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February 2012




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R TINGIRA AUSTRALIA Steering Committee 2011 - 2012 PATRON Vice Admiral Russ Crane AO CSM RAN (RET) P RE S I DE N T Chris Perrin - NSW M 0404 - 179 032 E V I CE P RE S I D E N T David Ruckert - NSW M 0439 - 880 697 E S E CRE TARY Mark Lee - NSW E TREASURER Alan Rodgers - WA M 0416 - 096 841 E Chris Parr - NSW M 0404 - 336 105 E Neville Phillips - WA M 0400 - 152 152 E Norm Wall - VIC M 0417 - 551 548 E

emember Our Past and Let’s Stand Forever!

A wise old ship mate once told me “your a long time dead in this world son”, how I grab onto those words daily as I grow old, but how good is that I am growing old! Enjoy the moments, remember and treasure the good times of your past. Our past is here this year with Tingira’ s centenary, I hope many of us can gather and treasure the moment with us. As I continue my research into the original ship Tingira along comes her centenary, something we are not really ready for as an Association that has reformed on just over 12 months. A big reunion is just a little of the radar at present after the 2010 effort. However, I have discovered the motto of our past shipmates from the Tingira Old Boys Association - ‘In strength and unity, this Association will stand forever’. I guess we are living proof of their motto as we continue on with their tradition, but there lays the challenge, where will the next generation of Tingira’s come from? Our Patron, Russ Crane was quick to put pen to paper when he departed the ranks of the navy recently and has formally requested to Chief of Navy, Vice Admiral Ray Griggs if we can some how reinstate the word Tingira back into the navy training role at the present day Cerberus Recruit School. We would love to see those new recruits at Cerberus sew a ‘Tingira flash’ to their uniforms and then bring forward our history to this new generation of naval recruits and future Tingira members.

That’s the plan we have at present and hence our modern day motto ‘Training is our Tradition’. Drawing the long bow, why not name the Cerberus Recruit School the ‘Tingira Recruit Training School’. Let’s see what develops. We have a few ex JR’s on the case at present including Patron Vice Admiral Russ Crane and Commander John Goss at Cerberus; let’s see if we can get this over the line for April 25th when we celebrate Tingira’s 100 years on the shores of Rose Bay in Sydney, wouldn’t that be a celebration? * Welcome to our newest Honorary Life Member, Ken Dobbie, who was anointed by surprise late last month at his home in Tasmania by barney Hanson. Ken’s mammoth amount of work of the past years to bring the dream of the Junior Recruit Memorial to fruition in 2010 which then led to our ‘Reunion’ which is responsible for all this new Tingira activity. Thanks Ken and may we have many more ‘Tingira Days’ in front of us all. * I am not big on military politics but I attended Minister Smith’s address recently at Seapower and thought it well very worthy of reproduction.

MARK LEE Editor - Voice Pipe


TINGIRA AUSTRALIA ANZAC House 245 Castlereagh Street Sydney NSW 2000



Front Cover

Voice Pipe is published on behalf of the Committee for the Tingira Australia Association Inc, for past members of HMAS Leeuwin Junior Recruit Training Scheme. Not for sale as a publication, Copyright Tingira Australia Inc. 2012

An i mpressi ve si ght of ol d a nd new as the R A N s a i l s h i p ‘ Yo u n g E n d e a v o r ’ e n t e r e d Woolloomooloo Bay, S y d n e y r e c e n t l y p a s s i n g t h e n e w e s t s h i p i n A u s t r a l i a ’s f l e e t HMAS Choules. Her yardarms are manned by a crew of young students r e t u r n i n g f r o m a 1 0 v o y a g e o n t h e s o u t h c o a s t o f N S W. P h o t o Ma rk L e e

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Dobbies Golden Reward

Ken Dobbie at home in Launceston, receives his Tingira ‘Golden Honorary Life Membership’ from fellow Tasmanian Tingira Association Foundation Member Barney Hanson.

During 2011 the steering committee of the Tingira Australia Association received several nominations for former Junior Recruits to be recognized for their contribution to the JR ranks and to be awarded our ‘Gold’ status of Honorary Life Membership. Patron Vice Admiral Russ Crane, Tingira Treasurer Alan Rodgers and ‘Last Tingira’ Dan Bowden were worthy recipients throughout the year of our golden decorations however one that was certainly most deserving of that this membership status was awarded to Ken Dobbie in late December. Ken was the thrust behind the Junior Recruit Memorial Project which has secured our permanent JR monument in the grounds of Leeuwin Barracks in Fremantle Ken’s activities and energy to make this happened expanded over several years before the big day. A look of relief and satisfaction on Ken’s face that day of our historical ceremony was his great testimonial to the project. The JR Memorial Project also had some great side affects which were probably along way off Ken’s radar when he first assembled his thoughts to replace that illustrious decaying flagpole in the gardens fronting the old HMAS Leeuwin drill hall.

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Ken Dobbie is congratulated by the Chief of Navy at the official opening of the Junior Recruit Memorial at Leeuwin Barracks in 2010.

Project Patron, Rear Admiral Brian Adams was able to research our Leeuwin history and publish his paper through Seapower which is now a fully documented profile booklet of ‘JR Life’ with official statements, statistics and pictures from 1960 to 1984. Importantly what Ken Dobbie with his committee really did was provide the platform for our 2010 Reunion which after its success has led to the formation of the Tingira Australian Association. From here the Association will engage our JR community and carry on as our forefathers did from the original HMAS Tingira 100 years ago. Ken Dobbie is at the top of our ‘Golden’ ranks for his inspiring contributions and where they have led us to today.

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Royal Australian Navy

TINGIRA Boys to Celebrate Centenary


O f all the great ships of Her Majesty’s Australian Navy, the ship which has possibly received the least acclaim, and yet the one which should receive high honours, is HMAS Tingira.

25 April 1912 - 2012

In 1910 the Naval Defence Act was passed and in October 1911 the adoption of the title ‘Royal Australian Navy’, was authorised by King George V. This same year saw the launching on the Clyde of HMAS Australia, and the purchasing of the Sobraon by the Commonwealth of Australia.

8 am 25 April 2012 former ‘Tingira’

Junior Recruits from HMAS Leeuwin will form up with the ‘All Ships’ section of the RAN contingent for the Sydney ANZAC Day March and make their mark on history. Representing their shipmates of the first HMAS Tingira and HMAS Leeuwin as the mighty ‘Tingira’ name is officially 100 years to the day as part of the tradition in the RAN. An afternoon ceremony will be conducted at the Tingira Memorial at Tingira Park, Rose Bay with a reunion of the JR ship mates on completion.

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Sobraon was again placed in the hands of Cockatoo Docks for an extensive refit. She was again found to be as sound as a bell at the ripe old age of 55. The stage was set for yet another honourable role in the long life of this ship, for at 8 o’clock on the morning of 25th April 1912, just three years before the famous Anzac Day, the white ensign was hoisted to commemorate the commissioning of HMAS Tingira, ex Sobraon, the first naval training ship in the Royal Australian Navy. Tingira, an aboriginal word meaning ‘ocean’, or ‘open sea’, and pronounced Tinguy-rah, was to become the training ship to thousands of young boys who chose the Navy as a career under the Department of the Navy’s boy enlistment scheme. Though all those who trained in her went to sea, the Tingira did not - instead she swung at her moorings in beautiful Rose Bay, opposite Lyne Park, for the next 15 years.

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In 1910 the Naval Defence Act was passed and in October 1911 the adoption of the title ‘Royal Australian Navy’, was authorised by King George V. This same year saw the launching on the Clyde of HMAS Australia, and the purchasing of the Sobraon by the Commonwealth of Australia. Sobraon was again placed in the hands of Cockatoo Docks for an extensive refit. She was again found to be as sound as a bell at the ripe old age of 55. The training of boys in the RAN was later continued with the introduction of the Junior Recruit Training scheme at HMAS Leeuwin.

HMAS Tingira “The White Lady’ of Rose Bay.

In the period of operation (1960-1984) more than 13,000 boys aged between 15 1/2 and 16 1/2 were trained there. The training concept was based on that also conducted at HMS Ganges. In July 2010 the ‘Junior Recruit Memorial’ was dedicated at the Leeuwin site in fremantle to commemorate the 50th anniversary of the scheme. The the Chief of Navy Vice Admiral Russ Crane AO CSM RAN dedicated the memorial. He is an ex Junior Recruit who rose from the lowest rank in the RAN to the position as head of the navy.

The JR Memorial at Leeuwin Barracks, Fremantle.

Junior Recruits who served in the RAN wore an arm badge "Tingira" that recognized the historical link to HMAS Tingira. Many ex Junior Recruits went on to serve on Active Service in the Malay Confrontation with Indonesia and also the Vietnam War. Many of these boys were still only 16 when they went to war. Something that perhaps would not occur in this era. On first January 2011 a dedicated group of these former JR’s formed a steering Committee and established the Tingira Australia Association with Chief of Navy Vice Admiral Russ Crane AO CSM RAN as their Patron.

