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d n o y e B b a l e r Explo


d n o y e B b a l e r Explo

[Erik Wolsky] @

looking for a job unknown

@ lab 9

[Time-Out Project] Time-OutProject The Time-Out Project is intended for maladjusted youth in the age of twelve to sixteen. In France they will be treated in a group of eight youngsters in a period of six to twelve weeks. The purpose of the treatment is to teach them to understand and recognize their own behavior and to change this where desired. Separation To help the youth take some distance from the treatment, there is a physical separation between the treatment and the sleeping. Therefore the complex exists of two buildings in which these two functions take place, with a separating garden in between. Change of context To emphasize the change of context the locality of the project is very important. Therefore an existing French farm has

been chosen as the starting point of the project. This building is preferable for its history and character to let the treatment take place in. Reward program: active architecture A reward program has been designed in the sleeping building to let the architecture take an active role in the treatment. There is a hierarchy in architectural qualities, based on the relation between the individual and the group. Every three weeks the youngsters will be evaluated to see if they are ready to go to the next room. The difference between four rooms is visible in the size, the amount of windows, the sanitary and the view. By means of this hierarchy the youngster will recognize his/her position in the group. All the rooms have been designed as a cocoon: a place where they can retreat at night and so take distance from the treatment.

‘a place where they can retreat at night and so take distance from the treatment.’

section of the Time-Out Project

[Heidi klein] @

architect Zandbelt&vandenBerg

@ Lab 2

[Contemporary architecture in Surinam] a search for critical regionalism in Paramaribo.’ In a time of globalisation and upcoming economies in formal colonies in the tropical zone, this research shows the importance of local identity. The research starts from the theoretical framework of critical regionalism, as described by Alexander Tzonis and Liane Lefaivre, and applies it in the Surinamese context. In Surinam, like in most other formal colonies, there is a lot of ‘hit and run’ architecture. Maintenance and climate are often ignored. The research reveals good contemporary examples of Surinamese architects and their projects: Arie Verkuijl †, Philip Dikland. ‘Museum for Contemporary Art and Culture in Paramaribo; the beauty of Paramaribo in a Ruin?’

With architectonical means the design transforms the burned down military building ‘1790’ into a museum for contemporary art and culture. The building 1790 is situated along the Surinam River in the former defense area behind Fort Zeelandia. It was burned in 1990 after the military coup, and is empty ever since. While the rest of the former defense area, including Fort Zeelandia, transformed into a site of art, culture and historical heritage. The design of a museum for Contemporary Art and Culture shows the beauty of a ruin, and brings art to normal people in an easy accessible way. Besides that, the turbulent history, the tropical climate and sustainable materials play a big role in the design.

‘like in most other formal colonies, there is a lot of ‘hit and run’ architecture.’

Result of the reserach ‘Contemporary Architecture in Surinam

[Romy Berntsen] @

Assistent Projectleider Ector Hoogstad Architecten

@ Lab 12

[The hague new, new central station] Among architects the The Hague Central Station railway yard has been an object of discussion for over a 100 years. The railway yard is a barrier that brutally penetrates the urban fabric. The current terminus, dating from 1973, is a memory of an age in which the march of the car as a personal mode of transportation represented prosperity. The station was designed from the range of thought that motorized traffic would take over the urban space and architects were at that time not sure how to deal with this prospect. The trend became to separate motorized traffic from non-motorized traffic, resulting in a massive second street level made out of concrete. By now, 40 years later, the spaces underneath this second street level have drastically declined, providing areas

like the The Hague Central Station with an unsafe and deprived appearance. By shifting the location of the station 100 meters eastwards (to what is now the Prins Bernhard Viaduct), a direct pedestrian connection can be established between the Wijnhavenkwartier and the Beatrixkwartier. By creating new urban program on the plot of the current railway station, these two parts of the city can truly be joined together. In order to join the two residential areas along the railway yard, a park is created above the tracks. Because of the social character of the two bordering residential areas, respectively the Bezuidenhout area and the Rivierenbuurt, the benefits of a park on this location are greater than the benefits of expensive real estate.

‘with new urban program these two parts can truly joined together’

section of the New Central Station Project

[bobby bol-verlaan] @

founder / owner studio innua

@ lab 8

[The Evolving Community] The Evolving Community Design is an insight into the evolution of a small village. This is posited against the contemporary practice of planning out complete suburban neighborhoods which tend to be devoid of life. The village is set in Okotoks, Alberta, Canada, in the foothills of the Rocky Mountains. The evolution or design process is guided by a framework of ‘Patterns’, which safeguard a certain basic quality and serve as design tools at the same time. The simulation of the process is strictly historical: The community grows over time because new opportunities and needs keep presenting themselves to the residents. Their aim is to take each individual opportunity and turn that into a chance to make the community better as a whole. Any new building would not just be a good building in itself, it would also serve to improve the urban fabric – the public space.

A key word in the theory behind this design is ‘local’. Decisions are made locally, people have direct control over the built environment, and are free to implement the practice of trial-anderror. Such a process demands a great level of responsibility, and requires a set of values different from the average suburban dweller. The process is reciprocal however in the sense that having greater responsibility engenders a greater level of engagement. The greatest reward is that this process brings experience and know-how back into the development of the spaces where we live, work, and play. One can judge in the moment, from experience, what would be the best next step to take, rather than having others judge this for you from rules and regulations.

Fascination: The apparent higher quality of spaces where locals have direct influence on their immediate built surroundings. A snapshot in time during the community’s evolution

[Robert cruiming] @

graduate student TU Delft

@ lab 14

[Project Grande hotel] The Grande Hotel is a former exclusive hotel in Beira, Mozambique which is a product of the Portuguese colonisation. It was a palace which represent the dream of the fascistic Estado Novo but today we can call it a ‘white elephant’; too big, too expensive, on the wrong place, wrong time and with the wrong intentions. Today the Grande Hotel occupies ± 1,077 inhabitants who live in extreme poverty. Besides the 120 hotel rooms they made shelters in every spare corner and the corridors into living spaces. The waste is stocked everywhere and the basic sanitation is removed to gain food. The port of Beira benefits today of the booming export of minerals to Asia but the Beirian informal economy doesn’t benefit and the inhabitants of the Grande Hotel are even excluded to participate in the urban community. They carry the nickname ‘whato mundo’; not one of us. To break this vicious

circle I suppose to intervene the site by implementing a Mercado de Reciclagem. The recycling market consist of a wide range of workshops which have their own speciality of transforming or repairing discarded goods. It would not only provable to get money for your waste but it generate a contribution to the existing economy and lead the inhabitants out of poverty and social exclusion. The architecture is based on a low tech and regional flavoured module which is inspired by the open building philosophy and is adaptive to the extensive program. This will make the Grande Hotel is not only a symbol of contrasts with the past but also of the adoption of heritage to a prosperous own future development.

A prosperous sunrise of a new era of the recycled Grande Hotel

‘new usage which result in problems, contradiction and sometimes extraordinary adjustments.’

[kamiel van kreij] @


architect unknown

lab 5

[Sensory Intensification in Architecture] The objective of the project was to make an architecture which stimulates the senses and offers physical challenges, in this way provoking mental and physical involvement. Six pavilions were placed in The Hague in and around the local market. This location suited the project because of its density, the amount of sensory stimuli and the cultural diversity. By presenting a dialectic arrangement of the pavilions instead of a linear one, a negotiation between opposites, the intellectual and introvert against the everyday and the extrovert, emerged. The pavilion ‘Market Entrance’ as a mediator in the whole It provides views on both the pavilions ‘Language’ sticking out the market, as well as a framed

acts plan. four from view

on the pavilion ‘Phenomenology’, revealing its visual illusion. The four pavilions ‘Language’ are all located on top of the four parking exits of the Haagse Markt. These pavilions are called language because they confront an a-priori idea, communicated through written or spoken language, with four of the basic human senses. From south to north these senses are smelling, tasting, hearing and seeing. The pavilion ‘Phenomenology’ has a religious atmosphere and the inside should therefore be very isolated from its surroundings. The pavilion was also placed just outside of the market to increase isolation. Here you can reach the right kind of concentration to test the subjectivity of your perception.

‘reach concentration to test the subjectivity of your perception ’ .

The pavilions ‘Phenomenology’, ‘Market Entrance’ and, ‘Language’

[ferry in ‘t veld] @

Architect HP Architecten

@ lab 6

[a place to eat] My graduation research was about the perception of eating in restaurants, to explore how ones surrounding can influence, and create a more intense and pure experience of the food. With the outcomes of my research I designed a restaurant on the edge of the first ‘citta-slow’ and the biggest glasshouse area in the Netherlands. This place is all about food. A route through a glasshouse gives people the opportunity to collect their own food. A

talk with the chef, a nice aperitif, ones mind is completely set to enjoy the food. The lay-out of the dining-place creates interaction, territory and comfort. Everybody is sitting around a big tree. Depending on ones mood and groupsize, people can choose more or less intimate tables. Materials and light create territory and peace. The routing continues to the lounge and hotel-rooms.

‘exploration about how surroundings can influence a more pure and intense experience of the food’

interior of the Project: A place to eat

[willem van es] @

founder / owner cremer & van es architects

@ lab 9

[From emptiness to Japanese Space] The starting point form this graduation project was an exchange at Tokyo University of technology. Back in the Netherlands I decided to continue researching Japanese architecture and implement the result in a building located in Amsterdam North. In search for the identity of Japanese architecture I began my research with the traditional teahouse architecture and the Buddhist theme emptiness and touched upon Frank Lloyd Wright which made space

a focus in his buildings and ended with Kazuo Shinohara which was formulated a specific Japanese space. Following his steps I also defined a number of starting points for my design. Taking a different perspective in the design process was a very valuable experience and not only helped to learn more about Japanese architecture, it also gave me the chance to make it my own.

