures -- deserve equal treatment as long as he or she remains a citizen of this country? Why should a person be a good Muslim, do something good for his country, become a promoter of his country free of charge and prove his loyalty in order to be accepted by society? Isn't being an ordinary citizen enough to live in this country like a real human being? Some are forced to prove themselves -- those who allege they are admirers of Atatürk, those who express their fondness of the military, those who make it clear that they are religious and those who assert they were not born rich. There is an ongoing campaign of self-defense in this country. However, saying "I am an ordinary citizen" should be sufficient. But the grave question is something different. Who is answering to whom? Against whom are we defending ourselves? Against whom are we forced to prove our loyalty -- an unjust order, a state not entitled to ask such a question, talkative figures speaking on behalf of these, actors of neighborhood pressure? Being a celebrity or a successful man should not create additional entitlements for us, just like being an ordinary man should not make us less privileged. The athlete who wins a race should be considered equal to the one who finished last. This will be the case if awareness of citizenship is prevalent in society. In short, that people feel they have to defend themselves is a violation of human rights. We should all have the right to be how we would like to be. Our celebrities who came to the fore owing to their successes and the assaults against them made me think this. Just think about the situation of those who are famous! I would like to close by congratulating Nuri Bilge Ceylan, who was picked as best director at the Cannes Film Festival. He is living abroad as well. We will see whether some will find something wrong with him! * Herkül Millas is a political scientist.

Established on January 16, 2007 NO: 0484 Friday, June 6, 2008

Executive Editor Managing Editors

OPINION

ABDULLAH BOZKURT OKAN UDO BASSEY FATMA DEMÝRELLÝ EMRAH ÜLKER KERÝM BALCI YONCA POYRAZ DOÐAN ÝBRAHÝM TÜRKMEN YASEMÝN GÜRKAN PINAR VURUCU HELEN P. BETTS FARUK KARDIÇ YAKUP ÞÝMÞEK BEYTULLAH DEMÝR HAYDAR DURUSOY ALÝ ODABAÞI

Public Relations Contact Information: Publication Type: Periodical, Daily Headquarters: Today’s Zaman, 34194 Yenibosna, ISTANBUL. Phone Number: +90 212 454 1 444 Fax: 0212 454 14 97, Web Address: http://www.todayszaman.com, Printed at: Feza Gazetecilik A.Þ. Tesisleri. Advertisement Phone: +90 212 454 82 47, Fax: +90 212 454 86 33. Today's Zaman abides by the rules of press ethics.

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16 TODAY’S ZAMAN

FRIDAY, JUNE 6, 2008

LEISURE

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Gregorian Calendar: 6 June 2008 C.E. Hijri Calendar: 2 Jumada al-Thani 1429 A.H. Hebrew Calendar: 03 Sivan 5768 calendar@todayszaman.com Today is the memorial observance of D-Day in France and the US. This day commemorates the Allied invasion of Europe on June 6, 1944. D-Day is a term often used to denote the day on which a combat attack or operation is to be initiated. By far, the best known D-Day is June 6, 1944 -- the day on which the Battle of Normandy began -- commencing the Western Allied effort to liberate mainland Europe from Nazi occupation during World War II. Today in the Russian Federation is the celebration of Pushkin’s birthday. Alexander Sergeievich Pushkin (1799-1837) is regarded as the founding father of modern Russian literature. Pushkin composed in the Russian language at a time when most Russian intellectuals were writing in French. Of Pushkin, Feodor Dostoevsky wrote, “No Russian writer was ever so intimately at one with the Russian people as Pushkin.” Maxim Gorky noted: “Pushkin is the greatest master in the world. Pushkin, in our country, is the beginning of

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‘88 Minutes’

88 MINUTES ÝSTANBUL: Niþantaþý Citylife: 11:45 14:15 16:45 19:15 21:45 Fri/Sat: 24:15 Caddebostan AFM: 11:45 14:15 16:45 19:15 21:50 Fri/Sat: 24:20 ANKARA: Cinebonus Panora: 12:00 14:35 17:00 19:25 21:50 Fri/Sat: 24:15 ÝZMÝR: Konak AFM Passtel: 11:45 14:15 16:45 19:15 21:30 ANTALYA: Cinebonus Migros: 11:30 14:00 16:30 19:00 21:30 Fri/Sat: 24:15