Tingira Australia Associations inaugural ’Ringing of the Tingira Bell’.

Vice Admiral Crane retired in late 2011 and is part of an active Tingira Australia Committee trying to reinstate the name Tingira back into the navy’s training ranks where they believe it belongs, 100 since the original commissioning of NSS Sobroan to become the first naval training ship HMAS Tingira in the waters of Rose Bay, Sydney.

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International Military History

US ‘Wall of Names’ Many Leeuwin and Tingira stories are starting to come across my desk; as research goes on many of our early Leeuwin JR’s saw service in ships thought out the Vietnam War. This article will surely be of interest to many of those readers if they have not already seen it. I only wonder what our Australian statistics read like? - Ed

A little history most people will never know. Interesting Veterans Statistics off the Vietnam Memorial Wall. • There are 58,267 names now listed on that polished black wall, including those added in 2010. • The names are arranged in the order in which they were taken from us by date and within each date the names are alphabetised. It is hard to believe it is 36 years since the last casualties. • The first known casualty was Richard B. Fitzgibbon, of North Weymouth , Mass. Listed by the U.S. Department of Defence as having been killed on June 8, 1956. His name is listed on the Wall with that of his son, Marine Corps Lance Cpl. Richard B. Fitzgibbon III, who was killed on Sept. 7, 1965. • There are three sets of fathers and sons on the Wall. • 39,996 on the Wall were just 22 or younger. • 8,283 were just 19 years old. • The largest age group, 33,103 were 18 years old.

• 5 soldiers on the Wall were 16 years old. • One soldier, PFC Dan Bullock was 15 years old. • 997 soldiers were killed on their first day in Vietnam . • 1,448 soldiers were killed on their last day in Vietnam. • 31 sets of brothers are on the Wall. • Thirty one sets of parents lost two of their sons. • 54 soldiers attended Thomas Edison High School in Philadelphia . Why so many from one school. • 8 Women are on the Wall. Nursing the wounded. • 244 soldiers were awarded the Medal of Honour during the Vietnam War; 153 of them are on the Wall. • Beallsville , Ohio with a population of 475 lost 6 of her sons. • West Virginia had the highest casualty rate per capita in the nation. There are 711 West Virginians on the Wall.

• 12 soldiers on the Wall were 17 years old.

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The Wall of names from those fallen US military in Vietnam.

• The Marines of Morenci - They led some of the scrappiest high school football and basketball teams that the little Arizona copper town of Morenci (pop. 5,058) had ever known and cheered. They enjoyed roaring beer busts. In quieter moments, they rode horses along the Coronado Trail, stalked deer in the Apache National Forest . And in the patriotic camaraderie typical of Morenci's mining families, the nine graduates of Morenci High enlisted as a group in the Marine Corps. Their service began on Independence Day, 1966. Only 3 returned home. • The Buddies of Midvale - LeRoy Tafoya, Jimmy Martinez, Tom Gonzales were all boyhood friends and lived on three consecutive streets in Midvale, Utah on Fifth, Sixth and Seventh avenues. They lived only a few yards apart. They played ball at the adjacent sandlot ball field. And they all went to Vietnam . In a span of 16 dark days in late 1967, all three would be killed. LeRoy was killed on Wednesday, Nov.

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22, the fourth anniversary of John F. Kennedy's assassination. Jimmy died less than 24 hours later on Thanksgiving Day. Tom was shot dead assaulting the enemy on Dec. 7, Pearl Harbour Remembrance Day. • The most casualty deaths for a single day was on January 31, 1968 ~ 245 deaths. • The most casualty deaths for a single month was May 1968 - 2,415 casualties were incurred. For most Americans who read this they will only see the numbers that the Vietnam War created. To those of us who survived the war, and to the families of those who did not, we see the faces, we feel the pain that these numbers created. We are, until we too pass away, haunted with these numbers, because they were our friends, fathers, husbands, wives, sons and daughters. There are no noble wars, just noble warriors.

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NAVY - Reunions

February 2012 HMAS LEEUWIN JR’s 46th Marks & Morrow Intake The 46th Junior Recruit intake at HMAS Leeuwin will be holding its 37th reunion on 24-26th in Adelaide, at the Highway Hotel 290 Anzac Highway Hotel at Plympton, SA 5038 Interested personnel should email Steve at or phone Chris Parr on 0404336105 April 2012 HMAS LEEUWIN 39th JR Intake to meet in Canberra The 39th Junior Recruit intake at HMAS Leeuwin will be holding its 40th reunion on 7 and 8 April 2012 in Canberra, at Eagle Hawk Rydges Resort. Interested personnel should go and register through the NEWS button. April 25 - 2012 Call to Arms All former HMAS LEEUWIN Tingira JR’s to Sydney Tingira Australia Association to march at Sydney Anzac Day to commemorate 100 year of Tingira history commissioned on 25 April 1912. Dedication service and reunion at Tingira Memorial Park, Rose Bay from 1230hrs September 2012 - 16th Minesweeping Squadron The 16th Minesweeping Squadron will hold a reunion at Twin Towns RSL, Coolangatta/Tweed Heads, on 14 - 16 September 2012. On Sunday 16th, a memorial service and wreath laying ceremony will take place at Tweed Heads cenotaph where crew members from HMAS Curlew, Gull, Hawk, Snipe, Ibis and Teal will lay a wreath. For further information, contact Allan "Shorty" Moffatt at

Letter to the Editor Hi Dixie, Sorry I have been a little out of touch recently. Michelle and I have been touring across Australia – to help make that transition from my previous job. I think it worked!!! Now arrived home and after a little bit of repair work all is good. How did the dinner at Penguin go? I hope you had some good numbers. It’s a great pity Dan could not be there. Thank you also for the Tingira tie. It is great and I will wear it with great pride (although I suspect my tie wearing days may be limited from now on). Anyway just checking in. Back on line and looking forward to a great year in2012 with the Tingira Boys. Russ Crane Patron Tingira Australia Association

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September 2012 - 22nd (January 1967) Intake of HMAS Nirimba MOBIs A reunion for the 22nd (January 1967) intake of HMAS Nirimba MOBIs will be held in the Barossa Valley from Friday 21st to Sunday 23rd September 2012. If you joined up with or passed out with this fine body of men and are interested in attending, please contact Trevor Hill on (08) 8263 2186 or 0400 539 644 or at

12-14 OCTOBER, 2012 RAN COOKS REUNION ADELAIDE, SA Please contact Ron Pope for details M: 0407 610 785 or email at

October 2012 40th Anniversary of 41st HMAS LEEUWIN JR Intake After the success of the Junior Recruit 50 year reunion, a few of the 41st intake decided to organise a 40th anniversary of that intake, for October 2012. The likely venue is Adelaide but this may change depending on where the most numbers are coming from. For further information, contact one of the following: Jon Hartnett; Rick Allen; Brett Saunders -

TINGIRA TIME CAPSULE Have you got some old “JR Tingira memorabilia” tucked away that is going no where? On 25 April 2012 the Association would like to close a ‘time capsule’ for the next generation of Tingira sailors to open in one hundred years time and show them how we lived our years in ships of the Royal Australian Navy through our first 50 Tingira years. Stories, photos, kit any item relating to your Tingira days at Leeuwin or Cerberus are all are welcome towards building our war chest. Please forward your donation to: Tingira Secretary ANZAC House, 245 Castlereagh Street, Sydney NSW 2000

Men’s Health

Members Only Section on the Website

There are many of us out there who for some manly

reasons do not consider it appropriate to make an appointment to visit with the GP. Not me mate I’m ok is the usual statement Many of us are such brave bastards that no matter what anyone says, no appointment is made because you are ok? It’s not until something starts to hurt somewhere and then you mind wanders and you might even start to panic. I have seen too many of my mates end up that way because they did not want to visit with the GP. Especially when there is the chance he might say “drop the strides mate” I have put my glove on and ready to do the test. The pain is only there for such a short time and the blood tests which follow could save you from such a hard time in later weeks or months. Prostate infections can cause a number of severe symptoms, can lead to dangerous complications, and can mimic the symptoms of more serious conditions such as prostate cancer. There are also a variety of symptoms which should bring you to conclusions that you make an appointment Symptoms: frequent or painful urination week stream or the constant feeling that the bladder is not completely empty. There is the possibilities that the problem may be a benign [BHP] or enlarged prostate – but isn’t that better than the other.

For those of you who are now members – can you please advise what other information you would consider appropriate to be included as almost anything can be so arranged. This section is for you so this is your opportunity to make your section what you want. For others out there who are still pondering the time to join up and take advantage of what we consider to be a great opportunity to join the Association, please have a good look at the website. Maybe we can update it and make something a little different, we are always open to opinions and suggestions. We anticipate this Association to grow from strength to strength as time goes by. I hope the boys in the east can get the Tingira name up with navy, sounds exciting and I know you lads will be marching with pride down George Street in April, wish I was there, long live Tingira!

Make an appointment fellas it could save your life. There are many websites out there which will assist you but the only one who can start the process is you. We cannot emphasise it more than to say get onto the phone.