From emptiness to Japanese Space

‘in search for the identity of Japanese architecture’

[armand bos] @

architect Bierman Henket architecten

@ lab 2

[De moskee als publiek thuis en schatkamer] Als onderdeel van stadsvernieuwing in deze typische immigrantenwijk, dient de buurtmoskee niet alleen de identiteit van de moslim representeren, maar ook het thuis vormen van het publieke leven van de buurtbewoners. De moslim kan naar de moskee. De buurtbewoner kan er een kaartje leggen, dansles nemen, een boek lenen, of kinderen naar het dagverblijf brengen. Centraal in de multiculturele wijk ligt het Lombokplein. Vanuit dit plein betreedt men het binnenplein in het gebouw. Door het aanbrengen van deze tussenruimte in de overgang van de drukke openbare ruimte naar de entreehal van de buurtmoskee wordt de bezoeker voorbereid op de functies binnen. Deze opzet is ook terug te vinden in de islam. Het is gebruikelijk de gebedsruimte in een gebouw is geplaatst, dat verder voor de buurt een huis voor ervaring van collectieve interesses

is, voor sociabiliteit, ontmoetingen en publieke expressie. De gebedsruimte zweeft boven het seculiere programma van de wijk en is naar Mekka gericht. Van de organisatie van het programma, de keuze van de materialen, tot in het detail is de juiste gelaagdheid gezocht in het aanbrengen van begrenzingen en samenhang. De routing en organisatie van de gehuisveste functies verplicht daarbij niet tot onderlinge ontmoetingen maar biedt ruimte voor toevalligheden. In de architectonische uitwerking staat de transformatie van de islamitische architectuur voorop. Stijlelementen zoals geometrie, schoonschrift en intensief kleurgebruik geven het gebouw identiteit en de gemeenschap een geheugen. In materiaal en detaillering heb ik gebruik gemaakt van overeenkomsten in de lokale architectuur van de wijk en de rijke en diverse architectuur van de islam.

‘de moskee als object van integratie, met een focus op het ontwerpproces’

model van de moskee

[jos de krieger] @

architect unknown

@ lab 5

[upscaling the Superuse concept] super superuse WORM was selected as the main program for this building, the rest of the program is a shop for Brennels, a biological restaurant with partly home grown vegetables, dwellings and offices. This sums up to 10.000m , all to be realized on Rotterdams Müllerpier. Material sourcing has been done by collabarting with Treelz (waste.Treelz. com) to make an interactive digital harvest map, that shows what kind of materials were available in and around Rotterdam in 2009. The idea is to harvest materials locally, so reduce transport costs and have a smaller environmental impact. the design The outside has been constructed out of ‘slabs’ of demolished brickwork, to stay in touch with the urban surroundings.

This brick wall is a continuous shape with one main opening on street level to enter the atrium. The atrium is very welcoming and daylight flows everywhere. The interior facades are made of wood and double glazing, the roof is made of tiled windscreens to ensure a rain and wind free environment. The roof is not air tight and thus the atrium won’t heat up in summer. All rainwater that is collected is stored inside the building for the toilets of WORM and the restaurant. Besides this WORM has 150m of PV cells, making them almost self sustaining concerning energy and water. The whole building has floor heating and floor cooling, the latter done with the water from the river that has a constant temperature. All this together creates a sustainable cultural cluster on a prominent place at the riverfront.

‘Making a public building with a music venue out of materials originating from demolition sites’

A public building with a music venue out of materials originating from demolition sites

[bram zondag] @

Architect unknown

@ lab 6

[church building creates new places] The church building ensemble creates a new place for the citizens: a public inner square, like the traditional forecourt of a church building, strategically located in the city. A kindergarten, library and appartments for young people with special needs are foreseen to embed the building in the environment and attract people. The church hall is a covered square, a contrast to the pretentious spaces

constructed in history. There is no single element superfluous. The building is fabricated with only essential and natural materials: concrete, steel, wood, tiles, textile. Thirty years later the materials will be wheatered and used; the rust, speckles and scratches show the idea that the building is a living place where things are happening.

‘elementary architecture in church buildings’

section of the New Central Station Project

[xavier san giorgi] @

zzp’er unknown

@ lab 8

[how to merge ecology and architecture] By the way cities are built and people sustain themselves in their needs (food, water etc.),ecosystems come at cost. Ecosystems are replaced with cities and other systems that do not function nor perform on an equal standard. By increasing urbanization this only is becoming bigger. Yet, we so depended on these systems for our sustenance. In the Edible Urban Forest project I have investigated how the services delivered by ecosystems can be integrated into the built environment. In this project, I have focused in particular on the service of food and with the design of the marketplace ‘de Haagse Markt – The Hague’ I have proven that a building which delivers an ecosystem service can be designed in such a way to also create a desirable and aesthetically pleasing living environment.

The marketplace is an historic link and connects people in our cities with food. By adding food, as one of the services of ecosystems, I have created new relations and an increased understanding between the service of food production on the one hand and consumption, participation, and living on the other hand. The relation between food and consumption was created by the Market and Café, participation and the relation with living was created by social housing facilities and a public boulevard park. In order to have the design abide by the principles of nature, I have used Biomimicry as my design methodology. This I have done for the concept of organizing the building and on a deeper level of how the service of food is performed (process) and how the elements interrelate to each other (ecosystem).

‘from an ecological perspective creating integral regenerative systems.’

[robert wieringa] @

architect studio denkruimte

@ lab 7

[the sublime light and the heterotopia: the fostopos] a cistercian cloister The sublime light that can connect ‘place to other place’ emerges as a characteristic of the architectural expression of a new type of heterotopia: the f stopos. The sublime light is related to the heterotopia as introduced by Foucault. Society is in need of such ‘other places’ as these places provide an unlimited space for the sublime within their borders.

Through centuries the ‘Architecture of Light’ of the Cistercian Order has proven the inherent qualities of light as a tool for shaping spaces. In this design for a monastery the spatial and ritual experience of sublime light and the threshold with the surrounding landscape are at the heart of its f stopic character.

‘heterotopias, sublime light and religious architecture’

the sublime light as seen through the eyes of the monks in the church of a cistercian cloister

[anne joke breimer] @

MBA degree singapore

@ lab 1

[the olympic games in the netherlands] As a sports fan by heart, I love the Olympic Games. My heart skips a beat if I see the Olympic Rings. And back in 2005 - 2006 the sports world was ‘on it’s way’ to Beijing. I read news articles about how the budget of the Games had evolved over the last few Olympiads and this made me wonder: How can we spend billions on a three week event, where in other parts of the world there is poverty and hunger. The history of the Games showed a few different eras; technological innovation, politics and boycotts and most recently: the era of commercialization. It made me wonder what the new era would look like. I came up with the idea of sharing the organization of the Olympic Games, where a developed country hosts the Games first and four

years later this country helps a less developed country to host the Games. There are many investments linked to the Games, including infrastructure and education. These investments can give a developing country the necessary step to jump on the ladder of development. As a passionate rower, concerned with the issues the city of Delft was facing regarding superfluous rainwater, I decided to give my graduation project another dimension, designing a movable Olympic Village along a rowing course that would solve the rainwater issues. By using this rowing course to cross the A13 motorway, the plan created an important ecological gateway for the national Ecologische Hoofdstructuur.

‘let the games be dutch!’



@ lab 12

[het huis van de stad]

[igor vetyemy @

architect mecanoo architecten

@ lab 13

[how to accomodate future cities] The starting point of the thesis is the analysis - both through research and design – of the inevitable process of urban densification, in order to explore possible ways to face it with efficiency and quality. The goal is to investigate how to deal with the densification process in complex scenarios, where the traditional approach of substituting existing buildings for denser ones is not possible: historical city centers constitute cultural heritage and for this reason need to be preserved, establishing huge constraints for this inner-growth process. The central question raised is how to accommodate the future city within the existing one, in a necessarily intimate relation between buildings, improving the original quality. In other words, the quest is how to promote an architectonic symbiosis able to provide positive

outcomes to all parties involved, or, in biological terms: a mutualitic relation. Exchanges of services and nutrients that define each kind of symbiosis in biology were translated into architectural field. A catalogue explores 80 existing “symbiotic relations” between buildings in the current urban scene. Nowadays, incorrectly put together under the expression “parasitic architecture”, each example analysed was re-labeled according to proper analogies with nature. The outcomes of that analysis guided the proposal of a “densification plan” for Amsterdam, where two examples – under and above the heritage urban fabric – explore how to achieve a “Mutualistic Architecture”. The choice of the most complex scenario – the untouchable Inner city of Amsterdam – lead to an experimental innovative approach.

‘How can a “Mutualistic Architecture” respond to urban densification’

[noemie benoit] @

engineer / architect unknown

@ lab 11

[The Ecological Infra of the NYC Port Authority Bus Terminal] With this project, Noémie provides an outline of an investigation into how biodiversity can be increased in the most urban areas. By studying the potential threat of water (climate change, risk of storms & hurricanes) for New York City and proposing a ‘wetland model’, Noémie researches how the physical environment could change if an urban wetland had to be built. Moreover, the new approach is tested by designing a bus terminal that serves as a water purification system. The terminal is organized vertically allowing water to be purified in a natural cleansing process of sedimentation and infiltration via the various terminal floors. Gradations of ecosystems are applied per floor. Noémie

spatially and ecologically explores the unusual combination of two services and therewith physically involves the visitor. Finally, the business model of this integrated systemic model tells how public-private partnerships can help building relationships that create value for both cities and solutions providers. The initial fascination on biodiversity has been translated in terms of risk mitigation, system resilience and wellbeing that can directly be supported by the stakeholders of cities.

‘Today’s crisis of biodiversity fascinated me

The vertical infrastructure of the bus terminal of the Port Authority - NYC



@ lab 2

[The ‘in-between-zone’, living in the city] Both this graduation research and design explored the meaning of the ‘in-between-zone’, the transition from public to private, in inner-city situations. It can exist of a little stoop, a balcony or the jamb of a window. The essential property of the city is the convergence of individuals that forces them to deal with the unknown. The ‘in-between-zone’ has the potency to diminish the insecurity that comes with this unknown situation. If is used well in a design, it can support a feeling of privacy, but also identification and interaction between inhabitants and users of the city. The question is how it can contribute to embedding housing in its urban context. The concept of depth was used to explicitly express the transition from public to private. Depth can be

manifested on the scale of the urban block until the details of the facades. A design was made for an apartment building in Amsterdam West. It is situated in a pre-war neighbourhood which is characterized by a mixture between industrial heritage and urbanism out of the Berlage period. The three towers referred to other buildings along the important transport route of the Kostverlorenvaart. A fine detailing of the brick was used to react on the surrounding architecture. The inner court, the balconies, the detailing of the windows, doors and facades embedded the building in the context and specific situation of the different sides of the building.

‘the tension between individuality and confrontation as one of the principle aspects of urban life.’

