SHARING KNOWLEDGE ASIA PACIFIC REGIONAL PROGRAMME MEETING SPECIAL EDITION
THINKING OUTSIDE THE BOX TO FIGHT AGAINST CORRUPTION What is the best tool to fight against corruption? Anti-corruption fighters shared unique methods to fight against corruption on the second day of the Asia Pacific Regional Programme Meeting. Combatting corruption needs various methods and approaches, they said. ADVOCACY THROUGH CINEMA Dedy Haryadi, Deputy Secretary General from Transparency International Indonesia said they use cinematic approach to construct new reality. “Indonesian society can be categorized as a watching society, it’s not difficult to make them familiar with the cinematic product,” Dedy Haryadi said, “Our approach is in line with characteristics of the society.”
TI Indonesia works with different stakeholders including well known artists to produce movies and campaigns. Since 2004, TI Indonesia has made four films. The movie messages are targeted towards corruption prevention and civic education. ART AGAINST CORRUPTION Ernie Ko, Vice Executive Director of Transparency International Taiwan, stressed that anti-corruption movement should be effective and fun. “We combine the art program into anti corruption movement, that makes the whole thing very fun, very vivid and very colorful,” Ernie said. Since 2012 Transparency International Taiwan has been implementing a youth integrity program called Rui-bin Camp that invites international university students to Taiwan to work together with underprivileged elementary students.
21ST MAY 2014
“We let the university students to design a curriculum on art and character,” Ernie said. PHOTO FOR SOCIAL ENGAGEMENT Liao Ran, Senior Programme Coordinator from Asia Pacific Department said "photos are very important in the fight against corruption because photos are powerful. As photos speak more than a thousands words, they are really important in engaging people". TI secretariat organized “CHAPTERS IN ACTION” an annual photo competition and the winning pictures were awarded on the first day of the regional programme meeting. “Photography is the art of light and shadow, it’s about lighting and movement, you have to be at the right place at the right moment,” Liao Ran said, “National chapters should think on how to use photos more because this is the time of social media.”
EMPOWERING WOMEN TO BE CHANGE AGENTS PAKISTAN – ENGAGING WOMEN TO FIGHT CORRUPTION This project applies a gender-sensitive approach and is aimed at empowering women to tackle corruption in the education sector (e.g. ghost schools, embezzlement of education funds, teacher absenteeism and misconduct).
VANUATU – PROMOTING FEMALE LEADERSHIP AND REPRESENTATION This campaign is advocating for 5 seats in parliament to be reserved for women, due to the current lack of female representation: 0 out of 52 MPs are women despite 50% of the population being female.TIV is also conducting research SRI LANKA – RESEARCH ON WOMEN AND CORRUPTION on women and human rights, and tries to inspire younger generation to challenge gender discrimination and overcome This project uses a number of research approaches in order to understand how women experience corruption when accessing barriers for women to become leaders. public services.
CAPACITY BUILDING AS A MEANS TO AN END To become leaders in the fight against corruption beyond national boarders - Build capacity to become a credible partner in the fight against corruption (practice what you preach) - Build capacity to improve outcome of programme work. (engaging experts is a key element in this regard) - Build capacity to introduce tools in fighting corruption beyond national borders
FOREST GOVERNANCE ACROSS BOARDERS
Led by TI-Bangladesh, TI-Malaysia and TI-Taiwan, the chapters discussed challenges and opportunities in the roll out of TI’s global research products at the national level. Concerns were expressed on processes and methodologies involved, and options for regionally specific indices were debated. Agreement on a way forward and further collaboration with the TI-S Research Department was sought to enhance TI’s research outputs to ensure national relevance and ownership.
Among others a corruption scandal implicating Malaysian companies in massive land grabs in PNG, stole participants' attention. TI chapters discussed means to work collaboratively to advocate across borders on issues related to land and forest governance. Initiatives related to land and corruption from TI-Bangladesh, Timor Leste and TIIndonesia were shared, and consensus was reached on the need for greater collaboration and advocacy on transnational and national corruption cases related to land.
WE NEED TO BE MORE INNOVATIVE Q: What are the best practices that you learnt from this year's RPM?