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Alan Rodgers Treasurer Tingira Australia

Federal Government - Defence Review


NEXT DEFENCE FORCE Recently the Minister for Defence, Stephen Smith, addressed a large contingent of RAN senior Officers at the Biannual Sea Power 2012 conference in Sydney. On stage were ‘Chiefs’ of Navy, Army and Air Force, under under spotlight Minister Smith who presented one of the most interesting presentations outside of the boundaries of Canberra for many years of our future directions. Full reproduction of the Ministers speech is lengthly, as it gives a clear direction as to how the ‘politicians’ in Canberra see our naval future.

Ministers Keynote Address 2012 Sea Power Conference Stephen Smith MP Minister for Defence

C hief of Navy, Vice Admiral Ray Griggs, visiting Chiefs of Navies, distinguished guests, ladies and gentlemen. I commence by saying how pleased I am to be working so closely with Ray Griggs, Australia’s Chief of Navy, as we confront the challenges and opportunities for Navy into the future. I warmly welcome the eight Chiefs of Navy from overseas participating in this Sea Power Conference, along with the representatives from another 35 countries. I am pleased to be here today at what is recognised as a significant longstanding and important forum. This is particularly relevant today as maritime security moves to the forefront of strategic considerations in our region and beyond. Combined with the Pacific 2012 International Maritime Exposition, we have a unique forum where Navy and defence and maritime industry can showcase their products to an international audience. I am pleased that as part of the Conference, five Royal Australian Navy ships are open for delegate tours, including Australia’s newest amphibious ship, HMAS Choules, and two frigates, HMAS Sydney and Ballarat, all three berthed at Fleet Base East, together with two Mine Hunter Coastals, HMAS Huon and HMAS Yarra berthed at Cockle Bay. The Conference theme “Naval Contribution to National Prosperity and Security” is deeply relevant to our region’s circumstances as strategic, political, economic, military and maritime weight shifts to the Asia Pacific region and the Indian Ocean Rim. Your deliberations will be of significance to Navies around the world and will complement the ongoing dialogue on maritime security in the Western Pacific Naval Symposium, the Indian Ocean Naval Symposium, and the ASEAN Defence Ministers’ Meeting (ADMM) Plus Maritime Security Experts Working Group.

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Historic Shift towards Asia In this century, the Asia-Pacific and the Indian Ocean Rim will become the world’s centre of gravity. The rise of China is a defining element of Asia’s growing influence, but it is far from the only or whole story. Everyone sees the rise of China but the rise of India is still under-appreciated, as is the rise of the ASEAN economies combined. The major and enduring economic strengths of Japan and South Korea also need to be acknowledged. So must the great individual potential of Indonesia – as it emerges from a regional to a global influence.

Stability in the Asia-Pacific has enabled economic and social development and prosperity, as well as the creation of a regional framework based on APEC and the ASEAN related fora, in particular of the sea, abiding by international norms in that respect is very important for trade and prosperity and also for peace and security. And that applies not just to those straits in our region but to other sea lines of communication in other parts of the world. We do not take a position on the competing territorial claims in the South China Sea and call on nations to clarify and pursue their territorial claims and accompanying maritime rights in accordance with international law, including the Law of the Sea Convention.

The ongoing shift in influence is, however, not just about economics or demographics, it is also about military power, including maritime power.

Australia welcomes the agreement last year between ASEAN and China on the set of draft guidelines to implement the Declaration on the Conduct of Parties in the South China Sea as the starting point for the resolution of such issues in the South China Sea.

The Asia-Pacific is home to four of the world’s major powers and five of the world’s largest militaries – the United States, Russia, China, India, and North Korea.

The Declaration encourages each of the parties to comply with their commitments, to exercise self-restraint and to resolve their disputes through peaceful means.

The Asia-Pacific is also home to many of the world’s largest navies – including the navies of the United States, China, Russia, and India. The implications of this historic shift continue to unfold. Some seem to assume that the economic and strategic influence of the United States, the world’s largest economy and superpower, will somehow be rapidly eclipsed overnight as a result of the new distribution of power. That is not Australia’s view In Australia’s view, the United States has underwritten stability in the Asia-Pacific for the past half century and will continue to be the single most important strategic actor in our region for the foreseeable future, both in its own right and through its network of alliances and security relationships, including with Australia. United States presence in this region is underpinned by the United States Pacific Command. USPACOM comprises about one-fifth of total US military strength, and includes six United States Navy aircraft carrier strike groups, two Marine Expeditionary Forces and 185,000 Naval and Marine personnel. An ongoing United States presence in the Asia Pacific is essential to peace and stability in our region. Indeed, as the world moves to the Asia Pacific, it is even more important that there is a United States’ presence in our region.

This is a good starting point but more needs to be done. India and the Indian Ocean India’s role and place in the Asia Pacific Century continues to be under-appreciated. Australia and the region need to look west as well as east. India is the largest democracy in the world, and as India assumes the mantle of global influence accorded to it by its democratic status, growing economy and capacity, its strategic weight in the world will naturally increase.

An ongoing United States presence in the Asia Pacific is essential to peace and stability in our region. Indeed, as the world moves to the Asia Pacific, it is even more important that there is a United States’ presence in our region

These considerations have informed our discussions with the United States on the US Global Force Posture Review. This has acknowledged that our respective military forces must be able to respond in a timely and effective way to the range of humanitarian assistance, disaster relief, peacekeeping or stabilisation contingencies that may arise in our region.

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India has global interests, but India’s expanding strategic role has increasingly focused on our shared Asian neighbourhood. The critical strategic importance of the Indian Ocean is also substantially under-appreciated. The countries of the Indian Ocean Rim are home to more than 2.6 billion people, almost 40 per cent of the world’s population. The security of its waters goes to the heart of global, regional and Australian strategic interests. The proportion of world energy supplies passing through critical transport choke points, including the Straits of Malacca, the Straits of Hormuz and the Suez Canal will increase in the coming years.

The Indian Ocean already ranks among the busiest highways for global trade. It will become a crucial global trading thoroughfare in the future. Crucial trading routes, the presence of large and growing naval capabilities, as well as transnational security issues such as piracy, drive Australia to put the Indian Ocean alongside the Pacific Ocean at the heart of our maritime strategic and defence planning.

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In recognition of this imperative, Australia has joined the Indian Ocean Naval Symposium (IONS), an initiative of the Indian Navy. Australia will host the IONS Conclave of Chiefs in Perth in 2014. India and Australia are also leading the Indian Ocean Rim Association for Regional Cooperation (IOR-ARC), a Ministerial level forum with membership ranging across the entire Indian Ocean region. With India the current IOR-ARC Chair and Australia the Vice Chair, we are jointly leading efforts to strengthen regional security architecture, with a particular focus on maritime security.

The IOR-ARC Ministerial Meeting in India late last year agreed to examine renaming the forum, including the option of an “Indian Ocean Community”. This is consistent with India’s and Australia’s efforts to lift the organisation to greater prominence.

That is why Australia strongly supported the inaugural meeting of the ASEAN Plus Defence Ministers Meeting (ADMM Plus) in Hanoi in October last year. That is why we very much welcome the entry of the United States and Russia into an expanded East Asia Summit (EAS) this year. The United States and Russia joined with ASEAN countries plus Australia, China, India, Japan, New Zealand and the Republic of Korea. In that context I am looking very much forward to meeting with Russian Foreign Minister Sergy Lavrov later this morning.

After India’s two year period as Chair of IOR-ARC, Australia will take over as Chair for the subsequent two year period, and Indonesia expected thereafter. India, Australia and Indonesia can all provide regional leadership through a forum that has much potential to deal with regional challenges. This reflects a natural extension of significant and growing bilateral relationships between the three countries.

Since coming to office, the Government has advocated the need for a regional Leaders’ meeting which can consider both strategic and security matters, as well as economic matters, with all the relevant countries of our region in the same room at the same time.

As part of our ongoing work with the US on its Global Force Posture Review, we will also examine the possibility of increased US access to Australia’s Indian Ocean port, HMAS Stirling

During my most recent visit to India in December last year, I agreed with Indian Defence Minister A K Antony that Australia and India would boost Defence cooperation, particularly in the maritime sphere. We agreed to strengthen military to military interaction across the Navy, Army and Air Force and to establish a 1.5 Track Defence Strategic Dialogue, to be held in Australia this year. Most significantly, we agreed that Australian and Indian officials would work towards establishing a formal bilateral maritime exercise. While in India, I visited Headquarters Western Naval Command in Mumbai, which highlighted the value of enhanced cooperation between our navies. India’s and Australia’s navies are the two most significant navies of the Indian-Ocean littoral states. Both our countries have much to gain in working together to boost maritime security in the region. Earlier this month, I visited London for the Australia-United Kingdom Ministerial Consultations (AUKMIN). I was pleased to announce that Perth will be hosting AUKMIN in 2013, following on from CHOGM in 2011. Perth’s status as Australia’s Indian Ocean capital makes it a natural choice to host next year’s AUKMIN meeting, underlining the growing international importance of the region. The Importance of Regional Architecture Australia has greatly benefited from the Asia-Pacific region’s long period of peace, security, stability and prosperity. We owe this in great part to the creation and growth of regional institutions like ASEAN and its related forums, institutions that continue to build habits of dialogue and cooperation in the region.