[daniel swakman] graphic designer

@ unknown

@ lab 10

[polycentral networks of public spaces] The european quarter in Brussels has become a monofunctional office district since the rapid development of the European Union in the second half of the twentieth century. Uncontrolled office expansion has led to a district characterised by the monotony of glass closed office blocks, empty streets and large infrastructure. This project is a proposal to regard the public space in this area as an opportunity to make a statement as a european public space: an integrated part of the city, where urban liveliness and a diverse mix of functions are key points. In order to achive this, a threefold strategy is laid out, as the above diagram shows. The current stituation is one of flatness - both in function or use as in

morphology and typology. Firstly the area will become centered around two redesigned axes, where a pedestrianfriendly space is proposed. Then, on these axes new centralities are developed. This allows for an urban experience of diversity, from node to node. Thirdly, by concentrating along these points, deconcentration can emerge in the inbetween spaces. This allows for recapturing of residential functions, in order to allow for a rich mix of functions and uses. The combination of these interventions is a starting point for the recalibration of the Leopold Quarter’s public space - a gesture to reconnect the European political domain with its citizens a usable urban space.

‘an integrated part of the city, where urban liveliness and a diverse mix of functions are key points’

arial montage of the project

[bart kuijpers] @

architect unknown

@ lab 13

[Updating Shanghai; Life from the ground up] Shanghai is one of the most modern metropolises in the world and the fastest growing city in the world. The image is often depicted by the many skyscrapers towering over the city. Opposed to this typology are the shikumen (or alleyway houses), a remnant of the semi-colonial past, which housed almost 90% if the population during the 1940’s and even in 1990 almost half the city’s inhabitants lived in these houses. The shikumen have an incredible vibrant and active social life, but are rapidly disappearing. The project does not only aim to maintain these buildings, but also the social structure and cultural identity housed within. The research focuses on the social structures of both shikumen as well as contemporary high rise; how they compare with each other and how the

characteristics of the shikumen can be used to improve the design of high rise, making it a better place to live with a stronger social interaction. For the design the redevelopment of the chosen project area consists of three parts; renovating shikumen, a public area including commercial functions, and the focus of the design; a high rise tower of 27 stories intended for the original inhabitants of the shikumen. The concept of the design is gradual transition from public to private as it is found in the shikumen neighborhoods. This includes a semi public area on the ground floor, a (horizontal) social space on each floor and a small “courtyard” for each apartment.

‘The contrast between the old & new in Shanghai and linking them together’

updating shanghai

[jos van heerde] @

architecT djost studio

@ lab 3

[dynamische architectuur aan de kustlijn] Het afstudeerontwerp is een vervolg op het afstudeerrapport Dynamische architectuur aan de Nederlandse kustlijn waarin; de architectuur, de kustwering, de klimaatsverandering en de gevolgen ervan in acht Nederlandse kustplaatsen wordt onderzocht. In het rapport wordt duidelijk dat de superstorm, een combinatie van springtij en een zware noordwesterstorm, hèt fenomeen is waar onze kustwering tegen bestand dient te zijn. Het, in mijn ogen, onvolledig uitgewerkte ontwerp van Solà-Morales voor de boulevard van Scheveningen en de dynamiek die Scheveningen als geen andere badplaats in Nederland kent was de uitgelezen plek voor een casestudie. Gelegen aan het noordelijk havenhoofd vormt het sportcomplex een symbiose tussen architectuur en de kustwering, gevormd door de wind, gemaakt tegen

het water. Een ontwerp waarbij de wind, één van de twee factoren voor een superstorm, van groot belang is geweest op architectonisch, landschappelijk en bouwfysisch gebied. Het warme zomers briesje, het geruis van het helmgras of het opspattende water zijn ervaringen die door de wind gevormd worden. Het gevoel, het geluid en de beweging van de wind zijn dan ook de ervaringen die ik zowel in het landschappelijke als het architectonische ontwerp heb laten terugkomen. Het sportcomplex op de Scheveningse boulevard dat reageert op de gevaren van de klimaatverandering en een aanvulling vormt op de sporten die worden beoefend in de nabijheid van deze locatie. Sporten die, evenals de dynamiek van badplaatsen, afhankelijk zijn van de seizoenen.

entree van het sportcomplex in scheveningen the sublime light as seen through the eyes of the monks in the church of a cistercian cloister

‘integreren: waarbij architectuur de opgave is en waterkering het uitgangspunt.’

[loes goebertus] @

architect hein de haan architecten

@ lab 11

[life in an oasis village in Morocco] Het oase dorp Aroumiatte in het zuiden van Marokko was ooit een welvarend handelscentrum in de Sahara. Tegenwoordig is het dorp verlaten. Veel mannen trekken weg om te werken in de grote steden. De oase wordt verwaarloosd en de irrigatiesystemen worden bijna niet meer gebruikt, waardoor de woestijn vrij spel krijgt om zich nog sneller uit te breiden. Vrouwen blijven vaak achter, analfabetisch en daarom met weinig kansen op de lokale markt. Dit gebied heeft een boost nodig van bedrijvigheid om het een toekomst te geven en verdere verwoestijning tegen te gaan. Het ontwerp van een vrouwencentrum, aangrenzend aan een ‘digitale markt’ (ontworpen door Maaike de Visser) bieden deze mogelijkheid.

Het vrouwencentrum is een plek waar vrouwen kunnen samenkomen, leren en uiteindelijk een eigen bedrijf kunnen opzetten. Door gebruik te maken van lokale bouwmaterialen en een lokale bouwindustrie op te zetten wordt er gestreefd naar economische onafhankelijkheid. Het gebouw zal worden gebouwd van leem, versterkt door een drukpers en met cactus sap en kalk. Daarnaast wordt gerecycled plastic gebruikt, daar waar het hout kan vervangen. Een lokale plastic recyclefabriek creëert lokale werkgelegenheid, vermindert lokale houtkap en ruimt de vervuilde woestijn op.

‘The desert is full of drifting plastic that could replace a lot of the wood as a building material.’

an overview of the women centre (right) and digital market (left), connected through the market square and smaller hidden meeting square in between the two buildings.

[steven surentu] Advisor

@ stichting syndion

@ lab 6

[Designing without limitations] Citizinship paradigm has changed the role of the person with intellectual disabilities in our society. To make living in the quarters amongst normal people to a succes, in addition to practical issues such as accessibility and visibility, man must also concentrate on encouraging mutual acceptance. Several parties were approached for the quality research to obtain information about the targetgroup. The municipality, the housing corporation, the healthcare provider, a counselor and parents were approached to gather information on different points of view. Out of the various sub-studies a set of requirements is extracted, which indicates that the design must satisfy the potential occupant so they will not reject. A time-use study was designed to see whether there are similarities in activities between people ‘with’ and people ‘without’ disabilities.

Based on the urban study the preference for the location was given to a district where the project has the best chance to succeed. Based on the data provided by the municipality of Dordrecht it became the agricultural quarter Dubbeldam. Through the formation of the buildings the site contains two squares, each with it’s own identity: a public and a common one. The houses are designed as detached housing to the existing environment. One of the important items among people with intellectual disability. They strongly prefer property without the traditional institutional appearance . Therefore the image of a large-scale housingblock had been deliberately avoided. In order to prevent stigmatization mixed program was wished. Thus four dwellings on the site designed for people without disabilities and a vegetable shop, a lunchroom and a workshoproom were added.

‘How to build for a weaker population in our society?’

Onbeperkt Ontwerpen: kleinschalige woonvoorziening, bestemd voor mensen met een verstandelijke beperking. Zicht op het terras van de lunchroom.

[frank van schadewijk] @

architect freelance

@ lab 11

[Ecologisch Campus Centrum] Het Ecologische Campus Centrum is een nieuw gebouw van de TU Delft dat ruimte biedt aan studenten van alle faculteiten voor zelfstudie en lezingen in een gezonde, natuurlijke omgeving. In het ontwerp is gestreefd naar een succesvolle combinatie van een hoge bebouwingsdichtheid met een grote ecologische waarde voor de directe omgeving. Door op alle schaalniveaus in te zetten op een grote verscheidenheid aan ecologisch waardevolle flora en fauna ontstaat niet alleen een duurzaam, maar ook zeer aangenaam

leefklimaat. De getrapte promenade functioneert als een groene ader die alle verdiepingen met het Mekelpark verbindt. De gevels bieden ruimte aan een grote verscheidenheid aan grassen, kruiden en diverse vogelsoorten. Op de begane grond, langs het nieuwe wetland, bevinden zich verschillende insectenhotels. Centraal in het gebouw staan een drietal cocons die essentieel zijn voor de natuurlijke ventilatie en de goede akoestiek in het gebouw. Studeren en ontspannen midden in een inspirerende, natuurlijke omgeving!

‘Ecologie & architectuur’

[joris berkhout] @

architect tokyo, keio university

@ jorisberkhout! lab 12

[The peripheral hub] The growing city is slowly transformed into a vast urban conglomeration, its limits defined only by whatever its network of infrastructure can support. This design project addresses this condition. It specifically deals with a peripheral node, a transport hub on a non-urban location, a location where topographical place has become irrelevant. The site is developed as a place centered around the transport hub. Characterized by large infrastructures and ample of available space the peripheral hub provides and excellent location to facilitate modern metropolitan functions such as stadiums, festival sites, shopping malls and largescale entertainment.

The architecture of the station symbolizes its position between a local place and a node as part of a network. The design seeks to enhance their confrontation. In plan the layout is formed by a loop, which organizes the flows of passengers and at the same time marks the division between place and node. Within the loop the functions of the station as a node are concentrated, not only the train platforms but also the commercial program of generic shops and restaurants. On the other hand the exterior of the loop is defined by the characteristics of the place such as the waterfront and a sequence of public spaces.

‘A city which is not formed by borders, rivers or street patterns’

The transport hub as a gateway from local place to the network city

[roderick trompert] @

researcher tudelft & Unitid

@ lab 12

[wayfinding in architecture] Wayfinding is a topic often considered to be primarily an industrial design task. Observing an ever growing presence of wayfinding signage in public buildings, it’s surprising to see how the architecture of these spaces seems to play little to no role in the guiding process. In my opinion this is an overlooked opportunity; a lot can be gained when the architecture provides a narrative on where to go; it can greatly improve the accessibility and lower the effort it takes to navigate a setting. Using a literature study on the functioning of our cognitive abilities and wayfinding behavior, I started looking for architectural

features that could be applied to improve on wayfinding efficiency in a setting. The findings from this research I applied in the design for a railway station on the location of Station Amsterdam Sloterdijk; a station that -in my opinion- currently lacks any wayfinding clarity. The new design features a very prominent roof that provides many wayfinding cues; for instance by its directionality and by the light penetration on certain locations. These kind of cues are introduced on all levels of the design, forming a coherent narrative guiding the end-user through the building.

