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Junior Recruits To Unite !

JULY 2010 Western Australia Welcomes Golden Reunion For All .

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Ahoy There - Welcome Aboard Our first issue of VOICE PIPE -


Golden Reunion

Organising Committee Secretary Trevor Cangemi M 0412 - 923 372 E

your new communication magazine from your former Royal Australian Navy Junior Recruit Training Scheme from the HMAS CERBERUS & LEEUWIN Golden Reunion Committee. If you are not already aware there is a golden reunion planned for next July at our old hometown of Perth in WAe. This is sure to be one of the all time great navy reunions and already there is talk of over 500 members with partners attending.

Treasurer & Webmaster Alan Rodgers M 0416 - 096 841 E

Promotions Ian Dunn M 0422 - 514 982 E

Communications VOICE PIPE MAGAZINE Mark Lee M 0418 - 757 191 E

Chairman Memorial Committee MONTHLY NEWSLETTER Ken Dobbie E

Some brief history - There were two Junior Recruit intakes at HMAS Cerberus on March 1963 and April 1964. HMAS Leeuwin then had 86 intakes before a change in recruiting and training policy when it closed in April 1984. Hence you will see the possibility that our numbers attending could be large. Most former recruits will be aged between 65 and 37 which covers a few generations at the right age group ready to travel and enjoy a good reunion! The “Recruit Committee” needs your assistance. We need to know where everyone is or was at last known call.

present status in life or last known where abouts. No doubt this will generate many stories of past and present members which we intend to publish and share with our members of Voice Pipe in the future. As editor, I have taken on the challenge to produce this magazine every three months from now until July next year, combining with our website as the major communications tool for the event. Producing stories and images of past recruits is the aim - to give the publication some status and substance. I welcome your stories and photo contributions to publish and share with our members. Please forward digital images in JPEG format with 100 to 1,000 words in either WORD or email format. I look forward to catching up with many former ship mates on this grand occasion next July and delivering an informative publication and possibly beyond the event. If you know of other former Junior Recruit members please forward their details for our database and forward them this publication and website address to keep them aware of future updates.

Setting up a data base for each of the Intakes, we endeavor to name all members from each intake and with their

Mark Lee

Editor - Voice Pipe 45th Howden Division HMAS Leeuwin 1973

FRONT COVER - 1974 Guide of Honour for the visit of the Governor of Western Australia to the HMAS Leeuwin Junior Recruit Training Establishment. Two recruits in the front row Mark Lee and Richard Green some 12 months later went on to become shipmates when they completed the first tri service joint Photography course No 65 at RAAF East Sale. Green is still serving as the Navy’s Photographic OIC as Lieutenant Commander. Lee became is a successful freelance PR and Communications specialist based in Sydney. If you have an image with story line for front cover, please submit for possible publication.

Correspondence . . .

Editor - Voice Pipe


Mobil: 0418 757191

Voice Pipe is published on behalf of the Committee for the Junior Recruit Golden Reunion 2010

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to Arms” ALL FORMER Junior Recruits

All former Junior Recruits, Staff and administrators who served as junior recruits at HMAS cerberus & Leeuwin from 1960 to 1984 you are invited to attend with partner the junior recruit golden reunion for the launch of the “Leeuwin Memorial” At Leeuwin Barracks tuesday 13 July 2010 The celebrations will continue for the remaining four days with dinners, tours and a golden REUNION gala dinner at the Burswood Resort on tuesday 13th july Make your registration now numbers are limited Please make other former shipmates aware of this wonderful opportunity to relive your naval past in the future!


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QANTAS has come onboard for the Junior Recruit Golden Reunion to provide assistance with flights from the Eastern states to Western Australia for this ultimate reunion in July 2010. Approximately June 2009 a confirmed link with QANTAS will be placed in the reunion website with further details, standby! We sincerely thank the QANTAS Executive Management team for their generous support for this most prestigious project on behalf of the Royal Australian Navy past and present members.

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Recruits Unite In 2010 . . .

A dedicated group of likeminded men have taken up the challenge and formed a committee to ensure that a reunion is held at Leeuwin Barracks (former H.M.A.S. Leeuwin) in the West, to recognise this major occasion:– The 50th Anniversary of the commencement Junior Recruits Training Scheme (13th July 1960). This invitation is extended to all Junior Recruits (JR’s) of all Intakes, from HMAS CERBERUS & LEEUWIN, Divisional Staff, Academic Instructors and Administration Office Staff. Since the Junior Recruit Training Scheme commenced, approximately 13,000 Junior Recruits took up the challenge and were trained both at Cerberus and Leeuwin. Many continued on and were promoted through the navy ranks to Petty Officers, Chief Petty Officers, Warrant Officers, General and Special Duties List Officers. Of those who joined, 12,074 graduated and many have also gone on in life after the navy to become leaders within communities and industry around Australia. This project commenced early in 2009 to give former recruits ample time to organise and plan their holidays around this very special and once in a lifetime event. Junior Recruits are now part of a special group of men in Australia’s Naval history and the committee invites you to share in this celebration.

Terry Cuffe One of the many young 15 year old Junior Recruits from HMAS Leeuwin trained in WA to serve for Her Majesties Australian Fleet.