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Presidents and Prime Ministers, Foreign Ministers and Defence Ministers from all key countries in the region now meet to discuss the full gamut of issues, from the economy and trade and investment through to peace and security. Australia is pleased to co-chair with Malaysia the maritime expert working group of the ADMM Plus. The establishment of the ADMM Plus offers real opportunities for practical military to military and defence to defence cooperation, including for disaster relief and humanitarian assistance.

Another important regional security forum is the Five Power Defence Arrangements (FPDA). The FPDA brings together Australia, Singapore, New Zealand, Malaysia and the UK. The FPDA was established in 1971 to provide transitional security assurances for the newly formed independent states of Malaysia and Singapore. As Singapore and Malaysia’s Defence capabilities increased, the Arrangements have developed into a forum for continued multilateral Defence interaction between members. Today, the FPDA retains conventional capabilities while also adapting to deal with modern non-convention challenges, such as counter-terrorism, maritime security, humanitarian assistance and disaster relief. Modern Navy This is an historic time for the Royal Australian Navy. In the coming years we will see Australia’s Navy reach a level of capability it never previously contemplated. A strong, capable and versatile Navy able to undertake the full spectrum of operations is a key element of any maritime nation’s strategic planning. The 2009 Defence White Paper included a significant focus on enhancing our maritime capabilities for the 21st century. Australia’s amphibious capability received a major boost with the commissioning last month of HMAS Choules, named after former Chief Petty Officer Claude Choules. HMAS Choules weighs 16,000 tonnes and its cargo capacity has the equivalent of the Manoora, Kanimbla and Tobruk combined. Its flight deck has room for two large helicopters and can also carry around 150 light trucks and 350 troops. Later this year the hull of the first landing Helicopter Dock (LHD) ship will arrive in Melbourne. The LHDs will be the largest ships the Navy has ever had. Each ship is capable of

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carrying a combined armed battlegroup of more than 1100 personnel, 100 armoured vehicles and 12 helicopters, as well as a 40-bed hospital. The introduction into service of these ships will mark a significant change in the way the Australian Defence Force (ADF) deploys its land forces and conducts amphibious operations. The conduct of amphibious operations will be further strengthened through the implementation of Plan BEERSHEBA, a major restructure of the Australian Army announced by the Government last month. Plan BEERSHEBA will ensure that Army is able to respond effectively to future challenges, including humanitarian assistance and disaster relief and other operations. It includes the dedication of the 2nd Battalion, Royal Australian Regiment to form the core of Army’s contribution to a future amphibious force capable of conducting humanitarian and disaster relief and other operations, particularly in our immediate region. Army is working closely with the Royal Australian Navy to enhance amphibious interoperability, in particular in operations with the LHDs, HMAS Choules and other amphibious platforms.

Options for the Future Submarine range from a proven fully Military Off the Shelf design through to a completely new submarine. All options are being considered, other than nuclear propulsion which the Government has ruled out. Last month I announced that a series of important steps were underway including that Government had approved the release of Requests for Information to three overseas submarine designers, and that Defence had entered into a contract with Babcock for a study into a land-based propulsion site. In addition I announced the development of a Future Submarine Industry Skills plan.

Army is working closely with the Royal Australian Navy to enhance amphibious interoperability, in particular in operations with the LHDs, HMAS Choules and other amphibious platforms

Other major maritime capabilities already under construction or planned in the 2009 Defence White Paper include new destroyers, manned and unmanned long range surveillance aircraft and a range of important new or upgraded capabilities, including naval weapons and communication systems. The Air Warfare Destroyer project is the most complex naval ship construction program ever undertaken in Australia. When complete, the Air Warfare Destroyer will be one of the most capable types of warship of its size in the world. The three ships will provide advance air defence against missiles and aircraft for self- protection, as well as for other ships and for land forces in coastal areas. In 2014, the first two of 24 MH-60R Seahawk ‘Romeo’ naval combat helicopters will arrive in Australia. Acquisition of 24 ‘Romeos’ will allow the Navy to provide at least eight warships with a combat helicopter at the same time, including ANZAC Class frigates and the new Air Warfare Destroyers. They will be equipped with a highly sophisticated combat system designed to employ Hellfire air-to-surface missile and the Mark 54 anti-submarine torpedo.

The Government will consider the Future Submarine project early during the course of this year and more announcements will follow in due course. Lessons learnt These are challenging times for Defence and the Navy in particular. Problems with the availability of our ships and submarines have seriously impacted on Naval capability. A lot of progress has been made but there is still more to be done. Nearly 12 months ago when Cyclone Yasi hit North Queensland, Defence was unable to provide amphibious ships to support the recovery and response efforts.

I, like many Australians, was very disappointed by this lack of amphibious capability in a time of national need. I made it very clear to Defence that this was an unacceptable situation that could never be allowed to happen again. Since February last year the Government has undertaken a range of reforms and measures to address the issues with the Navy’s amphibious fleet. In April last year, the Government purchased the RFA Largs Bay from the British Government and last month it was commissioned as HMAS Choules. In addition, HMAS Tobruk underwent a period of scheduled maintenance to make it ready for sea. Over the past 12 months Defence has also undertaken a series of commercial leases to augment the Navy’s amphibious capability. Subsea Operations Vessel Windermere will today complete its operations as an additional support vessel for the cyclone season.

All eight ANZAC Class frigates are being upgraded with an advanced Anti-Ship Missile Defence system which is able to identify, track and guide missiles to multiple targets at the same time at a cost in excess of $650 million. The upgrade of HMAS Perth as the lead ship for the Anti-Ship Missile Defence program was successfully completed in 2011 and the installation of the system on the remaining seven ships of the ANZAC class will be completed by 2017.

Last month as well I announced the Government’s decision to purchase an additional humanitarian and disaster relief ship to provide additional support to the Choules and Tobruk.

Future Submarines The Government is committed to acquiring 12 new Future Submarines, to be assembled in South Australia over the coming three decades.

His report identified a number of significant issues and made 24 recommendations to improve operational availability and outcomes to ensure the ongoing technical integrity of Navy’s ships. The recommendations of that report are being implemented.

The Future Submarine project will be the largest and most complex Defence project ever undertaken by Australia. The project is a major national undertaking and is of a scale, complexity and duration never before experienced within Defence.

The Collins Class submarine fleet remains our most significant sustainment challenge. In December last year I released the report of Phase 1 of the Review of the Sustainment of Australia’s Collins Class submarines, the Coles Review.

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In the face of a gap in our amphibious capability, I commissioned Mr Paul Rizzo to develop a plan to improve the maintenance and sustainment of our naval fleet.

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This Review is examining complex engineering issues associated with submarine sustainment. It will play an important role in guiding improvements to the way our Collins class submarines are sustained into the future in much the same way as the Rizzo report is doing for the Navy’s amphibious fleet.

its partners in Southeast Asia, and to strengthen regional confidence in US engagement in the region.

Phase 2 of the review will report in April this year and focus on: Integration and Program Management; Commercial; Engineering Reliability and Navy; and Costing. In Phase 2, the review team will gather and analyse data to put forward wellevidenced findings and recommendations on how to improve performance in Collins submarine sustainment. Lessons learnt from the Coles Review will also play an important role in the development of the Future Submarine Project. The lessons learnt from the challenges we have faced in the past, and the outcomes from the Rizzo and Coles reviews, will be applied to future acquisitions and future sustainment. This includes projects already underway, such as the Future Submarines, as well as future projects to provide essential naval capabilities, including supply and logistic ships, frigates and offshore combatant vessels.

We have seen that reinforced by President Obama’s commitment to enhancing US engagement with the Asia Pacific during his visit to Australia and more recently in the US. In his speech to the Australian Parliament in Canberra, President Obama committed the United States to making its “presence and missions in the Asia-Pacific a top priority”, while at the same ensuring that “reductions in US defence spending will not come at the expense of the Asia-Pacific.”

One of the key Force Posture Review priorities for the United States is to increase engagement with Australia and its partners in Southeast Asia, and to strengthen regional confidence in US engagement in the region


The President reiterated the US commitment to the Asia Pacific with the release of the new US Defense Strategic Guidance in January, and Secretary of Defense Panetta confirmed that the US enhanced commitment to the Asia Pacific would be quarantined from US defense budget cuts in his announcement last Friday of US Defense Budget Priority and Choices. Prime Minister Gillard and President Obama announced during the President’s visit to Australia new force posture initiatives that significantly enhance defence cooperation between Australia and the US. Coming on the 60th anniversary of the ANZUS Alliance, these initiatives strengthen an already robust partnership that has been an anchor of stability and peace in the Asia-Pacific region.

The reforms I have referred to are specific to Navy, but in the past 12 months the Government has initiated a range of major reforms to improve the acquisition and sustainment of military equipment.

