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Safe House Property Inspections


Top 10 Home Defects ď‚— Here are examples of the top ten most common defects

found during home inspections. While common. Most of these defects can be easily, and inexpensively, fixed. ď‚— If left unattended to, these conditions can only get worse and lead to much more expensive repairs, and in some cases, structural failure or fire.

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Top 10 Home Defects 1.

Foundation: Drainage

The house’s foundation should not be covered and be visible for at least 6” for brick walls and at least 8” for siding and stucco walls. Gutter downspouts should lead away from the foundation at least 6 feet, 10 feet is better. Covering the foundation can lead to water infiltration, insect intrusion, rot, mold and structural failure. Copyright 2005 National Association of Certified Home Inspectors

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Top 10 Home Defects 1. Foundation

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Top 10 Home Defects 1. Foundation

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Top 10 Home Defects 1.

Foundation

True Story:

Brand New 4,400 SF House With A BIG Hidden Problem

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Top 10 Home Defects 1.

Foundation

Nice brick planter at the front covers the foundations weep wicks with 3� of soil.

The result?

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Top 10 Home Defects 1.

Foundation

Rotted Rim Joist and Sill Plate in 4 Months! $36,000 fix! Copyright 2005 National Association of Certified Home Inspectors

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Top 10 Home Defects 1.

Foundation

Result – If Not Fixed.

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Top 10 Home Defects 2. Electrical Defects A house’s electrical system can cause the most

dangerous problems if it is not properly and professionally installed and maintained. Always have any electrical work done by a licensed and insured electrical contractor.

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Top 10 Home Defects 2.

Electrical Panels – Location, Inaccessible

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Top 10 Home Defects 2.

Electrical Panels – Owner Repairs

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Top 10 Home Defects 2.

Electrical Panels – Double Tapping

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Top 10 Home Defects 2.

Electrical Panels – Double Tapping Main

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Top 10 Home Defects 2.

Non-Professional / Homeowner Wiring

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Top 10 Home Defects 2.

Electrical – Animal Problems

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Top 10 Home Defects

Roof Roofing problems are common, and the most easily dealt with. Make sure that all roofing work is done professionally and properly. 3.

Contractor E & O insurance guarantees the quality of the work.

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Top 10 Home Defects 3.

Roof Drainage

New House Builder Saved $20.00. Buyer Lost Roof in 2 Years! All upper downspouts must drain to lower gutters.

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Top 10 Home Defects 3.

Roof Drainage

12,000 SF House. Downspout draining directly onto cedar shake roof. Note the shake curling.

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Top 10 Home Defects 3.

Roof Leaks

Quick Fix for Leaky Roof

Owner tries quick repair with elaborate siphon system. Wound up ruining the bedroom ceiling because the bucket filled and broke through. Copyright 2005 National Association of Certified Home Inspectors

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Top 10 Home Defects 3.

Roof Deck Rot Due To Moisture Lower gable attic, roof decking old, but serviceable

Upper gable attic, roof decking rotted and soft. Upper attic had un-vented bathroom exhaust fan. Copyright 2005 National Association of Certified Home Inspectors

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Top 10 Home Defects 4.

Heating

Heating systems are most commonly plagued by the lack of the proper amount of combustion air. Make sure that the furnace has an adequate source of combustion air. The rule is 10 cubic feet of air for each cubic foot of gas burned. Without exterior venting, a 100,000 BTU furnace requires a room 25 X 25 X 8 at a minimum!

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Top 10 Home Defects 4.

Heating - Insufficient Combustion Air

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Top 10 Home Defects 4.

Heating - Insufficient Combustion Air

Yellowing flame means carbon monoxide is being produced. Beware of furnaces installed in closets that do not have an exterior air intake vent flue. Copyright 2005 National Association of Certified Home Inspectors

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Top 10 Home Defects 4.

Heating - Insufficient Combustion Air Failed heat exchanger caused by insufficient combustion air.

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Top 10 Home Defects 4.

Heating - Insufficient Combustion Air

Brand new high efficiency furnace. Improperly installed.

Note missing combustion air vent on left.

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Top 10 Home Defects 5.

Improper Maintenance and Repair

Always have all house repair done by professional, licensed and insured contractors. Make sure that you are fully informed when you make any do-it-yourself repairs Most times, money you think that you are saving, up front, is eaten up later.

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Top 10 Home Defects 5.