all beginnings. He most beautifully expressed the spirit of our people.” At the time of his death, Pushkin was working on a novel on the life of his beloved ancestor, Ibrahim Hannibal -- “The Negro of Peter the Great.” Among Pushkin’s most significant works translated into English are “Eugene Onegin,” “The Ode to Liberty,” “The Captain’s Daughter” and “Boris Godunof.” Pushkin’s birthday is celebrated each year at the Pushkin Reserve in Michailovskoye with poetry readings, recitals, discussion groups and lectures. Today is National Day in Sweden. This day was declared by the Riksdag (Swedish parliament) in 1983, before which it was known as the Day of the Swedish flag. The tradition of celebrating this date began in the 1920s, in honor of the election of King Gustav Vasa in 1523, as this was considered the foundation of modern Sweden. This event signifies the end of the Danishruled Kalmar Union, so in a sense it is a marking of Swedish independence. In 1809 on this day Sweden

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promulgated a new constitution that restored political power to the Riksdag of the Estates. Several other events are related to June 6, but these two dominantly characterize National Day. This day became an official Swedish public holiday only in 2005 and Whit Monday was taken off the list of public holidays in turn. This change led to fewer days off from work as June 6 periodically falls on the weekend, unlike Whit Monday, which was always celebrated on a Monday. Today is Memorial Day in South Korea. On this day the nation pays tribute to its war dead. Memorial services are held at the National Cemetery in Seoul. Civilians and soldiers alike are honored in ceremonies held throughout the country. Today is Queensland Day in Australia. This day is celebrated by Queenslanders as the day when the new colony of Queensland was established in 1859. Queensland Day has been celebrated officially since 1981. By Kerim Balcý

SEX AND THE CITY: THE MOVIE ÝSTANBUL: Maçka Cinebonus G-mall: 11:30 13:45 14:45 18:00 19:45 21:15 Fri/Sat: 23:00 24:00 Kadýköy Cinebonus Nautilus: 11:00 13:00 14:30 18:00 21:30 Fri/Sat: 23:45 ANKARA: Ata On Tower: 11:00 14:15 15:30 17:30 18:45 20:45 Fri/Sat: 24:00 ÝZMÝR: Cinebonus Konak Pier: 11:15 13:00 14:30 16:15 17:45 21:00 Fri/Sat: 24:15 ANTALYA: Cinebonus Migros: 11:00 12:45 14:30 16:15 18:00 19:45 21:30 Fri/Sat: 23:45

The world’s largest international contemporary art fair opened Wednesday and will be watched as a key indicator of whether world art prices will continue to boom despite economic woes. Record prices at recent auctions indicate the art market remains resilient despite global financial woes and private jets were flying in with the wealthier of the 60,000 artists, collectors, gallery owners and enthusiasts expected for the four-day Art Basel fair. More than 300 of the world’s leading galleries are presenting works of more than 2,000 artists from five continents. Prices range from millions of dollars for the work of established artists to thousands of dollars for newcomers. The fair includes work by significant artists such as Francis Bacon. A Bacon triptych sold for $86.3 million (about 56 million euros) at a Sotheby’s auction in New York last month to become the most expensive work of contemporary art ever auctioned. Ýstanbul-based Galerist is the only art gallery from Turkey taking part in the 39th edition of Art Basel. It houses works of art by 15 contemporary Turkish artists, among them Haluk

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FUNNY GAMES US ÝSTANBUL: Etiler AFM Akmerkez: 11:10 13:50 16:20 19:00 21:50 Caddebostan AFM: 10:50 13:20 15:50 18:20 21:30 Fri/Sat: 00:00 ANKARA: Cinebonus Panora: 12:30 14:50 17:10 19:30 21:50 Fri/Sat: 00:15 ÝZMÝR: AFM Passtel: 10:50 13:30 16:00 18:45 21:15

THE ORPHANAGE ÝSTANBUL: Maçka Cinebonus G-mall: 11:30 14:00 16:30 19:00 21:30 Fri/Sat: 24:30 Kadýköy Cinebonus Nautilus: 14:00 16:30 19:00 21:30 Fri/Sat: 24:00 ANKARA: Cinebonus Bilkent: 11:45 14:15 16:45 19:15 21:45 Fri/Sat: 24:15