Starting this year, Australia will see the rotational deployment of US Marines to Darwin and Northern Australia, for around six months at a time, where they will conduct exercises and training on a rotational basis with the ADF .

These include increasing the rigour of the Defence Capability Plan; improving contestability in capability decision making; the establishment of an Independent Project Performance Office; introduction of an Early Warning System to identify problems in projects before they become critical; the extension of Gate Reviews to all major capability projects; and more rigour in the Projects of Concern process.

The initial deployment will consist of a small liaison element and a company of 250 US Marines, which will expand over the coming five/six years to a rotational presence of up to a 2,500 person Marine Air Ground Task Force. The US Marines will exercise and train on a rotational basis with the ADF in the Northern Territory.

It is important that we get our capability development and acquisition process right. Last year the Government approved a record 46 first pass, second pass and other major project approvals with a combined total value of the projects in excess of six billion dollars. In order to realise the full potential of the capability Australia is acquiring in the coming decades, we need to ensure the ADF is correctly geographically positioned. US Global Force Posture Review The US Global Force Posture Review was established to ensure the US could respond to current and likely future changes in the international security environment. It seeks a politically sustainable, operationally resilient, and geographically dispersed US force posture.

The increased training and exercising with the US Marines will be an important opportunity for the ADF to build and refine its amphibious capability as the LHDs come on line and as the ADF implements Plan BEERSHEBA. As part of our ongoing work with the US on its Global Force Posture Review, we will also examine the possibility of increased US access to Australia’s Indian Ocean port, HMAS Stirling. Australian Defence Force Posture Review It is equally essential that the ADF is correctly geographically positioned to meet future security and strategic challenges. That is why I announced the Force Posture Review in June last year.

The US considers its engagement in the Asia-Pacific to be an increasingly important strategic priority given the region’s location between the Pacific and Indian Oceans, its proximity to vital strategic sea lanes, and increased great power interest in the area.

The Review is addressing the range of present and emerging global, regional and national strategic and security factors which require careful consideration for the future.

One of the key Force Posture Review priorities for the United States is to increase engagement with Australia and

• The rise of the Asia-Pacific as a region of global strategic significance;

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These strategic and security factors include:

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• The rise of the Indian Ocean rim as a region of global strategic significance;

Joint amphibious capability is envisaged as having a transformational effect on Navy, Army and the ADF generally, driving force posture considerations.

• The growth of military power projection capabilities of countries in the Asia Pacific; • The growing need for the provision of humanitarian assistance and disaster relief following extreme events in the Asia Pacific region; and • Energy security and security issues associated with expanding offshore resource exploitation in our North West and Northern approaches.

Those reviews resulted in the establishment of some of our so-called bare bases, RAAF Scherger in Queensland for example and also saw the move of some of our naval assets and submarines to HMAS Stirling (Fleet Base West) in Western Australia. The need for an ADF Posture Review is driven by our strategic circumstances. Australia’s strategic interests are overwhelmingly positioned to the north, the north west and north east, and to the Indian Ocean Rim.

The Expert Panel also highlights the potential for greater wharf capacity and support facilities at HMAS Stirling (Fleet Base West) to support major surface combatant capability and operations.

The Force Posture Review will feed into the 2014 Defence White Paper. The last time we did something of this significance was in the 1980s when Professor Dibb and Robert Cooksey did some work for one of my predecessors, Kim Beazley that informed the 1987 White Paper and its outcomes.

The Expert Panel also examines possible basing options in the North and North West of Australia and the possibility of arrangements that enhance access to commercial ports.

The Expert Panel noted that while Fleet Base East remains a highly effective homeport location for Navy, in the future, the impact of encroachment pressures on Navy’s presence in Sydney could present increasing challenges and that an additional fleet base in a location like Brisbane could complement and relieve that pressure

A ‘Brisbane Line’ disposition of Navy, Army or Air Force assets does not reflect the reality of where the ADF must operate, whether for military operations or humanitarian assistance and disaster relief, or other contingencies.

It is essential to consider whether the ADF is appropriately geographically positioned to respond in a timely way to Australia’s strategic and security demands.

The Expert Panel noted that while Fleet Base East remains a highly effective homeport location for Navy, in the future, the impact of encroachment pressures on Navy’s presence in Sydney could present increasing challenges and that an additional fleet base in a location like Brisbane could complement and relieve that pressure. As Allan Hawke and Ric Smith wrote to me in their covering letter forwarding the report: “In our view, Navy faces the greatest challenges in accommodating the practical and conceptual changes required...”. I agree with that. That challenge is reflected by the Expert Panel’s preliminary conclusions as they relate to Navy. They are as follows: While permanent Navy bases in the North West are not operationally necessary given the availability of bases at Perth and Darwin, there is a case for Defence to pursue improved access arrangements at commercial ports such as Exmouth, Dampier, Port Hedland and Broome.

Defence to increase the prominence of the Fleet Base West command and upgrade the current rank level of Commanding Officer HMAS Stirling from Captain to Commodore in view of: • The prominence of the ADF and Navy presence in Western Australia; and

Two of our leading national security experts, Allan Hawke and Ric Smith, both former Secretaries of the Department of Defence, are overseeing Defence’s work on the Force Posture Review.

• The increasing importance of the Indian Ocean and the need to support whole-of-Government and international engagement efforts.

Expert Panel’s Progress Report

• Defence to proceed with its plans to homeport the Air Warfare Destroyers and LHDs at Fleet Base East in the short term but also develop additional options as set out below.

Yesterday, I released the Expert Panel’s progress report. The Expert Panel’s progress report is essential and compulsory reading for Navy and anyone interested in Navy. The progress report offers a range of thoughts and options on how the ADF could be better geographically positioned to respond in a timely way to Australia’s strategic and security demands. The progress report points to the Asia Pacific Century as reinforcing the need for a force posture that can support operations in Australia’s Northern and Western approaches, as well as operations with our partners in the wider Asia Pacific region and the Indian Ocean Rim. The progress report points to expanding maritime capabilities as significantly influencing Australia’s future force posture.

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• Defence to develop options to expand wharf capacity and support facilities at Fleet Base West to: a. support major surface combatant capability and operations by: • Providing adequate infrastructure and facilities, including missile loading and maintenance facilities, to homeport at least one Air Warfare Destroyer as well as the Future Frigate class; and • Providing facilities that are also able to be used for deployments and operations in Southeast Asia and the Indian Ocean by US Navy major surface combatants and aircraft carriers; •

Support submarine capability and operations by:

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• Enabling Fleet Base West to continue as the primary submarine homeport when the expanded Future Submarine fleet enters service; and • Providing facilities that are also able to be used by US Navy nuclear-powered submarines. Defence to develop a long term option for establishing an additional east coast fleet base for the LHDs and/or Future Submarine, noting that Brisbane is: • Well provided with industry capacity for maintenance, repair and sustainment; • Coser to mounting bases (for embarking land forces) and likely operating areas in the archipelago to our north and the South Pacific; • Out of the ‘cyclone belt’; and • Located in a Nuclear Powered Warship-rated port, to facilitate US Navy visits. Defence to plan to expand the capacity of bases at Darwin and Cairns to accommodate the OCV and replacement LCH, noting: the OCV will also need to be postured for its mine counter measures and hydrographic survey roles. Defence to develop a more consolidated long term master plan for meeting Navy’s Force 2030 basing requirements, which also addresses the implications of increased US activities and presence in Australia.

Chief Of Navy, Vice Admiral Ray Griggs Ready to take up the Navy challenge working with Army and Air Force

And it the context of the ADF’s Joint Amphibious Capability: Plans for developing an amphibious mounting base capacity at Townsville are appropriate and on track. Defence to develop an alternative amphibious mounting option for Darwin that includes the development of roll-on, roll-off loading facilities at East Arm wharf, rather than rely on embarkation and loading via watercraft (noting the benefits for the ADF and future US Marine rotations through Darwin). Defence to develop options to allow large amphibious ships to embark Army units based in Brisbane and (as a lesser priority) Adelaide, in addition to Townsville and Darwin. More broadly, the Review is also examining logistics support requirements, training areas for large-scale and joint training exercises, demographic and economic factors, public communications strategies, and engagement with industry, particularly the minerals and petroleum resources industries in Australia’s North and West. The Review’s final report will be submitted to the Government at the end of March this year. The Government will then closely examine the Force Posture Review, which will form part of the security and strategic considerations for the 2014 White Paper. A closely related independent review, also being undertaken by Allan Hawke, is examining the future use of the naval docks at Garden Island in Sydney by visiting cruise ships.

Concluding remarks The Asia Pacific is a region in strategic flux. The changes in our immediate region present a number of strategic challenges for Australia, but also enormous opportunities in the years ahead. Australia sees the continued and enhanced presence of the United States as fundamental to ensuring the continuation of the security and stability in our region that has underpinned the economic growth and prosperity in the post World War Two period. Australia will continue to play a role in ensuring the security and stability of the region, including with our Alliance partner the United States. Fundamental to this is the need to have strong, modern and capable naval and maritime capabilities able to respond to the full range of challenges ahead. As we look to the future, it is vital that we heed the hard lessons learnt over the past few years in preparing for the future. As we increasingly recognise the importance of maritime security, I wish you well in your discussions on the challenges facing navies and the broader maritime community in the future, in the Asia Pacific region and beyond.