The committee envisages this to be a five day event that will give everyone a good chance to catch up with “old oppos”. Apart from the Registration function and the Gala Dinner on the 13 July, a recouperative function the following day, there will be a range of other activities to choose from.

All details of this Memorial can be seen within 'Memorial Details' on the dedicated Junior Recruit website

To enable procession in a professional manner, your support is required by sending a $10 per person registration fee. This will cover the cost of the website, postage and administrative costs. The registration form is on page 8 in this issue of Voice Pipe and needs to be sent by mail at this stage. If you wish to make a donation to the “Leeuwin Memorial”, you may do so on this form and that money will be transferred to the Memorial committee account.

The Devonport branch of Westpac bank. The account name is the “Junior Recruit Memorial Fund Inc.” (BSB 037 604 Account 227 096)

If you wish to make a donation towards the memorial please do so by their own banking facilities:

Junior Recruits 50th Golden Reunion Website


The Memorial will be a tribute to all Junior Recruits and is scheduled to be unveiled at Leeuwin Barracks on 13 July 2010 – the exact day of the 50th Anniversary. This Memorial project is being co-coordinated by a separate committee headed by Ken Dobbie.

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Memorial Project . . .

The idea for the creation of a Memorial to the Junior Recruit Training Scheme came about in 2007 through discussion amongst a few ex Junior Recruits who thought it was a good idea and decided to circulate the message to measure the support. Ongoing discussion created a significant amount of interest and late in 2007 we determined that there was sufficient interest in the idea for it to continue. The idea of a memorial attracted the interest of Rear Admiral Brian Adams AO RAN (ret) and he agreed to act as the Project Patron. A call was put out for volunteers to form a committee and appropriate funds management procedures were put in place including having the project formally incorporated. The design was a vexed issue in that the committee had to mindful of a number of important matters such as the historical appropriateness of the design and its placement in a location that had relevance to the training of Junior Recruits. It was also important that these issues be resolved so that the outcome was seen to be representative of all JR’s. The design chosen after careful consideration of the ideas put forward was one that considered a number of important factors such as the image was to be that of a JR, the uniform had all of the traditional features such as cap, lanyard, silk scarf and blue jean collar. The inclusion of reference to Tingira was a necessary feature to ensure that the historical context of JR training was retained. The costs excluded the casting of a full sized figure and the compromise was to have a bronze featuring the torso

Marching 303 rifles, clean boats, a shave and marching, a daily chore at HMAS Leeuwin!

figure of a JR in relief. The figure was to have a rope surround with a figure of eight knot at the bottom. The bronze was to be the centre piece of a three panelled granite edifice on which was to be inscribed the dedication and the crests of Leeuwin and Cerberus, the inclusion of both establishments was to ensure that the memorial was representative of all JR’s. Consideration of the location also considered the historical aspect of the memorial and an approach was made to Leeuwin barracks who approved the placement of the memorial at the base of the mast within the confines of the previous HMAS Leeuwin. The training idea at Leeuwin was established historically from the training conducted by the RAN for boy seamen on the hulk “Tingira” located in Sydney in the early 1900’s. This was re established as Junior Recruit Training Establishment HMAS Leeuwin in 1960. For a brief period during 1963-1965 training was also conducted at HMAS Cerberus as an interim measure whilst some staffing and accommodation issues at Leeuwin were resolved. Training at each site was for boys aged between 15 ½ years and 16 ½ years for 12

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months. Graduates of this training model went on to serve in the RAN in the various categories available to sailors then. Some of the participants in the JRTE Scheme are still serving and many achieved senior promotions as high as Vice Admiral. The many graduates of the scheme also went on to serve with honour in the various theatres of conflict and peacekeeping operations that have occurred since the 1960’s. The arrangements that the training scheme, as it operated under at the time, meant that these young boys were posted to operational ships on completion of their junior training. These ships subsequently served in areas of conflict such as the Indonesian Confrontation Operations and the Vietnam War. They continue to serve in operational areas of Iraq, Solomon Islands and East Timor. This has presented a somewhat unique circumstance in that some of these boys were serving on active service whilst still aged 16. The memorial proposed for the Leeuwin site would give permanent recognition for those who found the beginnings of their service life at that establishment.

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2010 Registration Form

Registration details for the reunion Registration Form Name_________________________________________________ Address _______________________________________________ ________________________________ Post code ______ Email: ________________________________________________ Telephone: _______________________ MOB _______________ Intake Number, month and year _______________Official Number __________ STAFF MEMBER Division:______________ Year:______________ Circle as appropriate: HMAS LEEUWIN HMAS CERBERUS Wife/Partners name______________________________________ Registration: $10.00 per head. Total numbers attending ________________

Amount __________

Contribution to memorial fund _________________ *This contribution can be added to your registration fee and will be forwarded to the Memorial Committee. Reunion Banking Details Make cheques out to 'Junior Recruits 50th Reunion' Address for cheques. The Treasurer, Unit 95, 41 Geographe Way THORNLIE WA 6108 Electronic banking details; Westpac BSB 036067 Account Number 346078 NOTE; If you electronically transfer money please ensure your official number is included in the details, as this will allow us to identify you and for ease of banking reconciliation.