‘How could architecture facilitate or play a leading role in the process of ‘wayfinding’ in the built environment’

1:200 scale model of final design for railway station Amsterdam Sloterdijk

[cigdem sivri] @

unknown unknown

@ lab 12

[SPACES OF SOCIAL ACTIVISM ] The analysis of public sphere which is on the edge of being demolished by the interests of investors, and the discovery of international and local initiatives that emerged to preserve the democratic values of public spaces and facilitate them at the same time, generated the fascination to form a public space where individual dreams can be discovered, realized and moulded into collective actions. The program of a Creative Center in Brussels is formed by placing expression, discussions and the creative power of local art, crafts and skills in the central place. This social center is aimed to let individuals discover their capabilities and interests, and at the end progress from the individual to collective. The Creative Center is placed in the western urban context of Brussels which is relatively neglected physically

and socially. The project is part of an urban scenario as an intervention in the city, and the experiment field of a light research at the same time. The atelierdwelling typology of the district is kept as the basis for generating the spaces. Additional functions are inserted in the typology just like squatting the voids of the typology. Architectural research of this fascination focuses on the spaces of self-discovery, encounter and expression. Light has been one of the most important considerations to form the space within this dense typology to allow users focus on their self-learning, materials and the products. Repetitive units are considered as rough bulks carved out with the consideration of use and light.

‘A Creative Center for Self-Discovery and Expression’

a public space where individual dreams can be discovered, realized and moulded into collective actions

[daphne nederstigt] unknown


@ unknown

lab 13

[Education center to increase cohesion] In the slums of Rio de Janeiro almost 20% of the residents gets caught up in the enormous drug scene, ruling the slums of Rio. Educational and recreational programs are required to help residents to process traumas, develop themselves and keep away from the violence. An education center consists of a combination of various functions, with at least one educational activity. Children and adults participate in activities; they develop their skills to increase hope for a better future and start rebuilding their dreams. Education centers also facilitate social interaction which increases cohesion between the residents.

In this project a guidebook is developed. This guidebook is useful for residents who plan to build an education center. It guides people through the design process and advices them about the influence of functions like a library, required supporting functions like bathrooms and constructional aspects like natural ventilation. Also a game is developed to teach people in a playful way to deal with a design process. To validate the guidebook and support it with an example one education center is designed.

‘enormous drug scene in the favelas of rio’

[elsbeth, lilith & lieke] @

@ founders lab 7 lillithronnervanhooijdonk architecten

[the metamorphosis of the coolsingel; or the benign of the city] Architecture has the habit of arriving too late and staying far too long. This final-year project steps off from the paradox between the slowness of what is built and the transience of use. The metamorphosis of Coolsingel, or the benign demolition of the City examines the essence of architectural metamorphosis. It uses metamorphosis to confront the consequences of a pointless hypothesis in an urban setting that in turn burdens us with the question of architecture’s autonomy. Metamorphosis is the poetic equivalent of transformation. Unlike transformation, metamorphosis marks the onset of a seemingly pointless change. In this project the subject of metamorphosis is

Coolsingel in Rotterdam. By extrapolating the essence of Coolsingel, the boulevard alters from a highway to a runway. To make a space for the planes, the area around Coolsingel transforms into an airport. When the planes leave the city Coolsingel will return in a new guise. The rebirth of Coolsingel gives it the guise of a contemplative space. The beauty peculiar to the newly created space lies in the paradox between the wholesale clearance of the street and the compaction of the built fabric round about. The facade’s explicit formal idiom with its openings for gateways and loggias reconsiders the characteristics of an architectural urbanity not designed to a specific programme.

‘Architecture has the habit of arriving too late and staying far too long’

Prospect of the newly generated space in the centre of Rotterdam: circus at the Coolsingel

[eva dubbelboer] @

architect tak architecten

@ lab 13

[A new life for a small village church] During my graduation I focused on the re-use of small village churches. On the one hand I researched which new functions are suitable for little village churches in general. And on the other hand I investigated the reformed church in 2e ExloĂŤrmond (in the north of the Netherlands). In and around this church I designed a Thomashouse, a home for people with a mental handicap. I situated the home in the church with some new extensions and placed a separate building next to the church that contains a workshop where the people from the home can work and sell what they make. To give the church a new life I had to make an intervention in the church and I had to extend the church to fit all the new rooms that were needed. I choose to turn the church inside out. I removed

the second half of the roof, creating an outdoor space inside the church. Around this space I placed new additions to the building. From inside these new additions you can look through the church windows (the most special elements of this church) into the garden inside the church. In this way the extensions also have the church-feeling of the original building. All new additions are designed regarding the relation with the church and the surroundings. The church is an landmark in the village that exists of one 6km long straight road. That’s why the view on the church and the new buildings when driving past played an important role in the design of the whole ensemble of buildings.

a model of the project

‘new functions for churches that lose their religious function’

[fabio baldo] @

looking for job unknown

@ lab 13

[ARCHITECTURE & NATURE: degrees of order] The basic idea of my research finds its own inspiration in the area where I grew up. The lake of Garda, situated in north of Italy between the Alps and the flat land, is famous and recognized for the beauty of its natural landscape mixed with rural fabrications. The harshness of the territory has been softened thanks to the construction of ground terraces. However, at the same time the natural features and materials provided by the territory, conditioned the development of a particular kind of vernacular and rural fabrications. My fascination takes place in this dualism between architecture and nature. What stands out in the interaction between man made fabrications and landscape is the organization of matter and of natural

elements in different degrees of order which represents the transition from artificial to natural, from architecture to nature. This transition, this range of interaction between the two sides becomes the main theme of the design that places its bases in this gap, working between the physical conditions of the site and their reinterpretation in a personal way. Starting from the intangible aspect of space, its void, finding the balance with its opposite, matter, and filling it with light. Creating an image where the final result is just the representation of the process itself, where all the elements, such as zenithal light, matter, etc. participate together to create a structure, like in nature with an organism.

‘On the extreme of the acute, silence. Crossing space silently. Reaching mute vibration.’

[haris heizanoglou] @

architect freelance / athens

@ lab 5

[notes on the nature of informality] It was an attempt to approach and understand the dynamic nature of informal phenomena, having as an aim to build a theoretical framework, by re-asking fundamental questions and developing the necessary vocabulary and consciousness, in order to be able to support further research. The basic scope under which the whole research was produced regards informality as the child of the coexistence of relations between technical and natural ends, therefore supports an approach where it will not be considered as a mere side-effect but rather as a natural condition. It is precisely this natural and dynamic character that was used in the process of the research itself, which was produced as a constant and dynamic scaffolding. Research was building up theoretical

scaffolds that in turn were used for building up more complex scaffolds and push the old ones to collapse, build up again and let collapse and so on, taking this process towards a fulfillment in the way which Aristoteles gives the name “entelechy”. This is a process that doesn’t conclude because concluding is impossible by nature, by the nature of informality itself. Therefore this text should be considered as an instance, a part, of an evolutionary process and not something conclusive, it couldn’t have been and it consciously never intended to. I don’t have in my hands a complete theory or an answer to a problem. What I have is the record of my own attempt to transform my aesthesis into a gnosis and translate my abstract feeling about things into knowledge that can be communicated and developed further.

‘an attempt to approach and understand the dynamic nature of informal phenomena’

[jetze schreij] @

designer OeverZaaijer arch & stedebouw

@ Lab 2

[Dynamic Landscape] Due to climate change a restructuring of the Dutch river landscape is taking place. Dikes will be raised, riverbeds will get broader and water-meadows will be dug out. All this is happening to offer more space to the river. To make the dikes more accessible for maintenance and raising, dike houses are being demolished. New dwellings in the river area avoid the dike and often loose the relationship with the river. Due to this process a characteristic piece of Dutch culture is threatened to disappear. One of the problem areas which is being mapped by the Dutch government is the curve of the river Waal in the area of Nijmegen. The slim riverbed causes the river to raise upstream and to flood the banks of Lent and the city of Nijmegen.

The concept of my graduation project is to artificially reconstruct the part of the Bemmelse dike (by a bridge construction) and to offer again a connection between the river landscape and its residents by attaching houses to the new bridge construction which reverts to the typologies of the old dike houses. The construction of the river bypass will involve the construction of a threshold over which the river water will run once the river reaches a certain water level. The threshold will be designed in such a way that the current water level will become readable making not only the residents but also the people passing by and the recreational people aware of the dynamic river.

‘Due to this process a characteristic piece of Dutch culture is threatened to disappear’

model of the design project

[jim van oord] @

architect unknown

@ Lab 11

[the development of a retirement community] Enjoyable living@Pagediepdal is a research into the implementation of an active retirement community in the Netherlands. Similar developments can be found around the world. To implement such a concept into the Dutch market it was essential to get to know who the target group is and what happens to them as they grow older. It is also essential to have insight in the government policies regarding seniors. These aspects together with a precedent study are explored by the means of a literature survey, and form the background information for the research. The lack of information about the specific subject made it essential to gather a greater understanding of the target group in the Netherlands. The target group of 3rd age seniors is a specific group of people. The main aim of the research was to get to know who

they were and what their needs, wishes and requirements are. This research was done by means of conducting a focus group, visiting a retirement community in Australia, interviewing residents and consulting a number of different professionals. The background information gathered in the first part of the research formed the framework for the interviews. The professionals that were interviewed were a housings specialist in the Province of Groningen, a project developer specialized in the development of senior housing concepts and a housing and care specialist. The combination of professional insight into the field of study and the communication with the target group itself provides a balanced perspective on the information gathered.

‘a place where residents can enjoy the privacy or their own home’ and the close companionship of a small neighborhood”

[Kenzo Oijevaar] @

risk manager at heijmans unknown

@ lab 4

[Helping slum dwellers to get a better life] Many people are living in an urban environment with inadequate access to water, sanitation and other infrastructure. One reason for this is the worldwide urbanization where poor people end up in cities without sufficient good quality living space. This project focuses on gaining an understanding how an architect can help to achieve the best quality of life for all the slum dwellers in one slum within reasonable possibilities and achieving this on the same site. As a location Bangalore in India is chosen. The result is a plan that leads to an improved quality of life for the slum dwellers. Phase one of the plan consists of steps that lead the slum dwellers to some income. This is done by forming a community consisting of the slum dwellers and getting the community to start an enterprise.