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Sudoku

PHOTO

CHIKO

REUTERS

World’s leadýng art faýr opens ýn Swýtzerland

A woman walks past the artwork “Expander” by Turkish artist Mustafa Hulusi at Art 39 Basel. Akakçe, Taner Ceylan, Hussein Chalayan, Ayþe Erkmen, Mustafa Hulusi and Serkan Özkaya. Other featured artists include Japan’s Murakami Takashi, US artists Robert Rauschenberg and Tom Wesselman, and China’s Cai GuoQiang. All forms of artistic expression

are on view, ranging from paintings, drawings and sculptures to installations, performances and video art. The Allianz Suisse insurance company said Wednesday that demand for insurance coverage has grown 30 percent since the February robbery of four Impressionist paintings worth 180 mil-

lion Swiss francs ($163 million; 112 million euros) from a Zurich museum. Two of the paintings taken in the robbery, by Claude Monet and Vincent Van Gogh, were recovered a few days afterwards, but the other two -- by Paul Cezanne and Edgar Degas -- remain missing. “Despite the financial market crisis and high energy prices, the art market is still booming -- as is the market for private art insurance,” the company said. The company said it has insured collections for more than 650 million francs ($625 million; 404.11 million euros) up from about 200 million francs three years ago and expects its business to double in the next three years. A parallel “Art Unlimited” exhibition features unconventional works by 60 artists from 23 countries, some created for the occasion, such as a dollarcovered wallpaper installation by US artist Tony Oursler. The Art Basel newspaper reported German customs officers at the border with Switzerland discovered more than 1,000 dollar bills stuffed in Oursler’s bag. The event’s daily said the officers counted every note to make sure it did not exceed Germany’s legal export limit of $10,000. Ýstanbul Today’s Zaman with AP

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c.kiziltug@todayszaman.com

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HOW TO PLAY? : The objective of the game is to fill all the blank squares in a game with the correct numbers. There are three very simple constraints to follow. In a 9 by 9 square Sudoku game: Every row of 9 numbers must include all digits 1 through 9 in any order Every column of 9 numbers must include all digits 1 through 9 in any order Every 3 by 3 subsection of the 9 by 9 square must include all digits 1 through 9

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CONTINUATION

TODAY’S ZAMAN 17

F R I D AY, J U N E 6 , 2 0 0 8

cerning constitutional amendments are observed. Can argued in his 100-page report that a constitutional amendment could only be annulled in the event of a “severe breach of the law.” He wrote: “We can talk about a severe breach of the law if there is an amendment that occurs in the articles of the Constitution that cannot be amended or even proposed to be amended [the first three articles]. In the headscarf case, Articles 10 and 42 of the Constitution had been amended, so we cannot speak of a severe breach of the law.” The Constitutional Court took up the case after the opposition Republican People’s Party (CHP) and Democratic Left Party (DSP) challenged the amendment on the grounds it violated the provisions of the Constitution. The AK Party and the Nationalist Movement Party (MHP) defended the amendment, saying it ensured the basic individual right of freedom for women to equal educational opportunity. Parliament approved the amendment on Feb. 9, and President Abdullah Gül ratified the legislation on Feb. 22. The law amended Articles 10 (equality before the law) and 42 (right to education) of the Constitution. The CHP and DSP appealed to the Constitutional Court on Feb. 27, and in March the court agreed to hear the case. Many had predicted that the court would rule to annul the amendment, in part because eight members of the 11-judge tribunal were appointed by former President Ahmed Necdet Sezer, a staunch secularist. The votes of only seven of the judges were needed to annul the amendment. By scrapping the amendment, the court has sent a strong signal that it might also decide against the ruling AK Party when it rules later this year on whether the party should be banned. The indictment filed against the party is full of references to the headscarf issue, cited as evidence of the AK Party’s anti-secular leanings. The AK Party, however, rejects the charges and says the case is politically motivated. Many commentators describe the court challenge as judicial activism, and some even portray it as a coup attempt against a democratically elected government. They claim a staunchly secular establishment, stung by its defeat in general elections, is attempting to overthrow the government. If the case goes forward, they say, it threatens to erase years of progress toward modernization and greater engagement with the West in a country that stands almost alone in its embrace of both democracy and its Muslim heritage. The AK Party has the most pro-European Union stance of Turkey’s political parties and has made moves to pass democratic reform packages in Parliament to bring Turkish legislation in line with European norms. The AK Party, along with the opposition MHP, defends the right to wear headscarves at universities as a matter of religious and personal freedom and says some two-thirds of Turkish women cover their heads. Polls conducted over the past few years have consistently suggested the majority of the public wants the headscarf ban lifted.