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“Leading” Junior Recruit . . . Lower deck to Upper Deck and all the way to the top for the navy command, it’s not a Hollywood fiction story but the reality of our most famous Junior Recruit Russ Crane.

Junior Recruit Russ Crane

Vice Admiral Russ Crane, AM, CSM, RAN began his naval career as a Junior Recruit at HMAS LEEUWIN in 1970, training as an Electrical Mechanic in aircraft communications. Following selection for officer training in 1972, he began training as a Seaman Officer and was awarded his bridge watchkeeping certificate in 1975 while serving in HMAS DERWENT. Following a further posting to sea in H M A S S T U A RT h e p u r s u e d Clearance Diving as a sub specialisation, completing the Minewarfare and Clearance Diving Officers Course at HMAS PENGUIN and HMS VERNON in UK during 1977. He then served in HMAS CURLEW and the Aircraft Carrier HMAS MELBOURNE. In 1981 after a short period in charge of Clearance Diving Team 2, he was posted to HMS VERNON as a Minewarfare Instructor on 2 years exchange service with the Royal Navy. In 1983, on promotion to Lieutenant Commander, he assumed command of HMAS CURLEW. He was then posted as the Staff Officer Minewarfare to the Commander Australian Minewarfare and Patrol Boat Forces. He was posted to HMAS TORRENS, as the Executive Officer in 1988 and on completion of this

CHIEF OF NAVY Vice Admiral Russ Crane AM, CSM, RAN

appointment was promoted to Commander and posted to the Equipment Acquisition Division in Navy Office Canberra. Vice Admiral Crane was appointed as the inaugural Project Director for the Australian Minehunter Coastal Project in 1991 before being selected as Commanding Officer HMAS DERWENT in 1993. He decommissioned HMAS DERWENT in August 1994 and on completion, was posted as the Director of the Maritime Intelligence Centre in Sydney. He was promoted to Captain in January 1996 and appointed as the Chief Staff Officer Command and Control, Communications and Intelligence in Maritime Headquarters. Vi c e A d m i r a l C r a n e a s s u m e d command of HMAS SUCCESS on 24

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November 1998 and was awarded the Conspicuous Service Medal in early 2000. He was promoted to Commodore in March 2000 and posted to Australian Defence Headquarters in Canberra as the Director General Intelligence, Surveillance, Reconnaissance and Electronic Warfare. He was the Commander Australian Naval Systems Command from October 2001 before being promoted to Rear Admiral on 1 May 2004 and assuming duties as Director General Coastwatch. He was subsequently appointed as Deputy Chief of Navy in June 2006 and was appointed as a Member in the Order of Australia in the Queen's Birthday Awards list in 2007. He was promoted to Vice Admiral and appointed Chief of Navy in July 2008.

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Junior Recruit Feature No 1.

Collins & Walton The 32nd Intake . . . In July 1970 a few hundred young 15 year old boys joined the Royal Australian Navy and were sent to Fremantle Western Australia to a naval training base called HMAS Leeuwin. For most of them they were embarking on the adventure of a lifetime that would also give them a memory for a lifetime. Leeuwin was situated on the Swan River about two kilometers from Fremantle. These young boys were from districts all over Australia this was to be their home for the next 12 months. They continued with schooling at high school level five and were taught the “Navy way of life” like many seafarers over the centuries before them. Most of them loved the Leeuwin experience, others hated it. A few took their optional discharge at three months whilst others were shown the door. 90% of most intakes made the graduation parade and went on to become members of Her Majesties Australian Fleet. Former recruit PAT McGEOWN with Voice Pipe editor Mark Lee tells his story . . .

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“Class No 32” Back row - Paul Champion, Arabena, Terry Cuff, Steve Hazelton, Les Treharne, Pat McGeown and Russ Crane. Front row - Doug Eberhardt, Mark Bolitho Emery, Rick Coleman, ?, Russell Cronin, Graham Coles and Ross Bellette.

In the beginning - we were divided into two divisions Collins and Walton - Collins was "B" Block and Walton was "A". There was no rivalry between us as we trained together as one -the 32nd intake of Junior Recruits, on day one we were the “New Grubs” on the block in the scheme of all things with rank! Each night a duty Able Seaman would be in charge of us. Rounds (inspection) was held at 1900 hours by the duty officer of the base. Your bunk and bathrooms had to be spotless or else the complete division would do an hour of drill up the hill, or you would have your weekend leave deducted by two hours, either way you were disciplined from the start to become a very neat and tidy young man in this outfit.