This review is assessing whether there is scope to enhance cruise ship access to Garden Island without adversely impacting on its priority role of supporting Navy maritime operations. The review will focus on the opportunities for greater civilmilitary cooperation in the use of finite berthing resources for very large vessels in Sydney. I expect to receive this review early next month.

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Recollections of a W hi t e H a t "O

ne thing we weren't aware of at the time, but became evident as life wore on, was that we learned true leadership from the finest examples any lad was ever given, Chief Petty Officers. They were crusty old bastards who had done it all and had been forged into men who had been time tested over more years than a lot of us had time on the planet. The ones I remember wore hydraulic oil stained hats with scratched and dinged-up insignia, faded shirts, some with a Bull Durham tag dangling out of their right-hand pocket or a pipe and tobacco reloads in a worn leather pouch in their hip pockets, and a Zippo that had been everywhere. Some of them came with tattoos on their forearms that would force them to keep their cuffs buttoned at a Methodist picnic. Most of them were as tough as a boarding house steak. A quality required to survive the life they lived. They were, and always will be, a breed apart from all other residents of Mother Earth. They took eighteen year old idiots and hammered the stupid bastards into sailors. You knew instinctively it had to be hell on earth to have been born a Chief's kid. God should have given all sons born to Chiefs a return option. A Chief didn't have to command respect. He got it because there was nothing else you could give them. They were God's designated hitters on earth. We had Chiefs with fully loaded Submarine Combat Patrol Pins, and combat air crew wings in my day...hard-core bastards who remembered lost mates, and still cursed the cause of their loss...and they were expert at choosing descriptive adjectives and nouns, none of which their mothers would have endorsed. At the rare times you saw a Chief topside in dress canvas, you saw rows of hard-earned, worn and faded ribbons over his pocket. "Hey Chief, what's that one and that one?" "Oh hell kid, I can't remember. There was a war on. They gave them to us to keep track of the campaigns." "We didn't get a lot of news out where we were. To be honest, we just took their word for it. Hell son, you couldn't pronounce most of the names of the places we went. They're all depth charge survival geedunk." "Listen kid, ribbons don't make you a Sailor." We knew who the heroes were, and in the final analysis that's all that matters. Many nights, we sat in the after mess deck wrapping ourselves around cups of coffee and listening to their stories. They were light-hearted stories about warm beer shared with their running mates in corrugated metal sheds at resupply depots where the only furniture was a few packing crates and a couple of Coleman lamps. Standing in line at a Honolulu cathouse or spending three hours soaking in a tub in Freemantle, smoking cigars, and getting loaded. It was our history. And we dreamed of being just like them because they were our heroes. When they accepted you as their shipmate, it was the highest honor you would ever receive in your life. At least it was clearly that for me. They were not men given to the prerogatives of their position. You would find them with their sleeves rolled up, shoulder-toshoulder with you in a stores loading party. "Hey Chief, no need for you to be out here tossin' crates in the rain, we can get all this crap aboard."

"Horsefly, when I'm eighty-five parked in the stove up old bastards' home, I'll still be able to kick your worthless butt from here to fifty feet past the screw guards along with six of your closest friends." And he probably wasn't bullshitting. They trained us. Not only us, but hundreds more just like us. If it wasn't for Chief Petty Officers, there wouldn't be any U.S. Navy. There wasn't any fairy godmother who lived in a hollow tree in the enchanted forest who could wave her magic wand and create a Chief Petty Officer. They were born as hot-sacking seamen, and matured like good whiskey in steel hulls over many years. Nothing a nineteen year-old jay-bird could cook up was original to these old saltwater owls. They had seen E-3 jerks come and go for so many years; they could read you like a book. "Son, I know what you are thinking. Just one word of advice. DON'T. It won't be worth it." "Aye, Chief." Chiefs aren't the kind of guys you thank. Monkeys at the zoo don't spend a lot of time thanking the guy who makes them do tricks for peanuts. Appreciation of what they did, and who they were, comes with long distance retrospect. No young lad takes time to recognize the worth of his leadership. That comes later when you have experienced poor leadership or let's say, when you have the maturity to recognize what leaders should be, you find that Chiefs are the standard by which you measure all others. They had no Academy rings to get scratched up. They butchered the King's English. They had become educated at the other end of an anchor chain from Copenhagen to Singapore . They had given their entire lives to the U.S. Navy. In the progression of the nobility of employment, Chief Petty Officer heads the list. So, when we ultimately get our final duty station assignments and we get to wherever the big Chief of Naval Operations in the sky assigns us, if we are lucky, Marines will be guarding the streets, and there will be an old Chief in an oil-stained hat and a cigar stub clenched in his teeth standing at the brow to assign us our bunks and tell us where to stow our gear... and we will all be young again, and the damn coffee will float a rock. Life fixes it so that by the time a stupid kid grows old enough and smart enough to recognize who he should have thanked along the way, he no longer can. If I could, I would thank my old Chiefs. If you only knew what you succeeded in pounding in this thick skull, you would be amazed. So, thanks you old casehardened unsalvageable son-of-a-bitches. Save me a rack in the berthing compartment." Life isn't about waiting for the storm to pass. It's about learning to dance in the rain. Never forget this, a Chief can become an Officer, but an Officer can never become a Chief. Chiefs have their standards!

Mike McCaffrey, Admiral (retired USN)

"Son, the term 'All hands' means all hands." "Yeah Chief, but you're no damn kid anymore, you old coot."

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CE NT E NARY I N V I TAT I ON COMMEMORATING HMAS TINGIRA CENTENARY 1912 - 2012 ANZAC DAY March SYDNEY 25 April 2012 8am 25 April 2012 former ‘Tingira’ Junior Recruits from HMAS Leeuwin will form up for the Sydney ANZAC Day March and make their mark on this historic day. Representing their former shipmates of the original HMAS Tingira and HMAS Leeuwin as the mighty “Tingira Boys” as the name and ‘Tinny Boys’ are officially 100 years to the day part of the tradition of the RAN. At the end of the March, members will retire to the ‘Crown Hotel’ on Elizabeth Street for their ration tot of the daily ‘Tingira Rum’ and then to be refreshed departing at 1200 hours by bus for the Tingira Memorial park, Rose Bay where the dedication service will commence at 1230hrs sharp. On competition of wreath laying, naval ode and dedication speech, members will retire to the nearby Rose Bay RSL Club for an afternoon of refreshments, football viewing and two up! JR’s and Tingira Australia Members wishing to March must lodge their ‘Application of Intention’ for transport numbers and catering.


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N A ME - - - - ----------------------INTAKE -------------------------



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Retirement Living

UK’s Mr Matchstick Man of Steel!

For more than 60 years

master modeller Philip Warren has been painstakingly creating an armada of every Royal Navy warship afloat, in service or setting sail since the Second World War ... out of matchsticks and wooden matchboxes. And without even knowing it he was building a unique history of ships - a modern day tribute to the vessels that have been serving his country since 1945.

His collection of 432 naval vessels - which also includes 60 American ships - has been drawing huge and admiring crowds at exhibitions across the country since 1953. And museum directors are agreed that there is no other collection like it in the world. But the 79-year-old retired company director from Blandford, Dorset, will soon have to give up doing what has kept him literally glued to his task since he was just 17 years old. Not because he is too old or losing interest ... but because they no longer make the wooden matchboxes essential to the task, and defence cuts mean we no longer build as many warships. The patient hobbyist began assembling his collection in 1948, using simple tools of a razor blade, tweezers and sandpaper to carve the matches and boxes and

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pieces them together using PVA and balsa wood glue. More than 650,000 matches have been used to create every class of ship in the Royal Navy in incredible detail on a scale model of 1:300. And he has even crafted 1,200 model aircraft out of matches to make his scale-model carrier ships look even more realistic. The post-war Royal Naval ships include HMS Ark Royal, HMS Belfast and HMS Sheffield, and among his matchstick armada are dozens of vessels from the US Navy, including the 40ins long aircraft carrier USS Nimitz, which is the biggest in his fleet. The average ship takes around 1,500 matches and up to three months to build totalling a whopping 650,000 matches over the years. But he uses more than

Mr Warren, who was married to wife Anita for 47 years until she died eight years ago, continued: 'I have built examples of almost every class of ship in the Royal Navy.

5,000 matches and 200 boxes on his largest creations, each of which can take up to a year to build. The vessels in Mr Warren's navy, which also includes16 submarines, are flat-bottomed so that when placed on a blue tablecloth they give the impression of floating on water. His most recent model is HMS Daring, the Royal Navy's newest destroyer having been formally commissioned in July.

I say "almost" as a precaution, because there is always one old seadog who will say "you haven't got mine". 'When I started it was all big battleships with guns, but ships have changed to use more complex missiles and radar over the years. 'I seem to have unwittingly built the history of ships.Various museum directors have told me the collection is worth a lot of money, but it's priceless to me and I would never sell it.