In phase two the dividend of the enterprise is used to improve parts of the slum. The more money is made, the more investments can be done. Special workshops teach the community how to build these improvements themselves. This approach also guarantees cheap, safe and environmentally friendly building techniques. Improvements could start with a toilet and could end with a four-story building. Phase three consists of access to infrastructures that will improve the life of the slum dwellers. Examples are access to schools, a recognized building plot or the possibility to vote. The architect hereby becomes a person for guidance, who helps the slum dwellers in following the plan. And who, in the end, helps the slum dwellers in gaining a higher quality of life.

BANGOCO – A Bangalorean Community. Finding a solution for the small scale slum.

[laura van santen] @

junior architect inside outside

@ Lab 5

[Nomads in Noman’s Land] Geopolitical boundaries define us as statist territorialized beings. Abandoning the state territory is a breach of the social contract. Fragile political states may cause displacement of populations, when these are forced to cross physical borders for political, economical, social, or environmental reasons. There are 42 million displaced persons in the world. The United Nations Refugee Agency strives for voluntary repatriation to a home country, resettlement in another country or permanent integration in the country of asylum. The spatial result of the problematic political status of the refugee is manifested in reactive urbanism and temporary architectural solutions. The case of Burma, one of the largest source countries of displaced persons, was the

topic of this thesis and was researched in a field study on its Thai border. Parallel to the 150000 official refugees residing in camps for over 25 years, there are another estimated 2 million unregistered Burmese illegally living and working in Thai factories in the porous border area. The project proposes an extraterritorial settlement in the river that serves as a border between the two countries. The economic catalyst for such a settlement would be a garment factory housed in a parasitic bamboo structure suspended under the existing ‘friendship’ bridge. The urban layout on the riverbed is determined by sanitation units provided by NGOs. These concrete water towers cum bathhouses form a grid onto which makeshift houses can latch on, creating intimate courtyards.

‘An architectural design for an extraterritorial settlement for Burmese refugees in Thailand’

How can we design for large communities that are collectively on the move, to better economical, political, social or environmental circumstances residing permanently in temporary locations?

[leonie korting] @

architect Owner at Archid

@ Lab 11

[beyond routing] Omschrijving: Beyond Routing is de titel van een uniek woningbouwproject op de Staart in Dordrecht. Het laat zien dat er diversiteit gebracht kan worden met een nieuwe insteek in de gestandaardiseerde Nederlandse woningbouw. Het Japanse theehuis is hierbij een inspiratiebron. Belangrijke kenmerken in het ontwerp voor de woonwijk zijn kwaliteiten als frameconstructie, flexibiliteit door schuifwanden en deuren, naast de toegepaste verhoudingen in de opzet van het plan, wat leidt tot een bijzondere routebeleving.

Description Beyond Routing is the title of a unique dwelling project situated on ‘de Staart’ in Dordrecht. It shows that, with a new approach, diversity can be brought in the standardization of the Dutch dwelling typologies. Inspiration for this approach was the Japanese teahouse architecture. Important characteristics of this design for a residential area are qualities like frame construction, flexibility by means of sliding walls and doors as well as the used proportions, which all lead to a special experience and route.

‘It shows that, with a new approach, diversity can be brought’

perspectief van de middentuin

[luuk dietz] @

architect unknown

@ Lab 6

[housing in the historic centre of Haarlem] Aan het begin werden romeinse patiowoningen en -woongebouwen onderzocht op gebruikte architectonische ontwerptools. Deze middelen (bv. routing, sequenties van ruimten, inzet van water en groen) konden worden ingezet om de woningen in een dichtbevolkte binnenstad voldoende kwaliteit te geven. Op de resten van de bestaande bebouwingsstructuur zijn de woningen rond een aantal hoven gesitueerd. De inrichting van deze gedeelde ruimten is zodanig dat bewoners en bezoekers ze ervaren als een collectieve omgeving. De diverse woningtypen zijn ontworpen aan de hand van twee ontwerpthema’s. De woningen hebben een tweeledig programma, met een publieker en een meer privaat deel. De grens tussen binnen en buiten wordt opgerekt en verdeeld over meerdere ruimten. Beide thema’s komen terug in de tektoniek en de detaillering van de gebouwen.

The project started with a research on roman patio houses and apartment blocks and the use of architectural design tools. These tools, such as routing, sequencing of spaces and the use of water and green, could then be used in the design for housing in a city block in Haarlem. On the remains of existing building structures, a set of dwellings are placed around three courtyards. These communal spaces are designed to feel as a collective environment. In the design of the different dwelling types, two themes were central. The houses all have a twofold program, with a public and a more private part. The border between inside and outside is stretched and spread over multiple spaces. Both themes can be traced back in the tectonics and detailing of the buildings.

‘Historic city centres and their qualities as an environment for living.’

Cross section over the Brinkmann courtyards,

[pim van meer] @

green bim architect unknown

@ lab 10

[the images have to speak for themselves]

‘Rotterdam the city without a heart got a heart again’

[ruth lanting] @ @ housing cooperative

Lab 13

[SPLASH MUMBAI] In Mumbai, more than half of the inhabitants live in squalor circumstances of slums. Less than fifty per cent of these slum dwellers have access to proper sanitation. The alternative is using the open fields or inadequate sanitation, leading to harassment of women, health risks and high mortality rates. SPLASH MUMBAI makes architectural interventions on different scales in the slums to house a series of water facilities: toilet blocks, water taps and public baths. The water facilities respond to three major problems in slum sanitation: • Sanitation is mostly perceived as a marginal and dirty function, not worthy of paying much attention to. • Uneven distribution of water over the inhabitants of Mumbai has caused a lack of water in the slums. Water scarcity hits the sanitary facilities. • Sanitary facilities are designed as

community facilities for hygiene and efficiency reasons. However, the buildings are usually located at the outskirts of the slums, far away from the public life. SPLASH MUMBAI shapes the water facilities as public spaces along the major routes through a slum area. The interventions break the monotonous and narrow fabric of the slum and add some open space: currently less than one square meter of open space per person is available in the slums. Water is the catalyst for the renewal of sanitation. In great contrast to sanitation, public water sources are the heart of any Indian community and an explosion of liveliness. By combining the facilities in a single network and storing the monsoon rains, the facilities all together save water.

‘Transforming sanitation in the slums of Mumbai’

The public baths are the largest water facility in the slums. At the central court, water is collected during rainy season and reused for laundry and toilet flushing later in the year.

[wouter perry] @

project manager tebodin

@ Lab 11

[Building with material shortage in areas with extreme circumstances] simplicity, warmth The aim of this project was to redesign the three huts on the Sirimontrack. The Sirimontrack is one of the most used routes on Mount Kenya. It leads tourists and porters from Sirimon Gate (close to Nanyuki) to Old Moses Camp (3400m), Liki North (3993m) and Shiptons Camp (4326m) to Point Lenana (4985m). From this point it is possible the climb the top of Mount Kenya, Batian (5199m). The simple form of the huts with their sharp lines forms a large contrast with the complexity of the landscape. This contrast lets the shape speak out. The used materials dovetail its surroundings,

the re-used cedar wood beams become gray under the influence of sun and rain. They form themselves to the landscape. Within the hut you feel the warmth: letting in the sun through the roof window during the day. Holding the warmth in the clay walls, and giving off this heat to the people in the hut during the night. The warmth of the cedar wood that inside does not turn gray contributes to the perception of the comfortable inner climate. A contrast I tried to moderate is the one between the porter and the tourist. By means of equivalence within the hut the porter will work under better circumstances.

‘Building with local materials for areas with extreme circumstances’

Location Shiptons, one of the three proposed huts on the route to the summit.

[toon stallaart] @



[developing low-income urban areas] Rio de Janeiro’s urbanization developed in two directions. The prosperous neighborhoods along the beaches and in the center followed the rails of the tram lines, while the peripheral zones of the working classes to the north emerged along the railroads. Public facilities, such as libraries and parks, were continuously planned in the city center. The public voids left in the peripheries were filled up by private institutions such as shopping malls. Green space is scarce in the vast outskirts. A space that has remained open is the network of transmission lines. It reaches many residents in the dense peripheries in the north zone, but the space is currently inaccessible. The

space can be transformed into a linear park, equipped with public facilities. Public interventions, such as plazas and sports fields are planned on the strip. Vacant spaces along the strip are used for buildings, in particular with public functions. In this project I proposed a design for a building with several public functions: a library, an auditorium, and a bus station. In the commercial heart of Madureira, an area dominated by commercial activities, the building will be a haven of public space that surpasses the interest of the neighborhood. Through connectivity, function and size, the building will be significant for the entire periphery of the city.

‘develop an approach for the improvement of low-income areas in rapidly growing cities’

birdview of the project site

[Frans Bochanen] @

intern / owner geurst&schulze architecten

@ lab 12

[architecture of the production landscape] After reclamation of the Haarlemmermeer mid-19th century – for safety, employment and food production – the polder was a production landscape. Little has remained: a substantial part of the polder has been developed and the remaining agriculture land is under pressure, also as a result of the rising salty water. The rising salt water is mainly a problem for agriculture: some crops have a low resistance to salt. Currently scarce freshwater from outside the polder is needed in dry periods to flush the polder water system. Due to the large surface of urban area, rain water cannot be buffered for dry periods. Part of the solution could be to use the purified waste water from this urban area for agriculture. The proposed design, located in the

wedge formed by the Schiphol railway line and the high-speed line, consists of parts which are related to the water difficulties in the Haarlemmermeerpolder in various ways. Moreover, the nature of a production landscape is restored. Displaying the various processes as well to the fast passing train passengers as to cyclists is the main objective. Municipal wastewater is being purified in a water treatment plant and then used for agriculture. This reduces the need for freshwater. The agricultural products are used in the brewery cum cafĂŠ-restaurant, where the brewing process is made visible to the guests. This brewery functions as a care brewery, where mentally disabled can help with the structured brewing process and small scale farming.

‘Experiencing the manipulability of the Dutch production landscape’

Overview of the project with the sewage treatment plant along the pipe and bicycle bridge and with the brewery in the lower right corner

[Sander mulders] @

Owner DAP]3

@ Lab 4

[SChool for Digital Design] Digital design and manufacturing is becoming more and more important in the design process. The integration of digital design tools is not bound to one specific practice; it can be found in various design fields amongst which automotive, aerospace, product and building design. An improvement in one field can influence the other fields. There is a need for more research and better education in this field, current educational facilities at the TU Delft are not fit for this purpose. Therefore the new facility, “SCHOOL FOR DIGITAL DESIGN”, which can be used by all faculties (and design fields), can lead to the much needed improvement. At this moment the understanding of digital tools can do is very limit

partly due to the abstract level of the computer models, showing physical in combination with digital models can increase this understanding. The building creates an environment where the different disciplines can interact and learn from each other. Furthermore the building creates the possibility to exhibit what digital techniques can do by the integration of exhibition space but also the building itself is designed using various computational tools and therefor is a display of the various advantages of using digital tools. During the graduation process the steps taken in the design process, combined with the tools created, are combined into a thesis entitled “Digital Design Tools”.