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In The Beginning Every morning we marched around the parade ground after breakfast. On joining the Lieutenant at recruiting in Brisbane said we'd have "muscles in our shit" by the time we left. I thought - what a strange man. Leeuwin was a training establishment there were about 1000 boys at the time. The Ship's Company (Staff) would be posted to the base without any special training. Some of these sailors would be incharge of the accommodation blocks at night. Many a time a sailor would make a decision and he could punish a JR (Junior Recruit) by making him double (run) on his command. Other times you might see 100 or so boys "doubling" for one hour until the culprit owned up to some minor mistiming. A favourite was to make these young sailors double up and down the hill. Fitness was very important but some PTI's (Physical Training Instructors) had a sadistic streak that went beyond fitness and basic exercise! On PT days - if one person in the class of 20 had dirty white sandshoes - the whole class would get a "shakeup". This meant "duck-walking" with weights or other physical torture like hanging off the wall bars for 15 minutes. Today this would be called abuse.

bells that were tailored looked smarter - the Navy issue ceremonial uniform looked like potato sacks. The kids today would be in heaven with this daggy baggy look! The recruiting brochures of the day stated "every man gets his own bunk" - it used to make me wonder what it was like before we joined. (Although in 1976 when I served on the minesweeper, HMAS IBIS I slept on a mattress on the deck for two months). We shared four to a cabin - two double bunks. The bed had to be stripped and the bedding folded each day. The cabin had to be scrubbed each night. We had inspection night and morning. The morning inspection was carried out when we were at school classes. For some reason the tiled floor showed up the scuff marks from our boots and 15 and 16 year olds tend to scuffle and wrestle a bit. We used many steel wool cleaning the deck some were lucky and for punishment had to do it with a toothbrush! Continued page 15 . . .

Our class, 3C, were lucky and we only suffered one such "shake-up". Other classes were not so lucky and copped them all the time. Most of us survived though - even though there are some who were damaged physically and mentally I am sure.. Many people saw these "shakeups" but thought it was acceptable. We were all kitted out within a few days after arrival. Fellow shipmate Terry Cuff sums it up “we all felt so proud to be in our uniform”. We had many different types of uniforms but our ceremonial one was the smartest. The uniform was great because "flares" were in fashion at the time. But the standard issue navy uniform looked horrid - the trousers (bell bottom trousers - nicknamed bells) were as baggy around the crutch as they were at the bottom. So we would all sneak the tailor $2 (or was it $1?) And he would "crutch and peg" our bells. We must have made him rich. The greatest fear was being caught with "crutched and pegged" bells before going on leave. Imagine it standing on parade waiting to go ashore and you are sent back because your bells were tailored. The

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“Home Sweet Home” Leeuwin accommodation Walton “A” block became a comfortable home for the next 12 months for young Pat McGeown.

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The Height of Leisure Hotel guests enjoy a choice of heated indoor and tropical outdoor pools, health and fitness centre and tennis courts. Our shopping boutiques may be just the thing for a spot of retail therapy. Then settle down for an evening's theatre, dance the night away at the Ruby Room, our stylish nightclub, or try your luck in our 24 hour Casino with the widest variety of games for you to enjoy. For entertainment, Burswood Resort comes into its own with an unlimited choice of leisure facilities. However you take your leisure, Burswood is the perfect place for recreation. As well as our fantastic variety of restaurants and bars, there's a seemingly endless list of things to see and do, including the day spa, parklands and the golf course. Phone 08 9362 7777

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The Base Layout


Academic Block


Walton Division with Collins the next block on the right, followed by Marks, Morrow, Howden, Rhodes, Stevenson and Ship's company


Dining Hall




Parade Ground


Drill Hall


Commodores Office

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Continued ...

In The Beginning

Most of us had never washed our own clothes before. The Lightburn Company manufactured this wonderful robust washing machine based on the cement mixer design. It worked really well - it was nearly fool proof - go/stop and spin, fairly simple compared to todays computerized models of 100 settings! The only problem was the plug - it always disappeared when you wanted to use it.

as a punishment - sometimes very unfairly and always untimely.

We were forever trying to find plugs - and most of the time the hole was plugged up with paper causing distress when it broke up all over your wash.

Whether we went ashore or not - most of us managed to spend all our money. The canteen stocked soft drinks, lollies, cream buns and cigarettes. The balance of our salary was paid into a bank account. My salary for the year was $713.56 less $32.10 tax. When we graduated we all had a richer balance in the bank accounts. Most were then drafted to HMAS Cerberus, Albatross or Watson and were set up to buy our first cars!

The drying room and a few Hills Hoist clothes lines outside the blocks, that was the next step to a wash day. Many of us hung our “jocks” in our lockers as they were attractive items compared to the baggy white Navy issue “white boxers” we would never wear! We also had a washing service that washed and starched our work clothes - the cost was automatically deducted from our pay each fortnight. It wasn't that good and many a button was crushed under the press however the white fronts came back as stiff as a corn flakes packet. We all complained but Junior Recruits in those days were seen and not heard. Sewing was another new life function we were to learn at great haste. No lessons were given just a period to have all badges sewn onto uniforms. You could very quickly see which boys had been taught by the nuns and didn’t they make a few extra dollars along he way! The kit muster caused much stress to many a young man. We had to have all our kit washed, ironed and folded working on a 12 inch width ration so every thing fitted into your kitbag and then your ships locker. Your kit was laid out for inspection every Friday morning, depending on the result with a mark out of 100 your were given a leave time for the weekend. First off was the 8am and if you failed real bad it was 4pm Saturday or even midday Sunday! Some of us still had to do kit musters at sea when we were Ordinary Seaman. They were also given

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The real plus at Recruit School was that we got paid. $10 a fortnight in 1970. LJR's were paid $12 they had other perks as most went on leave at 5pm Friday night and they went to the front of the scran (Meal) line.