PHOTO

contýnued from page 1 Another law professor, Serap Yazýcý, said, “It was not a legal decision but a political one.” Speaking to CNN Türk, she explained that there are three articles in the Constitution that, according to the Constitution itself, cannot be changed. However, she said, the court is extending this principle of inalterability to the entire Constitution, which, she argued, will lead to “very bizarre cases.” On the other hand, Deniz Baykal, the leader of the main opposition Republican People’s Party (CHP), which had originally appealed the amendments to the court, said, “This will have important legal and political repercussions.” CHP Deputy Chairman Onur Öymen said the party was “pleased” with the court’s decision. Faruk Bal, deputy chairman of the Nationalist Movement Party (MHP), which had supported the amendment along with the AK Party, said the party did not agree with the verdict, but that “everybody should respect the court’s decision.” The decision did not come as a surprise to many. In the past the court has overruled any attempts to allow women to wear the headscarf in institutions of higher learning. In 1989, the court annulled similar legislation aimed at lifting the ban. This was the first time; however, such an amendment had gained tremendous support from Parliament. In a short statement released by the court, it said it was upholding the appeal by the opposition party. The court found the constitutional changes in conflict with Articles 2, 4, and 148 of the Constitution. The court decided the amendment would be null and void, claiming that the legislature had overstepped its authority by violating unchangeable laws of the Constitution, most importantly Article 2, describing the characteristics of the republic, including secularism. Therefore, the ban on the headscarf will stay in effect and a closure case against AK Party has been strengthened. The controversy is far from over though, many argue, pointing to discussions focusing on the country’s democratic track record. Constitutional Court Rapporteur Osman Can had recommended last month that the case be thrown out, arguing that while the tribunal had the right to examine whether the passage of a constitutional amendment was procedurally flawed, it could not pass judgment on its substance. The report was non-binding on the court members. The decision to annul the amendment is likely to spark another round of controversy about judicial activism. According to Article 148 of the 1982 Constitution, unlike laws, the top court has no authority to review constitutional amendments on substantive grounds, but may review on procedural grounds only. It states that the Constitutional Court shall examine constitutionality “in respect of both form and substance of laws, lawamending ordinances and the standing orders of the Turkish Parliament.” The Constitutional Court also has the authority to review whether procedural rules con-

MUSTAFA KÝRAZLI

Top court overrules legislative power

In the past the court has overruled any attempts to allow women to wear the headscarf in institutions of higher learning.

Timeline of headscarf status March 7, 1989: The Constitutional Court annulled the legislation allowing the headscarf. Oct. 25, 1990: A new addition was made to the Higher Education Law, stating that “freedom of apparel is allowed in institutions of higher education provided that it does not conflict with other laws.” July 14, 1992: Mehmet Saðlam was appointed the president of the Higher Education Board (YÖK). Based on a new addition to the Higher Education Law, he did not apply the headscarf ban to the universities. Dec. 6, 1995: Kemal Gürüz became the president of YÖK. He revised the policy and enforced a strict ban on the headscarf based on the top court’s interpretation in 1989. Aug. 28, 2007: The draft constitution was prepared by a committee of six legal experts. The committee proposed two alternatives to eliminate the ban. The first stated that “nobody can be denied the right to education based on clothing or dress codes.” The second stated that “there is freedom of dress in institutions of higher education.” Sept. 17, 2007: Top AK Party leaders reviewed the draft constitution and decided to go ahead with the first proposal on the headscarf. Dec. 13, 2007: MHP leader Devlet Bahçeli proposed an amendment to Article 10 of the Constitution as a way to lift the ban. Jan. 14, 2008: Prime Minister Erdoðan, while on a visit to Spain, said: “Even if the headscarf is a political symbol as its critics charge, how can you accept this as a crime? Can you ban symbols? Where in the world is there such a ban from the viewpoint of freedoms?”

Jan. 15, 2008: Commenting on the PM’s remarks in Spain, Bahçeli asked for social consensus to solve the headscarf problem. Jan. 16, 2008: Upon his return from Spain, Erdoðan called opposition parties to action on the headscarf issue, saying: “Let us not wait for a new constitution. This is very easy to solve. The MHP is in. Forget the [Republican People’s Party] CHP.” Jan. 17, 2008: MHP leader Bahçeli put the party’s proposal in writing and shared it with the AK Party. Jan. 23, 2008: AK Party presented its counterproposal to the MHP. Jan. 24, 2008: The AK Party and MHP reached a compromise, deciding to change articles 10 and 42 of the Constitution. Jan. 25, 2008: A scheduled summit between the AK Party and MHP was postponed because of concerns over the wording of the amendments. Jan. 28, 2008: Top party leaders convened again and reached a full compromise after lengthy discussions. Feb. 9, 2008: The ban was lifted with the passage of the amendments by 80 percent, or 411, of the deputies in Parliament. Feb. 22, 2008: President Abdullah Gül ratified the amendments. Feb. 27, 2008: The CHP and (Democratic Left Party) DSP petitioned the top court to annul the amendments. March 11, 2008: The Council of State reversed the order lifting the ban at universities that was issued by YÖK President Yusuf Ziya Özcan.

