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Dictionary skills: Guide words, alphabetizing

Dictionary lDilemma Ecr each dictionary page shown below, decide which words from the list would appear on that :,.1e. l'4ark them lightly with your pencil; then arrange the words on that page in alphabetical order r ::e spaces provided. n,"lexi, look over the unused words from each list. Arrange them in alphabetical order on the :;a:x of this page. Then look at the last letter in each word. You have spelled the name of the iâ‚Ź-s3r known for the book An American Dictionary of the English Language. Write his name at :l:*e pottom of this page.

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2. sideways

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4. mocha

silly

mole

balk ballyhoo ballet badminton ball backspin backstroke baffle

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moist moldy model modem

huge huddle hula humble hullabaloo huff how hulk

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sift silver signal silence sight silky silent siding

gander gash gangway garbage gamma gape gangplank gangly

MOSS

mob moisture mohair mock

6.

plentiful plumber

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plug pledge plight plow plenty pleat plot plum pliers

Try This: Find five words in the lists above that are new to you. Look up their meanings in a dictionary; then use :ach one correctly in a sentence. @The Education Center,

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Dictionary skills: Dictionary ent

Name

Dictionary DiS Professor l. Diggit, an anthropologist, found a mysterious box in the basement of the museum. The box was stamped with the word frangible, and inside it was a vase. Professor Diggit pulled out her handy reference book, the dictionary to see what the strange word meant. Follow the directions to help her answer the questions below.

Directions: Study the dictionary entry for the word frangible. Read each of Professor Diggit's questions. ln the vase beside each question, write the letter that matches the part of the entry where the answer can be found. Then answer each question in the space provided.

A. Word

Entry

C. Definition

B. Pronunciation

D. Examples

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I fran.gi.ule I l('fran-ja-nel)l

Wr,"sA G. Synonym

E. Etymology (language the word comes from and its meaning)

vv vv vv vv

H. Parts

of Speech Labels

1.

How would you say the word frangible? Write its pronunciation.

2.

What does frangible mean?

3.

What part of speech is frangible?

4.

What is the other form of frangible?

5.

What word means the same as frangible?

6.

How could frangible be used in a sentence?

7.

From what language does frangible originally come?

8.

What does its word of origin mean?

Try This: Professor Diggit found several other items with strange words written on them. Use a dictionary to help her find the entry part in parentheses for each of the following words: fresco (part of speech), archaic (definition), excavate (pronunciation), primitive (example), peculiar(olherforms). @The Education Center,

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Name

Dictionary skills: Word meanings

IDon't Be Fooled! The following sentences contain some tricky vocabulary words! See if you can avoid being fooled by agreeing to something you really don't mean. Read each sentence carefully; then write yes or no in the blank. Do not use a dictionary for this section. Good luck!

1.

I'd rather be bamboozled by my friend than be told I was astute.

2.

I'd rather have a loquacious class than one that is tranquil.

3.

l'd rather be a virtuoso than a novice in art.

I've been Nold

l'm ouocepLiblelo b ein 4 ho o dwinke d. le Ihie a complimenL or a

4. I'd rather be aghast than audacious in a new situation. 5. I'd rather be given an arduous assignment than one that is efforiless. 6. I'd rather have a rigid teacher than one who is benevolent. 7.

I'd rather live in a large edifice than a vestibule.

8.

l'd rather have a lackadaisical worker in my group than one who is diligent.

Now that you have decided on your responses, use a dictionary to find the correct definitions for the underlined words above. write each word on the line in front of the correct definition below. when you have finished, look back over the sentences 1-8 above. Were you fooled? 1.

easy to do

2. talking very much 3. doing or tending to do good 4. a person new at something 5. hard to do 6. having or showing a clever or sharp mind 7. showing little or no interest or spirit 8. feeling great shock or horror 9. strict, not changing 10. tricked or cheated 11. doing one's

work in a careful and steady way

12. a person having great skill in one of the fine arts 13. bold or daring

14. calm or peaceful 15, a building, especially one that is large or looks important 16. a small hall through which a person enters a building or a room Try This: Find the meanings of the words in the speech bubble above; then answer the question "ls this a compliment or a put-down?" Explain your answer on another sheet of paper. 10

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Dictionary skills: Word meanings and origins

frnlarne

Gross,Gountry Gritters -

Etymology is the study of words artd their origins and meanings. Match eaah word to the language from which came and its meaning. Use a dictionary @ help you.

From This Language

Wrfte the correct letters in the blanks.