Sport was probably the biggest form of escapism from the day to day life. We had every modern facility available, were entered in many local competitions in AFL, Cricket, swimming, rugby. Hockey the list went on. There was one real quick way out those front gates without a ticket and that was on the sports bus. Often if you were with a ships company team there would be social drinks after the competition long into the evening which meant you also missed inspections and duties, these were like triple points. Many JR’s were top sports enthusiasts in their selected fields and the navy were a very strong force at inter service and combined service level in Western Australia during the JRTE period. The other major way out the front gate was the half year trip back home to the eastern states for 10 days, the annual country survival retreat, fire grounds for emergency drills, shooting rage for rifle shooting, visiting navy ships to Fremantle and every Wednesday afternoon when your class would March 800 meters out the front gate to he boat shed and spend the next three hours hovering around Fremantle harbour, they were the days! I think the best perk was the local WA Cricket club at the WACA. We would go in at 8am, roll out the boundary ropes then spend the day in the members area with free lemonade, salad roles and hot chips and roll up the ropes at 6pm at the end of play. Again social drinks by our driver and supervisor and we would get back to base at 9pm for lights out!

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Leeuwin Memories

“On the Bend” Leeuwin is situated on a very majestic position of the Swan River!

“Graduation” This was the one team photo every one wanted to be in, one hour before graduation!

“Items” Tingira flash, LJR anchor, pay packet, short leave card and student bus pass, life without these was tough!

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Early Tingira


Of A Boy Seaman . . .

By Michael Brooke - Navy News

The last Navy World War I veteran has finally been laid to rest. Mr Evan Allan, died aged 106, and was farewelled with a State funeral at Saint Mark’s Chapel at HMAS Cerberus on 25 October 2005. More than 200 VIPs including the Deputy Chief of Navy and 1,200 sailors turned out to pay their respects to Mr Allan, who was Australia’s last direct link to two world wars and the generation that forged the proud tradition of Anzac. Rear Admiral Max Hancock told Navy News that Mr Allan’s death was significant not only for the Navy but the entire country because “he takes with him a piece of our history”. “We owe an enormous debt of gratitude to Mr Allan and the generation of Australians who forged the Anzac tradition with their blood, sweat and tears in war,” he said. CDRE Jim Dickson (Rtd) delivered the eulogy and said Mr Allan’s death was a milestone of great symbolic importance to all Australians. “The Last Post has sounded for the last Australian and Navy man to fight in WWI, the conflict that helped forge an infant nation’s identity,” he said. “Farewell Evan Allan, father, grandfather, sailor, friend. May you rest in peace, secure in the knowledge that you have the admiration, affection, respect of the people of the country you served so long, so proudly and so well.” The Navy farewelled the last sailor to fight in both world wars with a

funeral befitting an Admiral of the Fleet. After the service, a party of 24 sailors fired a three-volley salute from their Steyr rifles as Mr Allan’s flagdraped coffin was “walk-marched” from the chapel. It was then placed on a naval 12pound gun-carriage for his last journey through Cerberus, where decades earlier he had taught seamanship as an instructor. Officers led the funeral procession with swords reversed, while some 500 sailors stood at attention. As the Navy Band playing a funeral song, the guncarriage was led to the hearse that would t a k e t h e c o ff i n t o t h e crematorium. Seaman Tanya Steward, 28, of HMAS Cerberus, summed up the sorrow of the sailors in the funeral procession saying “today the nation has lost someone who gave us our proud tradition of the fighting spirit of Anzac”. William Evan Crawford Allan was born on July 24, 1899 at Bega in NSW. His grandfather was one of the original settlers in the Bega region and as a child, Evan was brought up on a family property in nearby Upper Brogo. He highlighted the 1908 visit of the American Great White Fleet as influencing his desire to join the Royal Australian Navy. This ambition was realised March 13, 1914 when Evan enlisted as a 14-year-old Boy Second Class and began his naval career in the boys’ training ship HMAS Tingira. In July, 1915, he joined the light cruiser HMAS Encounter, which shortly thereafter sailed on a fourmonth patrol of the South West

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“Tingira Boy Seaman” A proud Evan Allan who took his own self portraits as an enthused camera operator.

Pacific, where Fiji was utilised as a base for operations. He then saw further active service overseas in the Malay archipelago from late 1915 to early 1916; in the S o u t h We s t P a c i f i c b e t w e e n September and December 1917, when Encounter joined the search for the German raider Wolf; and two voyages to Colombo on convoy escort duty. He left Encounter in August 1918 for passage to the United Kingdom in the transport ship Barambah. During the voyage there was an outbreak of Spanish Influenza which led to a significant number of deaths. He then joined the cruiser HMAS Sydney in Scotland one week after the surrender of the German High Seas Fleet. Sydney returned to Australia in July 1919 after a long passage from England through the Suez Canal. He then drafted to HMAS Brisbane in September 1919 and served in the P a g e 16