ALÝ ÜNAL

Southeast likely to disappoint CHP in upcoming elections PHOTO

contýnued from page 1 When an 80-year-old man informed Sav about his plans to go on Hajj, the politician had replied: “Don’t give your money to Arabs. If you go there, Mohammed will not allow you to return.” Another protester held a sign that read, “There is only one prime minister in this country and he is [Recep Tayyip] Erdoðan,” as Baykal was delivering a speech to his audience at the agricultural conference. The hall chosen as a venue for the conference was less than one-third full. The locals’ reactions to the CHP and its leader have been interpreted as an indication that the party will receive a harsh blow in the upcoming local elections in the Southeast. Ali Fuat Bucak, from the Association of Urfa Helsinki Citizens, told Today’s Zaman the CHP should not expect a victory in southeastern Turkey in coming elections. “The CHP is not popular with the locals. This party’s hope for winning a victory in elections in this region was extinguished in last summer’s general elections. Locals did not even send a single CHP deputy from their region to Parliament in the July 22 [2007] polls. And now the people’s indifference to the CHP conference proves that locals have no hope that this party can fix the region’s problems,” he said. Bucak also attributed southeastern citizens’ lack of interest in the CHP congress to an ongoing closure case filed against the governing AK Party. On March 14 a top state prosecutor requested filed a case with the Constitutional Court for the closure of the AK Party on the grounds that it had become a “focal point of anti-secular activities.” AK Party Hakkari deputy Rüstem Zeydan, on the other hand, said Baykal is not sincere in his interest in southeastern Turkey. “The greatest investments toward eliminating the economic gap between Turkey’s western and eastern regions were implemented by the AK Party government. The votes given to this party prove the public’s support for the AK Party, which gained 54 percent of the votes cast in the Southeast in the July

CHP officials are greeted with protest in Diyarbakýr due to remarks made by Önder Sav, party's secretary general, over Hajj and Prophet Mohammed. 22 polls. Baykal’s statements do not imply anything for our southeastern citizens as his sole objective is to gain people’s votes. He is not sincere in his statements. He says one thing in Ankara and another thing in the Southeast,” he explained. Pro-Kurdish Democratic Society Party (DPT) Siirt deputy Osman Özçelik called Baykal’s efforts to win back the hearts of southeastern citizens “hunting for votes.” He said: “It is very difficult for Baykal to prove his sincerity about finding a solution to the Kurdish problem with a few sentences uttered in Þanlýurfa. We don’t believe he is sincere in his remarks because he has remained indifferent to this problem for years. People in the region do not trust Baykal. He should, first of all, offer an apology to those living in southeastern Turkey. It seems

that Baykal is after the region’s votes. This is merely hunting for votes. Our people cannot be deceived with such political statements.” Ahmet Altan, a columnist for Taraf daily, hailed Baykal for the speech he delivered in Þanlýurfa on Wednesday. “Baykal got ahead of Erdoðan with his speech. While Erdoðan reduces the Southeastern issue to economy, Baykal said everybody should be proud of their ethnic identity, a sentence that could change the political environment in Turkey. For me, Baykal’s speech is worth appraisal. Such statements will influence our society’s stance toward the Kurdish issue, and they will help ease societal tensions,” Altan wrote. Baykal stressed in Wednesday’s address that the state embraces various ethnic identities and expressed his party’s support for a sustainable devel-

CM Y K

opment project designed for the impoverished Southeast. “Our state is a good example of solidarity and unity. We have people of all ethnic origins and races. We have our Arabs, Kurds, Georgians and Circassians. They make up our diversity,” he said.

Protests in Diyarbakýr The CHP convened its Central Executive Board (MYK) in the southeastern Diyarbakýr province yesterday. The meeting was marked by protests during which demonstrators hurled harsh remarks at the party administration. A group of locals who had gathered in front of the building where the MYK was meeting carried signs that read “Shame on the CHP,” “Go away CHP” and “You who cursed our Prophet are not welcome.”