Mr Warren is currently exhibiting 251 of his ships at the Nothe Fort Museum in Weymouth, having carefully carefully transported them in boxes in his Ford Focus estate car. But when they are not on show, the ships are kept on shelves in his garage.

'It's not insured because the purpose of insurance is to replace things when you lose them. These can never be replaced.

He said: 'I started building ships when I was 17, like every other boy back then, and I used what was around me. Matches were much more common then - they were used all day, every day, and every man would carry a matchbox with him.

'I'm an optimistic person but even I don't think I'll have another 62 years to rebuild them. Now, sadly I only have a finite number of ships left to build, because the wooden match boxes I need aren't produced anywhere any more. They were replaced by cardboard ones in the Eighties and unfortunately the stockpile is running out.

'I looked back to ships from 1945 onwards, from the end of the Second World War, and built the ships which were afloat, in service or have come in since then. My whole collection is about 330 ships at the moment. I have built more than 400 but I've given away perhaps 50 or 60 as gifts and others weren't very good so were destroyed.

'I only have enough left for a few ships and certainly won't be able to make another large aircraft carrier. 'It always was and still very much a hobby. I consider myself a very lucky man that my hobby interests so many kind people.'

'The vast majority are Royal Navy, but I have also made around 60 American ships. In total, my collection spans about 20 nations.'

In 1989 Mr Warren presented the ships HMS Bronington and the frigate Minerva to Princess Diana as they were the ships Prince Charles served on during his navy career.

The models are base on plans, drawings and photographs of the real ships and they are accurate scale models.

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Tingira Australia Association - Presidents Message

C h r i s Pe r r i n President Tingira Australia

Tingira Survives to Celebrate Her Century! W

hen a few old navy heads and

government bureaucrats got together over 100 years ago and commissioned HMAS Tingira as the first RAN training ship, little would they have thought that an Association that bears the name and writes of her history would be celebrating her centenary 100 years later. Well, we are and with the main sails blown out and the new gas turbines running on ‘full ahead’, our crew is by a group of dedicated old sea dogs with Vice Admiral Russ Crane as Paton at the helm. Today we are about to embark the name Tingira for another century and propose to stand to our forefathers motto that this Association shall stand forever. With over 3,000 HMAS Tingira boys from those heady days at Rose Bay and over another 10,000 in the ranks from HMAS Leeuwin, the Tingira Association could be a long lasting crew of shipmates as we set her up with continue growth as a group. Our original Tingira old boys let her go slowly but thanks to Ken Dobbie and his JR Memorial idea we are not walking the plank, as we are all back on the high seas. And high seas we shall sail! Tingira Australia members will be marching down George Street on ANZAC Day under our TINGIRA banner.

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And this is just the start of our new future. I would like to think as an Association we will be very challenged of the weekend of October 4th 2013 when literally hundreds of Australian and International naval ships and sailors descend on Sydney for the 100th anniversary of the RAN Fleet entry into Sydney Harbour. Book your rooms now men, there will be reunions galore, for us let’s agree to meet and be merry! Stand By!


PS: We were under pressure to let our Foundation Membership special offer run another 6 months; join now or forever you may curse!

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International 2009

The Governor of New South Wales, Her

Excellency Professor Marie Bashir AC CVO, was the guest of honour, as an honorary Commodore, inspecting the Fleet from onboard the Admiral’s Barge along with Commander Australian Fleet, Rear Admiral Nigel Coates, AM, RAN. Ships participated in the Fleet Review: 15 HMA Ships: Sydney, Darwin, Newcastle, Anzac, Ballarat, Stuart, Manoora, Kanimbla, Success, Sirius, Diamantina, Hawkesbury, Yarra, Norman and Gascoyne. Collins class submarine HMAS Farncomb visiting New Zealand ship HMNZS Canterbury. All the seventeen ships were on Sydney Harbour for a Fleet Review by the Governor of New South Wales, after six weeks of Navy training exercises off the east coast, as part of the 2009 Fleet Concentration Period. a traditional “Cheer Ship” by sailors as the Admiral’s Barge moved past each vessel.

Brief History of our First RAN Fleet . . . At an Imperial Conference held in 1909, it was decided to deploy to Australian waters a naval unit consisting of at least a battle cruiser, three second class cruisers, six destroyers, three submarines and a number of auxiliaries. Detailed discussions were held on 19 August 1909 between representatives of the British Admiralty and the Australian Government that resulted in a decision to proceed with the establishment of an Australian Fleet Unit. The first units of this Navy, the destroyers, HMA Ships Yarra and Parramatta, reached Australian waters in November 1910 and in the following year on 10 July 1911, His Majesty King George V granted the title of 'Royal Australian Navy' to the Commonwealth Naval Forces. On April 25 2012 the clipper ship Sobraon was commissioned HMAS Tingira as a training ship on Sydney Harbour for boy seaman. In June 1912, a third destroyer, HMAS Warrego was commissioned at Sydney and in 1913 the battle cruiser, HMAS Australia and the light cruisers,HMA Ships Melbourne and Sydney arrived in Australian waters. On the 4 October 1913, the Australian Fleet entered Sydney harbour for the first time and in October of the same year formal control of these units passed to the Commonwealth Naval Board. Thus, direct Imperial control came to a conclusion. During the same period the Royal Australian Naval College for the training of officers was opened at Geelong, Victoria. This facility was subsequently moved to Jervis Bay in 1915.

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Naval Fleet Review “O ctober of 2011, Chief of Navy, Vice Admiral Ray Griggs sent letters of invitation to over 50 international counterparts to participate in an International Fleet Review to be held in Sydney from the 4th to 11th of October 2013,” Captain Nick Bramwell, Director of the RAN’s International Fleet Review, told the recent Seapower Conference in Sydney. “This review is being held to commemorate the centenary of the first entry of the Royal Australian fleet into Sydney, which occurred on the 4th of October, 1913.” The event will be reminiscent of the RAN’s 75th anniversary in 1986, and the Bicentennial Naval Salute in 1988, but will also include a significant tall ship component. The intent, Bramwell said, was for as many warships as possible to rendezvous off the NSW South Coast before making a final push into Sydney, arriving on Friday, October 4 2013, exactly 100 years to the day after the first entry. On leaving the Harbour on October 11, the international vessels will be invited to participate in a combined naval exercise, tentatively titled Exercise Triton Centenary.

V O I C E P I P E - SUMMER 2 0 1 2

m Me


s er




ic tif





Is hereby admitted as a Foundation Life Member of the Tingira Australia Association, a member who as a Junior Recruit at age 15 undertook TINGIRA training and the way of life with the Royal Australian Navy,

hereby agrees to be bound by the Constitution of the Tingira Australia Association. April 2011



Tingira Australia

Vice Admiral AO, CSM, RAN Chief of Navy (CN)


m Me


s er





d Ba

Honorary Life Member


Foundation Life Member

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Foundation Life Member Associate

V O I C E P I P E - SUMMER 2 0 1 2

General Member

General Member Associate



To be offered as a once in a lifetime opportunity to


become part of the initial “Foundation Membership” of Tingira Australia is a privilege an honour by those who qualify to become members and an opportunity to save some serious membership fees over your lifetime.


Associations are built on membership and fees and the foundation contributions will allow the Committee to set the Association into a direction that will see us prosper and deliver for our members. The benefits - “mateship and gaining a generous discount on all your functions, services and products for a lifetime”, truly a unique offer that has a long run out date with benefits to those first in line!

PAYMENT Amount $______________ TYPE Cheque - Money Order - Bank Debit CHEQUE Cheque No


After the successful Junior Recruit Memorial and Reunion last year we have had numerous requests from many who were not able to make it to Perth as to when is the next reunion and are we going to form an Association? Many former recruits have also asked if their partners could join? So we have created an Association for you and an Associate membership opportunity for your spouse to also become part of our Tingira family. Let’s say the next reunion is certainly in the planning along with many other great ideas that have come across the desk so far. Ideas are only as good as the volunteers that can run your Association and bring it together.


MONEY ORDER Order No - ____________________________________ DIRECT DEBIT BANK ACCOUNT

We have a talented and professional team of former “Tingira Boys” behind the head rope on board the good ship Tingira at present, ready to move our Association forward at a fast rate of knots, time to jump on board. Why not come for a life long cruise, this is your Association as former Junior Recruits that were lucky and proud to wear the Tingira flash.

Branch ___________________________________________ BSB ____________________________________________ Acc No __________________________________________


TINGIRA AUSTRALI A Secretary AN ZAC H o u se 245 Castlereagh Street, SYDNEY NSW 2000



Be proud to wear the ‘Silver T’ lapel badge, it’s your contribution to our ‘foundation’ the best once in a lifetime opportunity you will get this year!




A D M I N I S T R AT I O N Cheq, MO or BD - _________________________________

PS: If you know of a worth while former shipmate for nomination to the Honorary Life Membership category, please forward to my desk a nomination and support story of 100 words for consideration by our Committee.