A. French

snow or rock fall

B. Latin

break or crack

C. French

measure of distance

4. slalom

D. Latin

hat

5. cap

E. Algonquin lndian

long, flat sled

F. Latin

sheep hair

8. vest

G. Latin

time of refreshment, play

9. toboggan

H. ltalian

type of dance

l.

contest of speed

iliitr

1.

skis

2. chalet

Meaning of Word

3. avalanche

6. fracture

7. powder

10. maneuver 11:

ballet

12. recreation

13. wool

Norwegian

J. Latin

dust

K. Latin

planned action

L. Latin

sleeveless garment

M. French

house

N. Nonruegian

equipment used to travel over snow

14. kilometer

Now it's your turn! Look up the following words that relate to skiing. Find their origins and write silrnple definitions.

From This Language

Meaning of Word

15. mogul 16. parka 17. christie Try This: Go to the dictionary to find the origins and meanings of the words hors d'oeuvre, belly, and mosquito. @The Education Center,

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Name

Dictionary skills: Synonyms

No Business Like Snow Business It's "snow" easy to slide into word-building skills! Read each sentence and identify the synonym of the underlined word(s). Remember that a synonym is a word that has a similar meaning to another word. Choose your answers from the Snow Bank and write them in the spaces provided. Use a dictionary to help you. 1.

Skiing is an exhilarating sport.

2. Poles, skis, bindings, and boots are standard equipment for downhill skiers.

3. For an untrained beginning skier, this sport can be perilous. 4. Alpine, Nordic, and freestyle are varieties of skiing. 5.

Fervent athletes enjoy cross-country skiing.

6. Jean-Claude Killy of France is a renowned Olympic gold medal skier. 7. St. Moritz in the Alps is synonymous with excellent skiing conditions. 8. Spectators enjoy the aesthetic movements of ballet skiing. 9. The

term snowplow means "a maneuver for slowing down or stopping on skis."

10. ln skijumping, skiers execute leaps from slopes that are as high as 90 meters. 11.

Those intrepid freestylers per{orm stunts.

12. Bindings are mounted on the skis to hold the boots in place. 13. A lift is a device that takes skiers to the top of the slope.

14. Slalom refers to high-speed turning on the slopes. 15. Sitzmark is the depression left in the snow by a fallen skier.

dangerous perform famous

equals means brave

SNOW BANK mark exciting beautiful

zealous placed regular

machine action types

Try This: Use d dictionary or thesaurus to research words that describe skiers and skiing. Write your list on another sheet of paper along with a synonym for each word. @The Education Cenier,

lnc.. Learning Librarf . Reading, Spelling, & Grammar.TEC3734


Dictionary skills: Antonyms

lWianme

"Ilare,roising" Hotdoggers S'iilcw off your word power with milormyms!An antonym is a word that

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spposite in meaning to another word. lFc,illllour the directions for each sentence. Jlne remaining answers tell where hotdoggers g@rer in the United States. Use a dictionary ffin ihelp you. m

1l

[t intrepid and cowardly are antonyms, then cross out Honolulu, Hawaii.

2_

lf ravishing and ugly are antonyms, then cross out New Orleans, Louisiana.

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demolish and destroy are antonyms, then cross out Sun Valley, ldaho.

ilf

affirm and deny are antonyms, then cross out Tampa, Florida.

lf smash and atomize are antonyms, then cross out Lake Placid, New York.

lf relish and abhor are antonyms, then cross out Dallas, Texas. T"

ilf

obedient and docile are antonyms, then cross out Aspen, Colorado.

ts

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progress and regress are antonyms, then cross out Death Valley, California.

lf improper and correct are antonyms, then cross out Charleston, South Carolina. iri

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lf iubilant and elated are antonyms, then cross out Stowe, Vermont. lf acquire and obtain are antonyms, then cross out Jackson Hole, Wyoming. lf shipshape and disordered are antonyms, then cross out Phoenix, Arizona.

lf Lortion and part are antonyms, then cross out Vail, Colorado. lf feeble and strong are antonyms, then cross out Topeka, Kansas.

lf antiquated and obsolete are antonyms, then cross out Squaw Valley, California.

Where are some ski areas in the United States?

Orleans Sun Valley Aspen l-ake Placid Dallas Jackson Hole Charleston Stowe Topeka Squaw Valley Vail Honolulu

New

@The Education Center,

Tampa Death Valley Phoenix

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Name

Vocabulary: Multiple-meaning words

Name That Word! I

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l

Ms. Court passed out an assignment to each student in her class. One by one the students realized that the names of some of their classmates would complete the sentences. Ms. Court reminded her students that some words-even names like hers-have multiple meanings.

Directions: Study the words listed in the multiple-meaning name bank. Think about ways they can be used as nouns, verbs, and adjectives. Then read each sentence below and fill in each blank with the appropriate name from the list.

Example: "Art, art thou the one who painted this work of arl?" asked the king. Multiple-Meaning Name Bank

Reed Jack

1.