Baykal: Insult to sacred values not part of freedom of expression Main opposition Republican People’s Party (CHP) leader Deniz Baykal has said everyone should respect values held sacred in the country, adding that no one can insult other people’s beliefs in the name of freedom of expression. Baykal, who began a tour of the impoverished Southeast on Wednesday to attend a party conference on agriculture, called on everyone, in a speech he delivered yesterday at the meeting, to respect other people’s beliefs after provocative remarks made by CHP Secretary-General Önder Sav about the Prophet Mohammed sparked harsh reactions within society. In response to an old man’s plans to go on Hajj (pilgrimage), Sav had replied: “Don’t give your money to Arabs. If you go there, Mohammed will not allow you to return.” Baykal stressed during his address that no freedom of expression exists that allows insulting sacred values. He also called for unity within society, adding that terrorist acts will bring no good to either individuals or the country. “We should never accept terrorism as a political method. Terrorist acts harm not only those who suffer from them, but also those who perpetrate them. No one should hope for help from terrorism. We should all act in unity,” he noted. Baykal, stressing that different ethnic identities are a source of pride for the state, said Turkey belongs to all citizens residing in the country. “Antalya belongs to Diyarbakýr’s residents and so does Diyarbakýr to Antalya’s residents. The state has to take pride in its different ethnic identities. This is a source of happiness for the state. Our state cannot pursue a policy of assimilation,” he remarked. Baykal also called on everyone to contribute to an atmosphere of peace in the country. “I hope we will eliminate tension persisting in our country. The atmosphere of conflict that feeds tension and violence is improving for the better. We have to understand each other even if we don’t believe in the same things.” He also pledged his party will visit the region more frequently. “With this visit, we have come to understand that we should come here more often. From now on, we will pay more frequent visits to the East and the Southeast. There is an undesirable social and economic panorama here. We will do our best to improve it,” he added. Ýstanbul Today’s Zaman with wires


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18 TODAY’S ZAMAN

F R I D AY, J U N E 6 , 2 0 0 8

TODAY’S LEARNING TIME

QUOTE OF THE DAY

“A happy family is but an earlier heaven. ” George Bernard Shaw

OSMAN TURHAN

elementary READING

Life on other planets

ILLUSTRATIONS

On a clear night you can see numerous stars in the sky. These stars are millions of miles away. Scientists want to know what the stars are like. Are they balls of fire? Do they have large rocks and sand, like our moon? There is another question they want to know much more about. Are there living things on any of the stars? People have always thought about this question. It was not possible to find the answer before now. Now scientists know more about space than ever before. Now they have some machines that can help them look for the answer. How will scientists do this? People can't go to the stars. Stars are much too far away. It would take hundreds of years for a person to go to the next star in a spaceship. So scientists are sending out radio signals. These signals go through space at the speed of light, almost 6 trillion miles a year. At that speed, it will take 25 years for radio signals to reach the next star. The signals ask, "Is anyone out there?" Living things in space must have machines to hear the signals. We will not get an answer to our signals for more than 50 years, but scientists are already listening. They think that someone from space may be trying to send signals to us. Scientists also have sent large telescopes into space. A telescope is a machine that makes things look larger. When you look into it, things that are far away look nearer. The telescopes are going around the earth. They are looking out into space. They are looking for life in other worlds. Maybe in the next few years we will get an answer to the question "Is there life in space?"

PART 1: Match the words on the right with the definitions on the 1. Numerous 2. Sand 3. Away 4. Space 5. Reach 6. Signal 7. Spaceship 8. Speed 9. Trillion 10. Telescope

a. the unlimited or incalculably great three-dimensional realm or expanse where all material objects are located and all events occur b. anything that serves to indicate, warn, direct, command, or the like, as a light, a gesture, an act, etc. c. A vehicle intended to be launched into space d. the more or less fine debris of rocks, consisting of small, loose grains e. far; apart f. very many g. rapidity in moving, going, traveling, proceeding, or performing h. a cardinal number represented in the U.S. by 1 followed by 12 zeros, and in Great Britain by 1 followed by 18 zeros i. a kind of tube containing lenses through which distant objects appear closer j. to come to or arrive at in some course of progress, action