‘The integration of digital design tools is not bound to one specific practice’

visuzalization of the project

[sietze meijer] @

PhD-student faculty of IDE

@ Lab 5

[Sustainable emergency housing solutions for the Netherlands] In the light of climate change and rising costs of climate change impact reduction it is imperative to examine the effects of climate change on the built environment. Assuming a worst case scenario for rising sea levels the consequences and solutions for the existing built environment in the town “Kruiningen� in the province of Zeeland, the Netherlands with high flood risks are explored. The consequences of flooding for the existing built environment in this region were investigated and, following a resilience-strategy, a proposal was done to cope with the external changes. 50 % of the existing buildings, 2-storey row housing from the 1970’s, were equipped with two different kinds of building extensions and additional supply of essential non-food items such as solar boiler photovoltaic system, compost

toilet, etc. Also, a major addition to current local emergency response policy was proposed. Within the area a network of crisis centers was established in existing communal centers like schools, sports clubs and stores. These shelter refugees, local coordination of emergency responsethey form a distribution network for food and non-food items, to supply inhabitants of the adapted buildings. The adaptation of the existing built environment should not only allow it to overcome disaster, but also enhances the quality of the area in non-disaster times. This would justify a major investment in adapting the existing built environment. The resilience approach offers a strategy reducing dependence on finite sources. Thus resilience is proposed as an alternative approach to climate change of which sustainability is a derivative.

‘Humanitarian Aid Emergency Shelter Sustainability’

Clockwise from top left: ‘Emergency BackPack’, ‘Floating Verandah’ & ‘Emergency centre’.

[rutger kuipers] @

architect Owner at Qupus

@ Lab 2

[Modernizing Beijing / X-ploded Siheyuan] By modernizing the city, Beijing is upgrading to a higher level of prosperity. At the same time though we see the reverse side of a global development, the interventions in the city ruin parts of the city by destroying its traditional architecture, in particular the traditional hutong-areas, which are one of the main characteristics of this city, and which carry a long history of Beijing’s ancient life and architecture. My interest is mainly concerned within a dilemma of upgrading Beijing to a modern wealthy city on the one hand and on the other hand destroying part of its tradition. How could an architect operate within a dilemma like this? Does the architect need to choose the one or the other position or is there a possible solution to a new architecture which embeds the local traditions? My

goal is to find the latter: architecture that embeds local tradition. The project is, ideally, situated on the border of the Tiananmen Square and the Dazhalan hutong area. It consists of separate commercial/housing units on ground level (connected below ground level). On the urban scale I tried to find a transition between the two highly contrasting urban spaces, introducing an informal urban typology with adjacent squares rather then streets or large open spaces. On the scale of one unit I reinterpreted the horizontal scheme of the traditional Beijing courtyard house into a vertical housing unit. One of the traditional elements I implemented, in a defamiliarizated way, was the iceray system of typical Chinese lattice design.

Modernizing Beijing

‘Defamiliarization and the modernization of Beijing’

[michiel smits] @

architect unknown

@ Lab 11

[BUILDING TOWARDS COMMUNITY] Due to my involvement on Mount Elgon the past 2.5 years I decided to conduct an inquiry into the problem of the current projects. During 5 years, locally operating organizations in collaboration with the owner, realised several projects. After I became involved as a consultant, I noticed that most projects were being realised without contributions from the local inhabitants, nether were they adapted to the local building traditions. This is partly due to the fact that the inhabitants of the region remain dependent on externally initiated projects. This keeps the population dependent on the west and this does not yield a sustainable solution, particularly in the longer term. By conducting a research locally for half

a year and by talking with residents and developers, I had a solid foundation for my thesis. The conclusions, in particular the development guidelines set out herein, were integrated into this new habitat. The main objective of this project was, for the people themselves to develop the projects and for the organizations to merely have a supervisory role in this process. Client: Mount Back2africa


size: - 18 acres - 7 communities - 100 households - 1000/1500 inhabitants



‘African vernacular architecture’

African vernacular architecture

[marije ter steege] @

project-Architect CruzyOrtizArquitectos

@ Lab 2

[Water en Stad] This project has it focus on integrating the water system with city life. What W.N.Rose started by developing the ‘Waterplan’ at the end of the 19th century for the city of Rotterdam, is this plan to continue; Integrating the water system in public life. By solving it as a design task instead of in a civil technical and secret way the expansive sewers become a playful water garden. Public money, normally used for unseen structures, is used to improve public space. The plot chosen is close by the Heemraadsingel in Rotterdam. In this area the building blocks from the beginning of the 20th century were designed with public

interior spaces. Nowadays these areas are filled up and closed for (public) use. This is one of the reasons why there are quite some problems with rainwater. This proposal wants to restore its building block to its roots. A new youth center closes of the building block. It directly gives an entrance to the new public garden. The water is always present. The existing parking garage in the courtyard is redesigned, giving a new collective garden, where the water is always visible. It’s a garden, a roof, a parking garage, a play garden, it’s routing, it’s part of the city.

‘The connection between the landscape and the built environment is fascinating’

Model of the courtyard with in the background the youth center

[Joris de Leeuw] @

architect cepezed

[healthcare architecture] The design project for a small community based clinic was based on an extensive research into the principles of the Healing Environment, with a more specific focus on the concept of Social Support. This psychological theory suggests the benefits of parts of our environment in the recovery from illness, in this case the stress reducing abilities of the social network of patients. The research resulted in a set of principles which have been applied in the design on multiple scales; from the urban interception, by which the clinic not only becomes part of the city’s fabric but also enhances the social and spatial cohesion, until the most intimate part of the patient’s perception, the patientroom where concepts as privacy, territory and personal space are of importance. The social support principles formed the main part in the program of requirements for the design, complemented by a study into possible syndromes or diseases

@ joris de Lab 2

which would be suitable for the small, elective clinic and a field research into the specific problems and needs of the district, a deprived area in the suburbs of Rotterdam. This resulted in a crossdistrict, multifunctional program with, on the one hand, specific functions for diabetes patient from the entire city, and, on the other hand, local functions aimed at primary care, prevention, welfare, youth care, wellness and commercial exploits. The building gives a boost to the impoverished environment of the subway station and attracts the public within through an internal street (‘care boulevard’). The roofed courtyards enhance the healing environment and are part of the energetic concept. The easy-to-read and coherent floor layout supports wayfinding. Different layers of privacy can be found, from a more public setting on the lower levels and the internal street, to a more private setting in the patient floors on the upper levels. The detailing of the ground floor façade provides an interaction with the surroundings, with meshed screens which can be raised according to the wanted level.

‘Design for a diabetesclinic in Rotterdam-Zuid’

Front facade of the clinic next to the subway station Pendrecht

[rolf kuck] @

owner research studio KOSMONAUTIKA

@ Lab 8

[palace prison Mietskaserne] Childhood memories of farms in my home village close to Aachen../germany coincide with more recent experiences of visiting former factory buildings during my student days in Aachen: large building complexes surrounding at least one courtyard form a maze that invites to be discovered accessed through passages or giant gates. amazing. RESEARCH residential buildings with courtyards have a long history in a plethora of cultures. the typical Roman ‘domus’ type had 2 courtyards: the rather public ‘atrium’ courtyard and the rather private ‘peristyle’ courtyard with a small garden. the Berlin Mietskaserne had up to 6 courtyards. with up to 2000 tenants on just 1 plot, the Mietskaserne of the early years of industrialisation is a symbol of misery.

‘palace prison Mietskaserne Meyer’s Hof (*1875 Berlin † 1972 Berlin): misery vs. utopia’ the case study research illustrates desirable qualities that are widely overlooked in publications. courtyards played a vital role in establishing a ‘milieu’ the tenants’ social environment. DESIGN ‘Docklands Yards’ is a prototypical adaption of a Berlin Mietskaserne envisioned to be erected on Amsterdam’s former shipyard area NDSM on the Northern shore of the Ij. similar to its infamous Berlin predecessors it ostensibly addresses the enormous housing shortage in the Randstad conurbation.However the main ambition of the project is to stimulate social cohesion by means of architecture.


Dockland Yards

[herman van essen] @

architect bureau H.L. van Essen

@ Lab 12

[Urban Infill of the Train Station Area in Apeldoorn] With the urbanization of Apeldoorn (NL), a major part of the original fabric has been replaced by buildings that give an air of anonymity. In no way do these buildings harmonize with the historic buildings or, more generally speaking, with the remains of human civilization. In the small urban infill of the train station area, I had the opportunity to present an alternative view on the urbanization of Apeldoorn. Following the principles of New Urbanism (or any traditional place in The Netherlands), the urban plan comprises

a dense neighborhood fully orientated on the pedestrian. Central to this plan is the pedestrian route which leads from the tower, over the station square, through the colonnade in the public garden, past the almshouse and the church, to the heart of Apeldoorn. As in any traditional neighborhood there is a mixed use of apartments, single family homes, old people’s flats (almshouse), shops, cafÊs and restaurants. Latter three are to be found on corners and along the station square, articulating these important places through terraces, verandahs and arcades.

‘Traditional Architecture’ Urban infill of the train station area.

[rinske wessels] Owner

@ Rinske Wessels

@ Lab 6

[sustainable housing for lower income groups in Bolivia] For this graduation project, three major researches have taken place: An architectural research into design criteria, an urban research into the urban development of Santa Cruz de la Sierra (Bolivia) and a construction research to sustainable building materials which are accessible for the lower income groups in this city. From the architectural research 13 design criteria were defined: Constructability, Extendibility, Sustainable water use, Facilitate economic activity, Developing houses with the community, Create neighbourhood relations, User friendly, Basic comfort, Low cost, Cradle to cradle, Minimal pollution, Optimal use of materials and Generate a future value. With de design criteria a basis house is developed and the need of growing horizontally as well as vertically is incorporated.