Bill Pat Ray Carry Rose Frank Will Mark Nick

Bob

over 50 pounds under one arm, so don't

I've seen

on

about how much she can lift! for fixing his duck's said he'd pay the you leave me any furniture or money in your ?" asked of butter! on the back because she is choking on a of time and stopped the baby, who was about to arrived in the herself on the broken glass. for his oboe by using a he found growing by made a

2. 3. 4. 5.

6.

the lake. made 7. I just have to up and down with excitement when I tell you that for apples at his party. everyone dance, play games, and 8. Be with me, . Would you honestly prefer a hamburger to a good oldfashioned with beans? 9. my words, on the wall with ; if you make one more those crayons, I'll take them away from you. took the

10.

dropped a

11.

out of the trunk to change a flat tire; meanwhile, he and a ball from his pocket.

who is like a when we went fishing in Florida. My son

,

of sunshine in my life, caught a

to the occasion on Mother's Day and gave her mother a beautiful

12. red

Try This: Think of a name not used above that also has multiple meanings. On another sheet ol paper, write a sentence using the name in several ways. Use the sentences above as a guide. @The Education Center,

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Vocabulary: Analogies

Aardvark Analogies --=

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!

Aardvark is hot on the trail of solving some analogies. Follow the directions below to help

lections: An analogyshows a likeness between things. Read each analogy. Think about how I rds in the first pair go together; then write the missing word in the second pair. (Hint: Notice :,, rbols that represent the words is fo and as in the example below.)

t1'.-,* ,r,

rli',=

is lo banana. E"xample: Aardvark is lo ant as : banana aardvark: ant :: 'l"ihink: An aardvark eats ants, so what eats bananas? ArnSvuer: mOnkey

Helena

:

-N *--*#**f{*-#--4tr" 11.

12. bathtub : bathroom 13. she :

her:: he

::

refrigerator

:

14. 15. '16.

17. in : out :: open 18,

:

great: greater::

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15


Name

Vocabulary: Analogies

Battle Creek: Home of Kellogg's@ Cereal

Since it had plenty of water power, the little town of Battle Creek, Michigan, built flour mills and sawmills. Little did its citizens know that their tiny village would someday become the breakfast-food capital of the nation. Living in Battle creek was a young medical student named John Harvey Kellogg. He was one of 16 children. The Kelloggs migrated from Massachusetts to Michigan in the 1830s. John was born there in 1952. The Kelloggs were members of the Seventh Day Adventist Church. They observed the Sabbath on Saturday instead of sunday. They did not smoke or use alcohol, and they avoided rich desserts. And above all, they were vegetarians-people who did not eat meat.

John Kellogg believed that vegetarianism was the road to good health and long life. ln medical school, he specialized in diseases of the stomach and intestines. He also experimented with a new and different

diet.

While studying to become a doctor, John lived in a small room in New York City. He had no way to cook hot cereal or cornmeal mush. lt occurred to him "that it should be possible to purchase cereals at groceries already cooked and ready to eat."

John had hit on an idea-an idea that would make him the founder of the breakfast-food industry. When he returned to Battle Creek, he began to think of a way to turn whole wheat into precooked flakes. The flakes could be eaten with milk and fruit or a litile sugar. Dr. Kellogg began to experiment. He would boil a batch of whole wheat and water, then roll it thin. He would then try to scrape it into flakes and bake them in the oven. But the wheat mixture just wouldn't flake. One day while experimenting, Dr. Kellogg was called away. His boiled whole wheat lay on the rolling board' When he came back hours later, he found that it had flaked beautifully. When baked, the flakes were large, thin, crisp, and delicious!

ln 1895, Kellogg's wheat flakes began to sell all over the country. Soon Battle Creek was the manufacturing center for health-food pioneers. ln 1906, Will Keith Kellogg, Dr. Kellogg's younger brother, introduced Corn Flakes. Both John and Will lived to be g1 years old. The Kellogg brotheri brought fame and wealth to Battle Creek.

Directions: Complete the following analogies with boldfaced words from the article. you will not use all of the boldfaced words and you may use a different form of a word. The first one is done for you. 1.

2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8.

9. 10. 11.

12. 16

:

steaks/hamburgers : meat-eating :: fruits/vegetables vegetarian respiration : lungs :: digestion lightbulb : inventor:: industry: 2000s : electric power:: 1830s : immigrated: lreland:: : Massachusetts generalized : whole body :: : intestines running/lifting weights : exercise :: eating fruits/vegetables : audition : tryout :: test : candy/chips : junk food :: fruits/vegetables : flour mills : bread :: : furniture lreeze: OoC :: : 100"C low-calorie : nonfattening :: : fattening

:=.-_-.-

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Vocabulary Worksheets