Activity: 1. Woman: Hello. 678541. Who's ......... please? (a) calling

(b) talking

(c) acting

(d) hearing

2. Charlie: Yes, hello it's Charlie here. I wanted to ......... how you are. (a) discover

(b) say

(c) uncover

(d) know

3. Woman: Me? Oh, I'm doing ........., thank you and you? (a) good

(b) fine

(c) healthy

(d) fit

advanced READING

Words do the trick It's been a long time since Andy had a real date. It's been so long that he can't even remember her name. He feels it's about time that he settles down with a nice wholesome woman. He has his eyes set on one, but he just doesn't know how to approach her. His pick-up technique is a bit rusty. Andy learns that her name is Courtney, and he sees her frequently on weekends at the corner cafe. She is always sitting alone or with her girlfriends. Andy is a decent looking chap, so his physical characteristics shouldn't be a hindrance. The problem is he isn't great with words. When nervous, he sometimes mumbles. What can Andy do to make a good first impression? As the master conqueror of women's hearts everywhere, here are my tips. And they are all free. - Make a comment about the environment. If Andy sees Courtney at a bookstore, he should make a comment about a book. If he sees her at the grocery store, he should say something like, "Is the beef good here?" - Always smile. This will show her that he is confident and friendly. A

genuine smile will provide comfort for both Andy and Courtney. - Exhibit positive body language. Andy shouldn't walk with slouched shoulders. This is giving the wrong impression. - Don't approach her too quickly. If Andy walks over to her at a fast pace, it could trigger an internal alarm. Walk casually towards her to put her at ease. - Keep eye contact. When he first speaks with Courtney, he should never break eye contact. With strong eye contact, Courtney will feel more and more drawn to him. - Listen carefully to what she says. Women love men who pay attention to them. - Never fidget. Fidgeting indicates that Andy is uncomfortable around her. He should be aware of his movements that communicate confidence. - The tone of his voice is very important. Speak lightly and playfully. Women enjoy humorous men. - Don't get too close to her. Courtney will feel crowded, and will want Andy to respect her space. The best way to utilize these helpful hints is to practice, practice and practice. Good luck Andy!

4. Woman: Sorry to hear that. What ......... of problems? (a) species

(b) kind

(c) example

(d) group

5. Woman: By the way I don't know anybody ......... Charlie. (a) said

(b) called

(c) headed

(d) nominated

ýntermedýate READING

PART 1: Vocabulary Exercise

Happy bachelors

Fill in the blanks with the correct

Lindsey has been dating Jacob for more than 4 years. Jacob is handsome, enterprising and enjoys the same hobbies. Lindsey trusts him completely. He is always cordial with her family and her friends. She knows he is the perfect man for her. There is one problem, however. Jacob doesn't want to get hitched. No matter how many times Jacob reassures Lindsey that it has nothing to do with her, the fact that he won't marry still tarnishes her self-confidence. He has told her countless times what a wonderful wife she would make, but he just can't take the leap. What is his problem? Lindsey should confer with lifelong bachelor Carl Weisman. He recently took a survey among 1500 heterosexual men to help women get some insight into why successful, attractive men refuse to get married. From his survey, Weisman deduced that bachelors aren't afraid of marriage, they are afraid of a bad marriage. Most men are much more frightened of marrying the wrong person than of ever getting married at all. These men will not give in to social pressures. In Weisman's survey, about 8% never

letters. 1. enterprising _____ a. funny

b. sly

c. romantic

d. ambitious

2. cordial _____ a. generous

b. polite

c. talkative

d. cheap

3. to get hitched _____ a. to get married

b. to get engaged

c. to get divorced

d. to tie up

4. to reassure _____ a. to pressure

b. to convince

c. to make certain d. to help 5. to tarnish _____

want to marry, 62% want to marry, but only a "perfect" woman, and 30% are on the fence. In Weisman's words, "It is so important that these men get it right. My best advice for single women is to be patient. If you're in a hurry to get married you'll be frustrated." Financial issues play a large role in a man's decision. "Those with little money said they would have nothing to offer a partner, while those who are financially sound were terrified of what a bad di-

vorce could do to them." One thing that amazed Weisman was the number of men who were perfectly happy to remain bachelors. "A compelling issue was how many of them had found contentment in a never-married life. They had created lives full of careers, friends and ambitions. It was not like they walk around all day worrying about not being married." Perhaps, after reading the survey, Lindsey should look for a different man?

a. to improve

b. to polish

c. to damage

d. to destroy

6. to take the leap _____ a. to jump a long way b. to refuse

c. to steal

d. to take a difficult step 7. to confer _____ a. to talk to

b. to talk about

c. to talk for

d. to talk with

8. to give in to _____ a. to donate

b. to change

c. to surrender

d. to take away

9. to be on the fence _____

Activity: 1. to record the proceedings of a meeting; to make a memorandum (a) cushion (b) enter (c) minute (d) check 2. to give; to contribute; to grant; (a) slump (b) point (c) switch (d) donate