Based on the urban research the houses needed to be placed on the front of the parcel to create a clear distinction between the public and the private areas. Within the design of the basic house a semi-public space functioning as the living room in integrated. This space has the potential to be used for income generating activities. Through the years the street with become more diverse, because of vertical extensions and different economical activities. From the construction research resulted that bamboo is a very sustainable and innovative building material. The bamboo stems are joined with a 3mm thick steel wire, also known as the “Delft wire lacing technique�. The jointing technique quality experiments showed that the bamboo stems slip away. Therefore the bamboo construction is build up with the Chinese method for bamboo building.

‘Sustainable housing in developing countries’

Section of the house showing the horizontal and vertical extention posibilities.

[Renske van Dieren] @

Editor bouwplannen

@ Lab 11

[Back to basics: Emotion-oriented design] In 2050 half a million people in The Netherlands will have dementia. This is caused by an aging population. The project “Back to basics” focused on using architecture as a tool to aid people suffering from dementia. People with dementia suffer from loss of control. They experience both memory and behavioral problems. This leads to a loss of contact with both the social and physical environment which in turn lead to orientation problems. It’s the architect´s responsibility to design a physical environment for these people which supports their perception. It should also indirectly facilitate the social environment. To achieve this, the main tools used in this project are: recognition, wayfinding, zoning and sensory perception. These were used in four archetypes. The main properties

of the archetypes are used as a starting point for designing the shape and material of the buildings The archetypes were tree-house, nest, hill and greenhouse. By using different forms and materials recognition is already facilitated on the highest level (recognizing the building). In the hallways, recognition blends with zoning by using different views combined with personal small ‘gardens’ in front of each person’s room. Wayfinding is also applied on two levels, the first being the urban level, and the second being within the building. Both use the principle of a ‘route architectural’. Sensory perception, especially touch has a special function in the design. Touch helps people with dementia to find their way and is literally used as a guideline from building to building.

‘Using design to support people with dementia, by utilizing their way of perception.’

Where is my building?

[ruben molendijk] @

architect cepezed

@ Lab 4

[Dutch National History Museum ] At the beginning of the previous decade, debates had been taking place on the need for -and relevance of- a new national history museum. The Netherlands have a number of well-regarded history museums, but none of them gives a complete picture of Dutch history. In a time of mounting complaints about the level of historic awareness among the public, a new museum increasingly seemed like a possible antidote. At the same time, a stronger focus on the nation’s past would serve, at least according to some prominent politicians, to strengthen the ‘national identity’, whatever that may be. Located at the ‘Kop van Java’, Amsterdam, this project proposes just such a museum. The Canon of Dutch history –the 50 ‘windows’ on the pastforms the conceptual basis of the design.

However, instead of treating the Canon as simply a linear story, it is here reimagined as a collection of loose strands, a jumble of events and trends that can coalesce in ever new ways. By cutting the Canon in small strings or threads and mixing them up, new arrangements can be devised time and again. The ‘threads’ are translated into six galleries, twisting and turning around each other, allowing the visitors to literally see from one epoch to another and opening up new and unexpected connections between strands of history. In this way Walter Benjamin’s view on history and historiography -that different epochs are not just linked in a linear fashion, but also via themes and experiences- is given an architectural expression.

‘architecure, representation and a Dutch National History Museum’

National History Museum, typical floorplan

[Elbert arens] @

architect bureau van rijksbouwmeester

@ Lab 11

[Mirages of Easy Virtue] My project is situated on the naval base at the Oosterdok in the centre of Amsterdam. Besides the historical references of sailors and prostitutes, the fact that the Royal Navy plans to leave this base seemed fitting for my utopian design. The site is considered as a tabula rasa, with the exception of the Scheepvaartmuseum, and is attached to the surrounding urban fabric with new entrance roads and housing blocks. Using passages and descriptions of an architectural or urban nature from five different literary sources, my design evolved into five courtyards that resembled the world in which the characters from these literary sources thrived. At the centre of this is the panoptic brothel ‘Le Parthénion’ (Rétif de la Bretonne 1769) that combines the workspaces

for the prostitutes with the continuing surveillance of the law, health inspectors and tax offices. At ground level visitors for the museum are redirected to the courtyards where the symbolic presence of the five main characters is felt, but where the actual architectural form is used for dwellings, cafés, hotels, shops and offices. The enclosed world of the courtyards is completely separated from the outside residential neighbourhood. After opening hours the parks, canals and squares form a permanent décor for the residents. A 18th century palace courtyard with façade, a 19th century outline of the Opera Garnier, a segment of a 20th century Amsterdam canal, a roofless cathedral and to remember the Wallen as they once were: a piece of the Old Church square.

‘Prostitution, Architecture and Literature’

“Masterplan Mirages of Easy Virtue, clearly visible are the 5 ‘courtyards’ surrounding the oval shaped ‘Parthenion’.”

[Janine Toussainte] @

architect unknown

@ Lab 4 & 6

[HomeLessentials] Virtual; the Reality of Cyberspace; not idealising the virtual but use it as a platform for efficient communication and information Time; the Duration of space; embracing the local, generating more value for the global Place; the feeling of Space; creating conditions for a ‘feeling of home’ instead of designing a house With these principals in mind an urban plan and a building design were created. “On an urban and building scale I choose to design moments in space more than the spaces themselves. Along a timeline there are created-moments. Together they form a rhythm and by their

own specific characters they transform into a melody. The moments are places to meet. Meeting between people of different cultures, between nomads and freebooters, between local inhabitants and tourists, between passengers and stayers, between artists and businesspeople, between... They are places that mostly have their qualities on a local scale and therefor can be of a special quality on a much bigger level. They embrace the local and strengthen the value of the city in global network. Maybe they are not the places that are represented on a postcard, but they are the places where you sit down and write a story on them, the places where you experience the story. They are indeed places where you can feel at home without a house”

‘New Nomads: investigate the bare essentials of a home in the context that a house is lacking’

Three supposed paradoxes result in principals used for the research and design on a local and global scale.

[elke miedema] @

owner of sem teacher graphic design

@ Lab 12

[forensic psychiatric care; a new FPC in Brugge] How can architecture and the build environment contribute to the treatment process of criminals with severe psychiatric disorders? Patients who are a danger to themselves and society, unstable and aggressive need to learn how to live with their disability within a highly secured facility. For the treatment to work the patients need to feel safe and stable. The forensic psychiatric centre in Brugge houses 166 patients, living in housing blocks connected by lowered walls that enclose the treatment facilities. There are 4 types of housing departments fit to the different needs of patients for the mind-sets they need. The stabilization department is minimal, individual, without distractions, and highly secured. The motivation department is more flexible to take away

stimuli when needed but still high security levels. The treatment departments have a higher grade of privacy and flexibility to give the patient more freedom and the staff means to negotiate with. The re-habilitation department is minimally secured with a studio like room and a balcony on the street side. Research on their psychiatric disorder, but also on healing environments, evidence based design and environmental psychology combined creates a safer and more homely environment for patient as well as staff. A view on nature, levels of privacy, control, autonomy, safety and clarity in the design where adapted to the needs of the patients and their place in the treatment process. The result is a miniature society where the patients and staff can test if the patients are able to return to society.

‘Architecture for the criminally insane’

Plan of the village like psychiatric institution.

[jasper arends] @

project architect Syb van Breda & Co Architects

@ Lab 3

[The Backside of Buenos Aires] The objective of this project is to revitalize the urban area along the Riachuelo River in Buenos Aires with a small-scale architectural intervention by triggering a positive chain reaction. To generate this chain reaction a start has to be made with addressing and improving the current situation of the Riachuelo environment and by reintegrating different social classes. Buenos Aires has neglected the Riachuelo and its waterfront for many years. This river has become a toxic sewer whose waterfront is characterised by poverty and impoverishment. At the same time, for many of the poor in Buenos Aires, collecting and selling recyclable garbage is the only way to make a living. Originally a by-product of economic misery, these cartoneros have now become an integral part of Buenos Aires’

streetscapes. The invented programme is a recycling hub: an intertwined mixture of a recyclables collecting station and an information centre targeted at other PorteĂąos (inhabitants of Buenos Aires). Here cartoneros sell recyclables that they collect, the materials then being transported to several recycling factories. In the information centre PorteĂąos can experience the very valuable way cartoneros deal with waste products and learn how they themselves can contribute to a cleaner environment. The building is conceived as a harbour crane, a robust building and a powerful gesture next to an old railway bridge connecting the two riverbanks. The hovering volume defines the collecting station underneath and houses the supporting programme for cartoneros and the information centre itself.

‘sustainable small-scale interventions in complex urban environments’

The recycling station overlooking the river as seen from the bridge


freelance designger unknown

@ Lab 12

[HET STENEN HOOFD] The first crematorium in the Netherlands was build in 1913, long before the official legalization of cremation (1955). Today, the Netherlands hold 72 crematoria. Almost all crematoria build in the Netherlands are situated outside the borders of the city it belongs to, having lost the connection with its city. In an era of urbanisation, cities grow stronger and the relation between the individual and the city too. For some people the city has become an inextricably part of their life. Being such an important element, this relation with the city should therefore not be evaded, but it should be embraced, even in the parting. I therefore plea for a crematorium not outside of the city, not inside the city, but a crematorium óf the city. ‘Het Stenen Hoofd’ is a crematorium in the heart of the city of Amsterdam, placed in the river ‘t IJ next to an

outstretched vacant lot. Originating from the end of the 19th century, this place breaths out memories. Isolated by water of constant movement, it has become a place for remembrance. Strengthened by remembrance, the place for mourning is set in the water. Like a memorial stone it appears to rise from the water and emphasizes the movement towards the sky. The building reaches a height of 126 meters and consists of a parking space, an entrance hall, a columbarium and a crematorium, located on the upper levels. Reaching for the top, the sounds dominating the ground floor gradually exchange their life for an environment in which peace is undisturbed. Standing high above ground, the green peripheral view is now an urban view over the city that extends towards the horizon.

‘How illusion in architecture could be realized?’