Q: Describe the situation of corruption in your country? Emily Taule: In the Corruption Perception Index we are sitting at 150th out of 177 countries. It gives indication of what other people consider the effect of corruption in my country is. It's a major developmental issue. Q: What tools are you using to fight against corruption in your country? Emily Taule: Basically advocating against corruption we look at membership, we also warfare on corruption in raising these issues on media and social media so you keep the issues at the front so people are aware and informed on the effects of corruption. In a lot of ways we focus on education, educating people on corruption. In PNG, most of the population is rural based; at least 90 per cent of the population lives in the rural area. Only forty percent of population is literate.
Emily Taule: Opportunities like this where we come together from different parts of the world realise that we are trying to utilize the same thing, to curb the scourge. Meetings like this give us an opportunity to look at what other chapters are doing in their countries and how best we could utilize those ideas in the fight against corruption. Just talking about volunteers for instance, TI-Cambodia and their tools of engaging volunteers was interesting. We need to put in some of those things in our country. And just hearing in Nepal the extensive youth activities that go on here it is amazing to see how you could utilize the youth to carry the message across and help strengthen the movement. Q: Is there anything you want to say that I didnâ€™t ask? Emily Taule: I think that corruption gets more sophisticated and we need to be more innovative in the way we approach the fight against corruption. Regional meetings like these give us the opportunity to discuss and keep moving ahead with our efforts. Emily Taule is the Executive Director of PNG.
STRENGTHENING ANTI-CORRUPTION AGENCIES Many chapters in the region have a good relationship with the ACAs The ACA strengthening initiatives would be another opportunity to engage with them in a constructive way with content Creating healthy competition among ACAs in the region backed by sound research findings would be classic opportunity for driving changes within ACAs in the years to come
ASIA PACIFIC YOUTH COMMUNITY CONCEPT Chapters expressed interest in participating in the Asia Pacific Youth Community Concept to promote integrity and fight corruption through Youth Leadership: TI Mongolia, TI Cambodia, TI Vanuatu, TT Vietnam, TI East Timor Working Group, TI China, TI Pakistan ,TI NZ, TI PNG, TI Solomon Islands, TI Malaysia, TI Indonesia Youth Integrity: TI Mongolia, TI Thailand, TI Malaysia, TI Pakistan, TI NZ, TI India, TI Cambodia, TI Solomon Islands Youth Activism: TI Mongolia, TT Vietnam, TI Cambodia, TI NZ, TI Malaysia, TI PNG, TI Indonesia, TI Solomon Islands Youth Advocacy: TI Mongolia, TI Vanuatu, TT Vietnam, TI Cambodia, TI Solomon Islands, TI Malaysia, TI PNG, TI Indonesia
Pacific chapters were updated about recent developments of the New Zealand MFAT funded Organisational Strengthening Programme: After negotiations with the donor an interim arrangement of bridge funding was put in place while the new programme phase is being designed
SOUTH ASIA The South Asia national chapters discussed the findings of the NICSA reports in their countries, and TI contact groups from Bhutan and Afghanistan shared their own challenges in terms of public sector governance. Each of the chapters defined areas of advocacy focus coming out of their research, with variations between countries but some key commonalities. Right to information and whistle-blower protection were highlighted as key challenges in the sub-region, as well as the strength in practice of anti-corruption agencies. Tomorrowâ€™s launch of the NICSA report will provide an opportunity for showcasing and debating these findings with regional press and public.
Pacific Chapters and APD discussed advocacy initiatives over the coming months and possible interventions at the C20/G20 meeting in Australia in June It also included discussions about the possibility of engaging collaboratively in programmes targeting Business Integrity and transparency in the resource sector
EAST ASIA In Mongolia, bribery is not outlawed by the current penal code. TI Mongolia should work to bring it in alignment with the UNCAC standards. It will need to work with other NCs in the region and stakeholders in Mongolia. In three other countries, like China, South Korea and Taiwan, even though bribery has already been criminalized, the legal provisions are vague and the laws are hardly enforced. No case has been filed. In particular due to the hostility between two sides of the Taiwan Strait, mutual legal assistance is a remote possibility.
SOUTH EAST ASIA - Advocate for a cleaner South East Asia through ASEAN - Make ACAs more effective through healthy competition - Work together to identify avenues for foreign bribery and to build pressure on both governments and companies Upcoming work - ASEAN experts meeting 2013 - ASEAN Anti-corruption seminar in 2014
The IACC welcomes calls for session proposals related to and inspired from the Conference Theme - Ending Impunity: People, Integrity, Action. for more detail visit