cruiser for three years. The period was typical of peacetime service, but it was significant for Evan’s professional development. He was promoted to Leading Seaman in November 1919 and then to Petty Officer in June 1922; qualified as a S e a m a n To r p e d o m a n ; a n d volunteered to join the RAN’s submarine service in September 1921. He also ran a popular side business developing photographs, taken with his own camera, and printing them on to postcards for sale to his shipmates. Brisbane decommissioned on August 4, 1922 and her crew commissioned the light cruiser HMAS Adelaide the following day where Evan spent almost four years, including her 1924 attachment to the RN’s Special Service Squadron. It was in Vancouver in July 1924, that Evan was introduced to Miss Ida Gwendolyn Wright, whom he would marry some 17 years later. He returned to Tingira in June 1926 for instructional duties until the boys training ship decommissioned in June 1927. A short stint in HMAS Penguin (ex Encounter) preceded service in HMAS Melbourne, on her decommissioning cruise to England. Melbourne decommissioned at Portsmouth on April 23, 1928 and her crew transferred to the newly built heavy cruiser HMAS Australia which commissioned the following day. The cruiser departed Portsmouth in August 1928 for Australia via the Americas and the Pacific.. On August 6, 1928, Australia was in the North Atlantic en route to Montreal when Evan was swept overboard with heavy seas running in force eight winds. He and several other crew were attempting to recover the starboard breakwater door which was adrift on the forecastle. He suffered from shock caused by immersion and contusions to one leg, the latter the result of the heavy seas bumping his body against the

“Sobroan to Tingira” The clipper ship Sobroan that saw her final days as the seaman’s ship for boys HMAS Tingira.

cruiser’s hull when he was hauled back onboard . In 1929 he was drafted to Sydney to join the depot and accommodation ship HMAS Penguin (ex HMAS Platypus). Evan was promoted to Chief Petty Officer in April 1932 and returned to sea in 1933 when he served firstly in the seaplane carrier HMAS Albatross and then commissioned the Scott Class Flotilla Leader HMAS Stuart. This was followed by more than two years service in the Flagship HMAS Canberra. His colourful career continued when, in 1937, Evan was honoured as one of a select group of 25 senior sailors chosen as the naval detachment of the Australian Coronation Contingent that embarked in the SS Oronsay in February 1937 for passage to England to attend the coronation of King George VI. After the outbreak of World War II, he was drafted to the armed merchant cruiser HMS Moreton Bay and active service on the China Station, the East Indies Station and then in the South Atlantic on patrol and convoy escort duties. Moreton Bay decommissioned in August 1941 and arrangements were made to return her Australian crew via the United States and

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Canada. This provided the opportunity for Evan to re-establish contact with Gwen in Vancouver, Canada, where they promptly married. Evan was promoted from the lower deck in July 1942. In July 1944 Evan was posted to HMAS Ladava, the RAN depot at Milne Bay in New Guinea, for service as the Piermaster. From Ladava, Evan was appointed again to the cruiser Australia as the s h i p ’s b o a t s w a i n , r e p l a c i n g Boatswain Cyril Deighton who had been injured in the Japanese Kamikaze attacks at Leyte Gulf. Evan was flown to Seeadler Harbour but missed his connection with Australia by only a matter of hours, the ship having already sailed for operations at Lingayen Gulf. In a twist of fate, Sub Lieutenant Keith Levy, who performed the duties of boatswain during Evan’s absence, was killed in action when Australia was struck by another Kamikaze plane on January 5, 1945. Evan retired from the Navy in 1947, after serving the nation for more than 33 years. He is survived by his daughter, Judith Blake, son-in-law and two grandchildren.

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2009 - Navy Wide

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Down - Memorial Up . . .

The Property Services staff at the Leeuwin site found that the timber in the Flag mast was in an advanced state of decay and was an Occupational Health & Safety issue for them that could only be resolved by taking it down. “The Mast” There is to be a review of the maintenance budget arrangements at the site before any decision is made whether it is to be replaced or not. It is expected that the cost of a replacement mast will be in the vicinity of $11,000. The choice of site for the Junior Recruit Memorial was predicated on the mast being there and some reevaluation of the Memorial placement will need to be made should the mast not be reinstated. The Memorial Committee will in the mean time work towards some resolution of the matter with the staff at Leeuwin Barracks. In the meantime the old mast remains at the site, awaiting disposal. The question arises does the ex JR Community want to do something with it? If there were a genuine purpose for which the timber can be used we would welcome some advice in that regard. Action will need to be swift and some storage arrangement made for the old mast whilst matters are worked out. We cannot expect that it will be retained at Leeuwin Barracks even in the medium term.

“The Mast” HMAS Leeuwin has a famous mast in the front of the Drill Hall and establishment entrance. Now to be replaced by the Leeuwin memorial?