Member Category SF aSF G aG 1 or 10 Amount Tendered ________________________________ Certificate & Lapel Badge - Date sent ________________ SEC __________________ TRES __________________


SPECIAL ONCE ONLY OFFER Foundation Life Membership Offer Closes 33 June 2012



Membership Qualification: To have served as a Member of the Royal Australian Navy under the name of TINGIRA at any stage of his/her training during their naval career.

FOUNDATION MEMBERSHIP @ $200 FOUNDATION Lifetime Member @ $200 ASSOCIATE Foundation Lifetime Member

Associate Members: To be the spouse or partner of a Tingira Australia Member. GENERAL and ASSOCIATE MEMBERSHIP @ $20 One year Annual GENERAL Member @ $20 One year Annual ASSOCIATE Member @ $150 TEN year General/Associate Member



Awarded annually to Members who the Tingira Australia Committee deem honoured to be awarded their highest level of Membership for their service to the Navy and general community for their outstanding contributions.

A once in a lifetime opportunity to become part of the initial Membership that provided the funds to set the Associations “foundation building blocks” in place to continue long term as an Association with financial security.

Nominations to the Honorary Life Membership category, to be forward to Association Secretary by “first of March” each year with support document of 500 words for consideration by Committee.

Priced at $200 per Membership, for “Life Membership” of the Association.


All Foundation Members will receive a 10% discount on every purchase of every product and service throughout their lifetime with the Association.

GENERAL MEMBER Annual Association Membership at $20 per year.

Name___________________________________________ Associate Name __________________________________ Date of RAN Entry & Intake ________________________ RAN Official Number ______________________________ Address ________________________________________ Town __________________ State ______ Code ______

A S S O C I AT E MEMBER & ASSOCIATE FOUNDATION LIFE MEMBER Annual Associate Membership for members spouse at $20 per year. Or

Phone No _______________ Mobile ________________ Email Address ___________________________________ DECLARATION: I hereby agree to abide by the Constitution, Rules & Regulation Policies of the TINGIRA AUSTRALIA Association Incorporated 2011.

Members spouse as Foundation Associate Life Member at $200 SIGNATURE ____________________ DATE __________________________

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V O I C E P I P E - SUMMER 2 0 1 2

Tingira Boy - ‘JR Done Good’

C olin

When you get to know

Robinson... ‘Our Blue Collar Sailor’ I was born in 1960 and raised in Dora Creek, on the inland side of Lake Macquarie. It’s a beautiful part of Australia.

I have two older brothers and a younger sister. It was a small town dominated by a few large families, the Robinson’s among them. My father was born in Dora Creek. He built his house and lived in it the rest of his life next door to where he was born. His twin brother was next door on the other side. We lost dad in 2006 to cancer. He and mum had 52 years together in that house. Mum is still there…and still voting Liberal! Dad was a rigger and worked on the power stations. He helped build almost all of the large ones in the region – Wangi Wangi, Vales Point, Munmorrah, Eraring, Liddell, Bayswater, Wallerawang and Mt. Piper – in an era where riggers worked without harness or safety line. In an industry racked with unionism dad was a member but never a supporter. Dad’s motto was “The world doesn’t owe you a living. If you want anything in this world you have to go out and work for it, ‘cos no one will give it to you.” Mum was a housewife, in a time when that was enough. Most people will say this, I know, but I couldn’t have wished for better parents I went to Dora Creek Primary School, a typical rural school of the sixties. Three classrooms held all six grades and a total of about 75 children scattered through them. I was related to most. I had more cousins than most people I now know but at the time it seemed natural. I went on to the local High School at Morisset – with about 400 students. I wasn’t related to most of them, just a lot of them!

Leeuwin passing out day for the 54th intake with JR Colin Robinson 2nd row. 2nd from right.

I finished Fourth Form – Year 10 – and left school to join the Navy. I was 15 years and nine months old. Whenever I hear of a youth being charged with a crime and the name suppressed because they are a minor – under 18 years of age – I can’t help but wonder what my old Divisional Chief Petty Officer, a Quarter Master Gunner named Burnett, would make of it. I can assure everyone that at 15 ½ I may not have been a man, but I was told to start acting like one! And 36 years later I can still hear that man’s voice. It must have been a good one. I did 12 months at HMAS Leeuwin in Fremantle and then 10 months at HMAS Cerberus in Western Port, Victoria. At 17 1/2, where a lot of youngsters today are finishing school, I already had almost two years of service. Where a lot are planning to move on to University to further their learning, I was sent to a “Naval University” – the mess-deck of a destroyer, HMAS Vendetta. You do not come out of there with a degree, just an education. After two years there I spent the greater part of my service in Cairns either servicing the attached Patrol Boats or serving on them, notably just over two years on HMAS Warrnambool patrolling northern waters and chasing illegal fishermen. We often stopped at the exotic resorts of Weipa, Gove and Thursday Island. Naval service teaches you a lot about life and yourself. You learn discipline. Not the “quick march, keep in step” type so much, but the harder kind – self discipline. The discipline that teaches you to prepare, to work un-ordered, to get the job done on time or before time, where if you are not ten minutes early then consider yourself late.

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V O I C E P I P E - SUMMER 2 0 1 2

some of your former shipmates from Leeuwin you can quickly access that many of them have gone on from the navy and ‘Done Good’. These page’s are dedicated to those who are in that category and we welcome submissions to Voice Pipe If you know of a ‘Tingira Boy Done Good’ Please share the story!

DITS & STORIES All contribution, stories and dits, pictures and cartoons, all welcome as a publication contribution.

Editor Mark Lee E:

The Navy teaches teamwork, where the smallest cog in the machine can fail and stop the entire ship. You work to not let the team down, not to let your mates down. It is an environment that forces you to choose the good of the whole over the good of the individual. It teaches you to make sacrifices for the good of the whole. It is where ego and ambition need to be put aside, because you are in a team.

I left the Navy in 1986 and have spent the majority of my time since then in the construction industry. As a tradesman / Leading Hand I have: • Washed cars for a car rental company in Cairns • Installed elevators in a new motel in Cairns • Worked as a Stress Reliever constructing Mt. Piper Power Station, near Lithgow • Maintained and serviced concrete plants all around Sydney • Built cotton Gins in Mungindi • Built and maintained rock crushing plants in Penrith, Brisbane, Dubbo and Melbourne As a Project Manager I have built and managed the funds for: • 12 months in Hong Kong / China building a rock crushing plant in Jixian, China (US$650,000) • Installing up grades and maintaining rock crushing plants in Penrith and Wollongong • Project Manager on World Square project ($4,762,000) • Project Manager on Macquarie University upgrade – new Commerce Buildings E4A and E4B ($2,780,000)

I was sent to a “Naval University” the mess-deck of a destroyer, HMAS Vendetta. You do not come out of there with a degree, just an education! I joined the Liberal Party in 2004…inspired by Mark Latham. When I saw what was supposed to be the worker’s friend go to Tasmania and declare that he would be shutting down timber mills and then refusing to face those he was condemning to the unemployment line but skulking out the back door I knew that I had to start to say something. In 2007 I stood for pre-selection for the candidacy of Parramatta. 2007…Kevin 07…tough year to be a Liberal. I lost that election as you would all imagine. I still think that I was right and to be frank, after the last few years, I can say it with firmer conviction today. Running as a candidate is a great eye-opener into the way that political parties, journalists and the general population think and operate. I highly recommend it to everyone.

My one regret in the whole election campaign is one interview I did with a Sydney Morning Herald journalist – John Huxley and printed on 22/11/07 – where I predicted that, if elected, Kevin Rudd would be gone in 2 years, knifed by the Union factions that he did not believe in or was a member of. I was out by a few months. In fact, when I suggested that proposition I was mocked by the journalist. Pity. Had he published it I would have been a soothsayer of high regard and he would have had a great follow up story. Why would I even suggest such a thing? It is because of the way that the Unions and ALP work together. You need to be “in the know”, in the right circle of influence and be prepared to vote the way that unelected – and in some cases unelectable – union bosses dictate. To his credit, Kevin Rudd didn’t kow-tow to them. And then look what happened! What have I done since the election of 2007? It is back to work, back to a life…until I see another Mark Latham, another bad government…and here we are.

• A supervisor on the ParramattaChatswood Rail Link. I had sixty men over two shifts under my supervision. In 2001 – 2002 I put myself back into TAFE and got my Diploma of Electrical Engineering, I never stop learning. I have had an interest in politics since the “It’s Time” election of Gough Whitlam. I was 12 and in my first year of high school. His dismissal and the election of Malcolm Fraser came about as I finished Fourth Form – Year 10. I was in the Navy the following January.

2007 - Prime Minister John Howard with Colin and Lyn Robinson during the election campaign.

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- A Special Moment In Our Tingira Naval History

Navy Recruiting Advert for JR Sponsors

Returned & Services League

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Of Australia “ Yo u r We l f a r e I s O u r B u s i n e s s ” C o n t a c t Yo u r S t a t e B r a n c h w w w. r s l . o r g . a u

V O I C E P I P E - SUMMER 2 0 1 2

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