“View from the Westerdoksdijk

[Laura Theng] @

architect djost

@ lab 3

[Literaire benadering in de architectuur] Architectuur en literatuur. Twee verschillende werelden. Echter, beide houden zich bezig met het creĂŤren van sfeer, van een bepaalde beleving. Kan een literaire benadering, waarbij instrumenten uit de literatuur gebruikt worden, ook binnen het architectonisch ontwerp een rol spelen? Uit een aantal romans heb ik literaire elementen afgeleid, die relevant kunnen zijn binnen de architectuur. Elementen zoals dialoog, verhaallijn en vertelperspectief. Vervolgens heb ik onderzocht hoe deze elementen in architectonische projecten terug te vinden zijn. Deze projecten waren allen een treinstation: een station en het reizen passen goed in de wereld van de literatuur. Het architectonisch ontwerp dat zal volgen is een fictief treinstation in een fictieve stad. Om een beeld te krijgen van de beleving die mensen van een station hebben, heb ik een kort verhaal over een treinreis en

een station geschreven en verschillende mensen gevraagd een stuk te schrijven aan de hand van dit verhaal, vanuit een zelfverkozen perspectief. Om de beleving in elk verhaal om te zetten naar architectonische ruimte heb ik van de verhalen abstracte modellen gemaakt. Elementen als perspectief, contrast, licht, (contra)vorm en textuur komen hierin naar voren. Deze literaire benadering heeft geleid tot een architectonisch ontwerp vol verhaallijnen, ontmoetingen en verrassingen. Elke stap in het gebouw weer anders. Er zijn plekken gecreĂŤerd waar verwachte maar ook zeker ook onverwachte gebeurtenissen kunnen plaatsvinden. Plekken om te wachten, te lezen, te praten of juist om te zwijgen. Er ontstaan steeds verschillende verhaallijnen, die elkaar ontmoeten en weer verlaten, tussen de verschillende gebruikers, maar ook tussen de gebruiker en het gebouw.

‘sometimes you wish that the writer was an architect: that would be enchanting’

[lotje bakker] @

freelancer hand drawn illustrations

@ Lab 5

[Chitakale Community Centre] Once long ago I had a dream, to go to Africa as a dentist and help the people. But how can an architect help in Africa? I learned people don’t need buildings to be given to them, they only might need some knowledge if they please so. But then what? You have to have a design to be able to finish your studies. I decided to pick a place, go there and find out what would be a wanted building design. In the small village Chitakale Trade Centre near Mulanje Mountain, Malawi, I did interviews, observations and a workshop with schoolchildren. I came to a design that supported both what was strongest already in the village, the trade, and what was wished for most, vocational training. A market hall with possibilities for several

levels of trade is combined with a training centre with classrooms, lecture spaces and workshops. In between a passive and an active connection is designed; a large pond just to sit at and stare to the other side, and next to it a cinema annex theatre. The complex is like a stage to it’s users, a concrete flap with small buildings on it as it’s decor, expandable if the users please. The thatched roofs reintroduces a technique that is almost forgotten. Beams and columns are made of the non-indigenous pine trees, and water is filtered and collected under the pond in the middle. In years to come the now plane white walls will undoubtedly get many colourful, cheery paintings of cell phones and bottles of coke.

‘how can an architect help in Africa’

Plan of the graduation project

[liselotte van der a] @

project assistant citizen m

@ L Lab 13

[Museum Vlaardingen ‘Aring uit Vlârding”] During my graduation I worked on the restoration and extension of the redershuis (ship owner’s house) “Huis met den Lindeboom” in the historic context of Vlaardingen: “Museum Vlaardingen – ‘Aring uit Vlârding”. Researching the city centre, I noticed that the buildings from the prosperous time of herring fishery are currently underutilised and unattractive; this is also the case for the redershuis, a local museum. A museum is a recognisable institution with social-economicalcultural benefits, but neither the museum nor the building stands out. This is also because Vlaardingen is not attracting enough visitors. In my opinion this all has to do with lack of clarity, recognisability, identity (helderheid, herkenbaarheid, identiteit); memory plays a large role as well. In my design a route takes the visitors to the new and larger museum, a

combination of redershuizen and warehouses and a new, visible entrance building (warehouses-like). Inside, the floor gently slopes to the back level: here a new hall (warehouses-like again) is built where buildings used to be. The construction consists of a simple yet complex whole of wooden (ships! herring tonnes!) columns and (edge) beams; the façade comprises of vertical strips of wood and glass. Old warehouses are inside the hall, dividing the space and reemphasising memory. Inside the old redershuis, style rooms can be found, where different restored interiors show the history. Emphasis is put on visitor experience, routing, climate and sustainability. This all makes the museum the most important historical institution of Vlaardingen with architecture with clarity, recognisability and identity.

‘the history of a building and a place in combination with modern, respectful and relevant architecture’

While walking through the museum, the visitor is each time shown the past, present and future within the collection, the architecture and the surrounding area. This is emphasised by the differences in material, where the old is represented by brick and the new by wood (= memory of the past).

[piero medici @

architect unknown

[Bioclimatic water tower] The Bioclimatic water tower is a sustainable skyscraper collecting, cleaning and reusing rainwater. It was designed shaped and oriented after having take in account the wind-driven rain effect and after having modelled wind-driven rain fluxes. Orientation and shape is also studied to optimize the sun light exposition and energy production through wind turbines and PV cells.

@ Lab 7

rainwater tanks

rainwater tanks phytodepurated water

black water pool rainwater tanks

rain water

phyto depuration

grey water greywater tank

phytodepurated water tanks



“View from the Westerdoksdijk

[linda buijsman] @

architect upfrnt

@ Lab 3

[sustainable housing in cambodia] Cambodia 25% of Phnom Penh’s population lives on an average family income of $1 per day. The city lacks any kind of affordable housing, pushing the population into informal housing. During the last two decades a lot of these informal settlements were destroyed and the inhabitants were forced to move to a new location, a resettlement site. This project describes a sustainable, affordable and self-reliant answer to the housing demand in resettlement locations in Cambodia taking the fundamental needs into account. The research resulted in a list of requirements for the design assignment in three main topics: sustainable, affordable and self-reliant. A ‘Sustainable’ projects takes people, (dignity, cultural aspects, health, participation, safe living environment, responding to future growth of community); the

economics, (affordability, micro credits, business opportunities in the house, trade possibilities in the community) and ecological issues (local materials, autonomy in watersupply, reuse of materials to reduce costs and waste) into account. An ‘affordable’ house of $ 2000 includes basic facilities to create a healthy and stately living environment. The last aspect, self-reliant, has more than one meaning in this project; self-reliance of the community within the cities society. The participation during the initiative and building process of this project isaimed to result in a sense of ownership and a more assertive attitude of the community. The second meaning of selfreliant clarifies the possibility to run the community independently from the city, in the matter of facilities, jobs, energy and water.

‘Sustainable, affordable and self-reliant housing for the ‘urban poor’

Three supposed paradoxes result in principals used for the research and design on a local and global scale.

[erik courrier] @

Sales Operations Support Koni Shock Absorbers

@ Lab 5

[Open Source Urbanism for Amsterdam] Kiyoshi Seikei, world adventurer, uses modern materials such as steel and aluminum to craft Case Study like houses in post-war Japan. Kazuo Shinohara integrates traditional values into abstract concepts in three distinct design phases. Kazuanari Sakamoto designs insideout, the outside expression results in everyday poetry. Bow-Wow takes an anecdotal approach depicting the smallest and most anecdotal functional mix-up present in Tokyo to inspire his designs. The four successors of TokyoTech Architecture school develop and refine their dialogue between architecture and the city. Much like a living organism redetermining its contours over time, Tokyo’s hidden order can be read behind its chaotic and addictive appearance. The Asian city based of plot ownership is built from detached buildings shaped by a variety of urban rules such as built surface, floor space index and north side

angle. Lets make space for architecture with detached urban planning! In my graduation project I propose extending Amsterdam North with a new approach to urbanism. A 200.000m2 former industrial ground is subdivided by means of a substrate logarithm creating a randomized and spontaneous urban plan. Main arteries are superimposed to the existing context to facilitate accessibility, and variously dense zones are employed next to a sports facility, marina and park. The goal is to create an independent multifunctional extension for Amsterdam that can work on its own. Each plot has to answer a set of urban regulations. In order to illustrate the development, all the built blocks are generated, and a strip of 5 buildings is designed on semi-public space. From right to left: a kindergarden school, an atelier-house, a multifunctional building, parking tower, and retail store.

‘ Detached urbanism for architectural and functional variety.’

Visual of the graduation project

[daniel de witte] architect


@ Lab 6

[HOLISTIC HOSPITALDESIGN] To fit a new regional hospital in the physical, social and economic context of Northern Ethiopia a design has been made from a holistic approach. The patient, mostly from a very poor background, is the center of the design approach. With various architectonic means a ‘Healing Environment is created. A combination of modern and indigenous architecture, shapes and materials ensure social-cultural embedment and sustainable development. As example: the in concrete realized inpatient zone functions as roof for the outpatient zone

which is thought of in the traditional adobe. To control indoor climate naturally, use have been made of centuries old building methods which are implemented in the architecture. In this way reducing the carbon footprint is realized by using context related solutions. By making a realistic but at the same time contemporary design the hope is to contribute to the hard living circumstances for the poorest of the poor in this part of Ethiopia.


Birds-eye of the project


This volume was created as a result of the Explorelab Alumniday 2013 Committee:

Maria Piels Geoffrey Badenhorst Karen Blanksma Diederik de Jonge Wing Yinjun Weng Laurien Korst

Design & Editorial:

Diederik de Jonge

d n o y e B b a l e r Explo

: b a l e r o Beyond Expl n a c s t c e t i h Where arc wind up

ay p lo re la b A lu m n id x E e th f o lt u s re c re a te d a s a o f th e F a c u lt y n o ti za T h is v o lu m e w a s li ia c e p s as ra ri 2 0 1 3 . T h is o f T e c h n o lo g y , h y h e ld o n 2 2 F e b ru it rs e iv n U t lf e p a rt o f th e D re a t s u c c e s s . g h it w o f A rc h it e c tu re , d n a , w o n es. r s e v e ra l y e a rs lu m n i th e m s e lv a b e e n a ro u n d fo e th re e w y a is A lu m n id a ll y w in d u p ? re ts n le T h e th e m e o f th ta n o ti a u ld d ri v e n b y fa s c in it e c t a n d h o w c o h W h e re d id th e s e rc a te a u d ra g in d u p a s a n y E x p lo re la b a m s e d W h e re c a n y o u w lu c in e w. fa r? T h is v o lu m ro je c ts u n ti l n o p it e v e r c o m e s o d n a s n o ti a je c ts , fa s c in c ts in c lu d in g je ro p e g ra d u a ti o n s u b th in e id t? e y s h o w a n in s And guess wha i. S o rt e d b y la b th n m lu a e th t a ti o n a b o u a ti o n th a n ju s t c u d e n p e rs o n a l in fo rm e v ri d n o o re in fa s c in a ti T h e re is m u c h m a rc h it e c tu re !

Explorelab Alumni Day Booklet  

Collection of student master thesis works in the ExploreLab graduation studio of Delft University of Technology.

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