Improper Maintenance – Owner Repair Leaky sink drain? What to do? The Old Diaper Trick.

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Top 10 Home Defects 5.

Improper Maintenance – Bad Plumbing

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Top 10 Home Defects 5.

Non-Professional Repairs

No grounding. Wires not enclosed, not waterproof. Sink electrified!

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Top 10 Home Defects 5.

HVAC –Owner “Innovations”

New and “improved”, supercharged water heater. The only smart thing about this setup is the fire extinguisher.

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Top 10 Home Defects 6.

Structural Damage

Structural damage is probably the most expensive type of damage to repair. If not done properly, your house can collapse. Structural problems, though rare, are usually very expensive to repair.

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Top 10 Home Defects 6.

Structural Damage

Floor joist cut to allow for heating duct. Structural integrity of the floor in danger.

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Top 10 Home Defects 6.

Structural Damage

Welding torch hole cut in steel beam in garage to facilitate the garage door opener.

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Top 10 Home Defects 6.

Structural Damage

1875 Apartment building. Central foundation at the middle is failing.

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Top 10 Home Defects 6.

Structural Damage

Old pier with washed away footing and CMU blocks set on their sides.

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Top 10 Home Defects 6.

Structural Damage

Diagonal crack with multiple plane. Uneven settling, commonly seen in clay soil conditions. A real structural problem.

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Top 10 Home Defects 6.

Structural Damage

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Top 10 Home Defects 7.

Plumbing Problems

Plumbing problems are most commonly caused by inadequate maintenance or owner repairs.

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Top 10 Home Defects 7.

Plumbing Problems – Water Heater

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Top 10 Home Defects 7.

Plumbing Problems – Improper Fixture Use

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Top 10 Home Defects 8.

Water and Air Infiltration

Water infiltration is, often, the most easily avoided house problem. Remember, to a house, water is the enemy. Water in wood = ROT, regardless of the age of the wood. A brand new 2 x 4 can completely rot in 4 months if its moisture content is greater than 38%. Kiln dried wood has a moisture content < 4%.

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Top 10 Home Defects 8.

Water and Air Infiltration

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Top 10 Home Defects 8.

Water and Air Infiltration

Thermal imaging to display ceiling water infiltration. Copyright 2005 National Association of Certified Home Inspectors

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Top 10 Home Defects 8.

Water and Air Infiltration

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Top 10 Home Defects 9.

Crawlspace / Attic Ventilation

Along guarding against water infiltration, proper ventilation is the best way to make sure that water is kept out. Crawlspaces and attics must be ventilated in order to avoid wood rot and mold.

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Top 10 Home Defects 9.

Crawlspace / Attic Ventilation

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Top 10 Home Defects 9.

Crawlspace / Attic Ventilation

Clothes dryer vented to Attic 6 month old house

Rotten roof decking

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Top 10 Home Defects 9.

Crawlspace / Attic Ventilation

Bathroom Exhaust Fan Vented to Attic

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Top 10 Home Defects 9.

Crawlspace / Attic Ventilation

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Top 10 Home Defects 9.

Crawlspace / Attic Ventilation

Weird things found in attics and crawlspaces

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Top 10 Home Defects 9.

Crawlspace / Attic Ventilation

Weird things found in attics and crawlspaces

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Top 10 Home Defects 9.

Crawlspace / Attic Ventilation

The deadly â&#x20AC;&#x153;Assassin Kittyâ&#x20AC;?!

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Top 10 Home Defects

10. Non-Inspected Construction Defects

Just because your house passed a governmental code inspection, that is no guarantee that it is free of defects. Code inspectors are overworked and building codes are merely minimal requirements. Even brand new houses can have substantial and expensive defects and safety hazards!

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Top 10 Home Defects

10. Non-Inspected Construction Defects

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Top 10 Home Defects

10. Non-Inspected Construction Defects

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Top 10 Home Defects

10. Non-Inspected Construction Defects

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Top 10 Home Defects 10. Installation Defects

Hair dryer installed near bathroom basin, against manufacturerâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s instructions. Copyright 2005 National Association of Certified Home Inspectors

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Top 10 Home Defects

10. Old / Defected Electrical Equipment Zinsco

Federal Pacific Equipment

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Top 10 Home Defects Thank you for your time. Questions? Need an Inspection Call Safe House Property Inspections 757-418-0944 www.safehousepropertyinspections.com

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