At this time I have no idea of the overall state of the timber and how far the decay has progressed and whether there is a small or large amount of reusable material there. If any action is to be taken with this then it will be up to a 1960 to 1984 representation group to come forward and manage the work. It is not envisaged that this committee will take it on as an extra activity. So all of you nostalgia buffs out there, if you want something to be done with the old mast let us know and perhaps we can get things moving. Memorial Project Update We now have just 18 months to go to the completion of the project. Our aim establish a memorial that will commemorate the dedication, commitment and service of the 13,000 fifteen and sixteen year old boys who joined the Royal Australian Navy as Junior Recruits between 1960 and 1984 will occur on 13 July 2010 at the Leeuwin site. The new-year will present some challenges to us and a number of important stages now have to be completed. The project continues to meet all milestones set out in the Strategic Plan. The Memorial Committee has started the initial planning arrangements that will set out the program for the dedication

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ceremony. Although this is at the earliest stages important considerations have to be made not only for the logistics of it all but also to the protocols associated with such as event. Some of these protocols will include obtaining approval to use the Australian White Ensign in the proceedings as well as appropriate service and dedication matters. The service will include the involvement of a RAN Chaplain. It is not expected that we will have a draft plan of the ceremony until at least July 2009, as we will need to consider a number of things including confirmation of the attendance of a number of important guests to the occasion. The occasion is expected to attract a l a rg e c r o w d a n d a s s u c h t h e committee will call on a number of other organisations for assistance that includes the RAN, Leeuwin Barracks as well as ex service organisations and of course any locally based ex Junior Recruit who is willing to lend a hand. The planning will also need to get down to some quite basic considerations such as available first aid facilities, toilets, seating, wheel chair access, security and a host of other things that will be needed to make the day a success. Given that it will occur in July we also need to consider what to do if it rains?

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Your Memorial Medal


Recruit Memorial Medal . . .

Orders for medallions on the basis of prepayment only. On receipt of payment a medallion, leather case and certificate will be sent by post. The price of each medallion is $85 postage and packaging with Australia Post will cost an additional $7.30. Arrangements have been made to have each medallion engraved with the name and number of each purchaser; this is however at a nominal cost of $10. Cheques or Money Orders should be made out to the Junior Recruit Memorial Fund Inc and posted along with an order form to the fund at 75 Lovett St Devonport Tas 7310. Delivery will be made within 21 days of receipt of payment. Do not remit cash or make payment out to any other person or organisation. It is not possible to deal with payments by electronic transfer, as we need to have all the information required on the order form along with the payment All proceeds from the sale of the medallions will be passed to the Junior Recruit Memorial Fund Inc. and will be used to assist with the costs associated with materials and construction of the memorial. Members of a number of families of deceased ex Junior Recruits have contacted the project to investigate and to buy Commemorative Medallions and to have them appropriately engraved. We are aware that a number of reunion groups maintain information on those in their intakes who have passed on. It might be appropriate for intake organisers to make contact with the families of deceased members and perhaps advise them of arrangements to access Commemorative Medallions.

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Tingira Badge The figure on the Commemorative Medallion and on the centre bronze feature of the JR Memorial will feature the “Tingira” badge on the left arm. This badge was worn by Junior Recruits in various positions over the years but began its application on the point of both shoulders for winter and summer uniforms. It was relocated when “Australia “ shoulder flashes became the standard uniform for the RAN. A decision was made to locate the Tingira badge on the Medallion and on the Memorial in the place that it was originally located on JR uniforms.

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Home Correspondence


Your Everyday “ Love Letter ” Home To Mum . . .

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Start Of Our History



Tingira - The

Boys Own Ship . . .


is an aboriginal word meaning “ocean” or “open sea”. HMAS Tingira, of all the ships to serve the RAN, this is the one that has perhaps received the least acclaim yet one which perhaps should be highly regarded.

TINGIRA was laid down as a clipper ship SOBROAN, in Alexanda Hall & Co, Aberdeen, Scotland, and launched in 1866. In 1891 she was bought by the NSW Government, and became the Nautical School Ship SOBROAN, and was moored off Balmain, Sydney, where she operated as a home and school for delinquent boys and orphans. She operated as the boys training ship for the RAN for the next 15 years, and produced over 3,000 ‘graduates’ for the flee She was commissioned into the RAN on 25th April 1912. Her role as a training ship for young boys entering the RAN. A total of 3,168 boys had the privilege of having their initial training not on a shore establishment or a “stone ship” but in the safe confines of a very fine training ship. The Tingira was painted white and the masts and associated spars were painted yellow and she was often referred to as the “white lady” moored in Rose Bay in Sydney harbour. A newspaper of that era reported in an article on the ship that: “Much misconception exists concerning the good ship Tingira. There are persons still so far behind the times to imagine her to be a hulk

“Tingira” HMAS Tingira berthed at Garden Island, Sydney.