3. to perceive; to pay attention; to observe; to remark (a) satisfy (b) notice (c) would (d) prepare 4. to obtain; to perform; to accomplish (a) advert (b) qualify (c) evade (d) achieve 5. honestly; genuinely; earnestly; faithfully (a) slantwise (b) sincerely (c) however (d) solely

VOCABULARY Specialized Vocabulary POP QUIZ: Fill in the correct slang, idiom, phrasal verb or confusing word. Part 1: 1. Getting planning permission for building involves alot of ________ . 2. The ___________you wait to apply for financial aid, the worse your chances will be of receiving it. 3. Peter ate so much at the buffet that he felt ___________until the next day. 4. The homeless man carried himself with dignity even though his ___________were really only rags. 5. He described the incidents of the story so ___________that I had a completely different understanding of what had actually happened. 6. Last ___________I had three tests and aced all of them!

7. When born, an infant is too___________ to crawl or walk. 8. I'll tell her when she ___________ . 9. I caught him ___________ taking my bike from the garage. 10. The Chairman of the company is visiting on Tuesday we will have to ___________. Part 2: Fill in the blanks with the correct specialized vocabulary 1. I keep most of my work on the ___________ on my computer. 2. Most of my old school books are kept up in the ___________. 3. Peter can’t wear ___________ they hurt his toes. 4. All the men are wearing red ____ _______ to the ball. 5. The builders had to wait for the __________ to dry before opening the road.

Idiom of the Day red-hot MEANING: very exciting or successful. EXAMPLE: British athletes are red-hot at the moment.

a. to have made a decision b. to be undecided c. to be relaxing d. to be waiting 10. compelling _____ a. fascinating

b. boring

c. humorous

d. fatal

Phrasal Verbs: Fit in meaning: when you fit in, you get on with a group of people or you feel as if belonging to a group. example: It's difficult for them to fit in with the way of life here. Egg on meaning: when you egg somebody on, you encourage them to do something silly. example: They egged him on until he finally jumped. Slang: Got into meaning: became seriously interested. example: I got into gardening in high school. Confusing Words In English Presence vs Presents Presence is a noun which means in essence or actuality. For example: While my blind date did not move me in any significant way, he did have a certain presence. Presents is a verb it means to show or to bring forth formally. For example: This is the weekend that the film company presents its latest feature

CM Y K

PART 1: Vocabulary Exercise

Activity:

Fill in the blanks with the correct letters.

1. to feel; to perceive; to apprehend; to understand

1. to settle down _____ a. to solve b. to ease c. to marry d. to arrive 2. wholesome _____ a. fat b. entire c. helpful d. healthy 3. rusty _____ a. red b. out of practice c. dirty d. ordinary 4. chap _____ a. lover b. man c. woman d. friend 5. hindrance _____ a. pest b. punishment c. obstruction d. disaster 6. to mumble _____ a. to shout b. to speak indistinctly c. to speak distinctly d. to cry 7. genuine _____ a. real b. artificial c. homemade d. imported 8. slouched _____ a. sagging b. rising c. straight d. round 9. trigger _____ a. to murder b. to pull c. to inflict d. to set off 10. to fidget _____ a. to move slowly b. to move carefully c. to move nervously d. to move angrily

(a) hide (b) lose (c) host (d) sense 2. to increase; to enlarge; to enhance; to multiply (a) augment (b) avail (c) empty (d) perform 3. to respect; to honor; to admire; to value (a) drill (b) exchange (c) mobilize (d) esteem 4. to rub; to achieve or obtain with difficulty; to delete; to cross out (a) elect (b) scratch (c) veil (d) originate 5. preoccupied; lost in thought (a) absent (b) urban (c) hard (d) fair

(Part 1) 1. scientist 2. rays 3. treat 4. award 5. graduated YESTERDAY’S ELEMENTARY: (Part 2) a. 2 b. 3 c. 1 d. 5 e. 4 (Activity) 1. c 2. b 3. a 4. c 5. d ANSWER KEY: INTERMEDIATE: (Reading) 1. b 2. c 3. a 4. d 5. c 6. a 7. a 8. b 9. a 10. b (Activity) 1. b 2. a 3. b 4. a 5. b 6. b 7. b 8. b 9. a 10. b ADVANCED: (Reading) 1. a 2. b 3. d 4. b 5. a 6. c 7. d 8. c 9. a 10. b (Activity) 1. a 2. a 3. c 4. b 5. a

In cooperation with English Time


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T20-06-06-08.qxd

05.06.2008

17:18

Page 1

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