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INDEPENDENCE AND FREEDOM In anticipation of Independence Day on July 4th and Guam’s Liberation Day on July 21st, I started thinking about sovereignty and land ownership in the Mariana Islands. How did we get to where we are today? Guam and the Northern Mariana Islands have a long and fascinating history. Settled over 4,000 years ago, the Marianas archipelago was found by Spanish explorer Ferdinand Magellan in 1521 and a Spanish colony was established in 1668. The colony lasted until 1898, when Spain ceded Guam to the United States in the Treaty of Paris which ended the Spanish-American War. Following the Treaty of Paris, Guam was placed under the jurisdiction of the US Department of the Navy. In 1899, as a result of the German-Spanish Treaty, Spain sold the Northern Mariana Islands to Germany. In 1919, Japan acquired administration of the Northern Mariana Islands from the League of Nations after World War 1. On December 8, 1941, just hours after the attack on Pearl Harbor, Japanese forces located in the Northern Marianas invaded Guam and held the region for over two years. Between June 15th and July 9th of 1944, during the Battle of Saipan, the US Military took Saipan and not quite two weeks later, on July 21, 1944, US forces recaptured Guam. In the late 1940’s a group of CHamoru leaders successfully convinced the US Congress to enact the 1950 Organic Act of Guam. That act transferred administration to the US Department of the Interior. Among other things, it also established three branches of local government: • Executive – the Governor of Guam was still appointed by the President of the United States until 1968, when Guam residents were given the right to vote for our own governor. • Legislative – Guam residents acquired the right to choose our own representatives who create laws governing Guam (albeit still subject to the laws set by the US Congress). • Judiciary – local court system with judges appointed by the Governor of Guam and re-elected by the voters of Guam. In the spirit of the Independence and Freedom, it is with deep gratitude for the sacrifices made by the members of our armed services that enable us to celebrate the freedom we enjoy today.

BY KIM ANDERSON YOUNG PRESIDENT, SECURITY TITLE, INC.

KIM@SECURITYTITLE.NET | 671.647.8100 FINDING SIMPLE SOLUTIONS TO COMPLEX REAL ESTATE TRANSACTIONS.

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Today's GuamHome July 2019  

Check out our July 2019 issue of Today's GuamHome, stay up to date with our residential market snapshot, get advice from Security Title and...

Today's GuamHome July 2019  

Check out our July 2019 issue of Today's GuamHome, stay up to date with our residential market snapshot, get advice from Security Title and...