“Tie Bar” The old boys association tie bar.

whereupon are confined for corrective purposes, the wayward youth of the city. Those misguided folk pass on their placid way, not taking the trouble to learn that that on her broad decks are being trained the most highly skilled defenders of Australia’s shores. Boys from the best Australian homes, boys from the great public schools, from the outback spaces and from the city’s heart, who will pass into the navy, that is to be our bulwark against aggression”. Many of these boys served their country with distinction in World War I, World War II and even in the Korean War. One draft of Tingira boys served in HMAS Sydney with distinction in the battle against the German Cruiser Emden. When, in the future, stories of the Junior Recruit Scheme conducted from 1960 to 1984 at Leeuwin and Cerberus are told, how will we as ex Junior Recruits expect them to be told? 1960 to 1984 Will those who trained as boys in the RAN in latter years at Leeuwin and

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Cerberus be portrayed similarly as “the most highly skilled defenders of Australia’s shores?” The creation of the Junior Recruit Memorial is perhaps an opportunity to capture the history of the scheme and give wider recognition to the achievements associated with this model of naval training and how it has contributed to the ongoing effectiveness of the RAN today. The Tingira boys saw value in preserving their history and took steps to strengthen the bonds of comradeship amongst themselves. They formed what was known as the “HMAS Tingira Old Boys Association” for this purpose. Perhaps it is timely for the creation of an “Association of ex Junior Recruits” such as that formed as the HMAS Tingira “Old Boys Association” to nurture the history and comradeship of the training scheme and of boys now men who have served and continue to serve with distinction in the defence of their country.

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Day History

Meeting 21 September 2007

Of The Two Leeuwins . . . By Elizabeth Stacey


A unique meeting took place off the coast of Darwin recently, when the hydrographic survey ship HMAS Leeuwin spent time in company with its namesake, the sail training ship Leeuwin (II). The three-masted barquentine tall ship is operated by the Leeuwin Ocean Adventure Foundation Ltd, a private not-for-profit organisation based in Fremantle, Western Australia. The two ships joined for an impromptu twilight photo-shoot as Leeuwin (II) sailed from Darwin on a ten-day cruise to Broome. HMAS Leeuwin had been conducting survey operations off Darwin at the newly established artificial reef system at Fenton Patches. While most warships do not like to conduct officer of the watch manoeuvres with a 14-knot hydrographic ship, this time the tables were turned. Even with the sails billowing on the Leeuwin (II), HMAS Leeuwin had a tough time keeping station on the four-knot cruising sail ship. With the beautiful Darwin sunset as a backdrop, the ships' crews exchanged souvenirs before HMAS Leeuwin returned to survey operations.

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The boys training ship HMAS TINGIRA, (CMDR C la P. Lewin, RN), was commissioned on 25 April 1912. TINGIRA was laid down as a clipper ship SOBROAN, in Alexanda Hall & Co, Aberdeen, Scotland, and launched in 1866. In 1891 she was bought by the NSW Government, and became the Nautical School Ship SOBROAN, and was moored off Balmain, Sydney, where she operated as a home and school for delinquent boys and orphans. She operated as the boys training ship for the RAN for the next 15 years, and produced over 3,000 ‘graduates’ for the fleet. The name is aboriginal for ‘open sea’

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H.M.A.S. Leeuwin


H.M.A.S. LEEUWIN RAN Survey Ship Pennant A 245 Class Leeuwin Class Based Cairns Launched June 1997 Commissioned 27 May 2000 Displacement 2550 tonnes Length 71.2 metres Beam 15.2 metres Draught 4.3m (full load) Main Machinery ◦ 4 x Ruston diesel generators, ◦ 2 x electric propulsion motors Equipment ◦ 1 multi-beam medium / shallow echosounder ◦ Dual frequency single beam echo-sounder ◦ Digital hydrographic data logging and data processing system ◦ HF medium range differential GPS ◦ Hull mounted forward looking sonar ◦ Towed dual frequency side scan sonar ◦ 3 x 10 metre Survey Motor Boats equipped with shallow water multi-beam echosounders and short range UHF differential ◦ Fitted with helicopter flight deck and hanger Speed 12 - 14 knots Company 46 HMAS Leeuwin and and her sister ship HMAS Melville replaced the now decommissioned vessels HMA Ships Moresby and Flinders in 2000. Both ships take their names from prominent points on the Australian coast. Leeuwin is named after Cape Leeuwin, on the SW tip of Western Australia. Leeuwin was launched midway through 1997. The ships were built by NQEA in Cairns, North Queensland. V O I CE P I P E - A u t u m n 2 0 0 9

Leeuwin and Melville enable the Australian Hydrographic Service to gather high quality hydrographic information at a much greater rate than the ships they replace. The ships are 71 metres in length, with a beam of 15 metres, and a draught of 5.4 metres. Each ship displaces 2,550 tonnes and is manned by a crew of 46 officers and sailors. A state of the art Hydrographic Survey System (HSS) developed by STN Atlas will integrate accurate position information with data from a multi-beam echo sounder, towed side-scan sonar, single beam echo sounder and a forward-looking sonar. The ships will also carry three fully equipped 9 metre Survey Motor Boats for surveys in waters not suitable for the ships themselves. Both ships are capable of carrying a helicopter to assist in survey operations.

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A Moment In Naval History

“ 1961 Photographers Naval Airman Intake ” Ordinary Seaman Keith Prophet, Bevin Stringer, David Taylor under training on the Basic Photographers Course August 1961 at HMAS Albatross. They were all recruited from the first Junior Recruits intake July 1960. Policy then, and for several year on,, saw only JR's being selected for Photographic training with the Fleet Air Arm. Above photograph displays the large format “Linhoff” camera used by the Photographers which was often doubled as an enlarger on board HMAS Melbourne. Their navy rate badge is in the silhouette format of this old camera and is still in service today as the identified rate badge.

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